Fort McHenry (LSD 43) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1994

Page 9 of 112


Fort McHenry (LSD 43) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1994 Edition, Page 9 of 112
Page 9 of 112

Fort McHenry (LSD 43) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1994 Edition, Page 8
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Page 9 text:

-SEW HISTORY OF THE USS FORT MCHENRY (LSD-43) Named for the national monument in Baltimore, Maryland, USS FORT MCHENRY (LSD-43) is the third ship of the Whidbey Island Class Dock Landing Ship. FORT MCHENRY ' s keel was laid down on 10 June 1983 and the ship was launched on 1 February 1986. The Honorable Helen D. Bently was the sponsor for FORT MCHENRY ' s commissioning ceremony which took place in Seat- tle, WA on 9 August 1987. FORT MCHENRY ' s maiden deployment was from June 1988 to December 1988 to the Western Pa- cific. Following her return, FORT MCHENRY participated in the clean up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill by deploying to Prince William Sound from 28 April to 22 June 1989. In recognition of the crew ' s effectiveness during the clean-up operation, FORT MCHENRY was awarded the Meritorious Unity Commendation and the Coast Guard ' s Special Operations Service Ribbon. On 20 June 1990, FORT MCHENRY began her second deployment which was scheduled to be a six-month deployment to the Western Pacific. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 al- tered the schedule and resulted in a 10-month Desert Shield Storm deployment. Following her re- turn to San Diego on 17 April 1991, FORT MCHENRY was awarded the Navy Unity Commendation Medal, National Defense Medal, Southwest Asia Service Medal, the Kuwait Liberation Medal, and the Combat Action Ribbon for the operations conducted in the North Arabian Gulf during Desert Storm. Eight Months after returning from her second deployment, FORT MCHENRY completed an ac- celerated inter-deployment work up schedule and deployed again on 6 January 1992. After several successful multinational exercises and port visits to the North Arabian Gulf, Western and Southern Pacific, FORT MCHENRY returned to San Diego on 6 July 1992. Shortly thereafter, FORT MCHENRY was awarded her second Battle Efficiency Award for overall outstanding performance during the con etitive cycle. Following an extensive overhaul period, FORT MCHENRY began the training cycle to prepare for her next deployment. While in the training cycle, FORT MCHENRY transited to the east coast, through the Panama Canal to pick up five new LCAC from Panama City, Florida. Shortly after her return, she was awarded her third Battle Efficiency Award. At the completion of the training cycle FORT MCHENRY departed on her fourth deployment on 9 June 1994.

Page 8 text:

HARl ' ER ' S WEEKLY. [Jri,r 1.;. 1B«;! luKr M ' llEMlV. LALTIMORE. MAHVI AND -Tmi-. % ii « WpMurn u. Cowimxt I), .U. Iliur.. SI. V. HISTORY OF FORT MCHENRY Fort McHenry ' s history began in 1 776 during the Revolutionary War. The people of Baltimore feared an attack by the British and wanted to build a fort for protection. Anticipating an attack at any time, a fort of earthen mounds was constructed quickly. Originally, it was called Fort Whetstone, because of its location on Whetstone Point. Whetstone Point was an excellent location for a fort for two reasons. It was located far enough from Bal- timore to provide protection without endangering the city, and the area was a peninsula. Constucting the fort on this site meant that enemy ships sailing into Baltimore would have to pass the fort first. The Revolutionary War ended without an attack on Baltimore, but improvements to the fort continued. In 1 798. a french engineer was directed by the Secretary of War to draw plans for a new fort on Whetstone Point These plans were expensive, and it was difficult for the people of Baltimore to raise money for con- struction. However. James McHenry. a well-known politician, was instrumental in raising funds for the new fort. The fort was renamed ' Fort McHenry " in his honor. Fort McHenry became famous when the British tried to attack Baltimore during the War of 1812. When the bombardment began on September 13. 1814. there were 1.000 soldiers defending the fort. Some were federal soldiers who were stationed at Fort McHenry permanently, many were volunteers from the city of Baltimore. Their Commanding Officer was Major George Armstead. For 25 hours the British bombarded Fort McHenry. but the fort ' s artillery fire kept the British away. Baltimore was saved. In the 1860 ' s the fort was used by the Union Army during the Civil War to keep the confederates from getting to Baltimore. It was also used as a prison for political prisoners suspected of being Confederate sym- pathizers. Many Confederate soldiers were imprisoned at the fort as well. In 1917. during the first World War. General Hospital No. 12 was established at Foii McHenry by the War Department. It was the largest military hospital in the country with over 100 temporary buildings to ac- commodate wounded American soldiers returning from the war in Europe.

Page 10 text:

SHIP ' S CHARACTERISTICS Complement 22 Officers 19 Chief Petty Officers 372 Enlisted Landing Force 34 Officers 20 Non-Commissioned Of- ficers 450 Enlisted Length 609 feet 7 inches Beam 84 feet Draft 19 feet 7 inches Well Deck 440 feet long, 50 feet wide Floodable to 10 feet aft, 6 feet forward Water Barrier 12 feet 3 inches high, 50 feel long Divides Well Deck into forward (dry) and aft (wet) compartments Helicoper Deck Two spots 212 feet long, 83 feet wide Speed 20+ knots Propulsion Four Colt Industries PC2.5V 16 cylinder diesels 33,000 combined shaft horsepower Keel Laid June 10, 1983 Launched February 1. 1986 Commissioned August 8, 1 987 Two five-blade controllable pitch pro- pellers Generators Four Fairbanks-Morse 12 cylinder diesels 1300kw, 2085 amps, 450 volt 3 phase AC Ship ' s Boats Two MK-12 36 foot LCP(L) ' s One 14 foot punt Cranes One 15-ton gantry crane One 20-ton kingpost crane One 60-ton fixed kingpost crane Turntable 36 foot Diameter 360 degree rotation Capable of Handling two M-55 trucks Combat systems AN SPS-49 air search radar AN SPS-67 surface search ra- dar AN SPS-64 surface naviga- tion radar AN SLQ-32 electronic countermea- sures setc MK-36 MOD-6 SRBOC Two MK-15 Mod-1 CIWS Two 25mm Machine guns Six 50 Caliber Machine guns

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