Fort McHenry (LSD 43) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1988

Page 9 of 128

 

Fort McHenry (LSD 43) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1988 Edition, Page 9 of 128
Page 9 of 128



Fort McHenry (LSD 43) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1988 Edition, Page 8
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Page 9 text:

Iriiiui ' - Stdlt K( - Aullior III llir Sl.ir S|i.mi;lril I ' .iiiiur ]iir lciiiil I listinn III SiK ((71 FRANCIS SCOTT KEY and THE STAR SPANGLED BANNER O! sa i can ijou see bij the dawn ' s early light What so proudly we hailed at the twilight ' s last gleaming. Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight. O ' er the ramparts we watch ' d. were so gallantly streaming ' ! ' And the rockets red glare, the Bombs bursting in air. Gave proof through the night that our Flag was still there: O! say does that star-spangled Banner yet wave. O ' er the Land of the free, and the home of the brave? FRANCIS SCOTT KEY was born ori August 1. 1779. m western Mar ;land. When Francis was 10 years old. his parents sent him to grammar school in Annapolis. After graduating at the age of 17 he studied law in Annapolis while working with his uncle ' s law firm B]j 1805. he had a well established law practice of his own in Georgetown, a suburb of Washington. DC By 1814. he had appeared manxj times before the Supreme Court, and had been appointed the United States District Attorneij. Francis Scott Key was a deeply religious man. Because of his religious beliefs. Key was strongly opposed to the War of 1812 However, due to his deep love for his country, he did serve for a brief time in the Georgetown field artillery in 1813. During the War of 1812. Dr. William Beanes. a close friend of Key ' s was taken prisoner by the British. Since Key was a well-known lawyer, he was asked to assist in efforts to get Dr. Beanes released. Knowing that the British were in the Chesapeake Bay. Key left for Baltimore. There Key met with Colonel John Skinner, a government agent who arranged for prisoner exchanges. Together, they set out on a small boat to meet the Royal Navy. On board the British flagship, the officers were very kind to Key and Skinner. They agreed to release Dr Beanes However, the three men were not permitted to return to Baltimore until after the bombardment of Fort McHenry The three Americans were placed aboard the American ship, and waited behind the British fleet. From a distance of approximately eight miles. Key and his friends watched the British bom bard Fort McHenry After 25 hours of continuous bombing, the British decided to leave since they were unable to destroy the fort as they had hoped Realizing that the British had ceased the attack. Key looked toward the fort to see if the flag was still there. To his relief, the flag was still flying! Quickly, he wrote down the words to a poem which was soon handed out as a handbill under the title. " Defense of Fort McHenry. " Later, the words were set to music, and renamed. " The Star Spangled Banner. " This became a popular patriotic song, and in 1931 it became our national an- them.

Page 8 text:

JAMES McHENRY round the turn of the centur] . James McHenr j. Secretari; of War and a resident of Baltimore, was honored when lis name was bestowed on the fort. As Secretary of War he had been instrumental in the final plans and completion of the fort on Whetstone Point. McHenry had been born in Ballt mena. Counti; Antrim. Ireland, on November 6. 1 753. the son of Daniel arid Agnes McHenr . He received a classical education in Dublin, but because of poor health, he sailed to America and settled in Philadelphia in 1771. In that citt he met Margaret Allison Caldwell and married her on Januari 8. 1784. McHenri; studied medicine under Dr Benjamin Rush. Subsequentl] . having joined the Continental Armi; in 1 776. he accompanied George Washington to the camp at Cambridge. He was the senior surgeon at Valle},; Forge in 1 778. Later that year he became Washington ' s secretar j. In 1 780 he was transferred to the staff of the Marquis de Lafayette and remained with him until the end of the war. He held rrwny high offices in Maryland and. in 1 787. became the state ' s delegate to the Constitutional Convention, where he labored to secure the ratification of the Constitution. He was also a rriember of the Contitiental Congress from 1 791 to 1 796. at which time he was made Secretary of War in Washington ' s cabinet. He held that office through Washington ' s administration and. subsequently, under President John Adams until 1801. In private life. McHenry published a Baltimore directory in 1807. In 1813 he served as the second president of a Bi- ble Society foutided m Baltimore in 1810 He died on May 3. 1816. and was buried in Baltimore ' s Westminster Churchyard.



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