Gnadenhutten High School - Goal Yearbook (Gnadenhutten, OH)
- Class of 1917
Page 1 of 22
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 22 of the 1917 volume:
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TH! GNADENHUTTIN PUBLIC SCHOOL
THE GNADENHUTTEN VILLAGE SCHOOL DISTRICT.
IOARD OF EDUCATION.
Mr. S. W. Walter, President, A. 1'feiler, Vice President, Mr. Z. T. Dumbauld, Clerk
Messrs F. S. Spring and c. F. Blickensderfer.
MAY 29, 1917.
THIS I4UUIiI.ICI' IS IIESl'I'It2'III"UI4I,Y
III' I1Il'A'I'ICID 'I U PRUV. SINDIJNGICH
'I'IllC 'II4'AI'l-IICIIS AND THIC BOARD
HI" lCI1IIl'A'I INN HY THE VLASS OI'
N I N I'I'I'l+'I'IN H IIN III? ICD SFYl'1N'I'lCI'IN.
Furzusnen BY THE
GNADENHUTTEN HIGH SCHOOL.
PROF. C. A. SINDLINGER.
SU 'ER NTLNDENT OF PUBLIC SCHOOLSY
MR. D. V. KENNEDY MISS BERNICE RINEHART
HIGH SCHOOL SEVENTH Ann EIGHYH GRADES
THE GOAL 3
I ,,. I
MISS GRACE E. BUMBAULD MISS ALICE Rl:'NKt
FIRST AND SECOND GRADES THIRD AND YOURTH GHMLJA s
MISS ELMA ZIMMERMAN MR, G J, GRAY
FIFTH AND SIXTH GRADES TRUANT OFFICER AND JANIIOR
Hlclzrrllffr. f'hu!lw'. as I ff0ll'
7'ujnin flu' bfillllllillg rirer.
Mn' HIP!! unify I'lllll8 uni! men nmy yn.
Hill I go on fm'e1'er."
A VIEW on SOUTH WALNUT STREET. TH! IUUFCF- UN WHEII!
THE GOAL. 5
glinltm- "Nothing great lightly won."
llnlnrsz- Green and White.
gill ww' Lilly of the Valley
MAY 29, 1917
I 6. TOWN
7:30 P.M. ,Q
lllusiv - 'l he High School Giacliiate ..,.... ... Hrxllr'
Invocation - ...,... ........... l hav. J. E. WMNLAND
Music - High School Capers . . . . . ...,.....,. Ix'l'011'll
f" cms Hibtory ..,........ ... .. zoi.A L. SAUNDERS
, Class Prophecy ..., ..,..,... l JAl.l1I 'I'. l'E'l'Eli
K llluss Will . GRACE E. WHELAND
Music - At Sunset . . . . . . ...,, llrlr',l'iz'-l1'f'.lfc'1'
I1 Class Address ...,.. . .. Plllllf. J. V llflCllllLI.AN
, Dean ol' M:u'is-t.In College
Music - Hilo .... ..... I '. 1.1111 um! lfuili
Class Sung .,......,... .. . ., .. Clubs
l'n-seiitutioii of lliplunms . ,, ....... Mr. A. l'i-iciififici:
Vice Pres l30:u'd of Ecllivutimi
Beiieilic-tim: .,, ....... ... . ..... lli-xv. U. L l.i':wis
Music- Rhode Island Buy Scouts . . , ,. . Y'hn1'11lm1
- Music bv the Giixuh-nliultvii Orcliosl1a.- V
CL XSS 01" 'IT'
FLORENCE M. JOHNSON
"FIossie" isa rosy cheeked, blue eyed
blonde who resides about a half mile south-
east of the "Tent's of Grace." She is one
of the three original members and stands
well to the front in her class. One of her
difficulties is to make every one in the class
hear what she says. Taken all in all "Flos-
sie" is one of the jolliest members in the
class and always one of the first to see the
funny side of a joke.
She is one of the Associate Editors of the
-- .,-1 .21 --
e e . ,wjifgg
"Dolly" has been with us two years. Her
eyes prevent her from studying but not
from reading those mysterious C?J looking
letters and poetry. If you want an answer
write to Dolly. She dearly loves to tele-
phone. Is very regular in attendance and
desires to be a teacher. Yes we can see her
weilding the rod and imparting ideas into
i AA... ,,-,...-....h........l....--.-.-
"Connies" is a Winsome lass. Many hearts
have been entrapped by her bright smile.
She is an original member and adores K?J
geometry. Is also our pianist. Did you say
basket ball? Well she'll be right there for
"Connie" is truly athletic. She holds the
honor of being Treasurer of the Goal.
THIC GOAL fi
if Y DALE T. PETER
"Dale" is a slim golden-haired maiden.
She is a faithful student and is very seldom
absent. YVe are proud of our only artist.
Do Daisies ever tell? This one doesn't,
she has many secrets hidden in the depths
of those blue eyes. Although she entered
the race with us in the Junior year her
amicability have already won her many
T' v4 V414
--.-1 .ie --
ESTHER E. PETRY
"Pete" hails from Seventeen. Yes quite
:t walk, but "Pete" says, "not so bad since
the mud has been covered."
She's a story-teller, one of the humur-
ous variety and enjoys entertaining the
class with funny songs.
Likes to buggy ride and says an occasional
upset is good for the nerves. But who is
RAYMOND F. PETER
"Rip" is our lone star. Although the
only boy he never seems lonesome and en-
joys teasing the girls. Is a perfect wonder
in working out physics' experiments. Sits
in the corner seat and can often be seen
looking out of the window, seemingly
dreaming. What about? Oh, well who can
t ll the thoughts of a school-boy anyway.
We can see great heights of fame awaiting
Ray in the dim future.
He is Editor of the Goal.
' av I ii
V' ""'T"f"W"V " 7":'71"T7i:jlf
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H 'l'lll'f GOAL
ZOLA L. SAUNDERS
"ZoIly" is a deriure little lass. Her dark
eyes can glow with pleasure or snap with
indignation. She is one of the three ori-
ginal members and a very zealous student,
She is extremely quiet but often forgets
herself and 111ay be seen to whisper. She
says she has not chosen her life work but
all feel that it will be a worthy one and
that some day she will hold a position that
will be an honor to G. H. S.
LULU M. RUPERT
"Lulu" is a dark haired, dark eyed lass
who hails from the country about three
miles east of this village. ln bad weather
:he puts some of her classmates from the
village to shame by being on time and miss-
very few days. She is very quiet. but
been seen whispering several times.
She seems to be very studious and generally
her lessons up to the standard. We
don't believe she has any love for history,
but we do know that sh' delights in giving
talent to the rest of the school in our
bi-monthly literaries t?J
. .... ...,. . ,,.. 9
-. --"' '41" i .s' f ggi ,'.'.f2'11 :gi 'f 17..i -,i L . Z '
siii r 1
GRACE E. WHELAND
"Ike" is a pretty little blonde who prides
herself on her golden locks which seem to
bo in that stage between gold and auburn.
She is a very jolly lass and is always one
of the first to suggest a party, sleighride or
a skate. She is a great lover of the sterner
cast occasional glances that
meaning toward the Junior
has attended school at this
life except 3. few years when
:he resided at Dennison. She is a loyal
rooter for the G. H. S. and is not afraid of
sex and has
were full of
place all her
We, class ol' seventeen of the G. ll. S.
Are happy on this commencement night.
We love the high school of Gnadenhuetten.
Rah! rnhl rahl our class colors, green and
l"irst we were Freslime-n, so shy and so lnlshful,
Then jolly Juniors, then Seniors so gay.
'l'her'es Lucy, Grace. Esther, Zola and Daisy
Eunice, Lulu, 'Florence and lastly Ray.
Now l'rom our high school days we're departing,
Different ways in life we'll pursue.
We bid farewell, a farewell to G. H. S.
A kind farewell, a kind farewell to you.
Hail cluss of seventeen, hail G. H. S.
Rah! rah l rahlour class colors,green and white.
We love the high school of Gnndenhuetten-
We are the kind who will always do right.
We, the original members of the Class of
'17 entered into school life in the year 1906.
The first two terms were passed very pleas-
antly under the kind instruction of Miss
Rice who showed more patience than we
We then passed thru the second room
by the guidance of Miss Cummings. She
was firm but always kind and willing to
help us out of our petty trials, of which
there were no small number.
Only one year were we permitted to hold
Miss Conner as our teacher, which seemed
very short indeed, for she was just like a
chum to each one of us. So in the fall of
1910, we faced a great crisis,-we were to
lose our last lady teacher.
We were very fearful of Mr. ,Kennedy at
first, but he soon proved to us that our fears
were unfounded. After two years, we were
permitted to go upstairs with the same
teacher. Of course we felt very important
when we reached this point, but we were
to reach still greater heights than this in
the High Schoolj
School life became more pleasant to us
on account of the morning exercises in the
high room. This was quite new to us and
was made more pleasant at this time by
the purchase of a piano.
Mr. Kennedy held us strictly to our duties
and saw that all lessons were throughly
lcarncd. Besides this, there was,
lcssf, suflicient time for little jobs
ln the fall of 1914, we, a class of thir-
teen in number, entered the High School
where Mr. Bcgland was our Superintendent
and Mr. Sindlinger our Principal. Here is
where we have spent some of our happiest
days. We felt very "green" in the Fresh-
man grade beside all those wise Juniors.
Our greatest difficulty seemed to be in get-
ting our Latin, but since then we realize
that we were not so weak as we thought.
The next year we became jolly Juniors
and wc did have a jolly time, listening to
thc Freshies recite Latin, also enjoying Mr.
Sindlinger's jokes. Several class meetings
were held this year, when we elected the
following oflicersz Florence Johnson, presi-
dent, Grace Wheland, secretary and Ray-
mond Peter, treasurer. We also chose our
class colors, green and white and our class
Near the close of this term we gave a re-
ception in honor of the class of '16 at the
home of Miss Grace Wheland. An enjoy-
able evening was spent in games, contests
Our Senior year is now at its close and
it has been a very pleasant one, with Mr.
Sindlinger as our Superintendent. Only
once have we met with any serious incident.
This took place when 'one of our members
was inclined to leave our ranks, but the
"engagement" was broken and we still have
our friend with us.
There are nine members in our class: one
boy and eight girls, with three original mem-
bers, Luey McConnell, Zola Saunders and
And now as we bid farewell to the dear
old High School, we wish to express our
appreciation for all the efforts of our teach-
ers in guiding us to this Goal and we sin-
cerely hope that our walk in the great
School of Life may be worthy of the stan-
dards held up by the G. H. S.
Zola L. Saunders
1U THE GOAL.
"Procrastination is the thief of time."
Many valuable minutes are lost and many
opportunities neglected because of proscrati-
nation. If we were to study carefully the
lives and early training of many of our
great men, we would find that they were
trained to prompt and courteous obedience.
History affords many examples of wasted
opportunities. The greatest battle that ever
was fought, the battle of Waterloo, was lost
because one man was slow to obey orders.
When the South seceded Buchanan feared
the crisis and strove to avoid the critical
period as long as possible. But our great
president, Abraham Lincoln, when he was
elected took immediate steps to bring the
southern states back into the union.
There is always a place ready for the
man who is ready for it. In this age of the
world-he who can do a thing well and do it
possible is the one who
the quickest way
will succeed. Our American public will not
wait on any man
to make up his mind.
is caused by a motive of
laziness, which in itself is to be discouraged.
Someone has said, "never put off till tomor-
row the things you have to do now." To-
morrow is doubtful and uncertain. Now is
your golden opportunity, then let us be
quick and eager to do what is required of us
now, and the future will take care of itself.
The Future of American Music
Strange as it may seem, the engines of
war now being used in Europe are mostly
of American make. The machine-guns, the
submarines, the airoplanes are all products
of American genius, and so itdoes not seem
strange to learn from the refugees, that
the troops of all waring countries, have
been marching to battle fields, to the tune
of Sousa's marches.
Although America has always devoted
herself to industry and commerce, still she
has not altogether lost sight of the artistic
One of the best signs of musical advance-
ment is the fact, that young composers are
springing up all over '-our country, and not
only -writing for the money they -get out of
it, but because they love it These young
composers of America are not imitators, and
do not copy after Strauss or Beethoven, but
write their own ideas. This fact, as
been proven ages ago in the history of the
world, is a great step towards success in
America at the present time is looking on
with horror at conditions in Europe, where
music is drowned out by the cannon's roar.
She is now in many ways the hope of the
world and must see- to it that high -standards
and ideals predominate over selfishness,
pride and commercialism, and among other
things make greater efforts in bettering the
ideals in the musical world.
TH-E WOMAN OF T0-DAY
Thruout the Union, women organized and
unorganized are preparing to offer their
services to the government, and meetings
are 'being 'hold in many cities and towns
thruout the United -States.
who .have joined the'Red
The medical profession
lowed by men only, every
of women studying medicine increases. lt
has always been the popular opinion that
women do not have nerves strong enough
to beasurgeon, but men have found out that
her power of endurance and fortitude is on
a par with that of the sterner sex.
The woman of today is making history as
well as man, remember we have a woman
in congress, an aviatorix, and in Colorado,
the women are even now demanding that
they be allowed to sit as jurors, in order
that justice be given to the women and chil-
dren. This shows that since she is doing
the same work as man, she should have
Let us look at the women in Europe, and
see -what "they are doing during this great
war. Women are taking the places of men
un the farm, in the factories, on the street
cars, railroads and in every walk of life.
Womenare no longer looked upon as in-
ferior, butnas. equals of the sterner sex. -She
is the builder of the home, the counselor of
her -husband, and the guiding star of her
children. Eunice Huston
There are many
Cross Society of
is no longer fol-
year the number
T IUC GOAL 1 1
CHOOSING A VOCATION
We should all choose our vocation as
early in life aw possible, in order that all
our enmrgies may be directed towards the
cultivation of those talents, which will help
us in our calling. One may possess the
most excellent gifts, yet if our efforts in
their cultivation are divided, we can never
expect to accomplish what we had hoped
to. Care should be taken in choosing our
vocation, it should be one into which we
can put our whole soul, for it is then only,
that wc will use our best effort because we
believe in it and feel that it is worthy of
our undivided energy.
There are always difficulties and draw-
backs, to be found in every occupation, yet
it is the overcoming of them that really
tests the worth of the man. When this
country was new, the pioneers had to have
a smatttring of knowledge along all lines,
but now this is no longer necessary, and
the history of all localities plainly shows,
that he yy ho has only the one main purpose
in view, has learnt the first lesson neces-
sary for a successful career. This is an age
of specialties, and it is only he who faith-
lully follows out his natural inclination who
becomes a.i experteit is these who are al-
ways in demand. The lower walks of life
are crowded, because there are so many
who are content with their present accomp-
lishments and do not have the ambition to
seize their chance for something better.
Competition is strong, and it is therefore
such who, after they have chosen their vo-
cation and then fitted themselves for it,
who do not have to give way for others or
fall out of the race altogether.
Home is the magic circle within which
the weary spirit finds refugeg it is the sac-
red asylum to which the care-worn heart
retreats to find rest from the toils and in-
quietudes of life.
If you were to start out and ask every-
one what home meant to them, you would
no doubt find many different answers.
lf you should ask a lone wanderer as he
plods along his way, bent with age, he
would probably tell you, "lt is a green spot
in memory, or an oasis in the desert," and
oh! how he loves to talk of home. It seems
like heaven to him to visit the old home,
arid in a dream live his childhood over
If a child were asked what home meant
to himg he would tell you it was all the
world to him and he knew no other. It is
the spot where he pours out all his com-
plaints and it is the grave of all his sor-
Home has an influence which is stronger
than death. It is law to our hearts and
binds us with a spell which neither time
nor change can break.
Home should be the sacred refuge of our
lives whether rich or poor. Among the
poor the affections and love are the great-
est and they make the beautiful and grace-
ful things of life.
Home stands at the end of every day's
labor and beckons to us. lt is the one great
object of life and the chief school of hu-
man virtue. '
But taking all these things together with-
out home friends, home is nothing but a
Everything that is good, kind, or noble is
linked either with mother, home, or heaven.
God bless our homes, for any nation that
holds and keeps them pure, holy and un-
stained need not fear decay or stagnation.
Grace E. Wheland
AIM OF LIFE
lt is the aim in life that makes the man
and without this he is nothing. To accomp-
lish great things, it is necessary that we
should have a high aim in life,
Whatever a man's talents and advantages
may be, if he has no aim, or only a low one,
he is weak and worthless. Without some
definite object before us, some standard
which we are earnestly striving to reach, we
cannot expect to attain to any great heights
either mentally or morally.
We do not realize to what heights and
noble accomplishments we can attain and
on this account often fail in being what we
long to be. We must not place high stan-
dards for ourselves and hope to reach them
without any further efforts on our part. God
Vonlliiued on page to lsl column,
12 THE GOAL
Punuslmu ANNUALLY nv 'run HIGH Scnnoi.
or GNADENHUTTEN, OHIO.
Raymond F. Peter '17
BUSINESS MANAGER ..... Walter Barnes
Enrron ....,........ .
. llflorence Johnson '17
Assocuvrn Emmons . .. In Herbert Gray ,18
- f Nellie Walton '19
1. . .Esther l'e-try
Cnnss Emmons 4... ...' -
ATHLETIC Emron .. .. Ralph Johnson '18
'l'anAsuima . . . . I.ucy McConnell '17
5 .. Grace Wlnelnnrl '17
, , .. Mamie Mathews '18
BUBSCRIPTION AG T5 .. Helen Hamilton '18
. Grant Uumbauld '19
Vol.. 8 MXY 29. 1917 PRICE 1Ut7're
Pnmfsn AT TH: PRESS PRINT SHOP
GNADENHUTTEN, -"' OHIO
to tender our
any wise con-
source of grati-
fication to its readers and those who have
so kindly added to its interest with their
communications, not forgetting the advertis-
ers, who have made its publication a possi-
Our business manager did his work well
and deserves special mention.
We are indebted to Miss Alma Kinsey for
our frontispiece, it is the familiar view of
the hill beyond the south end of Walnut
We deem it a pleasure
thanks to all who have in
tributed to the success of
which we believe will be a
Our nation is now facing a crisis. People
are horriiied at the Waste of human life,
but though we are a peace-loving nation we
must stand up for our national honor. We
must stand firmly behind the president.
Everywhere you hear people say, "If they
need me I will go." This is the right spirit
and the true American way.
"Whatsoever he doeth shall prosper. The
ungodly are not so."--tPsalms 16 parts of
3rd and 4th verses.J
This quotation is a statement so befitting
the life of a pupil, that it must have been
expressly written for him. It does not mean
that the school tasks of a pupil who loves
God will be accomplished without effort.
But the pupil will be endowed with a strong
desire and determination to accomplish
them by the help of God. This promise
:hould be a very precious one to the young
man or woman whose desire and duty it is,
to make the world better for those living in
. The idea, that to prosper is to merely ac-
cumulate the riches of this world, is
courted only by narrow and selfish people,
who expect to receive their reward in this
life only, regardless of the next.
The truly prosperous person is he, who
receives spiritual riches. Near the close of
life is not the time to make sure that you
shall prosper-your chance is nearly gone
then-but in the morning of life is the time.
lt is sad indeed that we lind such a small
number of young people who are really
claiming this promise and so many others
that God offers.
The education-moral and intellectual--
of every individual must be chiefly his own
work. How else could it happen that young
men who have had precisely the same op-
portunities should be continually presenting
us with such diiferent results and rushing
to such opposite destinies? Difference of
talent will not solve it, because that differ-
ence is very often in favor of the disap-
pointed candidate. It is perseverance that
helps form the foundation of character so
essential in all our dealings with our fellow-
Opportunities rarely come to us without
some degree of effort. You will see coming
from the walls of the same college, and
sometimes from the bosom of the same fanl-
ily, two young men,' of whom one shall be
admitted to be a genius of high order, while
the other not. You are compelled to recog-
nize the genius sinking and perishing in
poverty of effort in the one, while in the
other, a determination to plod his slow but
sure way up the hill of life, gaining stead-
fastly at every step, and mounting at length
to eminence and distinction-an ornament
to his family, a blessing to his country.
1 THR-1 noir. 13
Now' whose work is this? l I V U,
1 -Manifestly their own. "Men.are the archi-
tects of their respective fortunes.1"l The de-
sire to be truly great, must be our standard,
then comes the effort to reach that mark,
and the "Golden Opportunity" will 'be yours,
if- you persevere, for no one ever failed,
who tried hard to reach the goal. ,N 1
VVe, "The Boosters" of t.he'G.' H. S. have
inet a condition, thwarting our efliciency as
well as reputation.
Unfortunately some of-the pupils have be-
come discouraged and to all appearances,
have concluded their school career. What
a gross mistake, at the very outset of life.
aid one they may not befable to correct.
If you wish to be successful, a. good educa-
tion is absolutely essential. You will dis-
cover that when seeking employment, for
lrequently one of the questions asked 'is
"Have you a high school Certificate?" Not
that you are then supposed to have attained
unto "all knowledge," but that perseverance
linked with good coxnmon sense have
prompted your motives thus far, opening
the door to greater opportunities. I heard
a pupil remark, "If I do not pass I will
quit school." Parents come to the rescue,
what a privilege and duty- is yours 'to en-
courage and even compel such 'a' child 'o
continue despite adverse circuznstances.
Use your parental authority-issue the de-
cree and forestall a calamity. Such a i.iis-
fortune might have befallen many, had not
parents interfered and induced them to con-
"If thou hast sipped from the cup of win-
dom, many more cups shall not quench thy
Standing on the threshold between schowl
days and life's school the seniors are given
to reflection. Looking Lackward they seo
ing- happy days that are gone and realize
the opportuilties that are lost. The future
looks bright but vcry uncertain. Each and
cxery one hopes to attain some high ideal.
Now they realize the value of an tduca-
t.on, and are eager to press on to larger
iields and learn more. To the discourage-l
youths behind them they would say, "Make
the uiost of your present opportunities nt-
ttnd faithfully to your studios and you will
Igexfr rt-get it."
On the evening of April 11th, while the
large crowd of both old and young of this
village and neighborhood that had gathered
in the Town Hall Square, to witness the
llag-raising, were singing the Star Spangled
Banner, led by our band, "Old Glory" was
unfurled to the breeze. Immediately there-
after, five of the seven infantry-men detailed
to this place, to guard the railroad bridge,
tired a. salute to the flag, and then all re-
paired to the Hall, which was neatly draped
with flags and bunting, for the occasion.
The meeting was presided over by the
Mayor, Mr. J. M. Wheland, "America" was
sung, prayer led by Rev. J. E. Weinland,
and stirring addresses were delivered by
lv.l8SbI'S. W. H. Stoutt, of The Chronicle, and
Atty. G. W. Reed, both of Uhrichsville.
both of the speakers were given the closest
attention by the entire audience which coni-
pietely filled the hall, and the frequent ap-
plause indicated the fact that all fully un-
derstood the gravity of the present national
situation, so that when tho closing song,
"the battle tiynin of the Republic" was
sung, all present seemed to believe that iii-
deed-"God is marching on,' that o.i.n c...-
ze.i-old or young-at this time has an in-
dividual duty to perform, and that it niusi
be resolutely discharged.
Un Saturday evening about 6.30, Good Will
Uouncil, Jr. U. U. A. Al. presented a new this
to the Public Schools, which was unturled
from a staff projecting from the Library win-
dow at the school house, while our band play -
ed The Stal-Spangled Banner. The presenta-
tion was made by Mr. ltlnier Siinniers tclassof
19009 anieinber of the council, and was ac-
cepted by Piol. Sindlinger in behalf of the
school. The large company then innrclued to
the 'l own Hall, where the Hon A. U. ltutf
of Dover inadenn impressive patrioticaddress,
Mr. A. Pfeiffer' presided at the meeting.
The Senioicassisled by th Junior and l"iur-h-
man boys, gave Slmkespe :rubs famous " Ihr-
Comedy of Eiroi's" as their clacsplnli inthe
Town Hall on lfiiday uenii g, May 25Ih.
On thc following day, the 20th, aschool pic-
nic was hcld, at which the Newcoineistown
highschool team plug cd against out boys.
14 THE GUAL.
THE HISTORY OF GNADENHUTTEN
The Village of Gnadenhutten is situated
east bank of the Tuscarawas river.
lt was an Indian religious and industrial
ccntcr, founded by Zeisberger and the
Brown Brethren in 1772, and which was
brought to such a cruel and untimely end
by Wl1ll8lHS0ll'S expedition.
On that memorable eighth day of March,
1782, the Christian Indians were by
strategy captured and imprisoned in their
mission houses, where they were confined
and then led out singly and killed with a
co0per's mallet. Only two youths escaped
death. The village was destroyed by fire
and nothing left but the ashes and charred
bones of the ninety martyred Indians.
This sad event is commemorated by a
large monument made of Indiana limestone,
56 feet, 7 inches high, and costing S3,000,
w'hich was erected on the site of the Mission
Church, and is annually visited by many
people from a distance.
The site of the missions was on the east
bank of the Tuscarawas river, on what
might be called the third terrace above the
river bottom. This location was character-
istically chosen because of its security from
hard storms, and high water, its prominence
over-looking the low river bottoms on which
the red men raised their crops of Indian
Quite naturally then, fifteen years later,
when Heckewelder, William Edwards, and
four Indian brethren returned to this section
of the great western territory, from their
temporary stopping place near Sandusky,
Ohio, that they decided to locate the new
settlement for white people as near to the
former-.mission site as possible, where their
brethren and kindred had so cruelly been
put to death.
No wonder that after so long and weari-
soine a journey, Heckewelder wrote the fol-
lowing, when they had set foot on these
"It was a very pleasant thing and we
held it to be a good omen, that so many
birds in branches of the surrounding
trees lifted up their voices and sang
sweetly as if to express their gladness
at our coming."
On Sept. 29, 1798 Heckewelder moved
into the first house situated on the present
corner of VVest Main and Cherry streets,
now the site of E. B. Campbell's residence.
For five years this was also the meeting
place for the community which soon became
established here. This resulted in the or-
ganization of a Moravian congregation on
July 6th, 1800.
New cabins were built, and in 1803, the
first log church was erected on the south
side of West Main street, between the
houses of R. Everett and A. E. Milligan. It
was dedicated July 10th and Rev. David
Zeisberger, then stationed at Goshen,
preached the dedication sermon. This
building also served as a school house until
1843, when the first low, one-roomed, public
school-house was built on the east side of
North Walnut street, on the lots now occu-
pied by the homes of G. J. Gray and his
On Aug. 13th, 1820, they started to build
the second church, some feet east of the
Hrst one, on the lot now occupied by L.
The first parsonage was built on the cor-
ner of West Main street and Cherry, the
present site of D. Kennedy's residence.
David Peter built a house on Cherry street
where Reuben Mohn now lives, which
served both as store and dwelling. Jacob
Winsch built a house on the corner of
West Main and Cherry streets, where O.
Gray now lives.
The first mill of Gnadenhutten was a lit-
tle hand-mill set on a post in the middle of
West Main street, in front of D. Kennedy's
residence, on one side of the street, and 0.
Gray's on the other. The residents used
this mill to grind their corn to make corn
cakes, and it is at present in the care of
W. T. Van Vleck.
Near by they sank a well, and later on
sank another in the middle of East Main
street, in front of S. Mil1iken's residence on
one side of the street, and F. Meyer's, on
A Mr. Heidig was the first tin and copper-
smith, having his shop at the present site
of Mary Myer's property on East Main St.
In L. S. Winsch's youth, some of the rem-
nants of the first saw-mill were yet evident,
protruding from the bank in the vicinity
of the rear of Ed. Rank's property on North
Cherry street. The second saw mill was
built by Lewis Peter.
THE GUAL 15
The first tailor-shop was at the present
site, of Joshua Gooding's residence on East
Main street. The first tailor being a man
by the name of Mohn.
The tirst carding machine was built on
the east end of Jacob Winsch's lot, now
the site of B. Linard's residence on West
The first ferry at Gnadenhutten across
the Tuscarawas river was near the division
line of Reuben Mohn's and Samuel Wal-
ter's property on Cherry street. The ferry-
lnan, a Mr. Ingham was drowned while per-
forming his duty. The terry was then
moved farther up the river opposite North
The first weaving establishment was at
the present site of Samuel Walters' resi-
dence. Adam Dell was the weaver, he had
five or six sons who also were employed in
weaving. After the Dell's had left the prem-
ises, Mr. Diver the iirst doctor at Gnaden-
hutten occupied the building.
Charles Peter was the first cabinet mak-
er, having his shop in a building that was
owned by Lawrence Huebner in after years,
but which has recently been torn down.
Lewis Peter was the first blacksmith.
The Guadenhutten cemetery is classed as
one of the two oldest Christian burying
grounds of Ohio. Schoenbrun being the oth-
er, but the latter has long since been ob-
literated by the plow.
The Missionary Society was granted 12,000
acres of land by Congress for the Mission
Station, but after the massacre, it became
a burden to the church. So they sug-
gested to Congress to retrocede this land
and thus relieve them of it, which request
In 1824 by special act of Congress, the iirst
village site was surveyed under the super-
vision of James Patrick.
The town lots brought the small price nt
four or the dollars apiece.
They surveyed the street running at right
angles with the river, making it the unus-
ual width of 99 feet on account of the build-
ings on it. This street was named Main.
All the other streets were made half the
width of Main, with the exception of Wal-
nut street, which was also made 99 ft. wide.
In this survey there were also a number
of reservations made, containing the follow-
First, at the extreme south end of Cherry
street a plot was set apart for a village
and Morarian cemetery.
Second, the square of lots referred to be-
fore as the site of the first and second
churches and parsonage were reserved for
the Morarian denomination.
Third, the block of lots comprising the
present town hall square, at the intersec-
tion of Main and Walnut streets were re-
served for a market lot or public building
for the village.
Fourth, the two lots opposite the present
Moravian church were reserved for a
parochial school site for that denomination.
Fifth, the lots situated on the east side
of North Walnut street, at the intersection
of Long Alley were reserved for public
Thtre were several other reservations to
private citizens of this place.
The first school house proved to be too
small after some years. So a new two-story
frame building was erected.
In 1850 the third Moravian Church was
built on South Walnut street, at the inter-
section of Fetter's Lane, and adjoining the
Town lot reserved for some public building.
ln 1881 the second school house being too
small the Board of Education, of this special
district, added two more rooms to the build-
ing. The increase in attendance was the
direct result of the various improvements
made in the course of study and grading
of scholars by Supt. S. K. Mardis, who had
been elected to that position two years be-
In 1895, the increase both in interest and
attendance in the school, again compelled
the Board of Education to erect a new com-
modious, two-story brick building, contain-
ing six rooms and costing over S13,000. lt
was built at the farthest ends of South Wal-
The fourth Moravian church was built in
1903, a brick edifice costing S13,500.
A new brick parsonage on adjoining lot
was completed in 1916, costing about S7,000.
The first M. E. church was built in 1863,
and was re-built and remodeled in 1915.
Gnadhenhutten was incorporated as a
hamlet in 1884, with a board of trustees as
Lrontluued ou page Lu. Isl column.
l ti THE GOA L.
One evening, after my lessons were pre-
pared for the next day, I was sitting in the
swing thinking deeply on a subject which
filled my mind. It was our future. Sud-
denly, I seemed to have the power to fore-
tell the future of my classmates: so if you
will kindly step into the future with me, I
will tell you what I see ten years hence.
First, let us enter a motion Picture Thea-
tre. The title of the first play is "The
Queen of Society." At first we are not
much interested but suddenly we sit up and
rub our eyes. The heroine is a tall beau-
tiful blond, very well known to us, as
Eunice Huston. She was now a "movie"
star, and was earning twenty-live thousand
dollars a month, as we hear a, man who sits
behind us, inform his companion.
But our surprise was not to end here.
The next reel is entitled "The Red Cross
Nurse" and is said to be taken from real
life. The scene opens in a hospital in
France. The wounded soldiers are looking
very woe-begone until a pleasant looking
nurse enters the ward, when every soldier
smiles his brightest smile. As she comes
down the aisle, stopping at each cot to cheer
or to make some one more comfortable, we
recognize Florence Johnson, one of the
leading nurses of the whole world.
Upon leaving the theatre whom do we
meet but another of our classmates. At
first sight we do not recognize the fashion-
ably dressed young lady coming toward us,
but her face looks familiar. At the same
time Lulu sees us, for it is Lulu Rupert.
We are very glad to see Lulu again and
ask her to tell us what she had been doing
since we parted after our graduation. She
replies that she is the Rhetoric teacher in
Ohio State, and enjoys her work very much.
We wish to know what has become of
some of the other girls, so she tells us of
After completing her college course, Zola,
with two very dear friends, had gone to
China as a missionary. She was carrying
out great reforms there. Her photograph
is in many prominent newspapers and the
whole country is filled with admiration for
the brave girl who is doing so much for
We do not hear from any more of our
classmates until the Spring vacation when
we visit in Gnadenhutten. While walking
up Walnut street one afternoon, we noticed
a sign which reads, "Miss McConnell, de-
signer of Latest Spring Fashions," on the
door of what was once the old post office
building. We wanted to see Lucy again so
we opened the door and entered a very
business-like oflice. Altho very busy design-
ing the Spring Styles for Gnadenhutten so-
ciety, Lucy kindly visits with us a few min-
utes. After each had learned the history
of the others of the few years since we had
about Grace Wheland.
told us.that "Ike" had
mere man. She was
parted, we inquired
left her just for a
then living a happy married life in Chicago
and was highly esteemed by all who knew
her. We wanted to know whom Grace had
married but her old chum could only say,
"Well, well, I didn't think it of Ike.
Then, we see ourselves strolling down the
railroad track toward Lock Seventeen the
following day, when we meet Esther Petry.
She .tells us that she is a member of con-
gressg one of the six congress women of
the United States. Of course we knew there
was a lady by the name of Petry in the
assembly, but never thought of it being our
old school mate. Ester looks well and
seems very important over her position in
Several months later, while walking down
Broadway, New Yoi'k, we hear a newsboy
calling, "Buy a paper, read about Mr. Peter,
inventor of the new submarine.
l-lurriedly, we purchase a paper, and,
glancing over the glaring headline, we iind
that it is Raymond F. Peter, a former Gnad-
ennutten young man and a graduate of the
class of seventeen. He was then in the eni-
ploy of the Government and doing a great
ueal toward making our country successful
in the war with Germany.
when reading our paper, we feel that
some one else is also reading it over our
shoulder. Upon turning around we notice
that it is an old lady. Turning to her com-
panion this lady remarks, "I wonder if this
Raymond Peter is acquainted with the Miss
Peter, who graduated in the Gnadenhutten
Class of Seventeen. I hear that she is-
But just then, she and her companion are
lost in the crowd.
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