Ferndale Union High School - Tomahawk Yearbook (Ferndale, CA)
- Class of 1908
Page 1 of 78
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 78 of the 1908 volume:
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Green and Gold
Graduates of 'Os
Janna .jf giffmwc
ryrmzeff W ,Zifym
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1. Selection - School Orchestra
2. Invocation Rev. A. B. Roberts
3. Salutatory, "Make Good" -
James N. Fulmor
4. Class History Emily E. Keohan
5. Class Poem - Mildred Ring
6. Piano Solo - Constance Keohan
7. Abraham Lincoln -' K. Bugbee
8. Robert Burns - Gilda Belloni
9. Real Agent of Civilization
o Harry Bonniksen
10. Vocal Solo - Bernice Helgestad
1 11. Undeveloped Resources of
Humboldt - James Andreason
12. Class Prophecy Myrtle Simpson
13. Valedictory, "Valere est Salutare"
K. W. Robarts
14. Presentation of Diplomas
F. W. Andreason
15. Address - A. J. Monroe
16. Selection - School Orchestra
17. Benediction Rev. A. B. Roberts
Directors of F. U. H. S.
I-'. NV. ANDREASON, Pres. S. L. GOBLE.
M. C4 DECARLI, Clerk. J. W. KELLY.
P. J. PETERSEN. A. BONNIKSEN.
H. M. BONNIKSEN. M. T. WADDINGTON
NV. M. CHURCH.
MISS SMITH. MR. MOORE. MISS FALK
History of the F. U. H. S.
The Ferndale High School came into existence August, 1904. Before this there had been a
private high school and later two attempts had be in made to establish one but they had failed on
account of lack of interest. Finally it was suggested that if Ferndale could not support a high school
alone that the school districts adjacent should join with her and establish a union school. This
plan found favor and after some of Ferndale's most interested and liberal citizens had subscribed a
bonus of 32500, since the town was to have the benefit of the school located in its limits, the proposi-
tion was brought before the voters of Ferndale and eight other school districts. The election in
some districts was very close, but there was such an overwhelming majority in Ferndale that steps
were immediately taken for its establishment.
At that time it was thought best not to build for a year or two so after much discussion the
old Coombs residence and lot were purchased. The house would answer the purpose for a building
for a time at least, until the new school could be built. Trustees were elected and two teachers were
engaged for the first year. Mr. J. C. Dufour as principal had charge of the English and history
classes, while Mrs. Adams took Latin and Mathematics. The first semester about thirty pupils regis-
tered, all in the first and second years. At the end of the term Mr. Dufour left to accept a more
lucrative position in Alameda and Mr. Coddington was chosen his successor. The next year two
new teachers, Mr. Van Horn and Miss Smith, replaced those of the preceding year. The course of
study was also enlarged, German and Chemistry being added. The number of pupils increased until
there were about forty on the register.
The school had now been established two years and had been such a decided success that those
interested began to take steps for the building of the new school house. For two years the teachers
and students had labored under the disadvantage of being crowded into an old, unslitable building.
The good work achieved under this handicap deserved some encouragement so the trustees proposed
to bond the district for 310,000 to construct the new building. The bonds carried and the contract
wus soon let. It called for the completion of the structure January 1, 1907.
At the beginning of the third year the trustees felt warranted to increase the factulty to three,
so Prof. Van Horn and Miss Smith were retained and Mr. Passmore engaged to fill the third position.
With the increase of teachers the course of study was further enlarged. Apparatus for a course
in physics was purchased and that branch of science addedg also classes in higher mathematics
were organized. With the three teachers a regular course fitting students for the advanced school
and universities was instituted and things began to take on a more dignified school-like aspect. At
the end of the first semester Mr. Passmore exchanged places with Mr. Moore of Antioch and the latter
became our third teacher. '
The new building was not in readiness ly the beginning of the term, so February 22nd was set
for its dedication. After this elaborate ceremony the new building was occupied. It was indeed
a marked contrast to the old school that had served for two years and a half.
The close of the third year was marked by the commencement exercises of the first graduating
class. This was a very important event and much interest was shown by the school and friends.
For the next year Mr. Moore was engaged for principal as Mr. Van Horn resigned. Miss Smith was
retained and Miss Falk engaged for the third teacher. The course of study was thoroughly rear-
ranged, drawing added, a more complete chemical and physical apparatus purchased and a good
working library of reference books installed. The object of the school has been to have it accredit-
ed at the end of the year and both teachers and pupils have worked for this end.
O11 a sunny, August morning, four years ago, sixteen
eager seekers after knowledge gathered
from all parts of the valley at the humble building in North Ferndale, which had been chosen as
the new High School.
Here they made the acquaintance of Mr. Dufour and Mrs. Adams, the newly arrived teachers.
As the pioneer class of the Ferndale Union High School, Naughty Eight realized its responsibil-
ities and early chose the school colors-crimson and white.
ization however, as so many changes occurred in the ranks
Fieshman year was a most pleasant visit from Professor Holway from
who gave us a most interesting address on the geographical
various causes five of our little band left us' during the hrst semester.
health compelled him to leave us during the Christmas holidays, and so
They did not attempt any formal organ!
during the year. An incident of our
the University of California,
of the Wild Cat. From
Unfortunately our principal's
we began our second senieste:
under the new head, Mr. Coddington. During the term three more classmates bade us farewell, and
reduced to one-half our number, we yet struggled bravely against
class t'rushes" at recess on cold, wintry days.
The spring days hurried us poor little Freshies toward the final
the mental efforts of the valiant eight to be in readiness for
were issued it was seen that all of us had proven complete mastery 1?
gebra, Ancient History and English I. So we drew a long breath
Sophomores, we felt.
the Sophomores in the lively
Sexes," and tremendous were
When the reports of the term
l of Latin I, Elementary Al-
of relief. Now we were
A short vacation was enjoyed to its uttermost and we were back again with eager zest, ready
for new worlds to conquer. This time we had the keen pl
with our greatness and of teaching them a proper' respect
The new factulty, Mr. R. H. Van Horn and Miss Grace
and merriment and especially tond of marshmallow feasts
fireplace. The winter went by all too slowly, for we realized
easure of impressing the little Freshmen
for the Pioneer Class.
Smith, found us to be very full of life
while trying to keep warm around the
the storms very plainly through the thin
walls of our building. March, 1906, found Naughty Eight together with the Juniors and Freshmen
moving heaven and earth to inliuence public opinion favorably toward bonding the nine districts for
a new High School building. United and earnest efforts in personal appeals and through the press,
finally accomplished the long-desired end. W'e had hardly settled down to work again when the
memorable earthquake came, playing havoc with the chemical laboratory and making the building
further untenantableg but these discouragements seemed small in face of the fine new building that
was to be ours. During vacation every incident that related to the plans and specifications, the ad-
vertising for bids, the letting of the contract interested us keenly. When the school re-opened it was
to the pleasant sound of the saw and hammer. This term we had a new instructor, Mr. Passmore
teaching the History and Mathematical branches. As .luniors, we were very proud that now We had
three teachers, a new building that was daily growing under our very eyes, a graduating class and
the prospects of being accredited to the State University.
It was quite a sudden shock to learn one morning in January, 1907, that Mr. Passmore had
left us for another position at Antioch, where he had gone to accept the principalship of the High
School. Although very sorry to part with him we were very pleased to hear of his good fortune. His
successor, Mr. VV. S. Moore, helped our boys with their athletics and under his leadership great
interest was aroused in tennis. A new board court was built and training began in earnest and such
good use of the time was made that our school wrested the laurels from Fortuna. Naughty Eight
had two' representatives on the team in the persons of Miss Myrtle Simpson and Mr. K. W. Robarts.
lt was in April that the most excitement of oiir lives took place. On the morning of that nerve-
racking day, we had passed to our recitation rooms when the door of the Mathematics room
opened and in came the principal accompanied by a gentleman. Although we had never seen him
before, we instinctively knew that We were in Dr. Thomas' presence. Our knowledge had never seemed
so insignificant as then. Tremblingly we answered the kindly put questions until our nerve return-
ed. It is with pleasure that we recall that not a single member of Naughty Eight failed on that day.
After the last recitation we thankfully assembled in the study hall to listen to Dr. Thomas'
address and it was most welcome news to hear that, altho he would have to visit us again the coming
year, yet our graduates might enter California without examinations.
- As our own graduation was but a year off we organized the class, electing Miss Mildred Ring,
president, Miss Myrtle Simpson, vice-president, Miss Emily E. Koehan, secretary and Mr. Kenenth
Bugbee, treasurer. We then established a precedent that each Junior class should give the Senior
class a reception and ball at their graduation, we setting the example. A most enjoyable evening was
spent iirst at the reception in the Knights' parlors, and afterwards at the dance in Roberts' Hall.
Feeling the dignity of their position the nine sober Seniors of Naughty Eight made out their
schedules, realizing that this was the last time they should do so in High School. The last vacation
had gone and now they were reunited for their iinal High School term.. This time it was under Mr.
Moore as principal and the Misses Smith and Falk. Work was taken up in earnest. Physics, Trig. and
U. S. History and Government were found to be heavy subjects and demanded much time and atten-
The school decided to publish its Hrst annual and entrusted the same to the Senior class
agreeing that to each succeeding Senior class should be given that honor.
The class of Naughty Eight held numerous class meetings throughout the year and selected its
colors green and gold, the class Hower, the single daffodil and the class motto, "Make Good."
The selection of the class pin was carefully made and the pins procured in time for graduation.
V Naughty Eight elected Mr. K. W. Robarts, editor-in-chief of the annual. He appointed his staff
as follows: Literary Editor, Miss Emily E. Keohan, Art Editor, Miss Mildred Ring, Athletic Editor,
Mr. H. Bonnicksen, Joshes, Mr. Horace Winslow, Business Manager, Mr. J. N. Fulmor. Q
In looking over the records of Naughty Eight the historian iinds that the class has furnished
two members for the basket ball team, four for the track, baseball and football teams, four for the
tennis, the one debater which the school was permitted in the League and two for the Operetta-all
this in one term. From a small class such a record is praiseworthy. May the members of Naughty
Eight always show themselves as ready to enter as heartily in all their undertakings in life as they
have done in the Ferndale Union High School!-Emily E. Keohan, '08.
, Z. '-4
l laid me down to rest at parting day,
And as I slept, a sceptre grim and gaunt
Came thrice, and told strange things as specters may,
And now my mem'ry those strange things do haunt.
One morn a whispered word went 'round the school
That Future, to men's eyes her ample page
Rich with the spoils of time did now unroll,
A man there was who destiny could gauge.
The class of naghty eight their lot obscure,
Did wish this naughty re'rend Old to now relate
The manly boys, also the maids demure,
Did curiously of him inquire their fate.
A man of years he was, but soul sincere,
He laid his hands on each and then he spoke,
Now smiled, now frowned, and then l1e'd drop a teal
'Twas gladness or 'twas sorrow he awoke.
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'L 1 Will ope the gates of mercy to mankind,
, 5 W ,N E. Keohan's patients ne'er can have a kick
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Vdgiufliiii In knowledge other's iar'll be kept behind
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No farther Seek your merits to disclose, 9 wx
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KA villian James Andreason, you must bel at ,
You'll know no human love or mind's re- 'X
As bandid you'll be strung up in a tree. 5
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The 'plause of many crowds you will com-
Your name on bill-boards lauded to the sky,
The fav'rite ballet dancer in the land,
But Mildred Ring you'll oft times heave a
For riches, you Will play the game of
You'Il let Ambition mock your useful toil,
As Englishman of leisure-f-Ken Robartsg
You'll look on all with 21 disdalnful smile,
Far from the madding crowds ignoble
Gilda Belloni'll ever love to stray,
As missionary she will lose her life,
A hungry cannibal for her will lay.
A senator to be, was Jim Fulmorg
A man to fortune and to fame Well known.
A chance to argue, .lim could ask no more,
And you can wager he will hold his own.
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Now Kenneth Bughee will a dentist be,
And many a tooth he'll fill with cleanly
The cool, sequestered role of life he'll see,
A village maiden, but with dziuntless breast,
Will brave the artists world and come to
li. Myrtle Simpson here will have no rest.
ln Paris she will feed Ambitious flame.
llut Melanchonly 'll mark him for her
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The words were spoken and our fates we
I lingered on, by c-urios'ty led,
My Courage gained, l asked, "And who
"Ah, child! 'tis true. l'm Father Time," he
In airship Harry Bonnickson will Hnd
The north pole 1o'er him the world will
That region which in ieebergs is Confined:
Hut paths of glory lend but to the grave.
'Tis hui u dream, perchance most folks
For dreams and fancies do not thus suf-
This tale of naughty eight in future day
ls true, too true, my friends--I dreamed
M. Ring, '08,
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The Squaw 1VIan's Romance
Men said that Gilbert was honest and just, so Gilbert's word was law. All had been disorder,
murders and robberies before Gilbert came. Then somehow things changedg if a 1113.I1,S horse was
stolen he came to Gilbert and the thief was caught and punished. Gilbert saw that murderers were
lynched. And so it was with everything. Here was a man, rough and uncouth, but a born leader of men.
lt was a hot day in September and Gilbert was following a party of slave hunters who had left
thc little village early that morning. It was noon and still the man kept plodding on. The heat
was intense but he did not even stop for food or rest, though the perspiration streamed from his face
and his light cotton shirt was saturated. No, it was not Gilbert's way to think of rest as long as
he had work before him. Now and then as he rounded a turn in the path the sound of the horse's
hoofs and the loud, coarse talk of the men more plainly assailed his ears. Then he would scowl and
touch the handle of the six-shooter in his belt.
On a11d on he went, weary but determined. His thoughts wandered back to the time when he had
first come to the little settlement, an adventuresome youth of twenty. Then he dwelt rs. ' the life
he had led there in the few years, and away down in his heart he felt lonesome. E
Things had grown strangely quiet. Gilbert moved on more cautiously. He looked up at the heavens'
and was surprised to find that the sun had already set and it was now dusk. Silently as a shadow
he crept towards the edge of the woods. There he crouched behind some thick undergrowth and
watched the group of men in the opening.
He heard the leader give the word to dismount and then he knew that he gave another order
bifihit was too low to be heard at that distance. It was soon plain to him, however, for a half dozen
of the men started across the clearing towards the little cabin at the farther end. They reached the
cabin and entered unceremoniously. After a few moments they again appeared and now two men were
half leading, half dragging, a woman- a young Indian girl. Behind them came an old squaw, evi-
dently her mother, wringing her bony hands and jabbering furiously. The men paid no attention to
this but brought the girl to their captain, and upon his giving the order, they lifted her upon one
of the horses and bound her securely.
Many things were going on in the mind of the man concealed in the thicket. Often he would
start up with his hand on his gun, only to shrink back again. He believed in doing things at the right
time. But now-ah things were going too far! The old mother clung to her daughter's skirts in a
perfect frenzy, for she well knew that the girl was to be sold into slavery. The captain, impatient
at the delay, struck the old woman a blow across the face with his quirt and she, like a dead thing, fell
to the ground. Now was the time, and unnoticed Gilbert stepped quietly from his hiding place. Horri-
fled, the captain felt the cold steel of the big pistol at his temple. Then a low, firm voice said t'All
th1'ow up your hands or your leader is a dead manf'
Everyone did as he was bid and one lone, determined man held up two dozen. Then in the
same slow voice he ordered a man to unloose the girl. Still with the muzzle of his gun pointed at the
leader he spoke quietly again: "Now, friends, this is poor business for human beings who call them-
selves men. If ever this little affair is repeated-well, remember Gilbert. Go your way and let no
man turn or his funeral hymn will be sung tomorrow."
Silently they departed and no man turned.
XVith the help of the girl be bore the old squaw into the cabin and there doctored her wound.
Indians are never emotional and neither the girl nor her mother uttered a word of thanks, but both
adored him till the end of time for them.
In a few short weeks there was a simp e we 1 ,,
self in daisies and buttercups and to Gilbert she was more beautiful and sweet than any white girl.
Even in later years when people flocked in in great numbers, and he was despised by men and
dubbed the Usquaw ma
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l dd'nU in the old cabin. The Indian girl decked her-
n,', he at least remained faithful to his Indian wife to the end.-M. Ring '08.
Legend of a Waterfall
Above the cabin ol' the old trapper with whom I spent each summer there was a high cascade.
its waters sung and roared over the rocky face of the cliff as they rushed downward, below to form
the limpid pools and foamy falls where we best loved to iish.
One sunny day, when my grizzled old friend seemed in a reminiscent mood, I asked him if he
knew the meaning of the waterfalls Indian name. He replied, "That's a yarn. Would you like to
hear it? Well, yes, I 'spose you would. An old medicine man told it to me 'bout thirty odd year ago,
when he was huntin' up this way. Dunno as I kin tell it jest as he did, but this is what it all
comes to. That waterfalls name, in Injun, means "Crying Papoosef' Funny, aint it? Well, tcordin'
to the legend, there was once a great chief who wouldn't stand no low-down business in his tribe. He
caught five or six of his young bucks in a piece of dirty work CI forgit now jest what that medicine
man said 'twas7, and cut them off from the rest of the tribe. That made 'em mad, and they vowed all
kinds of revenge in their solemn Injun fashion, and then plotted 'gainst the chief's daughter, for the
first thing. The old chief thought a good deal of her, I guess, and they knew it. So they watched
from the woods, to see if she wouldn't come out to play or pick flowers, or somethin', and when they
did see her comin' they was jest all ready for her. They waited till she wandered off far enough
away from the wigwams to be out of hearin' and then caught her, stopped her screechin' by chok-
in' her and dragged her off through the woods. Her father didn't miss her for quite a while, but
when he did, there was a great time. All the old squaws prayed to the Great Spirit and the braves
went huntin' everywhere for the missing papoose. After several days they found her, dead. Her body
was hangin' by a rope right in that there waterfall, where she must've died, slow, screamin all the
time, I 'spose with the water dashin' over her. They took it down and buried it with all the mournin'
they do over anyone that dies in the tribe that they are fond of. They believe the fall is ha'ntedg
that the noise the water makes when it runs over the rocks is the voice of the Indian baby as she
cried when she was dying, so they named it 'Crying Papoosef'-Ethel Richardson 'll
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Among the Redwoods
Traveling in the midst of the redwoods one summer day, we stopped to admire the beautiful
scenery. All was quiet. There was not the slightest breeze to disturb the branches of the trees, not
even the song of a bird was to be heard. Silence reigned supreme. Occasionally the oblique rays
of the sun penetrated the thick foliage of the trees and warmed some small spot of earth. All
about us grew the stately redwoods, towering upward toward the sky, tall and silent, as sentinels
on guard. Standing there at their bases we could not realize how tall they were, they almost seem-
ed to reach to the very heavens. As we stood there looking upward, the clouds chasing each other
across the sky, gave the impression that the trees were moving also. The branches unlike those
of other trees, scarcely ever grew out near the base of the tree. A great many were destitute of
branches for thirty or forty feet from the ground. 'We noticed, too, the uniformity in the size
of the trunks of the redwoods. It is impossible to realize the greatness of them until they are
measured. Some of the huge ones divided a short distance from the ground, giving the appearance
of two great trees joined at the base.
Everywhere at the foot of these monarchs of the forest grew the large brakes, for the soil
about the redwoods is generally quite damp, the sun's rays scarcely ever penetrating to the ground,
until the Woodman comes and begins his work of destruction. The brakes grew very tall, many reach-
ing the height of four and five feet. In among the fern grew numerous kinds of small wild flowers.
Nature seemed to have outdone herself. At some distance from the road we discovered a large
log, which, when standing, had once been a stately redwood, but evidently had lain in that position
for years. It was covered with creeping plants of all description. Some were in bloom and others
simply consisted of the green foliage.
To describe Nature, as it was that day, and to be appreciated as it should be, would be
impossible.-B. H. '10.
Ode to 'Geometry
Geometry! thou shouldst be with us at this hour
We have ned of thee: all is a sea
Of unknown waters, both algebra and trigonometry,
Our Principal, the man who us with threats did shower
Has seemingly expended all his power
On the one branch. If only thou with us could be,
There is no one but who would agree
That we possessed man's greatest flower
Alas we must all share a common fate
And when they speak of "variables" look on with awe,
For we were told if only this we saw
He would not feel as if his work had been in vain
And now you would have found us with the great
lf only thou could with us have lain.
fi " il, "FIM
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f A Legend '
It is said by the Indians that long ago when the world was one big hunting ground, there
lived in the forest a little Indian maid with her father.
Now every evening when this little maid went to rest, she could see shining through the
branches of the redwoods a star, and night after night as she lay on her woodland bed looking up
at the sky she would say, "Ah! beautiful star, how 'I love you, but you, a son of the Great Chief
could never' love a simple little Indian maiden like me," and then she would hide her face and
weep and the giant trees would bend their heads and whisper softly, for it pained them to see their
child in tears. N
But the star, as he shone down through the trees, saw and heard and a great love filled his
heart for the little Indian Girl and one night when all was still came down from heaven and stole
her away with him.
A great many moons came and went and the Indian maiden and her star husband lived happily
together. But, alas! one day she became jealous of her husband and was cast from heaven by him.
In vain she pleaded and begged to be allowed to return, but he shook his head and said: "Nog a
fallen star never returns to heaven." He then, taking pity on her, changed her into a flower and
fastened her to the earth with a long slender chain, and today her story is told by the Indian chil-
dren who gather her in the woods and call her the "Shooting Starf'-Anne Monroe '11,
, The Hoopa Reservation
ln the northeastern part of Humboldt County the Hoopa Reservation is situated. This portion
of the county has been given to the Indians as a place to live in by the United States government.
The Reservation itself consists of ten square miles of bottom and hill land through which the
Trinity river flows, making it one of the most beautiful valleys on the Pacific Coast.
At first it was formally taken by the United States in 1859 or 1860 as a reserve. A fort, called
Gaston, was then established and a small company of soldiers, with a captain in charge, was
stationed there. Besides the captain an agent was appointed, who had charge of the Indians and
their affairs. At first there were many outbreaks among the Indians and they had many encounters
with the soldiers, but after a time they began to' be convinced of the white man's power and so
settled down peacefully. At this time the Indians of the Hoopa Tribe numbered about a thousand
but as years passed along this number diminished either by the aid of whites or assisted by the Indians'
greatest foe, whiskey.
During 1888 and 1889 the United States had the valley surveyed into ranches. These were
given to the heads of the Indian families with the understanding that they could not sell or will it
out of the family. In this Way the land was peaceably divided and this condition prevails today in
At first the government established many small schools throughout the Reservation, but after
the garrison was removed in 1890, these were all united into one large school. This school is capable
of accommodating three hundred students with a superintendent and assistants at its head. The In-
dians are taught to read, write and are also given practicable knowledge of figures. Farming, milling,
blacksinithing and many other branches of manual science are taught to those who desire it. By
these means the Indians are given advantages to become civilized and to adapt themselves to the
ways of the white man. The government also appointed a doctor and fitted out a drug store and in
this manner the needs and wants of the Indians are administered to.
The resources of the valley are so abundant that many of the young men have bank accounts
and are quite rich. They have either gained their wealth by the rich placer mining there or by
packing over the rough trails of the mountains. Take it all in all the Indians are happy and contented
with their lot.
The customs of the Indians are still practiced, for every two years they have their national
White Deer Skin Dance. Indians come together from far and near and participate in this. The dance
lasts from the ninth to the fifteenth of September and it signifies their thankfulness to the Great
Spirit for their bountiful harvests. It is really a harvest dance. Another dance is that of the Wood-
pecker Head and it signifies the death of winter and the approach of summer. This comes in the
month of May of each year. They also have their sacred animals and birds, the bear and the crow
being especially sacred. The tribe even claims to trace its descent from the bear, and they call
the crow the founder of their hunting grounds. A pretty legend is told of this incident and it runs
like this: When the world was covered with water there was a big chief in a canoe. He sailed
and sailed always trying to find land, finally he let a crow Hy away, for in this canoe there were
many different kinds of animals. After a time the crow returned with a pine nut in his beak. He
gave this to the chief and then took hold of the boat and steered it to land. The place where the
boat landed, the Hoopa Tribe believe to be Trinity summit, a mountain peak near Hoopa Valley.
-E. M. S. '08.
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Old Fort Humboldt
One of the most interesting historical landmarks in Northern California is Fort Humboldt,
situated about two miles south of Eureka.
In 1852, upon the urgent request of the early settlers who had become alarmed over continued
Indian depredations, two companies, B and F, United States infantry, were sent to Humboldt Bay to
establish a post for the protection of the then sparsely settled region. The troops sailed from Benecia
in January, 1853, in the little steamer "Goliah" reaching Humboldt harbor several days later. The
channel at the entrance was a shifting one and thus great fear and anxiety were felt by the passen-
gers as the crossed the bar. Wrecks were more frequent in those days than now, and the ghostly
remains of vessels wrecked at the bar, their spars still visible, did not serve to allay their fears.
Bucksport, where the fort was located, was then a rival of Eureka but was chosen in'preference
to the latter, on account of its splendid site. The huge bluff, about a quarter of a mile back from
the bay, seemed as though intended for a fortification.
The forests on two sides furnished an abundance of timber, California redwood being most
Tents were pitched and building began at once. The first house was built by having a frame
filled in with hewn logs, thenfweather boards and plaster within. In a couple of months a dozen
or more houses and public buildings were completed.
Game of all kind was abundant, but beef could be obtained only at long intervals. A contract
was made with the celebrated hunter, Seth Kinman, to furnish elk meat, a certain number of times
each month, to the command.
The Indians became friendly with the troops and visited t.he garrison almost daily. The presence
of the troops gave security to the settlers and emigration increased from this time.
Desertions were frequent soon after the arrival of the command upon the bay. The soldiers
were tempted by the mines not far distant, and for some time they eluded capture.
Fort Humboldt became a very popular post, and it is to be regretted that the government saw fit
to abandon it. At one time our great general, U. S. Grant, was stationed there. A number of the
officers who were stationed at the fort at the breaking out of the war, joined the Southern Confed-
eracy. Captain Lovell was left in commend of the post in 1861. He remained loyal to his govern-
ment and was transferred to the east where he did honorable service.
The only means of transportation was a cart drawn by a mule, and oftentimes a soldier could
be seen conveying the garrison ladies to Eureka that they might do their necessary shopping.
Several of the old buildings, including the old guard house with its lookout, still remain, and
Congressman James Knowland, representing the California Landmarks Committee, visited Eureka
two years ago and urged the citizens to preserve the guard house, at least, but I believe nothing has
been done, consequently it will be but a short time ere nothing of this historic spot remains.-
C. A. M. '10,
Indian Theory of Beginning of the World
Long, long ago before there was any world or before man was made, there was nothing at all
existing except a few animals and some birds. At this time the coyote held supreme power orevr
all these birds and beasts and his commands had to be obeyed by all alike.
One day the Eagle was sent on an errand by him and as he did not return at the appointed
time the Coyote became very angry. As the moments passed and he still did not return the Coy0te's
anger became so great that he began to scratch the air in his wrath until finally there arose out of the
nothingness around him, a little mound which gradually increased as he kept scratching. This be-
came so large at last that it became the world. By the time this was completed,he was so delighted
with his work that his anger vanished. '
Upon returning and beholding the wonderful new thing the eagle cried out in delight and asked
the Coyote to scratch some more and see what else he could make. So the Coyote began to scratch
up the earth and as a result he made the high mountains. The Eagle, delighted as before, begged
that he again try his luck. But this time the Coyote refused, saying that he was too tired, so the
Eagle began himself to see what he could do. But he did not have as much strength as the Coyote,
so the mounds of earth which he raised were much smaller than the others, so they formed the hills.
"Now," exclaimed the Eagle, 'twe should have some trees growing on this earth." "You are
right," answered the Coyote, "But how is it to be done?" "Oh! that is easy enough," exclaimed the
Eagle, "just watch me."
Then he flew away above the mountains and as he went he dropped some of his large feathers,
together with some of the smaller ones. These fell on the hillsides and where the largest ones fell,
there the beautiful trees sprang up, while the bushes and shrubs grew from the smaller.
Thus, according to the legend of the Indians, the world was made,-Rose C. Scott '10.
Description of Barrenness
'How desolate and lonely the pasture seemed! Hungry goats had eaten every vestige of grass,
and browsed the leaves from the shrubbery. The autumn winds, with each succeeding gust, had
gradually blown away the few dry leaves that had fallen to the ground. Not a bird was to be
seen, and not a note could be heard even from the saucy bluejay. The murmuring brook, that was
wont to attract so many children during the winter, had become dry, and only the cold silent stones
were now visible.
C. A. M., 'l0.
The Subjugation of the Wietchpecs
At a time when this coast knew no other inhabitants but the Indian there were two tribes at war
with each other. '
The WVietchpecs had come from their camps on the banks of the Klamath and invaded the
hunting grounds of the Weeotts. The country was laid waste, for the Wietchpecs were many and
their strength was great, but the dauntless Weeotts were brave.
For forty days alll nights they fought and so great was the number of the slain that the peaceful
beautiful river of the Weeotts ran blood. So great was the amount of blood that the flesh of the
salmon in the river was tainted red and it has ever remained. I
At last the Weeotts felt that they could no longer hold out against the enemy and as a last
resort they prayed to the Great Spirit to succor them. The Great Spirit heard and that night he
drew two whales out of the sea and placed them in a hole in the mountains. Then he gatherer
an armful of redwoods and built a mighty fire around them. When they began to cook and bake
the Wietchpecs smelt the spicy odor and immediately drove away the Weeotts from around the
fire. All night long they danced about the baking whales and ate the flesh. When day dawned a
great sleep and numbness overtook them. They sank down where they stood. lt was then that
the Weeotts avenged their wrongs for they killed everyone of the Wietchpecs and in the camps in
the north there was a great wailing for the spirits of the braves that failed to return.
Again the valley of the Weeotts was peaceful, the enemy had been vanquished and the conquerors
had proven that numbers did not denote strength. The VVeeotts worshipped the Great Spirit and
thanked him and held the place sacred where the whales had been roasted. This place has been
named by the white people that have since settled in the Weeott or Eel River Valley, "The Devil's
Bake Oven."-E. M. S. '0S.
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The Diary of a Cisco Kid
July 20th.+-How gree11 and soft is this great world to a little deer like me. You see I am a
stranger here. My mother says that these big sort of creatures called men would say I am only
two weeks old and my mother knows most everything. As yet I have not traveled far from my nice
cosy nest here among the leaves in this little gulley. Being left alone a great deal I've decided to
keep a diary on the hazel bush leaves that float down to me. I think it wil be so much fun. Don't
you? Strange to say, my knees have a way of going in four different directions all at once instead
of following each other the way I want them to. I'm a little encouraged though because each day they
July 21st.--My mother is off again. She says when I get a little older she! will take me out
with her and I can hardly wait for the time to come. She tells me our greatest enemies are dogs
and men alld that I must be very quiet and still while she is gone in the day time, so I sleep most
all the time. Just now I heard a terrific noice. I think it must be one of those things that men carry
with them called guns. Mother has told me all about them and how they make that noise and then
some one of our family drops down dead. My mother bemoans the fate of many from our band. She
says things aren't like they used to be, that one has to be on his guard all the time. Just the night
before last she came home and told me there was a camp of men over on the next ridge and for
me to be very very quiet, that she would hang around in order to attract their attention from me.
July 23.kMy, but I was frightened last night when I heard that bang so near. I trembled so
my heart went faster and faster and there came a big yellow, shaggy creature nearer and nearer
to me. Icould hear a steady thump of something approaching me from the other end of the gully.
There was no escape for me with the banks on the other two sides. Just behind me stood a tall,
funny, two-legged creature. In an instant that great creature picked me up bodily and walked off
with me. Oh, how glad I am, l've saved you my dear, It is a comfort to have you along. I dare
not cry out so I just bite my thoughts on the leaves in my mouth. Am I never to see my mother?
Is he going to kill me? Am I to starve to death? Oh, where is my lovely mother now? I think for
sure my heart will jump right through my mouth. We walked and walked for a long time until
at about dusk we came to a place where some more of these strange looking creatures were. This
queer looking place must be the camp my mother spoke of. They were all standing round a great
sparkly mass and I heard them saying supper was ready. The horses were staked out around and
beds were fixed upon the ground under the trees. There were three boys besides the man. They
made me very comfortable. I did not have a very wonderful supper only some butter and sugar
to suck on. I heard them say they were nearly out of things to eat and must return to the big camp.
July 24.hLast night I was covered in a- blanket and tied to a stake close by the fire, After the
fire went out it was bitterly cold and I was so lonesome. I kept thinking of my mother and how
nice a11d warm it was close by her. Pretty soon the big yellow creature came over close to me and I
curled up with him for the rest of the night. From that time on Pirate, the dog, and I have been
staunch friends. Early this morning, without any breakfast, I was bundled in a great brown bag
made from a sack and slung over the shoulder of the man. My poor little Diary I almost forgot you.
Just by a scratch I got you in with me. The man mounted his horse and we started for the home
camp as I heard them say. My, but it was uncomfortable and stuffy down in this black place. Seeing
some light above me, I put my head out through the hole at the top. It was more comfortable and
so from time to time I could enjoy the scenery. The man was very gentle and kind to me but I
can't say I enjoyed my ride. During this ride I learned never to be afraid of people.
July 25.-I have survived it all and am now off in a quiet corner. I will write some more in my
Dia1'y. I see the people making marks upon something white which they call paper. I think I'll try
that way myself. It looks lots easier than this slow way of chewing holes in leaves. Let's see. Where
did I leave off. Oh, yes, I remember. After riding for almost one half day we came to a place
where some very strange creatures run out to meet us. They resemble the boys in height and ligure
but wear different clothes. They are known as the lady and girls.' They are all very much delighted
with me and talk a great deal. We rode under some trees and here we found three tents and all
that goes to make up a comfortable camp. I was so hungry I just felt weak. They did everything
else for me but feed me until finally the lady remembered that I must be hungry. They sent some-
one back a.cross the river to a place called a farm house. In a little while they came back with a
bottle full of white creamy milk. This dinner was the best I ever tasted. While I was lunching there
acrose what seemed a great problem of naming me. They talked and talked about it until the man
spoke up and said: "We'll call him "Cisco Kid," so Cisco Kid I am called.
July 26.-Things have been going so fast that I hardly find time to keep up with my Diary,
Now I've gotten on to the way people keep their records and with pencil it is much easier. I found
the dearest little book and have copied all my old Diary. I keep it hidden behind the log where
I hide. There is only one thing that troubles me and that is why doesn't my mother come back to me.
Enough of this, I must hurry or I'll miss something going on in camp. I'm so contented with life
here among these sweet smelling pine trees. ' Theman does not feed me very often so I never grow
very friendly with him. In fact I never did like him very much at all. The girl I like best is the one
who feeds me most often. She has pretty brown curly hair, the biggest blue eyes and the easiest
way of touching you when she is giving you your lunch out of the bottle. When I get hungry I
pick out one of those creatures with a skirt on and trot around right at her heels until she feeds me
to get rid of me. When lunch is over for me, I creep 011' by a bush or a log where they can hardly tell
me and my white spots from the colors of nature. Sometimes I hear them searching everywhere for
me but I keep real still close against my log beneath a hazel nut bush. They nearly step on me before
they can see me. Sometimes I am captured and hauled about by the string on my neck to be shown
off before some company. I don't like to come a bit so I just pull back and make myself stiff until
they pick me up and carry me along even though I keep up a strenuous kicking with all four feet.
July 27.--I was interrupted yesterday because company came and I had to be shown off. My!
they nearly caught me writing. They might have seen easily that I was just pretending sleep. At
night I go in one end of a tent that the girl with the curly hair and another girl sleep in. Some
time I break my tether string and go over where the girls are asleep. I kiss their faces to show how
fond .of them I am, but they don't seem to like it at all. They bang me and push me and when I
still persist'they finally get up and tie me to my stake again. '
July 28.-Oh, what an excitement there was last night. About one o'clock I heard them talking
and there was a great rumble and rattle which disturbed me. When I was quite awake I found the
girls sitting up in bed and our tent in a heap upon the ground. VVe could see all shapes and sizes
of ghost-like figures Hitting about among the trees and we thought we heard the man laughing in
his tent with the boys. I gather from the girls' talk that this was in return for bread crumbs dried
thoroughly in the sun and scattered 'among the blankets of the boys' beds. Just a few small favors that
the girls can do the boys. So we spent the rest of the night in the cold without any tent. I made
a nuisance of myself with the girls until they got tired of me and took me over close to the boys' tent
and tied me to a stump. I was in hopes the boys would take me in but they were not a bit nice
to me. They were awfully selfish with their old tent and did not offer to take me in. I don't like
boys at all. A girl for me every time.
July 30.-Life is very pleasant here among the cool pine trees and the good times we have are
certainly fine. The days come and go before we realize they are here. This morning they are talk-
ing about having to go home in time for high school to open and about taking me with them. They
are decided now that I am to go with them and am to be Cisco Kid the high school mascot.
August 2.--Bright and early this morning before the sun was quite above the big blue mountain
we left this happy camping ground for a new home. I know not where. You may be sure l
didn't forget my little book. Itook it right along with me all morning until they put me in the
wagon. Now I will write when I can without their finding me out. We traveled long through woods
and past brown 1'ields of grain. VVe passed a place where there was a great bridge which I never
saw before and some houses and people. They called this place Bridgeville. We stayed all night
among some beautiful trees.
August 3.-There was so much to see last night that I did not get time to write but I tucked
you, my little friend, in a corner of the wagon. The man called these beautiful woods Redwoods.
They are the largest trees I ever saw. This morning we started good and early and this afternoon
we arrived at our destination. This is a pretty village called Ferndale although it is much larger
August 4.-Well, I am settled for awhile I guess. I almost forgot and left my book in the wagon
but after a good deal of kicking and fussing I managed to bring it along with me. It was all very
strange to me when I was put off with the man at his home. As I said before I didn't like the man.
He is very kind to me, but just now when I was in the front yard I found out that the girl with the
curly hair lives just across the street. She comes over and talks to me. I think I'll make a perfect
nuisance of myself so the man will get rid of me. The girl says she would like to have me.
August 15.-Just as I plan so it happens. I a1n living with the girl. Very busy playing with
Sport, the dog. No time to write.
Augst 17.-I am very happy only that there isn't much room in tl1e yard to play. There
are lots of strange, ugly looking dogs.
August 20.-I am in a new home. I left my book out in the dew and it is getting old. Except
that the girl isn't here I am very much contented with my new home. Here I find a new man and
boy. I like the boy very much. We play together and he feeds me lots of sugar in a little cloth which
I suck. There is a nice cool creek runnig close by. Bordering this is a cypress hedge and a nice big
yard. Best of all in this yard is the remains of a summer garden. There are all kinds of good
things to eat here. Generally after breakfast on a great bottle of milk I lunch all morning on beans.
At middday I go down to the creek for a drink and then find a nest to sleep in under the hedge. In
the afternoon I come out and browse on rose petals and cosmos leaves.
August 23.-This morning I was in the yard and a great black dog passing spied me. Before I
knew it he was right at me barking and his mouth wide open. Oh, how I ran. I hardly knew
which way to go. I Fall down to the creek but still he followed nie. Then I thought of the house,
so I ran back to the kitchen door and fairly hurled myself against the screen. The lady rushed to the
door and let nie in. The dog was close enough once to bite me on the back. The people are all
good to me here. When the mornings are real cold they let me in before the kitchen range to get
warm. When the front door is open I like to slip upstairs and get right up in the middle of one of
the beds to sleep. They chase me out whenever they iind me up there.
August 30.-My little book is nearly full now. I'll have to be looking out for a new one. I
am having a fine time.
October 12.-I've been very busy lately and have sadly neglected my Diary. ,Sometimes I fight
with my feet when the boys are playing with me. This morning I kept hearing the people talking
about me. They said I was going to be mean and strike some one some day to hurt him. Becamse of
this I must be sent to some park where there is a safe place for me. The lady wanted to keep me a
while yet but the new man said I must go.
October 20.--This evening while I was in the yard I heard the man say that the next morning
I was to he put in a box to be sent east. I had been given to a man. Good-bye, little Diary. There
is only just a little room left. Tomorrow, maybe I'll Hnd a little time to finish that.
October 21.-Here I am in my box hard, tight and fast to be sent away. I feel as though my
heart will break. The new boy has just been to tell me good-bye. He gave me all kinds of good
things. Before I came here and filled my box with sugar and tender rose peals. Around my neck
be tied a ribbon with my name upon it. As I start on my journey, I know not where I leave you,
my Diary, my happy home and those I leave behind.-Clara Beasley '09.
The Sophomore Girls
We are the Sophomore girls of the If. U. H. S..
That we are very jolly you may readily guess,
Every morning, early you may see us all at school,
Where we study very hard and mind every rule-.
At eight forty-iive we enter the room of wrath,
For that is what descends when we enter Math.
There we draw triangles, circles and chords
All around the big black boards.
When we try to demonstrate, Lothing is fixed,
For points, lines and angles always get mixed.
But we are loyal members of Geometry Two,
And we'll always rally round our watchword, HD. O."
A study period, a short recess.
Then off we go to Caesar class.
But when we get there alas! we find
That we have left our brains behind.
YVe mistranslato the latin, till the teacher in despair
Crys aloud, and we hear "Think!" echoed on the air.
England, Spain, Russia, France, Austria, Prussia
Are in a dreadful whirl. Don't you feel sorry for the Sophomore girl?
Feudalism, chivalry, church and state,
Renaissance, Revolution notes are what we hate.
Crusades, nations, wars, allied relations,
Did you ever guess such a thing could be as this.
But do not think we study all day
For you may be sure we like to play
At basketball and tennis we take our turn
And even the punching bag we do not spurn.
So you see, at work and play
This is the' way we spend the day.
And here the poetess will drop her pen
If youlll cheer for the girls of 1910.
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As the Tree Falls
Early one beautiful morning last July, l started out with a party of friends to witness the
logging operations in a nearby lumber camp. For several days We had heard the tremendous crash-
es and the trembling earth quiver as each monarch left its proud place among its fellow redwoods and
fell to earth, but could see nothing of the work, only the cloud of red-brown dust that rose. As
we crossed the river nothing broke the stillness of the morning, save the murmur of water hurry-
ing over the nearby riffle and the occasional shrill, distant squeal of the donkey engine at work.
This was the only incongruous note that seemed to reveal the presence of an enemy in that peace-
ful scene, where the heavy fringe of redwood forest came down almost to the water's edge on the
one side and towering cliffs rose abruptly on the other, making the picture one of wild, majestic
beauty. After walking a short distance on the river bar, we entered the shadows of the royal
trees themselves. Here silence brooded over all, no bird note was heardg the sky was not visible
and only occasionally would a few rays of light iind their way through the heavy foliage. They
would make a path of gold through the green gloom and light up dim aisles among the "cathedral
spiresf' Up the heavy bark of some of the trunks crept the graceful poison ivy, covering the seamed
sides with delicate green tracery.
As the woodland road wound in and out, the way grew lighter and soon we were emerging
from the half-light. A turn of the road revealed an open space, and here in the glare of the sun-
shine the entire aspect was changed. Desolation was on every hand. The whole tract seemed
covered with fallen tree trunks, lying side by side, peeled of their bark, reminding one of descrip-
tions of battlefields, where countless heroes had perished in a mortal tight.
Onward we went, walking on the huge trunks, in the direction of the engines whose screams
were now much louder and more insistent, Soon a very rough roadway appeared where the earth
was torn up and every appearance was given that some resisting object had been dragged along it
against its will. Farther on were standing trees not far from the railroad track, where one of the
donkey engines was stationed. Now we could hear the forces at work, the noise of the engine was al
most deafening, but leaving its immediate neighborhood we heard the steady chop of the ax, as its
ringing blows were aimed at a tree's sturdy butt, and from close by came the rythmic swish, swish
of the cross-cut saw.
From a safe position we witnessed every stage of the progress of a redwood from its proud
place in the forest to its railroad journey to the mill. After selecting the tree, expert woodsmen
studied every detail of its position, and after calculations had been ma.de, a stake was placed which
the tree should drive in the ground. Then the choppers took their places and made a V-shaped cut
on one side. Meanwhile all the debris was being cleaned from its path, and a "cradle" was pre-
pared to receive it. This was done to prevent destroying it as one fine redwood was smashed to
pieces the morning we were there through some carelessness in its felling. After the choppers had
inflicted a terrible gash in the tree's side, the sawyers came and began cutting on the opposite
side, carefully wedgiug the tree over as they worked. Finally the work was done and the crucial
moment has arrived. The workmen continued to push in the wedges until presently the tree began
to move. Very, very slowly at first, but gathering speed as it descended until the mighty giant crash-
ed to earth with awful force. The roar of its terrible fall reverberated up and down the opening.
Sometimes in the spring when the sap is up, as the tree falls, it will catch its bark against a stump
or projection and jump like a yellow snake from its skin, coming out perfectly peeled and slippery.
After it was down and the peeling process was finished, the sawyers again attacked it, dividing it
into tremendous sections. Then came the work of the donkey engine. A very strong cable was
bound around one of the sections, and the other endwas controlled by the engine. At a signal from the
superintendent the power was turned on and instantly a tremor passed through the awkward monster.
It immeditely began to 'move and right quickly did it follow the leading of the cable up to the track
where the flat cars were awaiting their burden. The cable's tremendous power spun one log around so
rapidly that the log seemed almost to have life. The powerful engines soon lifted the great
logs up on the cars, then piled them one above the other until there were three tiers. Men quickly
bound them with great chains, then the locomotive backed in and away they went, over the railroad
tracks to the mill.
The whistle sounded for noon and our party left with feelings of mingled wonder and regret,
wonder at the marvels of modern commercial methods and deep regret at the passing of the beautiful
redwood grove, knowing that in one year only a barren waste would be left, with blackened tree
stumps and charred timbers as mute witnesses of the former beauty.
EMILY E. KEOHAN, '08.
A Squirrel's Adventure
Although I was but a little ground squirrel, I watched the Indians with awe and wonderment
kindling a great fire down by the lake. The fire and the water in the lake were soon quarreling.
Each claimed that he could do the most damage in the world. The water said, "What could you
do?" "Oh, I could burn everything and everybody up in the world," replied the fire. "Oh no
you couldn't," said the water, f'Lets try," said the fire. "Allright." At this the iiames of the fire
leaped to the tops of the forests, but the water rose higher and higher. The fire was soon raging on
the high mountain tops, but only to be quenched by the water.
Having witnessed all this I plainly saw that if something was not done there would soon be
no more fire in the world. Even if I wasn't very large I thought I might do something. What
could I do? What could I do? Finally a thought came to my mind. I at once began to hunt out
some timber that would resist fire a long time and at last decided upon the oak. I strapped
this to my back and fastened a coal to it. I now went to a high rocky cliff, thinking I would
here be safe from the angry waters. Below me I saw mountains disappear and the Hre was grad-
ually being consumed by the raging waters. Closer and closer came the water to me as I stood
on this high position. Now it had reached me. What must I do? All that is left is to swim,
but at just this moment I was swept off of my feet. For many days I swam in the water, taking
precautions not to let the water see the coal on my back. At last there was no more smoke in
the world. Almost all the animals had either been burned to death or were drowned. By this
time the coal had burned through the wood and was eating into the flesh on my back.
Finally the flood began to decrease and the water returned to the lake. Water had con-
quered fire. Once more I set my feet on land, but was nearly exhausted. Immediately I built a
large fire and the animals that were left came and dryed themselves. The hair on my back was
singed to a brown and ever after l bore this mark, which constantly reminded me of my great
adventure. VERNA HAWLEY, '10.
. iii, 413:
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Wild Flowers in the Vicinity of Ferndale
Few people appreciate the Wealth of wild, fiowers growing round and about Ferndale. There
is scarcely any time of the year, if a person is inclined and is interested in flowers, but that buds
and blossoms of some species may be culled from our fields and mountain sides. '
One of the first flowers that makes its appearance in the spring is the Trillium, a member of the
lily family, and no church or Easter decoration is complete without a bunch of these daintily colored
blossoms. Little companies of these plants maybe seen upon low flats, under the trees, where
the soil is rich. The flowers have a strong heavy fragrance, and are exceedingly variable in color,
.ranging from pure white to deep wine.
Closely 'following the Trillium, come the white Daisies, which dot the fields and pastures. They
are generally pure white, with an occasional rose color, and thrive best in a sandy soil. I have
seen them flourishing even in old river beds, where you could scarcely distinguish them from the
The Wood or Yellow Violet also blooms in the'spring. This modest little violet is found com-
monly in the woods, where it often carpets the ground with its leaves. Another violet comes at
this time which has a violet or purple colored blossom. These flowers generally grow in moist
places, and vary in the length of their stems,
When the first clear, beautiful note of the lark
the buttercup is here. The fields are generally
nature. The blossoms are of a rich yellow and
The Genies Iris, on account of the bright and
rainbow-winged messenger of the gods. lt has a
according to the season and locality of the growth.
is heard, the skies blue and grass green, we know
full of them, bringing a gladness to the face of
the plants prefer the marshy places in which to
varied hues of its iiowers, was named for the
beautiful purple or lilac-colored lily, which seems
to have a certain marked individuality. It thrives well upon the lower slopes of our well drained
hillsides. Again it is often found in the rich soil of the moist woodlands about Francis and Wil-
Baby Blue Eyes, Sunflowers, Shooting-Stars, Indian Pinks, Wild Onions, Wild Sweet Peas,
Batchelor Buttons and Bleeding Hearts all abound on the hills south of the public school grounds.
The delicate blossom of the Baby Blue Eye vary greatly in size and the color of blue. General-
ly it is a bright blue and is called by some California Bluebell. The Sunflower has a large blos-
som of rich yellow, with a brown center. The others are so familiar to us all that they need no
One of the oddest and most beautiful flowers
The Wild Ginger comes to us during the months of April and May. lt grows
of our many shaded streams, where it seems to
A dull colored bud begins to appear and when at length expanded, the blossom
looking for its prey. The leaves of this plant, when crushed, have a fragrance
caniphor. This species grows abundantly along
Scarlet flowers are so rare, and nature is so
of the Indian Paint Brush are especially welcome.
along the borders
as they gurgle by.
resembles a spider
similar to that of
enjoy the gossip of the brooks
Price and Howe creeks.
chary of that beautiful hue
The dense tufts make brilliant dashes of color
that the blossoms
which are very noticeable amid the greens of spring time.
that grow in our vicinity is the Mission Bell. It
is unrivaled in elegance, for every line is a study in grace. The plants maketheir appearance in
early spring, and later produce an abundance of blossoms. The flowers are mottled, and vary in
shades from dull green to purple. There modest colors blend so nicely into the scene about that it
is diflicult to see them.
The bright canary colored blossoms of the common Monkey Flower are a familiar sight,
fringing the streams and peering over the banks as if to see their own loveliness reflected there.
The flowers are of a handsome yellow, having a pair of ridges running down their open throats,
and may also be known by its musk scented light green herbage. '
False Solomon's Seal is one of the prettiest plants found in our woods during the spring sea-
SOI1, It HHS H graceful, dI'00Di11g tG1'1d9HCY, Which shows the handsome spreading leaves to full ad-
vantage, and its few delicate little white blossoms are a Htting termination to the sprays.
Near and about our town, even before the frost is entirely over, the leaves of the Skunk Cabbage
IDHY be S6611 DHShiI1g their Wal' UU thI'0l1gh the Standing water in marshy localities. They attain
great size and are of a rich wax-velvet green. When the plants are in bloom, they are very hand-
some and the stalk continues to grow until its yellow blossoms become brown.
'During the same season comes the California Poppy, whose charms are difficult to exaggerate.
Upon our hillsides and in the valley, bright patches of gold denote that they are the blossoms of
the State flower. lt revels in the sunshine, and not until the morning is well advanced does it
begin to unfurl its tightly rolled petals. Different authorities have stated that this poppy reaches
its highest state of perfection in the Eel River Valley, where the large golden blossoms are beau
tiful and magnificent.
Following closely in the wake of the spring flowers come the early summer plants and vines.
Creeping and climbing along the roads, over fences and old stumps, we find the Wild Morning-
Glory. Its blossoms are of a beautiful pink color ranging to a light cream. The flowers open
in the morning and close at eventide.
The Canterbury Bell is one of the most charming flowers found here. It is a familiar sight
to see it growing along the dusty roadside, where it opens its fragile bells to greet the passers-by.
The stems are very brittle and the blossoms fall early-the lower ones usually having passed away
before the upper ones have attained their beautiful shade of purple.
Most of us are familiar with the Yellow VVater Lily and have seen its pretty leaves floating
upon the surface of a pond, starred with its large golden flowers. A lake fllled with these floating
blossoms may be seen by travelers en route from Ferndale to Singley's Station.
One of the most deservedly admired of all our shrubs is the lovely Azalea, which generally bor-
ders the foothills and is found abundantly on the highway leading from Table Bluff to Eureka.
The flower has a pinkish or salmon colored tint, and is often concealed from view by the large mass
of green foliage which grows on the bush.
Another shrub which covers our mountain sides and which during its period of blossoming
makes a beautiful background for our little city, is the California Lilac. The flowers are of a
feathery, plume like appearance and blue in color.
The Wild Rose is one of the few Howers that bloom so cheerfully through the long summer
days along the public highway as well as in more secluded places. ln autumn it often seems in-
spired to a special luxuriance of blooming, and it lingers to greet the Astors to mingle its pink flow-
ers with their delicate lilac color. A
At almost any time of the year the blossoms of the yellow Sand Verbena may be found upon
the ocean beach, leading down the coast from Centerville. It bears dense clusters of yellow flowers
and the stems are very gummy. I 1
Flourishing upon the sides of the hills in our vicinity we find both the purple a11d white Lu-
pine. These flowers thrive equally as well upon our river bars, and many bunches of them re-
lieve the otherwise barren rocks and sand.
Dandelions grow to perfection, both in size and color in our fields and pastures, Many grounds
are made most attractive by being covered so profusely with these blossoms.
Towards the end of our summer, after the most. of the other flowers have come and gone, na-
ture brings out her last children as welcome visitants to fill the places of our vanished earlier
The iirst of the Autumnal flowers to make its appearance is the Astor, which blossoms all
during the fall. It has a delicate pale violet or lilac tint and is much admired by all lovers of
Last, but not least, comes the Golden Rod to stay, perhaps longer than any other flower. It
has slender, willow shaped stems and flower clusters of yellow. It was this beautiful flower of
gold that vied with the Eschscholtzia for supremacy when the state flower for California was being
chosen. It grows profusely along the roadsides leading from Grizzly Bluff to Eel River and is much
sought after for decorative purposes. C. A. M., '10.
The Origin of the Five Fingered Fern
There once lived a skillful Indian hunter, who had won the name of Wolfclaw in a iierce strug-
gle with a pack of hungry wolves. In the iight he received a terrible scratch which made a deep,
white scar. He soon became the richest Indian in the village by selling the costly furs which he
procured by hunting and trapping, to the neighboring tribes.
When he had hoarded away a great amountof wealth, he left his tribe and was gone many
moons. A But he returned one day as a Medicine man and worked his magic so wonderfully that all
the Indians in his tribe became afraid of him.
After a few years a famine came upon this tribe and even extended to the neighboring tribes,
but it was the severest for Wolfclaw's people. The rain did not fall for many, many days. The grass
died, and the Indians could raise no corn. Even the animals on which they depended for food
grew very scarce. The neighboring tribes still had food but they would not sell it unless they re-
ceived many skins or a great deal of gold. Wolfclaw, the Medicine man, demanded that food be
given him and the people were afraid to refuse, so that he lived in plenty while the rest of the tribe
were starving. The streams were rapidly drying up. The Indians implored Wolfclaw to perform
ceremonies so that the Good Spirit would send them rain, but he refused to do this unless they
gave him gold. They knew that he had a hoard of gold buried in the forest and at last rebelled
against him. They called on the Good Spirit to punish him for his cruelty and earnestly begged
In the night they heard a patter, patter on the ground and in the morning it was raining very
hard. Far up in the mountains a tiny stream began to flow. It grew larger and larger until it
rushed by VVolfclaw's village in a raging torrent. A large tree on the edge of the forest was torn
up by the roots and for a moment the terrified Indians saw the gleam of gold. Then it was
buried in the water. Wolfclaw ran to the stream and reached for his precious treasure, but he
could not get it again. He sat on the bank and gazed steadfastly into the water for several days,
never changing his position. At last, when the Indians looked toward the stream, one morning, he
was not there. Some ran to the place where he had been and cried out, "Here is Wolfclaw's fin-
gers reaching for the goldif' When the other Indians came they saw a delicate fern growing on
the bank, which drooped its flve fingers toward the water. M. SMITH, 'l0.
S. c I
' 1 M54
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. --sa-1 ny..
One of our goody Town Fathers,
Has in his day niade 111111311 hay,
And used the blessed sunshine
To vure and store it away.
While, in this storing process,
He 31C0lll'lllll21l,6d properties neat:
And in one case very unfortunate
lt lay just along the street.
For the law requires you shall build a walk
And its 1ll'O1l0l'l,l0I1S are laid down,
But father says Hvvllilll I was a boy
l had to walk on the ground.
Cement was made to build a vault,
Brick is a little too grand,
Lumber only was made to lOl,
So I'll b11ild mine of sand.
What matter if the men profane
01' if the WOHIGH screain,
For if l wish to go to town
I hire a livery team.
But if he would get l1is law
From the books by the inaster hand,
That a house was never known to stay
When built upon the sand.
H. H.. '05
White Wasp sat on the doorstep of her little Cabin, Weaving 3 large Y0l1nd basket. The dI'OWSY
summer day seemed to invite one to ease and quiet, but in spite of the heat she worked fever-
ishlv, her nimble fingers appeared to move of their own accord, so skilled was she in this work.
The basket would need only a few hours more w0I'k, and then She Could 30 to the COUIIUAY St0I'9
and perhaps be able to sell it that very afternoon.
Her face wore a strained look, beads of perspiration stood out on her forehead, but on she
worked, regardless of her surroundings. From time to time She would glance HD fllliekly, 2-S if She
were expecting someone, and then bent over her task with renewed energy-
Presently in the distance she spied the figure of an Indian, slowly wending his way towards
the cabin. lt was her husband, Big Bear, burdened with a heavy load of game, for he had been
out hunting since dawn. Before he had reached the hut, White Wasp had the fire lighted and her
work was laid aside in a dark corner. With a grunt-of satisfaction, Big Bear threw down a
heavy deerskin bag, filled with rabbits and squirrels. This done, he sat down in front of the
cabin, took out his pipe and lazily puffed clouds of thin blue smoke. His small dark eyeS sleepily
watched his hard working squaw. At intervals she would heave a deep sigh, but this had no effect
upon the stolid watcher.
An hour passed, hardly a word had they exchangedg she, occupied in the preparations of the
meal, he in his pipe. .
Out of the stillness an Indian voice arose and turning, they saw an Indian standing looking at
them. lt was the Medicine man. With a silent motion of his pipe, Big Bear invited the guest
to sit down. White Wasp hurried even more than ever and in a short time the meal was cooked.
Her appearance at the door signified her readiness. The tW0 rncn entered and ate their meal, COD-
versing with each other solely. Occasionly White Wasp would look up but never interrupted. Ap-
parently she was preoccupied, yet a quiet glance every now and then would show her interest in
what they were saying. Her eyes lighted up at the remark of her husband when he said he was
going down the river that afternoon, and asked the guest to accompany him. This was just what
she had wished and she watched them leave with great satisfaction.
Hurrying through her work, she was soon at the task. An hour's hard work saw her basket
completed. She put a bright red shawl over her head and walked down the dusty road: her basket
tucked under her arm.
The heat of the day was suffocating, but the Indian woman cared not, for her basket was fin-
ished and she would soon be at the store. Perhaps she could not sell it! What then? Thoughts
of this sort flitted through her mind with a vividness that was alarming. Clutching hold of her
basket tighter than ever, she quickened her pace. and with a beating heart, walked into the dark
little general store and oflice. The bystanders sm led broadly as she passed, but White Wasp took
no notice of them. ln a few broken words she signified that the basket she had was for sale
It was beautifully made and the storekeeper realized its value and took it immediately. White
Wasp's joy was unbounded. With the money she bought some bright red calico for a dress for her-
self. How proud she was. Now she wo.1ld be the envy of the other squaws. What a beautiful
dress it would make. Light hearted and happy, she walked home: tho' tired and footsore from
her long tramp, a happy smile lighted up her dark face, and blithely she pounded the maize, and
cooked the simple supper.
When Big Bear returned she showed him the red calico. He seemed very pleased and said
a few words of praise to his industrious White Wasp.
That night the Indian woman slept peacefully. At times a smile would play across her fea-
tures. She was dreaming of the beautiful red colors. CONSTANCE KEOHAN, 'l0.
Many, many years ago, when the Indians were the only inhabitants of this country, Humboldt
bay extended from what is now Samoa to the mountains at Centerville. It was one long smooth sheet
of water, with a sloping eastern bank. Then there were no mountains orbeach such as there are to-
day. On the shore where Eureka is now, there was an Indian village, and a still larger tribe lived
on the mountains near the ocean at Centerville.
One time two Indians got into their canoes at the camp at Eureka, and paddled over to the tribe
at Centerville. It took a long time to get there and when they arrived they were very tired. They
went to their friend and sat down at the door of his hut and rested and talked. While the friends
were sitting there they heard a roaring noise but thought it was the wind rustling the leaves of the
trees. Then the Indians got up, went inside and shut the door.
The noise grew louder and louder, and then something dreadful happened, the Indians did not
know what, and for many years the Indians did not know what such a thing was called. Every-
thing began to shake so hard that they fell over and couldn't get up, as they described it. The
noise grew louder and everything shook harder. After awhile it stopped and the frightened Indians
opened the door and looked out toward their home, at the other end of the bay. But, behold, the
bay was gone, and in the distance appeared a great pile of black dirt which seemed to reach the
sky. The first thoughts of the Indians were that they should never get home again, for they could
never climb that mountain. The land between the Indians and that hill was smooth, dark and soft,
and towards the ocean it seemed to be a lighter sand.
These Indians were very superstitious, like the rest of their nation, and believed that the evil
spirit was trying to destroy them.
The whole tribe of Indians gathered in a field and went through all their ceremonies to win,
again, the good favor of the spirit. After the ceremonies the two Indians and a few of the bravest
of that tribe started over towards the newly created mound, but the land was too soft and muddy
to walk on. They had to walk around on the old land, and when they reached the mountain, they
were very surprised and happy to find that it did not reach the sky. After considerable trouble the
Indians climbed over the hill and reached the tribe at Eureka, and they were all glad to meet again.
The older Indians never knew what the creator of this new mountain was, but the later genera-
tions found out from the white people that such a thing was an earthquake. The hill is now called
Table Bluff. LIZZIE BOYNTON, '10,
ln the early morning
As the day begins to dawn,
The skylark, high in the heavens
Is singing its merry song.
Singing its song of gladness
As it blithely skims along,
Cheering the hearts of the people,
As to their tasks they throng.
Then in the dusky evening,
As homeward they wend their way
The skylark still is singing
As he has been all the day.
Then let us be like the skylark,
Happy the whole day long:
Cheering the hearts of the people
With a happy smile and song. A. M., '11,
W, 1 1' , ilk,
liclitor. . .. ...... Kenneth XV. Roberts. '08
Business Manager. . .james N. lfnhnor. '08 Advertising Rl2lllilg'Cl'. Jas. Anclreaseu. 'OS
Social lichtor. . . . .lfniily If, Keohan. '03, .Xrtist ..... . .Milclrecl Ring, '08
-Xthletic Editor ..... Harry Honnikson. '08, Josh Editor.. ..Ho1'ace xVlllSl0XY,'OQ.
Through the medium of the Tomahawk we are going to try and let outsiders and the tax
payers ot Eel River Valley especially, know that we are alive and making advancement along an
educational line for which they have spent so much money. The majority of the pupils, more so the
younger ones, do not ccuisider they are very fortunate in being allowed to attend a school free of
chargeg but it they should stop and consider how much money is spent on them individually each year
and this money is coming out of the property owners' pockets, then I think they- would be more
considerate and grateful.
With each graduating class rests the duty to return some recompense to the people who have
educated them. How are they going to do this? It is not easy but each one must see that he
does not drift into the ranks of that great multitude who accomplish nothing, and when gone are
never spoken ot. Each one must stand in his place and when called upon, discharge whatever duty
his cityor country demands. With this idea in mind let us not tail but always keep this goal before
us and discharge the debt of our youth. .
During the past two years withing the history of oar athletic and debating league, there has
arisen a school rivalry which has been a great beneiit to us. Every one admits that our contests
have been most successful and we have developed a spirit of sportsmanship. But, together with
this development. there is another element that is not wholly tor our good. In several instances
there has been petty unmanly hickerings, together with a feeling of resentment and dissatisfaction
over victories that have been honestly won. This feeling has not only extended to the student but
even among the faculty and those in attendance.
At more than one contest unpleasant remarks have been made from the side line that either
showed the speaker knew nothing of the game or was exceedingly rude and ill bred. Also after
games rumors have been noised about that the officials or judges favored some particular person
or side. Now students and those interested, this is not wholesome, sportsmanlike rivalry, and the
soooner it is ended the better. Our league has been formed for the purpose of creating a pride
in our schools and inculcating a love for clean manly healthy sports. These petty bickerings and
ill bred remarks tend to destroy this spirit and would eventually lead to the dissolution of the
league. So come on Eureka, Arcata, Fortuna and Ferndale, let us in the future make our sports
manly and above board, and give honor where honor is due.
To the public who have so generously, in their liberal patronage, supported our school we
extend our kindest thanks. We are also grateful to our instructors, without whose experienced
guidance and support we feel our paper would not have successfully passed through all its trials
and adversities. To the business houses who generously gave us advertisements, enabling us to
finance this annual we feel deeply indebted. The editors also deserve credit for the results of their
time and ability. To Misses Koehan and Ring, also Messrs. Fulmor, Andreason, Bonnicksen, and
Winslow, who had special charge of the several departments of this paper we feel especially grateful.
With this issue of the Tomahawk, the present staff retire and intrust to the under graduates the
safety and continuance of its publication. We hope that in years to come the present young Indians
of the Tomahawk that are growing up with each class will so improve this publication that in
time they may gain many scalps of approval from the high school annuals of this state.
This book has been published for the purpose of creating an interest in our high school and
indirectly interesting outsiders in our little city. We do not-expect to gain financially by its
publication, but will gain in experience. As this is the Hrst issue of the Tomahawk we hope we will
not be criticized too severely when you consider our inexperience and the obstacles we have had to
.. 5 QF!
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. X.. . fy W r .
qi 'sin' .
As this is the first year we have attempted to get out a paper our exchange list is accordingly
very small. But we hope with this first issue of the Tomahawk our list will increase, enabling
us to get a better idea of what other schools have accomplished along this same line.
A number of schools have sent us exchanges from which we have received valuable ideas.
We are sorry we have not been able to return the courtesy but will do so this year.
The Advance of Arcata has a. novel form, combined with good stories and joshes. A few cuts
would greatly improve the paper's attractiveness, also the athletic department is rather weak.
The Megaphone of Fortuna is a very well gotten up paper but could be improved by a few
more good stories or articles.
The R. U. H. S. of Riverview has good stories and poems but lacks cuts.
The Sequoia of Eureka has an attractive cover and is pleasing to the reader.
A number of copies of different papers, although not exchanges, have found their way among
us. From the following we copied ideas and been deeply interested. The Tiger, of C. S. M. A.,
Lowell, of Lowell: Tom Cat of O. H. S.: Skirmisher, of St. Matthews: Redwood, of Santa Clara.
History of the Student Body Crganization
The Student Body of the Ferndale Union High School was organized under the name of the
Athena Literary and Debating Society on October 7. 1904. As there were only two classes, the
Sophomores and Freshmen, there were no upper classmen to direct the students, so the firm and
skillful guidance of the principal, Mr. C. J. Dufour, through the mazes of parliamentary procedure,
was much appreciated. Mr. Kenneth Robarts was the first president, while Miss Mary Varley and
Miss Emily Keohan were chosen vice-president and secretary respectively. Mr. John Lund and Mr.
Clifford Brice were elected treasurer and sergeant-at-arms. Semi-monthly meetings were held at
which debates and literary numbers were given. These afternoons were much enjoyed by the
pupils who missed their leader when Mr. Dufour left at the close of the semester.
The Athena Literary and Debating Society was re-organized as the Student Body on January
16, 19065 adopting the same constitution as before. The new officers were Miss Burbank, presi-
dentg Mr. James Andreason, vice-presidentg Mr. John Lund, secretaryg Mr. C. Varian, treasurer, and
Mr. Granville Delamere, sergeant-at-arms. At this time some debates were held and a few programs
rendered, but the little student body bent its efforts to influence the voters of the High School
district, in favor of the bond issue which carried on May 31, 1906. '
On May 25th new officers were inaugurated with fitting ceremonies. These were Mr. J. Nor-
man Fulmore, president, Miss Mary Varley, vice-presidentg Miss Emily Keohan, secretaryg Mr.
ranville Delamere, treasurerg Mr. P. Petersen, sergeant-at-arms and Miss Simpson, critic.
Upon the opening 'of the new school year in August, '06, the publication of an annual was dis
cussed and the staff chosen, but it was finally decided to leave the matter until it should be handle
by the Pioneer class.
' The Athletic Association was formed on October 5, 1906, in connection with the Student Body.
All the students joined, paying monthly dues of 10c. The first Field Day was held on November
24, 1906, at Ferndale, which was a success from a social and athletic standpoint.
A It was decided to hold elections at the close of each semester, so on December 14, 1906,
Mr. John Lund was chosen presidentg Mr. Granville Delamere, vice-presidentg Miss Constance
Clemens, sccretaryg Mr. Bonniksen, treasurerg Mr. Alfred Varley, sergeant-at-arms, and Miss Mil-
dred Ring, critic.
The ladies of Ferndale, together with the Students gave a public dinner on Washington's birth-
day, 1907. .The proceeds were given to the student body treasury. During this semester a piano
was purchased by the students and a wooden tennis court built.
The Student Body still kept up the interest in debates and sent two debaters lo the contest in
Arcata on April 22. S
Then on May 28 the regular elections were held. Miss Constance Clemens was made president,
Mr. Leslie Cadoni, vice-presidentg Miss Clara Beasley, secretaryg Miss Amy Andreason, treasurer:
Mr. Searles Miller, sergeant-at-arms, and Miss V. Kausen, critic. Several well chosen programs
were given and some impromptu debates were held.
The last semester opened under the following oflicers: Miss Emily Keohan, president: Mr.
Varian, vice-president, Miss Mary Ericksen, secretaryg Mr. Arthur Giacomini, treasurerg Mr. Horace
Winslow, sergeant-at-arms, and Miss Claire Annette Monroe, critic.
Meetings were held regularly and monthly programs were given, consisting of musical numbers,
both instrumental and vocal, debates and literary numbers. Outsiders were cordially welcomed at
these meetings. Labor Day was observed by the student body in ornamenting the groundsg the
pupils providing from their treasury suflicient funds for preparing the grounds for a lawn and fiower
beds. The boys under Mr. Moore's direction built gravel walks, and seeds, shrubs, cuttings and
plants were planted in suitable positions, the creek bank receiving especial attention. A lawn also
was sown. A busy day was spent and at its close a decided improvement was evident in the ap-
pearance of the grounds.
The Student Body organization has been of great advantage to the pupils, teaching and cultiva-
ting self-reliance, ease in public speaking, familiarity with the rudiments of parliamentary law and
benefiting the school in numerous ways. EMILY E. KOEHAN, '08
. . ,,u4,.1., .. L
., . ln the pastlfgur years of the existence of the Ferndale Unionvlrligh School, there have been a
.few eventsuwhfjch stand out prominently in the men1ory,of .the student. Each year there were sev-
eral dancing parties for various purposes, such as the purchase.of a piano, and the building of the
At the closeAof the year we have had some
Creek vicinity, and one to the beach. Both trips
.g .At the close of last semester the faculty gave
evening- passed all too, rapidly for everyone had a
Y Among those present in costume were:
very pleasant. school picnics, two in the Price
were a great treat to teachers and pupils.
the students a,most delightful costume ball. The
most enjoyable time.
f Miss G. Smith ................. . . ."Lady- Babbie" . fLittle Ministerj
K Miss L. Falk .. ................. Dolly Varden
K, Mr. Moore .......... . . .George Washington
b .Miss Myrtle Simpson . . . .' ..... .... . Becky Sharp
Miss Mildred Ring . . . . . .Mother Goose
Miss Emily Keohan .. ...Little Bo-Peep
. Miss Helen Hart ....... . .. . '. . . .Pocahontas
Miss Constance Clemens .... A Typical Old Maid
Miss Edith Davidson . . . . .1 .Mars Nicholas McKeby
Alma Pearson .......
Constance Keohan ....
.Y Miss Mary Erickson, Miss
Hazel Comisto, Miss
. . . . .Old Fashioned Girl
........... Rebecca flvanhoel
Verna Kausen ........ . . . . .
..Three Little Maids from Japan
Miss' Amy Andreason .. ........... Katrina Van Tassel
Miss 'Clara Beasley . . . ..... .. . . . .Hypatia
Della Daugherty . .
Rose Scott ......
Anna- May Kelly .
Claire Monroe ....
...Polly Old Fashioned Girl
. . . . . .Folly
. . . . . .Evangeline
Miss Verna Hawley ...... ...... ........ G e ometry
Miss Bernice Helgestead .. ........ Old 'Fashioned Girl
Miss Ida Calenchini ..... ...Molly .Woods fVirginianJ
Miss Annie Andreaslen ........... Puritan Maid
Miss Lizzie Boynton . .. ........... Dutch Girl
Miss Anna Monroe . . . . . .Rose of the Alhambra
Miss Helen Shaw .... .' ...... Janice Meredith
Miss Nita Pixton ....... .... R ed Riding Hood
Miss Harriet Daugherty . . . ...... . . . Carmen
Gladys Redden . . .
James Andreason . . .
Kenneth Robarts . . .
Kenneth Bugbee . .
Shirley Robarts ..
. . .Puritan Girl
. . .The Virginian
. . . ..... Ben Hur
. . .First Lieutenant
. . Colonel Funston
Harry Bonnikson . .
Norman Fulmore . .
Arthur Giacomini .. .
Granville Delamere ....
. . Ichabod Crane
. . . . Mr. Micawber
. . . Whispering Smith
. . . . . . . . . .. Nicholas Nickleby
There has been only one dance given this semester. A great deal of time and work was spent
on the preparation of the Operetta-"A Dress Rehearsal." The play took place on April 24th, and
was a great success, both financially and socially. The house was Hlled with a very attentive
audience, and though the affair was the maiden effort of the school, it was most creditably perform-
ed. The characters were as follows
Principal, Miss Jones ..... Q ...... .... M iss Constance Keohan
' French governess, Mme. Epinard .. ........ Miss Helen Hart
Cinderella, Amy Fibbs ........ ...Miss Amy Andreason
Spiteful sister, Martha Higgins .. .... Miss Myrtle Simpson
Spiteful sister, Clara Jackson . . . . , .Miss Bernice Helgestead
Prince, Clara Wilkins . . . .
Greedy Girl, Sarah Ann . . .. . . .
Fairy godmother, Rose Jennings,
Romantic girl, Sophinizba Spivins
Elocutionist, Mrs. Jarvey ......
Visitor, Miss Prudence Pinchbeck
Servant . .......... ...... . . .
Humpie . ............... . . . .
The social events of the school year, w
a ball given by the Juniors to. the Seniors.
YM V dw ,.-nr .. --..4.... V... . - A
. . ,Miss Mildred Ring
. ,Miss Claire Monroe
. . .Miss Anne Monroe
, . . , Miss Rosa Scott
. l .... Miss Della Daugherty'
.,Miss Mildred Smith
. .Miss Hazel Comisto
hich at present writing are not completed, will close bg'
QQNSTANQE KEO,HA.N,, 'OSL
' On April 22, 1907, the first debating
contest of the High School Athletic and Debating League
was held in Arcata. As Eureka had not as yet entered the league two debaters were sent from each
school. The subjects for debate were as follows: Resolved, that France did more for civilization
Arfirmative, Kasch, Arcata.
Resolved, that Socialism is beneficial
T. M. McDonough, Ferndale.
to the masses.
' Aflirmative, Knowles, Fortuna.
Resolved, that governmental subsidies
should be granted to our common carriers.
Affirmative, K. W. Robarts, Ferndale.
Negative, Miss Gutherie, Fortuna.
Messrs. Quinn and Monroe of Eureka and Mr. Blackburn of Ferndale, acted as Judges. The de-
bates were won by Kasch, Woods and Robarts. Kasch was awarded iirst place in oratory, and Woods
the second place. Several musical selections were rendered by Arcata talent during the evening.
The second debating contest was held in Ferndale, May 2, 1908. The subjects debated were these:
Resolved, that immigration should be further restricted by law.
Affirmative, Simms, Arcata.
Negative, Miss J
Resolved, that protection should now
be abolished by the United States.
Affirmative, Bradford, Eureka.
Negative, K. W.
The Judges for the evening were District Attorney Gregor and Judges Wilson and Hunter.
Simms and Robarts won their debates. Br
adford was the best speaker of the evening and Robarts
was the second best speaker. The program was further completed by several musical selections.
M. S.. '10.
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Alumni and School Notes
Miss Flossie Buttle of the class of ,OT is attending the State Normal at San Jose, together
with several other Humboldt girls. 'She is preparing herself to be a wielder of the "sWitch."
Mr. John Lund also of '07, is taking a Mining Engineering course at the University of Califor-
nia. We heard that John made quite a hit at school, and it Wasn't in a baseball game either.
Miss Teresa McDonough of '07, is engaged as assistant teacher at Grizzly Bluff. She is Well
pleased with her position, but isithinking very seriously of changing her Vocation to the cultivation
of "Flowers.'l J
Miss Beatrice Faulkner, '07, is teaching school at Camp Grant. She has thirteen pupils, which
keep her busy as a "bee" '
Miss Elinor Varley, of '07, is teaching the Upper Bear River school, this being her second term,
she having taught there three months before she graduated from the Ferndale High School.
Miss Mary Varley, a member of the pioneer class is now teaching the Laribee school near
Blocksburg. Miss Mary is more than pleased with her little 'tlambsf'
Miss Helen Frost, another member of the pioneer class left LPS to enter the San Jose High School
and is now attending the State Normal.
Mr. Cummings Dickson, the only Junior that the F. U. H. S. boasted when it opened its doors
in August, '04, is now attending the Corvallis Agricultural School in Oregon.
Miss Helen Burbank, who left Ferndale High School as a Junior, is now completing her second
year at Mill's College, where she is fitting herself for a high school teacher. K. B., '08,
Class ' 0.9
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Ferndale High School
Rah! Rah! Rah!
A Word Concerning Athletics in General s
'As this is the first edition of the Tomahawk,the athletic department cannot be complete without
the athletics of the past two years within its pages. A An athletic and debating league was formed
by the three high schools, Ferndale, Arcata and Fortuna in the fall of 1906. This league is styled
the Humboldt County High School Athletic League. A suitable constitution was adopted by the com-
ponents of the league. This constitution called for five academic sports, football, track, baseball,
tennis and girls' basketball, and also for debating. We were glad at the opening of this year to have
Eureka High School join the league. This year's athletics have been more snappy and tuck than
last year's, this is due to several reasons, chiefly its last year's experience. Last year's athletics
ended very comfortably for Ferndale, and we can be proud to say that the F. U. H. S. holds the
first championship of the H. C. H. S. A. L.
The athletics of this league have not reached the standard of some of the leagues of the state.
This is more than could be expected since this is but its second year, and also it is composed of
but four small schools. Ferndale High School has but fifteen boys now, and a few of these have
not taken part in the sports. This makes the few that are, take part in everything, so record
breaking and such things cannot be expected. Besides the weather does not permit of constant
training here, as it does in the southern part of the state. No doubt if some of the material that
we have here in this league have been attending schools of the southern leagues, they would easily
make records and reputations for themselves.
The high schools in Humboldt are not large enough to hire coaches, so they must get along
with their own training, which is practically nothing compared with training received when under
The league holds no official records, but we have one record of which we can be proud, a rec-
ord of true athletic spirit, manly and clean athletics, and also the general good feeling between the
The wish of the class of 1908 is, that every succeeding Senior Class may look back over years
of athletics equally successful, and our regret is, the lack of material for athletics in the coming
years. VVe realize that this must necessarily work a great hardship on the few, but now is the
time for you Sophomores and Juniors to dig in.
We are greatly indebted to the kind support and good coaching of our teachers. Our principle,
Mr. Moore, certainly developed first-class baseball and tennis teams, and Miss Falk has brought our
girls to the place of fast bastketball players. x
Before taking up this year's athletics, I will briefly run over those of last year.
The first meeting called for was the field day, and we were honored by having this held at Fern-
dale. This was set for November 24. The day turned out a success in every way. Ferndale
handily carried the day with fifty points, the other two schools tying for second, each with twenty
Our team was as follows: Lund, captaing Andreason, Robarts, Varley, Varian, Delamere, Ful-
mor, and Bonnikson.
The star of the day was Andreason. He took seven iirst places, making 35 points for his school.
The other point winners were Lund, five pointsg Delamere, five points, Robarts, 2 1-2 points and
Bonnikson, 2 1-2 points.
TENNIS . .
The first event in tennis was held at Ferndale, April 13,1907, between Ferndale and Fortuna.
Ferndale took the day. Our team was composed of Miss Buttle, ladies' singles: Leslie Codoni, boys'
singles: Miss Andreason and Miss Jensen, girls' doubles, Kenneth Robarts and Clark Varian, boys'
doubles, and Miss Simpson and John Lund, mixed doubles. We took the boys' singles, boys' doubles,
and mixed doubles,, making three events out of the five.
The last of the series was piayed at Arcata, on April 20, between Arcata and Ferndale. Arcata
was successful, taking four events out of the five.
The first of the series was played between Arcata and Fortuna on May 4. Fortuna won by a score
of 7-4. On May 11, Ferndale defeated Fortuna after a hard game by a score of 8-7. This gave
Ferndale first place in baseball.
The Ferndale football team played Arcata, at the latter place, on Saturday, Dec. 15, 1906. We
defeated them by a score of 6-0. The Arcata pupils treated us royally while we were there. On the
22nd, Ferndale traveled to Fortuna and defeated them by the nice score of 16-0. Our good success
in football was due to our captain and fullback, Kenneth ,Robarts, and our fast right-half, "Jimmy
Thus We took the year's championship, holding first place in track, football and baseball, and
second place in tennis.
Look over the following and see for yourselves what place we hold in the league. Ferndale
holds just half of the records, out of the twelve. The other three schools hold two apiece. How does
this speak for our track team?
EVENT RECORD HOLDER SCHOOL
100-yard Dash 10 1-2 seconds Andreason Ferndale
50-yard Dash 5 3-5 seconds Andreason Ferndale
Running High Jump 5 Ft. 5 3-4 in. Vaissade Arcata
Pole Vault 9 feet Varian Ferndale
Standing Broad Jump 9 Ft. 11 3-8 In. Brown Fortuna
Shot Put ' 37 Ft. 9 1-2 ln. Bruhns Eureka
220-yard Dash 23 3-4 Sec. Andreason Ferndale
220 Hurdles 29 Sec. Andreason Ferndale
Running Broad Jump 18 Ft. 10 3-4 ln. - Hodgsen Fortuna
Half Mile 2:16 1-2 Delamere Ferndale
Standing High Jump 4 Ft. 4 ln. Bruhns Eureka
Hop, Step and Jump 39 Ft. 5 In. Vaissade Arcata
Well, now for basketball, and what did we do?
The game of basketball is somethng new here. Our girls had to start learning the game from
the very bottom, so we could not expect first-class basketball to be developed in a few weeks. We were
very fortunate to have Miss Falk with us. She knows the game thoroughly, and worked hard coaching
the team. The girls elected Miss Della Daugherty captain. She did much to create a basketball spirit
among the girls, and it is largely due to her that the team came out to practice the few times that it.
September 28 was set for the first games. We were to play Arcata, while Fortuna and Eureka
were to play. Fortuna defeated Eureka. Unfortunately Arcata's team failed to materialize, so we
were thrown into the great disadvantage of not having the experience that Fortuna had.
THE FORTUNA GAME.
Our basketball team, just brimful of confidence, traveled over to Fortuna on October 5, and there
played the game of their lives, on the Fortuna's court. At the whistle both teams set the ball aflying
in all uncontrollable directions, and our team then lost all of its original confidence. During the
first half the Ferndale girls went higher and higherinto the air, but in the second half they cooled down
a11d played basketball. "If you have tears prepare to shed them now," for the game ended with that
awful score of 19-5 in Fortuna's favor. I guess we got the tomahawk in the neck that time.
Better luck next year. N
Our team ought not to be criticized too severely, because they played under many disadvantages.
They clearly showed a lack of practice, and surely better basketball would have been put up if
Ferndale had played a game before as their opponents had. r
Our team was composed of:
Forwards: Della Daugherty, Bernice Helgestad and Mildred Smith.
Centers: Gilda Belloni, Helen Hart and Amy Andreason.
Guards: Rose Scott, Myrtle Simpson and Clara Beasely.
Subs: Alma Person, Annie Andreason and Anne Monroe.
This year's athletics opened a little earlier than last year's. The iirst to be scheduled was base-
ball and basketball. We came out successful as usual in baseball.
Of last year's team we had only lost one man, John Lund. He was a strong and reliable player,
and skillfully held down second base. Although it was a great loss, nevertheless we got back our
old star, Andreason, so the outlook for our team was exceedingly bright.
Our principal, Mr. Moore, coached the team, and James N. Fulmor was the captain. Both work-
ed hard to turn out a strong team, which they certainly did. With Varian in the box and Varley
behind the bat, we had a battery that could send many an old batter to the bench.
FERNDALE VS. ARCATA. I
September 28, 1907, was the day set for the first games of baseball. Ferndale met the Arcata
nine here on our own field, before a crowd that taxed the entire seating capacity of the bleachers. The
game was too one-sided to be interesting, is the excuse the rooters give- for not showing their baseball
spirit. This is probably true, since the Ferndale team "rubbed it" into the Arcata team to the tune
of 10-1. The game was a very pleasant one. The contestants all showed their true athletic spirit.
The same day that we gained a victory over Arcata, Eureka defeated Fortuna, at the latter place.
Thus the final game was to be played between Eureka and Ferndale. This was set for October 5, and
since it was the championship game a hot contest followed.
Mr. Moore and the Ferndale team were all that went into Eureka that day, because a basketball
game was played the same day between Ferndale and Fortuna. The team was met, by the Eureka
pupils, who did not fail to show their sportsmanship and hospitality.
FERNDALE VS. EUREKA.
This game was a very picturesque one from start to finish. Both teams played very good ball.
Ferndale's team work was very noticeable. Our team was also strong at the bat, and successively
hammered Monroe's curves, Andreason even sending the ball over the field fence. At no time
did the spirit, which prevailed, lag, but rather increased making the game more plucky as it advanced.
Although the game was sure to be ours nevertheless we had to play for it, and we can truly sa-y that
the Eureka-Ferndale baseball game was the best baseball game in the history of the league. The final
score was 7-4 in Ferndale's favor. 1 wish to compliment Eureka High school on the strong baseball
team they had developed, which in the coming years will put up fast baseball. The following was
the line-up of the teams: ,
F. U. H. S. E. H. S.
Varian Pitcher Monroe
Varley I Catcher Mathews
Fulmor First Base Bridges
Andreason Second Base Bruhns
Robarts Third Base Mathews
Codoni Short Stop Monroe
Giacomini Left Field Cameron
Bonnikson Center Field Stern
Damon Right Field Sevier
Harbers Sub. Quill
FIELD AND TRACK.
At the regular meeting of the Board of Managers of the Humboldt County Athletic and Debating
League held at Eureka, September, 1907, it was decided to hold the annual field day at Eureka on No-
As the field day was to be held at Eureka, and Mr. Soule of Eureka had offered a beautiful sil-
ver cup to the track team that won the most points, the boys took a great deal of interest in field
and track work, and by the first of October many were out training hard. Although they had bad
weather for training they were in fair condition when the big day arrived.
The members of the track team were as follows: Andreason fCaptainJ3 Robarts, Delamere,
Varian, Varley, Bonnikson, Fulmor, and Branstetter.
The day before the meet it began to rain and rained all day. The track was in a very wet con-
dition. Some of the boys wished to postpone the meet, but the majority were willing to enter and at
2 o'clock sharp the 50-yard dash was started. This was easily won by Andreason of Ferndale in the
fast time of 5 3-5 seconds for a muddy track. Kramer of Fortuna second.
Shot-put-Won by Bruhns of Eureka, distance 37 feet 915 incuesg Vassaide of Arcata second,
36 feet, 4554 inches.
100-Yard Dash-Andreason of Ferndale first: Kramer of Fortuna secondg time 1015 seconds.
Stalldillg BI'0Hd Jllmll-RGSUIL BFOWH Of Fortuna first, 9 feet 11541 inchesg Bruhns of Eureka
second, 9 feet 1114 inches.
Half-Mile Dash-Easily won by Delamere of Ferndale, time 2.16 M23 Adams of Arcata second.
Running Broad Jump-Won by Hodgson of Fortuna, distance 18 feet 10M inchesg Brown of
Fortuna second, distance 18 feet 7 inches.
220-Yard Dash-Tie between Andreason of Ferndale and McNamara of Eureka.
Running High'Jump-VVon by Brown of Fortuna, 5 feetg Vassaide of Arcata, Bruhns of Eureka
and Varley of Ferndale tied for second place.
220-Yard Low Hurdles--Andreason of Ferndale first, Robarts of Ferndale second.
Standing High .lump--Won by Bruhns of Eureka, 4 feet 4 inchesg Bonnikson of Ferndale sec-
Pole Vault-Easily won by Varian of Ferndale, 9 feet: Brown of Fortuna 895 feet.
Running, Hop, Step and .lump-This was easily won by Robarts of Ferndale, 38 feet .SVA inches:
Brown of Fortuna second, 37 feet 10 inches.
The final score was: Ferndale, 39 7-123 Fortuna, 27 1-23 Eureka, 17 1-12, and Arcata, 5 5-6.
James Andreason proved himself the star of the day, winning more points than any one of the
The Ferndale team walked off with the honors of the day, with 39 1-12 points to its credit and
the beautiful Soule cup. K. W. B. '08.
'We were rather unfortunate in football this year. During practice Andreason received an in-
jured ankle, which he sustained for several months. He played in one game, but you all know what
it means to play with a 'tgame" ankle. t'Britt" was one of our half-backs, and we relied on him for
our gains and touchdowns. He is a very fast man, and if the Fates had not been so against us, we
are sure the result in football would have been different.
The steady, willing, and hard playing of Robarts, easily won for him the place of captain. The
team could not have had a better fitted leader. He was always on hand for practice, and did all that
he could to coach the team. We had just enough men to form a football team. That was making all
play that were capable of playing. So you see we didn't have much to go on.
We played one practice game, and that was with Eureka Business College. The game took
place here on Ferndale's football Held on November 14th. They were superior to us in Weight, but
we were superior in the art of playing football. Robarts was the real article of football: he played
very consistently. Our backs, time and time again, got around their ends, for great gains. We
made two touchdowns, and kicked goal once, so the final score was 11 to 0 in our favor.
FERNDALE VS. FORTUNA.
So far in the history of the league Ferndale had not yet met defeat in football, but it was yet
to come. We met Fortuna, November 27, on Fortuna's gridiron, before a large number of spectators.
The game was a "hot" one. The teams were very well matched, and no noticeable gains could be
made by either side. ln the first half the two teams were wavering back and forth in the center of
the field, when by accident, pure and simple, Fortuna's quarter-back got the ball and ran nearly the
length of the field, for a touchdown. Fortuna failed to kick the goal so the score stood 5 to 0, in
favor of Fortuna. It remained the same for the rest of the game, neither side making any touch-
downs. lt was nothing to Ferndale's discredit to have lost by so small a margin. They played
very good football, and besides played against a much heavier team.
The lineup was as follows: a
F. U. H. S. F. I-I. S.
Robarts F. B. , Brown
Varian R. H. B. Clark
Branstetter- L. H. B. Johnson
Damon Q. B. Pryor
Varley L. E. Kramer
Codoni L. T. Robinson
Bonnikson L. G. Sams
Harbers C. Fletcher
Fulmor R. G. Greig
Giacomini R. T. Hodgson
Andreason R. E. Jasper
Score: F. U. H. S., Og F. H. S., 5
Ferndale High School took great interest in tennis this year, and showed a good spirit for the
game. There was no small number of tennisites to try out for the team. Those selected were: Amy
Andreason, Myrtle Simpson, Rose Scott, Mildred Ring, Kenneth Robarts, Clark Varian, James N.
Fulmor, and Arthur Giacomini. At a meeting of the tennis enthusiasts, Clark Varian was duly
elected tennis captain: as he was a strong player last year, Ferndale could not have had a better
fitted leader. '
April 18 was set for the first games. Fortuna met and defeated Arcata, at the latter place.
Ferndale and Eureka were to meet each other, but Eureka failed to get up a team so again, as in
basketball, Ferndale was left to play but the one game.
On May 2nd Ferndale played Fortuna here on our court. 'The day was rather cold and dis-
agreeable, but the games were good so the spectators almost forgot the cold.
The girls' doubles was played in the forenoon. Miss Jarvis and Miss Garland represented For-
tuna, while Rose Scott and Mildred Ring played for Ferndale. The first set was 6-4 in our favor.
Fortuna then took two sets by the scores 8-6 and 6-1.
ln the afternoon Ferndale took everything, not even giving Fortuna one set. In the ladies'
singles, Amy Andreason easily defeated her opponent, Miss Swortzel, by sets of 6-2 and 6-1.
Kenneth Robarts and Arthur Giacomina had a cinch over Fortuna's doubles, Mr. Gates and
Mr. XVilliams. The first set was played in 6-l. The other set was a love set, the only one of the day.
Clark Varian defeated Fortuna's man, Clyde Johnson, in the boys' singles, by scores of 6-4
and 6-3. -
The mixed doubles put up the closest playing of all the events. Myrtle Simpson and James
Fulmor were our players, While Miss Schnoor and Mr. Clark played for Fortuna. The event turned
out in our favor.
Ferndale High School once again holds the H. C. A. and D. L. championship. Hurrah! We took
first place in Baseball, Track, Tennis, and second in Debating, thus taking more than the other three
schools together. I guess this shows that Ferndale has the "real stuff." The other schools better
dig in next year, or Ferndale will again take the championship. We can be proud to say that Fern-
dale holds the championship for the Hrst two years of the league's history.
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First Geom. Pupil--l don't have to eat breakfast
First Ditto-I always have a fresh roast in class.
First Fresh-"Why is Amy A. like a lawyer?
Second Fresh-"Give it up."
First Fresh--"Because she is always talking
Miss Falk, in Histoi'y-Why was the Revolution
of 1688 called the Glorious Revolution, Miss Cal-
Wise Soph-Because it was glorious for the
Troubled Infant-Who submitted the name
"Buttermilk" for this paper?
Loafing Junior Lcarelesslyl-Della D. and Miss
Smith, l believe.
Couldn't Be--"Hal ha! ha!" cried Mrs. Jarvey
in the Operetta, 'tl'm mad, mad, mad!"
"I'll bet," yelled a voice from the gallery, "yon
ain't near as mad as us tellers that paid to get in."
flCX. C. S. 8: T.
Hands Full-"lt Harry B. undertakes to pull
my ears," said James Fulmor, "he will have his
The crowd looked at .lim's ears and smiled.
WHEN THREE XVAS A CROYVD.
sented with trip-
An old Southern darky was pre
lets and was so elated over the event that he called
h ' 'tors was
in everybody to see them. Among t e V1S1
11W311J,f1'5' "Say, boss," exclaimed the old man, "what you
Jill' X Q ,I 1 Yi think of that?"
6 g l . , ' ' X "Well,'.' said Pat, looking the babies over care-
J7 -- ff' lf NR fully and pointing to a healthy-looking one, "l
W of 1 - - 5 , 1,
01 ' OW would keep that one. -Ex.
NOT WHAT HE THOUGHT.
A gentleman riding with an Irishman came Within sight of an old gallows, and, to display his
"Pat, do you see that?"
"To be sure Oi do," replied Pat.
"And where would you be today 'if the gallows had its due?"
"Oi'd be riding alone," replied Pat.
Experience may be a school
To which we all must gog
But no one likes its college yell
Of plain "I told you so."-Ex.
Prof. Moore Un Physicsl-Miss Keohan, give a short and concise definition of light.
Miss Keohan-The accepted hypothesis regarding the derivation of the phenomena designated
by the appellation of light is the undulatory theory embracing the existence of a subtle, elastic medi-
um properly termed luminiferous ether, the spontaneous undulations of which constitute the physical
conditions and these impinging upon the retina produce light.
"Archimedes," reads the freshie, "leaped from his bath shouting 'Eureka! Eurekal' "
"Just one moment, Clive," interrupts the teacher. "What's the meaning of 'Eureka?' "
"Eureka means 'I have found it.' "
"Well, what had he found?"
"The soap," replied the noble freshman.-Technical World.
A freshie for his ticket has not paid,
For his lady friends he owes,
No wonder! He tho't it was a fire, 1
He saw so many lenghts of hose.
What were Clara and Amy burning matches in the Lab. for?
The editor wishes to apologize for not having a josh on Sport.
Mr, Moore iiirmlyj-Call that point O, Amy.
Amy fabsentlyj-Oh! I
Miss Falk-For how long was Sulla made dictator?
"Cascarets"-For life if he lived.
Prof. in Physics Lab.-Why does this experiment ask you to weigh the block twice, Miss Simp-
E. M. S., f'08.J-Well-er- that is-the-a-first time is to iind how heavy it is, and the second
time is to see how light it is.-H. H. W.
We would like to have one on Giacomini, but Sue and Amy swear they will say nothing about his
dish-drying stunt at Arcata.-H. H. W.
I xttle games of Crusoe
Ilttle stems of beer,
Make the thots of sheepskln
Qll1Ck1V chsappear.-E I N I
U g younger luother out from under the sofa! It s the llttle thlngs ln this
world that tell I N
FVQIQ mormnt, a sound IS heald to lssue through the walls and spaces from th th
1 e ma room
slmllar to thls Now folks D0 IT' ' ' Ill tell you, nothlng counts but D0 IT B r r zlzz
Irt xt down and DO IP' ' ' ' ' Thats the only way to DO IT Now on page It says ln
Dlalll strax ht En l h
Papel Bag fto sugall Dont you love me?
apel Ba, Oh' You sweet thmg' E I N.I,.
A GOOD DRESSING DOVER
Fnst she collared hun then she cuffed h1m tnen while he panted she suspended hun and saxd
NN hy was the ankle placed between the lower leg and toot?
'Io keep the calves out of the corn Adp P. D. Q.
e ml man kiss you this II10l"l'11I1g In the future I will take ln the mllk
Iane Twouldn t he no use mum He s promised never to klss anybody but me
'5.I'3riS' ' ' :Biff Ri Q:'J1.' au rv.. 1 ,' ,' V L '
The F7.TSf Nat1'ona an
, of Eureka, Cal.
.Savings Departm ent .....
We receive deposits of any amount from 81.00 and upwards, allow-
ing interest thereon at the rate of three per cent per annum. Let
us open an account for you.
We have a supply of small steel
V safes which we will be pleased to '
loan to our depositors.
Ca151'ta7 anal Surplus - .S300,000
Officers and D1'rectors
S. I. Allard, President C. W. Fenwick, Vice President
H. F. Charters, Cashier Cay L. Roberts, Asst. Cashier
S. I. Allard C. W. Fenwieh A. B. Hammond Geo. Langford
Jas. P. Mahan H. W. Schwab C. G. Taylor H. F. Charters
'P' - 'Q
231 Eli? usfness QQ! 3
2 222 E Street Eureka, Cal. Ig
sl. Fall Term opens Monday fe
Qi, J . 45?
E August IO, 1908. I upils
C. Cracloloch, prin.
Suitable for All Occasions
'Ihat have real value, are in good taste and last a life time,
can be selected from our display of
Silverware, Cut Glass,
Our prices are reasonable and wares the best the market
Edwards, The Jeweler
- Paint! Paint!! Paint!!!
Now is a good time to do some Painting. A
fresh painted house or fence is a pleasure to look
at, besides it preserves your buildings and fences
and makes them last a great deal longer. The
spring work is now almost over and you Will
have a little time before haying, so it would be
a good plan to brighten things up a little. If
you decide to do something in that line give us a
call g We can help you out. We have a full line
of LEAD and OIL and READY MIXED PAINTS always on hand. We are
agefts for the best mixed paint for this climate-Mason's Mixed Paintg also a
full line of colors and brushes, besides anything you may Want in the furniture
line from a Kitchen Table to a Bedroom Set.
Lounges. Chairs, Rockers and Morris Chairs of every descrzpiion,
Pillows. Blcznlsets, Comforfers, Sheefs and Pz'1icwCases. A130 Wall
Paper and Houselining. Prices Reasonable.
Citizen's Furniture 6: Undertaking Co.
He cannot run in a race
Because he can't carry weight,
He cannot play in the doubles,
Because he has no mate.
At our annual meet,
But he had to give it up,
He cannot do the broad jump
Because he lights too soong
He cannot do the pole vault
Because he isn't a balloon. He gets too tired to yell.
You should see him fan the air
When he plays loaseballg
But to see him ride his "loyke" V
Is the funniest thing of all.
He once tried to put the shot
He couldn't get it past his feet.
But he has a good pair of lung
And a voice as clear as a bellg
But at times even that gets Weary
-D. D., '10
gi Everything that Ladies Wear
Q H . Q
at J. F. I-link 6: Son
gig F STREET if EUREKA, CAL.
E lf it's New we Have it
Peter Beck, Proprietor
Dealer inf-fa eeee ee.. Q
Fresh anal Saftecl Meats
of all kinds
Larcl, Bacon, Ham,
We solicit your patronage.
.Main Street, Ferndale ,
,H .S ,
L - ,
1 ' ' Ne l "lx, ' - -':
'fl , wlih -f--, .
l . J 1 'X
-1 ,E ' -A 'irli '
2' Xifl lii. lx., LM, "
N y E.
3-,sg rf 5 g 'fig' H
E F Eli. f fl:
X33 X N f- - E S- Ml ll
t.:.S..,f. S , ., 4.1,
-S .. ,. .es E . 511. 42 ill
tfeifefsgf g-M ,gf , l"fw-'- 'flilf'Q-Lf'
it ' 41 'MIR l'
. ff filly
E2 'ii llll i
for the best Barness
Chat can be made
for the money
Call at the GREY HORSE HARNESS SHOP
and I'll Show you an excellent line of
MAIQTIN N ELSON
The latest haircuts, Singes,
trims and massages
Shop next to '
Headquarters for prizefight news
E. c. Mins H
ALL womc GUARANTEED
BIIGIQV BGYIIQSS from S12 I0 S35 K Shop opposite Nevins Stables, Ferndale
T he Bank of Eureka
Corner E ami Ti11'rol Streets, Eureka, Cal.
Incorporated in 1889
Subscribed Capital.. ...... ...A.. .,......,.. . ..., .., ......, ...........4. . S 2 0 0 ,000
Capital paid in coin .,,..., , .. .,..... 1 00,000
Surplus and Profits ,rr.rrr ,.,...... . . r.....,, r....,,rr,., ......rsr 2 0 0,397
Board of Directors '
William Carson, L. T. Kinsey, A. A. Curtis, Alex Conniele, W. S. Clark,
C. P. Soule, A. Berrling.
L. T. Kinsey. President C. A. Belcher, Cashier
C. P. Soule, Viee Pres. Coll Deane, Asst. Cashier
Modern Banking Facilities Satisfactory service assured
Your Business Invited
'The .Savings Bank of Humhoicit County
W Ojqice with the Banh of Eureka, Eureka, Cai.
Established in 1889
Subscribed Capital ......,..,....... .................,... .... ........ . ......... . . . S100,000
Capital paid in coin ,,,......... ,...,,,..... 5 0,000
Reserve and Profits ....,.,.... ......................,.... . ,. .... .... 7 1,000
Board of qpirectors
William Carson, Alex. Conniek, C. P. Soule, W. S. Clark. A. A. Curlis,
L. T. Kinsey, A. Bercliny.
L. T. Kinsey, President G. A. Belcher, Cashier
' C. P. Soale, Vice Pres. Coll Deane, Assl. Cashier
This Bank solicits your Savings with the understanding that they will be cared
for in a legitimate manner. For the use of your Savings a fair
rate of interest will be paid regularly.
RINGS PHARNlACY 1ff
ln Our Prescription Work
Pure ingredients and correct compounding is a matter of
pride as Well as conscience. It is the KEY to our success.
We Carry High School Books
Pads, Binders and Tablets, besides a complete stock of
Books and Supplies for Public Schools. Fine line of up-to-
J. H. RING, Ferndale
Hard to Explain.---At a party recently they were playing a game which
consisted in everybody in the room making a face, and the one who made the
Worst face was awarded a prize. They all did their level best and then a gentle-
man Went up to one of the ladies and said:
"Wei , madam, I think you have won the prize."
"Oh," she said, "I Wasn't playing. "---Philadelphia Ledger.
FERN DALE STABLE5
NEVINS KL NEVINS, Props.
Good horses, good rigs and careful drivers.
Special attention paid to transient stock.
Special rates to commercial travelers.
Give us a Trial and get a Square Deal
Telephone, Vlain 321, Day or Night
Opposite the American Hotel Ferndale, Cal.
EPA!! A!PR!0 vip A!! my ali' my or agp ag' agp all ay ny mln age :gn can 'gp vsp :gn Agn ng' Agp 'gn mln az' vin 'gn our azn vin mln
gg DUCK BROS.
it co M PLE'1'E HULiSI4I 3?
-sg FLJRNISHERS 3?
EI FERNIJALE EUREKA
American Lfvefvand Stage Stables
Best of Turnouts of all
kinds always on hand
Commercial Trade a Specialty
Transportation done on
Geo. M. Brice Sl-Sabine
VICCIQSRCLJ PHOTO STLICHO .....
Dosials unc! Views of Drominenl
Scenerv in Humboldt County
Pictures and Postals of Fleet
Celebration in Frisco on Sale
CGHXCIUS Clllil CGITXCIXU 5LIDDll6S
Main Street Ferndale, Cal.
R, A, gimpsongaaagaaaaaaaaaa
Selling agent for
ll k d f 1
3 in S 0 Q See....
Machinery ...... Loveland
un l about .....
b r ri ' mt . .
Ro ers arme oors Flshmg Tackle
Lambert Automobiles Q
Q Hlltl ....
it Sporting Goods
Special Commercial Motor
Vehicles made to order
Creamery Supplies ' K N A W
Ferndale, Calif. i
Stancfarcl of xceffence...
Goods You Require
Steinway Pianos and other high grade instruments. A "Good Boy"
will buy a Victor talking machine with a dozen records. He gets
out on the porch or anywhere in city, town or hamlet. The machine
pleases him and many others with
"Maggie, Bring on the Beans"
"Silver Threads Among the Gold"
White Sewing Machines---to prove it buy a White and use it. Fami-
ly and dressmakers' tailoring. Rotary sewing machines for all
classes at prices to suitg cash or installment. One of the industries
of the world. Call at the
Pioneer Piano House
james Mathews---Ma1'n 300 or 545
Reliable Self Playing Pianos Curios, Books, Art Goods
NI. S. and S.
8771626176 ITO71 07' S
Agents for Vcflzite .Steamers anal Maxwell Autos
Garage and Vlachine Work
All kinds of A
Iron Work and Repairs
F. Cyrufckslzanks peter Larsen
l3LIITiII'5 Candy IZGCTOIU
Confectionery and Ice Cream
Ice Cream, Fancy Bricks and Water lces
for Parties a Specialty
TVU OH6 Oli l3lIl'l'lll'5 ICG fiI'QClIll SOCKIS
MUQI6 UHI16, Verv l36Sl MCll6l'lCll
W. L. Burrill, Prop.
THQ MOVRCI IQWDIKIS
Main Street, Ferndale
on, oh: H
SAID Henry Ward Beecher to a hen: H
x "You are such a beautiful creature.
The hen just for that,
Laid an egg in his hat,
And thus did the hen reward Beecher.
"I Wonder if all men are fools,"
snapped Mrs. Enpeck during a little do-
mestic tiff the other morning.
"No, indeed, my dear," replied her
husbandg "I know a number of men
who are bachelors."-Tit-Bits.
Z. B. PATRICK. MANAGER
Dealer in all kinds of
Ice Wholesale and retail. We guaran-
tee satisfaction to all our cus-
tomers. Highest price
paid for hides and
N o- 1 Veal
Main Street, Ferndale
Barber 511019 anal
F7.TSf Cfass lvork
W R-EL, prop.
The Humboldt County Bank
The Home Savings Bank
of Eureka, Cal.
Invites the accounts of both young and old
Placing at the disposal of customers unparalleled facilities developed and per-
fected by thirty-five years of continuous growth and
service to depositors
Paid in Capital and Surplus fB375,000
Fred W. Georgeson, President,
E. A. Leach, Vice President,
H. W. Leach, Cashier,
Henry Sevier, Ass't Cashier.
KGLISCIW SL WIIIIGFHS
Dealers Exclusively in
Hardware, Ranges, Stoves
and Kitchen Furniture
Suecioliiesz DlLlllll3lliQ, Tiiming cmd Creciinergi Work
Give us a call when in town S
Main Silttci I l:lfl?NDAl,If
The Spirit of Spring
Is reflected in the beautiful stocks of seasonable merchandise
now gracing the various sections of this store. Assortments
are broad, qualities superior, styles distinctive and prices
modest in the extreme.
A r l for
Vklldlieen, Vlisses and
Children Daly Bros.
The Very Latest.-"Let me see some of your black kid gloves," said a lady
to a shopman. "These are not the latest styles, are they?" she asked, when the
gloves were produced.
"Yes, madam," replied the shopmang "we have had them in stock only
two days." U
"I didn't think they Were, because the fashion paper says black kids have
tan stitches, and vice versa. I see the tan stitches, but not the vice versa."
The shopman explained that vice versa was French for seven buttons, so
she bought three pairs. -Detroit Free Press.
E, G, pilupe Buysiosaa
403 Second Street HOE
Dealer in At my place of business in the Taylor
Building on Main street you will find a
Wa paper select and up-to-date stock of footwear
, , 5 for men, women and children.
Paints, Oils 1 .
Q Ihe Prices are Reasonable
plate and Window Glass I and the art of litting a foot is under-
orders by mail Solicited Ed. HODkil1S, Ferndale, Calif-
Vyken in Ferndale can
at the Amer1'can Hate!
THERE YOU WILL
ALWA YS BE SUERE
OF A GOOD MEAL
SLES671, p T015. .Afafn Street, Fernclale
A green little freshie,
In an green little Way,
A great. big Senior
Tried to lick one day.
The green little grasses
Now tenderly Wave
O'er the little green freshie's
Green little grave.
-E. M. S., '08
4 ' A '
sl" 'f' 'Z "'f5' il if ' i ' . , 5 ., "4
'1 J' dv lf, JP! We JP! - -if dp Sf' QJQ ' " L' 53' Jw" We JV- el- I" 5' .-
4 ' '
or mmbfsfn 'Ir I f qybL,55,SE.WlNGMACHlNF.5. '
I ,, ' kj' A pmNoGoons,E.1c. , . I
XQGENCY M- 1' ' Alltqnds of BliyClE'5J7ld Mac.h:meReDd1"'n3 P
w55l'Q55OmB'1f fgrzzdile. eff '
1. A . ,
Flor de Humboldt
W3tChCS, Best Flakes
Clocks, That keep Time
Diamonds, Best Quality only
Cut Glass, clearest mass and
Jewelry, Highest oraae and
THE JEWELER FERNDALE
-.-3... , .
I, Tile Real Star
"" - -
S flQ Carnes a Complete Ime of up-to-date
K . lg-11 'Ip-1-:15,as: - f . , iziei
ill 0 mg 9
t'l and FUF11 151111135
fl Our motto IS always to lead and never to follow,
T . . .
Nfl g'1V1llg you the very latest ln men's Wear of all
.l kinds at the lowest posslble prlce. o
ll! ,f'ff" ""43
f1Qgea r1 f
, f "' X
Lee Taubman, Prop-
l'lain Street Ferndale
and Dairy Supplies
Headquarters for latest market price on
and all kinds of
Keg and Pickle Butter Bought or
W. H. Robarts
Kramer Bros., Props.
One of the best
in the state
81.00 per Day and Upwa
sells Drugs and
Johnny on Easy Spelling.
I don't believe 'twas hard to do,
When Homer Wrote of Troy,
There were no rules for him to watch
No grammars to annoy.
He had no slang to guard against,
He spelt the easiest way,
The subjects were not threadbare then
Because he had first say.
And Dante had it easy, too,
In Florence when he wrote,
He made each phrase as he went on 5
There were no words to quote.
The common talk of every day
Was good enough to use,
"Too trite" was something never heard
There were no terms to choose.
Old Chaucer had no task at all,
He wrote what came along 5
He put down just what people said,
And couldn't spell words wrong.
You see no one had 'tried before
To write this brand new speech,
So Chaucer fixed it his own way
For all the schools to teach.
It wasn't bad when Shakespeare lived
The right no one could tell,
There were no dictionaries then---
No wonder he wrote well.
Now it gets harder all the time,
Each word must mean just so,
The very turn yon'd like the best,
Is one that will not go.
gf A Safe, Simple System
gig? The system of paying by check was devised for all
150 men----for any man---for you. It is suited to the J S
needsof any business, either large or small. It
O00 a month, a checking account will serve your
ii? needs. Pay by check, the method puts system into
makes no diierence Whether you pay out 310 or 310,-
71 it your business and gives you a record of every tran-
., .... Ferndale Bank
Canned Goods of all varieties
Coffees and Teas a Specialty
Aggeler, Vlorrison, Hansen Co.
For the Latest Styles of
Suits g Don'ts!
l Don't buy glasses as you would shoesg
they should be fiited by a specialist.
E Don't Wear other people's glassesg
I they were probably fitted for other
troubles than yours.
Don't wear blue or colored glassesg
they may seem to give relief but are
lreally most injuriousg the man that
prescribes them should be able to give
Go to f more beneficial results with clear
f glasses. WE CAN.
Rudolf JHCOUSGH . A. ll. WINbLQW, ohh. ll.
Artistic Talior Ferndale l Ferndale, cal.
True economy in xQ oVL'E Glovesooooo
dill0VZfbuyilEl1g begin: FIA' mf? Z
an en s t ttlr. 'D'-fk W
C ognon glovelvl Tig? slyli and AT THE
lt O Q
WNE w, Brick Store
5 g! if 1 1,
ll li, GKQVSS B M563
n-ze no eemp aslze . ut X mf -
that quality of material and mv A l K ' We have Secured the ex'
workmanship which makes the if KX cluslve agency of Fern-
Fownes glove preeminent in appearance, l li dglg for these cele-
makes it the most duraoie and occrocmical l b t d 1 .
iflwxild is our leather market: one ,fyfr A ff W ing Ovesi We have
hundred ang thilxy years of experience I0 f J ,
'siulniulfglnrquliiig 'W ff K SILK AND FABRICS
M Glace, suedesllfld If l g ' Lozlg and Short
en-women-c l Fen ' X
M 'f tllfysrsggllzx W7 ff? ff Z g ffl
M YQ 3 5 k Russ, EARLY sl
Xl 4 f Q WILLIAMS co.
K J V
Main Street Ferndale
DR. J. A. LANE
Physician and Surgeon. Diseases o
the stomach and liver. Phone, maint
57, residence 401.
HENRY G. BLUM
Real Estate and Insurance Broker.
Donnelly building, Ferndale.
DR. A. M. DINSMORE
Dentist. Office hours 9 to 123 1 to 5.
Office, Main street, Ferndale, opposite'
K. of. P. Hall. Phone, Main 111.
GEORGE WING, D. D. S.
Surgeon Dentist. Mueller building,
Ferndale, Cal. Office phone, Main 56gj
residence Main 66.
DR. F. L. DUNGAN
The Dentist. 'jf Pleases particular peo-
ple. Office: Over Ferndale Bank.,
M. G. DEGARLI
Attorney at Law. F erndale, Cal.
H. J. RING, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon. Office hours
from 10amto12m, and2to 4 p m.
DR. H. S. DELAMERE
Office hours 1 to 4 p. m. Ferndale,
A. W. RLAGKBURN
Attorney at Law. Donnelley build-
ing, Main street, Ferndale.
DR. L. MIGHA EL
Physician and Surgeon. Ferndale,
Made for School
for play and active outdoor life,
built to stand the hard knocks
healthy boys and girls always
are the most durable and alto-
gether satisfactory footwear for the
Men's and women's sizes also-
all sound and strong as steel.
Really worth double the price.
Try a pair.
Manufactured by Noyes-Norman
Shoe Co., St. Joseph, Mo.
What joy, and oh! what bliss
around this fireside cling,
What memories are imprinted there,
What Nels have taken wing
And ld world with all its care,
To dwell where angels sing!
And I alone am left to watch
To watch old winter come,
And fade again to May, '
The angels soon will call me home
To dear ones far away.
Awake! and sing within me,
heart of mine!
For pleasure now is yours, as well
For joy comes not to you, if you
Go forth unto your daily labour, go!
Drive forth your cattle to the
Take up the axe, the sickle or the hoe
And put away this sad and silent scene
Joy comes in the morning after
a night 'of pain,
Hearts that ached at twilight,
hear this glad refrain:
Sadness goes with daylight,
gladness comes again,
Mists at early sunrise, melt to
For life is worth the living, only try! refreshing rain.
-- -, Y an ..l:-mg-.:-v..: 'H' --19:,- , - ru:v.A, . , ...-u-71-an-3.
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