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A GIANT STEP FORWARD
A mighty step in the advancement of Naval
Aviation was consummated and national security
more readily assured, on December 11, 1954.
On that date, at the Newport News Shipbuilding
and Drydock Company, Newport News, Va., a carrier
of vast potential and mighty design was launched.
In a quiet but resolute voice, Mrs. James V. Forrestal,
widow of the late Secretary of Defense, gave identity
to the Navy's most advanced weapon in the program
of "Power For Peace" and affixed to her husband's
name a memorial of monumental consequence.
Following a fitting out period at the Portsmouth
Naval Shipyard and subsequent Commissioning on
Oct. 1, 1955, the USS FORRESTAL CCVA-591, under
the command of Capt. Roy L. Johnson, USN, and
with CDR. Edward L. Anderson, USN, as her Executive
Officer, prepared to take her place with the Navy.
On Jan. 3, 1956 off the Virginia Capes, an FJ-3
"Fury" piloted by CDR. R. L. Werner dropped onto
her immense f1attop to record the Forrestal's first air-
craft landing. The following weeks were spent qual-
ifying pilots of Air Task Group 181 in carrier landings
and take-offs and to familiarize them with the angle
deck, in preparation for the shakedown cruise,
scheduled for the early part of 1956.
On January 24, 1956 the Forrestal departed Nor-
folk Naval Base and iourneyed to Guantanamo Bay,
Cuba, to undergo 10 weeks of rigorous training,
essential in ironing the kinks out of a new ship and
molding her crew into a competent and well disci-
plined team. During the months in the Caribbean, the
Forrestal was put through her paces by a crew who
worked diligently and long, and successfully com-
pleted every phase of a difficult test plan, laid down
by the Fleet Training Group.
From repeated high speed turns at upwards to 30
degrees rudder to the catapulting and retrieving of
a variety of aircraft, the Forrestal accomplished
each and every part of the grueling exercise to per-
fection. The Forrestal flight deck gang landed,
maneuvered and positioned many forms of both
prop and iet type aircraft with growing speed and
efficiency while the catapult boys dispatched planes
in record time.
Following the shakedown cruise which ended with
the entire ship receiving an "outstanding" from the
Fleet Training Group, the Forrestal headed for home
and arrived in Norfolk, Va. on March 30, 1956. Be-
fore her scheduled entrance into the yards for a com-
plete overhaul, the Forrestal was called upon to test
the Navy's newest and most advanced forms of iet
aircraft, in coordination with the Bureau of Aero-
On May 4, 1956, the Forrestal entered the Nor-
folk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Va., for a post-
shakedown repair period which included the
installation of newer and larger external shafts. June
1, 1956, saw Captain Johnson relieved as Command-
ing Officer of the Forrestal by Captain William E.
Ellis, USN, and the Forrestal became the f1agship of
Commander Carrier Division Four on June 20, when
Rear Admiral Dale Harris broke his flag in the power-
ful attack carrier. On July 1, 1956, CDR. Arthur J.
Brassfield assumed duties as the Forrestal's Executive
After leaving the yards in late August, the For-
restal operated between Norfolk and Mayport, Fla.,
gaining experience in joint exercises at task force
strength. lt was during one of these exercises that
the Forrestal, accompanied by a small but mobile
task force was ordered to sea, supplied and readied
for extensive operations. Rear Admiral Murr E.
Arnold, USN, Commander Carrier Division Four, since
relieving RADM. Harris on September 8, 1956, was
in complete command of this movement which saw
the Forrestal make her way slowly and steadily
across the Atlantic. After operating extensively in
the vicinity of the Azores, the small but compact task
force was granted welcome liberty in Lisbon, Portu-
gal, on Nov. 26, where a respite from the arduous
duties of the sea was enioyed. On Nov. 30, with the
situation in the Middle East abated, the Forrestal left
Lisbon and returned home for Christmas leave which
for awhile had been viewed with doubt.
On Jan, 21, 1957 the Forrestal once again pre-
pared for a long and extensive journey. This time
she knew where she was going, and on Feb. 2, the
gnarled summit of Gibraltar loomed out of the sea.
The Forrestal, which has grown from infancy,
quickly, and with a determined effort to prove her-
self ready and able to operate with the best of
them, has been granted the right to work with the
U. S. Navy's mighty Sixth Fleet and has proven an
asset to them.
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Rear Admiral Murr E. Arnold
Commander Carrier Division Four
Captain Alexander S. Heyward Jr.
Chief of Staff and Aide
Captain William E. Ellis
Commander George C. Duncan
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20.00 ' 'XXX
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This mighty aircraft carrier, which proudly bears the
name of America's first Secretary of Defense, is an expres-
sion of immense accomplishment, the sum of that great
man's endeavor. A simile may be drawn between this ship,
a positive contribution to peace, and that man whose life
was dedicated to the advancement of American promi-
nence. Both man and ship were greatly needed by our
nation, and both fulfilled wholeheartedly our nations need.
James Vincent Forrestal was born in Beacon, New York,
on February 15, 1892. After studies at Dartmouth and
Princeton Universities, he entered the banking business in
During World War I, Mr. Forrestal served, as a Naval
Aviator, both in this country and abroad. Returning to his
banking ventures, he gained in eminence and in 1940
accepted the post of Administrative Assistant to President
Roosevelt. In August of 1940, he became the first Under-
secretary of the Navy, and at the height of the war was
appointed Secretary of the Navy, where under his initi-
ative, our Navy became a force of great potential. Mr.
Forrestal accepted the oath of ofhce as the country's first
Secretary of Defense in September of 1947. Soon after
his resignation from this office, the Secretary fell ill, and
the nations defense leader passed away 'on May 22, 1949,
shortly after his entrance into the hospital.
ln the sturdy passage of this great vessel, the widowed
wife of that unparalleled statesman may see mirrored
the stride of her illustrious husband. ltf is to this woman
MRS. JAMES V. FORRESTAL, that this pictorial account is
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Everything on the Forrestal and, for that matter, everything con-
nected with the povverful flattop is magnified over existing carriers.
For instance, berthing the Forrestal with its tremendous overhang is
a herculean task, as is refueling and replenishing the mighty ship.
Despite the difhculties involved, it is amazing to realize that
these important and often hazardous undertakings are accomplished
more rapidly and with greater efficiency than the nnaiority of
carriers of smaller design.
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Pull on ci green TlighT deck jersey, c1diusT Cl sound oTTenuoT-
ing helmeT securely over your eors, ond leT's see whoT goes
on during ForresTol Air OperoTions. The crescendo of sound
mounTs os we cipprooch The sTc1ge oT specTc1culcir dromo. OUT
on The deck, we're glod we hove These bulloous eor proTecTors
on, os enTirely Too close Tor comTorT, on oppc1renTly ongry
F3H "Demon" is screoming his woy Toword o recenTly vocc1Ted
coTopulT. All oround us, men in mulTi-colored jerseys ore
moving swiTTly, yeT wiTh ever woTchTul eyes.
We slowly grow occusTomeol To The Thundering sound buT
ore sTill legry c1bouT sTepping ouT inTo This Turmoil, which oddly
enough, is occomplishing o purpose. TrocTors wiTh sTernTciced,
buT youThTul drivers ore rgcing bock ond TorTh, plone in Tow,
while cleverly orriving oT o cerToin posiTion c1T o cerToin Time.
Well, iT seems soTe To move cicross deck now, os our
friend, "The Demon" hos gone on his woy, leoving only his
own heoT ond escaping coTo1pulT sTegm. IT we hurry we con
moke iT To The smrboord coTwolk, Torword of The islond, wiTh-
ouT being broiled by ci possing ieT. This vo1nToge poinT offords
us' o bird's eye view of The nexT lounch. Up The deck, speeding
direcTly for us, is The lorgesT plone To operoTe on o corrier.
lT's The "sTrong boy" of Ncxvol Air, The A3D "Skywc1rrior,"
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looming up like some monsTrous bird, os iT unfolds iT's enormous
wings in preporoTion Tor TlighT. The "COT" crew skillTully secures The
immense bomber in o Tlosh. IT hovers dbove us, ond iT's Twin ieTs exude
on explosive resononce, In The middle of The vdsT exponse of deck,
The CoTopulT Officer coordinoTes wiTh orm moTions The reddiness of
The big bomber wiTh his own boys in The CoTopulT Room by meons of
The deck edge conTrol mon. When he Teels cerToin ThoT plone, piloT
ond coTopulT ore reody, he brings his orm down in on circ ond poinTs
Towdrd The bow of The ship. ln o second The 70,000 pound "Skywdr-
rior" is hurled inTo The dir oT well over l00 miles on hour.
Whomm, goes on FJ-3 "Fury" oFf The ongle deck's 553 "coT,'
ond zoom, on FQF "Cougar" leoves 554, ForTher down The deck czmid
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arresfing wires musf be accurafely
gauged. A quick change is novv needed,
for one of The bombers is making iTs
approach. Below decks in Carrier Con-
Trol Approach, an Air Confrolman com-
municafes wifh The piloT and direcTs him
onTo The glide paTh. The Landing Signal
Oilhcer Teams wifh The Landing Mirror
and piloTs auick reflexes To bring The
poTenTial aTom carrier in for anofher
perfecT landing. We are amazed To
find ThaT The whole operafion Took iusT
Air Operafions on The Forresfal we
mighT conclude is big business and in
no Way is iT a game. ITs organizaTion
is noT for play, iT is for War. In TruTh,
This aircraff carrier handles The biggesf
business in The world, The safeguarding of
a nafion, our nafion.
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G TEWAY TO THE MED
Scarred by the passage of time and Tooled by man
into a formidable fortress, Gibraltar loomed into view on
The morn of Feb. 2, to signify The completion of The Forrestal's
Protector and gateway to the Mediterranean, "The
Rock," is literally armed to the teeth and as a naval base,
commands a position of strategic importance. Beneath The
surface of Gibraltar lies a labyrinth of man-made passages
and natural caverns. The contents of many of these honey-
combed caves is a British secret, however fossils have been
removed giving evidence that Gibraltar was once inhabited
by species of mammals, including the elephant and rhino-
ceros. At present, the largest form of animal life on Gibraltar
is the Barbary ape, whose antics are a constant source of
amusement to tourists.
Although the heavier population of Gibraltar is of
Italian-Genoese descent and Spanish is The principle lan-
guage, the legislative iurisdiction lies with England. l-lere, as
in Britain, the direct arm of the law is the proverbial "Bobby."
The word Gibraltar is a derivative of Jebel Tariq lmount
Tariqj, so named for Tariq Ben Anid, who took possession
of."The Rock" with his conquest of Andulusia in 7ll A.D.
Gibraltar was held by the Spanish when besieged and
captured by England in l7l3.
Due to its position and tremendous fortifications, Gi-
braltar is considered impregnable but until it withstands the
resources of modern warfare, its invincibility will be in
As The Forrestal continued into The Mediterranean and
left behind this giant watchdog, a strange similarity could
be seen. Behind was a natural formation carved into an
effective guardian for the valuable Mediterranean waters,
here was a latent weapon completely constructed by man
and equipped with The latest in destructive mechanics. The
resemblance is not to be seen in proportion, for "The
Rock" is many times larger than the Forrestal, but the
likeness was clearly visible in POTENTlAL.
Cannes, the Riviera's most luxurious beach with its
position so near the world famous Monte Carlo, is truly
the "Playground of international Aristocracyf'
From our anchorage off this famous resort, we held
a vantage point for touring the very colorful countryside
and enjoying the picturesque beauty of surrounding towns
and villas ln the spacious harbor row upon row of lavish
yachts and schooners their masts reaching skyward rocked
gently in their berth along the sea wall To the tourist
arriving from the bay the scene is one of luxury tempered
with tranquility as the eye rooms over pure white palatral
hotels rising behind the peaceful movement of the elegant
ln Nice the Queen of the Riviera one finds a large
city lacking the glitter of the sea side resorts but sprinkled
with the domestic flavor of parks boulevards and institutions
Crossing the Villefranche Road our tour arrived in
Monoco where we enloyed a snack at one of the many
colorful restaurants After a wholesome sandwich of boiled
ham which seems to be an international favorite followed by
a cup of strong French coffee we turned our attention to
this scenic prlnclpallty Prince Rainier and his wife Grace
Kelly renowned actress and Academy Award winner reign
over this small sovereignty in peace and quietude from their
handsome green shaded castle Located at the opposite end
of a horseshoe shaped harbor from the castle is found the
galety and abandon of Monte Carlo lt is said that tourists to
this independently governed nation are of two types those
who enloy the scenic beauty of the country and send post
cards home and those who view the spendor of the casino
and leave fortunes behind Our tour was lucky rn arriving at
the castle in time to watch the changing of the guard who
are stationed in pepperment striped shelters outside the
Continuing higher into the Maritime Alps our tour
arrived at a mountain top village in which was located
the studio of a wood sculptor whose intricately carved crea
tions interested and attracted us Upon our descent we
visited the famous perfume factory at Grasse where a ma
tronly madame swept us through the plant instructing us in
the process amid the heady odors of costly aromas
The Riviera is indeed malestic and no doubt the only
spot in the world where dimpled darlings of the screen and
dumpy dowagers with titular claims are found basking side
by side in the sun of international prestige
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Commander Charles T. Buford
l-landling the bulk ot the administrative
side oi the Executive StaFi's many responsi-
bilities are the Administrative, Personnel
and Separation Ottices.
The Administrative Otiice is primarily
concerned with issuing the daily "Plan ot
the Day," and disseminating timely notices
to the crew, pertinent to the rules and
regulations ot the Forrestal.
The Personnel Office may be termed the
enlisted man's record library, tor in this
space is contained the service record of
each and every "white hat" and chief on
the ship. Transfers, dependency claims, and
advancements in rate are processed through
this exacting unit.
As an enlisted man nears the completion
ot his enlistment, he invariably is called
down to the Separation Office where he
decides whether to reenlist and remain a
part ot the Navy or be discharged and
return to civilian lite.
PERSONAL NEEDS HANDLED
Ever heor of ci soilor vvho, during Tour yeors in The Ndvy, didn'T
do onyThing wrong or do someThing righT, reod d book or seek o
school, Try To odvcince or chonge his iob, dsk help or need guidcince,
vvonT o vocoiTion or chdnge of commond, like To hove his picTure
Token or see his nome in prinT? IT such d specimen ol The Americon
moriner exisTs, he's os rore os The sober-TooThed Tiger.
From The TirsT doy o "booT" dons The Novy blue, unTil his dis-
chorge or reTiremenT, he needs cmd receives Troining, discipline,
proTecTion, legol o1ssisTonce, religious help, publiciTy, enTerTc1inmenT,
exercise ond c1 number ol oTher sundry iTems which ploy on imporTonT
poirT in his menTol ond physicol vvell being.
In regcnrding ond undersTonding The enormous Tosk involved in
The hondling of o sc1ilor's needs os lisied obove, one orrives c1T The
ineviTc1ble quesTion, "Who odminisTers These musTs ond helps o soilor
obToin oll These Things, especiolly on o ship The size of The ForresTol'?"
And The onsvver, The "EXECUTIVE STAFF."
On The ForresTol, dll oT These services, no moTTer hovv minuTe
ore mulTiplied by 3700, ond The impressive ToTdl is divided by The
sevenTy-Tive men of "X" division, os The XO's sToFT is normolly colled.
Mode up oT Yeomen, Personnelmen, PrinTers, LiThogrophers, Journoil-
isTs ond The voiried roies of The IvlosTer AT Arms, "X" Division occom-
plishes every Tosk in sincere ond inTelligenT regord Tor The needs of
oThers, ond wiTh precise efhciency.
Overoll supervision oT The mciny ond voried TuncTions of "X"
division is The responsibiliTy of The ForresTol's ExecuTive Oiohcer. As The
efTicienT execuTion of every division on The ship is of concern To him,
he relies greoTly on The supporT of his sTofT in corrying o lorge porT
of The odminisTroTive burden. His TrusT is noT misploced, ond in mony
coses The midnighT oil burns so ThoT on ossignmenT is compIeTed by
morning To ensure The expediTious execuTion of o proposed plcin.
l-londling the Forrestol's printing require-
ments is o iob ot mctmmoth proportions,
ond corries with it o lot ot responsibilities.
The Forrestol print shop houses the most
modern mochinery in o spoce equivdlent to
thot of cn printing tlrm in o toir sized tovvn.
Probobly the biggest single occomplishment
turned out by the Print Shop is the photo
oft-set printing of the ship's 8-poge, semi-
monthly newspoper, the Fifty Niner. How-
ever, whether it be nevvspoper, pomphlet,
oltlce torms or posters, the Forrestol print
shop turns out o neot, precise iob ot o
Both the Coptoins Otftlce ond the Print
Shop toll under the direction ot the Ships
The Coptcuns Oljnce is responsible un
der the Executive Ofhcer for the odmlnts
trcttion ond occountobility ot the ships
correspondence ond the odministrotion ond
custody of olticer records They must
mdlntoln o reference librory ot clll publlco
tions normolly required tor the odministro
tion of the ship Personnel Working in the
Coptcnns oltlce must be thoroughly trcuned
in the correct tormctt ond clerlcol occept
obilrty of olttclol correspondence I
through the Coptoins Othce thot othcers
reporting ciboord or being detoched ore
processed The Shlps Secretory octs os the
Commending Othcers Writer ond with his
stolt supervises the preporotion ot the Cop
torn s personol correspondence
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The ForresTal lnTormaTion and EducaTion Oflice is The scene
of an unbroken chain oT men seeking To elevaTe Their learning
and increase Their knowledge. lnnumeraTing The many iobs
underTaken and handled compeTenTly by The l84E Office would
Till many pages in This book. They are primarily concerned vviTh
processing applicanTs Tor various service schools, making avail-
able correspondence courses and adminisTering U.S.A.F.l. exams.
No doubT The mosT Time consuming Task performed by ISTE Takes
place Twice a year vviTh The advancemenT in raTe exams during
February and Augusf.
The Legal Otzhcer and his men are conscien-
tiously concerned with the interpretation and
application ot the Unitorm Code of Military
Justice, Manual ot Courts Martial, and other
sources ot military lavv, for the maintenance ot
discipline and the administration ot iustice aboard
the Forrestal. Technically, the above is their iob,
and they perform it with a high degree ot
know-hovv, but a sailor with a legal problem,
no matter hovv small, provides the human moti-
vation behind their endeavors.
A member ot the lviaster at Arms has a pretty
thankless iob, but a very important and necessary
one. ln essence, the Master at Arms torce ot
the Forrestal are responsible for seeing that
regulations are observed, and conduct aboard
the ship is of the highest order.
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The Public InformaTion Olhce is concerned primarily
wiTh informing people Throughouf The world of happen-
ings aboard The U.S.S. Forresfal and indirecrly of The
advancemenf of Naval aviafion. Since The day of her
Commissioning, The Forresfal has been one gianT news
feafure affer anofher. f
The Public lnformafion Officer and his sfaff are respon-
sible for conducfing visifors on Tours of The ship, supplying
informafion and sTaTisTics on The ship for guesT phofog-
raphers and wriTers, and releasing phofographs, news
worfhy copy and Timely shipboard happenings To The
press and oTher media.
While in The Mediferranean, The Forresfal played hosT
To numerous foreign dignifaries, sfolfesmen, and high
ranking milifary officials. lf was The responsibilify of The
Public lnformarion OlTTce To see Thar These guesTs received
informafion concerning The ship and were conducfed on
a Thorough Tour of The Forresfal. Anofher phase of Their
work in The Med, was in seffing up press conferences
for The convenience of foreign publicisfs.
Their consTanT day To day work involves compiling and
edifing The Morning News received from Main Communi-
cafions and disTribuTing if To The crew, as well as selecfing,
wriTing and edifing sfories of shipboard inferesf for use
in The Fiffy Niner, The ForresTal's semi-monfhly newspaper.
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Basketball, volleyball, Tennis or skin
diving, you name ii. The Special Serv-
Oiher Than handling Tours in for-
eign porrs, Special Services is also
charged with The management of The
ship's radio sfation W.F.O.R.
To be a member of Special Ser-
vices if helps To be a disc iockey,
inferior decorator and physical ed
qq.-If-'-rpm 1.31-.1-fy .L-.f.....,. -Qi 35, wi.,-., Q K .f Us winge-
LCDR. Robert M. Harrison, who shep-
herds the Forrestal's Protestant crew-
members, is seldom without a smile.
Chaplain Harrison is never minus a word
of humor, but can be equally consoling
and understanding to those discouraged
and disconsolate. Many a sailor with
a Troubled heart has sought his guidance
and counsel and left his office satisfied,
his problem solved.
Chaplain Harrison entered the Navy
in September l945, and had the inter-
esting experience of viewing the atomic
bomb "Crossroads" test at Bikini Atol in
i946. l-le has served as chaplain at the
Naval Disciplinary Barracks, San Pedro,
California and while attached to the
l4th Naval District in Pearl l-larbor had
a tour of duty in China.
The Forrestal's Protestant spiritual di-
rector reported to the ship's Pre-Com-
missioning detail from the Third Marine
Aircraft Wing, Miami, Florida.
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Captain Francis L. McGann is the For-
restal's Catholic Chaplain. Father Mc-
Gann, whose triendly attention is any-
one's for the asking, has rnany times
been called upon to act in the bapacity
of a consoling parent.
The Chaplain's iob on any ship is
never an easy one, but on a ship operat-
ing tar trom home, spiritual pitfalls
become multiplied, as men tend to forget
or become lax in their religious obliga-
tions. l-lovvever, Catholic crewmembers
on the Forrestal receive guidance, good
counsel and constant reminders trom
their spiritual mentor. -
Chaplain IvlcGann entered the Navy
in July ot. l94l, served with the Marines
in i942 in the Solomons and aboard the
USS Intrepid CVA-il, during the inva-
sion ot Okinawa near the end ot World
Father lvlcGann reported to the For-
restal several months before Commission-
ing from the Othce of the Chief of
A sailor may skillfully adjust an electronic tube with the hands
that God gave him and put to use the gift of intelligence by following
an intricate schematic. However, in lifting a gifted voice in praise
and honor to that same God there is completed a most perfect cycle
Directed by Dick Anthony and composed of 30 sailors, the
Forrestal's Protestant choir adds true expression at Sunday Services.
There are close to 30 sailors numbered in the Catholic choir,
under the direction of Edward McMahon. Men from various divisions
throughout the ship who join together at Sunday Mass render praise,
thanksgiving and love to their Creator through his gift of song.
Rome is a city ot fountains, maiestic monu-
ments, and beautiful churches, a city of im-
pressive editices constructed to honor Gods, and
man, a city which clasps to it's bosom the
treasured paintings ot the masters, a city whose
heart beat has quickened and slaclcened in
keeping with the passage ot time and the
exuberance ot the varying periods. Rome,
foundation ot Christianity, is truly the "Eternal
ln Taranto, Italy and again vvhile in Naples,
Forrestal sailors by the hundreds, took advan-
tage ot existing transportation to travel to, and
tour, this beautitul city so rich in history,
priceless paintings and architectural wonders.
For access into the city's past, you need not
rush about attempting to cram the heritage of
every arch and monument into your mind. Let
the city come to you, and in touring it, let it
envelope you in it's mantle ot beauty, taking
you into the dusty corridors ot time, Gain en-
trance in this manner into the very lives ot the
pagans and see the splendor ot these people.
Follow them into their lavish baths, sit with
them there while they discuss the news ot an
See again the pageantry of the Circus
Maximus, hear the roar of the thronging
spectators, urging home their favorite chario-
teers. Marvel at the staging wonders per-
formed by the early Romans in their now
Rest in the ruins of the Roman Forum and
watch the walls rise up once more. Here the
Temple of Vesta, with it's never dying fire,
tended by virgins dedicated to serving the
Goddess of the Hearth. There the Arch of
Titus, monumental -of that Emperior's tri-
umphant capture of Jerusalem. Statesmen
may be imagined entering the stately senate
house fronted in decorative marble. Down
the cobbled streets legions march through
milling populace, their mounted captains
canter proudly before them. Rome, alive once
more, the crumbling ruins erect and marbled,
elegantly displaying the power that was then
Rome is however, more than ruins, more
than a living history text, Rome is advance-
ment. A bridge between the past and the
present? Yes. A city bordering on an anti-
quity? No. Let's emerge from the reverie of
ancient culture and see the city of the present.
One of the first impulses in touring Rome
is to visit the well know Fountoin of Trevi,
ond throw o coin into it's sporkling vvoters.
This oct, occording to superstition, will ensure
our return to the "Eternal City." Mode tomous
by it's oppeoronce on Him ond populor
through song, the Fountoin ot Trevi is now C1
centrol stopping ploce for tourists Whose coins
ore reflected from beneoth the rippling
surfoce of it's virgin vvoters.
You con't trovel very for in Rome without
goining o position from which the mighty
dome of St. Peter's Bosilico is cleorly visible.
lt is this eye cotching poloce of God, of which
it hos been soid, "Christ's mighty shrine obove
His mortyr's tomb." St. Peter's is more thon o
church ot enormous size, it is o vvoy of lite
ond hos been colled the Senate l-louse of
Popol Civilizotion ond the Copitol ot Western
Housed in this immense Bosilico ore the
greotest occomplishments of the most tomous
orchitects ond mosters, whose contributions
record the possoge ot time in their vcxrying
design, meoning ond composition.
One of The mosT impressive ond beouTiTul monumenTs To be
Touncl in Rome is The gloring vvhiTe eoliTTce consTrucTed To honor ViCTor
Emmonuel, who vvos responsible for The uniTTcoTion of lToly ond vvos
The firsT king of UniTecl lToly. The mounTed sToTue of The king is of
bronze onol is locoTed miolwoy up The sTeps leoding To The monumenT.
IT choroderizes sTrengTh ond d'eTerminoTion.
The Romon version of The TrighTening "Bogey Mon" is represemecl
by This circulor moon Toce wiTh iTs clispleosing look of evil. When
children in Rome were noughTy, Their moThers ThreoTened Them
Tor cenTuries vviTh The clreooled ToTe of hoving Their honds ploced
in The hideous mouTh oT The "Moon Mon." The Tcice wos picTured
in The movie "Roman Holiday."
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St. Peters is considered the largest church in
the Christian world. It is sectioned ott by three
gigantic aisles, which are lined with statues
depicting famous popes and instrumental
Christians ot the- past, and lead up to and past
the tremendous dome, which is credited
largely to Michaelangelo. The vastness of St.
Peter's may be measured in it's ability to throw
one's perspective oft, thereby giving obiects at
a distance a degree of smallness when in
reality they are ot great proportions.
The basilica is a must on any traveler's
agenda, for it is beyond description and
should be seen to be tully appreciated. This
last is true of all ot Rome, for mere words and
paper are inadequate in capturing the tleeting
thoughts and musings one feels in viewing the
panoramic splendor ot the "Eternal City." Hav-
ing once visited Rome, the traveler tinds himself
hoping that the superstition connected with
the Fountain of Trevi is true.
lt is apparent from the very first that Rome
was not built in a day and truly is the com-
bined glory ot every period since the time
LocoTed In The Trolon Forum is
found The very rmposnng Trolon
AT one Tlrne This closslc sTruc:Ture
so well preserved conTo1ned The
golden coffin of The Emperor Hod
rron wrfhln TTS bose Over ThurTy
meTers hugh There ore T85 winding
sTeps oscendung vv1Th1n
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The restaurant and cate lite ot Rome is amusing
and lively The tood and vvine even in the smaller
dining places is delicious and varied
Tourists many times miss one ot the most enioy
able experiences ot travel by not dining in the
quaint native restaurants Through tear ot language
difficulties in ordering and paying their bill of fare,
travelers prefer to eat in the larger hotels and
restaurants which cater to the tastes ot visitors.
ln Rome as in other European cities the outdoor
restaurants with their colorful surroundings may be
found and enioyed in the warmer seasons.
Qff of MV
THE ME BEHI D THE PLANES
The flight deck of the USS FORRESTAL is
not exactly the safest nor the most comfortable
place in the vvorld lt can get pretty cold up
there when the ship is speeding along at 30
knots and having a let breathing dovvn your
neck will send the temperature soaring in
the opposite direction The men in the multi
colored lerseys aside from battling the ele
ments and being on the move around the
clock must also be alert and fast on their
Youll find Air Department men pushing
planes onto the elevators to be taken to the
flight deck positioning them on the catapults
and securing them there for launching disen-
gaging the arresting wire from the landing hook
of a let fighter or dodging the let blast of an
A3D while wearing sound powered phones
hauling hoses and refueling lets in record time
while others bring rockets and bombs from
the magazines to the waiting planes They
Work in arresting gear machinery spaces air
craft control stations on the elevators and
are assigned repair parties
The addition of time saving devices and
machinery may have improved the handling of
aircraft and speeded it up but the pages of
this book will be yellow before a replacement
is found for the strong arms and quick hands
of the airmen and airmen apprentices vvho are
so instrumental in safeguarding our nations
I Q 'N
V-l Division of The ForresTal is primarily con-
cerned vviTh The carrier's massive TlighT deck. Under
The direcTion of The AircraTT I-landling OTTicer and
The FlighT Deck Oflicer They are responsible Tor The
handling and spoTTing of aircraTT on The TlaTTop.
This large assignmenT involves The movemenT of
close To TOO planes inTo various posiTions which are
required in The many launches and recoveries en-
counTered during a day aT sea.
Aside from The manual movemenT of aircraTT, V-l
assumes responsibiliTy for driving The many TracTors
or "mules" used in Towing aircraTT, as vvell as
handling The operaTion oT The deck edge elevaTors
from Topside. Numbered among Their duTies is man-
ning The sound-povvered phones in Primary Fly
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V-2 Division is charged with the operation and
upkeep of the ship's catapults and arresting gear.
This rather short sentence summarizing their iob
involves a lot more than mere words. They are
responsible for ascertaining the readiness of plane,
pilot and catapult equipment before each launch.
With the Forrestal's tour steam catapults, a maior
factor in the Forrestal's air might, their maintenance
problems are multiplied tour times.
To be certain that those cables and the machinery
powering them are able to stop the torvvard motion
of an ASD inside a distance iOO yds., when that
same jet bomber is coming in at a speed ot i3O
knots, required constant maintenance and close sur-
veilance. V-2 men are responsible tor the correct
control at valve pressure which must be changed
with the landing ot aircraft of ditterent weights. V-2
may be termed the Forrestal's pitcher and catcher.
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One of The mosf imporTanT facTors in expediTing
flighT deck operaTion is The phase of aircrafT han-
dling accomplished on The Hangar Deck.
The ForresTal's V-3 Division underfakes This viTal
Task of correcTly posifioning aircrafT on The Hangar
Deck, for easy accessibilify To The elevafors and
hence To The flighf deck. They are also responsible
for supervising The performance of The deck edge
elevaiors from below on The Hangar Deck, and
securing The various aircrafT To The elevaTors before
They are IifTed To The FIighT Deck. Anofher duTy
assigned The V-3 Division is The correcT posiTioning
of aircrafT over The Special Weapons elevaTors.
Also numbered high among Their dufies is overall
direcTion of Hangar Deck Confrol, in which is con-
Tained a meTal plaTe designed To resemble The
Hangar Deck and spoTTed vviTh replicas of'The air-
crafT in The exacf posiiion as Their larger counfer-
V-3 men are assigned To all of The Hangar Deck
fog foan insTallaTions, so viial in combaTing danger-
ous fires occuring on The Hangar Deck.
Perhaps The key word in describing This efTlcienT
and hard vvorking division is movemeni, In correcTly
posiTioning The many aircrafT from Their arrival
below on The elevaior unTil Their fufure need indicaTes
Hangar Deck ConTrol conTains a meTal
board designed To resemble The acTual
hangar deck. Upon This design are
placed pasTeboard replicas of The various
Type aircraTT on board and Their exacT
posifion indicaTes The same locaTion aT
which Their larger counTerparTs may be
found. A big help in The expediTious
movemenT of planes.
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"Fill'er up" may be a popular phase when
your auto runs out of gas and you merely
have to pull into a service station, but on
a carrier operating on a tight flying sched-
ule vvith close to a hundred aircraft to be
refueled, it's a little diFferent.
V-4 Division of the Forrestal, despite the
inadequacy of the above slogan, somehow
manage to distribute petrol to this large
group of assorted aircraft inside of U2
hour. These flamable liquid dispensers are
charged with the entire aviation fueling
system, which incorporates near 800,000
gallons of iet HEAF and 400,000 gallons
of regular aviation fuel. Aside from the
actual gasoline, they are also responsible
for the maintenance and repair of the fuel
tanks, pumps, motors, piping, fittings, and
hoses. Of maior importance in handling
aviation fuel is keeping constantly on the
alert to regard existing safety regulations,
as the slightest infraction of the rules may
cause serious damage to equipment and
bodily iniury to personnel. V-4 Division have
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men stotioned ot over 27 fire Hghting instol-
lotions on the I-longor Deck ond Flight Deck
During prolonged exercises, where the
oircroft ore operoting oll night, V-4 repeots
the tiring process of hoiuling hoses countless
times both doy ond night. Although these
ore the men who con be lolomed in most
cdses for the "out" condition of the smoking
lomp, they ore the some men who perform
one of the most importont functions required
in keeping our first line of defense in redd-
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AviaTion mechs, ElecTricians, ElecTronic Technicians and ParachuTe
riggers are all parT of V-6 on The ForresTal. V-6 men can be Tound
engaged in many various occupaTions from The servicing of a ieT
engine To changing a Tire on The CapTain's car.
Under The direcTion of V-6 personnel, a siring of shops are
mainTained and manned such as The parachuTe loTT, oxygen shop,
aviaTion meTal shop, aircraTT elecTronics and aircraTT engine shop.
lT's plausible To say ThaT V-6 men are concerned wiTh The mainTenance
and performance of all rolling equipment They are responsible for
The upkeep and proper funcTion of The ship's cars, Trucks, TracTors
and uTiliTy planes. As well as assisTing The embarked Air Group in
repairing engine and body casuliTies, V-6 operaTes and insures The
proper TuncTion of The jeep energizing uniTs, so viTal To The accuraTe
performance of our ieT Aircraft
Probably one of The mosT imporTanT TuncTions of V-6 elecTricians
is compleTe responsibiliTy for repair and proper operaTion of The
valuable Landing Mirror SysTem.
An. fu. .r
Another duty performed by these all-around
task-masters and one ot great service to the
Air Group is the upkeep and custody of a tech-
nical library containing pertinent publications
concerning up to date data on aircraft rnainten-
ance and structural composition.
V-6 holds dovvn a vvhale ot a iob, but ac-
complishes it etticiently and rapidly, A vast
amount ot varied responsibilities are incorporated
in the diFFerent rates tound in V-6, and the rnen
wearing these rates torrn a nucleus of activity
with tenacles reaching into every part of this
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Probably one of The biggesT boons To Naval
Aviafion has been The advenf of The Landing
Mirror sysTem of aircrafT recovery. The mirror
iTself is concave or curved. ATT on The flighT deck
and approximaTely T50 feeT in fronf of The mirror
are four amber colored lighTs mounfed hori-
zonTally abouT a fooT off The deck. These lighTs
focus on The exacf middle. of The mirror, which
resulTs in an amber blob of lighT referred To as
The "IvleaT Ball."
ProTruding from each side of The mirror are
four blueflighfs which are called The arms or
daTum lighTs. On making a proper approach
The piloT musT have The "meaT ball" lined up
horizonfally wiTh The dafum lighTs, while sTaying
on The cenTer line of The angle deck. lf The "meaT
ball" is higher Than The arms, The piloT is Too
high. Conversely, if The "meaT ball" is below The
arms, The piloT knows he is Too low.
The Landing Signal Officer conTrols The mirror
from his plafform, and signals The piloT To cuT
his engines or To go around again. The cuT is
accomplished by The LSO manipulaTing Two green
lighTs aTop The mirror. In The case of ieTs however
This merely means To Touch down, for a jef musT
mainTain his speed in The evenT of missing The
wire Four red lighTs on eiTher side of The mirror
give boTh prop and ieT Type aircraff The signal To
5 . T
The city of Athens takes her name from
Athena Parthenos, the ancient goddess of
wisdom, love and war. The goddess Athena
must have given freely to the city of all of
these gifts, for Athens produced some of the
world's finest philosophers, poets, dramatists
The antiquities of Rome may be more ornate,
those of Paris more romantic, but the ruins of
classic Athens must ever remain unrivalled for
the highest beauty of conception and perfec-
This was evidently seen by Forrestalmen as
they anxiously ascended into the Acropolis, the
home of the mythical Greek Gods, seeking a
view of the classic ruins of which Athenian
Located on a high hill overlooking the entire
city and visible for many miles, the Acropolis
revealed the remains of the "glory that was
once Greece"-the Parthenon, Erechtheum
icolumns of dancing girls on the Porch of
Caryatidsl, Propylaea, Theater of Dionysus,
Odeum of I-lerodes Atticus, and the Temple of
The Parthenon and the most famous of
Acropolis edihces, was a creation symbolizing
the world outlook of the Greeks, a perfect
balance between matter and spirit.
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The most predominant characteristic of Athenian cul-
ture has remained in the customs of the Greek people.
The Greeks are a nationality of people devoted to their
historical past. They respect and honor the King and his
royal court. '
Adhering to tradition, a "switch of the palace guards"
was a common sight seen outside the famous throne of
Forrestalmen stopped and gazed in vvonderment at the
Simultaneously, at four guard posts situated around the
royal palace, guards Who were dressed in their colorful
costumes, departed from a sentry box and relieved guards
standing watches, This procedure was done in both a
military and dignitary way to create a royal finesse.
The palace guards were a delightful contrast to the
beautiful palace, offset by the loveliness of the surround-
Other sights which the tourists enjoyed on their pano-
ramic tour of Athens was the sight of steel helmets worn
by the Greek traffic policemen.
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Tours To The classical ruins of The ancienT myThical
Greek Gods were conducTed daily while The Forres-
Tal was anchored in The Bay of Phaleron.
The culTural significance of The Tours was en-
hanced considerably by The accompanimenT of reli-
anT, English-speaking guides. Their knowledge and
inTerpreTaTion of boTh The classical arTs and hisTory
of The ancienT ruins provided an accuraTe accounT
of The famous sTrucTures.
Trips To inTeresTing spoTs and archaeological siTes
included visiTs inTo The Acropolis, The Tomb of The
Unknown Soldier, The famous TheaTer of Dionysius,
The Palace of The King of Greece, The NaTional
HisTorical Museum, and The STadium where The TirsT
Olympic games were played in l896.
c .,.. f
Efficiently treating about an average of 1400 patients
every month, the Dental Department is constantly striving to
satisfy the patient's dental needs.
Enforcing this operation, three skilled doctors and six
capable general technicians, on call 24 hours a day, work
continuously and competently at simple fillings to complicated
surgical operations, for the crew. 0 I
General aches and pains are remedied by consulting
the Dental Ofhce for an appointment. The office is open
throughtout the morning and afternoon for.the creW's con-
venience, sick call is from 0800 until 0900.
After a patient is examined and classified according to
essential dental needs, a Dental officer is appointed to
complete the treatment.
Within the Dental Department, general dentistry, con-
sisting of oral prophylaxis lcleaning of the teethi, small
restorations, extractions, arid maxial facial treatment, is per-
formed with skill and perfection.
Prosthetic dentistry, the supplying of
substitutes tor missing teeth, is competently
constructed for patients by the Dental De-
It a patient needs a dental appliance, a
partial or full denture is made.
First, a measurement ot the tace is taken,
and an impression is made. The framework
is constructed, fitted and processed. The re-
sults are then ready tor final insertion into
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istanbul bathed with mosques and byzantine churches remnants
ot faiths predominant within that city for many centuries is a land
I ot intrigue, ancestral pride, and cultural beauty.
Located on a strategic gateway to the East Istanbul is bounded
by two continents, Europe and Asia, and two seas, the Black Sea
and the Sea ot Marrnara.
lstanbul, the possessor of several hundred mosques, vvas
a photographer's delight.
Camera enthusiasts, trying vainly to recapture the
beauty and pagentry ot the historical palaces, snapped
pictures every chance that they could on the tours to the
The largest, called "Cami," bears the names of sultans,
ot members ot their family or ot the dignitaries vvho built
them. A score or so ot the mosques were ancient churches
converted to the Mohammedan taith.
Two ot the three mosques visited by the touring parties
were: the tamous Blue Mosque, and Aye Sophia lSt. So-
phial, both real marvels ot workmanship, art and wealth.
The mosT predominanT influence of American culTure
in lsTanbul was The presence of The fabulously designed
lsTanbul l-lilTon l-loTel, where hoards of crewmembers
congregaTed during The evening hours.
DedicaTed To The comTorTs of TourisTs, The l-lilTon was
The scene of silenT aTmosphere, modern archiTecTural
design, and gay amusemenT.
Complying To The TasTes oT American visiTors, a
Turkish hosTess oTTered Tor sale, buf To liTTle avail, cups
of Turkish coTTee The naTional beverage of a proud
and exquisife land
From sTem To sTern, from keel To mosT, The Engineering DeporT-
menT does business. Engineering personnel ore involved in The repC1lV,
moinTenonce ond operoTion of vorious equipmenT for every dePC1VT'
menT on The ship. The miles ond miles of Wiring ond cobling ThoT 90
inTo The loyouT of The elecTricol sysTem on o ship The size of The
ForresTol is Tremendous ond requires o Thorough knowledge in de-
ciphering inTricoTe schemoTics To deTermine Where o cosuolTy is Gnd
hovv To correcT iT. Equolly oliFHculT is tending ond repoiring The mon-
sTrous shc1TTs found on o ship The like of The EorresTol. And hovv ObOUl
The gigonTic boilers ond evoporoTors, os well os The coordinoTi0H
needed To successfully conTrol domoge ThroughouT The ship from Cen-
Then There is The sTeom furnished for The ForresTol's Tour power-
Tul ond oll imporTonT coTopulTs, o sysTem requiring The combined GHOVTS
of The Air DeporTmenT ond The Engineers. You con find on engineering
crew hondling The hydroulic end of The ship's four deck edge elevoTors,
cmd performing The repoiir ond moinTenonce needed To keep The Qlcml
onchor vvindloss TuncTioning properly. AnoTher viTol phose of Tlielf
duties is complete responsibility for the perfect operotion of the ship's in-
terior communicoting devices such os desk phones, inter-com systems, ond
sound powered phone circuits. Every single solitory electricol outlet or fuse
box requires the services of o mon from engineering.
There iust isn't ony where you coin go on the ship without coming
foce to foce with on item tolling within the responsibilities of the Engineer-
ing Deportment. The Forrestol oir conditioning unit is on undertoking of
immense proportions ond ploys on importont port in the comfort of the
crew, os does ci hot shower ot night ond o Iomp by your bunk, or ci
heoted comportment when the ship is operoting during winter months.
Everyone likes hot food ond sterile utensils, cleon loundry ond pressed
uniforms, but without mointenonce ond replocement when needed, the
piping system, so vitol in supplying the boiling woter insuring oll these con-
veniences, would soon prove foiulty.
They ore enormous, ond oppeor everywhere, but the toslcs ore under-
token every doy, 365 doys o yeor, ond performed occurotely ond ropidly.
From the yeomon in the log room with his poper work to the pipehtter
with ci leoky foucet, the engineers support the Forrestol.
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A man in the Forrestal's "Aux-
iliary" or more commonly referred
to "A" Division may find himself
Working on an entirely different
iob from day to day. "A" Division
personnel have responsibilities
throughout the ship, in occupations
as varied and unassociated as the
repair of the coke machines to the
servicing of the engine in the Cap-
The ship's "A" Division is charged
with the material and operating
readiness of the airplane crane,
cargo vvinches, anchor vvindlass,
main steering units and all the
deck edge elevators. These pieces
of machinery all come under the
hydraulic phase of "A" Division
vvork. Also numbered among
their varied duties is seeing to the
proper function of all steam oper-
ating equipment located in the
Tailor shop, laundry, galley and scul-
They make The necessary repairs To
The caTapulT sysTem as well as cuTTing
in The sTeam Tor powering The ForresTal's
Tour launchers. ln This Work They co-
ordinaTe vviTh The Air DeparTmenT.
Servicing The engines of The ship's
moTor boaTs is anoiher phase oT Their
work, as is The repair oT all The For-
resTal's diesel engines locaTed in The
diesel generaTor rooms. All repair and
mainienance performed in The Machine
Shop comes under The surveillance of
"A" Division, as vvell as The upkeep oT
The Machine shop equipment
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'rhoi "A" Division hondles 0 "ForresTol"
size job, requiring men with o good
mechonicol opiirude. The men of "A"
Division hove minds 'rroined in The
principles of mechonics. They know their
iob ond hove performed il efficiently
ond occuroiely. ln Tho? The geors of
The Forreslol revolve To perfection We
con drovv The conscientious lobor of
The men of boTh "B" ond "M" Divisions work
Tor below The ForresTol's woTer line, omidsT The
hiss of sTeom ond The dull groon of The spinning
shciTTs, Responsible Tor The mein propulsion oT The
ship, These Two divisions ore concerned wiTh per-
hops The loirgesT ond TTnesT engineering equiprnenT
in The Novy.
Working TogeTher like Their well oiled mochin-
ery, The Boiler Tenders ond MochinisT MoTes Torm
on unbeoToible combinoTion. Folshioned in The
bowels of The ForresTol is o moze of pipes, gouges,
boilers, compressors, evc1poroTors ond insTrurnenT
ponels copoble of supplying heo1T, oir ond woiTer
for o srnoll rneTropolis. In Toking eoch division
seporoTely we Tlnd The Boiler Tenders concerned
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mainly with the function and maintenance of the ship's eight
boilers and four evaporators, which have an out-put of 200,000
gallons of fresh water daily.
Through their efforts in utilizing this machinery, the crew
enioys the comfort of a hot shower with a minimum of restric-
tion. The tremendous supply of water needed by the boilers to
power the shafts is taken directly from the sea by the evapor-
ators. Aside from fresh water for use of the crew and feed
water for the ship's propulsion, a great amount of steam is
drawn from the boilers for use in the operation of the Forres-
tal's four catapults.
Switching to "lvl" Division, we find the task of servicing the
powerful generators and main engines of major consequence.
"lvl" is charged with a tremendous responsibility, for they are
concerned with the operation and repair of all the machinery
in the propulsion plant.
The fact that the Forrestal has lived up to her propulsion
expectations is a tribute to the know how and ehiciency of
these two excellent Engineering Divisions.
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One of The divisions wiTh ci very viTc1l posiTion in The
correcTTTuncTioning of The ForresTc1I is The ElecTricol cind In-
Terior CommunicoiTion Divison of The Engineering DeporTmenT.
The direcT responsibiIiTy of "E" division is The moinTe-
nonce ond servicing of eIecTricoI ond cornmunicoTion uniTs
ThroughouT The ship. The division is broken down inTo sepci-
rc1Tely TuncTioning shops ond working spoces. The LighT shop
is responible Tor oll IighTing circuiTs, coffee moking uniTs,
H5 volT circuiTs, HighT deck lighTing, onchor cind running
lighTs ond The rigging of oil gongwoy IighTs.
The Power shop mc1inTc1ins venTiIoTion rnoTors ond services
The elecTricol phcise of The ship's oir condiTioning sysTem.
Down in The Forvvord InTerior Communicohons room They ore
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concerned with the ship's 2,300 service phones,
as Well as loud speaker apparatus, tlre alarm
svvitchboards and all sound powered circuits. An-
other phase of their work is handling all 400
cycle generators, emergency diesel generators
and machinery space power light circuits.
"E" Division, although divided into separate
units, works indirectly as a team to expedite the
proper function of the Forrestal's light and com-
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tremend IT IS Gm Ove n ony Ship l
It OUS Tgsk Com Vvvhelming ic-DQS diFfECUlT WO k
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Iqclrd O11 y Takes U DIVIS. T on
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During General Quarters R Dlvnsnon mans
the magortty of tlre tlghtlng untts and ns ln
durectuon ot all repalr partnes Located tn the
Damage Control section ot Central Control
are dlagrams and Communncatuon means for
speed In the locatron lsolatuon and repaur of
maternal damage control of stablllty and the
correctuon of lust and trnm
Each and every man IH this versatile ollvtslon
IS capable of working rn any of the places tor
which the ollvtslon as responslble The Forrestal
may be big and strong but even the strongest
need reparrs a times so It s reassurung to have
a dlvnslon as etcflclent and with the all around
hugh calibre as the men of R Dlvlsron on
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Rhodes, The prize pearl oT The Dodecanese Islands and
often referred To as The "Isle of Roses" was a mosT alluring
island in The brillianT seTTing of The crysTal blue Aegean
Rhodes was a nymph, says Greek Iviyihology, and
Apollo, The god of The sun, had her as his beloved misTress,
so, he gave her pIenTy of sunshine The whole year Through.
EvidenTly Apollo sTill loves Rhodes even To This day,
because visiTing crevvmen from The ForresTal so enioyed The
Rhodian climaTe as Well as The picTuresaue and delighTTul
surroundings of The well-preserved medieval Tovvn, ThaT
There almosT was a fairy Tale aualiTy abouT Them.
As ForresTalmen ascended Trom The IiberTy launches onTo
The Rhodian shores, some paTrolled The beach, some
renTed bicycles and rode inTo The scenic counTryside, while
oThers relaxed auieTly aT sidewalk cafes To absorb The
sereniTy and grandeur of The ancienT sea.
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The mdior posTime which vvos enjoyed by oll honds
during The plec1sonT visiT To Rhodes were bicycle excursions
Through The oncienT ciTy ond czcross The colorful counfryside.
ForresTdI cyclisTs, remembering The ioys of Their youTh,
"lived in The posT" iusT Tor The purpose of enioymenT, omuse-
menT ond reloxo1Tion.
Riding goily post The Collochium, The vvolled ciTy of
Rhodes where The Poldce of The Grdnd MosTer sTood so vvell
preserved, The visiTors ocTuc1lly goT o TruThTul picTure of The
When iT come Time Tor o "breok" beTween cycling, The
crewmembers enioyed choTs vviTh boTh young ond old. They
olso were omozed CJT The people Themselves who were dressed
in cloThing reminiscenT of Times gone by.
Fishermen were o common sighT ThroughouT The Town
since Tishing is o populor occupoTion of The Rhodions.
The prestige ond prosperity thot Rhodes hcid
enioyed prior to the coming of Christ diminished
during successive inversions by Rome, ltoly, Jeru-
solem ond Turkey. Following these invosions there
remciined on influence thot hos withstood time
ond is evidenced todoy in Rhodion orchitecture,
customs, religions ond languages.
Promenoding ciround Rhodes, the crewmembers
visited the Grondmoster's Poloce, the Rhodes Ivlu-
seum, Turkish mosques, the Temple ot Apollo, the
Knight's Poloce, Our Lody of Philerimos, ond the
Temple ot Komiros.
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The loirgest of the twelve Dodeconese lslonds,
Rhodes hos ci very historicol bcickground perti-
nent to the composition of its present stote, thot
ot religious churches, mosques, ond medievol
Well known os one of the most beoutitul towns
of the oncient period, Rhodes enioyed o period
ot prosperity in the centuries before Christ when
it wos both on ortistic ond culturol center, high-
lighted by the Colossus ot Rhodes, oi gigontic
structure done in bronze ond known cis one of the
Seven Wonders ot the World.
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ATmosphere ond hillbilly music vvos The seTTing
beneoTh The Rhodion Povillion Where groups of
ForresTol blueiockeTs Hchovved down" oiT The Con-
Teen, enioying on ossorTmenT of luncheon meoTs,
cookies, ond coillee. T
There wos locoTed oT The ConTeen, o TourisT's
curio shop Where ForresTolmen purchosed giTTs To
be moiled home To Their loved ones.
The Tovvn iTselT vvos o core for TourisT Trodeg
crewmembers purchosing onyThing Trom o fine
English coshmere To O1 solTen imoge of Apollo.
Perhops The mosT populor spoTs in Rhodes were
The sidevvolk cofes Where crevvmen were seen
sipping Those Hollond beers ond gozing quie-Tly
inTo The lovely seTTing oT The sun, Thinking of The
reTurn Trip home.
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The men of The "lsT" Division, on The For-
resTal focus Their aTTenTion on The care of per-
haps The Two largesT anchors and anchor chains
in The vvorld. WiTh each link weighing in The
neighborhood of 360 lbs. and each anchor
Tipping The scales aT 30 Tons, sTopping Their
forward moTion proved a serious problem for
engineers. This difTiculTy was remedied by The
insTallaTion of a mechanical brake vviTh a hy-
draulic boosTer, capable of sTopping Their Tor-
ward drive in an insTanT. BUT despiTe labor
saving devices, a considerable amounT of Work
is required each and every Time The mam-
moth Twins are dropped, or drawn up. The
cleanliness of The ship's TorecasTle is a TribuTe
To The conscienTious inTeresT The men of The
"lsT" have in Their work.
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Rigging plays an important part in the
every day work of the Forrestal's deck divi-
sions, and torms an essential phase of the
ship's daily operations.
The "2nd" Division, due to having num-
erous refueling and replenishing stations
employ this age old art no doubt more ex-
tensively than any division on the ship. A
hard working group ot Boatsvvain Mates
and their strikers, they are charged with
over one hundred cleaning stations, other
than their responsibilities during replenish-
ment. No matter what time ot the day or
night, when the ship retuels or takes on
supplies, you will tind the men ot the "2nd"
up hours before, preparing the scene. They
are also responsible for operating and
maintaining tvvo boat booms, tour sponsons
and two accommodation ladders.
The skills of the Boatsvvain Mate are an
integral part of the Navy and play a vital
role on the Forrestal.
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The "3rd" Division of the Forrestol performs on
essentiol tunction in dll refueling ond replenish-
ment operotions, Sponson NC. 5, used during the
retueling of Destroyers, is the responsibility ot the
"3rd" Division Bootsvvoin Ivlotes. Other respon-
sibilities undertolcen by the "3rd" include the
hondling ot three lines during docking, direction
ond operotion ot dll the ship's incinerotors ond
gorboge disposol units. They ore completely in
charge ot preporotion, operotion ond direction
ot elevotor if-L3 during refueling ond replenishing.
Men ot the "3rd" Division ore either Bootsvvoin
Motes or Bootswoin Mote strikers ond the seomen
must leorn the tundornentols ot seornonship be-
fore undertoking the more skilled orts ot the
oncient moriners. Through the guidonce ot their
leoding petty othcers, the seomen ond seornen
dpprentices ore tutored in their rote slowly, leorn-
ing it in the best woy possible, experience.
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The,ForresTal's "4Th" Division is The direcT source of
"LiberTy" many Times To The ForresTal crewmembers. They are
responsible for The repair, operaTion and safe navigaTion of
all The ForresTal's liberTy launches.
ln The many monThs following The ForresTal's Commis-
sioning, The men of The "4Th" have ferried milifary and civilian
dignifaries of varying rank and posifion, presidenTs of foreign
counTries and heads of sTaTe. They have been praised highly
for Their skill in The excellenTly handling of Their boaTs in all
kinds of weaTher. Crewmembers of The Forresfal have ofTen
been overheard To say "we have The besT boaT crews in The
Ofher funcfions of The "4Th" include The care of all The
ship's rafTs locaTed along The cafwalks, cleaning numerous
spaces and handling refueling and replenishing sTaTions. The
upkeep and cleanliness of The FanTail is anoTher phase of The
"4Th" Division's work. The "4Th" Division is proud of Their
boaT-handling, and The Forresfal is proud of The "4Th."
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Completely responsible for the maintenance and proper opera-
tion of the ship's 5"54 cal. anti-aircraft guns, the Forrestal's Fifth
Division handles a maior iob, One of the newest guns to come out,
the 5 inchers are almost completely automatic from the time the pro-
iectile is taken from the magazine in the depths of the ship until it's
explosion on target. Due to the innovations in this modern gun, the
men of the Fifth must be part Gunners Mate and part technician. Also
falling within their responsibilities are insuring the security of all ord-
nance equipment, material, and assigned spaces capable of being
sprinkled for protection from fire.
These few lines can't stress the importance of the Fifth Division's
Work. lt means daily attendance to the mounts which must be ready in
the event of enemy attack.
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One of The mosT guarded spaces on any ship are The
highly explosive magazines. In compleTe charge of
sTovving The ForresTal's ammuniTion are The men of The
SixTh Division. All magazines locaTed below The TourTh
deck are The responsibiliTy of The SixTh. The Ordnance
Tool Issue room, as well as landing force lockers Tall
under Their surveillance.
One of Their more responsible dufies is The mainTe-
nance, preparaTion and firing of The ForresTal's saluTing
baTTeries which were puT To consTanT use in honoring
visiTing digniTaries nearly everyiime The ForresTal pulled
During Ammo-loading The men of The SixTh Division
are liTerally loaded vviTh work and responsibiliTies, for
in These periods They are on The go 24 hours a day,
boarding, handling and sTowing every biT of proiecTile
Type ammuniTion. The handling and proper sfovvage of
The 5" proiecTiles plays a maior role in The proper
mainTenance of our ship's secondary line of defense. IT
is enough To say ThaT The Tire power of The ForresTal
5" guns lies in The hands of The SixTh Division.
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The Forrestal's Fox Division is primarily concerned
With the maintenance and correct function ot all ire
control installations on the ship. This rather broad
statement brings into light four units of both Director
Radar detection, electronic Gunar and the intricate
Target Designation System.
The lvlark 56 or director spotting, radar tracking
system of ire control, incorporates visual location
by the director, tracking and locking on by the
radar, with accurate Hring induced by the computer.
The Gunar system of the other hand is completely
electronic in finding, tracking and computing. ln the
event ot mass attack the ship's Target Designation
System which incorporates CIC in locating the mass
movement directs the tiring ot the various mounts on
the planes closest in their line ot tire.
To the men of Fox Division, the reading ot tech-
nical schematics and the deciphering of the sensitive
computer evaluations poses a small problem, due to
the extensive schooling they have received. The For-
restal has some ot the best trained and most skilled
technicians the Navy has to offer.
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A Unifed STaTes "sea going" Marine is probably The sharpesf
looking individual in any service and iT's hard To find a sharper
looking group of men Than The ForresTal's Marine defachmenf.
ForresTal Marines wear Their uniforms wifh pride and, whaTever
Their dufies, are always neaTly dressed.
On This ship Their responsibilifies are similar To Those per-
formed on oTher carriers, wiTh The possible excepfion ThaT They
are required To sfand guard over a few more Special Weapons
spaces. Marines can be found acfing as orderlies for The Capfain,
ExecuTive Officer, or any visifing officer equivalenT To The rank
of Navy Capfain, or higher.
They acT as honor guard every Time The Forresfal enfers a
foreign porT, for The benefif of miliTary leaders and heads of sTaTe.
Probably Their ToughesT fob is overall charge of The ship's "brig,"
where They musT be hardboiled in order To mainTain proper dis-
During General Quarfers, The ForresTal Marines have sTaTions
in The handling rooms down in The magazines, alThough some of
The senior men serve in The capaciTy of Gun MounT Capfain.
Forming a nucleus for The ship's landing parfies, The Marines
musT be on The ball in field maneuvers in order To Train and seT
an example for The unTried sailor. AT alrnosf every available
opporTuniTy, The marines leave The ship in baffle gear and prac-
Tice Their landing operafions. Parf of The proudesT organizaTion in
The world, The Forresfal Marines are a credif To ThaT praiseworfhy
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The mysTery men of The ForresTal are Those highly
skilled and mosT TrusTecl group of sailors referred To as
The Special Weapons UniT.
There isn'T very much To say abouT These secrecy
shrouded weapons workers, for liTTle is known concern-
ing Their acTiviTies. The classified nafure of The work
They perform precludes any descripTion of Their general
funcfions, buT quife a few can TesTify To Their willing-
ness To work long and unusual hours.
Through Their parTicipoTion in The ship's aThleTic pro-
gram They have become well known and liked by The
crew. Their spiriT of cooperaTion in The ship's affairs
makes Them a welcome addifion To ship's company.
They have been assigned To The Forresfal from The
Naval Air STaTion, Norfolk, Va. The ship's SVVU per-
sonnel are quieT, nondescripf men who perform a very
imporTanT funcTion, always shrouded in secrecy.
SVVU spaces are Taboo To all buT Those having The
highesT securiTy clearance, and due To The work They
perform This is viTally essenfial. Much of Their work is
performed aT nighT, buT day or nighf, in porT or aT sea,
a waTch is mainfained by Marines, who check The
clearance card of all personnel desiring To enfer.
Special Weapons play a greaf role in The preserving
of our Nafional Defense.
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Beirut, the capital city ot Lebanon, is a
land of legend and history, beauty and chiv-
alry, poetry and art, health and recreation.
Bounded by Syria on the north and east,
and Israel on the south, Beirut is the Gate-
way to the East and a thriving focal point
of banking and commercial enterprise, as
well as an academic center to whose uni-
versities tens ot thousands of students come
for their education.
Forrestalmen came to this prominent in-
tellectual center during the beginning of
Spring to enjoy the superb climate which
Lebanon enioys, and be entertained by the
mysticism that made this Near-Eastern coun-
Some members of The ForresTal were able To Take a Tour
To Baalbek one of The mosT imporTanT hisforic siTes of The
' I-lighlighTs aT The ruins in Baalbek were: The Temple of
JupiTer which was supporfed by huge columns of sTone- The
Temple of Venus a giff To The Lebanese by The Romans To
show friendship in an age long pasT- and The fallen pillars
of The Temple of Bacchus considered To have been The finesf
example of ancienf archiTecTure.
Many crewmembers became Arabs Temporarily as They
donned Lebanese aTTire for Their heads To creafe more of an
afmosphere and charm To The Tour. Passing caravans of
camels and donkeys The TourisTs were inTrigued aT The sighT.
AT The conclusion of The Tour The Forresfalmen each wenT
Their merry way depending upon vvhaf enTerTainmenT suifed
Their fancy- The gay and excifing enTerTainmenT of The famous
nighT spoT The Kit KaT Club or The conso.laTion of congregaTing
in groups aT The canfeen where charming hosTesses provided a
delighTful evening of conversaTion and dancing. Beirut in-
deed vvas a fascinaTing porT of enfry.
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The ForresTaI held a "Happy Hour" which Turned ouT To
be iusT ThaT during her brief sTay in BeiruT, Lebanon, wiTh a
show ThaT proved a Tonic To The crew's morale.
Chaplain Harrison acTed as MasTer of Ceremonies Tor The
much enjoyed varieTy show, direcTed by promising singer and
composer, Seaman Dick AnThony. The baTon of Chief Szlaga,
MUC, led The ForresTaI aTTached ComAirLanT Band Through The
popular sTrains of The ST LOUIS BLUES MARCH, To head a show
ThaT produced a galaxy of IaTenT TaIenT. Jim McDermoTT gave
voice To THE STREET WHERE YOU LIVE, accompanied by The
Changing The rhyThm sIighTIy, The ForresTaI Hillbilly Band,
iumped inTo ROSE MARIE wiTh Bill Bailey, To TONS, WALTZ OF
THE ANGELS and RUNNING WILD. Combos, organisTs and solos
paced The show while boTh bands popped Through wiTh sTirring
melodies. Michael SanTesse, CS3, made such an auThenTic inTer-
preTaTion oT Elvis Presley, ThaT The cheering sailors broughT him
back Tor an encore.
While The ForresTal was anchored off
TaranTo, lTaly, which is one of The cenTers
of lTalian AdmiralTy, Miss Sandra Milo vis-
iTed The ship. Novv, There is noThing ex-
plosive abouT The lasT senTence, There was
however, a deTiniTe disTurloance visible on
The Forresfal quarTerdeck when This same
Miss by The home of Milo presenTed her
TighTly clad feminine pulc:hriTude on board.
An up and coming lTalian Movie queen,
Miss Milo, vviTh The enThusiasTic help of half
The Crew Took a Tour of The powerful carrier.
Some of The highesT ranking miliTary
leaders of our day have boarded The For-
resTal, receiving full honors, buf noT near
as much aTTenTion.
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BLUE MOON wos sung by .lim Feggins followed
by mimic Ed Eorris who pulled The professionol
voices of ArThur Godfrey, Johnny Roy ond Al Jolson
ouT of The oir. DirecTor AnThony rendered A WOMEN
IN LOVE wiTh The help of Szlogcfs boys. The Com-
AirLcinT Bond hod feeT sfomping in The wonning
minuTes when They gove ouT wiTh STOMPIN' AT THE
SAVOY ond WHEN Tl-IE SAINTS GO MARCHING
IN, vocoilized by Mc1rTy lnfield.
ln puTTing on o complefe show Teamwork is on
essenTiol requirement The EorresTol "l-loppy Hour"
wos o success due To The cooporoTion of dll deporf-
menTs. The men gove iT dll They had ond puT on o
Terrific show, which wos Thoroughly enioyed by dll.
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The pulsating strains of Latin American music
such as the Mambo, Flamenco and Calypso, sup-
plemented with the ever popular Charleston pre-
vailed in Hangar Bay 55252 aboard the Forrestal,
on April 6. Causing this unusual cadence to
exude from the interior ot a "Man ot War"
was the splendid stage shovv put on voluntarily
by performers from the famous "Kit-Kat" club ot
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Operating coherrantly in all phases of medi-
cal operations and functions dedicated to the
physical fitness of the sick and iniured personnel
on board Forrestal is the Medical Department.
This department, manned by ive officers and
4l enlisted men also render assistance in cases
of emergencies both on the ship and into any
areas the ship may be required to go.
Operations are performed skillfully by our
medical officers, assisted by hospital corpsmen,
who handle routine and emergency surgical
operations. Many patients are received from
smaller ships by highline transfer or by heli-
A man who can be considered a "co-pilot"
in the Medical Department, as far as the pilots
are concerned, is the Flight Surgeon. This man
is the medical examiner who analyses the pilots
both mentally and physically for flying fitness,
with special attention focused on perfect eyes,
heart and lungs.
X-ray technicians and registered pharmacists are also
included in the department, making our Medical Department
one of the finest in the Fleet. -
' Cleanliness, a disease preventive, is a requisite which is
remedied through constant inspections ot galleys, compart-
ments and Washrooms.
There are three sick calls per day, one at 0800, i300
and i800 with emergency cases taken care ot anytime.
The Medical Department maintains an 84 bed hospital
24 hours a day. For isolation purposes, there is one isola-
tion ward and two "quiet" rooms, separating the "contagious"
patients from the rest.
g PUHS, the capital of France and the center of French affections,
will forever be admired for its beauty, quaintness, historical monu-
ments, and not iust for the night spots.
Parisian nights.. .gay and exciting revues. . .promenades along
the. famous Champs-Elysees. . .a trip to Napoleon's Tomb in the ln-
valides...gazing with amazement from the towering structures of
Eiffel and the Arc of Triumphe. . .an afternoon at Versailles. . .THIS
was Paris! Q
1 Eighty seven crewmembers were fortunate to have seen these
highlights and many more in their brief, two-day stay in "Gay
Paree" in late April.
The Paris tour was dented by two things which brought discom-
fort and incomplete memories of the capital city. First, the Forrestal
and part of the Sixth Fleet were sent to the Eastern Mediterranean to
the rescue of Jordan which was on the verge of chaos, confusion,
and attempted revolt. This was a security 'move by the United States
to back the Eisenhower Doctrine. Second, the Paris tour was cancelled
and the Parisian tourists were put into further transfer on the USS
YELLOVVSTONE KAD-275 and the USS EVERGLADES CAD-243 on
route to the Forrestal.
ln spite of all this disruption, the two days on Paris were well
spent by the sailors who -accepted the French way of life similar
to their own.
April in Paris was dampened with those "ever lovin"'
April Showers during the first day ot the organized tour.
Disregarding the unpleasant weather conditions which pre-
vailed the Parisian scene, camera enthusiasts took numerous
photos ot the famous avenues, night spots and historical
monuments. Anyway, the rain had a most interesting ettect
upon photography, creating a misty background and blend-
ing it with contrasting characters Qndfor structures.
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Crewmembers, fatigued from a restless
evening on a train from Cannes to Paris,
via Marseilles, were rather glum to see the
mist and rain hamper their chances of mak-
ing their stay in Paris an enjoyable one.
Obediently they trodded to the hotels as-
signed them by a competent officer in
charge of the tour. After they were checked
into the hotel rooms and had finished eating
breakfast, it was time to prepare for the
first excursion in the proposed tour of Paris.
The schedule of events for that dreary
day included a well-planned sight-seeing
tour of Paris by bus, via the Champs-Elysees,
the most highly-rated district of all Paris.
Cinemas, sidewalk cafes, and lovely women
-whims of a day-graced this wide avenue
which lead through heavy traffic to the
Arch of Triumphe.
The Arch of Triumphe, completed in T836
is one of the best known places in Paris.
Twelve avenues radiated from this monu-
ment, made for an Imperial epoch, Na-
poleon Bonaparte, who ordered this gigantic
arch to be constructed but never saw it
completed. This famous edifice houses the
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Every evening
at 6:30 PM French people pay homage to
this tomb in memory of their loved ones
killed during the past wars.
A trip to Napoleon's Tomb in the ln-
valides which was located across the wind-
ing Seine and its bridges, impressed the
visitors. The maiesty of the edifice befitted
the great Emperor. The site chosen for his
monument was centralized within the great
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Nopoleon's love tor his country ond people
wcis evidenced in The Twelve colossol figures ot
his brothers ond fellow othcers who died or
fought beside him in his moior compoiigns tor
world conquest. The entronce to The crypt was
behind o conopy. Above The bronze door was
engroved Nopoleon's tomous words: "I wish
my bodyrto rest neor the bonks of The Seine,
in the midst ot the French people l loved so
Perhops the most exciting site seen on the
tirst tour wos The universolly best-known con-
struction in Ports, the Eiffel Tower. The sum-
mit ot The tower is 984 teet. The visitors stonding
between the piers ot the tower, seeing betore
them the extroordinory network of beoms rising
skywords, were impressed by The stronge quolity
of The construction.
Night life along the Champs-Elysees and
Pigalle attracted a maiority of the Forrestal-
men. Some took prolonged walks up and
down the avenues, relaxing at sidevvalk cafes
and absorbing French vvines, foods and tasty
pastries. Others accepted organized tours to
the intimacy of the Lido Club, the sight of the
gorgeous can-can girls of the most-popular
Follies Bergere and the luxurious entertain-
ment at the Moulin Rouge.
Taking advantage of the cultural oppor-
tunities, some sailors attended LA BOHEME
at the worlds largest Opera l-lOUSe, While
others savv the play, "Tea and Sympathy"
starring Ingrid Bergman. :
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The second day of the tour was a bright
and sunny day. . .ideal for a trip to the Pal-
ace of Versailles and its lovely gardens.
Riding to Versailles, located outside .city
limits, the tour party savv many interesting
shops and monuments on the way. . .the
store of Christian Dior, famous dressmaker,
the luxurious Plaza Athena, the Statue of
Liberty, given to the French people in 1889,
and the famous book and painting stalls.
Versailles' l-lall of Mirrors, the Royal Suites,
the Small Apartments, the ground floor rooms
vvhich are the works of the great artists of
that century and the statues and fountains
in the gardens, astonished the crewmembers.
Concluding the trip to Paris was the tour
through Notre Dame Cathedral, the rnOST
beautiful religious building in the capital city.
Even some are planning a return trip, n'est-
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Opposite the ongled deck of the Forrestol stonds, highly
erect ond tirm, the "island in the sky," commonly referred to os
the bndge.VVHhHithB Hbmnn mochmen ometound mghhhefv
cient othcers, with or without Hscrombled eggs" on their visors,
ond compewnt quowennoyem, wHh one obpctin nnnd-40
novigote the ship through the vvciter by the opplicotion of novi-
gohonol devkes such os pHoHng ond deod reckomng,long
Within this towering superstructure, the Olticer of the Deck
ond his subordinotes, receive orders from the Coptoin ond the
Novigotor. The Novigotor is olso the protocol oFHcer, in chorge
ot rendering honors ond ceremonies to visiting dignitciries.
Besides this, he is to moke certoin, prior to leoving tor foreign
ports thot the noitionol ensigns of countries to loe visited ore on
the ship ond reody to be hoisted upon orrivol ot o foreign
port bythe Novigotion Deportment.
A novy dup con never be unoHended,therehme, oH im-
portont stotions concerned with Novigotion must be odequotely
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The Photographic Laboratory on board the
Forrestal, which is provided with the newest, most
advanced technical equipment in Naval Aviation,
still functions with the time proven theory that one
picture is worth ten thousand words.
A part of the Operations Department, the
Laboratory operates, percentage wise, in seven
categories. . . TSMPIO, 22? Progress Reports lthis
includes photos of RUDM's, which are reports of
unsatisfactory or damaged materialsi, 25W Aerial
Reconnaissance, lock for lD cards, lock for mo-
tion pictures, CSM for general purpose pictorial
views, and TOLM, for supervised training.
A round-the-clock schedule is maintained in the
Photo Lab. during Flight Operations. Eight men
are assigned to the flight deck at all times taking
motion pictures and stills of every plane that
takes off and lands. These pictures are processed
and are made available for the pilots to look over
for possible mistakes and to check air flying tech-
niques prior to the next day's flight.
Skilled in the latest techniques, the photo per-
sonnel shoot, develop, process, edit and dis-
seminate or file all motion picture or still film in
either black or white or color.
Two vital divisions of OP are Air Intelligence
Ofhce and Operations Department Ofhce. Al
provides air intelligence and photo interpretation
services for ship, Flag, and squadrons, while the
Operations Department Otufice is responsible for
all clerical and administrative traffic for the entire
ff- ' '
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One of the most important factors affecting air operations is the
weather. The Forrestal's Aerographers, in addition to using the general
available information on weather forecasts, maintain their own
weather station in the OA Division.
Part of a world-wide weather reporting network of both surface
and upper air, the Aerological Office forecasts for local and long
distance aircraft operations.
Men of the OA Division don't depend on their bunions to indicate
when it will rain. Instead, they use such instruments as the barometer,
thermometer, anemometer, clinometer and psychrometer to gather the
valuable weather data. From this information, the Aerographer can pre-
pare weather charts, compute ballistic wind, and determine the density
of the upper air which is necessary for more accurate surface and anti-
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The OC Division of the Operations Department is
concerned vvith the planning of flights, scheduling of
aircraft, coordination of flight missions, dissemination
of flight information necessary for pilots, briefing, and
monitoring of oil airborne aircraft. Some of the neces-
sary information passed to the ready rooms via the
teletype machines are: position of intended movement
of the ship, weather ground the ship and at nearby
diversionary fields, bearing and distance to diver-
sionary fields, status of navigational aids, and any
other pertinent information requested by the pilotsj
The Air Operations Center is manned by competent
and qualified air controlmen during all periods that
flight operations are in progress Normally the per
sonnel man the center at least one and one half hours
prior to launching of aircraft and remain on duty for a
period of about one hour after termination of air
operations During periods of fleet exercises per
sonnel are on duty constantly for as many as five
In addition to control of combat type aircraft the
Air Operations Center monitors and controls carrier
on Board CCODD flights and helicopters COD air
craft services the Fleet by making deliveries to and
from the shore bases personnel transfers distribution
of US Mail and delivery of cargo and necessary
materials The functions of the helicopters are to serve
as rescue plane guard in events of ditched aircraft
and to further distribute to other ships mail passen
gers and cargo
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The OE Division, which has a normal
complement of 38 men, is charged with
the responsibility ot maintenance of all
electronic equipment, exclusive of gun-
Visualize one compartment, like Main
Radio, with 20 or 30 receivers, or the
six individual UHF CUltra High Fre-
quencyl radio rooms with a large
amount of equipment and CIC with
numerous "scopes," and you realize that
the Electronic Technicians are spread
pretty thin. In spite of this, the OE Divi-
sion has received excellent and out-
standing marks on all inspections since
the initial inspection at Guantanamo
The Combat lnformation Center is a dimly lighted
space, haunted by Ol Division Radarmen who main-
tain an endless vigil against air attack, both at sea
or in port. l-lere, radar information and tactical in-
formation by radio from other ships is displayed and
evaluated before being disseminated to the Flag and
the Bridge. From this space, also are the ship's first
Weapon, it's aircraft, both directed and controlled.
The surface tactical picture is maintained in the
Commanding-Officer's Tactical Plot, located high in
the superstructure of the ship. On this plot, radarmen
keep a constant flow of information on all surface
objects going out to the ship and other units in
company. This information is provided by lookouts,
radar and radio, at all radarmen positions.
ln ClC the air and surface tactical
pictures are displayed on status boards
for reference. These plastic boards of
the polar coordinate type, are placed
in such a manner that the radarmen of
the Ol Division may stand behind them
to record the information. All writing is
done backwards to provide an unob-
structed view of the boards for the CIC
Guiding aircraft safely to the deck under poor weather
conditions is the job of the Carrier Controlled Approach,
a section of the Ol Division.
Utilizing radar capable of picking up weather obscured
aircraft, the CCA gang is always ready to render assist-
ance to any pilot bringing him dovvn through heavy
weather and placing him in a position to land on deck.
Over one thousand approaches have been conducted in
this manner since October i956. This unit is manned at all
times when aircraft are airborne and are on thirty minute
notice at other periods.
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Communicotions is the key-note ot the OR
Division. In this division Rcidiomen ond Telemen
hondle oll sorts ot moil, reorns ot dispotches, ond
press copy. Emergency telegroms cindfor per-
sonnel messoges ore tronsmitted ond received
through the OR Division.
The Rodio Division ot OR is concerned primorily
with externol communications, originoting from C1
conglomerotion of wires which coniugcite from o
"nerve center," Moin Communications.
ln Mein Communications, messoges ore re-
ceived cind processed to divisions concerned. This
function is performed by rodiomen. Whether it
be in the tciscimile room lvvire photol, hcindling
of morse code, rodio teletype, or voccil communi-
cotions, every phose is undertolcen ond completed
with skill ond speed.
When there is mochine tciilure, the ET's lelec-
tronic technicicinsl lend ci helping hond.
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"Mail Coll" on The bodTswc1in's pipe wos perhcips The
mosT cidhered To sound To The ecirs of blueicickeTs owcly from
home. As soon os The coll wcis sounded, wheTher in porT or oT
seo, division rnciilmen rushed hcisTily To The posT oFHce ond
crewmembers roced merrily To clciim IeTTers from Their loved
There wos d Time when weeks ond even monThs of woiT-
ing were involved before leTTers were received oboord ship.
BUT during The Med. Cruise, iT wos only o moTTer of doys
beTween done of mdiling in The STc1Tes ond receipT oboord
ships of The SixTh FleeT.
The overoge Time Tor on dir moil leTTer To reoch The ForresTc1l
wos cibouT seven dcxys. However, if wds possible Tor o leiiel'
moiled in New York To be reoid by o soilor in Ccxnnes Tour
dcxys loTer. -
All This convenience ond comTorT for The crew con be
oTTribuTed portiolly To The fine work done by The Telemen in
The POST Olllice. These men worked diligenTly ond quickly To
soTisfy The demonds of boTh oFlTcers ond enIisTed men in The
purchosing of sTomps, ordering of money orders, ond mciiling
of leTTers ond pockciges To oll porTs of The world.
The Forrestal was the central distribution area ot mail
when the ships were engaged in Flight and Sea Operations.
Therefore, when the ships were underway, all mail brought
to the Forrestal tor smaller ships ot the Fleet, was sent either
by highline Transfer or helicopter. l
During a three-month period. the Post Otlice handled
lO0,000 pounds of mail, both incoming and outgoing, seven
thousand money orders, totaling approximately one-quarter
million dollars, and flSl6,000,000 worth ot stamps. This showed
that the Forrestalmen were writing home practically every
chance they had.
A iob well done bythe men who might be called, "Mail-
men ot the Mediterranean," the men from the OR Division.
Before "Mail Call" was sounded over
the PA system, the postmen and his six
mailmen were busy sorting the mail and
preparing to distribute it to the mail
Mail was brought on board the For-
restal by COD's, planes used to bring
mail and VlP's on board the ship while
at sea, which arrived from the Mail Dis-
tribution Center, Naples, Italy. The max-
imum mail load that the COD delivered
to the ship during the Med. Cruise vvas
4,000 pounds. In port, mail was brought
on board the Forrestal by utility boats.
The maximum amount of a load was
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The Signalman rate has iust returned into Navy iob rates.
For the past eight years this rate had been combined with
the Quartermaster rate, but novv it is no longer a "prodigal
The Signalmen constantly undergo training of procedure,
recognition, and all phases of visual communication. Working
on the signal bridge, located in the superstructure of the
ship, the men from OS Division handle communications for
both ship and Flag. They also cover administrative trattic
and tactical maneuvers tor ships involved in the Task Force.
This is accomplished by transmission using lil flashing light,
C23 flag hoist and l3l semaphore.
Flashing light communication is visual assistance used
mostly tor transmission ot administrative messages to ships
of the Fleet, accomplished by transmission and receiving ot
Flag hoists are used primarily for the maneuvering ships
ot the Task Force and tactical formations.
It you have wandered on the tlight deck dur-
ing the mornings or afternoons, you probably
have seen Signalmen transmitting messages from
the Forrestal to other ships by the use of Sema-
phore-a more rapid means ot communication-
while in port or while the ship is alongside an-
In port or at sea, the Signalmen stand watches
throughout the day and night, constantly trans-
mitting and receiving messages. So when you see
that inconsistent Hash ot light headed in the
direction ot our ship, you can be certain that
wherever there is communication, the Navy iob
is being done.
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Procurement ond stovvoge of stores, repoir ports,
and oviotion supply ports ore controlled through the
S-i Division, one ot tive divisions within the Supply
Within the Stores Ottice CGSKD, conscientious store-
keepers ore busy compiling doto on present stock on
hond, checking items needed, ond mointoining on
occurote occount of stock to be procured tor oll divi-
sions through the "miracle of replenishment."
Replenishing, procurement of supplies
by highline from one ship to another,
was very prevalent among ships on the
Mediterranean Cruise. It was a necessity
which required the toil and sweat of
practically all-hands during long hours
The General Stores and Supply Repair
usually were replenished every two or
three weeks, with GSK receiving about
55 tons ot supplies from supply ships.
Items of an emergency nature were ob-
tained through COD tiights while at sea.
FASTLANT, emergency delivery, requiring
planes tlovvn from the States to Port
Lyautey to Naples, via COD flights to
the Forrestal, was sometimes feasible in
emergency cases, usually an aviation
Aviation Supply includes procurement
ot aircratt parts, catapult and arresting
gear parts, and special equipment from
either replenishment or FASTLANT service.
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"Chow" is not the name ot an oriental sailor but
it may have been a Chinese war cry some time ago.
Anyway, this cry is repeated three times a day over
the PA system ot the Forrestal by the obnoxious,
sustained, and shrill sound on the boatswain's pipe
proclaiming that "dinner is served." Acknowledging
this standard proclamation are the gourmets and
gourmands who amble hastily trom all parts ot the
ship to the hangar deck in order to take their place
in the chow-lines.
The meals are served, as well as prepared, in the
two separate galleys, one in the forward part of
the ship and the other in the after part. Both galley
crews, consisting ot cooks, bakers, butchers, and
stockmen, operate independently ot the other, still
serving the same menu.
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One ot the biggest operations on board
the Forrestal is the feeding of 3,000 en-
listed men three times a day. A normal
day's food consumption totals approximately
six tons. One meal, a Sunday dinner, for
example, will include tried chicken, mashed
potatoes, green peas, hot rolls and c:oFfee.
To prepare this, means the ship's commis-
sarymen will start with two tons of chicken,
three quarters at a ton ot peas, over one
ton ot potatoes, 600 rolls, 650 pies, and
2l0 pounds of coftee.
Replenishing SOO to 350 tons ot toool supplies
every month from retrigerotor ond supply ships is
o iob for oll-hcnncls. Sometimes, while ot o port ot
coll, fresh fruits, vegetobles ond milk ore brought
on boord the ship tor the crevv's consumption.
Besides preporing ond serving oloily meols, the
commissorymen onol messcooks mointoin night ro-
tions. Anol os o speciol treot, o birtholoy coke, with o
tull-course meol ot hlet mignon onol trench tries, is
preporeol for oll crewmembers celebroting their birth-
The S-2M Division of the
Supply Department is com-
prised of non-rated men repre-
senting every division on board
the ship. These "mess cooks,"
who are temporarily assigned
this duty for a period not to
exceed three months per year,
Work from sunrise through sun-
set serving tood to the crevv-
members, and cleaning both
the galleys and messes. Inspec-
tions are held before every
meal by the Mess Deck Master-
At - Arms Force who insures
cleanliness habits as well as
discipline among messmen.
Everydoy needs ond comTorTs for The For
resTol s 3 500 mon crew ore provided by 23
soles cenTers locc1Ted ThroughouT The ship
ond monned by Ships Service personnel
Under The odmmlsTroTlve conTrol of The
ships Supply DeporTmenT The men from S l
Dlvlszon operoTe Tour reTcnl sTores Three
TounTolns Two cloThlng ond smoll sTores
Three borber shops o smoke shop o dry
cleomng plonr o loundry o Tollor shop o
Cobbler shop ond o hobby shop
Four reToll sTores one especlolly seTos1de
Tor The sole of foreign merchondrse sTock
numerous luxury 1Tems IH oddlTlon To o
sTondord supply of ToileT olrTicles TounToin
pens, poper, ink, ond oTher sundries.
The Three sodd founroins ore geored To
Turn o-uT goodies C"geedunks"i in o ropid-Ere
order. They sell ice creom, TruiT iuice,
cookies, condy, ond conned specic1lTies.
During The Med Cruise, o compiIoTion of
Hgures wos drown up To reveol The omounT
of geedunks which were sold in o one-rnonTh
period. They were: 680 gollons of syrup,
consumed in The vending rnochines C8160
goilons per yedri, 97,874 condy bdrs
CT,T68,488 bors per yeori, ond 87,066 cor-
Tons of cigoreTTes 11,044,792 cc1rTons per
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A million dollor business is mc1inToined Through The ll
reToil ouTleTs of The Supply DeporTmenT on boord The
ForresTol. The proTiTs mode from This business C5 To loyv
on mosT iTemsl, is puT inTo The Welfore ond RecreoTion
Fund ond is uTiliZed To ope-roTe The dry cleoning pldnT,
loundry, hobby shop, ond The moTion picTures seen
nighTly Throughoui' The ship.
The modern equiprnenT seen ThroughouT The shops ond
sTores of The S-3 Division is evidenced by The dry cleoninq
pIonT, which con hondle i5O suiTs o doy, uTilizing o non-
Tlornmoble solvenTg The loundry room, ougmenTed by Two
receiving rooms, ond The cobbler shop, which repoirs
c1bouT 500 shoes per rnonTh.
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During The sudden deploymenT
of The SixTh FIeeT To Jordon in
April, The crewmembers prodicolly
"monned The roll" of The reTurn
of srronded ond TronsienT ForresTol-
men CThe Disbursing Ofhcer vvos
omong The "Pensions" ond he was
The only person who knew The com-
binoTion of The ship's sofe-D. The
evenT. . .The enTire crew Wos "vviTh-
out greenbocksn ond PAYDAY was
one doy behind!
Twice a monTh, usually on The i5Th and 3OTh,
The Disbursing Office handed ouT Si70,000 To
boTh officers and enlisTed men on The ForresTal.
WiThin a maTTer of days, approximaTely 65W
of The money handed ouT in The pay lines was
reTurned To The Disbursing Office Through
money order purchases, "geedunk" and foreign
sTores sales, eTc ....
Obediemly The sailors "passed in review"
before Three disbursing personnel To claim Their
The Disbursing Ofifice handled all pay rec-
ords, Travel allowances, pay lines, and ex-
changes of currency while The ship was aT a
porT of call.
Throughoui' The Med Cruise There were mony promi
nenT roycil dignnories correspondenTs TV cornero
men, ond Novol OTTic:ers who were guesTs oT The
Cc1Tering To The necessiTies ond comTorTs of These
Very ImporTonT Personnel CVIP'sJ wols The S-5 Division.
This division, supervised by one oFTicer ond Three
chief peTTy oTTicers, rncnde cerToin ThoT These guesTs
were provided wiTh procTicoIly oil The comTorTs of ci
Tomous HilTon HoTeI.
STevvords, consisTing of Filipinos, PuerTo Ri-
cons, cmd Negroes, performed oll The dufies
vvifh TocT, courTesy ond diplomocy in order To
occommodovre These guesTs, os well os officers
of The ForresTol.
Doily, The sTewords cleoned Their sToTe rooms
lfhe ForresTol hos obouT 265l, provided cleon
linens, cleom loundry, ond quick-service dry
cleoning To suiTs ond shirTs, ond fed Them in
one of The Tour wordrooms, Three for Ship's
Compony Officers ond one Tor The Flog STQTT
ond Their speciol guesfs.
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Drciped over lovv hills overlooking the boy,
Naples hos been voriously described os the
goyest city in the world ond the richest in con-
trost. With its stotely Son Corlo ond Civic
Opero Houses, its pciloces ond churches, ond
its restouronts tinkling with music, Naples is
considered o fine liberty tovvn.
Most ot the liberty in Noples, however, vvos
contined neor Fleet Lonoling. Within thot vicin-
ity, soilors reloxed ot the Novymen's Enlisted
Club, cite ond donced ot the USO Conteen, ond
ottended the Civic Opero House. Returning to
Fleet Londing, they bought silken goods,
comeos, trinkets ond sondvviches from Itolion
sms -- A
Highlights of The eighT-day sTay in
Naples were The organized Tours To The
famous lsle of Capri, The ancienT ruins of
Pompeii and a ride in a cable car up The
mounTain of Vesuvius.
The ruins of The ancienT ciTy of Pompeii
resembled Trodding grounds of a Na-
'rional Park, according To The crew-
members who visiied This hisTorical ciTy,
Through The auspices of The Special Serv-
ices DeparTmenT. However, hisiory was
well represenTed and evidenced in The
fine examples of Pompeian life: The
Houses of VeTTi and The Dancing Faun,
The ciiy Forum and Basilica, The Roman
BaThs, and The very unusual Happy
Houses. Some sailors even picked up a
Trinker or Two while deparTing from The
X W, ,, if A VZ. :f i
Driving To The second largesT summiT of
MounT Vesuvius was The second Tour offered
by The American Express Company of Naples,
along wiTh The visiT To Pompeii. Reaching This
summiT, The sighT-seers Then venTured a Trip
To The highesT summiT, a craTer, riding in cable
cars. AT The Top of The mounT, one could see
for miles and miles around, The ciTies of Pom-
peii, Naples and smaller villages. Some sailors
even dared The Trip down The paTh leading
To The craTer's mouTh.
Within The TwenTieTh cenTury, Vesuvius
erupTed Two Times, once in 1906 when if
wiped ouT an enTire Town, and again in 1944,
a minor erupTion. g
The mosT famous erupTion of Mount Vesu-
vius occurred in The year 79 A.D. when iT
annihilaTed The ciTy of Pompeii and iTs in-
habiTanTs. ThroughouT The years, The ancienT
ciTy remained buried unTil archeologisTs began
excavaTions of The ancienT meTropolis in The
beginning of The nineTeenTh cenTury. Now iT
is a garden spoT for sighT-seers who are eager
To beho-ld The glory ThaT was once a greaT
,M .X,,, M,,.c,,W is
CAPRI . .
The romantic Isle of Capri, acclaimed the
most beautiful island in the world, is located
about l7 miles from Naples.
Forrestalmen, boarding The steamer Santa
Maria, from Naples, had little regard what
wonderous beauty awaited them as they as-
cended onto the luxury liner which afforded
comfort, relaxation and sun basking.
The first glimpse of Capri with its lofty rocky
cliffs rising amidst The dark verdure of oak
woods out of the surrounding unbelievably trans-
parent blue waters and The mysterious little
coves along The coastline, offered crewmembers
an entrancing vision of almost inconceivable
beauty far surpassing all possible expectation.
Trodding from The steamer to motorboats, the
sailors began a journey to the famous cave Blue
Grotto which is located on the North side of
Capri and is the island's most popular excursion.
There they admired the uniquely beautiful sight
of the Grotto's unusual blue lights, a reflection
from the two mouths ofthe cave.
Returning from the Blue Grotto, sailors dis-
embarked the motorboats at The Marina Grande,
the small port, under the lee of Mount Tiberius,
with its picturesque hshermen's dwellings.
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The Town of Capri was reached by bus
on a Tunicular railway which wound iTs way
up The sTeep hillside among perfumed
geraniums and vineyards. The railway cul-
minaTed inTo a spacious Terrace overlooking
The bay of Naples.
The highlighT of The Tour of Capri was
evidenced in The wondermenT of ForresTal-
men as They rode, individually, on cable
cars To The Top of The Isle or "Piazza." The
Train of sailors boTh ahead and behind was
indeed a picTure and a sight To see.
As The ForresTal pulled ouT of The Bay of
Naples, sailor's faces seemed To wear The
eTiecT of lTalian folklore and cusToms. Their
hearTs were back in Napoli, dear old
A VISIT OF ROYALTY
Memories were made of this. That statement became a reality
during the beginning of June when Monaco Royalty visited the
His Highness Prince Rainier, Princess Grace, and Princess
Antoinette of Monaco caused much activity on board the Forrestal
when they went to sea on the aircraft carrier to witness a flight
demonstration by Carrier Air Group One.
Boarding the ship by boat in the morning, the Royal Party was
received with tull military honors, full guard and band, and rUl:llGS
and tiourishes. Enlisted men manned the rail as the party GP'
proached the carrier.
On arrival aboard the Forrestal, the Royal Party was greeted
by Vice Admiral Charles R. Brown, Commander Sixth Fleet, Rear
Admiral Murr E. Arnold, Commander Carrier Division Four, and the
Forrestal's commanding otticer, Captain William E. Ellis.
In a full day of activity, the Royal couple shunned royalty for
a little While and donned a Mae West tor a tlight in a helicopter.
Returning once again to the flight declc, the Prince and PrinCeSS
went to the bridge to observe an aerial demonstration.
Disregarding a barrage of crewmembers flashing camera lighTS
in their passage, the Prince and Princess began a tour ot the ship'S
galley and mess deck areas, vvardrooms, sick bay and an interesting
ride on an escalator, prior to departing the ship.
The Royal Party debarked by boat tor the picturesque coast-
line and cloud-capped mountains ot Monaco late in the afternoon,
as Forrestalmen again manned the rail.
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RADM Murr E. Arnold, Commander Car-
rier Division Four lComCarDivFourl and his
staff was on board the Forrestal during the
Med Cruise. This Flag Stall was responsible
for the actual planning and carrying out of
operations of Task Force 60, often called,
ot the Sixth Fleet.
"The Sunday Punch"
Day by day administration and comple-
tion ot mission of Task Force 60 was con-
trolled from the Flag
The total load of administrative
which included communications, intelligence,
as well as personnel were handled com-
pletely by the members of the respective
! i .
Port after port, ComCarDivFour carried out their com-
bined social and diplomatic mission. Usually the first day in
port was spent in making formal calls on dignitaries ashore.
On the second day the local olticials repay the Admiral's call.
On hand to help Carrier Division Four with its protocol
were the members of ComAirLant Band Unit loo, who were
assigned to Flag Staff. This ine band, led by Chief Musician
Andy Szlaga, not only played for visiting dignitaries but for
concerts, dances at USO, and different servicemen clubs in
the ports of call. '
Commander, Carrier Air Group One
a derJohn S HHI USN
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The oircroft oboord the Forrestol for
the ship's first deployment were flown by
the pilots of Corrier Air Group One
KCVG-ll, composed of five squodrons
ond three detochments. The Air Group
vvos commonded by CDR John S. Hill,
who wos relieved on June 20, 1957, by
CDR Williom C. Bryon.
The home port for the Air Group is
the Novol Air Stotion ot Cecil Field,
CVG-l cloims the distinction of being
the first to deploy with "Demon" ond
"Skyworrior" squodrons. Together with
the "Skyrctiders," ond ougmented by o
"Fury" ond ci "Cougor" squodron from
ATG-T82 ond the photo, oll-vveother-
ottock ond AEVV detochments, the Air
Group boosts the most powerful single
cclrrier bosed force in Novol history.
Flying the Navy's newest, most powerful,
and largest iet heavy attack aircraft, Heavy
Attack Squadron One QVAH-ll brought to the
Sixth Fleet a high performance plane capable
of delivering a special weapons pay-load to
any spot within a tremendous radius of action
from the Forrestol.
VAI-l-l, commanded by CDR J. F. Dorrington,
and commissioned November l, l955, at NAS,
Jacksonville, Florida, was the first squadron in
the Fleet to receive the huge tvvin-iet A3D
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In SepTember, l956, Two A3D's launched from
The USS Shangrila off The Oregon coasT, Tlew non-
sTop To Jacksonville via The Oklahoma CiTy air show
aT an average speed oT 606 mph, winning The Doug-
las Trophy. Honors were shared by COMHATVVING
ONE, CapT. Tom Blackburn and CDR C. T. Frohne.
During Fleef exercises aboard The ForresTal in mid-
OcTober, Prince BernhardT of The NeTherlands became
an honorary squadron member by riding Through an
ASD carrier landing, and he also helped record
The firsT "Royal BolTer" in Naval hisTory.
When The Suez crisis developed in OcTober, 1956,
VAH-l spliT inTo Two deTachmenTs and boarded The
Two largesT carriers in The world, USS ForresTal and
USS SaraToga, prepared Tor immediaTe acTion.
ln mid-January, l957, VAI-l-l re-
embarked on The ForresTal for The
TlrsT carrier deploymenT of an en-
Tire heavy aTTack squadron and The
TlrsT regular deploymenT of The A3D,
DespiTe many problems, such as
lack of spare parTs, and iusT plain
"being new," The squadron made
an impressive show of sTriking
power in The several FleeT exercises.
Due To The greaT size and weighT
of The ASD, several unusual prob-
lems developed in maTTers of deck
handling, caTapulT posiTioning, eTc.
AlTer a week or Two of air opera-
Tions, however, The flighT deck
crews and plane handlers had
goTTen used To The idiosyncrasies of
The ThirTy Ton ieT. By The Time ThaT
LT VV. F. Whalen and CDR lvl, H.
Frohne logged The 9000Th and
ll,OOOTh landings aboard, round-
The-clock all-weaTher operaTion of
The ASD had become rouTine.
The sighT of The giganTic, swepT-
winged, ieT-bomber riding down The
groove onTo The broad TlighT deck
of The ForresTal was Truly seeing a
dream of Naval air power come
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Fighter Squadron Fourteen CTophattersl IS the worlds
oldest carrier based squadron It was born ln 1919 as part
of the Arr Detachment Aurcraft Battle Force Paclt1c Fleet
under the command of Captain l-l C lvlustm one of Naval
Avratlon s outstanding ploneers Operating from the USS LANG
l.EY In 1926 as VF 1 squadron pnlots were the flrst to establush
the race track traffic pattern for carriers The squadrons
Tophat Insignia dates back to 1927 when the skipper was
Lieutenant Commander Arthur W Radford an off1cer destined
to become Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
With Commander Walter Roach Jr as its skipper the
Tophat Squadron vvas the t1rst fleet unut to be equipped with
the Navys first all weather rnterceptors the supersonic Mc
Donnell F31-l QN Demon Several VF 14 pilots partlclpated In
the Fleet lndoctrlnatlon Program for the new plane and the
squadrons operations from the Forrestal during the Med
Cruise proved Its powerful capabllltles
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Flying "Demons," Air Group Commander John S. Hill became the first
pilot to make lOO landings on the Forrestal, while LCDR Arthur J. Adams and
LTJG l-l. VV. V. Letkemann ll made the Forrestal's lOOOth Carrier-Controlled
Approach and 5000th landing, respectively.
VF-l4's primary mission is the interception and destruction ot enemy air-
craft during darkness or inclement weather, although they are very effective
as day fighters, too. An intercept is usually made with long-range surface
radar directing the "Demons" until they can pick up the target on their own
shorter range radar and "lock-on" tor the kill. The "Demons" are equipped with
20 millimeter guns and "Sidewinder" air-to-air missiles.
World War ll saw the Tophatters in action in both oceans, from the
invasion of North Africa to strikes on shipping in Norway, and from the Philip-
pine landings to the first Naval air strikes on Tokyo. For their strikes on Pacific
"battlegrounds," the squadron was awarded three Presidential Unit Citations.
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Hoving ioined Corrier Air Group One before deployment lost Jonuory,
"Fighting Eighty-Four" CVF-845 took over the iob os the doy interceptor squad-
ron with the oir group on boord the Forrestol.
Commonded by CDR Jomes W. Ellis, Jr., ond flying North Americon FJ-SM
"Furies," the squodron provided the protective oir defense umlorello over the
Tczsk Force during doylight hours.
While flying combot oir potrol hops over the Fleet, mdny successful
intercepts were mode ogginst high flying ond high speed oircroft.
W- 1 L if
Commissioned on July l, 1955,
VF-84 begun iTs shorT buT busy his-
DeploymenT loegon QT GuonTo-
nomo Boy, Cubo, Tolloweol shorTly
ThereofTer on The oircroTT corriers,
Loke Chomploin oncl SoroTogo. In
December l956, The squoolron re-
ceived Word To boord The ForresTc1l.
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In choosing on emblem Tor Their squodron, The
"FighTing SpiriTs of SevenTy-Six" lVA-76D chose o
cocked hoT ond muskeT, symbols of The Americon
RevoluTion ond The "MinuTe Men," who were reody
To TTghT ogoinsT oll odds. During The Med Cruise,
The squddron proved in boTh corrier ond NATO ex-
ercises ThoT They hod chosen The righT emblem.
The huge, ongled deck of The ForresTol TTrsT goT
ocquoinTed vviTh The low-level oTTock F9F-8B "Cougorsf'
of VA-76 during The TirsT crisis in The Middle EosT. ln
o quick re-shuffling of Novel UniTs, The squodron wos
chosen To ioin Air Group One on boord The ForresTol.
AT ThoT Time VA-76 vvos oT GuonTonomo Boy, Cubo,
oboord The corrier, USS LAKE CHAMPLAIN. The move
from GTmo Boy To The ForresTol vvos compleTed in
T8 hours, showing The squodron's reodiness. During
This shorT deploymenT To ATlonTic vvoTers, LTJG J. G.
Kunz mode The 6,000Th londing oboord The ForresTol.
Commissioned on June i, T955 under The command
of CDR F. J. Gibson, VA-76 once again ioined Air
Group One on board The Lake Champlain in early
January 1957. Then anoTher reshuFHing of The cards
broughT The squadron back To The ForresTal and a
Compleie Mediferranean Cruise. This Transfer To The
ForresTaI was designed To increase The effecriveness
of boTh aTTack carriers of Carrier Task Force 60, under
The command of RADM Murr E. Arnold, Commander
Carrier Division Four.
The "Cougar" airc:raTT of VA-76 has special Weapon
capabiliTies, as well as being used Tor low-level aTTack
aT high speeds.
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Attack Squadron Fifteen was the For-
restal's propeller-driven power punch dur-
ing the Med Cruise.
Commanded by CDR L. B. Jennings,
VA-15 flew the AD6 "Slcyraider," some-
times referred to- as the "backbone" of the
Sixth Fleet's atomic and conventional
The AD6 is a single engine attack plane
which can carry its own weight in bombs
off the flight deck. lt is sometimes referred
to as the "weight-lifting champion" of the
propeller class aircraft.
To illustrate the versatility of the AD6
aircraft, one aircraft can strafe, shoot
rockets, drop bombs and napalm, as well
as being a standard atomic weapon de-
Unlike their jet pilot brothers, the VA-15 ovi-
otors never discussed vvhot hoppened ot 40,000
feet, ond the speed ot sound with them vvos lust
convention. Insteod, their mission colled tor lust
the opposite. They tlevv lovv, slow ond long. Dur-
ing the Med deployment it vvos not unusuol to
vvotch the ADo's come oboord the Forrestol ot
night oltter o ten to twelve hour lovv level hop.
Just osk one ot the pilots the procedure ot such
o trip, os he climbed vveorily out of the cockpit,
ond he would hove most ossuredly replied,
VA-15 is one of the plank-holding squadrons
of the original Air Group One at Cecil Field in
Commissioned in 1942, VA-15 saw action in
the North African, North Atlantic, and Pacific
areas when it flew both SBD's and TBM's. In
1948, the squadron received its first "Skyraider."
Since 1948, VA-15 made several visits to the
Med area on board the Midway class carriers.
Previous to the Med Cruise on the Forrestal, they
made a round-the-world Cruise aboard the USS
Midway and participated in the Tachens evacua-
tion off the China coast.
Provided with the night attack version of the venerable
All Weather Attack Squadron Thirty Three leads a varied
and interesting existence. The four aircraft are configured
to provide night and all-weather attack capabilities to
an attack carrier but with other capabilities unique to
them among the air group. They are able to more than
hold their own even in such powerful modern swept-
wing company as is found in Carrier Air Group One.
The two crewman seats and the capability of carrying
and monitoring sonobuoys have determined the extra
missions. They found themselves the anti-submarine war-
fare squadron of the air group and the ready means of
rescuing stranded personnel and aircraft in various coun-
tries and islands throughout the Mediterranean. The
ADSN is also equipped with radar, search-lights, and
electronics countermeasure equipment.
AD "Skyraider," the ADSN, Detachment Forty Two of
Formed in the early summer of
i956 and qualitying on the FDR and
Forrestal both day and night, the de-
tachment deployed with the Forrestal
during the Suez Crisis and visited
Lisbon. Then, after Christmas leave
at home, once again the tour "Nans"
were hoisted on board tor the
extended Med Cruise.
With all its various missions, Det.
42 has consistently outflovvn the re-
mainder of the air group in average
hours per plane and pilot day and
night, as well as total night hours.
All five pilots assigned have become
Forrestal Centurions, and upon return-
ing to the parent squadron in Atlantic
City, New Jersey, the officers and
enlisted men will look back on a
record for which they may be iustly
- ,,, ,.,, ,,, I
Carrier Atrborne Early Warntng
Squadron Twelve Detachment Forty
Two CVAW l2l was formed tn early
September of 1956 under the able
guidance ot LCDR L W lZtpl Za
borskl After extensive tra mng tn
Instrument tlylng antlsubmarme war
fare anrborne early warnmg and atr
control the pilots proceeded wlth
carrier qualtflcatlons on board the USS
Leyte KCVS 321 The air controllers con
tlnued tralnlng with other ptlots Whale
the mauntalnence department readled
planes tor the qualification cruise with
After axial-deck paddles qualification, The Team of
VAVV-T2 detached from their parent squadron to Mayport,
Florida. There the pilots had their first training on the
mirror "meaTball" landing system, Qualifications on the
mirror-angled deck were completed in October of '56,
After resting for two weeks at the home station of
Quonset Point, Rhode Island, the team deployed on what
later proved to be the "Lisbon Cruise." The high polish
with which the team operated on the Med Cruise with the
Forrestal was obtained during the latter stages of that
During the Mediterranean Cruise, VAW-T2 broke many
squadron records. The number of hours flown in the ADSW
"guppy" aircraft, a plane used in anti-submarine warfare,
almost doubled any number set by a previous detachment.
V ' ,,f'
xw ' ' v
VFP-62, Detachment 42, under the
Officer-in-Charge, LCDR Art Hacker,
flew four photographic-configured F2l-l
"Banshee" aircraft. The Detachment was
composed of four pilots, a photo-
interpretation officer, leading chief, and
twenty-seven men. 1
In a combatant situation their mission
would have been: ill to co-nduct aerial
photographic reconnaissance in support
of Fleet operations, and CQD to possess
the capability of providing first phase
photographic interpretation reports and
damage assessment information.
The "photo Banshees" are capable of carrying,
simultaneously, cameras of three different focal
lengths. All of these cameras can be rotated to various
positions and operated independently or together.
Changes of mounts allow further variety of camera
configuration to the planes, giving effective photog-
raphy at altitudes from 300 to 50,000 feet and speeds
up to 500 knots. A single plane can bring back as
much as 1200 feet of exposed film from one sortie.
The parent squadron of the phofo defachmenf is based
at NAS, Jacksonville, Florida. Commissioned in l949, The
squadron has grown from its original size of I3 officers
and 88 men To i'rs present size of lOO olalicers and over
500 men. During This eight-year history, over eighfy de-
Tachmenis have deployed onto over tvvenfy diflerenf air-
craft carriers. -.
,,, W ., - , V
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l The Helicopter Detachment, manned by two pilots
and seven crewmembers, had an ardurous and im-
portant function aboard ship during the Med Cruise.
They provided plane guards for rescue purposes,
as well as enabling indispensable mail and pas-
senger service between ships while underway. Ac-
commodations were made in helicopter flights for
VlP's, TV cameramen, news correspondents, and our
own photo personnel to take aerial pictures of the
Forrestal and its activities while serving in the Medi-
During the Cruise, many crewmembers wondered
why the helicopter flew so low off the flight deck
during initial take-offs. The reason was to accelerate
quickly to a safer airspeed with a mimimum of high
power from the engine, as well as to move into less
turbulant air as soon as possible.
At the conclusion of the Cruise, the Helicopter
Detachment returned to Norfolk, Virginia, and its
parent squadron, Helicopter Utility Squadron Two,
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All-honds ossisted the Cruise Book Stotq through fine cooper-
otion ond teomvvork to creote the ForrestoI's Hrst Cruise Book
While operoting in the Mediterroneon Seo.
Without mointoining o direct Iioison between the Pubiic
Intormotion Ottice ond the Photogrophic Loborotory, in covering
photo ond creotive writing ot the oircroft, crew, deportments ond
divisions, os vveil os ports ot coll, this book could not hove been
Editor ............. LT John F. Dovvson
Associote Art Editors .. I-lorry D. Volpe, PN3
Doniel G. Doyle, JO3
Business Monogers . . . . . . Joseph B. Moskovitz, SN
Eugene E. Bocho, SN
Poul F. Artuso, SN
Editoriol Stott .... ....... E dmund P. Forris, SN
Chorles A. Togue, SN
Photo Stott . .. . . All Members in Photo Lob.
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