- " ■■- " ■■ — ' •- — J - - ' fypi % L 6i - 1 - THE USS FORREST RDYAL I -2- -3- REAR ADMIRAL FORREST B. ROYAL The " FORREST ROYAL " is named for a distinguished naval of- ficer, the late Rear Admiral Forrest Betton Royal, United States Navy. Admiral Royal was born in New York City on February 10, 1893. He was appointed to the United States Naval Academy in 1911 and graduated in June 1915. During his naval career, Admiral Royal carried out all of the duties that fall to a line officer of the Navy. He served on battleships, cruisers and destroyers, including service afloat during World War I. He had numerous tours of duty ashore in- cluding tours of duty in the Office of Naval Operations and the Bureau of Ordnance. He also completed a post graduate course of study in ordnance and attended the Naval War College. Just prior to World War II, he was a member of the Naval Mission to Brazil. At the beginning of the late war, Admiral Royal, then a Captain, was in command of the USS " MILWAUKEE " . He was appointed a Rear Admiral in March 1944 and ordered to the Pacific as Group Commander of Amphibious Forces. For his exceptionally meritorious services in this capacity in the assault operations against the enemy Japanese-held islands of Leyte and Luzon in the Philippines, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. He was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a second Distingui shed Service Medal for his excep- tionally meritorious services in the amphibious operations against the Japanese in the Central and Southern Philippines, the Sulu Archipeligo and Borneo. In addition to the Distinguished Service Medal, Admiral Royal wore the following awards: — The Victory Medal with Atlantic Fleet Clsp for World War I. American Defense Service Medal. Asiatic-Pacific Area Campaign Medal and a Brazilian Decoration . Admiral Royal died in the Asiatic Area of coronary thrombosis on June 18, 1945. -4- HISTORY OF THE USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) The USS FORREST ROYAL was built by Bethlehem Steel, Shipbuilding Di- vision, Staten Island, New York. The keel for this new 2250-ton class de- stroyer was laid on 8 June 1945 and she was launched on 28 June 1946, spon- sored by Miss Katherine Knight Royal, daughter of Rear Admiral Forrest Benton Royal, U. S. Navy, in whose honor the ship was named. Admiral Royal died in the Asiatic Area of coronary thrombosis on 18 June 1945. He was posthu- mously awarded the Gold Star in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal for his exceptionally meritorious services in amphibious operations against the Japanese in the Central and Southern Philippines, the Sulu Archipeligo and Borneo . After the ship ' s presentation ceremony the ROYAL was moved to the U.S. Naval Shipyard at Brooklyn, New York, and commissioned there on 29 June 1946. After being fitted out she departed New York on 15 August 1946 for her shakedown cruise at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The ship returned to New York on 22 October 1946 for a post-shakedown availability and left again on 2 December 1946 for Guantanamo Bay. During this tour of duty the ROYAL conducted a series of special tests of a confidential nature for the Bureau of Ships. The tests were satisfactorily completed on 14 December 1946 and the ship returned to New York City, New York, for the Christmas holiday period. The ship left New York on 10 January 1947 and again proceeded, via Norfolk, to Guantanamo Bay, where she spent the following two months as escort for the aircraft carrier USS VALLEY FORGE, during that ship ' s shake- down cruise. . . The ROYAL departed Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 18 March 1947, and ar- rived in New York 22 March, remaining there until 21 April 1947. Upon leaving New York 21 April 1947 the ROYAL participated in shore bombardment exercises near Norfolk, Virginia, and in the Caribbean Area until her arrival on 15 June at Pensacola, Florida, where she operated for almost all of the next three years as escort and plane guard ship for aircraft carriers. Dur- ing these three years she departed Pensacola for several short periods. She underwent her first shipyard overhaul at Boston, Massachusetts, from 16 June 1948 to 2 September 1948 and then had ten days refresher trainingat Guantanamo Bay. She visited various Caribbean and Gulf Coast ports including Havana, -6- Cuba; Mobile, Alabama (to participate in the annual Mardi Gras festivities); Corpus Christi, Texas; Key West, Florida; Galveston, Texas; Panama City, Florida, and Beaumont, Texas. On 23 March 1950 the FORREST ROYAL concluded her duty at Pensacola and proceeded to Portsmouth, Virginia, for a shipyard overhaul which ended on 16 August. HISTORY OF THE USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) OPERATIONS IN THE FAR EAST 28 OCTOBER 1950-6 JUNE 1951 After a short readiness for sea period the USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) departed Norfolk, Virginia, August 24, 1950 enroute Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, where she underwent refresher training until September 26, 1950. She then proceeded via the Panama Canal; San Diego, California; Pearl Harbor, T. H.; and Midway Island, to the Far East to join the United Nations Forces in action against the Communists in Korea, arriving at Sasebo, Kyushu, Japan a month later. WfaW ]W CStr JNfc f -i. : ?Jfe - 7 - The ROYAL saw her first action against the Communists forces as flagship and support ship for the Mine-sweeping forces engaged in cleaning the harbor and adjacent waters of Chinnampo on the northwest coast of Korea. During the Red offensive in the latter part of November the ROYAL and five other U.N. destroyers, in response to an urgent message that redeployment of United Nations Forces at Chinnampo had started earlier than expected, made the hazardous night passage up the Taedong River to the besieged city. With the redeployment of U. N. personnel completed the ROYAL re- mained in the harbor over night completing the demolition of military installa- tions abandoned by the U.N. forces leaving the port area ablaze. She then returned to Sasebo, Japan for upkeep after having operated for over 40 consecutive days. After a week in Sasebo the ROYAL proceeded in- dependently to the east coast of Korea near the port of Samchock to act as fire support ship in an amphibious redeployment of U. N. troops from Hungnam. This operation completed successfully, she joined the rest of Destroyer Squadron Sixteen to support the redeployment of friendly personnel from Hungnam, Korea . The ROYAL conducted effective fire here successfully holding the Reds back and permitting the evacuation of valuable U. N. forces and equipment. Upon completion of the evacuation she commenced an effective blockade patrol off the Northeast Coast of Korea, patrolling as far north as Lat. 41° 38 " . During the next month the ROYAL operated with U. N. Blockading and Escort Forces on various assignments of patrol ling, interdiction and harrassing fire, providing fire support against enemy forces during the salvage operation of the Thailand Corvetti, PRASAE, and in support of U . N . troops at the front lines. The month of February the ROYAL spent screening the USS BATAAN in the Yellow Sea while her planes conducted air strikes against the Communists on the Korean West Coast . The FORREST ROYAL returned to the blockading forces on the east coast for the months of March and April moving into the enemy held harbor of Wonsan first and remaining eighteen consecutive days on the firing line. During this time enemy shore batteries attempting to shell the ROYAL were silenced before getting on target, by counterfire from the ROYAL and other U.N. ships in the harbor. She spent the remainder of these months providing fire support for the ROK 1 Corps at the east coast front lines. After six months of " close in " operations with the U. N. Blockading and Escort Forces the ROYAL with the rest of Destroyer Division 162 was relieved and joined Task Force 77 as a part of the fast carrier screening force. She com- pleted her eight months tour of duty in the Korean combat theater with this force and was relieved in early June to commence her voyage home. During her tour of duty in the Far East the ROYAL operated a total of 150 days in mineable waters and was subjected to sustained intense, enemy mine warfare efforts. She expended over 7500 rounds of main battery ammunition in " round-the-clock " bombardments and steamed over 36,000 miles without a breakdown . - 8 - tufQ) M CDR. 0.0. LIEBSCHNER, USN Commanding Officer ■ ' finiiiTi y Upon being commissioned in June 1939, was assigned to the cruiser BROOKLYN on the west coast. In December 1939 recommissioned the old destroyer, MASON, which was assigned to neutrality patrol in the Caribbean. After transferring the MASON to the British in October 1940 spent 10 months on the old destroyer, TATTNALL, in the Canal Zone, and then in December 1941 commissioned the destroyer EMMONS, at Bath, Me. After two years on the EMMONS, spent a year each on the destroyers, ELLYSON and HENRY N. TUCKER, as Executive Officer. While on the EMMONS and ELLYSON, par- ticipated in the invasions of North Africa, Normandy and Southern France, and aided in sinking a German sub off the east coast of Spain in May 1944. Re- ceived the Bronze Star Medal with " V " for controlling gunfire during the Normandy invasion. From November 1943 to June 1946 commanded and de- commissioned two destroyers, the McLANAHAN, and the STODDARD, at Charleston, S.C. Attended the Naval Intelligence School and language school (Russian) in Washington, D. C, from July 1946 to December 1947 and then spent 2-1 2 years at the Naval Communications Station, Washington, D. C. In July 1950 took command of the destroyer, FORREST ROYAL, at Norfolk Virginia. The FORREST ROYAL proceeded to Korean waters in September and operated with United Nations forces until returning to Norfolk in July 1951. Campaign Medals and Decorations Bronze Star Medal with " V " European Theatre with 4 bronze stars. American Defense with bronze star. World War II Victory. American Theatre. Korean Service. - 9 - LCDR. O.C. FOOTE, USN Executive Officer Left to right front row Lt, George W. Tobias, USNR Ltjg. Edmund D. Rogers, Jr., Ltjg. Charles B. Smith, Jr Ltjg. George I. Morgan, Jr., Ens. Robert L. Bogle, USNR it. Robert D. Warren, USN Ens. Harold L. Goyette, USN back row Ltjg. Kenton R. Miller, USNR USN Ens. Frank J. Hawley, Jr., USN USNR Ens. Robert R. Monroe, USN USN Ltjg. Norman Barker, Jr., USNR Ltjg. George E. Morgan, Jr., USN Lt. John A. Geddes, USN ITS . £ - W ap • - 10 - MEN OF THE US5 FORREST ROYAL, - 11 - FIRST DIVISION DECK FORCE Left to right front row middle row last row Tillery Thompson James Browers Bachtel Kernes Dostie Davis Underwood Gaytan Perritt Respondecks Ensibigillis Roscoe Pular Crossen, H. Ramesy Freyenhagen Walker Alexander Crokett Marconi Blevens Floss Peterson McCormak Heard -12- SECOND DIVISION DECK FORCE to right front row middle row last row Horr Thompson Filoti Callen Menna Wells Murphy Rohl Kent Wolstencroft Nicholas Klee Burke Bunkley Humphrey Thompson Weinberg Grimes Collins Wilcher Johnson Abate Mallet McClendon Reynolds Marley Riendeau Bass Buck Harsch - 13 - ' QUARTERMASTERS Left to right front row middle row last row Miller Gay- D ' Lugos Masters Stone Brown Ledden Burnsed Whittnam Derleth Ippensen Bouret Giddens Greaney Williams 14 SUPPLY DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL Left to right front row last row Stanasek Bowie Connors Downing Frilot Nichols Walsh Artall Chan Draper Bickford Tindle Taylor Wilson - 15- AFTER ENGINE ROOM PERSONNEL Left to right front row last row Reil Campbell Piatt Gramentz Bondio Steward Graves Webb Campbell Tulcove Raccosta Martin Woodruff Murphy 16- FORWARD ENGINE ROOM PERSONNEL Left to right front row Collins, J. Santini Saunders Guerro Klimek Lupu Rivers Buckley last row Kershner Mustain Kanaris Leobetter Mossman Naylor Patin -17- AFTER FIRE ROOM PERSONNEL Left to right front row middle row last row Kowalos Panaro Simmons Haury Horan Steidel Davis Duhadaway Cowher Stoddard Blanchard Smith Gorsline Boomer Olson Hefty -18- FORWARD FIRE ROOM PERSONNEL Left to right front row middle row last row Strickland Tworek Rollins Hackney Flemming Cloud Kearney Castro Scott Schubert Rhoades Smith, H. Ross White Donegan Takacs - 19 - RADARMEN Left to right front row middle row last row Killoran Doss Ward Beach Ternet Walter Way Elfreth White Senko Hampton Patton Owenby Inman -20- FIVE INCH GUNNER ' S MATES Left to right front row Beeson Jaffee Gordon Cooper Mazuerk Donovan last row Cobb Pierce Stevens Hinton Rohl Guether Gahagan 21 - FIRE CONTROL MEN Left to right front row last row Noble, J G. Powell Noble, B Haker Everrett Bayens Possom Norris Procopis Hunter Moyers Rosenberg 22- THREE INCH GUNNER ' S MATES Left to right front row last row Robinette Kepple Powell Self Peay Jones Kenny Fredericks Barker Clark Wardwell Qualis - 23 - -24- MACHINIST MATES Left to right front row middle row last row Rolls Van Den Langen Berg Holt Schultz Case Hickson McMullan Weston Margallis Sims Miller Dowdy SHIPFITTERS Left to right front row last row Bobowski Swain Beatty She horn Henderson Ayers King Jackson Kleinschmidt King Guy Left to right RADIOMEN front row last row Cadorette Ferguson Nicholsen Swan Porter Wiesburg Lafond Olson Baird Pieper Smith -25- -26- ELECTRICIANS Left to right front row last row Nail Rickle Morris Sutton Sikorski Schultz Karasiewicz Crandall Ducharme Petry COOKS Left to right front row Thorton Aubill Alwert, E. E, Roher last row Waldron Alwert, L. Clay Hunt Sirmons Left to right TORPEDOMEN front row last row Highfill Hoheusle Moser Everly Accettulli Glasczko Russe 1 1 Wise -27- -28- Left to right SONAR MEN front row last row Buff Brown Dowler Ray Jones Holt Bauman Altman ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS Left to right front row Hoefer Barnes Kurman last row Graham GJvens Hatch Erickson Page I Left to right STEWARDS front row last row Cloyd Hicks Lawrence Thomas Jones Phillips Frilot Thompson 29- YEOMEN Left to right front row last row Haduck Pakenham Ball Mercurio Hrabak Isenbura MAIL MEN Kukulaki Waggoner The preceeding pictures were taken 17 June 1951. -30- -31 - r-— GO i o o -32- LOG DF THE USS FORREST ROYAL DD-872 24 AUGUST 1950 2 JULY 1951 CDR. O. O. LIEBSCHNER USN . . . COMMANDING OFFICER LCDR. O. C. FOOTE USN . . . EXECUTIVE OFFICER -33- USS FORREST ROYAL (DP 872) 24 August - 27 August 1950 The USS FORREST ROYAL departed Norfolk, Virginia, 24 August 1950 enroute Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The ROYAL, after an un- eventful three-day cruise, arrived Guantanamo Bay at 0800 the 27th of August 1950. 28 August - 3 September 1950 During the next week the ROYAL commenced refresher training which would be continued through the next five weeks. Schools at the Naval Base were attended by personnel for training in ASW, fire- fighting and damage control, air controlling and numerous other technical subjects. The ship got underway the 29th, commencing underway training to indoctrinate and mold the crew into an efficient fighting group capable of successfully meeting the demands of shore bombardment, AA firing, engineeringplant casualties, torpedo firing, all operations of a man-o-war. The operating schedule was such that the ship would operate out Monday through Friday, leaving port each morning with a group of naval personnel assigned from the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, as ship riders to assist the ship in its underway training, and returning to anchor each evening in the bay. The weekends were spent in port, during which time liberty and recreation was available for all hands. -34- USS FORREST ROYAL (DP 872) 4 September - 10 September 1950 The second week of training successfully completed, the ROYAL departed the afternoon of the 9th for a weekend of liberty and rec- reation at the Caribbean port of Kingston, Jamaica. Needless to say, the weekend was an enjoyable and pleasurable period of re- laxation. The highlight of the weekend was the " really great " ship ' s party. 11 September - 17 September 1950 Another week of drills, drills and drills! 18 September - 24 September 1950 A week of training, with emphasis on AA firing and night firing. 25 September - 1 October 1950 Upon completion of refresher training with the final battle prob- lems and critique, the ROYAL departed for Culebra Island to fire the gunnery exercise there. With the successful completion of all gunnery exercises, the ROYAL then took departure for the U. S. Naval Base, Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone, the first leg of the journey towards temporary duty in the Far East. The ROYAL refueled and awaited its turn to transit the Panama Canal and proceed to San Diego California . -35- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) 2 October - 8 October 1950 The ROYAL spent an uneventful but not calm week. For all new personnel, the Gulf of Tehauntepec was a proving ground. It also proved embarrassing to some of the " old salts " too; however, with a little faith, a lotof crackers, and the thoughts of liberty " all hands " managed to slowly recuperate and after mooring (five minutes) a small percentage of the liberty party (ninety-nine percent - one had a broken leg) left the ship for their last " stateside " liberty and recreation. 9 October - 15 October 1950 Monday, the ROYAL loaded stores and provisions, getting under- way Tuesday morning for refueling and replenishing. With a capacity load of food, fuel and ammunition, the ROYAL departed San Di ego, California, enroute Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Tuesday afternoon. Upon arrival in Pearl Harbor, the same liberty party " en masse " left the ship and from all reports (Shore Patrol) found it to be quite satisfactory. 16 October - 22 October 1950 The ship departed (it was becoming a habit) very early Monday morning enroute Sasebo, Japan, via Midway Island and encompany with the destroyers LOFBERG, THOMASON, BUCK and BOLE . The group made Midway Island Wednesday morning and departed the same afternoon, after refueling. Holiday routine was announced for Friday, the 20th of October, and for an instant " all hands " observed holiday routine as the calendar (thanks to the International Date Line) was quickly turned from Thursday to Saturday. 23 October - 29 October 1950 A week of steady steaming, and each day closer to our destina- tion, brought with it another " little joy " : Condition III watches. Friday, and Sasebo, Japan — if there was any doubt in our minds as to what it would be like then, it was soon to be put aside and some eight months later a detailed description could be, and would be given in a moment. Probably the biggest disappointment was the mechanized fleet of rickshas (bicycles yet). And then came the fantastic rumor that we would act as flagship for a minesweeping operation. -36- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) 30 October - 5 November 1950 We were now an official member of the United Nations Blockade and Escort Forces (Rear Admiral A. E. SMITH, USN). Arriving off the entrance to Chinnampo October 31st, the ROYAL assumed the duties of flagship for the Task Element whose mission it was to clear a channel of mines from seaward to Chinnampo, Korea. The AM ' s and YM ' s used the ROYAL as a mother ship during the operation. Friday morning, Ensign Robert R. MONROE and Quartermaster third class R. L. BROWN went aboard the ROK YMS503 and became what is believed to be the first U. S. Naval personnel to enter Chinnampo from the sea, since the beginning of hostilities. Ensign MONROE was later awarded the Bronze Star Medal, and BROWN a Letter of Commendation with authorization to wear the medal . It was Saturday morning, the 4th, that first encounter with an LST was made, before the ROYAL could get underway from its anchorage — the Japanese-manned LST Q007 dragged anchor and very effectively, though the damage was negligible, rammed the ROYAL. 37- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) 6 Nov. - 3 Dec. 1950 During the next month the ROYAL continued to act as flagship for the mine- sweep i n g operation. The operation was interesting at times, yet not too eventful . Certainly, the night of November 20th, however, will always be remembered by the crew of the FORREST ROYAL — the following story is about the crew member concerned: 33- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) " A REAL SEADOG " Sailors, beware! If you ever board the destroyer USS FORREST ROYAL, don ' t make the mistake of recounting your tales of extended duty at sea because you ' ll get nothing but a contemptuous stare from the downy-faced seamen who really know a sea-going salt when they see one. The doughty little combat ship, commanded by Commander O. O. LIEBSCHNER, USN, has a seaman recruit aboard, and a young one at that, who has spent more of his life at sea than any other man in the Navy. His name is " CHINN " , and he was assigned to the USS FORREST ROYAL shortly before the ship made a hazardous night passage up the treacherous Taedong River to Chinnampo, Korea, recently. Though only a quartermaster seaman recruit, CHINN assisted his superior petty officers greatly while the passage was made, and readily admitted that it was one of the woYst trips of his lifetime at sea. However, when the FORREST ROYAL returned to a Japanese port recently for recreation and supplies, CHINN evidenced no great de- sire to go ashore. He has been at sea so much of his life that he ' s just a little bit afraid that he wouldn ' t know his way around. His shipmates readily agree that perhaps Seaman CHINN should be given a little more indoctrination in land customs, shore patrol practices, and other aspects of shore-based life before he ' s allowed to go ashore on liberty. As a matter of fact, CHINN has not been ashore since he and three other seaman recruits first reported aboard the minesweeper USS GULL off Pearl Harbor two months ago. You see, Seaman CHINN is the FORREST ROYAL ' S canine mascot, who was born aboard the GULL west of Pearl Harbor, while that vessel was enroute to Korean waters. -39- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) The quartermasters who are responsible for Seaman CHINN ' S training won ' t readily admit it, but they furtively acknowledge that someone must have made a mistake when the recruit was sworn in. Some think that maybe he should have joined the WAVES. A re- view of CHINN ' S service record indicates that his mother was also a ship ' s mascot who had been ashore a number of times during her naval career. -40- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) 4 December - 10 December 1950 The role of the ROYAL suddenly changed and Monday, De- cember 4th, she became a member of a Task Element composed of an English, three Canadian, and two Australian destroyer-type ships. The mission was to give fire support to ships, US Army elements, ROK elements and civilians evacuating Chinnampo. After refueling from an English tanker, the USS FORREST ROYAL, with the five other ships of the United Nations, made a hazardous night passage up the treacherous Taedong River to the besieged port city of Chinnampo, Korea. The formation, consisting of three Canadian destroyers, and one each from Australia and New Zealand, in addition to the FORREST ROYAL, made the passage by night, guided only by radar and sonar bearings in response to an urgent message that redeployment of U. N. troops at Chinnampo had started earlier than expected, and that the six destroyers were needed to protect the transports loading troops and supplies from expected air attacks and fire from enemy artillery. 41 - USS FORREST ROYAL (DP 872) Misty skies cut the visibility of the vessels down to almost zero. At places, the channel was only 500 yards wide and the possibility of hitting 2000-lb. floating mines made the waters doubly hazardous. Midway during the passage, the Australian destroyer WARRAMUNGA signalled the lead Canadian ship and reported that it was aground and had sustained damage to its propeller. A short time later, another report came in that the Canadian destroyer SIOUX had fouled a propeller and was unable to proceed. The ships were forced to re- main behind until higher tides permitted them to return to deeper waters . 42- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) At 3a.m. the following morning, the four remaining ships ar- rived at the port. At dawn, the troop transports and supply ships commenced loading for a hurried departure. During the day, ex- plosions caused by Army demolition squads could be plainly heard in the background. By nightfall, all personnel, including hundreds of wounded ROK troops and civilian refugees had been loaded aboard the transports and were headed out to sea for redeployment elsewhere on the Korean peninsula. Rather than risk another passage at night, the formation com- mander decided to remain in the harbor overnight and complete the demolition of military installations abandoned by the U. N. ground forces. The destroyers departed from the port city the following morning and returned unscathed to the Yellow Sea. -43- USS FORREST ROYAL (DP 872) By assuming the risk of getting into the port at night, the United Nations naval units prob- ably discouraged an at- tack by Red forces by appearing in the harbor in force. Nearly 7000 friendly troops and ci- vilians, plus a number of highly valuable trans- port ships, landing craft and other vessels, loaded with huge quantities of invaluable supplies and equipment, were re- deployed without enemy opposition. The United Nations Blockading and Escort Force, of which the six destroyers are a part, is commanded by Rear Ad- miral Allan E. SMITH, USN, of Detroit, Michigan. The Admiralty de- scribed the evacuation as " one of the most hazardous naval opera- tions of the Korean War " . During this " haz- ardous naval operation " , " Operation Esther " was carried out successfully by the FORREST ROYAL. -44- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) UNITED NATIONS LADY ( " OPERATION ESTHER " ) For a period of over eight years, Esther Williams, glamorous motion picture and swimming star, recently voted " one of the ten most beautiful women in the United States " , has indirectly been re- sponsible for turning officers (and gentlemen) of various navies of the world into thieves; has prompted them to carry out assaults on brother officers; and in general, has caused a number of far-reaching inter- national disturbances in Far Eastern waters. Although not personally responsible for the scandalous behavior of the officers, " Esther " , in the form of an 8 " x 10 " portrait photo was originally brought aboard the Australian destroyer NEPAL, in April 1942. Her mission was " to improve the morale of the ship " after it left its homeland to do battle with the enemy in the early days of World War II. W " 45 USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) For the duration, " Esther " contented herself with improving the morale of the select and pampered officers of the NEPAL. She first started her fickle " transfers " shortly after the war, when she was given to the Australian destroyer BATAAN, prior to the NEPAL ' S departure from Japanese waters to return home. Since then " Esther " has evi- denced the desire to stay in Oriental waters and her wishes thus far have been strenuously catered to, evident that something had to be done to prevent " Esther " from being ripped to shreads during the many attempts to abduct her. For that reason, a copy of her was made and placed between heavy sheets of plexiglass. The original copy was mounted on a 13-1 2 " x 25-1 4 " board, which serves as a trophy and contains her " service record " , which has been properly endorsed by every ship she has been attached to. The rules of the game specify that the trophy must not be " kidnapped " . The copy is now known as the " fighting " copy, and once it is secured, the trophy must be for- warded to the victors voluntarily. As the years rolled by, rules were formed governing the acqui- sition of the much-wanted " Esther " . She must remain in view and unsecured in the wardroom of the proud possessor, and can be re- moved by force (preferably of the " brute " variety). Exceedingly low cunning and vile stealth is also permitted in accordance with the written rules. Firearms and the like are forbidden. The rules further state that she can only be stolen by destroyers and smaller vessels. In all, " Esther " has been aboard 24 destroyers, two cruisers (which were obligated to return " Esther " in accordance with the rule which states that only destroyers and smaller vessels can compete) and one frigate. At present, the destroyer USS FORREST ROYAL is the proud possessor of " Esther " . She became attached to the FORREST ROYAL as a result of a cunning raid off the coast of Korea. The night before the ship entered the treacherous Taedong River leading to Chinnampo to provide gunfire support for troops being redeployed from the area, three officers, two of whom were disguised as enlisted personnel, calmly walked aboard the Australian ship BATAAN, which was then holder of " Esther " for the fifth time. The officers, Lieutenant -46- USS FORREST ROYAL (DP 872) Theodore E. CURTIS, Ensign Robert R. MONROE and Ensign Harold L. GOYETTE, posed as communications men carrying a message to the Australians. Following the details of a plan that had been carefully laid out earlier in the evening, " Esther " was snatched from her pedestal and was last seen by the Australians going out the door in the hands of Ensign MONROE. MONROE was pursued up to the main deck of the destroyer where he was soon nabbed by the group of Aussie officers. At the last moment, he had hidden her among the torpedo tubes on the main deck and thinking MONROE had passed " Esther " onto an accomplice, the Australians released the three captured officers, and everyone returned to the wardroom. A short time later, Ensign GOYETTE learned where " Esther " was hidden by means of a hurried whisper from MONROE, and politely took leave of the room to re- turn to the FORREST ROYAL. It was a simple matter for him to pick up " Esther " on the way back! It ' s difficult to predict just how long " Esther " will remain on board the USS FORREST ROYAL, and no doubt numerous schemes to abduct her are now being hatched in the wardrooms of the United Nations naval force. It proved that although there were many attempts to abduct her from the ROYAL, her honor was protected and she remained true to the men of the ROYAL until its departure from the Far East. This was the longest period any ship had held her favor. When the ROYAL left the Far East, " Esther " , in accordance with " her " request, was pre- sented to the HMCS NOOTKA. 47- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) Wednesday the ROYAL, with the Task Element, proceeded out of the harbor in a blinding snowstorm, anchoring in the lee of the islands off the channel entrance. Thursday, the ROYAL proceeded independently for Sasebo, Japan, via Inchon, to tender availability, liberty and recreation after operating out continuously for more than forty days. 11 December - 17 December 1950 This week was spent in Sasebo, Japan, and would be the only tender availability for over a month again. Sunday the 17th, the ROYAL departed Sasebo and proceeded independently to the east coast of Korea near Samchok to act as fire support ship for an am- phibious redeployment of ROK troops from Hungnam. -48 - USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) 18 December - 24 December 1950 Upon the successful debarkation of over 20,000 ROK troops, the ROYAL departed for Hungnam, Korea. At Hungnam, the ROYAL participated in the support of the withdrawal of friendly troops from Hungnam by delivering call, interdiction, illumination counter- battery and harrassing fires. The afternoon of the 24th all personnel had been evacuated and all ships withdrew. This operation was reported as follows: Altogether 60,000 men of X Corps, including two ROK divisions were in the port area awaiting evacuation by a huge fleet of Allied ships. Fresh troops, mostly 3rd and 7th Division units which had not been chewed up by prior fighting, manned a defense perimeter around Hungnam, the port. One morning in the darkness before dawn, after a lot of mass singing, bugling and cymbal-clashing, some 2500 Reds launched a heavy assault on the west face of the perimeter. A thousand Chinese dead lay in the snow next day. In spite of incessant air strafing, and a rain of shells from U.S. artillery and from cruisers and destroyers offshore, the enemy maintained his pres- sure. As U. N. troops were evacuated, the perimeter shrank. Star shells and flares illuminated the scene at night - which was the U . S . way of countering the enemy ' s preference for night fighting. -49- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) At week ' s end, it seemed certain that nearly all of the X Corps were safely aboard ships. After standing out of the channel, the ROYAL, with the MASSE Y com- menced patrolling off the channel entrance on fly-catcher duty. 25 Dec. - 31 Dec. 1950 During the next week, the FORREST ROYAL continued the blockade patrol, mov- ing into position to fire on targets of opportunity in strategic areas. 50- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) 1 January - 1 February 1951 The patrol during the next few days carried the ROYAL well north of Latitude 40°N. Monday the 8th of January, the ROYAL joined a group of U. N. ships to form a curtain of protective fire around the salvage operation of the U.N. Thailand corvette PRASAE, on the east coast of Korea. This operation lasted until Saturday the 13th, at which time the ROYAL departed to continue blockade patrol. This patrol, including inspection of junk traffic, firing on tar- gets of opportunity and effecting rescue of pilots which might be downed in that area, was maintained until relieved the 17th in order that the ROYAL might return to Sasebo for upkeep. Arriving in Sasebo the 18th, the ROYAL went alongside the tender and remained there through the 24th. The 25th, the ROYAL de- parted Sasebo and proceeded to the front lines to furnish fire support to the ROK 1 Corps. During this operation the ROYAL sent an armed boat to friendly front lines in order to deliver equipment to the Army Shore Fire Control Party. Various U. S. Army liaison officers came aboard the ROYAL during this period which ended the 1st of February. USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) ' „ V m 04r4m • ' ! . r ) " iMwl 2 February - 6 March 1 951 The ROYAL oper- ated as plane guard and screen ship for the USS BATAAN in the Yellow Sea, during this period, returning to Sasebo for a period of eight days commencing the 1 5th of February. Planes from the BATAAN pro- vided close air support for U. N. troops, re- connaissance missions and strikes along the west coast of Korea . -52- 7 March - 5 April The ROYAL re- turned to the east coast of Korea and close fire support of Korean and U. N. troops in the Chumunjin area during the second week in March, and remained there until relieved the 17th to proceed to the Wonsan firing line and remained there until the 5th of April. A typical letter written during this period might read some- thing like this: _ ' - - " ' « : £ 53- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) Dear We ' re up here at Wonsan now, shelling different points around the harbor. For a whole week we were just patrolling back and forth between Kangnung and Chumunjin. At night we ' d usually get some targets from the Army spotters on shore but it was still pretty monot- onous. Then we got orders to come up here. Was that a change! In our first hour and a half, we cut loose with 276 shells and blistered the paint right off the gun barrels on the forward mount. You can have that patrolling duty, but I guess it does serve a purpose. At least the Reds have never been able to make another landing behind our lines like that one at Samchok just after the war started. We ' ve got all their shipping lanes across the Yellow Sea cut off, too. We even stop any suspicious looking junks to make sure they ' re not trying to carry in supplies that way. They still have some highways and railroads inland but the planes from our carriers and the Air Force are keeping those pinned down. -54- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) The ones near the coast we can get outselves. Most of the time that ' s what we ' re shelling. We ' ve got ships strung around the penin- sula now for the blockade and they check both coasts, too. Truman said our blockade was a hundred percent effective and it must be true because we never see anything trying to get through us anymore . And it ' s a cinch nothing ' s getting past us on land. We ' ve got those coast highways and railroads all buttoned up. It ' ll be a relief when spring starts, though. Manning these guns 24 hours a day in zero weather is no picnic, especially with a couple of inches of ice and snow on the decks. It may be true that " they also serve who only stand and wait " , but boy, in this weather they freeze, tool -55- J A m 1 L ,- wm USS FORREST ROYAL (DP 872) Below is a news item covering some of the action. The Communists have found that shooting at the destroyer FOR- REST ROYAL isn ' t a healthy occupation. The Communists opened fire on the ship at Wonsan. Their first shells fell about a hun- dred yards short. Before the Reds got the range, the FORREST ROYAL and other ships in the harbor silenced the Communist guns and ex- plored an ammunition dump that shot flames all over the hillside. -56- 6 April - 29 April 1951 After being relieved from the firing line at Wonsan, the ROYAL re- turned to the Chumunjin area for patrol through April 16th, at which time she departed for Sasebo, arriving there the 17th. The ROYAL left Sasebo the 20th of April enroute to Yoko- suka, Japan for tender availability through April 29th. -57 - USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) 30 April - 2 June 1951 Operations during this month was as an ASW screen ship and plane guard for Task Force 77 , off the east coast of Korea. The Task Force carried out close air support for U. N. troops, air spotting and reconnaissance, and air strikes deep into Red territory with jet fighter protection. -58- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) FROM ICEBOAT TO OVERWORK ON GOING AWAY T ' was a balmy summer morning In August of last year, When Iceboat got the word " Sail westward in high gear " . You ' re only on loan they told us. You ' re part of the Atlantic Fleet. Soon you ' ll be back in Norfolk, Strolling down East Main Street. We started out in good faith At Chinnampo, Hungnam and Wonsan. Month after month slipped by — Still no orders for this can. " It seems as though we ' ve sailed the seas In hurricane and tropic breeze. To Japans coast from Carib Isles It seems we ' ve logged a million miles. To Tokyo ' s bay from Norfolk ' s shore It seems a hundred years or more. And no one knows if a witches brew Put an eirie curse on Iceboats crew Or merely if someone in ComDesPac Forgot the orders to send her back. " -59- USS FORREST ROYAL (DO 872) First it was March, then it was May And finally they settled on June. By then we were sure beyond any doubt They were singing the same old tune. But now that our orders have finally arrived and the day has come at last, We leave with a great big crockadile tear and thoughts of days gone past. Our sincere thoughts to the Pacific Fleet, To Jehovah, Ganymede and Magistrate too. It ' s been great working for you and with you and we bid you a fond adieu. For ComDesPac and ComNavFE Have redeemed themselves at last. Our orders were found in the circular file With departure date long overpast. Yokosuka will bring a toast to Kenny For Ganymede and Magistrate there ' ll be one at Pearl San Diego is reserved for Jehovah At Norfolk we ' ll drink to Sweatergirl . Goodbye, good luck and the best be with you We ' ll think of you on our way. We can only hope that you ' ll be back soon But for now Good hunting today 1 1 1 1 1 -60- USS FORREST ROYAL (DD 872) 3 June - 2 July 1951 Duty in the Far East completed the ROYAL spent two days in Yokosuka then commenced the return trip to the States. On the trip back there were stops at Midway (long enough to refuel and drink a couple of beers) and Pearl Harbor (an evening of liberty), arriving at San Diego, California, June 18, 1951 . After one afternoon and evening there the division was on its way to Norfolk, Virginia, via the Canal Zone and an evening in Balboa. A royal welcome was given to Destroyer Division 162 of the " Seahorse Squadron " when it returned to its homeport July 2, 1951, after having operated in the Far East for more than eight months. - 61 - -62- A DESTROYER DIARY Ships of the United Nations naval forces are continuing their interdiction fire on both coasts of Korea, the Navy announced today. Behind that one brief sentence that appears in the news, the work of countless sailors lies hidden. Yes: ships do not sail of their own accord; guns do not fire unattended. This is a story of the sailors on one United Nations vessel in the routine accomplishment of a routine job — automatically performed unconscious of drama. - 63 - COMBAT INFORMATION CENTER Left to Right Patton, J. W. RD 3 Miller, K. R. Lt. jg. Owenby, B. F. RD 2 -64- " ... continuing their interdiction fire ... " Off the east coast of Korea, in the Combat Information Center of the destroyer FORREST ROYAL, radarmen stand by their instruments. No aircraft in the vicinity; no ships approaching. Bombardment will begin any moment now. On the radio phone, the Army spotter ashore is coming through: " I have a target for you. . . " " Bridge: combat. We have a target. Request you lie-to. " " Plot: combat. Stand by for fire mission. " Officers bend over charts breaking down the spotter ' s code. " Plot: combat. Target bears two-seven-six. Range thirteen thousand, two hundred. Elevation fifty feet. " " Bridge: combat. Request permission to fire on bearing two-seven-six. " A moment ' s wait; permission is granted. " Plot: combat. Fire when ready. " The room shakes and steadies with the rumble of the guns. Ten rounds; the room quiets. " Bridge: combat. We have another target. Request you move up the coast at fifteen knots to close the target. " -65- Left to Right Isenburg, W. (n) PN 3 (Talker) Warren, R. D. Lt. jg. (Ood) Crossen, H. L. SN (Lookout) BRIDGE 66- " ... continuing their interdiction fire. . . " On the bridge of the FORREST ROYAL, voices speak from shadows that are men. The radar scope looms dimly in the dark, land a white sector in its fluorescent oval. The helmsman eyes his compass, grips his wheel . " Bridge: combat. We have a -target . Request you lie-to. " The officer of the deck swings around from the pelorus. " All engines stop. " A sailor pulls the indicator upright on the engine room tele- graph. A bell rings sharply. " Engine room answers all engines stopped, sir. " The ship slows its forward motion. " All engines back one-third. " A whisper of swirling water wafts to the bridge as the ship ' s movement ceases. " All engines stop. Helmsman, what is your heading? " " Three-two-zero, sir. No steerage way. " " Very well . Let me know if we drift off course. " " Plot requests wind direction and speed, sir. " The officer of the deck consults his log, checks the sea for whitecaps on the waves. " Wind direction zero-six-zero, speed four knots. " " Combat requests permission to open fire on bearing two- seven-six, sir. " The officer studies the radar scope. The bearing is favorable. " Permission granted. " Silence walks the bridge, and waiting. Then, on the straining ears, the explosion shrieks in the stillness. Eardrums ache even through cotton wadding. Black debris drifts down on the deck. Ten minutes; ten bursts. " Combat request s we move up the coast at fifteen knots, sir. " " Very well. All engines ahead standard. Steady on course three-one-zero. " -67- Left to Right McMullan, P.J. MM 3 (Throttle Man) Sims, S. L. MMc (Chief of Latch) ENGINE ROOM - 68 " ... continuing their interdiction fire. . . " At the engines of the FORREST ROYAL, machinists keep their vigil . A maze of power whirls and roars about them. Narrow walkways angle into the din; ladders twist down through the clamor. A sharp clang sounds at the throttle board; all engines stop. Swiftly a sailor flips the answering lever — closes the throttle — records the call. Pressure gauges fluctuate. The tachometer backs to zero. A second valve: salt water is forced in to cool the steam. The room ' s roar continues. Another clang: all engines back one-third. Again the throttleman ' s flurry. Answer the order — throw the stern throttle open — record the move. The tachometer reverses, moves round again as the throttleman nurses the pressure. A hiss of sudden steam drowns the room ' s clamor. The sensation of movement ceases as the ship hesitates and halts. All engines stop. The hiss of steam subsides. Machinists mark the moments. There it goes I The room shakes a brief instant; the sound scarcely pierces the din. Ten shells; ten minutes. All engines ahead standard. -69- PLOT Left to Right Klein, R. J. Fc 2 Possumato, J. G. Ftsn -70- " ... continuing their interdiction fire. . . " In the plotting room of the FORREST ROYAL, firecontrol men are waiting. Huge instruments cr owd the deck; panels and switches line the bulkheads. In its glassed case, the gun sta- bilizer continues its silent spinning. Fans stir the warm air; the ship rolls and settles, rolls and settles. " Plot: combat. Stand by for fire mission. " A sailor spins a switch on the stabilizer; despite the roll of the ship, the guns will keep a set angle with the sea. " Bridge: plot. What is our wind speed and direction? " Earphones buzz as target directions come in from combat, wind speed from the bridge. " Mount: plot. Land action, port. Shift to automatic. " Bearing, range, elevation, wind — computer dials whirl and stop. The guns are trained on target. " Mount: plot. Load left gun. " Word comes back: left gun loaded. A firecontrol man presses a warning buzzer, then trips the switch that fires the gun. Little repercussion reaches here. At one-minute intervals, the crack and boom of the shell comes faintly on the phones. Ten minutes; ten rounds. " Mount: plot. End of fire mission. Stand easy. " 71 - MOUNT Left to Right Harsch, J. W. BMI (Mt. Capt.) Hurley, B. Q. SN (Gon. Capt.) Fables, J. W. SN (Powdr. Men) Filotei, F.A. SN (Projectile Man) -72- " ... continuing their interdiction fire. . . " In the forward mount of the FORREST ROYAL, twin breeches dwarf the gunners. Projectiles and powder cases stand in their hoists, loading crews ready beside them. On a raised plat- form, the mount captain mans his phones. " Mount: plot. Land action, port. Shift to automatic. " The men stir alertly at the captain ' s expression of listening. " Shift to automatic. " Pointers and trainers switch their guns from local to remote control. A con- tinuous quiverin g starts; the guns rock on their carriages. " Stand by. " With a roar, motors kick into motion. Air hisses through the gun bores as it blows them clear. Scuttles are thrown open behind each gun where the empty case falls outside. Abruptly the mount starts swinging as the plotting room trains the guns. The movement jerks to a stop. " Load your left gun. " Action is swift, clatter faint. Powder and projectile are dropped in the loading tray and rammed into the chamber. The breech block slams into place. " Plot: mount. Left gun loaded. " Instantly, a warning signal sounds. The mount shakes with the explosion. The hot case hurtles through the scuttle, steam whipping around it as it hits the cold air. Smoke drifts through the room with its acrid odor; air hisses through the bore. The mount captain repeats the order. Ten times; ten minutes. " Stand easy. " Stand easy: a new target coming up. The men relax for a moment. -73- Ships of the United Nations naval forces are continuing their interdiction fire on both coasts of Korea, the Navy announced today. -74- SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAP, SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS ...SNAPSHOTS i S SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS o.. SNAPSHOTS , TS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS ' ..SNiAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS.... W OTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS.. .4 SHOTS SNAPSHOTS. [APSHOTS SNAPSHOT PSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOT .11.. SNA PskpT|s SNAPSHO — . — 1 1 ig» — ■» ' m — , APSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS .SNAPSHOTS ...SNAPS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOTS SNAPSHOm.? 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