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Page 13 text:
SAN DIEGO RECRUIT DEPOT
HE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE MARINE CORPS base at San Diego was initiated by the late Major General Joseph H. Pendleton, USMC, in July 1914. He recognized in the harbor and environs of San Diego a strategic point where Marines could be trained for expeditionary duty, and where they could be ready to go aboard ship with all of their stores and equipment for transport to areas in the Pacific where their services might be needed.
The first troops moved into the partially completed barracks from a camp in Balboa Park in December 1921. The practical construction was completed in 1924. Much of the land was reclaimed from San Diego Bay, including that portion comprising Lindbergh Field and the adjacent shore area.
The Marine Corps Recruit Depot has. over the years, been the home of the famed 4th and 6th Marine Regiments, the site of many specialized schools, and a recruit training center.
During World War II it served as a Training Center, Supply Depot and Embarkation Point for thousands of Marines who conquered the Japanese in the Pacific. Approximately 222,300 Marines passed through the portals of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot during those years.
The Depot's post-war mission encompasses both basic and advanced schools training. A Recruit Training Regiment has direct responsibility for the training of recruit Marines, the young men who volunteer for duty with the Corps.
During the eleven-week schedule of recruit training, the new enlistees arc carefully indoctrinated in the manner of performance of duty of a Marine.
To the recruit facing his initial weeks of training, the most important man is his Drill Instructor, a specially selected noncommissioned officer, chosen for exception leadership ability and military experience. It is through the DI that the
raw recruit begins his transformation into a Marine.
The Marine recruit training cycle is chronologically divided into three phases: initial training at the Depot, rifle range at Edson Range area of Camp Pendleton for thorough training in marksmanship and familiarization with basic weapons, and advanced recruit training at the Depot.
•Immediately following completion of recruit training at the Depot, the young Marines arc assigned to advanced infantry training at Camp Pendleton, California. Following four weeks of individual combat training at Pendleton, they are transferred to shore stations, to Fleet Marine Force units for duty both overseas and within the continental United States, or to schools for specialized training.
Some return to the Depot for further training with the Sea School, Communication-Electronics School Battalion, or Field Music School.
The Depot also offers facilities in general education, courses of study leading to procurement of high school diplomas, and all of the correspondence courses from the Marine Corps Institute and United States Armed Forces Institute in vocational and professional training. These include university extension courses.
Each year, thousands of new Leathernecks enter the Marine Corps. These men receive their initial training at one of two places. Those in the eastern part of the United States go to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot at Parris Island, South Carolina. Those who come from the Middle West and West arc sent to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot at San Diego, California.
The modern Marine Corps is a team which operates on land, at sea, and in the air. It utilizes the latest developments in training and equipment. But it retains the "esprit dc corps” that was tradition over a century before General Pendleton envisioned the San Diego Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
Page 12 text:
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
THE MENTAL AND MORAL QUALITIES of the United States Marine have been tested constantly since the birth of the nation. All through the long history of the Marine Corps there are examples, both in war and peace, of his versatility, trustworthiness, singleness and tenacity of purpose, courage, faithfulness and self-sacrifice.
The rich tradition of the Corps dates hack to November 10. 1775, when it was established by the Continental Congress. In the Revolutionary War. the Marines fought against the British Fleet on the ships of John Paul Jones, and made their first amphibious landing on the beaches of the Bahamas in 1776. Marines ended their war with the Mediterranean pirates when they planted the Stars and Stripes over the pirate stronghold of Dernc. in Tripoli, after a six-hundred-mile march across the desert of North Africa. In the War of 1812, they fought on Lake Champlain and Lake Erie, and were with General Jackson behind the barricades at New Orleans.
They defeated the Seminole Indians in the dense swamps of Florida in 1836. and fought under General Scott in the Mexican War of 1846-48. Their first visit to Japan came in 1834 as guard detachments from the ships of Commodore Perry's fleet. Under the command of Colonel Robert E. I.cc, U.S.A., Marines captures! John Brown at Harper's Ferry in 1859.
They fought savages in Formosa in 1867. and stormed the barrier forts of Korea in 1871. During the Spanish-Amcrican War. a single battalion of Marines held the nasal base at Guantanamo Bay. Cuba, against 6,000 Spaniards, while other Leathernecks distinguished themselves at the Battle of Santiago and with Dewey at Manila. They
helped quell the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900. and from then on until World War I, men of the Corps campaigned in the Philippines, Cuba. Mexico. Haiti, and Santo Domingo to protect American lives and property.
On the battlefields of France. Marines were called "Devil Dogs" by the Germans because of their courage and tenacity of attack. In the first World War. the Fourth Brigade of Marines took part in five operations as part of the famed Second Division of the A.E.F.—Belleau Wood, Soissons, St. Mihiel, Champagne, and the Meuse-Argonne. Marine units were decorated six times by the French during these campaigns.
The interim between world wars found the Marines engaged in developing the technique of amphibious warfare and in their traditional pursuits around the globe, from guarding the U. S. mails to fighting bandits in Nicaragua.
World War II saw the men who wear the eagle, globe, and anchor valiantly defend Wake Island and Bataan and then spearhead the amphibious landings across the Pacific ... in the Solomons, at Tarawa, Saipan. Guam, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa, to name a few. Following the war, Marines found a new type of service—duty with United Nations Forces in Korea.
The United States Marine Corps, rich in traditioo and world-famed for its battle record and esprit dc corps, plays an important role as the nation's "force-in readiness" to help keep the peace throughout the world today.
Page 14 text:
RECRUIT TRAINING REGIMENT
ALTHOUGH training marine recruits has
• been one of the major functions of this installation almost from its inception, it was not until 1 January 1948 that it was designated Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
First established at Marc Island Navy Yard, San Francisco, in 1913. the Marine Corps’ West Coast recruit training facilities moved to San Diego in August 1923.
In March 1957, the Recruit Training Command became a separate command, headed by a general officer. In December 1959, it became the Recruit Training Regiment, a unit of the parent Depot command.
To the thousands of young men who arrive here each year for training, "boot camp” separates the men from the boys, for this is truly where the Marine Corps "builds men.”
Regardless of the time of day or night he arrives at Receiving Barracks, the Marine recruit virtually undergoes a transformation within the first 55 minutes he is here. Not only does he begin to take on the appearance of a Marine with a "boot" haircut and his initial issue of clothing, but he begins to think and act like a member of the team.
From early morning to late afternoon he, and the other 75 men of his platoon, arc under the constant supervision of a drill instructor who measures every hour for its maximum effectiveness in training. If there is one rule of thumb that can be applied to recruit training, it is that nothing is "routine" to the recruit himself.
The hours arc crowded with classes, drills and subjects that were of little concern to him a few short weeks before. He becomes acutely aware of himself as a member of a team with a mission to perform. He becomes keenly conscious of his obligations to his corps, his country, and to himself. In short, his training develops for him a sense of responsibility and pride he might never have known otherwise.
For many, excess pounds seem to disappear while others develop needed dimensions and weight. Mind and body become alert and well coordinated in response to the snap and precision demanded of each individual in hand-to-hand combat, drill or marksmanship training.
Although every Marine is basically a rifleman, constant effort is made to determine each recruit’s potential at an early stage in his training. Through a battery of tests, his past experience and education are evaluated and his potential and aptitude measured in an effort to place him in the job or training program best suited to his particular ability.
The personnel of Recruit Training Regiment are specialists in equipping young men with a basic Marine education. The title "Marine” is reserved for only those who can meet the high standards by which a Marine is measured.
Not until graduation day, that proud moment when a recruit becomes a fullfledgcd member of the Corps, can he claim the title of "United States Marine.”
Recruit Training Regiment Headquarters
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