Mount Saint Marys College - Eagle Yearbook (Orchard Lake, MI)
- Class of 1950
Page 1 of 184
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 184 of the 1950 volume:
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' I VULIIME IXIII
Published by The Students of
SS. Cyril and Methmlius Seminary .
Saint Nlaryfse Unllege .
Saint Marys High School
llrchard lake, Michigan '
RESEARCH STAFF: Bernard Czechowicz, Alexander Kulik, Thomas
Szczerba, Daniel Pokornowski, Chester Frysiak, Stanley Malinowski,
and Richard Ugolik.
LITERARY STAFF: Aloysius jagodzinski, Stanley Zajdel, George Kowalew
ski, Alfred Serowik, Eugene Gabalski, and Frank Padzieski.
FATHER JOSEPH SWASTEK
' Rerearcb Adzfixor
COPY AND LAYOUT STAFF: Raymond Malec, Philip Amo' Bmmm Mg"
jarmack, Edward Oleksyk, and Louis Garbacik.
FATHER EDWARD POPIELARZ
Gerald Piekarski and Richagd Kucharski
NORBERT SAMULSKI '
Joseph Tamilowski and Chester Genecki
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OBRE szkoly sq owocem
ll nietyle dobrych urzqdzeri,
ile przedewszystkiem dobrych
nauczycieli, kt6rzy,doskonale przy-
gotowani iwyksztalceni, kaidy
w swym przedmiocie, jaki ma
wykladai, wyposaieni w te przed-
mioty intelektualne i moralne,
wymagane przez ich tak wainy
urzqd, plonq czystq i boskq miloi-
ciq powierzonej im mloclzieiy
wlasnie dlatego, ie kochajq Jezusa
Chrystusa i .lego Koiciol, .ktcirego
najukochaliszq dziatwq jest mlod-
ziei, oraz dlategu, ie im szczerze
leiy na sercu prawdziwe dobro
rodzin i swej ojczyzny."
PAPIEZ PIUS XI
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.. 1 - The Most Reverend - f .-...-
A1exm7qef Mu. Zaleski, up.
Auxzlzary Bzslaop of Detrozt
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The R1ght Reverend Edward J. Szumal .
L14 Rector .cmd Prexident
Frank Schemanske, LLB.
Rev. Francis Kasprowicz
Rev Lachslaus Slkora
Vice- C bairman
Rev. Ladislaus Krych, A.B
Rev. Boleslaus Milinkiewicz, B.S.
Peter Warren, D.D.S.
Rr. Rev. Adalbert Zadala
Rev. James Wroblewski
Rev. Vincent Borkowicz, A.B.
Chester Kozdroy, JD.
Hon. Arrhur Koscinski, LL.B
Rev. john Oszajca,
Rev. Peter Walkowiak
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gg 1. Reverend'Consrantir1e Cyran 7 - m- ,, h-nw L
'N U -f ,S6i2zinqiy Dean' ,V 1 ' ' A ' -A ' ' lf'
Reverend Ferdinand Sojka - if Reveyend Lgdislggg-Ig513Qggh1tg,: Y .L:vL ,
Q ' ' 'REgiJ'f1'd'I'7 -7 1 " ' ' ' " 32 , A " 'Director of Aczrivitief
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Reverend Joseph Rybinski
Reverend Wallace Filipowicz
Reverend Henry Torzala
Principal of Preparatory School
Reverend Anthony Maksirnik Reverend Edward Popielarz
Director of Spiritual Guidance 23 Secretary General
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Mr. P. Lobaza, M.A.
Rev. M. Koltuniak, M.A.
Rev. V. Jasinski, S.T.D.
Dogma, Catecheticx, Religion
Rev. Pawelczak, A.B.
Enali th, Iibrnrimz
Rev. F. Orlik, A.B.
Rev. A. Maksimik, Ph.B.
Rev E Bartol AB
Rev. J. Buszek, M.A.
Revl C. Cyran, S.T.D., Ph.D.
Pbilofopby, Moral, Canon Law
Rev. J. janiga, A.B.
Rev. J. Kubik, M.A.
Mr. R. Nemes, M.A
Mr. A. Piwowarski, M.A.
Edwm Dobskl M D
Rev. E. Popielarz, Ph.B.
Rev. J. Rozak, M.A., S.T.I..
Rev. E. Skrocki, M.A.
Rev. J. Rybinski, S.T.D.
Liturgy, Sacred Scripture
Rev. F. Sojka, M.AL
Latin, Religion, Hixtory, Cioicr
Rev. J. Swastek, M.A.
Hiftory, Spiritual Guidance
Rt. Rev. Msgr. E. Szurnal
Rev. E. Szczygiel, A.B.
Religion, Pbyrical Education
Rt. Rev. Msgr. L. Krzyzosiak
Rev. H. Torzala, Ph.L
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OSCIOL z natclmienia Bo -
iego nakazuje wszgdzie
zakladai Seminaria, w kt6rych
kandydaci do stanu duchownego
majq sig wychowywai pod szcze -
g6lnie troskliwq opiekq. Przeto,
niech ci, khirzy wspoihlzialajq w
rzqdach Koicicila pamigtajq o Sem-
inariach jak o irenicy oka, niech
im poiwigcaig lwiq czgii trosk
swoich, niech staranie chroniq
dusze nietylko przed pongtami
zdroinemi w zakladzie, lecz takie
przed groinieiszymi niebezpie -
cz eristwami, na kt6re naraieni bg-
dg w iwiecie, a kt6rych wszakie
oprzei sig muszq aby wszystkich
PAPIEZ PIUS Xl
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REVEREND ANTHONY A. BALCZUN
Diocese of Fort Wayne
REVEREND ANTHONY P. CZESLA WSKI
Diocexe of Altoona '
REVEREND JEROME S. DABROWSKI
Arcbdiocexe of Detroit
REVEREND RICHARD F. DOLAN.
Diocexe of Oklahoma City and Tulfu
REVEREND CASIMIR I. KRZYSIAK
Diocese of Syracuse
REVEREND CHESTER A. GAIEWSKI
Diocese of Scranton
REVEREND ANTHONY A. KOTZ
Diocefe of Lincoln
REVEREND ANTHONY M. KRAMARZ
Diocese of Trenton
REVEREND HENRY l. KRYSINSKI
Diocexe of Fort Wayne
REVEREND LADISLAUS I. MASLO WSK1
Diocefe of Scranton
REVEREND JOHN E. PA WELSKI
Diocexe of Green Bay
REVEREND STANISLAUS J. ZUBRICK1
Diocexe of Altoona
REVEREND IULIAN I. JERCHA
Diocese of Fort Wayne
REVEREND BOHDAN W KOSICKI
Arcbdiocere of Detroit
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REV ,WALLACE HFILIPOWICZ
RAYMOND A. BRYS
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BERNARD 1. QZECHOWICZ WALTER F. DYKAS
Buffalo, New York Steven: Point, Wifcomin
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RAYMOND I. TRUSZCZYNSKI
RICHARD A. UGOLIK
Grand Rapicir, Michigan
DANIEL A. WASIK HENRY L. ZIOLKO WSKI
Buffalo, New York New Haven, Connecticut
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LUCIAN B. SAWICKI
New Britain, Connecticut
Determination and dependability are the outstanding
traits in Louie's character. He worked hard, prayed
hard and played hard. His successes always left him
modest and unassuming. In the years to come we are
certain that Louie will be a success in the field of
REV. FRANCIS ZDRODOWSKI
Many have contributed to make the course of our
preparatory endeavor one of success and attainment.
To all we are grateful. But in this, our Senior year,
there was no one who helped as much as Father
Zdrodowski. We consider it, therefore, our greatest
privilege and pleasure to express our heartfelt grati-
tude and appreciation for his sincere efforts in lead-
ing us to our present happiness.
ALFRED F. SEROWIK
Al was one of the most popular men in class. Through
brilliant execution of class affairs as president, he pro-
cured for himself the esteem of the entire student
body. If the future were to be determined by the past,
A1 would certainly be on the road to success in
Mechanical Engineering. Keep going undaunted, Al.
DONALD A. GAMALSKI
Don was gifted with the ability to do well in what-
ever was expected of him. He was outstanding on the
athletic field as well as in the classroom. His unique
sense of humor won him many lasting friends. We
don't know what profession Don has chosen. We're
sure he'll be a success in any field he follows.
EDWARD M. KULIGOVVSKI
His position as secretary of the graduating class
testifies to his popularity. Not one to shun extra-
curricular activities, Ed was an outstanding member
of the High School Glee Club. Bd intends to pursue
his studies at the University of Detroit.
GERALD S. WASIELEWSKI
Neat and determined about his work, "West" was
ever a conscientious "Busy Bee." Honest inquisitive-
ness accompanied by hard work are two of the more
notable characteristics of jerry's winning personality.
Upon graduating he will not only carry a fine scho-
lastic record and diploma but also the best wishes of
all those who were fortunate enough to fall within
the sphere of his activities and friendship.
MICHAEL A. BIENIA
Mt. Pleasant, Pennsylvania
Michael was the possessor of a kind heart and a
sterling character. All things he did zealously, and
discharged his duties faithfully. A genial smile, a
kind word and a ready hand to help, is the story of
Michael's stay in our class. Michael intends to con-
tinue his studies for the Priesthood.
RONALD A. BULAS
"Bullet" had a knack of doing everything to the best
of his ability. He was not only up to par in his class
duties but also on the athletic field. Ronnie intends
to enter Michigan College of Technology to pursue
studies in Aeronautical Engineering. '
THEODORE j. CICHECKI
"Ted's" outstanding trait was a stern determination
to overcome all obstacles in the pursuit of his studies
at St. Maty's. Although he was unable to participate
in athletics, he was active in all other class activities.
Sometimes he would try to hide his talents and abili-
ties under the role of a cheerful, happy-go-lucky de-
meanor. We ardently wish that Ted will find success
in the field of his choice.
EUGENE W. CIOLEK
"Gus" was often kidded about his endeavors in the
field of music. Notwithstanding, he proved to be of
our most able accordionists, and established a band of
his own. All in all, his dependability and eager co-
operation made him well liked by all his classmates.
RICHARD O. GURZYSK1
Kindness, humor, and humility are but a few of the
fine traits that "Rich" possessed. He was not only up
to par in his class work, but also on the athletic field
and in the hearts of his classmates. The earnestness
and enthusiasm with which he tackled every task is
the formula which will assure him a bright future.
JEROME L. HERMAN
"Jerry" is our idea of a model aspirant to the Priest-
hood. Modest and unassuming, he was serious in his
endeavor to pray, study and play well. Surely these
are signs which indicate that he will attain his com-
mendable goal. Jerry's never faltering friendliness
forces us to say that we were happy to have had the
opportunity of making his acquaintance.
JOSEPH N. CZAPSKI
Short, dark and handsome, "joe" was ever the center
of attraction with his accordion playing. His friendly,
winning character, we know, will assure him success
in any path he may choose to follow.
ALFRED V. FUCHS
Freeport, Long Island, New York
Among the top six in his class scholastically, "Charlie"
excelled in all that he undertook. He blended his
voice in harmony with the High School Glee Club
and was the scrappiest right guard in football that St.
Mary's has seen in many a year. Outstanding in his
Chemistry class, Fuchs' future as an expert in the
Atomic world is promising.
ALOYSIUS A. JAGODZINSKI
Although "jiggs" was a great lover of sports, he
would never allow them to hinder his academic pur-
suits. Hard work plus an insatiable curiosity to learn
placed him in the upper bracket of students. His
pleasing personality made for him a host of friends.
He intends to further his studies in engineering at
the University of Detroit.
JOSEPH G. JAKUBOWSKI
Possessing an amiable personality and a great sense
of humor, "Jaks" was ever the center of attraction.
"Smile and the world smiles with you," was his favo-
rite catch phrase. Though ever the joker, his op-
ponents on the gridiron could not help but take his
spirited and driving play seriously. At home with the
piano as well as with assigned tasks, "jaks" should
find success in his future endeavors.
JOHN J. KOCZKODAN
A man of character, personality and endurance, John
believed in doing all he undertook to the best of his
ability. With such a spirit it.was inevitable that he
should win the admiration of the class and insure suc-
cess for himself in the road that lies ahead.
LEO J. KOKOSINSKI
"Koko" was an ardent sports fan. His cheerful and
ready helping hand brightened many a day for his
classmates. His is a cheerful disposition and prepos-
sessing demeanor. These traits won him many friends.
We are certain that Koko will be successful in any
field that he chooses.
LADISLAUS J. LEZUCHOWSKI
A native of Hamtramck, "Walter," as he was called
by his friends, won many a friend with his pleasing
personality. Best when the going was tough, he spared
no energy in studies as well as extra-curricular activi-
ties. Walt hopes to return to St. Mary's to pursue his
studies for the Priesthood.
FRANCIS G. PADZIESKI
"Peaches" from the very beginning won the friend-
ship and admiration of all his fellow students. Unable
to take an active part in athletics, he was undaunted
and channeled his potentialities into other extra-
curricular activities. His courteous ways and gift of
easy flowing conversation brightened many a dull
moment. We hope that his future will be as bright
as the years he spent at St. Mary's.
RICHARD J. KUEBER
"Speedy" always had a definite purpose in mind when
he set our ro accomplish something, be it in the ath-
letic or academic fields. Liked by his classmates, and
especially good in Nmathematics, he should succeed in
the field of his choice. Our best wishes go with him.
HENRY R. KUS
When "Hank" came to Orchard Lake, he brought
with him a popularity that has not dimmed. His
subtle humor would bring a smile to any "Scrooge,"
His athletic abilities won him many admirers and
set an example for future basketball aspirants to fol-
low. More noteworthy were his academic achieve-
ments. Hank may be assured of success in any field
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LEONARD J. PAULA
As a cheerful and happy-go-lucky lad, "Len" could
not help but be popular. All will remember him as
the spirited cheerleader who was always there to sup-
port the team. With such spirit he should succeed in
attaining his goal in the Priesthood.
GERALD A. PIEKARSKI
It takes an exceptional student to win the admiration
of his classmates as "Baker" has done. Able and de-
termined, he literally burned up the athletic field
with his outstanding performances on the gridiron,
court and diamond. Winning four varsity letters in
his junior and senior years, "Baker" proved by far to
be the athlete of his class. All this, together with his
better than average scholastic endeavors, assure him
of future successes.
BERNARD A. PRZYBOCKI
Although not on the Varsity, "Bernie" was outstand-
ing in intramural sports. His laurels, however, were
really won in the scholastic field. His quiet and un-
assuming manner won everyone's friendship. We are
certain that there is a bright and interesting future
in store for "Bernie"
DONALD P. RUSCI-I
"Don" was a quiet and unassuming lad with an un-
paralleled sense of humor. He was always ready to
lend a helping hand to those in need. We can clearly
visualize the beacon of success beaming across his
path of life as he continues his studies for the Priest-
GERALD J. SMOLKA
"Smoker," as he was better known, is an accomplished
athlete. His tactics on the football field and on the
basketball court will long be remembered by all who
witnessed his playing. No less shall he be remembered
for his excellent sportsmanship in baseball and track.
All this, coupled with good humor and a desire to do
all things well, leads us to believe that "Smoker's"
ambition of becoming a Priest will be fulfilled.
STEPHEN F. STEMP
"Steve" was modest, cheerful, and studious. He was
liked by all who came to know him. He was out-
standing in Intramural Football and Baseballg his
"never-die" spirit was an inspiration to the varsity
teams. We are sure that Steve will be a success in
whatever profession he-chooses to follow.
EUGENE A. SIKORA
Possessing a winning personality and fine sense of
humor, Gene was liked by all his classmates. He
worked untiringly both as a student and as an out-
standing letterman. He has chosen the field of jour-
nalism as his vocation.
RICHARD C. SIKORA
Dick will be best remembered for his achievements
as an outstanding athlete. A four-letter man, "Rich"
was at his best in track. He may well look with con-
fidence to a bright future as a dentist.
STANISLAUS R. STONE
"Andy" talks little, but does much. Putting his musical
talents to use, he did well as a member of the High
School Glee Club. Then too, he displayed his talents
as a mechanic as well. We have the utmost confidence
that Stan will attain his goal of the Priesthood.
WALTER C. SZUMLINSKI
Highland Park, Michigan
"Snuffy's" winning ways and engaging personality
won the admiration of all his classmates. His enthus-
iasm and eagerness to learn something new were dis-
played by his active interest in campus extra-cur-
ricular activities. We-have every reason to believe that
"Snuffy" will become the Missionary Father he hopes
LEONARD R. TOPIK
"Len," an accomplished athlete, occupied a position
in every Varsity sport. He did so well that he was
ranked among the best athletes produced by St.
Mary's. He showed equal interest in his studies.
There is no doubt that "Den" is bound to see success.
JEROME A. TYCHULSKI
Jerome, known for his joyful disposition and sharp
wit through his years at St. Mary's, proved himself
a good student and conscientious office worker as
well. Though not participating in sports, he did much
in that field as a member of the Athletic Staff. He
plans to return to St. Mary's and pursue his studies
for the Priesthood.
STANISLAUS R. ZAJDEL
"Stas," though of small stature, through his unyield-
ing determination won himself a berth as a tackle on
the football team. One of the jolliest fellows on the
campus, "Stas" is a cinch to make the grade in all his
EUGENE A. GABALSKI
Buffalo, New York
Whatever the endeavor, his was a job well done. An
excellent student and an exceptional four letter man,
"Gabby's" sociability won the respect and admiration
of all. If his four years are symbolic of what the future
holds, "Gabby" can rest assured that fame will smile
on him in any field he endeavors to enter.
JOSEPH L. WEJROCH
"joe's" eagerness to help others won him many
friends during his one year stay at St. Mary's. He was
unable to play on the varsity, but he showed his ath-
letic prowess in intramural sports. He was one whose
honest endeavors make arduous tasks a pleasure. We
know "Joe" will succeed in the field of his choice.
EUGENE P. WILK
"Willy" not only starred in football and track but was
a model student as well. His firm determination to
succeed was his secret of success. We have no doubt
that "Willy" will go far in any field which he chooses
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STANISLAUS A. WALENTYNOWICZ
"Hoppy," who hails from Chicago, did all with un-
excelled ambition. An outstanding player in intra-
mural competition, a zealous student and active in
extra-curricular events, Stan can't help but succeed in
his future optometric studies at Loyola University.
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LAWRENCE A. KOLITO
St. Claire Shafer, Michigan
Rarely does one see "Larry" without his broad beam-
ing smile. "Never say die" well fits his continuous
pursuits in matters academic, especially mathematics
and science. His star was also bright in his athletic
pursuits. He intends to enter Michigan Institute of
Technology to further his studies in Chemical En-
FELIX J. OLEKSZYK
Full of vim, vigor and vitality, "Fido" was well known
on the campus for his friendliness and good humor.
An eager participant in all sports, he will be best re-
membered as a miler on the track team. We wish him
the best of luck in his aspirations toward the Priest-
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HARRY J. KOMAJDA
Harry was one of those easy-to-get-along-with fel-
lows. His energy and determination to get ahead were
added reasons for his success. His perseverance and
amiability will assure him a successful future as a
dentist. Harry intends to enter Notre Dame to pursue
his studies in that regard.
X .. 69
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GEORGE M. KOWALEWSKI
"Doc," as he is commonly called, has shown himself
to be an honor student in his academic studiesg he
was also an able orator. He is a lover of music and all
things aesthetic. We wish you success in the field of
VERNON M. NORKIEWICZ
"Rabbit's" amiable personality was the result of his
motto, "Smile and the world smiles with you." Never
to shirk his duty, he rolled up his sleeves and got
down to work whenever it was required. His amiable
personality and perseverance should make him a suc-
1946-1947. It was a warm, comfortable day in
September of 1946, when ninety-seven young men
made their debut on the campus of St. Mary's as
At first, we were a lost and frightened group of
"Freshies." Nostalgia befell a number of us, but since
we were a large class, it gradually disappeared.
Soon we had our first class meeting with Father
Orlik, our classmaster, who immediately gained our
love and respect. Our first task was the designing of
a class emblem.
Father Kubik was our disciplinarian. He organized
a number of intramural teams and soon we became
class activity conscious. We had a great number of
representatives on the Reserve Teams for basketball
and track as well as football and baseball.
Among our many interesting experiences was our
first meeting with the Polish Refugee boys. They be-
came our classmates and before long we were fast
Soon the school year came to an end. We left St.
Mary's in June to enjoy a well deserved summer
1947-1948. The summer months went by quickly
and soon we found ourselves once again at St. Mary's.
This time we bore much happier features, since now
we were all acquainted with one another.
A pleasant year boomed ahead of us. We became
organized under the able .guidance of our new class-
mastet, Father Swastek. We purchased a statue of St.
Therese of the Child jesus with the generous con-
tributions received from our many friends and rel-
atives. It now stands on the Sophomore corridor in
the Noah's Ark. Later, we contributed our share
towards the purchasing of a new electric scoreboard
for the gymnasium.
Studies appeared to be more difficult than in the
previous year, and we welcomed the summer vacation
all the more.
1948-1949. Another summer recess elapsed and
we made our third appearance on St. Mary's campus.
Our new residence became the College Barracks.
Father Swastek was our new disciplinarian and to
him we owe many thanks for his fatherly guidance
We were all pleased to see each other and yet dis-
appointed, for some of our classmates did not return.
The number had diminished to fifty.
During the course of the year we purchased class
rings with the kind assistance of Father Rozak, our
classmaster. We were the first class of St. Mary's High
to be privileged to have the new coat of arms appear
on our rings.
Our intramural teams were strong and well or-
ganizedg we were the victors of the Memorial Day
As a token of admiration and friendship toward
the graduating Seniors, we presented a program,
"Gaudeamus," which brought back fond memories
of our exploits together.
Another year came to pass. At this time we were
mindful of the fact that in a few months we, too,
would make our final departure from the campus of
1949-1950. At the opening of our final high
school year. the members of the Class of "SO," con-
sisting of 43, seemed to be in a very happy mood.
Soon after our return a class meeting was called.
New officers were elected and the solidarity mani-
fested forecasted a happy and successful year. Plans
were completed for the class outing, the yearbook,
graduation pictures and above all, preparations for
the Commencement Exercises. With the cooperation
of the Juniors, we purchased a television set, which
became the main attraction of our new Club Room.
We seemed to encounter a few difficulties in our
studies, but such trivialities--Graduation was
ahead! ! ! !
Yes, this Graduation Day will indeed remain a
memorable one in our lives. As we take final leave
of St. Mary's we whisper prayers of thanksgiving for
the blessings we have received during the course of
our four year stay. We shall always remember St.
Mary's and ever be grateful to her for the achieve-
ments we may attain in the future.
"G-abby" "Ding-Dong" "Boozer" ".lefl'Y"
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flair.1h!.S.i!OjbC30Uf"h'5.EIWi1l .a.rld:!Q5xaznenr. revoking' '
any prevxous -promises made without dueede-liberation A
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'mcfsb'aw:1histlass1w.il1t and :esramenreitn memory .off gr
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.lg iBlackiadc, leave my..collection-:1of'.po'erus'.for. .rhegb T"
II.VE.COIJNCI1.E'.W'e''lehye''6ii't"g'kmfiidE.'.fbr1.their.,.,..,,..baSkeibal1 tkunksl " "." ' .
.ma.nifold.sacrifices and ' undying' endeavors . to make.
ygstrf . ,,,, . .-.
ai 'lvilel our
""fUfute.I.ake Oracle Staff. ,.,i.'T'f""""".'.i' ..
:I,:.Han'yn:leave- my array of hair-tonics-andilashyl
"Ll',"D6CQ 'leave my' green 'visdr' and secret connections
"with EQB,IL ' 'QQ .lLfI. .... A ..4 .. U . "
nmv.s9G99S5.f1.rli!aQr19Sifor gamma rvwn
to be Popular,
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"Rabbit" "Hank" "Kulie" "SPeedY"
,: , 7,
'Runt" "P1ugger" "Baker" "Steve"
I, Steve, leave my over-frequented room with all its
cigarette butts. .
I, Snuffy, leave my job as recreation room manager.
I, Len, leave my artistic abilities and road maps of
I, Clinker, leave my cigar bands and butts.
I, Walenry, leave my defenses of the City of Chicago
and midnight oil.
I, West. leave my priceless albums of photos, and
I, joe, leave my famous accounts of Los Angeles.
A quarter of a century had elapsed since the Class
of 1950 said farewell to its Alma Mater. It was im-
perative that the long awaited reunion be called at
It was in the month of December, the third day
to be exact, in the year of 1975, that anonymous tele-
grams were sent to the members of the Class of 'SQ
The messages which they bore did not seem impor-
tant, yer, tension tan high. We all were ordered to
go to Rome. The members of the class quickly left
their tasks, packed their belongings and sailed to the
Eternal City. It must be remembered that there was
one important factor concerning the excursion: each
individual was to go to Rome in complete secrecy.
Within two weeks everyone found himself com-
fortably lodged in various parts of the city. However,
they were perplexed and eager to discover the mystery
which drove them there.
On the night of the twenty-third swift arrests were
made. The police of Rome were traveling through
the streets, questioning everyone and guarding various
tourist homes and hotels of the city. Crowds of spec-
tators gathered about the hotels wherein numerous
arrests had been made. The owners of the hotels were
in a frenzy, for their guests were being treated rudely.
Silent men, foreigners, were led to waiting black
sedans. Then, with the shrill cry of the siren, they
disappeared far into the night.
I, Wee Willie, leave my book "How to Lose Ten
Pounds in Two Weeks" to some stout Junior.
I, Stan, leave my memorable brown ties and ancient
Signed, sealed, published and declared by the
aforementioned Senior Class, in the presence of the
E. Z Duzit
I. Q. Highlow
C. U. Sometimes
What followed was most bizarre. We were blind-
folded and pushed into automobiles. In spite of our
protests, charging our captors with a why and where-
fore of our arrest, we were driven aimlessly about the
ancient streets for approximately two hours. The
sedans finally came to a stop. Escorted up a flight of
stairs, we were shoved into a pitch black salon. The
men we found within were silent and moody. No one
bothered to start a conversationg our minds were op-
pressed and fearful. It was sheer misery in the room.
, .... Everyone sensed an impending disaster, for in those
days Communists were curbing all tourist activity.
Every so often the steel front door opened and another
hapless stranger was thrown into our rmdst.
Eventually the back door of the room o ened and
someone entered. At once the room was ablaze with
blinding lights. Recovering our senses, we began to
glance around. All our attention was centered on one
person. We surmised that he was a Cardinal. A man
of middle age, robust, medium stature, and attired in
flowing red robes. A few seconds passed in silent gaz-
ing. When he finally spoke, the Cardinal's words
were few, but the joy they expressed was boundless.
We uttered a cry of amazement and happiness, fling-
ing ourselves into each other's arms, for we were
classmates of gone-by days. The joy we exhibited was
sincere. The man who addressed us was none other
than Archbishop Jerome Tychulski, Apostolic Dele-
gate to the United States, and now a visitor in Rome.
uLou-ies: uDicku ttAln NG-enen
"Andy" "Smoker" "Donald" "Clinker
We spent more than two hours talking over our
past experiences. Prior Michael Bienia, O.F.M., was
engaged in conversation with Mr. Leonard Paula,
Professor of Music at the University of Detroit. Mr.
Ronald Bulas, an Aeronautical Engineer, found him-
self surrounded by Messrs. Edward Kuligowski, Ar-
chitectural Designer, and Alfred Serowik, President of
the American Engineers' Association. Near the mantel
piece, Reverend Bernard Przybocki, Procurator at St.
Mary's College, Orchard Lake, Michigan, Gerald
Smolka. Professor of Biology and Chemistry, .Gerald
Piekarski. Athletic Director and Coach of the invin-
cible Polish Eagles, Henry Kus, well-known Polish
Historian and Jerome Herman, Professor of Mathe-
matics, were reminiscing with Reverend Walter
Szumlinski, a Maryknoll Missionary, who iust re-
turned from China. Right Reverend Monsignor Don-
ald Rusch, newly appointed Rector of St. Mary's, be-
sought the advice of Bishop Walter Lebuchowski,
Auxiliary Bishop of Detroit, regarding administrative
Near the bookcase, Messrs. Theodore Cichecki,
Director of a famous South American Band and
Joseph jakubowski, world renowned Comedian of
Screen and Radio, were signing contracts with Mr.
Eugene Ciolek, Proprietor of the Waldorf-Astoria of
New York. Directly parallel to an enormous bust of
Cicero, which stood in the right corner of the room,
Messrs. Joseph Wejroch, United States Senator from
Michigan, Francis Padzieski, F.B.I. Criminologist,
Lucian Sawicki, Surgeon at the Mayo Clinic, Richard
Kueber, Cattle Rancher of Texas, Stanley Stone,
Manufacturer of the Stanley Jetmobile and Lawrence
Kolito, Research Scientist at Oak Ridge, were con-
ferring with George Kowalewski, newly appointed
Ambassador to Poland. The subiect of their conversa-
tion was the problem of raising economic standards
Messrs. Vernon Norkiewicz. Owner of the Monte
Carlo Club, and Stanley Walentynowicz, Chicago
Chemist, were busy discussing the newly found cure
for cancer with Doctor Harry Komaida, Chief Sur-
geon at the Henry Ford Hospital of Detroit.
Standing beneath the alcove. Messrs. Alfred Fuchs,
Wall Street Banker. Donald Garnalski. Chain Hard-
ware Store Owner, Leo Kokosinski. Owner of the
Metropolitan Opera Company of New York, and
Felix Olekszyk, Canadian Lumber Distributor, were
trying to devise wavs to make known their enter-
prises to an ever wider public. r
Near a statue of Hercules, Mr. Eugene Wilk,
National Wrestling Champion, was displaying his
new strangle hold on Archbishop Tychulski. Messrs.
Leonard Topik and Stephen Stemp, Jewelers with the
Lloyds of London, were the interested and amused
Beneath a portrait of Pius XII, Mr. Richard Sikora,
U.N. Mediator to Russia, and Gerald Cardinal
Wasielewski, Archbishop of Detroit, were being in-
terviewed by Eugene Sikora, noted Paris Commen-
tator and Journalist for the New York Times.
Sitting in Ottoman Chairs, Messrs. Eugene Gabalski
and joseph Czapski, Dentists, were discussing their
To one side of a marble statue of the Big Fisher-
man, Mr. Richard Gurzyski, a famous deep sea
angler, was explaining the proper ways of casting and
baiting 'to Mr. john Koczkodan, National three-
cushion Billiard Champ.
Time went by so quickly and no one bothered to
inquire of their whereaboutsg no one realized that
they were assembled in Pope Pius XIV's reception
room at the Vatican.
At the sound of a clarion, all 'conversation dwindled
and ceased. All eyes turned, to the place from where
the sound came. There in the doorway stood His
Holiness, Pope Pius XIV,,the former Papal Nuncio
to Poland. All assembled were astounded and awe-
stricken. He addressed us in a simple way, extending
greetings and blessings. He requested us to go to St.
Peter's Basilica for Midnight Mass. lt was now Christ-
mas Eve of the 1975 Holy Year of Jubilee.
Slowly the cortege wound its way into the cathe-
dral. There we waited for the Holy Sacrifice of the
Mass to commence.
The basilica was resounding with splendid voices
of the Vatican Choir, when each member of the Class
of '50 went to the rail to receive the Sacred Host.
After the Pontifical Mass was celebrated, we, with
the multitude, went out of the titanic church into St.
Peter's Square. Thence, with a last backward glance,
we returned to our lodgings in peace, joy and con-
And so. ended the mysterious excursion and another
"Wee Willie" "Stan"
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uszczupla swoich naturalnych
wladz, ale przeciwnie rozwija je
i udoskonala, harmonizujqc je
z iyciem nadprzyrodzonem, przez
co nawet i naturalne iycie uszla-
chetnia i daje mu bardzo skutecz
ng pomoc, nietylko w porzqdku
cluchowym i wiecznym, ale takie
materyalnem i doczesnymf'
PAPIEZ PIUS Xl
Music has always been an important factor
in keeping alive, the "Spirit of St. Mary's."
Thus, the Junior Band has been faithful in
providing music for all institutional social
events. The.Band's versatility was manifested
at the annual Spring Concert. It was then that
all were convinced of its true worth. More
such success will certainly bring to St. Mary's
one of the finest bands in its history. With
due credit to all the members for their zealous
effort to give their best, and to their fine di-
rector, Fr. Waraksa, we extend our congratula-
tions and best wishes for an ever more brilliant
First Row: Mr. F. Bach, S. Kasprzycki, E. Barczyn-
ski, F. Resheske, R. Komorek. Second Row: R.
Pasko, J. Springer, L. Mallat, R. Kucharski. Third
Row: A. Kozlowski, A. Walawender, H. Michniak,
L. Wilczynski, E. Kozlowski, N. Nowicki. Mod-
erator: Rev. Henry Waraksa
Following a program which by its very
nature has a beneficial effect on the spiri-
tual lives of its members, the Classics'
Sodality sponsors various social programs
which inspire them toward a greater and
deeper devotion to our Immaculate Mother.
Thus, the Sodality supplements their pri-
vate spiritual exercises to the Blessed Vir-
gin with a program abounding in Catholic
thought and action. By faithfully and
loyally realizing the aims of the Sodality,
its members develop a deep rooted fervor
for Catholic life and all that it stands for.
Left to right: Peter Szleszinski, Treasurerg George
Dabrowski, Prefectg Adam Maida, Vice-Prefectg
Francis Skalski, Secretaryg Moderator: Rev.
HIGH SCHOOL MISSION UNIT
The unceasing zeal of the members of the
High School Mission Unit is responsible for
the fine work that is being done in the Prep
department for the cause of the missions. The
unit has for its purpose to awaken a spirit of
mission interest among the Prep students, and
by so doing to help the various missions both
in America and abroad.. By cooperating with
the Seminary Mission Unit in its presentation
of an Annual Mission Rally and, in its gather-
ing of postal stamps, the unit has proven
itself of inestimable value on the Prep campus.
Standing: Francis Vecchio, Secretaryg Leonard Fron,
Treasurer. Sealed: Eugene Gabalski, Ptesidentg
Adolph Redwick, Vice-President. ,Modemton Rev.
Francis X. Orlik.
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PREP GLBE CLUB
This youngest member of the Music
Department at Sr. Mary's, not to be out-
done by its seniors, has constantly surged
upward on the road to musical success. The
fact that several of its members have grad-
uated to the ranks of the Schola Cantorum
serves to establish the value of the group.
The Glee Club, moreover, strives to ac-
quaint' the Prep student body with the
finest folk and student songs of America
and Poland. Rehearsals are held regularly
each week and public appearances are made
at such affairs as the Mission Rally, Christ-
mas Musicale, Spring Concert and the
Senior Gaudeamus. The enthusiasm and
interest manifested by the members assures
a promising future to the group.
Firrt Row: T. Dembski, V. Surdei, F. Olekszvk,
S. Kowalewski, J. Kawarcinski, R. Albanowski.
Seconfl Row: J. Koczkodan. R. Pasko. R. Wal-
lick, F. Lachowicz. E. Kuligowski, R. Skora,
Rev. I. Gabalski. Third Row: M. Dudek, H.
Kus, E. Wilk, A. Woroniec. T. Plotzke, A. Fuchs.
Fourth Row: G. Kowalewski. S. Stone. T. Misi-
aszek, D. Gamalski. A. Serowik, E. Gabalski. A.
Wronski, J. Marciniak. Moderator: Rev. john
SENIOR BAND ji
No Hennessy tootles the flute not
McCarty pumps the old bassoon but you can p
be sure that. every time the St. Mary's
strikes up, the drums go bang, the cymbals
clang, and the horns they blaze away. For,-f-f-T1
although at their full strength they number
forty, the Band is a well-knit, experienced unit
of twenty-five members, who are present 'haf
all athletic contests to spur the teams of Stl?
Mary's to victory. MQ-"Jil:
Firrt Row: J. Baranowski, M. Kaminski, J. Jabloni
ski, T. Bankowski, E. Wotta, J. jakubowskig FL
Resheske. Second Row: Mr. Frank Bach, Ditectoiigf
B. Tubielewicz, D. Rusch, A. Redwick, T. Plotzke,
J. Krawczonelc. Third Row: J. Guzik, A. Wtonski
S. Zdral, J. Miller, J. Szwach, S. Bartoski, P. Kosnik,1:f5 igl
Fourth Row: C. Kolak, M. Dubis, T. Misiaszek, WT"
Gatdziola, R. Zaziski, R. Goleniowski. Modemtof:
Rev. Henry Waraksa. H 1'
.3,55. PHI GAMMA CHI
maatzea for the promotion of "Good
Cheerfffand "School Spirit" among the col-
legefstudents, the Phi Gamma Chi Frater-
nityhasfbeen an important factor in the
sponsoring of many campus social affairs.
'lfheqlftaternity opened its social activities
foiizthe 'year with the annual "Get-
Accfuaiimtecl Party." The traditional initia-
tionslonce again introduced the plebes into
thgffranks of tried and true brothers. The
weelilyflirat nights, for which the Barracks
werifelong known, were abandoned this
yeaiiiirfifavor of occasional well-planned
assemblies and parties.
Seafadafjoseph Miller, Presidentg Peter Szleszin-
skEYj2e:President. Standing: George Dabtow-
ski,jSeci'etaryg Francis Lapczynski, Tteasuretg
ZYgf1?PQEvKOWalCZYk, Assistant Secretaryg Peter
Kguszka, Sgt.-at-Arms. Moderazor: Rev. Michael
Reorganized in 1942, the College Choir
has steadily gained an envious position in
the Music Department. The aims of this
group are threefold: to further an interest
in vocal music among the college studentsg
to train prospective candidates for The
Schola Cantorumg and, to provide liturgical
chant for the divine services held in the
classics chapel. The choir's achievements
are a tribute to the splendid cooperative
spirit between the director and its members.
First Row: A. Lacki, Z. Kowalczyk, H. Bejgro-
wicz, B. Kaczmarczyk, B. Janowicz, G. Dabrow-
ski. Second Row: Rev. J. Gabalski, Directory
M. Kaminski, J. Jablonski, C. Lacki, A. Wozniak,
W. Rybaltowski. Tbird Row: R. Macieiewski,
F. skalski, F. Jagodzinski, A. Maids, E. Funda-
lewicz, F. Lapczynslci. Founb Row: E. Pilar, S
Swierzowski, C. Lichodzieiewski, M. Wieczorek
J. Skora, J. Miller, E. Lazowski. Moderator:
Rev. John Gabalski.
THE LAKE ORACLE
Founded for the purpose of fulfilling the
traditional purpose of a Catholic Campus
newspaper, the Lake Oracle strives to increase
school spirit by recognizing contributions to
the intellectual, social, and spiritual welfare
of the Classics' Department. To record the
numerous activities of the scholastic year as
well as to promote Catholic Action is another
of its aims. Published monthly from Septem-
ber to june, ten numbers appear in that
period. Perhaps the most noteworthy ad-
vancement of this year's Lake Oracle was the
increased art work, modern layouts of pages
and the complete coverage of school news
Standing: A. jagodzinslti, Z. Kowalczyk, A. Maids,
A. Walawender. Sealed: F. jagodzinski, Editorg
G. Dabrowski, Assistant Editor. Moderator: Rev.
COLLEGE MISSION UNIT
The purpose of the College Mission Unit' is
to acquaint the college students with the needs
of the missions, as well as to instill in them a
valiant missionary spirit. These aims are real-
ized by means of spiritual, educational, and
social activities, In cooperation with the
Seminary Mission Unit, which stages the
Annual Mission Rally, the members contribute
willfully their services. This group produced
two young men who are now furthering the
cause of Christ in the Far East.
Standing: Thomas Palko, Vice-Presidentg Harry
Bojarski, Treasurer. Seated: Leonard Novak, Presi-
dent. Moderator: Rev. Francis X. Orlik. .
FRIENDS OF THE ORCHARD LAKE
A recognition of the need for an organi-
zation which would sponsor an annual drive
for funds among Polish-speaking Ameri-
cans was responsible for the conception of
the Friends of the Orchard Lake Seminary.
Since its inception four years ago, the
organization has focused its message of
appeal on the need for funds in the educa-
tion and support of the Polish Refugee boys
who are students at St. Mary's. Last year's
drive was a huge success, realizing over
320,000 The Eagle Staff wishes Father
Popielarz, its Director, bigger and better
results in the future.
Sealed: Chester Genecki, Stanley Lipinski. Stand-
ing: Joseph Sadowski, Adam Maida, Edward
Fundalewicz, James Stamborski. Moderator: Rev.
Edward D. Popielarz.
STUDENT OFFICE PERSONNEL
The efficiency and promptness with which
institutional correspondence is answered, re-
corded and filed is due in a great measure to
the fine staff of students who are employed in
the various offices of the Administration
Building. Realizing the fact that these students
are forced to forfeit their free time in order
to be on hand to carry out their assigned tasks,
adds greatly to a proper appreciation of their
unselfishness and self-sacrifice. Possibly the
thought that the experience gained will serve
them in good stead as parish priests will urge
them to continue their record of fine per-
Standing: Stanley Lipinski, john Ktafchak, Jerome
Tychulski, Bernard Przybocki, Chester Genecki.
Seated: Stanislaus Milewski, Clement Markowski.
,W -V . . ,..-,.-.,.......,. . r . ,
DETROIT STUDENTS' CLUB
As one of the oldest municipal societies,
the Detroit Club is still the most active
organization on and off the campus. Its
aims are clearly outlined in its constitution,
namely, training in public speaking by way
of programs of theatrical productionsg
strengthening social tiesg and, aiding the
Alma Mater through moral and material
contributions. The organization sponsors
annually a number of diversified activities
for the realization of its outlined fraternal
Slanrling: Edward Oleksyk, Secretaryg Richard
Kucharski, Treasurer. Seated: Stanislaus Red-
wick, Ptesidentg Raymond Skoney, Vice-Presi-
dent. Moderator: Rev. John Rozak.
BUFFALO STUDENTS' TCLUB
The Buffalo Club has for its purpose to in-
still in its members the necessity of mutual
help and unity in their daily pursuits at
Orchard Lake. To effect material and moral
aid to the institution is another of its aims.
One of the most successful off-the-campus
ventures of the club is the annual practice of
keeping alive the Polish custom of "Koledo-
wanief' This activity together with an oc-
casional play has aided the townsfolk of
Buffalo to become more closely acquainted
with Saint Mary's and its Alumni.
Standing: Chester Frysiak, Secretaryg Daniel Wasik,
Treasurer. Seated: Bernard Czechowicz, Presidentg
Philip jarmack, Vice-President. Moderator: Rev.
CHICAGO STUDENTS' CLUB
Following faithfully its motto "Friend-
ship, Unity and Collaboration," the Chi-
cago Club has assured itself a permanent
position among the leading municipal clubs
on the Campus. Regular monthly meetings
during the academic year and frequent get-
togethers during the summer recess help to
attain the club's objectives.
Standing: J. Stamborski, Sgt.-at-Armsg T. Pla-
wecki, Secretaryg W. Dykas, Treasurer. Sealed:
A. Balczun, Presidentg E. Bloch, Vice-President.
Moderator: Rev. Edward Skrocki.
PHILADELPHIA STUDENTS' CLUB
Organized with the aim of maintaining
a spirit of permanent friendship among the
students from Eastern Pennsylvania, Dela-
ware and New Jersey, as well as extending
moral and materialaid to St. Mary's, the
Philadelphia Club has gone a long way in
its twenty-two years of existence. It also
has the distinction of being the first mu-
nicipal club to establish a scholarship which
would benefit some needy student from
Philadelphia or vicinity. Each year the
members strive, by various activities, to
acquaint the East with the genuine spirit
of St. Mary's.
Standing: Chester Genecki, Treasurer. Seated:
Vincent Nebus, Vice-President: john Stawasz,
Secretary. Moderator: Rev. John Buszek.
Having been organized for the purpose of
maintaining and strengthening friendship ties
among its members, and of awakening an
effective willingness among the Polonia of
Scranton to aid morally and financially the
schools at Orchard Lake, the Scranton Club is
one of the largest and most active municipal
clubs on the campus. Under the guidance of
Father Rybinski, the club is enjoying great
success in the field of theatrical productions
which are presented in Scranton and vicinity
during the Christmas Holidays. Year by year
its success and popularity has steadily in-
creased, thus verifying that the club is success-
ful in fulfilling its avowed purposes.
Standing: Francis Zywicki, Treasurerg Thomas
Szczerba, Sgt.-at-Arms. Seated: Stanley Lipinski,
Secretary: Joseph Ostrowski, Vice-President. Mod-
erator: Rev. Joseph Rybinski.
Although very inconspicuous in its existence,
the members of the Library Staff can be
credited with the smooth functioning of both
the reading and circulation departments of the
library. These men provide for the mainte-
nance of order and systematic circulation of
the many volumes which are to be found
there. Cheerful in disposition, kind in manner,
these men have gained for themselves the
respect and appreciation of the entire student
Standing: D. Polcornowski, C. Genecki, S. Malinow-
ski, J. Ostrowski, T. Penszynski, R. Brys, J. Stam-
borski. Seated : T. Szczerba, F. Zywicki, A. Kulick,
J. Tamilowski, C. Frysiak. Moderator: Rev. Andrew
. Lili Q C W A-ff - ' qi 'M ' ,,.4,..c.m -f-" H" "M N ' I '?iwfe
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Entering upon its twenty-eighth year of
existence, the Eucharistic League is still
mindful of the program which its founders
pre-arranged. In accord with the motto of
Pope Pius X "to renew all in Christ," this
organization aims to attain a close union
with Him, Who is our Ideal, particularly
in the sacerdotal life. The members spend
fifteen minutes weekly in adoration before
the Blessed Sacrament. Once a month they
form an honor guard for the Lord in the
Holy Eucharist by adoring Him for one
full hour, thus benefiting tremendously
from the spiritual treasures He promised
those who keep watch with Him. In addi-
tion, members subscribe to the national
publications Emmanuel and The Sentinel.
Standing: Leonard Kronkowski, Treasurer: Paul
Pindel, Secretary. Seated: Chester Gaiewski,
President: Anthony Balczun, Vice-President.
Moderaforx Rev. Joseph Rybinski.
POLISH LITERARY SOCIETY
Among the various organizations on the
campus, the Polish Literary Society is the
oldest. It has, since its founding, enjoyed a
colorful and eventful history. Having a def-
inite appeal to all -who endeavor to acquaint
themselves with the cultural background of
their Forefathers, it strives to develop in its
members a deep and lasting interest in things
Polish. By sponsoring numerous and varied
literary programs, theatrical presentations, and
frequent informal meetings, all conducted in
the Polish language, the society has proved
that it is successfully attaining its avowed
Standing: George Klimas, Advisorg Clement Mar-
kowski, Treasurer, Paul Pindel, Sgt.-at-Arms: Casi-
mir Krzysiak, Secretary. Seated: Leonard Kronkow-
ski, President, Richard Dolan, Vice-President. Mod-
erator: Rev. Stanislaus Czopp.
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Since its founding, the Mission Unit in
the seminary department strives to inflame
in its members an Apostolic zeal and con-
sciousness of the needs of the missions
scattered throughout the world. Thus, each
member prays and sacrifices for the mis-
sions. Each year the Unit sponsors an in-
spiring program on Mission Sunday. More-
over, newspapers, magazines and pamphlets
containing mission news are widely dis-
tributed among the student body as well as
among the patients of the neighboring
Seated: Julian Jercha, Presidentg Stanley Krzy-
siak, Vice-President. Standing: Raymond Skoney,
Secretary, Stanley Zubricki, Treasurer, Raymond
Brys, Sgt.-at-Arms. Moderator: Rev. Francis X.
The Seminary Sodality which is affiliated
with the Prima Primaria in Rome, lives up to
its motto "Per Mariam ad Jesumf' Thus
honoring Our Blessed Mother becomes a'
means of fostering in its members a special
fervor for Catholic life and this, in turn, means
more good works for personal holi'ness, greater
love of neighbor, and the zeal to defend and
spread the cause of Christ. On the last Satur-
day of each month the members assemble to
recite the ageless and beautiful "Godzinki."
During the months of October and May, the
Sodality encourages its members to make daily
visits to the grotto of Our Lady, where beauti-
ful hymns are sung in her honor.
Seated : Stanley Piorkowski, Vice-Prefectg Bohdan
Kosicki, Prefect. Standing: Gerald Twardon, Secre-
taryg Leonard Kronkowski, Treasurer. Moderator:
Rev. Anthony Maksimik.
SACRED HEART SOCIETY
The League of the Sacred Heart, officially
known as the Confraternity of the Apostle-
ship of Prayer, is a pious association, which
endeavors to instill in its members a lively
devotion to the Sacred Heart of jesus.
Every member offers daily his prayers, good
works and some mortification to the Sacred
Heart, in reparation for the sins of man-
kindg they also remember the special in-
tentions of the Holy Father in their morn-
ing prayers. Over and above these spiritual
aims, the Society strives to furnish the
school chapels with the many appointments
necessary for divine worship. In this way
the Society promotes externally its love for
the Sacred Heart.
Seated: Anthony Balczun, Presidentg W. Maslow-
ski, Vice-President. Standing: Stanley Redwick,
Sgt.-at-Arms: Stanley Piorkowski, S e c r e t a r y .
M odemtor: Rev. Anthony Oscilowicz.
SCHOLA CAN TORUM
Internationally known to the'world for its
annual rendition of Polish Christmas Carols
over the Columbia Network, the Schola Can-
torum is ever reaping new laurels in the
difficult field of choral work. On Sundays and
feastdays throughout the year, it provides
chant for all liturgical functions. It also has
appeared on all programs presented on the
campus and has especially proved itself in a
professional capacity at the annual Spring
Concert. Father Waraksa, the director, is doing
more than his share in making known the
name of St. Mary's to the world at large.
First Row: A. Lacki, E. Pilat, M. Komosinski, 'Ii
Ramotowslci, J. Dabrowski. Second Row: E. Bloch,
E. Fundalewicz, S. Lipinski, B. Czechowicz. Third
Row: F. Resheske, P. Pindel, J. Skora, B. Kosicki,
F. Jagodzinski. Fourth Row: J. Szwach, A. Balczun,
J. Papka, J. Jercha, C. Lichodziejewski, J. Pawelski,
A. Czeslawski. Moderator: Rev. Henry Waralcsa.
The Clear-View is the official monthly
publication of the seminarians at Orchard
Lake. Founded in December, 1948, it re-
flects their thought on some of the major
problems of the dayg and these, as the title
indicates, are viewed from the "clear-view-
point," i.e., the Catholic viewpoint. Such
an approach not only informs, but also
moulds the Catholic mind. It adjusts the
serninarian's thinking to God's point of
view, clarifies his .ideas and elevates his
ideals. And lastly, but not least, the Clear-
View strives to give its readers an insight
into the wisdom of the Saints.
Left to right: Raymond Skoney, Managing Editorg
Donald Kozlowski, Editor-in-Chiefg Joseph Os-
trowski, Advisory Editor. Moderator: Rev. joseph
h OSCIOL pelnem prawem
Ill popiera literaturg, naukg i
sztukg 0 ile one sq nigzbgdne lub
poiytecznb do chrzeicijaniskiego'
wychowania a taklze do calei
dzialalndici Koiciola dla zbawie-
nia dusz . . .
A nawet ,samo tak zwane wy-
chowanie fizyczne, i jego nie
naleiy uwaiai za obce macierzyxi-
skiemu naixczaniu Koiciola, whi-
nie dlatego, ie i ono jest Erpdkiem,
kt6ry mnie pomhgai, alba siko-
dzii clirzeicijaxiskiemu wycho-
w anim" ' '
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Head Coach and
A well rounded program of varsity and intramural
athletics plays an important part in the student, life
at Sr. Mary's. Varsity athletic reams include football,
basketball, baseball and track. The intramural pro-
gram calls for class games in touch football, basket-
ball, baseball, tennis, ping pong, pool and track.
Father Szczygiel conferring
with Stanley Krzytiak, mt-
C ampur Gymmuium
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Leonard Fron, Seated. John Szymanska, Jfefronfe- yfhuisfxku
at t lmailg
PREP VHHSITU FUUTBHLL
The Eaglets will undoubtedly long remember the many tense
and thrilling moments of their 1949 games, as will the fans un-
doubtedly long remember the exciting moments they spent in
cheering them on to victory. The green turf, the broad white yard
lines, the goal posts and the cool brisk days of autumn will bring
back many a memory of cherished and vivid gridiron scenes to the
loyal supporters of St. Mary's fighting eleven.
Scarcely had they unpacked their trunks and arranged their
rooms, when our boys were soon out on the field where ties of
friendship are made and strengthened. Every afternoon beneath
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PREP VHHSITU BHSHETBHLL
As for sports, it's Basketball that captures the hearts of the lads
at St. Mary's. lt is predominantly on the court that St. Mary's has
achieved her athletic glory. In fact hardly a season has ever passed
without our cagers adding another cup to our well filled trophy
Although this past season found St. Mary's quintet not as vic-
torious as in preceding years, the Eaglets have displayed a lot of
drive and spirit in their hard-fought contests. In every game their
opponents were well aware of the fighting spirit and sportsman-
ship that typifies our gallant basketeers. That's why we salute with
pride and congratulate Coach Father Szczygiel and our mighty
Eaglets, for a job well done!
PREP RESERVE BRSRETBREE
The Reserve Athletes of today are our varsity men of tomorrow.
With eagerness they practice daily, looking forward to the day they
may join the ranks of St. Mary's Varsity. The floor-burns, the
aches and pains, the constant drills by Coach Sack Krzysiak made
a varsity monogram all the more a glorious and cherished achieve-
Observing their performances during the past season, we are
quite confident that from these ranks will graduate athletes, who
will carry on the gallant tradition as "Men of St. Mary's."
PREP vnnsnu BHSEBHLL
Here at St. Mary's it's not the robin or the calendar that heralds
the arrival of spring, for long before the white patches of snow
and the brisk wintry winds disappear, the lads of St. Mary's may
be seen all over the campus tossing and batting baseballs around
and getting in shape for the oncoming baseball season.
Though Father Szczygiel was handicapped by the fact that only
two veterans returned to action this year, nevertheless the Eaglets
maintained their poise and winning form on the diamond. The
Eaglets renewed the thrills of mighty home runs, decisive base hits
in clinches, sensational catches, flashing spiker and base stealing,
squabbles with the umpire, all of which not only make the sport
a national pastime, but likewise a favorite of the "Men of St.
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year 1450. Because of the immense crowds of pilgrims, the Pope re-
duced the visitation of the basilicas first to five days, then to three, and
finally to two days.
On April 19, 1470, Pope Paul II published a Bull, decreeing that
the jubilee was to be held every twenty-five years. This custom has con-
tinued to the present day.
The first to extend the jubilee to the entire world was Pope Alex-
ander VI. At the conclusion of the jubilee Year of 1500 he sent dele-
gates to various nations, proclaiming indulgences and substituting for
the visits tothe basilicas visits to local churches especially designated
by the Papal Commisary or the local Ordinary. In 1500, the elaborate
ceremonial was introduced with which the opening of the Jubilee has
since been celebrated.
The celebration of the jubilee has been uniformly maintained every
twenty-five years from 1450 to the present time, excepting in the nine-
teenth century when political disturbances made it impossible. There
was only one jubilee held in the nineteenth century, that of 1825.
Besides the ordinary jubilee celebrated at intervals of twenty-five
years, some Popes celebrated Extraordinary Jubilees on special oc-
casions, for instance, at their accession to the throne, during great
calamities, upon the commemoration of some famous event of church
history. The jubilee of 1390 was the first Extraordinary Jubilee and
marked the return of the Pope from Avignon. Pope Pius XI, besides
declaring the regular Holy Year 1925, had the distinc ion of celebrating
two other Holy Years: an Extraordinary jubilee in 1 29 to commem-
orate the fiftieth anniversary of his ordination to the Priesthood, and
again, on january 15, 1935, he proclaimed an Extraordinary Jubilee to
commemorate the nineteenth centenary of the Death, Passion, and
Resurrection of the Redeemer.
On the feast of the Ascension, May 26, 1949, Pope Pius XII pub-
lished the Bull jubilaeum Maximum, proclaiming the Holy Year of
1950. The publication of the Bull, a practice introduced by Pope Greg-
ory XIII, brings a notable document which closely follows in form and
content the historical pattern of earlier Bulls since the time of Boniface
VIII. The latest Bull, a 1,300 word document, beautifully designed and
illuminated on parchment, sets the period of the Jubilee from Christ-
mas, 1949, to Christmas Eve, 1950. Thus, the Holy Year is not a calen-
daryearg this is due to the fact that when Pope Boniface VIII pro-
claimed the first Holy Year, Christmas Day was considered the first
day of a new year.
When we celebrate the 1950 Holy Year, we join in an ancient his-
toric pageant that goes back to the fourteenth century-and beyond, to
the time of Moses-a great and beautiful procession from the past to
There is a door at St. Peter's-the most famous door in Christendom
in 1950. On Christmas Eve, 1949, Pope Pius XII struck this door three
times with his silver and ivory hammer, chanting the words of Holy
Scripture, "Open the doors of justice to me. I will come into Thy house,
O Lord. Open up the gates because the Lord is with us." The Holy
Father knelt on the threshold momentarily and then passed through the
opened Holy Door into the 613 foot long basilica of St. Peter, the
largest church in the world, as the first pilgrim of the 1950 Holy Year
-the twenty-fifth in the history of the Church.
On Christmas Eve, 1950, the Pope will rake a silver trowel and seal
a special tablet into the Holy Door and close it until the next Holy
Year which will be celebrated in 1975.
Between these two key ceremonies there will be many others in the
course of the year. On Easter Sunday, the greatest feast day of the Cath-
olic Church commemorating Christ's glorious triumph over death, the
Pope will celebrate a solemn pontifical Mass in St. Peter's. On April
16th and 27th and again on May 23rd the Pope will beatify holy men
and women. On May 7th and on Ascension Thursday and again on
May 20th the Pope will officiate at solemn canonizations. On june 2nd,
the Holy Father will consecrate the new church of St. Eugene, his pa-
tron saint. In the month of the Sacred Heart, june, the Pontiff will take
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part in the procession of Corpus Christi, and on the 11th and the
18th of the same month, he will preside at canonizations.
Thousands of Catholics from the whole world will visit Rome to
take part in the ceremonies. Throngs will fill the famed Basilicas. Pil-
grims will pray at the High Altar in St. Peter's where the body of the
first Bishop and Pope lies. They will venerate the relics located in other
basilicas. In the famed Basilica of St. john Lateran, the pilgrims will
view the table on which the first sacrifice of the Mass was offered by
the First Priest, Jesus Christ. They will also visit the catacombs and
the tombs of saints and martyrs.
But sightseeing is not the main purpose of the Holy Year pilgrimages.
They are not tours nor pleasure trips. Pope Pius XII warns against such
a view and points out the true purpose of the Holy Year: "This pil-
grimage, beloved children, must not be undertaken after the fashion of
pleasure-seeking tourists, but in that spirit of earnest piety which moved
the faithful of Christ of every class and country in past ages to over-
come numerous obstacles and hardships of a journey sometimes made
on foot to Rome in order to wash away their sins by the tears of pen-
ance and implore pardon and peace from God."
On May 26, 1949, Pope Pius XII issued the Bull, jubilaeum Maxi-
mum, inviting all nations to join in celebrating the Holy Year and surn-
moning "all the faithful not only to expiate their faults and amend
their lives but also to lead them to acquire virtue and holiness accord-
ing to the words of the Holy Scripture, 'Sanctify yourselves and be ye
holy, because I am the Lord your God'."
The three main purposes of the Holy Year may be summed up in
the words: Prayer, Penance, Peace. During this year of great return
and pardon, Christians have a unique opportunity to lift their hearts
to God and beg Him for forgiveness of sins. Nations downtrodden by,
Communism, torn by political strife, threatened by famine, need thej
prayers of all Christians. It is the hope of the Holy Father "that every-Y
where . . . the tranquility of order, founded on a just settlement, may
be restored as soon as possible, that the various social classes, with
hatred banished and differences settled, may be united together in jus-
tice and fraternal agreement, and that finally the great number of those
in want may be given work to earn an honest living and may receiveq
necessary and opportune aid from those who are in better circum-
stances." Only by Prayer, Penance and Peace can the success of the Holy
Year be achieved.
Pilgrims who make the visit to Rome in the spirit of the Holy Year'
will gain indulgences. An indulgence is the remission of all or part of!
the temporal punishment due to sins already pardoned by the Sacra-,
ment of Penance. The Sacrament of Penance forgives sins and the eter-l
nal punishment due to them, but it does not remit the temporal punish-l
ment due to sin. This temporal punishment due to sin ,must be atoned,
for in some way either in this world by works of penance and charityl
or in the next world in purgatory. Indulgences can be substituted fori
these ways of atoning for the temporal punishment.
An indulgence is granted on certain conditions and only by the au-
thority of the church. The Pope as the Vicar oft Christ on earth has the,
authority of granting indulgences. The Holy Pontiff has granted a fullq
indulgence, that is, pardon of all the temporal punishment due to sin'
"during this year of expiation, to all the faithful who duly confess theiri
sins in the Sacrament of Penance, who receive Holy Communion andi
visit on that day, or on different days and in the order of their choice,
the Basilicas of St. John Lateran, St. Peter's in the Vatican, St. Pauls
on the Ostian Way and St. Mary Maior's on the Esquiline, and recite!
in each Basilica thrice the 'Our Father,' 'Hail Mary' and the 'Glory bd
to the Father' for our intentions and in addition the Creed." ,
Pilgrims will have an unusual opportunity to be reunited with God.l
During the Holv Year. they will be able to focus their attention on thel
spiritual side of life. Through the merits of Christ, they will benefit
by the numerous indulgences, drawn from the Church's spiritual
The Catholic Church includes the Church Militant on earth,1 thel
Church Triumphant in heaven, and the Church Suffering in purgatory.
We are members of the Church Militant. It is our duty during the
Holy Year to do everything to help the Church Suffering. The Holy
Year gives us unusual opportunities for gaining indulgences which can
be offered for the members of the Church Suffering, the souls in purgaJ
tory. By doing this, we can join the Church Triumphant in Heaven i
rejoicing over their release.
The crusaders of centuries ago set out for the Holy Land to free and
defend it from the Moslems. Christians in 1950 can become modern
crusaders by pilgrimaging to the Holy City to restore the peace of
Christ throughout the world.
Chester S. Frysiak
THE PUPES HHH THE UHITEU STHTES
When on the twelfth of October 1492, Christopher Columbus
reached San Salvador Island in the Bahamas 400 miles east of Florida,
the See of Peter was held by its 216th occupant, Pope Alexander VI.
Seven months later, in 1493, Alexander signed three documents which
conferred on Spain all the islands and the lands of the new world dis-
covered by Columbus. A month later on june 25, 1493, the Pope issued
a Bull by which he appointed Father Bernard Boyl first Bishop of the
new world, introducing the church officially into the Americas.
In the next 290 years, thirty-six Popes followed Alexander VI in the
long line of successors of St. Peter. During these 290 years, the new
world discovered by Columbus was explored, settled and developed by
Europeans. One area particularly grew more quickly than others. It was
the United States which developed from thirteen small British colonies
founded in the early seventeenth century into an independent republic
At the close of the War of Independence, the number of Catholics
in the new Republic was about 22,000 scattered mainly throughout
Maryland and Pennsylvania. The first direct relations between the Holy
See and the English Catholic Church in the United States occurred in
1784 with the appointment of Father john Carroll as Prefect-Apostolic
by Pope Pius VI, the 252nd successor of St. Peter. The same year, on
june 16, Pope Pius VI issued a special letter to the Catholics in the
United States extending to them the privileges of the Holy Year of
1775, in which American Catholics had been unable to participate
owing to the outbreak of the War of Independence. On November 6,
1789, Pope Pius VI issued a brief, Ex has aportolicae, creating the first
Episcopal See in the United States-Baltimore-and appointing the
first Bishop in the United States-Father john Carroll. This is the first
and most precious papal document in the possession of the church in
the United States. It marks the formal establishment of the American
When the United States acquired the Louisiana Territory and the
two Floridas, Pope Pius VII on january 29, 1791, made the new terri-
tories a part of the diocese of Baltimore. As years went by, the work in
this vast diocese became too large for one Bishop. So in 1799 Pius VII
established four new dioceses-Boston, New York, Philadelphia and
Bardstown. The four sees were made suffragan to the Archdiocese of
On November 8, 1823, Pope Leo XII decreed the establishment of
the provinces of Michigan and the Northwest as a separate diocese
with the Episcopal See in Detroit. But the brief of March 20, 1827,
erecting the See of Detroit for some unaccountable reason never left
Rome. The See of Detroit was finally created on March 8, 1855.
In 1840 Pope Gregory XVI condemned those who unjustly molested
Indians and Negroes and despoiled and enslaved them. During the
Pontificate of Pope Gregory new sees were formed at Indiana, Natchez,
Dubuque, Nashville, California, Texas, Pittsburgh, Hartford, Milwau-
kee, Chicago and Little Rock.
The work of forming new dioceses was continued by Pope Pius IX,
who created sees at Oregon, Buffalo, Albany and Cleveland. Pius IX
also confirmed the choice of Mary Immaculate as the Patroness of the
United States. In 1850 Pope Pius IX acceded to the American request
for holding a national Council and appointed Archbishop Francis P.
Kenrick to preside over this First Plenary Council in the United States.
In his letter of August 9, 1855, Pius IX urged the American Bishops to
found an American College in Rome, which was erected on August 15.
1858. When in 1875 the Question of Catholic education was discussed
by the American Bishops, the Holy Father urged the American Bishops
to establish parochial schools, when various other plans were proposed.
On the occasion of the Silver Jubilee of the American College, Pope
Leo XIII raised it to the dignity of a pontifical institute in his Bull of
October 25, 1884, Ubi primum. When the assembled Bishops at the
Third Plenary Council of 1884 expressed the hope that a Catholic uni-
versity be founded in America, Pope Leo XIII sanctioned the under-
taking and by the Apostolic Letter Magni nobir gaudii of March 7,
1889, approved the university constitution and statutes, and empowered
the university to grant degrees. So came into being the Catholic Uni-
versity in Washington, D. C.
The flow of immigrants into the United States after the Civil War
was great. Pope Leo XIII saw the need of special work among various
immigrant groups. In 1879 he authorized the erection of a special
college and seminary for the training of priests for the Polish Cath-
olics. ln 1889 he urged Mother Cabrini to go to America and put her
community at the service of the Italian immigrants. Another problem 1
solved by Leo XIII was the question of a papal representative in the
United States. Hitherto the Archbishop of Baltimore acted as the Pope's
representative. In 1895 the Pope appointed Archbishop Satolli as Papal
Legate with residence in Washington, D. C.
Pius X showed his regard for the church in the United States on
several occasions. On March 11, 1906, he wrote an inspiring letter
Qzmm centum ante anno: to Cardinal Gibbons in commemoration of ,
the centenary celebration of the erection of the mother diocese of the
Church in the United States. In his lettet Sapienli Comilio of june 29, 1
1908, Pius X released the American Bishops from the jurisdiction of
the Sacred Congregation and put to an end the mission era of the Cath-
olic Church in the United States.
After the first world war, Pope Pius XI gave the American Catholic
Church new evidence of papal benevolence. During the Holy Year of
1925, the Pope decreed the solemn beatification of eight missionaries l
of the Society of jesus, who in the middle of the seventeenth century ,
were put to death by the Indians in Canada and northern New York. T
Five years later, on june 29, 1950, Pius Xl canonized these Northy
American martyrs, one of whom, St. Isaac Jogues, met his death in the
northern part of New York state. In 1936, Pope Pius XI sent his Secre- 1
tary of State, Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, to visit the United States. Pius
XI once again honored the United States when he beatified Mother
Cabrini in 1938.
In 1939 Cardinal Pacelli ascended the throne of Peter. Five months
after his election, Pope Pius XII showed a great interest in the Negro
and Indian missions in the United States. In his encyclical letter to
America, Sertum Laetitiue, issued on November 1, 1939, Pius XII
praised the American Catholics and called on them to continue their
splendid Apostolic work. When President Roosevelt appointed Myron
C. Taylor as his personal representative to the Pope, Pius XII in his I
Christmas Eve speech of 1939 expressed his "joy" at Roosevelt's step, 1
which, he said, was especially gratifying since it would bring valuable
contributions not only to the efforts of peace but also to the victims of 1
war. When ten years later Taylor resigned due to ill health, Pope Pius l
expressed his regret at the ending of a "mission which has proven so l
efficient and fruitful."
Perhaps the most outspoken token of recent papal regard for the
Catholics in the United States came in july, 1946. In his first canoni-
zation after the second world war, Pope Pius XII raised to the altars
of the church the foundress of the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred
Heart, Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini, who has been called "the mother
of Italian emigrants in the United States," and "the first American
The canonization marks a fitting close to this brief outline of papal
relations with the United States-a record of which American Cath-
olics are justly proud in this Holy Year of 1950.
Bernard J. Czechowicz y
THE UTTITED STHTES HITD THE PITPES '
The two hundred and fifty-second successor of St. Peter sat on the T
papal chair when the United States emerged out of the War of Inde-
pendence as a free and self-overning nation. His name was Pius VI I
and he ruled from 1775 to 1799. To him was addressed the first peti-
tion of American Catholics in 1783.
The petition was framed by a committee of five priests appointed
by the first general Chapter of the American Catholic clergy held at
Whitemarsh, Maryland, on November 6, 1783. The committee was
composed of Fathers john Lewis, John Carroll, Bernard Diderich,
Ignatius Matthews and james Walton, missionary priests residing, as
they said, in the "Thirteen United States of North America." This
petition stated that they were "placed under the recent supreme domin-
ion of United America" and could no longer have recourse for spiritual
jurisdiction to the Bishops and Vicar-Apostolics residing in foreign
states Clinglandj, not recognize any of them as their ecclesiastical
superior without open offense to the American government. There-
fore, they petitioned that the power of granting the necessary faculties
to priests coming to America might be given to some priest who was
a resident in the United States. Specifically, they asked of the Pope that
Father john Lewis be formally constituted Superior of the Church in
the new Republic, with certain episcopal privileges-administering the
Sacrament of Confirmation, blessing chalices, and delegating priests for
the missions. Acting upon this petition, Pius VI named Father john
Carroll Prefect-Apostolic June 9, 1784. Thus the jurisdiction of the
Vicar-Apostolic at London was brought to an end. In 1789 Father Car-
roll was named first Bishop of the United States.
The non-Catholic population of the United States in the eighteenth
century did not share the Catholic attitude toward the Pope. So wide-
spread was the antipapal sentiment that Washington in his general
orders to the Army, November 15, 1775, forbade the observance of
Pope's Day, a mock ceremonial like Guy Fawkes Day. An effigy of the
Pope would be borne in procession and burned with riotous proceed-
ings. These celebrations took place in New England, and the soldiers
stationed there conceived the idea of enjoying a rough holiday by hold-
ing a Pope's Day of their own. General Washington's order said: "The
Commander-in-Chief cannot help expressing his surprise that there
should be officers and soldiers in this army so void of common sense
as not to see the impropriety of such a step at this juncture, at a time
when we are soliciting, and have really obtained, the friendship and
alliance of the people of Canada, whom we ought to consider as breth-
ren embarked in the same cause, the defense of the liberty of America.
At this juncture and under such circumstances, to be insulting their
religion, is so monstrous as not to be suffered or excused, indeed, in-
stead of offering the most remote insult, it is our duty to address public
thanks to these our brethren, as to them we are indebted for every late
happy success over the common enemy in Canada."
In the nineteenth century, perhaps the most significant incident in
American-Papal relations was the recognition of the papacy by the
United States. Even before this recognition American consuls were
stationed at Rome, Civita Vecchia, Ancona and other cities of the Papal
States. The chief purpose of these consular agents was a commercial
one, but so little exchange existed between the United States and-the
Papal States that the work involved in the office was almost negligible.
In his annual message to Congress on December 7, 1847, President
Polk announced that the United States Government was considering
the opening of diplomatic relations with the court of Rome, and a bill
was introduced to defray the necessary expenses of the office. The bill
to establish the legation at Rome passed by a vote of 137 to 15 in the
House of Representatives and by an equally large majority in the
Senate. On April l, 1848, Jacob L. Martin was appointed by President
Polk as the first American Minister to the Papal States, then ruled by
The diplomatic relations thus begun lasted for twenty years. Martin
lived scarcely a year, dying at Rome in 1848. His successor, Lewis Casa,
jr., served until 1858 and was singularly fortunate in his attitude
toward the unstable Republic which Mazzini had succeeded in creating
at Rome in 1848. Archbishop john Hughes' discourses at this time on
the flight of the Pope to Gaeta were a warning to the American gov-
ernment that the sacrilegious invaders of the Eternal City did not merit
recognition. Cass was succeeded in 1858 by john Porter Stockton. After
the fall of Naples in 1860, Stockton asked for his recall, and Rufus
King was appointed as his successor. There was much question at the
time whether it would not be prudent for Pius IX to take refuge in
the United States since a revolution had broken out in Rome. When
the question was broached to King, the American Minister replied that
the United States "was the home of civil and religious liberty as well
as a refuge of all who fled from political and other troubles in the Old
World, and that His Holiness, should he see fit to go to the United
States, would no doubt meet with a kind welcome and be left to pursue,
unquestioned and unmolested, his great work as Head of the Catholic
It was during the incumbency of Minister King that the Holy See
was approached by the Confederacy, not exactly for recognition as a
separate state, but as a sign that the Southern leaders fully appreciated
the value of the sympathy of so great a liberal statesman as Pius IX.
The American legation at the court of Pius IX lasted through the Civil
War, but came to an official end in 1867, when Congress refused to
appropriate the money necessary for its upkeep. Had an American
Minister been resident in Rome in 1870 when the Italian army took the
Eternal City, the question of the Pope's taking refuge in the United
States might have been revived and Pius IX might have come to
In the twentieth century, the most important development in the
relations between the United States and the Papacy was President
Franklin D. Roosevelt's appointment of an Episcopalian, Myron C. Tay-
lor, as his personal representative to Pope Pius XII. This appointment
resulted from an exchange of letters between the President and the
Pope. As Myron C. Taylor himself relates: "The President was con-
vinced that a closer association in all parts of the free world between
those in government and those in religion who shared common ideals
was essential . . . To His Holiness in Rome, with whom personal ex-
changes of views were possible only through correspondence and a
trusted intermediary, he suggested sending a personal representative."
In the letter which President Roosevelt sent to Pius XII on December
23, 1959, he explained that he had named Taylor his personal envoy
"in order that our parallel endeavors for peace and the alleviation of
suffering may be assisted."
The many thousands of American Catholic pilgrims who will visit
the Holy City and pay their respects to the Pope in this twenty-fifth
Holy Year will carry with them the heartfelt sentiments of millions of
their compatriots, mindful of the cordial relationship that has existed
between the United States and the Papacy during the last 170 years.
PULHIID Hllll THE PUPES
Poland, historically speaking, is only half as old as the Papacy. It
appeared on the historical stage of Europe when the Papacy had al-
ready nearly one thousand years behind it. When the first historic ruler
of Poland received baptism and opened the way for the introduction of
Christianity among his people in 966, the Papal tiara reposed upon
the head of Pope john XIII, the one hundred and thirty-third successor
of Saint Peter.
In the one thousand years that have -elapsed since that fateful mo-
ment, Poland's contacts with the Papacy have been constant and on
certain occasions especially noteworthy. There are several such instances
which are particularly worth recalling.
The first occurred in 966 when the Papacy was still far from exer-
cising a dominant influence over the Holy Roman Empire. In 965,
Mieszko, the ruler of still pagan Poland, married Dabrowka, a Chris-
tian daughter of a Czech prince. A year later, Mieszko received the
sacrament of baptism, and afterwards placed his territory in the hands
of the Holy See, making it a part of the heritage of Saint Peter and
securing for Poland papal protection for all time.
The second instance of Polish-Papal relations took place when
Poland supported the Papacy in its time of need. This happened dur-
ing the investiture controversy between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor
Henry IV. When Gregory VII ascended the papal throne, he initiated
important reforms for the emancipation of the church from lay control.
Under pain of excommunication, Pope Gregory VII forbade princes to
bestow ecclesiastical offices upon members of the clergy. He also for-
bade the clergy to receive these investitures from the hands of laymen.
When Henry IV ignored the Pope's orders, Gregory VII excommuni-
cated him, precipitating-a bitter and long struggle between the Papacy
and the Empire. During this important period when the strongest
worldly power opposed the strongest spiritual force, Poland under
King Boleslav' the Bold sided with Pope Gregory VII. It was with
the help of Poland, too, that Pope Gregory VII was able to place
King Ladislav on the throne of Hungary.
Once again during the critical days of the fourteenth and fifteenth
century, when the Great Western Schism rent the unity of Christendom
in Europe as a result of rival claims to the papal throne-when Euro-
pean countries espoused and supported the cause of the anti-popes at
Avignon or at Pisa, Poland stood loyally by the Pope of Rome. At the
Council of Constance which finally healed the schism, the Polish Arch-
bishop, Nicholas Traba, helped in the election of Pope Martin V.
When the Protestant Revolt broke out in the sixteenth century en-
dangering both Papacy and Church, Poland once again strongly mani-
fested its loyalty to the Vicar of Christ. When Pope Leo X issued the
Bull Exmrge Domine, on june 15, 1520, condemning forty-one prop-
ositions in I.uther's writings, King Sigismund I enforced this Bull and
by the Edict of Torun prohibited the introduction of Luther's works
into Poland. Sigismund also condemned Lutheranism by statute and
demanded strict adherence to the Faith. He ordered the Bishops and
Inquisitors to enforce his law. In 1554, the king forbade the nobles to
send their sons to the University of Wittenberg, the very center of
Poland continued to work hand in hand with the Holy See in the
work of Catholic Reform. In 1561, a delegation was sent from Poland
to take part in the deliberations of the Council of Trent. Sigismund II
was among the first European monarchs to accept and enforce the
Tridentine decrees in his realm.
Toward the end of the sixteenth century, the Polish clergy assisted
the papacy in its efforts to unite the schismatic Ruthenians with the
Catholic Church. Under the leadership of great churchmen, Cardinal
Hosius and the Jesuits Skarga and Herbest, the ground was prepared
for reuniting the schismatics with the Holy See. Pope' Gregory XIII
erected a seminary in Wilno and admitted both Ruthenian and Russian
students into various Catholic colleges. In 1596, the Union of Brest
brought many Ruthenians to recognize the Pope and to accept his au-
thority as Vicar of Christ. Almost simultaneously with these efforts
Poland used her influence to bring back to the Church many Armenian
Christians, who recognized the authority of the Pope in the seventeenth
When Sweden attacked Poland in 1655, the royal crown rested upon
the head of john Casimir. During the invasion, King john Casimir
made his famous vows in the presence of the papal legate on the first
day of April, 1656. He proclaimed the Blessed Mother Queen and
Patroness of Poland. Pope Alexander VII regarded the victory of King
john Casimir as a triumph of Catholicism over Protestantism, giving
the Polish ruler the title Rex orthodoxur.
At the call of Pope Innocent XI, King John Sobieski led a Polish
army to Vienna and in 1683 defeated the Turks who threatened Euro-
pean Christendom. For this great feat, the Pope headed a list of eminent
people who thanked the Polish king personally for what he had done
in behalf of the Christian nations of Europe.
The sixteenth century religious partition of the Church was' dupli-
cated politically in eighteenth century Poland by the triple partition of
the Polish kingdom. Poland's great effort to stem the partitions failed,
but it left another testimonial of loyalty to the Church in the May Con-
stitution of 1791, which proclaimed Catholicism as the dominant re-
ligion of the realm. This loyalty was not shaken even in the darkest
days of the partitions when josephinism and Germanism in Austrian-
held Poland, Germanism and Protestantism in Prussian-held areas, and
Russification and Schism in Russian-controlled territories sought to
destroy contacts between Poland and the Papacy.
Perhaps the' most serious threat to Polish loyalty came in 1852, when,
upon the tenderitious and misleading protests of Russia following the
November insurrection of 1850, Pope Gregory XVI issued an encyclical
to the Polish hierarchy which was greeted with much opposition in
certain Polish quarters. But even this matter was successfully smoothed
our, though it left its influence in the writings of Mickiewicz and
Two outstanding champions of loyaltv to the Church atmeared in
Prussian-held Poland when Archbishop Martin Dunin and Archbishop
Mieczyslaw Ledochowski resisted not only Germanization but also
Protestantization fostered by the Prussian government and by Bis-
marck's Kulmrkampf. Archbishop Ledochowski was subsequently made
Cardinal and Prefect of the Congregation for the Propagation of the
Faith which greatly expanded its activities under his direction. '
After the resurrection of Poland in 1919, the centuries-old Cordlfll
relations between Poland and the Papacy were once again formallylre-
established. Poland's Constitution of March, 1921, declared in Afflfle
14 that the Roman Catholic Church occupied in the State the chief
position among other faiths with equal rights. In fulfillment of this
constitutional article, a Concordat was negotiated between the Holy See
and the Polish Republic. It was signed in Rome by Cardinal Gasparri
representing Pope Pius Xl and Vladislav Skraynski and Stanislav
Grabski representing the President of the Polish Republic, and ratified
in Warsaw on May 30, 1925. This Concordat guaranteed complete free-
dom for the Church in the Polish State as well as in its relation with
the Holy See.
Today alien influences seek to destroy this thousand year old. rela-
tionship between Poland and the Papacy. But they shall not prevail, for
Poland's loyalty to the Popes is as solid as the rock on which the Papacy
lHf PUPES Hllll PULHHIJ
Twenty-five Popes occupied the chair of Peter during the calamitous
years of the tenth century which have been described by one church
historian as "the darkest age of the church." One of these Popes, john
XIII, Who became Pope in 965 and ruled for seven years, won the last-
ing gratitude of the Poles through the centuries by extending the pro-
tection of the Holy See over the infant Christian kingdom, shielding it
from Germanic expansion.
This was the first of many papal interventions on behalf of Poland
in subsequent crises in the country's history. In the thirteenth century,
when Vladislav the Short tried to reunite Poland, his efforts proved
useless and instead he was three times driven from the country. In this
crisis, he sought aid from the Vicar of Christ, Boniface VIII, and re-
gained his throne through the assistance of the Pope. In 1331, King
Vladislav began Poland's long struggle against the Teutonic Knights.
In the conflicts which followed, Poland was morally assisted by several
Popes, John XXII, Urban V, Boniface IX, and Gregory XII, until her
victory at Grunwald in 1415.
Another Pope, Urban V, was responsible for the formal establishment
of Poland's first institution of higher learning, the University of Kra-
kow, founded in 1364 at the behest of Casimir the Great. Among its
outstanding alumni were Kopernik and St. john Kanty.
In the sixteenth century, when Poland was threatened by Calvinism,
Hussitism, and Lutheranism, Pope Pius IV made Bishop Stanislav
Hosius a Cardinal and sent the Jesuits to Poland to defend the Catholic
faith. Papal interest in the Polish Episcopate, which produced such out-
standing reforming Bishops as Martin Kromer, Stanislav Karnkowski,
john Solikowski, Bernard Maciejowski and George Radziwill enabled
the country to avoid the pitfalls of Protestantism.
In the seventeenth century, Pope Clement X called on the Poles to
forget domestic quatrels and unite themselves against the Turks. This
message was a vital factor in the Polish victory over the Turks at
Chocirn. When the Sultan of Turkey tried to extend his rule over
southeastern Europe, Pope Innocent XI begged King john Sobieski to
come to Europe's assistance and help besieged Vienna. Sobieski heeded
the Pope's call and helped save European Christendom by liberating
When Poland's neighbors began meddling in Polish affairs in the
eighteenth century, Pope Clement XIII called on the entire nation to
stand firm in defense of the Catholic faith, contributing to the organi-
zation of the Confederation of Bar. When Russia began violently to
meddle in Polish affairs, the Pope intervened by insisting on the in-
violability of Poland's Catholicism and tried to persuade King Louis
XV of France to come to Poland's assistance.
In the nineteenth century, Popes Gregory XVI and Pius IX in times
of Po1and's distress requested public prayers for the Polish nation. In
1893, during the festivities of Pope Leo XIII's episcopal jubilee, 800
Poles made a pilgrimage to Rome. On this occasion, the Holy Father
exclaimed: "It is a great joy to us to see you, sons of those generous
men, who in the past did such great things for the defense of religion
and so often merited the praise of our predecessors, they have so much
the more right to glory in their ancestors, the more intrepidly they have
preserved their faith and virtues, and especially respect and obedience
for this Apostolic See, the centre of Christian unity." On March 29,
1894, Pope Leo XIII issued a special letter to the Poles, in which he
praised the constant attachment of Poland to the Papacy.
After the first world war, Pope Pius XI concluded a concordat with
Poland. The document was signed at Rome on February 10, 1925. Ne-
gotiations were facilitated by the fact that the Pontiff, Pius XI, had
previously been Papal Nuncio at Warsaw. The Polish concordat con-
tained two points of importance: first, that the names of Archbishops
and Bishops to be appointed by the.Ho1y See were to be submitted
to the Polish President for approval, second, that Polish dioceses were
to be entirely within the Polish frontiers.The Polish Seym ratified the
concordat on March 27, 1925.
Shortly after the outbreak of the second world war, when the Polish
people once more became the victims of unjust aggression, Pope Pius
XII expressed sorrow at the massacre of so many innocent victims and
invited all Christian nations to pray for Poland: "There is no need to
assure you that our heart draws near in compassionate love to all your
sons, and in particular to all who are in tribulation, to the oppressed,
to the persecuted .... The blood of so many human beings-many of
them non-combatants-calls for heart-rending tears for so beloved a
land as Poland." The Pope's interest in Poland showed itself also in
another incident which is important. This is the beatification proc-
ess of three Poles: Maria Teresa Ledochowska, foundress of the So-
dality of Saint Peter Claverg the Salesian Priest, Father August Czar-
toryskig and Mother Frances Siedliska, foundress of the Sisters of the
Holy Family of Nazareth. On November 12, 1940, the Sacred Congre-
gation of Rites examined the writings of the Servant of God, Maria
Teresa Ledochowska. On December 3 of the same year, the Sacred Con-
gregation discussed the introduction of the process of beatification of
Mother Maria Frances Siedliska. On March 11, 1941, it considered the
introduction of the process of beatification of Father August Czartory-
ski, whose writings had been previously approved by the Congregation
of Rites, on November 12, 1940. The causes of the three Poles, out of
800 under consideration by the Sacred Congregation of Rites, relate to
persons who have died in our own generation. Normally, the intro-
duction of such processes is delayed for at least fifty or a hundred years
Viewed in the perspective of ten centuries, the central theme of the
relationship between the Papacy and Poland seems to be that suggested
by the beautiful legend of Sandomierz, as told by Zofia Kossak-
Szczucka, Poland's greatest contemporary woman novelist. In the six-
teenth century, King Sigismund the Old built a cathedral for the glory
of God. When the edifice was completed, he sent a delegation to Pope
Clement VII for a suitable relic. The Pope received the delegation
graciously, but made one unusual request before acceding to the king's
petition. Clement asked that a handful of Polish soil be brought to him
from Sandomierz, where fifteen Polish monks had been rnartyred by
the Tartars in the thirteenth century. The soil was brought and placed
in the Pope's hands. Clement took the handful of Polish earth, prayed
over it, and then closed his fingers firmly, lovingly over it. Slowly,,drop
by drop, to everyone's amazement, blood began to drip from the Pope's
clenched hand. In the silence that filled the papal chamber, Clement
said: "The blood you see is the blood of martyrs. The Polish king has
no need to send far for holy relics. Let him dedicate his cathedral to the
Holy Martyrs of Sandomierz and enshrine in it some of this soil with
the martyrs' bones."
THE PUPES Hllll Sl. IIlHRlJ'S
When the formal foundations of St. Mary's were laid in 1879, the
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B silica of St. Mary P'Iajor's
papal seat was occupied by the 256th successor of St. Peter, Pope Leo
XIII. In that year, Father Leopold Bonaventure Maria Moczygemba
O.M.C. submitted a petition to the Pope, in which he presented the
need of the Poles in America for priests understanding their language
and traditions, suggesting that the need could best be supplied by a
native Polish American clergy trained in a seminary of its own. To
erect this seminary, Father Moczygemba asked Pope Leo for permission
and his blessing. On the 14th of january, 1879, from the Vatican came
the papal answer written on the petition itself, "Annuimus in omnia"
and signed by Pope Leo himself.
On August 1, 1894, Father joseph Dabrowski, founder of the semi-
nary, celebrated the 25th anniversary of his ordination to the priesthood.
On this occasion Pope Leo XIII sent his paternal blessings to Father
Dabrowski. During the latter part of the month, Bishop Foley, Ordi-
nary of Detroit, returned from Rome and conveyed the special blessing
of the Holy Father to Father Dabrowski and the seminary.
Another mark of papal interest in St. Mary's occurred after the sem-
inary was moved from Detroit to Orchard Lake. On May 4, 1910, as
announced by the Detroit News Tribune of April 24, 1910, the new
seminary location was blessed by Monsignor Diomede Falconio, legate
of Pope Pius X to the United States.
Further papal interest in St. Mary's was manifested in the summer of
1924. Pietro Cardinal Fumasoni Biondi, present Prefect of the Congre-
gation for the Propagation of the Faith, visited the seminary in the
company of Bishop Michael Gallagher, Ordinary of Detroit. Monsignor
Michael Grupa, who was the rector at the time, received the papal
Iegate's blessing for the institution.
In 1932, after a year's sojourn in Rome, Father Anthony Maksimik,
present spiritual director of the seminary, left the Eternal City with
the blessing ,of Pope Pius X1 for the students of the seminary and
A unique distinction came to St. Mary's in 1958, when the Holy See
bestowed the Knighthood of St. Gregory on Professor Romuald
Piatkowski in recognition for his many years of teaching at the institu-
tion. Edward Cardinal Mooney, in the name of Pius XI, bestowed this
honor on Professor Piatkowski. It is noteworthy that only three Poles
in the entire United States received this singular honor before Professor
Archbishop Amleto Cicognani, present Apostolic Delegate to the
United States, visited St. Mary's in 1944 in the company of Edward
Cardinal Mooney. In a short talk to the students and faculty, he urged
them to preserve and cherish the Polish traditions. Upon leaving, he
bestowed the papal blessing on the students and faculty.
Papal distinction has also been accorded to several other faculty
members of St. Mary's by the Church. Three former rectors, Reverends
Michael Grupa, Anthony Klowo and Ladislaus Krzyzosiak, were made
Monsignori by Pope Pius XI, Reverend Alexander Syski, former spir-
itual director of the seminary, was also made a Monsignor by the same
Pontiff. On the 16th of March, 1946, Pius XII raised Reverend Edward
J. Szumal, the present Rector, to the rank of domestic prelate. The de-
cree accompanying the announcement stated "To those distinguishing
themselves in the work of the Holy Church is given the title of domes-
tic prelate with which are included the honors, privileges and prerog-
atives connected with this dignity."
On two important scholarly occasions, Pope Pius XII imparted his
paternal apostolic blessing upon undertakings fostered by St. Mary's.
The first was 'the Polish Homiletic Convention, the first of its kind
held in the United States, which met under the auspices of the seminary
in Detroit, Michigan, April 22-23, 1941. The second occasion was the
Polish Homiletic Convention held at Orchard Lake in August, 1949.
A special telegram from the Vatican not only imparted papal blessing
upon all participants but also "pledged divine enlightenment on all de-
Such, in brief review, have been the services of the Popes to St.
Mary's. In grateful appreciation for those numerous benefits, St. Mary's
has. through the years, striven to give evidence of her loyalty to the
On the occasion of the 80th birthday of Pope Pius XI, in a special
celebration, In Annivemzrio Octogerimo, was held in the campus gym-
nasium. Father Constantine Cyran, Seminary Dean, was the master of
ceremonies, while the guest speaker was Bishop L. Shvoy of Budapest,
In 1956, Monsignor Alexander Syski, spiritual director of the sem-
inary, published a book in Polish entitled "Vocation to the Priesthood."
This book was based on Pius Xl's encyclical on The Catholic Priest-
hood. Monsignor Syski sent a copy of the book to the Pope. Through
his secretary, Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, Pius X1 sent a reply from the
Vatican, expressing his pleasure at Monsignor Syski's work and con-
ferring a special blessing on the author and all readers of the book.
Cardinal Pacelli, later Pius XII, likewise expressed his heartfelt thanks
for the book, a copy of which was also presented to him.
Upon the death of Pius Xl, a ten day period of mourning was de-
creed by the Rector, Monsignor L. Krzyzosiak. A Solemn High Re-
quiem Mass for the repose of the Pontiff's soul was celebrated on Sat-
urday, February 11, 1939. Monsignor Krzyzosiak was the celebrant,
Father joseph Rybinski, Vice-Rector, was the deacon and Father john
Buszek, college dean of men was subdeacon. On February 20, another
mass for Pius Xl was celebrated, with Monsignor Krzyzosiak as cele-
brant, Father Rybinski, as deacon, and Father Andrew Wotta as sub-
deacon. Memorial services were also held in the gymnasium on March
2. Father Stanislaus Grabowski, presently on the theological faculty
of the Catholic University in Washington, D.C., was the master of
ceremonies. The program included a violin recital by Chester Bed-
narczyk, a poem written by Monsignor Alexander Syski and recited by
subdeacon Wenceslaus Filipowicz, a declamation by Walter Regula, a
high school student, a speech by Monsignor Syski and concluding re-
marks by the Rector, Monsignor Krzyzosiak. The Eagle of '39 featured
an article on Pius Xl, reviewing the events of his 17 year reign. The
yearbook also carried an article on the successor of Pius XI, the former
Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, who ascended the papal throne as Pius XII.
ln 1949, when Pope Pius XII celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of
his priesthood, the tenth anniversary of his pontificate, and the twen-
tieth anniversary of his Cardinalate, the Rector, Monsignor E. Szumal,
sent a telegram of congratulations to Rome on behalf of the faculty
and students. A few weeks later, on May 15, a telegram arrived from
Rome, signed by the Secretary of the Vatican State, Monsignor Montini.
It carried Pope Pius Xll's answer and read: "Augustus Pontifex pre-
cibus votisque obsequii plenis grate affectus amanter benedicitf' The
students of St. Mary's commemorated the triple anniversary of His
Holiness at their annual Papal Day celebration in the campus gym-
nasium. The program featured excerpts from Siekiewicz's "Quo Vadif'
describing the death of St. Peter, the first Pope, Ravenello's "Tu er
Petrus" sung by the Schola Cantorum, a declamation "Papacy Through-
out the Ages" and a description of a typical day in the life of a Pope.
To commemorate the Holy Year of 1950, the traditional "Pope's
Day" program, with emphasis on the Holy Year, was arranged on Feb-
ruary 23, 1950. The day began with a Solemn High Mass, the cele-
brant of ,which was the Rector, Monsignor Szumal, assisted by Deacons
Anthony Kramarz and Henry Krysinski. The program in the campus
gymnasium included short addresses, delivered by the following stu-
dents from the High School, College and Seminary departments: Rich-
ard Ray, George Klimas, joseph Michon and Edward Lazowski. Two
appropriate choral numbers were rendered by the Schola Cantorum
under the direction of Father Henry Waraksa. The High School Senior
Band supplied music for the occasion. The program was sponsored by
the united Sodalities of the Seminary, College and High School, and
was directed by Reverends Anthony Maksirnik and Joseph Swastek.
Besides this celebration, the music department gave special recogni-
tion to Pope Pius XII and the Holy Year by including in its Annual
Spring Concert, the Papal March and songs of tribute to the Pope. The
concert was held on April 29, 1950, and was under the direction of
Reverend Henry Wfaraksa. -
Deeply appreciative of this long standing relation between the
Papacy and St. Maty's, the Graduates of 1950, on the occasion of this
Holy Year of jubilee, dedicate their 1950 Yearbook to Pope Pius XII
as a sincere expression of their loyalty to the Holy See.
Chester C. Genecki
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l lCZB Koiciola obejmuje
nietylko jego sakramenta, jego
obrzgdy i liturgig, lecz takie
wielkq iloif i r6znoroclno56 szk6l,
stowarzyszeri i wszelkiego rodzaju
instytucji, zmierzajqcych do wyro-
bienia mlodzieiy w religijnej
poboinoici przy studium lite-
rackim i naukowym i przez samq
nawet zabawg i kulturg fizycznq.
Ko5ci6l i rodzina razem tworzq
jed ng Swiatynig chrzeicijariskiego
PAPIEZ PIUS Xl
in the States on Rt. Rev. Adalbert
proxy for Rt. Rev. Lucian Bojnowski of New Britain, Connecticut. The presen-
tation took place at the Commencement Exercises which were held on june 12,
ANNUAL ALUMNI - ,
FRIENDSHIP PARTY .
On October fifth the Detroit ChaptEEiEf
the Alumni Association staged its finial
Friendship Party in the Knights of COEIYIF
bus Building in Hamtramck, Michiai
Originated by Frank Schemanske, theaffair
is proving to become one of the Aoutstandl
ing social events of the year at whichciqie
and social leaders plus members from -all
the professional fields attend. -
+7 JOHN W. SMITH
OLD TIMERS' CLUB
, ,,., sa.- . SCHOLARSHIP
'NIrfAThomas Wysocki, President, presenting
Rt.. Rev. Edward J. Szumal with a check
for 545000, representing the Club's annual
contribution toward a scholarship which
.benefits a student at St. Mary's, with John
Zgiwysocki, President of the Alumni Asso-
ciation, looking on.
CENTRAL OFFICE OF THE LADIES' AUXILIARY OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION!
Sramfirzg: B. Kapsa, President of Chapter IVQ M. Herman, President of Chapter-
Ilg A. Godlewska, Treasurer of the Central Officeg C. jagoclzinska, President of
Chapter IIIQ Z. Stryjak, Past President of Chapter I. Seated: M. Stachowska,
Financial Secretary of the Central Officeg F. Baransl-za, Second Vice-Presidenrg A.
Olechowska, President: A. Niemiec, Vice-Presidentg R. Kalicka, Recording
Secretary. .- - f
CHAPTER TWO OF THE
OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
Starzriirzg: A. Cieslak, Recording Secretary,
R. Rybicka, Financial Secretaryg M. Okrai,
Treasurer. Sealed: T. Gossman, First Vice
Presidentg M. Herman, Presidentg F. Para
dowicz, Second Vice-President.
CHAPTER ONE OF THE
OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
Stanrlingz P. Olekszyk, L. Roczniak, I
Zomkowska, A. Mortka, A. Kowalczyk, A
Godlewska, Z. Karczewska, Z. Przybysz
Directresses. Seated: J. Skopowska, Direc-
tressg C. Budzinska, Financial Secretaryg R
Danielalc, Vice-Presidentg Z. Stryiak, Pres
identg H. Zmijewska, Vice-Presidentg M
Paszkowska, Recording Secretary.
ESCHAPTEII THREE OF THE
5 Q 'LADIES' AUXILIARY
:OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
koWkig:Second Vice-Presidentg S. Ruczko
denEiGoch, Financial Secretary.
CHAPTER FOUR OF THE
LADIES' AUXILIARY . A
OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
Standing: R. Hojnowska, V. Kowalewska,
Recording Secretaryg V. Michalak, A. Nie-
miec, Financial Secretaryg C. Housch, Treas-
urer. Seated: B. Kapsa, Presidentg Rev. -I.:
Krych, Chaplaing A. Gozdowicz, Vice-Pres-
CHAPTER FIVE OF TI-IE LADIES' AUXILIARY OF THB ALUMNI ASSOCIATION:
Rev. J. Wroblewski, Chaplaing F. Ogniewska, Presidentg V. Zastempowska, Vice-
Prcsirlent3,A.. Klpphzfibqaggiwall-Secrqggjyg.IQ.AB.iedron, Recording Secreraryg S.
-Dariiszka,iTreasuren1-'Directrcsses :G:1Bm2If1Qii5 Q vStIasynSEE2B.TMeIogj3,-1Q.H V
Krawczyk, M. Stachowiak. B. Gabalskd, K. Rutecka, T. Grabowska. ' ' 14:
Leif iggigbtz M. Kukla, Treasurerg S. Swin-
FirEfH1'Ec5Presidentg C. jagodzinska, Presi-
ORDINATIONS AT ORCHARD LAKE: The Most Reverend Stephen S. Woznicki re-
citing the Litany to All Saints, as the Ordinandi lay prostrate before promotion
to the Holy Order of Subdeaconate.
POLISH REFUGEE STUDENTS
The Polish Refugee Students. who were
brought to Orchard Lake in 1945, are
caught in an informal chat with our Rector,
Monsignor Szumal at the entrance of the
STAGE BACKDROP OF
Reverend Edward Popielarz, Director of the
project, looks on as Deacons John Pawelski
and Richard Dolan nlace finishing touches
to the backdrop of our school's coateof-
arms, which will be used at all formal oc-
THIRTEENTH MEETING OF THE
C. C. O. M. ASSOCIATION
On Wednesday, October 29, 1949, the
thirteenth meeting of the Association of
Catholic Colleges of Michigan was held at
Orchard Lake undei the auspices of our
College Department. "The Presidenfs Re-
port on Higher Education for American
Democracy" served as the theme of the con-
vention. Rev. John Buszek headed the com-
mittee on arrangements. Photo depicts Rev.
W. E. McManus of the N. C. W. C. deliver-
ing the keynote address.
LOSES MR. BACH
St. Mary's lost a beloved and revered in-
structor in the passing of Mr. Frank Bach,
who died January 6, 1950. His leadership,
talent and services will be sorely missed by
all at St. Mary's.
DIAMOND JUBILEE OF THE FELICIAN SISTERS: When
the Felician Sisters of the Detroit Province celebrated
their Diamond Jubilee, Rt. Rev. Edward J. Szumal, our
Rector, was celebrant of the Solemn High Mass, Coram
Cardinaleg Rev. L. Ktych, deacon and Rev. J. Contway,
subdeacon. ' -
B ll IIK N I Nl
Reverend john J. Barrk ' k
owxa Reverend Francis A. Kasprowicz Reverend Ladislaus J. Madura
Saint Helena? Parirh Holy Croft Parirh Oar Lady of CZOIl0Cl90'wd,5 Pa-rixh
Wyandotte, Michigan Trenton, New jersey South' Plainfield, New Ierrey
Reverend Andrew B. Bocianski Reverend Boleslaus Milinkiewicz
Saint IoJeph'.r Parish Saint Stephen? Parish
Hadron, Pennsylvania Detroit, Michigan
Reverend joseph W. Buda Reverend john C. Miller
Saint Mary'.r Parixh Saint Bartholomew? Parixh
Swoyer-ville, Pennrylfuania Detroit, Michigan
Rr.'Rev. Msgr. Julius Chylinski Rt. Rev. Msgr. Stephen L. Szczepanski
Saint Peter? Parirh Saint Barbara'J Parixh
Steven: Point, Wixconrin Lackawanna, New York
Rr, Rev, Mggf, Joseph J, Glapinski Reverend Alexander Szumowski
Saint john Kantyk Parirh Saint Stanirlaar Kostka'r Parirh
Buffalo, New York Wyandotte, Michigan
Rr. Rev. Msgr. Francis X. Guzy Reverend joseph Tompor
Parish of the Tramfigaratian Saint'Barl2ara'J Parirh
Buffalo, New York Dearborn, Michigan
Reverend Edward J. Kokowicz Reverend Peter P. Walkowiak
Menrcola Convalercent Home Saint Florianir Parirh
Pontiac, Michigan amtramck. Michigan
Reverend Paul Kopicki
Casimir A. Domzalski, M.D. ' Rt. Rev. Msgr. Maximilian Wujek
Saint John the Baptirtfr Parirh B Detroit, Michigan Saint Mary'r Parixh
Eart Plymouth, Penmyloania ' South River, New Ierrey
M K lski DDS ' Mrs Frances Popielarz
Dr. Rudolph G. Tenerowicz
Edward . atu , . . . . V
' ' Hamtramck, Michigan
joseph Klasowski, M.D.
William B. Kolasa, M.D.
Chester H. Kulaski, M.D.
J. A. Kurcz, M.D.
Edward A. Malik, M.D.
Anthony S, Mallek, M. D.
john A. Smith, M.D.
South River, New Iertey
Edward J. Zabinski, M.D.
Saint Hyacinth's ,Senior Choir
Saint Hyacinth's Young Ladies Sodality
Vincent M. Bondi
H amtramck, Michigan
Congressman George I.. Sadowski
Liberty State Bank of Hamtramck Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Valone
Hamtramck, Michigan Detroit, Michigan '
Reverend Funds Banaszak A
Reverend Minchtill ,JL 'Bednnrski
'Reverend Henry .S. Bogdan
S0uth,RivAr, New Jersey
Reverend Ladislaus Borowaki.
Detroit, Michigan- ,
Reverend Vincent'Brozys -
Slaptown-New Medio, Penn, AA -
Reverend Paul Czubai, O.F.M..CotiY. '
.Reverend Siephen B. Dabkowslci '
Ffonklin, New Jersey
Rr. Rev. Msgr, S, A.,Dobinis
VMI. Carmel,.Bennsylvania ,
Reverend Edwnrdj. Dronsh '
'Reverend Lndislhus Kkych
Rc. Rev. Msgr.'W. A, Losieniecki
Reverend Francis A. Lukasiewicz
Reverend Qasimirf. Lufomski
Detroit, Michigan '
Brooklyn, New York
Reverend A. Maigewski
Hamtramak,Mzchigen . Q
Reverend E. j. Mnkowski A
Reverend C. J. Malinowskiw ., 1
Freeland, Pewiikylvhiiia A
Reverend Edward C.. Maliszewski 9
Reverend Pe:er1L.Mel16rskii - A.
. ,B11ffkilo,-NewYorlE D. Q
.Revgrend .Edward IL 'Miotke -
3 Revgrend Mitcfiell Wifktiwskif'
V' A Cligiton,Mishigdn Y. '
Rr, Rev. Msgr. A. Zadala
Revnrend Francis L, Zgliczynski V
Pennington, N ewv I ersey
Dr. Raymond D. Alexander
South River, New Ieikdy
Dr. WL Blackwood
Dr. C15-,B08dG1iSki o
Dr. and Mrs.. E. R. Bruike
Sbamokin, Penngylvania D '
Dr., ann -Mrs! C.1A. Cetiinskl
, Hf:mrrampk,.Miphig4n .
3E..A.ChniS:ie,,M.D. A A '
,- 'Pimfw Michigan. .
J. M,.Qore,'D,D.S. ' r g
Al , ,Keego Hrzrhor,.Miqhigah,Y
1fB.11f.,.Gi0wge1a, .A A 1 v
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A.P.Gguzinski,,DaD.S., , A
1 1?0"?i4Ff,1Y159'?i34fi f'?iQ.1 ..
Edwardfi 'Trustkowsli 'M.D.
Detroit, Miahiggm '
Mr. and M132 Peter Adnmski
Floyd1F.Crosby ll f
, Sttuqns Point, .Wisfbhiin
and Mrs.,Wi1linm Fisher
Mr. ,and Mrs, Richard
Steven! Paint, WISCQUHB
Petnr ijaixlwwski A V
Mrgnmuefi Kink. if AA
. ' fSfs?:2ensE9i1i1.Wifcomin-
Mr.,Fln1-inn A.Krnxza,'. ' , A
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Mr. Jnsfphxfvshak' AA -E. j . A
.sham afas..'biqfi1ingl,-T A ' -,
2 ' ' -. Paing Wiifdiiifiji
'Hagen :md Rose. Wfilnhels
Reverend. Dogniniciiehman ' A
Steven: P65155 eWiS001gSHi
Reverend Leqnnsd , A AA
PMnK,Pwf11+5ylv411i4' ,A g 1
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Rev-mind Q, A DDVAPD ff:
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iReveifehH.j..iF. Q A I P
Baielifze, Micbigizd ' V n
Revergnd'FrHncis Kpzlovmkif A '
' Bor:ou,Miqbigm M
Revetbiid x1oimn.Nafkua A .
'Detroi!,,MiChig411 ,A f 5 ,
ReverendQBenedict'j.liemloelskl A A
Detroit, Michigqyz ' '
Reverend jngonh C. Ruskin V
neverend RernsASL.RvPCl .
, A 4...D6fiiciit, Mighiggznv 1
.Reverend Z,Mi,jSaQ:i1i1WSkf , AA
,M ADetro3f.Ms-Qbisfmi - 1
keVEt6nl1.'BfAS13WigSki,V 1 i D
A Dgzroiz,Miz:bigm. A
'ReverendlFabianJ3'..S1omfnski. f '
f '1Vydnldot1rf,.Mfahigdn A
RevegenglxsggggyC..hSmI18ia 2, .
D . 1f44fwf,.2efmy1wfg.. ,M
Rgvegendgwfdltnn J., ToinE:iikiQ, , K, "
b A .AAAZVIaspljeth,fLgngA.lshgof1,N552,A
1Qevnremi?D..Ci Tnnilciewicz, . f. T
Rbverendl'-eb Tnofanbwski ' W
Steven: Point, Wi3C61iSin
Reverend R. A. 'Wieziolowski
N mzicoke, Pennsylvania
P D Slam Pains, Wisconsin
'Dr.7kan9 Lgrxhhifnimi Rev.-Srnnd Edward 352 -Maisel
o , Dctroit,MicIfiL'4n1 ' . A . Dazrvitg Michigan' D
Drfand Mr5.sm1gy ll ' Reyend B.,Pi1gyf ,Q '
Hamlfomck,Mii.jhig4n' 'A .
rf4nnsuuQ.M111n, A 5 .Reveinni
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amiga Pa1mef,M:n. ingwnxgvnak
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wa s1nn1a,'n.nLsL. AAAAD Q A fnsndo .Pi5:e7G1ns.'AC4iQ 5
'Ta,lEd0,05i5 . , Tolgdm Qhib '.b,, .. 5
T.'sfQkiigz,M.D. ' Johnvliloiakll. - .
Detroit, Michigan , '
A -Arpzfm, ,ohm , . A
Mr. Casimir Nakielny L, W. Matecki
Mr. Joseph A. Bara
South River, New Jersey
Mrs. J. Buiewicz
South River, New Jersey
Mr. and Mrs. Ste hen M. Duschock
South River, New Jersey
Garford Trucking, Inc.
South River, New Jersey
Mr. Chester A. Golojuch
South River, New Jersey
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Janczewski
South River, New I ersey
Mr. and Mrs. Matthew A. Maliszewski
South River, New Jersey
Mrs. Veronica Michalowski
South River, New Jersey
South River, New Jersey
Miss Pauline B. Pisinski
South River, New Jersey
Mr. Louis E. Rzem
South River, New Jersey
Miss Natalie Zebrowski
South River, New Jersey
Mrs. J. Haraz
Cranhury, New Jersey
Mr. and Mrs. J. Trpisovsky
Sayreville, New jersey
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph J. Konys
Mr. and Mrs. G. Kustra
Mr. and Mrs. John Sadlek
Miss Josephine Schultz
Mrs. Mary Skowronski
Mr. John J. cimk
Franklin Bros. Clothiers
Mrs. Sarah Garbacki and Family
Mr. John L. Gatbacik
West Hazleton, Pennsylvania
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Moleski
Tow. M. B. Czestochowskiei, Gr. 214
Mr. Harry A. Blumer
Mr. and Mrs. M. Sulewski
Pnchaida's Food Store
McAdo o, Pennsylvania
Mr. and Mrs. John Szczerba
Mr. and Mrs. J. Plesniak
Mr. Frank S. Biga
M oosic, Pennsylvania
Miss Josephine Visniski
Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Bridy
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Broscius
S hanzokin, Pennsylvania
Mrs. Edna Keim
Mr. Ben Norworth
Mr. and Mrs. S. Sarnowski
Mr. and Mrs. P. Zalanowski
Mrs. Anna Persizony
Mr. Joseph W. Kasprow
New Britain, Connecticut
Mr. and Mrs. George Heigelmann
New Haven, Connecticut
Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Leszczynski
New Haven, Connecticut
Mr. John Kretkewicz
New Haven, Connecticut
Mr. J. Markiewicz and Sons
New Haven, Connecticut
Mr. Ludwik Szlama
New Haven, Connecticut
Mr. and Mrs. Thaddeus Wszolek
New Haven, Connecticut
Mr. Stanley Sterba
Brooklyn, New York
John and Frances Czechowicz
Buffalo, New York
. and Mrs. F. A. Jedrzejewski
Buffalo, New York
. Kevin Kennedy
Buffalo, New York
. Alfred Fuchs
Freeport, New York
. and Mrs. E. Fuchs
Garden City Park, New York
. and Mrs. Philip DeNicola
New Hyde Park, New York
. and Mrs. Frank Pelkowski
Ne-w Hyde Park, L. I., N.K
Brabec's Department Store
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Brennan
Mr. and Mrs. John Buksa
Mr. B. Frank
Mr. Louis Gronski
Mrs. Virginia Gugnacki
Mr. and Mrs. Francis Kolecki
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Matecki
Midwest Calendar Co.
Mr. and Mrs. John Narko
Mr. and Mrs. Casimir Norkiewicz
Mr. E. J. Panowicz '
Mr. and Mrs. John Parka-Und
Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Teplo
Mr. Emil J. Ulrich
Mrs. Valeria Urbanck-Undertaker
Mrs. S. Walentynowicz
Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Wasylik
Mr. and Mrs. Edward M. Wasylik
Mr. and 1VIrs. Matt A. Wasylik
Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Wolniak
Mrs. Pauline Lukaseski
East Chicago, Illinois
Mr. Edward Lewandowski
Mr. and Mrs. J. Kocinski
Mr. J. Halas
A 8: B Wine Distributing Co.
Mr. J. Halas
Capital Tire and Rubber Co.
Central Coal Co.
Al Sabb Auto Service
Mr. and Mrs. P. Ziebron
Mr. and Mrs. A. Dudkewic
Garden City Park, LI, N. Y.
Mr. Richard Jolin
Mrs. H. R. Blakely
Mr and Mrs. Adolph B. Herman
South Bend, Indiana
Mr and Mrs. Edward Herman
South Bend, Indiana
Mrs. Helen Zwierzynski
South Bend, Indiana
Mr Edward S. Nicewicz
Mrs. Mary Bochenek
Mr and Mrs. Paul Borg
Mrs. M. Domanski
12 J. Duvall
Chester R. Crane Co.
Anderson Supply Co.
Batchelors Super Market
Keego Harbor, Michigan
Keego Harbor, Michigan
Keego Harbor, Michigan
Keego Harbor, Michigan
B. M. Strong
Keego Harbor, Michigan
Betty Le Cornu-Beauty Salon
Braid Motor Sales
Bruce Chevrolet Sales
Dancers Department Store
Knights of Columbus
Kubasiak Funeral Home
Ladies Rosary Society-St. Mary's Parish ,
Don R. MacDonald, Inc.-U.S. Tires Mr. Harry D. Marzinske
Czopek Funeral Home
Mrs. Veronica Michalak
Mrs. Anna Niemiec
Mr. Norbert Przezdziecki
Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Wasielewski
Mlss Hattie Glowacki
Mr. and Mrs.
Mr. and Mrs.
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Gurzynski
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Gurzynski
Mr. and Mrs. Kazimierz Reient
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Wojtkowiak
Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Zylka
Mr. and Mrs. joseph Karasinski
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Kosiba
. Harry J. Miller
Miller Cleaner and Laundry
Mr. and Mrs. A. Nikolai
Mr. Martin Pastula
and Mrs. Joseph J. Skutnick
Mr. and Mrs. C. Staniak
and Mrs. john Olbrantz
Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Sobieszewski
Mr. and Mrs. Ktolikowski
Borys and Zajkowski's Jax Bar
Mrs. Emelia Adamaszek
Alexander's Men's Wear
Mr. Chester Bator
Charles Cleaners 8: Dyers
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Ciolek
Detroit Convention and Tourist Burez
Chris J. Dombrowski, Attorney
Miss P. Luniewski
South River, New Jersey
Mr. and Mrs. H. Czarnik
Mr. and Mrs. Victor Filipiak
judge Nicholas S. Gronkowski
Mr. and.Mrs. E. Grzybowski
Mr. and Mrs. Karol Herman
Mrs. J. Krakowski
Mr. Alex A. Krot
Mr. and Mrs. joseph S. Mieczkowski
Modern Men's Shop
Piotrowski 81 Lemke
Mr. and Mrs. V. Zdral
Mr. Robert Jozewiak
Miss Mary Olender
Mr. S. G. Gasiorowski
Mr. B. Connolly
The Solka Company
W. M. Zvtkus
Mr. William Kuron
Gasiorowski Funeral Home
Stanley B. Dombrowski, Attorney
Evelyn's Novelty Shop
Mrs. Joseph Flood
Mr. Charles Groshek
Mr. and Mrs. John Herman Family
Mr. Stanley F. Herman
Hy-Vets World War II Inc.
and Mrs. Joseph Jagodzinski
and Mrs. Roman Jaworski
and Mrs. Michael Katulski
Kopecky Mattress Co.
Mr and Mrs. Eugene Koscielski
Miss A nn Koskodan
Jos. Krause Construction Co.
Mr. and Mrs. C. Kroulik
Mr. Theodore Krula
Mr. and Mrs. Francis Kulesa
Ladies Auxiliary of O.L., Chapter 2
'Mr. and Mrs. ose h A. Lerchenfeld
. J .P.
Mr. S. Lubienski
Mr. Frank Matyniak
Mr. John Michno
Mrs. Stella Olszewski
Mr. B. Pakula
Mr. E. Patgulski
Pete's Meat Market
Mr. and Mrs. S. Pigula
Mr. F. I. Przybyszewski
Mr. Raymond B. Radtke
Mr. and Mrs. Norbert Rzeppa
Mr. Bernard Serowik
Miss Lottie Sikora
Mr. Ted Sikora
Mr. H.A. Smigielski, Pres. P.R.C.A.
Smutnik-Real Estate and Broker
Sodaliry of Our Lady-
Sweetest Heart of Mary Parish
St. Hyacinth Holy Name Society
Mr. and Mrs. C. Staniak
Stanley's Gulf Service
Mr. and Mrs. J. Stepick
Stuart Miners Service
Mr. and Mrs. J. Szumlinski
Mr. John Szwapa
Three Brothers: Curtains 8: Draperies
Mr. John W. Troiana
Mr. and Mrs. J. Trombka
Mr. Ignatius Ulatowski
Van Maele Greenhouse H Florists
Vix Home and Auto Supply
M r. Steve Wachowski
Mr. and Mrs. Winkowski
Mrs. Anna Woodwaski
Mr. and Mrs. Zabielski
Mr. William A. Zaglaniczny
Mr. and Mrs. A. Zaiac
Mr. J. Gurzynski
Mr. S. Widykis
Bob's Dress Suit Rentals
Toledo Pipe and Iron Co.
Miss Mary Misend
Mr. Adam Zurawski
Mr. and Mrs. W.lRokicki
- Toledo, Ohio
Mr. S. F. Zak
Mr. George Pishir
Tale o, Ohio
Mrs. H. Kalinowska
Mrs. S. V. Urbanski
D. J. M l Co
Mr. John Slupecki
Mr. B. Zullta
H. J. Roger Co
Mrs. K. Wheeler
Buckeye Paper Specialities
Robert and Susan Nowak
Mr. Edward J. Betlej
Henry and Tony Murawski
Tech Radio Electric
Phil's Sunoco Service
Mrs. J. Nowak
Karen Lee Bakery
The Eagle Staff wishes to take this opportunity ot
thanking all those who contributed in one way or another
to the success of the I95O Eagle. We wish to extend our
thanks particularly to:
FATHER ALEXANDER CENDROWSKI, procurator, for
his splendid cooperation in the soliciting of advertisers.
CHARLES SONNENFELD for his able and willing as-
sistance in preparing the art work.
MR. JOHN SNYDER of the Snyder Commercial Studios
for hi ra uit rvi '
s g t ous se ces.
WALTER J. WASIELEWSKI of the Class of '45 for
his kindness in photographing the underclassmen.
MRS. STEPHEN KOZLOWSKI for her unselfish efforts
in obtaining advertisments in Toledo, Ohio.
JOSEPH SADOWSKI, ADAM MAIDA, and EDWARD
FUNDALEWICZ, for their kind assistance in preparing
The FACULTY and the ENTIRE STUDENT BODY for
their willing aid.
ALL SPONSORS, PATRONS, FRIENDS and ADVER-
TISERS whose aid contributed to the financial success
of the I95O Eagle.
PEOPLES STATE BANK
ESTABLISHED IN i909
Jos. Campau at Holbrook
Complete Banking Service
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
REVEREND R. KLAFKOWSKI
Walled Lake, Michigan
REVEREND' STANISLAUS J. SLOMINSKI
.I SAINT MICHAEL'S PARISH
V J..P. MILLER
' FUNERAL DIRECTOR'
l3'5Ol Van Dyke Detroit, Michigan
MATTHEW LALEWICZ, INC.
3623 Canift Avenue
Hamtramck IZ, Michigan
BON ISH PHOTO STUDIO
6764 W. Warren Detroit, Michigan
Telephone: TY. 5-I I37
ANDREW J. WYPIJEWSKI
MEAT MARKET A
4193 Roosevelt Detroit 8, Michigan
THE LIBERTY STATE BANK OF HAMTRAMCK
930i Jos. Campau Avenue
Best Established Photo Studio in Detroit, Michigan
Official Photographer For
St. lVIary's College
' ' I9'5O I
5456 CHENE STREET
Between Kirby and Ferry
Jus. Eampau Meat Market
9629 Jos. Campau TR-I -0773
Tamaren Beef Eu.
l5l5E K'b TRI 1780
S SOSINSKI P
The Newly Remodeled
Mr. and Mrs. Fr. C-orsztyla
PHONE TR. 3-9674
Hamtramck 12, Mich.
Congratulations to the
Class of 50
I SUHA IIE I-REE EY
FRANK C. PADZIESKI, Prop.
INSURE AND BE SURE
Phone: Lu-I-5322 210 Schaefer Building
Real Estate Mortgages
Property Management General Insurance
g CLASS or '28
Roofing and Insulation Company
18 West Huron Street Pontiac, Michigan
The Detroit and Vicinity Students' Club
Ave Afque- Vale
EASTERN STATES' CLUB
FORMERLY KNOWN AS
The Philadelphia and Vicinity Club
Best Wishes to the Graduates
CHICAGO AND VICINITY
THE SCRANTON CLUB
Compliments to the Graduates of 1950
REV. JOHN GABALSKI, Moderator
PHILLIP JARMACK, Vice-President
EUGENE GABALSKI, Sgt. at Arms
BERNARD CZECHOWICZ, President
DANlEL WASIK, Treasurer
CHESTER FRYSIAK, Secretary
5735 Chene 7029 Harper
Detroit 11, Michigan
CASS LAKE PHARMACY
Complete Prescription Department
Fountain and Luncheonette Service
3000 Orchard Lake Keego Harbor, Mich.
CONGRATULATIONS h Cl f '50f
C 'O' e am 'om omzorr FUEL Er SUPPLY
gig CHERRY HILL RADIO COMPANY
E TELEVGTODN, INC. Manufacturers of Cinder
A H I N W I L 2 8502 and Concrete Block
T ' ever Y ogan - Complete Builder's Supplies
I Dearborn, Michigan
0 Coal 0 Coke 0 Lumber
N Reliable Records
5 Telgxglon M2265 5625 E. Davison TW. 1-8400
. BEN MEREDITH
Comphments of Oakland County's Largest Hudson Dealer
conwm LUMBER cf coAL coMPANY 35g0bI5'jd':gE1sB:g'gL'gggk,,m
- - . i e at ass ve.
I I7 S' Cass pontiac' Mlch' Federal 2-8391 Pontiac. Mich.
HUB SHOE REPAIR
Expert Shoe Repairing
lacross from Keego Theatrel
3037 Orchard Lake Road
Keego Harbor, Michigan
"A Good Place to Eat"
Keego Harbor, Michigan
BRIGGS SPORTING GOODS
3231 Orchard Lake Road
Keego Harbor, Michigan
General Sporting Goods and Live B
Groceries and Meats
3152 Orchard Lake Road
Keego Harbor, Michigan
85 North Saginaw
FRED N. PAULI COMPANY
Pontiac's Oldest Jewelry Store
28 West Huron St. Federal 2-7257
Pontiac 14, Michigan
"The Store Where Quality Counts"
17 West Lawrence St. Pontiac, Michigan
Complete Modern Printing Plant
W Everything for the Office from
Pins to Office Furniture
OLIVER SUPPLY COM PANY
Janitor - Bar - Restaurant Supplies
150-156 South Telegraph Road
Phone Federal 4-1577
Pontiac 19, Michigan
SUPERIOR FOOD PRODUCTS
Potato Chips 0 Cheese Twists
Cheese Corn 0 Pop Corn
Federal 2-1101 321 Auburn Ave.
DETROIT CREAM ERY COMPANY
Pontiac Ice Cream Division
O. A. GRAFF SHEET METAL
ELMER BAYS, Mgr.
Sheet Metal and Furnace Work
Federal 2-6332 '54 North Parke
Flowers of Distinction Since 1890
PEARCE FLORAL COMPANY
559 Orchard Lake Ave. Pontiac, Michigan
Federal 5-8191 1 18 West Lawrence St
4188 Campbell Ave. Cor. Buchanan
Detroit 20, Michigan g
A. J. MICHAL, D.D.S.
General Electric Emerson
IFormerIy ARMSTRONG APPLIANCE COMPANYI
SALES AND SERVICE
Household Electrical Equipment '
FE. 4-5862 3OI5 Orchard Lake Road
Keego Harbor, Michigan
COVEY AND COVEY
I PharmaCists I
KEEGO DRUG COMPANY
Keego Harbor, Michigan
' M 5' M3 ,gC,,l.E-ANERS
2927 Orchard Lake Road
Pressing ' - , ' Alterations
I PICKUP AND DELIVERY -
. KEEGO HARDWARE 1
Agentsvfor Burke's Electric Pumps
Quaker Oil Heaters
Evinrude and Eldo Outboard Motors
Keego Harbor, Michigan
Compliments of '
Cream Filled Cup Cakes
AT YOUR CIROCERS
Package of z for loc
W. RUSSELL EAMES J. LESTER BROWN
EAMES G' BR-OWN
Plumbing .0 Heating 0 Sheet Metal
55-57 Pike Street
Telephone Federal 3-7l 95
Pontiac l4, Michigan
Be Sure With Pure
THE PURE OIL COMPANY
245i Orchard Lake Road
Telephone Federal 2-OIOI Pontiac 5, Mich.
OAKLAND BAKING COMPANY A
Randolph 2857 Established l927
cAN'roN CHINA, mc.
Hotel, Restaurant, Institutional
Equipment and Supplies
689 Gratiot Ave. Detroit 26, Michigan
FRED SAN ER ELECTRIC
Zl l North Cass Ave. Pontiac, Michigan
PONTIAC FLOOR COVERINGS
379 Orchard Lake Ave.
H. Ci. FULLER, Mgr. Phone Federal 2-2353
Michigan's Finest Restaurants
THAD A. KOMOREK, Ph.C-.
6l'O3 Charles St. Detroit, Michigan
EASTOWN PAINT Cr LINOLEUM
Paints 0 Floor Coverings
Window Shades 0 Venetian Blinds
i4500-IO Harper Ave. Detroit, Michigan
BARNEY F. CHAMSKI
Phone WA. 4-8570 5229 McDougall Ave.
Detroit ll, Michigan
OXFORD MATTRESS COMPANY
Cleaning and Mfg. ' Bedding
Display and Office
40 East Pike Street
Pontiac I4, Michigan
PH I Us PLACE
V2 block North of Michigan Ave.
MR. PHIL HOLATO, Sr., Propr.
MR. PHIL HOLATO, Jr., Mgr.
Office LU. l-7874
MARION MATUSZEWSKI, Realtor
Building Mortgages 0 Insurance
l3l47 Michigan Ave. Dearborn, Michigan
Wholesale Meats and Sausage
2731 Humboldt Avenue
Detroit I6, Michigan
GRONER'S 5c T0 SI.00 STORE
3025 Orchard Lake Road
Federal 5-6800 Keego Harbor, Michigan
MART.l N J. GRONER
SALES 5' SERVICE, INC.
Service ' All Makes 0 Used Cars
Keego Harbor, Michigan
"Heart of the Lakes"
For Pest Control . . . Consult Us
ROSE EXTERMINATOR C-OMPANY
A National Institution 0 Established 1860
HARLEM B. IVES, Mgr.
12652 Livernois Webster 3-9717
Temple I -9540
LENDZON'S 5c TO 55.00 STORES
A. J. MARSHALL COMPANY 5538 Cheng 5,
Bar, Restaurant and Hotel Equipment 19316 Jos' Campau
SYRACUSE CHINA io East Eight Mile Road
3639 Woodward Detroit, Michigan 19330 West Warren
URBAN - FRONTCZAK
5326 McDougall, Detroit WA.
Specializing in Fresh and Smoked Meats
8919 Michigan Ave. Detroit, Michigan
Proprietor, MR. L. KOKOSINSKI
J. Cf S. BAR
Phone TW. 2-9726
JOSEPH Komuc 5 PWS-
12208 Conant Ave.
Detroit 12, Mich.
DAVE STOBER'S STORE FOR MEN
9438 Jos Campau
AMERICANA MUSIC STUDIOS
45 Years ot Service
13031 Conant Detroit, lV1lCl'1lgar1
We teach all instruments. Beginner instruments loaned
gifrecgmfgcharge. We also teach Tap, Ballet and Ballroom We 'ent Tuxedoes, suits and
Hows, I Other Formal Wear
Mon. thru Fri. 3 Piml .ill 9 P-mg Cl'l6l'lC Sl. .lOS. CBFNDBU
sn. 9 am. eau 5 p.m. Tw. 2-to-to Deffoif Hamffamdt
Best Wishes to the Seniors
from L. T. SOBOCINSKI
Beer and Wine Groceries and Meats 5144 McDougall Ivanhoe 4480
Phone LA- 6'-2985 Cor. Farnsworth Detroit, Michigan
13045 East McNichols Detroit, Michigan
Phone: FE. 5-6812
PONTIAC PRINTING CO.
14 West Lawrence St. Pontiac, Michigan
The Most Reverend
Alexander M. Zaleski, D. D.
Auxiliary Bishop of Detroit
JOHN MATEJA Cr COMPANY
Wholesale and Retail
Church Goods ' Religious Articles
Mission Goods and School Supplies
Tashmoo 5-4351 -
5629 Michigan Avenue near Junction
Detroit 10, Michigan
Tailors and Cleaners
4670 Junction Avenue
Between Rich and Horatio
Tyler 5-3324 Detroit, Michigan
ALEX G' ALEX
Store for Men I
5660 Michigan Tashmoo 5-6264
WAYNE BOILER EQUIPMENT COMPANY
5212 Vermont Avenue Detroit 8, Michigan
Phone Tyler 6-4293-4-5
Boilers, Tanks, Stacks, Sheet Iron
and Steel Plate Work
Boiler Tubes, Plates, Rivets and Castings
Boiler Repairing a Specialty
Everything for the World of Sport
We specialize in Team Uniforms
CRISWOLD SPORTING GOODS COMPANY
l l34 Griswold Street Detroit, Michigan
Phone WO. 3-31 lO
THATCHER, PATTERSON 8' BERESFORD
General Insurance Agents
Time Tested Protection
Fire 0 Burglary 0 Accident 0 Life 0 Auto
Liabili'ty 0 Bonds
609 Community National Bank Building
Compliments of , . . Walnut I-4290
J. LEWIS COOPER
Distributor of Mont La Salle Altar Wines
PRODUCT OF CHRISTIAN BROTHERS
3628 Gratiot Detroit 7, Michigan
MARCERO CIGAR 6' CANDY CO., INC.
97 North Cass Avenue Telephone: Federal 2-4900
Pontiac 14, Michigan
HOME APPLIANCE SHOP
Two Great Stores
A. J. PRZYWARA, General Manager
5630 Michigan near Junction I l352 Jos. Campau
Lafayette 6050 Twinbrook 2-5900
For Cab Transportation
Call Federal 2-0251
ORIGINAL CAB SERVICE
RALPH ANGEL, Mgr.
Congratulations to the Graduates of i950
JOHN L. WYSOCKI
5227 East McNichols Road
TW. 2-Bl IO Detroit, Michigan
"Alumnus of the Class of I92I"
NORTH END DISTRIBUTORS
TR. l-4989 Hamtramck I2, Michigan
I 1618 Sobieski
Phone TW. l-8066 Hamtramck IZ, Michigan
GEORGE H. FLEISCHLUT
CONANT G' NORWALK
TR. 2-9871 9533 Conant Avenue
Hamtramck IZ, Michigan
Propr. JOS. CERSZTYN
ANTHONY J. LIPKE
"Everything in Hardware"
Paints and Classes ' Houseware!
Tools and Sporting Goods
570i McDougall Ave., Cor. Palmer Detroit, Michigan
Tel. TA. 5-9870 STANLEY KOGUT
The Oldest Polish Res'taurant in Detroit
3830 35th St., Near Michigan Ave. Detroit IO, Michigan
CONANT-CANIFF SUPER MARKET
Parties, Weddings and Banquets Our Specialty
Smoked and Fresh Meats and Vegetables
Beer and Wine
Jerry Miller, Propr. H303 Conant, Cor. Caniff
HAPPY HOUR BAR
LOUIS MALLAT, Propr.
Beer 0 Liquor 0 Wine
Phone TR. 2-8822 Hamtramck I2, Michigan
Regal Lanes Bowling Alley
CASINO AND HARPER
ATLAS BCTTLING COMPANY
12170 Conant '
Detroit 12. lVllCl'1lSal'1
TRU-AMERICAN HOME BUILDERS
15035 Edmore Drive LA. 7-7300
WALTER J. SOBCZAK EMIL G. FREZZA
Detroit 5, Michigan
Most Modern Dairy on the West Side
Central Ice Cream
Vinewood 1-3698 4381 Central Avenue
BANKA COLLISION SHOP
Bumping and Painting
Welding and Frame Straightening
Twinbrook 1-9678 6016 East Seven Mile Road
Detroit 34, Michigan
PONTIAC LETTER SHOP
Direct Mail Advertising
Photo - Offset Printing '
710-712 West Huron St.
The Man's Store of Pontiac
Arrow Shirts 0 Nunn Bush Shoes ' Kuppenhiemer Clothes
Compliments of . . . Phone TVV. 2-3550
13115 Moran Detroit 12, Michigan
Congratulations to the Graduates of 1950
I. 8' J. DELICATESSEN
19747 Van Dyke
Twinbrook 3-3077 Detroit 134, Michigan
CLOONAN DRUG COMPANY
72 North Saginaw Street
Pontiac I5, Michigan
IDEAL FRUIT HOUSE
130 North Cass Avenue
Pontiac I4, Michigan
THE INDEPENDENT BISCUIT COMPANY
I I24 Oakman Boulevard
Detroit 6, Michigan
Compiete Line On Display at Our Showrooms
Buy Direct and Save
INDUSTRIAL FURNITURE MFC. CO.
Breakfast and Dinette Furniture
Phone Twinbrook I-9020 17910 Van Dyke Avenue
Detroit 34, Michigan
Compliments of the
REGAL FEED Cr SUPPL.Y COMPANY
Feed for Poultry and Livestock
Seed and Fertilizer for Lawns and Gardens
Salt for Feeding and Water Softening
28 Jackson Street Pontiac, Michigan
"Made Good" for Nearly 40 Years
PONTIAC PAINT MFG. CO., INC.
17-19 South Perry Street Federal 5-6184
GEM PRODUCTS fr MANUFACTURING CO.
Manufacturers of .
Soaps ' Waxes ' Disintectants
1589 Brainard Street Detroit, Michigan
DICKIE LUMBER COMPANY
2495 Orchard Lake Road Keego Harbor, Michigan
Congratulations to the Class of i950
BUlLDER'S SUPPLY COMPANY
2678 Orchard Lake Avenue
Keego Harbor, Michigan
to the Class ot "SO"
REV. T. BARTOL
BRONSON REEL CO.
Best Wishes to the Senior Class
on l l2
We Serve the Best for the
White Pigeon, Michigan
Congratulations to the Graduates
C. STRZOK, Prop.
635i St. Aubin Detroit ll, Michigan
Phone: CA. 0821
Congratulations to the Graduates of l95O
3202-O4 Lagrange St. Toledo, Ohio
89lO Van Dyke Detroit, Michigan
- With Best Wishes to the i950 Class
REV. A. C. RYDECKI
BRABEC'S DEPT. STORE
Visit Our New Furniture Department and Take
from 3 to 24 Months to Pay. Complete Selec-
tion ot Refrigerators, Stoves, Parlor and Dining
Room Sets at Chicagds Lowest Prices
2001 W. SIST ST. CHICAGO 9. ILL,
LOOMIS SAVINGS fr LOAN
Loans at Reasonable Rates
Your Savings are Insured up to
By An Agency ot the LJ.S. Government
Current Dividend Rate 3 Per Cent
I359 West Slst Street Chicago, III
Trinity Z-48 84
SALEX SUPPLY COMPANY
"DEPENDABLE SERVICE PLUS"
Gas Furnaces and Conversion
8625 Jos. Campau Detroit IZ, Michigan
Manufacturers ot Paints. Varnishes and
Sanitary Promotion Products Since I905
CLEVELAND 4, OHIO
Liquors, Wines and Beers
CASS CZERWINSKI, Prop.
6002 St, Aubin Detroit II, Michigan
Twinbrook l-Sl I8
Twinbrook l-Sl I 9
Paints, Builders' Hardware, Window Shades
Linoleum, Venetian Blinds, Asphalt Tile
Mt. Elliott at Charles Ave. Detroit, Michigan
THE NEW BRONSON THEATRE
Southern Michigan's Most
Modern and Beautiful Theatre
WILKINS BAR Cr RESTAURANT
Orchard Lake, Michigan
Polish Radio Program
Detroit, WJLB Michigan
JOHN SEXTON 5' CO.
MANUFACTURING XMI-IOLESALE CIROCERS
Est. Chicago I883
P.O. Box .l.S. Sexton Square
Chicago 90, Ill.
Wholesale Meats and
"Circle J Brand"
H. LAWRENCE, Prop.
2950 COUNCIL STREET I-IAMTRAMCK, MICHIGAN
Congratulations To The
Senior Class of I95O
Ilnuncil Wholesale Grocery En.
S. S. SZUMLINSKI V. JACKIEWICZ
295I COUNCIL STREET HAMTRAMCK I2, MICHIGAN
llalaa Baking Ilumpan
"Treat Yourself to Dalee Bread Daily"
Pumpernickel and White Bread '
5771 OTIS STREET DETROIT, MICH.
Compliments of SIater's
Slater Ilnustruutinn Company
Slater Pnntial: Enmpany
Mill Supplies-Builders' Supplies-Hardware
Sand and Gravel-Plant Mixed Concrete
53-55 NORTH PARKE ST. PONTIAC, MICHIGAN
Edwarlfs Plastering Cn.
Huzycki Bras. Enmpany
2268 East Forest Avenue Detroit 7, Michigan
5140 Edwin St.
in Beef Company
Hamtramck 12, Mich.
Luzon 1-161 1
ateja S. Suns Eu.
. Church Goods
Avenue Detroit, Michigan
WILLIAM P. SULLIVAN CHARLES F, BERNHAC-EN
The Sullivan-Bernhaqun Cn.
Quality Roofing and Sheet Metal Work
V559-l56l EAST HANCOCK AVENUE
DETROIT 7, MICHIGAN
D 0 Y L E ' S
Welding C1 Repair Service
"Fl h ' Sh
Por'tablc Equipment--Welding Supplies on elm ces
for Men Er Women Who Care"
Acetylene and Oxygen-Steel
2878 Orchard Lake Rd.
Keego Harbor, Michigan
9253 Jos. Campau cor. Holbrook
STAN'S SHEET METAL WORKS - ' Comoliments of
INSULITE SIDING THE VINCENTIAN FATHERS
UIUSUIHWS Beaufifief' New Haven, Connecticut
5209 McDougall Avenue Detroit, Michigan
C d II 5935
Tha Hursick Ilnal Company
2727 David Stott Bldg. Detroit 26, Mich.
The t Hnhart Manufacturing Cn.
1468 Gratiot Avenue Detroit 7, Midi-
-KN ., --'
TR. 5-6215 Detroit, Michigan
Best Wishes To The Seniors
Tha Franciscan Fathers
ST. HEDWlG'S PARISH
Detroit IO, Michigan '
REV. CALLISTUS WINIARZ, O.F.M. conv.-Pastor
Shaw 8. Slavsli , Inc.
12821 Elmira Avenue Detroit 27, Michigan
' Temple 2-7505
WUJEK FUNERAL HOME
W . W JEK
ED ARD A U 19421 W. Warren Detroit, Michigan
1432 Canfield Ave. E. Detroit 7, Michigan
JOHN ZAZISKl'S MARKET
8343 WISNER DETROIT 34, MicHicAN
PETER J. SIAZINSHI, 11.11. 5.
Home Office Detroit 7, Michigan
7023 E. Jefferson Ave.
Belle Bridge and E, Jefferson MELrose 2520
A one stop service station for your academic essentials.
CRADUATINC CLASS: Rings, Pins, Invitations, Calling Cards, Caps and
Gowns, Annuals, Memorials, Diplomas.
AWARDS: Medals, Trophies. Sweaters.
CLASS: Sweaters, Uniforms, Dance Programs, Dance Favors,
ATHLETlC CLOTHING: Football, Basketball, Baseball.
Ours is a Complete Service
Try it and be convinced
FAIRMONT FOODS COM PANY
Frozen Foods-Milk-Ice Cream
608 E. Milwaukee Ave. Detroit 2, Michigan
- T f ti ,
AIRDRAULIC WATER HAMMER
V: ' L- HEALTH AND SANITATIDN
-- CINAPIKIIOI HANCL! DRDERLINEBS AND IILEANLINEBS ARE NEXT TD GDDLINESS
, ,, 2
" 'J For Elimination or sioppags in Any or All Plumbing wifhsus the Aid of nods, snakes -if
I ' or Chemicals. Cleans Cellar Drains and Sewers, Hot Water Systems, Sinks and Tubs, Toilet
1. Bowls, and Urinals - Also Automobile Rudialors and Water Jackets, Coils etc.
, une -COMPLETE DETAILED INSTRUCTIONS FURNISHED FOR ALI. THESE USES-
ENDOHSED BY LEADING ENGINEERS AND PLUMBERS 5
"':'u"'- ' NOW lN USE BY U. S. ENGINEERS ARMY AND NAVY 1 Il:::S:n:nun-r Telephone Maywood 8440 Rep. By
MATTICH AIRDRAULIC MANUFACTURING CO., 403 MADISON ST., MAYWOOD, ILL. I
Y , . It .1 , 1-, 1-. ,,-1-twat,-gli' uw t i .limit iilliiii 11151-Wi' , W 1- A Y , Y i ' 1 fi I Mi IW' igxl l3'i,il!iljilwlli-1- e' - 7'
Jon N B. :BERT AND SONS 1.
. 2 Corner Wood St.
l9l68 Lauder Avenue Detroit, Michigan LAfayette 3-7771-2
1 .gg cAsH on cnmnn'
S '-1'.:.:5:s' '
lkili ls h Open Mondays and Thursdays
Proprietor from 9 An M- to 9 Pa M.
-. w.... -
N L E The DuBois Company
E Manufacturers of Specialized
Cleaning and Processing Compounds
I38I6 Michigan - Luxon I-7585 for Institutions and Industry
Dmloln FOR INFORMATION CALL
. E. J. Januszko Lorraine 7-4706
A Representative l9OO E, Jefferson Ave.,
Detroit 7, Michigan
Phone: TA 5-9790
JACOB PANCZAK, Prop.
4368 Michigan Avenue Detroit, Michigan
PEOPLES INSURANCE AGENCY
MR. CECLOWSKI, Prop.
ll34l Jos. Campau Hamtramck, Michigan
Phone: TAshmoo 5-227I
WH-OLESALE GROCERY, INC.
FORMERLY KIPTYK WHOLESALE CROCERY CO.
We Cater To
K. BIENIEWSKI, Pres.
2652 l8th St. Detroit, Michigan
5026 McDougall Ave., Near Warren
Detroit l l, Michigan
Phone: MAyfair 6-2626
STONE FRONT GARAGE
Official Auto-Lite Sales and Service
Stewart Warner-Trico--Purolator-Carter Carburetor
65IO Orchard Lake Road
Walled Lake 2, Michigan
O. L. Students Cleaning Agency For l95O
I743 Orchard Lake Road
Keego Harbor, Michigan
FEderal 4-988i PICKUP AND DELIVERY
Pickups are made daily from the Bookstore
Phone: TA. 5-9503
. Walnut 2-5738
MORAN CONSTRUCTION COMPANY
General Contractor I
LOUIS BAR 5344 MORAN DETROIT II, MICHIGAN
LOUIS AND PAULINE SZCZEPANIK
HALL TO RENT
,OR ALL OCCASIONS VI. 2-9697 oemar, Madam
3500 .IurICI'lOrt Ave. Detroit IO, Michigan MICHNO CAFE
JOHN MICHNO, Prop.
44OI Central Ave. Corner St. Stephens
Sincere Wishes and God's Blessings
VlCTORlA'S GREEN HOUSES
1995 Haggerty Rd. Walled Lake,1Michigan
G C n
GCSOD LUCK GOOD LUCK
D FINE SHOES D
L 4905 Schaefer near Michigan L
U 22123 Michigan near Mason U
C Dearborn, Michigan C Q
Fancy Bakery Goods
WH ITE EAGLE LAUNDRY,
3 ss' 5
O 3 in
H 9. 'E
m""5V 35- 9
5. Z 5 :gp
'f I 1
' ' :x
S S 9
'iv 9- 'T
G 5 m
uu -1 4
5 C 21:-
2 2. me
eo ... jr-Z
cf' s 2 22
5:3 U' BT4-
:EZ I NOP
3' Z 'gm
s Q -.
Good printing is like good company ....... Q
it requires an understanding on mutual ievels
of interest and purpose. phone WA. 2-3319
THE BIRMINGHAM ECCENTRIC M. OCHYLSKI
V PWNTERS 5'NCE 1875 Quality Meats and Homemade Sausages
Phones: Detroit Office 'rmnaiy 5-2629 5445 Chene St' Detroit' Michigan
Birmingham Plant JORdan 4-6644 '
DR. W. T. OSOWSKI MARLEAU-HERCULES
SURGEON DENTIST CO,
5765 Chene St. Detroit, Michigan Toledo, Ohio
JACOB P. SUMERACKI
Wayne County Auditor
THE MADISON CO.
310 W. Congress St.
WO. I-6904 Detroit 26, Michigan
FRANK ZIELINSKI, Pres.
Biri-hday and Wedding Cakes
' TYIQI 5-8022
5640 Buchanan Detroit IO, Michiga
Lewis F. Brnwn, Inc.
1900 EAST GRAND BOULEVARD A
b WA. 1-0065
MYERS AND CO INC TOPEKA KANSAS
fnf: THE PACEMAKERS OF QUALITY
Suggestions in the Mount Saint Marys College - Eagle Yearbook (Orchard Lake, MI) collection:
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