rv xx' 'Q N w
1 AfvQ,Q , , '- Q
xy. 'E-.'W5g,x I - IS 'Qu 5.
Q -NGN E f I I viz: Qlpxg ,
' K' X" 1 . ', Y ' ix 5 N t 1
3- zfx f' F J: '1 Q 'K
,T A, Q ' J 'f N
" ,, 'W Q J,-.
ig! .1 '-9' , ' 'k '
.u-il limp " - lo , I
it J i'
x 0 u ' Q Q up
x -we .
. ' J
ll pdl K f
24,17 -, - 'C 5 X
'1"2 in L9 if' -aw' -
. .. 1 1 wa
5-:lf 'fj ' HOKKMDO ms. :qi 4 -5? ' A
I, ' Q . f ' eohosu 'HWY' N f ' ' Q
. gf!" . ' 1 SEA DRAGON Q'i5'14?giS'Fs.,, ik
,J ,f A ' l,,, cs HOKODf-ITE. U23 X
audi 'J ing- l K QAF?x H. 'azvl Axhls
I 45 . . 4 a 4 ,ziL.3 I
Bl - K I A 191' 'Q
la? ' O A- ixfisfq W
I ,gy , R , Y . A , 5
M E Q X' ' .
' A r ' - a
N u L ' - '11
EX ,J OKOBUKIA- +
sfxseeo - 1, i-f+
0 . "', 1 I, s
4 si. 2' Q fi g
3 -Q EQM3
5 .2117 -. U
A I ' X' 'f
""" t Y . xxlx
KONG FORMGS WAKE ls. HQN01-UL ' "W
GCE R Q
PHIUPP1 N E 4 ' QQ ,if
IVIHNILA RE P. ,
r o ' EH WPX
.5 J, K NELU .
AU STR ALTA
1' x-' 0 'E X A g'
9J',,f1j 1 1
31-lj J' " " Z
X 1' '1 ,
'Q 1, x 1
k-if t , X 0 1
.0 ' l' X 1
E , , -S9
1 Q l
' 3 i
A 4 4
3 ', ff -. . .
,V lf ,'?b.'F,fq-
I . 5 62 es' ff' Q
' . ' I If ' f
' K ,I J I f ' ' , I V Q
1 ' 2
, ,I I, ij!! I I ,
f ' ' L
ru J!!! . Y S
'TIVUJJ ' - ' h i
-M - - - -'- - - -- Q -1-H--fa.':,AL:.41......:-.4q,1Lv..a:..n.....x.,L4.....1 ..,..a.1L..1,4 - L..-.1 L,,-
s Q X
e, 1, CANADA'
4-4-74ll.!.u',gl nu, ,,,. -
H 3 B
xxta Q fl 1,491 IJ 1 .x
A on t v ' Nm v
S 4 l1:'F:x:i1 5 iv' ' ,. s.-.
ff' ,-S' "3
'W '55 uc,
i v! I
, mm sw' as
sf-www ff 1 Mi.
4-,, Q , , , fu
,f xx AQ xx.
52 Sy 5 f ,,
A x A
Mgym,xv.wNg.w f,,.,, ,
,Q ffm x
Commander W. D. Owen, Henry C. Wilkinson, Chairman
Armed Services Y. M. C. A., Newport, R. I., and the Hon
Dean J. Lewis, Mayor of the City of Newport, Rhode Island
boarding ship to ioin in "Operation Springboard."
- .G Ex ,J-
CDR. W. D. OWEN, a native of Vermont, graduated from
Green Mountain Junior College and the U. S. Naval Academy, An-
napolis, Maryland, Class of 1941. During.World War ll he partici-
pated in the following naval engagements: North Atlantic Patrol,
1941, Salameau and Lee, New Guinea, Marshall and Gilbert Islands,
Battle ot the Coral Sea, Battle of Midway, Sicilian Campaign, Philip-
pine Campaign, Iwo Jima, Formosa and Okinawa Campaign,
Attacks on Japanese Mainland. CDR. OWEN is survivor ofthe sinking
ofthe carrier YORKTOWN during the Battle of Midway. After World
War II, he graduated from the Post Graduate School, Annapolis,
Maryland, served on the Staff, Commander Battleship-Cruiser Force,
Pacific Fleet, and later in London, England, on the Staff, Joint Ameri-
can Military Advisory Group. On 2 July 1952 CDR. OWEN took
command of the GATLING.
LT. CDR. J. F. GAVlN was born in South Boston, Mass. but spent
most of his youth in Albany, New York. He graduated from Holy
Cross College in June of 1937 and was commissioned an Ensign in
the U. S. Naval Reserve January 1942. During World War ll LT. CDR.
GAVlN'S duty assignments, all in minesweepers, were: North Africa
Invasion, Atlantic Patrol - 1942, Marshall Islands Campaign, New
Guinea Campaign, Philippine Campaign, lwo Jima. ln 1945 LT. CDR.
GAVIN was released to inactive duty, however, nine months later he
returned to active duty as Inspector-Instructor, Naval Reserve Unit,
Troy, New York and recently was in Pearl Harbor on the Staff,
Commander Mine Forces, U. S. Pacific Fleet. He relieved as Executive
Officer aboard the U. S. S. GATLING on 14 February 1953.
CU S. Qatling 671i
The U. S. S. GATLING fDD671j is the first United States Vessel so
named. The name is in honor of Richard J. Gatling, American in-
ventor, born in Hartford County, North Carolina, September 12, 1818
and died in New York City, February 26, 1903. This man is best
known for his invention of the rapid fire machine gun which bears his
name. Other inventions include such miscellaneous items as a screw
propellor for steam vessels, a cotton seed planter, a hemp breaking
machine, steam plow, and various other farm machinery improve-
ments which have aided in greatly revolutionizing American farming
The GATLING was built at the Federal Shipbuilding and Dry-
dock Company shipyards in Kearney, New Jersey. She was launched
on 26 June 1943 and commissioned at the New York Navy Yard,
Brooklyn, N. Y. on 19 August 1943. LT. CDR. Alvin H. Richardson
was her first Commanding Officer.
The story of the GATLING for the next year and a half is the
story of the Allied Naval penetration of the Western Pacific. The
ship was assigned to the newly formed Task Force 58. Steaming
west from Pearl Harbor early in January 1944 she performed screen
for carrier air strikes against the Japanese sprawling Island Empire.
16-17 Feb. 1944 Invasion of Truk
27 Feb. Saipan
March Invasion of Emirau Island
April Invasion at Hollandia, New Guinea
10 June -July Marianas Islands 1
October Battle for Leyte Gulf
During the Battle for Leyte Gulf the U. S. S. PRINCETON CCVL-23D
was hit by enemy aircraft and damaged so badly that she had to
be sunk. The GATLING was among the ships assigned to the rescue
operation with the PRINCETON and 326 survivors were taken aboard
this vessel. For their heroic efforts in this work four of the GATLING'S
crew were awarded the Navy-Marine Corps Medal and 2 Officers
vvumf-No BOWL? SAYS WH0?
GET LOST'-'NEV ER!
Jones owne. SHARp A
1:1 S BOW ANS
WHAT'-NO BOWL? SAYS WHO?
Jones Norma SHARP AND BLUNT ENDS!
115 BOW AND STEQN if
m c,enN' m
and 14 men received the Bronze Star Medal. A handsome plaque was
presented by the survivors of the PRINCETON to the crew of the
The next target was the Japanese homeland itself and on 15 - 16
February 1945 strikes were launched against Honshu Island with
Tokyo as the main target. During February and March of 1945 the
GATLING provided fire support for the Invasion of Iwo Jima.
On 27 August the GATLING, as a unit of the Allied Occupation
Forces entered Tokyo Bay.
In the course of all these operations the GATLING traveled about
175,000 miles, her 5 inch guns fired 77 tons of ammuntion. Eight
Japanese planes were shot down, two ships were sunk by her guns
and thirty-seven pilots and crewmen, who were forced to take water
landings, were picked-up.
During her entire operations there was not a loss of a single' man
either through sickness, enemy action or accident.
The GATLING was retired from the active duty in 1946, to the
moth ball fleet at Charleston, S. C. On 4 June 1951, the U. S. S.
GATLING was recommissioned at Charleston Naval Shipyard, with
CDR. W. J. KEATING as her Commanding Officer. In July of 1952,
CDR. W. D. OWEN relieved as Commanding Officer. Since recom-
missioning, the GATLING was 'modernized' during a yard period at
Philadelphia Naval Shipyard and was assigned to the U. S. Atlantic
Fleet participating in training and manuevers. During September
and October 1952, the GATLING, as a unit of the NATO Fleet,
operated off the Coast of Norway in OPERATION MAINBRACE. On
this operation the ship visted Scotland, Norway and Belgium. During
January and February of 1953 the ship participated in OPERATION
SPRINGBOARD in the Caribbean. Although the ship maintained a
rigid training schedule, it was able to visit St. Thomas, Virgin Islands
and San Juan, Puerto Rico.
The GATLING has been assigned to duty, this spring and sum-
mer, in the Far East.
The trip promises to be interesting professionally, educationally
and travelwise. Before her return, the ship should go around the
world visiting the Canal Zone, Pearl Harbor, Japan, Korea, Formosa,
Singapore, India, Arabia, Egypt and Mediterranean Countries-
traveling about 75,000 miles.
Destroyers were developed from the early torpedo boats of the
l890's. The Spanish War boosted the program for torpedo boats and
torpedo boat destroyers. These vessels gradually increased in size
and complexity until the tirst World War, when we had 52 destroyers
of the 4-stack variety.
Modern destroyers are multi-purpose ships, which conduct anti-
submarine warfare, screening, anti-aircraft, escorting, carrier-plane
guarding, amphibious operations, radar picket duty, and shore bom-
bardment duties. They carry tive inch guns, and 40 millimeter anti-
aircraft guns which provide anti-aircraft and highly accurate shore
bombardment gunfire. The ship carries 5 torpedoes weighing about
TM tons each.
The gun mounts on the ship require over 150 men to man them
during General Quarters. These men are made up ot gunners mates,
deck personnel, stewards, and cooks and can be manned and ready
to tire in a matter of minutes.
The water that the people of the United States drink every day
is not pure enough to make steam in the ship's engineering plant,
therefore, she distills her own. The ship's two turbines can develop
60,000 horsepower, equal to 600 Ford automobiles. The propeller
blades alone exert a force 225 tons against the ocean in order to
drive the ship at 30 knots. During T952 the ship steamed about
The radio equipment alone uses as much electricity in one day
as the normal home would use in two weeks. The ship, if necessary,
could communicate with ten different ships at the same time. Some
of the transmitters are capable of reaching V5 of the way around
The ship normally consumes T500 pounds of food per day, or
225 tons per month at a cost of approximately 5'l40,000.00 per year.
ln the last year the ship's store has sold 525,000.00 worth of
soap, candy and cigarettes.
Pay allowances for the ship's crew totals more than 51,000,000
per year of which the cash payroll amounts to 5300,000. The ship
carries about 575,000 in cash, and invests 52,500 per month in war
The ship's laundry if operated day and night can accommodate
1,000 people per month.
Compiled and illustrated by J. E. Kramer, Lf. G95 U.S.N.R
Photographs by J. Davis, Ens. U.S.N.R.
Printed by Wilkinson Press, Inc., Newport, R. I.
'?"L1 --351. '..'1."T"' - - .
..-,-'v5-- -- .R ' lu.
-,gy '. 2-f uh v -fix, Q-.35-5.
,M , , It I s , , ,,-,l3,,l-.CN
"s 1 Y Qc..-fd -'..-Md 1 -Y, 5' -.X
X :J 1 . at
' K A
Jfi Q 431' H
v r, , If
'lf .1 'I'
Q5-ali:-sg :f ' " '
' -JH... -'llI'.L!1' 2--
USS GATLING nn-671
WURLD CRUISE 300K
'ff QQ ,
the GATLI G
CDR OWEN graduated from the U.S. Naval
Academy in 1941. During W.W.II he partici-
pated in most of the major naval engagements,
both in Europe and Asia. He is a surViV01'
of the sinking of the Yorktown at the Battle
After the war ended, CDR OWEN attended
the Post Graduate School at Annapolis, served
on the staff, COMBATCRUPAC, and on the
staff Joint American Military Advisory B02lI'd
Group, London. Since July 1952 he has command-
ed the GATLING on operations Mainbrace and
Springboard, and throughout her tour of duty
in the Far East.
LCDR GAVIN is a graduate of Holy Cross
College. He received his commission in 1942.
During the war his service, all in mine sweep-
ers, took him from North Africa to Iwo Jima.
After a brief period of inactive duty following
V-J day, LCDR GAVIN returned to active
service as Inspector-Instructor, Naval Reserve
Unit, Troy, N.Y. His next duty was on the
staff COMMINPAC. ln February 1953 he be-
came executive officer of the GATLING and
served in this capacity during the world cruise.
Lieutenant Commander James F. Gavin, USNR
shlp s history
The U S S GATLING QDD 6711 IS
named for Richard J Gatling the
inventor of the famed rapid fire
machine gun which bears his name
She was built at the Federal Ship
buildmg and Drydock Company at
Kearny New Jersey and in August
1943 commissioned at the New York
Navy Yard Brooklyn New York
From that time till the final defeat
of the Japanese Empire she sailed as
a un1t of famed Task Force 58 From
the invasion of Truk to Saipan from
the invasion of Emerau Island to New
Guinea from the Marianas Islands to
the Phillipines from the Battle of
Leyte Gulf to Iwo Jima and even to
the Japanese surrender m Tokyo Bay
she did her job as screening ship,
in shore bombardment, as rescue
destroyer. During the Battle of Leyte
Gulf, the men of the GATLING dis-
tinguished themselves brilliantly
when the GATLING rescued 326 sur-
vivors of the U.S.S. Princeton from
the sea. As a result, four crew
members were awarded the Navy-
Marine Corps Medal, two officers and
fourteen men the Bronze Star Medal.
In addition to this, the Gatling sank
two enemy ships, shot down eight
enemy planes, fired 77 tons of am-
munition and rescued thirty seven
American airmen from the Pacific --
all without the loss of a single crew
The GATLING had served as a
member of the most powerful navy
the world has ever known. Then with
the end of the war she was retired
to the reserve fleet. For five years
she remained in her status of watch-
As a result of the Korean crisis
the GATLING was recommissioned at
Charleston Naval Shipyard in Jime
1951 She was modernized at the
Philadelphia Naval Shipyard then was
assigned to the Atlantic Fleet During
the summer and fall of 1952 and
wmter of 1953 the GATLING part1c1
pated in Operations Mambrace in the
North Atlantic and in Operation
Springboard in the Caribbean Sea
On April 27th the GATLING sailed
from Newport RI on the first leg
of the Journey that was to take her to
Korea and eventually around the
world Stops on the way to the Far
East included Balboa in the Canal
Zone San Diego Pearl Harbor and
Midway Islands. While serving with
Task Forces 77 and 95, and Task
Group 96.7, the GATLING visited Yo-
kosuka, Hokodate and Sasebo, Japan.
The Korean Truce which came
after the first tour with T.F.-77,
didn't affect her employment sche-
dule. The ports of call on the long
voyage home were: Manila and Subic
Bay, P.I.g Singapore, Colony of Singa-
pore, Colombo, Ceylon, Cannes,
France, and Lisbon, Portugal.
Since her recommissioning the
GATLING has .crossed the Arctic
Circle, the International Date Line,
the Equator and has circumnavigated
the globe. The most significant of her
travels -- though not miles steamed,
elapsed time- or precedents set --was
the crossing of the Atlantic to reach
Philadelphia and home in time for
XX. S. x0-'N NSY BCM
sun GF-8 1001
vafdoxw use msyil-,gxb 055 QOESGH
aim me YBDOE'-E-D
M01 was GATWSS or.
mi MNYOECY, 3.1. ow 21 xx?
0.1.3 sm UYSGG, om... 'PEP-BL
Worx fiona ml-
? NS .
ws nm 019101 -.
Xm men 919901 aoxm 'no spa.
Massa, w: sa. 3 vuwwi xsmmoeg xowsoeuu, ae.
qw- mama YXBST mimi of gms., Bxeyoac wzo com
It was the Panama Canal,
and incidentally, a long hot
day at sea detail.
The iron mules did all the
work. What do they pay the
Snipes for, anyway?
N PANAMA CANA
A Balboa and a 24 hour survey of the
y tropical Canal Zone lie just ahead.
To get underway again at 2200
3 tomorrow may be land wasl diffi-
California-1's highways lead to home,
Hollywood or jai alai.
' This clean, gleaming city was Our
last look at the Continental U.S.
We had sailed thousands of miles
when we reached San Diego, but we were
still "home." Our far Westerners took
a couple of days leave, some men look-
ed over the situation in sprawling Los
Angeles the rest went south of the
border to Tiajuana the tour1st's Mexico
All of us took an extra long look at
our surroundings Though the whole
world lay ahead of us there was a
great deal that we would leave behind
Ocean, palms, bright sun, people of
many races -- these were Hawaii.
There were famous names too: The
Royal Hawaiian, Waikiki, Don the
Beachcomber'S, Diamond Head.
M im gf
I dgnwyyi L 5 if X
We put on aloha shirts and bathing
suits and tried to do justice to them
History and the battleship Arizona
went almost unnoticed. Perhaps they
blended so well with thoughts of our
future that we could not see them.
W2 S ff
fm y p
Wil, Q, , ff
The island was just sand and gooney
birds, but pleasant. Our baseball team
got out and did its darndest. So 'did a
few enterprising crew members. Dis-
satisfied with a two-can beer party,
some used private capital to better
their lot, the more indoctrinated merely
arequisitioned' a case or two from
stock. Never outdone, the shore fire
control party had donned their short-
pants and paddled to the beach. To
the few nurses on the sands they were
fascinating commandos. To the more
cynical of us they looked like some-
, ., f Xfff i X' . .s.. ,S x
g If U . . f, X f
Q 2 a as
X "W, X X ' l Z X W '5 " ' J?si"Qfy:s ,
W , fs' ,-:gs -W 331 A- , ' -..fff11.'Z, ' , ,
x, Y, f 0 XV' 1 4, -l Q- ff , l , f
f, ff: f 1 'ma A mv-i. mx,-, -- ,
1 S-'N 221 X X 'f X f 1 N,-f
W ...7,e'f'T5,, W' 'W
.,.,ff,....-...f qw -My-JF:
l 'W M 1
fm, 'V Q . "" "' " mram'-'wr ' 'lm,f,vf,, .
M V In ,,,,,..:. bww W
V .. M' iw, W X. My
up -,. f ,.i f ...M u if' b'u.,.,,
s- , , , , s..,.,.s ,
lf, M f- WX N xl pf ,.f,,,,..
N 'W .,
There's one of those birds
and here we are at the fuel
' - - - - ..g.g.-...Q..i4.xQ,,4.....h1.4.4 4 5.4-4 L ,
I 1' f 1
.X 0104 ro, e
x In , I
9 X ' K
We re There
U X f
-f , Csfn
Looks 0.K., just stay upwind. U I
The new hasn't completely replaced the old.
The kids were cute
This is a kid?
N0 doubt here.
Japan is an overpopulated, under-
nourished island nation that once chal-
lenged the United States for control of
the Pacific Ocean. The lives of its
people have long been centered around
the family group. Japanese institutions
have emphasized this family unit and
the glorification of the male as master.
The sudden influx of American service-
men in 1945 tended to upset the old
mores. All phases of Japanese life,
social, economic, as well as political,
have felt the influence of the free spend-
ing Americans QAmerican service men
spend 51,000,000 a day in Japanl.
to great pains to provide it -- atapl-ice
Taxi dances thrive, street walkers and
camp followers abound, Stateside music
comes from every bar, on the street
corners souvenir salesmen hawk their
We saw all this at the Casbah, the
Cross Roads, Mike's Place, in the Sun
Laundry and its fantail empire, in the
thousand bum boats in every port in
the strikers aboard ship. We of ,the
Gatling were part of this peace time
Glorification is now on the other foot-- r'-' 7 g H .. ,-,
young girls have been attracted toward 9 ff T A A '
the sea ports and other military bases. t , L X '
In the cities, western dress has become .
prevalent. Women are allowed to vote. p
The Japanese are an ingenious ,-Mg
people. They have learned what the A fi
lonely Americans want and have gone M fx
J I Af fri' --.
were an - -r -. u
i ,J e -R
The Ginza, center of Metropolitan Tokyo. Gil?" 1 ' V l
They sketch your portrait while
This one was taken with a tele-
photo lens. Looks almost like the
other pictures, doesn't it?
It was the fourth of July and the
ship was high and dry -- we were
These are the people who could give you an
enlarged color painting of any photograph
for 1000 yen.
You can almost hear the cuckoos clanging
out "China Night."
we 5 Ar 7.1
i We 0 Q
r yafqmex .7 NX Lying' 11,
Q i,g?MfMfvL,.,5zir S 3
Th1s would be a hell of a 1 t
Oncommg honey bucket P ace O meet an W1th the a1d of these mdustrxous gentlemen,
any lnspectxon would be an absolute breeze
---.......... .. ,....g .-.L.. -4... 5,44-. ,,, - Y, A V
nun- ,, V
These chaps look like they were up late last
night doing the "tongo-bush"-- coal digger
dance to you. They ax'en't even giving her
This is her day off. See her tomorrow doing He's explaining that this is no ordinary
the Lindy at the Grand Shima. beer-can lighter. No, it's an old family
heirloom worth four times the price State-
-.,..... .-..........,..-. .4-...-
W -X A
HOW much? Whaaatlll 1500 yen? Nah! QNegativeJ
You'11 have to do better than that! I'm a poor papa-san! 1000? Still too much.
Yeah! fAffirmativej Okay, 600 yen. . . .And we got what we came for
- -,. , ,-v.... .-.--1 ff- -' f-f -f A-- -
,,--?,....., v..,,,.. ., ,
They bought hats. . .
. . . How about them?
With 77 and 9
nw 00000019 5
mm 00 memos 30
ww use 09.11100 Us 00? 02000 use 00501000 us
01030000 00? rm ioxsosum. 00 10 me mo 9000030 Nm.
uw: our-axis 0900 maivma REPORT 10
1 BDUTE.TO YOX
We did just about everything a destroyer could be called upon
to do short of direct combat, and then, we had to be ready for
that too. We stood condition III watches that were so boring, they
were painful. To add variety to the day we transferred mail, freight
or personnel. It was just like the sign on the Princeton said--
twenty-four hour service. We even went so far as to refuel com-
pletely blacked out one night. That was a pistol!
When we were with the carriers, we steamed in circular screens
-- and usually in circles. There were never more than four or
five formation changes or ten or twelve course changes per watch.
Then, of course, there was plane-guard and life-guard and guard
mail to be taken care of.
p N ,
Here, just like everywhere, it was either a feast or a famine.
When we were patrolling we had to stand on our heads to find
something to do. We held inspections, happy hours and afishing
contest in which no one caught any fish. As long as we didn't
run over any Japanese fishing boats, we were okay.
Our hunter-killer exercises were the most balanced operating
we did, We lived through all of it, though, and we're better men
today for having done so -- well, aren't we?
f 1 -. , 31
v -..- j
g . X L -Z ' K-
X ,5 3-E25 l i' xx. T
Y A xx - - it 5 fl X t ,1f:fj5 -g
f X ,zu 31465577
g X X -. : i " 2 ,
x ' ,' ' ,. '
X 1'-fel --' gif:-' , ', 4" 172f:'.'y N --1 ff 2' 'i
X-4 F 1? we-.5131 ' "lea, 'ifi-if . .12 '11,
xi - f 5.4511 I f- 4r.i:f--i, .ss
' A 1' fl? S 1' 65" f 5 ,ff
it 1 --gf 4 '-'N lf1::.'f ffl-' -
' 'ig 2- :-A---71 - , ,,
i EE' ? :QQ , , 5 X -3- X
Win -zgf' xx ' 455. ' '
I 11' 4? S ,,9.. X I ig
- '21 '-Q4 3
'rw much coke aboard. ' DVB L f "1-j x 5-1-1' N ?
O 0 9 Q
ea Dog' been ln the
Navy elght months l0ne of
h1s brother's back ln '42J
entral Park Commando'
canoe shape for effect
holes 1n s1de of head
Paul" - covers
lndes " ot' hgures headwill
grow to s1ze
all 6 Borrowed' - too lazy to
wash his own
W .,, 0
OCS f0VeI' the CFIOPPY 'Carrier Sailor' -- espirit 'Hollander' -t- been over-
Seas ' de COTPS- seas too long also keeps
rain off ears.
a HAT 0F
: if W3
h 'Joe ncouegetl -- wouldrft ana: 1t011gr" --for effects, 'Air Dale' -- wait nu he
2 have If RRY 0 el' Way- keeps insides clean. gets ashore,
L R- 5115
"'-- 2'I3 r
0 'GJ - 0'
f sqft! was Q 2
' 1 N I 9 Q: 5
s K it
' ' 1
'Sun Worship' -- must 'Hollywood' -- thinks hat 'Brand New -- can't do
l watch his noseg usually cuteg girls love him. a thing with it
g 4' XX
K: llxl' "'
' .f U fffff" ,
L 'All or Nothing At All' 'I Don't Care' -- uSl1211Y Magna ill' gsisgglagnow
-- hides fact he's bald. makes out like mad. W S go g
'Happy Hour' and recreation
WMU M I, , x X X f, W rf!
X , Q. '- 5 Z y 'KW ff Q ', i fka
f if x x S' ' 7, Q A Wm
7 2963 6 K 4 1, Km ' Y
SNK . X ,
W. S. NNN- NSYNW
auo GEN 1007
P11001 COYNAVFQ-:Zi- IIIIIV: W- I FF? .i , I A
ACUON1 GO1mESg2Q,,',',,..,,,'.',, III?
xggw ues Gmmxc, use CPLPEHYON, ues onsmm, use woman
'IOU BRE- UXREOTED 'YO DE? P-YH SRS?-BO, JAPAN ON 3 OCTOBER AND PBDCEEU
vu M051 Diem: mm 'ro 1-xmxu., P .1. 5 snsou, xuno-ouimg swap.-
Povceg comm , cm-om sum smug amuse, gmlcag mason, Poem
GAL P-NU ?X'U-LPvD'El-?YY1Ik. UPON IKRBXVIAL YHXLP-UELPYUJN, REPORT 'YO OOF
f , ff If
Travel in groups of 3x or 4, don't
wander around at night, don't discuss
politics, and above all, don't change
money on the black market. Except for
these warnings, we would have thought
Manila was a pretty nice city. "Shane"
was playing on a wide screen down
town. You could get a banana split at
the drugstore. The beer hall at the end
of the pier was selling potent San Miguel.
Subic Bay was even more pleasant.
"C" division beat "O" in softball,every-
one had an outing. The swimming pool
was great. Besides, we were on our
The pilot on the trip up the Saigon River was a real "hot-rod."
We were racing the tide and we won with a little to spare. On the
way we passed a royal yacht, French river forts and many strange
fishing boats. ln the city itself, we were welcomed as visiting
dignitaries. There were receptions and counter-receptions for the 1
brass. The division picture made the first page. Merchants were p
glad to see us too. We had been told to exchange our money at
thirty-five apastries' to the buck. It was rumored that the Indian
shop keepers would have given sixty-five.
Saigon had a few things that were the most expensive, little v
that was the best, and one thing that was the biggest in the- world.
We found the beer halls, bought a few souvenirs, hailed a rickshaw
for a tour of the town Generally we were on our good behavior
The people were watching us closely there was always a crowd
of onlookers at the pier When fmal reports were m though all
mght cabarets had been found too and the port's difficult lang
uage barrier had been bridged many times we were m all
respects ready to cross the lme
F X fX X
MN W' N M fm
Q vm '
ff 3 , N I M
-if v j
, xv , Q '
A ' M, A . 4,
SZ. -- '
The lookouts -- slimy pollywogs
all -- were on deck in force. They
manned their long glasses in search
of King Neptune.
Here they are in full regalia, that
hardened group of salty, deep-water
sailors, the trusty Shellbacks.
Many unusual tasks had to be per-
formed to test the po11ywog's readi-
ness for shellbackhood.
A watery rebellion put the ship in
the pollywog's hands. A portion of
the captain's wardrobe was flown
from the yardarm.
Just punishments were metered out.
Here is one initiate about to face
the last' of hisordeals.
The following day order was re-
stored. The pollywogs, guilty of
misconduct, were brought to court
to face the king and queen.
The English supp11ed us with Wide
squat liberty barges handled by expert
Malayan crews 'The tr1p to the beach
seemed to take hours especlally when
clean Smgapore 1tself was complex and
the people strange We made a mental
note of th1s and went mernly on our
we were worried about keeping Whi'C6S
c ' xl 'N
7 la f 1
D O 0
X ' 7 ' -
" , d
fp-' cgnnxxggjon you wouldn t stan a
The f1rst stop was the Br1ttan1a Club
Somet1mes that was as far as we got Food
was reasonable w1th three Smgapore dollars
to one Amer1can The Raffles Hotel the Cock
p1t Room of the Hotel Europe and the Pr1ncess
Restaurant all had great steaks In the out
sklrts we took 111 the amusement parks the
Th1s was the place the Lake Champlain
Jomed us To the mev1table quest1on "Chl
Are you from the earner?" we learned to
answer qu1ck1y "No I have sea duty " When
Fr1day mornmg rolled around we got underway
n Q .
I , 1
Q u o . - ,
I , g
9 Q o
Such men looked as familiar as Arthur
The terrace of the Mt Lavinia Hotel
Where there were no streams, the
daily bath was more difficult
We squeezed into the harbor got onto the pier,
passed the tea store and the bank, and fought our
way through the guides and taxi drivers. Finally
into the buses, we were on our way inland on a
tour of Candie, coooanut trees, rubber plantations,
elephants, exotic girls, tea factories, cashew nut
venders, and lunch at the Queen's Hotel, then back
again, all for four dollars. In Colombo when we
werenlt buying sapphires, we were lounging at the
Gaule Face or Mt. Lavinia Hotels. When it came
time to leave, we packed our new carved elephants
and put to sea.
' N I
' S 5
KH Q K :ah '11 I
Q 'l6" f'
- Q ,9
K N FQMAQ ' ', V I
, ., i
' 'Ai - .
gs- A A
B fi A ulliinp fx A
5'i?jZ'5 T'-' " 2 ,X
.NAP .N"NA,-,"Xrj f f-7 ff'n'xr'XZ,.x,l r-
If you didn't ride the ele-
phants, you hadn't really
Marked down '53 models
with the new two foot
The beer on Ceylon was
good, too. Here's proof
- , ,wg nb' ' Wig- wwwfffflaww Q5 mf
'x 514 " . ,, -Y A E Xiu ask za gfggvlgiw
X, , .
'f .iw -an 'X ' 3-
' ' wwf f'
.. ! .Q M .I 'I NVQ 4 xx, A I M I Sbywyffwyu
,, J V -. . 'Y I -rw - as ,MN-f f L 6 Ani jifie f ww
, Q . . 1' ",. A . in -f 3573 K ff f' , QW ww f - -,
13 - i R 4 , "" w, , I--x - ,, ,. ' ,. xv, z M' .114 H'-
In . . f , ,..-N, ,. , x! H' H ,, 1 ,f W'
, 1 5-B - ' ' '
Qqx fg w ' .Y-5.3.-av fit' '
, 1 w"'w'fTW' .4- .,-,,..,,fj4 'Q
' , H
,y X- 4,2
H P 1
in .I H
. 'W' 1 '
Q W f xvx
x , faggazgvgsfm
A K A-v,gfw.a61f'," 'Wy 'X N . .X .
I , ...., 3 s J, - f ' '
fm - - '-
. V 1' ,,,:f:z:W.zQ:f 1.203525 A , .
- f , f . v." , .. -Q ,,.,,f,, ,
A " , , f, " . 'ffff-A ,zwgm MI" g x ", ,,
- 1, 'W " '5 xs ..f- IMA, ' ' A
1, ., even ' xw'tw,, .fy W 1"A, 5 W-:K
Lk ' ,,.L.-'-f, if qk igw . ,cg 1, by vi, , gy ! MA. ,MAN 1 l
' , 1 . W-fl,f-N. 'w1w04L',..'f'w.fQf, f :T "V -A . H+ M ' ' ' ' 1 ,, ,L 1 f, y ' ' '
f, 4yNffwsi"?'?W:2Z55,'::-: '3.g.1W 02217 Wx , 1-X. fm? ' ' ...atv 7' , 5 . 53- .' f , I I V, ,,
,M-N.. I-gd, ,W X f Vx, ,f f, y , N y - 4 Q-, , 'NM' - M
.f- pb. 77.-ff f ' y , 5, ,, ' f
Afimf W' W 5, f' ' .
, W X , ,M ,i , V, - x ,,
x 4 ,V 9,
M ?Ihff "e9 . , ,-
,R ,, ,-..
A x ,wyw ffl win, I
V H. MMV ,y y wif rf! , 5 .L A' ..- . N f
., . . wa-'f1:f4:,f,9'f:Q,f?g -if 1 " 4' . ' " x'
W . gg -723-'41 'Q f ' " -. wr'
X ' -1 ' f , fs.. 'f .. ,.-.., -
, ,'j,. , ,Zn 75. ,K H. Mm: X -f Z??,7??5ff , ,W A M play . M
,4 Af ,A 5, 4 J f ,. W 6, Q 5
f- X M' ,Z , M-: u , 'f'f',,f?'-'g G
0 I, W Vw ' , my-'ff '
, .af 13, 5 'K Lv Q11 1,1
ng "' fa , ' ' Q,"
" K Y' "ggi,
3 ' ' f Yf"M'f'
T 5' if ,, '
,A 1. .
1. ,4 ..
an -.. --N '
we-q,M , -1, Q4
if 'Isla xg-.ghfz XT? 'Qi-.
X -4' --Q5-413' "5"-3 Fc.,
-jk A ' H-:ig Xh51.xw.,x.
.. ' 05.3413
W- . in Q 1 K
uez Canal ,
1 and the Med ' '
ffw ff Y my
A9169 X 4 , M055
, 0 52 0 , as Q ,,
'Vi , 'Y'
You can't beat those French!!
Fifteen minutes after we anchored
in Cannes Harbor they hadjammed
the quarterdeck with beautiful
young ladies. They sold perfume,
400 day clocks, or the latest Paris
fashions right there amidships.
Gatling men went ashore and took
a guided tour of Grasse, Nice,
Monte Carlo, etc. The stragglers
hired their own Renault cars, put
in a cup full of gas, and drove
to all those places on their own.
Although it was off-season on the
Riviera, most of the spots had
opened their doors for us.
All the leaves hadn't fallen. The weather
was still that early autumn.
In the harbors the boats were all tied up
for the winter.
France was one country that was almost
exactly like we had seen in the movies.
The people were very relaxed. They appeared
unconcerned with the worries of the world.
, Q My
Lisbon was the last port we stopped
at and it was the cleanest -- the build-
ings and our wallets had that fresh
scrubbed look. There were tours here
too. Things we saw and heard about
began to ring a bell.
The city looked like a cross between
New Orleans and San Francisco. We all
knew of Prince Henry the Navigatorg the
name Columbus sounded familiar too.
There was plenty of night life. Wine was
as popular as in France. A funny thing
though, the people of Portugal were kind
of lifeless. They seemed content, but
you never saw anyone smile.
We escorted the Lake Champlam halfway around the world We
all grumbled a l1ttle about wa1tmg for her and about m1ssmg Naplf-JS
but we were proud to have her along Let's face lt there 1S some
thmg about those flyboys The ones that rode w1th us between ports
Qto see what lt was l1ke to be underwayy LCDR J oralmon LT's Jomes
Battens Clark ENS Veach were all regular guys They told some
ha1r ra1s1ng stones too
The U S S Lake Champlam was mlghty handy to have around
If the weather got rough we could fuel from the Champ If we
wanted to lmow about the next port we got the poop sheet fI'0II1
the Champ 1f we wondered why we were s1ng1ng 'Wa1t T111 the
Slm Shmes Nell1e ' for the th1rd t1me We got that from the Champ
too She had better radar more spare parts a real hosp1tal fme
small stores and an honest to goodness gedunk stand
These thmgs far outwe1ged the fact that the papers now read
"U S S LAKE CHAMPLAIN and four other shxps arr1ved tod y
y o a o ' '
1 Q . , -
1 0 ,
. ' , g
I 5 J-
9 9 9 '
Y' J- 9 o
o 2 . u
a n 4 .
Q! - Q
. , 9 '
1 I . Q Q e Q 1 '
, ' , ' 7 ' ' ,
i P . , U , s
- s . .
1 4 . .
E, IJ! n 0 0 a' '
li 4 E
lx 1 3
A 1 Wm
' 1 L. 1
E I 52
xx um XNQW, fr X
Keep it Coming n Now the pehcan hoo E
There, Safely in the trunk. Start Pumping!
How's the first division doin' ? okay, heave I ,gg
-n-I-"""" S 1
1111111 S ,A
111111 5 i
Up w1th the easmg out 11ne
There was nuttm to lt!
,O Y Y
- ' . - - il.
, A Ek
wx . Eau
, fl , .....s ,, ,A,. I
g V " .. ,I
,, Tig! 2 g
' 5' s ,
, " 'Zig fi'
ff ' Q
s ' s Q ,
'Sf ' 1 09'
X ,,, ,. ss ill ix
I .,,., df ,, A
.M K K Ii-
,,, Y ,
I , , .f f 1 5 E A
' ' N ax 4
if , 5 j ,gl Fi
1 H - , 5,1
1 Q L
1 3 -
3 ' ij
f 3 1
iw , A
A W Q I Q
W: fx ,
Q K , 'f-
ffksif X 4,
x W S Z Q1
fi Z '
.M A 3, xg
f ,'fQ, .
f W X
f, , ff
f jfs XX
Q, ff V X
x V ,Z
M" flyfax '
Wifi WV x Y
1 N. 1.2" 'Q' Nm f if
Gi gi f www MZ, X -as
X f Xi Y
Q I X 4 kqx 5,,.,, X
N, fx ' h i- X11
I , Q , ,, fxxl J,
Mm, X. , f
X X X N . My X Fx A
,-.AX 3 Af
R , f
The Men of the Gatling
V F 1403 7153
x Fire Controlmen
?."3 ' A
I ,Egg -A Q
v4 f ,
3 15 K
i Q XX!
WL 6 N 0 2:2-5 1 'L'
Wu, .sf 4 -riff-
f wa-1 fm
0,0 4 L.,
3 -x ,V ,QZQZ NNN 292
ff- wr" 0' N. Q 2 4,
Q f G x ' xp-"2 'G' Lg!
K -fy as 5 :f,' G G 5
1 I7 2 be I s
A .X 54.1, 1 49
K I! 54 if ' Er' I
ff , "
, '3' ,.' " 2:1 xx "
' ' - 1' r Q
5 xx N, 4 ii 1: T ' ,
4 .- '1' Q 5
, Qgfae 4 J 0
7 K ' '3 A Z5 1' we
fi ff if 9 2 2. ' W
K - IIEEA L'
'N Q qt,-'25, F" ,
ff: W. ':g '?ef',i,:,
444 W - t ' 5 424
: "' jxs i " ff '
,J .Q 57 j"""'1y
fr: f loaf :-,.':gbfJ ,J ' U5
Cb? 2 0 ? l'flQf ? 294,793
3 fl ff - sfffifl, W '
X ff " 'f3fQF 'S in
,QgQ -4ff 4.2
X FW, .W .1
f x xii ,
' ' ez ,
f 1' ,
3 f A f
Xgjsgv , X 1
, M V'
'.,,.ff"W V' .
f " g , , ,
, if if A .v
,, ' , 'f V
' n lneerln X'
ri E Q 2 Q'
Q L! 1'-2 W
p 4 li gig 0442 X'
X X31 li-H3
De artment K gi-1 Q
1W" 4 m
W-QJEW 'W I
Sf: fe W No Tm , vm Q
12012 'The 'sueprn-mas ""?f"' 'ff
q , W
I ' 8 R 5' 19' j 'X 0
,I Q 5, .1 L j i 0.0
, 1 - C- ' Q.,
4 , 5 ' ' 0
' I I: I .1,' A I , 43: 5 Q W
lx ' lv. ' 'Lx'-, W A it
T1 'i 'Y' ' 3. Y
E: L ' K ix- wiv'
v N K 3 x N 1 . .I
E X H . QU' mu-ap
I I f ' . xl' : Q' 7,a
QI '53 1 X
e 4 Q . J' Z
, ,, - .
AV, , f
A V W
Q, 1 , ,Q 5 , W X
y if qi.,
' , 1
... 2 ' ,
, ,-, F?
W Lx- -',,
, L... '
'X 2 "Z
f Y 1' x.,
X xx fx -.J
A x x'- 5
K in X A
klx I K X Q K I xx
11 9 K, as
'13 ii s'L-'--'
IAQ 'E WIXXCD
4 g W
X 1 f
3 41 -1. NN- mf X
. Vg , kc
x W f xwwff f
e N W X' Q
,. . ,?
nw 1 ,, X, Xf f
4 WW ff - Wifi! ff
f ,V f xQ1,,fm , N
1, wk N1 www H -jfs
2 X X Xhx
, 1 by k Q, Nw-fx Xb-N
WW fv KW f
- ff nv
. A ,M 3
,Q ., i l
X ' K
Q 4 af
I wr 5
:nf A I 1
o Q Q Q It X 'Q 4
,42 5 -'
-.w x L
XX ' W15wW'9 l
4 Q 1 x1 F
Itmeans we're an-ingf1ags.' se, xx ,, I n
Q A . Q ' 6 65
' , ,,,.29.9f 6'
g Q P an--N,,,..,.. .....--f--H '
-Y - '1'
'FJfM"W , .HZ
512- . '53 -'M' p
9 t f'--
' 'Yes, captain, we're just
south of Omaha!
4-' Q Q O O O
0 Dlvl lon
1 ,V j f
fy If riff
gf!! I ,af 5
0-Wk Wim 'D
, 4 3 -
0' X TX
Ufflcers M '
'l I-I W1 -' V xx 3 O
Q4 Q -a MEM! B
'x. px Dum
K5v g M-
Sasebo, Kyushu, Japan
2 May - 3 May
11. May - 16 May-
21 May - 24 May
2 June 6 June
7 June 27 June
29 June 11 July
12 July - 23 July
23 July - 24 July
25 July - 2 August
3 August - 22 August
23 August - 5 September
6 September - 17 September
18 September - 4 October
5 October - 9 October
13 October - 15 October
15 October - 17 October
20 October - 22 October
25 October - 27 October
1 November - 3 November
16 November - 18 November
21 November - 24 November
Departed Newport, Rhode Island
Transited Panama Canal
Balboa, Canal Zone
San Diego, California g
Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii
Crossed International Date Line
Yokosuka, Honshu, Japan
Operated with Task Force 77
Yokosuka, Honshu, Japan
Operated with Task Group 96 7
Hokodate, Hokkaido, Japan
Operated with Task Force 95
Operated withTask Force 77
Yokosuka, Honshu, Japan
Operated with Task Force 77
Sasebo, Kyushu, Japan
Manila, Phillipine Islands
Subic Bay, Phillipine Islands
Saigon, Indo China
Crossed the Equator
Singapore, Colony of Singapore
Transited the Suez Canal
Arrived Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Photography J. Davlsx Art
LTJG J. Davis, USNR, L. J. Reilly, SO2, USN
E H. Muller, FN, USN
Text bl' Business Manager A
ENS A. K. McAdams, USNR LTJG G. D. Ghosuey, qscy, USN
f 68 5
.am f ,, ,...,v-.V-...f ,, ..,, ,Www ,nw
.... .--W ,.,,,. .,......-. ...... l..........4.,...,...,...,-X A
xix ff GREAT -
gg N 1' IH ' 1
' , ORF' q O 9 gy 3 X I
NY W S
, 'S Z , ,
Egjgrgf ' W A ' 6 , 633. .
5 PQ? n A g? G Ox w
f 4 XRELAND , - ' W
Q ' Homevw-mo
? K .
Q ,u f F vf- f fy POLAND
- C M '
A 63 Q P
I H N., '::4i5Ea"'x C9 I5 :""'ffEL1f"t Q-.4 A 1
Y ---- FRANCE..-,73,Q9!','.-'H '-1 is BLA g
Q ,M xx X .B ,uh ,K Que f,,,.f Q Mu A l
v B ' 'M' 5 ' ff:-'21 EM
1 waz "r-Xif,4,'.--S ' 3 eg .f.. '
A , H QQ f and '01 4
mx + Q U . N11 , 11,iM Q
xy l.l,SB XPMN ' - me vw
w ' , . - 'jr
Q AFS Q Meorrermuemu fe
3: 3 I 'mucus '
i : A - 'SUE'
4: 3 135-' if Cfguin.
IW -QZQ ,, Y-"" W Q KE- :L E
i 1 -1-' 5 ' X E 5
? i ,Sly K YW :I
' f 9' H1 was, . , Q? 'Q
I .1 .' 'e
A 192 C ' Q' , ,,
1 I gg
!p,,,,f'.: Bm? .
3 A Q ,,,,' lk:
1 nib ' , . M ,,,' P -
5 S 1 WZ " f ' L
.f 'Tn ,I 6 xi
. , x
Q fvfiifz Lf ww
A: 3 af lb Q "'c
3 'WUOJQ' ny CHAN! ' is
5 - QIZUJS57 2,1 1,:,ff"' "
1 g1'zf27yf flilzjt ' ' ""'
EDU716 927 '
P0173 ff2E - gm
Q - 51272 bas - A.
3 Vi, W!S'f7R, I 4 if-'
E ? - FG v Q N430 .5 ,
eg 3 4925 -'.:":". ' A was Agfiifg
V2 '4 Q" A I 5
g 5839- """ ""P- 'v-v-4'+8?S'i'?:'f-'f--53 ?
- -. 2 254 79 5: 5.39
DER ZALT M. NES s L
USSR. 'lv 4, ,
. - f , -
. In I if ww, g ,Qiifig anis
fy , f 'ij 1. "' ' ' ' 1' '21,-ps we
1 J - , -f , Wagga sf:
Y'-f 2 G 4 whiff.,
7":? Wy- 2 Ula' fm 'glam
X . ,, Y W QW'
.. ., ,W . qw. E' -in 1
:I a f,1'f?il' ow 5 N-gafglldw
r - X Nlzigbi Q ff .'?I?3-R an f
,. , cms
f A f--N ' nm
, .' ' , ""5f,ZU!i4t'5n fix
ruRKEV 6,5 Sak f' -ggi:
' if Q , + Qi"
A 1 1 ,gf ' f X "un , '
I 14 ar 0 :MN j', - Sm' .dia
'i f" 5 JL 1' If I 1 Q. I It .
V1 J A Maw-Q 'f'
WM. 6 ' H
' :cg sol", f I .I 0 'flag' 2 ,ji I e i s 7g"ilr'J,Hlx Izjrf, gaps iron,
9- 1 Eau? 5:':.5,Il.s1, .1 I 4- Q ',, ,
1 ' I x ll: .
X SAUD4 m :" '
' ' if ' I' ' Q I
XQIQ ' r
- n I BSD: ull' I Q I K: as 47,
' ,,.--1 Xfwax jf' gpg' 1- 'f
J., ,-' 'nggglfgj .I or 9 "", ff' mm
I ' ' " eARABIP-N.. NS" BENGAL - cw
XEA '7 ,gmpq
Q Q . 'Cu
S X 4- 5 I l
: 'I' 'I H . . hx . ! L, '
1 F i f' od' COLD "mi" '
fl I '
""f"' " ' " MALAYAN
W it - I Q . x J
4 ,,., N, , , E
fn --'A UATOR' INGAPORE
fix- ffm ,f gg SUMA-mg V V .,
. 1 1 NZDWXAL,
5 9034! 'f'
"'1 ,Y AD Ari! 3 0
fits! P 9 L L: Q Q, , Us
" ,f Eg ,005 QQWVW fr U' Q '
I" - W ao- -94 '
5 0 M "'f"'.?.
' 9 Q 0-0' cr ,gi
- - , - f
- .Q .i J 4 ma
, W , '
' X-,x .1
x' f !
f 9 I f ' X' X V
5- MADAGASMR, 53 1
5 ' - - .A
X F Q,-7 PR :' -'P ' - if
' - K' 2 3 4' 'Fa ax 49 fa Tis'
1 .f !?5"' g XV .,,,,
ll Q 5 7 yea
17 FFL: jfc, , 3
Suggestions in the Gatling (DD 671) - Naval Cruise Book collection:
Are you trying to find old school friends, old classmates, fellow servicemen or shipmates? Do you want to see past girlfriends or boyfriends? Relive homecoming, prom, graduation, and other moments on campus captured in yearbook pictures. Revisit your fraternity or sorority and see familiar places. See members of old school clubs and relive old times. Start your search today!
Looking for old family members and relatives? Do you want to find pictures of parents or grandparents when they were in school? Want to find out what hairstyle was popular in the 1920s? E-Yearbook.com has a wealth of genealogy information spanning over a century for many schools with full text search. Use our online Genealogy Resource to uncover history quickly!
Are you planning a reunion and need assistance? E-Yearbook.com can help you with scanning and providing access to yearbook images for promotional materials and activities. We can provide you with an electronic version of your yearbook that can assist you with reunion planning. E-Yearbook.com will also publish the yearbook images online for people to share and enjoy.
Material on this website is protected by copyright laws of the United States and international treaties.
No protected images or material on this website may be copied or printed without express authorization.