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Page 13 text:
SAN DIEGO RECRUIT DEPOT
The establishment of the marine
Coin’S base at San Diego was initiated by the late Major General Joseph H. Pendleton. USMC. in Jnlv 1914. He recognized in the harbor and environs of San Diego a strategic point where Marines could Ik- trained for expeditionary duty, and where they could lx ready to go aboard ship with all of their stores and equipment for transport to areas in the Pacific where their services might lx needed.
The first troops moved into the partially completed barracks from a camp in Bal!x a Park in December 1921. The practical construction was completed in 1924. Much of the land was reclaimed from San Diego Bay. including that portion comprising Lindbergh Field and the adjacent shore area.
The Marine Corps Recruit l)e|x t has. over the years, been the home of the faimxl 4th and 6th Marine Regiments. the site of many specialized schools, and a recruit training center.
During World War II it served as a Training Center. Supply Depot and Embarkation Point for thousands of Marines who conquered the Japanese in the Pacific. Approximately 222,300 Marines passed through the portals of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot during those years.
The Depot's post-war mission encompasses both basic and advanced schools training. Recruit Training Regiment has direct responsibilitv for the training of recruit Marines, the young men who volunteer for duty with the Corps.
During the eleven week schedule of recruit training, the new enlistees arc carefully indoctrinated in the matter of performance of duty of a Marine.
To the recruit facing his initial weeks of training, the most important man is his Drill Instructor, a special!) selected noncommissioned officer, chosen for exceptional leadership ability and military experience. It is through
the 1)1 that the raw recruit lx gins his transformation into a Marine.
The Marine recruit training cycle is chronologically divided into three phases: initial training at the Depot, rifle marksmanship and basic infantry training at Gamp Pendleton for familiarization with basic weapons, and advance recruit training at the Depot.
Immediately following completion of recruit training at the Depot, the majority of the young Marines arc allowed to go on leave lx fore reporting to their next duty station. These assignments include advanced infantry training. sch x ls for specialized skills, shore stations, the Fleet Marine Force Units, both overseas and within the continental United States.
Some return to the Depot for futher training with the Sea School. Communication-Electronics School Battalion, or Field Music School.
The Depot also offers facilities in general education, courses of study leading to the procurement of high school diplomas, and all of the correspondence courses from the Marine Corps Institute and United States Armed Forces Institute in vocational and professional training. These include university extension courses.
Each year, thousands of new Leathernecks enter the Marine Corps. These men receive their initial training at one of two places. Those in the eastern part of the United States go to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot at Parris Island. South Carolina. Those who come from the Middle West and West are sent to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot at San Diego, California.
The modern Marine Corps is a team w hich operates on land, at sea. and in the air. It utilizes the latest developments in training and equipment. But it retains the "esprit de corps that was traditional over a century before General Pendleton envisioned the San Diego Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
Page 12 text:
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
THE MENTAL AND MORAL QUALITIES ..I lb.- United Static Marine have been tested constantly since the birth of the nation All through the long history of the Marine Corps there are example , both in war and peace, of his versatility, trustworthiness. Singleness and tenacity of purpose, courage, faithfulness and self-sacrifice
The rich tradition of the Corps dates back to November 10. 1775, when it was established by the Contintental Congress. In the Revolutionary War, the Marines fought agaiirst the British Fleet on the ships of John Paul Jones, and made their first amphibious landing on the beaches of the Bahama in 1776. Marines ended their war with the Mediterranean pirates when they planted the Stars and Stripes oxer the pirate stronghold of Derne. in Tripoli, after a six-hundred-mile march across the desert of North Africa In the War of 1812. they fought on l.akc Champlain ami l.ake Erie, and were with General Jackson behind the barricades at New Orleans
They defeated the Seminole Indians in the dense swamps of Florida in 1836. and fought under General Scott in tin- Mexican War of 1816-48 Their first visit to Japan came in 1854 as guard detachments from the ship of Commi docc Perry's fleet Under the command of Colonel Robert E. la-e. S.A., Marines captured John Brown at Harper Ferry in 1859
They fought ravages in Formosa in 1867. ami stormed the harrier forts of Kore. in 1871 During the Spanish-Amcriean War. a single ixattalion of s.arine held the naval base at Guantanamo Bay. Cuba, against 6.P » Spaniards, while other I .cat her necks distinguished them-selves a .ie Batik- of Santiago ami with Dewev at Manila They
helped quell the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900. ami from then on until World War I. men of the Corps campaigned in the Philippine . Cuba. Mexico. Haiti, ami Santo Domingo to protect American lives and pro|K rty.
On the battlefields of France. Marines were called "Devil Dogs" by the German because of their courage and tenacity of attack In the first World War. (he Fourth Brigade of Marines took part in five operations as part of tin- famed Second Division of the A.E.F.—Belleau Wood. Soivsons. St Mihicl. Chapagne. ami tin- Meusc-Argonne Marine units were decorated six times by the French during these campaigns
The interim between work! wars found the Marines engaged in developing the technique of amphibious warfare and in their traditional pursuits around tin- glolie. from guarding the U S mails to fighting bandits in Nkaragua
World War II saw the men who wear the eagle, globe, and ami anchor valiantly defend Wake Island ami Bataan ami then s| carhcad the amphibious landings across the Pacific, in the Solomons, at Tarawa. Saipan. Guam. Iwo Jima. ami Okinawa, to name a few Following the war. Marines found a new type of service—duty with United Nations Forces in Korea
The United State Marine Corps, rich in tradition ami world-famed for its battle record ami esprit de corps, plays an important rok- as the nation's "force-in-readiness" to help keep the peace- throughout the w cld today
Page 14 text:
The hours are crowded with classes, drills and subjects that were of little concern to him a few short weeks before. He becomes acutely aware of himself as a member of a team with a mission to perform. He becomes keenly conscious of his obligation to his corps, his country, and to himself. In short, his training develops for him a sense of responsibility and pride Ik might never have known otherwise.
For many, excess pounds seem to disappear while others develop needed dimensions and weight Mind and body become alert and well coordinated in response to the snap and precision demanded of each individual in hand-to-hand combat, drill or marksmanship training.
Although every Marine is basically a rifleman, constant effort is made to determine each recruit's potential at an early stage in his training Through a battery of tests, his past experience and education are evaluated and his potential and aptitude measured in an effort to place him in the job or training program l est suited to his particular ability.
The personnel of Recruit Training Regiment are specialists in equipping young men with a basic Marine education. The title “Marine” is reserved for only those who can meet the high standards by which a Marine is measured.
Not until graduation day. that proud moment when a recruit becomes a fullfledged member of the Corps, can he claim the title of "United States Marine.
Recruit Training Regiment Headquarters
Although training marine recruits
HAS been one of the major functions of this installation almost from its inception, it was not until I January 1948 that it was designated Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
First established at Mare Island Navy Yard, San Francisco. in 1913. the Marine Corps' West Coast recruit training facilities moved to San Diego in August 1923.
In March 1957. the Recruit Training Command became a separate command, headed by a general officer. In December 1959. it became the Recruit Training Regiment, a unit of the parent Depot command.
To the thousands of young men who arrive here each year for training, "boot camp” separates the men from the boys, for this is truly where the Marine Corps "builds men.”
Regardless of the time of day or night he arrives at Receiving Barracks, the Marine recruit virtually undergoes a transformation within the first 55 minutes he is here. Not only does he begin to take on the appearance of a Marine with a “boot” haircut and his initial issue of clothing, but he begins to think and act like a member of the team.
From early morning to late afternoon he. and the other 75 men of his platoon, are under the constant supervision of a drill instructor w ho measures every hour for its maximum effectiveness in training If there is one rule of thumb that can be applied to recruit training, it is that nothing is“routine” to the recruit himself.
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