'QD CLASS M
A f of
To Grace Weston, Ph. B., a friend and
patron of learning to whom we are in-
debted for much of our progress and
prosperity in school, this volume is re-
..... .-1-.w- . .,,,,f,,
PROF. W. H. CRITZER PROF. T. E. PAULUS
MISS LOUISE JOHN MISS LOU HOFSTETTER MISS, GRACE WESTON
PROF. C. E. BRYA NT '
SUPT. I. C. GUINTHER PROF. C. E. FOUTS
HIGH SUHUOL BUILDING
'IOOHOS HSIH NOYIV9 :IO 'IEIJVHO
In editing the Annual of 1904, we have en-
deavored to use those articles that have a ten-
dency to raise the standard of Galion High, not
only in an intellectual Way but also in a physical
way, for nothing plays a more important part in
the building up of a school or college than clean
We are greatly indebted to the faculty for
their timely help and guidance, to Mr. C. Burr
Marsh for his excellent photographs, to the
Electric Engraving Co. for their cuts and to the
Sun-Review Publishing Co. for the excellent
work they have done in such a short period of
time, for without their assistance our work
would have been a failure.
ALLIE D. DIAMOND, Editor in Chief.
F. E. Mahla
Rose Ila Grindell
Ethel Z. Kincaid
Jessie E. Barr
W. L. Elser
RODNEY H. REESE, Business Manager
BOARD OF MANAGERS
W4 S. Miller
Dorothy S. Shuls
A. J. Freese
Paul E. Guinther, Chairman
Rose Ila Grindell
At the beginning of school this past year the
old art and commercial room was turned into a
Physics Labratory and things so arranged that
G. H. S. now has one of the finest .equipped
Physics Labratories in the state. Thefroorfi w'as
seated with adjustable seats, a new kit of tools
was placed in the room, apparatus cases arid
tables were placed in the room, the former for
safekeeping of apparatus, the latter for iddivid-
ual experimentation. The cabinet is arranged
in a well lighted position serving as convenient
means of operating the Cromwell apparatus and
serving as a demonstration table.
A few magnetic and electrical appliances
were purchased and used, but to gain a much
better knowledge of them, under the supervision
of Prof. Bryant with his vast knowledge as to
the mechanism of these instruments, a great
many pieces of home made apparatus were ad-
ded such as Galvanometers, Electroscopes,
Wheatstone Bridges and many other devices for
the carrying on of purely quantitative work. ,
This method of teaching affords a training
not only in a theoretical but in a practical way
It is the hope of all that G. H. S. may con-
tinue to improve in the future as she has in the
The subject of Wireless Telegraphy, which
is of absorbing interest these days, has been suc-
cessfully demonstrated before the pupils by
Principal Bryant. During the last three weeks
of the year the complete apparatus has been in
working order in the labratory. A test for com-
paratively long distance work has been made
with satisfactory results.
Wilbur Elser has discovered that he can get
in Pitkins sooner than some other fellow.
The fall of Rome was great, but the fall of
Paulus at Hosford's was greater.
Miss WESTON:-"Give the principle parts of
Tacy Gledhill MAHLA:-Fly, Flee, Mosquito.
Freshmen Class History
lt is customary in writing the history ofa people, that the historian paint their deeds in well chosen words But rn
writing the deeds of a class who have just begun their existence llike the class of 1907.3 lought not to call it aClass History.
ln one large room just across the hall from the chapel seventy-seven green looking Freshies were shown Seats. The
first day went along rather smoothly, but what happened the second is too good to be kept quiet. The custom of bumping
the Freshmen was carried on with great pomp. lt is said that the girls also indulged in the harmless pastime. ln this n1an-
ner c-ur young Freshmen friends were ushered into their HighSchool Course. E V
As Freshmen they are fresh, as scholars they are exceedingly brilliant. ln fact they are so brilliant that it is a com-
mon occurence for them to be excused from their classes. ln order that they may more thoroughly pursue the
duties of Latin and Botany, they have voluntarily formed classes which recite between the hours of four and tive.
Socially they are the real thing. They have had numerous parties and sleigh rides, and at all of these their conduct
was above reproach. Having saved their pennies for a month or so, they decided on a winter picnic at Seccaium Park.
Can it be possible that the Freshmen chartered a special car? The appointed night arrived, the Freshmen with cleanly,
washed faces and dressed in their Sunday best, came to the Traction Oftice. They were there in plenty of time to be sure
but they were not there a sufficient length of time to gather up courage to go. For when the car came the children -became
frightened at the thought of leaving their mammas so long, and not a solitary one went to the park. They had pleasant
dreams that night of a winter picnic that was to be, but never was.
A noticeable feature of the Freshman boys is their soldier like appearance. lf a recruiting officer of Uncle Sam's
army was to see them marching to the music, as the classes change, he surely would enlist everyone of them.
The Freshmen, although too numerous tohave class meetings at the homes ofdilferent members in the class, have
had meetings in the chapel. They have elected officers' and adopted becoming class colors. As the upper class men were
conhng to school one morning, they were surprised to see the large handkerchiefs, one red-one blue, floating on the
breeze. They were hanging on the Walnut St. Cable, and at first they were thought to be the washing of some "Weary
Willieg" but on close investigation they were found to be the Freshman class-colors. ' Loyal to their colors they put up a
game tight in the color rush. But the children with faces besmeared were compelled to give way before the onslaught of
the other classes. They had the delightful pleasure of seeing their colors torn to pieces and burned.
The one regret of the Seniors, Juniors and Sophomores is, that they were not permitted to see these world-wise
Freshmen perform in Rhetoricals. The Faculty took mercy 1 pon them, and shut them up in their own room to tremble
and shake in solitude. - .
Another event worthy of mention in the history of such a great class is the warm reception tendered a few of their
number. Une youth, distinguished by the color of his hair received the thirty-second degree in our worthy order of
'-bumpers," and he would have received the thirty-third, had he not broken away at this important stage of his initiation.
P6 ran home, told his mother his troubles - came back to school the next day to be guyed.
but freshmen you are no worse than other Freshmen were in the past. Your relations with us have always been the
rnosr pleasant: and may the remaining years of your High School Course be strewn with roses. You have passed over a try-
ing ordeal. and now you shall have the pleasure of mocking at those in your footsteps, and as '07 rolls round may you
leave Li. H. S. with honor and fame: with deeds all done and worthier of a better pen. F E M
YELI.,-Kiyi, Kiyi Kiyi
Razzle Dazzle, Elm Bom Bix,
Gctlion High School,
Wie History qf the Sophomore Class
Of the present Sophomore Class, as of a certain famous character, it may be said, that "it's not as bad as it might
be." Their history may be stated in a few words: They have entered the high school. They intended to leave it in a
year or two, indeed some of them have already done so. It is difficult to say how the high school,already weakened by
the loss of the class of '04, will be able to withstand this last crushing blow, but the faculty will be obliged to console
itself with the reflection that "What is to be will be."
But, to begin at the beginning: One September morning after the Seniors, Uuniors then,l had taken their new seats
with their customary decorum, and begun the exercise of their habitual dignity,a noise was heard, as if a flock of sheep
were coming down the Rocky Mountains, the doors opened and in filed about eighty engaging children, our future pres-
idents, Carrie Nations and millionaires. They were rather timid, if they did make a racket and to reassure them, the upper
classes gave them aihearty ovation. Then the teachers packed them intotheir seats, and proceeded to inform them as to
what they might and might not do. They learned that they should be very respectful to the upper classes, especially the
Juniors who were so very wise that merely to look at them was an education: That they should not whisper, except with-
in a radius of four seats in any direction: That they should not passa note whilethe teacher is looking, as this disturbs
the teacher. and she does not give proper attention to her class: And thit one cannot be excused for longer than 35 min-
utes at one time, nor oftener than 3 times in one period.
Time passed on. They developed in various surprisirg directions and distinguist ed themselves in different ways
especially in the mid-year examinations. fThe teachers became nervous wrecks over the papers sent ing Then came their
turn for rhetoricals. They l'a.l watched the upper classmen, one by one, assume the Ciceronian air, step conhdently
up to the platform, bow gracefully and proceed to deliver a discourse that would have put Webster to shame. In fact they
had enjoyed these exhibitions. But now, all was c anged. All animated nature seemed 'to be in a mood of uncommon
cheerful hilarity. And althougha spectacle for gods and men, it might have been worse."
ln course of time they saw the Seniors step down and out, and the Juniors assume Senior authority. Al! too soon,
the year was ended, and they were Freshmen no longer. lt was now time for them to put away childish things, and be-
come men, but the metamorphosis has not yet been effected. During the Sophomore year they have conscientiously en-
deavorelt to live up to their mme. They have been the delight of the upper classes, the admiration of the Freshmen, and
the mainstay and sole support of the faculty in its declining years. It is absolutely impossible to predict a future bright
enough forthem. No one who knows them would venture to attempt it. But let us hope that their future achievements
will at least be as dazzeling, l?, as their record in Galion High has been so far.
ROSE ILA GPINDELL
JUNIOR CLASS ROSTER
Glen Braden ,
Selma C ommel
E,CIt'CIT1 Olive, 1905
Junior Class History
Lest old acquaintances be forgotten, l have undertaken to write a history of the Junior Class.
ln September. 1901, there entered the High School a band of about sixty students, some were from the country,
others from Galion. They had no leader, nothing, except a large amount of conceit,a good record for diligence won in
the "Grades" and a determination to "show up" the other classmen. But alas! How soon their determination gave way.
The reception given by the classmen immediately dampened their ardor, and as yet they have not fully recovered from the
Finally, after much drilling. they fixed in their minds which way they were to turn at the given signals, and to
which recitation rooms they belonged. lt was then thought that they might have a class meeting in the Chapel. tNo
other place was offered as they were too numerous, and so very, very fresh.t What a glorious time they had at this meet-
ing. Every one talked at once Q?-. After much discussion the class ofticers were elected and the class became a recognized
part of the G. H. S. '
They then settled down to regain their scholarly reputation and but little was heard of them until in June when they
were permitted to attend the reception given by '03 to '02. Herethey had a chance to Show themselves and they improved
the opportunity. They were the most conspicious people tin number only, there. So ends their Freshmen year.
At the opening of school they came back resolved to win fame in their lines besides scholarship, and incidentally to
revenge themselves on the 'iwould be Freshmen." The class bids fair to be represented by some of the crack athletes of the
world, and musical societies of Bgston and New York are already considering the advisability of obtaining talent from
among its ranks.
This year they are certainly true to the term "Jolly Juniors." Whether they have lost sight of the goal in scholar-
ship, or whether they know they can do nothing while the class of '04 remains,l am, at present, unable to say, but today
one sees an entirely changed band from that which entered the High School three years ago. The class has become famous
for the fine times had at its receptions, bob-sled rides, and informal gatherings, and severll of its members belong to the
ttinvite yourself" club of the G. H. S. Through experience, the girls have learned not to set fudge or other tempting dishes
on the back porch,for the club generally knows where to ind the "doings" and then it is "fresco," 'tchange-o," disap-
pear-o,i'. with the fudge. -
However, upon closer examination, we find that they have not entirely forgotten to study,for at the beginning of
tteir Junior year a new teacher, who should have charge of the Freshmen, was added in ordergthat the Faculty might spend
more time in study to keep pace with this illustrious class. Consequently much "midnight oil" has been burned, by the
teachers of course, and as the doors of Galion High close upon us, we feel that we are leaving a class which shall follow in
our footsteps and be an inspiration to the lower classmen, and shall continue to win fame and honor for the Galion High
9 It 'P
ALLIE A. DIAMOND
JESS IE BARR,
ROSE ILA GRIND
Hullaballoog ha,11Oog ba.11oO.
Galion Seniors, 1904!
F. EDGAR MA.HLA, Pres. ROSE ILA GRTNDELL, Sec'y
RODNEY H. REESE. V. Pres. ALLIE D. DIAMOND, Treasurer
MOTTO:-"THE END IS NOT YET"
Class Emblem: Fern. Colors: Orange and Black
.- ' f
Itrvfwf xx' f . -f -lx
H ,' ' ,
Mn N PM fl'
xi 'Ag QZIIIW I.
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A youth of 1906, discoverd one beautiful day,
That his mug was covered with fuzz.
He looked like an Irish bumble bee
When the wind blew through it buzz, buzz, buzz
At first he endeavored with mother shears
To rid himself of this awful bore,
But he sheared his ears and nose instead
The gore went trickling to the floor.
The brick red whiskers continue
To grow upon his cheek,
But he has a simpler method,
To remove them clean and sleek.
He buys a box of matches
Just onces or twice a yearg
And singe off his whiskers
This Sophomore darling dear. 1
March 14-Elocution class forgot f?J to recite.
'L 15-P. G. fto a Senior girl.J What would you do if I
gave you a kiss? Would you scream?
16-Prof. P. Qto boys in elocution class.J 'LIf you Want to
chew your cuds, you may go elsewhere."
17-These are not just from "0uld Ireland" but Seniors
celebrating St. Patrick's Day.
' 18-Lost! Strayedl or Stolen! A cake of chocolate. A
liberal reward fone big piece of fudgej will be .given
to the finder.
21-E. F. freadingi I would I were invisible.
Prof. P. coins a new word "farcey"
' 23-No Elocution therefore nothing doing.
24-Class meeting much important business transact ad.
25-How much do you weigh in apothecary's weight?
April 4-Back again.
Prof. B. discusses spring fever and says that it lasts
only two or three days, but we don't all agree with
6-P. G. 1Speaking of Carlyle.i They wanted to bury
him in Westminster Abbey but he refused.
7-W. M. fLiterature.J He wasn't very good to his
wife until after she died and tl1en--
8-"If youlre tired Mr. Reese you may be excused."
' ll-Last elocution lesson-for a while.
I2-A Freshmanls definition-"A dictionary is a store-
house cf food." qliather dry eating?J
14-A great work of Literature is begun. You will find
it on one of these pages and recognize it on account of
its great merit.
' 15-Seniors plant a tree so that they will not be forgotten.
18--Mr. R. has a birthday. ,
19-A. D. has a hair-cut and W. E. wears a White collar.
' 20-First choral practice.
21-Pupil-I did not have time to get my lesson last night.
Teacher-Am I to blame for that?
' 22-Nothing doing.
- 25, 26, 27- Seniors work very industriously f?J At their
maps in Miss John's room.
28-Oh by the way-Ask Bill if he missed her.
29-Some Seniors attend the Library opening and ad-
journ to a fudge eating contest. Who Won?
6onfri6uZ'ions fiom Die faculty
Miss J oHN :-Some things are too poetic for
WESTON :-They want an eight day hour 1 that
would be going some.J
Prof. Fouts is somewhat ofa bowler. "O Fudge!
I rolled off."
Prof. Bryant believes in going to a dry goods
store for trousers.
PAULUS:-"Andrew Jackson's mother died at
the age of seven."
Prof. Critzer said of Dowie's 90 mile an hour
ride on the P. F. that he qDowieJ was compar-
ing his speed to that of Elijah on his ascent to
heaven in the fiery chariot.
Miss HoFs'rE'r'rER:-The American peolple
have more bustle about them, than any ot er
A little from each.
MAHLA:-This turning down business has to
Education sometimes broadens but more often
leaves us short-Ely.
E. A. I have too many feet.
He wrote the vision of Sir Longfellow-A
His mother was alearnd woman as well as his
- Ask N. H. if she likes to dream about Bill.
W. S. M. has discontinued his lectures to the
kindergarten on Mormonism.
Ethel W. likes yellow Howers.
D. T. in reference to a certain girl. "Gee! she's
a funny duck."
Prof. Paulus picking up a book and throwing
it on the floor. "There is my naked breast."
' Wes Miller said that "Love was the best feel-
ing he ever had."
MR. FRANCIS EDGAR MAHLA: Esquire
CAPT. G. H. S. Prack Team
Please consider my humble self a candidate
for your track team. I am an exceptionally fast
and slow runner a magnificent pole-vaulter and
high jumper and in the weights I am out of
sight. Hoping this review of myself will be
Yours forever and ever
Courtland Burget Meuser.
Q:-"How did Bacon protect his troops when
he marched on Jamestown?"
A. D:-"He put some of Berkley's wives in
front of him."
P. G:-"Longfellow's father was a leading
lawyer of Mass."
Miss J :-Where did he practice?"
P. G:-In Portland, Me."
Q:-Does Susie smoke?
A:-Ask Prof. Bryant.
Perpetual motion has at last been discovered:
Miss John's head.
Miss Weston claims that the winters of Asia
are warm and the summers are cold.
Anyone knowing the whereabouts of "Sam
Hill" please inform Courtland Meuser.
Russia:-He has eaten the apple.
Miss W:-Why is the verb "has eaten" tran-
Reuse:-Because it affects the subject.
THE FREsHMEN:-A lot of animated prunes.
MIss W:-"Were did Howe go after the
evacuation of Boston?"
C. M :-"To Halifax."
Miss J:-t'What was the great sorrow of
A. D:-f'He never got married."
Miss W:-"Compare far."
MABLE :-"Far farther farthest."
Miss W: "How else may it be compared."
MABLEZ-LLFEF and near."
Miss JOHN, fto the seniors :B-"I was tempted
to ask if this was the kindergarten."
Miss J :-What famous friendship have we in
R. H. R:-"Damon and Pythias."
ENID:-"I think those are the same."
Miss J:-"That's because you don't see the
Reese:-Per ora novem: for nine months.
" Nuda gemi: bare to the knee.
DEAN:-Epluribus unumg One more.
MAHLAZ-UIIl8H'S abscendere vistum: Threw
his vest from his shoulders.
MAHLA :-The birds foliageg tying her hair in
a knot of gold: call on the gods with her hair
REESE :-Maneat nostros ea cura nepotis: Let
that future care remain to our ancestors.
Miss JOHN :-Translate "I wish I had more
EFFIE :-Vellem haberem plures liberos" fl
Wish I had more children.J
Miss J :-fReferring to the tense of the verb!
'LIS that a wish possible of fulfillment?"
A. F. 'ro F. E. M:-i'Stark you ought to get
another dog to teach this one how to bark."
A favorite east end dish: "Pickle Beet."
W. E :-"Wes I've got you beat."
W. E:-"I've turned Mormon. I took four
different girls home this past week.
The origin ofthe word is to be found in the "oratory" or place of prayer, where these compositions were first performed.
The oratorio had its origin from San Filippo Neri, who in his chapel, after sermons in order to allure young people to
pious ofiices. and to retain them from earthly pleasures, had hymns, psalms and prayers sung by one or more voices.
ln tracing its evolutionary stages, its root will be found in miracle plays, which were instituted for the purpose of im-
pressing Biblical events in symbolical form, upon the earthly converts to the Christian church.
These presentations were entirely dramatic in character, and their subjects, though always sacred, were often grotesque-
ly treated and sometimes verged on buftoonery.
The representations were usually given in the nelds or streets and sometimes on the water. The very highest digni-
taries of the church did not disdain to act in these plays.
The ballet played a prominent part in the first stage of early oratorios, and the passion music the second. '
Hayden was sixty-five years of age when he undertook the great work of his life, "The Creation." lt was begun in
1796 and finished in 1798. It was first performed in private in Schwartzenberg Palace, Berlin, April 29, 1798, and first in
public in the National Theatre, March 19, 1799. Haydn's last appearance in public was at a performance of "The Creation"
ln June, 1900, the Galion Choral Society assisted by the High School, presented "The Creation" with Earnest Gamble,
Bassog George Hodges, Tenor, and Nlrs. Leo Long Todd, Soprano, with Miss Nell Wemple accompanist. This was a decided
The "Messiah" was written by Handel, it was begun August 22, 1741 ,and finished September 14. It was first performed
in Dublin, lreland, Tuesday, April 3, 1742. The parts were taken by Signora Avolio, Mrs. Cibbers and Messrs Church and
Galion Choral Society and High School gave the "Messiah" June, 1901, with Gwilim Miles, Basso, Ross Maynard, Tenor,
Mrs. Miles, Contralto, and our own Mrs. Todd, Soprano. Miss Grace P. Knoble, Accompanist.
Judas Maccabaeus was written by Handel, in 32 daysg between July 9, 1746, and August 11. It was performed at Con-
cert Garden April, 1747, and was repeated six times that year. In June, 1902, supported by Doctor Dufft, Bassog Evan
Williams, Tenorg Mrs. Elder, Contralto,an.l Nlrs. Todd, Soprano, the same societies gave Judas Maccabaeus, with Miss
Knoble again accompanying. This was a great success.
"Elijah," the most admired of Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's works, was begun in i840 and finished in 1846. It was
first performed in Birmingham on August 26,1846.
Under the directorshg of Prof. W. H Critzer, the "Elijah" was given in June, 1903, by the societies, and the Southern
Opera House Orchestra of olumbus,assisted by Doctor Dufft, Ross Maynard, Nlrs. Miles and Mrs.Todd,all of whom had won
great praise in former productions and are always appreciated by Galion audiences, accompanist Miss Ethelyn Reisinger.
This year we repeated the Creation May 12 and the Messiah May 13, with Dr. Dutft, Dr. lon Jackson, Miss Cully and
Mrs. Todd, the accompanist being one of our own High School girls, Miss Sadie Gottdiener lt was as great a success as the
productions of previous years.
The success of the music in Galion during the past tive years is due to the untiring efforts of Prof. William Hood
Critzer, who has labored faithfully in bringing our music up to the standard and making Galion famous along that line.
Let us hope that the success of the music in the Galion Public Schools may continue to improve in the future as it has
THE LECTIJRE COURSE
The High School as well as the community at large has had the privilege of hearing some of the best lecturers that are
on the platform today. We also have had the pleasure of attending a number of excellent concerts Mr. DeMotte in his
illustrated lecture "The Harp of the Senses, or the Secret of Character Building" is worthy of special mention. The Kath-
erine Ridgway Concert Co. made quite it hit with the representative audience. lt was probably the best that has been heard
in Galion for a number of years.
There is a great amount of pleasure and education to be derived from this Lecture Course. lt gives the citizens of
Galion a good opportunity for an evenings' enjoyment. lt also brings us in contact with some of the most learned and
polished speakers of our country. lt is considered a treat by our citizens and by the pupils of the public schools. The
crowded opera house which always greets the different numbers throughout the course is a reliable confirmation of this
The high standard of the Lecture Course is maintained chiefly through the efforts of Prof. Guinther and the Faculty.
The High School pupils dis play their appreciation of this honest endeavor, in their be half at the beginning of each school
year. When Supt. Guinther puts the question before the students, whether they want a lecture course or not, it is carried in
the affirmative bya unanimous vote.
Through this medium, permit us to thank the citizens of Galion for their liberal patronage,which makes it possible that
we have a good Lecture Course.
The class of 1904 has enjoyed the b-nefits of the course for the past four years, and it is our ardent wish that the High
School Lecture Course will be considered a necessity rather than a luxury.
in the past.
, ,f. , .,
' - ,fm .f"'-1 ,, .
It was by the hard and continuous struggle of
Capt. I-Iackedorn and several of the remaining
players of last yea.r's team, that Galion High suc-
ceeded in forming a foot ball team. There were but
very few who knew anything about the game, and
they went to work with a will and a determination
to make the best of it. In time they learned to
think and work together and at last the eleven
moved as one piece of machinery, every one doing
his part in unison with the others.
At first we had no fleld to practice on, but we
succeeded in getting a field on Gill Ave.
The first game we played was a practice one
with the East Enders, they were non-experienced
players,which made it hard to find out just whrattiour
strength really was, but the game was a'v1cWEggfor
J G. H. S., the score being.27 to OI ,,, ,
Our next contest occurred at Shelby .between
Shelby High and G. H. S., two well matched teams.
Although they had a coach and a good Held to
practice on, they could not defeat the old reliable
Gr. H. S. The game was called at five o'clock,after
a long and hard struggle. The ball was carried in
the last half by Galion to Shelby's one yard line,
where the game was called on account of darkness.
'The next game was also played at Shelby, and
as Galion had had too much hallowelen for the
three preceeding nights, we were defeated 20 to 0.
'Then came the flnal game of' the seasongit was
played at home and we were full of confldenceg
A , had lots of cheering and encouragement to back us
A 1 and with one exception it was merely a matter of
how many touchdowns we could make before time
would be called. We succeeded in making four
- touchdowns and kicking three goals, making in
all a score of 23 to 0.
i g 'V W 1, The season was opened wlth a full schedule,but
HOWARD HACKEDORN. five games were cancelled,which was very much re-
Captain Foot Ball Team. gl-etted by us,
' The team was given a supper by Prof. T. E. Paulus, which was enjoyed by all, the feature of the
eveningbeing the toasts.
FOOT BALL. SCORES:
1Fa,rnSW0rth, 1 e, G. H. S- 27, E. E. A. C. 0-
' 'Meuser, lt. G. H. S. 0, S. H. S. 0.
'flgffp 4Mil1er, l g. G. H. S. 0, S, H. S. 20.
" 'Christman, c. 'G. H. S. 23, S. H. S. 0.
'Green r g. - -
"Snyder, r t. . 50 20
'Elser, r e.
"Pitkin, q b.
fHackedorn, 1Capt.J 1 h b.
'Diamo11d, r h b.
"Meuser, f b
- 'Porter Subs.
'Awarded "G's." '
tl ' l Rx if
- H 0
BASKET BALL .
Capt. Basket Ball Team
The foot ball season having been closed, the
next thing which occupied the minds of the G. H.
S. athletics, was, whether to have a basket ball
team or not. A meeting of the Athletic Association
was then called and the question was brought be-
fore the association and discussed. It was finally
decided to have one, and a captain and manager
were elected. Abasket ball was bought and the
candidates for the team tried. ,The first game was
a practice game with Co. L, 8th 0. N. G. Owing to
lack of practice and the game being new to the
majority of the players, the High School lost.
After this the team played several games with
Co. L, but managed to suffer defeat each time.
During the Christmas holidays a game was played
with a team composed of some of the alumni, and
again we went down to defeat. During all this time
we were allowed to practice in the Armory, the
only suitable place in town, about once a month or
whenever Co. L were willing to let us. The first
game with an out of town team was with Marion
High School, the Marion team proved too much for
the G. H. S. team and again we .met defeat by a
score of 56 to 5. In this game it was conclusively
shown that all the G. H. S. team lacked was prac-
tice. We next went to Mansfield and played the
High School team of that city. Here we met still
greater defeat, the score being 89 to 16. Then Mar-
ion came to Gallon, and this time we improved on
our playing somewhat and were defeated by a score
of 26 to 6. Then Co. L decided that they would no
longer allow us to play in the Armory, and we had
to cancel the return game with Mansfield. Though
we lost every game it was not entirely due to the
fault of the players, but our lack of practice. There
are probably just as many good basket ball players
in the G. H. S. as in other schools but they cannot
be developed when there is no place' to practice.
It is to be hoped that next year the G. H. S. team will find a place in which to play and redeem
itself by defeating all its opponents.
Diamond, L. F.
Marsh, R. F.
C. Meuser, Capt., C.
H. Meuser, R. G.
Hackedorn, L. G.
G. H. S. 5-Marion H. S. 36
G. H. S. 17-Mansfield H. S189
G. H. S. 6-Marion H. S. 26
BASKET BALL TEAM
ALLIE DIAMOND, Captain Base Ball Team
BA SE BALL
Reese, s. s. '
H. Meuser, c.
Diamond, 1Capt.J p.
Pitkin, r. f.
Talbott, 1 b.
James, 3 b.
C. Meuser, c. f.
Bair, 1. f.
The national game, Base Ball, is enjoying a
great amount of popularity in most colleges and
high schools. G. H. S. is no exception to the rule.
More spirit has been aroused for the game because
we have had a winning nine.
The team of 1903 made an enviable record by
losing just one game, and at present the nine of
1904 bids fairly well to repeat the performance.
The makeup is about the same as last year, and
there is noticed a great improvement as far as bat-
ing is concerned.
Everyone is taking an interest in the game, and
if we lose a contest we have just one complaint-
lack of practice.
Through the kindness of the Board of Educa-
tion we have secured a field upon which to practice.
Though very rough and uneven, it answers the
We can win ball games, but when it comes to
making our games a financial success we are want-
ing. An enclosed fleld, shall ever be the slogang
and not until then can that game, or any other, be
placed upon a paying basis. The nine of 'Ol appre-
ciates the support given them by every loyal admirer
of Gr. H. S. All the games must be played at Secca-
ium Pa.rk,and this is a drawback on the attendance.
At a meeting of the Athletic Association, Allie
Diamond was elected Captain. By his efforts he
has developedagood team, and he has been the
mainstay of the team through his fine pitching.
Hugh Meuser was elected manager, and that he
has done his work faithfully is well known. l
The following is the schedule he has arranged:
April 23-G. H. S. 2, B. H. S. l
April 30-G. H. S. 5, C. H. S. 2
May 7-G. H. S. 7, C. H. S. ll
May 14-G. H. S. vs. Shelby H. S.
May 21-G. H. S. at Shelby Tournament
May 28-G. H. S. vs. Shelby H. S.
June 4-G. H. S. vs. Faculty
NVELL 'ITVH EISVEI
G. H. S. TRACK TEAM.
At a meeting of the athletic association in the
spring of 1903 it was decided to organize a track
team to represent G. H. S. at Mansfield and other
places. Gayle Dull was elected captain and Rod-
ney Reese manager.
We received invitations from several places to
take part in the field meets, but accepted only two
of these invitations.
Captain Dull was determined to get more fellows
and thus make a better showing than did the pre-
vious team. He started early in the season and
succeeded in getting a large number of candidates
to try for various events. They did very well, con-
sidering their limited advantages.
The first meet took place at Oberlin on Decora-
tion Day, May 30th. Our team, accompanied by
several rooters, went to Oberlin. They found the
track in fine condition but the weather was very
cold, which greatly dampened the ardor and en-
thusiasm of the meet, Of the eleven teams entered
Galion won third place, Oberlin getting first and
South High of Cleveland second. Both these teams
had distinct advantages over us, in the way of flne
trainers: more men and good tracks on which to
practice. G. H. S. did very well considering the
few participants and advantages. Spires of Oberlin
was the hero of the day, he alone scoring twelve
points for his school. Edgar Mahla of G. H. S. was
second, scoring six points. Gayle Dull won second
in the quarter mile, second in the broad jump and
third in the pole vault. Edgar Mahla won first in
the two mile and third in the half mile run. Allie
Diamond won third in the high jump.
Medals wer given for first place only, so Mahla
was the only one to bring back a medal from Oberlin.
The next meet took place at Mansfield, June
9th. In this meet G. H. S. had a good representa-
tion and intended to carry off the pennant for first
place as a school, but we found that the Mansfield team had several new sprinters, and was a great
deal stronger than the year before, so Galion had to be satisfied with second place.
Our team was accompanied by a large crowd of rooters, who were much pleased with the meet.
Dull succeeded in getting second in the quarter mile run and second in the pole vaultg Allie Dia-
mond first in the high jump and second in the broad jumpg Arlington Jacobs second in the shot put,
and Edgar Mahla third in the half mile run. Gold medals were given for firsts, silver for seconds and
bronze for thirds. The Mansfield team gave the participating teams a fine reception at the High
School in the eveningg here the medals were distributed and aprogram rendered by some of the pupils
EDGAR MAHLA, Captain of Track Team.
of the Mansfield High School. A. J. FREESE.
Q ATHLETIC RECORDS OF G. H. S.
100 Yard Dash Dull 10 2-5 s. 1 Mile Run Mahla 5 min. 10 s.
220 U " Mahla 23 3-5 2 'L " Mahla 11 min. 4-5 s.
440 " " Mahla 53 2-5 s. Pole Vault Dull 9 feet 4 in.
880 " " Dull 2 min 14 s Shot Put 16 lb. Diamond 29 feet 9 in.
Running Broad Jump Diamond 19 feet 7 in 220 Yard Hurdles Diamond 29 4-5 s.
Running High " Diamond 5 feet 6 in
Relay Team-Mahla, Meuser, Reese, Dull. Time 4 min. 23 s.
'FRA CK TEA M
"All the world's a stage,"says Avon's Bard, "and each
man in his time plays many partsg his acts bring seven ages.
The class of '04 now grouped for the closing scene of the
second act,may well be proud of the ability it has displayed,
and feel that it has made some preparation for the acts yet
to follow in "The Great Drama of Life." Nations, men
and actors all have histories, and the class of '04 may be
pardoned for pointing with pride to its history, of four
years of mental labors in the G. H. S.
To fully recount its achievements, its victories, upon
the athletic field, its succesees in oratorical contests and
class rivelries, demands an abler pen than mine, while to
chronicle its aspirations, its elation over success in master-
ing knotty problems, or its despondency over failures,
would demand an Emersonian intellect, but to measure
the gas or kerosene it consumed in midnight study, would
be to "render possible the impossible."
With the opening of the school, the year ending
with '00, this clsss, now fam Jus in its own estimation at
least, strong in uumber, but weak in knee, brave in seem-
ing, but coward at heart, smiling in face, but tearful in se-
cret, and Ohl so badly scared, entered the Chapel of the
West School building, and began its work in the four year
The noble, numerous and nonsensical resolutions,men-
tally made as we entered upon the session and faced our
instructors have been in a large degree, like soap bubbles,
very transient, but l hear the printer growl "Boi. it Down."
ln the year of our Freshness, we felt that we could ap-
preciate the feelings of the lions when Daniel made his
historical call upon them, as we were overawed by the
combined wisdom of the other classes and felt the
absolute need of the attendance of the entire faculty, at
our first class meeting. The most important event of our
class was the farewell reception to Prof. C. G. Olney, who
had endeared himself to the entire school, and was now
breaking the ties to enter upon new duties, in new fields.
With the close of the school year, our freshness had been
cast aside with our timidity, and when the class entered
upon its Sophomore year, it was smaller in number, but
what it lacked in that respect it made up in "Bigness of
Head." No doubt the instructures noted our increasing
self-confidence, and deplored the fact that we were exceed-
Though fewer in number we were stronger in resolu-
tions, as was evidenced by our .brave boys, hoisting the
Orange and Black to the top of the mast on the Wheel-
works building, where the class colors defiantly fluttered
in every breeze, and dared Junior and Freshlnan alike, to
pull them down.
Wei began to develop in social quality that
year,and the girls gave a New Year reception for the boys.
We also took a long sleigh-ride one wintry night to the
home of Miss Sonnett west of New Winchester, and were
"Very Good," returning early, 5:30 A. M. The boys
tendered the girlsa return reception, at the hospital home
of Mr. Flickinger in March. Yet more enjoyable was the
Oratorical Contest in which we shone so brightly, Miss
McManes taking first honor in recitation.
Laying aside the "Soph." but still a little f'Sopht," we
came hack the third year, fewer in number but strongerin
determination and glad to resume our studies.
We adopted a constitution this year and were honored
by our fellow classes who termed us Constitutional Law-
This year another of our instructors heard the song of
the Siren wooing him away to other scenes, Prof. H. N.
Wheaton had harkened to the strains and left us exceeding
sorrowful as he had made the study of science very inter-
esting, athough we had been taking Physics two years for
our brains. He was succeeded by Prof. Scott, and we pro-
gressed so rapidly that soon there were some of the mem-
bers, who did not feel the need of attendance at recitation,
and were politely requested to remain in the Chapel. We
also made the acquaintance of Prof. Leland Nichols,our new
instructor in elocution.
We were represented in the preliminary contest ani
then inthe oratorical contest with Mt. Gilead, and were
proud of our contestants, but, "Of all sad words of tongue
or pen, the saddest are these, it might have been."
Then at the close of the year occurred the "Reception
of Receptions," the farewell to the class of '03. Brilliant
and entrancing, delighting and delightful, not exclusively,
"A Feast of Reason and Flow of Soul," but sparkling with
wit and repartee, more or less, "Hot Air." and a floating of
soles over the waxed floor of the Armory and the night
waxed and waned until "The sma hours,""Ayout the twat."
When school opened last September we laid aside our
youth and became old, for were we not Seniors? For
proof see how our ranks hrve decimated! But twenty-six
remained of our once large number. More than 60 per
cent of our class has deserted our colors, some by remov-
al, others engaging in active duties of life. A few felt the
keen edge of the examination axe," and Hgave up the
Qschooll g11ostg" while three of our fairest maies went into
How diligently we have striven during the past nine
months, how assidulously we have studied, and how dig-
nitied we have been, for we felt the weight of yearsg and
realized the responibility, that rested upon us as the sages
of the G. H. S.,where so many Juniors, Sophs. and Freshies.
daily gathered and looked up to us as representatives of
the wisdom collected and assimilated by over three years
of strenuous mental efforts.
This school year we have been under the care of new
instructors, Prof. C. E. Bryant, and Prof. T. E. Paulus, and
our recitations have been very plersant and profitable.
And our good "Aunt Lou" was promoted to the high
school, after many years in the Grammar grades and we
rejoiced at her promotion
Our 6:st class meeting was very interesting as we
elected new officers and editors of our "Annual." Under
the presidency of Mr. Edgar Mahla, all of our class meet-
ing have been noted for their business-like methods, and
decorous proceedings. We have become harmonious and
united in spirit as becoming to a class, which has met
daily for years. We observed "Arbor Day," plantinga tree
in the south west corner of the Campus,and hope that as it
grows and embellishes the landscape, so may our class live
and develop in the world, making it better and brighter.
And now as l hear the warning note, t. at the curtain
is about to decend, upon the last scene in our second
"Act," let us hope that the future historians will not be
called upon to record any tragedy or vaudeville for the
Cass of '04, but may it have a reason: able amount of
comedy in its rendition of the "Drama of Life."
It was a beautiful morning in May when I started on a trip to the St.
Louis Exposition. I took an early train. As the sun shone on the trees
and meadows they glistened like "Diamonds," there being a heavy dew the
night before. The birds were singing in the trees, but one, especially, attract-
ed my attention, and I found it to be a "Lark-worthy" of its name. As I was
scanning the faces of the many passengers in the car I noticed one that look-
ed familar, and when she smiled and came forward I recognized my friend
"Carrie Lanius." After a brief conversation we found that each was on the
same journey. We stopped at "Anderson" for lunch. Our hostess was very
clever and looked after our welfare in a very charming manner. We afterwards
learned her name was "Ricksecker." We traveled all night and on the fol-
lowing morning stopped at "Wilson," which was a beautiful city. We de-
decided to spend a day or two with our old friend, Miss "Cronenwett." After
an early dinner, accompanied by our friend, we took a car and rode about the
city. We noticed the beauty and neatness of the "Holmes," and were de-
lighted with the place. On our return trip we passed a large mill, the two
"Millers" standing in the door. They called to us as we passed. Early the
following morning our friend said we must visit "Gled Hill," which we found
to be a pile of most beautifully colored rock, with green vines trailing over
it. We traveled through the forest and soon noticed a small cabin surround-
ed by bushes and small trees. We made our way through the neglected path
to the door. We found the sole occupant to be a sharp-faced, grizzled old
man, who glared at us as we stopped at the open door, with such a fierce ex-
pression that We decided to continue our journey. So we bade him farewell,
We afterwards learned that he was a "Meuser," and had quantities of gold
hid in his cabin. We then decided to climb the mountains, which were not
very high. When we were about half way up the side we noticed a dark and
shady nook, called "Grin Dell." Upon entering we found it to be covered
with the most beautiful and rarest of flowers. We plucked a few and started
og, but the cold mountain air chilled us, so we decided not to go any farther,
as we thought we would "Freese." As we were very tired we made the de-
scent rather slowly. Returning home in a heavy rain, we noticed a small
cabin close to the road, so we drove up and were about to enter, when to our
surprise. we saw there was a "Barr" across the door. So we were obliged to
seek shelter "ElsefrJ" where. The storm being over, we returned home.
That evening we went to the opera house, to hear the "Paul E. Guinther"
concert company. The basso attracted our attention and we afterwards
learned his name was "Reef-ze." We were also impressed with the solos of
the soprano singer, "Miss Kincaid." We returned home and pronounced
the evening well spent. The next day we started on our journey to the
Exposition City. We later stopped at "Shuls," which was a beautiful little
town, the streets being very neat and clean. We went to the "Jones" hotel
and secured lodging. That evening we learned that two of our old friends,
Misses "Poister" and "Flanery," were living in the city, so we decided to
call on them in the morning. In the afternoon we drove out into the country
about a mile and a half to visit "Pitkin" Gulch. We returned to our room
in the evening very tired. The next day we took the 9:30 train for St. Louis,
and decided not to make any more stops. We arrived there about 5:30 p. m.,
and secured rooms at the "Mahla" House. While seated at the supper table,
we heard someone talking. We thought we recognized the voice, and upon
looking around, saw the bright face of our old friend 'tMiss Ely." She came
rward and greeted us very cordially, and we became very warm friends
' uring our stay, which lasted during the summer months, and we returned
me well pleased with our trip. , JESSIE EDNA BARR.
"I count life just the stuff
To try the soul's strength on, educe the man."
Bmwningk-"In a Balcony. "
'LSO take and use thy workg
Amend what flaws may lurk,
What strain o' the stuff, what warpings past the aim!
My times be in thy hand!
Perfect the cup as planned!
Let age approve of youth, and death complete the
Browningds-"Rabbi Ben Ezra."
Let not your soulls desire be ease in life,
But arm yourself and be a warrior true,
Fear not the battle's brunt of noble strife,
Then if defeat befalls you, strike anew!
You must not care for what the world may say,
But prove that you are made of sterner stuffg
The warrior's lost who falters in the fray,
And fears to meet and overcome rebuff.
To fall, then quickly rise-gives strength and power,
Thrice renewed, to struggle for the light,
To him who measures every passing hour .
Comes wisdom, faith, and will to do the right.
All life is justa scheme to try the soul,
And make it perfect-O, how brief the span !-
To strive to reach beyond and touch the Goal-
This is the end of life-the work of man.
Then take the means that God to you has given,
To strive, to seek, to Hnd, to serve his bent,-
To live and strive as never you have striven
To be, of Him, a mirror as was meant.
'Twas planned that thou shouldst be the cup-
A consummate vessel of heaven,--with all
Of joy, of faith, and all of good filled up,
To be kept so, no matter what befall.
Thou wilt not thwart thy good Father's design,
He's infinitely good and loves you so,
And has done so much for thee and thine,
That you'll surely welcome, not grudge, tl1e tnroe.
Do not use life for your pleasure only,
Nor wanting be in love toward your king
But comfort the poor, the sad, the lonely,-
Help all to rise above reproach and sin.
With joys and sorrows the years they come and gog
They prompt us to long for that better sky,
Which, as lifels shadows close over us, lo!-
Grows ever brighter to the longing eye.
The first of life was used to best advantage:
The last of life for which the first was made,
Now closes over you, and the last page
Of Life's book is open to light, n'er to fade.
1 EDNA M. FLANERY.
"N OT X7ET." ,
Ten years had passed and it was the summer of 1914
before the class of 1904 again assembled to celebrate the
anniversary of that memorable day, June 10, 1904, when
the G. H. S., to the sorrow of the lower classmen and in-
consolable grief of the faculty, pourd fourth into the wait-
ing world her most talented, and, as time had shown, the
most worthy product of her efforts.
The place, where this renowned class now met, was at
the home of Miss Ruby Pitkin,a successful author, just
returned to rest and escape the excessive clamor of the
public, which she found at times wearisome.
As we had not seen many of our classmates for sev-
eral years, my friend, Dorothy Shuls, now an expert pho-
tographer, traveling far and wide, collecting pictures for
up-to-date magazines and journals of the day, and my-
self entered the dwelling with mingled emotions of joy and
fear-to Gnd that we were the tirst to arrive, an occnrence
not unusual in the days of old when we had those awe-
iispiring class meetings. After exchanging hearty greet-
ings with our friends, awaiting the rest of our classmates,
we naturally fell to talking of them and what they were en-
gaged in at the present time.
'-Have you seen our new college yet?" said Ruby.
"Ours?" exclaimed Dorothy. "Yes," replied Ruby, "l think
we may call it ours, for Paul Guinther designed it and
Arthur Freese built it, Lizzie Ricksecker and Carrie Lanius
are instructers in domestic science, Clara fmiller is at the
head of the Physical Culture depavtment, and Rose lla
"President," and looking up we saw the two dignified
ladies who had entered unannounced, and whom we knew
could be no other than our old classmates, Ethel Wilson
and Enid Anderson. "We can be proud of our college, for
the buildings and grounds are the most beautiful and con-
venient in the state: that it will soon be the best college
along all lines in this part of the U. S. isa fact that no one
can deny, for lla makes a splendid president."
"Agreed" said Ruby. "But speak for yourself, John.
What are you doing?"
"l" said Enid 'fam traveling with the Empire Concert
Co., as soprano soloist." "lt is the tinest company of its
kind in the United States, and only the best are admitted.
Hence our friend," added Ethel.
"Who is telling this?" Interrupted Enid, severely.
"But l'll have revenge. Ethel is a splendid artist. Her
last painting took tirst prize ot the Paris Exposition."
"Change the subject," said Ethel. t'Naomi Holmes is
impersonator and Rodney Reese bass soloist, and Ethel
Kincaid pianist in the same company with Enid. They
were on the High School Lecture Course this year."
"Yes, and so was Edna Flanery," said Enid. "She
lectured on "A Nation's Power," and many people say she
is the best lecturer that has ever been in Galion."
Just then the door-bell rang and who should enter but
Edna Flanery and Ethel Kincaid, the very objects of our
conversation. "Have you seen Clara Cronenwett and
Edith Poister, yet?,' was the first thing they said. "They
have a fine ranch out in the west, and said they wanted us
all to come out and visit them. The hospitality of their
home is always open to their old friends."
"And think of it," added Ethel Kincaid. "They lasso
and brand the cattle themselves. Imagine"-But just here
the door-bell rang again and two more members of the
mighty class of 1904 entered."
"Beholdl" cried Edna "The two most efficient lawyers
of the east, Meuser and Diamond, formerly 'Bruce' und 'Joe'
of the G. H. S. And there is Edgar Nlahla, too, the re-
nowned editor of the St. Louis World. But where is
Wesley Miller and Wilbur Elser?"
'-Wesley Miller will be here before the evening is over.
Heis captain of a large ocean steamer, but he still spends
much of his vacation in looking after his old hobby, the
Kindergarten. Judge Elser of the Supreme Court of the
state of Ohio is here now," remarked Edgar, "and as he
spoke our hostess ushered in a tall stout gentleman, in
whom, in spite of change, we recognized our former class-
mate, Wilbur Elser.l'
"Well, what has become of Mable Jones, Jessie Barr
and Tacy Gledhill?" asked some one.
"They are hlling high positions in the world, like the
rest of our class." was the answer. "Mabel's poems have
brought her great fame and she is spoken of as the sec-
ond Nlrs. Browning. Jessie Barr some years ago volun-
teered to go as teacher to the Phillippines and has now
risen to the position of Superin.endent.of tke Manila Pub-
lic Sshools, while Tacy Gledhill has the leading part in
Viva Larkworthy's latest play, 'Blue or Gold,' a play which
rivals those of Shakespeare in dramatic power."
Soon all the guests had arrived and the class of '04
was permitted for one brief evening to enjoy the privilege
of being reunited again and e'er each took his homeward
way he looked upon the others remembering them as they
once were amd now seeing them so changed, so thoughtful
and serious, each, communing in his heart, cries in the
ecstacy of his joy and pride: "Can it be possible?"
EFFIE B. ELY
Musir from Opera, " When johnny Comes Ilflarclzing Home."
In number We're just eighteen,
But we have the reputation
Of studying hard and shunning boys
In every occupation.
Now, even from our class affairs
And we worry not a bit,
We love to give the icy stare
And hand the frosty mit.
Oh, boys, poor turned down boys.
Oh, girls, Wherefore so cruel!
'Twas just for a bluff that we did it
We never meant it for harm.
Then we will gladly forgive you,
And call it a false alarm.
Oh, how exceedingly kind you are
To thus forget and forgive!
ls it so?
It is so.
We are the brightest crowd,
So profs and teachers say,
That e'er into a text book gazed '
And who will say them nay?
Among us there are business men,
And husky athletes of fame,
But all of us expect to win
A maiden fair, and name.
Our classmates we'1l ever remel ber.
And ou we'll ne'er for et.
This day is full of sadness
And sorrow and deep regret.
For we must a parting greeting
To schoolmates and teachers give.
But all of them we will remember
As long as We shall live.
That is so!
That is so!
RODNEY H. RRESE
ig '3 f, f
ROSE ILA GRINDELL
PA UL EME RSON GUI NTHER
Q? ij! 'CW-Yfgf'Y'JfQ!l1Ih.ti ' '1 Z1 V1
ALLIE D. DIAMOND
CLA R A MT LLE R
VVESLE Y MILLER
'fff'!v:'1fxf'w-.f::qf75Q " 'iwwgfw-Swwmfmv'
NAOM I HOLMES
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COU RTLAND MEUSER
F. EDGA N MA HLA
RODN EY HARRIS REESE
,v l Y: .'
-Hr . ,X - W
J ESSTE BA RR
THE FUTURE OF THE CONVICT
We as Americans should be deeply inter-
ested in "The Future of the Convict." Business
men and employers shonld consider the treat-
ment of the convict as one of the most important
matters in the science of penology for it is with
them that the ultimate fate of the discharged
prisoner rests. The alarming increase of crime
in this country and the crowded condition of our
prisoners, show that something must be done to
stem this terrible current in the tide of vice.'
' The end to be attained by imprisonment is
not only the atonement for the transgression, but
also the reformation of the transgressor. It is
highly essential that legislative power direct the
law to reformation rather than to severity, and
that it be convinced the work of eradicating
crimes is not by making punishment familiar,
but formidable. We want no prisons which find
and make men guilty, which enclose wretches
for the commission or one crime, and return them,
fltted for the perpetration of thousands, we want
places of penitence and solitude, were the ac-
cused may be attended by such influences as can
give them repentence if guilty, or new motives
to virtue if innocent. But reformation in prison
without readaptation to society upon release is
as a house built upon sand, there is no stability.
Hence the importance of the treatment of the
Experienced prison workers tell us that in
the criminal, amid his unruly instincts, there is
a great amount of undeveloped gpod. It is true
that some criminals are found w o are yet unripe
for moral development or remoulding, but moral
and religious work among convictsg while they
are in prison, is not one of the most difficult tasks
no man is past the hour of amendment and every
heart is lying open to the shafts of reproof if the
archer could but take the proper aim. Earnest,
prudent, and unselfish moral ministratious are
not rejected by them, and zeal, tempered by good
sense, has worked wonderful results. It is
relatively easy to bring about in the convict
some change for the better, but the crucial point
that determines perseverance or failure, is met
soon after he has passed beyond the prison door.
How many of us ever stop to draw the line
of distinction between a criminal and a convict?
How many of us are free from susplicions when
brought in touch with a man disc arged from
prison? How few, indeed, have charity and a
sense of justice! How few realize that discharged
prisoners, however fallen, are still men, and as
such should have a good title to our affections!
Sympathy for the ex-convict, however, should
not be allowed to get the better of good judgment.
The majority that eventually reach our prisons
are persons of will power weakened by indulgence
to passions of various kinds, lacking in so idity
of character, not manly in training for ideals of
morality, and heedless of the warning voice of
religion. Not but that all of us, having been
born in original sin. bear a taint of similar in-
fection and how many. of us might not be in
prison if benign environment had not hindered
the spread of this infection!
In regard to after treatment of prisoners,
whether paroled or not, Switzerland serves as an
admirable model. Switzerland has fourteen
societies for discharged convicts, with a central
committee in the chief city of each canton, and
having district committees or corresponding
members that carry the spirit of philanthropy
into the smallest borough. The extension of aid
to tl1e discharged prisoner is made not through
money, but through work and personal sympathy,
counsel and interest. The prisoner can bo
brought into touch with these workers before he
leaves the plrison. The commitees seek for him a
patron, a c aritable and unselfish man or woman
chosen to be friend, guide, and counsellor to the
discharged convict. To this patron is committed
the work of directing the prisoner in the right
way, of following his career until he has estab-
lished a- reputation for himself. Thus direct,
personal influence has an immense scope. The
patron either reconciles the prisoner to his family
and friends or seeks a place of employment and
endeavors to create new surroundings for his
protege. These societies have diffused amon
the public more just ideas in regard to liberateg
prisoners and made the people understand that
it is for their interest to associate in this work.
Employers willingly admit such men for there
is the suveillance of the patron and further, the
societies' guarantee to bear all losses caused by
the ex-prisoner. It is a remarkable fact that,
in twenty-three years the societies have had no
expenditures on this account. Reconvictious
are remarkably rare. In one of the cantons
statistics for three consecutive years show that
the highest number of reconvictious in one year
was fifteen out of three hundred and sixty or
about four per cent.
Why can we not, in our own country, es-
tablish ourselves on similar lines? Surely
philanthropy, the love of our fellowmen, is not
rare among us. The many organizations tha t
exist throughout the land for the help of the
distressed and defective, show that charity is
not dead, but leads a vigorous life. Why can
there not be more organizations for the benefit
of the delinquent? Great strides are being made
in reforlnatory work, why shall not more be
done in lines of re-establishment of prisoners in
society? Have we not many men and women of
means, devotedness, and leisure that could take
up patronage of men and women from state
prison and penitentiary? Surely there are those
who believe "that the heart buried in a dun-
geon is as precious as that seated upon a throneg
that creatures whose souls are held as dross,
need only the hand of a reflnerg and these
creatures might, if properly treated, serve to
view the state in times of danger, that as their
faces are like ours, their hearts are so too, that
few minds are so base that perseverance cannot
amend them, that a man may see his last crime
without dying for it, and that very little blood
will serve to cement our security." Surely those
who believe these things will take u-p the cause
of "The Future of the Convict."
EDNA AYRES FLANERY.
THE PRGMISED LAND
Amid the pomp and splendor of Ancient
Egypt, surrounded by luxury and wealth but
not partakers of it, lived a people down trodden
and oppressed, although the descendants and
kindred of Joseph the greatest benefactor of
the nation, yet treated as serfs by an ungrateful
and heartless people.
In spite of their surroundings and the arduous
labor required of them under the frequent lash-
ing of the task master, hope did not die in the
breasts of this indomitable people, and looking
forward to the deliverance which they were sure
would come, they kept firm hold on their nation-
al life, and when Moses, that greatest of leaders,
was raised up from the very court of Pharaoh in
fulfillment of the promise to deliver them, they
followed him in the face of almost insurmount-
able difficulties, their goal being the "Promised
Land." Even the Red Sea did not daunt them,
but when the wate1's were divided they passed
fearlessly through the chasm which shortly ai te 1'-
ward became the tomb of their pursuers. Througn
desert wastes, mid famine and drought, even
when the deadly serpent brought death to
hundreds, yet they were steadfast in their pur-
pose of reaching the Promised Land.
Through their own weakness and disobedi-
ence they were delayed and often perhaps felt
that their efforts must end in failure, yet their
hope and courage did not fail them, and when,
after forty years of weariness and wandering
they reached the shores of the swollen nd im-
passable river Jordan, looking across to the
land 1'icl1 in its luxuriant vegetation and fertile
soil, they pressed forward literally into the
seething waters which ran from under their feet,
and they passed through on dry land, after years
of weary wandering, into the haven of rest.
Moses and his people lived thousands of
years ago, yet the same spirit dominates men in
our day, and evei'y period of the worldls history
has known men of like energy of purpose in
overcoming the obstacles that might prevent
their attaining the ideal which they have set be-
When Columbus conceived the idea that it
would be possible to sail around the wo1'ld and
thus reach the East lndies, he was met with
scorn by the scholars of his time, and with the
jeers even of the ' children on the street. But
these obstacles only strengthened him in lgis
purpose to show to his country-men that what
they regarded a-1 an hallucination, was simply a
scientific fact. Columbus lived to realize his
lofty purpose and became the greatest discoverer
the world has ever known. For decades like a
mirage his Promised Land flitted before him,but
to yield him its secret at last.
lt was something of this spirit that led the
early settlers of this country to push farther and
farther westward, fearing neither the hardships
of frontier life or the threatenings of the red
men. Through dense forests and over wide
plains they pressed to the banks of theMis:-iissippi,
whose waters stayed the tide of immigration for
a time. But it was not many years before these
stout hearted, ambitious people had climbed the
Rockies, crossed the Great Desert, and dis-
covered the untold wealth of the Pacific Coast.
So it is with the attainment of eve1'y worthy
end for which humanity has ever striven. For
years upon years perhaps the ideal may live in
the imagination of the discoverer, the inventor,
the artist, before he can make it a reality. This
longing for an unrealized good is the main-
spring of effort. If man could not imagine
something better than he has, there would be
nothing to strive for, hence no progress in the
Of our great poets, each had an ideal which
he tried to realize in the pursuit of his art.
Among the works of each we can find a great
master piece which perhaps comes the nearest
to rea izing his ideal.
Great musicians we know had ideals which
they were striving to attain in their compositions,
and some of their most sublime passages have
merely come near realizing their dreams.
We all have an ideal in life, although many
times it may seem far beyond our reach. Even
the humblest, unless he be very old or discour-
aged, sees just out of reach something higher
and better which he must bend his efforts to
attain, if life is to seem worth living at all.
Often we become discouraged by our repeated
failures, but we should not allow this to turn us
from our purpo,-se. For in the words of Tennyson
"Men may rise on stepping stones
Of their dead selves to lngher things."
Those who are constant and determined in
their purpose will not be discouraged by an oc-
casional failure, but will persevere and in the
future are sure to wear the garland of success,
This spirit of energy and perseverance is what
we term Ambition. Ambition! What is Am-
bition? It is that desire, that eager longing,
which invigorates one with ever renewed
activity and life, inspires one in the endeavor to
meet the requirements of his high ideal. We read
that Ambition is the first sign board one meets
on the road to success. And though the path
leading to success is not always a smooth one,
the traveler meeting many obstacles to be over-
come, yet with his eyes fixed on the goal he
presses forward, forgetting his weariness in
anticipating the joy that will come to him when
he has secured the reward of his effort. But if
the goal toward which we are bending is such a
decisive factor in our lives, how inipo1'tant that
it be well chosen!
Since we are apt, as we approach nearer the
realization of our ideal, to raise its standard
higher and higher as added experience and
knowle dgr gives us a broader view of life, what
matter that we may not measure success in the
realization of our ideal? Did Moses reach the
Promised Land? Yet none will assert that his
struggle was futile. Only from the mountain
top could he behold the goal which had fired all
his pui'pose for forty years. It is well to aim
high. The very struggle that we make toward
higher things, though our progress may be slow,
prevents our falling to lower levels.
JESSIE E. BARR.
SUCCESS IN FAILURE
The thinking man or woman has observed,
while studying the various phases of humanity,
that the goal of one's life is to accomplish some-
thing of merit, however slight in degree. It is
also apparent to the close observer that often
times, success, as measured by the world, is
merely the result of a variety of circumstances.
Many times these circumstances are the result
of onels own power to shape things toward a de-
sired endg but more often these conditions or
circumstances are thrust upon shoulders unable
to bear the load with grace. Such a person as
the last mentioned will be proclaimed success-
ful by the masses, although he may have failed
ignominiously to accomplish anything worthy
He may have been a creature of another's
thought and strength, and may have been placed
before the public merely as a tool. By his
longing and ambition to attain to that which
will cause the masses to regard him as a suc-
cessful man, l1is true self has been dwarfed and
his only thought is to be successful. Such a
man is too often called a success though his true
mead is failure.
Browning sings of the man who works
straight forward, never haulting at wind or
storm, but boldly puts out to the front, battling
against all things which tend to dwarf or de-
stroy in any way, his moral or mental abilities.
He writes of the unpraised man or VVOIIIHJI who
struggles, perhaps with no thought or hope of
earthly gain or adulation.
Think of the hundreds of missionaries and
trained nurses who daily imperil their lives by
laboring with many classes of people afflicted
with dread diseases with no thought of being re-
garded as "successful" by the world, but who
conscientiously follow their calling, gaining,
perhaps, no praise or reward by it. Surely, sue 1
persons, although their names do not go down
in history, should be successful in its true
sense. These people, looking upon the wealth
or social positions which some of their friends
have gained, usually regard their own life as a
failure in comparison.
The success which Browning describes as
Worthy of God's approbation comes to the hum-
ble throng who follow silently and meekly day
after day in the path of the Man of Sorrows.
The Savior labored here upon earth teaching
righteousness and the necessity of repentance.
Mocked by the multitudes, he passed to his
tomb-betrayed even by one of his most trusted
followers-apparently failing in his divine
mission. His was a sublime success in that ap-
parent failure as all Christendom today attests.
Columbus, after being disappointed so many
times in seeking to obtain vessels from the
sovereigns of Spain and Portugal, in order that
he might find a shorter way to the East Indies,
at last obtained the required Vessels and crews.
But after making his voyage and returning to
Spain with no gold, the people turned against
him. In a short time, broken in health and
broken hearted. he died in Spain, in neglect and
poverty with but one thought-that he had failed
completely. But in what degree, we, today, re-
gard Columbus as failing in his Voyage, may be
shown only by glancing at this broad land of
ours in its present stage of advancement and de-
velopment. Truly we may regard him as a suc-
cessful man, for although he failed to find
the Indies he unlocked "those gates of the
ocean" which until then had been "fast shut
with chains"-the chains of ignorance and fear.
Wealth or social attainments may cause one
to be regarded as "great" for a time, but these
may be so easily lost sometimes in a brief moment
that they are not to be relied upon. In how short
a time when these are lost, the man usually
loses all courage to begin anew and strive for
something better, when at such a time his loss
might prove his blessing, for then his true char-
acter would assert itself, and although he might
fail in what he undertakes, yet he surely could
profit by it and some good to another person
might be the result.
Almost every day one reads in the daily
papers, an account of some person, who in his
desire for wealth and power, has so forgotten
himself that he embezzles small amounts from
his employer thinking that he will not be ap-
prehended before he can replace it. While he
may have been enjoying life and the world at
large might have thought him a most success-
ful and wealthy man, yet sooner or later his
downfall would have been certain. Is his
position to be envied even while he is at the
leight of his power? How soon after his down-
fall, the world loses all confidence in him and
he either passes away in oblivion or tries to re-
store his fortune!
How many there are whose lives go out
without havin r accomplished something of note
-something vwiliich would he the theme of the
songs of men. But who can judge of tl1e silent
influence of that life upon another's? Who shall
say that through the yea1's to come that many
are not strengthened for life's battles as a result
of the patient, humble, Christlike living after
the manner of one who died-an apparent fail-
"Who knows what's fit for us? Had fate
Proposed bliss here should sublimate
My being-had I signed the bond-
Still one must lead some life beyond
Have a bliss to die with, dim described."
CLARA E. MILLER.
17Ae euflure- Vafue of llepsfudy of Jffyiiolagy
The study of mythology is of surpassing in-
terest, not only because of the beauty or poetical
quality of the myths, but also because through
it, we arrive at a fuller and better knowledge
of the people themselves, their thoughts and
feelings. A myth has been defined as "the off-
spring of observation and unconscious fancy."
At first it was merely a story, which the people,
childlike, imaginative, and ignorant of the com-
monest laws of nature, invented, to explain the
things they saw about them and could not un-
derstand or account for. As the races became
more civilized and educated,the people gradually
outgrew their implicit belief in these stories,but
on the other hand, the myths were revised and
expanded, the poets invested them with grace
and beauty, and enshrined them in the national
literature. Hence we have in the present form
of these myths, two factors: the product of the
early untutored imagination, at times full of
simple, wild poetical spirit, then again silly,
crude, or senseless, and the polish and elegance
given them by the later poets, who refined with
touches of their own, the beautiful or worthy
part, and left undeveloped that which was
primitive, without meaning.
These myths in their growth and develop-
ment illustrate the evolution and culmination of
the race. In late years, many scholars and
writers, no gably Max Muller, 'iave given us
philosophical studies of myths. They have
shown us the processes through which these
traditions have evolved into popular mythologyg
and they find in these legends systems of reli-
gion , moral teachings, and evidences of the
development of the lnind. Their investigations
have revealed the fact, that there is lnuch in
our modern civilization and government that
has originated in solne ancient myth.
In studying the myths which a nation em-
ploys or possesses, we learn the character of
that nation. The Greek myths show the
easy, graceful, voluptious and pleasure-loving
c laracter of the race, yet delighting, too, in
heroism, bodily strength and beauty, full of
delicate fancies and lyric emotions, while the
Romans were more martial and warlike, enjoy-
ing physical rather than intellectual superiority.
The myths of the Teutons show them to be a
strong, brave, domestic race, ilnaginative, peop-
ling streams, forests and mountains with nixies,
sprites, elves, and dwarfs, and the Scandinavian
stories carry out the same idea. The beautiful
rivers, wild, dark forests, and lofty mountains,
which were the natural surroundings of the
Teutons, were a fit environment whence should
arise such stauch and sturdy people. They were
a domestic, home loving race, too, holding
wolnan not degra1led,but in a place of high honor,
and to these facts is ascribed their victory over
the effeminate and degenerate Rolnans,' in the
days of Alaric. These people, wild and savage,
but loving freedom and with a great capacity for
civililization,gave us the foundations upon which
lnuch of our subsequent culture has been reared.
Anything which helps us to better under-
stand ourselves or the world we live in, or
points us to a higher ideal of living, is of culture
valne to us. Culture means, literally, tilling the
soil: hence, in its extended meaning, it is the
tilling and cultivation of ourselves, our faculties
and powers, our observation and appreciation of
what is good, beautiful, and true. This culture,
ln its truest, broadest sense can only be gained
by careful study of ourselves and the wol'ld
about us, and by thorough appreciation of the
beautiful. Through myt lology we study the
thoughts, feelings and ideas of others, and so
learn to better understand and analyze our own
perceptions and motives. The old Greek maxim,
'fKnow thyself," holds true in all ages, it was
the wisest word of the Seven Wise Men.
The study of mythology aids us to a better
perception and understanding of the beautiful,
which is the best means of culture. The beau-
tiful statues and paintings, in which artists have
tried to express their ideals of godlike heroes,of
beauty, wisdom, truth personified, have had a
wonderful ennoblinginfluence upon the world.
Think of the inspiration gained from the Venus
of Milo, the Apollo Belvedere, or the statue of
Athene! It is undeniably true, that the' Beau-
tiful 118.5 an esthetic value. How great this is
can never be measured, perhaps never fully real-
ized. lt is one of those intangible forces, which
are the mightiest we have to deal witll.
Mythology has furnished the subjects and the
inspiration for these great works oi art. Especial-
ly ll3.Vc' the Greek myths been of value' the
most perfect works OI art that the world has
ever known W81'e from the hands of old Greek
sculptors, inspired by the spirit of those beau-
tiful, graceful, of heroic conceptions.
Another means of culture, and perhaps one
of the most impo1'tant, lf not the most impor-
tant, is tile careful study, appreciation, a.nd love
of good lite1'atu1'e. But for this, too, a famil-
iarity with the ancient myths and heroic tales
is neccessary. The works of the standard
authors are full of allusions to persons, places,
and events mytholog.cal, or if not strictly
mythical, at least belonging to the diln ages
of half legendary history. such as the story of
the early history of Rome. When aperson is
familiar with these tales, and knows of the
wealth of historic association connected with
eacn name, he is prepared to read and under-
stand good literature.
Wllllalh Ellery Canning has said, "No man
receives the true culture of a man, in whom the
sensibility to the beautiful is not cherished.'
Since his greatest life struggle was to achieve
moral greatness, he recognized the vallle of
true culture. To gain this culture, to become
the fullest measure of ou1'selves, to develop to
the utmost every faculty and power, is the pur-
pose and the life struggle of every one who
would truly live. And surely the contemplation
and study of the beautiful, the true, the worthy
and noble, is the surest means of gaining for
ourselves a culture that will be of lasting beni-
fit. ROSE ILA GRINDELL.
DROUGHTS IN HUMAN LIFE4
"The heart thrills and the mind attunes it-
self to the great song of the universe, as the eye
looks upon the panorama which nature spreads
before us in the fiush of early summer."
Behold the plains and the meadows! How
beautiful are they arrayed in the artistic colors
of nature and decked in the jeweis of early
morn! The fields of ripening grain are living
armies in verdant uniforms, and each soldier
salutes the rising sun to the music of the breeze?
the fruit trees transplanted with care bend with
the promise of the harvest to come. The streams
and valleys too, beneath the shade of the tower-
ing forests, how verdant are their banks, they
lie in a mist sweetly perfumed by many bright
flowers-the memories left to summer by gay
and smiling spring. The mountain traveler
stops to to hear the song of the flowing brook,
and to watch it paint on its watery canvas, a
rainbow of beautiful colors, which the sun casts
upon the shadows above.
The traveler beholds the field and the valleys
he refreshed by the life giving stream, and he re-
aoices at the thought of the bountiful harvest.
he loveliness of early summer appeals to his
very soul. But he does not realize that before
he reaches his destination, the landscape now so
beautiful, may cease to delight his eye.
Yet how often have we witnessed the
destruction of such scenes of beauty and fruit-
fulness by long seasons of drought. The traveler
passes ong he seeks protectisn from the noonday
heat, and a drop of water for his parc hed lips.
We bid him go to yonder brook where once he
paused to listen.
In vain. The singing brook has danced awav,
leaving a winding bed of stones, the plains and
meadows have changed their robes, while the
fields of grain have ceased to marchg the sun in
his chariot Withers up the bright green, leaving
a waste wilderness beneath his scorching gleam.
No longer are we tempted to feast our eyes upon
the surrounding nature, for alas, the drought of
summer has blasted the beauty of spring.
These droughts in nature are but the
rototy es of the still more deadly droughts in
liuman life, that blast the promise of springtime
. The youth who leaves school or college in
the spring of life, stands arrayed in the 1'aiment
of knowledge and decked in the jewels of prom-
iseg his high ambitions are soldiers goinlg forth
to gain the highest honor on the battle eld of
life, while his hopes of the future before him
are gay-tinted by the memories of his school
days, gone forever. He is entering upon the
great plain of life, his purposes are strong, his
ideals set high, he hopes to maintain the high
standards of honor, which as a youth he had
admired. But as yet he is unacquainted with
the world and its dealings, because some kind
watchful eye has ever guarded his welfare.
The days of youthful preparation are past,
the seed is sown either for a harvest of joy or of
sorrow. The young man inspired by fancyls
dreams, enters life by the path of his chosen
occupation or profession. Time unfolds his
scroll of years, soon to reveal the mid-summer
of life, and if the hope of harvest is bright and
promising,.the seeds of spring have not been
sown in vain.
But alas, little by little, our hero of youth,
coming in contract with the thoughtless world,
lost sight of his former ideals, they became mere
outlines, soon to vanish forever. He had for-
gotten his law and standards of honor in dealing
with other men. In youth his conscience would
have rebuked him, but in manhood, he scarcely
blushes to tell a falsehood great or small, or
make a shrewd deal, and many other question-
able things. These have ruined his life stamped
"Failure" upon his brow, and closed his heart
with the key of deceit. He who alone could
have fulfilled the dreams of his ea1'lier years,
now scarcely gives a thought to the future.
Drawn into the surging whirlpool,he struggl-
ed for a while against adverse currents. lt is
true the falsehood seemed somewhat muddy in
complexion, but the requirements of professional
life made it an hourly and daily occurrence,
thus not only did it become a part of the man's
life but it also destroyed his better qualties. He
tries in vain to regain his friends who would have
still remained true to him had he but remained
faithful to his youthful ideals. But also, his
soul is a wilderness scorched by selfishness
and greed, that in their course 'have shat-
tered the high ideals,-the guardians of the
mind. The breath of unscripulous ambition
poisoned the delicate flowers of noble aspirations
that had bloomed in the summer morning of
early manhood. The spring of life has danced
away, pursued by unrestrained passions. The
dear friends of youth come as nightly phantoms
to sound a warning noteg they are aware of the
threatening drought, for
"Coming events cast their shadows before,"
The soft whispers of warning fail to unlock
the heart of this worldly man, and he nears the
brink of destruction,yet unaware of his approach-
ingcalamity. Having ears, yet he heard not,
having eies, he saw not.
But ark! Time blows his trumphet. The
harvest of life is at hand. The man who beauti-
full in youth, sowed the seeds of promise in his
soul, but afterwards t1'ansplanted them to the
world, now goes forth aged by sorrow to reap a
harvest of failure. His promises have been
swallowed up in this drought in human life, more
pitiless, 1n01'e disastrous than any drought in
nature. A life blasted by ruin is lost forever.
CARRIE E. LANIUS.
Souiif Jylnerica and Gul' .wesloonsciiliiy
Since the existence of the new world nothing
much has been done to bring the southern por-
tion into great prominence, but with the master
minds of the world looking in that direction,
how can South America help but become a
world power in the future? With such a vast
field to work in and so much room for improve-
ment, if the U. S. takes hold of it as she ought
to do because of the Munroe Doctrine, history
will have to give place to another famous
country, that will ma e her presence known in
times to come. The Munroe Doctrine is the
name given to the declaration of the policy of
the U. S. in opposition to the interference of
European powers in the political affairs of the
American continent, mac e by Pres. Munroe, in
his message to congress in 1823.
This famous declaration was thus worded
"That we should consider any attempt on the
part of the Allied Powers to extend their system
to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous
to our peace and safety," also "That we could
not view any interposition for the purpose of op-
pressing governments on this side of the water
whose independence we had recognized or con-
trolling in any manner their destiny by any
European power in any other light than as a
manifestation of an unfriendly disposition
towards the United States."
This declaration together with the known
sentiments of the British cabinet and nation put
an end to any design that may have been enter-
tained looking toward armed interference in
American affairs. It was also consistent with
international rights and was fully justified by
self defense as well as receiving the assent of
the country. It touches S. A. in that it does
not allow foreign powers to take possession ofit
no matter what the intentions are, and setting
up a form of government according to their
views. S. A. was never colonized as was the
French and English possessions of N. A., but
was exploited by small and isolated bodies of
armed treasure hunters. Spain is mainly re-
sponsible for this condition of affairs for she
kept the bands of robbers separated as much as
possible and every effort was made to get them
engaged in battle against each otherg trade and
commerce was also forbidden between the five
vice royalties and no chance for political dis-
tinction was given to the native born. Manu-
factures we1'e forbidden by law and all articles
used by S. A. had to be imported from Spain
this being possible only once and seldom twice a
year. Spains ambition in S. A. was not to col-
onize the country and not for new lands to cul-
tivate or for freedom of worship but to obtain as
much wealth as possible in a short space of time.
How could a country prosper and become civil-
ized under such conditions?
As coal and iron are nowhere to be found in
large or commercial quantities S. A. has no im-
portant manufactures, all goods of this nature
have to be importedg the exports of the country
are composed chiefly of l'lldB products.
The Munroe Doctrine has to some extent
caused this condition in S. A . because it has
kept other nations from settling there and mak-
mg permanent colonies out of it mainly for the
purpose of the Wealth to be acquired. A capital-
ist that invests his money in any concern in S.
A. is not sure of his interests, for he has no pro-
tectionlof government and for that reason many
capitalists have not invested their money. S.
A. has 'no stable government, the country as a
whole is an ignorant oneg a traveler there soon
discovers that he is out of the bounds of civiliza-
tion, every place he goes he must get a pass-
port from the military "Jefe," every move he
makes he is confronted by a policeman or a
soldier who demands his name and business, if
he sends a telegram he must get the approval of
the government censor, if he writes a letter it is
usually broken open and the contents rifled. It
does not take.the observer long to ascertain that
there is not in any of these countries such a
thing as a legally constituted governmentg and
nothing but the Munroe Doctrine has caused
this condition of affairs. Is is not then the dut
ofthe U. S. to bring about a better state of az
fairs politically, socially, and commercially?
The natural wealth of the country is such
that an experiment of this kind would undoubt-
edly prove a success. There are as bright
lawyers and men of affairs in S. A. as there are
to befound, but they do not mingle with the
polltical affairs of the country because itwould
be atlthe risk of their lives to do so, for their
decisions and thought are not in accordance with
the majority, as only one-tenth of the popula-
tion are educated.
Can the people of S. A. ever put their coun-
try and keep it abreast of the more highly
civilized states, or range it on the side of
the fittest in the international struggle for
existence? If they cannot do this, is the rest of
the world going to permit a whole continent to
lie fallow? The people of S. A. must in the
future either make the most 'of their continent
or step aside and permit the world with over-
Howing population and affirmative foreign
policies to administer it for the worldls best
results. The world's history willgo to show that
thev will not allow such a rich continent to lie
dormant for any length of time. The Munroe
Doctrine has remained practically unchanged for
nearly three-quarters of a century because the
U. S. and foreign powers have been occupied
with international problems.
Prominent Statesmen have thought a great
deal on this matter and the Munroe Doctrine
will not be able fo condemn a whole continent to
comparative sterility. And unless either the U.S.
or the South Americans take hold and make
the country productive, European intervention
or conquest will surely come.
Our statesmen have a delicate work ahead of
them and there is nothing more important for
the determination of our policy than an exact
and precise knowledge of the welfare of the
South Americans and the truth with regard to
the actual and not merely apparent state of their
political institutions,their economic development
the possibilities of their continent, acd their
own capacity and willingness to develop these
posssibilities. ALLIE D. DIAMOND.
THE NIINISTERING WOMEN
I would not paint the triumphant march of an
enfranchised sex from slavory to freedom, for
the women in America, humored, petted and
adored, have never been slaves. But rather
would I picture,the grander spectacle of women
rousing themselves to walk in higher ways, to
lay their hands to better work, to open their
hearts to nobler aspirations and devote their
lives and strength to the doing of tl1e best and
highest work in literature, art and philanthropy.
As histiory shows what man has done for his
country and mankind, why have we not more
records of Womanls wonderful works?
In Mediaeval history, especially during the
Dark Ages, the sphere of woman was still a
domestic one, not so at the present day. We
now find them in every field,whether we turn to
music, literature, the drama, science, education
They are always climbing up towards God,
and his help will never fail them. The climbing
is hard, yet the pathway is radiant with light,and
those who are stumbling along in the darkness
-by their side see the light and are able to walk
erect. Who does not admire the beautiful char-
acter of Clara Barton, whom we all recognize as
the leader of the Red Cross Society, and who de-
voted her entire life as an angel of mercy doing
all in mortal pow er to assuage the miseries of
the wounded and dying soldiers?
Again We have the heroic deeds accomplished
by Helen Gould. How she aided in our late
Spanish war and by her means many charitable
institutions have been form ad. Tliink of the
many poor homes she has made happy by fur-
nishing them With many comforts and necessities
of life. How many of our true christian ladies
have sacriiied all and left their loving friends
and happy homes to go to the heathen lands teach-
ing the word of God!
Numberless examples might be cited to show
the value and glory of woman's work, but
these few typyical examples of great achieve-
ments, won by application and devotion to duty
are sufficient to illustrate the rule that Woman
may accomplish very noble deeds if she prepares
herself for the work and labors assiduously for
its accomplishment. We hope the day will soon
be here when the great mass of our mothers,
wives and sisters shall be competent and pro'
ductive workers in the lives of human industry.
This brings to mind the remarks of a witty French
writer, that "when a man has toiled step by step
up a flight of stairs, he will be sure to flnd a
woman at the topg but she will not be able to
tell 'how she got there."
Let man go to his home from his work at
night wearied and worn by the toils of the day!
What is more cheering and welcome than a
cheerful fireside and a happy smile and comfort-
ing words from his loving wife, who has been
anxiously waiting for his return? Is not this
womanls true and noble work? If she was first
in transgression she was first in the breach. She
stood by tl1e expiring Jesus, when boasting
Peter and the other disciples had forsaken their
Lord. She was the last at his tomb, embalm ed
his sacred body and the first to discover that he
had burst the bonds of death, risen from the
cleft rock, and triumphed over the grave. Whe n
Columbus laid a plan to discover the new
world, he could not get a hearing till he applied
to a Woman for help. "Woman equips man for
tl1e voyage of life."
Who like a. mother can mark the first dawn
of curiosity 'and intelligence in the infant mind
and feed and excite that curiosity in a manner
best suited to that unfolding mentality? She is
the principal conductor of the fireside education
of tl1e children and this gives her a very great
control over all tl1e education they receive, moral
mental and physical. .
Woineii say: "This is our work,our ambition,
the desire of the woman's heart and brain and
soul, not self aggrandizement, but something for
some one else, something for humanity." Cham-
pion for what is pure in the home and clean in
the street, fair at the hearthstone and honest in
the halls of government, she must ever br.
To feel, to love, to suffer, to devote herself
to the welfare of others and to do the will of
God, will always be the text of the life of
woman. Let us say with Frances E. W illard.
"Woman came into the college and elevated it,
into literature and hallowed it, into tl1e business
world and ennobled it. She will come into
government and purify it, for woman will make
home like every place that she ente1's, and she
will enter the whole world."
v-f-,m-vyp-uf--r- ' v' .. . .
THE CALL OF THE AGE
When with his three small ships Christopher
Columbus, reached the West Indies, little did
he dream that he had discovered the stepping
stones to a country, which was destined to be
the foremost on the face of the globe. Little
did the Pilgrim Fathers, when they had founded
a home on the western shore of the stormy
Atlantic, dream that they had settled upon' a
land, which was to become pre-eminent among
the nations of the world. When we consider the
youthfuln ess of our U. S. as compared with
oth er countries, our progress has been prodi ious.
We have been a nation but one hundrec? and
fifteen years. This is a long time, viewed from
the stand point of an individual, but it is a short
space in a countryls history. In contrast with Chi-
na and other countries which have existed for
thousands of years, our nation is a mere infant.
Yet it is the infant Hercules among nations.
What has been the cause of this unparalleled
strength? Do we answer, fthe people, the
citizens of the country?" Truly, we are a great
people and he is justly proud, who can say "I
am an American." Yet we must take into con-
sideration the land itself. What other country
has such wonderful resources? They are inex-
haustible! Every one knows that vast amounts
of gold, silver, coal and petroleum, are brought
forth from the fertile bosom of mother earth in
this country, but very few have any definite idea
of the actual amount. Few people realize the
immensity ofthe U. S. They know the distance
from the Atlantic to the Pacific in miles, but
they do not comprehend what it means. There
is not astate west of the Mississippi, but is
larger than all New England. California would
reach from Maine to Florida on the Atlantic
coast. Montana would stretch from Ohio to
Maine. Our U. S. have greater rivers, lakes and
mountains, better ports and harbors than any
other country in the world. With all these great
natural resources, together with a govermnent
founded on the best governmental principles,
truly, we should be the greatest nation on the
face of the ilobe! When Matthew Arnold says
"America olds the future," that virtually
means U. S.
When the little handful of colonists threw
oil' the yoke of England in the Revolutionary
War that was the beginning of both our intel-
lectual and material progress. From that time
to this, we have met and solved all problems
which have presented themselves. They have
been important and grave, repeatedly settled
only by that horrible demon war, the final resort
in allgreat crises. Who can describe the horrors,
the atrocities of civil strife? We have such a
murderous blot on our country's history. Yet
in its time it was the only possible solution of a
grave national problem.
At the present time everything seems to be
running along smoothly. All apparently is
prosperous. Yet vitally important problems are
surrounding and immeshing us. Some have
n early reached their climax, others are just be-
ginning. All however are grave and serious,
and unless solved accurately and speedily will
bring unhappiness and ruin upon the nation.
The struggle of capital and labor which has
can-fe'l so much distress throughout the land
must be solved. So far all attempts have ended
o -J in co npromise. What the final outcome
will be remains to be seen. The Immigration
and Commercial questions, all have their place
and must be solved sooner or later. There are
two features of our political life upon which I
wish to lay some emphasis, the so-called machine,
and the corruption of municipalities. The former
is in open vio ation and in direct opposition to
our constitution. This is a government of the eo-
ple, for the people and by the people. Vshat
are we coming to, when in every state in the
Union under the leadership of several bosses,
public affairs are managed at the bidding of a
few? These machines or rings are nothing but
organized bands of robbers. Richard Croker the
ex-Tammany leader made a wealthy man by
graft, admitted openly that every man in the
'1 ammany ring was working for himself and
moreover added that they were committing an
honest robbery? Tammany is the best known,
but there are machines in Pennsylvania and
elsewhere, just all well or anized and robbin
just as freely. Even in smai municipalities sues
things exist, but on a smaller scale.
Will the people stand by much longer with
closed eyes and passive hands? Will they calmly
permit this bare faced robbery to go on? God
forbid that such should be the spirit of
the American people! Rome fell on account of
her corrupt government. In the words of Gold-
smith we can see our situation:
"Ill fares the land to hastening ill a prey,
Where wealth accumilates and men decay."
In all great questions and crises, some one
must lead the people. Some one person must
bring about the common purpose. He who does
this must be of a strong moral character, noble,
true, patriotic. Such were George Washin ton
and Abraham Lincoln, our national heroes. Who
next will arise to free the government from cor-
ruption and turn it safely from the threatening
brink? There can be but one or two great men
in a century. Nor is there room for more. The
so-called great man merely carries out the will
of the people. The standard is set by the latter
and in them rest the country's rise or downfall.
The character and work of Jacob A. Riis are
admired by every honest American citizen. Re-
cently I had the pleasure and privilege of meet-
ing this man. Some one from the party of ad-
mireis expressed the delight felt by all in meet-
ing him, whom they admired a.s a great man.
With a gently deprecatingsmile he said: "Oh I-
I am, but an ordinary man." All believed him,
his sincerity was so convincing, there was a
silence and no one refuted the statement. But,
if Jacob Riis calls himself an ordinary man
what then are we? What kind of a man would
the extraordinary man be compared with
the "ordinary man."
Let it be the ambition of every American
youth to become an ordinary man, carrying out
his aims and ambitions upon lines similar to
Jacob Riis, the high souled, the single minded.
If our country is to continue on its upward
course, and rise paramountin power and glory, it
will be by the aid of just such ordinary men, for
them sounds--"The Call of the Age." Not many
can be President, but if after years of earnest
endeavor, you can say of youself w.th equal
grace and sincerity, HI am but an ordinary
man," your life has not been spent in vain. You
have increased the stability of your country and
made it better, both materially and spiritually.
You have made the world better, and in that
you have won the grace of God.
RODNEY H. REESE.
Just as a young plant will grow and flourish
under the tender care of the gardner, so will a
young man enter upon a promising career, under
the encouragement of loving parents, though 15-
ful instructors, and inspiring associates.
When the thriving young plant is sold to
some admirer, a turning point comes in its short
life, deciding whether it shall flourish or droop
in its new environment. This is also true of the
young man's career. It is when he passes from
home and school into the business world to find
his place for future usefulness, that he either. is
made or undone. It is then that his manhood
and careful training are put to a mighty test.
At this period of man's development there
arise in his mind the questions: 'LWhat are my
opportunities?" "Which shall I take advantage
If he is ambitious and has a high ideal, he
will do well to take advantage of the opportun-
ities for leadership. "Let him be a leader, not a
leanerng let him be such a man, that by his
moral courage, his courtesy, self-command, and
better understanding of the world, he may be
able to command the respect and obedience of
those at the head of whom he aspires to be
And that self-faith, which is characteristic
of all great men, is necessary for achievement.
Review the careers of Lincoln, Grant, Bismark,
Gladstone, Napoleon. Each of these great m -n
found difllculities against which he must con-
tend. It is recorded in history that neither the
Alps, the plagues, nor the floods, stopped Napo-
leon. He did not go over or around obstacles,
but through them. When Grant called a coun-
cil of war he- listened to all the schemes of his
counsellors, but he always relied absoloutly upon
his own judgment, and carried out his own
p'ans. No influence could shake his faith in
Another characteristic of great men is
patience. Man can not become famous in a day.
He must work and wait. As we asc.-nd the
scale of life, the time for growth and develop-
ment increases until we reach man, the greatest
work of our Creator. The boy or girl, who
would become a man or woman of force and
power in the world, must toil and wait, must as
Carlyle says, "work like a star, unhasting, yet
In order that man may be a leader, he must
be asuperior being, both mentally and physically.
All the leaders the world has ever known were
men who opproached their tasks with the air of
conquerors. Opportunity served their active
minds, which were endowed with a keen power
of observation. Behind this, was their strong
determination and vitality. Vitality li one half
the battle oflif.1,while d.atermi.1ation is the other.
The demand for young men who can manage
great concerns, who can solve the .ponderous
problems of the day, is greater now than at any
time in the history of our nation's growth. True!
not every man can be a leader, a financier, or an
inventor, but he should realize that the amount
of physical and mental force exerted, determines
the extent of his achievements. A man can not
afford to waste the energy he has, but he should
try to conserve it. Success comes not to the
man who waits on his fate, but to him
who works on, never tiring, always astir with
cheerful courage until he sees opportunity meet-
ing his efforts.
Tennyson says: "Man is man and master
of his fate." Then why are there hundreds of
men crowding one another for positions at low
wages, while higher salaries are offered in vain
for first class service? The lack of the element
of leadership and higher education is responsible
for this condition of affairs. How then mav one
grasp these opportunities? The answer is, by
studying the wonderful mechanism which lies
within himself and by training the -eye to per-
ceive the opportunities as they rap at his door.
As an athletic trainer brings his pupil into
form by a long, tedious, and nerve trying ordeal
and feels highly elated over some victory of the
one so trained, just so with the man, who has
reached the topmost 'round on the ladder of
success, looks back over his thorny path with
triumphant pleasure. lt is not a matter of in-
heritance and environment, but the arous-
ing of the dormant powers within him that de-
termines man's station in life. lf he can find
the elf ctric spark in his nature, hecan pl oduce
an ever continuous current of prosperity and sul-
cess. The will power is the electric plant of
man's physical makeup. Every portion of his
body, brain, and soul is wired to this plant. His
batteries are his character and moral being. His
words are his wires, his deeds, his lights.
By persistent faith, by constant endeavor,
man overcomes barriers and realizes gta.s which
seemed impossible. The scope of man's oppor-
tunities is so wonderfully large, thatit is dillicult'
to imagine its magnitude. Wonders are yet to
be achieved in the World of science. Magnificent
are the opportunities in the fields of journalism,
literature, and the flne arts. But the young man
of today has even better chances in the . 0 llllnl 1-
cial field. For do we not need men who can be
trusted in responsible positions? Yes! we can
not get too many men, who are keen, active,
trust-worthy, and capable of managing cur great
financial institutions. Great reforms are nec-
essary, and it will take great men to accomplish
them. Are there not too many embezzlers and
criminals in our land?. 1-low magnificent are
the opportunities in the way of uplifting the
mora standing of our country!
And let us always remember that, while we
are grasping opportunity, we are laying the
corner-stone of what is great in man's achit ve-
ment. For as some one las said,
"Our deeds shall travel with us from afar,
And what we have been makes us what we are."
EDGAR F. MAHLA.
It is evident at the outset, that each practical
discovery made by the human mind involves a
corresponding progress in moral condition, an
advancement in dignity, for the entire race.
This is shown by the advancement made in our
country. The cottongin, the iirst invention of
our country, brought about an increase in our
exports, which resulted in the building of many
cotton mills in the north. These in turn caused
an increase in the internal business, which in-
duced men to begin trying to find some way of
gaining distance at the expense of time.
With a country so large, and with a popula-
tion spreading in every direction, the urgent
demand of western settlers for some quicker
and easier mode of inter-communication and
transportation, led to a variety of plans to ac-
complish this end. Private companies, and
solnetimes the state built roads and canals.
The greatest of these was the Erie canal. By
means of this, western settlers could ship their
produce by water all the way to New York city.
But this was a slow way and was soon to be
abolished, except for goods which did not re-
quire rapid shipment.
ln 1807 Robert Fulton launched his newly
invented steamboat on the Hudson. This com-
pletely revolutionized the maritime service and
our exports increased enormously, for by the
steam ship, merchandise could be shipped quick-
ly and cheaply, to foreign countries. Fulton had
shown the world that the steam engine could
be used to propel boatsg the next question was,
why C0l1lCl not the steam engine be put on wheels
and made to propel itself on land? After many
experiments and many failures, George Steph-
enson invented a "steam wagon" or locomotive.
In 1828a railroad was built from Baltimore to
Ellicotts mills, a distance of about 13 miles.
Fl'0ll1 that day to the present time, railroads
have been continually increasing until the coun-
try is now covered by a network of railroads con-
necting all the principle cities and towns. At
first the passenger trams were run at the rate of
ten or fifteen miles per hour, while now the
average speed is more than four times as much.
In the early days of this country it took about
six days to go from New York to Boston, while
by the present day trains you can go from
New York to San Francisco in the same
time. The same is true with merchand-
ise. Where it took weeks and months
to transport merchandise at the beginning of the
nineteenth century, it now takes but a few days.
Another means of rapid transit is the electric
car. This isacomparatively new mode of travel,
but is becoming one of the most common. All
the large cities and many of the small towns are
connected by electric lines running through
them. One great advantage of the electric car is
the cheapness and rapidity with which people
can travel from one place to another. In cities,
a person can ride from one end of the city to the
other for a few cents. Tests made in Germany
during the lastyear show that the very high
speed of one hundred and twenty three miles an
hour was attained and kept up for several miles.
Electric lines are rapidly taking the place of
railroads all over the country, owing to the low
cost by which they can be maintained, and the
places they can so easily connect. Another
advantage which the electric car has over the
railroad train is the quickness with which it can
be stopped, thus making it easy to take on
passengers at almost any placeg and as they
usually follow public roads they are a great
benefit to farmers who live along their route.
This tends to increase the business of a com-
munity owing to the ease and rapidity with
which they can reach towns and dotheir trading.
Another method of annihilating distance IS
the electric telegraph invented by Samuel F. B.
Morse. The first message was sent over the
wires on May 24, 1844. In 1800 it took days and
weeks to send the news from one place to
another, while now it is done in a few seconds.
Thus if anything -of importance happens at
New York city, it is known in San Francisco
in a very few minutes. Another type of the
telegraph is the Marconi wireless telegraph, by
means of which a message may be sent without
wires across the ocean or to any part of the
world. With the recent completion of the
Pacific cable a message can be sent entirely
around the world in a few minutes. Thus the
news which appears in the London papers, ap-
pears the same day in the New York, Chicago,
and San Francisco papers. Though these places
are many miles apart they are brought by the
telegraph and cable to within a few miles of each
other. The cable is of great benefit in many
ways, such as business transactions, which occur
between merchants of different countries 'in war-
fare it enables a government to follow the
movements of an army from day to day, and in
negotiations between different governments.
The telephone is another invention along the
same line as the telegraph. With this aperson
at New York can talk to a person at Chicago
and receive an immediate reply. Thus two mena
thousand miles apart are brought, you might say,
into the same room. There IS another way in
which distance is annihilated and that is in the
modern methods of warfare. The modern army
rlfle will carry from two to three miles, while
the artillery guns carry many times farther.
The largest gun ever made is at Sandy Hook
guarding New York harbor. This gun will throw
a shell twenty miles. '
There are many possibilities for the future
along the line of annihilating distance. There
may be larger engines built so as to haul heavier
trains at an increased rate of speed, larger and
faster electric cars, more places to be connected
by cable and wireless telegraphy, and then the
automobile is destined to play an important part
in land travel. while, probably, before many
years, people will be traveling through the air in
airships. Great progress has already been made
along this line during the last few years.
Thus we see that, although we live on one
of the great planets, through limitless ingenuity
of man's fertile brain, enormous distances have
been practically reduced to nothing. While
wonders have been accomplished, we still be-
lieve that the future has locked in her store-
house many treasures which will startle the
mind of the present generation, and distance
will be annihilated.
COURTLAND B. MEUSER.
LOOK FOR THE BEAUTIFUL
A lady who was once standing with afamous
artist looking at one of his wonderful landscape
paintings remarked: "I cannot see those things
in nature." "The artist replied: "Donlt you
wish you could madam"? The world is full of
beautiful things, but we do not all possess the
faculty of discerning them. A person is very
fortunate who has been trained to see beauty in
everything. Some people are like the bee'
gathering honey from every flower, even extract-
ing sweetness from thistles, while others seem to
distill bitterness from a lily or a rose. The dif-
ference between men lies in their early training
or in the habitual attitude of their minds.
An artist's skill is measured by his power
to perceive heautiful things and then to express
them so that others may see them. It has been
said of Raphael: "He recognized only one self
imposed limitation, beauty. Hence, though his
span of life was short, his work is imperishable."
Every soul is born responsive to the beautiful,
but this instinctive love of beauty must be
fostered through the eye and mind or it will die.
The craving for the beautiful is as strong in the
child of the slums as in the favorite of fortune.
Jacob Riis says: "The physical hunger of the
poor, the yearning of their stomachs is not half
so bitter as their aesthetic hunger, their starving
for the beautiful."
A mind that has been rightly trained will
extract sweetness from everything and it will
see beauty in all things. Every sunset, land-
scape, stream, mountain and tree will reveal
some new charm of nature. The trained eye
will see the beautiful in every . patch of wood or
meadow and in every leaf and flowerg the cul-
tured ear will hear melody in the babbling brook
and harmony in the soughing of the wind. The
person who is able to discern beauty everywhere
possesses a heritage of which no reverses of for-
tune can rob him. This heritage is possible to
everyone who will take the trouble to cultivate
the finer qualities of the heart, the soul and the
eye. Such a person can make poetry out of the
most prosaic and common place life, bring sun-
shine and gladness into the gloomiest home, and
develop beauty and nobility of character in tl1e
midst of the ugliest environment.
It is said that the most disgusting object
when put under a magnifying glass of sufficient
power will reveal beauties undreamed of gso in the
most depressing circumstances, there is something
of the beautiful and hopeful when viewed through
the glass ofa trained and disciplined mind. It
is not circumstances so much as the attitude
and quality of the mind that give happiness and
contentment. If we look for good and beautiful
things, and, if we truly wish to find them, we
are sure to see them, but if we look for bad and
unlovely things, we are just as sure to find
A story illustrating this fact is told of two
men who happened to be fellow travellers
on a journey. One was very much annoyed by
the crying and fretting of a baby across the aisle,
at the indistinct way in which the brakeman
called out the stations and because a young
woman in front of them had opened the window
through which dust and cinders were coming in.
The other remarked how patient the child's
mother was, what a pleasant voice the brakeman
had, and, having observed the girl's pale face
and fearing she was ill, hoped the fresh air
would do her good.
We should be careful not to develop our
hearts and minds to see evil, since we inevitably
become transformed into the likeness of that
which has been the object of our attention. We
should train our hearts and minds not to over-
look the beautiful and good, and by so doing, we
shall develop good and beautiful characters. I
have read of a man who once found a valuable
gold piece and from that time on he walked
with his eyes fixed upon the ground searching
for gold pieces. H 3 would not lift his eyes lest
he should overlook some money lying in his path.
In the course of his life he did find several pieces,
butmzanwhile his soul was becoming narrower
and more sordid. He did not see the blue skies,
the fleecy clouds, the rainbow arch, the stars
brighter than gold, the crescent or full-orbed
moon. So with us all, if we look for unlovely
things we will miss all the beautiful things in
ENID R. ANDERSON.
mman's .Wulf eeniury of Cguoluilon
Today, as we look across this glorious land
of ours, and behold woman triumphant every-
where, working side by side with man, and win'
ning equal laurels with him in the colleges, in
the various professions, and, in, fact, in almost
every conceivable occupation known at the
present tirneg w'e are led to believe that such a
condition of affairs has existed for centuries.
But we have only to refer to history to be ap-
prised of our error, and find that woman's present
exalted position dates back scarce more than
In the beginning of the century, she was at
an infinite disadvantage in regard to her oc-
cupations. The idea that her sphere was at
home, and only at home, was riveted like a
band of steel upon society. But the spinning
wheel and the loom, which had formerly given
her employment, had been superseded by machin-
ery, and other occupations were necessitated to
take their places. The daily routine of house work
could not supply her 'needs or fill her aspirations,
and she found herself constantly watching out
and above this narrow condition, for higher and
better things than she had yet known, still every
effort on her part was met with the cry: "You
want to glet out of your sphere."
As t e public schools were not open to
woman until the year 1823, her education up to
this time was very meager, indeed, and conse-
quently her opportunities for self-support, out-
side of domestic service, were few and limited.
But there had been growing steadily a long-
ing ior higher education and in the year
18 ., Oberlin was the flrst college to open
wide its doors to herg for it was considered that
she had an equal right with man to obtain a
higher education. This marked a new era for
woman and she rejoiced. For-
"Get but a truth once uttered, and 'tis like
A star new born that drops, into its place'
And which, once circling in its placid round,
Not all the tumult of the earth can shake."
The tender heart of woman was touched by
the cry of the slave and so she determined to act.
Three brave women, Angelina and Sarah Grinke
and Abbg Kelly went on to speak for the slaves,
Such a t ing had never been heard of before.
Invectives were hurled against them from
the press and even the pulpit. But in spite of all
this maltreatment they did not waver, but stood
flrm to the principles they knew were right.
For as Whittier says-
"When woman's heart is breaking,
Shall woman's voice be hushed?
It is due to these noble women that we today
have a right to speak in phlblic.
Across the Atlantic, argaret Bright Lucas
and Lady Somerset, with tongue and pen have
stirred the social circles of England on the moral
qpestions, thus banishing the wine and ale from
t e dinner table and banquet hall in thousands
of homes. Clara Barton, Helen Gould, our be-
loved and revered Frances E. Willard, and host
of other true women have spent their lives toil-
ing for the uplifting of humanity, and to save
the homes of this world. After the Civil War
there were so many vacancies in every line of
work, left by the brave men who never returned,
that women were forced to take their places and
that again opened up a broad field of usefulness
for her. Po itically, woman's advance has been
somewhat slow, but it has been none the less
sure. The right of woman to organize for public
work is now universally recognized and ap-
proved. They have at present in U. S. over one
hundred national organizations, with thousands
of local clubs and societies comprising millions
of members and their induence over the com-
munity is beyond computation. Within the
last twelve years, four states have con-
ferred the full suffrage on women. Wyoming
and Utah by placingit in the constitutions under
which they entered statehoodg Colorado and
Idaho through a submission of the question to the
voters. There cannot be a doubt in the renson-
ing and unbiased mind, but that woman suffrage
ultimately will prevail in every state in t e
In English literature there is hardly a depart-
ment which woman does not adorn. In histor ,
biography, poetry and fiction she seems equallyy
at home. Marion Evans, better known as George
Elliot, has won enduring fame through her nov-
els, which are generally conceeded to be the best
works of modern fiction. In our own country
Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's
Cabin" had a wonderful induence 'in helping to
free the slaves. In poetry, the names of E iza-
beth Barret Browning and Mrs. Hemans stand
When Elizabeth Blackwell studied medicine
and put up her sign in New York she had to meet
prejudice and opposition on every side and was
ightly spoken of as a "she doctor." But through
her splendid ability and perseverance, the way
was opened to women physicians. In Massa-
chusetts when properly qualiiled "persons" were
allowed to practice law, the Supreme Court de-
cided that a woman was not a "person" and a
special act of the legislature had to be passed
before Miss Lelia Robinson could be admitted to
the bar. But today there are many women
lawyersg and among them Mrs. Belvia Lockwood
stands at the head for legal acumen and ability.
We, the women of today, with grateful
hearts, pour forth our due mead of praise in hon-
or of the brave women who have made it possible
for us to encioy our pfesent privileges. Let
Emerson's a vice. " itch your wagon to a
star " be our motto, and let us go forth to do
nobly, whatever work our hands shall find to do,
for it hasb een truly said,
"The hand that rocks the cradle,
Rules the world."
LITERATURE AND LIFE
"We live in deeds, not years,in thots not breaths,
In feelings, not in figures on a dial.
We should count time by heart throbs. He most
Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the
Our own conceptions of things are entirely
too narrow and if we would broaden our knowl-
edge we must become acquainted with the best
thoughts and expressions of others. It is for
this reason that we pursue literature. He lives
most who thinks most, and literature helps us to
think more and consequently to live more. It
brings us in contact with the thoughts and ex-
pressions of great writers which are ennobling and
elevating and which cannot but have a good in-
fluence on our lives. Literature is born of life,
and it is in this sense that Milton calls a good
book "the precious life-blood of a master-spirit
embalmed and treasured up on- purpose to a life
beyond life." It is often said that literature is
the greatest of the fine arts, and certainly it is
of all the arts the wisest and most inspiring,
serving at once as tutor, guide and friend.
The literature we read has a very' great in-
fluence on our lives, indeed, for nearly every ex-
pression we read helps to mould some new
thought or opinion and it behooves us therefore
to be very careful in the choice of our reading
matter. The mind grows by what it feeds upon,
and it is very important that we learn and re-
tain only the best thoughts, for, "thoughts are
deeds and may become crimes." In this century,
when fiction is increasingly the medium of
amusement and instruction, and when the great
poets and essayists are becoming the' prophets of
a new social order, it seems very important to
remember that the great novelists are consciously
or unconsciously teachers of morals, while the
most fascinating essays and poems are essentially
books of aspiration and spiritual culture. An
immense amount of harm can be done by the
reading of t.'ashy literature and this is particu-
larly true if it is read by persons who have not
yet become settled in their habits and are sus-
ceplible to its bad influence. On the other hand
the good results derived from reading good lit-
erature are clearly shown in the lives .of nearly
all great men and women. Many a person .owes
l1is success in life to the inspiration received
from reading some good work. The boy Whittie!
reads Burns' poems, and receives the inspiration
to write poetry himself and becomes one .of
the greatest poets of America.
It has often been said that a man is known
by the company he keeps, so also might it be said
that a man may be known by the books he reads.
Then why waste our time in reading those so-
called popular books which leave no mark, no
impression on the human life, but die out gen-
eration after generation, when so many good
books are so impressive and live on and on,
from century to century because of their beauty,
power and truth?
In the pursuit of literature we find an almost
ideal pastime, for while in it we find recreation,
yet it also results in profit to ourselves. There
is no way in which we can better improve our
spare moments than by gaining some soul in-
spiring thought from some good author.
Literature has also done much for great
causes. Harriet Beecher Stoweis "Uncle Tom's
Cabin" showed so clearly the true condition of
the negro in the South and aroused such aburst of
public sentiment against the conditions then
existing, that it might almost be considered as
one of the indirect causes of the Civil War and
had much to do in bringing the issue to a crisis.
The works of Dickens appeal powerfully to the
universal sympathies and best impulses of man-
kind and have done much to bring the world in
closer touch with the common joys and sorrows
of humanity. In fact, literature has done more
to reform the world than ary other agent.
From literature we receive inspiration and
hope. It aids us to aspire to greater things. It
gives pleasure and brings before the mind great
virtues. It arouses sympathy for causes where
sympathy is needed, and dispels sorrow and
gloom by creating new hopes. It shows us the
beautiful in life and brings us into close relation-
ship with nature and with God. It is one of th 'z
greatest factors in the betterment and elevation
of mankind, and the degree of civilizatirn a
nation has attained may be aptly judged from
the number and character of its literary I ro-
EDITH R. POISTER.
, -. .
fs x --x wx ' luis 9' N -.X Xi .WX
' "Our lifeis an apprenticeship to the truthf
that arourfd every 'circle 'another circle can lbe'
drawn: that there is no end in nature, but every.
end is a .begginningg that there is always another
dawn risen 0 1 mid-noon, and under every deep
alowei' deep opens." ' X ' ' 'A ' '
-. Theirs is no permanence in naturelg everything
lasts for a certain time and then it disappears or
else something elsegtakes its placer Only a few'
flgures of the Greek' sculpture 'remain today,
the rest having disappeared just as so many
blocks of ice would do if they were put into a
place warm enough to melt them. The aqueducts
of ancient times were made useless by hydraulics QQ
railroads have taken the place of roads and
canalsg steamboats took the place of'sail-boats
and electricity has taken the place of 'steamr
Everything looks permanent until its secrets
are known. f
The key to every man is his thought. 'The
life of man may be compared to a circle which
from a ring very small rushes out on all sides to
a new and larger circle and that without an end:
The extent of this circle delpends on the force or
truth of the individual sou . Man's aim at all
times should be to rise from lower stations to
higher. The ideal is never reached, the bud
works toward the blossom and the blossom
towards the fruit. In the whole economy of
the rovidence of God in regard to the physical
worlld, everything is on the march onward and
upward. All the great cities, institutions and
arts which we now have are the results of cul-
ture. But we flnd that culture has not yet
reached its limit, for other men still reach a
higher point by improving upon the things
which have already been in existence.iNeither
in the individual nor in the people taken as a
whole, has the intimation of God fulfilled itself.
The imperfections show that we have not reached
much farther than the bud. -
Every new thought is only the beginning -of
a new series of thoughts which may develop in-
to something greatg but in order to attain to that
which is great the circle begins with a small
circumference and grows constantly' larger and
larger. Man immortalizes himself by Adaring
in war and in other ways and how she is ap-
plauded by his fellow men, but yet anotherrnan
may rise and draw a circle around the
circle whose outline we have just pronounced.
Then the first man is no longer a hero but only
Hrst speaker, and his only redress is to draw a
circle around that of his antagonist. 1 V
Every man is not so 'much a workman in
the world as a suggestion of what he shouldfbe.
The continual effort to raise himself abovewhim-
self and to work a pitch above his last height
betrays itself in a man's relationst A person's
. ' . 1 ' .fl . if 4
growth is seen by' the"'successive choir of his
friends: 4Men' 'cease -fto Interest us when' they
have found their limitations. We adore a man
oflvalor, for valor consists in self recover . ' No
onefcan conquer arbrave man, ialthough xzrlsfor-
tune may colne to him at times yet he does not
giive up: .. K . il 4 lui: .
Literature is a point outside of the circle of
the present day, through Whiclha new circle 'may
be drawn. The use of literature is to afford' us
a platform by which we may command' a -'view
oft - our- present life. - People study "ancient
languages, Greek and Roman, cnl that they
may the 'better see Frenchland English. In the
same way we see literature best from the midst cf
wild nature or from the dinfef affairs, but' the
field can not be seen from within the field.
' "Life is! ai series of surprises. To be great is
to-be goodialid to be' good is to' Pbe wiseLP' '- The
moment a man is satislled with himself every-
one elsef is dissatisfied ' with him. " Deport-
ment, honesty and af desire to do right, carried
out in practice-are to character what truth and
reverence are to religion. There is av difference
between character and 1reputation. "Character
is what we really areg reputation is what others
suppose us ter be. '-' Ourtrue happiness depends
not so much on what-is 'thought of us by others
as what we really are in ourselves. Men of good
characters are generally men of good reputation.
But it is-important above everything else that
we be right and do right, whether our motives
and actions -are 'properly -understood and ap-
preciated or not. Nothing can be so important
to any man as the formation and possession of a
good character, but a' character which it has
cost much torestablish is often destroyed in a
single hour. No man can hope to rise in society
or act worthily his part in life without- a good
moralcharacter. The man who possesses such a
character can be trustedghe -knows its- sacred-
import-and -aims in his whole life to pursue a
straight forward course, and what he is today
you are sure 'to find him tomorrow. To be fruit-
ful the tree must spread -its -roots in fertile soil,
so to be in possession ofuprightness, through the
many trials of human life, .- the soul must be in
harmony with its Creator. We do not know to-
day when we are building up our beings, of the
pleasure and power which is' to followg but one
thing which we should 'seek td do 'and which
shou d be-our greatest desire, 'vis to forget our-
selvesf and try to'-do something without knowing
how or why-we doxit. - '
The way of life is wonderfulrwe chase some
fiying-scheme or we are haunted by some fear
or command behind. We shall 'some - day see
amid the- many changing circles in life that the
most ,private is '-the most publicl-energy, that
quality atones for quantity and- if we can not
attainl at a bound tofall these grandeurs, at least
let us pay them homage. W
i Y l LI?ZIExRICKSECKER.
X. ,M . 1 i-
.7Ae young .Man mil Jvoihiny Jui .grains
What are the chances of a young man who
has received no heritage but that of brains? All
through the history of this country we have seen
men who have risen to fame, who when they
began in life had no visible assets but their
brains. But today the conditions are altogether
different. All capital is centralized and trusts
rule the industrial and commercial world, hence
most people think that a young man . without
money cannot succeed. But it is a well known
fact that a young man who has capacity for hard
work and a healthy body has an immense ad-
vantage over the young man who has a fortune
and a poorly trained mind. A rich man can
corner the market in wheat 01' corn but he cannot
corner the market in brains. Neither can trusts
dominate brains. Hence the old rule of free
competition holds good still where merit and
brain products are demanded.
Now in this vast world of commerce there
are two great divisions, the machine of production
and the machine of distribution. Any one can
take part in the machine of production,
the farmer, the man who works in a factory, and
the teamster, all work to produce something.
Then it ought to be plain that the greatest place
for a man with no capital lies in fitting himself
for an important place in this great distributing
machinery. He must contribute something to
the twentieth century stock of ideas. The era
of expansion brings with it an expansion of the
market of ideas. t is to be a battle of intellects,
and the man who has no power to originate
ideas can only handle the products of other in-
tellects. The man with an idea will occupy the
center of the stage and the searchliglit of public
interest will be turned on him more than ever
before in the history of our country.
The man with a fortune can put his money in
a factory or safe investment,and,without worry-
ing about itafterwards, aid productiong but to
manage a combine requires the most practical
and forseeing men available. It is here that
the young man with nothing but brains can en-
enter the channels of progress and success.
The objects of industrial combination are to
cheapen the cost of distribution. The most per-
fect labor-saving machinery and the purchase of
raw materials in large quantities, both of which
are secured by the combination and consolida-
tion of capital and resources, tend to accom-
plish the first object: that of cheapening the cost
of production. The young man with an active
mind will not want to become a part of the
machinery of production. He will not want to
be the person who feeds a tack or pin machine
or runs a lathe or measures cloth. If he is of a
mechanical or inventive turn of mind, and his
ability has not been smothered by overwhelming
menial duties, he may contribute some labor-
saving machine to production. It is the
department of distribution that will engage and
deserve his thought and attention. This is the
branch of industry that takes a finished product
and finds a market for itg that brings the atten-
tion of the people who want, or think they want
or need it, to the article in question. It is this
division of labor that converts the products of
industry into hard cash. Without it the wheels
of the factory would stop and there would be
a cessation of production. How to lessen the
cost of distribution is the problem that is now
before the world for solution.
The primary object of combination is to
cheapen the cost of distribution. Expensive and
old methods of putting goods upon the market
are being gradually abandoned. One of the first
methods to go will be the traveling salesman or
drummer. In some lines he is still to be
used to a certain extent, but it is axiomatic that
with the consolidation of numerous small firms
into fewer large ones, the number of salesmen
employed will be cut down, and, if centralization
continues in all lines, the drummer will become
practically extinct. His hotel bills, railway
fares, and incidentals amount to a large
sum and must, in the end, be paid by the
consumer. But now under the new system the
producer will talk to thousands at a time, but at
the same time to each person individually. How
will he be able to do this? Through the
printed catalogue, the artistic booklet, the at-
tractive poster, the pages of monthly and weekly
periodicals, the columns of the daily press and
the thousand and one different ideas and unique
divices for catching the public eye, designed by
some of the brightest minds- in the country.
Who will furnish the ideas for t is new
and vast twentieth century system of publicity?
Here is the Held for anyone with original ideas.
Here is the golden harvest for the young man
who has nothing but brains. The producer who
is putting thousands of dollars into advertising
will scent a mildewed idea from afar. What he
wants must be bright and clean-milled from the
mint of genius. It must have the ring of true
mental and no dull leaden thud to it. A man
can 'make the finest kind of products, but if the
public never hears of or sees them what value
w.ll they be to either the producer or the world?
In the coming years more shoes and cloth
will be worn, and more wagons and automobiles
used than ever beforeg but the man who has a
million invested in the manufacture of slices or
cloth or wagons or automobiles can do little in
these years without tl1e aid of the genius of
publicity. He must call to his aid the men of
ideas, men who are masters of the art of lpresent-
ting forcefully and effectively to the mil ions of
consumers the merits of a particular commodity.
The genius of the artist, the printer, the photog-
rapher and the writer will be laid under tribute
to this twentieth century profession of pub-
licity. More than ever will it engage the thought
and attention of men of learning and intelligence,
thus showing the value of a good education and
training. The time will come when the devising
of a scheme to put a new commodity upon the
market will command a price that seems fabu-
lous these days.
Here is the great opportunity offered by the
twentieth century industrial evolution and ex-
pansion to "the young man with nothing but
brains." PAUL E. GUINTHER.
SELF MADE OR NEVER MADE
America is the country of self-made men.
Here all is in free movement and every one finds
his own level. Influential friends or parents can
not long hold one up or keep him down. One is
taken at his own true worth.
Not every individual can make anything he
likes for himself. Natural talent and opportuni-
ties of using it are to be considered. Talents
differ and so do opportunities. Upon one's self
depends the use made of talents and oppor-
tunities. The finest talent can be wasted, as
John Randolph wasted his in drink, great op-
portunities can be thrown away as Aaron Burr
threw his away.
On January 25, 1830, in the Senate of the
United States, Robert Young' Hayne of South
Carolina, in a powerful and highly polished
speech, presented the Southern doctrine of
Nullification and State Rights. Webster decided
to answer him the next morning. His friends
protested that the time for preparation was too
short. The following day Webster delivered
one of the greatest speeches recorded in Amer-
ican history. He had prepared for it all his life-
This opportunity did not make him, he had made
himself by being ready for the opportunities
which he might meet through-out life.
Poverty and lack of friends did not condemn
Lincoln and Garfield to ignorance and obscurity.
They rose to eminence because they knew how to
get ready for their opportunities. Francis Park-
man, although he was half blind, became
Americais greatest historian. Surely this man
through sheer force of self, created his environ-
ment, and found his opportunities, literally
groping for them in the dark. George Mortimer
Pullman, the inventor of the Pullman sleeper,
and Elias Howe, the inventor of the sewing
machine, were both the sons of men who were
in very humble circumstances. Environments
did not elevate them nor opportunities woo them,
yet they discovered their talents and put them to
good 11se, thereby benefitting the whole civilized
world. These examples can be equaled in every
callin every day. Every biography of scholar
or migionaire tells the same story, that men are
self-made or never made.
America alone is called the country of self-
made men. Yet, in other countries, there are
some notable examples of men who have risen
by their own efforts. In July, 1870, the armies
of France and Germany stood face to face upon
the banks of the Rhine. All thought that
France would win. She was richer and to all
appearances had a better army. But, to the as-
tonishment of tl1e whole civilized world, the
French forces were almost completely wrecked.
Within a few weeks the entire French army
had surrendered and the Germans held Paris.
When men began to think about it in ear-
nest, they saw that it was not France that had
been beaten, but only Louis Napoleon anda lot
of nobles, influential because they were nobles or
favorites. Louis Napoleon, emperor, because of
his name, had inherited the throne from his
illustrious uncle, Napoleon Bonaparte, a man
who had made himself and his name. Louis
had gained some credit in the Crimean War,
some said, "more by accident than anything
else." But when the real crises came, he was
beaten, because, he was never self-made.
On the other hand, the German leaders,
King William, Bismarck, Von Moltke, and Von
Roon, were all self-made men. Bismarck was
the master mind of European politics. He start-
ed out on his career with the ambition to crown
William II, Emperor of Germeny, and make
himself the idol of his countrymen. He suc-
ceeded because he had an iron will and could
create as well as use opportunities.
Von Moltke was the son of extremely poor
parents. He rose very slowly and wholly by his
own efforts. He never yielded to any tempta-
tiong he was ready for every emergency, because
he was ready before the opportunity came.
Charles Dickens, the famous English author,
won his literary honors through his own efforts,
for his father was a "ne'er do well," and conse-
quently could not afford to give his son much of
an education. But young Dickens started out in
life with the determination to acquire an educa-
tion and make something of himself, and he
Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England
from 1653-1658. and Francis Bacon, the well
known English statesman and author are also
striking examples, in English history, of self-
made men. In 1act the roll of such men seems
But what of those who are never made? Un-
less we turn to the histories of monarchies and
study the lives of their princes, illustrations of
this class will be very difficult to Hnd, because
elsewhere their history is not recorded. But
these princes and princesses! How their people
loved them and exalted them until they thought
themselves almost divine, and yet how little
they did in return for their people, or for the
world at large. What a roll of unhappy miser-
abze failures! Louis XVI of France, good
natured, honest, well meaning, of pure morals,
but weak in will, narrow in intellect, unable to
comprehend the situation, entirely destitute of
olitical instincts, by his very inefficiency
Hastening the approach of the Revolution, whic
was one wild shriek of disappointment in the
efficiency of kings, Marie Antoinette, gay
beautiful, pure, generous, innocent, with elevated
purposes, but pitifully ignorant as to the needs
of her eopleg George III, King of England,
fJll1'l1 whose narrow obstinacy England lost the
United States, Charles I,. Louis Phillip and
All this shows that no one grows except
through his own efforts. One takes out of life
only what he puts into it. If anything fine and
noble is to be made of life, each one must do it
At first thought it ought to seem quite easy
for a young person living in the very midst of
the theme to write a brilliant as well as an ex-
haustive paper on youth. But when we attempt
the task we find it very difficult, and we find it
so because when we are in the midst of any-
thing we do not have as clear a view of it as
when we look back upon it or look at it from a
distance. So in literature often we do not ap-
preciate good works during the life time of the
author. Even Shakespeare did not impress the
people of his own generation as he impresses us.
We look upon a picture very closely, we find
nothing but daubs of paint, but when viewed
from the proper distance we see it in all its
beauty. W hen we are near amountain and look
at it, we do not see its beauty, but wh an we
view it from a distance we see it in all its grand
and beautiful proportions. This seems to be the
reason why we who are in our youth do not see
how beautiful it is. Accordingly we find that
the best things said about youth have been
spoken and written by old men. Poets who died
in their youth have not written so much about
it as those who lived to look back upon their
earlv life. Longfellow wrote of "My Lost Youth,"
and Whittier says in his "Barefoot Boy,"
"Ahl That thou couldst, know thy joy,
Ere it passes, bare foot boy."
Theodore Parker says: "How beautiful is
youth, early manhood, early womanhood, how
wonderfully fair! What freshness of life,clean-
ness of blood, purity of breath! Wnat hopes!
There is nothing too much for the young maid
and young man to put in their day. 0 young
men and women! there is no picture that seems
too high, too beautiful for young hearts."
And Longfellow says almost the same in verse:
"How beautiful in youth! how bright it gleams
With its illusions. aspirations, dreams!
Book of beginnings, Story without end l"
If youth is such a grand,important time in our
life how should we regard it? Most young peo-
ple look forward to what are to do in the future
and dream about the things to come instead of
trying to live nobly in the present. They are
like the miser who stores up gold and at last
awakens to the fact that his gold does not give
him any pleasure because he has lost the faculty
for enjoyment. Since youth seems to be a sub-
ject to inspire poets we -may well turn to them
for ideas concerning it. We, who are young
wonder if it is as Longfellow says, that our
youth is all illusions, aspiration and dreams.
We believe that in our youth we should make
ood beginnings, for w at man is in old age h e
gas usually been in his youth. "Childhood
shows the man as morning shows the day."
, "This world is but the rugged road,
Which leads us to the bright abode,
Of peace above,
So let us choose that narrow way,
Which leads no traveller's foot astray
From realms of love."
. Some who begin life wrong finally rise to
hlgherand nobler planes, but how sad to think
their lives' are marred by wrong beginnings.
And we think with Longfellow when he says:
"And the words or that fatal song
Came over me like a chill,
And the thoughts of youth are long, long
So then We who are young should take heed
to the teachings of older people for, "We might
learn from the wisdom of age and be cheered by
the sallies of youth." We are also told that,
'iOur deeds shall travel with us from afar,
And what we have been makes us what we are."
t'The cunning skill, the curious arts,
The glorious strength that youth imparts,
In life's first stage,
They shall become a heavy weight,
When time swings wide his outward gate
To weary age."
The most precious hours of life are those of
youth. We are told by those who have passed
that happy time, that an hour spent in study or
work is more fruitful than two so spent in the
afternoon of life, and that in our youth we do
not understand the value of time, and when at
last we discover its priceless Worth, the best
years of life have fied forever.
Virtue is the brightest ornament of youth.
For one who lives in sin cannot expect to obtain
the reward the same as one who lives a high
and noble life. Shakespeare savs: "Those who
pass their yottli in vice are justly condemned to
spend their age in folly." So it is very essen-
tial that our acts be always lovely and good.
"Sow an act and you reap a habit, ,sow a
habit and you reap a character, sow a character
and you reap a destiny." Tnere is no tragedy like
wasted life, life failing of its purpose, life turned
to a false end. But-
"Life grows better every day,
If we live in deed and truth,
So I am not used to grieve,
For the vanished joys of youth."
Cato says that old age is wrongly blamed,
that its ills lie in the character, not in the time
of life. But Stedman writes:
"Who told us that the years had fied,
Or borne afar our blissful youth?
Such joys are all about us spread,
We know the whisper was not truth."
And we who are young can also think with
an author who said:
"What though there comes a time of pain,
When autumn winds forebode decay
The days of love are borne again
That fabled time is far away."
And we who are beginning let us live so that
when we are old we can say with Longfellow:
"Age is opportunity no less
Than youth itself, though in another dress,
And as the evening twilight fades away
The sky is fllled with stars, invisible by day."
BOOKS AS COMPANIONS
If one of us, knowing the infiuence of com-
panions on our minds and characters, should be
told that we might choose whom we would as
our most intimate friend and associate, Whom
would we choose? Would it be one whom we
had often heard branded as base and ignoble,
ignorant and unscrupulous, whose very touch
was contamination, or a thief with such a small
shriveled soul that he would rob us of our dear-
est treasures even while we conversed with
himg or yet would it be one of whom, though
we knew nothing bad, we knew no good?
If this great privilege was given us would
our choice be such a one, or would it be one
whose whole life had been upright and noble,
whose thoughts were pure, who was universally
admired,and one whom we in our best moments
most wished to imitate.
If thus questioned every one would undoubt-
edly choose the latter. This privilege is ours if
we will but use it, nor are we restricted in mak-
ing our selection to our vicinity or yet our own
country. We are not even limited to the is orld
of men now living. We may go down the ages
of the past, choosing from their wisest and best
whom we will, and from these hear their best
thoughts, those most entertaining, instructive,
We may do even more. We may take jour-
neys with them all over the world and enjoy all
its beauties to the utmost, looking through their
trained eyes. We may journey to vales and
woodland haunts of our own country, to the
beautiful Rhine with its old castles and familiar
legends, to the ruins of Rome, or to Rome while
yet in the height of its power, to Greece and
ancient Troy, to the pyramids along the Nile
and the graves of the ancient Pharaohsg or even
to the court of King Solomon, in all the
brilliancy of its former splendor. We may go
with the sailor to the frozen seas of the North or
over the tropic seas of the South ,with the scien-
tist in his search after knowledge.
Every one, even the poorest, can have such
companions and through them gain a broad and
comprehensive education and become a cultured
person. If you would get such companions, go
to your bookshelves, the home of your friends,
and we may say with one author
t'The place that does contain
My books, the best companions, is to me
A glorious court, where hourly I converse
With the old sages and philosophers,
And sometimes for variety I confer
With kings and emperors and weigh their coun-
Take from the shelves a book of Shakespere,
Milton, Dickens, Thackeray, Scott, Bryant,
Emerson, Holmes or Browning, and you have a
friend always sympathetic, ready to talk to you
at any time, as long as you wish, a friend for
every mood, a gentle kind friend in sorrow, a
cheerful humorous friend when we are happy,
and a wise serious friend when we are thought-
ful. They give us their thoughts and influence
just as a living friend would. The same is true
of bad books and we should avoid them as we
would thieves, for they steal our time, money
and what is far more precious, our principles.
By bad books is not necessarily meant the
fiction and light books of the hour, the bright
pleasant talk of some one with whom you can-
not converse, printed for you. They are enter-
taining and even instructive along some lines.
We should be grateful for them and make good
use of them. But they are only passing' talk,
not true books, and should be treated as such,
if we would obtain much good from them. Let
our companionship with them be not a mere
passing acquaintance, but let it ripen and expand
into a warm and intimate friendship. Look for
their good qualities and dwell upon these, go
lightly over their bad qualities and forget them
as soon as possible. , When you sit down and
take a good book, let it be to read it in the true
sense of the word, with an alert receptive mind,
eager to drink in their good thoughts and for
awhile forget your cares and trouhles. ,Never
attempt to read a good book when you can give
only your divided attention to it, as in doing
this you do a gross injustice to it and its author,
for you will never find the wealth of wisdom
and helpful thought there. Often our lack of
appreciation for good books is a result of this
habit. Look for its good points as you would for
those of any other friend.
"Mark there. We get no good
By being ungenerous even to a book
And calculating profits-so much profit
By so much reading. It is rather when
We gloriously forget ourselves and plunge
Soul-forward headlong, into a book profound
Impassioned for its beauty and salt of truth
Tis then we get the right good from a book."
EFFIE B. ELY.
Honor, fame, and public applause may be
sought by mang but as for woman, let knowledge
be her garment, virtue her girdle, and pity a
crown about her head. This is her appropriate
panoplyg and thus dressed she will claim no
station above that which Heaven designed for
her, nor will she waver to lend her hand to beau-
tify the various duties, which have been assigned
It is said that woman holds in her keeping
the happiness and welfare of the world. To her
is given the highest position, that of the care
and culture of home and children. Heaven has
imprinted on the face of mother something
beyond our comprehension, something which
claims kindred with the skies, the tender, look,
the ever watchful eye, which keeps its fond vigil
over her household. In what Christian country
can we deny the influence which a mother exerts
over the whole life of her children?
In the last few years woman's horizon has
been widened in many respects. But we still
flnd that the place, where her character and
loveliness are most attractive, is ever by her
own Hreside. We look back over the pages of
history and learn that her sphere has alwas been
that of the angel spirit of home, making it bright
and beautiful with her love and sympathy. Here
she gladly accepts the duty ofa helpmate to those
about her, sharing their sorrows and spreading
the most genial influences. Her word is its
mildest law and her smile its sunshine.
What a beautiful example of all that is noble
and pure in woman is Queen Victoria! Above
all she loved sweet virtuous Womanhood, and
believed with the poet that "kind hearts are
more than coronetsf' She was one of the high-
est moral geniuses of this world, and her name
will be repeated in history as one who lived
a life that was the incarnation of purity.
She was never more happy than when she
was with her children. Even when they had
grown up and had become well known person-
ages, she still guided them with the gentle hand
of love. Although she did have the direct power
to rule, still she had great influence in the gov-
ernment of the realm, due to her fine personality.
She was very careful before giving her ad-
vice in even small things to become well ac-
quainted with all of the circumstances., By
doing this in small things she prepared herself
to do so in greater affairs and so became known
as a very just ruler. During her long reign not
a breath of suspicion or scandal disgraced her
court. What an example she sets before all
nations in her sweet simplicity and devotion to
"Woman, wife, mother, most illustrious queen!
A sweeter, purer light shines on each name.
Reflected from thypure strong noble life,
Truth loved and lived on earth can never die,
Tis I-Ieaven's reward of Immortality."
The strong bonds of tradition and- custom,
by which woman was limited have been broken
and now sho is free to do what is best. With an
unswerving purpose to raise womanhood to a
higher level, and to secure its rights in the
world of industry, she does not sacrifice prin-
ciples, but is proud to takeapart in the advance-
ment of the welfare of woman.
Her work is discipline, it develops her will
power, and, good sense and broadens her view
of life. While this change in the condition
of woman is an advantage, and many can be
happy in helping themselves and others, there is
another phase of the industrial life which is any-
thing but encouraging. It is not granted to
every one to win fame by their work, but there
are numberless small tasks, which truly meet
the world's' needs in everyday life.
Although many of the little sacrifices of
people do not become known, there is always
one out of many whose good deeds become pub-
lished abroad. Among these Florence Nighten-
gale furnishes an excellent example to be fol-
lowed by all to whom it is permitted. What a
noble deed it was to give up a home surrounded
by luxurv and education, to go among the wound-
ed and afllicted and nurse them back to life! She
not only won the love and gratitude of the
soldiers themselves but also of the queen and
public in general. And when, upon receiving a
material appreciation for her kind acts, she did
not keep it for herself but founded a school for
nurses, showing further her generous disposi-
tion and thoughtfulness of others.
The woman of true intelli ence is a blessing
at home, in her circle of friengs, and in society.
She carries with her a health giving influence
wherever she goes. There is a beautiful harmony
about her character that inspires the respect
which soon warms to love. Her tenderness has
often been the ' means of holding transgressors
by the heart strings and leading thenl back to
God. She strengthens right principles and like
flowers springin up in our pathway rexfives and
makes happy ag around her. "Woman is truly
the fluid of the thermometer of the world placed
there by the hand of the Creator."
ETHEL s. WILSON.
STEP BY STEP -
"We have not wings, we cannot iiy,
But we have feet to scale and climb.
By slow degrees, by more and more,
By cloudy summits of our time."
Life is a great building. Man is the builder
and every man must build for himself. Each
stone laid is an act completed and if every stone
is firmly laid,each step Hrmly taken, he will
surely reach the goal of success. Thus we see
that man does not attain to greatness all at once
but he accomplishes his aim step by step.
When chi dren start to school they begin
their journey up the mountain of learning at the
summit of which is the goal of success. If each
child could realize how important it is that he
should learn each lesson well, make each step
firm as he goes along, there would indeed be no
such word as fail. "Do the duty which lies
nearest thee! Thy second duty will already
have become clearer."
Many there are who start to climb this
mountain but their feet slip, they become dis-
couraged and give up. This is where so many
make their great mistake for giving up is the
key to failure. The world would be well sup-
plied with successful people, if there were no
such word as fail, but unfortunately this is not
the case. We find by reading the biographies
of our great men, that many of them failed
sometime during their lives, in some of their
undertakingls, but we also find that failure did
not cause t em to give up the struggle for dis-
tinction, but they used these failures only as
stepping stones to success.
"Greatly begin though thou have time,
But for a line, be that sublime,
Not failure but low aim is crime."
Our failures should not discourage us, but
should inspire us to renew our efforts.
Life with some definite and noble purpose is
Worth living. The question which may fre-
quently confront us is: How can I make the
most of life? How can I reach my ideal? Gar-
fleld says "The genius of success is the genius of
labor." You can reach your ideal if you have
the determination, self reliance and persever-
ance, for these elements are sure guides to suc-
cess. Success comes only through hard work
and determined perseverance, for the steps to
honor or fame are not easy to climb.
We certainly cannot compfain of lack of
opportunity, for in fact in t is golden agp,
America is another name for opportunity. T e
great trouble with many of us is, we fail to grasp
the grand opportunities we have presented to
us. We do not realize their value until we think
of how some of our fore-tathers had to acquire
their education. It is said that John Quincy
Adams learned to write, by filling a box wit
sand and tracing letters with a stick, also of
youn Daniel Webster that he plucked his pen
out oghis motherls pet goose, and made ink from
the soot scraped from the flre-place. We have
often heard that George Washington, eager' to
get an education woul walk for miles in order
that he might borrow a book to study in the
evening after a hard day's labor. The lives of
all our great men show us that without work
and determination, no great things are achieved.
These men did not have the chance we have to-
day of obtaining an education. The libraries
supply all with books who wish them, the
schools furnish instruction to all who are
willing to receive it, and we might say education
is free to all who wish to obtain it. Most men of
the earlier ages who became great, had limited
chances to obtain an education. They had but
few ,opportunities that they could and obtained
the best possible results from them.
Most of our famous men did not reach their
ideal by traveling over very smooth pathways
but instead under most unfavorable circum-
stances. This shows that they were determined
to reach a high mark in life, no matter how
rough their path might be. Nearly all came
face to face with poverty. We can then see
that poverty is no barrier to success. It usually
deve opes ambition and nerves people to action.
Let us look into the lives of some of our
great men, and see the number of steps they had
to climb before becoming famous. Take for
example Abraham Lincoln, one of our greatest
and best statesmen who was born on a farm in a
rude 'log cabin, of poor parentage. He spent his
boyhood days on t e farm. Later war was de-
clared with the Sacsand Lincoln was chosen as
leader of an army of men. Several years fol-
lowing this, he was asked to be candidate for the
State Legislature, but he was defeated in the
election by three votes. He then became as-
sistant county surveffor. He studied law and was
twice elected to the egislature. He was chosen
as one of the electors in the Harrison Pres-
idential campaign and was elected to Congress
in 1846. In 1856 he was elected Vice President
and then in a short time he was nominated and
became President of the United States. We
have seen that Lincoln rose from the log cabin
to the capitol despite poverty and the many
obstacles he had to overcome. Gariield's life
furnishes us another grand example showing
how man can rise from the lowest stations in
life to higher levels. If Lincoln and Garfield,
both poor farmer boys could come to the Presi-
dency, then there is a chance for other farmer
boys. If these men could become great under
their circumstances, then there is a chance
for you and I. So it matters not wh at
your station in life at present may be, do not
become discouraged but use the lives of our
great men to inspire you to step to higher levels.
"I held it truth, with him who sings
To one clear harp in divers tones,
That men may rise on steplping stones,
Of their dead selves to hig er things."
There are two great forces continually fight-
ing for the supremacy in the lives of all young
people. The success, happiness and value of
every young person to the world depend very
largely upon which of the forces, good or evil,
governs his life. Just as the head gardener on a
large estate always has a corps of assistants to
dig and weed and water, so the two great forces
which are always striving for the possessions
of young hearts have their sub-gardeneers, who
are always busy. These under-gardners are
"Just as the twig is bent, the tree is inclined."
But what bends the twig? Who has the charac-
ter in hand while it is yet so fiexible and plastic
that it can be turned in any direction or mould-
ed into any form? What is the formative power
The first and most powerful influence of all
is that of the mother. It results that the child's
first impression must be taken from her. The
mother has every opportunity for discharging
this important duty. She is ever with her child,
sees continually the workings of its faculties,
where they need to be restrained and where de-
veloped. Early as she may begin her task, she
may be assured that no effort will be in vain, be-
cause undertaken too soon. The child's mind,
from its earliest days, is ever active and very
early may a mother see, that carefully as she
may study the child, quite as carefully is the
child observing and learning from its mother-
Thus she will perceive that the child's mind is re-
ceiving impressions, and forming character from
every act and word-of the mother. Later when
the expanding faculties begin to display them-
selves in the sportiveness of play, the mother
will often be surprised to find the elements of
character already fixed, when she has least ex-
pected it. She has but to watch and she will
flnd the embryonic tyrant or philanthropist,war-
rior or peacemaker, with her in the nursery.
What he is to be and what he is to do in any of
these spheres of activity, she must now decide.
Next come the early companions of childhood
days. These companions, busy playing with
dolls and going fishing, never suspect that they
are gardeners, that they are daily sowing and
nourishing, they are nevertheless, under the
direction of their respective masters good, or
evil, bringing forth the greatest product of the
ages, the harvest of human character! Every
boy is a far different boy today because certain
other boys lived in the same town with him, and
every girl, though she does not herself realize it,
is a far better or Worse girl because of her early
playmakes. Looking back upon our past lives,
it would be easy, if memory would not obscure
so many events of importance, to see how we
had turned from the straight line, how we had
yielded to this temptation and that, and how we
had been led on to nobler and braver deeds than
were our wont. Every deviation from the or-
dinary line of conduct, every indentation and
curve to the right hand or left, almost without
exception, could be accounted for by the influence
of one ormore of those most powerful of mag-
nets, a good or bad companion.
Then there is a class of companions which is
a great comfort and consolation, a refuge in
time of sorrow and misfortune, friends ever
faithful and outliving all others. Books! They
enable us to see with the keenest eyes, hear with
the finest ears, and listen to the sweetest voices
of all time. Have you ever considered what the
mere ability to read means? That it is the key
which opens to us the whole world of thought,
imagination and workings of the human heart?
To the company of saint and sage, of the wisest
and wittiest during their wisest and wittiest
moments. More than that, it annihilates time
and space for us, it revives for us, without
a miracle, the Age of Wonders, endowuing us
with the shoes of swiftness and cap of darkness,
so that we walk invisible, and witness unharmed
the plague at Athens or Florence or London, ac-
company Caesar on his marches, or look in on
Catiline in council with his fellow conspirators
or Guy Fawkes in the cellar of St. Stephens's.
One need never pine for want of intellectualcom-
panionship. It opens to us a select society of all
the centuries which will not involve us in a
ruinous waste of time, health and faculties.
But there are books and books, ranging from the
best to the worst. Yes, there is as great a choice
in books as in friends and the mind sinks or rises
to the evilof its habitual society. Cato's advice,
"cum bonis ambula," is quite as true if We ex-
tend it to books, for they, too, insensibly give
from their own nature to the mind that converses
with them. They either beckon upward or
"The rapidity with which the human mind
levels itself to the standard around it, gives the
most pertinent warning as to the company we
jig yopmafign and Sloirif of ide -lqmerican -.goverluneni
July 4th., 1776, our Republic was born, to
the American people. On that memorable day
the corner stone, of a grand and noble purpose,
was laid, thenceforth to be protected by its
founders. Thirteen states united, stood, ready
to defend this, then, little star of the west against
the tyrannical foe across the waters. The sharp
stings of injustice to the little colonies had
struck deep in the hearts of men that loved, and
cherished the thoughts of freedom and indepen-
dence. And when the supreme opportunity ar-
rived every man volunteered his service in re-
sponse to the call of the new confederation.
With their blood boiling with patriotism, and
led by the immortal Washington, they were
triumphant in their cause, and secured for them-
selves, and their posterity, the sweetest blessing
ever enjoy ed by a band of people: freedom and
The next important event in the formation
of the American government was the construc-
tion of its foundation, the Federal constitution.
The most perfect stl ucture regulating the rights
of people in the realm of humanity.
Our federal constitution is the great memoi ial
of the deeds of our ancesto1's. And on that great
pillar their names are carved and their deeds re-
corded. lt is the purchase of American valor.
lt is the rich prize that rewards the toil of
eight years of war and blood.
What are military glories? What are naval
victories? What are armies subdued, or fleets
captured, unless they end in the establishment
oi just laws and national happiness. The Rev-
olutionary war was not more renowned for the
brilliancy of its scenes, than for the benefits of
its consequences. Other countries have had
battles, but do the people after battle sit in cool
judgment and enjoy the lruits oi their labors,
oy the establishment of wise laws? On the con-
tqary they do away with one despot and accept
another. England beheaded her Charles, and
crowned her Cromwell. France guillotined her
Louises,then obeyed her Bonaparts. Usurpation
of power. Despotism does not flourish on our
Our constitutional system does not consist of
officers clothed with extraordinary powers, It
does not consist of offices bearing titles of no-
bility, It does not consist of arbitrary laws of a
dynasty, with unjust and inhuman principles.
lt does not consist of judiciary powers effecting
the people's security to life and property. But
it does consist of the application of eternal
principles cf justice to the relation of people to
each other, in our social compact. Take the
preamble into consideration and the inalienable
rights granted to the people: That no person can
be deprived of life, liberty or property without
due process of law. That excessive bail shall not
be required, That no person shall be denied the
right of Habeas Corpus, That all men are creat-
ed equal and can take part in the affairs of the
government, That any erson charged with
crime is entitled to a speedy trial by an impartial
jury, to have counsel lor his defense, and have
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his
behalf, and you have the essence of our Con-
The body of our constitution provides for a
more perfect union than existed before its rat-
ification by the states, for the establishment of
justice, for common defense, promotes the gen-
e1'sl welfare of the country,and secures domestic
tranquility. '1'he Bill of Rights specifically
secures the blessings of libertys to ourselves and
our posterity. The inhabitants of Great Britain
fought indparlinment for centuries for a bill of
rights, an only a few years ago were successful
to some ex tent in obtaining just laws -for their
security. King John was forced to sign a bill of
rights in the 13th century, but the bill was of
little significance to the subjects. Despotic
rulers paid but little attention to the rights of
subjects. In fact, their rights were ignored up
until the reign of Queen Victoria.
Under our system of government we have no
exhorbitant and unjust rates of taxation as most
European countries. But on the contrary
our country is limited by established laws in
the rate of taxation placed upon the people. And
we further enjoy the right of no taxation with-
out representatlon. On account of the sacred
blessing secured to the people by our constitu-
tional system, the people became steadfast, and
ardent lovers of the country that has promulgat-
ed and supported such a noble system for the
common good. They are loyal, and are patriotic,
in its support.
standing at the base of this gigantic struct-
ure of our constitutional system, we bow our
heads in reverence to its precious memory, and
while thus standing, motionless, with a tear
stained eye, faint sounds are heard in the far dis-
tance, sounds that resemble the roar of cannons,
and the clatter of steel. Then all is quiet, till
suddenly the jubilant, patriotic, shrill notes of
the life and drum are heard, then as your eyes
open you gaze into the mist that surrounds you,
and behold a vision of the stars and stripes,
peacefully waving in the winds. Burning with
the fever of patriotism you look about and un-
derstand that the passing scenes were revealing
the history of the corner stone of our republic.
Your sight is then attracted to the foundation,
What a noble piece of work, how massive in
structural form. You read the inscription set
in bold relief, Liberty, Justice and Independ-
ence, and you then know why the foundation
can support such a gigantic structure. You then
look lar up in the distance and behold our na-
tional happiness and lprosperity, inscribed on its
sides for neaven's lig t to illuminate the world.
At the apex you behold a large capstone that
spreads out as if to protect the whole structure.
This is the handwork of God and signifies His
will, and for the good of the entire universe may
His will be done. WESLEY S. MILLER.
It may be proved with much certainty that
God intends no man to live-in this world with-
out workingg but it seems no less evident that
He intended every man to be happy in his work.
It is written, "ln the sweat of thy browg but it
was never written, in the breaking of thy heart.
shalt thou eat bread."
It is almost a truism to say that the Hrst
thing to be done by him who would succeed in
life is to make a wise choice ofa profession. Of
the thousands of men who are continually com-
ing upon the stage of life, there are few who es-
cape the necessity of adopting some profession
or calling, and there are fewer still who, if they
knew the misery of idleness would ever desire
such an escape. An unoccupied man can never
be happy, nor can one who is improperly oc-
There is nothing more disastrous to success
than the wrong choice of a life work, yet there
is a growing tendency to enter professions which
the world regards with great respect in spite of
the frequent unfitness of such professions.
A mischosen profession is the graveyard of
ambition. HB3 wnat nature intend ad you for
and you will succeedg be anything else and you
will be a thousand times wor,-ie than nothing."
It is an uncontrove1'ted truth that no one
ever made an ill figure who understool his
talents, nor a good one, who mistook them.
Nothing is so important to a boy as to become
acquainted with himself to understand what he
is best fitted for in life, and to avoid being in-
fluenced by what mav seem the most pleasant
or most popular calling.
That all men are born free and equal is true
with respect to the rights of citizenship, but not
true in many other respects.
It requires no argument to prove that one
with astrongly mar ed natural gift Sll0I.llfl se-
lect a profession that would harmonize with
natural inclination. But in many cases the pre-
dominating gift is not apparent in early life,
or it may be smothered by unfavorable surround-
ings, or other gifts may be especially cultivated,
causing this one to bs temporarily lost sight of
and finally amistake is made in the choice of a
calling which may mean the loss of much valua-
ble time spent in the wrong direction. The error
may eventually be discovered and corrected but
in many cases it may be found impossible to re-
trace the steps already taken and a life is spent
in a struggle for daily bread, each day's work a
burdensome and helpless task,and the discovery
often shipwrecks the feeble,and plunges ordinary
minds into despair.
But there is perhaps no mistake of the young
more common than that of supposing that in the
-pursuits of life extraordinary talents are necess-
ary to one who would achieve more than ordina-
ry success, over-looking the importance of per-
sistence of purpose, staying power and the ability
to stand firm as a rock under all circumstances
and to allow nothing to divert him from his aimg
he should remember that even though his steps
may be s'ow along his chosen path, yet each day
marks gr ater progress than that of the day be-
fore and he will grow more and more encouraged
by the passing milestones.
On the other hand one with brilliant gifts
may neutralize his powers and waste his ener-
gies by scattering them in several directions,
pursuing this object and then that, and the -re-
suit is, he is outdone by the plodder who is not
enticed from the pursuit he has chosen by others
which may for the moment seem more promis-
ing. The race is not always won by the swift or
the battle by the strong.
"Give me a man with an aim, '
Whatever that aim may be,
Whether itls wealth or whether it's fame,
It matters not to me.
Let him walk in the path of right,
And keep his aim in sight,
And work and pray in faith away,
With his eyes on a glittering height."
Dr. Arnold declared that the g1'eat difference
between the successful and unsuccessful in pro-
fessions was not somuch natural talent but en-
ergy, invincible determination and honest pur-
As the field of effort in the present age is
broadg literature, science and art have reached
such a degree of development that individual
effort must be directed along special lines to
himkwho would achieve high hono1's in his chosen
A young man may excuse lack of effort by
feeling that he is unlortunately situated or that
he has no opportunity. This is self deception.
Let hi1n remember that 111any men have been
obscure in their origin and birth, but great and
glorious in their life work. They have been
born and nurtured in villages, but reigned and
triumphed in cities. They were first laid in the
mangers of poverty and obscurity but afterwards
became possessors of thrones and palaces. Na-
poleon was of an obscure family of Corsica. John
Jacob Astor once sold apples on the streets of
New York. Dr. Thomas Bishop of Worcester
was the son of a linen drape1'.
Whatever calling you feel impelled to pur-
sue do not affect to dlspise it. Do not boast of
the heights to which your genius might have
soared had itnot been tethered to the earthg of
brilliant things you might have done had it
not been for certain disadvantages. This may
he true, but the world deems succersthe only
test OI merit. '
Popular -opinion will always be, that what-
ever extraordinary ability ex.sts, it will iird
some way to make itself known, and wnerever
there is not this preminent force of genius the
injustice done to man's powers will, in the long
run, scarcely be perceptible.
If your calling is a humble one enoble
it by the lnanner in which you discharge its
duties and you will challenge the respect of all
whose good opinion is worth having.
It is not the calling or situation in life that
gives dignity or nobility to the man but it is the
man thatdignifies the situation or calling.
Having chosen acalling follow it with en-
thusiasm, work untiringly, looking above and
beyond all obstacles and discouragements, press
forward with steadfast purpose and hop A to final
success. ARTHUR FRLESE.
Do the best he can man is largely a creature
of influence and circumstances. His surround-
ings have, to a very great extent, made him
what we find him today. Each of his eviron-
ments is like a chisel which cuts away at the
marble of his life, leaving its own impression
whether good or evil. Molded and chiseled by
visible and invisible surroundings, and modified
by will and purpose, he becomes a composite
man, pressed outward by the expansive powers
within, and sustained and shaped by his en-
True, man has no choice of ancestors, race,
or nativity, but, while not independent of his
environments, he is, to a great extent, respon-
sible for the making of them. Man is the high-
est created bring, made in the image and like-
ness of his maker, and it was never intended
that he should be trampled under foot, but that
he should rule. At the very gateway of his life
he finds himself on a limitless sea, not knowing
whence he came, or whither he shall go. But
being endowed with power of reason, and free-
dom of will, he is enabled to choose for himself,
and soon attracts to himself like natures and
principles until he is surrounded by a world all
his own, good or bad, just as he makes it. Those
we gather around us come in answer to a call
from within ourselves. The words which are
spoken in our hearing depend largely on what
we wish io hear. The things we see depend up-
on the direction in which we look. Two young
people may live in the same home, attend the
same scl1ool,and mingle with the same associates,
and yet their environments may be entirely dif-
ferent. One willtake the best of his surround-
ings, draw out the best of his associates,
while the other draws out the worst.
ll-ur environment is, in part, a refiection of
our own personality. Like a mirror it refiects
the faces we make, and the voices we hear are
biit echoes of our own. " If we would see the
color of our future we must look for it in our
presentg and if we would gaze on the star of our
destiny, we must look for it in our hearts." .lust
as the future oak lies folded in the acorn, so our
future lies hidden in ourpresent, and our success
will depend upon the seeds of our own sowing
and the nourishment we give them. VVe can-
not expect to get out of life more than we are
willing to put into it. "Are we dissatisfied with
today's success? It is the ha1'vest of yesterday's
sowing. Do we dream of a golden morrow? lts
l'arvest will depend upon the seeds we are sow-
Som +111 rn, instead of making the best of
their facilities for achievement, are always tell-
ing what they might have been under different
circumstances. lf only their ancestors had been
great and wealthy, they too llllgilf now hold
some position of honor. Indeed! they have not
yet learned that greater honor is due the man
who has the will power to get out and
hustle for himself, than is due the man who
tries to go through life relying on the merits
of his ancestors.
Some of the greatest men the world has ever
known have arisen from the ranks of the poo1'.
We love and honor the youth who practices
heroic self-denial, contends with poverty and
hardship, and finally, by steady exertion and
wi ling sacrifice, arrives at positions of intelli-
gence and trust.
Benjamin Franklin declared that wealth
was a misfortune to the young, and he who
studies the lives of the great and good will find
that poverty in youth and the necessity of toil
are not obstacles to the highest success. Luther,
Wasliiiigton, Lincoln, Grant, Livingston and
many others struggled through poverty and
want, surmounted difficulties which at times
seemed almost unbearable. Each had the
ambition to win and the dete1'1nination to
rise above his surroundings and to better not
ogily his own condition, but also that of human-
They learned to conquer circumstances and
at each defeat received a new determination,
and lnade their difliculties stepping stones to
something higher. Each of these great men, in
his day, excelled those who had every advanta fe,
and left behind a name that will outlive t ie
mere tittle and rank of worldly distinction. But
not in name alone does the greatness of these
men shine forth, but in power and influence.
The work which they accomplished will live
forever. Had there been no Luther, men and
nations would today be thinking and acting
very differently. Had there been no VVashing-
ton, no Lincoln, we would not now be the free
and independent nation of which we boast, and
our environments would be entirely changed.
Each of these great lives teaches self-reliance,
and that tl1e plain path of duty ever leads to
honor and distinction. lf we would be great we
must seek such influences as produce greatness,
and then, ourselves, be an influence for good.
In studying the l1istory of men and nations
we find, too, that the infiuence of nature enters
more or less into the character of every man
and nation. Thus the Greeks, sl1ut in by natural
barriers from the rest of the world,became great
students and profound thinkers, while the Ro-
mans, constantly harassed by the barbarians
on the north, we1'e forced to become great war-
l'l0l'S. The bright blue sky and the beautiful
scenery of Italy has produced many great
artists. The rugged scenery and simple life of
Scotland produced the famous poet,Burns.
In our own country the natu1'al environments
are unexcelled. Here nature holds out to man
every inducement to make him become great.
She allows llllll to drink deep of her richness,and
from her he le arns lessons of grand ure,broadncss,
sublimity, and peace. Nature is the great teach-
er of the world, the developer of mankind, and
the invigorater of the ra.ce, and who bars him-
self from such infiuences must forever be dwa1'f-
ed in some part of l1is manhood, some part of
his being remain undeveloped.
As our nation became great through the op-
portunities afforded by nature, by living face to
face with the real world, so in life he who would
succeed IHHSE face the stein 1'ealiti:-'s of life with
a determined effort, and if our nation progresses
in the flli7ll1'6 as it has in the past, it will be be-
cause we of this generation possess the same
spirit which characterized our fathers. of
today stand on a level with the great men of to-
morrow. The present leaders will soon have
won their victories, and tomorrow's generals
must come from our own ranks. Today we
stand upon the threshold and gaze into the fu-
ture. VVhat does it hold for us? Success or
failure? Long may we gaze, but 'tis not there
we find the answer. For 'Ldestiny is not from
without oneself but from within," and
"The tissues of the life to be
We weave with colors all our own,
And in the field of destiny
VVe reap as we have sown."
WILBUR L. ELSER
And Ruth, the Maabitess, said unto Naomi,
"Let me now go into the Helds, and glean ears
of corn after him, in whose sight, I shall find
grace. And she said unto her "Go my daughter."
When Ruth returned at eventide, and ex-
hibited to Naomi the result of her gleaning,
Naomi asked her "Where hast thou gleaned to-
Though more than thirty centuries have
passed since Ruth glleaned handfuls of grain,
after the reapers, in t e fields of wealthy Boaz,
yet the story appeals to our mind, with striking
The lessons taught, by it are many and im-
portant. ln our day and land the mode of har-
vesting is so radically different, that there is no
longer any necessity, for the young of either sex
to glean in the grainfields.
While Ruth's labors, were lowly and humble,
yet her beautiful life, attracted the attention of
Boaz, and ,she eventually gathered him in as a
husbandg thus attaining wealth and position.
One lesson to be learned is, that humble labor is
not to be despised, and surely brings a reward if
properly performrd. Another lesson is, that the
gleanings and gatherings of small things is of
As we look over the history of mankind from
the very earliest point of civilization, down to
the present, we find men and women, who have
risen from poverty and places of obscurity, to
the places of eminence and honor. Their
careful gleaning of opportunities imparted the
power to rise, and enabled them, to exert a
benificent influence upon the lives of their
We sometimes sit and meditate about the
little things and daily happenings, the small
things which we count as so trivial and unim-
portant that we usually dismiss them as un-
worthy of any. special effortg but if they are
grasped and retained they can be utilized as
the stepping stones in our ascent of the heights
which all should scale in life's journey.
Great things are not done in a day. Twenty-
four hours is far too short a period in which to
complete great things' but even an hour if
properly used will enable us to add some treas-
ure to our store of useful knowledge.
The little gleanings and thoughts collected
from every day in the week, will develop in after
years into something grand and great. Every
day has its system and then passes away to make
1'0Ol1'l for the next, but all the days taken togeth-
er rorm one year.
We may start at the lowest step, but if our
chosen occupation, will bring us at last to a
higher one, we need not become discouraged.
Many of those who have gained the object of
their labors, worked years for it, and as many
years may have been spent by another of equal
ability, who sought a number of prizes and
gained none. ,
Let us look over the lives of our great men,
of our own country g Abraham Lincoln: We all
know how he rose lrcm 'the poorest of homes
and mo t ignorant of associates, to a place most
honored and honorable in the United States. He
was eager to grasp at every straw of knowledge.
that happened in his way, and retained them in
his mental store house, where they developed,
and .in combination with ideas which originated
in his own massive and brilliant mind, gave
them to the world, the thoucghts, and noble ideas
of the statesman and Presi ent, who guided our
majestic "Ship of State," over the tempestuous
voyage, that asted through four years, full of
danger to our country.
Gariield,one of our most scholarly Presidents,
was of humble origin, and sold vegetables in
near by towns in order to assist in surporting his
widowed mother. Gleaning ideas from standard
authors and storing up wealth of mental mate-
rial at every opportunity,he mounted "The Lad-
der of Fame," round b round.
So it was with Andiew Jackson, one of the
greatest of Presidents of the United States, and
one of the best soldiers, our country has ever
knowng he was reared in poor surroundings,and
received little or no education. But he learned
from his superiors, their ideas and gleaned from
the lives of others, the making of his own
Another lesson, which we learn from Ruth,
is that we should not glean for self alone, but
allow others to share in the product of our
labors. While the miserly spirit may joy in
hoarding, yet wealth mental or financial will
not fullfill its purpose if retained, as a hidden
treasure. The intellectual stores we may ae-
quire by gleaning the best thoughts, from his-
tory, biography, poetry or fiction, will pay us
usuryif we utilize them by dissemination. Only
as. we develope our own mental acun1en,by care-
ful study and assimilation of material gleaned
in this way, can we hope to ascend to nobler
heights and plains of thought. But we lose the
greater profit, if we are content with self growth.
Another phase of this lesson, is that the rea ers
were connnanded to let handfuls of grain falljfor
the gleaners that they might be better rewarded.
This certainly should appeal to us with par-
ticular force. We must share the results of our
gleaning with our fellow men. lf a thought is
not worthy of division neither is it worthy of
retention. We must help those around us and
use our treasure of thought to gladden and enoble
Not our circumstances, but the use we make
of our circumstances, decides the question, of
our gain, day by day in our earthly course. Ac-
cording to the spirit in which we meet them,
helps will prove hindrances, or hindrances will
prove helps in our pilgrim path.
Our lives are made up of success and failure,
and those who are most successful, are the truest
and best workers. We all expect success, and
this stimulates us to activity. Often, however,
instead of our efforts being crowned by success,
we meet with failure, but our failures well as
our successes, should be steps by which
we rise to greater usefulness. Now we rise only
as we place our difficulties under our feet.
So it is with each and every one's life, if we
are eager to learn, and climb higher on
the ladder of fame, we must be glad to gra-ip
everything of importance in our lives, of our
associates, and our surroundings, and glean
from every eventful happening, we are sure to
prosper, and become greater in the estimation of
our friends. ETHEL KINCAID.
Citizenship may be defined as the state of
being a citizen. Bodin says: "They are to be
called citizens that enjoy the rights and priv-
ileges of the state. It may be well said that
special privileges do not make a man a citizen,
but the mutual obligation of the sovereign to
the subject, to whom, for the faith and obeisance
he receives, he owes justice, counsel, aid and
protection, which is not due unto strangers."
There is no country in which citizens have
as many rights and special privileges as those of
the United States, nor is there a country in
which citizenship is as easily obtained. All per-
sons, irrespective of their parents' condition or
nationalty, born in the United States, are citizens
except the children of foreign ambassadors and
ministers. To become a citizen,a foreigner must
first, declare, on oath, his intention of becoming
a citizen. Two years afterward, he must declare
on oath his intention to support the constitution
of the U. S., renounce allegiance to every for-
eign power including that of which he was a
subjectg prove residence in the U. S. for five
years and in the state where the application was
made one year 5 and renounce all titles of nobility.
Hundreds of foreigners are naturalized every
year, thus becoming citizens of the U. S. wit
the right to vote who are entirely unfit to help
make the laws which govern this land. The
future welfare and progress of this country de-
pends upon its citizens. Good citizens make
good laws, and bad citizens, bad ones.
Citizenship should be more difficult to obtain
than merely by taking an oath, which a large
number of them do not understand or even re-
vere, for many of the emigrants, who are at-
tracted to this country by its freedom and wealth,
are worthless men, banished from their own
country or poor and uneducated, barely able to
exist in their native homes. Of what benefit
are such people to our country? Are they
capable of becoming good citizens after a
residence of five years?
There is a race whom we have freed and made
citizens, many of whose members are no more
fitted to be good citizens than foreigners. They
are generally an uneducated class whose votes
are controlled by their employers, or are bought
by unscrupulous candidates whose only obiject
in obtaining the offices is their own indivi ual
gain, and not for the interest of the country.
Daily more schools are being established for
the uneducated but the increase in their num-
ber is far greater than the increase in the num-
ber of schools.
Little is being done to check the bribery
which is constantly increasing. Harriet B.
Stowe on an election day, once said to a negro
who could neither read nor write, and who had
sold his vote to his employer: "Don't you think
women should have the right to vote?" Oh
Laws! no? Women don't know enough to vote,"
was the reply. Why are such men allowed to
vote when well educated women who are property
owners and who help to pay the taxes t iat sup-
port the government, are not permitted?
It is not only the negros and foreigners, but
real Americans often the most educated who are
the mostunprincipled in this respect. Lack of
Christianity and aconstant striving for riches is
the reason. Do these men not know that the
laws they make indirectly, will affect them in-
dividually? They only think of the gain at
the present time and not that these very laws
may ruin them later. Good citizens, who love
their country and feel an interest in its welfare
and whose votes are needed by their country,often
neglect to vote. T'hey say "What's the use? the
majority is for the other party." This is wrong,
even if the other party wins-yet they ought to
vote, and vote for the best man, irrespective
of party. This one vote may influence some
other man to vote rightly and perhaps if all the
men who think "What's the use?" would vote,
the opposing faction would be the minority in-
sqead of the majority.
Christian principles and politics should be
more closely, associated, for the politics of our
country will improve as the use of Christian
principles in political life increases. Our
fore-fathers evidently knew how important it
was for the public good that their law-makers
should be Christians, for, when they flrst es-
tablished a self-governing community in the U.
S. they made it necessary that every voter
should be a church member.
How many of the men now holding govern-
mental positions were elected by honest votes?
If we were acquainted with the facts or would
investigate we would find that generally they
are wealthy influential men who obtained their
positions by their wealth rather than by virtue,
and that the man who holds flrmly to the right,
and labors for the good of the couutry, instead
of his individual gain is the exception rather
than the rule. What will be the result in a
few years of this bribery and immorality con-
tinues to increase? The only possible result
will be the destruction of this nation of which
we are so proud.
Our standing among other nations depends
upon our citizens, for our nation is judged by its
government, and since the government has pow-
er to declare war, make peace, often to settle
national disputes and take a part in all the vital
questions of the world, it should be composed of
good citizens who are fully competent to con-
uct these affairs justly. The foreign govern-
ments are jealously watching the increasing
wealth and progress of the U. S. as a republic,
for its freedom is causing great dissatisfaction
among the people, especially the common people
of other nations, and they may possibly follow
our example by establishing republics for them-
selves. Let us give them an example worthy of
imitation and may this nation increase in power
and purity and continue its progress till it rules
the world by right ofijustice.
OROTHY S. SHULS.
A it ...Jn-'
.27 eolnposiie fame.
Annolaled Edilion. All Rzlghfs Reserved. Illuslrat
ed QV Landseer.
FIRST CANTO. 3 P. M. '
On the last of December, in Nineteen-three,
Some Senior girls in arowd c did agree
After waiting in vain for an invitatiok,
To have a New Year's celebration.
So two, fwhich two I need not say,7
Thought secretely to Wend their way-
To find a place with courage high,
But Bill, unseen, their pail flj did spy,
"A clue, a clue!" he joyfully cries,
And to the 'phone he swiftly hies:
"Somethin' doin'-don't know where,
l'Let's hunt 'em up and give 'em a scare."
SECOND SPASM. 10 P. M.
But ignorant of their plans found out,
Nor dreaming of bad boys about,
The girls sat round the open fire,
Comparing dreams and stories dire,
The spread 121 was placed upon the floor,
They ate and ate and reached for more.
The stories ever wierder grew
Till ghosts and goblins of every hueg 131
Were summond up. VVith terror pale,
They greet each new astounding tale.
The life-blood in their veins ran cold:
The bravest was no longer bold.
THIRD coN'roR'r1oN. 12 M.
At midnight came the sound of bells,
And shrieks and cries and heathenish yells:
To doors and windows they rushed to see,
And found some birds perched in a tree.
"Come off your perch !" Q49 a maiden cried:
But "Nevermore 1" the birds replied.
'If you would know what more befell
The adventurous maids-they'd never tell-
But maybe 'twill suflice to say
They shortly took the homeward way,
The troubled air became serene,
And peace descended on the scene.
Authors: The "No Scrub Poets Union."
Notice: The minor considerations of gram-
mar, rhetoric, and prosody have been set
aside, whenever deemed necessary by the
Note 1. This contained milk.
" 2. This does not mean a bed-spread.
" 3. This is a run-on line, it runs be-
cause it cannot stop.
Note 4. These were two-legged ones.
S. S. Pague'
W. P. Stentz'
A. W. Lewis
Almia Duck '
"MIHI CURA FUTURI."
Hortense Camp .
HIDLENESS TENDS TO VICE"
W. J Kelly
C. M. Pepper
S. C. Smith
HONWARD TO THE GOAL."
Lulu Hofstetter I
' - - 1877
A. W Monroe
UTHEY WORK WHO WIN."
"FIND A WAY OR MAKE IT."
Nina Wineland Ella Connors
Frank Foltz lnez Reed'
Nettie McBane Jennie McCook
Carrie Oburne' 5 Lulie Ristine
Tillie We rnle 1885
"HE GONQUERS WHO ENDURES."
HFINIS CORONAT OPUs."
USTRIVE FOR HIGHER CULTURE."
"PROVE ALL THINGS."
"FOR LIFE NOT FOR SCHOOL
HTRIFLES MAKE PERFECTION,
BUT PERFECTION IS NO TRIFLE.
D. E. Zimmerman
"GIVE YOUR GOFD
"NOT FINISHED BUT BEGUN
Katie du Chateau
QUALITIES ACTl0N.""NO STEPS BACKWARDJ'
"BE A HERO IN THE STRlFE."
"LOOK BEYOND THE PRESENT
Emma Hoyt 1893
Belle Myers UROWING NOT DRlFTlNG."
Inez Miller Frederick Altstaetter
Ella McCool Eva Cronenwett
Laura Mitchell Edith Hoag
Etta Rinehart Alice Hoyt
l:mma Schaifer' Mary Murrel
Cora Taylor Jay Parsons
1888 Estella Reisinger
"THEY CONQUER WHO Emma Rick
THINK THEY CAN."Harriet Uhl
Maggie Wineland 1894
ALUNIN I CONTINUED
Niannie Herskowitz '
MOTTOS OF CLASSES OF
UPLUCK AND PERSEVERANCE -PROSPERITYY'
"THUS ENDETH THE FIRST LESSON."
"LEAVE NO STONE UNTURNEDJ'
"WE Pass Tms WAY Bur ONCE."
UONWARD, UPWARD, NEVER BACKWARDJ'
FLOWERS, AND COLORS.
Carnation. Cherry and Cream.
Cream Rose. Olive Green and Cream.
Red Clover. Orange and Black.
1895. "NON Guns, SED Gum."
1896. "MORE BEYOND."
1897. HON! ON! ONl."
1806. Rose. Cardinal and Green.
1899. Violet. Purple and Green.
Daisy. Orange and Black.
White Tea Rose. Purple and Gold.
Daisy. Turquoise and Black.
CLASS DAY PROGRAM.
'PHIJRSDAY EVENING, JUNE 9, 19044.
INVOCATION, Rev. Reed
CHORUS, - - Senior Class
SALUTATORY, ADDRESS, Edgar Mahla
Saturn, father of the gods, - Paul Guinther
Triptolemus, King of Eleusis, Arthur Freese
Ceres, goddess of agriculture, Tacy Gledhill
Pomona, goddess of fruits, - Mabel Jones
Flora, goddess of flowers, - - Clara Miller
Proserpina, daughter to Ceres, Rose Ila Grindell
Arethusa,1 Ruby Pitkin
Anchora, , Jessie Barr
Kalypso Watel Nymphsr Ethel Wilson
Talesto, Edna Flanery
Fanda, I Edith Poister
Superbia I Vivia Larkworthy
Aucauthus Hllree Ny'ps fDryadslEthel Kincaid
Dalphne, Naomi Holmes
Thyene, J Clara Cronenwett
gialia, Lizzie Ricksecker
Orona - , , Carrie Lanius
Cybele: Mountain Nymvhh Enid Anderson
Eurydicehi Dorothy Shuls
Hour, ---- Eiile Ely.
VOCAL SOLO-Wh8TG the Willows
Whisper - - Ethel Kincaid.
COMEDY IN Two Ao'rs,
'LA PERPLEXING SITUATION."
Sue Middleton, -
- Arthur Freese
- Ethel Wilson
- Dorothy Shuls.
- Naomi Holmes.
- Paul Guinther
Mary, - Ethel Kincaid.
Fritz, - Courtland Meuscr
Uncle Epitamus, - . - Wesley Miller.
Health Oflicer, - - Allie Diamond
PIANO SOLO -Mazurka de Concert "Pessard"
CHORUS, - - - Senior Class
VALEIJICTORY, Allie Diamond
CLAss SONG, - Senior Class.
BENEDICTION, Rev. Hundley.
CODINIENCENIENT PROGRABI. '
FRIDAY N I G II T, JIJN E IOTH, 1904.
Music-"A Sai1Or's Song," Rf. Harper,
High School Chorus.
MUSIC-"Nightingale and,Rose," C. Lelmert,
ORATION-nTh8 Future of the Convict,"
MUSIC-"HUUtll1g Song," Gillchrist,
ORATION-LiTll6 Call of the Age,"
High School Chorus.
- Edna Ayres Flanery.
High School Chorus.
Rodney 1-I. Reese.
- - High School Chorus.
Tenor Solo, Obligato by Prof.'C. E. Bryant.
ADDRESS- Prin. F. B. Pearson, East High School, Columbus, 0.
PRESENTATION OF DIPLOMAS, - - Prin. C. E. Bryant.
PARTING ADMONITION, - Supt. I. C. G-uinther.
MUSIC-"Bridal Chorus," Cowen, - - High School Chorus.
BENEDICTION, ----- Rev. C. A. Pearce.
BACCAL AUREATE SERVICES.
The Baccalaureate services were held in the auditorium of the
First M. E. Church, Sunday evening, June 5th.
DENISON UNIVERSITY Q
5 CUT OF NEW GYMNASIUM "CLEVELAND HALL"
Granville College for Young Men. Shepardson College for Young Women.
DORRE ACHCICIIIY. YZ-Z Conservatory of Ml15iC. 726 SCIIOOI of Art.
tg Do You Know...........
B That to miss a college education nowadavs means missing the main chance?
That college training counts more in the business world than ever before? E
That practically every young person gets a college course IF HE WANTS IT ENOUGH?
That one of the best American colleges is at Granville, in the heart of Ohio.
That Denison has nearly tive hundred students. a faculty of thirty-six, fifteen buifdings, with several more in
immediate prospect, and more than a million dollars in property and endowments?
That young men and women have equal privileges, and that there is a time preparatory school for those not
B ready for college?
That Granville, settled by a colony from Granville, Mass., a century ago, is one of the most beautiful towns in
That many students make their own waythrough Denisongandthat pretty nearly the maximum of college train-
ing may be had there at pretty nearly the minimum of expense?
5 That Denison has students from twenty-one states and two foreign conutries this year and from Cincinnati,
Pittsburg, Cleveland, Toledo, Philadelphia, New York, Boston and Chicago? 4
That Galion High School is an accredited preparatory school for Denison University?
That you may have a college course IF YOU WILL?
If you have not known all this, send for a catalogue and for the story "How I Got Through College at Gran--v
ville," to the president,
EMORY HUNT, Granville. Licking County, Ohio E
i 11IIiTKi51I.fi iii
1Ki5i11ii15GKI IK E2
HEI DE LB ERG
5 U NIV E R SI TY
Q OFFERS THOROUGH COURSES IN THE FOLLOWING
1. College of Liberal Arts 5. School of Oratory
2. The Academy 6. Art Department
3. Department of Pedagogy 7. College of Commerce
Q 4. Conservatory of Music 8. Summer School ,
ONLY HIGH-GRADE WORK IN ALL DEPARTMENTS
E Teachers Specialists. Methods Modem. Expenses Low
E IMPORTANT DATES
Q Annual Commencement. June 10-16. Summer School WIII begin June 20
E 7714: new University Year will open September 14
H For information address CHARLES E. MILLER. President. Timm. Ohio
Lake Erie COIISQC for WOIHCH
BQ DeIIgI1tI.uILocatIo Spacious Grounds. Attractive Building?
H COLLEGE COURSES
Degrees of B. A. and B. S.. Departments af Languages. Mathematics. the Sciences. History and Philosophy.
M PREPARATORY AND SPECIAL COURSES
Ei CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC
E Two Pipe Organs and the Best Pianos, Musical Library, Artists' Recitals
M For CflfI'5l.IOg'll0 and Book of Views, aclclrvss the Plxasirlent, Miss Mary Evans
iI222 IZ iii
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