Elmira Free Academy - Torch / Sagoyawatha Yearbook (Elmira, NY)

 - Class of 1909

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Elmira Free Academy - Torch / Sagoyawatha Yearbook (Elmira, NY) online yearbook collection, 1909 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 142 of the 1909 volume:

THE I 909 CLASS BOGK , fag -, 3 W E Elmira F ree Academy ELIVIIRA, NEW YORK fi' hope that this may bring back . . ,- ,.. - , A JL 2 - . ,, rv, GREETINGS i wg . 'some remembrance of theypleasant days spent in E. A. and that it will be an influence for good to allpresent and future students there, the editors of this class bool: respectfully submit it to the alumni and under-graduates of Elmira Free Academy. Since this is the first publication of its kind inthis school, it probably con- tains many faults which we hope will not be criticized too severely andwill be obliterated in future publications. i55V"ri".lt 4-'.s infix' it A , Hffif . ,'i1?'j4f'f' riff ,f fs -., W M v . la V+. .' -"' fr ws- 71: f l Y a .ff N - "3 . V- . . M. ,,':p f- "1, - . 'V'a-l i' A lg-q4.gi5 T -. 53? 4331.4 " V ,.:1:-Aft., ' ,vfiif f- , 1' .1 -H Rf: ."' V ' w1..+.:' V wx-' . ma. ,, 'faff .Tp wi Rf., ' 'fn F' 11-' fu' , Lk- f as ff W ,u w ,., N-L. 2' 4 mmf f if . --I-'Kgpjzn ' . Q, A .Z-,3wf.f.,.'1 .-Lg,5,k.:T Kgs ,Q M wil, .vm . . V. . of M x nav! M nw' w if-ggf J v Q . f x l ' ' ai . ,,.a Cjqw f -if --' ' g K 'W .1 g,.L!:'- A , liar, . '4 g mfs?-75'f5Lq.W,LQ5:9ff:'f'S:ff'f:'5T?"f"i , ,, . -Q - 'L ill- , ' fff' N I ' 2 Fr. gg1!iggff'1' lim' S F " qt," 514 I , fgillfiiw V4 " , I ff? -' X 4 '. 1 .1 , 1+ x . 4 1 .xii 1 in To LOUISE CODFREY, A. B. . Our Teacher, Frignd, and , 5 Patron Saint, I ' 'Aas a slight token of our fespect, I ' we dedicaje this book. N 5 Ifph: 1 J f' 5' 'xiii 654 44 H by . -.418 -.59 ,, WE , 'jim . Y, 5... ., f if " 'Mau ...fl Q 1 ws- Q...fQ J 4 ' , '-ku .,, .YU I 1. .lA,,?4 ,-, A .F J, LV? , , . A .-JW J V X' . vs- ,Ji ..,u . .--04 ., ,J Pi :H , n.. 547: Ln., .4 4 Y x ' 3 , L?" h ep .I ,M . 55 - -1-Q 'wr-. 2 .W , 129, Y . V 1 Y , . r" '-:rw X' 1 :1f.,,f'v W .,- '.-1'-fl . 1 -'ef ,Q . . ' . 5. " .zL,,q,,,4 :gig . H .rw-My x, 'Y me . -I . 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N - -1 , - , Q f xanax! tux .1-. ,v V .:, . 1 Q grief- TT, 1'1 , A I . , . 1 smroxs. ALB P BBARDSLEY, . nc! BROWNLOW. .. R' GRIUWOLD. ., ..... . , Sixth .Sto1nll,. l , Iillil V. Bfbbks, manor lilsqn, Gertrude E. Duggan, ' W. Henry nmmu,, naman n. nfmj ' Emo: J. noffmn. - , -, 1-. 1 'Quay 7m.1.,,.4- .my -me .- ?'3'i':13 51,1 e. H. A . :gm .,., . ,-, :f.Q,1..-. - " 'ME ' pdf?-1-W1 1 'LIL 1.4 "IST 1-.ht 'l.,, ' 1, .1 '1 ,-1 14I7I.m, C-'ww ,hh -+f'TI5: ?.:,"'lE?Q. ' 51 Q9:.f.11 .,,: i11m 1.1+e21ff,, 'Q 1 Li: , , ,W .,. , ',,:5 , G17 12 " , . .. . 4 ,. .. QTQ ysyy. 1 ,A V5-,.. . J, .duff E 3-4, J'1'f'7 1,1 4' ' Q 41,1 ,f he 554 ' V- ,pg ' ' - 47:32 -,.,. -,wi '. ,A ' ,fi , : +1 , U12 1 - :fi -'NLF -, 1 ,J in .-1, J 'S ,' f S1 -3 "sf ' 'Nm 1 715' Q H M U 13 3.1 ' .. + - , g, -51 , .,-ni: 1mU.7,3 'A 75 V 5 nz, Kvvgg rife-49 ?'f'i.w 13' pi.: 1 , Qgjz, , ,- .,, ,, 8,73 30, , .-1, yi. 'Q F ,1 3, ,',.'4 1 'EQMTV A .-f"5f.' f 311, .fe W, 11, - , if .. A .w -, .N 71, 4. fi- 1 if ., ff' I "1 .1 nl. , 5141 V .. :'5.1'v 1"F'X L 41, . f . 1 ffl , if X Gift? 131 . f1.i1f..,ff' LL' WSJHK if ' Q1 G-lffv j..V,.w1 ,Qin , r-ul NJ., M, , " .3113 Aflf' 4115. 1 If . , ' 1 ,.. , ' ms , 'Y I . V 5: 1 11 , J 'fifx xi, fm p f! " ,'2 .r1.!.., ,V-1,.ff"i , ' .Lfgh , ,fi 1 Y, - f1-f'- n. -' ,7 .,,.,,, ,V G .Qq 1f.QQl1 'Q91 1, ,-,. W. ,5.,, -35 1x4 , . .Maifk i -1-'52, ,VH K WT. ,.,.1-A, A.. 1 1 f 1.1"-. QKI4 x ,11 Hs-'A 1 C -,, 4, , --ll wa 1 iii" J , V , J X .-, ,.f1gy1 '.,.-,d,.' . F" .. .A v.-4, -.f ,f.1 :H 1 1, Q 1 P' , X 1 ,Mig 3' ,W 1545944 -5 f 1 1 ,ef ., 1 T5 fi f . 'TT if -3 -4 FACULTY. Mr. Francis R. Parker Miss M Miss K Miss M Miss H. Miss Miss H Mr. W. Miss M Miss S. Miss H Miss E. Miss H. M. Louise Godfrey E. Youmans C. Daggett M. Hibbard F. Fennell N. Kellogg H. Davis C. Cromer K. Gamble I. Wixon Marvin G. Englebreck Miss S. E. Watrous Miss Bertha Morgan Mr. E. J. Winslow Miss Miss Miss Miss Miss Miss O'Farrell j. M. Birchard Mary Allen S. A. Rose Bertha Moss Mazie Owen Miss A. M. McMahon Mr. M. S. Whitney Miss Ursula Wheeler A. B. l'irg1'l. A. B. liuglixlz. A. B. l7r1m'ing. A. B. l"rm1rl1, li11gI1'.vl1. B. S .-f. Ailgvliru, lirrllmu. A. B. linglixlz, lH.v!m',1'. A. B. liwrnfnuz. Ph. B. -Biology. A. B. ,lll1!l1vnmi1'vx, Ph. M. lfnglixlz. A. B. .-i lgvlvru. Ph. B.- Uvrunui.. A. B. History, I'l1yx1'ulugy. A. B. .ll11lln'umlicx. l.tlf1'lI. A. B. livnulrlry, l'l1j'.v1'r.v. xilgvlvm, l,l13'xinlugj'. A. B. If11glI'.Y1I. A. B. l'fns1lixl1, lfvrlrfml A. B. lffufltffml. A. M. lfl1gH.Yfl, h'1'.vlm'y. A. B. Lulin, filgwlmr. A. B. ffvrnmn, lfvmnfvly, l'11w11i.vlrj'. A. B. l.11lz'n. lfllgllffl o iv' ' n gf- George Morgan McKnight Musical Director at Main Building ff A ' -s , Ns, 5 4, .iff , ,E,x, gwsif- f I Mary Macli Musical Director for Freshman Class ,- JXKJT.. M... ..fv-,.- - Q ,L J. ,' 1-' . -.1 ..1 o.,..f.,,,., . ...U-,- .,. .. . ff ff w . ' -'S--1 x'r"':n. Af., 5, 'gw.lv I 4 F . 1 - . - M, .. Mfr, 1.ml..x- ,.. ns., r-H.. pf.. 5 , ' 2- ' wg, ..4'.f...-... rg X55 Al kgj4,'7.....l, 1-..'1'r., ,Q Y 'M .. I... 1. ,.f,,,,:1y.Y, A .. 'Q 'yrtf N - .,L..',,,af,.f4.1..T Uh! Iinlrlwin Slrwl Arauluxlly, INZHS. V R X, v , ,X - -Jr' "-1.24 , w"""'-'Mm ,N .1 9 ---r. ,P N ' . - . -Q-wry.,-hw N. -s , I Present Acaulunny J History of Elmira Free Academy CHAPTER I. THE OLD ELMIRA ACADEMY. As the golden anniversary of the Elmira Free Academy, nineteen hundred nine is a very fitting time to recall the origin and history of that deservedly famous institution. May 24, 1859 was the date of its establishment as a free school, but the Elmira Academy as a private school had a previous history of nearly a quarter of a century. The First Presbyterian Church, on the corner of Church and Baldwin Streets, was the pioneer church in the Chemung Valley. In 1836, to make way for a larger edifice, the building then in use was removed to the opposite side of Baldwin Street, on the site of the Partridge brick blocks, just south of the present First M. E. Church. Here it became the shelter of the Elmira Academy, a private school. It was a white wooden building, from which the steeple had been removed when it was transformed from a religious to an educational institution. The cut of it that accompanies this history is made from a drawing kindly lent to us by Mrs. George Archibald Palmer. She had it made from a painting of the building, the work of a young girl student of the old Academy. The late Ausburn Towner, himself once a student of the Baldwin Street Academy, pronounced it a very faithful picture of the building, but not of the trees. These appear to have been placed in accordance with the girl's own idea of land- scape gardening, a decidedly original one. , Readers of the "Vindex" will be interested to know that in 1839-'40 the Academy pub- lished a school paper of several two-columned sheets, called "The Pierian Spring." From the title it is not surprising to find that some of its contributors cultivated the lyric muse. On March 31, 1840, the Elmira Academy was incorporated by the Regents. After that, it had a varied history for nineteen years before it became a free institution. Some men of note received their secondary education there, among whom may be mentioned the Hon. Chas. B. Farwell, U. S. Senator from Illinois at one time, Rear-Admiral Francis Roe, Maj.-Gen. Wm. W. Averell, I-Iull Fanton, Esq., Maj. R. M. McDowell, George M. Diven, Francis Colling- wood, Dr. N. R. Seeley, Harry Covell, Chas. E. Rapelyea, T. W. Elmore, Richard Guion, and Ausburn Towner, Among the teachers, older Elmirans still remember Moses S. Converse, H. M. Aller, S. R. Schofield, Elijah N. Barbour and Miss Adaline Tubbs, who later became his wife and the mother of Mrs. George Spring of this city. It was largely due to the efforts of Dr. Erastus L. Hart that the system of free schools became a possibility in Elmira. The rate-bill school system proving unsatisfactory, an amend- ment to the Village Charter, providing for the free system, became a law, April 4th, 1859, through the aid of Senator A. S. Diven. A Board of Education was organized April 19, 1859, with Dr. Erastus Hart as President, an office he retained until 1867. District schools were opened under the free system, April 26, 1859, and the Academy was re-established and made free May 24, 1859. This closed the old private Academy on Baldwin Street, but the Free Academy did not convene until the following September. The' last principal of the Elmira Academy, Mr. S. R. Schofield, became the first Superintendent of Schools. Tradition says that the old Baldwin Street Academy building was later removed farther up the street, where its purchaser, Mr. S. H. Laney, used it as a paper-rag factory, until it perished by fire, possibly burning with shame at such indignity to a building of its history. 1859 1860 1860 CHAPTER II. Q PRIN. CONVERSE'S ADMINISTRATION, 1359-'so. , September 13th, 1859, the Board fixed the re- quirements for admission to the Academy at the standard of the Regents' preliminary certificate. The 15th of September, 1859, was the real begin- ning of the Free Academy as an organized school. Its first principal was Mr. Moses Sumner Converse, a man of marked ability and a well-known figure in Elmira until the latter part of the nineteenth century. He had been a teacher in the old Academy and later conducted a private school in the rear of his home at 311 William Street. Miss Helen M. Phillips, the last Preceptress of the old Academy, became the first Preceptress of the new. These two constituted the entire faculty. . Previous to the closing of the old Academy, its trustees had bought the land on Clinton Street that is the site of the present Academy. Two houses were standing there ronting on ClintoI1 Street. As the Board of Education had not yet purchased a site for an Academy building, one of these houses was secured for temporary use and remodelled to meet immediate needs. What had probably been the parlor and sitting-room were thrown into one good-sized room. This was presided over by Prin. Converse, and used for his recita- tion room and the boys' study room. A room at the east side became the boys' cloak-room. Directly north of Prin. Converse's room was the girls' cloak-room. . Beyond that, to the north, an annex was built for Miss Phillips's recitation mom, where the girls studied. The entrance was at the east side leading west to the girls' cloak-room and south to-the boys! . For some classes, the boys wouild pass into Miss Phillips's roomy for others, the girls, into Prin. Converse's room: but for ' 'd ation study purposes there was rigi separ - In the Board of Education meeting of March 30, 1860, Commissioners Hart,Arnot,and Thurston were appointed a committee to confer with the trustees of the old Academy, Simeon Benjamin, President in regard to transferring the Clinton Street property to the Board. Before this was settled, the Academy was removed, April 9, 1860, to the basement of the old Congregational Church, the predecessor of the present Park Church. Mr. Converse and Miss Phillips remained the faculty. This might be termed the .Udark age" of.Academy history in a very literal sense. The Board considered two sites, and It was not until june 12, 1860, that the decision was made in favor of the Clinton Street property, and the deed was not signed until Nov. 23, 1860. At this June meeting, the estimated cost of building was increased from 10,000 to 12,000 dollars. . Au ust 1 1860 the Board offered a premium of .50 dollars for the best plan for an Academy Euildiiig. On August 21st, the plan of Mr. E. Kingsbury was adopted and the build- ing seemed like a thing of the near future. CHAPTER III. K PRIN. WELLINGTON'S ADMINISTRATION, 1860-1865. The fall term of 1860 opened September 30th, - in a third location, the factory of j. M. Robinson, at the south-east corner of Church and William Streets. The dilapidated old building still stands, a blot on the land- scape. Prin. Converse had retired at the close of the first year and was succeeded by Prof. Isaac Mortimer Wellington of Fryeburg, Me., who had been appointed the 19th of the previous June. The lower floor of the factory was utilized for the school. The girls' entrance was on Church Street and the boys' on William. The seats faced east. With the design, noted before, of separating the sexes, the main room was divided by a partition extending as far as the students' seats went. A sliding door at the east end of the partition connected the two rooms and was open at recitation time. Prin. Wellington's desk was in front of the boys and Miss Phillips's in front of the girls. The classes occupied benches extending in front of the students' desks, boys and girls remaining on their respective sides. One of the students, recalling those days,writes:- "During the summer and fall of 1860 was the presidential campaign of Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Douglass. The latter came to Elmira on his lecturing tour, and was taken around the town to see tne sights, one of which must have been our school building. When his carriage appeared, he seemed to be quite interested, and the pupils looking out of the Carriage Factory windows at him and his beautiful wife were quite as interested as he was. "Another incident, in 1861, which gave interest to the pupils was the arrival in the neighborhood of a company of soldiers and their location in the nearby Baptist Church, where the Odd Fellows' new home now stands. These gave plenty of excitement with their blanket- tossings, pyramid formations, their drilling and marching and martial music. When the school returned to their home on Clinton Street, the change from warlike ways to peaceful quite was quite noticeable." December 26, 1861, the Board inspected the new Academy building on Clinton Street, and on the last day of '61, formally accepted the building. The winter was spent in equipping the Academy for occupancy, and the school did not move in until the spring term of '62. Mr. Orrin Robinson, Secretary of the Board of Education, delivered the keys of the new building to Prin. Wellington as the important feature of the formal opening of the building. The new Academy was a three-story brick structure facing Clinton Street, the first story being a basement largely above ground. On either side of the front, a long flight of stone steps with iron railings led to the second floor. When the building was torn down, nearly thirty years later, these steps were purchased by Contractor Gerity, and may now be found on the terrace of the Gerity or "Queen City Cottage." on Keuka Lake. The third story was divided into four recitation rooms, with a hall and a small room or office on both east and west sides. The library cases were in the northeast room, tho' the room was eventually used for recitation purposes also. The second floor had halls and ollices the counterpart of those on the third, the chapel occupying the remainder of the story. It was an oblong room, the greater length being from north to south, and comfortably accommodated 150 students, though 213 could be crowded into it. As there were windows on four sides, the chapel was a light, cneerful room, which later had a very homelike appearance. Across the center from east to west was a row of pillars, and, true to traditions, there were sliding doors between these pillars that might be lowered to divide the chapel into two rooms. Despite this provision for "separating the sheep from the goats," the doors were apparently never lowered, and as the girls' seats in the soutn end faced north and the boys' seats in the north end faced south, tho opportunities or the two sexes for observing each other were increased rather than diminished by the arrangement planned to separate them. Because of this intended division, there were two doors, close to- gether, opening into each hall. Near the west doors was a tiny platform, curved at the back to allow tor the swinging of the doors. This rostrum was the throne of the faculty, and, owing to its scant dimensions, the precarious foothold of the school orators on Priday afternoons. Later, the seating arrangements were altered. A larger rostrum was placed at the south end of the room, the seats all facing it. 'l'he office on the east side was Prin. Wellington's and that on the west side, Miss Ph1llips's. The basement contained, on each side, a hall running north and south with an exit at each end. From these halls opened the dark, windowless cloak-rooms. Along the north end of the basement were two rooms, the east one being used as a science laboratory for the few experiments then performed, and the west one for the "Lyceum Society," after that was organ- ized. Across the south end, down several steps, was a long room extending the width or the building, an archway in the center giving it the appearance of double parlors. This archway well illustrated the principle of a whispering gallery and afforded amusement to experimenters. This room, after 1869, was the home of the Adelphic Debating Club, and other similar societies. The first two years after the organization of the Free Academy no class was prepared for graduation, as comparatively few students of the former Academy registered in the new school. Not until the new building was occupied was there a Commencement of the Elmira Free Academy. The official records of these early days were apparently not kept. In 1871, Mr. George Ivl. Diven of the Board, having a proper realization or the value of records, tried to remedy that defect by having a report compiled giving a resume of the previous years' history. The Academy report, being written by a later principal than Mr. Wellington, made an error in reporting the date of the first graduation, claiming the first class for '61, the second for '62, and no graduates for '63, That error has persisted, people of later days naturally assuming the date of the official report to be correct. 'l'he testimony of the graduates of the first four classes and the "Advertiser" reports of the Commencement exercises of '62 and '63 are ample proof that the first class was graduated in '62, the second in '63, and there was no year after '62 without graduates until 1866. The first Commencement exercises were held in the new Academy building, July 25, 1862. At first it was thought impossible to have exercises, but the under graduates made heroic efforts to secure a piano for the occasion and decorated liberally with flowers. Diplomas never having been needed before, were not ready, and Prin. Wellington was too conscientious to present dummy diplomas, so that customary feature of Commencement programs was perforce omitted. Nevertheless all went off well. There were but two graduates, james R. Monks, laterthe beloved principal of E. F. A., and Miss j. Amelia Munson, for a short time also a member of the faculty. It was an ideal beginning, each sex being represented by a con- spicuously able studentg for what the class lacked in quantity it maoe up in quality, and set a very high standard for later graduates. james R. Monks has long since 'tcrossed the bar" and his eulogy has been spoken, but Miss Munson is still a resident of Elmira, a well-read and 1862 1862 -A V an-.1...,3 .5 we t . t 1862 1863 1865 delightful woman, to whom the writer of these pages makes grateful acknowledgment for many interesting details of the early days. George Raines, son of the pastor of Hedding Church, left school with that first class. His special aim was preparing for college, and in so doing he neglected some requirements for graduation, but the Class of '62 always regarded him as one of them. Later he became a brilliant lawyer and Senator at Albany. The custom of holding Re-unions of former students originated the evening of the first Commencement day. This became an annual event and a very pleasant feature of Commence- ment week. In Prof. Monks's time, possibly earlier, besides the summer Re-union, another was held at the Christmas season. A literary program in which alumni were given prominent places was held in chapel. Following this, until the over-crowded condition of the school necessitated narrowing the aisles, it was the custom for couples to promenade through the broad aisles encircling the chapel and crossing it at right angles through the center. Refresh- ments were served in the Debating Club Room. For many years the Seniors conducted the Christmas Re-union and the juniors the june Re-union. Thus each class had charge of two. The receipts from the refreshments were devoted by these classes to beautifying the interior of the building. Several of Artist George W. Waters's paintings, costing from 200 to 250 dollars, were thus given to the school. Book-cases, statuettes, rostrum desks and chairs, clocks, etc., were presented in the same way. The encyclopaedia case in the present library was such a gift, and the case in the office was presented by the class of '82. The last June Re-union was held June 24, 1892 in the Masonic Temple, as the present E. F. A. building was in process of erection. Mr. J. Sloat Fassett gave the main address on this last occasion. The Christmas Re-unions continued for eight years longer, the last one being held Dec. 27, 1900. For several years, however, these had been called Senior receptions, and admission was by ticket. Any graduate was entitled to a ticket, but many objected to asking for one, so the attendance dwindled. For many years the Re-unions failed to serve the purpose for which they were doubtless intended, as the older alumni rarely came. They were usually re'-unions of not more than four or five at most, of the recent classes. In the winter of 1862-'63, the country being in the midst of the Civil War, the "Academy Cadets," a military organization with regular dri ls, was formed. Charles R. Pratt was cap- tain, Roscius Morse, jr., First Lieutenant, H. C. Morse, Orderly Sergeant, Manfred Davis, Second Sergeant, Henry V. Ransom, drummer, and a young man named Burgess played the fife. Prin. Wellington was the judge Advocate of the Court Martial. At the ilune Re- union of 1871, surviving members of the company presented the Academy with an a bum con- taining photographs of the cadets. Former Captain Chas. R. Pratt made a very graceful pre- sentation speech, and Prin. Wellington accepted the gift for the school, in a felicitous manner. Unfortunately all trace of that album seems to be lost. The Class of 1863 contained but one member, Miss Sarah T. Haskell, now Mrs. Zera Compton of this city. Quite a long program by under graduates was given at her Commence- ment, in addition to the graduate's essay on the "Blessing of Dullness." The exercises were on the afternoon of july 24, 1863. Supt. Bement, the successor of Mr. Schofield, announced that a class of eleven or twelve was preparing for the next graduation. The Class of '64 did number eleven, as did also the Class of '65. jul 21, 1865 was Principal Wellington's last day at the head of E. F. A. He retired from his office amid the protests of students and patrons. He was an inspiring teacher. After more than forty years, students retain interest in subjects he taught them. He was untiring in his efforts to help and encourage ambitious students, giving them outside time both early and late. Many of his progressive methods were afterward revived and made famous by Prin. Steele in conjunction with the latter's original methods. Self-government was encouraged to a high degree, tho' not systemized to the extent that it was later under the Steele regime. To retain for nearly a half century the enthusiastic loyalty and love of his students is a recog- nition of worth that must gladden the heart of Prof. Wellington. The chronicler has been es- pecially struck with this devotion on the part of every former student of his with whom she has talked. Only two years ago, his surviving students, led by Miss Eliza Bement and the late judge Chas. R. Pratt, made elaborate plans to bring Prof. Wellington back to Elmira from his Chicago home for a sort of jubilee visit, and keen was their disappointment that his health would not permit the journey. Perhaps a kinder fate will make possible his presence, next September, at the semi-centennial of the school for which he did so much. . CHAPTER IV. PRIN. TIMLOW'S ADMINISTRATION, 1865-'66. V With the retirement of Prin. Wellington went also Miss Phillips and someofthestudent body. The students had so idolized Prin. Wellington that they resented any onels taking his office, and the incoming principal, Mr. G. W. Timlow, was the innocent victim of their mis- directed energies. For six months riot ruled in the Academy. The lady teachers were treated with courtesy, but the lawless condition of the school nevertheless made their positions un- pleasant. February 23, 1866, Mr. Timlow's resignation was accepted and on the same day Mr. Joel Dorman Steele was appointed to the principalship. I I 4 CHAPTER V. PRIN. STEELE'S ADMINISTRATION, 1866-1872. Prin. Steele began his difficult task March 1, 1866, with a policy of extreme severity, as he deemed the case demanded. Gradually he relaxed, and after a time revived self-govern- 1 ment developing it into a system that became famous far and near, and attracted many visitors to the school. His methods, being in' advance of the times, were much discussed by educators. The following are some features of his govern- ment. Students attaining a creditabie scholar- ship had their names placed upon an Honor Roll, in order of rank, as "First Head Scholars" or "Second Head Scholars"--tho' that was not a very "scholarly" use of terms. To these students were given certain duties and certain privileges. No teacher remained in charge of the study room 3 thus one teacher's full time was saved. Monitors ' had served in the place of teachers, under Mr. Wellington's rule, but all supervision was now dispensed with. To summon classes from recita- l tion rooms, large bells in each second-floor hall were rung vigorously by "Head Scholar" boys at the proper times. Classes were dismissed to recitation rooms by "Head Scholars," who went forward in front of chapel desk and tapped the desk bell for Seniors, juniors, and Sophomores in succession. The Seniors of highest rank performed this service, ifin chapel 5 if not, the next lower. If no Senior of honor rank were in the room, the duty fell to the highest junior, and so on. If a teacher happened to be at the desk for an reason, the teacher sent the classes, but the service was usually performed by the honzr student. With these duties went privileges. Senior honor students had their choice between studying in chapel or in the office on the second floor, the boys using the principal's office, the girls, the lady teachers'. Studying in the princi- pal's office to-day is not exactly a reward of merit, but conditions were different in those days, when the principal's time was spent almost entirely in the class-room. Junior honor students used the offices just above these, on the third floor. Sophomores---the entering class- some- times had tables and chairs in the front end of the third floor halls, sometimes they used the basement. Of course, abuse of these privileges usually resulted in lowered standings the next month, loss of honor rank involving loss of privileges. The system worked, in the main, exceptionally well. It was maintained during Prin. Steele's administration and that of his successor, Prin. Monks, aggregating about twenty years. ' During Prin. Steele's term, the faculty was increased to four. One of the teachers, Miss Hattie Marshall, assisted Dr. Steele in the preparation, especially the illustration, of many of his text-books, most of which were written while he was at the head of E. F.A. Prof. Steele made fame and fortune by his fourteen weeks' courses in Chemistry, Physics, Geology, and other sciences, also by his "Barnes's U. S. History," so-called because written for the A. S. Barnes and Co. publishing house. All these books are well known to students attending E. F. A. during the seventies and eighties. Miss Mary Harriet Norris, another teacher during Steele's administration, is now Dean of the Northwestern University, and celebrated as an author. One of her books has Grover Cleveland as hero, another has its setting in the Chemung Valley. Shortly after assuming control of the school, Prin. Steele introduced Calisthenics with dumbbell drills. This proved too tame for the fellows, filled with the spirit of the late war, and an Athletic association resulted. This died out later and new associations have been or- ganized several times in the subsequent history of-the school. The original association secured a barn already standing at the rear of the Academy, and remodelled it for a gymnasium. Prof. A. Wellington Norton, an assistant teacher, later principal of No. 4 School, deserves the credit for this undertaking. With the sanction of Prin. Steele, the work was done by the young men of the school, under Prof. Norton's direction, the material being purchased with money sub- scribed by students. The building had a floor of saw-dust and was well equipped for a gym- nasium in those days. Outside was a trapeze and rings, which were in constant use at recesses and before school. The gymnasium stood until the building of the second Academy 1891 Owing to the waste of time during the first six months of 1865 --'66, no class was ready for graduation in june 1866. 1866 1866 1867 1867 1869 1869 1870 1871 1871 The first class graduated under Prin. Steele was in 1867. This was also the first class to use the terms "Valedictorian" and "Salutatorian" for Commencement honors. Chas P. Thurston was the first valedictorian and Henry R. Redfield salutatorian. These terms have been used ever since. In a large part of Prof. Monks's administration, however, instead of being, as originally and now, applied to the students ranking first and second in scholarship, regardless of sex, the valedictory was given to the one ranking highest among the young men and the salutatory to the one ranking highest among the young women, though the latter's standing might be much higher than the former's. On the 30th of October, 1867, a preliminary meeting was held to plan a literary society open to both sexes. As a result, on Nov. 15, 1867, the "Lyceum" was established. Its purpose was cultivation of literary taste by composition, declamation, and reading choice literature. There were thirty-eight charter members, among them Dr. Steele, Prof. Norton, J. Sloat Fassett, H. S. Brooks, Clement Bainbridge, Jacob Schwartz, Adele Gleason and Emily A. Nel- son, names well known to most Elmirans. The motto chosen was "Stratum supra stratum." For twenty years the principal of the Academy was president of the society, and several mem- bers of the faculty were usually in the membership. Prin. Steele continued president until Jan.25, 1872,when,going on a leave of absence, he resignedfrom the presidency. Prof. Monks was elected Jan. 30, 72 and continued until he left the Academy, June 1887. Officers were elected three times a year, serving one school term. The meetings were held Monday evenings in the northwest room of the basement, which the society fitted up as a cosy club room. Prof. Monks took great interest in the society and the Lyceum continued in a flourishing condition, doing excellent work, as long as he remained at its head. When Mr. Lovell became principal, the control of the Lyceum passed entirely into the hands of the students. Arthur booth was the first student president, elected in September, 1887, As the students were unaccustomed to the management of such a society, it gradually ran down. The last minutes were recorded April 19, 1889. Thus passed the first literary society of E. F. A. In 1869, the Adelphic Debating Club was organized. John R. Joslyn and C. Carroll Fitzhugh had moved to Elmira from Mt. Morris, N. Y., where in 1868 they had been charter members of an Adelphic Debating Club. They organized one here with the same name and for a second time became Adelphic charter members. There were nine others. It is interest- ing to note that J. Sloat Fassett and Jacob Schwartz were charter members of the Adelphics as well as of Lyceum. George W. Knox was its first president. Many of the famous business and professional men of Elmira have been members of the Adelphic in former years. Con- spicuous among them are such men as John B. Stanchfield, Edgar Denton, Judge Walter Lloyd Smith, Boyd McDowell, Casper Decker, Alex. Eustace. David M. Pratt, Harry Bogart, and Thomas F . Fennell. The list might be indefinitely extended. As a society open to all the young men, it drew the best talent of the school into its membership. It is to be regretted that in December, 1895, the constitution was revised, making it a secret society and thus narrowing it into a clique and defeating the purpose for which the Adelphic was organized. There is no occasion for secrets in a debating society. There should be no reason why any fellow of the school, whether a fraternity man or not, might not be privileged to belong to the historic old debating club. Until 1902, the meetings were held in E. F. A. Now the club rooms are at 206 East Water Street. The Class of 1869 was the first to hang a class picture upon the walls of E. F. A. They set a style that lasted until classes became very large in the late nineties. Jacob Schwartz was valedictorian of '69 and Will Ayres salutatorian. Our honored townsman, J. Sloat Fassett, was the brilliant valedictorian of the Class of 1870, and Clement D. Bainbridge, later an actor of repute, now living in Elmira, was salutato- nan. Soon after the beginning of the fall term of 1870, James R. Monks, A. M., a graduate of the first E. F. A. class, later of Union College, was added to the faculty to take exclusive charge of the college preparatory students. The next fall, five students entered various colleges well-prepared and admitted without condition. In September, 1871, there were thirteen students in this class. This was the beginning of Prof. Monks's long and valuable service to E. F. A. In Prin. Steele's report to the Board of Education for the year ending June 28, 1871, he mentions the custom of impromptu compositions. Whether it was established that year is not clear. This custom was continued until the inadequate accommodations of old No. 6, in 1891,whenthe second buildingwas being erected, rendered it impossible. It was not revived later. One period a week, in rotation, was devoted by all students to the writing of a composi- tion on one of several themes announced at that time. Subject matter must be drawn from one's own knowledge or experience, there was no opportunity for investigation. At least two pages must be written within the alloted period. These impromptus were divided among the faculty for marking until 1888, when the English department was separated from the history. After that, all these weekly impromptus fell to the lot of the English teacher. The system was an excellent one for the students, but a heavy burden upon one teacher. In 1870-'71 a girls' debating society called the "Philorhetorian" was in existence. The date of its origin is uncertain, as is also the date of its disbanding. The society met Thursday afternoons after school, in the same room as the Adelphics, whose meetings at that time were 'Thursday evenings. Later the Adelphics met Fridays. Six or seven years after this, another short lived debating society was started by the girls, but both its name and its history are wrap- ped in obscurity. At the time of the Commencement in '71, there were several rizes given by public spirited citizens. These continued for three years, until, some dissatisfjaction with the award- ing having arisen, the donors thought best to withdraw them. The Arnot prize in mathematics, given by john Arnot, jr., consisted of two gold medals for the best results in an algebra examination given by the teacher. H. W. Foster and Loula Fassett won these medals in '71. The Hall spelling prize was a Webster's Unabridged Dictionary contributed by Chas. Hall for the best speller. Emma H. Beers and Mary Turner tied for first rank and a dictionary was given to each. ' The Diven composition and elocution prize was established by George M. Diven. He donated 70 dollars for books as prizes each year. These were awarded on the results of two prize exhibitions. The first awards were as follows: Oratory, 1st prize, Fred Dundas, 2nd prize, Henry Flood, Composition, 1st Senior prize, Ella Beecher, 2nd Senior prize, Mary Turner, 1st Junior prize, Josie Bullard, 2nd Junior prize, William P. McKnight. Junior and Sophomore Recitation and Declamation prizes: Declamation, 1st prize, William P. McKnight, 2nd prize, Alex. C. Eustace. Recitation, 1st prize, Hattie Hart, 2nd prize, Lizzie Thurston. In '72-'73 an English Literature prize was added to the foregoing list. 15 dollars in was given to the student attaining highest rank in a written examination in English Literature set by the teacher of literature. No record was found of the donor or o the winner. In all cases, these prizes were awarded at Commencement, though the successful competitors were sometimes announced at the close of the exhibitions. On January 13th, 1872, Prin. Steele was given a leave of absence for four months because of the pressure of his literary duties. January 29th, Prof. Monks was appointed Acting-Principal during Prin. Stee1e's absence. On June 25th, of the same year, the Board of Education declined to accept Prin. Steele's resignation, granting him six months further leave and requesting him to withdraw his resignation. He never returned to E. F. A. aslprin- cipal, however, although the Board waited until July 14, 1873, before appointing Acting- rin- cipal Monks actual Principal. A Principal Steele's administration had done great things for the progress and reputation of the Academy. That fact, coupled with his literary fame, made the Board very reluctant to release him. As has been shown, he brought order out of chaos, made the Academy an illus- trious example of self government, and established many worthy customs. Moreover, he was an exceptionally able teacher, commanding the respect and admiration of his students, and was a great organizer. For many years the school bore the impress of his strong personality. CHAPTER VI. PRIN. MONKS'S ADMINISTRATION, 1872-1887. Prin. James R. Monks kept the Academy up to the standard established by his predecessor. W In his '73 report to the Board, he emphasized the fact that no teacher in his school was called an a "assistant", each in her department was supreme authority, a "preceptress" of a special department, thus adding dignity to the position. Their com- pensation was also better than it is to-day, though the requirements now are much higher than then. There were five departments in '73, history and literature being combined in one. In February 1873, Prof. Steele's collection of geological specimens was purchased for 450 dollars. This is an unusually line collection for a High School to own. It has been added to some- what by later instructors, Miss Herrick contributing a collection made one summer in Ithaca. Un- fortunately, under the present regent's regulations in science the collection can be little used. In September, 1874, the course of study was changed from a three to a four years' course for x all students. Previous to that, the general course N had been three years. College preparatory students 1 had been graduated at the close of the third year, I on the general course, returning for a fourth year and a second diploma. . books 2' U 1871 1872 1872-' 73 1873 1874 1 , uni: 5 - in w' S. Ji I if N 1875 In the fall of 1875, Miss S. Cornelia Norman joined the Academy faculty. She had previously 1878 1878 1878 1880 1887 been teaching in School No. 1. The coming and going of all teachers of the school it would be im- possible to chronicle, but Miss Norman was no ordinary teacher and her advent is worthy of notice. In June 1878, appeared the first number of the HE. F. A. Record," an eight page paper of considerable interest. Frank Fishler was its first editor. It was published semi-annually at first, the second number coming out December 19, 1678, the Commencement day of the only "Christ- mas Class" in the history ot the school. In the "Personal" column one item reads: "Our alumni list records six M. D's." That number has been many times multiplied since. The "Record" be- came an annual later, but its career was compara- tively short. The "June Class of '78" was the only one to be graduated on the four years' course established in 1874. It was the Hrst class to hold its Commence- ment exercises outside of the Free Academy build- ing. Park Church was the place chosen. Com- mencements continued to be held in various churches from that date until 1888, when the Lyceum theatre was secured. A December 19, 1878, the "Christmas Class of '78" was graduated. This was a unique Com- mencement, the only winter graduation in Academ- ' ' " ic history. The decision to return to a three years' general course made it necessary to reduce the number of classes, and the "Christmas Class" therefore stands alone as the one class graduated onia three-and-a-half years' course. Their Commencement took place at the First M. E. Church. june 21, 1880, some students of the Academy, whose names did not appear upon the paper ---perhaps wisely published a paper called "The Mirror," a four-page sheet containing caustic criticisms of the management of E. F. A. and decidedly personal "roasts" upon some members of the faculty. The editors, in two paragraphs in different parts of the paper, took pains to except Misses Norman and Nelson of the faculty from any adverse criticism. The student body,as a whole, did not approve the tone of "The Mirror" and the nature of its reflec- tions. Naturally the faculty disapproved. Hence it became another illustration of "the first shall be last." On the same day, the UE. F. A. Record" for the year came out. Its editors that year were William E. V. Kemp and Cassius I-Iibbard. Its tone was very different from that of its rival. . For the first years of the eighties there seem few distinctive events to chronicle. Prin- Monks's methods were fully established and the machinery of the system moved smoothly- The retirement of Prin. Monks, in June 1887, was a cause of deep regret to the school and alumni. His infiuence in the school had been a particularly happy one. All students had a profound respect for his intellectual attainments and for his opinions. His bearing was dignified, but gracious, and his manners polished. In his students, also, he tolerated no manners but those of ladies and gentlemen, and he inculcated these more by example than by precept. Seldom did he speak severely, but on the rare occasions when it was necessary, the few in- cisive words of scorn with which he scored an ill-bred act made the offender shrivel into a pygmy in his own eyes as well as in those of his schoolmates. No such babyish tricks as char- acterize students of some High Schools were ever seen in E. F. A. during his administration, although the average age of students was about the same here as elsewhere, and then as now. His leaving was a serious loss to the school and marked the passing of the old regime. I CHAPTER VII. PRIN. LOVELL'S ADMINISTRATION, 1887-1895. Prin. Monks was succeeded by Mr. 1887 Herbert M. Lovell, a Comell graduate. He did not adhere to all the traditions of the school. Teachers now took charge of the study room, but students were still allowed more liberties than in many High Schools. His first Commencement, june 28, 1888, 1333 was held in the evening in the Lyceum theatre. Thereafter all Commencement exercises were in the Lyceum until 1904, when the burning of the theatre made it necessary to find another place. Only the classes of '88 and '89 held their exercises in the evening. At the Reunion, june 29, 1888, an 1338 Alumni Association was, for the first time, established. Officers elected for '88-'89 were as follows: Pres. john B. Stanchfield 1st Vice-Pres. Dr. Henry Flood 2nd Vice-Pres. Boyd McDowell 3rd Vice-Pres. Henry Redfield Cor. Sec'y. Harry N. Hoffman Rec. Sec'y. Frances D. Guion Treas. David M. Pratt. An Alumni Association was a highly desirable organization, but this one did nothing but elect officers. The following year, at Reunion, the second election was held, resulting as follows: Pres. George Hull 1st Vice-Pres. B. S. Chamberlin 2nd Vice-Pres. Harry N. Hoffman 3rd Vice-Pres. W. C. Peebles Cor. Sec'y. William C. White Rec. Sec'y. Frances D. Guion Treas. Theodore M. McKnight. Again 110 definite work was accomplishedby the association. At the Reunion in 1890, at which jacob Schwartz, the brilliant lawyer, had given an address on "A Modern Problem," the ballot resulted as follows: Pres. Jacob Schwartz ' Vice-Pres. Boyd McDowell Sec'y. Mrs. Theodora Norton Joerg Treas. M. Louise Godfrey. President Schwartz appointed the following executive committee, H. C. Mandeville, George McCann, A. Welling Wyckoff, Mrs. Chas. Roach, Mary E. Eaton. President Schwartz died before the next june Reunion, and no effort was made to keep up the organization, so the officers elected in '90 never had successors until 1909, when the association reorganized. In the fall of '88, the growth of the school necessitated a distinct English department. 1888 Previously it had been ccmbined with the history. The faculty was increased by an En lish teacher to take exclusive charge of the new department. Some idea of the later growth of the English department may be gathered from the fact that to-day there are four teachers devoting their entire time and four others giving half of their time or more to English. In that year, '88-'89, all students were required to take the regents' examinations in all Academic subjects. For some time previous, it had been optional. From '89'to the present, the regents' examinations in allsubjects have been required. At first, students were graduated on a local mark obtained by averaging regents' marks and class standing, but later, the regents' diploma was necessary to obtaining the Academy diploma. In '89 the Lyceum literary society died out. The same year the Athanaeum Debating 1889 Club was formed as a rival to the Adelphics. It flourished until 1892, when it united with the Adelphics under the latter name, as the Sophomore Adelphics and the Sumnerfea mixed club- Q had done before. There was at this time another club, known as the Elmira Free Academy Scientific Society, which continued through 'i9. No records of its organization are accessible, though mention of it is found in '88. ' In May of 1889, Arbor Day was celebrated. 'Ihis was not, in the Academy, observed every year. A few yearsglater its annual observance was establishedkand during Mr. Evans's I w.2ff,1'?ff9- 1 889 1890 1891 1891 1892 1892 1892 1892 - mffeexmvex-e4va,y1g 1 - Y administration the entire charge of the celebration was placed in the hands of the Senior Class. The custom still obtains. On the evening of May 17th, the Class of '89 held its Class Day exercises. The pro- gram, consisting of class history, prophecy, and the like, was given in the chapel, the ban uet followed in the Debating Club room. Until 1892,'tl1b same arrangement prevailed, the Ctlass Day being always in May. December 19, 1890, marks the organization of the first chaptered secret society in E. F. A.- Alpha Zeta. This was largely due to the efforts of Fred F. jewett, Leon T. Lewald, Henry B. Van Duzer, and the Gamma Chapter of Binghamtom. Eleven members resigned from the Adelphics to become charter members of the Epsilon chapter of Alpha Zeta. The first year, the society met in the Academy building. During the erection of the new Academy the follow- ing year, clubrooms were secured in the Robinson Building. Now the clubhouse is the former Bryant Hall. May 13, 1891, Elmira College, through its president, Dr. Chas. Van Norden, offered an Elmira College scholarship to the E. F. A. girl that had had the highest rank in scholarship during her course and was prepared to enter college in the fall. This scholarship was to be given each year thereafter. No one was ready to take it that year, as the Academic course was three years and four would be necessary for college preparation. Several members of the Class of '91 took post-graduate work the next year, and Mary Olive Bullard, Valedictorian of '91, was the first to earn this scholarship honor, in '92. Since then, every year this honor has been earned by an Academy girl, the last one being Helen E. Manning, 1908. In the summer of 1891, the Academy building was torn down to make room for a com- modious modern structure. School for the year opened in the old No. 6 School building on Lake Street,'just south of the D.L. QW. tracks. The building was in poor repair and ill-adapted to the use of the school, but the best available. It was overrun with huge rats, bold enough to come out during afternoon recitations and ransack waste baskets standing close by a teacher's desk, to secure food left by students bringing luncheon. School work was of necessity reduced to its lowest terms for lack of conveniences. As many students as possible arranged to have all their recitations in a half day and studied at home. Yet, despite the handicap, fairly credit- able results were obtained. December 29, 1891, the Christmas Reunion was held in the Masonic Temple, --fthe first to be held in any other place than the Academy building. The Senior Class had charge of it and made it a great success. Dancing was introduced as a feature of the evening, since the Masonic rooms offered accomodations. On April 1, 1892, the Adelphia Sorority, the second chaptered society of E., F. A., was formed. Miss Mary 0. Bullard started it at the suggestion of Miss Grace Collin of the Alpha chapter in Ithaca. Miss Collin is a niece of Pres. Collin of the Elmira Board of Education. Elmira, with twelve charter members, became the second or Beta chapter. Meetings were held afternoons after school at the school building until within the past two years. Now the Adelphia girls hold their meetings, quite appropriately, in the Women's Federation Building where they are allowed use of the Director's room. A large number of the E. F. A. faculty are honorary members of the sorority, which is scarcely a secret organization, at least in any objectionable sense of the term. The society has a paper called the "Beta Siftings." For several years Beta held a banner given by Ithaca for the best literary work. The Class Day exercises of '92 H a class without a school home were held May 27th at the home of Miss Lena Schornstheimer, a member of the class. It proved a very happy arrangement, and thanks to the hospitality of the Schornstheimers, the occasion lacked none of the pleasurable features of former Class Days. The Reunion, on June 24th, was again held in the Masonic Temple. The program was an interesting one, the cream of the entertainment being the address of the Hon. J. Sloat Fassett. No one realized that this, the thirtieth anniversary of the first Reunion, would be the last june Reunion, but had it been forseen, nothing better than Mr. Fassett's speech could have been planned for a grand finale. The new building was not opened with formal cermonies. Indeed it was hardly ready for occupancy when the first day of the fall term arrived. The opening week of school was cold and rainy, and as the heating apparatus had not yet been installed and the plaster was none too dry, the temperature of the bui ding reminded one of a vault. Nearly the entire school took severe colds. The building as compared with the former one, seemed to cover a large area, yet, as it had but two stories to the other's three, it was not so much larger as it seemed. Prin. Lovell had urged making more extensive accomodations, but was told that they seemed to be enclosing all out doors, as it was. Yet in four years the school had out grown the building. Architecturally the structure would have been improved by a third storyg but so much travel up and down stairs had been an objection to the three-story plan of the old building, so this was made two. The desirability of an assembly room on the third fioor where the entire school might congregate at times, seems not to have appealed to the authorities in charge of the construction, yet the lack of such a room has been a distinct drawback to school manage- ment and school spirit. As the building is still standing, no detailed description of it will be necessary, yet it may not be amiss to speak of some rooms that have since been turned from their originalpur- pose. The room used as a chemical laboratory until the fire of April 24, 1909, was built for a gymnasium, but as it was not equipped, it was never so used. Hence even the old barn- gymnasium of former days offered better facilities than the new building for athletic exercise. The present Room 30 was the original chemical laboratory. At best, it could accommodate but twelve at a time. That argued little faith in the growth of the school. Later, this room has served as a geological museum, a biological laboratory, and now as a recitation room. Room 27, designed for the science lecture and recitation room, had, until a year ago, an inclined door and opera seats, at first with adjustable writing attachment. The room now used as a biolog- ical laboratory was originally designed for a society room for school organizations. The Board of Education purchased from the Adelphic Debating Club the furniture of their room in the old building and placed it in the new club room. Lockers for the various societies were added. Thus no one society could claim the room more than another, but all were entitled to use it. This condition of affairs lasted until 1900, when the club room was stripped of furniture and carpet, and seated as an annex to lower chapel, to relieve the congestion in that room. It was then known as Room K. After the Freshmen were removed to Grammar Schools 2 and 3, Room K was used for recitation purposes. In 1907, it was converted into a biological laboratory, numbered Room 16, as the laboratory in Room 30 had been outgrown. The library was originally in Room 25, with cases on the east and west sides, and a reading table in the center. Room 26 was the museum where the Steele geological collection now in the chapel was kept. Later it was the physics laboratory. Room 29-now the physics laboratory--was the higher mathematics room. The present library was the principal's recitation room and Room 23 was used by the teachers' training class. Indeed, there are few rooms that to-day serve their original purpose. The two chapels were seated with desks facing south, where the rostrum stood. The first year in the new building was marked by the absence of Miss Norman, who spent the year in Europe. During the year '92f'93, Miss Godfrey conducted an informal American Literature Club, one night a week, after school, for the study of some of our national literature for which there was insufficient time in the regular course. It was composed of some of the brightest members of the class of '93, an exceptionally good class. Informal discussions brought out the abilities of some clever students. Stockton's "The Lady or the Tiger," in particular, led to eager debate, and some clever skits in verse on the part of Marie Thomas, May Wormley, and Academy of 18,51 1892-'93 1893 1894 1895 1895 1896 1896 1896 5 f john Ford Tremain. Chas. Alonzo Simmons and Thomas F. Fennell were shining lights in the discussions. All these have since made good the promise of their school days. . The first Class Day in the new building was celebrated Tuesday of Commencement week, instead of in May, as previously. E. F. A. Class Days have never been, as in colleges, open-air celebrations, and until 1903 were held in the evening. The one of 1893 took place in the new club room, the only one to be held there in its entirety. The tables for the banquet that followed the literary program were spread in the gymnasium across the hall, and carried in when needed. In '94, the Class Day exercises were held in the parlors of the Rathbun, the banquet following in the hotel dining room. Thereafter until 1903, the Class Day was observed at the Rathbun or the Langwell, either Tuesday or Thursday evening of Commencement week. To this rule, there was one exception, as the Class of '98 held their Class Day at Industrial Hall. With the graduation of the Class of '95, Prin. Lovell severed his connection with the Academy to take up the practice of law in this city. His administration was characterized by four things: the adoption of the Regents' standard for graduationg the erection of the new building, the introduction of the Rugby game in football, and the raising of the requirements for teachers to the standard of a college education. Although the law had always been Mr. Lovell's choice of a profession, he has never regretted the years of service he gave to the Academy. Her interests are still dear to him, and any teacher or student of E. F. A., past or present, has but to mention a service he could do, to meet with instant and hearty response. CHAPTER VIII. PRIN. EVANS'S ADMINISTRATION, 1895-1900. Mr. Charles W. Evans of the Olean High School succeeded Mr. Lovell as principal. Mr. Evans was a man of quiet manners, but of strong personality. He co-operated very fully with his faculty, placing great confidence in his teachers' judgment regard- ing individual students that came within the circle of their personal influence. With the beginning of 1895, the department of elocution was added to the curriculum. From earli- est days, there had been rhetorical exercises, at first with no drill except for Commencement, later with the drill of the English teacher, but there had been no attempt to have class instruction in elocution. This was now added, with Miss Mary K. Smith as instructor. She also ably assisted Miss Godfrey with the Freshman English. Lincoln's birthday, February 12th, was observed for the first time as a holiday in E. F. A. in 1896. On the fourteenth of February, the faculty enter- tained the school societies at a valentine party in the Club-room. Each society had already that school year entertained the faculty. Miss Godfrey of the faculty was dressed to represent the Queen of Hearts, and Henry B. Reynolds, a Freshman, represented Cupid. Each guest provided at least one original, hand-decorated valentine for some other guest. The occasion was a very pleasant one. In the fall of 1896, a new four-year course of study was adopted and started. The course has continued to be four years to the present time. During the summer, the seats in the two chapels had been changed to face east, where the rostrum was now placed. It gave the rooms a very different look. The library was equip- ped with all the leading magazines for the reading table. This table, a long one of quartered oak, had been the gift of the Adelphic Debating Club. The magazines were furnished fpartly bythe societies and partly by voluntary contributions from otherstudents. This provision orthe reading table continued about three years. As the library books were in open cases at that time, bank railing with a gate in the center was placed in front of the cases. A student acting as assistant librarian spent his study periods in the library, getting books from the shelves, as needed, and having supervision of the reading table. The registration in chemistry was 100 in 1896. That necessitated a larger laboratory than one accommodating twelve at a time. The gymnasium therefore was converted into a chemical laboratory with accommodations for twenty-eight at once. This room, well equipped, was opened in November. Miss Herrick had charge of the chemistry and physics departments and inspired unusually good work. Many fine machines were constructed by the physics students, the handiwork of Augustus Alba, Albert McHenry, and Walter Ford, nephew of Dr. Ford of Elmira College, being especially noteworthy. Walter Ford constructed a rheostat that reflected great credit upon his skill. Other machines that might be mentioned are a steam engine, an electric motor, a commutator, and an electroscope. The establishment of another secret sorority, the "Alpha Sigma," during this year, brought up the question of school societies and led the Academycommittee of theBoardto decide that only "open" societies might use Academy rooms for evening meetings. The Alpha Sigma died out after a few years. - There was an increase of 90 in the enrolment, bringing the registration up to 646. In four years the school had out grown by a hundred, and in five years by nearly two hundred, the capacity of the building, which comfortably accommodates not more than 450. The chap- els were badly crowded. In November of 1897, Miss Herrick and six students organized the Kelvin Scientific Society, open to both sexes. This is an open society, meeting alternate weeks, devoting every third meeting to social purposes. At first, the meetings were held in the school building, but for some years they have been at the homes of members. This society has done earnest work along scientific lines. When school opened, December 8th, it was found that the Academy building had been robbed during the night. Burnt matches and cigar stumps were strewn through all the rooms. All teachers' desks had been ransacked and any keys found in them carried to the office to aid, if possible, in opening the office desk. These failing, it had been pried open and all the soap and towel fund, the desk money, and the magazine fund, amounting to between 20.00 and 30.00 dollars, had been stolen. Miss Norman's gold pen was also missing from her desk in lower chapel. , The class of '98 started the custom of a Senior play. On the evening of December 9, 1897, they gave two farces by john Kendrick Bangs, "A Dramatic Evening" and "The Fatal Message." The entertainment was held in Park Church Play-room with an over packed house. In addition to the witticisms with which Bangs's farces are replete, Frank Curtin, who had the leading role, interpolated wit of his own that kept- the house in convulsions. The audience encored his original efforts so repeatedly that it was almost impossible to go on with the play. . The classes of '99 and 1900 did not present Senior plays, but 1901 did: then, with the exception of 1902, it has been an annual custom up to the present. The plays,,after '98's, have been as follows: 1901 "A Letter of Introduction" Park Church Play-room. 1903 "The Rivals" Auditorium Theatre. 1904 "She Stoops to Conquer" St. James Hall. 1905 "London Assurance" St. James Hall. 1906 "A Scrap of Paper" Rorick's Glen Theatre. 1907 "The Prince Chap" Rorick's Glen Theatre. This play brought out in the title role a prince of amateur actors, Albert H. Fox, now taking prominent parts on the professional stage in the Middle West, though lacking still a year of having experienced "When We Were Twenty-One." 1908 "The Half Back" Rorick's Glen Theatre. 1909 "The Elopement of Ellen" Rorick's Glen Theatre. This is a musical comedy with picturesque songs and dances. At Christmas, 1897, as a token of their admiration and love, the Freshmen presented to Miss Norman, who was in charge of their chapel, a handsome revolving desk-chair, which femained upon the rostrum in lower chapel until Miss Norman's death, more than five years ater. New Year's evening, the class of '98 repeated the Bangs's farces in the Auditorium Theatre for the benefit of the Y. M. C. A., repeating also their,success. On the 29th of january, 1898, two members from the Gamma Chapter of the Lambda Sigma fraternity initiated eighteen charter members in E. F. A. as the Kappa Chapter. These same young men had had an organization, under various names, since jan. 16, 1896. The S. U. S. S. was started at that time in School No. 2. It consisted first of Messrs. Bennett, Mil- lard, Swan, and Gridley, later adding Messrs. Swift and Earle Hart. These six introduced the society into E. F. A., September, 1896. The name was subsequently changed to K. K. K., and later to Dodona. As Dodona, they hired St. Ursula Hall. Deciding to join some chaptered organization, they chose Lambda Sigma. Clubrooms were engaged in the Realty Building, soon after organization. Now the fraternity again occupies the St. Ursula Hall. Some remarkable records were made in the examinations of 1898. Miss Rena Rock-f well, a Freshman, finished the year with an average of 99 per cent. for the entire year's work. Isaac Levy of the graduating class had seven honor papers in june.. He had earned in four years a 100 count regents' certificate "with honor 3" that is, in three fourths or more of the subjects his mark was above 90 per cent. That record has never been duplicated in E. F. A. He won the Cornell scholarship in june, and in the fall captured a 400.00 dollar cash prize in the Arts course at Cornell, against one hundred competitors, most of whom had taken a course in the Cornell summer school to prepare for the three days' examination that determined the scholarship. This record fcr an eighteen-year-old reflected great credit both upon himself and upon E. F. A. His sister, Miss Harriet M. Levy, won the scholarship to Elmira College the same year. Later she was a successful teacher in E. F. A. The fdotball team of '98 had a remarkable record, losing only one game, the last of the season, which would have given them the state championship. This defeat was doubtless due to the playing of an extra game that crippled the team just before the crucial game. En- 1896 1897 1897 1897 1897 1897 1898 1898 1898 1898 1899 1899 1899 1899 1900 1900 1900 thusiasm over this team led to the organization again of an Athletic Association, with forty- seven members. Later this dwindled until the year 1901 '02, when the membership increased to one hundred twelve. A Mandolin Club was organized in E. F. A. February 24,-1899, under the leadership of Edward Briggs. This Club, consisting of two violins, two banjos, one guitar, and six man- dolins added greatly to the attractiveness of the rhetorical programs and other school entertain- ments. Later it was under the direction of Abraham Lande, who had been a member of the club from its inception, and who was graduated from Roosa's violin school the Saturdag before his graduation from the Academy in 901. The club disbanded when Mr. Lande left . F. A. When school opened September 13, '99, recitation rooms 22 and 23, the latter occupied by the teachers' training class, were given up to the Seniors, who sat there instead of in chapel. 'Ihe training class was moved to No. 2 school. The Seniors were put upon their honor, being without supervision. It became necessary to convert the library and the museum into recita- tion rooms. The geological collection was therefore moved into the former chemistry lab- oratory- now Room 30 and 26 was seated for classes. The bank railing in the library had been removed and glass doors fitted to the cases. Benches were placed diagonally across the libraryr- Room 25---the teacher's desk being in the northeast corner. The reading-table was placed in the front of chapel on the boy's side and used for reference books: the magazines were given up The encyclfapaedia case was moved to the space between the doors of 25 and 26, and a row o seats was adde close to the wall between the doors of 24 and 25. Aisles were narrowed to what one stout fellow called "a fat man's misery." For the sake of some students that wished a wider knowledge of Shakespeare's plays than the English course provided for, Miss Godfrey organized a Shakespeare Club November 23, 1899. The plays were read in character, discussions and questions following each act. The club brought out some excellent elocutionary ability, Rees Pugh's and Earle Hart's work being conspicuous. The club was continued for two years, its membership numbering twenty-four the first year and forty-two the second. There have been several short lived school papers in the history of the Academy, but the "Vindex, " has evidently come to stay. In the fall of '99, a prominent local paper contained some anonymous slurs upon the student body. At an indignation mass-meeting of students, Prin. Evans suggested that the school have its own paper to defend its rights, and name it the "Vindex," the Latin for defender. The suggestion was acted upon. Prin. Evans selected, from each class, a few students whose English work indicated their fitness for newspaper work. From the nominations thus made, each class voted for its proper number of representatives on the Vindex board. Election entitled the successful candidate to a position on the beard until his graduation. This scheme provided for experienced editors and managers. Cecil J. Swan, 1900, was the first editor-in-chief and William T. Rathbun, '01, the first business manager. The initial number was published in December, 1899. The paper is therefor in its ninth year of successful publication, and the training received by its editors has prepared several of them for editorial work on College papers. Lewis Henry, editor-in-chief in 1904, was conspicuously successful in editorial work at Cornell, and Neil Cranmer of '06 is now making good at Syracuse. The Class of 1901, as juniors, gave a reception to the faculty, post-graduates, and seniors, February 14, 1900. The Club room was elaborately decorated with hearts for the occasion, one corner being devoted to a Post-office for original Valentines. The Juniors were royal entertainers. In connection with the graduation in june 1900, one student's record is worthy of special mention. John C. Robertshaw finished the fours years' classical course in three years, with an average of 97 per cent for the entire course. After graduation from Cornell he was for four years a member ot the Academy faculty, and is now holding twice as good a position, financially, as teacher of classics in the Jersery City High School. At the close of the school year '99-1900, Prim vans resigned to accept a more lucrative position as principal of the High School in East Orange, N. J., where he still is. The reg- istration had doubled in the tive years of his principalship. In many other ways the school's growth had been equally noticeable. Mr. Evans's departure caused sincere regret, tempered only by the fact that our loss was his gain. Yet, though the change was promotion for him, the Elmira school holds a warm place in his memory, and East Orange students have often heard of this best school of the Southern Tier. CHAPTER IX. PRIN. CONANT'S ADMINISTRATION, 1900'f- 1906. Mr. Howard Conant came from the Penn Yan Academy to succeed Mr. Evans. During the vacation the Clubroom had been dismantled and seated as an annex to lower chapel to accommodate the over-flow of 1 first and second year students. Mr. Conant placed Miss Koehler in charge of the room and changed its name to I Room K in her honor. The loss of the Clubroom put an end for some time to social functions in the school. November 7, 1900, Commissioner H. C. Mande- ville of the Board offered prizes of 15 and 10 dollars to Seniors and juniors respectively, 7for thelbest articles written on "The Commercial Future of the United States." The award was to be made at the 1901 Commencement. This was the first prize offered by a public-spirited citizen since the early seventies, when several E. F. A. prizes had been established. This was for the one year only. The Class of 1901 established the custom of choosing a "Patron Saint" from the faculty Wa custom popular in college. Miss M. Louise Godfrey had the honor of being the nrst "Patron Saint" in Academy history. The example of the "Naughty Ones," as they called themselves, has been followed by all succeeding els sses except '02 and '08. Their choices were as follows: soq . .ff Miss Minna B. Phelps, '04.- -'Prin. Howard Conant, '05.fNMiss Grace Foster, '06.4 Miss M. Louise Godfrey, '07.-Miss Lillian B. Herrick, Miss M Louise Godfrey '09.ff . . In May of 1901, the first demonstration of wireless telegraphy in Elmira was made by Miss Lillian B. Herrick of the science department of E. F. A., assisted by Leon Bogardus, a student. Communication was established between two rooms and the experiment was entirely successful. It called outside attention very strongly to E. F. A. Miss Herrick was a partic- ularly able and progressive teacher and such up-to-date experiments were common things while she headed the physics department. Wednesday afternoon of Commencement week in the Academy chapel, the Seniors repeated their class play, "A Letter of Introduction," given first in Park Church, February 19th. The repetition was for the benefit of the Athletic Association. The 1901 Commencement was unusually interesting. Mr. Francis E. Neagle, the val- edictorian, broke the state record by securing a 127 count regent's Academic diploma in his four years' course. The nearest approximation had been made by Prin. Charles Kent of the Elmira Heights School, but he made the record in mature years, after he became a principal, and even then fell several counts short of 127. Mr. Neagle later made an enviable record in Harvard, doing seven years' work in six in the arts and law departments and lecturing regularly in Radcliffe during the last years. He is now practicing law in New York City, the Harvard Club there having given him first choice of all openings in law offices because of his exceptionally able work at Harvard. Another brilliant student of 1901, Miss Rena Rockwell, after completing the course in Elmira College, did post-graduate work at Radcliffe. The salutatorian, Miss Florence Blades, secured the 15 dollar prize offered by Commis- sioner Mandeville for the best article on "The Commercial Future of the United States," Miss Clara Louise Comfort receiving honorable mention. The 10 dollar prize went to Miss Helen Jeannette Allen of the junior Class. This would look as if the commercial future of the United States were in the hands of its women. The decisions were made by three prominent Elmira gentlemen. During the summer of 1901, the Academy library was catalogued by the Dewey decimal system. The librarian, Miss Godfrey, though she had never taken the two years library course, had already roughly classified the books under the groupings of that system. The state in- spector of libraries, seeing this and knowing her familiarity with books from her English work pronounced her capable of doing the cataloguing, usually done by an expert from the library schools. Conseuuently, studying out for herself the complicated system of "red tape," she undertook to "learn to do by doing," consulting Mrs. Andrew of the "Steele Memorial Library" when necessary. In six weeks, by working early and late, Miss Godfrey classified the 3269 books then in the library. She was assisted in the handprinting of the more than 10,000 cards by Mrs. Ida M. Sherwood and two young ladies of the school. One young girl's time was en- tirely taken with labelling books with the classification number, and rearranging on the shelves. In the report of Miss Emily Nelson, an early librarian, the library was said to contain 744 books 1900 1900 1901 1901 1901 1901 1901 W? ,, p ,, we I ' Sie -1' I I 5' l 3 W ...aims-T., . .Wy t. HQ 1901 1902 1902 1902 1902 1902 1902 1902 1902 1903 1903 pw. H., f in 1872. Up to 1909 it has accessioned 3987. Little in the way of fiction has been added in several years, the purpose being to keep it a reference library. As such, it is good. The registration in the fall of 1901 was 734 for a building comfortably accommodating 450 at most. An annex was a crying need, though the building was but nine years old. In November, Miss Norman, whose health was seriously undermined, was granteda leave of absence. The school began then to realize how much she meant to the institution. The "Boys' Protective Union" was formed in February, 1902, to look after the protec- tion of school property, to repair in case of damage by carelessness of students, and to encourage school spirit. The suggestion was Prin. Conant's. A constitution was drawn up, providing for a governing board consisting of two members from each of the four classes, and the prin- cipal ofthe Academy. The first officers elected were President, Earle Hart 3 Treasurer, Wick- ham Smith: Secretary, Beal Banks. This organization lasted into the second year. In March, 1902, the Athletic Association, now augmented to 112 members, held a banquet at the Frasier House, with elaborate menu, toasts, and much enthusiasm. About one hundred were present. J. R. Rubin of Syracuse presented the cause of the new Inter- scholastic League ormed by Syracuse University, similar to the Cornell League of which E. F. A. was already a member. Mr. Conant was in his element as toastmaster. Interesting toasts and speeches were given by Pres. Fred H. Wise, james B. Pratt of the faculty, Messrs. Tripp, Fennell, and Murtaugh from the city and Messrs. Doane, Hart, and Capt. Shea from the school. The junior Class charmingly entertained the faculty and Seniors at Industrial Hall the evening of April 22nd. It was the first social function since the closing of the clubroom and was greatly appreciated. There was a program and dancing with refreshments of ices and cakes. In May, E. F. A. for the first time sent a representative to the Hamilton College prize- speaking contest. Since then, frequently the school has been represented at Hamilton College and at Syracuse University. In 1907, our representative at Syracuse, Loring Pratt, took second prize. This year, 1909, Henry Williman took third prize at Sfyracuse and John Conroy won first prize at Alfred. Both these young men are members o the class of 1909. May 31, 1902 brought almost universal grief to the city of Elmira as well as to E. F. A. in the death of Miss Sarah Cornelia Norman. From the age of sixteen, for forty-five years Miss Norman had devoted her life to educational work in this city. Twenty-six of them had been given to the Academy, where she had been the balance wheel through all changes of administration. She had taught most of the leading men and women of the city and had in full measure, the respect, admiration, and love of all her students. Miss Norman approached the ideal of impartial justice: Her sympathy was equal to her justice, and no one sought her help and counsel in vain. On all questions of public interest she was remarkably well informed, and her sound judgment and original expression made her a delightful talker. Her greatness as a teacher received one unique compliment: she was the only woman ever invited to teach in the Elmira Reformatory. For many months regularly, certain evenings of the week, she lectured to intensely interested inmates. When the strain of the extra work necessitated her giving it up, the Reformatory authorities were very reluctant to release her. What she vwm, even more than what she .mai or did, shaped the lives of her students 5 and her best epitaph is written in the character development of those whose standards are higher for having come under the influence of her personality. The year 1902-'03 was the most uncomfortable one in the school's history as far as congested conditions are concerned. As Mr. Conant said, it was "impossible to take a step without danger of crushing some undersized Freshman." Two students to a seat was the rule in more than half the seats, as the registration was almost twice the seating capacity. The Beta Chapter of the Kappa Sigma Sorority was established October 18, 1902, with the initiation of eight Charter members at Ithaca where the Alpha Chapter is located. The aims of the sorority are literary, social, and charitable. It has a present membership of twenty- four. Several of the teachers are honorary members, and Miss Wixon of the faculty is "Patron Saint" of the club. After 1902, all graduates were required to have a regents' Academic diploma as the minimum requirement for graduation, one year more of English being required by the school than by the state. No locals would be accepted in lieu of the State diploma. Owing to the increase in the numbers of the faculty, Mr. Conant felt that such banquets as had been connected with Class Day for several years were becoming too great an expense to Senior Classes and advised 1903 to adopt a simpler style. The Class of '03 therefore changed Class Day to a day-time observance in Academy chapel, serving light refreshments to class and faculty in Room K. Later classes have followed the same custom, except that they have served the refreshments to all their guests, thereby making the expense quite equal to that of a banquet. 1903, through its president, Isaac Laude, presented to the school, busts of Washing- ton and Lincoln, and reliefs of Thorwaldsen's "Night" and "Morning" in medallion form, for the decoration of upper chapel. During the year 1902-'03, the Alma Mater song of E. F. A. was composed by Miss Florence Vollbrecht, now Mrs. Frank -I. Allen, of Sharon, Pa. The words were set to the Thuringer Volkslied music. Miss Vollhrecht was obliged to leave school on account cfillness, but in the song so often sung has left a memorial that should keep her frequently in mind. In Mr. Conant's report to the Superintendent for 1902-'03, he gave a table of representa- tive cities of New York and neighboring states, proving that E. F. A. has the largest percentage of enrolment in proportion to the population of the city, also the largest number of students to each teacher. The former item is a matter for pride, the latter, for regret. With the opening of the fall term, the Freshmen were farmed out, 165 being placed in Grammar School No. 2, and 84 in Grammar School No. 3, leaving 459 upper classmen registered at E. F. A. proper, which still exceeded its seating capacity. This arrangement relieved the congestion somewhat, but was undesirable in many ways, especially as regards school spirit. Music as a regular subject of instruction was introduced this year, under the capable leadership of Mr. George Morgan McKnight. This applies to upper classmen. The Fresh- men are under the direction of the Supervisor of Music tor the grades. The music has proved a highly desirable addition. That year the library was moved from Room 25 to 22, 26 was made into a physics laboratory, the geological specimens were moved from "M"f-now Room 30--fto the chapel, and "M" equipped for a biological laboratory. This was the third purpose to which that room had been turned, but not the last. ln November, Mr. Davis of the faculty organized a school orchestra, which was a pop- ular feature for rhetorical programs. This organization lasted for more than two years, dis- banding for lack of place for rehearsals. During its existence it played very creditably for two Arbor Days and one performance of the girls' minstrels. The Arbor Day of 1904 was a particularly festive occasion. Mr. Fassett made the ad- dress of the day. His name guarantees the quality of the speech. Following the usual exercises, about one hundred white-robed girls gave an elaborate drill on the South lawn under the direction of Miss Grace Foster, teacher of elocution. The school orchestra played for the drill. The tree planted that year was named for Miss Minna B. Phelps, who had accepted an appointment in the East Orange High School for the next year and would leave E. F. A. in June after thirteen years in the faculty. Miss Phelps was both an able and a popular teacher. lt is Elmira's misfortune that a woman of Miss Phelps's ability and personality could not have been offered sufficient inducement to remain. The 1904 Commencement was held in Hedding Church, because the Lyceum had burned during the year. An Assembly to fill the place the Adelphics relinquished as the open debating society of E. F. A., was organized November 7, 1904. lts constitution makes girls as well as boys eligible to membership. This may not be generally understood, in any case, no girls thus far have joined. The Assembly died out after a time, but was reorganized April 11, 1906. The meet- ings are held in the Academy building. Miss Herrick conducted a class in domestic science during 1904-'05, and served oc- casional suppers to fortunate guests, who sampled the toothsome viands prepared by the class. This is E. F. A.'s only approach to modern practical methods of training hand as well as head. The English Reading students, on February 14th, had an informal gathering, to which each student contributed at least one original valentine. Some very clever artistic work was the result. So great was the interest that for two succeeding years these parties were repeated, being an oasis in the social desert. In 1908, no room was available, so the custom was dis- connnued. - E. F. A's famous baseball nine of 1905 had a record of but one defeat in two years. That, unfortunately was at the hands of their dearest foe, Cook Academy. The return game, how- ever, was a brilliant retaliation. Pitcher Mack let not a single Cook player reach first base. Such a feat has been accomplished but two or three times even in the national league. The 1905 Class was the largest ever graduated from E. F. A., containing 99 members. lt had been hoped that the rebuilt Lyceum would be ready by Commencement time, but, as it was not, Hedding Church was again used. On this occason, the first award of D. A. R. prizes was made. ln the previous fall, the Chemung Chapter D. A. R. offered two prizes to E. F. A. students for the best essay on assigned historic themes, the third and fourth year students com- peting for a 10 dollar prize, the first and second year students for a 5 dollar prize. These prizes have been continued to date and have been an incentive to good work. The awards have been as follows: 19054-Lester R. Carrier, '05. Marie Beach, '07, 1906--Mary Elizabeth Fairbanks, '06, Donald Beardsley, '09, 1907 fEthel Housman, '07, Jennie Myer, '10, 1908--Anna Marie Goetz, '08, Agnes Harrison, '11, Jessie Howell, '08, Honorable Mention. Margaret Jennings, '08. Dorothy Pickering, '08. The 1905 syllabus required eighteen hours a week recitation or laboratory work of each student and increased the number of counts necessary for graduation, adding a few each year until 1909, when 72 counts are required. The passing mark was correspondingly lowered to 1903 1903 1903 1904 1904 1905 1905 1905 1905 1906 1907 1908 1905 'fr IIILQ ' I 'all Alf"-.-f-mi-ftiilir'-iii! lg 1905 1905 1906 1906 1906 1907 1907 1907 1908 1908 91' YHT5 T- f5":- ... ' ' 60 per cent., being with Freshmen of 1905. The Class of 1909 will be the first graduated on the new standard. pl-.. The Girl's Athletic Association, organized by Miss Cromer of the faculty in the fall of 1905, gave its lirst minstrel performance in St james Hall, Nov. 29, 1905. The school orches- tra played for the songs. It was an unqualified success. In this way, money was earned for a tennis court laid out on the Academy lawn and for a basket ball team's equipment. The girls had cross country runs, hare and hound chases, and did excellent athletic work. Feb- ruary 12, 1901, a second minstrel performance was given by the girls in the same hall. This was equally successful and reflected great credit on the participants, and upon their trainers, Miss Cromer and lvlr. 0'brien. The increased requirements in the course of study have inter- fered to a great extent with thefgirlsxathletics. Miss Foster conducted a dramatic class-,during '05 -'06, which contributed to the rhe- toricals scenes from the Shakespeare plays studied in the English classes. This was not only interesting, but helpful. At the closing rhetorical program before Christmas vacation, December 22, 1905, this class very creditably presented "The Cool Collegians." Miss Gardner of the faculty deserves credit for organizing the second Mandolin Club, which, under Mr. Knapp's leadership, did excellent work for about two years, giving public entertainments as well as helping at rhetoricals. In January of 1906, Miss uaggett organized a Glee Club of about thirty mixed voices, which furnished occasional musical treats to the school the remainder of the school year. It was highly commended by Mr. McKnight. ln 1906, E. F. A. was again called upon to lose a principal, as Mr. Conant received a flattering offer from the High School of Holyoke, Mass. his last Commencement was held in the new Lyceum, where, during the exercises, the school presented him with a large silver loving-cup in token of their love and regret. The Senior president, Crissy K. Ball, made the presentation speech. Mr. Conant was exceptionally popular with E. F. A. students, and, in turn, he is able to say that E. F. A. is dearer to him than any other school he has ever taught. His administration revived the custom of Senior Class gifts to the school, observed earlier in the days of reunions. Class plays now furnished the means. Pictures, busts, bas-reliefs, medallions, a clock, and the like, are among the late gifts. The earlier ones have been already mentioned. He also revived the sending of scholarship reports to parents. In earlier days these were sent weekly, now, every fifth week. In his day, laboratory work was extended to all sciences. He encouraged decorating chapel walls with scenes from various colleges, pre- sented by former graduates to enlist interest in their college. He was a born executive. School spirit grew rapidly and greatly under Mr. Conant's magnetic leadership. He celebrated athletic seasons at their close, encouraged songs and yells at games, and fired enthusiasm by example. He encouraged visits from college presidents and famous speakers visiting the city. Indeed he brought the student body together frequently before the division of the school, despite the crowded conditions 5 and later, he called the upper classmen together every few days. In these ways, he made the school more nearly one in spirit than it has ever been since it began growing into a larger city high school. A CHAPTER X. PRIN. PARKER'S ADMINISTRATION, 19069- Mr. Francis R. Parker of Cortland Normal succeeded Mr. Conant. Despite universal regret for Mr. Conant's leaving, the school gave Mr. Parker the most cordial reception it has ever accorded an incoming principal. . In December, Mr. Winslow of the faculty organized a Boys' Glee Club of twenty mem- bers, which lasted until rehearsals began for the boys' minstrels the following spring. Their singing was much enjoyed. Principal and Mrs. Parker made a delightful innovation in February of 1907 by giving a reception to me seniors, faculty, and Board of Education. The office and library were quite transformed. The president of the Senior Class, Mr. Leo Neagle, and the Vice-President, Miss Marbury Clark, assisted in receiving. A program was given in upper chapel, and refreshments were served in the library. It stands alone in E. F. A. history. About six weeks after the girls, second minstrels, the boys of the Athletic Association gave minstrels, April 3rd and 4th, at St. james hall. So great was their success that they repeated the entertainment in Watkins a week or two later, and again in May at Rorick's for the benefit of the Loyal Temperance Legion. ' In 1907, Room K was again transformed, this time into a biological laboratory, as the small room upstairs was outgrown. The No. 2 Freshmen have held a dance in Industrial Hall two years in succession and the No. 3 Freshmen have held similar functions in Miller's Hall, but the school building has become absolutely divorced from sociability. In 1908, the Ifreshmen orchestra played for the Senior play and for Commencement. It was, for these occasions, composed of Ifreshmen from both annexes. Its playing was highly commended. The retirement of Miss Herrick from the science department to become the wife of the Rev. W. H. Chapman ofthis city near the close of the year 1907 '08, was a serious loss to E. F. A. For fourteen years her efficient service had helped to build up the reputation of the Academy Not only professionally, but personally, Miss Herrick was an uplifting influence in the school. The Class of '09 made an exceptionally wise choice of president for its Senior year. William J. Brownlow, a young man of versatile talents and great executive ability, early gave the class a reputation for doing things. The Senior reception, the E. F. A. Year Book, and the School Seal, emanated from his fertile brain and were made possible by his indefatigable efforts. The Senior reception to the entire school, faculty, and alumni, February 26th, was a brilliant social event. Federation Hall was an ideal place, and the function was so ably man- aged that congenial entertainment was provided for all tastes. It was the first attempt in years to bring the entire school together in a social way and deserved the success that attended it. The school has never had a seal, and it was Mr. Brownlow's idea that the Class of 1909 might supply that lack. He designed a very attractive and appropriate seal, which was made by the Warren Company. The motto chosen for it is from 1-Iorace: "Exegi monumentum aere perennius"A"I have reared for myself a monument more enduring than bronze." Thus the old school speaks of the lasting fame heaped up for her by her sons and daughters, whose worthy lives are her best monuments. The seal is now used on the Vindex, on school banners, and school stationery. The "Year Book" is the first ever published in E. F. A. Coming, as it does, on the semi- centennial of the Free Academy, a history of the school has seemed a desirable feature. A deplorable lack of records has made the collection of material a stupendous undertaking. For that very reason, it has been thought best to make this history more detailed than was the first intention, as it would soon be impossible to verify some facts, barely obtainable now, and there should be some place where these facts about the dear old school are on record. Once more, in 1909, the school athletes came to the financial aid of their association with minstrels given very successfully April 22nd and 23, and repeated April 30th, wiping out the debt of the association. This time the new Federation Hall was the scene. On the afternoon of April 24th, it looked for a time as if E. F. A. might soon be homeless. A fire, evidently caused by spontaneous combustion among the chemicals, ruined the chemical laboratory, but fortunately the damage was almost entirely confined to that brick-lined room. Fortunately it was on Saturday, which eliminated the danger of injury to any student. A celebration of the fiftieth anniversary, the fifteenth of next September, should bring back, for an "Old School Week," hundreds of the graduates, now numbering 1694, not count- ing the Class of 1909. The school has had a history of which any graduate may be proud. For many years, it has stood in the front rank in New York State 3 and some, at least, of its depart- ments have a wide-spread reputation, students from them being complimented on their prepa- ration by colleges all over the country. It is to be hoped that Elmira will soon wake from her indifference, to realize that such a school deserves housing in a modern, properly equipped building such as other cities provide for far less worthy schools, with facilities for up-to-date, practical departments now crowded out which will enable old E. F. A. to rank, where otherwise it belongs, with the foremost high schools in the country. fwfr W7 ADDENDA The statement about the fate of the Baldwin Street Academy building was made on supposedly good authority. Later investigation convinces the writer that the build- ing was removed to 312 State Street where it is now used as a machine shop by J. M. Moffett. The roof was burned, but replaced, several years ago. The arrangement of win- dows differs from that in the picture, but the inside walls still show plainly where the ends of the pews rested against them in the days when the building was used as a church. So the old building, tho' much changed, still stands. An item of considerable interest was learned too late for insertion in its proper con- nection. The Class of 1869, will go down in history as the "Calico Class." One of its mem- bers writes: "Several of the brightest girls being unable to appear in all the 'fuss and feathers' of graduation gowns, etc., the classfnumberirig many daughters of well-to-do citizens -decided to spend no more than one dollar or two for their outfit. Mine cost 69 cents!" The girls of '69 certainly deserve credit for their good sense and consideration. 1908-'39 1909 1909 1909 rn . . , . I' v ,', IQ' Na' 'lf' I ,' V-.if".a , lg, , ,, X . - 1'lT'lE.'X nh A Academy wi hm for New , P lmlll mx A 1 4 41 'ff' J-4 1 J I me if .w fn , :ML . - kiiwafvf- netsw! Class Pm 1909 42 54714. 1:21a F 'rf' Testa? WILLIAM JACKSON BROWNLOW HBiuH Our honored president. Salute! Early in his school life this well- known young man from Frog Hollow showed a hustling tendency. Ever since then he has continued to hustle and he has done the afore-men- tioned thing so fast that the breath has nearly been taken away from us all, especially those who are trying to keep up. Well, the old school hardly knows itself these days with everybody chasing around planning dances, plays and class books all in one breath. Success to you William! We hope you will always succeed as you have here! Kl'17'in. Pros. of Class. Reception cT0HUl'11.ffl'l7. A 1 . . . rl Erhtor oj Class Book. 1 FRANK FARMAN ABBOTT. Frank has distinguished himself by keeping on the good side of the teachers and having his lessons well. By doing this he has managed to hold down a seat in the back of chapel for nearly a year, though he was sent out one day for laughing at one of his own jokes. He has not, however, distinguished himself in other ways sufficiently to get a nickname good enough for this book so he'll have to go without one, poor fellow! If he's lucky, when he gets out of here, Frank will prob- ably become a minister. ,-llplzlz Zclu. FRANK WILLIAM ALDRIDGE. nBudH "Bud's" real name is Franklin but luckily, to relieve the monotony, we could call him "Bud." He has been known as a grind, but some teachers advise us not to say that of him, since we were trying to get as near the truth as possible. However, all joking aside, he is a favorite with the ladies and many a broken heart does he leave behind him on his journey through E. F. A. I.fm1lvdl1 Signzlx. liccvptiuzz Cmmnittcv. IDA S. BAKER. Ida, the Whisperer! A visitor upon going into the library, might take her for Miss Hill, as she sits with dignity at the latter's desk. But the position is not such an elevated one as it might seem. The following lilies characterize her work. "Ida Baker's as smart as steel: She knows it backwards and frontwards and head over heel." -7 cMostly the latter., FLORENCE BALDWIN. Was there ever a girl that didn't like Florence? Was there ever a boy that really knew her? A quiet lass she is, to be sure! Five years in the Academy! But what of that? just watch Florence ride horseback. She is desperately fond of all sorts of wild and domestic beasts, and we predict for her the distinguished career of an animal trainer, a bareback rider, or possibly a circus girl. GERTRUDE M. BANKS. "Gert." She s a pretty good girl when she once gets to school- But she's absent or late as the general rule. What's commendable in Gertrude is the fact that she has never fallen down during her wild dashes up the aisle half a second after the ringing of the tardy bell. "Gert." has actually thought of taking up Domestic Science, but we advise her to give it up. She would never remember to take her cakes out of the oven until they had begun to burn. 7 DONALD PETTIT BEARDSLEY. "Don." This shining light of the senior class first saw the light of day in the big city of Elmira in 1891. At first he showed a marked tendency for work, but he soon outgrew this, and consequently is now our best example of a gentleman of leisure. He started out to be a lady hater, but when he didn't fuss the girls, they fussed him, so he just couldn't help going around with them you see. We predict a brilliant future for this young man in some easy line of work where there is a good chance for"bluff", for instance, a Latin Professor or Quack Doctor. Iitlilvrflvz-K 'Iliff of C'lf1sx Iihmlc. ,itil-107'-1411-flllitff of l'l'll1it'.Y. Tnwzxzmv iff- Suuiur l'luxx, Fluxs Play Cwnnziltvv. Ltlllllllfll Signzu. KATHERINE E. BEECHER. "Kassy." "Are you sure it wont put you out a bit?" All who know Katherine have heard her say this no less than fifty times. Will she ever learn the way Of the world,f-"Take all you can get, doing as little as possible" No, there's no danger of that. All the arguing in the world would fail to make Katherine change her views. But cheer up! We like it! lfupptl Sigum. L. VERE BENSON. "Benny." Well, anyone may see Benny's smiling face about three seats from the back and right next to the girls most any day of the year. From that point of vantage he keeps the teachers busy trying to locate that peculiar squeaky noise that is heard so often in chapel. But we won't tell on you, Benny, not for the world! We only hope you can continue to guess right in history forthe rest of the year, that's all. Wm. HENRY BLAUVELT. "Hank," It certainly is fine to be as popular with the teachers as Hank is. Why he hadn't been in chapelamonth before they made him come right down in front where they could see him all the time! Hank, however, is very eloquent and when he grows to'be a man will doubtless be heard in the senate arguing about the tariff, one of his favorite topics. lfdifur Kllzm litwlu. 4 - ,' '-4,15 tl'-,lift 1' ' i L JULIA VAILE BROOKS. if-Iulill Hail! Our secretary! What would the President do without his right hand helper? Julia has always had the reputation of being a grind, but don't over estimate her. Under the training Julia is now receiving in every line imaginable, the time is not far distant when she will reach, like the rest of us, the stage of mortality. But hurry up, julia! lfujvfm .gliglllth N'ur'i'1i1rl1' Nbrzzkfr Vlizsx. 6'1u.s's llixlurzlizz. lffflilnr Vlizm HENRIETTA BROOKS. "Henny." Here's to the girl with a voice! Henny is a great spieler. In fact that's her strong point! She can talk 'loud enough to interest the whole chapel, she can talk low enough to interest only her neighbor across the aisle, Again, if she hasn't her lessons, her tongue will come to the rescue. With this in view, Henrietta studies less every year she goes to school. Here's to hoping she finishes this year. JOSEPH W. BUCK. HJ'oe.H "joe" has made his hi-t in Virgil. I-Ie always manages to make one whether he is called on or not, that is one of some sort, it doesn't matter what. However, just to show that we aren't jealous of him we will tell some- thing good about him. He never stays out of school, never has any "aids" to his translation and never loses his temper, that is unless provoked. In a few years when he tinally departs from E. F. A., joe will be run- ning a large printing establishment whose sole output will be "horses." qllfvlm Zrliz. lizrnnzwx .llumzgvr Class Bank. HELEN M. BURNS. "Nellie." A true patriot of the class, a girl that's always ready for a fine time, and one that's willing and dependable,-w this is Nellie for you! She delivered the Arbor Day oration for us when we were juniors, illustriously up- holding the class of '09, She's one of the belles of the school, her motto appearing to be, "Off with the old, on with the new!" If her address cannot be found at any time, just telephone her in the library. junior :l rlrur Huy Omlur. Class Huy Camnzilicu. FLORENCE LOUISE CALKIN S. "Chick." Her motto "A girl in the kitcken is worth two in the parlor." If Florence is a fair example of the "kitch- en girl," we'll all have to admit there's more truth than poetry in her motto. She has her heart set on Domestic Science and we thank our lucky stars that there are people whose energy bends in this direction. Florence wears the smile that won't wash off. Genial, hearty, true. Ixlzppu Szfgnzztz, .-lrlmr Huy l'nnzu1iItvr'. JOHN BURT CLARK. "Burt." Yes, John Burt is his full name. It sounds well doesn't it? But you can't always judge bya name, you always want to ste your man first. Well Burt is pretty good at getting there though. He can just reach his seat from the back of chapel by means of one of his strides, so he has quite an advantage. We all hold our breath as he dashes through the door with the tardy bell ringing overhead but with a confident smile he lands in his seat everytime just before it stops. - If vlf 'i zz. JOHN JOSEPH CONROY. "Johnnie" is a boy noted for his golden hair and rosy cheeks. He is a great science shark, always boring into some new scientific mystery and he is never to be left far behind in mathematics. He is the man who attracts the ladies so much and is thought to be quite a "fusser." john also has some aspirations as a singer. We wish him success in the coming years and do not doubt but that he will make good. .'l4fL'lf71li1.'. HELEN ROWENA COOLBAUGH. "Cooley." 1 Here's the motto of one of the jolliest girls that ever struck E. F. A! "Talk while you may And giggle all the way!" We always think of Cooley as a born clown, an inces- sant talker, and a future actress. Sometimes we can't appreciate her jokes, because they are too deep, possibly. However, the spirit is the same, and we cannot be in her presence two minutes without Ending it contagious. MERTON B. COONS. Although Coons came from Owego, N. Y., he is not such a "Ruben" as might be supposed. On his arrival he was rather bashful with the girls but now since he has had good environments and good associates he has become a man to be proud of. He is a general favorite among the weaker sex and if he keeps up the good work he has begun in E. F. A. in his later life we are sure he will make his mark high in the world. GLADYS CRANDALL. Gladys bears the reputation of being a chatter box- now isn't that terrible? Ithaca has a great attraction for her. We suppose it's because she is so interested in co-education. She has always been very enthusiastic about this line of education, as well as the physical culture of the tongue. Gladys is usually seen with a bunch of youngsters tagging at her heels. We see where she will be popular as a chaperone after she takes the fatal plunge. .-ldclplziu. Vicv-l'rcsidwzt junior Cllzxs. H4 ' ' s '. -efmflifittl MARY LILLIAN CURTIS. GERTRUDE M. CUNNINGHAM. "Gert." This is a good place to state that Gertrude is not a grind in any sense of the word, as those who know her least might imagine by the way she often appears to be poring over a book. Those who know the little one best, always picture her as skipping here and there, up stairs and down, never still a moment. If Gert is in need of any one thing, it's a pair of Wings. Three years ago there entered the Academy building a tiny girl, ambitious but timid. During these three years Mary has changed in some respects although she has grown but little. She still declares that she would rather beard a lion in his den than meet a teacher com- ing up the aisle. But with all this timidity she has contracted a weakness for giggling which we fear is chronic. However, we can allow that, since she is a good student and a conscientious worker. GERTRUDE EMORETTE DAGGETT. "Dooty." You see it is just this way :--Gertrude entered the Academy as a member of the class of 1908. After two years of work, however, she craved a more cultivated atmosphere, thereupon she migrated to Boston where she spent the greater part of a year. It was with great sadness she returned to this prosaic burg and joined the class of 1909. Immediately, however, her good spirits returned when she discovered the merits of this illustrious class and now she is one of the leading lights of '09, FLORENCE LOUISE DOBBERSTINE. Here's one of the many jolly people in our class who, as the name implies, is always ready for a good time. Although she has spent several years in E. F. A., Florence is a very good member of the class and makes every occasion jolly by her presence. However, we are sure that she will make a model housewife and that it will not be many years before some fine youth will find this quality in her to his everlasting comfort. MAR JORIE BOARDMAN DRAKE. "Stub," We don't know whether it is best to give Stub a write up c r just let her picture speak for itself. Her particular hobbies are dogs, horses, automobiles and boys, partic- larly the last. She likes to be called "the widow" so we will be real obliging and call her that. Stub is a bully nice girl but if she doesn't chase around more we predict a fat and lazy old age for her sans des hommes comme il faut. ,'lf!1'1j'l1z11. lfflflifr P11155 lfmwlc. Kt'L't'f7f1'lHl C'u11mzillt'v. HAZEL ELLIS. The subject of this sketch you will probably recognize as the one to whose music we are occasionally compelled to listen. Hazel is a great musician gon the mouth organl. She likes very well to air her knowledge, of French, but it's noticed that she always talks it to some one who is not able to understand it at all, probably be- cause it could not be recognized as French by one who knew. Hazel is always meeting some "just stunning" fellow, and here's hoping she catches one. r lim' f4l7lIIll11-HIT. SARAH FRIEDMAN. Sarah is one of our good students, who has the dis- tinction of having an average of 90 or above. This is an enviable record to have and probably more than one "Would-be student" would be glad to be as secure of a place on the honor list as Sarah is! What a shame that Sarah didn't live in the time of Titian, for surely that great artist, would be glad to have her for a model for his paintings. HARRY GINSBURG. Harry has always been of a very mischievous turn of mind during his days with us. He can usually be found in the hall concocting some new plan for the annoyance of his fellow students, but when not engaged in this fruitful occupation he is generally chasing around borrowing someone's books to use. Whenever he is seen around with that smile of his, which is pretty often, you can always be sure that someone is going to find something gone wrong. We predict that he will be in the secret service when he leaves school. STEPHEN R. GRISWOLD. "Steve." Long, long ago during grammer school days, Stephen was an "awful clip." But one day, sad to relate, he was caught skipping school. It was a lovely june day, but never the less he was put to bed and made to take bitter dope. Since that time, he has been the quiet lad we all know. "Spare the rod and spoil the child." they say. Perhaps that is why we have such a model of perfection in this fair haired heart breaker W for such he is. In his unsophisticated mind, he doesn't realize what havoc he is raising among his lady friends. We wouldn't worry Steve for worlds but he must stop his fussing. .'lsx'! li11s1'm'xx .llmnzgvr fflixxs Hunk. l.fm1lnll1 Signm. STELLA MURIEL GULICK. All the Latin "Studes" will know that Stvllu means mir. Perhaps this is what this little maid has in her mind for she enjoys dazzling our eyes with dressy gowns. If your aspirations do run in that direction, Stella, we wish you success and when you appear as a rival to Helen Grace, you may count on the survivors of'09 to support you! ELEANOR VERONICA HACKETT. Her name is misleading, for it is long enough to satisfy a six footer and she is far from that. The First impres- sion one has of her is that she is a quiet little girl, but what a mistake, she is talking, talking, always talking and naturally she is the one that gets "sat-on" in chapel, but let us hope that Eleanor's dignity will increase with her years. ALMA KATHRYN HADE. You can easily see that this is a very bright girl. She has passed four years of good work in E. F. A., and can always look back with pleasure on her high school life. Still, Alma has one fault and while we tremble to dis- close it, still we hope it will be an object lesson to students in general. Alma lives very near the Academy building, and yet she has the hardest time in the world getting there on time. We hope that as years wear on, she may overcome this sad fault. LILLIAN BULKLEY HART. Mum's the word! This is one of our model students qPerhaps they aren't as numerous as they might be.b Lillian has never been known to do anything she ought not to do, which is very remarkable in this day of the world. She has never thrown a note, been sent out of class and strange as it may seem, she never has even smiled across chapel at a boy. The above facts are given just to show that there are some people in E. F. A. who walk the straight and narrow path. , Q My . 'iii-. i ROBERT HEDGES. "Bobbie." Born and bred in the rural districts he migrated to the city to enlarge his intellect and prepare his mind for greater things. Always quick to catch on to new ideas he made a decided success in his studies chiefly, how- ever, before corning to E. F. A Bob is what might be termed a first-handed second- hander. He is original but left-handed. We expect Bob will put a M. D. after his name in the near future. Kvl-:'im1. Rfwplimz fqHHlllI1.llt'1', we FLORENCE AD ELAIDE I-IILDRETH. Ladies and gentlemen, allow us to introduce to you the gifted member of our class. She comes from a family of musicians and we expect her to make a name for herself in the future. Ask anyone who has had music in upper chapel this year and they will vouch for her ability. For who could fail to be impressed by the sweet, rich tones of her contralto voice! We feel safe predicting for Florence, a successful career on the concert stage. 7 N ELMER J. HOFFMAN. GKHUHYIH When "Huffy" was a freshman he was pretty awful green but in the last few years he has risen from an awk- ward, bashful, blushing lad to a young man who has become good-looking and lost his timidity when in the presence of ladies. He is not only a good student but a loyal classmate. He is the sort of a fellow that you can depend on. We wish him success in the years to come and hope that if he ever gets to be a noted horse doctor or any thing of the sort he will not forget his less fortunate classmates. lx l 111. l'.1lilnrl'I11xs lfnnlc. EDITH LOUESE HOWELL. "Bill." It taxes our ability to write of the charms of this fair maid. It can easily be seen that she is a very particular young person when she insists upon spelling her middle name with an "e" instead of an Hi." But Bill, in spite of being so particular in this way, is not so particular, we fear, with her studies and it was some time before she decided to be with us in the general b.lowout at the end of the year. We congratulate her for sticking with US. .'llfl'1fV1If1l. HARRY YORK ISZARD. llHedgy-H When Harry lirst started in the Academy, he was a bashful little rolly polly lad. At that distant date shred- ded wheat biscuits were his hobby, and girls his horror. Since those freshman days, Hedgy has changed wonder- fully. On account of his weight, he still gets stuck oc- casionally in a narrow school seat, and he still wears the "Tell me what you eat and I'll tell you what you are expressions," but he no longer fears the fair sex. We feel assured of I-Iarry's making a fortune if he ever be- comes a veterinary surgeon. His high school records prove that he can operate on a "horse" successfully so we advise him to continue in this same line of work f?B. l.t:mlv.lt: Xixqulfl. Swuzlv' l'l.1x.v l'!.1j' fiUllIllIIAffl'l'. opposite sex. xl. 1 his JAMES J. KILKELLY. KlJim.H jim is blessed with three virtues, he is spunky, smart and studious. With three such fine qualities as these jim has passed through three years of school life and let us hope he will get through the fourth as well. One thing that has hindered his progress in his last year is his tendency to furnish tablets for his friends in the back of chapel. This is costing him quitealitt1e,but we hope he will learn a lesson by it. But remember it is "More blessed to give than to receive." MARY SEARLES JENKINS Mary is one of our quiet girls, and she usually has lessons in a way that delights her teachers hearts, but nevertheless, it has been rumored that sometime or an other in her life, she was disappointed in love, still one can't always tell. This may account for her devotion to study and her heedlessness to the charms of the ANITA CATHERINE KLUGE. Here is a buxum maid who will never have any trouble making new friends in this world. She is as jolly as one can wish and if you want a good laugh, just go and speak to Anita, she will help you get over the blues. We are sorry to say that Anita seems to have walkeda crooked path in her high school career for she was always being called to the desk or having private interviews in the office. MARIE KRAFT. When you look at Marie, you wonder how any girl so sweet looking could have taken five years to graduate but when you know her, you realize that but a small fraction of her time is given to studying. Indeed, it seems that each night at the close of school she is "busy" and nearly every morning too. Her talents-are various and diverse, but she is an adept in acting as a target for "cupid's" arrows. However her plans for the future are as yet undecided but her friends hope and trust that she will not allow such genius to smoulder in obsurity. CLARENCE R. KROWL. "Krowlie" is quite an expert at bowlingespecially at late hours Saturday nights. At this he has madeagreat success as well as at mathematics. But his fondness for both is equal. Why he would just as soon make a strike any day as work out a binomial theorem! But aside from this he has a great reputation as a lady killer, and no doubt will keep it. JOSEPH LAVINE. "joe" is quite a star in oratory. He has one of those rolling voices so much liked by all the teachers. Another thing that makes him a favorite with them is his absolute ignorance of anything pertaining to a lesson. If he is asked a question in class he always shakes his head with his indefatigable smile which is especially endear- ing. sm'ii1I1'm1 FLORENCE LEARY. Here we see Florence, fair, small but not quite forty. But it would not do to be accurate. Although she is not an athletic girl she is very much interested in baseball and other sports. Her future is not quite decided, but as she is very delicate, she will likely attend a Physical Culture school to restore the health which a few years of hard study has quite impaired. WARREN D LEARY This lad is quite a puzzle Although h1s pal 0 B joyful is always with him he crm be serious This oc casionally happens in his debates with the faculty Moreover we cannot quite understand how he came by his nickname as he never is going to In but always 1X As chief magistrate of the Junior class of '08 he was a star. His inaugural address was a masterful little piece of oratory and the way in which he conducted his meet ings was marvelous. Order, order everywhere but not a bit at hand seemed to be his motto As a hustler there are none better Advlplzir. .QLHIDT I lass lim I 011111111141 l'rvsif1'w1t of ,lznziur I lux Ninlizm 4 1 'KI h ELEANOR MAGEE. "Nell." This shy young miss you will probably recognize as that streak of blue you have so often seen flying through the chapel. All the fellows are "crazy" over Nellg but there's only one who has any chance rwe won't tell who.J Her chief characteristic is her punctuality, but for all this we urge her to start about a week before, to get ready for the Commencement Exercises. Then she may possibly get there on time. I-Iere's hoping she does. lX',1Nm Sigulfl. l'1'rv-l'nw1'fz11 NVIIIUV' I lizxx. hzrlx li.:.wl.w'l Hull TUIIII. Vltrsx Flux' f'nnm11llf'r rv t QJ M X iii LE NA BELLE LOGAN. Lena B. Logan was born in the city of Elmira, the date of the year being unknown. Being a little brighter than all the children of the neighborhood, she was sent to school at the age of six. In a few years she had astonished the educational world by the readiness with which she took to "learning" and the manner in which she always strove for a good mark. Now that she is about to graduate from E. F. A. she intends to take advantage of the 'thigher education" and attend college. I HAZEL MARVIN. Rather tall, but fair, Hazel bears the dignity of a Senior very well and indeed is far more dignified than formerly when she was only a Junior who did not care when she graduated. But now that she is a Senior she feels more than ever the honor thus conferred upon her only after a few years hard work. However, everyone who knows Hazel will acknowledge there is something fascinating about her. C. LOUISE MATHEW S. "Weezy." To some, Louise is the image of dignity and reserve, but when one becomes one of the "inner circle" of her acquaintances, she appears far different. Her reserve melts as it were, like dew before the summer sun. Louise is a favorite with the teachers in one way, that is, she is a good soul on whom to vent their wrath, when the idea possesses them. Many a time has "Weezy" taken a front seat in class and many a time has she stayed after school at the request of some teacher. Nevertheless she is good hearted and takes everything that comes her way. Nuf Sed. lxlrfjm Sigma. X J. W Www JULIA AYER MINIER. One of the few of our members that come from out of town, Julia has until recently gone back and forth every day from Big Flats. How strange that one living so few years near Big Flats should find so much to learn in an Elmira school! Be that as it may, she was welcomed into our class in the second year and has stood by it as one of its faithful and loyal members. However, lately her studies have been neglected somewhat because her attention has been turned into directions more inter- esting than books or traveling. .'ldC1f7l11'm1. , ' sf . JAMES M. MURRAY. Hpiglii "Pig" is alright although he never has much to say. He is the man who believes in getting in school at the last moment but he usually gets there. He has a very fetching manner of walking when in a hurry which may be termed the "Kangeroo gait." Jimmie has two excellent qualities. He is a strong temperance advocate and a woman hater. His greatest problem is "how to get from the recitation room to his seat without meet- ing a girl." Cheer up girls, some day Jimmie will out- grow this. CELIA ESTELLA NEWMAN. "Cel." This young lady in our class seems to be rather distant to some of the Seniors, and still remains in lower chapel and likes it better than in upper chapel. What can the reason be? However the time may come when Celia will explain the reason for her long stay with the Sophs, and then the mystery will be revealed. Nevertheless she is always light hearted and greets each and every one of us with a pleasant smile, and then we can rightly say "Look out lovingly upon the world and the world will look in lovingly upon you." LUCY VIOLA NEWMAN. Although not quite so mischievous and cunning as her sister, Lucy has plenty of it in her still, but perhaps she will get over her mischievousness followed by shouts of laughter by the time she receives her diploma. Al- though this young lady is not particularly adapted to study she gets along fairly well and often makes brilliant recitations especially in Virgil class. Be that as it may, sometime and before long Lucy will make a mark in this world in whatever line of work it may be whether she becomes a teacher, actress or artist. FREDRICK NILSON. "Fritz." This handsome youth has in some way managed to get on the roll of the Senior Class. We never see him work so think he must have a pull somewhere. Fritz has a smile which approaches very near to being a "built in" one. Never mind Fritz, there are lots of girls who like smiles, and you may have some chance. 1x'cl1'iu. Ediwr Class Book. NELLY NOONAN. This studious little miss who never 'fails to recite upon any subject is much interested in history and spends hours on her lessons but does she not get her reward? If some were half as interested in books as Nelly, not a teacher could be discouraged for when one sees her smiling countenance and sparkling eye, she is spurred on to be cheery and light hearted also. Furthermore, Nelly will make a mark in this world by her cheerfulness, generosity and kindly feeling toward all about her for surely one blessed by all such qualities cannot but help it. N her? LENA ALTA PARKER. Lena Parker known as the quietest girl in the Senior Class has spent all of her school life in Elmira. She is a person who is not disturbed from the even tenor of her way by mere thunder and lightning or men, which usually disturb the peace of mind and heart of the fair sex. We are sure, however, that she will make a future in whatever path it may be, a glorious success. SADIE PANIMO One of those quiet girls, commonly known as "Sate" has more in her than has yet been revealed She is such that she is the adoration of all about her and though she is studious in school when she is out she is far different and now has b-:come much experienced in candy mak ing, playing the piano and best of all, chatting and visit ing with her "friends However, because of her sweet charming ways, what else could be expected of VIOLET KATHERINE PEARCH. Q With her good natured smile and her kinky hair, Violet is quite an adorable young person. No one ever noticed that she was particularly quiet, in fact she is quite a chatter box, but yet it seems necessary for her to write a countless number of notes. She is somewhat of a fusser and promises to be more of one, if we may be allowed to judge from appearances. l AIMEE MARGUERITE PETERS. Lvrotu Though Aimee sports a French name, it is the only part of her which isn't strictly American. Her ability as a student has been somewhat spoiled by her love of matinees which fall on afternoons when she should be in school. So far Tot has shown her good sense by not liking men, but we fear she is about on the point of surrendering to Cupid's darts, so don't be surprised if you find her following in the footsteps of her giddy friend Nellie. just imagine bashful Aimee as a fusser. . is ELSIE MAY PETZOLD. Of all the girls that graduate from the Academy there are very few that possess as many good qualities as our Elsie. She is rather shy and needs constant coaxing, but her friends, who know her best, have found out her true worth. She is a good worker and we predict success for her. MADELINE PRATT. "Prattie." "Prattie" could never be called either a meek or quiet child. After she is driven from chapel and library for incessant chattering, she usually repeats the little ditty, "Nobody loves me, everybody hates me. I'm going into the garden and eat worms." Her most noticeable characteristic however, is her "grit." She isn't even afraid to teach Virgil when occasion demands. She manages to learn her lessons, and incidentally to forget them, in about half the time the rest of us spend going over ours, and then she gets the credit of being a "bril- liant student." A l film lm! ,NUIIIUV l'l41'1' f10IllUll'llt't', Girls' Bizslcvl 1 lil 1 ftlplzzkz, Class Huy Cwlzuzillvv. If RANK DICKINSON PULFORD. llpuffyll WINIFRED AGNES PRECHTL. "Winnie." "Winnie is a bright, snappy young miss that every one is "just crazy about." Her success at basket ball proves that people don't have to be big to be great, for she's a wonder. We are glad that she is a member of our particular Senior Class for we are proud of her, even though Virgil isn't her fort. Girls' Ui1.wlct'lU41ll THIHI. lhis blushing boy is one of the shining lights of the Senior Class. He is exceedingly bashful and there are fair prospects of seeing "Puffy" wending his way through life without C?J mingling with the gentler sex. He is also a mathematician f?J and has attained great pro- ficiency in this line, which is his hobby. He made his preparation for high school life at Riverside school and came as one of the best representations of his class of '04. Lamlvdtz Sigma. GERALDINE ELIZABETH QUINLIN. Geraldine is just the kind of girl one would be apt to pick out for a friend. People have proved her loyalty by testing her, and as a result her followers are many. Despite the fact that Gerry is a "bluffer", she works once in a while just to prove that she is troubled with indif- ference, not laziness. She has a remarkably good disposition for she lets people "swipe" her fudge, and when they fess up she says, "I didn't want it anyway." You are a good kid, Geraldine and you will make a success, even if you are easy going. RUTH EMILY RILEY. Ruth started out on her career in E. F. A. four years ago not to have anything to do with the boys. But, alas for her high resolves she did not hold this dicision and now behold the broken hearts she is leaving behind! One other thing about Ruth, she has a habit of using an instrument called a "crib," in Virgil, which is under- stood to bean evil device by which pupils slide throu h the E subject easily, absorbing as little as possible on the way. She will probably get them alright though because she has an excellent steel. .-lrlvlplzm. ELIZABETH ROBERTS. Here we see Elizabeth fair and fat before she has attained the dignity of her fortieth birthday. Her two main accomplishments are helping drown out the so- pranos Wednesday mornings and cribbing in German. We commend the first of these but deplore the last, for in this manner, they say, people do get flunks. How- ever we hope for the best from her and expect great things in the line of music. FRED FOSTER ROBERTS. "Freddie" is a graduate of number eight school. This chap, one of the smallest members of the Senior Class has good intentions but he is a. little inclined to make work out of nothing. His attainments in life are too numerous to mention and what de doesn't know about high school education would lill a Carnegie Library. 4 it HELEN LORETTA ROPER. "Herney." I-Iere's the kind of a girl to whom one can go the last minute when she's minus an example, a few lines of Virgil, a topic for History, or a dozen other points. Helen lives up to a motto which is often quoted but seldom practiced by students, "Early to bed and early to rise Makes a girl healthy, wealthy, and wise." INEZ CECILIA ROSEMAN. Inez is one girl in a hundred who fits her name, for she is quite as dear and unusual as it is. She really is a brilliant student without being a grind. We don't predict an intellectual future for her however, she is too good looking. EDWARD HARRISON RUNDELL. "Eddie." He was born during Pres. Harrison's term, after whom he was named. "Eddie" comes to us from school num- ber eight.. He is a talented youth, short in stature, and of great physical activity. One of "Eddie's" great- est ambitions is to be a practical "jokesmith," but his greatest achievement so far is his success in playing the school song on the bridge of his nose. HAZEL RUTAN. From her earliest High School days, Hazel has had a terrible struggle with numbers. She was with us over a year before she fully mastered this very difficult sub- ject. Now, however, she is sailing along in fine shape and can bluff her American History the best of anyone, in the front row. But, leaving all jokes on her scholar- ship aside, she can be seen twice every day running across the front lawn and up the steps in frantic haste to reach her seat in time, which she sometimes does. HARRY BENTON SCHEIRER. Harry was born in Elmira a few years ago, and since then the town has never been lucky enough to get rid of him so consequently his name appears among the Seniors. By the way, Harry thinks of graduating this june. We're not giving our opinion. When he goesin toa class, they always leave the door open for he usually "walks right out again." What will become of Harry is a question, but let us hope for the best. RUTH STOWELL. Some four years ago Ruth entered the Academy and more than once since then she has made her presence manifest by her special act of disturbing the chapel. We are beginning to think that Ruth is a "grind" for she has been known to have a Virgil lesson which is con- sidered a sure sign. When it comes to tennis, Ruth has it all her own way as she has in many other things when boys are concerned, for instance. We are sort of afraid to say much more, Ruth is larger than we you know. .ll1'rljwl11l1, liliilnr Flllxx Bunk, Ixluxx l'rnpl1l'l. ALTA LUCILE TOBEY. ARCHIBALD BAXTER SUTER. "Arch." To look at this charming young gentleman, one would not think he was an Orator but, in fact, he bids fair to equal the fame of Demosthenes. At a class meeting, "Suter" is always ready to offer the noninations with a little speech thrown in. Archie likes the girls but, alas, he is very bashful. This difficulty he hopes to be able to over come and then well! The other fellows won't have any chance. lX't'!7'l-ll. One might know Alta for a long time, and still not realize half her good qualities for new characteristics keep bobbing up serenely all the time. She may be a little bit too conscientious about her work, and a wee bit too "sat" in her desire to play better tennis than other people, and somewhat too good natured for her own welfare, in fact if Alta wasn't quite so nice, and if she had a few more undesirable characteristics, the con- trast would make us appreciate what a peach she is. After a P. G. course, she expects to study domestic science at Rochester. She says she expects to teach, but we rather doubt if she ever does. Film.: ll'iIl. HENRY JACKSON WILLIMAN. Mr. Williman, "Our Singer." Elmira, we believe, is guilty of bringing forth this young man. Early in life he began to think that he was meant for a singer, and to this day he cherishes this delusion. His smile is "that won't come off" variety, but this is better than none. There are many young ladies who do not think the day started right unless they are favored with a sweet smile from Henry. For his voice, we predict a brilliant future grand opera, or even a position in a moving picture show. RALPH EMERSON UNDERWOOD. Some time after the war, Ralph Underwood came on this earthly globe. He early acquired the habit of avoiding the ladies and, sad to relate, has never entirely gotten rid of this foolish custom. Our greatest fear for Ralph is that he may fall in love, but we hope this great calamity can be averted till after he graduates. This he hopes to do within the next decade. ,i4f4'lf'flI'4. K1'l'4'flIl'fIll f.HllIH1l'H1'1'. ERRATA. Through mistake the cuts of Miss Elsie Petzold and Miss Winifred Prechtl were inter- changed at the engravers. W VD E. C -s fl E.. m 'L ,.. L7 CLASS HISTORY The future is read by the past. Therefore it is only necessary that I reveal to you the past of the class of 1909 that you may comprehend our future. On September 5, 1905, we began our high school life, but owing to the crowded con- ditions in the main building we passed our first year in Schools No. 2 and 3. This was in many ways a great disadvantage to us for we could not get well acquainted, still we manifested much school spirit. Each division had a football team and so the students were brought together more or less in attending the games. We each had an orchestra, which proved a great success, and these were the first orchestras ever organized by any Freshman Class. At the close of that year we learned of Principal Conant's resignation and greatly regretted his departure, but re- joiced with him in his success. Mr. Parker was chosen as his successor and has ably filled the position through the remainder of our course. The next year we were all together in the Lower Chapel of the main building. Here we were ever reminded about keeping off the grass and also about whispering between classes. Our main ambition now was to be in upper Chapel that we might hear rhetoricals and other things that were doing there. When at last we did get in Upper Chapel, we held a few meetings and had all our class officers with Warren Leary ror President. We were thus able to watch the Seniors very care- fully. But oh, that class of '08! All they did was to put up their numerals one morning in early Spring. We decided to take them down, but without our knowledge they changed their location and in the dark we were unable to find them. Mr. Parker then came to our rescue and ordered the fellows to take them down. a But the Seniors are really the only ones that make themselves very prominent during the whole year. So after three or four years of hard work we became Seniors, a title that we shall soon relinquish to those following in our footsteps. On September 25th, we held our first class meeting under the name of Seniors and we at once proceeded to the election of officers. This took some time and when the elections were finished they stood as follows: President, William J. Brownlow, Vice-President, Eleanor Magee, ' Secretary, julia V. Brooks, Treasurer, Donald P. Beardsley. At this meeting the question, at first the most important to Seniors, was the matter of pins and so a committee was appointed by the new President. We did not hold another meeting until November 18th, when Miss Godfrey of the Fac- ulty was elected Patron Saint. Then as class colors were proposed quite a discussion arose, but finally brown and gold were selected. The next meeting of importance was February 4th. Ruth Stowell was appointed prophet, julia Brooks, historian, and Madeline Pratt, poet. As the Academy was not the possessor of a school seal, we decided to present it with one and had some difficulty in selecting a motto. Finally we decided upon one from Horace: "Exegi monumentum aere perenniusf' We also decided to edit a Class Book, the first to represent E. F. A. In the meantime the juniors had become rather enthusiastic and placed their '10 num- erals on the ceiling of chapel. But the dear little children of 1910 did not guard their numerals after they were up, and at the close of school the Seniors, with no juniors about to see them do it, removed them without trouble or exertion. It is the policy of our class of '09 to be good and kind to all and so we decided to givea reception to the Faculty, alumni, and underclassmen, including the juniors, on February 26th, in the Federation Hall. And what a success this reception proved to be! Some of the juniors continued with their childish pranks and thought of capturing some of our fellows,the Presi- dent in particular. Mr. Brownlow disguised himself as an old man and the juniors did not recognize him at all as he walked through a crowd of them and so he as well as the others reach- ed the hall in ample time for the reception. This gave the students an opportunity of becom- ing better acquainted with each other and in several instances these acquaintances have ripened into fast friendship. At the meeting on February 11th, the class motto, "To know something of every thing and everything of some thing," was chosen and as class flower, the ox-eyed daisy. The class dues were to be 251.00 to be paid immediately. President Brownlow appointed committees for the play and also for Arbor Day. . The committee for the play finally decided upon "The Elopement of Ellen," which play proved a great success and reflected great credit on the cast. ' Although the last two months of our Senior year are perhaps the busiest, they are also the happiest on account of the excellent Arbor Day program, the celebration of the 50th an- niversary of E. F. A., the Senior play, ClassDay, Commencement, and last but not least, the Senior Banquet. And so in closing, the reception committee should be thanked for their hard work as well as the members of all other committees. Then to Miss Godfrey, the Class of 1909 extends its heartfelt thanks for her kind advice and valuable assistance to us in our work and pleasure. Then last of all, our President. Words cannot express the gratitude of the class to him be- cause his energetic and untiring efforts have made all the undertakings of the class more than successful. CLASS POEM. We all have some past honors For things well done or spoken, We all hold dear some praise hard earned, Or just a cherished token, But is there one among us At the end of each day's work, Can say and say it truly, "I, for one, am not a shirk?" We all have honored class-mates, Whom some call simply brightg We all have honored officers, Who make our burdens light, But do we always follow Their work through all turmoil, And know that so-called brightness Comes from hard, hard toil? Of the work our class has accomplished We are rightly and justly proud. But we musn't be too proud of it And walk with our heads in a cloud, For we've had a great advantage In crossing the regents bar, With one for our trusted pilot Who fastened his craft to a star. Since we all have some ambition, Tho' 'tis vague and scarcely known, And hope to win some honor great Before our time be flown, Let none from this class falter And think the path too steep, Nor others scorn the harvest As not worth while to reach. But let us all remember, Tho' we've worked with zeal and zest, There are but few in any class Who've stood each racking test, And as success for all Means work and trials for each, Let everyone endeavor The goal at length to reach. And when at length we find it, Let us not our efforts cease, And with no thought for other's good Repose in slothful peace, But grateful to those that have helped us In struggling on toward the light, Let us reach back our hands to others. May they climb to a greater height! ,llfnlf-11'm.' Pm!! SENIOR PROPI-IECY '09 Now who would ever have thought that I'd make a good farmer's wife? I always sort o' liked horses, but I never calculated on having to 'make butter all my life. Why about all the fun Peter and I have now-a-days is when we go to town for some big occasion like circus day or 'lection. The last time we drove in, we went on purpose for county fair, and we just made a day of it. Living ten years in the back woods is pretty hard on a woman who was as giddy as I used to be. But I tell you that fair just did my heart good. The very first thing when Peter and I went in at the gate,whom should I see taking up tickets but Frank Abbott on one side of the gate, and john Conroy, on the other. Frank didn't say much, he always was quiet, but john told me lots of news. It seems that Stephen Griswold and joe Buck were running one of the largest ladies' seminaries in the country. They always did get along well with girls, but I never thought they were wise enough to control them by the hundreds. It seems they had a regular monopoly. Peter and I, being "old countries," had to go see the fun on "the Pike," as I think it was called. I didn't like the name, I remember, it sounded too farmery. I suppose we were going around with our mouths open and looking sort of curious, for the first thing I knew a big megaphone was pointed toward us, and a voice said, "This way, ladies and gentlemen, this way for the greatest show on earth. We are presenting Frank Pulford in his famous automobile act, and Lena Parker, the only woman in the world who can hold her tongue for more than ten minutes at a time." I told Peter that I had seen both these marvelous things accomplished by these very people when I was in high school and that it really was worth-f but suddenly I stopped short for the orator behind the megaphone was Archie Suter. Idon't think Archie recognized me, and I was so mortified to think of his creating so much racket that I hurried right on. I certainly was surprised when a big automobile passed me, and I recognized Inez Rose- man and Sarah Friedman sitting in it with their noses tilted in the air to an angle of ninety degrees. Harry Scheirer was driving the car, whether as owner or chauffeur I did not know. He looked prosperous and happy, however. In the domestic building, Florence Calkins and Alta Tobey were demonstrating the use of chafing dishes andpercolators, whatever they are. Anyway they told me they were useful and I was so glad to see these girls engaged in something worth while. They used to be so frivolous. One of the most sensible things I saw or heard was the little lecture Donald Beardsley was giving on the "Pitfalls of Puppy Love." Don was able to talk extremely well on the subject on account of his broad experience along that line. Of course I remembered just as well as could be how generous Ruth Riley used to be with her money, so I wasn't the least bit surprised when I saw her taking Madeline Pratt, Ger- trude Daggett, and Edith Howell for a ferris wheel ride, and they were all letting her do it too. It was rather hard on Madeline though for she lost one of her puffs and a great gust of wind took it over into the very middle of a crowd who were eating frankforts, fried and served by Elmer Hoffman. Elmer always had a good appetite but I never knew he could cook. Louise Mathews, Bill Brownlow, and Nellie Magee had charge of the taffy stand. They always were good at handing out taffy, so I wasn't surprised to find them still in the business. I c'ertainly did get dreadfully thirsty, but I told Peter we had better steer clear of the lemonade stand because I didn't want to meet any of my friends there, so we bought peach ice cream instead. Marie Kraft and Nellie Noonan were selling it. Fred Nilson was running a booth which seemed unusually popular. Men were throw- ing soft rubber balls at a round hole in a curtain, and through that hole I saw Han? Iszard's face bob in and out. I don't think the boys made much money on that deal though, or Harry moved so slowly that Fritz was kept busy handing out cigars. It's a good thing the balls were soft or Harry's face would have been in dreadful shape. I wasn't at all surprised to learn that a musical farce, under the management of Edward Rundell, was being held on the fair grounds. Henry Williman was starring, and Hazel Ellis had the leading soprano role. Thanks to their high school training under Mr. McKnight, they had won name and fame for themselves. QI didn't hear them sing, I only know what people said about their music.J Rowena Coolbaugh had the soubrette's part and Eleanor Hackett, Alma Hade, Helen Burns, Violet Pearch, Geraldine Quinlan, Ralph Underwood, Fred Roberts, Robert Hedges and Bert Clark were singing in the chorus. I was extremely disap- pointed not to see this little play, but it was getting late, and there were still many things to do and see. I was rather anxious to see Stub Drake and Gladys Crandall again, so the minute I had time I steered straight for the stables and kennels and there I found them, as I knewl should, etting "puppy dogs." I also found Aimee Peters and Winifred Prechtl around there too. They were interested in buying ponies however, not dogs. They said they had gotten along without them as long as it was possible. At tive o'c1ock the air ship was supposed to sail. A big crowd stood around watching the huge gas bag fill. Then I saw Mary Jenkins, Hazel Rutan, Warren Leary, and Harry Blauvelt take their places in the basket. Slowly the great ship left the ground and I shook with fear for its inmates. But there was little cause for my anxiety I found for the machinery worked perfectly. Things had progressed since the days when I lived in the city. As Peter and I drove home that night, I thought over all the old schoolmatesl had seen during the day. There were some, to be sure, whom I had missed, but their number was comparatively few. The day had seemed like a great class reunion after ten years sep- aration, and none of us were changed so very much after all. RUTH STOWELL. ' Ulliut' WILL AND TESTAMENT. BE IT KNOWN TO ALL PERSONS that, we, the class of 1909 of the Elmira Free Acade- my, of the town of Elmira, Chemung County, New York State, U. S. A., being of sound mind but of weakened constitution, having completed a course of heart-breaking monstrosities, do hereby make this our first, last and only will and testament, wherein we exhibit the wisdom and understanding, however small, acquired from the aforementioned course. FIRST, we bequeath to the underclassmen, a. The fiery class spirit, kindled by the class of '09 and hope it will never burn low. b. The library for the use of people with crushes. c. The pleasure of listening to the long absent lists read daily. - d. The electric bells, sincerely hoping that you will obey their numerous summons as promptly and orderly as we have. SECOND, We leave to the upper chapel-men the clock on condition that they do not make April fools of themselves by holding its hands too long. THIRD, We bequeath to the wayward Sophs, a. Some of our dignity in order that they may gratify the long-preached-for wishes of Mr. Davis regarding good manners. b. To the incoming Sophs we give the privilege of listening to the echoes from upper chapel during rhetoricals. FOURTH, We bequeath to the class of 1910 the seats in back of chapel and we trust that they will not take advantage of this privilege by annoying their guardian-angels, the chapel teachers. Also to the aforesaid class of 1910 we leave the platform of horrors on which they may tremblingly display their dramatic ability. And we leave also to the embryo Seniors, the faculty, as millers in this mill of wisdom where we expect the grinding to be as successful next year as it has been this. FIFTH, To all the girls of E. F. A. we will the mice in the waste-baskets and labora- tories and we likewise bequeath to them Miss Watrous as a protection against descending the stairs irregularly. We bequeath also the lunch room under the protection of Miss Kellogg, providing that they either eat or sweep up their crumbs. SIXTH, To the boys we leave the pleasures of the office, one of which is the occupying of the uneasy seat. b. The looking-glass in the boys' hall to the sprassers. c. To the fussers we bequeath Amberg's and his full stock of Merry Widow Kisses. SEVENTH, To the class of 1920 and those following, we leave the annex, which we trust will be ready for use by that time. EIGHTH, We leave to the Faculty our sincere gratitude for the perseverance they have used in getting us over the many bumpers in the road to intellect. b. To Miss Daggett one of the back seats of upper chapel on the boys' side in order that she may converse with the fiedglings. c. To Mr. Parker, we leave the stubs of our now useless pencils and sincerely trust that he will make good use of them by keeping orderly chapels. d. To Mr. Parker, Mr. Palmiter and Miss Hill we leave the office windows as a place from which they may lure on the late students. NINTH, We leave the dear old school to the mercy and protection of those that are about to follow in our footsteps. TENTH, We bequeath everything overlooked in our hasty inventory to the board of education to be sold at public auction, the proceeds thereof to be used in purchasing baby food for the Freshies. If by chance there should be any money left we wish it to be applied to the newannex on condition that the aforesaid be completed by the year one thousand nine hun- dred and twenty. LASTLY, We do hereby constitute and appoint Miss M. Louise Godfrey, our patron saint, sole executrix of this our class will and testament. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we the class of 1909, the testators, set our hand and seal, this twenty-second day of June, in the year of our Lord, one thousand nine hundred and nine. CLASS DAY COMMITTEE Mr. F. R. Parker Miss M. Louise Godfrey Wm. J. Brownlow Helen Burns Donald Beardsley Madeline Pratt Warren Leary Ruth Stowell ARBOR DAY COMMITTEE Prof. W. H. Davis Miss M. Louise Godfrey Frank Pulford Miss Susan Rose Hazel Ellis Florence Calkins Senior Reception SENIOR CLASS RECEPTION On Friday evening February 26th, a very successful dance and reception was given to the Faculty and students of the Academy by the Senior Class. This was the first thing of its kind ever given in connection with the school and the factthat so many students andinstructors attended shows a remarkable change in the school spirit. The day before this entertainment various rumors were flying about the school, carried perhaps by the pigeons lodged in the roof, to the effect that the Juniors were going to kidnap the Senior officers. Thanks to the faithful pigeons, these plans were thwarted and the officers were on the scene clad in their best regalia with hearty hand-shakes for the bewildered juniors. During the evening three selections were rendered by the Hampton Institute Male Quartette, and the accompanying picture was taken by Mr. McFarlin. The dancingcontinued until one o'clock when everyone went home well satisfied that E. F. A. is the best school on earth. Committee-Brownlow, Clark, Hedges, Drake, Howell, Aldridge. OFFICERS, GERTRUDE JONES, Sec'y. L P. YOUNG, Pres. EL W ROS D SMITH, Treas. OO ERW J. SH Vice-Pres ITH, M MILDRED S 'E : :1 7 1. THE JUNIOR CLASS At the close of school, Friday March thirteenth, Mr. Parker announced that there would be a meeting of the junior Class in upper chapel. Every junior responded with a rush and more than one hundred presented themselves to be enrolled as members of the class of 1910. After Mr. Parker had cleared the study hall of inquisitive Seniors and curious P. G's., the meet- ing was begun. Officers were elected quickly and considerable business was transacted, not- ably, the advisability of giving a junior dance and the formation of a junior base ball team. Enthusiasm ran high and class spirit filled the air. Other important meetings were held later and a class picture was taken. A great desire to "do something" seemed to be the prevailing feeling and this with the many other demonstrations of class spirit argues well for the success of the class next year. Truly, seldom has there been such great promise for a fine senior class as is shown in the class of 1910. List of Members Morton Albert Florence Aldrich gohn Allington mestine Allington C. Ballou Zelma Bassett Eulessa Bien N. L. Bonnaud Lena Booth Florence Bower Mabel Boylen Beatrix Bowman Irene Broich M. Briggs M. Brown Robert Brown Harry Buckbee Solomon Berger Fred Carter Margaret Carter Ira Cole Jeanette Collins Helene Goodrich M. Grover Irving Galligher A. E. Gaiser Mary Gaynor Lucia Hall Florence Hildreth Lena Hobler Leon Hogg Wray B. Hoffman Emma Holleran Fern Hunter Frances Howard Clifford Hurley Rosa Huber Gertrude Hummel Katharine Hynes Katharine jenkins Elsie jones Gertrude jones Grace Kelley Catherine Connelly Donald Crawford Gertrude Cushing Ruth Congalton Arleen Dalglish Fanny Dans gohn Dempsey red Drake Mary Dombrosky Leonora Duhl Florence Drake Martha Elston Louise Elston Ruth Evertts Milton Elmendorf Roselie H. Lucas Daisy Epstein Constance Flood John H. Garlinger Arthur Garvey Mary Georgia Louise Goodrich Mary L. Ketchum Hazel Kinney William Lambert Kleitz George Kuster Margaret Lawler Rose Lavine Grayce Leonard Alice Lewis Frances Lovell Maurice Levy Samuel Levy Winifred Lucy Bessie Ma ee Elizabeth iIcDowell Ruth Metzger Mary McCarthy Eleanor Mclnerney Anna Miller H. Mongoy Daniel ulcahy Alice Murphy Marian Ketchum Jennie Myer M. G. McPherson Olive Newell Guy Nonenmacher Rhea Mills Robert Parmenter Ruth T. Pickering Katharine Pratt Sue Ralston Clutha Ralyea Kathryn Reardon Ella Richardson Rae Samuels Mary Sayre Benjamin Scott Wilhelmina Sittenfield Margaret Sullivan john Murphy J. Sherwood Smith Florence E. Tashjian Ray L. Tucker Jeanette Taylor Margaret Ten Broeck Eva Utley james Walsh Mary Warren Susie Wadsworth Florence Williamson Roswell P. Young Alice Rothwell Paul Sanbourne Mildred Sheely Chas. Shreibman Mildred Smith I iq, I 4.1: xb- Sfi' 5 X gnu, Z! f , 7' I," 3- l Q A-I T511 if , f x ' Q iff V5 ' E ' , WX i 5 X' 5 N AYPY f if 11. is X" W ', . X " T f X 1, 4 + W X . lr . ixfl .. 'gif-"+. f1f 1jX 'PEI f - Nw QM r3 ,!L - 1- XW Q X R Q7 lf? QQ l'4J'l' 4-2 '1,'I'1TWQ9il"V :li C M f f y, .T fi T- -1 1 fv- v--4 JJ ': E 3 'l. ssvp aq1 30 go 3 Jsuea noi ZL 19 'IJHJS Sl-I1 gg.. "1 O l" o o :rr o C H '11 O F1 .-+ D' N w 5 ru v-1 P+ l" o o 5? o C ff -v. 0 '-1 1-f LT fl P1 nv U' -1 N -. 'J '43 '4 O C H-3 :r 53. P1 V! :r O x: .4 UI n N 'J D' fb D -1 'TI -1 0 uw U' E O '21 W -1 0 D' C U1 H ..- -. D UQ qsaxg ll! BUS 3.1 .IUBU am uawqsaxg 1!M LI noi R, 'A NO. 2 FRESHIVIEN. The Freshmen class entered school last fall with the total enrollment of 206 counting the Freshmen of last year who were unable to tear themselves away. The Demerit System was introduced mainly on their account but was dropped, at their departure in january, which leaves the total enrollment at the present time 160 counting a few of last year's hangers-on. We're sorry the much talked of annex wasn't built, but we've managed to make the best of it, even though separated from the main school. The Seniors have helped us to be patient, by condencending to come over and entertain us with some of their profound knowledge. We have managed well with our lessons under the instruction of Miss Hibbard, Miss Wixon, Miss Moss, Miss Englebreck, Miss Wheeler and Mrs. Dairs. Miss Birchard, the English teacher, and Miss Wheeler, the Latin teacher, both leftg Miss Birchard to teach at the main school and Miss Wheeler for her home. Their places have been filled by Mrs. Davis and Miss Wixon. We gave a reception in February at the Odd Fellow's I-Iall. There was a large attend- ence and it turned out a decided success. All expenses were cleared with a balance of five dollars which was voted to the Freshmen Base Ball Team. This team under the management of Bob Abbott and Captain Ruger, has shown its appreciation by getting into form and defeating nearly all comers especially their old time rival, the No. 3 team. Marshall 'D. Brownlow of No. 8 grammer school was elected Vindex Editor for No. 2 Freshmen. Miss Ruth Neagle also of No. 8 school was a very close second. A number of our Freshmen were chosen for the E. F. A. Ministrels. A large picture of the Freshmen Class was taken by the Seniors April 22, at the north end of the building. The success of our picture is due to the fact that we're dismissed during school hours, thus having all present. 1 A fc I .J IJ f: Z 5 No. 3 Fr0S11n10n A 7. 1, -1. ... 7 iij . Y HISTORY OF Til.-Q CLASS OF 1908. HISTORY OF THE CLASS OF 1908. The class of 1908, of the Elmira Free Academy, was organized early in the year and the following officers were chosen: Pres. Alexander H. Neagle Vice-Pres. Rosamond E. Hall Sec'y. Jennie F. Henry Treas. Benjamin M. Snyder The "Half-back" given by the class at Rorick's Glen was a decided success. Seymour Ball and Florence Cornish carried the leading parts. The class was composed of 86 members, as follows: Dorothy M. Baldwin Samuel Seymour Ball Edward B. Billings, Jr. Edgar Thomas Bowen Earl A. Brown Joseph S. Carter Leslie Douglass Clute Martin L. Conroy Walter J. Corwin Mark Dahon Harry F. Davenport Charles Epstein Louis D. Freudenheim Elizabeth A. Garvey Anna Marie Goetz Rosamond E. Hall Arthur F. Hedges Mildred E. Hickey W. Kenneth Howe Mary R. Howell Florence E. King May E. Kleitz Mildred E. Lewis E. Louis Lowman Celia K. Lucy William McLaughlin Mary D. Mann Frances E. Meddaugh Ruth Myers Alexander H. Neagle Winifred T. Nicholson Clarence A. Pike Ruth D. Putman James Edwin Riley John Bally Roach Myrtle C. Rose Lafayette H. Rosenbloom Mary G. Seafuse Frome F. Smith udora S. Sornberger Mary H. Wade Helen E. Wheat Grace E. Williams Ethel Baldwin Max Barnhart Katharine Bloomer Edna M. Bowen Myrtle Bush Frederick Clark Alice M. Connelly Florence J. Cornish Rose A. Cosgrove John Delaney Marie K. Eiffert Cameron Burn Fink Francis Gahan Samuel Ginsburg Lucy M. Hall Leslie Hammond Jennie F. Henry Rena N. Hilton Jessie E. Howell Margaret Jennings Elsie H. Kleitz William G. Koush Florence E. Loughhead Anna L. Lucy Robert P. McDowell Laura P. McNaney Helen E. Manning William H. Miller W. Irving Myers Maud K. Nichols Dorothy Pickering Florence F. Pollak Philip Noyes Riedinger Mattie H. Rising Gertrude R. Roessle Mildred L. Roseman Florence M. Sage 1 James A. Smith 'N Benjamin M. Snyder Gifford S. Thorne Philip Weinstein Frank R. Wiegand Ruth Williams The 48th Annual Commencement Exercises were held in the Lyceum on June 25th The Honor Orations were given by the following students: First Honor, Valedictory Second Honor, Salutatory Third Honor, Oration Fourth Honor, Oration Fifth Honor, Oration Sixth Honor, Oration Seventh Honor, Oration Eighth Honor, Oration Ninth Honor, Oration Helen E. Manning Mildred L. Roseman Frances E. Meddaugh Leslie D. Clute May E. Kleitz Dorothy M. Baldwin Francis Gahan Helen E. Wheat Florence E. Loughhead The Elmira College Scholarship was won by Helen E. Manning. 7. 1. I-. -4 KI Nj. 4 ,5 ,mf 'Zi wo wi PQ .-, CC v-4 "'2' - 7. I CU IJ OI! ft1ilS5IJf IUUZ 1111155 uf UNH 5 s VIN DEX. The first issue of the Vindex appeared in December 1899, at the suggestion of Prof. Emmons who also suggested the name. Since that time it has been issued every month of the school year with but few exceptions. The Vindex is a monthly paper published by the students in the interests of the school, and has always had a good list of subscribers from the student body. Besides the regular board, it has been customary to have some teacher as an advisory member. 1908e09 Board. LITERARY. Editor in Chief. .... , ..,............ Donald Beardsley, '09. Ass't Editor in Chief ...,.. .... R oswell Young, '10. Exchange Editor.. . . Social Editor ...., . . No. 2 Freshmen ..... . No. 3 Freshmen ....... Advisory ........ .... Art Editor... . . BUSINESS. Business Mgr ...,..., . . , .......,... . . , . Advertising Mgr.., . , Circulation Mgr ...... . Maurice Levy, '10. Mildred Ellis, '11, Marshall Brownlow, '12. Daniel Fuhrman, '12. Miss M. F. Fennell. William Brownlow, '09. Donald Crawford, '09. Sambert Kleitz, '10. William Mandeville, '11 lppcl' F11 11:11 WL-1' K V E.. F. A. MINSTRELS. When the Athletic Association closed its football season last fall, it found itself very deep in debt. To remove this incumberance and place the association again on a firm footing, it was decided to give a minstrel show. Once before, in 1907, the association had resorted to this as a means of raising money, with very gratifying results. The show was given in the Federation Hall, on the evenings of April 22 and 23, 1909. So great was the success that a third performance was given for those who were unable to secure seats at the two previous performances. , The success of the minstrels was due in a large sense to the efiicient leadership of Charles X. 0'Brien and Miss Mary Cromer. The uniform appearance of the circle together with the catchy songs of the end men and sextette were striking features. The minstrels accomplished its purpose in that enough money was made to place the association on a firm financial footing. W X 0 QE.jD'.QI. .J QQ' Q f m, I 5 f l i x x ff Xw fl ' - 941 + ! 4 Qld' X15 3 I jffmi 1-,yiffb , -xxxi Ng I Qtbletnns fl' ii! , , QW ' -if: X3 IAEIIW ll 'r 9"'1'11'I"lW' . 1 ,....mMhlI1l!' l,'f,'lllu,Ml' QM! ' L.-J 1Ba5t auh ipresent l903 FOOTBALL TEAM. The 1903 football season may well go down in E. F. A's. history as one of the mosr unfortunate years in athletics, for nearly every possible calamity known to football came upon this team. Even during practice injuries of all kinds were received by members of the team. To begin with, only four experienced players were available with which to start the season's work and new material was at a premium. This material developed rapidly however and the first game was a defeat for the Blue and White. The second resulted in a score of 18 to 0 in favor of Elmira. The third game was played against double odds, first the cold, rainy weather and muddy gridiron, and second the greater size and weight of the opponents, but in the face of all this our boys held the visitors down for a 'tno score" game. The last game was a return game with the same team on the opponents grounds. This time still greater odds had to be contended with, and unfair officials and lack of clean playing of the opposing team must be added to the list of disadvantages of our boys. This was the final game of the season on ac- count ofthe death of William Connelly who died from injuries received in the first game. Thus closed a most unfortunate season for E. F. A. on the football field. l904 FOOTBALL TEAM In spite of the discouraging outlook of the previous year in the athletic line this year's season opened with a "bang" It seemed as if this team were destined to make up for past records for it certainly did. The schedule called for games with the strongest representative teams of the State and out of the seven games played, Elmira was victorious in all but one, and then only by one point, caused by failure to kick the goal. All this only tends to show that Elmira does not turn out a team that is inferior to any other in the State, indeed, the high quality of playing shown by the defenders of the Blue and White demands at least one position on the lnter-scholastic Team each year. Following, the excellent results of this season's work are given: E. F. A. 30. ..., . .,..,..... Starkey 0 E. F. A. 6 ...... .... W illiamsport 0 E. F. A. 49 ...... .... A thens 0 E. F. A. 17 ...... .... I thaca H. S. 5 E. F. A. 17. ..... ,... C ook 6 E. F. A. 5 ...... .... W illiamsport 6 E. F. A. 17 ...... . . .Binghamton H. S. O 147 17 ,I I908 FOOTBALL TEAM Board of Managers of Athletic Association. President ..,..,......... . , . Vice-President. .... Treasurer.... . . . . . Secretary ....... . .,.. . Football Manager ........ Hockey Manager ...... Baseball Manager.... , . Football Captain. ...... ..... , . . . Baseball Captain. ..........,. . Faculty Advisory Member ...... Football Coach .....,,........ Baseball Coach. ...... ...,..,... . Jerome F. Smith, P. Noyes Reidinger, Edward W. Layton Leslie D. Clute Warren D. Leary Howard La France,Donald S. Crawford Arthur Garvey William F. McLaughlin John J. Diviney Albert L. Connelly Francis R. Parker Cresignedl Myles S. Whitney Frank Ross Myles S. Whitney. Another spell of "hard luck" visited the 1908 team. A good share of this team was composed of new men and had to be drilled into the game. In the very first game one man was disabled for the rest of the season. In the fourth game several others were severely in- jured. This tended to greatly weaken the team but the following scores certainly shows a remarkable record for such a disorganized team. Corning N. H. S .......... 0 Sayre.. ................. . 0 Rochester W. H. S... .... . .11 George Junior Republic.. . . 5 Ithaca H. S ....... .......... 5 Williamsport ..... .......... 0 O Binghamton ...... . . . Cook.... .... 0 Elmira 28 Elmira 18 Elmira 0 Elmira 23 Elmira 0 Elmira 0 Elmira 1 Elmira 0 I 904 BASEBALL TEAM. The season of a perfect score! Every game a victory! What a remarkable record! What more could be expected of any team? This is the banner team of E. F. A. and their record does not necessarily mean that they played on easy schedule for they did not, in fact it was one of the hardest in years. It was due chiefly to the excellent coaching the fine team material received and the personal effort of each member of the team. While books might be written on the superiority of this team over every other team in the State it is sufficient to say that they were. The following is the schedule of the 1904 season: Cook Academy Elmira Binghamton Elmira Stiles Elmira Masten Park Elmira Syracuse Elmira Corning Corning Cook Academy Elmira Ithaca High Elmira Syracuse Syracuse Owego Syracuse I907 BASEBALL TEAM. When this years baseball season came around we mourned the loss of the "whirlwind" team of the preceeding year, but soon found after the team had been organized that a very capable body of men represented the Blue and White this season also. A team is never ap- preciated until they do something in the line of victories and we must admit that we had 10 appreciate these boys. Most every game was a victory, but those few that were not a victory in score, were decidedly in favor of E. F. A. in other points of the game. We only regret that there were not more home games than there are indicated by the following schedule : Corning Binghamton Williamsport Syracuse Starkey Cornell Freshmen Cook Ithaca St. john's Military Sch. Syracuse Starkey DeWitt Clinton Elmira Elmira Williamsport Elmira Elmira Ithaca Cook Elmira Manlius Syracuse Starkey Brooklyn 021111 T ll Paseba 1908 I EU .2 sz: : V1 S7 5 2 3 F. fx 'c Girls Basket Bull Team ISHN GIRLS' ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION. In 1905 there was organized a Girl's Athletic Association for the purpose of promoting what was already, in fact, an intense interest in all kinds of athletic activity. During the next two years the association was in every way successful. Winning' games of basket-ball were played with neighboring high-schools and with home teams, while in the Fall and Spring Saturdays brought out the members for hare and hound chases or for cross-country walks. The games, candy sales and two minstrel shows provided the running expenses and built the fine tennis court at the north side of the Academy building. ' During the past Winter the basket-ball team has played with marvelous success, and has shown itself to be composed of unusally accurate and speedy players. This Spring the tennis and basket-ball courts are being used with great enthusiasm. When we consider the general lack of provisions for girls' athletics and consequently the limitations under which they work, we realize the great credit due them for the success which they have won and the advancement they have made, 4, Q- x f i...jf-,wry -: Lx- vgfiqp,-, , I x 4 2 H v'-w?Iwiifi'ssi.'wa-e vin ..gv Q i , N . N' 'gr 1' ,H Q 1 5 V 'j1Af'f'-'ig 'J- A Lf:-J-,j '-. 3 1 .r."',j:,,A .L 'ff ,IW 4... ,.r-: .J-V. M A -- , fa 5. . Sbdnnns ,I-,XE .U 5. ALPHA ZETA Epsilon Chapter. FRATERNITY FOUNDED, 1869 CHAPTER FOUNDED, 1890 Chapters. Alpha Schenectady, Epsilon Elmira Beta Rochester, Zeta-Brooklyn, Yamma Binghamton, Eta-Jamestown, Delta Ithaca, Theta Syracuse Active Members. Frank F. Abbott, Rappleye F. Baker, Floyd Breese, Joseph W. Buck, Myrle A. Bush, john T. Calkins, Triplet Clark, Charles S. Dale, Robert N. Dixon, Floyd W. Edmunds, Milton Elmendorf, Leonard C. Gridley, Dudley Gillette, Mary B. Hoffman, C. Howard La France McLeod Le Valley Jerome F. Smith, Fee B- Steele: LAMBDA SIGMA Founded 1892. Kappa Chapter, 1898. Alpha--Detroit, Mich. Beta-Denver, Col. Gamma-Ithaca, N. Y. Delta-Saginaw, Mich. Epsilon-Minn'l 's, Minn. Zeta-Fitchburg, Mass. Eta-Williamsport, Pa. Theta-Bay City, Mich. Lota-Duluth, Minn. Kappa-Elmira, N. Y. Lambda-Dayton, 0. Mu-Washinqfgn, D. C. Nu-Binghamton, N. Y. Omicran-Co ubus, O. Pi-St. Paul, Minn. Rho-Philadelphia, Pa. Sigma-Hartford, Conn. Tau-Port Deposit, Ind Upsilon-Middletown, Conn. Phi-Pendleton. Ore. Active Menrbers. Frank W. Ald 'dge, Donald P. Bea sley, ' Arthur D. Bro s, Leslie D. Clute, Arthur W. Espey, John Frasier, Stephen R. Griswold, W. Campbell Hyde, Harry Y. Iszard, W. Lambert Kleitz, Robert P. McDowell, Robert I. Parmenter, Frank D. Pulford, Douglas D. Riley, Walter D. Sanborne, Charles D. Sheive, J. Sherwood Smith, ohn -H. Walzer, oswell P. Young, I, . 4 r ADELPHIAI Beta Chapter. Chapters. Alpha-Ithaca. Beta-Elmira. Gamma-Owego. Delta-Hornell. Active Members. Gladys Crandall, Gertrude Cushing, Gertrude Daggett, Majorie Drake, Edythe Ferguson, Gladys Gridley, Lucia Hall, Edith Howell, Hazel Howell, Fern Hunter, Rosalie Lucas, Elizabeth McDowel Julia Minier, Ruth Pickering, Madeline Pratt, Katharine Pratt, Clutha Ralyea, Ruth Riley, Gertrude Sliter, Ruth Stowell,N Mildred Sheeley, Mary Sayre. f A KAPPA SIGMA ' Ben chapter. Active Hembers. Florence Aldrich, , Roeamond ' Hall, Katherine Beecher, Ethel -Harding, ulln Brooks, Gertrude Jones, Louise Burt, Grace Leonard, Florence Calkins, Bessie lqee, Ruth Calkins, Eleanor lagee, Ruth Confunston, Louise Hathesn, lildted E , ennle I r, Constance Flood, uanita ills, Ann her' Hills num nm, Blanch mia nm-y Georgia, :mme smirk. FACULTY. - Kiss Louise K. Gamble, Miss Edith L. Hill, Kiss Eu nia Harvin, Miss H. isabelle Wlxon Names ot Chapters-Alpha, flthaoag Beta, fElmira,j Beta Chapter founded, September, 1902, ni I 1 1 f T , Q H. 15:59 3X if flu . rj l. ' . 9,5514 ' . 4 "Q, .arf-31" e V' .1 .Nj .-3 -., ' f 33, V . "fm: . ' W , . XJ.M.y y . - K 352: Eh" 'sf- ,, xg., 4' QS: ly.,- 712. - lf' Q p 2 ilk fi- . , 4 at .l . K r vital? -,,V,.,,, .- me -ff: 'f -, .55 , .Q-' ,Jn ' W .- Y! '. ' Je I, ADELPHIC Organized Nov. 1869. Changed to a secret society Dec. Albert Connelly, William Curry, Frank E. Drake, Frederick J. Drake, Arthur Garvey, Charles Krowl,l james Lawrence, Edward Layton, Warren D. eary, Ralph Maxcy, Thomas Maxcy, Louis E. McCanna, Vincent McConnell, William F. McLaughlin, E. Larue Monroe, Lawrence 0'Dea, Gerald Price, Leon Smith, Reed Stevens, Daniel S. Sullivan, Earle E. Sullivan, Howard Swartout, Ralph Underwoodfl 1895 KELVIN SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY Founded 1897. Active Members. Mr. W. J. Brownlow, Mr. Burt Clark, Mr. W. Cowan, Miss E. Duhl, Miss J. Estey, MissAGgrison, Mr. . edges, Mr. W. Eones, Mr. M. owman, Miss F. Losie, Mr. F. Nilson, Miss Taylor, Miss . Ellston, Miss F. Lovell, Miss Ballau, Mr. R. Cisco, Miss A. Dalglish, Miss F. Drake, Miss L. Gosper, Mr. E. Hoffman, Mr. R. Hedges, Miss V. Kistler, Miss D. Lowman, Mr. M. McPherson, Miss C. Smith, Mr. R. Tucker, Miss E. Utley, Mr. M. S. Whitnev. Honorary Members. Rev. C. H. McKnight, Prof. Parker, Mrs. Whitney, Mrs. L. Herrick Miss Morgan, Prof. Winslow, Chapman, i THE K. S. S. One night after school during the month of November 1897, two students wandered into the science Room, known then as "The Sanctum," as was their wont for a good night chat with Miss Herrick. The topic of conversation was clubs and high school societies and they urged the formation of an organization for those students who were especially interested in the scientific course in the Academy, just to get together once in two weeks to read and talk over scientific subjects. It was finally decided to form such a society and we three organized into a committee to draw up a constitution, select a name and plan the work for the year. Six other students were asked to join us that year. We held our meetings in what is now known as the Zoology Room, then the club room of the Academy, and we had a splendid year, both in the amount of work done, the friendships developed and the interest created in scientific reading. Besides our own meetings we attended the meetings of the "Academy of Science" held in the College under the direction of Dr. Ford. The year was terminated by a social banquet with Miss Herrick. It was an evening never to be forgotten. The second year the membership was increased, the work done was of a broader kind, and we had the pleasure of having such men as Prof. Call address us on special topics. This proved an inspiration to every one. In the year 1900 we gave attention to the founderies, filter plants, electrical plants and shops of our city. The greatest courtesy was extended to us every where and what happy, pfofitable times we did have. It was not all work, there was a great deal which seemed like P BY- Since that time the Kelvin Scientific Society has grown with the E. F. A., and become strongly individualized with it. We are not a boys' society, nor a girls' society, but an Academy society of boys and girls. We were sorry when the time came that we had to have our meetings outside of the building, it seemed as if we were too firmly rooted to change and we needed the apparatus to work with 5 we needed the stereoptican, we needed the building, but all societies had to go. It was then we began to hold our meetings at the homes of the members, and have since con- tinued to do so. It has meant more written articles for our programs, more social times after the meetings, but we have detected no loss of interest or strength. I-Iow I would like to call the roll of the last twelve years, and hear once more the voices of the past! How I would like to tell you of the work each one is doing in the world! We are proud of our record and have reason to be so. The glimpses of this world's beauty and truth seen through the eyes of our society help us to be true to its teachings, and where memory takes us back to E. F. A. our thoughts linger longest with dear old K. S. S. Mrs. L. HERRICK CHAPMAN. S SForthwith are fac-similes of the letters written by Lord Kelvin and Thomas A. Edison to K. . . Mrs. Chapman, formerly Miss Herrick, attended a banquet to Lord Kelvin, when he visited this country, in May 1902, at Cornell. Mrs. L. Herrick Cnapiluii. K qrms page paid for by K. S. 5.3 IS, EATON PLACE, S.Vl. J-has! . 2- 7777- - JaM,,f'w.JQf-Lfffwt ezy,.,4F,.,J U WW MBWWZ' "0" tf4CMf,M,,MM2 I E. 'fray Qt'.f: Z me ffdwfn iii sg .Semi WZ , Wiiifhii E rw SF ,X za P 'J I Q m -4 li 1' 3 Z X , -'L Jsii' Ya N on A X 3239? rg-2 FW? on P KE 5 V 'X Nw Q Nw N IX lx A 'C XIKJQZA' X3 'N P C-. 'l. '1 '4-.4 .J '1 31 CLASS PLAY. On Friday evening and Saturday afternoon and evening, May 14th and 15th, the senior class of Elmira Free Academy presented "The Elopement of Ellen" before capacity houses at the Rorick's Glen theater. The piece was made a musical comedy by the judicious introduction of four big singing and dancing specialties. As the academy Students have always maintained a high standard, the audience expected good work, but was surprised by the superior merit of the presentation,and the smoothness with which the play was enacted. There was not a hitch in the entire production, every member of the cast knew his or her lines perfectly, and all inter- preted their roles admirably. Miss Helen Burns, as "Molly," the wife of Richard Ford, was excellent. Throughout the play she maintained a dignity of bearing and an attitude of interest in lovers and matchmaking which was most becoming in a young matron. William J. Brown- low, who played opposite Miss Burns, as the devoted young husband, handled a difficult role with the ease and naturalness of manner which would do credit to a professional. The role, in the hands of a less gifted impersonator, would have lost its salient qualities. Archie B. Suter, as "Bob," Molly's brother, displayed true histrionic ability, which called forth the highest commendation from the audience. Stephen R. Griswold, who also had a leading part, left nothing to be desired in his presentation of a role which demanded not only the learning of many lines, but the depiction of the various and constantly changing moods of a young man deeply involved in love affairs. The audience was in heartiest sympathy with the perplexed Max, who was "engaged" to "Dorothy," Miss Alta Tobey, who acted the part of "Dorothy," was charming, and many in the audience could not blame those who fell in love with the fasci- nating little lady. Her stage presence was delightful, and whenever she appeared she was piquant and vivacious. In the lovers' quarrel scene she was most captivating. One of the best assigned parts in the play was that of Miss Ruth Stowell, who had the leading role of "June Haverhill, Wellesley, '06." She was ever at perfect ease in her impersonation, and did some real acting which was far above the standard usually reached by amateurs. She was thorough- ly in sympathy with the character which she portrayed, and she delivered her lines with true artistic feeling. Harry Y. Iszard exhibited talent as a comedian which was far superior to that of all amateurs who have previously appeared in academy theatricals and was unquestionably equal to that of many professionals. his protrayal of the nervous rector, with his notes on the art of conversation, and his well learned speech, "I just came across the garden, hoping that I might be of service," created a constant scream. In the garden scene, when he searched for his lost note, he convulsed the audience. The three young women and the gentlemen of the cast received handsome bouquets, and William J. Brownlow, manager of the company, was presented with two immense bouquets. One of roses from the class and the Patron Saint the other from K. S. S. Too much cannot be said in praise of Mr. Brownlow's work as actor, as manager, and as soloist in the specialty "Girls, Girls, Girls." His voice was a delight to his audience, and he was recalled again and again. To Mr. Brownlow's management is due much credit for the success of the production. The specialities were a leading feature of the play, and the soloists exhibited real ability, both as singers and dancers. In the double octette, "Take a Little Ride With Me," the eight girls were costumed as dairy maids and the "fellows" as chauffeurs. The song hit, "Peeping Thru the Knot-Hole in Papa's Wooden Leg," was ex- cellently given by twenty-four girls in Sis Hopkins costumes, with their hair braided in stiff "pig tails." Miss Rowena Coolbaugh carried off honors as the soloist. Her dancing was simply great," and had in it all the "business" of a professional. The double sextette, Ala- bama Sam," was one of the best musical numbers of the evening. Miss Ruth Dowling, in a dainty costume of lavender, distinguished herself by her graceful dancing and her sweet sing- ing, which had the flavor of the broad southern dialect. Miss Dowling's work called forth most favorable comment from critics who were present. She was assisted by a chorus of six girls in "Phoebe Snow" costume, and six fellows dressed as dudes. The six girls in pretty, light gowns who, with William J. Brownlow, gave the specialty, "Girls, Girls, Girls," were very charming and did some graceful dancing. After being recalled many times, Mr. Brownlow appeared, followed by all the "Girls" of the choruses, and the ensemble of dairy maids, Sis I-lopkinses, Phoebe Snows and summer girls produced a most effective picture. The play was staged under the personal direction of Mrs. Fred C. Cameron, assisted by Miss Inez Hunt. Krug's orchestra furnished the music. The patronesses were: Mrs. Andrew Hull, Mrs. Francis R. Parker, Mrs. Samuel E. Eastman, Mrs. Harry Merchant Beardsley, Mrs. William T. Henry, Mrs. J. B. Coykendall. William J. Brownlow, the efficient manager, was assisted by the following: Misses Madeline Pratt, Gladys Crandall, Eleanor Magee, Messrs. Donald Beardsley, Frank Abbott, Frank Drake and Harry Y. Iszard. Matt Lockwood was stage manager, Miss Marie Fey had charge of the music, Edwin Rundell, property, and Archie B. Suter, advertising. The cast of characters was as follows: Richard Ford Ca devoted young husbandj . ..........,., William J. Brownlow Molly tHis Wifeb. ..,.......................... .,....... H elen Burns Robert Shepard CMolly's brotherj .......... ....... A rchie B. Suter Max Ten Eych ia chum of Robert'sJ ..... .. . Stephen R. Griswold Dorothy Marck tengaged to Max-a guest of Mrs. Fordj ........ Alta Tobey june Haverhill tWellesley, '06-who is doing some special investigation for economics during the summerj ............,......... Ruth Stowell john Hume CRectot. of St. Agnes'J ...................... Harry Y. Iszard Time-Summer of 1908. Place-Pleasant Hill, suburb of New York city. Act l.-Morning, room at Mrs. Ford's home at 8 A. M. Act Il.-'Corner of Mrs. Ford's garden at 5 A. M. the next day. Act III.-Same corner in the evening of the same day. i - The specialties were as follows :- V , . "Take a Little Ride With Me". . Q . . .Misses Carter, Leonard, Tiffany, Noon- an, McCarthy, Dalglish, Georgia and Peters. 'S "Peeping Thru the Knot-Hole in Papa's Wooden Leg". ....... Misses Bonnaud, Bowman, Briggs, A. and M. Curtis, Dowling, Tenbrook, Frank, Georgia, Good- rich, Gulick, ackett, Hade, Howard, Lync , Prechtl, Carrie Smith, ittentield, Sullivan, Taylor, Tobias, Goodrich, Hart, Kain. A Soloist ..............................,............... Rowena Coolbaugh "Alabama Sam" ........,. Misses Cushing, Hall, Prechtl, Sullivan, Harring- ton, Rileyg Messrs. Steele, Pulford, Dixon, Tucker, Drake, Young. Soloist ......................... N .... , ..................... R uth Dowling "Girls, Girls, Girls" .......... Misses Eleanor F. Magee, Gertrude Cushing, Edith Howell, Inez Roseman, Ruth Riley, Gertrude Jones. Soloist ...,............,.......... A ................... Wm. J. Brownlow At the conclusion of the play a number of Academy pictures were thrown upon a screen -Ed. Telegram. E. F. A. MINSTRELS. The boys of the Elmira Free Academy Athletic Association delighted a large audience at the Wo1nen's Federation Building Friday Evening, April 30th, with a minstrel show, first produced more than a week before. These active young men proved to be quite as talented on the stage as they are on the athletic field. The performance was continued until after 11 o'clock owing to the numerous responses to encores demanded by the audience. There was action every minute and despite the fact that some of the humor was a trifle aged, still it was presented with originality that caused it to provoke laughter. The opening chorus of more than 30 young male voices was musical and had plenty of volume. All of the soloists sang well and were accorded encores. The bright star of the Academy minstrel show, however, is Arthur Garvev the gpeedy second baseman of the Academy baseball team. His opening solo, "I Didn't Asif, He idn't Say, So I Don't Know" was one of the features of the production. Garvey has talent. He dances as well as many high class professionals and his ability to get out all the possibilities of a scug is marked. His comedy work as an end man was above that of the others and the audience never tired of hearing him. His partner "Money" Monroe and also 'tjoe Rice and "Jigger" Baltz did very well as end men. Their songs were good and in the dancing they worked well with Calkins and Baker. Marie Cahi1l's "Arab Love Song" was beautifully rendered by William Brownlow, the resident of the senior class. This young man possesses a sweet voice and his rendition of the geautiful song was superb. Henry Williman scored a big hit with his ballad "Rose of the World." Mr. Williman has good stage presence and his singing was greatly enjoyed. "Danny" Sullivan's sweet tenor voice was enjoyed in an Irish love song, written by Charles X. 0'Brien of this city, entitled "Sweet Little Irish Girl." The feature of the second part was the female impersonation by "Jimmie" Walsh as "The Gibson Coon." Mr. Walsh's "make-up" was excelent and his dancing was of a high order. He possesses a good voice and sang "The Gibson Coon" in a manner that pleased. This act was concluded by a "Merry Widow Waltz" by Arthur Garvey and Jimmie Walsh and it did not compare unfavorably, as a burlesque, with t e dance of the same number seen at the Lyceum the preceding evening. Both boys dance well and their work was of high class. In the second part, the work of the double sextette, comtposed of six clever girls and six handsome young men, made a pretty picture and was enjoye . The closing chorus brought the voices of the entire company into the singing of one of the E. F. A. football songs and the E. F. A. Alma Mater. The audience was composed largely of former E. F. A. students who enjoyed the work of the boys beyond description. The production was supgorted bil excellent orchestra and piano accompaniment under the direction of Charles X. 0 rien. r. 0'Brien is to be con- gratulated for his excellent work in directing the minstrels.-Star-Gazette. ARBOR DAY The E. F. A. orchestra, under Prof. Davis' direction, opened the exercises with a selection. Then Miss Florence Hildreth sang a solo, "May Time" thy Olie Speaks,J very effect- ively, and returned for an encore. William J. Brownlow, president of the Senior class, then gave his address, comparing the planting of trees with the planting of good examples and deeds by the seniors for the benefit of the coming graduates. At the close of this speech Walter Roosa was attended with his usual success in the rendition of Mendelssohn's "Andante" on the violin. Miss Inez Roseman gave James Rus- sell Lowell's "The Singing Leaves," which was made very entertaining by her pleasant delivery. Miss Fennell, one of the faculty, then entertained by singing Dolore's composition of Ten- nyson's "Brook," returning for an encore. Former Principal Herbert M. Lovell was introduced and spoke to the students on the history of the Academy, his stay with the institution and what he did for it. He then closed his speech with a short talk on Arbor Day and its good results, concluding with a lesson for the students, comparing their growing education with the growing trees. "The good develop- ment of minds as well as trees takes lots of time and energy, and it is as bad to destroy a tree, the work of ages, as to refuse young people the right of free education, or the chance to grow and develope." Following Mr. Lovell's address the whole school joined in the E. F. A. Alma Mater as a recessional and marched out on the lawn for the out-door exercises. A special platform had been erected and everything was in readiness for the tree planting, when Mr. Frank Abbott gave the following oration for the anniversary tree which this year's class planted, being the fiftieth class that E. F. A. has graduated. U Arbor Day Oration "Arbor Day! Tree Day! Day upon which man and nature seem to shake hands and rejoice together. Since it was inaugurated, in 1874, by J. S. Morton of Nebraska, it has become more and more popular until now it is observed in nearly every state in the Union, designated by the legislature of each of these states, as a day for the voluntary planting of trees. This day is undoubtedly best kept by those attending our schools, by appropriate exercises and the planting of trees or shrubs. In this way, between fifteen and twenty thousand trees and shrubs are planted every year in New York State alone by the schools. Thus, as it has been the custom in OUR school for many years, we have decided to ob- serve this day, by planting a tree. Our tree is very suitable for the observance of Arbor Day. Its name, Arbor Vitae or tree of life is both appropriate for the tree and significant of the day, as can easily be seen. It is appropriate for the tree because of its perpetual verdure, a continual evidence of life, and significant of the day, for, during what time of the year is life more evident than in the spring, and especially on Arbor Day, which seems to be the climax, when all plant life is bursting into bloom, the birds are singing merrily and every one seems to feel new energy and life. But, why do they plant trees on Arbor Day? lt is true that nothing can beautify a school building more than to be set off by beautiful grounds and nothing can beautify the grounds more than trees and shrubbery. We are also planting it as a memento of the happy and ben- eficial days spent here, and, as a reminder to the lower classmen of the excellent example set for them by our class. The general public plant trees for their beauty, as an inducement to the birds, for their shade from the sun and protection from the wind. But, in the business world Arbor Day has a far broader use. It is a day for the renewing of the forests, which have been so unscrupulously destroyed that even now lumber is very scarce and becoming very expensive. Shade trees, however, have many other uses besides their beauty, protection from wind and sun, and value as lumber. They protect small and tender fruit trees, they are a protection against floods, as they obstruct the water from flowing off too rapidly, and thus at the same time, we find them as a protection against drought in the summer, for, when the water is thus obstructed it sinks into the ground and is preserved for future need. Where there are trees the extremes of temperature are not so great. Com- mercially they furnish us with fuel, wood pulp for newspaper, cork, bark for tanning, fruits, nuts, resin, turpentine, oils, medicines and various other products. Thus, we see that Arbor Day has its place among the holidays, and is, in fact, one :of the most needful among them, being of common benefit to us all. Therefore let us now resolve always to observe Arbor Day, as we have done to-day, by planting a tree, and let our tree be a reminder of this resolution. Also let the name, 'tree of life.' be appropriate to us, not because we are so green, but because we are full of lite, awake to our opportunities, and accomplishing something in this great world of ours." After the tree oration the Senior president set the tree in the ground and the other seniors shoveled the dirt in with the new spade which the class had purchased for the school, to be used for this purpose. Prof. Davis, the botany teacher, saw to it that the tree was well planted so as to flourish in years to come. After the tree planting, Mr. Kilkelly gave the spade oration, censuring previous classes for using a shovel for this purpose and calling it a spade. After several witty remarks and roasts on the juniors the new spade was presented to the junior president, Roswell Young, who made a very catchy acceptance speech, and with several humorous poems and side remarks strove to get even with Kilkelly by slinging fun at the seniors. .T .W .. V. ,gf ?eFIf?m""', .if -fflfl' 1 4?-All 555 Mg'-whn.,. CLASS DAY. Class Day was held at the Federation Building Tuesday Evening, june 22, 1909, at 7:30. Three hundred special invited guests besides the Seniors and Faculty were present. The following interesting and inspiring program was given :- OVERTURE ...,...,..,..,.,...........,.........,..........,..,...,.... Orchestra PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS ..... . . ..,.., .,... W rn. jackson Brownlow CLASS HISTORY ,......... ........ J ulia V. Brooks CLASS PROPHECY ...,.. ...... R uth Stowell VOCAL SOLO ......,................ ,... F lorence Hildreth CLASS POEM .,,....,...,......,..,..,.............,....,...,...... Madeline Pratt PRESENTATION OF CLASS GIFTS ...,.,,..............,..,....... Archie B. Suter PRESENTATION OF GIFTS TO E. F. A. Bound Volumes of Vindex ...... Frederick Nilson PICTURE. ......,,..,..........,.........,.. ..,....... J ames J. Kilkelly ACCEPTANCE FOR SCHOOL ....................,....,.....,.. Prin. F. R. Parker VOCAL SOLO ................,,.,.. ........, J ohn j. Conroy CLASS WILL AND TESTAMENT ......,....,.... .... W inifred A. Prechtl ALMA MATER ,,....,,.........,..,......,..... .. .............. Students Refreshments. Seniors and Faculty served. SENIOR BANQUET. After the Exercises in the auditorium, the Seniors and Faculty with Mr. Palmiter and the Officers of the Almuni Association, together with Mr. Collins, Pres. of the Board of Educa- tion and Geo. M. McKnight, were served with an elaborate banquet consisting of the following Menu and Toasts :A MENU. Chicken Croquetts Tomato Saucei Cream Potatoes Rolls Coffee Fruit Salad Wafers Olives Pickels Sherbert Brown and Gold Cake Salted Nuts. TOAST LIST. THE GOLDEN CLASS, '09 .....,.........,.................. Miss M. Louise Godfrey QPatron Saint of Class of 1909.5 E. F. A. ATHLETICS .....,.................,,,,,,,,,,...........,. Warren Leary THE ACADEMY ...,....., . .... Principal Francis R. Parker THE FOOTLIGHTS ....... ,,......... S tephen R. Griswold AULD LANG SYNE .....................,.,..................,... Ruth E. Riley THE SEMI CENTENNIAL ...,..,..,.,.......,....,... An Officer of the Alumni Ass'n Toast Master: Wm. Jackson Brownlow COMMENCEMENT PROGRAMME Invocation ..................... Chorus-"To Thee, 0 Country." ....................,.................. . . . . .Rev. Arthur Dougall Second Honor-Salutatory, "The Centennial Anniversary of the Birth of Great Men." Inez Cecelia Roseman Sixth Honor-"Should Our Navy Be More Rapidly Increased?" Elmer J. Hodman a Third Honor-"Human Progress." Helen Loretta Roper Chorus-"The Bees." ........................... Seventh Honor-"Child Labor Evils." Ida Sarah Baker . . . . .Charles Coote Eighth Honor-"The Establishment of the Federal Government." Donald Pettit Beardsley Fourth Honor-"Past, Present and Future." julia Vaile Brooks Chorus-Cay "Fays and Elves." "Martha.". .. fbi "The Call to Arms." ........ L ........ Ninth Honor-"Nothing is Made in Vain." Henrietta Brooks Fifth Honor-"Some Results of Charity." Sarah Friedman First Honor-Valedictory, "The Growth of Caste in the Gertrude Emorette Daggett Music .............................. ' ..........,... .... Presentation of D. A. R. Prizes. Awarding of Diplomas. "America"-"Alma Mater." Benediction. Elmira College Scholarship, Gertrude Emorette Daggett. . . .Flotow . . . .Veazie United States." .Academy Orchestra i g,'?:' J J 'fl' WT a at rt . Eichber g Ol-I, BALIVIY JUNE. "Balmy june, the month of roses, Month of maiden's dreams and muses, Month when swain and damsel wed And graduates get their swelled head. They write an essay or a story, Start their jump to fame and glory. Stub their toe upon a bubble, Quit the race, can't buck the trouble. By the time December's blast Is o'er, and stormy Winter's past Ten thousand presidents to be Have jobs in a small grocery. Ten thousand judges, maybe more, Are working in some dry goods store, And others with their pa's influence Get jobs a-selling life insurance. Essayists who razed the Alps In barber shops shampoo our scalps. Others, who restored the mountains juggle slop at soda fountains. And some wise lobster in the class Who got kicked out and didn't pass, A geezer they thought dumb and funny Will own a bank and lend 'em money." "Crawler " w 1 , x 5 f f F K X ' ff X X xxx .ky gm UH' 4' X A 1 J 1 1 M S- I , V ' 1 1 ix ..f gan, K 1:5594 I , M '4 4. AQ-"' " 1 gig-.X xl , X X If ff, 1 If 1 " ' Z .f l M! j 4 , - Q 1' , P 9- - 3? if '1A-f f , - I 51 f X7 f f f.--fpxfzzfyi ' " f' f -V 'fiff--5-'XV' Xf.2f75fi5fFiii5f5"' , ,rf 'll .-- . ftfg V, 4LQ17f:!A V b'- X '1' '7 - f -H' wx - ' - '59 X , Qf-,,x.e- L ff ,P f ,Q HQ- X . ? - ' fy l'r,7 A ,- , X ,EFT -- "'. ' ' 1 X 5: v 2"- f "T 'ani ' Swv Wh If v gym Q' A ' ? gin wig' M l 5 j jrq-1558 - Qfx xwxxy YQ .r f!l',.x'N Q A N - f 1 x N H3'y X I K' 2-: ..ZiE,i:: -QQ X K .xyxk j W X X kvisqw xijw. N! 6 If 3 K xxbl AQ 3 ,VN -Q1-fu'-im g: wi f x N Q A 15 , X. J 0 ' xxx: 2' QUT! f X1 ARS? -45 ,Qi ' L -ez' QA - 5 :X X A' 29: XX ffffg 1 A ..,ge.-gf-J E 5 J? '7,'xi-M- 1' N: , ' Whiskey and Gasoline Dmft Mix K , 555555 55 "A D DS" EEEEEEEEE 5 5 E 5 5 5 E E 5 5 E E E E E E 5 E E E EEEEEEEEE QEQEQFIQFIQEQEEQEQEQEQEQEQEQQQFIQEQEQEQHQEE as QE as 55 QE QE sa QE as 55 - QE 55 QE 55 ss. 55 aa QE QE an EE QEQEQEQEEQEQEQEQEQEQEQEEEQEQEQEQEQEQEQEQE 55 E55555 Mba warren Qllumpanp I , MAKERS OF , V' gggggg F ine Emblematic JEWELRY H DEPARTMENT Ol' STATIONFRY Offers all that IS best in hlgh school and college engravmg class clay lnvltatlons programs dance orders etc I s ,'. ,,r ,,. , , 7 1 9 V' - i 1 489 FIFTH AVENUE ,, , ,, Correspondence Invited NEW YORK CITY + -A-'A 3!f"i"'C9'.rC XXXXXXXXXXYXKXXXQCh +3 7 1 . . ' V ,, 3X mQ ED2QMXmRHXNXXXHKXXDM CHAS. MCCARTHY VISITORS ALWAYS W Staple and Fancy ELCOME oRocER1Es 51555 Qllumpanp l 'Dk' Both Phones , 526--528 Ncrzh Main Sffeert 4 East Water Street YE- f ttf - H- l JUST BELOW MADISON AVENUE BRIDGE For Graduation and Wedding Gifts' . l-l. Walter Hamilton rs rances Kellogg i go to i l'-lair-Dressing and Manicuring l P A R L O R S JEWHLER AND ENGRAVER I44 East Water Street Next to Howe's Art Store FULL LINE OF NEW l SWITCHES, PUFFS, HAIR ROLLS, ETC. l Chignor Puffs the Newest and Latest Fad. . A ,' , 1 Face and Scalp Treatment a Specialty. Mrs' F' H' WN: In Attendance l Try our New Hair Tonic, You will be pleased l with it. Our Depilitory Powder will positively remove EE 5 5 Superfluous Hair from Face and Arms. N If You have Dandrutf, consult Mrs. Kellogg. ill All New Stock and the Latest to p Select From. -:- -:- -:- l ll4 W. Market St. El..MlRA, N. Y. Bell 'Phone, 304 York State 'Phone, 82 Vfilliam Carpenter LIVERY, HACK AND A Boarding STABLES 2l9 East Market Street ELMIRA. N. Y. Residence 'Phones York State, 511 Bell Phone, 1462 B SLAWSON BROS. PRINTERS and ENGRAVERS V r Fashionable Stationery Elegant Monogram Work Card Engraving - l22 East Water Street The Place to Get Your Books ancl School Supplies IS AT lTILL1VlAN'S just across from the Academy- e ' Qiulgate Utinihersitp 90th Year September 23rd, 1909 XXXXXXXXXKXXXXXXXXXXXKXE DC EKXXXXXXXXXXXXXHXXHXXXKDC q Has Hne traditions and is jealous of her high standards of scholarships. With magnificent equipment and large endow- ment she is prepared to give the best in training and in culture at moderate cost. lgECXXXXKXXXXXXXXXXX KX H Address Registrar VINCENT B. FISK, H Hamilton, New York. JAPANESE GRILL IJ, GREEN ER is the best place in the city to get a lunch. SALADS, SANDWICI-IES, STEAKS, COFFEE, CHOCOLATE, YAKAMA AND CHOP SUEY. Special attention given small parties Upon from 7 A. M. to Klimlnigllt I 07 West Water Street MATT LOCKVVOOD C O ST U M E R HOURSI1O T012 A. M., 2 TO 6 AND 8 T010 P. M. ROOM 7, LYCEUM THEATRE BLOCK LAKE STREET ELVIRA. -1- NEW YORK men yoifzy on your 061661290121 fake a copy of ide faiesl' fZCfi0ll or zz ASTINIE ICTU RE UZZLE .Buff for safe or renf xxxuxxx Jqf fhe Qfosc ofsvboof self your Second-hand Sr-hoof Qgooks for Gash. KKXDCXX Miss Adams' Book Store Masonic Temple MANUFACTURER OF PIANOS MUSICAL MERCHANDISE OF EVERY DESCRIPTION SOLE AGENTS FCJR GIBSON'S MANDOLINS AND GUITARS TUNINC3 AND REPAIRING RROMPTLY ZONE ELMIRA, N. Y. 207-209 EAST CHURCH STREET VV. D. JACOBUS WVAATC EI INIAIQ ER AND JEYVELEI1 KXXXX EKMKKKXXHHX FORNIERLY OF Ax'l1:Rs JEWELRY STORE gE XXX H 120 INIAIN STIQEET CORNERUL-'MARKET 55 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 gg 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 H99QM992235595HHQHMQQQHQHHHHHHEQHHQQHQHUHHHQQQQHHNMQHQ 5 sz Sl 5 5 1 ' is assault Hatannai Bank 5 9 9 .sz ' sz ' . 22 sz . Z ELMIRA, NEW YORK 3 n sz 3 5 5' 5 gg 33398QHQ5U98UHNU858Q5H5HHHH9HH E5 5 5 5 5 CAPITAL and SURPLUS s5oo,00o.oo Designated Depository of the United States ' rf.-1' 5 5 5 gg HHWHHHH555Q5QQQNHUQQHUQQQHNHHHHHHHHHHHHHHRHUEHQQQQHHHH gg 535 if 3 3 5 is . . s 5 gg Three per cent xnterest paxd on certificates of 31 , in EZ de osit and s ecial de osit books 2 5- P P P H 3 - 22 sv 959 sn 885599395989QANWWMQHH?95958582355UHMQUHHHQHHHHHQQHQHQH v as 2 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 55 5 u 1 1 N 1 Q 1 Reminder S i 'N qi A senior can not always be a senior. After a senior, what then? Business. Profession. Qccu ation. The reat world of ac- . P V s , , tivity before him. 1 ' ' '-"K Be able to acce t the o ortunit when it knocks at our door. P PP Y Y A senior can do this b s ecializin , and that s ecializin should be Y P g P g along the lines of his future career. qi The Great Business World to-da is seeking the oun man Y . Y g who can do something. One who possesses a High School education' and who has made a specialty of a business training is always in demand. qi Many young people who were formerly seniors of the Academy specialized their education at MEEKERS SCHOOL OF COMMERCE and to-day are filling positions of honor, trust and responsibility. Why not you? I-IEELER' Hair Dressing, French Marcel Waving, Dyeing, Shampooing, Scalp Treatment, Electric and Swedish Massage, i Manicuring. Hair Goods, Automobile Nets, Manicure Supplies. Everything Strictly up-to-date. Special Agent for Complete Line of Madam Gervaise Graham's Toilet Powder. I Water St. Same Entrance as Firman 6x Moore E """"'-"""""""""""""-"E I I -DAAEDDEDEED D D WEEE EDDEE EE, E Delicious--Q CHOCOLATES and BON BONS A OUR OWN MAKE AND ALWAYS FRESH N A TRY oun A Ice Cream Soda, Fruited Creams, Sunclaes and Frappes -'fxo V21 CRAYTCNS SWEETS ICE CREAM AND ICES DELIVERED I I0 North Main Street c'.r ' Q Wi l 11,1 I l I l l 1.,,bx,a 35 3 3 935 6 55255 PRIVATE WXRE . QE. Riley btmzks, Zgnnhs, Grain ani: Provisions NEW YORK STOCK AND CURB MARKET I I2 Baldwin Street E E EE EQQQ EEWEQ E EQ Q EE Der Q3 c mfr zffrv iv 'S i:rfQ 72r5ir'? ,' ' .f :afar rgrqQrwf if :4,iQ,.a -iuff Q9f'fQQ5QJi,0S2J 412 5??gfEV3r?xwxsx2frf1xrffnzrfrffPfsf2r:!ffeffxf7r927afx2g4g?gVQ 95VQziz: fglxvezs V13 .1 .Y oGGg,LQ'wU kgn mqg dBm? Photographs C , .77 QE QE rg W W W W off " an't alia 005 711: 5 5 C77 .3f3 - -ffif? MEA, ,QAA wwfa,rN, ,, M,, , AWWA ,Q 5 ,aff f ' -' 721752 737.-fl 761 yi 955 7- VE? gf ,fl W A 9? A MQ W A W . . g we are makmg work on the portralt 22? -lf . . . X3 order whlch are speakmg llke- if I f nesses of the person W E W 5 f' ' A f r' " .7 71" ,"' ,' .A' ' " I ,' ff H7 M."-XJ 77 .,'. ,' 1. rr' 7" 7 ' '7 9i7QZ3Zf72ff7f7fK5!?7 ,Xrr 7f!5?9k'7r7H7E?57fVx7e72717fiQX5KfzjfffP 1 W A Q m cjfarlin W. x 'C ,x" ro ' W V , V -WV A2 jg 4, xp ' 0 1 Iss MAIN STREET Elmira, N. Y. E E Oli X Q 2522 rr A . MWEKZKEEE Pl-IOTG E. GRAVING Best Grade ol Half Tone and Line Cuts Etched on Zinc and Copper College and School Work a Specialty See What They Say Gentlemen --We are particularly sat- isfied with the cuts you made for the Class Book and the promptness and care with which the orders were exe- cuted. We shall take especial pleasure in recommending you to others wishing to get high class line or half tone cuts. Very truly yours, THE BOARD OF EDITORS OF THE SENIOR CLASS BOOK OF THE ITHACA HIGH SCHOOL, Editor in Chief, Ward Tompkins. Ithaca, N. Y. Gentlemen--A-Have had many compli- ments on the November cover. TH E CORNELL COUNTRYMAX. Ithaca, N . Y. Dear Sirs----The zinc line cuts you made for us were received in good order and we take this opportunity to congratulate you on the dispatch with which you executed this order. THE SIBLEY -IOURNAL OF ENGI- NEERIXG. Ithaca, N. Y., Feb, 11, 1906. Telegram Printing Co., Elmira. N. Y. Gentlemen'--I want to thank you again for the way you assisted me in getting out my posters. Every one spoke of it and we had no trouble in selling enought to more than pa the expense of having it reproduced. Yours truly. WALTER S. WING. Ithaca, N . Y. Dear Sir4The work that you have turned out for us was altogether satis- factory, as I anticipated and expressed in my letter at the time the cuts were received. The cuts worked up splendid- ly, and I may say gave better results than some cuts for which we have paid from three to five cents more per square inch. Aside from the fact that the cuts were all that any one could desire, the promptness with which you executed our orders hespeaks itself of our up- to-date business methods. We have found that when you "guarantee satis- faction" you do all that words imply, giving a little more for good measure. Very truly yours, CORNELL ALUMNI NEWS PUB- LISHING CO., George H. Vant, Advertising Manager. Photo Engraving Department, Telegram Printing Co., Elmira, . . W lu y Do You Prefer Amberg's An Elmira Made Book lce Cream? Because Monotyped it is made the good old fash- , ioned way ---- a very heavy P ' t Cl l cream that requires no con- rln C l densed milk to thicken it. It and Bound i costs to make in this way, l but customers are always sat- isfied. In F or 30 Years in the Same Business at l the Same Stand. l OPPOSITE ACADEMY Don't Eat Candy in School ' But When You do Eat Candy be Sure it's BOOTH 'S C HCDCCLATES You can find Them at all the best Dealers in Town. 40, 60 and 80 cents per lb. BOO'1'H'S ESTHER CHOCOLATES are. the best to take with you when making a call. ' ' CARPET W IHE MHIN SIREH BUUK SHIRE Sanitary Cleaning of Carpets, Rugs and Draperies BO Work Guaranteed NEWS Office and Works 310 Stare Sr., Elmira, N. Y. l F. F. Plummer, l I6 Main St, Dr. Sherman Voorhees SPECIALIST EYE, EAR, NOSE AND TH ROAT ELMIRA, N. Y. 41 4 North Main Street SPITZER BROS. Manufacturers and Retailers of Fine Hats, all the Latest and Nob- biest Styles in either Soft or Stiff Hats. Wesave you 25 per cent. on each hat . you buy from us, ' SPITZER BROS. 314 E. WATER snuznr ,".yy,,.- , .1 J. . New York Hat Store. Bhuahes' Bakery 107 College Avenue Corning's lce Cream The Quality Kind L. A- CORNING ICE CREAM CO. 415 West Second Street BOTH PHONES .,s,'. . ----4- ,M ' " , 'f 'lib The Better Klncl of Punt: Vg in Job, Book 'Catalog Work A ' .5 Cl-IEMUNG PRINTING Co 160-62 Exchange Place. Elmxn, N 'Y -.v - -vw -f 11- 4, -1


Suggestions in the Elmira Free Academy - Torch / Sagoyawatha Yearbook (Elmira, NY) collection:

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