Fort Wayne Normal School - Annual Yearbook (Fort Wayne, IN)
- Class of 1922
Page 1 of 78
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 78 of the 1922 volume:
:XO IGEI 'ID' ICXEI 15' 'GJD' 'GIS'
Miss RINEHART. .... ................... .....,. . .
HELEN RAPP., . .,
HELEIJ SCOTT ......... .
BIARY EUNICE EZATON. . .
XVELMA HoLT -
KIARY ELNICE E.xToN RUTH T
NORMAL SCHOOL SONG
TUNE, BELGTAN ROSE
ll'rfi1ten by Elisabeflz Rogier, 'IQ
Fort 'Wayne Normal, we all love you,
To your wise teachings we will be trueg
Though lessons taught us sometimes are hard,
Yet them we'll remember and always regard:
The day will come when we all must part,
Yet we'lI be here in heart.
Your joys will lie our joys, no matter where we
- - Prexidwzt,
Normal School, Our Fort VVayne Normal School,
NNe'll always love the brown and the gold
And then in days when we're growing old,
Vlfe still will think of you, and memory will renew
The days we spent in lessons, laughter and fun,
Before the great task of our lives had begun
And we will honor you, Our Fort VVayne Normal School.
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N THE YEARS of reconstruction following the Civil VVar, the school officials of many
cities felt a serious need for raising the professional standard of their teachers. It was
in 1867, a few months before the founding of the City Normal at Indianapolis and the
year before the founding of the State Normal at Terre Haute, that the school board of
Fort VVayne, upon the recommendation of the Superintendent of Schools, James H. Smart,
decided to establish a training school and to employ teachers for the school at a cost "not to
The reasons for the founding of the school are set forth at length by Superintendent
Smart, Dr. -lohn S. Irwin, secretary, and O. P, Morgan, president of the Board, in the Fifth
annual report of the Board of Education published in 1868: "The importance of profes-
sional schools for the education of teachers is fully recognized by the leading educators
of the country. The business of teaching, like any other, must be learned. Proficiency
can be acquired only by systematic study and training .... VVe cannot depend
upon other cities altogether, for our experience has shown that others can draw from us as
well as we can draw from them. Our only recourse has been the establishment of a City
Training School, in which graduates of our High School, and others who may be admitted,
may have special instruction, training and practice in the business in which they propose to
engage." lt is notable that because of the establishment of its training school Fort Wayne
was able to secure teachers who had a high school education and were trained for teaching
at a time when only a very small percentage of teachers had even so much as a high school
How well the school authorities believed they succeeded is shown by the following state-
ment by O. P. Morgan in the commencement address of 1868: "The school is no longer an
experiment, it is an institution that should be maintained as a part of our school system."
Dr. ,lohn S. Irwin, later Superintendent of Schools, but at that time Secretary of the Board,
in a historical sketch of the city government, wrote: "The wisdom of the measure was
rapidly manifested in the higher ability of the teachers, the broader, more accurate, and
more solid character of their work, and in the rapidly growing reputation of the school
amongst prominent educators."
The school was continued until 1886, when, as Dr. Irwin stated, "for pressing reasons
then existing, -the Beard discontinued it forlthe- time being. So great were the advantages
of the school in many ways that its reorganization is greatly to be desired."
In 1896 ,lustin N. Study became Superintendent. He found the teaching body recruited
from the High School graduates largely without any professional preparation. To convert
the corps of teachers into a body of trained teachers was his first concern. He states
,Clleport of 1902J: "He who manages a system of schools must get his results from a
shifting, unstable corps of teachers, even under the best circumstances. Some years ago, I
made a careful investigation of a certain city in this state. The investigation covered a
period of twenty-five years. The result showed an average of less than five years, and yet
in no place in the state perhaps are conditions more favorable for continued and continuous
service .... This is the result reached by other investigators and five years may be
considered a fair average of service taking the country overp and yet it is with this kind
of a shitting force that the superintendent of schools must obtain his results."
l'The corps of teachers might have been made professional by rigidly demanding as a
pre-requisite to appointment a normal school diploma, but this had not been done, nor is a
course practicable in a community as large as Fort Wayne. Graduates from the High
School must form a large proportion of the teaching force in any large system of city
schools. Many, who have natural qualifications for teaching, have not the means at com-
mand to enable them to go abroad to take the normal school course of study. It is wise
economy to furnish the professional training, absolutely essential to good work, at home, and
then rigidly exclude from the elementary schools all untrained teachers by refusing to
employ any one who has not completed the training school, or a normal course of study or
who does not come with skill gained by successful experience elsewhere."
In recent years the State of Indiana has increased its facilities for the training of all
teachers so that conditions have changed from what they were when the Normal School
was re-established. In the opinion of the school authorities the emergency requiring the
city to train its own teachers no longer exists. Accordingly the school is to be officially
closed in September, 1922.
. The first school was located on the first floor of the building on East Wayne street
which has recently been known as the Old High School Building. The entire High School
was housed on the second floor, and the gymnasium was located on the third floor. This
JVSTIN N. STVDY
Sll1VCI'1l'lTCl'ldCl1t uf Schools, 1886-IQI7
OUR Y ESTERDAYS 7
building is now only a memory, as the School Board sold the property and a recent lire
began the work of destruction, VVhen re-established, the school was located at its present
site on the corner of Rivermet avenue and Oneida street. The name was changed in 1907
to the Fort VVayne Normal School. The grade school in which the students take their
observation and practice teaching is now known as the Normal Training School.
PRINCIPALS AND TEACHERS
The Normal School of greatest influence in the Middle West in 1867 was the Oswego
Training School, established in 1861 at Oswego, New York. Two graduates of this school
were employed in the new school at Fort Wayne. The principal was Mary H. Swan. The
Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Education in 1868 gives the name of Lena S. Funelle
as critic teacher while the report of Miss Swan in the same volume gives the name of Mary
L. Hamilton. According to Mrs. Jay Moderwell, who, as Martha Jones, was a member of
the class, Miss Hamilton held the position the First year. She later became Mrs. Norman
Mrs. Moderwell also contributes the following: "Miss Swan, our principal and teacher
of methods, was young, a graduate of Oswego Normal in 1867, and charming in every way,
bright, dignihed, and pretty. As I told you, ue enjoyed immensely the frequent visits of the
Superintendent whose interest in his pet scheme and its attractive head never ceased. His
sight was poor but he appreciated the bright eyes of Miss Swan." Miss Swan resigned in
1869 to become Mrs. James H. Smart, the wife of the superintendent of schools.
Critic teachers of the early history were Lena S. Funnelle, 1868-715 Jennie Snively,
1871-'73, Mary Elizabeth Simmons, 1873-'74, Fannie S. Hassler, 1874-'76, Martha jones,
1876-'81, and Sarah Updegraf, 1881-'86. Miss Snively died in 1873. Miss Funnelle was
later known as Mrs. VVilliam W. Rope, and Miss Updegraf as Mrs. jason McVay of Co-
Miss Julia A. Werner was principal 1869-'70, She was succeeded by Leonora I. Drake,
1870-'76, Miss Werner became Mrs. joseph M. Lanson and Miss Drake, Mrs. Roger But-
terfield of Grand Rapids, Michigan. Mrs. Butterfield died during the summer of 1920.
Ada E. Remmel was principal, 1876-'81, She is now Mrs. G. E. Benson.
Miss Martha jones, a graduate of the class of 1868 and later a graduate of Mt. Holyoke,
was employed as principal from 1881 to 1886, after which she became Mrs. Jay Moderwell.
Mrs. Moderwell has since mingled with the teachers of Fort VVayne and given her assistance
in the work of the public schools. We appreciate having a personal message from her in
another part of this book.
Jessie L. Montgomery became principal of the school in 1897. Miss Montgomery was
a graduate of the Indiana State Normal School and had been a critic teacher in the State
Normal College at Ypsilanti, Michigan. After five years of service in the Normal School
here, she resigned on account of her mother's ill health. Later she specialized in dramatic
literature and taught in the Alberti School of Pantomine in New York. She is now in
charge of the Junior High School department of the Normal Training School at VVinona,
Since 1902, Miss Flora Vtlilber has been principal of the Normal and Training School.
Her fine qualifications together with her untiring devotion to her work have all contributed
to the high standard which the Fort VVayne Normal School has maintained. She has grad-
uated from the Michigan State Normal College with the degrees of Bachelor and Master of
Pedagogies, also from the Oswego State Normal with a special diploma for critic teaching.
She has taken the degrees of B. S. and A. M. in Education from Columbia University.
This excellent training has been rounded hy a year of study and travel abroad and summer
work in various universities. Miss Wilber taught in the Michigan State Normal College be-
fore coming to Fort Wayne. Many bits of literature in the archives of the school express
the loyalty of the students who cherish the memories of the pranks for which they were
rebuked and the achievements for which they were praised by one who had their interests
very closely at heart.
The great irifiuence that the Oswego Normal and Training School extended thvough-
out the West in the training of teachers is well illustrated in Fort Wayne. Not only was
the school organized by Oswego graduates, but several of its teachers in the following years,
Miss Funnelle, Miss Werner, Miss Simmons and Miss Wilber, were graduates of the same
institution. In the city schools Miss Sarah I. Pyne, later Mrs. D. N. Foster, and Miss
Annie E. Klingensmith, primary supervisor for several years, were graduates of the Oswego
The present faculty of the Normal School consists of twelve members. This includes
four city supervisors, Members of the faculty also act as critic teachers in the Training
School. There are two advantages in this arrangement. The first is the close welding of
theory and practice which results when the Normal teachers have classroom work with
children. The second is that when each teacher gives only a part of her time to each
school, the work can be divided in such a manner that specialists may be secured in each
subject, and a common difficulty of small schools is avoided, that of giving a variety of
courses to each teacher whether she is fitted to teach them or not.
S OUR YESTERDAYS
COURSE OF STUDY
The original normal course was one year in length. The students taught as practice
teachers half of each day and received instruction the other half. The report of Miss
Swan in 1868 regarding the course of study is an interesting bit of history as it reveals the
educational ideals of that time: "Methods have been given in Number, Language, Form,
Color, Objects, Geography, Animals, Size, Weight, Sound and Moral Instruction. Natural
History and Geography have been studied preparatory to the discussion of the methods."
The addition of Vocal Music and Drawing was recommended.
Pestalozzi's doctrine of basing instruction upon objects was just beginning to get a foot-
hold in this country. Although Miss Swan advocated it, she was very careful to guard
against a misunderstanding of "Object Teaching." She says, "It is by no means necessary
that an object be the theme of every lesson, but pupils are taught Reading, Arithmetic and
Writing, as in other schools. VVe do not require children to commit to memory sentences
they do not understand, but rather endeavor to lead them by questioning, explanation, and
illustration, to a perfect understanding of the subject. Then, and not till then, are they to
In 1902 the course was lengthened to one and one-half years and in 1910 to two years.
The school is now on the list of accredited schools which train teachers for provisional and
life certilicates to teach in the elementary schools of Indiana. Its credits are recognized by
the schools of education in the leading universities of the country. Graduates may secure
the Bachelor's degree without loss of time.
PRESENT STATUS OF GRADUATES
The school has never been large. The recommendation of the first principal and the
expressed intention of the school board at that time that the school "furnish teachers not
only for the city, but for the neighboring counties of the state" has never been carried out
excepting in the summer session of IQZI, A total of four hundred thirty-one have grad-
uated from the school since 1867, one hundred seventy-four from the first organization and
two hundred seventy-six from the second. Of those graduating since 1397, thirty-eight
completed a one year course, one hundred two a one and one-half year course, and one
hundred thirty-six a two year course. The school has given an opportunity for those who
have graduated from short courses to re-graduate from the two year course and thus be
entitled to the state provisional and life licenses granted by the State Teachers' Training
Board to graduates of approved schools. Nineteen have already taken advantage of this
opportunity, eight others will re-graduate this june, and by September, IQ22, when the school
oilicially closes, eight more will have received diplomas from the longer course. Thus prac-
tically every graduate who has not finished the two year course and who is still teaching
in the city schools will have done so before the school is discontinued.
Since the passage of the law of 1919, graduates of two year courses approved by the
State Teachers' Training Board are granted provisional licenses by that board. These
licenses are exchangeable for life licenses after two years of successful teaching. Accord-
ingly, provisional licenses have been granted to all graduating since 1916, ninety-three up
to the present time. Those teaching who graduated from approved two year courses prior
to 1916 were granted life licenses. These number thirty-three.
VVith one or two exceptions, every graduate has taught in the city school. One hundred
twenty-nine are still teaching, eight from the first organization and the remainder from the
second organization, Fifteen have been or are now principals:
Margaret S. Cochrane ................... Washington School
,Iennie Snively. ......... .... H anna School
Frank Hamilton ........ .... I Ioagland School
Clara Phelps. ............. .... H armar School
Margaret M. McPhail... .... Bloomingdale School
Susan S, Sinclair ...... ..... F ranklin School
Mary A. Abel ...... . ..... South Wayne School
Sarah E, McKean .... ..... N ebraska School
Emma L. Armstrong.. .. ..... Washington School
Mary E. Freeman ...... ..... L akeside School
Martha E. Wohlfort .... ..... F ranklin School
Alice M. Habeckeiz... ..... Hanna School
Margaret Saylor. .... ...Franklin School
Mary B. Seaton ................ ........ H amilton School
Gladys H. Williams ...................... Franklin School
Some have left us to go to other places, sometimes into other work. One is a mis-
sionary teacher in far away Persia, one is in Hawaii, others may be found scattered
throughout the various states. Two were Red Cross workers in France during the war,
two taught in government schools, one was Wisconsin State Chairman of the Women's
Liberty Loan Committee. During the war, when Fort Wayne experienced a dearth of
IO OUR Yesri-:RoAvs
teachers, our married aluninae responded to the call so that we suffered less than most
places during that trying period.
THE TRAINING SCHOOL
The supervised teaching of the students was originally done in rooms selected in dif-
ferent buildings. Miss Swan found that by this arrangement the schools could not be
"under the strict supcrintendence so essential to their welfare." For this reason, since the
refounding of the school in ISQ7, the Training School and Normal have occupied the same
building. At present there are eleven rooms with a kindergarten and six grades in charge
of training or critic teachers. A fully equipped playground kept open the year round pro-
vides recreation for the children, and opportunity for learning how to conduct playgrounds
for the students.
Many interesting projects have been undertaken in the school. A garden has been
cared for by the children, Sometimes the products have been sold and the money thus
obtained used for school purposes. At one time a hive of bees provided opportunity for
study. Such enterprises have not only motivated the Nature Study, but have given oppor-
tunities for social experience through group activities which will be long remembered by
both pupils and students.
Bliss Swan states in her report of 1868: "The school is without a Library or Cabinet.
Books are very much needed, especially books of reference and those relating to the arts
and sciences." At the present time the school has accumulated a valuable and up-to-date
library of nearly five thousand bound volumes. This is quite a complete specialized library
for a small school in which not a great number of duplicate copies is required. All the
current educational magazines are on the shelves.
It has been the custom of the school for several years to hold an Assembly of the stu-
dents and teachers one afternoon each week. One week the juniors plan the program, the
next week the Seniors. and the next. the teachers. Each group has an assembly committee.
Each committee selects one from its members to be a member of the General Assembly
Committee to which all programs are submitted for approval.
The Committees strive to give programs which are both educational and entertaining.
They are usually given by members of the faculty or students, but occasionally by outsiders.
At the beginning of each year it has been customary for the Seniors to give one party
in honor of the Juniors and another in honor of the Seniors of the past year. Later the
Juniors return this compliment given them by entertaining the Seniors. The faculty is in-
vited to these parties. Often another is given by the faculty for the girls. Games are
played, various stunts are given, and class songs are sung. Much wholesome rivalry has
existed between classes over the composing of class songs.
These are not the only parties enjoyed during the year, for often informal wiener bakes
and marshmallow roasts are given in Lakeside Park. Then, too, for the past few years,
the Normal students have been given a Christmas luncheon in honor of the faculty whom
they have had as class teachers during the year. '
In IQI2 Miss VVilber introduced a cartoon contest to stimulate the interest of the Normal
students in public affairs. The presidential election furnished a good subject. Cartoons
were first studied in class to find what stories they told, what attitude the cartoonist had
taken, and what aid or hindrance the cartoons were to the cause of the election. Then the
students were asked to make a collection of cartoons from magazines or papers telling the
election story. The prize was to go to the student who by November 17, 1912, had made
the collection best telling the story. If told equally well by several, the prize was to go to
the student whose collection was thc most pointed and humorous. The judges were B. J.
Griswold of the Sentinel and H. E. Larimer of the News. The collections varied in length
from two hundred to four hundred cartoons, and single collections represented as many as
One interesting result of the contest was the marked growth of political thought.
Girls who had previously been loyal to their fathers' preferences developed independent
opinions, and girls who had formerly had no political preference became strong adherents
of a definite party policy. However, very few collections showed political bias. The per-
sonal testimony of the students eight months later showed that the interest stimulated by
the contest carried over not only into politics but also into other public questions.
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I2 OUR XIESTICRDAYS
THE PAGEANT OF IQI4
October 22, IQI4, the one-Hun'lred twentieth anniversary of the founding of Fort Wayne
was celebrated in a number of ways among the people of the city but nowhere more tit-
tingly than at Lakeside Park, where the Normal School presented a pageant depicting the
history of the founding of our city. In preparation for "Old Fort Day' as it is called, the
students planned a pageant under the supervision of Miss Wilber.
The park board kindly permitted the school to use Lakeside Park, and co-operated gen-
erously in building a stockade and in furnishing shrubs and greenery for the scenes. An
island in the lagoon was chosen as the setting, the chairs for the audience being placed on
the mainland at a point where the water was only a few feet wide,
Bliss Esther Phipps wrote the following invitation to the public:
On October two and twenty
Pleasure we shall give a-plenty,
Come and join ns then we pray
And honor Fort VVayne's natal dayg
For Lakeside Normal School is bent
To celebrate that great event.
The tomahawk is buried,
The council fires are deadg
But memories of heroic deeds
A glamour o'er us shed.
If in your hearts you cherish
Brave deeds of stalwart men,
Comic join our celebration
And honor Anthony Wayne.
Indians bold, their squaws as daring,
French and English of the past,
Kekionga, Little Turtle
On your vision let us cast.
Learn the history of our city
View its humble birth
Then decide to boost forever
The best town on earth-Fort Wayne!
In addition, cleverly decorated invitations in verse were sent out to presidents of various
clubs in the city and the officers of the administration. Downtown store windows were en-
livened with artistic posters announcing the great event. The story was divided into three
scenes showing different periods of the early history of Fort Wayne. The prelude and
interludes were given by Miss Helen Ehle as the Spirit of History, assisted by sixteen
charming Spirits of the Past. The iirst scene showed life in 1614 in the Indian village of
Kekionga at the joining of the three rivers, and the coming of the first French fur traders.
The second told of the condition of the country under Ensign Holmes just before the
Pontiac conspiracy. The last showed the coming of General Wayne after the battle of
Fallen Timbers, the rout of the English and Indians, the founding and naming of the fort.
More than four hundred people in costume assisted in this enterprise. This number
included all of the children of the Training School, all of the students of the Normal School,
and the teachers of both schools. Many of the costumes and properties were worked out
as projects in the Training School. Concordia College lent military uniforms, and the
State School Band furnished the martial music.
It was the co-operation of the teachers, pupils, student-teachers, Park Board, and many
others under the leadership of Miss VVilber, which made this large production possible and
the tribute paid to our city worthy of its acceptance.
In 1916 Indiana celebrated thc one hundredth anniversary of her admission into the
Union. To commemorate this event and to educate its citizens with regard to Indiana his-
tory, Fort VVayne, as well as many other cities, gave pageants. The Normal School helped
in Fort VVayne's celebration by placing eleven markers. The location of each one with its
inscription is given below.
KEKIONGA foll Dila' Near Lake flzfmiwi.
This section of Fort Wayne, known as Lakeside, was, for generations of the Red Man,
the site of an Indian village known as Kiskakon, Kekionga and Kekiogue, the stronghold
of the savages until the period of the Indian wars which culminated in VVayne's victory in
1794. In I7SQ'I7QO, this village was ruled by Chief Pecaune. lt was the scene of many
savage outbreaks against the Americans.
1 4 OUR YESTERD.-xys
IIIIAJIII TOll'N IOM the Dike Along tl.e St. Joe, Between: Lake and Riciermetj.
Upon the opposite bank of the St. joseph, there existed, for many years, a strong French
settlement knowiras Miami Town, ruled by the Indian Chief, LeGris. It was destroyed by
I-Iarmar's troops in 1790.
IVABASH AND ERIE CANAL ICro.vri1zg of Nickel Plate at Harrison Slreeij.
The right-of-way of the Nickel Plate railroad through Fort NVayne was formerly the
route of the VVabash and Erie Canal, one of the greatest of all artificial waterways. It ex-
tended from Toledo, Ohio, to Evansville, Indiana, with Fort VVayne as the chief port of
C.-MIP ALLEN fiff Entrance to Stuimzey Parkj. '
A Lpon-the grounds on the opposite bank of the river, known as Camp Allen, thousands
ot men ot northern Indiana were recruited for service in the Civil VVar.
FRENCH FORT KAI' East End of Blain Street Bridgej.
On the east bank of the St. Mary's river, about two squares north of this point, stood
an ancient French fort, erected to form a defense against the English. The fort was aban-
doned in 1750 Cforty-four years before General Wayne's campaignb, and a new French fort
erected on the St. joseph river at the junction of St. joe Boulevard and Delaware Avenue.
The remains of the aqueduct which conveyed the VVabash and- Erie Canal across the
river may be seen between the two railroad bridges, west bank.
HARMAR'S BATTLEEIELD KNear tlze fzzlzriion of Delaware Azfenue and St. Jae Blvdj
Upon the field to the east and south was fought, on October 22, 1790, the fiercestengage-
ment of the battle between General Harmar's troops and the Indians under Little Turtle.
I11 the river, many of the Indians were caught in the cross-fire between the 'detachments under
Major Fontaine and Major McMullan, on the east bank, and Major Hall on the west bank.
Major Fontaine, with a number of his men died near this spot. Firearms have been found
in the river bed after lying there over 100 years. W
SITE OF LAST FRENCH FORT IAt the Iznzcfimz of Delaware Ave. and Sf. foe Bl'vd.1
Upon this site, in 1750-1751, Captain M. de Raimond erected the last of the French forts
on the soil of the present Fort VVayne. This fort was captured by the British in 1760. In
1763, at the outbreak of the Pontiac conspiracy, the British commandant, Ensign Robert
Holmes, was murdered and the garrison captured by the Indians, aided by the French.
HARMARHS FORD IA! Some Paint Along Edgewater IIZIGIIZLCQ.
On the morning of October 22, I790, Chief Little Turtle, leader of the Indians, met the
approaching troops of General Harmar at the ford of the Maumee river near this point.
The fierce assault brought death to Major john VVyllys and many of his officers and men.
A total of 183 men of Harmar's command lost their lives in the disastrous campaign.
SITE OF OLD FORT WAYNE IAt Old Fort Parkj.
This triangular piece of ground was a portion of the areas enclosed by the last group of
blockhouses, garrison buildings and palisades known as Fort VVayne. This last fort was
built by Colonel john Hunt, probably in ISGO. It was rebuilt by Major John Whistler in
1815-1816. General VVayne's fort was located a short distance to the southward. QSee cor-
ner of Berry and Clay streets.Q
SITE OF GENERAL IVA VNE'S FORT IA! ilzu Norflzeast Corner of Clay and Berry St.j
This corner lot, No. 11, is believed to have occupied the center of the fort originally
erected by General Anthony Wayne in September and October, 1794. It was abandoned
upon the erection of the new fort by Colonel john Hunt in 1800, one square north of this
spot. CSee Old Fort Parkb
SITE OE COUNCIL HOUSE IA! the Lot Next East of No. I Engine Housej.
The last council house, erected after the Indians had burned the earlier council house,
in 1812, occupied the site of this lot. It was used as a place of council with the Indians, and
later as a schoolhouse and residence.
THE SUMMER SCHOOL
The first summer session of the Fort VVayne Normal School opened on June 22, 1920,
with an enrollment of twenty students drawn from the city teachers. In 1921 the enroll-
ment increased to eighty students and its faculty was enlarged from two instructors to
eight. They were Miss Wilber, principalg Miss Beulah Rinehart, Miss Mary Young, E. M.
Suter, Miss Mary Paxton, Miss Erma Dochterman, Miss Gertrude Zook, and Maurice E.
Murphy. The term was lengthened from six weeks the first year to twelve weeks the second,
The students were drawn from a large area, coming from Illinois, Ohio, and Wis-
consin, as well as from towns surrounding Fort VVayne. As many students drove in from
the surrounding districts in automobiles, the curbs about the school were lined with cars
during the sessions. Before this time, the tradition that only girls attended the school had
been broken by only one young man. Nine young men took the course in the summer term.
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16 OUR XYESTERDAYS
Any subject desired by twenty or more students was arranged with the understanding
that credits received were accepted in such schools as University of Chicago and Columbia
University. A course of twelve weeks which entitled them to the Class A cerificate de-
manded by the state for beginning teachers, was arranged for High School graduates.
.-Another twelve weeks course 'vas oifered to those who had completed tjlass :X work. lt en-
titled the student to a Class B certificate. These courses could be applied on the one and
two year courses. The city teachers took advantage of this opportunity to make advanced
credits without leaving their homes during their vacations. Some life licenses were secured
with the help of these additional credits. The young people of the country also found it a
great advantage to live at home and take the training which would enable them to teach.
Not the least of the advantages of the summer school was the opportunity given the city
teachers to become acquainted with the teachers of surrounding country and towns.
The summer school was not all study, however, Many stories and arguments in the hall
or on the street made students reluctant to return to their class-rooms. Chocolate bars and
sandwiches indulged in between classes helpcd to sustain energy during the long, hot morn-
ing sessions and made Redding's store prosperous. Assemblies, formal and informal, broke
the monotony of daily routine, The social climax came with the big picnic, at Lakeside
Park, when great interest was shown in a baseball game to which the young men were chal-
lenged by the young women.
In IQI5, the following account of the first Flower Festival appeared in a local paper:
"ln a grove of stately oak, black walnut and maple trees, known as Lakeside Park, the first
annual Hower festival of the Lakeside Normal School was held yesterday afternoon. At
three o'clock a procession of maidens in Grecian costumes of cheese cloth in white, and
lovely shades of blue, yellow, green and pink. with ribbon bands in their hair, made up the
senior class of the Normal School, and juniors in white, together with the queen, Miss
Gladys Becker, president of the seniors, her tiny train-bearing pages, four flower girls, and
the tiny crown-bearer, wended its way from the school eastward to the park, crossed several
rustic bridges and then veered southward toward the Hower-trimmed throne, where Marie
Strieder waited to crown the queen, This done, her queenship, as well as the assembled
audience, reviewed the folk -.lances and the Maypole dance as given by the Seniors and
Juniors of the school. The Maypole was a sturdy one, being a noble oak entwined with the
class colors of yellow and brown. Music was furnished by a phonograph. The queen's
throne was flower-enibowered, being sct against a large maple tree, and the queen not only
had a crown of roses on her head, but a huge shower bouquet of peonies and roses in her
arms, a spread of pink giant artificial sweetpeas above her head, and peonies, daisies and
syringa blossoms at her feet, After "a-dancing on the green in honor of the queen," the
Seniors, juniors, teachers, and alumnae had a pleasant social hour and a picnic supper. ln
the evening an entertainment was given in the school building, which was largely a "stunt
The original intention of making the Flower Festival an annual affair has been adhered
to. Each year since 1915 the Normal School students ha-ve made the Flower Festival in
Lakeside Park an occasion of great interest to the people of Fort NNayne.
The queen is chosen from the Senior class by secret ballot, all students and members of
the faculty participating in the vote. The announcement is made of the one elected just
before the procession forms. The herald, queens from other years, dancers, and queen's at-
tendants precede the queen in the procession. :Xs it arrives in the park they form two lines
from the entrance, and the queen, preceded by flower girls who scatter rose petals in her
path, passes between these lines to her throne. Here the queen of the previous year crowns
the new queen with roses, thus surrendering her sovereignty. The new queen in return
crowns the former queen with forget-me-nots in token of remembrance.
After this ceremony, the former queens and the dancers group themselves around the
throne. Then the program of dancing and music announced by the herald is given. This
sometimes takes the form of a pageant. The beautiful in legend and art from many centu-
ries has been represented in such exercises as the dances of many nations in 1919, the Indian
and Colonial dances of 1920, and the Robin Hood dances of 1921.
The following students have been chosen as queens of their respective classes:
U preog 'go XS
18 OUR YEsTERDAYs
In the early days, joint commencements were held for the High School and Training
School. The programs consisted chiefly of essays delivered by the graduates. A published
copy of the essays of the class of 1869 is still preserved. One cannot believe, after reading
the essay of Miss Margaret Cochrane, later principal of the Washington School and still a
resident of Fort NVayne, that the youthful spirit of progress was any less strong in the '60's
than it is in 1922. "Men will cling to old opinions, to old policies, and to old hats all the
more desperately because haunted by the terrible fear that they might possibly, in a moment
of weakness, be led to entertain a feeling of tolerance for any dangerous 'new fangled'
thing. Such men have ever been clogs to the working out of 'onward and upward' motto,
and perpetual goads to that particularly progressive spirit, 'Young America.' It is to these
that young America, never at a loss for expressive titles, has given those of 'old fog'ies,'
'fossils,' and 'slow old coaches'."
In January, 1902, the first class graduated from the extended course. At this time the
Normal commencement was separated from that of the High School, and addresses were
given by men of prominence in Fort VVaync:. In 1902 the address was given by Rev. I.
Webster Baileyg in 1905, by Mr. Samuel Bl. Foster, in IQO4, by Superintendent I. N. Studyg
in 1905, by Dr. W. O. Gross.
From 1905 to the present time, the addresses have been given by men of reputation in
educational circles outside of the city. The names constitute a list of which the Normal
School can be proud: 1906, Hon. F. A. Cotton, State Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tiong 1907, W. W. Parsons, President of I. S. N. S.g 1908, Dr. E. B. Bryan, President of
Franklin College, 1909, Dr. Robert I. Aley, State Superintendent of .Public Instructiong
1910, Dr. NfVilliam L. Bryan, President of I. U., 1911, Dr. E. H. Lindley, I. U.: 1912, Prof.
H. B. Von Klein Smid, DePauw Universityg 1913, Dr. NV. W. Black, I. U., 1914, Prof. D. H.
Roberts, Michigan State Normal College, IQI5, Dr. M. E. Haggarty, I. U., 1916, Dr. Stanley
L. Coulter, lfurdue I,'ni'.'ersity, 1917, Edgar A. Doll, Vineland Training School, 1918, F. B.
Pearson, State Superintendent of Ohio, 1919, Dr. VVm. Bishop Owen, Principal of Chicago
Normal College, 1920, Carroll G. Pearse, President of Milwaukee State Normal Schoolg
19.21, Dr. W. 'vV. Black, I. U. In 19.22 the address is to be given by S. A. Courtis of the
Research Department, Detroit Public Schools.
Several weeks before graduation the girls of the Senior class select, by v-oting, the min-
ister whom they wish to have preach the baccalaureate sermon. This service is held the
Sunday before graduation.
For many years the Juniors had given a party the week before graduation in honor of
the Seniors, These parties finally became so elaborate that they have taken the form of a
banquet to which the Superintendent, Assistant Superintendent, their wives, the members of
the School Board, their wives, the Alumnae, Miss VVilber, the Faculty and the Normal stu-
dents are invited. The Juniors take much pride in making this occasion an outstanding
feature of the year. The banquet room is decorated with school colors, daisies, and other
spring Howers, and the school pennants.
Various educational leaders of the city. as well as a Senior honor student chosen by the
Faculty to represent her class, give toasts. The school song, class songs, and community
songs are sung. Class yells are given and sometimes a short program is given by the mem-
bers of the Junior class. All await this event eagerly, for it is a time when old friendships
are renewed, past experiences are recalled and re-lived, new friendships are formed, and
everyone has a rousing good time. ,
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF NORMAL SCHOOL HISTORY
I. The Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Education, 1868.
2. Report of the Public Schools, 1901-1902.
3. Report of the Public Schools, 1907. 1
4 Essays and Addresses of the Fifth Annual Commencement of the Fort Wayne High
School, 1869. Property of Carrie A. Snively.
5. Commencement Programs, IQO3-IQ22.
6. Fort Wayne Normal School Annual, 1917.
7. Cartoon Magazine, September, 1913.
8. Newspaper Clippings.
9. Historical Sketches of State Normal and Training School at Oswego, N. Y., 1887.
FLOWER FESTIVAL QUEENS
20 OUR IYliSTIiRD.-XYS
ALuMNAE co TR1BuT1oNs
FASH IN THE BYE AND BYE
BIARY A. Yovxo, T17
Prologue-At last I had a chance to be alone with my thoughts, my books, and my fire.
Surely Prometheus did a noble thing when he stole tire for us mortals. Many a brain-
fagged individual would soon be all porked out if he could not doze in front of the fire-
place. It is a shame the old boy had to suifer so for stealing such a tiny tiame from the
jealous gods. Vve mortals really should have a holiday for him just to let him know we
appreciate his bit of thievery, Thus my thoughts seemed to be rambling on.
Time-Same as above.
Plan'-Before a fireplace in a comfortably furnished room.
Tsme-Hark! VVhat was that? Surely someone at the front door, but why doesn't he
ring the door bell? Cliet up and goes to the door.J
Tsme-Shades of the past! VVhat do I see?
CEnter Father Time.j
Tsme-Greetings, Old Timer! VVhat are you doing here, this isnlt New Year's Eve!
Father Time-No, I know it isn't, but things are going badly where I came from and I
want you to help me.
Tsme-If you just would not mind parking your grass cutter outside, I would feel more
comfortable. This is no time to cut me. QTakes seythe outj 'F it 'F Well what is on
your mind? By the way, let me stir up the fire. You seem to have forgotten your fur
ogercoat and galoshes. Evidently you come from the warmer half of Beyond the Beyond.
Q 'tirs tire.J
Father Time Csettling downj-The Shades are all disturbed. Everything seemed to be
going all right until just a short time ago, everyone was happy and stayed where he be-
longed. But now-everything is in a tangle.
Tsme-That is funny. Vfhat caused this shake-up?
Father Time fwith much perplexed expressionj-I hardly know. Everything is so
strange to me and my words seem so inexpressive when I try to tell about it. You see,
recently some new creatures came to the Beyond the Beyond. I do not know whether they
are male or female. Their hair is short. They have skirts on though, but they are very
short too. However some of them do not have skirts, but wear some sort of loose apparel
around their legs which fasten at their knees. Then they have voluminous coats and a
queer sort of garb on their feetg. black things with soft soles and noisy tops. Their jaws go
incessantly, even when they are not talking, which isn't very often. I do not understand it.
Tsme-That is rather a queer combination. I don't quite understand either. Do they
do anything? Snow again, old top. I don't get the drift,
Father Time-That is just what I am coming to. They do something all fhe time.
The first ones that came were all right for a few minutesg seemed to like the music and
the quietness of Beyond the Beyond. Pretty soon one of them said to one of my musicians,
fl am sure this is what she saidb, "Say, Old Bluebeard, get some pep in that euk you're
sleepin' on. Put some jazz into it."
Tsme-Ho, ho, ho!! The Flappers. So you have them there too. How do you sup-
pose they ever got in? .
Father Time-Oh, yes, the man at the gate said they looked so sweet and innocent when
they looked at him that he felt sorry for them. But he was not going to let them in at flrst.
Then one of them stroked his beard and kissed him, so he thought they surely belonged
Tsme-Ha, ha. ha, that is great! Yamped Saint Pete. Can you beat it? I say now
tell me more about these jolly Flappt-rs.
Father Time-NVell, we all used to be content to sit around on the ethereal banks and
listen to the harps. VVe older ones nodded away most of our time, while the younger genera-
tions strolled along the River Styx. VVhen these-ah-Flippers-
Father Time-Yes, Flappers came, they were not content to stroll along or even rest
upon the airy banks. The first thing they did was to bring forth from one of the pockets
of their voluminous coats a package of vari-colored and very spotted pieces of pasteboard.
Calling to the older men, sitting near, they said, "Say, Old Mossbacks, cut the pack and tune
22 OUR YIESTERDAYS
up for a game or two.'l NVhereupon two Flipper Flappers sat down with the ancients and
began gesticulating and throwing the pieces of pasteboard rudely on a flat stone. Pretty soon
all the ancients were sitting around in groups apparently absorbed in laying down these bits
of pasteboard, matching the colors and chuckling quite audibly. Such a thing never hap-
pened before. It was disgraceful. I remonstrated with them but it was useless.
Tsme-But that is quite a harmless game, Old Timer. VVe call it pinochle, and all the
old gents here on earth play it. You ought to learn it yourself.
Father Time-I haven't time any more for such indulgences. But that is not the worst
thing these horrible creatures did. They soon discovered the River Styx and the younger
generation. You see you just cannot keep anything away from them. They looked at the
Shades and then looked away again but all the younger generation started toward them.
One of the creatures said, "Here, you guys, I'll show you how to rook that old row-boatman
out of the dead men's penniesfl Then they took something they called bones out of their
pockets. But they looked very much to me like little white squares with black dots on their
sides. Then the Flippers-
Tsme-Fl A ppers!
Father Time-Flappers would throw them down, then decide they wanted them again
and would pick them up. All the time they kept saying,
"Seven, hurry up eleven,
My child needs a new pair of sandals,
And I can't supply them if I lose."
VVhen I came around again all the young men were doing that and singing and making
queer noises with their thumbs and index fingers.
Tsme-Shooting craps. I must say you are to be congratulated on your gay young
Flappers. They are there with the goods,
Father Time-But they have done more than that. It makes me feel ten centuries older
to think of it, These unspeakable Flappers went back to my harpists whom I have trained
these ten thousand years and said to them, oh it grieves me to think of it. They said to
them, "That sounds like the tune the old cow died on." Such a gross insult. Imagine any-
thing like that in the Beyond the Beyond. Anyway they took the harps and slapped them
with their fingers so fast that you could hardly see their hands. They must be imps of the
devil for everyone began to move in a sort of horizontal fashion from head to foot. As I
came nearer I even found it diliicult to keep a steady step and my whiskers began to curl a
little at the ends. It scared me so that I made them stop.
Tsxne-Ha, ha, ha! So you learned how to shimmie. You want to watch your step or
they will have you down here in the Follies.
Father Time-I thought surely that would be the end of their trouble-making, so I set-
tled down to take my centennial nap. Just as I got into my nrst doze one of my messengers
came running up and said there was trouble in one of the schools. I Went as quickly as I
could. just as I had expected, there were the Flippers-
Father Time-Flappers arguing with Socrates. The conversation was:
Flapper-VVhat do you mean by keeping these children sitting there listening to
you? Let them do what they want to dog they don't want to listen to you.
Socrates-How else can I teach them?
Flapper-Listen at the Old Boy, how can he teach them? Why you dear, old,
stupid, children aren't taught anymore.
Socrates-How shall they learn?
Flapperflsearn! They don't.
Socrates-Do they have teachers?
Flappers-Oh, yes, I suppose that is what you would call them. There is always
someone sticking around to answer questions and to pick the stuff up that they
leave laying around.
Socrates-What kind of products do the schools have?
Flappers-Look us over, Old Dear.
Socrates-Oh, Death, where is thy sting?
Father Time-All this that I have told you is the reason for my coming to see you.
You must help me.
Tsme-Of course, I'll try to help you. Things are in a bad way I'll agree, but what
can I do?
Father Time-I have brought one of our greatest scholars with meg Gargantua is his
name. He is very used to traveling so I want you to take him with you to the schools and
colleges and every place, tell him the truth about them, and explain everything to him. Then
he can help us to decide whether to do as the Flappers want us to or not.
OUR YESTERDAYS 25
Under Tsme's guidance Gargantua visits various places of amusement, such as dance
halls, restaurants, and theatres. Later he visits elementary schools and colleges.
Place--Beyond the Beyond.
Setting-Neai' the River Styx. Father Time and Gargantua approach, both seem
to be much agitated. They are followed by the Flappers who likewise seemed much con-
ce1'ned about something, if one might judge by their gestures, shrugs, and querulous chat-
ter. As the group approaches the river they are joined by many of the Shades, both ancient
and recent. Socrates may he seen slowly approaching from the distance. Confusion ensues
for a time. Above the noise may be heard the vocifcrous voices of the Flappers. Sisyphus
pausesat his endless task and sits upon the stone he has been rolling these ten thousand
years, to watch the disorder. He seems to be the only one in all the land who is pleased
with the hub, for he knows that everyone is too much occupied to pay any attention to his
Father Time Cquieting the uproarj-Gargantua has returned to tell us what he has
found on earth.
Flapper-I don't see why you needed to send him off to earth, we just came from there
and can tell you everything you Want to know and lots besides. We know the latest dope
Father Time-VVill you please speak when you are spoken to? I think I know now
Why you are called Flappers.
Flapper-You wouldn't get much said if nobody spoke until he was spoken to.
Gargantua-I found so many queer things on earth and so many other things that I
scarcely know where to begin. In the first place Tsme thought I would like to see how
people entertained themselves. He took me to a place to eat. For a while I thought eating
was the sole source of amusement here but I was soon disillusioned. At the farther end of
the room there were a half dozen or so men playing instruments which emitted strange and
fearful noises. I felt sorry for the men for they seemed to be having a hard time making
the sound come forth and then when it did come the result must have been very discour-
aging to them. Then the real attraction came. Some girls, evidently from the Garden of
Eden, came out and accompanied each blare of noise with a special contortion. I must say
I was rather attracted at first, and was about to investigate at closer range but Tsme told
me to stay where I was.
Father Time Cto Flappersl-Do you know anything about this?
Flapper-Illl say I dog used to be there myself. Come on, we will show you what he
means. CStarts to shimmie, etc.J
Father Time fannoyedl-Here, here, you have done enoughg we will take Gargantua's
word for tl1e rest.
Gargantua-The next place Tsme took me was to a theatre. A movie, I believe he
called it. You can never imagine what those poor, benighted people call a play. VVe went
into a dark, stuffy, air-tight, light-proof room, we sat down and I waited patiently for the
drama to start. Nothing appeared except some nervous shadows moving about on the
stage, I judged these to be the actors back of the curtain getting ready for the performance.
Finally I could stand it no longer so I said to Tsme, "How soon will the play start?" He
looked at me rather queerly and said, "Why, Old Top, it never stopsg there it goes up there
on the screen." And they call that a theatre and a play.
Father Time-Oh, Bacchus, bring back Euripides.
Flapper-Say! Better page Frank Tinney.
Father Time-Tell us about the schools, are they really so bad?
Gargantua-Well, yes, pretty bad. The colleges seem to be all right. I rather liked the
young chaps I met there. They did not mind going to classes a bit, they told me. In fact
one of them said classes were a relief after the strenuous nights he went through. From
that I judged that he spent the major part of the night at his studies. Poor chaps, some of
them looked tired out.
24 OUR Ytisriinnzxvs
Flapper-I'll bet he never told you what he studied.
Second Flapper-Did they tell you what the Latin race was?
Gargantua-No, what is it?
Flapper-It is a race between the pony and the prof's goat.
Gargantua-I don't quite follow you. To continue, the little fellows in the grammar
grades seemed to be having a good time. I asked one of them to read to me but he said he
couldn't then, he was busy with his project. l watched him for a while. His project seemed
to be that of filling a sieve full of sand. As I was in a hurry I did not wait for him to
finish. Everyone in all the schools seemed to be having such a good time. They evidently
need music to write with. I watched them one day and they had a box on legs that played
whenever they wanted it to. Then they would all write furiously until it stopped. They
must learn quite a lot, too, for I asked some of them one day what they knew and they said
they knew everything and the price of it. At any rate they all seemed to be having one
grand time. as Tsme would say. It was all very different from our school. The teacher
did not ask the children any questions they did not know, and the youngsters did most of
the talking. I did not hear a child give a discourse on anything. The children did not have
to mind or pay attention as ours dog each child seemed to do just as he pleased.
Father Time-VVell then, you would say that things are not as rosy on earth as the Flap-
pers say. You think that the children do not have proper training and that most of the
people are unenlightened. -
Gargantua-VVell, not quite as bad as that-but not so very good.
Father Time-Then you think we better not change up here?
Gargantua-Maybe we have been too hard on the youngsters, but otherwise, I think we
better leave things as they are here. The people on earth need some of our things more
than we need some of theirs. I should think it would be a great relief to get up here to
peace and quiet after their noisy music, showless shows and garrulous people.
Father Time-But what will we do with the Flappers?
Gargantua-Tsme suggested that we use them to help Saint Peter. There is nothing
they don't know or won't find out, so they can take the arrivals through the Beyond the
Beyond and show them what a fine place it is. They can make anybody believe anything.
Father Time Cto Flappersl-How would you like that? Can you make Beyond the
Beyond as rosy for the newcomers as you painted the earth for us and keep them all as
busy until they get accustomed to things as you have us lately? Mind though, no more of
your new-fangled tricks.
Flappers-,lust watch our dust!
CLASS OF 1920 Vs. CUPID
Two score and Five months ago our Normal School brought forth in this fair city a
new class, conceived in intelligence and dedicated to the proposition that thereafter our
matrimonial chances were one to ten. Now we are engaged in a great conflict, testing
whether that proposition, when applied to our class of such superior intelligence and pulchi-
tude, can long prove true.
Forward into battle, we, the eleven graduates of this class marched, flinging high our
banners, cheered and inspired by our watchword, "Men may rome." For a space of thirteen
months, with unbroken line, we boldly advanced, successfully dodging the arrows from
Cupid's ranks, and securing a fair share of the spoils of war.
,lust when victory seemed most certain, we were ambushed and when the smoke of battle
cleared, our ranks were depleted. Captain Gerard, no longer a Miss, was reported missing.
Privates Scott and I-Ialler were seriously wounded.
The rest of our company now seek the most exposed positions along the battle front,
fearing and hoping that our names will appear on the next list of casualties.
The world will little note or remember what we say here but the teachers of the Normal
School can never forget what we did there. V
Though the class of 1920 may have differences of opinion on many subjects, we are one
in our devotion to the Fort Wayne Normal School.
Our loyalty we pledge anew. Each added year but helps us to more fully realize that
by her teaching and example, Miss Wilber has inspired in us a desire for more knowledge
and higher ideals and a truer American citizenship.
To all these sentiments we subscribe,
Not one word would we blot.
Standards and ideals are prized
By Johnson, Bryson, Scott,
Sherbondy, Pohlmeyer, Ulmer, too,
Beahler, Gerard, and Glover,
And Phipps and Haller, classmates true-
Fort VVayne Normal School-We love her.
' -LAURA PHIPPS.
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26 OUR X7ESTERDAYS
CLASS OF '15-L'ENVOI
h To follow in the footsteps of the most correct writers, or reciters, one should in deliv-
ering an epilogue ot this sort, carefully select as a point of departure, some proverb, or
epigram which exactly tits the subject. Vile have listened to many such expositions, have
even heard it proven, for instance, that People under the impression that are Someones,
are usually Noones, while those who allow tliemselves to be considered Noones, are dis-
covered by the discerning VVorld to be the real Someones. CThe particular Pretenders re-
ferred to being typified by the Class of '15, while the Shrinking Violets crept out from the
sheltering portals of F. VV. N. S. along about -Tune, '16.D
However, after much unaccustomed thought, the only near epigram remembered which
seems to fall a perfect fit on the broad shoulders of the Class of '15, is a geometrical axiom
paraphrased perhaps out of recognition to read, "Girls equal to the same thing are equal
to anything." And that was us.
Wie have always modestly contended, modesty being one of our chief and undoubted
virtues, that IQI5 was a great year for old Normal. From conscientiously initiating the
before mentioned shrinking and backward sub-grads, undeterred though the air rang with
"sl1rieks and sounds of strife unholy," to supervising the instruction of a certain learned pro-
fessor of the Manual Arts in the habits of Self-control and the Rejuvenation of deflated
bicycle tires-we were equal to anything. They all agreed to that.
But our Normal Days weren't all occupied in hunting up rules to break-there was of
necessity some real labor attached to "working our way through Normal School" and some
not So necessary, self-imposed because of the loyalty we bore our school. No longer did
athletics consist of taking an active part on "apparatus day"-but basketball was the order
of the day, as we tracked down gyms from end to end of the city to get in trim for the
schedule quickly arranged. Never did a team have more loyal support from school and
faculty-how they gloried in the victories and discounted the defeats! Basketball was not
the least of the things that drew us close together, and instilled in us the strong loyalty to
class school. Normal School was never a "sweat shop" for the class of '15-it was our
alma mater present, and future.
And at last with what a start of dismay did we realize that the end was near, and pre-
pare to make it a "grand finale." Other classes could be content to call it finished with a
formal banquet and more formal graduating exercise-we were going to close the chapter
with all the festivities of a college commencement. So we inaugurated the first "Flower
Festival," and beautiful Lakeside Park formed the background for the Hower-decked parade,
and the games and dances attendant on the crowning of the chosen queen. Flower Festivals
have been a feature of graduation each year since then, growing more pretentious and beau-
tiful year by year. But the joy of the very first June Festival was ours.
Baccalaureate Services followed-we couldn't feel that our commencement was com-
plete without that inspiring touch. So we decorated the church selected with our class
flowers, and in caps and gowns imparted dignity to the first Baccalaureate Services of the
It was a happy two years, but as our romancing song bird rhyined it,
"Along comes June, it breaks our heart
Wlien eighteen Senior girls must partg
Some to their Franks and Charlies and Freds,
Howards, Donalds, VVilkies and Edsf'
CVVith all due apologies to the author for changing the original names to correspond to the
And so our Normal days were ended. But the loyalty and love for the school im-
planted in those days of sun and shower still endure, and should the Powers that Be see fit
to allow the Fort VVayne Normal School to continue, will live on, even unto the second
generation of the Class of yI5. Z
-Blass!-3 Rowe WAGNER, ,I5.
CLASS OF 1918
Four years have been added to the history of the efforts of our class to reach the goal
of its ambitions and ideals since graduation in June, IQIS. Our Junior and Senior years
were indeed prominent ones in the history of the Normal, not only in enrollment numbers
but in all activities. Some of the general activities of the class included student teaching,
playground supervision, Parent-Teacher Club duties, preparation of and recitation on chap-
ters from Angell, Ellwood, Dewey, and Strayer, acquaintance with educational measure-
ments and Simon-Binet tests. The unparalleled success of the Flower Festival and the an-
nual banquet which was held at the Crescent Avenue Church were two noteworthy events.
Anyone who saw our wonderfully fought basketball games, with their narrow margins of
defeat, could not help but feel that, after all, a difference of a few points one way or the
other means nothing, for even figures sometimes lie.
OUR YESTERDAYS 27
It was during our Senior year that the house next to the Lakeside School was purchased
for the pleasure and comfort of the Normal girls. This building has contributed advan-
tages in Normal School life which were unfortunately denied our predecessors. As a class
we "pulled together" at all times, and much credit is thereby reflected upon our class officers
and leaders. We net er were at a loss for capable girls to serve in any capacity. Loyalty
was and shall always be our standard.
At the present time, eleven of the class are teaching in the various schools of our city.
Five are married. Mrs. Howard Abbott is the proud mother of a tiny daughter, Mr. and
Mrs. Abbott and daughter reside in Reading, Michigan. Mrs. Albert Mason and Mrs. Wil-
lard Ensleu are each rejoicing over the birth of a baby son. Could this history have been
written a short time later, the number of married classmates would have been six, for our
Dorothy Saviers will be leaving the ranks of pedagogues soon to enter the bonds of matri-
mony. Welcome to our group, Dorothy!
What fate has in store for us remains a mystery, but here is a wish for the girls of
1918-that their future may be as happy as the two years they spent at Normal.
-RUTH REE1-ILING GUMPPER.
CLASS or 1372
Commencement Day meant many things to the Class of 1872. Four of the number had
been classmates during the High School course and a second "graduation'l had lost the
charm of novelty and taken on the dignity of responsibility. An innovation in dress ap-
peared that year also. Both classes, High and Training Schools, to gratify the wishes of the
Superintendent, wore light colored calico gowns and by the accessories used to soften and
lighten effects, demonstrated that the ordinary white dress was the more economical of the
The exercises of the graduating class of the High school and those of the Training
School were combined. All members of the High School class read an "essay," or pro-
nounced an "oration," and one representative of the Training Class also read an "essay"
suggestive of VVomau's Woiek. The essay was censored by the Superintendent and the
writer made what she thought a brilliant allusion to Susan B. Anthony and the "rub-a-dub
of agitation" she kept up, which the Superintendent promptly cut out.
Seven of the eight members occupied positions in the schools of the city until marriage
or death called. One of the number is left in the fold. Three are deceased: Rosa Bennett,
Mary A. Humphrey and Florence Requa. Florida, Texas, Arkansas, Michigan are made
richer by the possession of these remaining four splendidly trained women-Fannie Hass-
ler, Ada E. Remmel, Deborah Robertson and Carrie Solomon.
Written by ATARGARET S. ATCPHAIL, Class of 1872.
THE ROLL CALL OF THE 1916 CLASS
"Roll, roll, watch your form," was chanted to us so often that our initiation into the
Fort Wayne Normal School was accomplished by rolling us in the coal bin. The bin is still
there and we are thinking seriously of immortalizing the spot with this sign, "VVhy roll to
music and grow warm when you can roll in a coal bin?"
Rolling was injected so early into our systems that it has become one of our most
apparent capacities-Lydia Honeck is now rolling around in a Ford although our big Mal-
tese purred that Professor Miles had had his stolen.
Mary McGuire Kocke, Dorothy Eckhardt Meyer, Helen Oren Prill and Blanche Bauer
Knowlton are rolling their own.
Erma Comparet is best at a la Doebler rolling although in the last few days she as well
as Clara Blondoit and Mary Zent have been rolling along on Napoleon. Napoleon is a
blond horse Whose rolling is of such a character that anyone having ridden the animal
always prefers rolling to walking for three days after the performance.
Helen Thompson is still rolling her eyes while the male population of Washington
University, St. Louis, are extracting eye lashes. When you consider that Hattie Qrieder
Merton and Helen Trisch Herring did not possess this trick, one wonders just how their
end was gained. ..
Gertrude Zucker almost rolled out of our gang when she became a probation officer-
Erna Tapp actually did by joining the railroad's pension list.
Georgia Bauer can still roll tones that really sound as they came from her heart-Now
Bessie Cleary is still attempting the same and they still leap from her solar plexus which
causes an Irish monotone that is most invigorating.
Vivian VVithers rolled west one summer and they say there was one who didn't see any
reason why she should roll east-in fact he blamed it all on the pension.
Now as it was in the beginning so it is in the end. Ruth Logue was our most inde-
pendent roller and Mabel Bates is still our most quiet one.
-By One of the Rollers Who was Rolled and Hopes
to be Rolling for the Next Decade.
IIIQSIJERIONA P. HALE
lKiI'Zl.ill1ZllC, Flirt XX'ayne Nivrrnal Schinflz Stu-
dent Liniversity nf fhicagw Stullent
Teachers' College, Cnluniltin L'nix'crsityg
F-tnilent, lnfliana L'nix'ersity.
,TOANXA TEERTNK, A. B,
Directnr of Practice
A. H., lnwa State Teachers' Cnllcge
liEL'l.gXH RIXEHART, l'h. ll.
Nnrmal School, English
Training Teacher, Fifth Grarle
Faculty .'Xclx'iser, "Our Yesterdays"
B. S., Teachers' College, Columbia Llniversity
Kindergarten-Primary Certihcate, University
LAURA M. BRENN, B. S.
Training Teacher, Fourth Grade
Graduate Spearhsh State Normal, South
MARTHA COOLEY, B. S.
Normal School, Geography and Science
Training Teacher, Geography and Science
B. S., Miami 'University
Training Teacher, Kindergarten
Graduate, Grand Rapids Kindergarten
Student, Teachers' College, Columbia
Student, University of Chicago
ADELAIDE L. FIEDLER, A. B.
Normal School, Teachers' Arithmetic
Training Teacher, Sixth Grade
A. B., Michigan State Normal College
ALICE E. HALL
Normal School, Art
Student, Purdue University
Post-Graduate, Chicago Art Institute
MABEL K. HOLLAND
R Training Teacher, First Grade
Graduate, Fort Vwlayne Normal School
Student, Teachers' College, Columbia
Student, University of Chicago
Student, Indiana University
IDA ,IUANITA LONG, Ph. B.
Training' Teacher, Third Grade
Student, University of Colorado
Student, Kansas State Normal School
Ph. B., University of Chicago
Normal School, Music
Student Eisteddvod in VVales, and of
Dr. George F. Root, Thomas Tapper, Dr.
Hollis Dann and Others
BIARY K. MULLER
Training Teacher, First Grade
Graduate, Fort VVayne Normal School
Student, Teachers' College, Columbia
Student, Indiana University
Student, University of Chicago
IESSIE T. PARRY
Training Teacher, Second Grade
Graduate, Fort VVayne Normal School
Student, Teachers' College, Columbia
Student, Indiana University
I ' RENA ALLEN
, ' Training Teacher, Third Grade
Graduate, New Jersey State Normal School
O, L. ROGERS, B. Ac.
Normal School, Penmanship
Student, Camerian Art College, Columbus, O,
B. Ac., Metropolitan School of Commerce
Student, Columbia and Indiana I'niversities
CYNTHIA S. REGGLES, B. S.
Normal School, History
Training Teacher, Fifth Grade
Graduate, Fredonia New York State Normal
B. S., Teachers' College, Columbia University
ADELE P. SALER
Normal School, Music '
Training Teacher, Music and Art
Graduate, Fort VVayne Normal School -
Student, University Extension Conservatory
Church School of Art, Northwestern
University, Indiana University
CARRIE A. SNIYELY 1
Normal School, Methods ot Physical
Education and Hygiene
Graduate, North American Gymnastic 1
CLARA B. VVILLIAMS, A, B.
Normal School, Athletics and Games
A. B., Indiana Ifniyerstiy
Student, Teachers' College, Columbia
Training Teacher, Second Grade
Graduate, Keystone State Normal fPa.J
,M 4 :F n:sajrf ' wi
5 Q ' '4
rw :Ai 'L . 1'
The Home O
The Store That Does Thing
Tiuzv, Ytizzkrc Doodle. '171i1u, Comin' Ylzrzl flu' Rye.
XYi.rfls, Class of '1S.
Oh, there are pathways in the lirain,
XVords, Class of '2O.
If a lunior knew her lesson
l.N'e learned all that from Angell, XX'ould a teacher smile? T
But vvhy it's blank at spouting time
ls food for thought for an angel.
XYe see Kliss NN'ilher sitting yet
A-looking at us illy,
For aye, if we had had 'nough pep,
l'sych would not be so hilly.
XYQ studied Thorndike once in a while
Betts, Dewey, Calvin and Bagley,
Till we could fell her all she asked
Bout willing,-gladly 'nd sadly.
XK'e'll name some things that we all learned
To give you a little notion:
There's instinct. effort and impulse,
AtTection and emotion.
And added to that list there are.
To drive one to perdition,
The self, perception and desire
Sensation and Cognition.
But now our Psych's are laid away,
VVS- think of them with rev'rence,
,-Xml wonder if the Juniors e'er
Will marvel at their essence.
If a ,luuior ever studied
Could she he worth while?
Every ,lunior has her way
To while away the hours.
But what a difference it would make
If she spent hers like ours.
If the answer to a question
A ,luuior girl should know
Woul-'l the teacher e'er recover
From that awful blow?
If the -luniors could only Find
Out how the Seniors work
And how because of their great minds
They have no time to shirk.
The Senior class has lots of fun,
Yet it knows how to work
And though our joys come by the ton,
Yet you can't say we shirk.
Every lesson that's assigned,
VVe always well prepare,
And any question that we're asked
VVe have the answer there
Tune, ".-1 Capital Slziff'
VVords, Class of
A Senior Class for the Normal School
Is what we try to supply,
To uphold the dignity of the school
VVith our lwest might we will try.
VVe toil for the Fort Wayne Normal School
Each lass or as a class.
VNV: study our lessons with a will
That none can e'er surpass.
Then Senior girls, heigh-O,
A teaching we will gog
VVe'll come no more to Fort VVayne Normal
For we shall teach in the fall.
We'1l go to test our skill
And win, you bet we will:
VVe'll bring' our trophies to the Normal School
VVhere we learned the golden rule.
iCl'lH'H"HGI' 5' Marx Clothes
Wayne and Harrison Streets s
VVords, Class of '20.
Teachers, you must know
,lust what makes us act up so,
'Tis not treason. here's our reason-
Teachers, all in rain,
VYC have learned about the lurain,
Talked ahout imagination,
Things we can't explain.
There are girls who go to college,
There are girls who hunt a maxi,
There are girls who enter rnatrimony
And take life as easy as they can.
There are girls who have no lifels amlvition,
Who forever act the clinging vine,
But the -luniors ot the Fort Vllayne Normal
Are the girls who are superfme.
Seniors, don't he snohs,
Imhibe culture in great golws,
Better heed it, you will need it
VYhen you get your jobs.
Capture all new fads.
Please the Mothers and the Dads,
Supervisors make us wiser,
To your knowledge adds.
There are jobs that make you famous,
There are jobs that make you tired,
There are jobs that steal your youth and beauty,
That make you happy when you re tired.
There are jobs that pay a wondrous salary,
There are ones that come to you in dreams,
But the jobs that're coming to the Seniors
VVill make life diffrent than it seems.
Tune, "Love Nest"
VVe are Seniors, happy and gay,
Laughing, dancing, day by day.
To the Normal School we come in rain or shine
For if we don't we know we'll have to pay a fine.
Education is our aim. concentration is our name,
Senior-teaching has been done with lots of fun,
NYC are Seniors, '21,
Tillllf, Coming Ylzru flzf Rye.
VVc-rds, Class of '15
lf an axone meet a neuroue in l'syehology,
If these two things make a tho't,
ls that ought to me?
livery neurone has its axone
That is plain to see,
And what on earth's the use uf learning
XYhat we know must be?
If some instincts meet together
ln this world ot woe,
And they make man's capacity
Faith-it may he so,
But when this is put to a poor Senior
How and why they do,
'Tis hard lines-tho it seems so plain
To all who chance to know.
VX'ords. Class of 'IS.
Our kitchen is heatless,
Our dining room seatless,
Our study room restless,
But why should we care?
XYQ Seniors are tameless
The juniors are lmrainless
The whole house is aimless
XYe're up in the air.
Qur lmathroom is lightless,
Our wardrohe is sightless,
Our work it is rightless,
NVQ have not a rule.
Vile girls are mateless,
Our nights they are dateless,
Our speed it is rateless,
XYe're a Hooverized school.
Gur hooks they are readless,
Our days they are deedless,
Our teachers are needless,
Our council is headless
Our bedrooms are bedless,
The whole bunch is deadless,
VVe've plenty to do
Our stockings are darnless,
Our clocks are alarmless
Our make-up is harmless,
XN'e try to keep cool.
'Uur seats they are sitless,
Our yarn it is knitless,
VVe girls are jitless,
VVe're a Hooverized school.
CLASS of ,22
VVe're the class of '22
And to our school u'e're true.
At night when you're asleep
Vvfe're wrapped in study deep.
And this one thing we know,
VVe're smarter than we showg
But now we're going to say adieu
The Class of '.2z.
"TELL ME, LITTLE GIPSY."
Tell me, little Gipsy,
VVhat the future holds for meg
VVhen I am a teacher
How will the children be?
Tell me, will the principal
Be as nice as Flora B.?
There's a school for every teacher in the world
There must be some school lor me.
'lAIN'T NNE GOT PLN?"
lunior Class of Fort Vl'ay:1e Normal,
Ain't we got fun?
VVould be teachers here before you
Ain't we got fun?
NVe're getting wiser, and wiser each day,
Still xve conceal it, least that's what they say.
In the morning, in the evening
Ain't we got fun?
Though the Seniors are departing
Ain't we got fun?
There's one thing surer
As times get better, grades get poorer.
ln the meantime, in between times
Ain't We got fun?
. "Ol-I HY ,llNGO"
Oh, you Class of Nineteen twenty-two,
Oh, you Juniors 'wearing orange and blue,
We have come to Normal School
To learn how to use the rule
On a lot of little prankish pupils, ,
And we'll not have any scruples.
Lessons may be heard and sessions long
But we'1l never leave the dance and song.
And we'll all end up old maids, they say,
So shout, Hurrah, Hurrah, Hurroo,
Oh, you Class of Nineteen twenty-two.
"FORT WAYNE NORMAL BLUES"
We've got the blues, we've got the blues,
VVe've got the Fort Wayne Normal blues,
Education, concentration makes you hate the whole blamed nation
So long dancing, so long men,
Tell us when you're coming back again,
We've got the blues, we've got the blues,
We've got the Fort VVayne Normal blues,
Evolution, gym, and art seem to try to break my heart.
We've got the Fort Wayne Normal Blues,
CI-IELLA MARIE ALLMON
Assembly Committee, ,lunior Year
Class History Committee "Our Yesterdays
MARY ECNICE EATON
Social Committee, Senior Year
Chairman Class History Committee, "Our
Banquet Speaker, '22
HELEN DOROTHY GRIFFITH S
Social Committee, Senior Year '
Class History Committee, "Our Yesterdays" L
Normal School Quartet
HELEN RUTH HENSCHEX
Student, Indiana Cniyersity
VELMA EMILY HOLT
.Assembly Committee, Senior Year
Treasurer, Senior Year
Business Committee, "Our Yesterdays" 1
. HELEN GLADYS KARNS
Student, University of Chicago and Indiana 4
, 9 if
uf' ', 1
Ot R X LSTERDAYS
GRACE ELIZABETH LONGSXYORTH
Assembly Committee, junior Year
Student Council, Senior Year
Normal School Quartet
Literary Committee, "Our Yesterdaysl'
Class Treasurer, Junior Year
Business Manager, "Our Yesterdays"
Class President, Senior Year
MARTHA PALLINE MORE
Assembly Committee, junior Year
Social Committee, Junior Year
History Committee, "Our Yesterdays"
OLIVE M.-XRIORIE OSBORN
Taylor Liniversity, One Year
Normal School, Senior Year
Chairman Literary Committee, "Our
HELEN KATHERINE Rt-XPP
Assembly Committee, Senior Year
Captain Basketball Team, Senior Year
Editor-in-Cheif, "Our Yesterdays"
Queen, Flower Festival, 1922
FLORENCE MARGARET ROHRER
Business Committee, "Our Yesterdays"
HENRIETTA BARBAR.-X ROSS
Normal School Quartet
Class History Committee, "Our Yesterdays"
HELEN NQRTH SCUTT
Class President, Junior Year
Chairman History Committee, "Our
Banquet Speaker, '22
RABIONA 'IIQNE SMITH
Indiana Ifiiiversity, Two Years
Normal School, Senior Year
Assembly Committee, Senior Year
Business Committee, "Our Yesterdays"
RUTH IZELLAH TICKER
Student Council, -Iunior Year
Social Committee, Senior Year
Business Committee, "Our Yesterdays"
FAITH ATHALYN VVAGNER
Student Council, Senior Year
Normal School Quartet
History Committee, "Our Yesterdays"
RUTH ALICE VVHITTERN
Assembly Committee, Senior Year
Literary Committee, "Our Yesterdays"
F x. 1 -IVA A H'
' 7" 1-153
w- ' 4252-
Y- -if 31, ,ggi
38 OUR YESTERDAYS
On September S, 1920, eighteen wondering, expecting, hoping and fearing girls were
greeted from the porch of the Normal School by the Seniors and shown into their future
habitation. To make a good impression on the Juniors, the Seniors passed out long candy
sticks purchased at Redding's. The plaster, excited no doubt by the importance of the oc-
casion, decided to fall, selecting for its victim an illustrious -lunior. Bertha VVelch. VVith
these greetings, the fun began for the little -luniors, and they've had it ever since.
After a short time at Normal, the Juniors became etiicient in baking potatoes, washing
dishes in cold water and drying them on curtains, middies, or any other available article.
Perhaps this type of housekeeping did not appeal to their tastes, or perhaps there were other
reasons-but before the first week had passed the class lost two of its members. The rest
of us, however, were determined to "stick it out" even after a severe initiation by the
On a memorable Friday in October a prominent member of our class was mysteriously
absent, The reader will bear this in mind for we shall find the cause later on.
lt became a Friday afternoon custom to buy sugar with money forfeited to the "Bad
English" box, to make candy and to eat it in class. One noon when the juniors returned
to the pantry for the candy, they found the door locked. Of course, all of the Seniors were
innocent and sympathetic. Finally, after throwing chairs and various articles of furniture
at the door, the candy was rescued-and the lips of the Juniors smacked loudly in English
How proudly the Juniors look back to National Education VVeek when, in various ways,
they performed in Rurode's whidow. And after that, what? Seven little Juniors strolled
down to Madame VVing's where their future was laid bare.
The holidays came and went, and the next event of the winter was a Valentine party
given by the Seniors. Days were filled with work and play, and soon the winter term was
over. VVith the opening of the spring term came the beginning of a number of interesting
and profitable excursions taken in connection with our work in Economic Geography. Among
the places visited were the Mayflower Mills, Eckart's Packing House, the General Electric
plant, the VVayne Knitting Mills and the Bass Farm. Can we ever forget our trip to the
Bass Farm? Fourteen of us in two machines arrived there at six o'clock on a lovely Sat-
urday morning. VVe spent fully two hours, seeing and learning many new and interesting
things. How we laughed at some of the questions asked by girls who had always lived in
the city! But the day was yet young, so we "embarked" once more. We ate our big picnic
lunch at 8:30 A. M. and then drove on to Arcola. There we obtained a scenic postal card
-we sent it to Miss VVilber.
As the days became too warm for basketball practice, the time came for us to make our
strenuous preparation for the Flower Festival.
"ln the sun we got so hot,
VVe danced and danced till we almost dropt,
On the grass we often flopt,
But I'l1 tell you, we never stopt."
-M. E. E.
At last the great day arrived. Oh, the breathless moment just before the procession started
for the park! VVhen everyone's heart was pounding, Miss Lane announced in a calm tone,
"VVell, Betty, you're queen."
On the day following we attended baccalaureate services held at St. ,lohn's Reformed
church. Rev. W. C. Beckmann gave the address.
Our busy days were not yet over. On June 9, the Juniors spent a day of labor beau-
tifying the VVolf Sz Dessauer auditorium for the banquet. The Seniors, who were the
honored guests of the juniors, the Faculty, and more than a hundred of the Alumnae at-
tended the banquet. Class songs were sung by both classes during the courses. Miss VVilber
was toastmistress to whom Superintendent Vvard and Mr. Price responded. Then Charlotte
O'Connell, who was valedictorian, gave a toast on "The Old and the New." Under the
direction of Miss l'ortertield the ,luniors presented a fantasy, "The Chinese Nightingale."
The cast was:
Chang, a Laundryman and Dreamer .... ..... H elen Rapp
The God Joss ........................ .... B lartha More
The Nightingale .............................................. Velma Holt
The Princess .... ............................................. H elen Scott
The characters pantomined the poem which was chanted by Mary Eunice Eaton and to
which soft and medulated strains were played by Ruth Matthews at the piano. A beau-
tiful stage setting and lovely costumes added to the success of the affair.
Commencement exercises were held the next evening in the High School Auditorium.
Dr. Black gave the principal address, and several musical numbers were given by the Normal
School chorus under the direction of Mr. Miles.
OUR YESTERDAYS 39
The last shock to the Juniors was received at a reception at the home of a member of
their class. Mention was made of a mysterious absence. The marriage license of Bertha
Welch and Merl Cox bore the date on which the mysterious absence occurred.
On September S we were back again with a new name. We had almost an entirely new
staff of teachers with whom to get acquainted, but no juniors to initiate.
Do you remember how several faces and pairs of hands soon bore a peculiar rashy ap-
pearance caused by gathering precious weeds for our note books? And can't you still smell
the chloroform with which we put an end to many a caterpillar, cricket, butterfly and moth?
Then came the three days which the teachers spent at Indianapolis. I think everybody
spent that so-called vacation tripping over the green with a butterfly net raised high in one
hand, while passersby looked at them with an "Are you all there?" look.
Suddenly the Seniors became most industrious, reading current magazines every spare
moment, working at the library on Saturday, and continually taking notes. At last the rea-
son for all this work was discovered, when, on Assembly Day, they, with the help of Miss
Ruggles, presented a dramatization of the Washington Conference. The various girls in the
class represented the different countries and presented the arguments of the respective
countries. With such an appreciative audience as the teachers, the Seniors felt repaid for
Great preparations were made for the parade on Armistice Day, and then it rained.
The Seniors could hardly recover from their disappointment.
Now our half-day teaching began. This was a period when all work and no play made
the Seniors bright girls. The Christmas party and the holiday vacation made a gay break
in the work, but after that we started on the journey once more. According to pedometers
worn by the girls, each one walked from 2,000 to 3,000 miles, going back and forth from
Training School to Normal School and from Normal School to Training School for teach-
ing and conferences.
Do you remember the day when Monroe could not be found? Oh, the anxiety and
search, and oh, the rejoicing when the dear thing was in its place once more.
Don't say that Miss VVilber doesn't know how to use preventive discipline. She left us
to go to Chicago for a week, but she assigned us a psychology paper to be written during
her absence. Let me tell you there was not a murmur in the library all week-until Fri-
No wonder. Miss VVilber sent a telegram saying that
day, and then the spell was broken.
we might be excused to go to the Basketball Tournament.
March Io, the Senior teaching was over. With sad faces the Seniors made their way
from the Training School knowing that they could nevermore go back there to teach.
In a "short" meeting in March, the teachers elected Helen Rapp to be editor-in-chief
of the Annual. The staff consists of Marjorie Osborn, Helen Scott, Dorothy Mitchell and
Mary Eunice Eaton. Miss Rinehart is our Faculty Advisor.
Once more and for the last time, we began to practice for the Flower Festival, The
remainder of our history will remain incomplete, for these pages go to press before the term
ends. However, the Flower Festival will be the largest and most elaborate one ever given.
It will depict the four epochs in the evolution of woman from the time she was a slave to
her present standing as an educated woman. About fifty alumnae will help us present this
pageant. Because of an emergency, precedent has been broken regarding the time of choos-
ing a queen and Helen Rapp has already been chosen.
On Sunday, June 4, the Baccalaureate Service will be held at the First Baptist church.
Rev, Strachan will be the speaker. On June 9, the Alumnae banquet will be held at Wolf
8: Dessauer's. Commencement will be held in the High School Auditorium on June 10.
Dr. Courtis of Detroit will give the address, and the Seniors will again sing in chorus.
lf the life of the Normal must go out, we are going to make it go out with a Hourish.
lil-INRIETTA Ross AND MARY EUNICE EATON.
CAN YOU IMA GINE1
Helen Scott making a B.?
Miss Andrews acting dignified?
Keeping a secret from Dorothy Mitchell?
The Normal running without Helen
Grace Longsworth playing basketball?
Henrietta Ross missing a good joke?
Miss Holland without a project?
Martha More attentive in class?
Mary Eunice Eaton not posing?
Ramona Smith with light curly hair?
Ruth Whittern with a wisdom tooth?
Dorothy Griffith with the blues?
Miss Snively in an evening gown?
Miss Fiedler teaching kindergarten?
Faith VVagner leaving her fortune to
Miss Williams out of sorts?
Velma Holt without a date?
Miss Zent without ear puffs?
Miss VVilber in French heels?
Miss Ruggles without notes?
Miss Teerink taking advice?
Miss Rinehart being cross?
Chella Allmon talking fast?
Ruth Tucker with a man?
Miss Erickson intruding?
Miss Parry in a middy?
Miss Muller not talking?
Miss Hale without style?
Miss Cooley in knickers?
Miss Long with a man?
.to Out vYliSTIZ.RDAYS
,lust one short month after the opening of school, the Seniors invited us to a hard-
times party. Invitations read, "Dress accordingly." VVe did-and imagine our surprise and
embarrassment when we were obliged to meet the Faculty and the Seniors-dressed as if
for a ball! Oh fatal day-we were initiated into the Normal School in a most horrible
fashion. lNe survived the eating of hamburger and onion sandwiches, and after games,
and dancing and the enjoyment of dainty refreshments, we decided to give the Seniors
On February IS the Seniors again invited us to a party. VVill the Seniors ever forget
how well we were represented there that night? As most of us had previous engagements,
we just got to hear that the alumnae were the honor guests and that the hostesses served
French pastry. NN'e were sorry, the Seniors forgiving, and our friendship remained un-
By April we had gained enough of class strength and material possessions to under-
take the entertainment of the Seniors and Faculty. The fun started with the very first
game-no before that, for didn't we have to visit the park in search of decorative equip-
ment? But to come back to the hrst game-we divided ourselves into two equal groups,
and with the help of the alphabet printed on cards, we managed to spell a number of words
as difficult as "term," "party," and "month," The losers in this unique spelling match enter-
tained the winners with a very suggestive stunt. A lace curtain from the library and a
basket of Howers from the piano were thrust upon Bertha May and to the melody of
"Here Comes the Bride" she was forced to lead a procession around and around the room.
Vile thought the joke was on Berthy. How did we know she had been married since
Autumn brought cool evenings when marshmallow and wiener bakes are popular.
Lakeside Park was the scene of one after-school party, which we gave for the Faculty.
Don't you remember how we played "Streets and Alleys," and "Dodge Ball"? And didn't
the crowd of thirty-one make short work of the food? A bake just for the Seniors was
given at Henrietta Ross' home. Oh but it was cold that night! K
Then the time came for us to give our party for the alumnae. VVe are agreed that the
outstanding feature of the evening's entertainment was an impromptu rehearsal. After a
number of innocent teachers and alumnae were given their places on the stage, the name of
the play was announced-"The Gathering of the Nuts." Perhaps you wouldn't have
laughed at the expression on their faces!
Our Christmas party for the Faculty was most enjoyable. Best of all we liked the
"gift exchange." How we laughed when Rappy received from Miss VVilber everything she
asked for-"a silk kimono, a diamond ring. a traveler's bag. a set of books and a cedar
Two Friday evenings in February stand out in our history. The first was the Kid
Party at Faith VVagner's home. Of course, it was hard to tell who looked the cutest, and
who performed best in our vaudeville program. Then there was the dinner party given
us by the Faculty. VVe'll have to aclmit it was the best ever. VVe wonder if Miss Hale still
"crows," if Miss Yost and Miss Ruggles still "caw" and if Miss Brenn still "hee-haws."
Late in the spring we had a lovely party at the home of Dorothy Mitchell. And the
very next week we were summoned to the home of Helen Rapp. The sudden arrival of
our old friend Ruth Matthews, just for the night, gave us an opportunity to see her once
more, or at least to hear her, for those of us who could not come talked with her on the
p VVe thought this might be the last of our parties, but the other day we heard the rumor
that the Faculty was planning something. Perhaps it's for us, and then we'll have to tell it
to you another time. -HELEN RAPP.
XVHY TEACHERS HAVE NERVOUS BREAKDOVVNS
"My inkwell's dry." "Shall we put on our gyms?"
Umlay I leave the room?" "My shoe str1ng's in a knot."
"My pencil is broken." "ls this all .right?,' Y
H1 hm-enk any paper," "Are we going outdoors today?
"John is pulling my hair." UMHY I get 3 flflnkfn
Misr Bren-rz Cbefore a music lessonj-"Sam, will you bring me my pitch-fork?"
N. B.-Miss Brenn hails from a North Dakota ranch.
AT THF FEEBfi?3i1NDED HOME I A ,
Ill. E. Ealon-"I should like to know the qualifications for admittance to your insti-
OUR Yissrizanays 4 1
In these years siuce 1930 what wonders have not been wrought in the field of science.
It is one of these wonders of science that I am indebted for a great deal of pleasure. A
friend of mine, Chella Allmon, had been working for years in her psycho-analytical labo-
ratory trying to accomplish something, I knew not what. She came to me one day and told
me that she was now able by tests which she had standardized after years of research to
determine the relative force of thoughts passing through the human brain. Moreover she
was sometimes able to project the dominant mental action through time and space into some
supreme form of realization. I-Iomesickness occasioned by long years of absence from
Fort VYayne and the sudden appearance of my friend, made me rash. I asked her to prove
her power by demonstrating on me. VX'ithout consciously removing myself from the room,
I began recognizing places which I knew as a girl.
There was the church on VVashington street. A woman was at the door shaking hands
with the members of the congregation as they came out of the door. Her face looked
strangely familiar. I asked Chella if she knew who she was. She replied, "Yes, her name
used to be Dorothy Mitchell." Then I heard the woman ask someone a question, and I
knew immediately that it was Dorothy. So -lerome was a minister!
For a moment there was a blur before my eyes. As it cleared I saw a large new build-
ing in a poor section of the city. "And what is this?" I asked. "Fort VVayne's new set-
tlement house," replied Chella. :'One minute and you will be inside. VVatch carefully, you
may see someone whom you know," Inside I noticed a door standing open on which were
the words "Superintendent's Office." VVhom do you suppose I saw seated at the desk?
Martha More! She had time for only a word of greeting, but a glance about the place told
me how bravely she was working to right the wrongs of society.
The vision faded and I found myself in the hall of the new North Side High School.
Coming toward me was a woman who stepped along with poise and dignity. "This is the
principal," murmured Chella. "Look carefully, do you know her?" She swung past me,
then turned around, and called my name. VVhen she smiled, I knew her. "VVell, Florence
Rohrer, do show me around your school." She explained to me that the school included all
the grades from the primary through High School. She opened the door of a room and
motioned to me to go in. The room was filled with visitors observing a demonstration
lesson. Afterward a supervisor talked to the visitors about the fme way in which the les-
son had been presented. However, I did not hear what she said, for I was wondering why
Florence had slipped me into this particular room without making any comment. My ques-
tion was answered the next minute when I was aroused from my reverie at hearing the
supervisor say, "I hope you will come to observe Miss Tucker whenever you have a chance,
for she is doing some very fine work." So she wasn't an understudy to Miss Holland for
I found myself in a richly furnished drawing room. I could scarcely move my lips,
but I managed to wlnsper, "VVhere am I?" A woman pushed aside the portieres and came
toward me. At the same time I heard Chella's voice saying faintly, "Think and you will
remember her." Slowly the features and movements seemed to become familiar. Then at
the sound of her voice, I knew her. "Ramona Smith," I gasped, "To think I- should see you
since you are a famous authoress." After modestly changing the subject, she invited me to
have tea with her. On the table I noticed some of her books which you may have read:
"My Four Years in School Teaching" and "From the Basement to the Drawing Room or
the Poisoned Potato."
Again the scene was changed. I was in the midst of a public meeting. A woman was
speaking on "How We Should Raise Our Children." I said, "I do not know who this is."
"Listen to her carefully," I could hear Chella saying, "If you do not know her when she has
finished speaking, I will tell you." VVho could she be? She had finished talking. My mind
was still a blank concerning her identity. I heard Chella's voice, "It is Faith VVagner."
Immediately I went to speak to her. I said, "I suppose you got your ideas on children from
your teaching." She replied, "Yes, and too, I got some ideas on the subject from my own
six." VVould you have believed it?
The next thing that Hashed before my eyes was a Calhoun street window on which was
printed the words: "M, Osborn-Matrimonial Agency." In one minute I found myself in-
side the building in Marjorie's private office. I expressed my surprise at finding her in this
business and asked her how she happened to do such a thing. She said she got the idea
while in Normal. She wished she might do something for her class mates and had tried
in this way to accomplish her wish. She was certainly carrying on a prosperous business.
I wondered how many of the girls had patronized her, but I could not ask her to betray her
Again the scenes shifted. I was in front of a farmhouse. In every direction I could
see chickens, white chickens. A woman came out of the house. As we talked she seemed
more and more familiar to me. VVhen she laughed, I knew her. It was little Ruth NVhit-
tern, really and truly grown up. "But what of the teaching profession?" I asked her. She
had deserted it, she told me, for a man, a mere man, and a flock of chickens.
42 OUR YESTERDAYS
VVhom should I see next? Although the process was wearing, I could scarcely wait to
see the other girls. VX'hat would they be doing?
Suddenly everything was black before my eyesg there was a terrific roaring in my
ears, my head was swimming. I screamed in terror. "Everything will be all right in a
minute," said Chella. "You are making a change. The next people you see will be in
My vision was clear again, the roaring had ceased. Before my eyes Hashed the name
Yelma Holt on a large 'Broadway sign. The next moment I found myself inside the theatre.
On the stage was Velma swaying gracefully to and fro in a beautiful dance. This was her
twenty-fifth night and the audience was mad over her,
I found myself in Greenwich Village. In a studio I saw Helen Scott working at a
canvass on which the outline was peculiar. tModern art, I supposedj. Her hair was
hobbed and had mysteriously turned to a reddish shade that was most becoming. Who
would have thought that Helen would have ended here?
VVith haste that made me feverish I passed from scene to scene. I was in a fine play
house. For years I had not heard any music so beautiful. Although pipe organ music is
much different from piano music, there seemed something so familiar about the touch of the
keys. And no wonder, for as I glanced at my program I read, "Miss Henrietta Ross at the
Organ." Then I recalled the old- Normal days when she used to play all the music popular
and classical that she knew as we danced and sang or listened. The dream of her life had
come true for she was a renowned musician.
As the scene changed again I found myself in the opera. I sat enraptured with the
prima donna's singing. At the end of the first song, I realized that she was none 'other than
Dorothy Griffith. I sent my card back and was told that I might see her. VVhen the maid
opened the door of the dressing room, the girl who greeted me was the same old Dorothy.
We did not have long to talk. However she told 1ne that she was going to give this all up
in a few weeks for the "Doctor" had waited much longer now that he wanted to.
Now my vision rested for a moment in a beautiful home. In a living room I saw a
woman reading to four children, I could hear Chella's voice saying, "It is Grace Longs-
worth." "But the children?" I asked. "They are orphans," said Chella. Oh, the sociology
lectures were not wasted.
I heard a buzzing sound which gave me a peculiar thrill. Chella, seeming to know my
feelings, said, "This comes before you see one who is famous." In a vast assemblage of
people a man was introducing a well-known woman, the International Secretary of Educa-
tion. The audience was silent as the woman rose to speak. Last but not least I had seen
The lines of the play which I was learning demanded attention. The force of my
mental yearning had spent itself. Chella laughingly announced that my mental project
-MARY EUNICE EATON.
The reader who has thus far perused our little volume, may wonder if we have in two
long years entirely neglected to re-create our bodies as well as our minds. May we answer
with an emphatic, "Nay." We leave behind us no such reputation as did the class team of
'15, but we carry with us memories of many a happy afternoon when we played for all there
was in it, and then trudged wearily home to an evening of study. During our Junior year
there were several match games, the Alumnae and the Lincoln Life being among our oppo-
nents. As Seniors we were not so forunate. Our small enrollment as a first hindrance and
disability of several girls as a second, left us a very limited number from which to "work
up" a team. Therefore we contented ourselves with practice games. But help came from
an unexpected source. VVhat was our surprise when after a spirited Captain Ball game in
which we were the victors, the Faculty made known their intentions of organizing a basket
ball team, And thus it came about that every Wednesday, and frequently on Friday, the
gymnasium was the scene of a heated contest in which "hand and brain went ever paired."
How we did enjoy those games! Those wl'To were not among the players were often among
the rooters, and we are sure that several times Mr. Mason and Mr. Clear peeped in "just
to see how the game was going." Rapp and Andrews made the scrappiest little centers
that ever donned the middy and bloomers. Little Ruthie Whittern managed to put the ball
in no matter which of the dear teachers guarded her, though she said more than once that
Miss Cooley "stuck like glue." Would space permit, we could go on indefinitely telling
what we owe to this one and that one for her part in the game-but we'll say just this,
"It all goes back to the patient effort and never-ending enthusiasm of our coach, Miss
Miss Ruggles--"I never attended a picture show until I was 25 years old."
Ramona-"There probably were none before that."
OUR YESTERDAYS 43
THE CLASS-ROOM CLOCK
VVhat sorrow this Normal School clock has caused! The hands creep, the pendulum
crawls, and one can count to ten between the ticks. In the embarrassing pause which fol-
lows a call for a volunteer to answer some question these same ticks sound like the beats of
a drum. They are so insistent that they even become entangled with one's thoughts and
the worn and wearied student who is living for the end of the period must think to the
rhythm of the beats.
The placement of the clock only adds to this misery, for about one-half of the class
must turn and twist to gain even the approximate time. First one girl and then another
slips her desk forward, slides to the edge of the seat, hrmly grasps two corners of the desk
in order that she may not fall, twists her neck, and casts her eyes heavenward until she can
see the time. How often the hands appear to be five minutes ahead. Then the girls are
scolded because they fuss and fret the last ive minutes of the period. One day to avoid
this bad last five minutes, the clock was set ahead. The teacher came in, looked at the
clock, looked at her watch, scowled, and said, "This clock does not agree either with my
watch or the other clocks. This class will be timed by my watch." Even doctoring would
not make our ancient time piece more hearahle.
VVhat a shock it would be to discover just once that the time by this clock coincided with
that of the other clocks. How often the little story, "But by the clock downstairs it is not
yet time for class," is given. Only too often it is not accepted and the girls mark them-
selves tardy on the chart.
But after all this clock has also marked the minutes of the parties, vacant hours,
and the intervals between classes, and at these times we were only too glad to have it stretch
the time. And what teacher could have been more patient, more systematic, more persistent
in discipline than the one who teaches us that time passes. Even though our poor clock has
had no rest for many years it has always managed to keep its ticking loud and cheerful.
Since it has given us pleasure and discipline as well as sorrow, let us not leave the school
without an expression of the gratitude which is due.
-XIARTHA STORE, Class of 122.
AS OTHERS SEE US
NAME. FAVORITE SAYING. CHIEF OCCUPATION. AMBITIQN.
Miss Andrews ....... Coming, Helen? ..... Selecting her diet .... To make a basket.
Miss Brenn... Suppose- . .......... Holding conferences..To grow shorter.
Miss Cooley.. I couldn't be sure
about that- . ...... Collecting data. ...... To keep healthy.
Miss Erickson ....... Now let me tell you,
girls- ............ Having operations....To own a Checker-Cab.
Miss Hall .... . Now, young ladies-.
Miss Hale .... Stop that!!! ......... Censoring pictures. ..To stay young.
Miss Holland. Really, you don't -
- mean it- ......... Dodge-ing .......... To demonstrate.
Miss Fiedler.. No, indeed!!! ....... Correcting tablets .... To speak French fluently.
Miss Long.... All right! .... ........ - Making flash sen-
tences . ............ To increase eyespan.
Miss Muller.. Now, isn't that fine?.Fishing for compli-
ments . ............ To find her "good workers."
Mr. Miles .... Jazz! Bah!
Miss Parry... Is that so?. .......... Missing street cars...To train students to co-
Miss Rinehart. ....... The fact of the mat-
ter is- ........... Supporting the staff. .To make genius burn
Miss Ruggles. Oh, what word do I
want? . ............ Making diagrams .... To lose her Puritan con-
Mr, Rogers... I, 2, Swing Swing!
Miss Sauer... Say, you don't sup-
pose- ............ Beating time ......... To abolish Jazz.
Miss Teerink. Now, then- ........ Being natural ....... To get thin.
Miss Snively.. Don't you know-.. . .Making footprints. ..To find a shoe with a flex-
Miss Wilber.. I've an announcement
to make- ......... Hunting books. ...... To reduce everything to
Miss VVilliams Off your feet! ....... Enjoying life ........ To make each festival the
Miss Yost .... I think so too ........ Having dates ........ To reduce.
44 OUR Yus'1'i:RD.xYs
REMINISCENCES OF THE NORMAL SCHOOL
Letls slip back to school this afternoon and take one more look around the building.
NN'e can get back in time to get ready for the Commencement Exercises. Do you remem-
ber how disappointed some of us were when we saw this dingy old building for the first
time? But now, how we hate to leave itgthis place where we have been happy and sadg
where we have laughed and wept: where we have been praised and rebuked, disappointed
and overjoyed, where our teachers have seemed like alternating dragons and angels, and
our tasks hard and boresoine.
The lawn on the nest side recalls unending practice for the Flower Festival on our
junior year. lt was very hard to make those dances correct. Near that tree is the place
where we sat in the grape pop, that the Seniors poured on the grass. On the other side of
the walk, we often had Composition Class, when it was too hot indoors. Oh, those mis-
erable attempts at composition! Do you remember our amusement when one read: "The
men emptied their contents into large barrels"?
Here on the front porch we always stationed a look-out for teachers when some un-
approved act was being committed inside. To the oliice on the left, unwashed dishes and
pans often mysteriously found their way. A note usually appeared just as mysteriously on
the board, as follows: "Call 'for dishes and pans in the otiicef' F. W. Then the poor
student, to whom the offending utensils belonged, was compelledto put on a bold face, ap-
proach Miss VVilber penitently, say: "Those are my dishes," and wait for the inevitable
Hush! we are approaching the library where silence forever reigns, but where Miss
Willver must keep watchful vigil to make it so reign. Here most of the assemblies have
been held. Here the "jazz Baby" was performed in our second Junior Assembly. Oh, the
blissful ignorance of juniors! Here also did we wring our hands in despair and agony
when the speaker for our third Assembly did not arrive and we could have no program.
Now we come to the kitchen. The first sight of the place suggests the K. P. duty we
performed so faithfully each day. l can still hear someone shouting, "lt's your day to clean
the kitchen." How quickly we learned to arrange the cupboard so that the left-over food
and dirty dishes would not show. There in the pantry are the "jiggly" little folding tables
which aided so much in spilling cocoa and soup over their mistresses and neighboring
We shall go up the back stairs, for they are used most frequently. Little balls of fuzz
and dirt play hide-and-seek in the corners of the steps. At our left, we find the rest-
room-a tiny place strewn with soiled mirldies and orphan gym shoes. In the corner we
see the little brown cot, which has so amiably served students who preferred headaches to
attending class. This is the room in which we hid one day when Miss Snively was more
than ten minutes late for class. Do you remember the consequences? That horrid test!
Our class-room could probably tell more stories about us than any other room. Here
we have undergone recitations, examinations, and lectures. Here we have transacted our
business, told jokes, and made vain attempts to study, when certain members refused to
work "for the good of the group." There on the teacher's desk by the window, Miss
Wilber explained the mysteries and wonders of the brains of students who are fortunate
enough to have those unusable articles. .
The science room just across the hall, has been inhabited at various times by ants, hsh,
snails, frogs, toads, caterpillars, moths, butterflies, and their kindred. Wasn't it fun to stick
pins through the beautiful moths and butterfiies, and mount them, but horrors, the cater-
pillars and cabbage-worms! ln this same science-room we locked the contrary culprits who
refused to join the "I don't knows," and recited in Miss Ruggles' special History class.
Here we are at the front stairs. On these steps we used to sit when it was too noisy to
study elsewhere. But, be still! VVe are coming near the office. Tread softly, and close the
door with care.
, -RUTH A. WHITTERN.
Miss Rugglvs-"Miss Eaton, who was the Queen of France?"
Mary Emzice-"I suppose she was the king's wife."
FIu1'eizre---"Hazel lives at the Nine Mile stop on the Bluffton road."
Ruth lI'.-"How far is that?"
c'1lL'ffl1--uClJ1'lQ1'3.lS, Rapp, your test went off' like clock-work,"
Helen R.-"VVell, it was a time-test.'l
Pupil-"Teacher, can anyone be punished for something he didii't do?"
Miss Ifiedler-"Why, no, of course not."
l'ztpiI-"VVell, l haven't done my arithmetic."
OUR YESTI-:RDAYs 45
VVe, the Seniors of twenty-two, being about to leave this sphere in full possession of
unsound mind, good forgettery, and misunderstanding, do make and publish this, our last
will and testament, hereby revoking and declaring void all former wills by us at any time
First, we do direct that our funeral services shall be conducted in the rest-room by our
friends and well wishers, the Faculty, only enjoining that the funeral be carried on with
all the dignity and pomp our situation in Normal School has merited.
As to such estate as it has pleased the fates to give us, we do disposed of the same
Item I. To Mr. Mason we do bequeath our abundant supply of immaculate dish towels
as well as our extensive culinary outfit.
Item 2. To Mr. Clear, the broom, the kitchen tables, the oilcloth on the pantry shelves,
the Haviland and the silver, providing lfr. Clear takes unto himself a wife educated in the
art of caring for such costly mealtime service.
Item 3. To Miss Cynthia Ruggles we do bequeath our house and lot on Rivermet
Avenue to be used as a Methodist Orphan Asylum. The following provision is herein made
for the administration and transfer of the institution:
I. Henrietta Ross shall be duly installed as laundress and general supervisor.
2. Martha More shall be engaged as chi-31' cook, jagiitress and trustee of the asylum.
3. Should Matron Ruggles enter into any state other than that of single blessedness,
the estate will devolve upon the one next in line, namely, Elzie Redding. His share
shall be further increased by reinstating him as owner of the milk bottles which
have accumulated in the past two years.
Item 4. Our over emphasized Senior dignity shall be equally divided between Miss
Adelaide Fiedler and Miss Mary Katherine Muller. Miss Fiedler shall further be given the
entire crop of strawberries and onion tops which the garden shall yield in the next two
Item 5. Velma Holt bequeaths the exclusive use of the Normal School telephone be-
tween 12:oo M. and I :oo P. M. to Desdemona Phoebe Hale, providing she uses said tele-
phone only in transaction of very important matters of heart as has been the habit of the
donor. Due caution must here be given, namely, that the mechanism of the telephone at
this hour can withstand only the nieekest tone of voice. VVe do appoint Lulu Deal to be
on constant guard to see that this above warning be duly heeded.
Item 6. Ruth Whitterxi wills her tall and imposing stature to Miss Laura Brenn. This
stature is to be used instead of the one she already possesses.
Item 7. Helen Rapp wills her position as authority on Sociology to Edward Carey
Hayes, author of "Introduction to the Study of Sociology," this authority to be the sole
basis for a new and up-to-dated textbook published for the exclusive use of Miss Ruggles,
Item S. Ruth Tucker and Dorothy Mitchell do unite in bequeathing to Miss Beulah
Rinehart the fathomless fountain of wisdom which has been the pride of the former, and
the tongue of perpetual motion which has ever been the salvation of the latter, to be com-
bined in an attempt to win for said Miss Rinehart a name in the world of oratory.
Item 9. Helen Scott wills her marcel iron to Miss Martha Cooley, providing the reci-
pient refrain from using said iron to extract molars no matter what her train of thought
Item IO. To Miss Marjorie Porterheld, Mary Eunice Eaton wills her interest in the
Redding Grocery providing that interest be not carried to the extreme.
Item II. Grace Longsworth wills her knowing grin and her talkativeness to Miss Esther
Item I2. I'nto Miss Adele Sauer shall be given Dorothy GriHith's musical ability, and
as a special act of kindness, Miss Doris Andrews shall be given the capacity for worrying
which the donor so carefully nurtured in the course of her career.
Item 13. Florence Rohrer wills her sense of humor in Sociology class to Miss Ruggles,
providing said Miss Ruggles respond to the same stimuli which the deceased found.
Item I4. To all candy lovers, Ramona Smith wills her admiration for Wayne's "aris-
ing to the occasion."
Item 15. Faith VVagner bequeaths the sanitary cot to Miss Andrews to be placed in her
new home, and to be used in recuperating after her strenuous basketball season.
Item 16. Marjorie Osborn's bold and forward manner shall be given to Miss Jessie
Parry, and her accumulation of flash sentences, together with those donated by other stu-
dents shall be given to Miss Ida Long for future use.
Item I7. Chella Allmon wills her many excellent ideas and opinions to Miss Mabel
Holland, to be used in the further training of the consciences of young Americans.
Item IS. To Mr. Fortmeyer shall be given the May-pole and all other festival equip-
ment, providing he erect said May-pole in his yard at least once each year and invite the
Seniors of '22 to dance for his entertainment at these occasions.
46 OUR XYESTERDAYS
Item 19. To Superintendent NN'ard and the members of the School Board we do be-
queath our life-long services.
Item 20. To Miss Teerink, we the Seniors, will the legal diction of this document to
be used in making the school laws of Iowa conform to the superior laws of Indiana.
Besides these enforced gifts we leave our blessing and pledge of friendship henceforth
Tu Miss NX'ilber we will all our original and revolutionary methods of teaching and
our knowledge of Psychology, to be used as subject matter for a series of illustrated lec-
tures providing, that the proceeds from the overdow meetings be used to defray the ex-
pense of erecting a monument on the Cannibal Islands to the illustrious Class of 1922. VVe
ask also that the following epitaph be placed thereon:
"This be the verse that you 'grave for usp
Here they lie 'neath the eac-tus.
Home are the swimmers, home from the pool
And the school-marms home from the school."
And we do hereby constitute and appoint said Miss VVilber sole executor of this, our
last will and testament. In witness whereof we set our hand and seal this first day of
June, Anno Domini, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two.
' THE Simons, '22,
lVfliffL'l1 by CHELLA ALLMON.
Ruth IV.-"Are you frying pork?" i i V
Dorothy M.-"No, ham."
Miss Rzzgglcr Cseeking the right wordiagain-"Oh, what do you call those holes in a
Miss Rzzgglcr-"I couldn't think of anything but 'dovetail'."
Small child, eyeing Miss VVilber-"Lady, why do you wear man's shoes?"
429 E. Kirkwood,
February 12, 1922.
Dear Alma Maier:
That means Peg'n Mary Eunice, 'n Helen Scott, 'n Dorothy G. 'n Ruthie NVhittern, 'n
Ruth Tucker, 'n D, Mitchell, 'n Flossie R, 'n Martha More, 'n Helen Rapp, 'n Faith, Hope
and Charity, 'n Grace, ,Il Henry 'n Bertha May, 'n me. I had to think up how we sat before
I could remember everybody. Don't you thinks its kind of bad that a whole Normal School
could let anybody as nice as I am go clear away without writing her a letter and expressing
its regrets? It's just the talk of the whole school down here!
I hardly know what to say myself-I. I saw Ed Thomas at a dance last night and ex-
changed greetings. 2. Purdue-ewaccidentally won the basketball game yesterday. 3. One
of my numerous roommates C45 is drawing microbes and is quite evidently blasphuming
under her breath. 4. I had a very embarrassing date last night-a Theti Chi pledge who is
undergoing rough initiation and is forced to carry a rornrob at all times, even while dancing.
5. I've got a new "Spring Sui!" Cquotation marks and capitalization absolutely necessaryj.
6. I have an adorable room and want every blessed one of you to come and see it Cand
meh, Ialso want either Martha or Helen to draw tne a woman to put on the wall.
Please-e-e-e-e. 7. I heard a good joke last week. Prof.'s Wife-"John, you have your
shoes on the wrong feet." Prof. Cabsentlyj--"But my dear, they're the only feet I have."
S. Henrietta, there was a girl visiting here this week-end who carried a bottle of Lorigon
perfume. Can you feature how nice I was to her?
When you answer this CO, yes, of course you're going to answer itl I Want to know
who's teaching where: how Miss Wilber is, are you going to have a May Festival, does
Ruth T. still carry off A's by the car load: Cand Dorothy Griffith too?3g and by the way,
is she still as frivolous as she used to be and does she walk with her hand extended lightly
as she used tog does Frank still park just around the corner by the groceryg is Mr. Redding
a millionaire yet or does he have as heavy a trade as hedid last winterg does Ruthie Whit-
tern wear hair ribbons and does Peggy still shimmy even if it is out of date????? I'm al-
most consumed with curiosity-I never was bothered with that before much-and I want to
know everything, even if it takes 6c to send it and a business envelope. I have a chance to
mail this so will draw to a close. Take some pictures and send me-do-do--do. And
make me a woman and send it to me-you don't know what I'll do for you some day.
Loads of love and everything else to everybody.
OUR IYESTERDAYS 47
THE NORMAL SCHOOL TELEPHONE
You have heard of the wonders of the telephone, the radio telegraph, and the wireless
telephone. You know what messages of joy and sorrow they may bring, but did you ever
hear of the horror of the inter-connecting Normal School telephone? You may be placidly
sitting i1I class, dreaming of what you did last night and catching phrases of the lesson when
the telephone rings. Then the buzzer rings. It is the Normal School telephone. There is
a pause. Steps are heard on the stair. You frantically look in your book, appearing very
much occupied, but thinking to yourself, "It surely can't be for me, I told him to call at
12:30 if it was absolutely necessary." You remember impressing upon him that telephone
calls of such a nature were forbidden, and that such an act was a terrible disgrace. The
door opens-"VVho said my name?" Oh, it was only the teacher calling on you to recite.
At 12:30 you listen with bated breath. At last-the buzz! Three girls automatically
station themselves at appointed doors and windows. You rush to the telephone and say,
"Hello," in a voice which sounds like a whistle on a rainy day. The voice answers confi
dently, "Hello, Peg." Another "Hello" is heard. It is in the other building. He keeps on
talking as if nothing were wrong while you remain silent and frozen. A click is heard!
The teacher rings off, for she was a student at Normal one time herself and she knows
that those things just will happen.
Miss Teerink comes from Iowa,
Miss Ruggles from New York,
Miss Andrews comes from Illinois,
And they can make us work!
Miss Cooley's from the Buckeye State,
Miss Long calls Kansas "home,"
VVhile South Dakota sent Miss Hrenn
In our good state to roam.
From the hills of Pennsylvania
We have our dear Miss Yost,
VVhile of her home in Michigan
Miss Fiedler oft doth boast.
From near and far these teachers come
To teach us what they know:
And to each one we say in truth,
"VVe'll miss you when you go."
The rest are loyal Hoosiers-
For them no parting tear,
Instead, for them this cheerful thought,
"We'll see you all next year."
AS OTHERS SEE LYS
NAME. FAVORITE SAYING. CHIEF OCCUPATION.
Chella Allmon ....... I don't know, but I
think- ........... Giving opinions. ..... To
Mary Eunice Eaton. .Good heavens !. ...... Dancing ............ To
Dorothy Griffith. ..... Oh, helpl. ........... Singing . ........... .To
Velma Holt. ......... Oh, there he is again.Flirting ............. To
Grace I.ongsworth...No, sir! ............. Playing with her
pencil . .... . ....... To
Dorothy Mitchell .... Why? What for?....Asking questions.....To
Martha More ........ Ye gods! ............ Drawing pictures. .... To
Marjorie Osborn .... .Oh, my goodnessl. . .Writing lesson plans.To
Helen Rapp ......... Well, I don't see. .... Arguing . ........... .To
Florence Rohrer ..... Sure enough! ...... ..Making dates ........ To
Helen Scott ........ . .
Ruth Tucker. ....... .
Faith Wagner. ..... .
Ruth Whittern. .... .
.My word ! ....
VVell, I don't care .... Teasing . ...... .... T o
For the love of beer! Eating . ...... .... T o
That is- ........... Bluffing ...... .... T o
Oh, thunder! ........ Giggling ..,,........ To
.Well- .....,. .... T aking notes. ....,... To
. . . .Distributing poetry.. .To
NELMA Hom, '22,
-CLASS or '22,
display her diamond
be an actress.
be a doctor's wife.
find time to study.
cultivate her voice.
be a m1nister's wife
go back South.
get her ring back.
find a cave man.
get to class on time
be an opera singer.
use big words.
ON PRESENTATION OF iff BOX OF CANDY
Class of 1907
Oh! dear Miss VVillwer, you'vc had much trouble
To make us see one thing as double,
To make us see two things as one
And how many lines to an apex come.
To show us that it was quite right
That we should have a mental sight,
A mental ear, a mental touch,
And, oh, there was so very much
Of which you spake and wrote and taught
Before we ever grasped the thought.
Now, believe it, we are sorry
That we have caused you so much worry,
But we are very grateful, too,
For everything that you did do.
This was, a lengthy preparation
Next follows our presentation '
Of the thought which we have now conceived
CThat your mind might be somewhat relievedj
To give you a book for the holiday
To occupy you in a different way
From that which you must be all through the year
NVhen so much of school affairs you hear.
But such a book was hard to find,
It is of a very peculiar kind.
It's not on the brain, nor the eye, nor the ear,
Nor on what we touch, or smell, or hear.
It's not on the spiritual or social "me,'l
Nor will it enable you ever to see
Why the philosopher Descartes thought
That "I am I" and you are nought.
It's not on the history of wonderful Ed.,
Nor the method by which a good lesson is said.
It's not on the cray-fish, amoeba, or bug
Nor the butterflies hiding in chrysalese snug.
You must conclude, 'tis something strancre
This wondrous book doth hold.
But really, 'tis a common thing -
In many places sold.
,Tis something that you can digest
VVith perfect lack of thought,
You need no skill in learning,
You need not to be taught.
So open up the book at once,
See the edition's name
From that you'll find out quick enough
VVhat the great book doth contain.
. IN MEMORIAM
The Senior girls had brains a plenty
Till one sad day in nineteen-twenty
VVQ saw their door in sorrow dressed
And read, 'tOur Iwrainskthey are at rest."
VVC moved about with solemn tread
VVhen we learned their brains were dead.
VVe'll miss those brains of theSenior lasses
More and more as the winter passesg
VVe're sorry that they've gone to rest
VVe hope they live among the blest.
And in some future reincarnation
They ring rousing cheers from all the nation
For the Fort VVayne Normal School.
THE FORT XVAYNE TRAINING SCHOOL
ABEL, .IENNIE M. ....
ABI-IL, AIARY A. ...... ..
ADAMs, IDA E. ........... ..
ARMsRTONG, EMMA L... . . .
ARMsTRONG, HRNRRIET Cdl.
BAIICOCK, ELLEN M.. . . . . . . . . . .
BEARER, LILLIE B.. . ..
BEALs, IDA D. ...... .
BENNETT, ROSA Cdj.
BoLEs, LUELLA C. Cdj .... . ..
BOWEN, CLARA A. Cdl.
BOWEN, LILLIE ............ .. . .
BONVMAN, PRUDENCE L... . . .. ..
BOWMAN, JANE E.. . . . . . ..
BOYD, GEORGIANNA .....
BRENTON, MARIAN H. .... ...
BREXYSTER, EDITH M.. . . . . . . . . .
BROXVN, JANE E. Cdl.
I 867- I S86
Mrs. D. I-I. Caldwell..
Mrs. Lapp ...........
Principal Girls' Presbyterian
School . ......... .
Mrs. Bush ............
Mrs. Charles Tauier.
Mrs. -I. B. VVagner ....
Mrs. H. VV. Clark... ..
Teacher . ............ .
Mrs. VV. E. Lipsett...
Mrs. John McKean. ..
BIIRKHOLDER, ZILLA M. Cdl ....
BUTLER. LoL'IsE I. Cdl.
CANNAN, AGNES Cclj.
CARLL, SARAH Cdl.
CH.-XPIN, ELIZARETH E. ....... .
CHAPLIN, ALICE B ............ .
CLARK, FRANCES S. Cdj .......
CLAY, VIRGINIA A. ........... .
COCHRANE, AGNES I.. ........ .
COCHRANE, AIARGARET S.. . ..
Teacher . ............ .
Mrs. R. A. Curtis .....
Mrs, James Humphrey.
Mrs. H. VVolt ........
Los Angeles, Cal.
.VVashington, D. C.
City. I . -
,Fountain City, Indiana.
St, Ilaul, Minnesota.
COLERICIQ, AIARGARET M. ...... .,Librarian ..... .... .
COLLINS, ELIZABETH ........... - Teacher . ....... .... ,
CONKLIN, CAROLINE E. ........ Mrs. I. Marsh ........ .... .
CONKLIN, FRANCES L. Cdl.
COTHRELL. EDITH M. .......... Mrs. C. DI. Lose .............. .
CRUMLEY, AMANDA S. Cdl .... Mrs. Charles Blaisdell.
DAvIs, ANNIE M. ........... .-
DENNISON, GEORGIA L. ....... .
DICK, ANNIE B. .........
DICIQ, AIARY EMMA Cdl.
DIGGINs. CORA A. ........... ..
DRAKE, LEONOORA I. Cdjj .....
DYKEs, AGNEs Cd D.
ECIcELs, EMMA E. fdj.
EMBRY, ELLA M .... ......
EMBRY, N. VIRGINIA .....
ERP-IC. EDITH E. ........ .
EVANS, ELIZABETH M.. . ..
FAIRBAN K, ELLEN A.
FREEMAN, CATHERINE .........
FREEMAN. BIAFY E ............
FRENCH. LILLIAN D, Cdl ......
FRONEFIELD, EDITH E. Cdl.
GAsKINs, EMMA F ........ ....
GOSHORN, LAURA. .... ..
GOsI-IORN, IXIAGGIE L. .... .
GOULD, LUCY CANDACE........
Charles Bixby ..... .....
VVilkesBarre, Pennsylx ania
F. Kirnmons ...... ..... B Owling Green, Ohio.
M. S. Mahurin .......... City.
Mrs. Roger Butterfield.
Mrs. Ella VVilding ............
Mrs. A. VVarriner.
E. VVilliamson, Teacher..
Harvey McCracken ......
Mrs. Lillian Stouder.
Mrs. Clarence F. Cook ........
Mrs. A. J. Detzer ....... .....
T1i5AiAS'I5i61if.ifE1fi . . i f I'
H.XllECKER, ALICE M. Cdj.
H.-XBIILTCIN, EMMA L.. . . . . . . . .
HALIILTON, FRANK Qdb.
HTXRRISON, EIIITH fd? .........
HIXRTER, Al.-XRY C. fdj ,.... ....
H.XSSLER, FANNIE S. ....
HIXX'DEN. GRACE G. . . . ..
HEDIQESA, SARAH L. fdj ........
H.-KAIIL, XFIERMILLA F. ........ . .
HENsEIL, L. AIIELIA Cdl.
HEwEs, AIARGARET -I. Cdl .....
HIILMAN, Al.-XRTHA B ..... .....
HIJRLISHER, BIINNIE F.. . ..
HoI'sH, FRANK M.
HOWEY, SUSAN .. ..... ..... . .
HIILIPHREY, -IESSIE L. Cdj.
HIIIXIPHREY, AIARY A. Cdj.
IMRIE, ELIZABETH I.
-IAcoRsoN, ADDIE .......
joNEs. HIXRIRIET fdj ....
-IoNEs, HELEN M. .... .
,IoNEs, AIARTHA A.. . . .
JONES, AIARY E. Cdl.
KALIEEMAN, AIATILDA L. Cdj...
IQEEGAN, ABBIE C. ..,........ .
KINNAIRD, ANNIE A. Cdl ...,..
KINNJAIRD, EMMA F ...........
KNARP, ABBA M. Cdb.
KNIIQHT, MATILIIA E. Cdl ......
LARRABIE, AIARY EMMA CCD...
LIEIIR, IMITTIE -I. Cd5 ...........
LEIINARD, H.NTTIE M ..... ......
LEXVIS, BIARIETTA M.
AIACPHAIL, BIARGARET M ......
MAHIIRIN, NLXLVINA R .........
Ni.-XRKEY, FLORA A. Cdb ........
NIELLINGER, LIZZIE . ....
METI-IEANY, CLARA A.. ,.
MILEs, LYDIA C ......... ....
NIYERSON, EsTHER ....,.......
MCCLURE, MARY E. ......... ..
NICDONALD, M. E. BELLE ......
KICFEE, ELIZABETH J. Cdl .....
MCREAG, ELLEN. ............. .
MCKEAN, SARAH E. Cd! ......
NICLAIN, ZEREMIAH E. Cdl.
A'ICNAIR, CAssIE ......, ........
NEIREITER, ADA A. .......... ..
NEWELL, IXTINNIE E, Cdl ......
NILL, LILLIE C. Cdl
OYCONNOR, AGNES 1. Cdb ......
OYCONNOR, CORNELIA F .......
ORFF, JULIA E. Cdl.
James Turner ....
A. L. Randall ....
George Carll .....
E. L. VVhite ....
C. W. Squires ....
McKracken .. ..
Helen Soule ......
Jay Moderwell ....
F. Olds .....
Herbert Tigar ....
VV. VV. VVright.. ..
Mrs. S. C. Lumlnard ....
School . ........... .
W. H. McQueston.
Myron Aken ......
Charles A. Doswell ......
Getz . ............ .
Mrs. J. I. Insley.
George Clark .....
Williain Meyers. . .
C. N. Biewand ....
john Orff .......
Brooklyn, New York.
Des Moines, Iowa.
Kansas City, Kansas.
Los Angeles, California
New York City.
Fort Dodge, Iowa.
Fort Collins, Colorado.
St. Louis, Mo.
ORER, xlARY ELLA .....
ORR, FLORA E ..... ..
ORR, KATE C. .....
PAYNE, ANNA M. Cdl.
PHELPS, CLARA Cdj.
PIERCE, ALICE S. Cdb ....
PIERCE, ROBINA L .......
POTTER, BIARY E. Cdb .........
RAUH, LOUISE . .............. .
RANSOM, NELLIE P. Cdb. ..... .
REITZE, AUGUSTA G. Cdb.
RELIBIEL, ADA .....
REQUA, FLORENCE Cdj .........
ROBERTSON, DEBORAH ..........
ROSENTI-IAL, HANTTIE .....
ROSS, ADELIA V ..... ..
ROSS, KATIE A ......
ROWE, CLARA Cdb.
RUPERT, EMMA ....
SCI-IELL, MARY M. ...... ...... .
SCHAEFFER, SUSAN E.
SCHLATTER, CAROLINE .... ..
SCHLATTER, EMMELINE .. . . ....
SCHRADER, CARRIE B. Cdl
SHARP, ADBIEI ....
SIDLE, GRACE E ,.......
SIDLE, BIINNIE A ...... . ..,....
SINCLAIR, ORLINDA S. Cdl.
SINCLAIR, SUSAN S. Cdl.
SMITH, LUCY CAROLINE Cdb.
SMITH, SARAH E. fdl ..... ....
SMYSER, CHARLOTTE A. ....... .
SNIDER, MARY ALMA ....
SNIVELY, JENNIE Cdy...
SOLOMAN, CARRIE .......
SPORE, BELLE fdb.
STANLEY, EMMA ........ . . . . .
STEVENS, BIARY E. Cdl.
STOPHLET, AGNES H. ......... .
Teacher . ............. .
Mrs. Charles Bash .....
Mrs. A. L. Johns ....
Robina Orvis ....
H. Reichart ......
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Fort Leyden, New York
Mrs. R. Van Fleet.
Mrs. G. E. Benson.. . ..
Mrs. MacMacken ............
Rome City, Indiana.
F. C. Tolan ............ ..
J. B. Harper ,....
Los Angeles, California
Wallace Dawson. ....... .
Mary Henderson .......
Mrs. Longacre .......
Iohn H. Payne ..........
Frank Morton ....
W. D. Miner .....
C. W. Weaver ....
P. O. Smyser.
W. A. Bohn.
James Smith .....
Mrs. -lohn Ross ....
Teacher . .... ..... .
Mrs, Agnes Ogden ....
STRAUGHAN, IESSIE L. ..... . . .
STRONG, IOSEPHINE ...........
STRONG, LOUISE E. Cdl.
SUTERMEISTER, LOUISE M
TARMON, MARY A.. . ..
TAYLOR. NELLIE. ..... .
TOWER, MARGARET A.. . . .
TRENAM, ANNA M. ...........
VANALSTINE, LETTIE A. Cdl..
WADE, BIARGARET A. Cdl.
WELLS, HARRIET M, ......,... .
WILEY, LULU I. Cdl .....,.....
WILLIAMS, ADDIE H. ........ ..
WILSON, SARAH H. Cdj. ...,. ..
WOLFORT, MARTHA E ..........
WOOD. JENNIE. ........ , .
WOOLSEY, M ARTHA ....
Mrs. A. M. Baxter...
Mrs. I. M. Stouder.
Teacher . ...... . . . .
.Mrs. W. VV. Barnett.
.. . .Lindsley, California.
San Francisco, California
. . . .Leax'enworth, Kansas.
. . . .City.
. . . .Chicago, Illinois.
....Kansas City, Missouri.
. . . . City.
V. C. McFarland ..... . . .
F. T. Benoy .......
Frank Poole. .... .
.. 'B 1
u I 4
O L'R TXYESTFRDAYS
AIPFLECIQ, IVETA S. ....
.-XKERs, CARRIE I, ....... .....
A NIIER'I'oN, DELI1lHT G.. ..
ARNHLII. BTINNIE M ..... .....
Axr, BERTHA K. ...... .....
BA.-Xllli, CQRINNA L.. . ..
BAKER, RIARION Cdl ....
BANNING, CARINA C.. ..
B.-XNNING, FLORIDA.. . ..
IfIATEs, RTABEL C..
BAUER, BLANCHE M ....
BAUER, GEORGIA ...... .
HEAIILER, ATARIE ......
BEcH'roL, AT.-XBEL E .....
HI-ICKER. ADALINE C.. . .
BECKER, GLADYS E. ...... .
HEHLER, ATARCELLA G .....
BEMAN, C. IRENE ......
liENoY, GRACE P .... .
IZIIIIILE, ANNA. .... ..
HILL, NAOBII A, .... .
BLACKBURN, HELEN M ....
I3LEDsoE, BEssIE E..
IiI.oNIIoIT, CLARA K.
BQIINE, GERTRUIIE L .....
BIIWER, JANET C. ...... .
BRANNAN, GRACE M ..... .
I3REsNAHAN, RTARIE P.. ..
BRIRIIIIER, MARY .......
BROXVN4, BERNICE M.. . ..
BRIIWN. ,IEANETTE .. . ..
BRYANT, TNDRA M.. . .. . . . . .
Bucic, EVA L. Crib.
I3I'RIIET'I1 ADAII R .....
CHERRY, RTARION S .......
CHRISTIANSEN, GRACE Cclb
CLARK, ANNA. .......... .
CLARK, HELEN ........
f'I.EARY, BEssIE V .... .
CLI-LARY, JULIA Cdl.
CLExIENs, PENELIIPE ....
CORIIJARET, IRENE ......
CUMPARIET, IRMA. ........ .
CRosIsY, AIABEL ..... ......
CIIRI'Is, ANNADINLE E.. . ..
TDALEY, CATHERINE R.. . ..
DASELER. EDN:X M .... .
DAVIS, GEORGIA L .....
DAVIS. JULIA F .....
DEXIILBISS, IJAURINDA .....
DINIQLAGE, KA'1'HER1NE M.
DOCIITERRIANV, ERMA .....
Dorv, RTARY C. ....... .
DoYLE, ELLEN M .....
Teacher . ...... .... .
Teacher. .... I ...... .... .
Mrs. VV. B. Rice ...... .....
Mrs. Allwert Powell ..... .....
Teacher .... .......... .....
Teacher . ............... .... .
Mrs. O, B. Rinehart.
Mrs. W. H. VVarrington .......
Mrs. Charles Hart ..... . .... .
Teacher . ................... . .
Mrs. james Knowlton. ....... .
Teacher . .............. .... .
'I eacher . ....,....... .
Teacher . ......... .... .
Mrs. R. Ritchie .... .....
Teacher . ........ .....
Teacher . ...... .....
Teacher ....... .
Teacher . ............... .... .
Mrs. VV. W. Sherer ..... .....
Teacher . ............. .... .
Teacher . ........ .....
Teacher . .......... .....
Mrs. Rulrert Kell... .....
Teacher .......... .....
Teacher . ........... .... .
Mrs, joe O'Meara .... .....
M rs, George Rnck.
Teacher .... ....... ...,.
Mrs, Peter Epple.
Mrs. Carl Getz...
Teacher . ........ .... .
Teacher . ........... .... .
Teacher . ........... . .
Mrs, Albert Mason ..... .....
Teacher . ............ .
Teacher . ...........,........ .
Mrs. VVill Thompson .........
Mrs. F. W. Woodbridge .......
Teacher . .......... . .... .
Teacher . ............ . .
Teacher .. ............. ..
Mrs. VVhitirIg Alden ..........
Mrs. Howard Benninghoinf.. . ..
Grand Rapids, Michigan
Oil City, Pennsylvania.
Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
South Bend, Indiana.
EcI4ELs, LoLA ATAY.. . ..
ECIQHARIIT, DoRoTHEA.. . .
EI-ILE, HELEN A. ...... .
EI-IRAIAN, AIARY C ..... ..
EI I'ER, AIAE AIARGARET. .... . . ..
ELLEN woon, CLARE ......
EvANs, ZELLA Ii.. . ..
FEE, GEORGIA LIQRA ......
FEIERTAG, LUELLA M. ......... .
FERI .I'soN, AIARGARET D.
FISSEL, CERTRUDE. ........... ..
I-'ITcH, :ALICE AIAY ......
FULEY, CELIA . ...... .
I'iUR'l'RlEDE, LORENA .....
FOSTER, EDITH I. ...... .
FOSTER, LILLIAN K .....
l."llSTER, SARAH M... .
CAILEY, AIILDRED E. .... . . . ..
LIALLAIEIER, :ANNA M....
l.xARRI'l'Y, :ALICE M.. . . . .
l.AsRILL, AIAUD M.....
GEAKE, SUSAN L....
QIERARD, FLORIS E ....
GL.-xss, :ANNA M .......
fiLUVIiR, BEATRICE E.. . .
l3oLm:ERGER, RosE ........
iiRl'IENE, FR.-xNseIscA M. ...... .
LIREGG. STELLA M. ....... . . . .
UREIIJER, H.ATTIE B.. . ..
GROSS, GERTRUDE I.. . ..
. . . . Mrs.
liRUBER, LEONORE M ..... . . . .
HABERKORN, AUGUSTA A.. . . . . .
HAEERIQURN, EMMA M.. . . . . . . .
H.fXINES, AiYRTLE Cdj.
HgXl.E, IJESDEMONA I .... . . . .
HIXLLER, AIARY R.. . . . . .
HART BERTHA. ..........
IIARTLE, IXATI-IERINE L. ....... .
I-IAVCK, CARRIE .....
I-IAVENS. CHLOE I ..........
PIAVENS, NELLIE B. .... ...... . .
I-IEBERT, ELIZABETH Cdl .......
HlZLA'IER. ESTELLA L. ......... .
HEYIIAN, ANNA ....
HINTON, VERMA C. .....
HOLLAND, GERTRUDE O .... . . . ..
HOLLAND, AIABEL K.. ..
HoPKINs, ZONA .. . ..
HOIQINIEL. AUGUSTA ....
HUEsTIs, BERTHA S.. . ..
HLTGLIENARD., EDNA M...
IRWIN, GRACE C. .... .
JACOBS, ESTHER M ....
her . ...... ..
L. Meyer ....
Mrs. Fred Barr .........
Charles F. Hess ....
Robert Gillis .....
S. B. Rohrer ....
Musician . .... . . . ..
her ..... .........
her . ............ . .
Judd Orernieyer. .. ...
Musician .. .
her. ....... .
E. Luecke ....
her . ....... . .
Mrs. S. I'. Hirsch...
Mrs. Ed. Keefer ....
her . ...,.... .
Teacher . ............. .
Mrs. C. W. VVord. ...........
Mrs. George Heckman ........
Airs. E. VI. Merton .......
Teacher . ............. .
Edward Young. . .
her . ........... . .
her . .......... .
Teacher .. . .
her . ......... ......... .
ssistant Irincipal, Normal
Training School .....
her . ............... .
Albert H. Schaaf..
her . .............. ..
her . ............. .
Mrs. E. V. Emrick ....
Mrs. T. E. Thomas .....
Mrs. E. J. Jefferies.
Mrs. Roger Frisby ....
Mrs. Edwin Allfree ......
Mrs. Christian Luecke. ..
Mrs. L. D. Nordstrum...
Teacher, Normal Training- i D -I
School . .........,.. .
iifsf Tfiftieiieif I ff
Sister Edna Marie ....
Mrs. Curtis Coverdale ....
St. Louis Missouri.
New York City, N. Y.
Los Angeles, California
VVashington, D. C.
JOHNSON, IRENE.. . ..
JoNEs, .ANNA C ..... .
JOPP, ETIIEL M ,...
JUSSEI, ELSIE L. .... .
TQAMPE, FRIEDA C.. . . .
TQEERAN, EIIITI-I C... ..
KELL, CAROLYN ..... ..... .....
KEN NELLY. BIARY C .....
KIEFEIQ, EM MA E ...... . . . . . . .
KIBIIBLE, BIIRIAM G .... . . . . . . .
KINNAIRIJ, XYIRGINIA.. . .. .....
lxooxs. IIIA 5 .... .....
IQUTTNER, HELEN M.....
LAKEY G. ........... .
LAREY, OMAH .........
LANDSDOVVN,1'XGNES .... .
LEPPER, TRENE E.. . . . . .
LIGGETT, BLANCHE ....... ....
LITTLEjoIIN, A4:NEs T. ...... ..
LLOYD, -IESSIE ........... .... .
LouI'E, ESTHER I. ....... . . . . .
LooL'E, TNUTH A. ............. .
LowERY, A. ELIZABETH ........
LUND, JULIA C. Qdh.
AIACKVVITZ, XIERA C.. . ..
ATARKEY, GEORCENE ...
AIATSCH, EMMA M ...... .....
AIAXXVELL, INA M. .... ..
MCCOMB, LYDIA B .............
ATCRTILLEN, GRACE M. ........ .
ATCAIULLEN, RIARIE. .......... .
NICGUIRI-I, AIARIE L. .......... .
AICLAIIGHLIN, CATHERINE M...
AIILLER, ALICE E ..............
AIILLER, ESTHER M ..... . . . . .
RIILLER, R. HrXZEL, ..,... .... .
MILLER, LoLA C ..... ..........
MIJNAHAN, BERNAIIETTE .......
AIONAHAN. J. EIIITH .....
RTONROE, ATARIE I ........ ....
RIOONEY, JANE J. ............. .
AIORRIS, VVILI-IELMINA S. ..... .
AIORRIF-ON, LUCILLE M .........
MLILLER, ATARY K. ......
NELsoN, ESTI-IER P ...... .....
NOLI., IRENE M.. ......
OICONNELL, CHARLOTTE R ......
O,L.XLIf1HLIN, FLORENCE M .....
OYROLIIQICE, ELIZABETH L .......
OREN, HAZEL E. ............ ..
OREN, HELEN K. ........
ORTMAN, LILLIAN .....
OXVEN, CLARA E. ....
PARKHAM, EIJNA ....
PARRY, .IEP-SIE T.. . ..
TIHIPPS, ESTI-IER V .....
PIIIvPs, LAURA E ....... .....
PoHLMEYER, HELEN L. ........
PoLHAMI's, HELEN J ...... ....
PUDIJY. Lois E. .............. .
Mrs. Fred Sutton. ....
Mrs. C. ,I. Chandler ....
Teacher . . .
Mrs. Elmer Jockyll ..,..
Mrs. A. T. Sweetlanrl ........ .
Mrs. B. H. Kaufman. . . .
Mrs. Ralph Virts ......
Mrs. E. C. Moellering .........
Mrs. Frank Bright. .... .
Mrs. Howard Gooley .........
Mrs VVillard Enslen ....
Mrs. Williain Marvel ........
Mrs. L. E. Coble .....,..
Mrs. Herbert W. Kocks ...... .
Teacher . . .
Teacher . . .
Teacher . . .
Teacher ..... ....
iiiif ijf 'Ef XILIH-iiiif f f . .
Teacher, Normal Training
School . ..........,..... .
Mrs. H. K. Chambers .........
Mrs. Fred Potthoff .....
Teacher . .. . ... .
Teacher .......... .
Mrs. G. B. Prill ......
Mrs. R. H. McClure ....
Mrs. Charles Stomp ....
Mrs. E. L. Feustal ............
Teacher, Normal Trainin
School . ................. .
Teacher . . .
Mrs. Ralph Cam phell .........
. . . .City.
Columbia City, Indiana.
New York City, .New York
RABU5, ALICE M. ..... .
REEsE, I"AULA C. ..... .
REITZE, HELEN M. .... .
ROBINSON, ORPHA A.. ..
ROEBEL, HELEN R. ..........,.
ROIIIER, ELIZABETH L. ..,.
IQOHYANS, HELEN M.. ..
RoHYANs, AIILDRED C. ....
Ross, LAURA E.. ....
ROXYE, BESSE W.. .... .
SAL ER, AI-ELE P .....
SACER, EMMA .. . . ..
SACER, ATARTI-IA J. .... .
5.-KYIERS, DOROTHY E... .
SAYLOR, AIARGARET. . . .
SCI-IMIDT, CLARA C. ....
SCHL'LTHEIss, RUTH E .... .....
SCHL'sT, GLADYS A. .... .... .
SCOTT, AIARGARET A. .... .... .
SCULLY, ETHEL B.. ..
SEATON, AIARY B. ...... .... .
SHERBODY, ESTELLA . ......... .
SIIERIDAN, CARROLL Cdl.
SINCLAIR, ANNA ..............
SIRIT, RACHEL L, ......
STEWART, ZILLAH M.. .. . . . . .
STOCKBRIDGE, ALATHEA. ....... .
STUCKBRIDGE, MARY ...........
S'roLTE, EMMA M. M. ........ .
STULTE, SUSANNE ...... .....
STOCIIER, ALICE C... .
STOVER, CAROLYN V. ....
STUMP, FLORENCE A....
SULLIVAN, X7ERNA A....
TA PP, ERNA H ......... .....
TENNANT, AIAYBELLE ........ .
THOMAS, ALICE C. ....
Mrs. Howard K. Abbott
Mrs. Florenz Gumpper. ...... .
Mrs. VValter Edwards .... ....
Mrs. Ben F. Heaton...
Mrs. Bert Woods ......
Mrs. Frank E. Swift ..,.......
Art Publication Society .......
Mrs. Fred VVagI1er.. . ..
Teacher, Normal Training
School .... .............
Mrs. E. Zucker ....
Mrs. John F. Brooks ..... ....
Principal, Hamilton School ....
Teacher ............. .
Mrs. Hugh Dare .....
Mrs. Vlfillis Hite .....
Mrs. Ray Grosjean.. . . .
Mrs. VVarren Sweet ....
Mrs. M. W. Emrick ..... ....
Teacher . ...... ..... . .
Mrs. W. E. Stout ....
Mrs. Ray Adams .....
TIIoMPsON, AIILLIE .... .... .
THOMPSON, XIESTA O. .........
TINKI-IAM. GRACE. .... .
TOWER, BERTHA ........ .....
TRAvERs, DIOSEPHINE E. ....... .
TR.XX'ERS, LARENE I... ..
TRIsCI-I, HELEN L .....
LILMER, LINAFRED ......
LMBACH, HILIIA L ....... ......
VALENTINE, BIINNIE E. Cdl...
XVARNER, GEORGIA M.. ..
VVARNER, AIAY J. ..... .
VVEAVER, HELEN E. .... .
VVEAVER, AIILDRED A.. . .
NNERP. AIARION A.. . ..
Teacher . . .
Teacher . . .
T2-'.iC'I45f ' ff ..........
Teacher ............... ....
Mrs. D. P. McDonald .... ..,.
Mrs. Fremont Herring ........
Teacher . . .
Mrs. C. Wilkinson.
Mrs. VVilliam Brown. ..
Mrs. Peter Gotla ..............
Mrs. H. F. Zimmerman .......
Mrs. Edward Haller ..... ....
I hiladelphia, Pennsylvania
Los Angeles, California
New York City.
'c14i21:. tiricrkcliu. .... ...
'CliElt, KTAKIE L. .... .
XXl51.c1fi. Nixx li. .... .... K Irs. M. XY. Bartness..
XX I.siQxi.xN OLn.x K.. .. .... Mrs. l'hil Fiess. ....... .......
Xxllilllili, HI2Ii'lil'l,.X ........ .... K lrs. Bruce Havens ..........
XXiL1.1.xA1s. l9L.xrvx's H .... ...... I "rincipal, Franklin Sclwol .,..
XX Il.l.l.XMF1lN, Ymu L.. .. ...... Mrs. H. P. NX'illiams ..,.. .....
XX1i.swx, Rl-2Ll.I-I H. ...... . ..., Mrs. R. C. Huwder ......... ..
XXl'1'1i1-ins. Y1x'1.xN E. .,.. .,,. T 'eacher .......... ....
Xk1ll.I', l--wise M. ............. Teacher .... ....
wk'1M.xN. l.iER'lARL'l1E G.. .. .......,... .. ....
X:-ij. Vlltxxlii G. ...... .........,....... . . ..
X irxi., Nl.XRY A. .... .... T eacher ....
Nr, XTARY F. ...... .... T eaeher ....
X wk. til-1i:1'Rl.'xv1i A.. . . .... Teacher .... . . ..
Rwckham. South Dakota.
liclfast, New York.
SONGS FROM THE CLASS OF '21
Yxllllf, "Old Ft'1.VlIiUIlL'f1 Gt
It was an old fashioned huildin
,lust an old frame dwelling,
But it carried us thruugh
XYhen at times we were lvlue
And we're loyal now In yuu.
The building may have lieeu mlm
But the methods, they were new. '
And we'll leave the Fort XN'ay1
Knowing just what a teacher should dn.
Yiiuzv, "Fvatl1cr Your Natl"
Seniors are singing, "Our lessons are donef'
Seniors are humming, "VVe've had lots of fun"
It's time for teaching, no time left for preachingg
The children are waiting, we must answer their plea.
To a room of fifty, perhaps we'll he sent
XYhere on some mischief each pupil is lwezit. t
But we will love them, and du our liest for them,
Match carefully der them, and tl1ey'll do the rest.
G. RAPP ELECTRIC QQMPAIQ
ALL KINDS OF
ELECTRIC MOTOR AND
Ia., s. CALHOUN ST.
Quit Y12s'r14:knAvS S7
lze New flings Shown First
Exclusive Styles-M0de1l'ate Price
, P GGY PAIGE DRESSES
Most Modern Beauty Parlor
in Fort Wayne
G. W. o8g?CiiIr'l-LIDTVJEEREEQI CQ.
NVords, Helen Roehel, WS.
Eighteen lassies started off to Normal School,
Thought perhaps that they would learn a room to ruleg
Found that it was hard
just to play the winning card-
Still you hear them pipe this gay old tune.
Some found that this work they didn't tit,
These few just gave up the ghost and quit,
The rest plugged right along
On their brows was never a frown,
That is why they sing this joyful song.
N-N-N--Normal, Deal' Old Normal,
Oh, we thought that we were glad when we were throughg
But now that we're back here
There is a tear, Dear,
,lust because we e-c-c-can't come hack to you.
One year we have spent without a rest,
Trying just to do our level hestg
Attending all the meetings
Although some we find a pest,
To sit for forty hours and hear some Sup's request.
VVe End that to handle Kids is nix-
If you clon't have any more than sixty-six:
And visitors galore come a knocking at our door,
That is when we sing our song again.
VVh.Miss,Rugglvs-"ln called on you, Miss Rapp, because I wanted an authority for Miss
itterzi S statement.
Ramona-"Can a child's face he motivated?" Cmeaning 'animated'5.
Your Education ls Neyer Finishe
After you graduate from school or college your education
really begins for the "School of Experiencei' is the greatest
educator. The learning you receive in the class room
only educates you so that you may thereafter use the
knowledge to learn more.
You will find it necessary to keep your knowledge of the
World's rapidly changing conditions up-to-date. To do
this you must read GOOD NEWSPAPERS. News-
papers that are clean editorially and which have the best
writers on important subjects.
This paper is the only paper in Fort Wayne that receives
its World News over the leased wires of THE ASSOL
CIATED PRESS, the greatest news gathering organiza-
tion in the world. National, international and state
news are accurately reported. Science, Art, Literature,
Economics and Business are reviewed by able writers.
ii' jE3ii1iilii?,3fi7 c A z ETTE
Tzmc, "fl Pwfvrf Dayf'
NVorfls, Class of 1915.
When you come to the end of your school career
And you sit alone with your thought,
VVhen you think of the times with your schoolmates dear
And the joys which the old days brought,
You think of the pranks that you often played
And the way you were punished then,
And you smile and smile as you think them o'er
And wish you were in school again.
You think of your critic teachers dear
And of the lesson plans that you wrote
And of the times you have tried to teach
A lesson learned by rote.
And you racked your brain for a motive new
Which would appeal to the class,
And of Courtis tests which took hours of work
As your thought before you pass.
Tzmc, "Old 67018011 B1u'kct."
NNorcls, Class of 1920.
How dear to our hearts are the scenes out at Normal,
Vllhen each of us strove a good teacher to be.
The Attic, the Kitchen, the long-wished-for Rest Room,
The Gym and the Onice, we plainly can see.
The many good times, the assemblies, and parties
And everything else, different classes began,
Psychology, methods, and inductive lessons,
Our-fond recollections bring to us again.
'Xlzrr Ilfzzllrwf-"Help, stop himl He was rlirting with ine."
Cop lXex'er mind, lady, the1'e's plenty more."
O X AY 5
Designs anci Plates
Journal - Gazette Engrax7ing
810 Clinton St. Fort Wayne, Inciiana
Qnalzfy Ser vice
Singmaster Printing Company
This Annual ou a goocl iciea
of the Class f we Produce.
Ph 6 810-I Cl S
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301 E. COLUMBIA ST.
OUR XYESTLQIXDAX s
SERVICEABLE IN YOUR OWN POSSESSION--AND APROPRIAT
Let us show you our large display of Watches
for Women and Misses---a selection which has
laeen appropriately called the most complete in
E AS A GlFT
JEWELER d OPTICIAN 818-20 CALHOUN STREET
The Successful W ay to Proceed
You have undoubtedly resolved to save some-
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successful way to proceed: Safe Hrs! and five
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iiwhen men wishing to join our organizationu,
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significant, hut the fact of accumulation is funda-
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men are seeltingu.
Make it an unlvrealtahle rule that the first
money out of your pay each Week or month is
deposited on your Savings Account.
Pay Yourself First.
P11511 Nationa ank of Fort W czyne
Normal Qgggpl Year
62 OUR XYESTERD ax
Fort Wayne,s fog, ,
Best CIotI1es Shop I ff- gj x I
I A ' T. zgizfzafff
., :',.Q'n-1. '
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a 1? WT' 'FMP Ya XIII?
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808-SIO CALHOUN STREET. I11llltl4Ci0l'h7llid womfdfl A.
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BYTIPCOIDQ, ECIB featfnent
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Purnlshlngs Perfumes-Powders-Page Creams
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nothing else II5 Wes! CoIumI:ria Phone 1281
Perfection Buscuit Company
PERFECTION WAFERS PERFECTION BREAD
Fort Wayne, Indiana
OUR YEsTER s 6
ForTl1e Best in
HTl'1e Best Quality in E0erytt1ing,',a
satisfied customer writes us,
H Can Be Found in
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c - 'fic S' A
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w ll' . l 1 -
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economy to wear 51
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OUR SHOWING OF
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is Sax7ings Day
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- H. 2- 'L fl-CMJ'-A li,
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xiii? WHENEVER 1T'S B QUESTION of FLOWERS
Y 1' is You'li find Our Ser0ice
Prompt and Satisfactory.
J af- f 1 '
M A I
Brucier- Calhoun Co. Corner Calhoun and Wayne Sts. 222 West Berry
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