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Page 7 text:
HARPEB ' S WEEKLY. [.Tnr I ;. l«i:i ukr M IIE.NKV, liALTIMOKE, MARVI ANLi HISTORY OF FORT McHENRY Fort McHenry ' s history began in 1776 during the Revolutionary War. The people of Baltimore feared an attack by the British and wanted to build a fort for protection. Anticipating an attack at any time, a fort of earthen mounds was constructed quickly. Originally, it was called For Whetstone, because of its location on Whetstone Point. Whetstone Point was an excellent location for a fort for two reasons. It was located far enough from Baltimore to provide protection without endangering the city, and the area was a peninsula, a body of land surrounded on three sides by water Constructing the fort on this site meant that enemy ships sailing into Baltimore would have to pass the fort first. The Revolutionary War ended without an attack on Baltimore, but improvements to the fort continued. In 1 798. a French engineer was directed by the Secretary of War to draw plans for a new fort on Whetstone Point. These plans were expensive, and it was difficult for the people of Baltimore to raise money for construction. However. James McHenry. a well known poli- tician, was instrumental in raising funds for the new fort. The fort was renamed " Fort McHenry " in his honor. Fort McHenry became famous when the British tried to attack Baltimore during the War of 1812. When the bombardment began on September 13. 1814. there were 1 .000 soldiers defending the fort. Some were federal soldiers who were stationed at Fort McHenry all the time. Many were volunteers from the city of Baltimore. Their commartding officer was Major George Armistead. For 25 hours the British bombarded For McHenry. but the fort ' s artillery fire kept the British away Baltimore was saved. In the 1860 ' s the United States was torn apart by the Civil War. Union troops were stationed at Fort McHenry to help keep Baltimore out of the hands of those who would have Maryland join the southern cause. The fort ' s guns were turned toward the city. Fort McHenry was used as a prison where political prisoners suspected of being Confederate sympathizers were held, often without trial. Many Confederate soldiers were imprisoned at the fort as well. In 1917. during the first World War. General Hospital No. 12 was established at Fort McHenry by the War Department. It was the largest military hospital in the country with over 100 temporary buildings to accommodate wounded american soldiers returning from the war in Europe. When the war ended, the need for the hospital slowly diminished, and in 1925 the temporary buildings were torn down. Fort McHenry became a national park which today is administered by the National Park Service as the country ' s only National Monument and Historic Shrine.
Page 6 text:
TABLE OF CONTENTS Fort McHenrv history 3 James McHenr ; 4 Francis Scott Ke ; 5 Commissioning 8 9 Ship ' s Sponsor 10 Ship ' s Mission 11 Ship ' s Characteristics and History 14 Commanding Officer 15 Executive Officer 16 Command Master Chief 17 Deck department 19-26 Underway Replenishment 21 LCAC operations 24-25 Engineering Department 28-41 Sunda Straits 32 Ship ' s Birthdaij 42 Medical Dental departments 43-44 Navigation Administration departments 45-46 Operations department 47-53 Supply department 54-57 Stragglers 58 Wog " Queen " beauty contest 60-61 Shellback initiation 62-63 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit 66-67 Assault Craft Unit - 5 68-70 TACRON 12 71 Project Handclasp 72-73 Seattle 74-75 Vancouver 76 San Francisco 77 Flight Quarters 78-79 First Homecoming 80 Ports of Call 81-103 Philippines 82-84 Burma NEO 88 85 Thailand 86-89 Australia 90-93 Hong Kong 94-97 Korea 98-99 Japan 100-101 Hawaii 102-103 Girls Back Home 104-105 Tiger Cruise 106-107 Homecoming 110-111 Surface Warfare Officer Enlisted 114 Inspiratioiis 115 Plank Owners 116-119 Credits 120
Page 8 text:
JAMES McHENRY round the turn of the centur] . James McHenr j. Secretari; of War and a resident of Baltimore, was honored when lis name was bestowed on the fort. As Secretary of War he had been instrumental in the final plans and completion of the fort on Whetstone Point. McHenry had been born in Ballt mena. Counti; Antrim. Ireland, on November 6. 1 753. the son of Daniel arid Agnes McHenr . He received a classical education in Dublin, but because of poor health, he sailed to America and settled in Philadelphia in 1771. In that citt he met Margaret Allison Caldwell and married her on Januari 8. 1784. McHenri; studied medicine under Dr Benjamin Rush. Subsequentl] . having joined the Continental Armi; in 1 776. he accompanied George Washington to the camp at Cambridge. He was the senior surgeon at Valle},; Forge in 1 778. Later that year he became Washington ' s secretar j. In 1 780 he was transferred to the staff of the Marquis de Lafayette and remained with him until the end of the war. He held rrwny high offices in Maryland and. in 1 787. became the state ' s delegate to the Constitutional Convention, where he labored to secure the ratification of the Constitution. He was also a rriember of the Contitiental Congress from 1 791 to 1 796. at which time he was made Secretary of War in Washington ' s cabinet. He held that office through Washington ' s administration and. subsequently, under President John Adams until 1801. In private life. McHenry published a Baltimore directory in 1807. In 1813 he served as the second president of a Bi- ble Society foutided m Baltimore in 1810 He died on May 3. 1816. and was buried in Baltimore ' s Westminster Churchyard.
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