Galion High School - Spy Yearbook (Galion, OH)

 - Class of 1904

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Galion High School - Spy Yearbook (Galion, OH) online yearbook collection, 1904 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 100 of the 1904 volume:

-asus.-qu--WT-6 qz., GALIGN HIGH SCHOGL ANNUAL 'QD CLASS M A f of 1904 DEDICATION To Grace Weston, Ph. B., a friend and patron of learning to whom we are in- debted for much of our progress and prosperity in school, this volume is re- spectfully dedicated. 'l'7'7" Q' ..... .-1-.w- . .,,,,f,, MISS WESTON -1--U, -1- I' ' PROF. W. H. CRITZER PROF. T. E. PAULUS MISS LOUISE JOHN MISS LOU HOFSTETTER MISS, GRACE WESTON PROF. C. E. BRYA NT ' SUPT. I. C. GUINTHER PROF. C. E. FOUTS HIGH SUHUOL BUILDING EAST BUILDING SOUTH BUILDING NORTH BUILDING PHYSICAL LABRATORY 'IOOHOS HSIH NOYIV9 :IO 'IEIJVHO EDITORIAL In editing the Annual of 1904, we have en- deavored to use those articles that have a ten- dency to raise the standard of Galion High, not only in an intellectual Way but also in a physical way, for nothing plays a more important part in the building up of a school or college than clean wholesome athletics. We are greatly indebted to the faculty for their timely help and guidance, to Mr. C. Burr Marsh for his excellent photographs, to the Electric Engraving Co. for their cuts and to the Sun-Review Publishing Co. for the excellent work they have done in such a short period of time, for without their assistance our work would have been a failure. RR ALLIE D. DIAMOND, Editor in Chief. ASSOCIATE EDITORS F. E. Mahla Rose Ila Grindell Ethel Z. Kincaid Jessie E. Barr W. L. Elser RODNEY H. REESE, Business Manager BOARD OF MANAGERS W4 S. Miller Dorothy S. Shuls Lizzie Ricksecker Vivia Larkworthy A. J. Freese 1-RR. sUBscnIP'r1oN coMMI'r'rnE Paul E. Guinther, Chairman Enid Anderson Clara Cronenwett Wilbur Elser Arthur Freese Rose Ila Grindell Mabel Jones Carrie Lanius Clara Miller Courtland Meuser Ruby Pitkin Lizzie Ricksecker Dorothy Shuls Jessie Barr Allie Diamond Effie Ely Edna Flanery Naomi Holmes Ethel Kincaid Vivia Larkworthy Wesley Miller Edgar Mahla Edith Poister Rodney Reese Ethel Wilson IMPROVEMENTS At the beginning of school this past year the old art and commercial room was turned into a Physics Labratory and things so arranged that G. H. S. now has one of the finest .equipped Physics Labratories in the state. Thefroorfi w'as seated with adjustable seats, a new kit of tools was placed in the room, apparatus cases arid tables were placed in the room, the former for safekeeping of apparatus, the latter for iddivid- ual experimentation. The cabinet is arranged in a well lighted position serving as convenient means of operating the Cromwell apparatus and serving as a demonstration table. A few magnetic and electrical appliances were purchased and used, but to gain a much better knowledge of them, under the supervision of Prof. Bryant with his vast knowledge as to the mechanism of these instruments, a great many pieces of home made apparatus were ad- ded such as Galvanometers, Electroscopes, Wheatstone Bridges and many other devices for the carrying on of purely quantitative work. , This method of teaching affords a training not only in a theoretical but in a practical way also. ' It is the hope of all that G. H. S. may con- tinue to improve in the future as she has in the past year. WIRELESS TELEGRAPIIY The subject of Wireless Telegraphy, which is of absorbing interest these days, has been suc- cessfully demonstrated before the pupils by Principal Bryant. During the last three weeks of the year the complete apparatus has been in working order in the labratory. A test for com- paratively long distance work has been made with satisfactory results. Wilbur Elser has discovered that he can get in Pitkins sooner than some other fellow. The fall of Rome was great, but the fall of Paulus at Hosford's was greater. Miss WESTON:-"Give the principle parts of fly.11 Tacy Gledhill MAHLA:-Fly, Flee, Mosquito. Roy Arter Mary Bechtol Eugene Columbus Leslie Crissinger James Hammock Harry Holmes Isabel Gill Ethel Hale Gardie Holmes Rachel Kelly Edna Matthias Dora Pilgrim Hazel Row Laura Whetro FRESHMEN CLASS Elmer Arter Ollie Brick Leona Cartwright' Edna Critzer Bertha DaviS Mary Dapper Cleo Gledhill Erma Helmuth Hazel Kline Cleo Lonius Luella Neumin Nina Fletcher Hazel Socin May Winans Edward Boyer Freeda Brown George Christman May Cronenwett Esther Dressler Clara Eichman Torry Marsh James Porter Charles Sheets Clay Schreck Archie Unckrich Edith Ricker Fannie Snodgras Jenette Wyne Freshmen Class History Howard Barr Marvel Bersinger Mabel Condon Robert Guinther Foster Huffman Erman Laughbaum James Neff Chauncy Rusk William Snyder Roy Socin Lewis Wirick Freeda Rudolph Rhea Williams lt is customary in writing the history ofa people, that the historian paint their deeds in well chosen words But rn writing the deeds of a class who have just begun their existence llike the class of 1907.3 lought not to call it aClass History. ln one large room just across the hall from the chapel seventy-seven green looking Freshies were shown Seats. The first day went along rather smoothly, but what happened the second is too good to be kept quiet. The custom of bumping the Freshmen was carried on with great pomp. lt is said that the girls also indulged in the harmless pastime. ln this n1an- ner c-ur young Freshmen friends were ushered into their HighSchool Course. E V As Freshmen they are fresh, as scholars they are exceedingly brilliant. ln fact they are so brilliant that it is a com- mon occurence for them to be excused from their classes. ln order that they may more thoroughly pursue the duties of Latin and Botany, they have voluntarily formed classes which recite between the hours of four and tive. Socially they are the real thing. They have had numerous parties and sleigh rides, and at all of these their conduct was above reproach. Having saved their pennies for a month or so, they decided on a winter picnic at Seccaium Park. Can it be possible that the Freshmen chartered a special car? The appointed night arrived, the Freshmen with cleanly, washed faces and dressed in their Sunday best, came to the Traction Oftice. They were there in plenty of time to be sure but they were not there a sufficient length of time to gather up courage to go. For when the car came the children -became frightened at the thought of leaving their mammas so long, and not a solitary one went to the park. They had pleasant dreams that night of a winter picnic that was to be, but never was. A noticeable feature of the Freshman boys is their soldier like appearance. lf a recruiting officer of Uncle Sam's army was to see them marching to the music, as the classes change, he surely would enlist everyone of them. The Freshmen, although too numerous tohave class meetings at the homes ofdilferent members in the class, have had meetings in the chapel. They have elected officers' and adopted becoming class colors. As the upper class men were conhng to school one morning, they were surprised to see the large handkerchiefs, one red-one blue, floating on the breeze. They were hanging on the Walnut St. Cable, and at first they were thought to be the washing of some "Weary Willieg" but on close investigation they were found to be the Freshman class-colors. ' Loyal to their colors they put up a game tight in the color rush. But the children with faces besmeared were compelled to give way before the onslaught of the other classes. They had the delightful pleasure of seeing their colors torn to pieces and burned. The one regret of the Seniors, Juniors and Sophomores is, that they were not permitted to see these world-wise Freshmen perform in Rhetoricals. The Faculty took mercy 1 pon them, and shut them up in their own room to tremble and shake in solitude. - . Another event worthy of mention in the history of such a great class is the warm reception tendered a few of their number. Une youth, distinguished by the color of his hair received the thirty-second degree in our worthy order of '-bumpers," and he would have received the thirty-third, had he not broken away at this important stage of his initiation. P6 ran home, told his mother his troubles - came back to school the next day to be guyed. but freshmen you are no worse than other Freshmen were in the past. Your relations with us have always been the rnosr pleasant: and may the remaining years of your High School Course be strewn with roses. You have passed over a try- ing ordeal. and now you shall have the pleasure of mocking at those in your footsteps, and as '07 rolls round may you leave Li. H. S. with honor and fame: with deeds all done and worthier of a better pen. F E M Herbert Baker Horace Freese Leo. Shultz Fred Guinther Frank Larkworthy Lois Priest Hazel Golumbus Frances Gottdiener Minnie Kreiter Hazel Mains Ada Whitesell Alta Sharrock Helen Larkworthy SOPHONIORE CLASS Oscar Block John Green Dean Talbott Harold Rowe Russel James Ethel Adair Sylvia Colmery Cora Gillespie Edna Lowe Virginia Reese Estella Sweeney Helen Berger Frances Pletcher YELI.,-Kiyi, Kiyi Kiyi Mert Brown Kenneth Marsh Carl Tracht Clark Schneeberger Hugh Meuser Hazel Brown Vassar Dressler Muriel Herbold Clara Manzer Gertrude Sutter Lena Monroe Grace Flagle Edna Berger ppe Busg Lookout, Lookout, Don Ely Gilbert Matthias Argale Riblet Mart Helfrich Emma Cover Laura Bryfogle Sadie Gottdiener Marie Helfner Stella Morton Norma Snyder Blanch Kieffer Hilda Sickmiller Lookoctfor ue. Razzle Dazzle, Elm Bom Bix, Gctlion High School, Nineteen Six. Wie History qf the Sophomore Class Of the present Sophomore Class, as of a certain famous character, it may be said, that "it's not as bad as it might be." Their history may be stated in a few words: They have entered the high school. They intended to leave it in a year or two, indeed some of them have already done so. It is difficult to say how the high school,already weakened by the loss of the class of '04, will be able to withstand this last crushing blow, but the faculty will be obliged to console itself with the reflection that "What is to be will be." But, to begin at the beginning: One September morning after the Seniors, Uuniors then,l had taken their new seats with their customary decorum, and begun the exercise of their habitual dignity,a noise was heard, as if a flock of sheep were coming down the Rocky Mountains, the doors opened and in filed about eighty engaging children, our future pres- idents, Carrie Nations and millionaires. They were rather timid, if they did make a racket and to reassure them, the upper classes gave them aihearty ovation. Then the teachers packed them intotheir seats, and proceeded to inform them as to what they might and might not do. They learned that they should be very respectful to the upper classes, especially the Juniors who were so very wise that merely to look at them was an education: That they should not whisper, except with- in a radius of four seats in any direction: That they should not passa note whilethe teacher is looking, as this disturbs the teacher. and she does not give proper attention to her class: And thit one cannot be excused for longer than 35 min- utes at one time, nor oftener than 3 times in one period. Time passed on. They developed in various surprisirg directions and distinguist ed themselves in different ways especially in the mid-year examinations. fThe teachers became nervous wrecks over the papers sent ing Then came their turn for rhetoricals. They l'a.l watched the upper classmen, one by one, assume the Ciceronian air, step conhdently up to the platform, bow gracefully and proceed to deliver a discourse that would have put Webster to shame. In fact they had enjoyed these exhibitions. But now, all was c anged. All animated nature seemed 'to be in a mood of uncommon cheerful hilarity. And althougha spectacle for gods and men, it might have been worse." ln course of time they saw the Seniors step down and out, and the Juniors assume Senior authority. Al! too soon, the year was ended, and they were Freshmen no longer. lt was now time for them to put away childish things, and be- come men, but the metamorphosis has not yet been effected. During the Sophomore year they have conscientiously en- deavorelt to live up to their mme. They have been the delight of the upper classes, the admiration of the Freshmen, and the mainstay and sole support of the faculty in its declining years. It is absolutely impossible to predict a future bright enough forthem. No one who knows them would venture to attempt it. But let us hope that their future achievements will at least be as dazzeling, l?, as their record in Galion High has been so far. ROSE ILA GPINDELL Clifford Rogers John Bair Herbert Burgner Marguerite Armour Helen Hollister Carrie Rexroth lnez Cronenwett JUNIOR CLASS ROSTER Harry Tamblyn Glen Braden , Gaylord Humberger Abbie Boice Lorena Shelley lnez Green Florence Lanius Bessie Ntoderwell John Hunter John Miller Earl Laughbaum Alice Barker Beatrice Marvin Helen Larkworthy Selma C ommel Freda Plack YEI.L-lTee-Fi-Fo- Fum E,CIt'CIT1 Olive, 1905 Junior Class History Marco Farnsworth Herman Ricker Howard Hackedorn Laura Poister Naomi Knight Nellie Parkinson Tony Schreck Lest old acquaintances be forgotten, l have undertaken to write a history of the Junior Class. ln September. 1901, there entered the High School a band of about sixty students, some were from the country, others from Galion. They had no leader, nothing, except a large amount of conceit,a good record for diligence won in the "Grades" and a determination to "show up" the other classmen. But alas! How soon their determination gave way. The reception given by the classmen immediately dampened their ardor, and as yet they have not fully recovered from the shock. Finally, after much drilling. they fixed in their minds which way they were to turn at the given signals, and to which recitation rooms they belonged. lt was then thought that they might have a class meeting in the Chapel. tNo other place was offered as they were too numerous, and so very, very fresh.t What a glorious time they had at this meet- ing. Every one talked at once Q?-. After much discussion the class ofticers were elected and the class became a recognized part of the G. H. S. ' They then settled down to regain their scholarly reputation and but little was heard of them until in June when they were permitted to attend the reception given by '03 to '02. Herethey had a chance to Show themselves and they improved the opportunity. They were the most conspicious people tin number only, there. So ends their Freshmen year. At the opening of school they came back resolved to win fame in their lines besides scholarship, and incidentally to revenge themselves on the 'iwould be Freshmen." The class bids fair to be represented by some of the crack athletes of the world, and musical societies of Bgston and New York are already considering the advisability of obtaining talent from among its ranks. This year they are certainly true to the term "Jolly Juniors." Whether they have lost sight of the goal in scholar- ship, or whether they know they can do nothing while the class of '04 remains,l am, at present, unable to say, but today one sees an entirely changed band from that which entered the High School three years ago. The class has become famous for the fine times had at its receptions, bob-sled rides, and informal gatherings, and severll of its members belong to the ttinvite yourself" club of the G. H. S. Through experience, the girls have learned not to set fudge or other tempting dishes on the back porch,for the club generally knows where to ind the "doings" and then it is "fresco," 'tchange-o," disap- pear-o,i'. with the fudge. - However, upon closer examination, we find that they have not entirely forgotten to study,for at the beginning of tteir Junior year a new teacher, who should have charge of the Freshmen, was added in ordergthat the Faculty might spend more time in study to keep pace with this illustrious class. Consequently much "midnight oil" has been burned, by the teachers of course, and as the doors of Galion High close upon us, we feel that we are leaving a class which shall follow in our footsteps and be an inspiration to the lower classmen, and shall continue to win fame and honor for the Galion High School. 9 It 'P ALLIE A. DIAMOND SENIOR CLASS. ENID ANDERSON, JESS IE BARR, CLARA CRONENWETT, ALLIE DIAMOND, WILBUR ELS-ER. EFFIE ELY, ARTHUR FREESE, EDNA FLANERY. ROSE ILA GRIND PAUL GUINTHEB. NAOMI HOLMES, MABLE JONES, ETHEL KINCAID, ELL, 7 CARRIE LANIUS, VIVIA LARKWORTHY, CLARA MILLER. WESLEY MILLER, COURTLAND MEUSER, EDGAR MAHLA RUBY PITKIN, EDITH POISTER, LIZZIE RIOKSEOKER, RODNEY REESE, DOROTHY SHULS, ETHEL WILSON, TAOY GLEDHILL, 3 CLASS YELL: Wipsy-Wopsy-Wopsy-WOO, Hullaballoog ha,11Oog ba.11oO. Rifferty-Ra.i'f-Ra.Herty-Roar, Galion Seniors, 1904! OFFICERS: F. EDGAR MA.HLA, Pres. ROSE ILA GRTNDELL, Sec'y RODNEY H. REESE. V. Pres. ALLIE D. DIAMOND, Treasurer .iii- MOTTO:-"THE END IS NOT YET" Class Emblem: Fern. Colors: Orange and Black fnrffl I YI rfuglh .- ' f V Rss .W V! 'K gr Sr .lf x 7 nlvlpb Itrvfwf xx' f . -f -lx H ,' ' , Mn N PM fl' xi 'Ag QZIIIW I. K ' 'f ,V ,K ,j . I T A youth of 1906, discoverd one beautiful day, That his mug was covered with fuzz. He looked like an Irish bumble bee When the wind blew through it buzz, buzz, buzz At first he endeavored with mother shears To rid himself of this awful bore, But he sheared his ears and nose instead The gore went trickling to the floor. The brick red whiskers continue To grow upon his cheek, But he has a simpler method, To remove them clean and sleek. He buys a box of matches Just onces or twice a yearg And singe off his whiskers This Sophomore darling dear. 1 CALENDAR March 14-Elocution class forgot f?J to recite. 'L 15-P. G. fto a Senior girl.J What would you do if I gave you a kiss? Would you scream? 16-Prof. P. Qto boys in elocution class.J 'LIf you Want to chew your cuds, you may go elsewhere." 17-These are not just from "0uld Ireland" but Seniors celebrating St. Patrick's Day. ' 18-Lost! Strayedl or Stolen! A cake of chocolate. A liberal reward fone big piece of fudgej will be .given to the finder. 21-E. F. freadingi I would I were invisible. Prof. P. coins a new word "farcey" 22-Nothing doing. ' 23-No Elocution therefore nothing doing. 24-Class meeting much important business transact ad. 25-How much do you weigh in apothecary's weight? Vacation Hurrah! April 4-Back again. Prof. B. discusses spring fever and says that it lasts only two or three days, but we don't all agree with him. 5-Nothing doing. 6-P. G. 1Speaking of Carlyle.i They wanted to bury him in Westminster Abbey but he refused. 7-W. M. fLiterature.J He wasn't very good to his wife until after she died and tl1en-- 8-"If youlre tired Mr. Reese you may be excused." ' ll-Last elocution lesson-for a while. I2-A Freshmanls definition-"A dictionary is a store- house cf food." qliather dry eating?J 13-Doing nothing. 14-A great work of Literature is begun. You will find it on one of these pages and recognize it on account of its great merit. ' 15-Seniors plant a tree so that they will not be forgotten. 18--Mr. R. has a birthday. , 19-A. D. has a hair-cut and W. E. wears a White collar. ' 20-First choral practice. 21-Pupil-I did not have time to get my lesson last night. Teacher-Am I to blame for that? ' 22-Nothing doing. - 25, 26, 27- Seniors work very industriously f?J At their maps in Miss John's room. 28-Oh by the way-Ask Bill if he missed her. 29-Some Seniors attend the Library opening and ad- journ to a fudge eating contest. Who Won? 0 i 7-71 6onfri6uZ'ions fiom Die faculty Miss J oHN :-Some things are too poetic for poetry. WESTON :-They want an eight day hour 1 that would be going some.J Prof. Fouts is somewhat ofa bowler. "O Fudge! I rolled off." Prof. Bryant believes in going to a dry goods store for trousers. PAULUS:-"Andrew Jackson's mother died at the age of seven." Prof. Critzer said of Dowie's 90 mile an hour ride on the P. F. that he qDowieJ was compar- ing his speed to that of Elijah on his ascent to heaven in the fiery chariot. Miss HoFs'rE'r'rER:-The American peolple have more bustle about them, than any ot er country. A little from each. MAHLA:-This turning down business has to be stopped. Education sometimes broadens but more often leaves us short-Ely. In Latin. E. A. I have too many feet. He wrote the vision of Sir Longfellow-A Senior. His mother was alearnd woman as well as his father.-A Senior. - Ask N. H. if she likes to dream about Bill. W. S. M. has discontinued his lectures to the kindergarten on Mormonism. Ethel W. likes yellow Howers. D. T. in reference to a certain girl. "Gee! she's a funny duck." Prof. Paulus picking up a book and throwing it on the floor. "There is my naked breast." ' Wes Miller said that "Love was the best feel- ing he ever had." MR. FRANCIS EDGAR MAHLA: Esquire CAPT. G. H. S. Prack Team Dear Sir:- Please consider my humble self a candidate for your track team. I am an exceptionally fast and slow runner a magnificent pole-vaulter and high jumper and in the weights I am out of sight. Hoping this review of myself will be satisfactory. Yours forever and ever Amen Courtland Burget Meuser. Q:-"How did Bacon protect his troops when he marched on Jamestown?" A. D:-"He put some of Berkley's wives in front of him." P. G:-"Longfellow's father was a leading lawyer of Mass." Miss J :-Where did he practice?" P. G:-In Portland, Me." Q:-Does Susie smoke? A:-Ask Prof. Bryant. Perpetual motion has at last been discovered: Miss John's head. Miss Weston claims that the winters of Asia are warm and the summers are cold. Anyone knowing the whereabouts of "Sam Hill" please inform Courtland Meuser. In Grammar. Russia:-He has eaten the apple. Miss W:-Why is the verb "has eaten" tran- sitive? Reuse:-Because it affects the subject. THE FREsHMEN:-A lot of animated prunes. MIss W:-"Were did Howe go after the evacuation of Boston?" C. M :-"To Halifax." Miss J:-t'What was the great sorrow of lrving's life?i' A. D:-f'He never got married." Miss W:-"Compare far." MABLE :-"Far farther farthest." Miss W: "How else may it be compared." MABLEZ-LLFEF and near." Miss JOHN, fto the seniors :B-"I was tempted to ask if this was the kindergarten." Miss J :-What famous friendship have we in the "Bible" R. H. R:-"Damon and Pythias." ENID:-"I think those are the same." Miss J:-"That's because you don't see the difference." Reese:-Per ora novem: for nine months. " Nuda gemi: bare to the knee. DEAN:-Epluribus unumg One more. MAHLAZ-UIIl8H'S abscendere vistum: Threw his vest from his shoulders. MAHLA :-The birds foliageg tying her hair in a knot of gold: call on the gods with her hair flying. REESE :-Maneat nostros ea cura nepotis: Let that future care remain to our ancestors. Miss JOHN :-Translate "I wish I had more books." EFFIE :-Vellem haberem plures liberos" fl Wish I had more children.J Miss J :-fReferring to the tense of the verb! 'LIS that a wish possible of fulfillment?" A. F. 'ro F. E. M:-i'Stark you ought to get another dog to teach this one how to bark." A favorite east end dish: "Pickle Beet." W. E :-"Wes I've got you beat." W. M:-"Why?" W. E:-"I've turned Mormon. I took four different girls home this past week. THE ORATORIO The origin ofthe word is to be found in the "oratory" or place of prayer, where these compositions were first performed. The oratorio had its origin from San Filippo Neri, who in his chapel, after sermons in order to allure young people to pious ofiices. and to retain them from earthly pleasures, had hymns, psalms and prayers sung by one or more voices. ln tracing its evolutionary stages, its root will be found in miracle plays, which were instituted for the purpose of im- pressing Biblical events in symbolical form, upon the earthly converts to the Christian church. These presentations were entirely dramatic in character, and their subjects, though always sacred, were often grotesque- ly treated and sometimes verged on buftoonery. The representations were usually given in the nelds or streets and sometimes on the water. The very highest digni- taries of the church did not disdain to act in these plays. The ballet played a prominent part in the first stage of early oratorios, and the passion music the second. ' Hayden was sixty-five years of age when he undertook the great work of his life, "The Creation." lt was begun in 1796 and finished in 1798. It was first performed in private in Schwartzenberg Palace, Berlin, April 29, 1798, and first in public in the National Theatre, March 19, 1799. Haydn's last appearance in public was at a performance of "The Creation" 1808. ln June, 1900, the Galion Choral Society assisted by the High School, presented "The Creation" with Earnest Gamble, Bassog George Hodges, Tenor, and Nlrs. Leo Long Todd, Soprano, with Miss Nell Wemple accompanist. This was a decided success. The "Messiah" was written by Handel, it was begun August 22, 1741 ,and finished September 14. It was first performed in Dublin, lreland, Tuesday, April 3, 1742. The parts were taken by Signora Avolio, Mrs. Cibbers and Messrs Church and Ralph Rosingrane. Galion Choral Society and High School gave the "Messiah" June, 1901, with Gwilim Miles, Basso, Ross Maynard, Tenor, Mrs. Miles, Contralto, and our own Mrs. Todd, Soprano. Miss Grace P. Knoble, Accompanist. Judas Maccabaeus was written by Handel, in 32 daysg between July 9, 1746, and August 11. It was performed at Con- cert Garden April, 1747, and was repeated six times that year. In June, 1902, supported by Doctor Dufft, Bassog Evan Williams, Tenorg Mrs. Elder, Contralto,an.l Nlrs. Todd, Soprano, the same societies gave Judas Maccabaeus, with Miss Knoble again accompanying. This was a great success. "Elijah," the most admired of Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's works, was begun in i840 and finished in 1846. It was first performed in Birmingham on August 26,1846. Under the directorshg of Prof. W. H Critzer, the "Elijah" was given in June, 1903, by the societies, and the Southern Opera House Orchestra of olumbus,assisted by Doctor Dufft, Ross Maynard, Nlrs. Miles and Mrs.Todd,all of whom had won great praise in former productions and are always appreciated by Galion audiences, accompanist Miss Ethelyn Reisinger. This year we repeated the Creation May 12 and the Messiah May 13, with Dr. Dutft, Dr. lon Jackson, Miss Cully and Mrs. Todd, the accompanist being one of our own High School girls, Miss Sadie Gottdiener lt was as great a success as the productions of previous years. The success of the music in Galion during the past tive years is due to the untiring efforts of Prof. William Hood Critzer, who has labored faithfully in bringing our music up to the standard and making Galion famous along that line. Let us hope that the success of the music in the Galion Public Schools may continue to improve in the future as it has THE LECTIJRE COURSE The High School as well as the community at large has had the privilege of hearing some of the best lecturers that are on the platform today. We also have had the pleasure of attending a number of excellent concerts Mr. DeMotte in his illustrated lecture "The Harp of the Senses, or the Secret of Character Building" is worthy of special mention. The Kath- erine Ridgway Concert Co. made quite it hit with the representative audience. lt was probably the best that has been heard in Galion for a number of years. There is a great amount of pleasure and education to be derived from this Lecture Course. lt gives the citizens of Galion a good opportunity for an evenings' enjoyment. lt also brings us in contact with some of the most learned and polished speakers of our country. lt is considered a treat by our citizens and by the pupils of the public schools. The crowded opera house which always greets the different numbers throughout the course is a reliable confirmation of this statement. The high standard of the Lecture Course is maintained chiefly through the efforts of Prof. Guinther and the Faculty. The High School pupils dis play their appreciation of this honest endeavor, in their be half at the beginning of each school year. When Supt. Guinther puts the question before the students, whether they want a lecture course or not, it is carried in the affirmative bya unanimous vote. Through this medium, permit us to thank the citizens of Galion for their liberal patronage,which makes it possible that we have a good Lecture Course. The class of 1904 has enjoyed the b-nefits of the course for the past four years, and it is our ardent wish that the High School Lecture Course will be considered a necessity rather than a luxury. in the past. , ,f. , ., ' - ,fm .f"'-1 ,, . J 9 1 FOOT BALL It was by the hard and continuous struggle of Capt. I-Iackedorn and several of the remaining players of last yea.r's team, that Galion High suc- ceeded in forming a foot ball team. There were but very few who knew anything about the game, and they went to work with a will and a determination to make the best of it. In time they learned to think and work together and at last the eleven moved as one piece of machinery, every one doing his part in unison with the others. At first we had no fleld to practice on, but we succeeded in getting a field on Gill Ave. The first game we played was a practice one with the East Enders, they were non-experienced players,which made it hard to find out just whrattiour strength really was, but the game was a'v1cWEggfor J G. H. S., the score being.27 to OI ,,, , Our next contest occurred at Shelby .between Shelby High and G. H. S., two well matched teams. Although they had a coach and a good Held to practice on, they could not defeat the old reliable Gr. H. S. The game was called at five o'clock,after a long and hard struggle. The ball was carried in the last half by Galion to Shelby's one yard line, where the game was called on account of darkness. 'The next game was also played at Shelby, and as Galion had had too much hallowelen for the three preceeding nights, we were defeated 20 to 0. 'Then came the flnal game of' the seasongit was played at home and we were full of confldenceg A , had lots of cheering and encouragement to back us A 1 and with one exception it was merely a matter of how many touchdowns we could make before time would be called. We succeeded in making four - touchdowns and kicking three goals, making in all a score of 23 to 0. i g 'V W 1, The season was opened wlth a full schedule,but HOWARD HACKEDORN. five games were cancelled,which was very much re- Captain Foot Ball Team. gl-etted by us, ' The team was given a supper by Prof. T. E. Paulus, which was enjoyed by all, the feature of the eveningbeing the toasts. FOOT BALL. SCORES: 1Fa,rnSW0rth, 1 e, G. H. S- 27, E. E. A. C. 0- ' 'Meuser, lt. G. H. S. 0, S. H. S. 0. 'flgffp 4Mil1er, l g. G. H. S. 0, S, H. S. 20. " 'Christman, c. 'G. H. S. 23, S. H. S. 0. 'Green r g. - - "Snyder, r t. . 50 20 'Elser, r e. "Pitkin, q b. fHackedorn, 1Capt.J 1 h b. 'Diamo11d, r h b. "Meuser, f b 'Bair - 'Porter Subs. Hunter 'Awarded "G's." ' tl ' l Rx if xr . - H 0 j -107' BASKET BALL . - COURTLAND MEUSER Capt. Basket Ball Team The foot ball season having been closed, the next thing which occupied the minds of the G. H. S. athletics, was, whether to have a basket ball team or not. A meeting of the Athletic Association was then called and the question was brought be- fore the association and discussed. It was finally decided to have one, and a captain and manager were elected. Abasket ball was bought and the candidates for the team tried. ,The first game was a practice game with Co. L, 8th 0. N. G. Owing to lack of practice and the game being new to the majority of the players, the High School lost. After this the team played several games with Co. L, but managed to suffer defeat each time. During the Christmas holidays a game was played with a team composed of some of the alumni, and again we went down to defeat. During all this time we were allowed to practice in the Armory, the only suitable place in town, about once a month or whenever Co. L were willing to let us. The first game with an out of town team was with Marion High School, the Marion team proved too much for the G. H. S. team and again we .met defeat by a score of 56 to 5. In this game it was conclusively shown that all the G. H. S. team lacked was prac- tice. We next went to Mansfield and played the High School team of that city. Here we met still greater defeat, the score being 89 to 16. Then Mar- ion came to Gallon, and this time we improved on our playing somewhat and were defeated by a score of 26 to 6. Then Co. L decided that they would no longer allow us to play in the Armory, and we had to cancel the return game with Mansfield. Though we lost every game it was not entirely due to the fault of the players, but our lack of practice. There are probably just as many good basket ball players in the G. H. S. as in other schools but they cannot be developed when there is no place' to practice. It is to be hoped that next year the G. H. S. team will find a place in which to play and redeem itself by defeating all its opponents. BASKET BALL Diamond, L. F. Marsh, R. F. C. Meuser, Capt., C. H. Meuser, R. G. Hackedorn, L. G. SCORES G. H. S. 5-Marion H. S. 36 G. H. S. 17-Mansfield H. S189 G. H. S. 6-Marion H. S. 26 29 151 BASKET BALL TEAM BASE ALLIE DIAMOND, Captain Base Ball Team BA SE BALL Reese, s. s. ' H. Meuser, c. Mahla, 2-b. Diamond, 1Capt.J p. Pitkin, r. f. Talbott, 1 b. James, 3 b. C. Meuser, c. f. Bair, 1. f. Marsh - Baker Subs. Elser r .l .- '. BALL S The national game, Base Ball, is enjoying a great amount of popularity in most colleges and high schools. G. H. S. is no exception to the rule. More spirit has been aroused for the game because we have had a winning nine. The team of 1903 made an enviable record by losing just one game, and at present the nine of 1904 bids fairly well to repeat the performance. The makeup is about the same as last year, and there is noticed a great improvement as far as bat- ing is concerned. Everyone is taking an interest in the game, and if we lose a contest we have just one complaint- lack of practice. Through the kindness of the Board of Educa- tion we have secured a field upon which to practice. Though very rough and uneven, it answers the purpose. We can win ball games, but when it comes to making our games a financial success we are want- ing. An enclosed fleld, shall ever be the slogang and not until then can that game, or any other, be placed upon a paying basis. The nine of 'Ol appre- ciates the support given them by every loyal admirer of Gr. H. S. All the games must be played at Secca- ium Pa.rk,and this is a drawback on the attendance. At a meeting of the Athletic Association, Allie Diamond was elected Captain. By his efforts he has developedagood team, and he has been the mainstay of the team through his fine pitching. Hugh Meuser was elected manager, and that he has done his work faithfully is well known. l The following is the schedule he has arranged: April 23-G. H. S. 2, B. H. S. l April 30-G. H. S. 5, C. H. S. 2 May 7-G. H. S. 7, C. H. S. ll May 14-G. H. S. vs. Shelby H. S. May 21-G. H. S. at Shelby Tournament May 28-G. H. S. vs. Shelby H. S. June 4-G. H. S. vs. Faculty NVELL 'ITVH EISVEI G. H. S. TRACK TEAM. At a meeting of the athletic association in the spring of 1903 it was decided to organize a track team to represent G. H. S. at Mansfield and other places. Gayle Dull was elected captain and Rod- ney Reese manager. We received invitations from several places to take part in the field meets, but accepted only two of these invitations. Captain Dull was determined to get more fellows and thus make a better showing than did the pre- vious team. He started early in the season and succeeded in getting a large number of candidates to try for various events. They did very well, con- sidering their limited advantages. The first meet took place at Oberlin on Decora- tion Day, May 30th. Our team, accompanied by several rooters, went to Oberlin. They found the track in fine condition but the weather was very cold, which greatly dampened the ardor and en- thusiasm of the meet, Of the eleven teams entered Galion won third place, Oberlin getting first and South High of Cleveland second. Both these teams had distinct advantages over us, in the way of flne trainers: more men and good tracks on which to practice. G. H. S. did very well considering the few participants and advantages. Spires of Oberlin was the hero of the day, he alone scoring twelve points for his school. Edgar Mahla of G. H. S. was second, scoring six points. Gayle Dull won second in the quarter mile, second in the broad jump and third in the pole vault. Edgar Mahla won first in the two mile and third in the half mile run. Allie Diamond won third in the high jump. Medals wer given for first place only, so Mahla was the only one to bring back a medal from Oberlin. The next meet took place at Mansfield, June 9th. In this meet G. H. S. had a good representa- tion and intended to carry off the pennant for first place as a school, but we found that the Mansfield team had several new sprinters, and was a great deal stronger than the year before, so Galion had to be satisfied with second place. Our team was accompanied by a large crowd of rooters, who were much pleased with the meet. Dull succeeded in getting second in the quarter mile run and second in the pole vaultg Allie Dia- mond first in the high jump and second in the broad jumpg Arlington Jacobs second in the shot put, and Edgar Mahla third in the half mile run. Gold medals were given for firsts, silver for seconds and bronze for thirds. The Mansfield team gave the participating teams a fine reception at the High School in the eveningg here the medals were distributed and aprogram rendered by some of the pupils EDGAR MAHLA, Captain of Track Team. of the Mansfield High School. A. J. FREESE. Q ATHLETIC RECORDS OF G. H. S. 100 Yard Dash Dull 10 2-5 s. 1 Mile Run Mahla 5 min. 10 s. 220 U " Mahla 23 3-5 2 'L " Mahla 11 min. 4-5 s. 440 " " Mahla 53 2-5 s. Pole Vault Dull 9 feet 4 in. 880 " " Dull 2 min 14 s Shot Put 16 lb. Diamond 29 feet 9 in. Running Broad Jump Diamond 19 feet 7 in 220 Yard Hurdles Diamond 29 4-5 s. Running High " Diamond 5 feet 6 in Relay Team-Mahla, Meuser, Reese, Dull. Time 4 min. 23 s. 'FRA CK TEA M CLASS HISTORY "All the world's a stage,"says Avon's Bard, "and each man in his time plays many partsg his acts bring seven ages. The class of '04 now grouped for the closing scene of the second act,may well be proud of the ability it has displayed, and feel that it has made some preparation for the acts yet to follow in "The Great Drama of Life." Nations, men and actors all have histories, and the class of '04 may be pardoned for pointing with pride to its history, of four years of mental labors in the G. H. S. To fully recount its achievements, its victories, upon the athletic field, its succesees in oratorical contests and class rivelries, demands an abler pen than mine, while to chronicle its aspirations, its elation over success in master- ing knotty problems, or its despondency over failures, would demand an Emersonian intellect, but to measure the gas or kerosene it consumed in midnight study, would be to "render possible the impossible." With the opening of the school, the year ending with '00, this clsss, now fam Jus in its own estimation at least, strong in uumber, but weak in knee, brave in seem- ing, but coward at heart, smiling in face, but tearful in se- cret, and Ohl so badly scared, entered the Chapel of the West School building, and began its work in the four year course. The noble, numerous and nonsensical resolutions,men- tally made as we entered upon the session and faced our instructors have been in a large degree, like soap bubbles, very transient, but l hear the printer growl "Boi. it Down." ln the year of our Freshness, we felt that we could ap- preciate the feelings of the lions when Daniel made his historical call upon them, as we were overawed by the combined wisdom of the other classes and felt the absolute need of the attendance of the entire faculty, at our first class meeting. The most important event of our class was the farewell reception to Prof. C. G. Olney, who had endeared himself to the entire school, and was now breaking the ties to enter upon new duties, in new fields. With the close of the school year, our freshness had been cast aside with our timidity, and when the class entered upon its Sophomore year, it was smaller in number, but what it lacked in that respect it made up in "Bigness of Head." No doubt the instructures noted our increasing self-confidence, and deplored the fact that we were exceed- ingly "Fresh," Though fewer in number we were stronger in resolu- tions, as was evidenced by our .brave boys, hoisting the Orange and Black to the top of the mast on the Wheel- works building, where the class colors defiantly fluttered in every breeze, and dared Junior and Freshlnan alike, to pull them down. Wei began to develop in social quality that year,and the girls gave a New Year reception for the boys. We also took a long sleigh-ride one wintry night to the home of Miss Sonnett west of New Winchester, and were "Very Good," returning early, 5:30 A. M. The boys tendered the girlsa return reception, at the hospital home of Mr. Flickinger in March. Yet more enjoyable was the Oratorical Contest in which we shone so brightly, Miss McManes taking first honor in recitation. Laying aside the "Soph." but still a little f'Sopht," we came hack the third year, fewer in number but strongerin determination and glad to resume our studies. We adopted a constitution this year and were honored by our fellow classes who termed us Constitutional Law- yers. This year another of our instructors heard the song of the Siren wooing him away to other scenes, Prof. H. N. Wheaton had harkened to the strains and left us exceeding sorrowful as he had made the study of science very inter- esting, athough we had been taking Physics two years for our brains. He was succeeded by Prof. Scott, and we pro- gressed so rapidly that soon there were some of the mem- bers, who did not feel the need of attendance at recitation, and were politely requested to remain in the Chapel. We also made the acquaintance of Prof. Leland Nichols,our new instructor in elocution. We were represented in the preliminary contest ani then inthe oratorical contest with Mt. Gilead, and were proud of our contestants, but, "Of all sad words of tongue or pen, the saddest are these, it might have been." Then at the close of the year occurred the "Reception of Receptions," the farewell to the class of '03. Brilliant and entrancing, delighting and delightful, not exclusively, "A Feast of Reason and Flow of Soul," but sparkling with wit and repartee, more or less, "Hot Air." and a floating of soles over the waxed floor of the Armory and the night waxed and waned until "The sma hours,""Ayout the twat." When school opened last September we laid aside our youth and became old, for were we not Seniors? For proof see how our ranks hrve decimated! But twenty-six remained of our once large number. More than 60 per cent of our class has deserted our colors, some by remov- al, others engaging in active duties of life. A few felt the keen edge of the examination axe," and Hgave up the Qschooll g11ostg" while three of our fairest maies went into mttlimony. How diligently we have striven during the past nine months, how assidulously we have studied, and how dig- nitied we have been, for we felt the weight of yearsg and realized the responibility, that rested upon us as the sages of the G. H. S.,where so many Juniors, Sophs. and Freshies. daily gathered and looked up to us as representatives of the wisdom collected and assimilated by over three years of strenuous mental efforts. This school year we have been under the care of new instructors, Prof. C. E. Bryant, and Prof. T. E. Paulus, and our recitations have been very plersant and profitable. And our good "Aunt Lou" was promoted to the high school, after many years in the Grammar grades and we rejoiced at her promotion Our 6:st class meeting was very interesting as we elected new officers and editors of our "Annual." Under the presidency of Mr. Edgar Mahla, all of our class meet- ing have been noted for their business-like methods, and decorous proceedings. We have become harmonious and united in spirit as becoming to a class, which has met daily for years. We observed "Arbor Day," plantinga tree in the south west corner of the Campus,and hope that as it grows and embellishes the landscape, so may our class live and develop in the world, making it better and brighter. And now as l hear the warning note, t. at the curtain is about to decend, upon the last scene in our second "Act," let us hope that the future historians will not be called upon to record any tragedy or vaudeville for the Cass of '04, but may it have a reason: able amount of comedy in its rendition of the "Drama of Life." ETHE JIQLNCAID. .1 -,G 1-,, S GGCLASS STORY." It was a beautiful morning in May when I started on a trip to the St. Louis Exposition. I took an early train. As the sun shone on the trees and meadows they glistened like "Diamonds," there being a heavy dew the night before. The birds were singing in the trees, but one, especially, attract- ed my attention, and I found it to be a "Lark-worthy" of its name. As I was scanning the faces of the many passengers in the car I noticed one that look- ed familar, and when she smiled and came forward I recognized my friend "Carrie Lanius." After a brief conversation we found that each was on the same journey. We stopped at "Anderson" for lunch. Our hostess was very clever and looked after our welfare in a very charming manner. We afterwards learned her name was "Ricksecker." We traveled all night and on the fol- lowing morning stopped at "Wilson," which was a beautiful city. We de- decided to spend a day or two with our old friend, Miss "Cronenwett." After an early dinner, accompanied by our friend, we took a car and rode about the city. We noticed the beauty and neatness of the "Holmes," and were de- lighted with the place. On our return trip we passed a large mill, the two "Millers" standing in the door. They called to us as we passed. Early the following morning our friend said we must visit "Gled Hill," which we found to be a pile of most beautifully colored rock, with green vines trailing over it. We traveled through the forest and soon noticed a small cabin surround- ed by bushes and small trees. We made our way through the neglected path to the door. We found the sole occupant to be a sharp-faced, grizzled old man, who glared at us as we stopped at the open door, with such a fierce ex- pression that We decided to continue our journey. So we bade him farewell, We afterwards learned that he was a "Meuser," and had quantities of gold hid in his cabin. We then decided to climb the mountains, which were not very high. When we were about half way up the side we noticed a dark and shady nook, called "Grin Dell." Upon entering we found it to be covered with the most beautiful and rarest of flowers. We plucked a few and started og, but the cold mountain air chilled us, so we decided not to go any farther, as we thought we would "Freese." As we were very tired we made the de- scent rather slowly. Returning home in a heavy rain, we noticed a small cabin close to the road, so we drove up and were about to enter, when to our surprise. we saw there was a "Barr" across the door. So we were obliged to seek shelter "ElsefrJ" where. The storm being over, we returned home. That evening we went to the opera house, to hear the "Paul E. Guinther" concert company. The basso attracted our attention and we afterwards learned his name was "Reef-ze." We were also impressed with the solos of the soprano singer, "Miss Kincaid." We returned home and pronounced the evening well spent. The next day we started on our journey to the Exposition City. We later stopped at "Shuls," which was a beautiful little town, the streets being very neat and clean. We went to the "Jones" hotel and secured lodging. That evening we learned that two of our old friends, Misses "Poister" and "Flanery," were living in the city, so we decided to call on them in the morning. In the afternoon we drove out into the country about a mile and a half to visit "Pitkin" Gulch. We returned to our room in the evening very tired. The next day we took the 9:30 train for St. Louis, and decided not to make any more stops. We arrived there about 5:30 p. m., and secured rooms at the "Mahla" House. While seated at the supper table, we heard someone talking. We thought we recognized the voice, and upon looking around, saw the bright face of our old friend 'tMiss Ely." She came rward and greeted us very cordially, and we became very warm friends ' uring our stay, which lasted during the summer months, and we returned me well pleased with our trip. , JESSIE EDNA BARR. CLASS POEM "I count life just the stuff To try the soul's strength on, educe the man." Bmwningk-"In a Balcony. " 'LSO take and use thy workg Amend what flaws may lurk, What strain o' the stuff, what warpings past the aim! My times be in thy hand! Perfect the cup as planned! Let age approve of youth, and death complete the same." Browningds-"Rabbi Ben Ezra." Let not your soulls desire be ease in life, But arm yourself and be a warrior true, Fear not the battle's brunt of noble strife, Then if defeat befalls you, strike anew! You must not care for what the world may say, But prove that you are made of sterner stuffg The warrior's lost who falters in the fray, And fears to meet and overcome rebuff. To fall, then quickly rise-gives strength and power, Thrice renewed, to struggle for the light, To him who measures every passing hour . Comes wisdom, faith, and will to do the right. All life is justa scheme to try the soul, And make it perfect-O, how brief the span !- To strive to reach beyond and touch the Goal- This is the end of life-the work of man. Then take the means that God to you has given, To strive, to seek, to Hnd, to serve his bent,- To live and strive as never you have striven To be, of Him, a mirror as was meant. 'Twas planned that thou shouldst be the cup- A consummate vessel of heaven,--with all Of joy, of faith, and all of good filled up, To be kept so, no matter what befall. Thou wilt not thwart thy good Father's design, He's infinitely good and loves you so, And has done so much for thee and thine, That you'll surely welcome, not grudge, tl1e tnroe. Do not use life for your pleasure only, Nor wanting be in love toward your king But comfort the poor, the sad, the lonely,- Help all to rise above reproach and sin. With joys and sorrows the years they come and gog They prompt us to long for that better sky, Which, as lifels shadows close over us, lo!- Grows ever brighter to the longing eye. The first of life was used to best advantage: The last of life for which the first was made, Now closes over you, and the last page Of Life's book is open to light, n'er to fade. 1 EDNA M. FLANERY. "N OT X7ET." , Ten years had passed and it was the summer of 1914 before the class of 1904 again assembled to celebrate the anniversary of that memorable day, June 10, 1904, when the G. H. S., to the sorrow of the lower classmen and in- consolable grief of the faculty, pourd fourth into the wait- ing world her most talented, and, as time had shown, the most worthy product of her efforts. The place, where this renowned class now met, was at the home of Miss Ruby Pitkin,a successful author, just returned to rest and escape the excessive clamor of the public, which she found at times wearisome. As we had not seen many of our classmates for sev- eral years, my friend, Dorothy Shuls, now an expert pho- tographer, traveling far and wide, collecting pictures for up-to-date magazines and journals of the day, and my- self entered the dwelling with mingled emotions of joy and fear-to Gnd that we were the tirst to arrive, an occnrence not unusual in the days of old when we had those awe- iispiring class meetings. After exchanging hearty greet- ings with our friends, awaiting the rest of our classmates, we naturally fell to talking of them and what they were en- gaged in at the present time. '-Have you seen our new college yet?" said Ruby. "Ours?" exclaimed Dorothy. "Yes," replied Ruby, "l think we may call it ours, for Paul Guinther designed it and Arthur Freese built it, Lizzie Ricksecker and Carrie Lanius are instructers in domestic science, Clara fmiller is at the head of the Physical Culture depavtment, and Rose lla Grindell is"- "President," and looking up we saw the two dignified ladies who had entered unannounced, and whom we knew could be no other than our old classmates, Ethel Wilson and Enid Anderson. "We can be proud of our college, for the buildings and grounds are the most beautiful and con- venient in the state: that it will soon be the best college along all lines in this part of the U. S. isa fact that no one can deny, for lla makes a splendid president." "Agreed" said Ruby. "But speak for yourself, John. What are you doing?" "l" said Enid 'fam traveling with the Empire Concert Co., as soprano soloist." "lt is the tinest company of its kind in the United States, and only the best are admitted. Hence our friend," added Ethel. "Who is telling this?" Interrupted Enid, severely. "But l'll have revenge. Ethel is a splendid artist. Her last painting took tirst prize ot the Paris Exposition." "Change the subject," said Ethel. t'Naomi Holmes is impersonator and Rodney Reese bass soloist, and Ethel Kincaid pianist in the same company with Enid. They were on the High School Lecture Course this year." "Yes, and so was Edna Flanery," said Enid. "She lectured on "A Nation's Power," and many people say she is the best lecturer that has ever been in Galion." Just then the door-bell rang and who should enter but Edna Flanery and Ethel Kincaid, the very objects of our conversation. "Have you seen Clara Cronenwett and Edith Poister, yet?,' was the first thing they said. "They have a fine ranch out in the west, and said they wanted us all to come out and visit them. The hospitality of their home is always open to their old friends." "And think of it," added Ethel Kincaid. "They lasso and brand the cattle themselves. Imagine"-But just here the door-bell rang again and two more members of the mighty class of 1904 entered." "Beholdl" cried Edna "The two most efficient lawyers of the east, Meuser and Diamond, formerly 'Bruce' und 'Joe' of the G. H. S. And there is Edgar Nlahla, too, the re- nowned editor of the St. Louis World. But where is Wesley Miller and Wilbur Elser?" '-Wesley Miller will be here before the evening is over. Heis captain of a large ocean steamer, but he still spends much of his vacation in looking after his old hobby, the Kindergarten. Judge Elser of the Supreme Court of the state of Ohio is here now," remarked Edgar, "and as he spoke our hostess ushered in a tall stout gentleman, in whom, in spite of change, we recognized our former class- mate, Wilbur Elser.l' "Well, what has become of Mable Jones, Jessie Barr and Tacy Gledhill?" asked some one. "They are hlling high positions in the world, like the rest of our class." was the answer. "Mabel's poems have brought her great fame and she is spoken of as the sec- ond Nlrs. Browning. Jessie Barr some years ago volun- teered to go as teacher to the Phillippines and has now risen to the position of Superin.endent.of tke Manila Pub- lic Sshools, while Tacy Gledhill has the leading part in Viva Larkworthy's latest play, 'Blue or Gold,' a play which rivals those of Shakespeare in dramatic power." Soon all the guests had arrived and the class of '04 was permitted for one brief evening to enjoy the privilege of being reunited again and e'er each took his homeward way he looked upon the others remembering them as they once were amd now seeing them so changed, so thoughtful and serious, each, communing in his heart, cries in the ecstacy of his joy and pride: "Can it be possible?" EFFIE B. ELY CLASS SONG. Musir from Opera, " When johnny Comes Ilflarclzing Home." GIRLS. In number We're just eighteen, But we have the reputation Of studying hard and shunning boys In every occupation. Now, even from our class affairs And we worry not a bit, We love to give the icy stare And hand the frosty mit. Oh, boys, poor turned down boys. BOYS. Oh, girls, Wherefore so cruel! GIRLSL 'Twas just for a bluff that we did it We never meant it for harm. Bovs. Then we will gladly forgive you, And call it a false alarm. GIRLS. Oh, how exceedingly kind you are To thus forget and forgive! BOYS. ls it so? ' ALL. It is so. BOYS. We are the brightest crowd, So profs and teachers say, That e'er into a text book gazed ' And who will say them nay? 7 Among us there are business men, And husky athletes of fame, But all of us expect to win A maiden fair, and name. Our classmates we'1l ever remel ber. n GIRLS. And ou we'll ne'er for et. S' BOYS. This day is full of sadness And sorrow and deep regret. GIRLS. For we must a parting greeting To schoolmates and teachers give. BOYS. But all of them we will remember As long as We shall live. GIRLS. That is so! ALL. That is so! RODNEY H. RRESE ig '3 f, f Seniars SZ by J ROSE ILA GRINDELL PA UL EME RSON GUI NTHER EFFIE ELY CLARA CRONENWETT ETHEL WILSON Q? ij! 'CW-Yfgf'Y'JfQ!l1Ih.ti ' '1 Z1 V1 J 1 EDNA FLANERY -1? Q., ALLIE D. DIAMOND CLA R A MT LLE R VVESLE Y MILLER 'fff'!v:'1fxf'w-.f::qf75Q " 'iwwgfw-Swwmfmv' ETHEL KINCAID EDITH POISTER NVILBUR ELSER U NAOM I HOLMES ' .L 1 f '. m d RTBY P'I'1'.f'IN COU RTLAND MEUSER VIVIA LARKWORTHY DOROTHY SHULS F. EDGA N MA HLA RODN EY HARRIS REESE ENID ANDERSON ,v l Y: .' MABEL JONES -Hr . ,X - W LIZZIE RICKSECKER CARRIE LANIUS ARTHUR FREESFI J ESSTE BA RR TACY GLEDHILL I THE FUTURE OF THE CONVICT We as Americans should be deeply inter- ested in "The Future of the Convict." Business men and employers shonld consider the treat- ment of the convict as one of the most important matters in the science of penology for it is with them that the ultimate fate of the discharged prisoner rests. The alarming increase of crime in this country and the crowded condition of our prisoners, show that something must be done to stem this terrible current in the tide of vice.' ' The end to be attained by imprisonment is not only the atonement for the transgression, but also the reformation of the transgressor. It is highly essential that legislative power direct the law to reformation rather than to severity, and that it be convinced the work of eradicating crimes is not by making punishment familiar, but formidable. We want no prisons which find and make men guilty, which enclose wretches for the commission or one crime, and return them, fltted for the perpetration of thousands, we want places of penitence and solitude, were the ac- cused may be attended by such influences as can give them repentence if guilty, or new motives to virtue if innocent. But reformation in prison without readaptation to society upon release is as a house built upon sand, there is no stability. Hence the importance of the treatment of the discharged convict. Experienced prison workers tell us that in the criminal, amid his unruly instincts, there is a great amount of undeveloped gpod. It is true that some criminals are found w o are yet unripe for moral development or remoulding, but moral and religious work among convictsg while they are in prison, is not one of the most difficult tasks no man is past the hour of amendment and every heart is lying open to the shafts of reproof if the archer could but take the proper aim. Earnest, prudent, and unselfish moral ministratious are not rejected by them, and zeal, tempered by good sense, has worked wonderful results. It is relatively easy to bring about in the convict some change for the better, but the crucial point that determines perseverance or failure, is met soon after he has passed beyond the prison door. How many of us ever stop to draw the line of distinction between a criminal and a convict? How many of us are free from susplicions when brought in touch with a man disc arged from prison? How few, indeed, have charity and a sense of justice! How few realize that discharged prisoners, however fallen, are still men, and as such should have a good title to our affections! Sympathy for the ex-convict, however, should not be allowed to get the better of good judgment. The majority that eventually reach our prisons are persons of will power weakened by indulgence to passions of various kinds, lacking in so idity of character, not manly in training for ideals of morality, and heedless of the warning voice of religion. Not but that all of us, having been born in original sin. bear a taint of similar in- fection and how many. of us might not be in prison if benign environment had not hindered the spread of this infection! In regard to after treatment of prisoners, whether paroled or not, Switzerland serves as an admirable model. Switzerland has fourteen societies for discharged convicts, with a central committee in the chief city of each canton, and having district committees or corresponding members that carry the spirit of philanthropy into the smallest borough. The extension of aid to tl1e discharged prisoner is made not through money, but through work and personal sympathy, counsel and interest. The prisoner can bo brought into touch with these workers before he leaves the plrison. The commitees seek for him a patron, a c aritable and unselfish man or woman chosen to be friend, guide, and counsellor to the discharged convict. To this patron is committed the work of directing the prisoner in the right way, of following his career until he has estab- lished a- reputation for himself. Thus direct, personal influence has an immense scope. The patron either reconciles the prisoner to his family and friends or seeks a place of employment and endeavors to create new surroundings for his protege. These societies have diffused amon the public more just ideas in regard to liberateg prisoners and made the people understand that it is for their interest to associate in this work. Employers willingly admit such men for there is the suveillance of the patron and further, the societies' guarantee to bear all losses caused by the ex-prisoner. It is a remarkable fact that, in twenty-three years the societies have had no expenditures on this account. Reconvictious are remarkably rare. In one of the cantons statistics for three consecutive years show that the highest number of reconvictious in one year was fifteen out of three hundred and sixty or about four per cent. Why can we not, in our own country, es- tablish ourselves on similar lines? Surely philanthropy, the love of our fellowmen, is not rare among us. The many organizations tha t exist throughout the land for the help of the distressed and defective, show that charity is not dead, but leads a vigorous life. Why can there not be more organizations for the benefit of the delinquent? Great strides are being made in reforlnatory work, why shall not more be done in lines of re-establishment of prisoners in society? Have we not many men and women of means, devotedness, and leisure that could take up patronage of men and women from state prison and penitentiary? Surely there are those who believe "that the heart buried in a dun- geon is as precious as that seated upon a throneg that creatures whose souls are held as dross, need only the hand of a reflnerg and these creatures might, if properly treated, serve to view the state in times of danger, that as their faces are like ours, their hearts are so too, that few minds are so base that perseverance cannot amend them, that a man may see his last crime without dying for it, and that very little blood will serve to cement our security." Surely those who believe these things will take u-p the cause of "The Future of the Convict." EDNA AYRES FLANERY. THE PRGMISED LAND Amid the pomp and splendor of Ancient Egypt, surrounded by luxury and wealth but not partakers of it, lived a people down trodden and oppressed, although the descendants and kindred of Joseph the greatest benefactor of the nation, yet treated as serfs by an ungrateful and heartless people. In spite of their surroundings and the arduous labor required of them under the frequent lash- ing of the task master, hope did not die in the breasts of this indomitable people, and looking forward to the deliverance which they were sure would come, they kept firm hold on their nation- al life, and when Moses, that greatest of leaders, was raised up from the very court of Pharaoh in fulfillment of the promise to deliver them, they followed him in the face of almost insurmount- able difficulties, their goal being the "Promised Land." Even the Red Sea did not daunt them, but when the wate1's were divided they passed fearlessly through the chasm which shortly ai te 1'- ward became the tomb of their pursuers. Througn desert wastes, mid famine and drought, even when the deadly serpent brought death to hundreds, yet they were steadfast in their pur- pose of reaching the Promised Land. Through their own weakness and disobedi- ence they were delayed and often perhaps felt that their efforts must end in failure, yet their hope and courage did not fail them, and when, after forty years of weariness and wandering they reached the shores of the swollen nd im- passable river Jordan, looking across to the land 1'icl1 in its luxuriant vegetation and fertile soil, they pressed forward literally into the seething waters which ran from under their feet, and they passed through on dry land, after years of weary wandering, into the haven of rest. Moses and his people lived thousands of years ago, yet the same spirit dominates men in our day, and evei'y period of the worldls history has known men of like energy of purpose in overcoming the obstacles that might prevent their attaining the ideal which they have set be- fore them. When Columbus conceived the idea that it would be possible to sail around the wo1'ld and thus reach the East lndies, he was met with scorn by the scholars of his time, and with the jeers even of the ' children on the street. But these obstacles only strengthened him in lgis purpose to show to his country-men that what they regarded a-1 an hallucination, was simply a scientific fact. Columbus lived to realize his lofty purpose and became the greatest discoverer the world has ever known. For decades like a mirage his Promised Land flitted before him,but to yield him its secret at last. lt was something of this spirit that led the early settlers of this country to push farther and farther westward, fearing neither the hardships of frontier life or the threatenings of the red men. Through dense forests and over wide plains they pressed to the banks of theMis:-iissippi, whose waters stayed the tide of immigration for a time. But it was not many years before these stout hearted, ambitious people had climbed the Rockies, crossed the Great Desert, and dis- covered the untold wealth of the Pacific Coast. So it is with the attainment of eve1'y worthy end for which humanity has ever striven. For years upon years perhaps the ideal may live in the imagination of the discoverer, the inventor, the artist, before he can make it a reality. This longing for an unrealized good is the main- spring of effort. If man could not imagine something better than he has, there would be nothing to strive for, hence no progress in the world. Of our great poets, each had an ideal which he tried to realize in the pursuit of his art. Among the works of each we can find a great master piece which perhaps comes the nearest to rea izing his ideal. Great musicians we know had ideals which they were striving to attain in their compositions, and some of their most sublime passages have merely come near realizing their dreams. We all have an ideal in life, although many times it may seem far beyond our reach. Even the humblest, unless he be very old or discour- aged, sees just out of reach something higher and better which he must bend his efforts to attain, if life is to seem worth living at all. Often we become discouraged by our repeated failures, but we should not allow this to turn us from our purpo,-se. For in the words of Tennyson "Men may rise on stepping stones Of their dead selves to lngher things." Those who are constant and determined in their purpose will not be discouraged by an oc- casional failure, but will persevere and in the future are sure to wear the garland of success, This spirit of energy and perseverance is what we term Ambition. Ambition! What is Am- bition? It is that desire, that eager longing, which invigorates one with ever renewed activity and life, inspires one in the endeavor to meet the requirements of his high ideal. We read that Ambition is the first sign board one meets on the road to success. And though the path leading to success is not always a smooth one, the traveler meeting many obstacles to be over- come, yet with his eyes fixed on the goal he presses forward, forgetting his weariness in anticipating the joy that will come to him when he has secured the reward of his effort. But if the goal toward which we are bending is such a decisive factor in our lives, how inipo1'tant that it be well chosen! Since we are apt, as we approach nearer the realization of our ideal, to raise its standard higher and higher as added experience and knowle dgr gives us a broader view of life, what matter that we may not measure success in the realization of our ideal? Did Moses reach the Promised Land? Yet none will assert that his struggle was futile. Only from the mountain top could he behold the goal which had fired all his pui'pose for forty years. It is well to aim high. The very struggle that we make toward higher things, though our progress may be slow, prevents our falling to lower levels. JESSIE E. BARR. SUCCESS IN FAILURE The thinking man or woman has observed, while studying the various phases of humanity, that the goal of one's life is to accomplish some- thing of merit, however slight in degree. It is also apparent to the close observer that often times, success, as measured by the world, is merely the result of a variety of circumstances. Many times these circumstances are the result of onels own power to shape things toward a de- sired endg but more often these conditions or circumstances are thrust upon shoulders unable to bear the load with grace. Such a person as the last mentioned will be proclaimed success- ful by the masses, although he may have failed ignominiously to accomplish anything worthy of emulation. He may have been a creature of another's thought and strength, and may have been placed before the public merely as a tool. By his longing and ambition to attain to that which will cause the masses to regard him as a suc- cessful man, l1is true self has been dwarfed and his only thought is to be successful. Such a man is too often called a success though his true mead is failure. Browning sings of the man who works straight forward, never haulting at wind or storm, but boldly puts out to the front, battling against all things which tend to dwarf or de- stroy in any way, his moral or mental abilities. He writes of the unpraised man or VVOIIIHJI who struggles, perhaps with no thought or hope of earthly gain or adulation. Think of the hundreds of missionaries and trained nurses who daily imperil their lives by laboring with many classes of people afflicted with dread diseases with no thought of being re- garded as "successful" by the world, but who conscientiously follow their calling, gaining, perhaps, no praise or reward by it. Surely, sue 1 persons, although their names do not go down in history, should be successful in its true sense. These people, looking upon the wealth or social positions which some of their friends have gained, usually regard their own life as a failure in comparison. The success which Browning describes as Worthy of God's approbation comes to the hum- ble throng who follow silently and meekly day after day in the path of the Man of Sorrows. The Savior labored here upon earth teaching righteousness and the necessity of repentance. Mocked by the multitudes, he passed to his tomb-betrayed even by one of his most trusted followers-apparently failing in his divine mission. His was a sublime success in that ap- parent failure as all Christendom today attests. Columbus, after being disappointed so many times in seeking to obtain vessels from the sovereigns of Spain and Portugal, in order that he might find a shorter way to the East Indies, at last obtained the required Vessels and crews. But after making his voyage and returning to Spain with no gold, the people turned against him. In a short time, broken in health and broken hearted. he died in Spain, in neglect and poverty with but one thought-that he had failed completely. But in what degree, we, today, re- gard Columbus as failing in his Voyage, may be shown only by glancing at this broad land of ours in its present stage of advancement and de- velopment. Truly we may regard him as a suc- cessful man, for although he failed to find the Indies he unlocked "those gates of the ocean" which until then had been "fast shut with chains"-the chains of ignorance and fear. Wealth or social attainments may cause one to be regarded as "great" for a time, but these may be so easily lost sometimes in a brief moment that they are not to be relied upon. In how short a time when these are lost, the man usually loses all courage to begin anew and strive for something better, when at such a time his loss might prove his blessing, for then his true char- acter would assert itself, and although he might fail in what he undertakes, yet he surely could profit by it and some good to another person might be the result. Almost every day one reads in the daily papers, an account of some person, who in his desire for wealth and power, has so forgotten himself that he embezzles small amounts from his employer thinking that he will not be ap- prehended before he can replace it. While he may have been enjoying life and the world at large might have thought him a most success- ful and wealthy man, yet sooner or later his downfall would have been certain. Is his position to be envied even while he is at the leight of his power? How soon after his down- fall, the world loses all confidence in him and he either passes away in oblivion or tries to re- store his fortune! How many there are whose lives go out without havin r accomplished something of note -something vwiliich would he the theme of the songs of men. But who can judge of tl1e silent influence of that life upon another's? Who shall say that through the yea1's to come that many are not strengthened for life's battles as a result of the patient, humble, Christlike living after the manner of one who died-an apparent fail- ure? "Who knows what's fit for us? Had fate Proposed bliss here should sublimate My being-had I signed the bond- Still one must lead some life beyond Have a bliss to die with, dim described." CLARA E. MILLER. 17Ae euflure- Vafue of llepsfudy of Jffyiiolagy The study of mythology is of surpassing in- terest, not only because of the beauty or poetical quality of the myths, but also because through it, we arrive at a fuller and better knowledge of the people themselves, their thoughts and feelings. A myth has been defined as "the off- spring of observation and unconscious fancy." At first it was merely a story, which the people, childlike, imaginative, and ignorant of the com- monest laws of nature, invented, to explain the things they saw about them and could not un- derstand or account for. As the races became more civilized and educated,the people gradually outgrew their implicit belief in these stories,but on the other hand, the myths were revised and expanded, the poets invested them with grace and beauty, and enshrined them in the national literature. Hence we have in the present form of these myths, two factors: the product of the early untutored imagination, at times full of simple, wild poetical spirit, then again silly, crude, or senseless, and the polish and elegance given them by the later poets, who refined with touches of their own, the beautiful or worthy part, and left undeveloped that which was primitive, without meaning. These myths in their growth and develop- ment illustrate the evolution and culmination of the race. In late years, many scholars and writers, no gably Max Muller, 'iave given us philosophical studies of myths. They have shown us the processes through which these traditions have evolved into popular mythologyg and they find in these legends systems of reli- gion , moral teachings, and evidences of the development of the lnind. Their investigations have revealed the fact, that there is lnuch in our modern civilization and government that has originated in solne ancient myth. In studying the myths which a nation em- ploys or possesses, we learn the character of that nation. The Greek myths show the easy, graceful, voluptious and pleasure-loving c laracter of the race, yet delighting, too, in heroism, bodily strength and beauty, full of delicate fancies and lyric emotions, while the Romans were more martial and warlike, enjoy- ing physical rather than intellectual superiority. The myths of the Teutons show them to be a strong, brave, domestic race, ilnaginative, peop- ling streams, forests and mountains with nixies, sprites, elves, and dwarfs, and the Scandinavian stories carry out the same idea. The beautiful rivers, wild, dark forests, and lofty mountains, which were the natural surroundings of the Teutons, were a fit environment whence should arise such stauch and sturdy people. They were a domestic, home loving race, too, holding wolnan not degra1led,but in a place of high honor, and to these facts is ascribed their victory over the effeminate and degenerate Rolnans,' in the days of Alaric. These people, wild and savage, but loving freedom and with a great capacity for civililization,gave us the foundations upon which lnuch of our subsequent culture has been reared. Anything which helps us to better under- stand ourselves or the world we live in, or points us to a higher ideal of living, is of culture valne to us. Culture means, literally, tilling the soil: hence, in its extended meaning, it is the tilling and cultivation of ourselves, our faculties and powers, our observation and appreciation of what is good, beautiful, and true. This culture, ln its truest, broadest sense can only be gained by careful study of ourselves and the wol'ld about us, and by thorough appreciation of the beautiful. Through myt lology we study the thoughts, feelings and ideas of others, and so learn to better understand and analyze our own perceptions and motives. The old Greek maxim, 'fKnow thyself," holds true in all ages, it was the wisest word of the Seven Wise Men. The study of mythology aids us to a better perception and understanding of the beautiful, which is the best means of culture. The beau- tiful statues and paintings, in which artists have tried to express their ideals of godlike heroes,of beauty, wisdom, truth personified, have had a wonderful ennoblinginfluence upon the world. Think of the inspiration gained from the Venus of Milo, the Apollo Belvedere, or the statue of Athene! It is undeniably true, that the' Beau- tiful 118.5 an esthetic value. How great this is can never be measured, perhaps never fully real- ized. lt is one of those intangible forces, which are the mightiest we have to deal witll. Mythology has furnished the subjects and the inspiration for these great works oi art. Especial- ly ll3.Vc' the Greek myths been of value' the most perfect works OI art that the world has ever known W81'e from the hands of old Greek sculptors, inspired by the spirit of those beau- tiful, graceful, of heroic conceptions. Another means of culture, and perhaps one of the most impo1'tant, lf not the most impor- tant, is tile careful study, appreciation, a.nd love of good lite1'atu1'e. But for this, too, a famil- iarity with the ancient myths and heroic tales is neccessary. The works of the standard authors are full of allusions to persons, places, and events, or if not strictly mythical, at least belonging to the diln ages of half legendary history. such as the story of the early history of Rome. When aperson is familiar with these tales, and knows of the wealth of historic association connected with eacn name, he is prepared to read and under- stand good literature. Wllllalh Ellery Canning has said, "No man receives the true culture of a man, in whom the sensibility to the beautiful is not cherished.' Since his greatest life struggle was to achieve moral greatness, he recognized the vallle of true culture. To gain this culture, to become the fullest measure of ou1'selves, to develop to the utmost every faculty and power, is the pur- pose and the life struggle of every one who would truly live. And surely the contemplation and study of the beautiful, the true, the worthy and noble, is the surest means of gaining for ourselves a culture that will be of lasting beni- fit. ROSE ILA GRINDELL. DROUGHTS IN HUMAN LIFE4 "The heart thrills and the mind attunes it- self to the great song of the universe, as the eye looks upon the panorama which nature spreads before us in the fiush of early summer." Behold the plains and the meadows! How beautiful are they arrayed in the artistic colors of nature and decked in the jeweis of early morn! The fields of ripening grain are living armies in verdant uniforms, and each soldier salutes the rising sun to the music of the breeze? the fruit trees transplanted with care bend with the promise of the harvest to come. The streams and valleys too, beneath the shade of the tower- ing forests, how verdant are their banks, they lie in a mist sweetly perfumed by many bright flowers-the memories left to summer by gay and smiling spring. The mountain traveler stops to to hear the song of the flowing brook, and to watch it paint on its watery canvas, a rainbow of beautiful colors, which the sun casts upon the shadows above. The traveler beholds the field and the valleys he refreshed by the life giving stream, and he re- aoices at the thought of the bountiful harvest. he loveliness of early summer appeals to his very soul. But he does not realize that before he reaches his destination, the landscape now so beautiful, may cease to delight his eye. Yet how often have we witnessed the destruction of such scenes of beauty and fruit- fulness by long seasons of drought. The traveler passes ong he seeks protectisn from the noonday heat, and a drop of water for his parc hed lips. We bid him go to yonder brook where once he paused to listen. In vain. The singing brook has danced awav, leaving a winding bed of stones, the plains and meadows have changed their robes, while the fields of grain have ceased to marchg the sun in his chariot Withers up the bright green, leaving a waste wilderness beneath his scorching gleam. No longer are we tempted to feast our eyes upon the surrounding nature, for alas, the drought of summer has blasted the beauty of spring. These droughts in nature are but the rototy es of the still more deadly droughts in liuman life, that blast the promise of springtime and summer. . The youth who leaves school or college in the spring of life, stands arrayed in the 1'aiment of knowledge and decked in the jewels of prom- iseg his high ambitions are soldiers goinlg forth to gain the highest honor on the battle eld of life, while his hopes of the future before him are gay-tinted by the memories of his school days, gone forever. He is entering upon the great plain of life, his purposes are strong, his ideals set high, he hopes to maintain the high standards of honor, which as a youth he had admired. But as yet he is unacquainted with the world and its dealings, because some kind watchful eye has ever guarded his welfare. The days of youthful preparation are past, the seed is sown either for a harvest of joy or of sorrow. The young man inspired by fancyls dreams, enters life by the path of his chosen occupation or profession. Time unfolds his scroll of years, soon to reveal the mid-summer of life, and if the hope of harvest is bright and promising,.the seeds of spring have not been sown in vain. But alas, little by little, our hero of youth, coming in contract with the thoughtless world, lost sight of his former ideals, they became mere outlines, soon to vanish forever. He had for- gotten his law and standards of honor in dealing with other men. In youth his conscience would have rebuked him, but in manhood, he scarcely blushes to tell a falsehood great or small, or make a shrewd deal, and many other question- able things. These have ruined his life stamped "Failure" upon his brow, and closed his heart with the key of deceit. He who alone could have fulfilled the dreams of his ea1'lier years, now scarcely gives a thought to the future. Drawn into the surging whirlpool,he struggl- ed for a while against adverse currents. lt is true the falsehood seemed somewhat muddy in complexion, but the requirements of professional life made it an hourly and daily occurrence, thus not only did it become a part of the man's life but it also destroyed his better qualties. He tries in vain to regain his friends who would have still remained true to him had he but remained faithful to his youthful ideals. But also, his soul is a wilderness scorched by selfishness and greed, that in their course 'have shat- tered the high ideals,-the guardians of the mind. The breath of unscripulous ambition poisoned the delicate flowers of noble aspirations that had bloomed in the summer morning of early manhood. The spring of life has danced away, pursued by unrestrained passions. The dear friends of youth come as nightly phantoms to sound a warning noteg they are aware of the threatening drought, for "Coming events cast their shadows before," The soft whispers of warning fail to unlock the heart of this worldly man, and he nears the brink of destruction,yet unaware of his approach- ingcalamity. Having ears, yet he heard not, having eies, he saw not. But ark! Time blows his trumphet. The harvest of life is at hand. The man who beauti- full in youth, sowed the seeds of promise in his soul, but afterwards t1'ansplanted them to the world, now goes forth aged by sorrow to reap a harvest of failure. His promises have been swallowed up in this drought in human life, more pitiless, 1n01'e disastrous than any drought in nature. A life blasted by ruin is lost forever. CARRIE E. LANIUS. Souiif Jylnerica and Gul' .wesloonsciiliiy Since the existence of the new world nothing much has been done to bring the southern por- tion into great prominence, but with the master minds of the world looking in that direction, how can South America help but become a world power in the future? With such a vast field to work in and so much room for improve- ment, if the U. S. takes hold of it as she ought to do because of the Munroe Doctrine, history will have to give place to another famous country, that will ma e her presence known in times to come. The Munroe Doctrine is the name given to the declaration of the policy of the U. S. in opposition to the interference of European powers in the political affairs of the American continent, mac e by Pres. Munroe, in his message to congress in 1823. This famous declaration was thus worded "That we should consider any attempt on the part of the Allied Powers to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety," also "That we could not view any interposition for the purpose of op- pressing governments on this side of the water whose independence we had recognized or con- trolling in any manner their destiny by any European power in any other light than as a manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States." This declaration together with the known sentiments of the British cabinet and nation put an end to any design that may have been enter- tained looking toward armed interference in American affairs. It was also consistent with international rights and was fully justified by self defense as well as receiving the assent of the country. It touches S. A. in that it does not allow foreign powers to take possession ofit no matter what the intentions are, and setting up a form of government according to their views. S. A. was never colonized as was the French and English possessions of N. A., but was exploited by small and isolated bodies of armed treasure hunters. Spain is mainly re- sponsible for this condition of affairs for she kept the bands of robbers separated as much as possible and every effort was made to get them engaged in battle against each otherg trade and commerce was also forbidden between the five vice royalties and no chance for political dis- tinction was given to the native born. Manu- factures we1'e forbidden by law and all articles used by S. A. had to be imported from Spain this being possible only once and seldom twice a year. Spains ambition in S. A. was not to col- onize the country and not for new lands to cul- tivate or for freedom of worship but to obtain as much wealth as possible in a short space of time. How could a country prosper and become civil- ized under such conditions? As coal and iron are nowhere to be found in large or commercial quantities S. A. has no im- portant manufactures, all goods of this nature have to be importedg the exports of the country are composed chiefly of l'lldB products. The Munroe Doctrine has to some extent caused this condition in S. A . because it has kept other nations from settling there and mak- mg permanent colonies out of it mainly for the purpose of the Wealth to be acquired. A capital- ist that invests his money in any concern in S. A. is not sure of his interests, for he has no pro- tectionlof government and for that reason many capitalists have not invested their money. S. A. has 'no stable government, the country as a whole is an ignorant oneg a traveler there soon discovers that he is out of the bounds of civiliza- tion, every place he goes he must get a pass- port from the military "Jefe," every move he makes he is confronted by a policeman or a soldier who demands his name and business, if he sends a telegram he must get the approval of the government censor, if he writes a letter it is usually broken open and the contents rifled. It does not take.the observer long to ascertain that there is not in any of these countries such a thing as a legally constituted governmentg and nothing but the Munroe Doctrine has caused this condition of affairs. Is is not then the dut ofthe U. S. to bring about a better state of az fairs politically, socially, and commercially? The natural wealth of the country is such that an experiment of this kind would undoubt- edly prove a success. There are as bright lawyers and men of affairs in S. A. as there are to befound, but they do not mingle with the polltical affairs of the country because itwould be atlthe risk of their lives to do so, for their decisions and thought are not in accordance with the majority, as only one-tenth of the popula- tion are educated. Can the people of S. A. ever put their coun- try and keep it abreast of the more highly civilized states, or range it on the side of the fittest in the international struggle for existence? If they cannot do this, is the rest of the world going to permit a whole continent to lie fallow? The people of S. A. must in the future either make the most 'of their continent or step aside and permit the world with over- Howing population and affirmative foreign policies to administer it for the worldls best results. The world's history willgo to show that thev will not allow such a rich continent to lie dormant for any length of time. The Munroe Doctrine has remained practically unchanged for nearly three-quarters of a century because the U. S. and foreign powers have been occupied with international problems. Prominent Statesmen have thought a great deal on this matter and the Munroe Doctrine will not be able fo condemn a whole continent to comparative sterility. And unless either the U.S. or the South Americans take hold and make the country productive, European intervention or conquest will surely come. Our statesmen have a delicate work ahead of them and there is nothing more important for the determination of our policy than an exact and precise knowledge of the welfare of the South Americans and the truth with regard to the actual and not merely apparent state of their political institutions,their economic development the possibilities of their continent, acd their own capacity and willingness to develop these posssibilities. ALLIE D. DIAMOND. THE NIINISTERING WOMEN I would not paint the triumphant march of an enfranchised sex from slavory to freedom, for the women in America, humored, petted and adored, have never been slaves. But rather would I picture,the grander spectacle of women rousing themselves to walk in higher ways, to lay their hands to better work, to open their hearts to nobler aspirations and devote their lives and strength to the doing of tl1e best and highest work in literature, art and philanthropy. As histiory shows what man has done for his country and mankind, why have we not more records of Womanls wonderful works? In Mediaeval history, especially during the Dark Ages, the sphere of woman was still a domestic one, not so at the present day. We now find them in every field,whether we turn to music, literature, the drama, science, education or art. They are always climbing up towards God, and his help will never fail them. The climbing is hard, yet the pathway is radiant with light,and those who are stumbling along in the darkness -by their side see the light and are able to walk erect. Who does not admire the beautiful char- acter of Clara Barton, whom we all recognize as the leader of the Red Cross Society, and who de- voted her entire life as an angel of mercy doing all in mortal pow er to assuage the miseries of the wounded and dying soldiers? Again We have the heroic deeds accomplished by Helen Gould. How she aided in our late Spanish war and by her means many charitable institutions have been form ad. Tliink of the many poor homes she has made happy by fur- nishing them With many comforts and necessities of life. How many of our true christian ladies have sacriiied all and left their loving friends and happy homes to go to the heathen lands teach- ing the word of God! Numberless examples might be cited to show the value and glory of woman's work, but these few typyical examples of great achieve- ments, won by application and devotion to duty are sufficient to illustrate the rule that Woman may accomplish very noble deeds if she prepares herself for the work and labors assiduously for its accomplishment. We hope the day will soon be here when the great mass of our mothers, wives and sisters shall be competent and pro' ductive workers in the lives of human industry. This brings to mind the remarks of a witty French writer, that "when a man has toiled step by step up a flight of stairs, he will be sure to flnd a woman at the topg but she will not be able to tell 'how she got there." Let man go to his home from his work at night wearied and worn by the toils of the day! What is more cheering and welcome than a cheerful fireside and a happy smile and comfort- ing words from his loving wife, who has been anxiously waiting for his return? Is not this womanls true and noble work? If she was first in transgression she was first in the breach. She stood by tl1e expiring Jesus, when boasting Peter and the other disciples had forsaken their Lord. She was the last at his tomb, embalm ed his sacred body and the first to discover that he had burst the bonds of death, risen from the cleft rock, and triumphed over the grave. Whe n Columbus laid a plan to discover the new world, he could not get a hearing till he applied to a Woman for help. "Woman equips man for tl1e voyage of life." Who like a. mother can mark the first dawn of curiosity 'and intelligence in the infant mind and feed and excite that curiosity in a manner best suited to that unfolding mentality? She is the principal conductor of the fireside education of tl1e children and this gives her a very great control over all tl1e education they receive, moral mental and physical. . Woineii say: "This is our work,our ambition, the desire of the woman's heart and brain and soul, not self aggrandizement, but something for some one else, something for humanity." Cham- pion for what is pure in the home and clean in the street, fair at the hearthstone and honest in the halls of government, she must ever br. To feel, to love, to suffer, to devote herself to the welfare of others and to do the will of God, will always be the text of the life of woman. Let us say with Frances E. W illard. "Woman came into the college and elevated it, into literature and hallowed it, into tl1e business world and ennobled it. She will come into government and purify it, for woman will make home like every place that she ente1's, and she will enter the whole world." TACY GLEDHILL. v-f-,m-vyp-uf--r- ' v' .. . . THE CALL OF THE AGE When with his three small ships Christopher Columbus, reached the West Indies, little did he dream that he had discovered the stepping stones to a country, which was destined to be the foremost on the face of the globe. Little did the Pilgrim Fathers, when they had founded a home on the western shore of the stormy Atlantic, dream that they had settled upon' a land, which was to become pre-eminent among the nations of the world. When we consider the youthfuln ess of our U. S. as compared with oth er countries, our progress has been prodi ious. We have been a nation but one hundrec? and fifteen years. This is a long time, viewed from the stand point of an individual, but it is a short space in a countryls history. In contrast with Chi- na and other countries which have existed for thousands of years, our nation is a mere infant. Yet it is the infant Hercules among nations. What has been the cause of this unparalleled strength? Do we answer, fthe people, the citizens of the country?" Truly, we are a great people and he is justly proud, who can say "I am an American." Yet we must take into con- sideration the land itself. What other country has such wonderful resources? They are inex- haustible! Every one knows that vast amounts of gold, silver, coal and petroleum, are brought forth from the fertile bosom of mother earth in this country, but very few have any definite idea of the actual amount. Few people realize the immensity ofthe U. S. They know the distance from the Atlantic to the Pacific in miles, but they do not comprehend what it means. There is not astate west of the Mississippi, but is larger than all New England. California would reach from Maine to Florida on the Atlantic coast. Montana would stretch from Ohio to Maine. Our U. S. have greater rivers, lakes and mountains, better ports and harbors than any other country in the world. With all these great natural resources, together with a govermnent founded on the best governmental principles, truly, we should be the greatest nation on the face of the ilobe! When Matthew Arnold says "America olds the future," that virtually means U. S. When the little handful of colonists threw oil' the yoke of England in the Revolutionary War that was the beginning of both our intel- lectual and material progress. From that time to this, we have met and solved all problems which have presented themselves. They have been important and grave, repeatedly settled only by that horrible demon war, the final resort in allgreat crises. Who can describe the horrors, the atrocities of civil strife? We have such a murderous blot on our country's history. Yet in its time it was the only possible solution of a grave national problem. At the present time everything seems to be running along smoothly. All apparently is prosperous. Yet vitally important problems are surrounding and immeshing us. Some have n early reached their climax, others are just be- ginning. All however are grave and serious, and unless solved accurately and speedily will bring unhappiness and ruin upon the nation. The struggle of capital and labor which has can-fe'l so much distress throughout the land must be solved. So far all attempts have ended o -J in co npromise. What the final outcome will be remains to be seen. The Immigration and Commercial questions, all have their place and must be solved sooner or later. There are two features of our political life upon which I wish to lay some emphasis, the so-called machine, and the corruption of municipalities. The former is in open vio ation and in direct opposition to our constitution. This is a government of the eo- ple, for the people and by the people. Vshat are we coming to, when in every state in the Union under the leadership of several bosses, public affairs are managed at the bidding of a few? These machines or rings are nothing but organized bands of robbers. Richard Croker the ex-Tammany leader made a wealthy man by graft, admitted openly that every man in the '1 ammany ring was working for himself and moreover added that they were committing an honest robbery? Tammany is the best known, but there are machines in Pennsylvania and elsewhere, just all well or anized and robbin just as freely. Even in smai municipalities sues things exist, but on a smaller scale. Will the people stand by much longer with closed eyes and passive hands? Will they calmly permit this bare faced robbery to go on? God forbid that such should be the spirit of the American people! Rome fell on account of her corrupt government. In the words of Gold- smith we can see our situation: "Ill fares the land to hastening ill a prey, Where wealth accumilates and men decay." In all great questions and crises, some one must lead the people. Some one person must bring about the common purpose. He who does this must be of a strong moral character, noble, true, patriotic. Such were George Washin ton and Abraham Lincoln, our national heroes. Who next will arise to free the government from cor- ruption and turn it safely from the threatening brink? There can be but one or two great men in a century. Nor is there room for more. The so-called great man merely carries out the will of the people. The standard is set by the latter and in them rest the country's rise or downfall. The character and work of Jacob A. Riis are admired by every honest American citizen. Re- cently I had the pleasure and privilege of meet- ing this man. Some one from the party of ad- mireis expressed the delight felt by all in meet- ing him, whom they admired a.s a great man. With a gently deprecatingsmile he said: "Oh I- I am, but an ordinary man." All believed him, his sincerity was so convincing, there was a silence and no one refuted the statement. But, if Jacob Riis calls himself an ordinary man what then are we? What kind of a man would the extraordinary man be compared with the "ordinary man." Let it be the ambition of every American youth to become an ordinary man, carrying out his aims and ambitions upon lines similar to Jacob Riis, the high souled, the single minded. If our country is to continue on its upward course, and rise paramountin power and glory, it will be by the aid of just such ordinary men, for them sounds--"The Call of the Age." Not many can be President, but if after years of earnest endeavor, you can say of youself equal grace and sincerity, HI am but an ordinary man," your life has not been spent in vain. You have increased the stability of your country and made it better, both materially and spiritually. You have made the world better, and in that you have won the grace of God. RODNEY H. REESE. S OPPORTUNITIES . Just as a young plant will grow and flourish under the tender care of the gardner, so will a young man enter upon a promising career, under the encouragement of loving parents, though 15- ful instructors, and inspiring associates. When the thriving young plant is sold to some admirer, a turning point comes in its short life, deciding whether it shall flourish or droop in its new environment. This is also true of the young man's career. It is when he passes from home and school into the business world to find his place for future usefulness, that he either. is made or undone. It is then that his manhood and careful training are put to a mighty test. At this period of man's development there arise in his mind the questions: 'LWhat are my opportunities?" "Which shall I take advantage of? If he is ambitious and has a high ideal, he will do well to take advantage of the opportun- ities for leadership. "Let him be a leader, not a leanerng let him be such a man, that by his moral courage, his courtesy, self-command, and better understanding of the world, he may be able to command the respect and obedience of those at the head of whom he aspires to be placed. And that self-faith, which is characteristic of all great men, is necessary for achievement. Review the careers of Lincoln, Grant, Bismark, Gladstone, Napoleon. Each of these great m -n found difllculities against which he must con- tend. It is recorded in history that neither the Alps, the plagues, nor the floods, stopped Napo- leon. He did not go over or around obstacles, but through them. When Grant called a coun- cil of war he- listened to all the schemes of his counsellors, but he always relied absoloutly upon his own judgment, and carried out his own p'ans. No influence could shake his faith in himself. Another characteristic of great men is patience. Man can not become famous in a day. He must work and wait. As we asc.-nd the scale of life, the time for growth and develop- ment increases until we reach man, the greatest work of our Creator. The boy or girl, who would become a man or woman of force and power in the world, must toil and wait, must as Carlyle says, "work like a star, unhasting, yet unrestingfl In order that man may be a leader, he must be asuperior being, both mentally and physically. All the leaders the world has ever known were men who opproached their tasks with the air of conquerors. Opportunity served their active minds, which were endowed with a keen power of observation. Behind this, was their strong determination and vitality. Vitality li one half the battle oflif.1,while d.atermi.1ation is the other. The demand for young men who can manage great concerns, who can solve the .ponderous problems of the day, is greater now than at any time in the history of our nation's growth. True! not every man can be a leader, a financier, or an inventor, but he should realize that the amount of physical and mental force exerted, determines the extent of his achievements. A man can not afford to waste the energy he has, but he should try to conserve it. Success comes not to the man who waits on his fate, but to him who works on, never tiring, always astir with cheerful courage until he sees opportunity meet- ing his efforts. Tennyson says: "Man is man and master of his fate." Then why are there hundreds of men crowding one another for positions at low wages, while higher salaries are offered in vain for first class service? The lack of the element of leadership and higher education is responsible for this condition of affairs. How then mav one grasp these opportunities? The answer is, by studying the wonderful mechanism which lies within himself and by training the -eye to per- ceive the opportunities as they rap at his door. As an athletic trainer brings his pupil into form by a long, tedious, and nerve trying ordeal and feels highly elated over some victory of the one so trained, just so with the man, who has reached the topmost 'round on the ladder of success, looks back over his thorny path with triumphant pleasure. lt is not a matter of in- heritance and environment, but the arous- ing of the dormant powers within him that de- termines man's station in life. lf he can find the elf ctric spark in his nature, hecan pl oduce an ever continuous current of prosperity and sul- cess. The will power is the electric plant of man's physical makeup. Every portion of his body, brain, and soul is wired to this plant. His batteries are his character and moral being. His words are his wires, his deeds, his lights. By persistent faith, by constant endeavor, man overcomes barriers and realizes gta.s which seemed impossible. The scope of man's oppor- tunities is so wonderfully large, thatit is dillicult' to imagine its magnitude. Wonders are yet to be achieved in the World of science. Magnificent are the opportunities in the fields of journalism, literature, and the flne arts. But the young man of today has even better chances in the . 0 llllnl 1- cial field. For do we not need men who can be trusted in responsible positions? Yes! we can not get too many men, who are keen, active, trust-worthy, and capable of managing cur great financial institutions. Great reforms are nec- essary, and it will take great men to accomplish them. Are there not too many embezzlers and criminals in our land?. 1-low magnificent are the opportunities in the way of uplifting the mora standing of our country! And let us always remember that, while we are grasping opportunity, we are laying the corner-stone of what is great in man's achit ve- ment. For as some one las said, "Our deeds shall travel with us from afar, And what we have been makes us what we are." EDGAR F. MAHLA. J ANNIHILATION It is evident at the outset, that each practical discovery made by the human mind involves a corresponding progress in moral condition, an advancement in dignity, for the entire race. This is shown by the advancement made in our country. The cottongin, the iirst invention of our country, brought about an increase in our exports, which resulted in the building of many cotton mills in the north. These in turn caused an increase in the internal business, which in- duced men to begin trying to find some way of gaining distance at the expense of time. With a country so large, and with a popula- tion spreading in every direction, the urgent demand of western settlers for some quicker and easier mode of inter-communication and transportation, led to a variety of plans to ac- complish this end. Private companies, and solnetimes the state built roads and canals. The greatest of these was the Erie canal. By means of this, western settlers could ship their produce by water all the way to New York city. But this was a slow way and was soon to be abolished, except for goods which did not re- quire rapid shipment. ln 1807 Robert Fulton launched his newly invented steamboat on the Hudson. This com- pletely revolutionized the maritime service and our exports increased enormously, for by the steam ship, merchandise could be shipped quick- ly and cheaply, to foreign countries. Fulton had shown the world that the steam engine could be used to propel boatsg the next question was, why C0l1lCl not the steam engine be put on wheels and made to propel itself on land? After many experiments and many failures, George Steph- enson invented a "steam wagon" or locomotive. In 1828a railroad was built from Baltimore to Ellicotts mills, a distance of about 13 miles. Fl'0ll1 that day to the present time, railroads have been continually increasing until the coun- try is now covered by a network of railroads con- necting all the principle cities and towns. At first the passenger trams were run at the rate of ten or fifteen miles per hour, while now the average speed is more than four times as much. In the early days of this country it took about six days to go from New York to Boston, while by the present day trains you can go from New York to San Francisco in the same time. The same is true with merchand- ise. Where it took weeks and months to transport merchandise at the beginning of the nineteenth century, it now takes but a few days. Another means of rapid transit is the electric car. This isacomparatively new mode of travel, but is becoming one of the most common. All the large cities and many of the small towns are connected by electric lines running through them. One great advantage of the electric car is the cheapness and rapidity with which people can travel from one place to another. In cities, a person can ride from one end of the city to the other for a few cents. Tests made in Germany during the lastyear show that the very high speed of one hundred and twenty three miles an hour was attained and kept up for several miles. Electric lines are rapidly taking the place of OF DISTANCE railroads all over the country, owing to the low cost by which they can be maintained, and the places they can so easily connect. Another advantage which the electric car has over the railroad train is the quickness with which it can be stopped, thus making it easy to take on passengers at almost any placeg and as they usually follow public roads they are a great benefit to farmers who live along their route. This tends to increase the business of a com- munity owing to the ease and rapidity with which they can reach towns and dotheir trading. Another method of annihilating distance IS the electric telegraph invented by Samuel F. B. Morse. The first message was sent over the wires on May 24, 1844. In 1800 it took days and weeks to send the news from one place to another, while now it is done in a few seconds. Thus if anything -of importance happens at New York city, it is known in San Francisco in a very few minutes. Another type of the telegraph is the Marconi wireless telegraph, by means of which a message may be sent without wires across the ocean or to any part of the world. With the recent completion of the Pacific cable a message can be sent entirely around the world in a few minutes. Thus the news which appears in the London papers, ap- pears the same day in the New York, Chicago, and San Francisco papers. Though these places are many miles apart they are brought by the telegraph and cable to within a few miles of each other. The cable is of great benefit in many ways, such as business transactions, which occur between merchants of different countries 'in war- fare it enables a government to follow the movements of an army from day to day, and in negotiations between different governments. The telephone is another invention along the same line as the telegraph. With this aperson at New York can talk to a person at Chicago and receive an immediate reply. Thus two mena thousand miles apart are brought, you might say, into the same room. There IS another way in which distance is annihilated and that is in the modern methods of warfare. The modern army rlfle will carry from two to three miles, while the artillery guns carry many times farther. The largest gun ever made is at Sandy Hook guarding New York harbor. This gun will throw a shell twenty miles. ' There are many possibilities for the future along the line of annihilating distance. There may be larger engines built so as to haul heavier trains at an increased rate of speed, larger and faster electric cars, more places to be connected by cable and wireless telegraphy, and then the automobile is destined to play an important part in land travel. while, probably, before many years, people will be traveling through the air in airships. Great progress has already been made along this line during the last few years. Thus we see that, although we live on one of the great planets, through limitless ingenuity of man's fertile brain, enormous distances have been practically reduced to nothing. While wonders have been accomplished, we still be- lieve that the future has locked in her store- house many treasures which will startle the mind of the present generation, and distance will be annihilated. COURTLAND B. MEUSER. N LOOK FOR THE BEAUTIFUL A lady who was once standing with afamous artist looking at one of his wonderful landscape paintings remarked: "I cannot see those things in nature." "The artist replied: "Donlt you wish you could madam"? The world is full of beautiful things, but we do not all possess the faculty of discerning them. A person is very fortunate who has been trained to see beauty in everything. Some people are like the bee' gathering honey from every flower, even extract- ing sweetness from thistles, while others seem to distill bitterness from a lily or a rose. The dif- ference between men lies in their early training or in the habitual attitude of their minds. An artist's skill is measured by his power to perceive heautiful things and then to express them so that others may see them. It has been said of Raphael: "He recognized only one self imposed limitation, beauty. Hence, though his span of life was short, his work is imperishable." Every soul is born responsive to the beautiful, but this instinctive love of beauty must be fostered through the eye and mind or it will die. The craving for the beautiful is as strong in the child of the slums as in the favorite of fortune. Jacob Riis says: "The physical hunger of the poor, the yearning of their stomachs is not half so bitter as their aesthetic hunger, their starving for the beautiful." A mind that has been rightly trained will extract sweetness from everything and it will see beauty in all things. Every sunset, land- scape, stream, mountain and tree will reveal some new charm of nature. The trained eye will see the beautiful in every . patch of wood or meadow and in every leaf and flowerg the cul- tured ear will hear melody in the babbling brook and harmony in the soughing of the wind. The person who is able to discern beauty everywhere possesses a heritage of which no reverses of for- tune can rob him. This heritage is possible to everyone who will take the trouble to cultivate the finer qualities of the heart, the soul and the eye. Such a person can make poetry out of the most prosaic and common place life, bring sun- shine and gladness into the gloomiest home, and develop beauty and nobility of character in tl1e midst of the ugliest environment. It is said that the most disgusting object when put under a magnifying glass of sufficient power will reveal beauties undreamed of gso in the most depressing circumstances, there is something of the beautiful and hopeful when viewed through the glass ofa trained and disciplined mind. It is not circumstances so much as the attitude and quality of the mind that give happiness and contentment. If we look for good and beautiful things, and, if we truly wish to find them, we are sure to see them, but if we look for bad and unlovely things, we are just as sure to find them. A story illustrating this fact is told of two men who happened to be fellow travellers on a journey. One was very much annoyed by the crying and fretting of a baby across the aisle, at the indistinct way in which the brakeman called out the stations and because a young woman in front of them had opened the window through which dust and cinders were coming in. The other remarked how patient the child's mother was, what a pleasant voice the brakeman had, and, having observed the girl's pale face and fearing she was ill, hoped the fresh air would do her good. We should be careful not to develop our hearts and minds to see evil, since we inevitably become transformed into the likeness of that which has been the object of our attention. We should train our hearts and minds not to over- look the beautiful and good, and by so doing, we shall develop good and beautiful characters. I have read of a man who once found a valuable gold piece and from that time on he walked with his eyes fixed upon the ground searching for gold pieces. H 3 would not lift his eyes lest he should overlook some money lying in his path. In the course of his life he did find several pieces, butmzanwhile his soul was becoming narrower and more sordid. He did not see the blue skies, the fleecy clouds, the rainbow arch, the stars brighter than gold, the crescent or full-orbed moon. So with us all, if we look for unlovely things we will miss all the beautiful things in life. ENID R. ANDERSON. I mman's .Wulf eeniury of Cguoluilon Today, as we look across this glorious land of ours, and behold woman triumphant every- where, working side by side with man, and win' ning equal laurels with him in the colleges, in the various professions, and, in, fact, in almost every conceivable occupation known at the present tirneg w'e are led to believe that such a condition of affairs has existed for centuries. But we have only to refer to history to be ap- prised of our error, and find that woman's present exalted position dates back scarce more than fifty years. In the beginning of the century, she was at an infinite disadvantage in regard to her oc- cupations. The idea that her sphere was at home, and only at home, was riveted like a band of steel upon society. But the spinning wheel and the loom, which had formerly given her employment, had been superseded by machin- ery, and other occupations were necessitated to take their places. The daily routine of house work could not supply her 'needs or fill her aspirations, and she found herself constantly watching out and above this narrow condition, for higher and better things than she had yet known, still every effort on her part was met with the cry: "You want to glet out of your sphere." As t e public schools were not open to woman until the year 1823, her education up to this time was very meager, indeed, and conse- quently her opportunities for self-support, out- side of domestic service, were few and limited. But there had been growing steadily a long- ing ior higher education and in the year 18 ., Oberlin was the flrst college to open wide its doors to herg for it was considered that she had an equal right with man to obtain a higher education. This marked a new era for woman and she rejoiced. For- "Get but a truth once uttered, and 'tis like A star new born that drops, into its place' And which, once circling in its placid round, Not all the tumult of the earth can shake." The tender heart of woman was touched by the cry of the slave and so she determined to act. Three brave women, Angelina and Sarah Grinke and Abbg Kelly went on to speak for the slaves, Such a t ing had never been heard of before. Invectives were hurled against them from the press and even the pulpit. But in spite of all this maltreatment they did not waver, but stood flrm to the principles they knew were right. For as Whittier says- "When woman's heart is breaking, Shall woman's voice be hushed? It is due to these noble women that we today have a right to speak in phlblic. Across the Atlantic, argaret Bright Lucas and Lady Somerset, with tongue and pen have stirred the social circles of England on the moral qpestions, thus banishing the wine and ale from t e dinner table and banquet hall in thousands of homes. Clara Barton, Helen Gould, our be- loved and revered Frances E. Willard, and host of other true women have spent their lives toil- ing for the uplifting of humanity, and to save the homes of this world. After the Civil War there were so many vacancies in every line of work, left by the brave men who never returned, that women were forced to take their places and that again opened up a broad field of usefulness for her. Po itically, woman's advance has been somewhat slow, but it has been none the less sure. The right of woman to organize for public work is now universally recognized and ap- proved. They have at present in U. S. over one hundred national organizations, with thousands of local clubs and societies comprising millions of members and their induence over the com- munity is beyond computation. Within the last twelve years, four states have con- ferred the full suffrage on women. Wyoming and Utah by placingit in the constitutions under which they entered statehoodg Colorado and Idaho through a submission of the question to the voters. There cannot be a doubt in the renson- ing and unbiased mind, but that woman suffrage ultimately will prevail in every state in t e Union. In English literature there is hardly a depart- ment which woman does not adorn. In histor , biography, poetry and fiction she seems equallyy at home. Marion Evans, better known as George Elliot, has won enduring fame through her nov- els, which are generally conceeded to be the best works of modern fiction. In our own country Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" had a wonderful induence 'in helping to free the slaves. In poetry, the names of E iza- beth Barret Browning and Mrs. Hemans stand pre-eminent. When Elizabeth Blackwell studied medicine and put up her sign in New York she had to meet prejudice and opposition on every side and was ightly spoken of as a "she doctor." But through her splendid ability and perseverance, the way was opened to women physicians. In Massa- chusetts when properly qualiiled "persons" were allowed to practice law, the Supreme Court de- cided that a woman was not a "person" and a special act of the legislature had to be passed before Miss Lelia Robinson could be admitted to the bar. But today there are many women lawyersg and among them Mrs. Belvia Lockwood stands at the head for legal acumen and ability. We, the women of today, with grateful hearts, pour forth our due mead of praise in hon- or of the brave women who have made it possible for us to encioy our pfesent privileges. Let Emerson's a vice. " itch your wagon to a star " be our motto, and let us go forth to do nobly, whatever work our hands shall find to do, for it hasb een truly said, "The hand that rocks the cradle, Rules the world." MABLE JONES. LITERATURE AND LIFE "We live in deeds, not years,in thots not breaths, In feelings, not in figures on a dial. We should count time by heart throbs. He most lives Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the best." Our own conceptions of things are entirely too narrow and if we would broaden our knowl- edge we must become acquainted with the best thoughts and expressions of others. It is for this reason that we pursue literature. He lives most who thinks most, and literature helps us to think more and consequently to live more. It brings us in contact with the thoughts and ex- pressions of great writers which are ennobling and elevating and which cannot but have a good in- fluence on our lives. Literature is born of life, and it is in this sense that Milton calls a good book "the precious life-blood of a master-spirit embalmed and treasured up on- purpose to a life beyond life." It is often said that literature is the greatest of the fine arts, and certainly it is of all the arts the wisest and most inspiring, serving at once as tutor, guide and friend. The literature we read has a very' great in- fluence on our lives, indeed, for nearly every ex- pression we read helps to mould some new thought or opinion and it behooves us therefore to be very careful in the choice of our reading matter. The mind grows by what it feeds upon, and it is very important that we learn and re- tain only the best thoughts, for, "thoughts are deeds and may become crimes." In this century, when fiction is increasingly the medium of amusement and instruction, and when the great poets and essayists are becoming the' prophets of a new social order, it seems very important to remember that the great novelists are consciously or unconsciously teachers of morals, while the most fascinating essays and poems are essentially books of aspiration and spiritual culture. An immense amount of harm can be done by the reading of t.'ashy literature and this is particu- larly true if it is read by persons who have not yet become settled in their habits and are sus- ceplible to its bad influence. On the other hand the good results derived from reading good lit- erature are clearly shown in the lives .of nearly all great men and women. Many a person .owes l1is success in life to the inspiration received from reading some good work. The boy Whittie! reads Burns' poems, and receives the inspiration to write poetry himself and becomes one .of the greatest poets of America. It has often been said that a man is known by the company he keeps, so also might it be said that a man may be known by the books he reads. Then why waste our time in reading those so- called popular books which leave no mark, no impression on the human life, but die out gen- eration after generation, when so many good books are so impressive and live on and on, from century to century because of their beauty, power and truth? In the pursuit of literature we find an almost ideal pastime, for while in it we find recreation, yet it also results in profit to ourselves. There is no way in which we can better improve our spare moments than by gaining some soul in- spiring thought from some good author. Literature has also done much for great causes. Harriet Beecher Stoweis "Uncle Tom's Cabin" showed so clearly the true condition of the negro in the South and aroused such aburst of public sentiment against the conditions then existing, that it might almost be considered as one of the indirect causes of the Civil War and had much to do in bringing the issue to a crisis. The works of Dickens appeal powerfully to the universal sympathies and best impulses of man- kind and have done much to bring the world in closer touch with the common joys and sorrows of humanity. In fact, literature has done more to reform the world than ary other agent. From literature we receive inspiration and hope. It aids us to aspire to greater things. It gives pleasure and brings before the mind great virtues. It arouses sympathy for causes where sympathy is needed, and dispels sorrow and gloom by creating new hopes. It shows us the beautiful in life and brings us into close relation- ship with nature and with God. It is one of th 'z greatest factors in the betterment and elevation of mankind, and the degree of civilizatirn a nation has attained may be aptly judged from the number and character of its literary I ro- ductions. EDITH R. POISTER. , -. . 5-' ' X 'N fs x --x wx ' luis 9' N -.X Xi .WX x Q ' "Our lifeis an apprenticeship to the truthf that arourfd every 'circle 'another circle can lbe' drawn: that there is no end in nature, but every. end is a .begginningg that there is always another dawn risen 0 1 mid-noon, and under every deep alowei' deep opens." ' X ' ' 'A ' ' -. Theirs is no permanence in naturelg everything lasts for a certain time and then it disappears or else something elsegtakes its placer Only a few' flgures of the Greek' sculpture 'remain today, the rest having disappeared just as so many blocks of ice would do if they were put into a place warm enough to melt them. The aqueducts of ancient times were made useless by hydraulics QQ railroads have taken the place of roads and canalsg steamboats took the place of'sail-boats and electricity has taken the place of 'steamr Everything looks permanent until its secrets are known. f The key to every man is his thought. 'The life of man may be compared to a circle which from a ring very small rushes out on all sides to a new and larger circle and that without an end: The extent of this circle delpends on the force or truth of the individual sou . Man's aim at all times should be to rise from lower stations to higher. The ideal is never reached, the bud works toward the blossom and the blossom towards the fruit. In the whole economy of the rovidence of God in regard to the physical worlld, everything is on the march onward and upward. All the great cities, institutions and arts which we now have are the results of cul- ture. But we flnd that culture has not yet reached its limit, for other men still reach a higher point by improving upon the things which have already been in existence.iNeither in the individual nor in the people taken as a whole, has the intimation of God fulfilled itself. The imperfections show that we have not reached much farther than the bud. - Every new thought is only the beginning -of a new series of thoughts which may develop in- to something greatg but in order to attain to that which is great the circle begins with a small circumference and grows constantly' larger and larger. Man immortalizes himself by Adaring in war and in other ways and how she is ap- plauded by his fellow men, but yet anotherrnan may rise and draw a circle around the circle whose outline we have just pronounced. Then the first man is no longer a hero but only Hrst speaker, and his only redress is to draw a circle around that of his antagonist. 1 V Every man is not so 'much a workman in the world as a suggestion of what he shouldfbe. The continual effort to raise himself abovewhim- self and to work a pitch above his last height betrays itself in a man's relationst A person's . ' . 1 ' .fl . if 4 growth is seen by' the"'successive choir of his friends: 4Men' 'cease -fto Interest us when' they have found their limitations. We adore a man oflvalor, for valor consists in self recover . ' No onefcan conquer arbrave man, ialthough xzrlsfor- tune may colne to him at times yet he does not giive up: .. K . il 4 lui: . Literature is a point outside of the circle of the present day, through Whiclha new circle 'may be drawn. The use of literature is to afford' us a platform by which we may command' a -'view oft - our- present life. - People study "ancient languages, Greek and Roman, cnl that they may the 'better see Frenchland English. In the same way we see literature best from the midst cf wild nature or from the dinfef affairs, but' the field can not be seen from within the field. ' "Life is! ai series of surprises. To be great is to-be goodialid to be' good is to' Pbe wiseLP' '- The moment a man is satislled with himself every- one elsef is dissatisfied ' with him. " Deport- ment, honesty and af desire to do right, carried out in practice-are to character what truth and reverence are to religion. There is av difference between character and 1reputation. "Character is what we really areg reputation is what others suppose us ter be. '-' Ourtrue happiness depends not so much on what-is 'thought of us by others as what we really are in ourselves. Men of good characters are generally men of good reputation. But it is-important above everything else that we be right and do right, whether our motives and actions -are 'properly -understood and ap- preciated or not. Nothing can be so important to any man as the formation and possession of a good character, but a' character which it has cost much torestablish is often destroyed in a single hour. No man can hope to rise in society or act worthily his part in life without- a good moralcharacter. The man who possesses such a character can be trustedghe -knows its- sacred- import-and -aims in his whole life to pursue a straight forward course, and what he is today you are sure 'to find him tomorrow. To be fruit- ful the tree must spread -its -roots in fertile soil, so to be in possession ofuprightness, through the many trials of human life, .- the soul must be in harmony with its Creator. We do not know to- day when we are building up our beings, of the pleasure and power which is' to followg but one thing which we should 'seek td do 'and which shou d be-our greatest desire, 'vis to forget our- selvesf and try to'-do something without knowing how or why-we doxit. - ' The way of life is wonderfulrwe chase some fiying-scheme or we are haunted by some fear or command behind. We shall 'some - day see amid the- many changing circles in life that the most ,private is '-the most publicl-energy, that quality atones for quantity and- if we can not attainl at a bound tofall these grandeurs, at least let us pay them homage. W i Y l LI?ZIExRICKSECKER. X. ,M . 1 i- .7Ae young .Man mil Jvoihiny Jui .grains What are the chances of a young man who has received no heritage but that of brains? All through the history of this country we have seen men who have risen to fame, who when they began in life had no visible assets but their brains. But today the conditions are altogether different. All capital is centralized and trusts rule the industrial and commercial world, hence most people think that a young man . without money cannot succeed. But it is a well known fact that a young man who has capacity for hard work and a healthy body has an immense ad- vantage over the young man who has a fortune and a poorly trained mind. A rich man can corner the market in wheat 01' corn but he cannot corner the market in brains. Neither can trusts dominate brains. Hence the old rule of free competition holds good still where merit and brain products are demanded. Now in this vast world of commerce there are two great divisions, the machine of production and the machine of distribution. Any one can take part in the machine of production, the farmer, the man who works in a factory, and the teamster, all work to produce something. Then it ought to be plain that the greatest place for a man with no capital lies in fitting himself for an important place in this great distributing machinery. He must contribute something to the twentieth century stock of ideas. The era of expansion brings with it an expansion of the market of ideas. t is to be a battle of intellects, and the man who has no power to originate ideas can only handle the products of other in- tellects. The man with an idea will occupy the center of the stage and the searchliglit of public interest will be turned on him more than ever before in the history of our country. The man with a fortune can put his money in a factory or safe investment,and,without worry- ing about itafterwards, aid productiong but to manage a combine requires the most practical and forseeing men available. It is here that the young man with nothing but brains can en- enter the channels of progress and success. The objects of industrial combination are to cheapen the cost of distribution. The most per- fect labor-saving machinery and the purchase of raw materials in large quantities, both of which are secured by the combination and consolida- tion of capital and resources, tend to accom- plish the first object: that of cheapening the cost of production. The young man with an active mind will not want to become a part of the machinery of production. He will not want to be the person who feeds a tack or pin machine or runs a lathe or measures cloth. If he is of a mechanical or inventive turn of mind, and his ability has not been smothered by overwhelming menial duties, he may contribute some labor- saving machine to production. It is the department of distribution that will engage and deserve his thought and attention. This is the branch of industry that takes a finished product and finds a market for itg that brings the atten- tion of the people who want, or think they want or need it, to the article in question. It is this division of labor that converts the products of industry into hard cash. Without it the wheels of the factory would stop and there would be a cessation of production. How to lessen the cost of distribution is the problem that is now before the world for solution. The primary object of combination is to cheapen the cost of distribution. Expensive and old methods of putting goods upon the market are being gradually abandoned. One of the first methods to go will be the traveling salesman or drummer. In some lines he is still to be used to a certain extent, but it is axiomatic that with the consolidation of numerous small firms into fewer large ones, the number of salesmen employed will be cut down, and, if centralization continues in all lines, the drummer will become practically extinct. His hotel bills, railway fares, and incidentals amount to a large sum and must, in the end, be paid by the consumer. But now under the new system the producer will talk to thousands at a time, but at the same time to each person individually. How will he be able to do this? Through the printed catalogue, the artistic booklet, the at- tractive poster, the pages of monthly and weekly periodicals, the columns of the daily press and the thousand and one different ideas and unique divices for catching the public eye, designed by some of the brightest minds- in the country. Who will furnish the ideas for t is new and vast twentieth century system of publicity? Here is the Held for anyone with original ideas. Here is the golden harvest for the young man who has nothing but brains. The producer who is putting thousands of dollars into advertising will scent a mildewed idea from afar. What he wants must be bright and clean-milled from the mint of genius. It must have the ring of true mental and no dull leaden thud to it. A man can 'make the finest kind of products, but if the public never hears of or sees them what value w.ll they be to either the producer or the world? In the coming years more shoes and cloth will be worn, and more wagons and automobiles used than ever beforeg but the man who has a million invested in the manufacture of slices or cloth or wagons or automobiles can do little in these years without tl1e aid of the genius of publicity. He must call to his aid the men of ideas, men who are masters of the art of lpresent- ting forcefully and effectively to the mil ions of consumers the merits of a particular commodity. The genius of the artist, the printer, the photog- rapher and the writer will be laid under tribute to this twentieth century profession of pub- licity. More than ever will it engage the thought and attention of men of learning and intelligence, thus showing the value of a good education and training. The time will come when the devising of a scheme to put a new commodity upon the market will command a price that seems fabu- lous these days. Here is the great opportunity offered by the twentieth century industrial evolution and ex- pansion to "the young man with nothing but brains." PAUL E. GUINTHER. SELF MADE OR NEVER MADE America is the country of self-made men. Here all is in free movement and every one finds his own level. Influential friends or parents can not long hold one up or keep him down. One is taken at his own true worth. Not every individual can make anything he likes for himself. Natural talent and opportuni- ties of using it are to be considered. Talents differ and so do opportunities. Upon one's self depends the use made of talents and oppor- tunities. The finest talent can be wasted, as John Randolph wasted his in drink, great op- portunities can be thrown away as Aaron Burr threw his away. On January 25, 1830, in the Senate of the United States, Robert Young' Hayne of South Carolina, in a powerful and highly polished speech, presented the Southern doctrine of Nullification and State Rights. Webster decided to answer him the next morning. His friends protested that the time for preparation was too short. The following day Webster delivered one of the greatest speeches recorded in Amer- ican history. He had prepared for it all his life- This opportunity did not make him, he had made himself by being ready for the opportunities which he might meet through-out life. Poverty and lack of friends did not condemn Lincoln and Garfield to ignorance and obscurity. They rose to eminence because they knew how to get ready for their opportunities. Francis Park- man, although he was half blind, became Americais greatest historian. Surely this man through sheer force of self, created his environ- ment, and found his opportunities, literally groping for them in the dark. George Mortimer Pullman, the inventor of the Pullman sleeper, and Elias Howe, the inventor of the sewing machine, were both the sons of men who were in very humble circumstances. Environments did not elevate them nor opportunities woo them, yet they discovered their talents and put them to good 11se, thereby benefitting the whole civilized world. These examples can be equaled in every callin every day. Every biography of scholar or migionaire tells the same story, that men are self-made or never made. America alone is called the country of self- made men. Yet, in other countries, there are some notable examples of men who have risen by their own efforts. In July, 1870, the armies of France and Germany stood face to face upon the banks of the Rhine. All thought that France would win. She was richer and to all appearances had a better army. But, to the as- tonishment of tl1e whole civilized world, the French forces were almost completely wrecked. Within a few weeks the entire French army had surrendered and the Germans held Paris. When men began to think about it in ear- nest, they saw that it was not France that had been beaten, but only Louis Napoleon anda lot of nobles, influential because they were nobles or favorites. Louis Napoleon, emperor, because of his name, had inherited the throne from his illustrious uncle, Napoleon Bonaparte, a man who had made himself and his name. Louis had gained some credit in the Crimean War, some said, "more by accident than anything else." But when the real crises came, he was beaten, because, he was never self-made. On the other hand, the German leaders, King William, Bismarck, Von Moltke, and Von Roon, were all self-made men. Bismarck was the master mind of European politics. He start- ed out on his career with the ambition to crown William II, Emperor of Germeny, and make himself the idol of his countrymen. He suc- ceeded because he had an iron will and could create as well as use opportunities. Von Moltke was the son of extremely poor parents. He rose very slowly and wholly by his own efforts. He never yielded to any tempta- tiong he was ready for every emergency, because he was ready before the opportunity came. Charles Dickens, the famous English author, won his literary honors through his own efforts, for his father was a "ne'er do well," and conse- quently could not afford to give his son much of an education. But young Dickens started out in life with the determination to acquire an educa- tion and make something of himself, and he succeeded. Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England from 1653-1658. and Francis Bacon, the well known English statesman and author are also striking examples, in English history, of self- made men. In 1act the roll of such men seems inexhaustible. But what of those who are never made? Un- less we turn to the histories of monarchies and study the lives of their princes, illustrations of this class will be very difficult to Hnd, because elsewhere their history is not recorded. But these princes and princesses! How their people loved them and exalted them until they thought themselves almost divine, and yet how little they did in return for their people, or for the world at large. What a roll of unhappy miser- abze failures! Louis XVI of France, good natured, honest, well meaning, of pure morals, but weak in will, narrow in intellect, unable to comprehend the situation, entirely destitute of olitical instincts, by his very inefficiency Hastening the approach of the Revolution, whic was one wild shriek of disappointment in the efficiency of kings, Marie Antoinette, gay beautiful, pure, generous, innocent, with elevated purposes, but pitifully ignorant as to the needs of her eopleg George III, King of England, fJll1'l1 whose narrow obstinacy England lost the United States, Charles I,. Louis Phillip and Louis Napoleon. All this shows that no one grows except through his own efforts. One takes out of life only what he puts into it. If anything fine and noble is to be made of life, each one must do it for himself. NAOMI HOLMES. YOUTH At first thought it ought to seem quite easy for a young person living in the very midst of the theme to write a brilliant as well as an ex- haustive paper on youth. But when we attempt the task we find it very difficult, and we find it so because when we are in the midst of any- thing we do not have as clear a view of it as when we look back upon it or look at it from a distance. So in literature often we do not ap- preciate good works during the life time of the author. Even Shakespeare did not impress the people of his own generation as he impresses us. We look upon a picture very closely, we find nothing but daubs of paint, but when viewed from the proper distance we see it in all its beauty. W hen we are near amountain and look at it, we do not see its beauty, but wh an we view it from a distance we see it in all its grand and beautiful proportions. This seems to be the reason why we who are in our youth do not see how beautiful it is. Accordingly we find that the best things said about youth have been spoken and written by old men. Poets who died in their youth have not written so much about it as those who lived to look back upon their earlv life. Longfellow wrote of "My Lost Youth," and Whittier says in his "Barefoot Boy," "Ahl That thou couldst, know thy joy, Ere it passes, bare foot boy." Theodore Parker says: "How beautiful is youth, early manhood, early womanhood, how wonderfully fair! What freshness of life,clean- ness of blood, purity of breath! Wnat hopes! There is nothing too much for the young maid and young man to put in their day. 0 young men and women! there is no picture that seems too high, too beautiful for young hearts." And Longfellow says almost the same in verse: "How beautiful in youth! how bright it gleams With its illusions. aspirations, dreams! Book of beginnings, Story without end l" If youth is such a grand,important time in our life how should we regard it? Most young peo- ple look forward to what are to do in the future and dream about the things to come instead of trying to live nobly in the present. They are like the miser who stores up gold and at last awakens to the fact that his gold does not give him any pleasure because he has lost the faculty for enjoyment. Since youth seems to be a sub- ject to inspire poets we -may well turn to them for ideas concerning it. We, who are young wonder if it is as Longfellow says, that our youth is all illusions, aspiration and dreams. We believe that in our youth we should make ood beginnings, for w at man is in old age h e gas usually been in his youth. "Childhood shows the man as morning shows the day." And , "This world is but the rugged road, Which leads us to the bright abode, Of peace above, So let us choose that narrow way, Which leads no traveller's foot astray From realms of love." . Some who begin life wrong finally rise to hlgherand nobler planes, but how sad to think their lives' are marred by wrong beginnings. And we think with Longfellow when he says: "And the words or that fatal song Came over me like a chill, And the thoughts of youth are long, long thoughts." ' So then We who are young should take heed to the teachings of older people for, "We might learn from the wisdom of age and be cheered by the sallies of youth." We are also told that, 'iOur deeds shall travel with us from afar, And what we have been makes us what we are." Longfellow says: t'The cunning skill, the curious arts, The glorious strength that youth imparts, In life's first stage, They shall become a heavy weight, When time swings wide his outward gate To weary age." The most precious hours of life are those of youth. We are told by those who have passed that happy time, that an hour spent in study or work is more fruitful than two so spent in the afternoon of life, and that in our youth we do not understand the value of time, and when at last we discover its priceless Worth, the best years of life have fied forever. Virtue is the brightest ornament of youth. For one who lives in sin cannot expect to obtain the reward the same as one who lives a high and noble life. Shakespeare savs: "Those who pass their yottli in vice are justly condemned to spend their age in folly." So it is very essen- tial that our acts be always lovely and good. "Sow an act and you reap a habit, ,sow a habit and you reap a character, sow a character and you reap a destiny." Tnere is no tragedy like wasted life, life failing of its purpose, life turned to a false end. But- "Life grows better every day, If we live in deed and truth, So I am not used to grieve, For the vanished joys of youth." Cato says that old age is wrongly blamed, that its ills lie in the character, not in the time of life. But Stedman writes: "Who told us that the years had fied, Or borne afar our blissful youth? Such joys are all about us spread, We know the whisper was not truth." And we who are young can also think with an author who said: "What though there comes a time of pain, When autumn winds forebode decay The days of love are borne again That fabled time is far away." And we who are beginning let us live so that when we are old we can say with Longfellow: "Age is opportunity no less Than youth itself, though in another dress, And as the evening twilight fades away The sky is fllled with stars, invisible by day." VIVIA LARKWORTHY. BOOKS AS COMPANIONS If one of us, knowing the infiuence of com- panions on our minds and characters, should be told that we might choose whom we would as our most intimate friend and associate, Whom would we choose? Would it be one whom we had often heard branded as base and ignoble, ignorant and unscrupulous, whose very touch was contamination, or a thief with such a small shriveled soul that he would rob us of our dear- est treasures even while we conversed with himg or yet would it be one of whom, though we knew nothing bad, we knew no good? If this great privilege was given us would our choice be such a one, or would it be one whose whole life had been upright and noble, whose thoughts were pure, who was universally admired,and one whom we in our best moments most wished to imitate. If thus questioned every one would undoubt- edly choose the latter. This privilege is ours if we will but use it, nor are we restricted in mak- ing our selection to our vicinity or yet our own country. We are not even limited to the is orld of men now living. We may go down the ages of the past, choosing from their wisest and best whom we will, and from these hear their best thoughts, those most entertaining, instructive, and ennobling. We may do even more. We may take jour- neys with them all over the world and enjoy all its beauties to the utmost, looking through their trained eyes. We may journey to vales and woodland haunts of our own country, to the beautiful Rhine with its old castles and familiar legends, to the ruins of Rome, or to Rome while yet in the height of its power, to Greece and ancient Troy, to the pyramids along the Nile and the graves of the ancient Pharaohsg or even to the court of King Solomon, in all the brilliancy of its former splendor. We may go with the sailor to the frozen seas of the North or over the tropic seas of the South ,with the scien- tist in his search after knowledge. Every one, even the poorest, can have such companions and through them gain a broad and comprehensive education and become a cultured person. If you would get such companions, go to your bookshelves, the home of your friends, and we may say with one author t'The place that does contain My books, the best companions, is to me A glorious court, where hourly I converse With the old sages and philosophers, And sometimes for variety I confer With kings and emperors and weigh their coun- sels." A Take from the shelves a book of Shakespere, Milton, Dickens, Thackeray, Scott, Bryant, Emerson, Holmes or Browning, and you have a friend always sympathetic, ready to talk to you at any time, as long as you wish, a friend for every mood, a gentle kind friend in sorrow, a cheerful humorous friend when we are happy, and a wise serious friend when we are thought- ful. They give us their thoughts and influence just as a living friend would. The same is true of bad books and we should avoid them as we would thieves, for they steal our time, money and what is far more precious, our principles. By bad books is not necessarily meant the fiction and light books of the hour, the bright pleasant talk of some one with whom you can- not converse, printed for you. They are enter- taining and even instructive along some lines. We should be grateful for them and make good use of them. But they are only passing' talk, not true books, and should be treated as such, if we would obtain much good from them. Let our companionship with them be not a mere passing acquaintance, but let it ripen and expand into a warm and intimate friendship. Look for their good qualities and dwell upon these, go lightly over their bad qualities and forget them as soon as possible. , When you sit down and take a good book, let it be to read it in the true sense of the word, with an alert receptive mind, eager to drink in their good thoughts and for awhile forget your cares and trouhles. ,Never attempt to read a good book when you can give only your divided attention to it, as in doing this you do a gross injustice to it and its author, for you will never find the wealth of wisdom and helpful thought there. Often our lack of appreciation for good books is a result of this habit. Look for its good points as you would for those of any other friend. "Mark there. We get no good By being ungenerous even to a book And calculating profits-so much profit By so much reading. It is rather when We gloriously forget ourselves and plunge Soul-forward headlong, into a book profound Impassioned for its beauty and salt of truth Tis then we get the right good from a book." EFFIE B. ELY. mman's. Mos! Honor, fame, and public applause may be sought by mang but as for woman, let knowledge be her garment, virtue her girdle, and pity a crown about her head. This is her appropriate panoplyg and thus dressed she will claim no station above that which Heaven designed for her, nor will she waver to lend her hand to beau- tify the various duties, which have been assigned to her. It is said that woman holds in her keeping the happiness and welfare of the world. To her is given the highest position, that of the care and culture of home and children. Heaven has imprinted on the face of mother something beyond our comprehension, something which claims kindred with the skies, the tender, look, the ever watchful eye, which keeps its fond vigil over her household. In what Christian country can we deny the influence which a mother exerts over the whole life of her children? In the last few years woman's horizon has been widened in many respects. But we still flnd that the place, where her character and loveliness are most attractive, is ever by her own Hreside. We look back over the pages of history and learn that her sphere has alwas been that of the angel spirit of home, making it bright and beautiful with her love and sympathy. Here she gladly accepts the duty ofa helpmate to those about her, sharing their sorrows and spreading the most genial influences. Her word is its mildest law and her smile its sunshine. What a beautiful example of all that is noble and pure in woman is Queen Victoria! Above all she loved sweet virtuous Womanhood, and believed with the poet that "kind hearts are more than coronetsf' She was one of the high- est moral geniuses of this world, and her name will be repeated in history as one who lived a life that was the incarnation of purity. She was never more happy than when she was with her children. Even when they had grown up and had become well known person- ages, she still guided them with the gentle hand of love. Although she did have the direct power to rule, still she had great influence in the gov- ernment of the realm, due to her fine personality. She was very careful before giving her ad- vice in even small things to become well ac- quainted with all of the circumstances., By doing this in small things she prepared herself to do so in greater affairs and so became known as a very just ruler. During her long reign not Qgeauiiful garmen! a breath of suspicion or scandal disgraced her court. What an example she sets before all nations in her sweet simplicity and devotion to duty! "Woman, wife, mother, most illustrious queen! A sweeter, purer light shines on each name. Reflected from thypure strong noble life, Truth loved and lived on earth can never die, Tis I-Ieaven's reward of Immortality." The strong bonds of tradition and- custom, by which woman was limited have been broken and now sho is free to do what is best. With an unswerving purpose to raise womanhood to a higher level, and to secure its rights in the world of industry, she does not sacrifice prin- ciples, but is proud to takeapart in the advance- ment of the welfare of woman. Her work is discipline, it develops her will power, and, good sense and broadens her view of life. While this change in the condition of woman is an advantage, and many can be happy in helping themselves and others, there is another phase of the industrial life which is any- thing but encouraging. It is not granted to every one to win fame by their work, but there are numberless small tasks, which truly meet the world's' needs in everyday life. Although many of the little sacrifices of people do not become known, there is always one out of many whose good deeds become pub- lished abroad. Among these Florence Nighten- gale furnishes an excellent example to be fol- lowed by all to whom it is permitted. What a noble deed it was to give up a home surrounded by luxurv and education, to go among the wound- ed and afllicted and nurse them back to life! She not only won the love and gratitude of the soldiers themselves but also of the queen and public in general. And when, upon receiving a material appreciation for her kind acts, she did not keep it for herself but founded a school for nurses, showing further her generous disposi- tion and thoughtfulness of others. The woman of true intelli ence is a blessing at home, in her circle of friengs, and in society. She carries with her a health giving influence wherever she goes. There is a beautiful harmony about her character that inspires the respect which soon warms to love. Her tenderness has often been the ' means of holding transgressors by the heart strings and leading thenl back to God. She strengthens right principles and like flowers springin up in our pathway rexfives and makes happy ag around her. "Woman is truly the fluid of the thermometer of the world placed there by the hand of the Creator." ETHEL s. WILSON. 'li STEP BY STEP - "We have not wings, we cannot iiy, But we have feet to scale and climb. By slow degrees, by more and more, By cloudy summits of our time." Life is a great building. Man is the builder and every man must build for himself. Each stone laid is an act completed and if every stone is firmly laid,each step Hrmly taken, he will surely reach the goal of success. Thus we see that man does not attain to greatness all at once but he accomplishes his aim step by step. When chi dren start to school they begin their journey up the mountain of learning at the summit of which is the goal of success. If each child could realize how important it is that he should learn each lesson well, make each step firm as he goes along, there would indeed be no such word as fail. "Do the duty which lies nearest thee! Thy second duty will already have become clearer." Many there are who start to climb this mountain but their feet slip, they become dis- couraged and give up. This is where so many make their great mistake for giving up is the key to failure. The world would be well sup- plied with successful people, if there were no such word as fail, but unfortunately this is not the case. We find by reading the biographies of our great men, that many of them failed sometime during their lives, in some of their undertakingls, but we also find that failure did not cause t em to give up the struggle for dis- tinction, but they used these failures only as stepping stones to success. "Greatly begin though thou have time, But for a line, be that sublime, Not failure but low aim is crime." Our failures should not discourage us, but should inspire us to renew our efforts. Life with some definite and noble purpose is Worth living. The question which may fre- quently confront us is: How can I make the most of life? How can I reach my ideal? Gar- fleld says "The genius of success is the genius of labor." You can reach your ideal if you have the determination, self reliance and persever- ance, for these elements are sure guides to suc- cess. Success comes only through hard work and determined perseverance, for the steps to honor or fame are not easy to climb. We certainly cannot compfain of lack of opportunity, for in fact in t is golden agp, America is another name for opportunity. T e great trouble with many of us is, we fail to grasp the grand opportunities we have presented to us. We do not realize their value until we think of how some of our fore-tathers had to acquire their education. It is said that John Quincy Adams learned to write, by filling a box wit sand and tracing letters with a stick, also of youn Daniel Webster that he plucked his pen out oghis motherls pet goose, and made ink from the soot scraped from the flre-place. We have A. often heard that George Washington, eager' to get an education woul walk for miles in order that he might borrow a book to study in the evening after a hard day's labor. The lives of all our great men show us that without work and determination, no great things are achieved. These men did not have the chance we have to- day of obtaining an education. The libraries supply all with books who wish them, the schools furnish instruction to all who are willing to receive it, and we might say education is free to all who wish to obtain it. Most men of the earlier ages who became great, had limited chances to obtain an education. They had but few ,opportunities that they could and obtained the best possible results from them. Most of our famous men did not reach their ideal by traveling over very smooth pathways but instead under most unfavorable circum- stances. This shows that they were determined to reach a high mark in life, no matter how rough their path might be. Nearly all came face to face with poverty. We can then see that poverty is no barrier to success. It usually deve opes ambition and nerves people to action. Let us look into the lives of some of our great men, and see the number of steps they had to climb before becoming famous. Take for example Abraham Lincoln, one of our greatest and best statesmen who was born on a farm in a rude 'log cabin, of poor parentage. He spent his boyhood days on t e farm. Later war was de- clared with the Sacsand Lincoln was chosen as leader of an army of men. Several years fol- lowing this, he was asked to be candidate for the State Legislature, but he was defeated in the election by three votes. He then became as- sistant county surveffor. He studied law and was twice elected to the egislature. He was chosen as one of the electors in the Harrison Pres- idential campaign and was elected to Congress in 1846. In 1856 he was elected Vice President and then in a short time he was nominated and became President of the United States. We have seen that Lincoln rose from the log cabin to the capitol despite poverty and the many obstacles he had to overcome. Gariield's life furnishes us another grand example showing how man can rise from the lowest stations in life to higher levels. If Lincoln and Garfield, both poor farmer boys could come to the Presi- dency, then there is a chance for other farmer boys. If these men could become great under their circumstances, then there is a chance for you and I. So it matters not wh at your station in life at present may be, do not become discouraged but use the lives of our great men to inspire you to step to higher levels. "I held it truth, with him who sings To one clear harp in divers tones, That men may rise on steplping stones, Of their dead selves to hig er things." CLARA CRONENWETT. 1, , COMPANIONS There are two great forces continually fight- ing for the supremacy in the lives of all young people. The success, happiness and value of every young person to the world depend very largely upon which of the forces, good or evil, governs his life. Just as the head gardener on a large estate always has a corps of assistants to dig and weed and water, so the two great forces which are always striving for the possessions of young hearts have their sub-gardeneers, who are always busy. These under-gardners are called "companions" "Just as the twig is bent, the tree is inclined." But what bends the twig? Who has the charac- ter in hand while it is yet so fiexible and plastic that it can be turned in any direction or mould- ed into any form? What is the formative power of associates? The first and most powerful influence of all is that of the mother. It results that the child's first impression must be taken from her. The mother has every opportunity for discharging this important duty. She is ever with her child, sees continually the workings of its faculties, where they need to be restrained and where de- veloped. Early as she may begin her task, she may be assured that no effort will be in vain, be- cause undertaken too soon. The child's mind, from its earliest days, is ever active and very early may a mother see, that carefully as she may study the child, quite as carefully is the child observing and learning from its mother- Thus she will perceive that the child's mind is re- ceiving impressions, and forming character from every act and word-of the mother. Later when the expanding faculties begin to display them- selves in the sportiveness of play, the mother will often be surprised to find the elements of character already fixed, when she has least ex- pected it. She has but to watch and she will flnd the embryonic tyrant or philanthropist,war- rior or peacemaker, with her in the nursery. What he is to be and what he is to do in any of these spheres of activity, she must now decide. Next come the early companions of childhood days. These companions, busy playing with dolls and going fishing, never suspect that they are gardeners, that they are daily sowing and nourishing, they are nevertheless, under the direction of their respective masters good, or evil, bringing forth the greatest product of the ages, the harvest of human character! Every boy is a far different boy today because certain other boys lived in the same town with him, and every girl, though she does not herself realize it, is a far better or Worse girl because of her early playmakes. Looking back upon our past lives, it would be easy, if memory would not obscure so many events of importance, to see how we had turned from the straight line, how we had yielded to this temptation and that, and how we had been led on to nobler and braver deeds than were our wont. Every deviation from the or- dinary line of conduct, every indentation and curve to the right hand or left, almost without exception, could be accounted for by the influence of one ormore of those most powerful of mag- nets, a good or bad companion. Then there is a class of companions which is a great comfort and consolation, a refuge in time of sorrow and misfortune, friends ever faithful and outliving all others. Books! They enable us to see with the keenest eyes, hear with the finest ears, and listen to the sweetest voices of all time. Have you ever considered what the mere ability to read means? That it is the key which opens to us the whole world of thought, imagination and workings of the human heart? To the company of saint and sage, of the wisest and wittiest during their wisest and wittiest moments. More than that, it annihilates time and space for us, it revives for us, without a miracle, the Age of Wonders, endowuing us with the shoes of swiftness and cap of darkness, so that we walk invisible, and witness unharmed the plague at Athens or Florence or London, ac- company Caesar on his marches, or look in on Catiline in council with his fellow conspirators or Guy Fawkes in the cellar of St. Stephens's. One need never pine for want of intellectualcom- panionship. It opens to us a select society of all the centuries which will not involve us in a ruinous waste of time, health and faculties. But there are books and books, ranging from the best to the worst. Yes, there is as great a choice in books as in friends and the mind sinks or rises to the evilof its habitual society. Cato's advice, "cum bonis ambula," is quite as true if We ex- tend it to books, for they, too, insensibly give from their own nature to the mind that converses with them. They either beckon upward or drag down. "The rapidity with which the human mind levels itself to the standard around it, gives the most pertinent warning as to the company we keep." RUBY PITKIN. jig yopmafign and Sloirif of ide -lqmerican -.goverluneni July 4th., 1776, our Republic was born, to the American people. On that memorable day the corner stone, of a grand and noble purpose, was laid, thenceforth to be protected by its founders. Thirteen states united, stood, ready to defend this, then, little star of the west against the tyrannical foe across the waters. The sharp stings of injustice to the little colonies had struck deep in the hearts of men that loved, and cherished the thoughts of freedom and indepen- dence. And when the supreme opportunity ar- rived every man volunteered his service in re- sponse to the call of the new confederation. With their blood boiling with patriotism, and led by the immortal Washington, they were triumphant in their cause, and secured for them- selves, and their posterity, the sweetest blessing ever enjoy ed by a band of people: freedom and independence. The next important event in the formation of the American government was the construc- tion of its foundation, the Federal constitution. The most perfect stl ucture regulating the rights of people in the realm of humanity. Our federal constitution is the great memoi ial of the deeds of our ancesto1's. And on that great pillar their names are carved and their deeds re- corded. lt is the purchase of American valor. lt is the rich prize that rewards the toil of eight years of war and blood. What are military glories? What are naval victories? What are armies subdued, or fleets captured, unless they end in the establishment oi just laws and national happiness. The Rev- olutionary war was not more renowned for the brilliancy of its scenes, than for the benefits of its consequences. Other countries have had battles, but do the people after battle sit in cool judgment and enjoy the lruits oi their labors, oy the establishment of wise laws? On the con- tqary they do away with one despot and accept another. England beheaded her Charles, and crowned her Cromwell. France guillotined her Louises,then obeyed her Bonaparts. Usurpation of power. Despotism does not flourish on our son. Our constitutional system does not consist of officers clothed with extraordinary powers, It does not consist of offices bearing titles of no- bility, It does not consist of arbitrary laws of a dynasty, with unjust and inhuman principles. lt does not consist of judiciary powers effecting the people's security to life and property. But it does consist of the application of eternal principles cf justice to the relation of people to each other, in our social compact. Take the preamble into consideration and the inalienable rights granted to the people: That no person can be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law. That excessive bail shall not be required, That no person shall be denied the right of Habeas Corpus, That all men are creat- ed equal and can take part in the affairs of the government, That any erson charged with crime is entitled to a speedy trial by an impartial jury, to have counsel lor his defense, and have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his behalf, and you have the essence of our Con- stitutional system. The body of our constitution provides for a more perfect union than existed before its rat- ification by the states, for the establishment of justice, for common defense, promotes the gen- e1'sl welfare of the country,and secures domestic tranquility. '1'he Bill of Rights specifically secures the blessings of libertys to ourselves and our posterity. The inhabitants of Great Britain fought indparlinment for centuries for a bill of rights, an only a few years ago were successful to some ex tent in obtaining just laws -for their security. King John was forced to sign a bill of rights in the 13th century, but the bill was of little significance to the subjects. Despotic rulers paid but little attention to the rights of subjects. In fact, their rights were ignored up until the reign of Queen Victoria. Under our system of government we have no exhorbitant and unjust rates of taxation as most European countries. But on the contrary our country is limited by established laws in the rate of taxation placed upon the people. And we further enjoy the right of no taxation with- out representatlon. On account of the sacred blessing secured to the people by our constitu- tional system, the people became steadfast, and ardent lovers of the country that has promulgat- ed and supported such a noble system for the common good. They are loyal, and are patriotic, in its support. standing at the base of this gigantic struct- ure of our constitutional system, we bow our heads in reverence to its precious memory, and while thus standing, motionless, with a tear stained eye, faint sounds are heard in the far dis- tance, sounds that resemble the roar of cannons, and the clatter of steel. Then all is quiet, till suddenly the jubilant, patriotic, shrill notes of the life and drum are heard, then as your eyes open you gaze into the mist that surrounds you, and behold a vision of the stars and stripes, peacefully waving in the winds. Burning with the fever of patriotism you look about and un- derstand that the passing scenes were revealing the history of the corner stone of our republic. Your sight is then attracted to the foundation, What a noble piece of work, how massive in structural form. You read the inscription set in bold relief, Liberty, Justice and Independ- ence, and you then know why the foundation can support such a gigantic structure. You then look lar up in the distance and behold our na- tional happiness and lprosperity, inscribed on its sides for neaven's lig t to illuminate the world. At the apex you behold a large capstone that spreads out as if to protect the whole structure. This is the handwork of God and signifies His will, and for the good of the entire universe may His will be done. WESLEY S. MILLER. MISFIT PROFESSIONS It may be proved with much certainty that God intends no man to live-in this world with- out workingg but it seems no less evident that He intended every man to be happy in his work. It is written, "ln the sweat of thy browg but it was never written, in the breaking of thy heart. shalt thou eat bread." It is almost a truism to say that the Hrst thing to be done by him who would succeed in life is to make a wise choice ofa profession. Of the thousands of men who are continually com- ing upon the stage of life, there are few who es- cape the necessity of adopting some profession or calling, and there are fewer still who, if they knew the misery of idleness would ever desire such an escape. An unoccupied man can never be happy, nor can one who is improperly oc- cupied. H There is nothing more disastrous to success than the wrong choice of a life work, yet there is a growing tendency to enter professions which the world regards with great respect in spite of the frequent unfitness of such professions. A mischosen profession is the graveyard of ambition. HB3 wnat nature intend ad you for and you will succeedg be anything else and you will be a thousand times wor,-ie than nothing." It is an uncontrove1'ted truth that no one ever made an ill figure who understool his talents, nor a good one, who mistook them. Nothing is so important to a boy as to become acquainted with himself to understand what he is best fitted for in life, and to avoid being in- fluenced by what mav seem the most pleasant or most popular calling. That all men are born free and equal is true with respect to the rights of citizenship, but not true in many other respects. It requires no argument to prove that one with astrongly mar ed natural gift Sll0I.llfl se- lect a profession that would harmonize with natural inclination. But in many cases the pre- dominating gift is not apparent in early life, or it may be smothered by unfavorable surround- ings, or other gifts may be especially cultivated, causing this one to bs temporarily lost sight of and finally amistake is made in the choice of a calling which may mean the loss of much valua- ble time spent in the wrong direction. The error may eventually be discovered and corrected but in many cases it may be found impossible to re- trace the steps already taken and a life is spent in a struggle for daily bread, each day's work a burdensome and helpless task,and the discovery often shipwrecks the feeble,and plunges ordinary minds into despair. But there is perhaps no mistake of the young more common than that of supposing that in the -pursuits of life extraordinary talents are necess- ary to one who would achieve more than ordina- ry success, over-looking the importance of per- sistence of purpose, staying power and the ability to stand firm as a rock under all circumstances and to allow nothing to divert him from his aimg he should remember that even though his steps may be s'ow along his chosen path, yet each day marks gr ater progress than that of the day be- fore and he will grow more and more encouraged by the passing milestones. On the other hand one with brilliant gifts may neutralize his powers and waste his ener- gies by scattering them in several directions, pursuing this object and then that, and the -re- suit is, he is outdone by the plodder who is not enticed from the pursuit he has chosen by others which may for the moment seem more promis- ing. The race is not always won by the swift or the battle by the strong. "Give me a man with an aim, ' Whatever that aim may be, Whether itls wealth or whether it's fame, It matters not to me. Let him walk in the path of right, And keep his aim in sight, And work and pray in faith away, With his eyes on a glittering height." Dr. Arnold declared that the g1'eat difference between the successful and unsuccessful in pro- fessions was not somuch natural talent but en- ergy, invincible determination and honest pur- pose. As the field of effort in the present age is broadg literature, science and art have reached such a degree of development that individual effort must be directed along special lines to himkwho would achieve high hono1's in his chosen wor . A young man may excuse lack of effort by feeling that he is unlortunately situated or that he has no opportunity. This is self deception. Let hi1n remember that 111any men have been obscure in their origin and birth, but great and glorious in their life work. They have been born and nurtured in villages, but reigned and triumphed in cities. They were first laid in the mangers of poverty and obscurity but afterwards became possessors of thrones and palaces. Na- poleon was of an obscure family of Corsica. John Jacob Astor once sold apples on the streets of New York. Dr. Thomas Bishop of Worcester was the son of a linen drape1'. Whatever calling you feel impelled to pur- sue do not affect to dlspise it. Do not boast of the heights to which your genius might have soared had itnot been tethered to the earthg of brilliant things you might have done had it not been for certain disadvantages. This may he true, but the world deems succersthe only test OI merit. ' Popular -opinion will always be, that what- ever extraordinary ability ex.sts, it will iird some way to make itself known, and wnerever there is not this preminent force of genius the injustice done to man's powers will, in the long run, scarcely be perceptible. If your calling is a humble one enoble it by the lnanner in which you discharge its duties and you will challenge the respect of all whose good opinion is worth having. It is not the calling or situation in life that gives dignity or nobility to the man but it is the man thatdignifies the situation or calling. Having chosen acalling follow it with en- thusiasm, work untiringly, looking above and beyond all obstacles and discouragements, press forward with steadfast purpose and hop A to final success. ARTHUR FRLESE. . ENW'IRONMENTS Do the best he can man is largely a creature of influence and circumstances. His surround- ings have, to a very great extent, made him what we find him today. Each of his eviron- ments is like a chisel which cuts away at the marble of his life, leaving its own impression whether good or evil. Molded and chiseled by visible and invisible surroundings, and modified by will and purpose, he becomes a composite man, pressed outward by the expansive powers within, and sustained and shaped by his en- vironments without. True, man has no choice of ancestors, race, or nativity, but, while not independent of his environments, he is, to a great extent, respon- sible for the making of them. Man is the high- est created bring, made in the image and like- ness of his maker, and it was never intended that he should be trampled under foot, but that he should rule. At the very gateway of his life he finds himself on a limitless sea, not knowing whence he came, or whither he shall go. But being endowed with power of reason, and free- dom of will, he is enabled to choose for himself, and soon attracts to himself like natures and principles until he is surrounded by a world all his own, good or bad, just as he makes it. Those we gather around us come in answer to a call from within ourselves. The words which are spoken in our hearing depend largely on what we wish io hear. The things we see depend up- on the direction in which we look. Two young people may live in the same home, attend the same scl1ool,and mingle with the same associates, and yet their environments may be entirely dif- ferent. One willtake the best of his surround- ings, draw out the best of his associates, while the other draws out the worst. ll-ur environment is, in part, a refiection of our own personality. Like a mirror it refiects the faces we make, and the voices we hear are biit echoes of our own. " If we would see the color of our future we must look for it in our presentg and if we would gaze on the star of our destiny, we must look for it in our hearts." .lust as the future oak lies folded in the acorn, so our future lies hidden in ourpresent, and our success will depend upon the seeds of our own sowing and the nourishment we give them. VVe can- not expect to get out of life more than we are willing to put into it. "Are we dissatisfied with today's success? It is the ha1'vest of yesterday's sowing. Do we dream of a golden morrow? lts l'arvest will depend upon the seeds we are sow- ing today." Som +111 rn, instead of making the best of their facilities for achievement, are always tell- ing what they might have been under different circumstances. lf only their ancestors had been great and wealthy, they too llllgilf now hold some position of honor. Indeed! they have not yet learned that greater honor is due the man who has the will power to get out and hustle for himself, than is due the man who tries to go through life relying on the merits of his ancestors. Some of the greatest men the world has ever known have arisen from the ranks of the poo1'. We love and honor the youth who practices heroic self-denial, contends with poverty and hardship, and finally, by steady exertion and wi ling sacrifice, arrives at positions of intelli- gence and trust. Benjamin Franklin declared that wealth was a misfortune to the young, and he who studies the lives of the great and good will find 4. that poverty in youth and the necessity of toil are not obstacles to the highest success. Luther, Wasliiiigton, Lincoln, Grant, Livingston and many others struggled through poverty and want, surmounted difficulties which at times seemed almost unbearable. Each had the ambition to win and the dete1'1nination to rise above his surroundings and to better not ogily his own condition, but also that of human- 1 .y. They learned to conquer circumstances and at each defeat received a new determination, and lnade their difliculties stepping stones to something higher. Each of these great men, in his day, excelled those who had every advanta fe, and left behind a name that will outlive t ie mere tittle and rank of worldly distinction. But not in name alone does the greatness of these men shine forth, but in power and influence. The work which they accomplished will live forever. Had there been no Luther, men and nations would today be thinking and acting very differently. Had there been no VVashing- ton, no Lincoln, we would not now be the free and independent nation of which we boast, and our environments would be entirely changed. Each of these great lives teaches self-reliance, and that tl1e plain path of duty ever leads to honor and distinction. lf we would be great we must seek such influences as produce greatness, and then, ourselves, be an influence for good. In studying the l1istory of men and nations we find, too, that the infiuence of nature enters more or less into the character of every man and nation. Thus the Greeks, sl1ut in by natural barriers from the rest of the world,became great students and profound thinkers, while the Ro- mans, constantly harassed by the barbarians on the north, we1'e forced to become great war- l'l0l'S. The bright blue sky and the beautiful scenery of Italy has produced many great artists. The rugged scenery and simple life of Scotland produced the famous poet,Burns. In our own country the natu1'al environments are unexcelled. Here nature holds out to man every inducement to make him become great. She allows llllll to drink deep of her richness,and from her he le arns lessons of grand ure,broadncss, sublimity, and peace. Nature is the great teach- er of the world, the developer of mankind, and the invigorater of the ra.ce, and who bars him- self from such infiuences must forever be dwa1'f- ed in some part of l1is manhood, some part of his being remain undeveloped. As our nation became great through the op- portunities afforded by nature, by living face to face with the real world, so in life he who would succeed IHHSE face the stein 1'ealiti:-'s of life with a determined effort, and if our nation progresses in the flli7ll1'6 as it has in the past, it will be be- cause we of this generation possess the same spirit which characterized our fathers. of today stand on a level with the great men of to- morrow. The present leaders will soon have won their victories, and tomorrow's generals must come from our own ranks. Today we stand upon the threshold and gaze into the fu- ture. VVhat does it hold for us? Success or failure? Long may we gaze, but 'tis not there we find the answer. For 'Ldestiny is not from without oneself but from within," and "The tissues of the life to be We weave with colors all our own, And in the field of destiny VVe reap as we have sown." WILBUR L. ELSER ---1 GLEANINGS And Ruth, the Maabitess, said unto Naomi, "Let me now go into the Helds, and glean ears of corn after him, in whose sight, I shall find grace. And she said unto her "Go my daughter." When Ruth returned at eventide, and ex- hibited to Naomi the result of her gleaning, Naomi asked her "Where hast thou gleaned to- day?" Though more than thirty centuries have passed since Ruth glleaned handfuls of grain, after the reapers, in t e fields of wealthy Boaz, yet the story appeals to our mind, with striking force. The lessons taught, by it are many and im- portant. ln our day and land the mode of har- vesting is so radically different, that there is no longer any necessity, for the young of either sex to glean in the grainfields. While Ruth's labors, were lowly and humble, yet her beautiful life, attracted the attention of Boaz, and ,she eventually gathered him in as a husbandg thus attaining wealth and position. One lesson to be learned is, that humble labor is not to be despised, and surely brings a reward if properly performrd. Another lesson is, that the gleanings and gatherings of small things is of importance. As we look over the history of mankind from the very earliest point of civilization, down to the present, we find men and women, who have risen from poverty and places of obscurity, to the places of eminence and honor. Their careful gleaning of opportunities imparted the power to rise, and enabled them, to exert a benificent influence upon the lives of their associates. We sometimes sit and meditate about the little things and daily happenings, the small things which we count as so trivial and unim- portant that we usually dismiss them as un- worthy of any. special effortg but if they are grasped and retained they can be utilized as the stepping stones in our ascent of the heights which all should scale in life's journey. Great things are not done in a day. Twenty- four hours is far too short a period in which to complete great things' but even an hour if properly used will enable us to add some treas- ure to our store of useful knowledge. The little gleanings and thoughts collected from every day in the week, will develop in after years into something grand and great. Every day has its system and then passes away to make 1'0Ol1'l for the next, but all the days taken togeth- er rorm one year. We may start at the lowest step, but if our chosen occupation, will bring us at last to a higher one, we need not become discouraged. Many of those who have gained the object of their labors, worked years for it, and as many years may have been spent by another of equal ability, who sought a number of prizes and gained none. , Let us look over the lives of our great men, of our own country g Abraham Lincoln: We all know how he rose lrcm 'the poorest of homes and mo t ignorant of associates, to a place most honored and honorable in the United States. He was eager to grasp at every straw of knowledge. that happened in his way, and retained them in his mental store house, where they developed, and .in combination with ideas which originated in his own massive and brilliant mind, gave them to the world, the thoucghts, and noble ideas of the statesman and Presi ent, who guided our majestic "Ship of State," over the tempestuous voyage, that asted through four years, full of danger to our country. Gariield,one of our most scholarly Presidents, was of humble origin, and sold vegetables in near by towns in order to assist in surporting his widowed mother. Gleaning ideas from standard authors and storing up wealth of mental mate- rial at every opportunity,he mounted "The Lad- der of Fame," round b round. So it was with Andiew Jackson, one of the greatest of Presidents of the United States, and one of the best soldiers, our country has ever knowng he was reared in poor surroundings,and received little or no education. But he learned from his superiors, their ideas and gleaned from the lives of others, the making of his own character. Another lesson, which we learn from Ruth, is that we should not glean for self alone, but allow others to share in the product of our labors. While the miserly spirit may joy in hoarding, yet wealth mental or financial will not fullfill its purpose if retained, as a hidden treasure. The intellectual stores we may ae- quire by gleaning the best thoughts, from his- tory, biography, poetry or fiction, will pay us usuryif we utilize them by dissemination. Only as. we develope our own mental acun1en,by care- ful study and assimilation of material gleaned in this way, can we hope to ascend to nobler heights and plains of thought. But we lose the greater profit, if we are content with self growth. Another phase of this lesson, is that the rea ers were connnanded to let handfuls of grain falljfor the gleaners that they might be better rewarded. This certainly should appeal to us with par- ticular force. We must share the results of our gleaning with our fellow men. lf a thought is not worthy of division neither is it worthy of retention. We must help those around us and use our treasure of thought to gladden and enoble other lives. Not our circumstances, but the use we make of our circumstances, decides the question, of our gain, day by day in our earthly course. Ac- cording to the spirit in which we meet them, helps will prove hindrances, or hindrances will prove helps in our pilgrim path. Our lives are made up of success and failure, and those who are most successful, are the truest and best workers. We all expect success, and this stimulates us to activity. Often, however, instead of our efforts being crowned by success, we meet with failure, but our failures well as our successes, should be steps by which we rise to greater usefulness. Now we rise only as we place our difficulties under our feet. So it is with each and every one's life, if we are eager to learn, and climb higher on the ladder of fame, we must be glad to gra-ip everything of importance in our lives, of our associates, and our surroundings, and glean from every eventful happening, we are sure to prosper, and become greater in the estimation of our friends. ETHEL KINCAID. GOOD CITIZENSHIP Citizenship may be defined as the state of being a citizen. Bodin says: "They are to be called citizens that enjoy the rights and priv- ileges of the state. It may be well said that special privileges do not make a man a citizen, but the mutual obligation of the sovereign to the subject, to whom, for the faith and obeisance he receives, he owes justice, counsel, aid and protection, which is not due unto strangers." There is no country in which citizens have as many rights and special privileges as those of the United States, nor is there a country in which citizenship is as easily obtained. All per- sons, irrespective of their parents' condition or nationalty, born in the United States, are citizens except the children of foreign ambassadors and ministers. To become a citizen,a foreigner must first, declare, on oath, his intention of becoming a citizen. Two years afterward, he must declare on oath his intention to support the constitution of the U. S., renounce allegiance to every for- eign power including that of which he was a subjectg prove residence in the U. S. for five years and in the state where the application was made one year 5 and renounce all titles of nobility. Hundreds of foreigners are naturalized every year, thus becoming citizens of the U. S. wit the right to vote who are entirely unfit to help make the laws which govern this land. The future welfare and progress of this country de- pends upon its citizens. Good citizens make good laws, and bad citizens, bad ones. Citizenship should be more difficult to obtain than merely by taking an oath, which a large number of them do not understand or even re- vere, for many of the emigrants, who are at- tracted to this country by its freedom and wealth, are worthless men, banished from their own country or poor and uneducated, barely able to exist in their native homes. Of what benefit are such people to our country? Are they capable of becoming good citizens after a residence of five years? There is a race whom we have freed and made citizens, many of whose members are no more fitted to be good citizens than foreigners. They are generally an uneducated class whose votes are controlled by their employers, or are bought by unscrupulous candidates whose only obiject in obtaining the offices is their own indivi ual gain, and not for the interest of the country. Daily more schools are being established for the uneducated but the increase in their num- ber is far greater than the increase in the num- ber of schools. Little is being done to check the bribery which is constantly increasing. Harriet B. Stowe on an election day, once said to a negro who could neither read nor write, and who had sold his vote to his employer: "Don't you think women should have the right to vote?" Oh Laws! no? Women don't know enough to vote," was the reply. Why are such men allowed to vote when well educated women who are property owners and who help to pay the taxes t iat sup- port the government, are not permitted? It is not only the negros and foreigners, but real Americans often the most educated who are the mostunprincipled in this respect. Lack of Christianity and aconstant striving for riches is the reason. Do these men not know that the laws they make indirectly, will affect them in- dividually? They only think of the gain at the present time and not that these very laws may ruin them later. Good citizens, who love their country and feel an interest in its welfare and whose votes are needed by their country,often neglect to vote. T'hey say "What's the use? the majority is for the other party." This is wrong, even if the other party wins-yet they ought to vote, and vote for the best man, irrespective of party. This one vote may influence some other man to vote rightly and perhaps if all the men who think "What's the use?" would vote, the opposing faction would be the minority in- sqead of the majority. Christian principles and politics should be more closely, associated, for the politics of our country will improve as the use of Christian principles in political life increases. Our fore-fathers evidently knew how important it was for the public good that their law-makers should be Christians, for, when they flrst es- tablished a self-governing community in the U. S. they made it necessary that every voter should be a church member. How many of the men now holding govern- mental positions were elected by honest votes? If we were acquainted with the facts or would investigate we would find that generally they are wealthy influential men who obtained their positions by their wealth rather than by virtue, and that the man who holds flrmly to the right, and labors for the good of the couutry, instead of his individual gain is the exception rather than the rule. What will be the result in a few years of this bribery and immorality con- tinues to increase? The only possible result will be the destruction of this nation of which we are so proud. Our standing among other nations depends upon our citizens, for our nation is judged by its government, and since the government has pow- er to declare war, make peace, often to settle national disputes and take a part in all the vital questions of the world, it should be composed of good citizens who are fully competent to con- uct these affairs justly. The foreign govern- ments are jealously watching the increasing wealth and progress of the U. S. as a republic, for its freedom is causing great dissatisfaction among the people, especially the common people of other nations, and they may possibly follow our example by establishing republics for them- selves. Let us give them an example worthy of imitation and may this nation increase in power and purity and continue its progress till it rules the world by right ofijustice. OROTHY S. SHULS. A it ...Jn-' ,. f 2. 3 : - . v A P 1, iiigg , ' .27 eolnposiie fame. Annolaled Edilion. All Rzlghfs Reserved. Illuslrat ed QV Landseer. FIRST CANTO. 3 P. M. ' On the last of December, in Nineteen-three, Some Senior girls in arowd c did agree After waiting in vain for an invitatiok, To have a New Year's celebration. So two, fwhich two I need not say,7 Thought secretely to Wend their way- To find a place with courage high, But Bill, unseen, their pail flj did spy, "A clue, a clue!" he joyfully cries, And to the 'phone he swiftly hies: "Somethin' doin'-don't know where, l'Let's hunt 'em up and give 'em a scare." SECOND SPASM. 10 P. M. But ignorant of their plans found out, Nor dreaming of bad boys about, The girls sat round the open fire, Comparing dreams and stories dire, The spread 121 was placed upon the floor, They ate and ate and reached for more. The stories ever wierder grew Till ghosts and goblins of every hueg 131 Were summond up. VVith terror pale, They greet each new astounding tale. The life-blood in their veins ran cold: The bravest was no longer bold. THIRD coN'roR'r1oN. 12 M. At midnight came the sound of bells, And shrieks and cries and heathenish yells: To doors and windows they rushed to see, And found some birds perched in a tree. "Come off your perch !" Q49 a maiden cried: But "Nevermore 1" the birds replied. 'If you would know what more befell The adventurous maids-they'd never tell- But maybe 'twill suflice to say They shortly took the homeward way, The troubled air became serene, And peace descended on the scene. Authors: The "No Scrub Poets Union." Homer, Dante, Virgil, Milton, Browning, Poe, Swinburne. A Notice: The minor considerations of gram- mar, rhetoric, and prosody have been set aside, whenever deemed necessary by the authors. Note 1. This contained milk. " 2. This does not mean a bed-spread. " 3. This is a run-on line, it runs be- cause it cannot stop. Note 4. These were two-legged ones. 1871 S. S. Pague' W. P. Stentz' 1872 Alice Riblet Clara Ogden Helen Oburn A. W. Lewis Amanda Knisely' Almia Duck ' Geo. Daily lda Campbell 1873 Annie Young' Mary Martin Jessie Mann 1874 "MIHI CURA FUTURI." Lizzie Armstrong' Hortense Camp . Helene Harding May Hays Charles McBeth Jas. Vining Alice Whitworth 1875 HIDLENESS TENDS TO VICE" W. J Kelly C. M. Pepper S. C. Smith Lena Pepper 1876 HONWARD TO THE GOAL." Frank Stout Nettie Kinsey Lulu Hofstetter I Mary Young' Frank Kinsey Carrie Euler Anna Stiefel Sadie Linsley' Estella Coyle Hester Smith Clara Frankenberger ' - - 1877 Jennie Martin Ollie Crim Emma Cave A. W Monroe Carrie Johnson Emma Linsley' Edward Johnson Ada Gochenour Will Hays Ella Campbell Lizzie Hosford Jno. Talbott Lulie Homer 1878 UTHEY WORK WHO WIN." Ella Grim Albert Kinsey Rufus Moore Jessie Young Judson Hales Gussie Carhart Frank Snyder Frank Campbell it ALUMNI 1879 "FIND A WAY OR MAKE IT." Carrie Spittle Jno. Laird Nina Wineland Ella Connors Frank Foltz lnez Reed' Nettie McBane Jennie McCook Carrie Oburne' 5 Lulie Ristine Tillie We rnle 1885 Laura Pague' Dick Harding lda Traul Mary Krohn Helen Basseth Eugene Monroe Maybelle Mann Cora Coyle 1 880 "HE GONQUERS WHO ENDURES." Alonzo Snyder Clarence Johnson Julius Eise Della Quigley Forest Bolby Addie Bull Ella Riblet Frank Fralick lda Krohn Estella Krohn 1881 HFINIS CORONAT OPUs." Maud Wineland Milford Park' Ella Connor Fred Row Kittie Spittle Lulu Burgert 1882 USTRIVE FOR HIGHER CULTURE." Kittie Barlow Cora Carhart May White Carrie Barlow Jennie Duigin Lou Smith Carrie Fisher Mamie Dietrich 1883 "PROVE ALL THINGS." Nettie Belton Anna Chateau Will Krohn Susie McNeal Roskin Moore Belle Ridgway Nellie Stewart 1884 "FOR LIFE NOT FOR SCHOOL Mabel Wineland Laura Clase Carrie Gill Annie Paul Jennie Niles Frank Rule Lydia Kinsey Mary Baldinger Sadie Winans- Rena Reese Sadie Mackey WE LEARN." HTRIFLES MAKE PERFECTION, BUT PERFECTION IS NO TRIFLE. Nettie Snyder Prosper Gregg Joe. Cowden Olivia Mochel lda Wentzell May Rogers Jno. Mclntosh Bell McManis lda McFarquhar Blanche Davis' Chick Mastick D. E. Zimmerman Jennie Lcgan John Wineland 1886 "GIVE YOUR GOFD 97 Rob't Carhart Mary Tuttle Ed. Barr Jennie Ledman 1889 "NOT FINISHED BUT BEGUN Maude Reed Grace Weston Grace Barbour Ella Traxler Melvin Cloak Willis Quigley' Francis Shoemaker Bertie Walters Mary Caldwell Cora Helfrich Erva Krohn 1890 UCONQUOR INDOLENCE." Maude Wyant' Katie du Chateau Nina Faile Judd Casey Fred Schaffer 1891 QUALITIES ACTl0N.""NO STEPS BACKWARDJ' Etta Sames' Mary Miller Love Hosford Frank Krohn Belle Woolley May Osborne' Charley Linsley Lucie Finical' Gertie Bursch Maud Campbell Edward Jourdan' Lizzie Morrison Bertie Osborne Luella Tracht Clara Kopp' Daisy Langenderfer 1887 "BE A HERO IN THE STRlFE." Thad. Bryant Jamie Bryant' Frank Cook Homer Quigley Michael Shea Chas. Tracht Jennie Bland Grace Raymond Nettie Burkley' Nettie Ernsberger Mamie Prince Clara Canaan Georgia Hackedom Fred Spittle Ollie Mackey Grace Bryan lda McLelland Laura Case Ernest Cleverdon 1892 "LOOK BEYOND THE PRESENT Euphemia Morrison Lewis Barker Maude McCuen Emma Altstaetter Emma Davis Nettie Harriman Katherine Biebighauser Berta Barr Laura Barker lrene Meuser Earnest Pilgrim Emma Hoyt 1893 Belle Myers UROWING NOT DRlFTlNG." Inez Miller Frederick Altstaetter Ella McCool Eva Cronenwett Laura Mitchell Edith Hoag Etta Rinehart Alice Hoyt l:mma Schaifer' Mary Murrel Cora Taylor Jay Parsons 1888 Estella Reisinger "THEY CONQUER WHO Emma Rick THINK THEY CAN."Harriet Uhl Maggie Wineland 1894 Jamie Ross Belle Morrison Richard Dowsett Lina Alstaetter Laura Morgan Lillie Lepper Charles Everts Lora Persons Lela Cassel Jennie Hoag Clara Barker Marion Hackedorn Mamie Miller Wilbert Shumaker 1895 Anna Meusert Ruth Wimmie Clarence Winans Bess Hays Mayme Colley Lenore lgou Estella Robe Edna Krohn Nellie Wemple Lester Shelly Alice Reisinger Jennie Jenkinson Laura Sayre Ethel McBeth Robert Kunkle Aurel Marvin Maude Tea Blanch Cuthbert Nina McBeth Arthur Schumaker Maude Atkinson Grace Cook Myrtle Lovette Bertha Ackerman Hettie Altstaetter Bertha Dice 1896 Floyd Davis Katie Baldinger Bertha Block May McWherter Jennie Davis Curtis Laughbaum George Kochenderfer Henry Davis Nella Neff Grace Sponhauer James Austin Bertha Hackedom Ethel Reardon Elmer Harmon Myrtle Ness Emeline Simons' Cora Sherod Fred Helfrich George Wemple William Goshorn 1897 Anna Helmuth Harvey Heiser Katherine King Norma Allen Olive Barr Florence Barker Will Miller Myrtle Moore Bertha Poister Grace Boice Wood Colver Samuel Cook ALUNIN I CONTINUED Bertha Reisinger Mary Reagle Arthur Traul Evelyn Gilmer Bertha Gugler Carl Henkel Nellis Hackedorn 1898 Anna Pilgrim Glenmore Davis Idella Simon Eda Altstaetter Elmer Christman Carrie Cuthbert Minnie Flanery Elsa Helfrich Valeria Kiess Harry Kinsey Mattie Dunham Ora McNeal Jessie Sayre Adelaide Murray Iva Kincaid Vinnie Spraw Mable Safford Ruth Hagerman Laura Koppe Leo Sauerbrum Grace McCool Hilda Miller Grace Knoble Georgiana Lewis Alma Klopp Nellie Kline Florence Bryan Wade Lewis Karl Rick lva Zimmerman Harry Funk Rollin Reisinger Bella Monroe 1899 Arthur Block Laura Crissinger Adella Dice Lottie Guinther Milo Hart Nettie Helfrich Dan Hassinger Irene Harmon Charles Heiser Niannie Herskowitz ' Joe Jepson George James Myrtle Kincaid Agnes Kelly Carl Knoble Ora Lanius Fred Lersch Josie Merrick Clarence Rybolt George Rhone Charles Smith Edna Unckrich .lohn Wiggs 'Deceased 1900 Will Moore Laura Miller Gail Ridgway Ada Slough Clarence Barr Jennie Beck Jessie Carr John Condon Dan Cook Gertrude Castle Kathryn Colley Earl Casey Herbert Freese Claude Funk Carl Gugler Bertha Graham Mary Hollister Alfred Johnson John Kleinknecht Edwin Laughbaum Kate Mitchell Otho Monroe 1902. Adra Rusk Myrtle Hunter Blanch Hart Mar'e Brown Mame Kelly Edward Baldinger Dana Hassinger Mable Bracher Ruby Stough Lydia Marcus Ethel Reisinger Anna Gugler Earnest Barr Tressie Ely Emily Hollister Maud Jacoby Emn1a Rexroth Horace Sayre Cora Poister Ida Grebe Ethel Sharrock Roy Hagerman 1903 Harry Davis Bertie Jackson Aldon Matheany Mildred Jackson John Fox Earl Crissinger Grace Cates Bertha Nelson Nina Berger Cleo Kreiter Georgia Shumaker Blossom Burgert Ben Koppe Hattie Kern Marry Monnett May Lovette Boyd Schneeberger Emma Burgener Etta Kunkle Roy Riblet Carrie Kreiter Clarence Unckrich Paul Monroe Minnie Stentz Frank '-lumberger Jay Sweeney Liane Eysenback Gayle Dull MOTTOS OF CLASSES OF UPLUCK AND PERSEVERANCE -PROSPERITYY' "THUS ENDETH THE FIRST LESSON." "LEAVE NO STONE UNTURNEDJ' "WE Pass Tms WAY Bur ONCE." UONWARD, UPWARD, NEVER BACKWARDJ' FLOWERS, AND COLORS. Carnation. Cherry and Cream. Cream Rose. Olive Green and Cream. Red Clover. Orange and Black. 1894. 1895. "NON Guns, SED Gum." 1896. "MORE BEYOND." 1897. HON! ON! ONl." 1898. 1899. "COMMENCED." 1900. 1902. 1903. 1895. 1806. Rose. Cardinal and Green. 1897. 1898. 1899. Violet. Purple and Green. 1900. 1902. 1 903 Daisy. Orange and Black. White Tea Rose. Purple and Gold. Daisy. Turquoise and Black. .f--Q--.. -- CLASS DAY PROGRAM. 'PHIJRSDAY EVENING, JUNE 9, 19044. INVOCATION, Rev. Reed CHORUS, - - Senior Class SALUTATORY, ADDRESS, Edgar Mahla HCERESJ' Dramalis lkrsonaer Saturn, father of the gods, - Paul Guinther Triptolemus, King of Eleusis, Arthur Freese Ceres, goddess of agriculture, Tacy Gledhill Pomona, goddess of fruits, - Mabel Jones Flora, goddess of flowers, - - Clara Miller Proserpina, daughter to Ceres, Rose Ila Grindell Arethusa,1 Ruby Pitkin Anchora, , Jessie Barr Kalypso Watel Nymphsr Ethel Wilson Talesto, Edna Flanery Fanda, I Edith Poister Superbia I Vivia Larkworthy Aucauthus Hllree Ny'ps fDryadslEthel Kincaid Dalphne, Naomi Holmes Thyene, J Clara Cronenwett gialia, Lizzie Ricksecker Orona - , , Carrie Lanius Cybele: Mountain Nymvhh Enid Anderson Eurydicehi Dorothy Shuls Hour, ---- Eiile Ely. VOCAL SOLO-Wh8TG the Willows Whisper - - Ethel Kincaid. COMEDY IN Two Ao'rs, 'LA PERPLEXING SITUATION." Dramalis Personae. Mr. Middleton, Mrs. Middleton, Tom Middleton, Jessie Middleton, Sue Middleton, - Lucy Fair, Maud, - Mrs. Nosie, Alexander Wilson, Edgar Mahla Clara Cronenwett. - Arthur Freese - Ethel Wilson - Dorothy Shuls. Enid Anderson - Naomi Holmes. Vivia Larkworthy - Paul Guinther Mary, - Ethel Kincaid. Fritz, - Courtland Meuscr Uncle Epitamus, - . - Wesley Miller. Health Oflicer, - - Allie Diamond PIANO SOLO -Mazurka de Concert "Pessard" Paul Guinther CHORUS, - - - Senior Class VALEIJICTORY, Allie Diamond CLAss SONG, - Senior Class. BENEDICTION, Rev. Hundley. CODINIENCENIENT PROGRABI. ' FRIDAY N I G II T, JIJN E IOTH, 1904. Music-"A Sai1Or's Song," Rf. Harper, INVOCATION, High School Chorus. Rev. Perrins. MUSIC-"Nightingale and,Rose," C. Lelmert, ORATION-"Environments,'' ORATION-nTh8 Future of the Convict," MUSIC-"HUUtll1g Song," Gillchrist, ORATION-LiTll6 Call of the Age," MUSIC-L'S6P6HH.d0.'l Neidkvnger, High School Chorus. Wilbur Elser. - Edna Ayres Flanery. High School Chorus. Rodney 1-I. Reese. - - High School Chorus. Tenor Solo, Obligato by Prof.'C. E. Bryant. ADDRESS- Prin. F. B. Pearson, East High School, Columbus, 0. PRESENTATION OF DIPLOMAS, - - Prin. C. E. Bryant. PARTING ADMONITION, - Supt. I. C. G-uinther. MUSIC-"Bridal Chorus," Cowen, - - High School Chorus. BENEDICTION, ----- Rev. C. A. Pearce. BACCAL AUREATE SERVICES. The Baccalaureate services were held in the auditorium of the First M. E. Church, Sunday evening, June 5th. DENISON UNIVERSITY Q I 5 CUT OF NEW GYMNASIUM "CLEVELAND HALL" Granville College for Young Men. Shepardson College for Young Women. DORRE ACHCICIIIY. YZ-Z Conservatory of Ml15iC. 726 SCIIOOI of Art. tg Do You Know........... B That to miss a college education nowadavs means missing the main chance? That college training counts more in the business world than ever before? E That practically every young person gets a college course IF HE WANTS IT ENOUGH? That one of the best American colleges is at Granville, in the heart of Ohio. That Denison has nearly tive hundred students. a faculty of thirty-six, fifteen buifdings, with several more in immediate prospect, and more than a million dollars in property and endowments? That young men and women have equal privileges, and that there is a time preparatory school for those not B ready for college? That Granville, settled by a colony from Granville, Mass., a century ago, is one of the most beautiful towns in the west. That many students make their own waythrough Denisongandthat pretty nearly the maximum of college train- ing may be had there at pretty nearly the minimum of expense? 5 That Denison has students from twenty-one states and two foreign conutries this year and from Cincinnati, Pittsburg, Cleveland, Toledo, Philadelphia, New York, Boston and Chicago? 4 That Galion High School is an accredited preparatory school for Denison University? That you may have a college course IF YOU WILL? If you have not known all this, send for a catalogue and for the story "How I Got Through College at Gran--v ville," to the president, EMORY HUNT, Granville. Licking County, Ohio E i iii 1Ki5i11ii15GKI IK E2 HEI DE LB ERG 5 U NIV E R SI TY Q OFFERS THOROUGH COURSES IN THE FOLLOWING EIGHT DEPARTMENTS 1. College of Liberal Arts 5. School of Oratory 2. The Academy 6. Art Department 3. Department of Pedagogy 7. College of Commerce Q 4. Conservatory of Music 8. Summer School , ONLY HIGH-GRADE WORK IN ALL DEPARTMENTS E Teachers Specialists. Methods Modem. Expenses Low E IMPORTANT DATES Q Annual Commencement. June 10-16. Summer School WIII begin June 20 E 7714: new University Year will open September 14 H For information address CHARLES E. MILLER. President. Timm. Ohio Lake Erie COIISQC for WOIHCH PAINESVILLE. OHIO BQ DeIIgI1tI.uILocatIo Spacious Grounds. Attractive Building? H COLLEGE COURSES Degrees of B. A. and B. S.. Departments af Languages. Mathematics. the Sciences. History and Philosophy. M PREPARATORY AND SPECIAL COURSES Ei CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC E Two Pipe Organs and the Best Pianos, Musical Library, Artists' Recitals Ei' -Amd M For CflfI'5l.IOg'll0 and Book of Views, aclclrvss the Plxasirlent, Miss Mary Evans iI222 IZ iii KK f E. 3 I 5 I I m 5 I 5 w s I m M m I 5 5 V f 4 ,U JU - my

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