Elmira Free Academy - Torch / Sagoyawatha Yearbook (Elmira, NY)
- Class of 1909
Page 1 of 142
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 142 of the 1909 volume:
I 909 CLASS BOGK
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Elmira F ree Academy
ELIVIIRA, NEW YORK
fi' hope that this may bring back
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'some remembrance of theypleasant days
spent in E. A. and that it will be
an influence for good to allpresent and
future students there, the editors of this
class bool: respectfully submit it to the
alumni and under-graduates of Elmira
Since this is the first publication of
its kind inthis school, it probably con-
tains many faults which we hope will
not be criticized too severely andwill
be obliterated in future publications.
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Mr. Francis R. Parker
Miss S. E. Watrous
Miss Bertha Morgan
Mr. E. J. Winslow
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Miss A. M. McMahon
Mr. M. S. Whitney
Miss Ursula Wheeler
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Musical Director at Main Building
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Musical Director for Freshman Class
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History of Elmira Free Academy
THE OLD ELMIRA ACADEMY.
As the golden anniversary of the Elmira Free Academy, nineteen hundred nine is a
very fitting time to recall the origin and history of that deservedly famous institution. May
24, 1859 was the date of its establishment as a free school, but the Elmira Academy as a private
school had a previous history of nearly a quarter of a century.
The First Presbyterian Church, on the corner of Church and Baldwin Streets, was the
pioneer church in the Chemung Valley. In 1836, to make way for a larger edifice, the building
then in use was removed to the opposite side of Baldwin Street, on the site of the Partridge
brick blocks, just south of the present First M. E. Church. Here it became the shelter of the
Elmira Academy, a private school. It was a white wooden building, from which the steeple
had been removed when it was transformed from a religious to an educational institution.
The cut of it that accompanies this history is made from a drawing kindly lent to us by Mrs.
George Archibald Palmer. She had it made from a painting of the building, the work of a
young girl student of the old Academy. The late Ausburn Towner, himself once a student of
the Baldwin Street Academy, pronounced it a very faithful picture of the building, but not of
the trees. These appear to have been placed in accordance with the girl's own idea of land-
scape gardening, a decidedly original one.
, Readers of the "Vindex" will be interested to know that in 1839-'40 the Academy pub-
lished a school paper of several two-columned sheets, called "The Pierian Spring." From the
title it is not surprising to find that some of its contributors cultivated the lyric muse.
On March 31, 1840, the Elmira Academy was incorporated by the Regents. After
that, it had a varied history for nineteen years before it became a free institution. Some men
of note received their secondary education there, among whom may be mentioned the Hon.
Chas. B. Farwell, U. S. Senator from Illinois at one time, Rear-Admiral Francis Roe, Maj.-Gen.
Wm. W. Averell, I-Iull Fanton, Esq., Maj. R. M. McDowell, George M. Diven, Francis Colling-
wood, Dr. N. R. Seeley, Harry Covell, Chas. E. Rapelyea, T. W. Elmore, Richard Guion, and
Ausburn Towner, Among the teachers, older Elmirans still remember Moses S. Converse,
H. M. Aller, S. R. Schofield, Elijah N. Barbour and Miss Adaline Tubbs, who later became
his wife and the mother of Mrs. George Spring of this city.
It was largely due to the efforts of Dr. Erastus L. Hart that the system of free schools
became a possibility in Elmira. The rate-bill school system proving unsatisfactory, an amend-
ment to the Village Charter, providing for the free system, became a law, April 4th, 1859,
through the aid of Senator A. S. Diven. A Board of Education was organized April 19, 1859,
with Dr. Erastus Hart as President, an office he retained until 1867. District schools were
opened under the free system, April 26, 1859, and the Academy was re-established and made
free May 24, 1859. This closed the old private Academy on Baldwin Street, but the Free
Academy did not convene until the following September. The' last principal of the Elmira
Academy, Mr. S. R. Schofield, became the first Superintendent of Schools.
Tradition says that the old Baldwin Street Academy building was later removed farther
up the street, where its purchaser, Mr. S. H. Laney, used it as a paper-rag factory, until it
perished by fire, possibly burning with shame at such indignity to a building of its history.
CHAPTER II. Q
PRIN. CONVERSE'S ADMINISTRATION, 1359-'so. ,
September 13th, 1859, the Board fixed the re-
quirements for admission to the Academy at the standard
of the Regents' preliminary certificate.
The 15th of September, 1859, was the real begin-
ning of the Free Academy as an organized school. Its
first principal was Mr. Moses Sumner Converse, a man
of marked ability and a well-known figure in Elmira
until the latter part of the nineteenth century. He had
been a teacher in the old Academy and later conducted
a private school in the rear of his home at 311 William
Street. Miss Helen M. Phillips, the last Preceptress of
the old Academy, became the first Preceptress of the new.
These two constituted the entire faculty. .
Previous to the closing of the old Academy, its
trustees had bought the land on Clinton Street that is
the site of the present Academy. Two houses were
standing there ronting on ClintoI1 Street. As the
Board of Education had not yet purchased a site for an
Academy building, one of these houses was secured for
temporary use and remodelled to meet immediate needs.
What had probably been the parlor and sitting-room
were thrown into one good-sized room. This was
presided over by Prin. Converse, and used for his recita-
tion room and the boys' study room. A room at the
east side became the boys' cloak-room. Directly north
of Prin. Converse's room was the girls' cloak-room. . Beyond that, to the north, an annex was
built for Miss Phillips's recitation mom, where the girls studied. The entrance was at the east
side leading west to the girls' cloak-room and south to-the boys! . For some classes, the boys
wouild pass into Miss Phillips's roomy for others, the girls, into Prin. Converse's room: but for
' 'd ation
study purposes there was rigi separ -
In the Board of Education meeting of March 30, 1860, Commissioners Hart,Arnot,and
Thurston were appointed a committee to confer with the trustees of the old Academy, Simeon
Benjamin, President in regard to transferring the Clinton Street property to the Board.
Before this was settled, the Academy was removed, April 9, 1860, to the basement of the old
Congregational Church, the predecessor of the present Park Church. Mr. Converse and Miss
Phillips remained the faculty. This might be termed the .Udark age" of.Academy history in a
very literal sense. The Board considered two sites, and It was not until june 12, 1860, that
the decision was made in favor of the Clinton Street property, and the deed was not signed
until Nov. 23, 1860. At this June meeting, the estimated cost of building was increased from
10,000 to 12,000 dollars. .
Au ust 1 1860 the Board offered a premium of .50 dollars for the best plan for an
Academy Euildiiig. On August 21st, the plan of Mr. E. Kingsbury was adopted and the build-
ing seemed like a thing of the near future.
K PRIN. WELLINGTON'S ADMINISTRATION, 1860-1865.
The fall term of 1860 opened September 30th,
- in a third location, the factory of j. M. Robinson, at the
south-east corner of Church and William Streets. The
dilapidated old building still stands, a blot on the land-
scape. Prin. Converse had retired at the close of the
first year and was succeeded by Prof. Isaac Mortimer
Wellington of Fryeburg, Me., who had been appointed
the 19th of the previous June. The lower floor of the
factory was utilized for the school. The girls' entrance
was on Church Street and the boys' on William. The
seats faced east. With the design, noted before, of
separating the sexes, the main room was divided by a
partition extending as far as the students' seats went.
A sliding door at the east end of the partition connected
the two rooms and was open at recitation time. Prin.
Wellington's desk was in front of the boys and Miss
Phillips's in front of the girls. The classes occupied
benches extending in front of the students' desks, boys
and girls remaining on their respective sides.
One of the students, recalling those days,writes:-
"During the summer and fall of 1860 was the
presidential campaign of Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Douglass.
The latter came to Elmira on his lecturing tour, and was
taken around the town to see tne sights, one of which
must have been our school building. When his carriage
appeared, he seemed to be quite interested, and the pupils looking out of the Carriage Factory
windows at him and his beautiful wife were quite as interested as he was.
"Another incident, in 1861, which gave interest to the pupils was the arrival in the
neighborhood of a company of soldiers and their location in the nearby Baptist Church, where
the Odd Fellows' new home now stands. These gave plenty of excitement with their blanket-
tossings, pyramid formations, their drilling and marching and martial music. When the
school returned to their home on Clinton Street, the change from warlike ways to peaceful
quite was quite noticeable."
December 26, 1861, the Board inspected the new Academy building on Clinton Street,
and on the last day of '61, formally accepted the building. The winter was spent in equipping
the Academy for occupancy, and the school did not move in until the spring term of '62. Mr.
Orrin Robinson, Secretary of the Board of Education, delivered the keys of the new building to
Prin. Wellington as the important feature of the formal opening of the building.
The new Academy was a three-story brick structure facing Clinton Street, the first
story being a basement largely above ground. On either side of the front, a long flight of
stone steps with iron railings led to the second floor. When the building was torn down, nearly
thirty years later, these steps were purchased by Contractor Gerity, and may now be found on
the terrace of the Gerity or "Queen City Cottage." on Keuka Lake. The third story was
divided into four recitation rooms, with a hall and a small room or office on both east and west
sides. The library cases were in the northeast room, tho' the room was eventually used for
recitation purposes also. The second floor had halls and ollices the counterpart of those on the
third, the chapel occupying the remainder of the story. It was an oblong room, the greater
length being from north to south, and comfortably accommodated 150 students, though 213
could be crowded into it. As there were windows on four sides, the chapel was a light, cneerful
room, which later had a very homelike appearance. Across the center from east to west was a
row of pillars, and, true to traditions, there were sliding doors between these pillars that might
be lowered to divide the chapel into two rooms. Despite this provision for "separating the
sheep from the goats," the doors were apparently never lowered, and as the girls' seats in the
soutn end faced north and the boys' seats in the north end faced south, tho opportunities or the
two sexes for observing each other were increased rather than diminished by the arrangement
planned to separate them. Because of this intended division, there were two doors, close to-
gether, opening into each hall. Near the west doors was a tiny platform, curved at the back
to allow tor the swinging of the doors. This rostrum was the throne of the faculty, and, owing
to its scant dimensions, the precarious foothold of the school orators on Priday afternoons.
Later, the seating arrangements were altered. A larger rostrum was placed at the south end
of the room, the seats all facing it. 'l'he office on the east side was Prin. Wellington's and
that on the west side, Miss Ph1llips's.
The basement contained, on each side, a hall running north and south with an exit at
each end. From these halls opened the dark, windowless cloak-rooms. Along the north end
of the basement were two rooms, the east one being used as a science laboratory for the few
experiments then performed, and the west one for the "Lyceum Society," after that was organ-
ized. Across the south end, down several steps, was a long room extending the width or the
building, an archway in the center giving it the appearance of double parlors. This archway
well illustrated the principle of a whispering gallery and afforded amusement to experimenters.
This room, after 1869, was the home of the Adelphic Debating Club, and other similar societies.
The first two years after the organization of the Free Academy no class was prepared
for graduation, as comparatively few students of the former Academy registered in the new
school. Not until the new building was occupied was there a Commencement of the Elmira
Free Academy. The official records of these early days were apparently not kept. In 1871,
Mr. George Ivl. Diven of the Board, having a proper realization or the value of records, tried to
remedy that defect by having a report compiled giving a resume of the previous years' history.
The Academy report, being written by a later principal than Mr. Wellington, made an error in
reporting the date of the first graduation, claiming the first class for '61, the second for '62, and
no graduates for '63, That error has persisted, people of later days naturally assuming the
date of the official report to be correct. 'l'he testimony of the graduates of the first four classes
and the "Advertiser" reports of the Commencement exercises of '62 and '63 are ample proof
that the first class was graduated in '62, the second in '63, and there was no year after '62
without graduates until 1866.
The first Commencement exercises were held in the new Academy building, July 25,
1862. At first it was thought impossible to have exercises, but the under graduates made
heroic efforts to secure a piano for the occasion and decorated liberally with flowers. Diplomas
never having been needed before, were not ready, and Prin. Wellington was too conscientious
to present dummy diplomas, so that customary feature of Commencement programs was
perforce omitted. Nevertheless all went off well. There were but two graduates, james R.
Monks, laterthe beloved principal of E. F. A., and Miss j. Amelia Munson, for a short time also
a member of the faculty. It was an ideal beginning, each sex being represented by a con-
spicuously able studentg for what the class lacked in quantity it maoe up in quality, and set
a very high standard for later graduates. james R. Monks has long since 'tcrossed the bar"
and his eulogy has been spoken, but Miss Munson is still a resident of Elmira, a well-read and
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delightful woman, to whom the writer of these pages makes grateful acknowledgment for
many interesting details of the early days.
George Raines, son of the pastor of Hedding Church, left school with that first class.
His special aim was preparing for college, and in so doing he neglected some requirements for
graduation, but the Class of '62 always regarded him as one of them. Later he became a
brilliant lawyer and Senator at Albany.
The custom of holding Re-unions of former students originated the evening of the first
Commencement day. This became an annual event and a very pleasant feature of Commence-
ment week. In Prof. Monks's time, possibly earlier, besides the summer Re-union, another
was held at the Christmas season. A literary program in which alumni were given prominent
places was held in chapel. Following this, until the over-crowded condition of the school
necessitated narrowing the aisles, it was the custom for couples to promenade through the
broad aisles encircling the chapel and crossing it at right angles through the center. Refresh-
ments were served in the Debating Club Room. For many years the Seniors conducted the
Christmas Re-union and the juniors the june Re-union. Thus each class had charge of two.
The receipts from the refreshments were devoted by these classes to beautifying the interior
of the building. Several of Artist George W. Waters's paintings, costing from 200 to 250
dollars, were thus given to the school. Book-cases, statuettes, rostrum desks and chairs,
clocks, etc., were presented in the same way. The encyclopaedia case in the present library
was such a gift, and the case in the office was presented by the class of '82.
The last June Re-union was held June 24, 1892 in the Masonic Temple, as the present
E. F. A. building was in process of erection. Mr. J. Sloat Fassett gave the main address on
this last occasion. The Christmas Re-unions continued for eight years longer, the last one
being held Dec. 27, 1900. For several years, however, these had been called Senior receptions,
and admission was by ticket. Any graduate was entitled to a ticket, but many objected to
asking for one, so the attendance dwindled. For many years the Re-unions failed to serve
the purpose for which they were doubtless intended, as the older alumni rarely came. They
were usually re'-unions of not more than four or five at most, of the recent classes.
In the winter of 1862-'63, the country being in the midst of the Civil War, the "Academy
Cadets," a military organization with regular dri ls, was formed. Charles R. Pratt was cap-
tain, Roscius Morse, jr., First Lieutenant, H. C. Morse, Orderly Sergeant, Manfred Davis,
Second Sergeant, Henry V. Ransom, drummer, and a young man named Burgess played
the fife. Prin. Wellington was the judge Advocate of the Court Martial. At the ilune Re-
union of 1871, surviving members of the company presented the Academy with an a bum con-
taining photographs of the cadets. Former Captain Chas. R. Pratt made a very graceful pre-
sentation speech, and Prin. Wellington accepted the gift for the school, in a felicitous manner.
Unfortunately all trace of that album seems to be lost.
The Class of 1863 contained but one member, Miss Sarah T. Haskell, now Mrs. Zera
Compton of this city. Quite a long program by under graduates was given at her Commence-
ment, in addition to the graduate's essay on the "Blessing of Dullness." The exercises were on
the afternoon of july 24, 1863. Supt. Bement, the successor of Mr. Schofield, announced that
a class of eleven or twelve was preparing for the next graduation. The Class of '64 did number
eleven, as did also the Class of '65.
jul 21, 1865 was Principal Wellington's last day at the head of E. F. A. He retired
from his office amid the protests of students and patrons. He was an inspiring teacher. After
more than forty years, students retain interest in subjects he taught them. He was untiring in
his efforts to help and encourage ambitious students, giving them outside time both early and
late. Many of his progressive methods were afterward revived and made famous by Prin.
Steele in conjunction with the latter's original methods. Self-government was encouraged
to a high degree, tho' not systemized to the extent that it was later under the Steele regime.
To retain for nearly a half century the enthusiastic loyalty and love of his students is a recog-
nition of worth that must gladden the heart of Prof. Wellington. The chronicler has been es-
pecially struck with this devotion on the part of every former student of his with whom she
has talked. Only two years ago, his surviving students, led by Miss Eliza Bement and the late
judge Chas. R. Pratt, made elaborate plans to bring Prof. Wellington back to Elmira from his
Chicago home for a sort of jubilee visit, and keen was their disappointment that his health
would not permit the journey. Perhaps a kinder fate will make possible his presence, next
September, at the semi-centennial of the school for which he did so much.
. CHAPTER IV.
PRIN. TIMLOW'S ADMINISTRATION, 1865-'66. V
With the retirement of Prin. Wellington went also Miss Phillips and someofthestudent
body. The students had so idolized Prin. Wellington that they resented any onels taking his
office, and the incoming principal, Mr. G. W. Timlow, was the innocent victim of their mis-
directed energies. For six months riot ruled in the Academy. The lady teachers were treated
with courtesy, but the lawless condition of the school nevertheless made their positions un-
pleasant. February 23, 1866, Mr. Timlow's resignation was accepted and on the same day
Mr. Joel Dorman Steele was appointed to the principalship.
PRIN. STEELE'S ADMINISTRATION, 1866-1872.
Prin. Steele began his difficult task March
1, 1866, with a policy of extreme severity, as he
deemed the case demanded. Gradually he
relaxed, and after a time revived self-govern-
1 ment developing it into a system that became
famous far and near, and attracted many visitors
to the school. His methods, being in' advance
of the times, were much discussed by educators.
The following are some features of his govern-
ment. Students attaining a creditabie scholar-
ship had their names placed upon an Honor Roll,
in order of rank, as "First Head Scholars" or
"Second Head Scholars"--tho' that was not a
very "scholarly" use of terms. To these students
were given certain duties and certain privileges.
No teacher remained in charge of the study room 3
thus one teacher's full time was saved. Monitors
' had served in the place of teachers, under Mr.
Wellington's rule, but all supervision was now
dispensed with. To summon classes from recita-
l tion rooms, large bells in each second-floor hall
were rung vigorously by "Head Scholar" boys
at the proper times. Classes were dismissed to
recitation rooms by "Head Scholars," who went
forward in front of chapel desk and tapped the
desk bell for Seniors, juniors, and Sophomores
in succession. The Seniors of highest rank
performed this service, ifin chapel 5 if not, the next
lower. If no Senior of honor rank were in the
room, the duty fell to the highest junior, and so
on. If a teacher happened to be at the desk for
an reason, the teacher sent the classes, but
the service was usually performed by the honzr student. With these duties went privileges.
Senior honor students had their choice between studying in chapel or in the office on the second
floor, the boys using the principal's office, the girls, the lady teachers'. Studying in the princi-
pal's office to-day is not exactly a reward of merit, but conditions were different in those days,
when the principal's time was spent almost entirely in the class-room. Junior honor students
used the offices just above these, on the third floor. Sophomores---the entering class- some-
times had tables and chairs in the front end of the third floor halls, sometimes they used the
basement. Of course, abuse of these privileges usually resulted in lowered standings the next
month, loss of honor rank involving loss of privileges. The system worked, in the main,
exceptionally well. It was maintained during Prin. Steele's administration and that of his
successor, Prin. Monks, aggregating about twenty years. '
During Prin. Steele's term, the faculty was increased to four. One of the teachers,
Miss Hattie Marshall, assisted Dr. Steele in the preparation, especially the illustration, of many
of his text-books, most of which were written while he was at the head of E. F.A. Prof. Steele
made fame and fortune by his fourteen weeks' courses in Chemistry, Physics, Geology, and
other sciences, also by his "Barnes's U. S. History," so-called because written for the A. S.
Barnes and Co. publishing house. All these books are well known to students attending E.
F. A. during the seventies and eighties.
Miss Mary Harriet Norris, another teacher during Steele's administration, is now Dean
of the Northwestern University, and celebrated as an author. One of her books has Grover
Cleveland as hero, another has its setting in the Chemung Valley.
Shortly after assuming control of the school, Prin. Steele introduced Calisthenics with
dumbbell drills. This proved too tame for the fellows, filled with the spirit of the late war,
and an Athletic association resulted. This died out later and new associations have been or-
ganized several times in the subsequent history of-the school. The original association secured
a barn already standing at the rear of the Academy, and remodelled it for a gymnasium. Prof.
A. Wellington Norton, an assistant teacher, later principal of No. 4 School, deserves the credit
for this undertaking. With the sanction of Prin. Steele, the work was done by the young men
of the school, under Prof. Norton's direction, the material being purchased with money sub-
scribed by students. The building had a floor of saw-dust and was well equipped for a gym-
nasium in those days. Outside was a trapeze and rings, which were in constant use at recesses
and before school. The gymnasium stood until the building of the second Academy 1891
Owing to the waste of time during the first six months of 1865 --'66, no class was ready
for graduation in june 1866.
The first class graduated under Prin. Steele was in 1867. This was also the first class
to use the terms "Valedictorian" and "Salutatorian" for Commencement honors. Chas P.
Thurston was the first valedictorian and Henry R. Redfield salutatorian. These terms have
been used ever since. In a large part of Prof. Monks's administration, however, instead of
being, as originally and now, applied to the students ranking first and second in scholarship,
regardless of sex, the valedictory was given to the one ranking highest among the young men
and the salutatory to the one ranking highest among the young women, though the latter's
standing might be much higher than the former's.
On the 30th of October, 1867, a preliminary meeting was held to plan a literary society
open to both sexes. As a result, on Nov. 15, 1867, the "Lyceum" was established. Its purpose
was cultivation of literary taste by composition, declamation, and reading choice literature.
There were thirty-eight charter members, among them Dr. Steele, Prof. Norton, J. Sloat
Fassett, H. S. Brooks, Clement Bainbridge, Jacob Schwartz, Adele Gleason and Emily A. Nel-
son, names well known to most Elmirans. The motto chosen was "Stratum supra stratum."
For twenty years the principal of the Academy was president of the society, and several mem-
bers of the faculty were usually in the membership. Prin. Steele continued president until
Jan.25, 1872,when,going on a leave of absence, he resignedfrom the presidency. Prof. Monks
was elected Jan. 30, 72 and continued until he left the Academy, June 1887. Officers were
elected three times a year, serving one school term. The meetings were held Monday evenings
in the northwest room of the basement, which the society fitted up as a cosy club room. Prof.
Monks took great interest in the society and the Lyceum continued in a flourishing condition,
doing excellent work, as long as he remained at its head. When Mr. Lovell became principal,
the control of the Lyceum passed entirely into the hands of the students. Arthur booth was
the first student president, elected in September, 1887, As the students were unaccustomed to
the management of such a society, it gradually ran down. The last minutes were recorded
April 19, 1889. Thus passed the first literary society of E. F. A.
In 1869, the Adelphic Debating Club was organized. John R. Joslyn and C. Carroll
Fitzhugh had moved to Elmira from Mt. Morris, N. Y., where in 1868 they had been charter
members of an Adelphic Debating Club. They organized one here with the same name and
for a second time became Adelphic charter members. There were nine others. It is interest-
ing to note that J. Sloat Fassett and Jacob Schwartz were charter members of the Adelphics
as well as of Lyceum. George W. Knox was its first president. Many of the famous business
and professional men of Elmira have been members of the Adelphic in former years. Con-
spicuous among them are such men as John B. Stanchfield, Edgar Denton, Judge Walter
Lloyd Smith, Boyd McDowell, Casper Decker, Alex. Eustace. David M. Pratt, Harry Bogart,
and Thomas F . Fennell. The list might be indefinitely extended. As a society open to all the
young men, it drew the best talent of the school into its membership. It is to be regretted
that in December, 1895, the constitution was revised, making it a secret society and thus
narrowing it into a clique and defeating the purpose for which the Adelphic was organized.
There is no occasion for secrets in a debating society. There should be no reason why any
fellow of the school, whether a fraternity man or not, might not be privileged to belong to the
historic old debating club. Until 1902, the meetings were held in E. F. A. Now the club rooms
are at 206 East Water Street.
The Class of 1869 was the first to hang a class picture upon the walls of E. F. A. They
set a style that lasted until classes became very large in the late nineties. Jacob Schwartz
was valedictorian of '69 and Will Ayres salutatorian.
Our honored townsman, J. Sloat Fassett, was the brilliant valedictorian of the Class of
1870, and Clement D. Bainbridge, later an actor of repute, now living in Elmira, was salutato-
Soon after the beginning of the fall term of 1870, James R. Monks, A. M., a graduate
of the first E. F. A. class, later of Union College, was added to the faculty to take exclusive
charge of the college preparatory students. The next fall, five students entered various colleges
well-prepared and admitted without condition. In September, 1871, there were thirteen
students in this class. This was the beginning of Prof. Monks's long and valuable service to
E. F. A.
In Prin. Steele's report to the Board of Education for the year ending June 28, 1871,
he mentions the custom of impromptu compositions. Whether it was established that year
is not clear. This custom was continued until the inadequate accommodations of old No. 6,
in 1891,whenthe second buildingwas being erected, rendered it impossible. It was not revived
later. One period a week, in rotation, was devoted by all students to the writing of a composi-
tion on one of several themes announced at that time. Subject matter must be drawn from
one's own knowledge or experience, there was no opportunity for investigation. At least
two pages must be written within the alloted period. These impromptus were divided among
the faculty for marking until 1888, when the English department was separated from the
history. After that, all these weekly impromptus fell to the lot of the English teacher. The
system was an excellent one for the students, but a heavy burden upon one teacher.
In 1870-'71 a girls' debating society called the "Philorhetorian" was in existence. The
date of its origin is uncertain, as is also the date of its disbanding. The society met Thursday
afternoons after school, in the same room as the Adelphics, whose meetings at that time were
'Thursday evenings. Later the Adelphics met Fridays. Six or seven years after this, another
short lived debating society was started by the girls, but both its name and its history are wrap-
ped in obscurity.
At the time of the Commencement in '71, there were several rizes given by public
spirited citizens. These continued for three years, until, some dissatisfjaction with the award-
ing having arisen, the donors thought best to withdraw them.
The Arnot prize in mathematics, given by john Arnot, jr., consisted of two gold medals
for the best results in an algebra examination given by the teacher. H. W. Foster and Loula
Fassett won these medals in '71.
The Hall spelling prize was a Webster's Unabridged Dictionary contributed by Chas.
Hall for the best speller. Emma H. Beers and Mary Turner tied for first rank and a dictionary
was given to each. '
The Diven composition and elocution prize was established by George M. Diven. He
donated 70 dollars for books as prizes each year. These were awarded on the results of two
prize exhibitions. The first awards were as follows:
Oratory, 1st prize, Fred Dundas,
2nd prize, Henry Flood,
Composition, 1st Senior prize, Ella Beecher,
2nd Senior prize, Mary Turner,
1st Junior prize, Josie Bullard,
2nd Junior prize, William P. McKnight.
Junior and Sophomore Recitation and Declamation prizes:
Declamation, 1st prize, William P. McKnight,
2nd prize, Alex. C. Eustace.
Recitation, 1st prize, Hattie Hart,
2nd prize, Lizzie Thurston.
In '72-'73 an English Literature prize was added to the foregoing list. 15 dollars in
was given to the student attaining highest rank in a written examination in English
Literature set by the teacher of literature. No record was found of the donor or o the
winner. In all cases, these prizes were awarded at Commencement, though the successful
competitors were sometimes announced at the close of the exhibitions.
On January 13th, 1872, Prin. Steele was given a leave of absence for four months
because of the pressure of his literary duties. January 29th, Prof. Monks was appointed
Acting-Principal during Prin. Stee1e's absence. On June 25th, of the same year, the Board
of Education declined to accept Prin. Steele's resignation, granting him six months further
leave and requesting him to withdraw his resignation. He never returned to E. F. A. aslprin-
cipal, however, although the Board waited until July 14, 1873, before appointing Acting- rin-
cipal Monks actual Principal.
A Principal Steele's administration had done great things for the progress and reputation
of the Academy. That fact, coupled with his literary fame, made the Board very reluctant to
release him. As has been shown, he brought order out of chaos, made the Academy an illus-
trious example of self government, and established many worthy customs. Moreover, he was
an exceptionally able teacher, commanding the respect and admiration of his students, and
was a great organizer. For many years the school bore the impress of his strong personality.
PRIN. MONKS'S ADMINISTRATION, 1872-1887.
Prin. James R. Monks kept the Academy
up to the standard established by his predecessor.
W In his '73 report to the Board, he emphasized the
fact that no teacher in his school was called an
a "assistant", each in her department was supreme
authority, a "preceptress" of a special department,
thus adding dignity to the position. Their com-
pensation was also better than it is to-day, though
the requirements now are much higher than then.
There were five departments in '73, history and
literature being combined in one.
In February 1873, Prof. Steele's collection
of geological specimens was purchased for 450
dollars. This is an unusually line collection for
a High School to own. It has been added to some-
what by later instructors, Miss Herrick contributing
a collection made one summer in Ithaca. Un-
fortunately, under the present regent's regulations
in science the collection can be little used.
In September, 1874, the course of study was
changed from a three to a four years' course for
x all students. Previous to that, the general course
N had been three years. College preparatory students
1 had been graduated at the close of the third year,
I on the general course, returning for a fourth year
and a second diploma. .
1 , uni: 5 - in
w' S. Ji I if
1875 In the fall of 1875, Miss S. Cornelia Norman
joined the Academy faculty. She had previously
been teaching in School No. 1. The coming and
going of all teachers of the school it would be im-
possible to chronicle, but Miss Norman was no
ordinary teacher and her advent is worthy of notice.
In June 1878, appeared the first number
of the HE. F. A. Record," an eight page paper of
considerable interest. Frank Fishler was its first
editor. It was published semi-annually at first,
the second number coming out December 19,
1678, the Commencement day of the only "Christ-
mas Class" in the history ot the school. In the
"Personal" column one item reads: "Our alumni
list records six M. D's." That number has been
many times multiplied since. The "Record" be-
came an annual later, but its career was compara-
The "June Class of '78" was the only one to be
graduated on the four years' course established in
1874. It was the Hrst class to hold its Commence-
ment exercises outside of the Free Academy build-
ing. Park Church was the place chosen. Com-
mencements continued to be held in various churches
from that date until 1888, when the Lyceum theatre
was secured. A
December 19, 1878, the "Christmas Class
of '78" was graduated. This was a unique Com-
mencement, the only winter graduation in Academ-
' ' " ic history. The decision to return to a three years'
general course made it necessary to reduce the
number of classes, and the "Christmas Class" therefore stands alone as the one class graduated
onia three-and-a-half years' course. Their Commencement took place at the First M. E.
june 21, 1880, some students of the Academy, whose names did not appear upon the
paper ---perhaps wisely published a paper called "The Mirror," a four-page sheet containing
caustic criticisms of the management of E. F. A. and decidedly personal "roasts" upon some
members of the faculty. The editors, in two paragraphs in different parts of the paper, took
pains to except Misses Norman and Nelson of the faculty from any adverse criticism. The
student body,as a whole, did not approve the tone of "The Mirror" and the nature of its reflec-
tions. Naturally the faculty disapproved. Hence it became another illustration of "the first
shall be last." On the same day, the UE. F. A. Record" for the year came out. Its editors
that year were William E. V. Kemp and Cassius I-Iibbard. Its tone was very different
from that of its rival. .
For the first years of the eighties there seem few distinctive events to chronicle. Prin-
Monks's methods were fully established and the machinery of the system moved smoothly-
The retirement of Prin. Monks, in June 1887, was a cause of deep regret to the school and
alumni. His infiuence in the school had been a particularly happy one. All students had a
profound respect for his intellectual attainments and for his opinions. His bearing was dignified,
but gracious, and his manners polished. In his students, also, he tolerated no manners but
those of ladies and gentlemen, and he inculcated these more by example than by precept.
Seldom did he speak severely, but on the rare occasions when it was necessary, the few in-
cisive words of scorn with which he scored an ill-bred act made the offender shrivel into a
pygmy in his own eyes as well as in those of his schoolmates. No such babyish tricks as char-
acterize students of some High Schools were ever seen in E. F. A. during his administration,
although the average age of students was about the same here as elsewhere, and then as now.
His leaving was a serious loss to the school and marked the passing of the old regime.
PRIN. LOVELL'S ADMINISTRATION, 1887-1895.
Prin. Monks was succeeded by Mr. 1887
Herbert M. Lovell, a Comell graduate. He
did not adhere to all the traditions of the school.
Teachers now took charge of the study room,
but students were still allowed more liberties
than in many High Schools.
His first Commencement, june 28, 1888, 1333
was held in the evening in the Lyceum theatre.
Thereafter all Commencement exercises were
in the Lyceum until 1904, when the burning of
the theatre made it necessary to find another
place. Only the classes of '88 and '89 held
their exercises in the evening.
At the Reunion, june 29, 1888, an 1338
Alumni Association was, for the first time,
established. Officers elected for '88-'89 were
Pres. john B. Stanchfield
1st Vice-Pres. Dr. Henry Flood
2nd Vice-Pres. Boyd McDowell
3rd Vice-Pres. Henry Redfield
Cor. Sec'y. Harry N. Hoffman
Rec. Sec'y. Frances D. Guion
Treas. David M. Pratt.
An Alumni Association was a highly
desirable organization, but this one did nothing
but elect officers. The following year, at
Reunion, the second election was held, resulting
Pres. George Hull
1st Vice-Pres. B. S. Chamberlin
2nd Vice-Pres. Harry N. Hoffman
3rd Vice-Pres. W. C. Peebles
Cor. Sec'y. William C. White
Rec. Sec'y. Frances D. Guion
Treas. Theodore M. McKnight.
Again 110 definite work was accomplishedby the association. At the Reunion in 1890,
at which jacob Schwartz, the brilliant lawyer, had given an address on "A Modern Problem,"
the ballot resulted as follows:
Pres. Jacob Schwartz
' Vice-Pres. Boyd McDowell
Sec'y. Mrs. Theodora Norton Joerg
Treas. M. Louise Godfrey.
President Schwartz appointed the following executive committee, H. C. Mandeville,
George McCann, A. Welling Wyckoff, Mrs. Chas. Roach, Mary E. Eaton. President Schwartz
died before the next june Reunion, and no effort was made to keep up the organization, so
the officers elected in '90 never had successors until 1909, when the association reorganized.
In the fall of '88, the growth of the school necessitated a distinct English department. 1888
Previously it had been ccmbined with the history. The faculty was increased by an En lish
teacher to take exclusive charge of the new department. Some idea of the later growth of the
English department may be gathered from the fact that to-day there are four teachers devoting
their entire time and four others giving half of their time or more to English.
In that year, '88-'89, all students were required to take the regents' examinations in all
Academic subjects. For some time previous, it had been optional. From '89'to the present,
the regents' examinations in allsubjects have been required. At first, students were graduated
on a local mark obtained by averaging regents' marks and class standing, but later, the regents'
diploma was necessary to obtaining the Academy diploma.
In '89 the Lyceum literary society died out. The same year the Athanaeum Debating 1889
Club was formed as a rival to the Adelphics. It flourished until 1892, when it united with the
Adelphics under the latter name, as the Sophomore Adelphics and the Sumnerfea mixed club- Q
had done before. There was at this time another club, known as the Elmira Free Academy
Scientific Society, which continued through 'i9. No records of its organization are accessible,
though mention of it is found in '88. '
In May of 1889, Arbor Day was celebrated. 'Ihis was not, in the Academy, observed
every year. A few yearsglater its annual observance was establishedkand during Mr. Evans's
- mffeexmvex-e4va,y1g 1 -
administration the entire charge of the celebration was placed in the hands of the Senior Class.
The custom still obtains.
On the evening of May 17th, the Class of '89 held its Class Day exercises. The pro-
gram, consisting of class history, prophecy, and the like, was given in the chapel, the ban uet
followed in the Debating Club room. Until 1892,'tl1b same arrangement prevailed, the Ctlass
Day being always in May.
December 19, 1890, marks the organization of the first chaptered secret society in E. F.
A.- Alpha Zeta. This was largely due to the efforts of Fred F. jewett, Leon T. Lewald, Henry
B. Van Duzer, and the Gamma Chapter of Binghamtom. Eleven members resigned from the
Adelphics to become charter members of the Epsilon chapter of Alpha Zeta. The first year,
the society met in the Academy building. During the erection of the new Academy the follow-
ing year, clubrooms were secured in the Robinson Building. Now the clubhouse is the former
May 13, 1891, Elmira College, through its president, Dr. Chas. Van Norden, offered an
Elmira College scholarship to the E. F. A. girl that had had the highest rank in scholarship
during her course and was prepared to enter college in the fall. This scholarship was to be
given each year thereafter. No one was ready to take it that year, as the Academic course was
three years and four would be necessary for college preparation. Several members of the
Class of '91 took post-graduate work the next year, and Mary Olive Bullard, Valedictorian of
'91, was the first to earn this scholarship honor, in '92. Since then, every year this honor
has been earned by an Academy girl, the last one being Helen E. Manning, 1908.
In the summer of 1891, the Academy building was torn down to make room for a com-
modious modern structure. School for the year opened in the old No. 6 School building on
Lake Street,'just south of the D.L. QW. tracks. The building was in poor repair and ill-adapted
to the use of the school, but the best available. It was overrun with huge rats, bold enough
to come out during afternoon recitations and ransack waste baskets standing close by a teacher's
desk, to secure food left by students bringing luncheon. School work was of necessity reduced
to its lowest terms for lack of conveniences. As many students as possible arranged to have
all their recitations in a half day and studied at home. Yet, despite the handicap, fairly credit-
able results were obtained.
December 29, 1891, the Christmas Reunion was held in the Masonic Temple, --fthe first
to be held in any other place than the Academy building. The Senior Class had charge of it
and made it a great success. Dancing was introduced as a feature of the evening, since the
Masonic rooms offered accomodations.
On April 1, 1892, the Adelphia Sorority, the second chaptered society of E., F. A., was
formed. Miss Mary 0. Bullard started it at the suggestion of Miss Grace Collin of the Alpha
chapter in Ithaca. Miss Collin is a niece of Pres. Collin of the Elmira Board of Education.
Elmira, with twelve charter members, became the second or Beta chapter. Meetings were
held afternoons after school at the school building until within the past two years. Now the
Adelphia girls hold their meetings, quite appropriately, in the Women's Federation Building
where they are allowed use of the Director's room. A large number of the E. F. A. faculty
are honorary members of the sorority, which is scarcely a secret organization, at least in any
objectionable sense of the term. The society has a paper called the "Beta Siftings." For
several years Beta held a banner given by Ithaca for the best literary work.
The Class Day exercises of '92 H a class without a school home were held May 27th
at the home of Miss Lena Schornstheimer, a member of the class. It proved a very happy
arrangement, and thanks to the hospitality of the Schornstheimers, the occasion lacked none
of the pleasurable features of former Class Days.
The Reunion, on June 24th, was again held in the Masonic Temple. The program was
an interesting one, the cream of the entertainment being the address of the Hon. J. Sloat
Fassett. No one realized that this, the thirtieth anniversary of the first Reunion, would be
the last june Reunion, but had it been forseen, nothing better than Mr. Fassett's speech could
have been planned for a grand finale.
The new building was not opened with formal cermonies. Indeed it was hardly ready
for occupancy when the first day of the fall term arrived. The opening week of school was
cold and rainy, and as the heating apparatus had not yet been installed and the plaster was none
too dry, the temperature of the bui ding reminded one of a vault. Nearly the entire school
took severe colds. The building as compared with the former one, seemed to cover a large
area, yet, as it had but two stories to the other's three, it was not so much larger as it seemed.
Prin. Lovell had urged making more extensive accomodations, but was told that they seemed to
be enclosing all out doors, as it was. Yet in four years the school had out grown the building.
Architecturally the structure would have been improved by a third storyg but so much
travel up and down stairs had been an objection to the three-story plan of the old building, so
this was made two. The desirability of an assembly room on the third fioor where the entire
school might congregate at times, seems not to have appealed to the authorities in charge of
the construction, yet the lack of such a room has been a distinct drawback to school manage-
ment and school spirit.
As the building is still standing, no detailed description of it will be necessary, yet it
may not be amiss to speak of some rooms that have since been turned from their originalpur-
pose. The room used as a chemical laboratory until the fire of April 24, 1909, was built for
a gymnasium, but as it was not equipped, it was never so used. Hence even the old barn-
gymnasium of former days offered better facilities than the new building for athletic exercise.
The present Room 30 was the original chemical laboratory. At best, it could accommodate but
twelve at a time. That argued little faith in the growth of the school. Later, this room has
served as a geological museum, a biological laboratory, and now as a recitation room. Room
27, designed for the science lecture and recitation room, had, until a year ago, an inclined door
and opera seats, at first with adjustable writing attachment. The room now used as a biolog-
ical laboratory was originally designed for a society room for school organizations. The
Board of Education purchased from the Adelphic Debating Club the furniture of their room in
the old building and placed it in the new club room. Lockers for the various societies were
added. Thus no one society could claim the room more than another, but all were entitled to
use it. This condition of affairs lasted until 1900, when the club room was stripped of furniture
and carpet, and seated as an annex to lower chapel, to relieve the congestion in that room.
It was then known as Room K. After the Freshmen were removed to Grammar Schools 2
and 3, Room K was used for recitation purposes. In 1907, it was converted into a biological
laboratory, numbered Room 16, as the laboratory in Room 30 had been outgrown. The library
was originally in Room 25, with cases on the east and west sides, and a reading table in the
center. Room 26 was the museum where the Steele geological collection now in the chapel
was kept. Later it was the physics laboratory. Room 29-now the physics laboratory--was
the higher mathematics room. The present library was the principal's recitation room and
Room 23 was used by the teachers' training class. Indeed, there are few rooms that to-day
serve their original purpose. The two chapels were seated with desks facing south, where the
The first year in the new building was marked by the absence of Miss Norman, who
spent the year in Europe.
During the year '92f'93, Miss Godfrey conducted an informal American Literature
Club, one night a week, after school, for the study of some of our national literature for which
there was insufficient time in the regular course. It was composed of some of the brightest
members of the class of '93, an exceptionally good class. Informal discussions brought out the
abilities of some clever students. Stockton's "The Lady or the Tiger," in particular, led to
eager debate, and some clever skits in verse on the part of Marie Thomas, May Wormley, and
Academy of 18,51
john Ford Tremain. Chas. Alonzo Simmons and Thomas F. Fennell were shining lights in
the discussions. All these have since made good the promise of their school days.
. The first Class Day in the new building was celebrated Tuesday of Commencement week,
instead of in May, as previously. E. F. A. Class Days have never been, as in colleges, open-air
celebrations, and until 1903 were held in the evening. The one of 1893 took place in the new
club room, the only one to be held there in its entirety. The tables for the banquet that followed
the literary program were spread in the gymnasium across the hall, and carried in when needed.
In '94, the Class Day exercises were held in the parlors of the Rathbun, the banquet
following in the hotel dining room. Thereafter until 1903, the Class Day was observed at the
Rathbun or the Langwell, either Tuesday or Thursday evening of Commencement week. To
this rule, there was one exception, as the Class of '98 held their Class Day at Industrial Hall.
With the graduation of the Class of '95, Prin. Lovell severed his connection with the
Academy to take up the practice of law in this city. His administration was characterized by
four things: the adoption of the Regents' standard for graduationg the erection of the new
building, the introduction of the Rugby game in football, and the raising of the requirements
for teachers to the standard of a college education. Although the law had always been Mr.
Lovell's choice of a profession, he has never regretted the years of service he gave to the
Academy. Her interests are still dear to him, and any teacher or student of E. F. A., past or
present, has but to mention a service he could do, to meet with instant and hearty response.
PRIN. EVANS'S ADMINISTRATION, 1895-1900.
Mr. Charles W. Evans of the Olean High School
succeeded Mr. Lovell as principal. Mr. Evans was
a man of quiet manners, but of strong personality.
He co-operated very fully with his faculty, placing
great confidence in his teachers' judgment regard-
ing individual students that came within the circle of
their personal influence.
With the beginning of 1895, the department
of elocution was added to the curriculum. From earli-
est days, there had been rhetorical exercises, at first
with no drill except for Commencement, later with the
drill of the English teacher, but there had been no
attempt to have class instruction in elocution. This was
now added, with Miss Mary K. Smith as instructor.
She also ably assisted Miss Godfrey with the Freshman
Lincoln's birthday, February 12th, was observed
for the first time as a holiday in E. F. A. in 1896.
On the fourteenth of February, the faculty enter-
tained the school societies at a valentine party in the
Club-room. Each society had already that school
year entertained the faculty. Miss Godfrey of the
faculty was dressed to represent the Queen of Hearts,
and Henry B. Reynolds, a Freshman, represented Cupid.
Each guest provided at least one original, hand-decorated
valentine for some other guest. The occasion was a very pleasant one.
In the fall of 1896, a new four-year course of study was adopted and started. The
course has continued to be four years to the present time.
During the summer, the seats in the two chapels had been changed to face east, where
the rostrum was now placed. It gave the rooms a very different look. The library was equip-
ped with all the leading magazines for the reading table. This table, a long one of quartered
oak, had been the gift of the Adelphic Debating Club. The magazines were furnished fpartly
bythe societies and partly by voluntary contributions from otherstudents. This provision orthe
reading table continued about three years. As the library books were in open cases at that
time, bank railing with a gate in the center was placed in front of the cases. A student acting
as assistant librarian spent his study periods in the library, getting books from the shelves, as
needed, and having supervision of the reading table.
The registration in chemistry was 100 in 1896. That necessitated a larger laboratory
than one accommodating twelve at a time. The gymnasium therefore was converted into a
chemical laboratory with accommodations for twenty-eight at once. This room, well equipped,
was opened in November. Miss Herrick had charge of the chemistry and physics departments
and inspired unusually good work. Many fine machines were constructed by the physics
students, the handiwork of Augustus Alba, Albert McHenry, and Walter Ford, nephew of Dr.
Ford of Elmira College, being especially noteworthy. Walter Ford constructed a rheostat
that reflected great credit upon his skill. Other machines that might be mentioned are a steam
engine, an electric motor, a commutator, and an electroscope.
The establishment of another secret sorority, the "Alpha Sigma," during this year,
brought up the question of school societies and led the Academycommittee of theBoardto decide
that only "open" societies might use Academy rooms for evening meetings. The Alpha Sigma
died out after a few years. -
There was an increase of 90 in the enrolment, bringing the registration up to 646.
In four years the school had out grown by a hundred, and in five years by nearly two hundred,
the capacity of the building, which comfortably accommodates not more than 450. The chap-
els were badly crowded.
In November of 1897, Miss Herrick and six students organized the Kelvin Scientific
Society, open to both sexes. This is an open society, meeting alternate weeks, devoting every
third meeting to social purposes. At first, the meetings were held in the school building, but
for some years they have been at the homes of members. This society has done earnest work
along scientific lines.
When school opened, December 8th, it was found that the Academy building had been
robbed during the night. Burnt matches and cigar stumps were strewn through all the rooms.
All teachers' desks had been ransacked and any keys found in them carried to the office to aid,
if possible, in opening the office desk. These failing, it had been pried open and all the soap
and towel fund, the desk money, and the magazine fund, amounting to between 20.00 and
30.00 dollars, had been stolen. Miss Norman's gold pen was also missing from her desk in
lower chapel. ,
The class of '98 started the custom of a Senior play. On the evening of December 9,
1897, they gave two farces by john Kendrick Bangs, "A Dramatic Evening" and "The Fatal
Message." The entertainment was held in Park Church Play-room with an over packed house.
In addition to the witticisms with which Bangs's farces are replete, Frank Curtin, who had the
leading role, interpolated wit of his own that kept- the house in convulsions. The audience
encored his original efforts so repeatedly that it was almost impossible to go on with the play.
. The classes of '99 and 1900 did not present Senior plays, but 1901 did: then, with the
exception of 1902, it has been an annual custom up to the present. The plays,,after '98's,
have been as follows:
1901 "A Letter of Introduction" Park Church Play-room.
1903 "The Rivals" Auditorium Theatre.
1904 "She Stoops to Conquer" St. James Hall.
1905 "London Assurance" St. James Hall.
1906 "A Scrap of Paper" Rorick's Glen Theatre.
1907 "The Prince Chap" Rorick's Glen Theatre.
This play brought out in the title role a prince of amateur actors, Albert H. Fox, now
taking prominent parts on the professional stage in the Middle West, though lacking still a
year of having experienced "When We Were Twenty-One."
1908 "The Half Back" Rorick's Glen Theatre.
1909 "The Elopement of Ellen" Rorick's Glen Theatre.
This is a musical comedy with picturesque songs and dances.
At Christmas, 1897, as a token of their admiration and love, the Freshmen presented to
Miss Norman, who was in charge of their chapel, a handsome revolving desk-chair, which
femained upon the rostrum in lower chapel until Miss Norman's death, more than five years
New Year's evening, the class of '98 repeated the Bangs's farces in the Auditorium
Theatre for the benefit of the Y. M. C. A., repeating also their,success.
On the 29th of january, 1898, two members from the Gamma Chapter of the Lambda
Sigma fraternity initiated eighteen charter members in E. F. A. as the Kappa Chapter. These
same young men had had an organization, under various names, since jan. 16, 1896. The
S. U. S. S. was started at that time in School No. 2. It consisted first of Messrs. Bennett, Mil-
lard, Swan, and Gridley, later adding Messrs. Swift and Earle Hart. These six introduced the
society into E. F. A., September, 1896. The name was subsequently changed to K. K. K., and
later to Dodona. As Dodona, they hired St. Ursula Hall. Deciding to join some chaptered
organization, they chose Lambda Sigma. Clubrooms were engaged in the Realty Building,
soon after organization. Now the fraternity again occupies the St. Ursula Hall.
Some remarkable records were made in the examinations of 1898. Miss Rena Rock-f
well, a Freshman, finished the year with an average of 99 per cent. for the entire year's work.
Isaac Levy of the graduating class had seven honor papers in june.. He had earned in four
years a 100 count regents' certificate "with honor 3" that is, in three fourths or more of the
subjects his mark was above 90 per cent. That record has never been duplicated in E. F. A.
He won the Cornell scholarship in june, and in the fall captured a 400.00 dollar cash prize in
the Arts course at Cornell, against one hundred competitors, most of whom had taken a course
in the Cornell summer school to prepare for the three days' examination that determined the
scholarship. This record fcr an eighteen-year-old reflected great credit both upon himself
and upon E. F. A. His sister, Miss Harriet M. Levy, won the scholarship to Elmira College the
same year. Later she was a successful teacher in E. F. A.
The fdotball team of '98 had a remarkable record, losing only one game, the last of
the season, which would have given them the state championship. This defeat was doubtless
due to the playing of an extra game that crippled the team just before the crucial game. En-
thusiasm over this team led to the organization again of an Athletic Association, with forty-
seven members. Later this dwindled until the year 1901 '02, when the membership increased
to one hundred twelve.
A Mandolin Club was organized in E. F. A. February 24,-1899, under the leadership of
Edward Briggs. This Club, consisting of two violins, two banjos, one guitar, and six man-
dolins added greatly to the attractiveness of the rhetorical programs and other school entertain-
ments. Later it was under the direction of Abraham Lande, who had been a member of the
club from its inception, and who was graduated from Roosa's violin school the Saturdag before
his graduation from the Academy in 901. The club disbanded when Mr. Lande left . F. A.
When school opened September 13, '99, recitation rooms 22 and 23, the latter occupied
by the teachers' training class, were given up to the Seniors, who sat there instead of in chapel.
'Ihe training class was moved to No. 2 school. The Seniors were put upon their honor, being
without supervision. It became necessary to convert the library and the museum into recita-
tion rooms. The geological collection was therefore moved into the former chemistry lab-
oratory- now Room 30 and 26 was seated for classes. The bank railing in the library had
been removed and glass doors fitted to the cases. Benches were placed diagonally across the
libraryr- Room 25---the teacher's desk being in the northeast corner. The reading-table was
placed in the front of chapel on the boy's side and used for reference books: the magazines were
given up The encyclfapaedia case was moved to the space between the doors of 25 and 26, and
a row o seats was adde close to the wall between the doors of 24 and 25. Aisles were narrowed
to what one stout fellow called "a fat man's misery."
For the sake of some students that wished a wider knowledge of Shakespeare's plays
than the English course provided for, Miss Godfrey organized a Shakespeare Club November
23, 1899. The plays were read in character, discussions and questions following each act.
The club brought out some excellent elocutionary ability, Rees Pugh's and Earle Hart's
work being conspicuous. The club was continued for two years, its membership numbering
twenty-four the first year and forty-two the second.
There have been several short lived school papers in the history of the Academy, but
the "Vindex, " has evidently come to stay. In the fall of '99, a prominent local paper contained
some anonymous slurs upon the student body. At an indignation mass-meeting of students,
Prin. Evans suggested that the school have its own paper to defend its rights, and name it the
"Vindex," the Latin for defender. The suggestion was acted upon. Prin. Evans selected,
from each class, a few students whose English work indicated their fitness for newspaper work.
From the nominations thus made, each class voted for its proper number of representatives on
the Vindex board. Election entitled the successful candidate to a position on the beard until
his graduation. This scheme provided for experienced editors and managers. Cecil J. Swan,
1900, was the first editor-in-chief and William T. Rathbun, '01, the first business manager.
The initial number was published in December, 1899. The paper is therefor in its ninth year
of successful publication, and the training received by its editors has prepared several of them
for editorial work on College papers. Lewis Henry, editor-in-chief in 1904, was conspicuously
successful in editorial work at Cornell, and Neil Cranmer of '06 is now making good at Syracuse.
The Class of 1901, as juniors, gave a reception to the faculty, post-graduates, and
seniors, February 14, 1900. The Club room was elaborately decorated with hearts for the
occasion, one corner being devoted to a Post-office for original Valentines. The Juniors were
In connection with the graduation in june 1900, one student's record is worthy of
special mention. John C. Robertshaw finished the fours years' classical course in three
years, with an average of 97 per cent for the entire course. After graduation from Cornell
he was for four years a member ot the Academy faculty, and is now holding twice as good a
position, financially, as teacher of classics in the Jersery City High School.
At the close of the school year '99-1900, Prim vans resigned to accept a more lucrative
position as principal of the High School in East Orange, N. J., where he still is. The reg-
istration had doubled in the tive years of his principalship. In many other ways the school's
growth had been equally noticeable. Mr. Evans's departure caused sincere regret, tempered
only by the fact that our loss was his gain. Yet, though the change was promotion for him,
the Elmira school holds a warm place in his memory, and East Orange students have often
heard of this best school of the Southern Tier.
PRIN. CONANT'S ADMINISTRATION, 1900'f- 1906.
Mr. Howard Conant came from the Penn Yan
Academy to succeed Mr. Evans. During the vacation
the Clubroom had been dismantled and seated as an
annex to lower chapel to accommodate the over-flow of
1 first and second year students. Mr. Conant placed Miss
Koehler in charge of the room and changed its name to
I Room K in her honor. The loss of the Clubroom put
an end for some time to social functions in the school.
November 7, 1900, Commissioner H. C. Mande-
ville of the Board offered prizes of 15 and 10 dollars to
Seniors and juniors respectively, 7for thelbest articles
written on "The Commercial Future of the United States."
The award was to be made at the 1901 Commencement.
This was the first prize offered by a public-spirited citizen
since the early seventies, when several E. F. A. prizes
had been established. This was for the one year only.
The Class of 1901 established the custom of
choosing a "Patron Saint" from the faculty Wa custom
popular in college. Miss M. Louise Godfrey had the
honor of being the nrst "Patron Saint" in Academy
history. The example of the "Naughty Ones," as they
called themselves, has been followed by all succeeding
els sses except '02 and '08. Their choices were as follows:
. .ff Miss
Minna B. Phelps,
'04.- -'Prin. Howard Conant,
'05.fNMiss Grace Foster,
'06.4 Miss M. Louise Godfrey,
'07.-Miss Lillian B. Herrick,
M Louise Godfrey
'09.ff . .
In May of 1901, the first demonstration of wireless telegraphy in Elmira was made by
Miss Lillian B. Herrick of the science department of E. F. A., assisted by Leon Bogardus, a
student. Communication was established between two rooms and the experiment was entirely
successful. It called outside attention very strongly to E. F. A. Miss Herrick was a partic-
ularly able and progressive teacher and such up-to-date experiments were common things
while she headed the physics department.
Wednesday afternoon of Commencement week in the Academy chapel, the Seniors
repeated their class play, "A Letter of Introduction," given first in Park Church, February
19th. The repetition was for the benefit of the Athletic Association.
The 1901 Commencement was unusually interesting. Mr. Francis E. Neagle, the val-
edictorian, broke the state record by securing a 127 count regent's Academic diploma in his
four years' course. The nearest approximation had been made by Prin. Charles Kent of the
Elmira Heights School, but he made the record in mature years, after he became a principal,
and even then fell several counts short of 127. Mr. Neagle later made an enviable record in
Harvard, doing seven years' work in six in the arts and law departments and lecturing regularly
in Radcliffe during the last years. He is now practicing law in New York City, the Harvard
Club there having given him first choice of all openings in law offices because of his exceptionally
able work at Harvard.
Another brilliant student of 1901, Miss Rena Rockwell, after completing the course in
Elmira College, did post-graduate work at Radcliffe.
The salutatorian, Miss Florence Blades, secured the 15 dollar prize offered by Commis-
sioner Mandeville for the best article on "The Commercial Future of the United States," Miss
Clara Louise Comfort receiving honorable mention. The 10 dollar prize went to Miss Helen
Jeannette Allen of the junior Class. This would look as if the commercial future of the United
States were in the hands of its women. The decisions were made by three prominent Elmira
During the summer of 1901, the Academy library was catalogued by the Dewey decimal
system. The librarian, Miss Godfrey, though she had never taken the two years library course,
had already roughly classified the books under the groupings of that system. The state in-
spector of libraries, seeing this and knowing her familiarity with books from her English work
pronounced her capable of doing the cataloguing, usually done by an expert from the library
schools. Conseuuently, studying out for herself the complicated system of "red tape," she
undertook to "learn to do by doing," consulting Mrs. Andrew of the "Steele Memorial Library"
when necessary. In six weeks, by working early and late, Miss Godfrey classified the 3269
books then in the library. She was assisted in the handprinting of the more than 10,000 cards
by Mrs. Ida M. Sherwood and two young ladies of the school. One young girl's time was en-
tirely taken with labelling books with the classification number, and rearranging on the shelves.
In the report of Miss Emily Nelson, an early librarian, the library was said to contain 744 books
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in 1872. Up to 1909 it has accessioned 3987. Little in the way of fiction has been added in
several years, the purpose being to keep it a reference library. As such, it is good.
The registration in the fall of 1901 was 734 for a building comfortably accommodating
450 at most. An annex was a crying need, though the building was but nine years old.
In November, Miss Norman, whose health was seriously undermined, was granteda
leave of absence. The school began then to realize how much she meant to the institution.
The "Boys' Protective Union" was formed in February, 1902, to look after the protec-
tion of school property, to repair in case of damage by carelessness of students, and to encourage
school spirit. The suggestion was Prin. Conant's. A constitution was drawn up, providing
for a governing board consisting of two members from each of the four classes, and the prin-
cipal ofthe Academy. The first officers elected were President, Earle Hart 3 Treasurer, Wick-
ham Smith: Secretary, Beal Banks. This organization lasted into the second year.
In March, 1902, the Athletic Association, now augmented to 112 members, held a
banquet at the Frasier House, with elaborate menu, toasts, and much enthusiasm. About
one hundred were present. J. R. Rubin of Syracuse presented the cause of the new Inter-
scholastic League ormed by Syracuse University, similar to the Cornell League of which E.
F. A. was already a member. Mr. Conant was in his element as toastmaster. Interesting
toasts and speeches were given by Pres. Fred H. Wise, james B. Pratt of the faculty, Messrs.
Tripp, Fennell, and Murtaugh from the city and Messrs. Doane, Hart, and Capt. Shea from
The junior Class charmingly entertained the faculty and Seniors at Industrial Hall the
evening of April 22nd. It was the first social function since the closing of the clubroom and was
greatly appreciated. There was a program and dancing with refreshments of ices and cakes.
In May, E. F. A. for the first time sent a representative to the Hamilton College prize-
speaking contest. Since then, frequently the school has been represented at Hamilton College
and at Syracuse University. In 1907, our representative at Syracuse, Loring Pratt, took
second prize. This year, 1909, Henry Williman took third prize at Sfyracuse and John
Conroy won first prize at Alfred. Both these young men are members o the class of 1909.
May 31, 1902 brought almost universal grief to the city of Elmira as well as to E. F. A.
in the death of Miss Sarah Cornelia Norman. From the age of sixteen, for forty-five years
Miss Norman had devoted her life to educational work in this city. Twenty-six of them had
been given to the Academy, where she had been the balance wheel through all changes of
administration. She had taught most of the leading men and women of the city and had in
full measure, the respect, admiration, and love of all her students. Miss Norman approached
the ideal of impartial justice: Her sympathy was equal to her justice, and no one sought
her help and counsel in vain. On all questions of public interest she was remarkably well
informed, and her sound judgment and original expression made her a delightful talker. Her
greatness as a teacher received one unique compliment: she was the only woman ever invited
to teach in the Elmira Reformatory. For many months regularly, certain evenings of the week,
she lectured to intensely interested inmates. When the strain of the extra work necessitated
her giving it up, the Reformatory authorities were very reluctant to release her. What she
vwm, even more than what she .mai or did, shaped the lives of her students 5 and her best epitaph
is written in the character development of those whose standards are higher for having come
under the influence of her personality.
The year 1902-'03 was the most uncomfortable one in the school's history as far as
congested conditions are concerned. As Mr. Conant said, it was "impossible to take a step
without danger of crushing some undersized Freshman." Two students to a seat was the rule
in more than half the seats, as the registration was almost twice the seating capacity.
The Beta Chapter of the Kappa Sigma Sorority was established October 18, 1902, with
the initiation of eight Charter members at Ithaca where the Alpha Chapter is located. The
aims of the sorority are literary, social, and charitable. It has a present membership of twenty-
four. Several of the teachers are honorary members, and Miss Wixon of the faculty is "Patron
Saint" of the club.
After 1902, all graduates were required to have a regents' Academic diploma as the
minimum requirement for graduation, one year more of English being required by the school
than by the state. No locals would be accepted in lieu of the State diploma.
Owing to the increase in the numbers of the faculty, Mr. Conant felt that such banquets
as had been connected with Class Day for several years were becoming too great an expense to
Senior Classes and advised 1903 to adopt a simpler style. The Class of '03 therefore changed
Class Day to a day-time observance in Academy chapel, serving light refreshments to class
and faculty in Room K. Later classes have followed the same custom, except that they have
served the refreshments to all their guests, thereby making the expense quite equal to that of a
banquet. 1903, through its president, Isaac Laude, presented to the school, busts of Washing-
ton and Lincoln, and reliefs of Thorwaldsen's "Night" and "Morning" in medallion form,
for the decoration of upper chapel.
During the year 1902-'03, the Alma Mater song of E. F. A. was composed by Miss
Florence Vollbrecht, now Mrs. Frank -I. Allen, of Sharon, Pa. The words were set to the
Thuringer Volkslied music. Miss Vollhrecht was obliged to leave school on account cfillness,
but in the song so often sung has left a memorial that should keep her frequently in mind.
In Mr. Conant's report to the Superintendent for 1902-'03, he gave a table of representa-
tive cities of New York and neighboring states, proving that E. F. A. has the largest percentage
of enrolment in proportion to the population of the city, also the largest number of students to
each teacher. The former item is a matter for pride, the latter, for regret.
With the opening of the fall term, the Freshmen were farmed out, 165 being placed in
Grammar School No. 2, and 84 in Grammar School No. 3, leaving 459 upper classmen registered
at E. F. A. proper, which still exceeded its seating capacity. This arrangement relieved the
congestion somewhat, but was undesirable in many ways, especially as regards school spirit.
Music as a regular subject of instruction was introduced this year, under the capable
leadership of Mr. George Morgan McKnight. This applies to upper classmen. The Fresh-
men are under the direction of the Supervisor of Music tor the grades. The music has proved
a highly desirable addition.
That year the library was moved from Room 25 to 22, 26 was made into a physics
laboratory, the geological specimens were moved from "M"f-now Room 30--fto the chapel,
and "M" equipped for a biological laboratory. This was the third purpose to which that room
had been turned, but not the last.
ln November, Mr. Davis of the faculty organized a school orchestra, which was a pop-
ular feature for rhetorical programs. This organization lasted for more than two years, dis-
banding for lack of place for rehearsals. During its existence it played very creditably for two
Arbor Days and one performance of the girls' minstrels.
The Arbor Day of 1904 was a particularly festive occasion. Mr. Fassett made the ad-
dress of the day. His name guarantees the quality of the speech. Following the usual
exercises, about one hundred white-robed girls gave an elaborate drill on the South lawn under
the direction of Miss Grace Foster, teacher of elocution. The school orchestra played for the
drill. The tree planted that year was named for Miss Minna B. Phelps, who had accepted an
appointment in the East Orange High School for the next year and would leave E. F. A. in June
after thirteen years in the faculty. Miss Phelps was both an able and a popular teacher. lt is
Elmira's misfortune that a woman of Miss Phelps's ability and personality could not have been
offered sufficient inducement to remain.
The 1904 Commencement was held in Hedding Church, because the Lyceum had burned
during the year.
An Assembly to fill the place the Adelphics relinquished as the open debating society of
E. F. A., was organized November 7, 1904. lts constitution makes girls as well as boys eligible
to membership. This may not be generally understood, in any case, no girls thus far have
joined. The Assembly died out after a time, but was reorganized April 11, 1906. The meet-
ings are held in the Academy building.
Miss Herrick conducted a class in domestic science during 1904-'05, and served oc-
casional suppers to fortunate guests, who sampled the toothsome viands prepared by the class.
This is E. F. A.'s only approach to modern practical methods of training hand as well as head.
The English Reading students, on February 14th, had an informal gathering, to which
each student contributed at least one original valentine. Some very clever artistic work was
the result. So great was the interest that for two succeeding years these parties were repeated,
being an oasis in the social desert. In 1908, no room was available, so the custom was dis-
E. F. A's famous baseball nine of 1905 had a record of but one defeat in two years. That,
unfortunately was at the hands of their dearest foe, Cook Academy. The return game, how-
ever, was a brilliant retaliation. Pitcher Mack let not a single Cook player reach first base.
Such a feat has been accomplished but two or three times even in the national league.
The 1905 Class was the largest ever graduated from E. F. A., containing 99 members.
lt had been hoped that the rebuilt Lyceum would be ready by Commencement time, but, as it
was not, Hedding Church was again used. On this occason, the first award of D. A. R. prizes
was made. ln the previous fall, the Chemung Chapter D. A. R. offered two prizes to E. F. A.
students for the best essay on assigned historic themes, the third and fourth year students com-
peting for a 10 dollar prize, the first and second year students for a 5 dollar prize. These prizes
have been continued to date and have been an incentive to good work. The awards have been
19054-Lester R. Carrier, '05.
Marie Beach, '07,
1906--Mary Elizabeth Fairbanks, '06,
Donald Beardsley, '09,
1907 fEthel Housman, '07,
Jennie Myer, '10,
1908--Anna Marie Goetz, '08,
Agnes Harrison, '11,
Jessie Howell, '08,
Honorable Mention. Margaret Jennings, '08.
Dorothy Pickering, '08.
The 1905 syllabus required eighteen hours a week recitation or laboratory work of each
student and increased the number of counts necessary for graduation, adding a few each year
until 1909, when 72 counts are required. The passing mark was correspondingly lowered to
'fr IIILQ ' I 'all Alf"-.-f-mi-ftiilir'-iii! lg
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60 per cent., being with Freshmen of 1905. The Class of 1909 will be the first graduated on
the new standard.
pl-.. The Girl's Athletic Association, organized by Miss Cromer of the faculty in the fall of
1905, gave its lirst minstrel performance in St james Hall, Nov. 29, 1905. The school orches-
tra played for the songs. It was an unqualified success. In this way, money was earned for
a tennis court laid out on the Academy lawn and for a basket ball team's equipment. The
girls had cross country runs, hare and hound chases, and did excellent athletic work. Feb-
ruary 12, 1901, a second minstrel performance was given by the girls in the same hall. This
was equally successful and reflected great credit on the participants, and upon their trainers,
Miss Cromer and lvlr. 0'brien. The increased requirements in the course of study have inter-
fered to a great extent with thefgirlsxathletics.
Miss Foster conducted a dramatic class-,during '05 -'06, which contributed to the rhe-
toricals scenes from the Shakespeare plays studied in the English classes. This was not only
interesting, but helpful. At the closing rhetorical program before Christmas vacation,
December 22, 1905, this class very creditably presented "The Cool Collegians."
Miss Gardner of the faculty deserves credit for organizing the second Mandolin Club,
which, under Mr. Knapp's leadership, did excellent work for about two years, giving public
entertainments as well as helping at rhetoricals.
In January of 1906, Miss uaggett organized a Glee Club of about thirty mixed voices,
which furnished occasional musical treats to the school the remainder of the school year. It
was highly commended by Mr. McKnight.
ln 1906, E. F. A. was again called upon to lose a principal, as Mr. Conant received a
flattering offer from the High School of Holyoke, Mass. his last Commencement was held in
the new Lyceum, where, during the exercises, the school presented him with a large silver
loving-cup in token of their love and regret. The Senior president, Crissy K. Ball, made the
presentation speech. Mr. Conant was exceptionally popular with E. F. A. students, and, in
turn, he is able to say that E. F. A. is dearer to him than any other school he has ever taught.
His administration revived the custom of Senior Class gifts to the school, observed earlier in
the days of reunions. Class plays now furnished the means. Pictures, busts, bas-reliefs,
medallions, a clock, and the like, are among the late gifts. The earlier ones have been already
mentioned. He also revived the sending of scholarship reports to parents. In earlier days
these were sent weekly, now, every fifth week. In his day, laboratory work was extended to
all sciences. He encouraged decorating chapel walls with scenes from various colleges, pre-
sented by former graduates to enlist interest in their college. He was a born executive.
School spirit grew rapidly and greatly under Mr. Conant's magnetic leadership. He
celebrated athletic seasons at their close, encouraged songs and yells at games, and fired
enthusiasm by example. He encouraged visits from college presidents and famous speakers
visiting the city. Indeed he brought the student body together frequently before the division
of the school, despite the crowded conditions 5 and later, he called the upper classmen together
every few days. In these ways, he made the school more nearly one in spirit than it has ever
been since it began growing into a larger city high school.
A CHAPTER X.
PRIN. PARKER'S ADMINISTRATION, 19069-
Mr. Francis R. Parker of Cortland Normal succeeded Mr. Conant. Despite universal
regret for Mr. Conant's leaving, the school gave Mr. Parker the most cordial reception it has
ever accorded an incoming principal. .
In December, Mr. Winslow of the faculty organized a Boys' Glee Club of twenty mem-
bers, which lasted until rehearsals began for the boys' minstrels the following spring. Their
singing was much enjoyed.
Principal and Mrs. Parker made a delightful innovation in February of 1907 by giving
a reception to me seniors, faculty, and Board of Education. The office and library were quite
transformed. The president of the Senior Class, Mr. Leo Neagle, and the Vice-President, Miss
Marbury Clark, assisted in receiving. A program was given in upper chapel, and refreshments
were served in the library. It stands alone in E. F. A. history.
About six weeks after the girls, second minstrels, the boys of the Athletic Association
gave minstrels, April 3rd and 4th, at St. james hall. So great was their success that they
repeated the entertainment in Watkins a week or two later, and again in May at Rorick's for
the benefit of the Loyal Temperance Legion. '
In 1907, Room K was again transformed, this time into a biological laboratory, as the
small room upstairs was outgrown.
The No. 2 Freshmen have held a dance in Industrial Hall two years in succession and
the No. 3 Freshmen have held similar functions in Miller's Hall, but the school building has
become absolutely divorced from sociability.
In 1908, the Ifreshmen orchestra played for the Senior play and for Commencement.
It was, for these occasions, composed of Ifreshmen from both annexes. Its playing was highly
The retirement of Miss Herrick from the science department to become the wife of the
Rev. W. H. Chapman ofthis city near the close of the year 1907 '08, was a serious loss to E. F.
A. For fourteen years her efficient service had helped to build up the reputation of the Academy
Not only professionally, but personally, Miss Herrick was an uplifting influence in the school.
The Class of '09 made an exceptionally wise choice of president for its Senior year.
William J. Brownlow, a young man of versatile talents and great executive ability, early gave
the class a reputation for doing things. The Senior reception, the E. F. A. Year Book, and the
School Seal, emanated from his fertile brain and were made possible by his indefatigable efforts.
The Senior reception to the entire school, faculty, and alumni, February 26th, was a
brilliant social event. Federation Hall was an ideal place, and the function was so ably man-
aged that congenial entertainment was provided for all tastes. It was the first attempt in years
to bring the entire school together in a social way and deserved the success that attended it.
The school has never had a seal, and it was Mr. Brownlow's idea that the Class of 1909
might supply that lack. He designed a very attractive and appropriate seal, which was made
by the Warren Company. The motto chosen for it is from 1-Iorace: "Exegi monumentum
aere perennius"A"I have reared for myself a monument more enduring than bronze." Thus
the old school speaks of the lasting fame heaped up for her by her sons and daughters, whose
worthy lives are her best monuments. The seal is now used on the Vindex, on school banners,
and school stationery.
The "Year Book" is the first ever published in E. F. A. Coming, as it does, on the semi-
centennial of the Free Academy, a history of the school has seemed a desirable feature. A
deplorable lack of records has made the collection of material a stupendous undertaking. For
that very reason, it has been thought best to make this history more detailed than was the first
intention, as it would soon be impossible to verify some facts, barely obtainable now, and there
should be some place where these facts about the dear old school are on record.
Once more, in 1909, the school athletes came to the financial aid of their association
with minstrels given very successfully April 22nd and 23, and repeated April 30th, wiping out
the debt of the association. This time the new Federation Hall was the scene.
On the afternoon of April 24th, it looked for a time as if E. F. A. might soon be homeless.
A fire, evidently caused by spontaneous combustion among the chemicals, ruined the chemical
laboratory, but fortunately the damage was almost entirely confined to that brick-lined room.
Fortunately it was on Saturday, which eliminated the danger of injury to any student.
A celebration of the fiftieth anniversary, the fifteenth of next September, should bring
back, for an "Old School Week," hundreds of the graduates, now numbering 1694, not count-
ing the Class of 1909. The school has had a history of which any graduate may be proud.
For many years, it has stood in the front rank in New York State 3 and some, at least, of its depart-
ments have a wide-spread reputation, students from them being complimented on their prepa-
ration by colleges all over the country. It is to be hoped that Elmira will soon wake from her
indifference, to realize that such a school deserves housing in a modern, properly equipped
building such as other cities provide for far less worthy schools, with facilities for up-to-date,
practical departments now crowded out which will enable old E. F. A. to rank, where otherwise
it belongs, with the foremost high schools in the country.
The statement about the fate of the Baldwin Street Academy building was
made on supposedly good authority. Later investigation convinces the writer that the build-
ing was removed to 312 State Street where it is now used as a machine shop by J. M.
Moffett. The roof was burned, but replaced, several years ago. The arrangement of win-
dows differs from that in the picture, but the inside walls still show plainly where the ends of
the pews rested against them in the days when the building was used as a church. So the
old building, tho' much changed, still stands.
An item of considerable interest was learned too late for insertion in its proper con-
nection. The Class of 1869, will go down in history as the "Calico Class." One of its mem-
bers writes: "Several of the brightest girls being unable to appear in all the 'fuss and
feathers' of graduation gowns, etc., the classfnumberirig many daughters of well-to-do
citizens -decided to spend no more than one dollar or two for their outfit. Mine cost 69
cents!" The girls of '69 certainly deserve credit for their good sense and consideration.
. , . I' v ,',
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Class Pm 1909
1:21a F 'rf' Testa?
WILLIAM JACKSON BROWNLOW
Our honored president. Salute! Early in his school life this well-
known young man from Frog Hollow showed a hustling tendency. Ever
since then he has continued to hustle and he has done the afore-men-
tioned thing so fast that the breath has nearly been taken away from us
all, especially those who are trying to keep up. Well, the old school
hardly knows itself these days with everybody chasing around planning
dances, plays and class books all in one breath. Success to you
William! We hope you will always succeed as you have here!
Kl'17'in. Pros. of Class. Reception cT0HUl'11.ffl'l7.
A 1 . . .
rl Erhtor oj Class Book.
FRANK FARMAN ABBOTT.
Frank has distinguished himself by keeping on the
good side of the teachers and having his lessons well.
By doing this he has managed to hold down a seat in
the back of chapel for nearly a year, though he was sent
out one day for laughing at one of his own jokes. He
has not, however, distinguished himself in other ways
sufficiently to get a nickname good enough for this
book so he'll have to go without one, poor fellow! If
he's lucky, when he gets out of here, Frank will prob-
ably become a minister.
FRANK WILLIAM ALDRIDGE.
"Bud's" real name is Franklin but luckily, to relieve
the monotony, we could call him "Bud." He has been
known as a grind, but some teachers advise us not to
say that of him, since we were trying to get as near the
truth as possible. However, all joking aside, he is a
favorite with the ladies and many a broken heart does
he leave behind him on his journey through E. F. A.
I.fm1lvdl1 Signzlx. liccvptiuzz Cmmnittcv.
IDA S. BAKER.
Ida, the Whisperer! A visitor upon going into the
library, might take her for Miss Hill, as she sits with
dignity at the latter's desk. But the position is not
such an elevated one as it might seem. The following
lilies characterize her work.
"Ida Baker's as smart as steel:
She knows it backwards and frontwards
and head over heel." -7 cMostly the latter.,
Was there ever a girl that didn't like Florence? Was
there ever a boy that really knew her? A quiet lass
she is, to be sure! Five years in the Academy! But
what of that? just watch Florence ride horseback.
She is desperately fond of all sorts of wild and domestic
beasts, and we predict for her the distinguished career
of an animal trainer, a bareback rider, or possibly a
GERTRUDE M. BANKS.
She s a pretty good girl when she once gets to school-
But she's absent or late as the general rule. What's
commendable in Gertrude is the fact that she has never
fallen down during her wild dashes up the aisle half a
second after the ringing of the tardy bell. "Gert." has
actually thought of taking up Domestic Science, but
we advise her to give it up. She would never remember
to take her cakes out of the oven until they had begun
DONALD PETTIT BEARDSLEY.
This shining light of the senior class first saw the
light of day in the big city of Elmira in 1891. At first
he showed a marked tendency for work, but he soon
outgrew this, and consequently is now our best example
of a gentleman of leisure. He started out to be a lady
hater, but when he didn't fuss the girls, they fussed him,
so he just couldn't help going around with them you see.
We predict a brilliant future for this young man in some
easy line of work where there is a good chance for"bluff",
for instance, a Latin Professor or Quack Doctor.
Iitlilvrflvz-K 'Iliff of C'lf1sx Iihmlc. ,itil-107'-1411-flllitff of
l'l'll1it'.Y. Tnwzxzmv iff- Suuiur l'luxx, Fluxs Play
Cwnnziltvv. Ltlllllllfll Signzu.
KATHERINE E. BEECHER.
"Are you sure it wont put you out a bit?"
All who know Katherine have heard her say this no
less than fifty times. Will she ever learn the way Of
the world,f-"Take all you can get, doing as little as
possible" No, there's no danger of that. All the
arguing in the world would fail to make Katherine
change her views. But cheer up! We like it!
L. VERE BENSON.
Well, anyone may see Benny's smiling face about
three seats from the back and right next to the girls
most any day of the year. From that point of vantage
he keeps the teachers busy trying to locate that peculiar
squeaky noise that is heard so often in chapel. But
we won't tell on you, Benny, not for the world! We only
hope you can continue to guess right in history forthe
rest of the year, that's all.
Wm. HENRY BLAUVELT.
It certainly is fine to be as popular with the teachers
as Hank is. Why he hadn't been in chapelamonth
before they made him come right down in front where
they could see him all the time! Hank, however, is
very eloquent and when he grows to'be a man will
doubtless be heard in the senate arguing about the
tariff, one of his favorite topics.
lfdifur Kllzm litwlu.
4 - ,' '-4,15 tl'-,lift 1' ' i L
JULIA VAILE BROOKS.
Hail! Our secretary! What would the President
do without his right hand helper? Julia has always
had the reputation of being a grind, but don't over
estimate her. Under the training Julia is now receiving
in every line imaginable, the time is not far distant when
she will reach, like the rest of us, the stage of mortality.
But hurry up, julia!
lfujvfm .gliglllth N'ur'i'1i1rl1' Nbrzzkfr Vlizsx. 6'1u.s's
llixlurzlizz. lffflilnr Vlizm
Here's to the girl with a voice! Henny is a great
spieler. In fact that's her strong point! She can talk
'loud enough to interest the whole chapel, she can talk
low enough to interest only her neighbor across the aisle,
Again, if she hasn't her lessons, her tongue will come to
the rescue. With this in view, Henrietta studies less
every year she goes to school. Here's to hoping she
finishes this year.
JOSEPH W. BUCK.
"joe" has made his hi-t in Virgil. I-Ie always manages
to make one whether he is called on or not, that is one
of some sort, it doesn't matter what. However, just to
show that we aren't jealous of him we will tell some-
thing good about him. He never stays out of school,
never has any "aids" to his translation and never loses
his temper, that is unless provoked. In a few years
when he tinally departs from E. F. A., joe will be run-
ning a large printing establishment whose sole output
will be "horses."
qllfvlm Zrliz. lizrnnzwx .llumzgvr Class Bank.
HELEN M. BURNS.
A true patriot of the class, a girl that's always ready
for a fine time, and one that's willing and dependable,-w
this is Nellie for you! She delivered the Arbor Day
oration for us when we were juniors, illustriously up-
holding the class of '09, She's one of the belles of the
school, her motto appearing to be, "Off with the old,
on with the new!" If her address cannot be found at
any time, just telephone her in the library.
junior :l rlrur Huy Omlur. Class Huy Camnzilicu.
FLORENCE LOUISE CALKIN S.
Her motto "A girl in the kitcken is worth two in
the parlor." If Florence is a fair example of the "kitch-
en girl," we'll all have to admit there's more truth than
poetry in her motto. She has her heart set on Domestic
Science and we thank our lucky stars that there are
people whose energy bends in this direction. Florence
wears the smile that won't wash off. Genial, hearty,
Ixlzppu Szfgnzztz, .-lrlmr Huy l'nnzu1iItvr'.
JOHN BURT CLARK.
Yes, John Burt is his full name. It sounds well
doesn't it? But you can't always judge bya name, you
always want to ste your man first. Well Burt is pretty
good at getting there though. He can just reach his
seat from the back of chapel by means of one of his
strides, so he has quite an advantage. We all hold our
breath as he dashes through the door with the tardy bell
ringing overhead but with a confident smile he lands in
his seat everytime just before it stops. -
If vlf 'i zz.
JOHN JOSEPH CONROY.
"Johnnie" is a boy noted for his golden hair and rosy
cheeks. He is a great science shark, always boring
into some new scientific mystery and he is never to be
left far behind in mathematics. He is the man who
attracts the ladies so much and is thought to be quite
a "fusser." john also has some aspirations as a singer.
We wish him success in the coming years and do not
doubt but that he will make good.
HELEN ROWENA COOLBAUGH.
Here's the motto of one of the jolliest girls that ever
struck E. F. A!
"Talk while you may
And giggle all the way!"
We always think of Cooley as a born clown, an inces-
sant talker, and a future actress. Sometimes we can't
appreciate her jokes, because they are too deep, possibly.
However, the spirit is the same, and we cannot be in her
presence two minutes without Ending it contagious.
MERTON B. COONS.
Although Coons came from Owego, N. Y., he is not
such a "Ruben" as might be supposed. On his arrival
he was rather bashful with the girls but now since he
has had good environments and good associates he has
become a man to be proud of. He is a general favorite
among the weaker sex and if he keeps up the good work
he has begun in E. F. A. in his later life we are sure he
will make his mark high in the world.
Gladys bears the reputation of being a chatter box-
now isn't that terrible? Ithaca has a great attraction
for her. We suppose it's because she is so interested
in co-education. She has always been very enthusiastic
about this line of education, as well as the physical
culture of the tongue. Gladys is usually seen with a
bunch of youngsters tagging at her heels. We see
where she will be popular as a chaperone after she takes
the fatal plunge.
.-ldclplziu. Vicv-l'rcsidwzt junior Cllzxs.
H4 ' '
s '. -efmflifittl
MARY LILLIAN CURTIS.
GERTRUDE M. CUNNINGHAM.
This is a good place to state that Gertrude is not a
grind in any sense of the word, as those who know her
least might imagine by the way she often appears to be
poring over a book. Those who know the little one
best, always picture her as skipping here and there, up
stairs and down, never still a moment. If Gert is in
need of any one thing, it's a pair of Wings.
Three years ago there entered the Academy building a
tiny girl, ambitious but timid. During these three years
Mary has changed in some respects although she has
grown but little. She still declares that she would
rather beard a lion in his den than meet a teacher com-
ing up the aisle. But with all this timidity she has
contracted a weakness for giggling which we fear is
chronic. However, we can allow that, since she is a
good student and a conscientious worker.
GERTRUDE EMORETTE DAGGETT.
You see it is just this way :--Gertrude entered the
Academy as a member of the class of 1908. After two
years of work, however, she craved a more cultivated
atmosphere, thereupon she migrated to Boston where
she spent the greater part of a year. It was with great
sadness she returned to this prosaic burg and joined
the class of 1909. Immediately, however, her good
spirits returned when she discovered the merits of this
illustrious class and now she is one of the leading lights
FLORENCE LOUISE DOBBERSTINE.
Here's one of the many jolly people in our class who,
as the name implies, is always ready for a good time.
Although she has spent several years in E. F. A., Florence
is a very good member of the class and makes every
occasion jolly by her presence. However, we are sure
that she will make a model housewife and that it will not
be many years before some fine youth will find this
quality in her to his everlasting comfort.
MAR JORIE BOARDMAN DRAKE.
We don't know whether it is best to give Stub a write
up c r just let her picture speak for itself. Her particular
hobbies are dogs, horses, automobiles and boys, partic-
larly the last. She likes to be called "the widow" so we
will be real obliging and call her that. Stub is a bully
nice girl but if she doesn't chase around more we predict
a fat and lazy old age for her sans des hommes comme il
,'lf!1'1j'l1z11. lfflflifr P11155 lfmwlc. Kt'L't'f7f1'lHl C'u11mzillt'v.
The subject of this sketch you will probably recognize
as the one to whose music we are occasionally compelled
to listen. Hazel is a great musician gon the mouth
organl. She likes very well to air her knowledge, of
French, but it's noticed that she always talks it to some
one who is not able to understand it at all, probably be-
cause it could not be recognized as French by one who
knew. Hazel is always meeting some "just stunning"
fellow, and here's hoping she catches one.
r lim' f4l7lIIll11-HIT.
Sarah is one of our good students, who has the dis-
tinction of having an average of 90 or above. This is an
enviable record to have and probably more than one
"Would-be student" would be glad to be as secure of a
place on the honor list as Sarah is!
What a shame that Sarah didn't live in the time of
Titian, for surely that great artist, would be glad to have
her for a model for his paintings.
Harry has always been of a very mischievous turn of
mind during his days with us. He can usually be found
in the hall concocting some new plan for the annoyance
of his fellow students, but when not engaged in this
fruitful occupation he is generally chasing around
borrowing someone's books to use. Whenever he is
seen around with that smile of his, which is pretty often,
you can always be sure that someone is going to find
something gone wrong. We predict that he will be in
the secret service when he leaves school.
STEPHEN R. GRISWOLD.
Long, long ago during grammer school days, Stephen
was an "awful clip." But one day, sad to relate, he was
caught skipping school. It was a lovely june day, but
never the less he was put to bed and made to take bitter
dope. Since that time, he has been the quiet lad we all
know. "Spare the rod and spoil the child." they say.
Perhaps that is why we have such a model of perfection
in this fair haired heart breaker W for such he is. In his
unsophisticated mind, he doesn't realize what havoc
he is raising among his lady friends. We wouldn't
worry Steve for worlds but he must stop his fussing.
.'lsx'! li11s1'm'xx .llmnzgvr fflixxs Hunk. l.fm1lnll1 Signm.
STELLA MURIEL GULICK.
All the Latin "Studes" will know that Stvllu means
mir. Perhaps this is what this little maid has in her mind
for she enjoys dazzling our eyes with dressy gowns.
If your aspirations do run in that direction, Stella, we
wish you success and when you appear as a rival to
Helen Grace, you may count on the survivors of'09 to
ELEANOR VERONICA HACKETT.
Her name is misleading, for it is long enough to satisfy
a six footer and she is far from that. The First impres-
sion one has of her is that she is a quiet little girl, but
what a mistake, she is talking, talking, always talking
and naturally she is the one that gets "sat-on" in chapel,
but let us hope that Eleanor's dignity will increase with
ALMA KATHRYN HADE.
You can easily see that this is a very bright girl. She
has passed four years of good work in E. F. A., and can
always look back with pleasure on her high school life.
Still, Alma has one fault and while we tremble to dis-
close it, still we hope it will be an object lesson to students
in general. Alma lives very near the Academy building,
and yet she has the hardest time in the world getting
there on time. We hope that as years wear on, she
may overcome this sad fault.
LILLIAN BULKLEY HART.
Mum's the word! This is one of our model students
qPerhaps they aren't as numerous as they might be.b
Lillian has never been known to do anything she ought
not to do, which is very remarkable in this day of the
world. She has never thrown a note, been sent out of
class and strange as it may seem, she never has even
smiled across chapel at a boy. The above facts are
given just to show that there are some people in E. F. A.
who walk the straight and narrow path. ,
Born and bred in the rural districts he migrated to the
city to enlarge his intellect and prepare his mind for
greater things. Always quick to catch on to new ideas
he made a decided success in his studies chiefly, how-
ever, before corning to E. F. A
Bob is what might be termed a first-handed second-
hander. He is original but left-handed. We expect
Bob will put a M. D. after his name in the near future.
Kvl-:'im1. Rfwplimz fqHHlllI1.llt'1',
FLORENCE AD ELAIDE I-IILDRETH.
Ladies and gentlemen, allow us to introduce to you
the gifted member of our class. She comes from a
family of musicians and we expect her to make a name
for herself in the future. Ask anyone who has had
music in upper chapel this year and they will vouch for
her ability. For who could fail to be impressed by the
sweet, rich tones of her contralto voice! We feel safe
predicting for Florence, a successful career on the
ELMER J. HOFFMAN.
When "Huffy" was a freshman he was pretty awful
green but in the last few years he has risen from an awk-
ward, bashful, blushing lad to a young man who has
become good-looking and lost his timidity when in the
presence of ladies. He is not only a good student but
a loyal classmate. He is the sort of a fellow that you
can depend on. We wish him success in the years to
come and hope that if he ever gets to be a noted horse
doctor or any thing of the sort he will not forget his less
lx l 111. l'.1lilnrl'I11xs lfnnlc.
EDITH LOUESE HOWELL.
It taxes our ability to write of the charms of this fair
maid. It can easily be seen that she is a very particular
young person when she insists upon spelling her middle
name with an "e" instead of an Hi." But Bill, in spite
of being so particular in this way, is not so particular,
we fear, with her studies and it was some time before
she decided to be with us in the general b.lowout at the
end of the year. We congratulate her for sticking with
HARRY YORK ISZARD.
When Harry lirst started in the Academy, he was a
bashful little rolly polly lad. At that distant date shred-
ded wheat biscuits were his hobby, and girls his horror.
Since those freshman days, Hedgy has changed wonder-
fully. On account of his weight, he still gets stuck oc-
casionally in a narrow school seat, and he still wears
the "Tell me what you eat and I'll tell you what you are
expressions," but he no longer fears the fair sex. We
feel assured of I-Iarry's making a fortune if he ever be-
comes a veterinary surgeon. His high school records
prove that he can operate on a "horse" successfully so
we advise him to continue in this same line of work f?B.
l.t:mlv.lt: Xixqulfl. Swuzlv' l'l.1x.v l'!.1j' fiUllIllIIAffl'l'.
JAMES J. KILKELLY.
jim is blessed with three virtues, he is spunky, smart
and studious. With three such fine qualities as these
jim has passed through three years of school life and
let us hope he will get through the fourth as well. One
thing that has hindered his progress in his last year
is his tendency to furnish tablets for his friends in the
back of chapel. This is costing him quitealitt1e,but
we hope he will learn a lesson by it. But remember it
is "More blessed to give than to receive."
MARY SEARLES JENKINS
Mary is one of our quiet girls, and she usually has
lessons in a way that delights her teachers hearts, but
nevertheless, it has been rumored that sometime or an
other in her life, she was disappointed in love, still one
can't always tell. This may account for her devotion
to study and her heedlessness to the charms of the
ANITA CATHERINE KLUGE.
Here is a buxum maid who will never have any trouble
making new friends in this world. She is as jolly as one
can wish and if you want a good laugh, just go and speak
to Anita, she will help you get over the blues. We are
sorry to say that Anita seems to have walkeda crooked
path in her high school career for she was always being
called to the desk or having private interviews in the
When you look at Marie, you wonder how any girl so
sweet looking could have taken five years to graduate
but when you know her, you realize that but a small
fraction of her time is given to studying. Indeed, it
seems that each night at the close of school she is "busy"
and nearly every morning too. Her talents-are various
and diverse, but she is an adept in acting as a target for
"cupid's" arrows. However her plans for the future
are as yet undecided but her friends hope and trust that
she will not allow such genius to smoulder in obsurity.
CLARENCE R. KROWL.
"Krowlie" is quite an expert at bowlingespecially at
late hours Saturday nights. At this he has madeagreat
success as well as at mathematics. But his fondness
for both is equal. Why he would just as soon make a
strike any day as work out a binomial theorem! But
aside from this he has a great reputation as a lady killer,
and no doubt will keep it.
"joe" is quite a star in oratory. He has one of those
rolling voices so much liked by all the teachers. Another
thing that makes him a favorite with them is his absolute
ignorance of anything pertaining to a lesson. If he is
asked a question in class he always shakes his head
with his indefatigable smile which is especially endear-
Here we see Florence, fair, small but not quite forty.
But it would not do to be accurate. Although she is not
an athletic girl she is very much interested in baseball
and other sports. Her future is not quite decided, but as
she is very delicate, she will likely attend a Physical
Culture school to restore the health which a few years of
hard study has quite impaired.
WARREN D LEARY
This lad is quite a puzzle Although h1s pal 0 B
joyful is always with him he crm be serious This oc
casionally happens in his debates with the faculty
Moreover we cannot quite understand how he came by
his nickname as he never is going to In but always 1X
As chief magistrate of the Junior class of '08 he was a
star. His inaugural address was a masterful little piece
of oratory and the way in which he conducted his meet
ings was marvelous. Order, order everywhere but not
a bit at hand seemed to be his motto As a hustler
there are none better
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This shy young miss you will probably recognize as
that streak of blue you have so often seen flying through
the chapel. All the fellows are "crazy" over Nellg but
there's only one who has any chance rwe won't tell who.J
Her chief characteristic is her punctuality, but for all
this we urge her to start about a week before, to get
ready for the Commencement Exercises. Then she
may possibly get there on time. I-Iere's hoping she does.
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M X iii
LE NA BELLE LOGAN.
Lena B. Logan was born in the city of Elmira, the
date of the year being unknown. Being a little brighter
than all the children of the neighborhood, she was sent
to school at the age of six. In a few years she had
astonished the educational world by the readiness with
which she took to "learning" and the manner in which
she always strove for a good mark. Now that she is
about to graduate from E. F. A. she intends to take
advantage of the 'thigher education" and attend college.
Rather tall, but fair, Hazel bears the dignity of a Senior
very well and indeed is far more dignified than formerly
when she was only a Junior who did not care when she
graduated. But now that she is a Senior she feels more
than ever the honor thus conferred upon her only after a
few years hard work. However, everyone who knows
Hazel will acknowledge there is something fascinating
C. LOUISE MATHEW S.
To some, Louise is the image of dignity and reserve,
but when one becomes one of the "inner circle" of her
acquaintances, she appears far different. Her reserve
melts as it were, like dew before the summer sun. Louise
is a favorite with the teachers in one way, that is, she is a
good soul on whom to vent their wrath, when the idea
possesses them. Many a time has "Weezy" taken a
front seat in class and many a time has she stayed after
school at the request of some teacher. Nevertheless
she is good hearted and takes everything that comes her
way. Nuf Sed.
X J. W
JULIA AYER MINIER.
One of the few of our members that come from out of
town, Julia has until recently gone back and forth every
day from Big Flats. How strange that one living so few
years near Big Flats should find so much to learn in an
Elmira school! Be that as it may, she was welcomed
into our class in the second year and has stood by it as
one of its faithful and loyal members. However, lately
her studies have been neglected somewhat because her
attention has been turned into directions more inter-
esting than books or traveling.
, ' sf .
JAMES M. MURRAY.
"Pig" is alright although he never has much to say.
He is the man who believes in getting in school at the
last moment but he usually gets there. He has a very
fetching manner of walking when in a hurry which
may be termed the "Kangeroo gait." Jimmie has two
excellent qualities. He is a strong temperance advocate
and a woman hater. His greatest problem is "how to
get from the recitation room to his seat without meet-
ing a girl." Cheer up girls, some day Jimmie will out-
CELIA ESTELLA NEWMAN.
This young lady in our class seems to be rather distant
to some of the Seniors, and still remains in lower chapel
and likes it better than in upper chapel. What can the
reason be? However the time may come when Celia
will explain the reason for her long stay with the Sophs,
and then the mystery will be revealed. Nevertheless
she is always light hearted and greets each and every
one of us with a pleasant smile, and then we can rightly
say "Look out lovingly upon the world and the world
will look in lovingly upon you."
LUCY VIOLA NEWMAN.
Although not quite so mischievous and cunning as
her sister, Lucy has plenty of it in her still, but perhaps
she will get over her mischievousness followed by shouts
of laughter by the time she receives her diploma. Al-
though this young lady is not particularly adapted to
study she gets along fairly well and often makes brilliant
recitations especially in Virgil class. Be that as it may,
sometime and before long Lucy will make a mark in this
world in whatever line of work it may be whether she
becomes a teacher, actress or artist.
This handsome youth has in some way managed to
get on the roll of the Senior Class. We never see him
work so think he must have a pull somewhere. Fritz
has a smile which approaches very near to being a
"built in" one. Never mind Fritz, there are lots of
girls who like smiles, and you may have some chance.
1x'cl1'iu. Ediwr Class Book.
This studious little miss who never 'fails to recite upon
any subject is much interested in history and spends
hours on her lessons but does she not get her reward?
If some were half as interested in books as Nelly, not a
teacher could be discouraged for when one sees her
smiling countenance and sparkling eye, she is spurred
on to be cheery and light hearted also. Furthermore,
Nelly will make a mark in this world by her cheerfulness,
generosity and kindly feeling toward all about her for
surely one blessed by all such qualities cannot but help it.
LENA ALTA PARKER.
Lena Parker known as the quietest girl in the Senior
Class has spent all of her school life in Elmira. She is
a person who is not disturbed from the even tenor of
her way by mere thunder and lightning or men, which
usually disturb the peace of mind and heart of the fair
sex. We are sure, however, that she will make a future
in whatever path it may be, a glorious success.
One of those quiet girls, commonly known as "Sate"
has more in her than has yet been revealed She is
such that she is the adoration of all about her and though
she is studious in school when she is out she is far different
and now has b-:come much experienced in candy mak
ing, playing the piano and best of all, chatting and visit
ing with her "friends However, because of her
sweet charming ways, what else could be expected of
VIOLET KATHERINE PEARCH. Q
With her good natured smile and her kinky hair,
Violet is quite an adorable young person. No one ever
noticed that she was particularly quiet, in fact she is
quite a chatter box, but yet it seems necessary for her to
write a countless number of notes. She is somewhat of
a fusser and promises to be more of one, if we may be
allowed to judge from appearances.
AIMEE MARGUERITE PETERS.
Though Aimee sports a French name, it is the only
part of her which isn't strictly American. Her ability
as a student has been somewhat spoiled by her love of
matinees which fall on afternoons when she should be
in school. So far Tot has shown her good sense by not
liking men, but we fear she is about on the point of
surrendering to Cupid's darts, so don't be surprised if
you find her following in the footsteps of her giddy
friend Nellie. just imagine bashful Aimee as a fusser.
ELSIE MAY PETZOLD.
Of all the girls that graduate from the Academy there
are very few that possess as many good qualities as our
Elsie. She is rather shy and needs constant coaxing,
but her friends, who know her best, have found out her
true worth. She is a good worker and we predict success
"Prattie" could never be called either a meek or quiet
child. After she is driven from chapel and library for
incessant chattering, she usually repeats the little ditty,
"Nobody loves me, everybody hates me. I'm going
into the garden and eat worms." Her most noticeable
characteristic however, is her "grit." She isn't even
afraid to teach Virgil when occasion demands. She
manages to learn her lessons, and incidentally to forget
them, in about half the time the rest of us spend going
over ours, and then she gets the credit of being a "bril-
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If RANK DICKINSON PULFORD.
WINIFRED AGNES PRECHTL.
"Winnie is a bright, snappy young miss that every
one is "just crazy about." Her success at basket ball
proves that people don't have to be big to be great, for
she's a wonder. We are glad that she is a member of
our particular Senior Class for we are proud of her, even
though Virgil isn't her fort.
Girls' Ui1.wlct'lU41ll THIHI.
lhis blushing boy is one of the shining lights of the
Senior Class. He is exceedingly bashful and there are
fair prospects of seeing "Puffy" wending his way through
life without C?J mingling with the gentler sex. He is
also a mathematician f?J and has attained great pro-
ficiency in this line, which is his hobby. He made his
preparation for high school life at Riverside school
and came as one of the best representations of his class of
GERALDINE ELIZABETH QUINLIN.
Geraldine is just the kind of girl one would be apt to
pick out for a friend. People have proved her loyalty
by testing her, and as a result her followers are many.
Despite the fact that Gerry is a "bluffer", she works once
in a while just to prove that she is troubled with indif-
ference, not laziness. She has a remarkably good
disposition for she lets people "swipe" her fudge, and
when they fess up she says, "I didn't want it anyway."
You are a good kid, Geraldine and you will make a
success, even if you are easy going.
RUTH EMILY RILEY.
Ruth started out on her career in E. F. A. four years
ago not to have anything to do with the boys. But, alas
for her high resolves she did not hold this dicision and
now behold the broken hearts she is leaving behind!
One other thing about Ruth, she has a habit of using
an instrument called a "crib," in Virgil, which is under-
stood to bean evil device by which pupils slide throu h the
subject easily, absorbing as little as possible on the way.
She will probably get them alright though because she
has an excellent steel.
Here we see Elizabeth fair and fat before she has
attained the dignity of her fortieth birthday. Her two
main accomplishments are helping drown out the so-
pranos Wednesday mornings and cribbing in German.
We commend the first of these but deplore the last, for
in this manner, they say, people do get flunks. How-
ever we hope for the best from her and expect great
things in the line of music.
FRED FOSTER ROBERTS.
"Freddie" is a graduate of number eight school. This
chap, one of the smallest members of the Senior Class
has good intentions but he is a. little inclined to make
work out of nothing. His attainments in life are too
numerous to mention and what de doesn't know about
high school education would lill a Carnegie Library.
HELEN LORETTA ROPER.
I-Iere's the kind of a girl to whom one can go the last
minute when she's minus an example, a few lines of
Virgil, a topic for History, or a dozen other points.
Helen lives up to a motto which is often quoted but
seldom practiced by students,
"Early to bed and early to rise
Makes a girl healthy, wealthy, and wise."
INEZ CECILIA ROSEMAN.
Inez is one girl in a hundred who fits her name, for
she is quite as dear and unusual as it is. She really is
a brilliant student without being a grind. We don't
predict an intellectual future for her however, she is too
EDWARD HARRISON RUNDELL.
He was born during Pres. Harrison's term, after whom
he was named. "Eddie" comes to us from school num-
ber eight.. He is a talented youth, short in stature,
and of great physical activity. One of "Eddie's" great-
est ambitions is to be a practical "jokesmith," but his
greatest achievement so far is his success in playing
the school song on the bridge of his nose.
From her earliest High School days, Hazel has had a
terrible struggle with numbers. She was with us over
a year before she fully mastered this very difficult sub-
ject. Now, however, she is sailing along in fine shape
and can bluff her American History the best of anyone,
in the front row. But, leaving all jokes on her scholar-
ship aside, she can be seen twice every day running
across the front lawn and up the steps in frantic haste
to reach her seat in time, which she sometimes does.
HARRY BENTON SCHEIRER.
Harry was born in Elmira a few years ago, and since
then the town has never been lucky enough to get rid of
him so consequently his name appears among the Seniors.
By the way, Harry thinks of graduating this june.
We're not giving our opinion. When he goesin toa
class, they always leave the door open for he usually
"walks right out again." What will become of Harry
is a question, but let us hope for the best.
Some four years ago Ruth entered the Academy and
more than once since then she has made her presence
manifest by her special act of disturbing the chapel.
We are beginning to think that Ruth is a "grind" for she
has been known to have a Virgil lesson which is con-
sidered a sure sign. When it comes to tennis, Ruth has
it all her own way as she has in many other things when
boys are concerned, for instance. We are sort of afraid
to say much more, Ruth is larger than we you know.
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ALTA LUCILE TOBEY.
ARCHIBALD BAXTER SUTER.
To look at this charming young gentleman, one would
not think he was an Orator but, in fact, he bids fair to
equal the fame of Demosthenes. At a class meeting,
"Suter" is always ready to offer the noninations with a
little speech thrown in. Archie likes the girls but, alas,
he is very bashful. This difficulty he hopes to be able to
over come and then well! The other fellows won't
have any chance.
One might know Alta for a long time, and still not
realize half her good qualities for new characteristics
keep bobbing up serenely all the time. She may be a
little bit too conscientious about her work, and a wee bit
too "sat" in her desire to play better tennis than other
people, and somewhat too good natured for her own
welfare, in fact if Alta wasn't quite so nice, and if she
had a few more undesirable characteristics, the con-
trast would make us appreciate what a peach she is.
After a P. G. course, she expects to study domestic
science at Rochester. She says she expects to teach,
but we rather doubt if she ever does.
HENRY JACKSON WILLIMAN.
Mr. Williman, "Our Singer." Elmira, we believe, is
guilty of bringing forth this young man. Early in life
he began to think that he was meant for a singer, and to
this day he cherishes this delusion. His smile is "that
won't come off" variety, but this is better than none.
There are many young ladies who do not think the day
started right unless they are favored with a sweet smile
from Henry. For his voice, we predict a brilliant future
grand opera, or even a position in a moving picture show.
RALPH EMERSON UNDERWOOD.
Some time after the war, Ralph Underwood came on
this earthly globe. He early acquired the habit of
avoiding the ladies and, sad to relate, has never entirely
gotten rid of this foolish custom. Our greatest fear for
Ralph is that he may fall in love, but we hope this great
calamity can be averted till after he graduates. This he
hopes to do within the next decade.
,i4f4'lf'flI'4. K1'l'4'flIl'fIll f.HllIH1l'H1'1'.
Through mistake the cuts of Miss Elsie Petzold and Miss Winifred Prechtl were inter-
changed at the engravers.
The future is read by the past. Therefore it is only necessary that I reveal to you the
past of the class of 1909 that you may comprehend our future.
On September 5, 1905, we began our high school life, but owing to the crowded con-
ditions in the main building we passed our first year in Schools No. 2 and 3. This was in many
ways a great disadvantage to us for we could not get well acquainted, still we manifested much
school spirit. Each division had a football team and so the students were brought together
more or less in attending the games. We each had an orchestra, which proved a great success,
and these were the first orchestras ever organized by any Freshman Class. At the close of that
year we learned of Principal Conant's resignation and greatly regretted his departure, but re-
joiced with him in his success. Mr. Parker was chosen as his successor and has ably filled the
position through the remainder of our course.
The next year we were all together in the Lower Chapel of the main building. Here we
were ever reminded about keeping off the grass and also about whispering between classes.
Our main ambition now was to be in upper Chapel that we might hear rhetoricals and other
things that were doing there.
When at last we did get in Upper Chapel, we held a few meetings and had all our class
officers with Warren Leary ror President. We were thus able to watch the Seniors very care-
fully. But oh, that class of '08! All they did was to put up their numerals one morning in
early Spring. We decided to take them down, but without our knowledge they changed their
location and in the dark we were unable to find them. Mr. Parker then came to our rescue
and ordered the fellows to take them down.
a But the Seniors are really the only ones that make themselves very prominent during
the whole year. So after three or four years of hard work we became Seniors, a title that we shall
soon relinquish to those following in our footsteps. On September 25th, we held our first
class meeting under the name of Seniors and we at once proceeded to the election of officers.
This took some time and when the elections were finished they stood as follows:
President, William J. Brownlow, Vice-President, Eleanor Magee,
' Secretary, julia V. Brooks, Treasurer, Donald P. Beardsley.
At this meeting the question, at first the most important to Seniors, was the matter of
pins and so a committee was appointed by the new President.
We did not hold another meeting until November 18th, when Miss Godfrey of the Fac-
ulty was elected Patron Saint. Then as class colors were proposed quite a discussion arose,
but finally brown and gold were selected.
The next meeting of importance was February 4th. Ruth Stowell was appointed
prophet, julia Brooks, historian, and Madeline Pratt, poet. As the Academy was not the
possessor of a school seal, we decided to present it with one and had some difficulty in selecting
a motto. Finally we decided upon one from Horace: "Exegi monumentum aere perenniusf'
We also decided to edit a Class Book, the first to represent E. F. A.
In the meantime the juniors had become rather enthusiastic and placed their '10 num-
erals on the ceiling of chapel. But the dear little children of 1910 did not guard their numerals
after they were up, and at the close of school the Seniors, with no juniors about to see them
do it, removed them without trouble or exertion.
It is the policy of our class of '09 to be good and kind to all and so we decided to givea
reception to the Faculty, alumni, and underclassmen, including the juniors, on February 26th,
in the Federation Hall. And what a success this reception proved to be! Some of the juniors
continued with their childish pranks and thought of capturing some of our fellows,the Presi-
dent in particular. Mr. Brownlow disguised himself as an old man and the juniors did not
recognize him at all as he walked through a crowd of them and so he as well as the others reach-
ed the hall in ample time for the reception. This gave the students an opportunity of becom-
ing better acquainted with each other and in several instances these acquaintances have ripened
into fast friendship.
At the meeting on February 11th, the class motto, "To know something of every thing
and everything of some thing," was chosen and as class flower, the ox-eyed daisy. The class
dues were to be 251.00 to be paid immediately. President Brownlow appointed committees for
the play and also for Arbor Day. .
The committee for the play finally decided upon "The Elopement of Ellen," which play
proved a great success and reflected great credit on the cast. '
Although the last two months of our Senior year are perhaps the busiest, they are also
the happiest on account of the excellent Arbor Day program, the celebration of the 50th an-
niversary of E. F. A., the Senior play, ClassDay, Commencement, and last but not least, the
And so in closing, the reception committee should be thanked for their hard work as
well as the members of all other committees. Then to Miss Godfrey, the Class of 1909 extends
its heartfelt thanks for her kind advice and valuable assistance to us in our work and pleasure.
Then last of all, our President. Words cannot express the gratitude of the class to him be-
cause his energetic and untiring efforts have made all the undertakings of the class more than
We all have some past honors
For things well done or spoken,
We all hold dear some praise hard earned,
Or just a cherished token,
But is there one among us
At the end of each day's work,
Can say and say it truly,
"I, for one, am not a shirk?"
We all have honored class-mates,
Whom some call simply brightg
We all have honored officers,
Who make our burdens light,
But do we always follow
Their work through all turmoil,
And know that so-called brightness
Comes from hard, hard toil?
Of the work our class has accomplished
We are rightly and justly proud.
But we musn't be too proud of it
And walk with our heads in a cloud,
For we've had a great advantage
In crossing the regents bar,
With one for our trusted pilot
Who fastened his craft to a star.
Since we all have some ambition,
Tho' 'tis vague and scarcely known,
And hope to win some honor great
Before our time be flown,
Let none from this class falter
And think the path too steep,
Nor others scorn the harvest
As not worth while to reach.
But let us all remember,
Tho' we've worked with zeal and zest,
There are but few in any class
Who've stood each racking test,
And as success for all
Means work and trials for each,
Let everyone endeavor
The goal at length to reach.
And when at length we find it,
Let us not our efforts cease,
And with no thought for other's good
Repose in slothful peace,
But grateful to those that have helped us
In struggling on toward the light,
Let us reach back our hands to others.
May they climb to a greater height!
SENIOR PROPI-IECY '09
Now who would ever have thought that I'd make a good farmer's wife? I always sort
o' liked horses, but I never calculated on having to 'make butter all my life. Why about all
the fun Peter and I have now-a-days is when we go to town for some big occasion like circus
day or 'lection.
The last time we drove in, we went on purpose for county fair, and we just made a day
of it. Living ten years in the back woods is pretty hard on a woman who was as giddy as I
used to be. But I tell you that fair just did my heart good.
The very first thing when Peter and I went in at the gate,whom should I see taking up
tickets but Frank Abbott on one side of the gate, and john Conroy, on the other. Frank
didn't say much, he always was quiet, but john told me lots of news. It seems that Stephen
Griswold and joe Buck were running one of the largest ladies' seminaries in the country.
They always did get along well with girls, but I never thought they were wise enough to control
them by the hundreds. It seems they had a regular monopoly.
Peter and I, being "old countries," had to go see the fun on "the Pike," as I think it
was called. I didn't like the name, I remember, it sounded too farmery. I suppose we were
going around with our mouths open and looking sort of curious, for the first thing I knew a
big megaphone was pointed toward us, and a voice said, "This way, ladies and gentlemen,
this way for the greatest show on earth. We are presenting Frank Pulford in his famous
automobile act, and Lena Parker, the only woman in the world who can hold her tongue for
more than ten minutes at a time." I told Peter that I had seen both these marvelous things
accomplished by these very people when I was in high school and that it really was worth-f
but suddenly I stopped short for the orator behind the megaphone was Archie Suter. Idon't
think Archie recognized me, and I was so mortified to think of his creating so much racket
that I hurried right on.
I certainly was surprised when a big automobile passed me, and I recognized Inez Rose-
man and Sarah Friedman sitting in it with their noses tilted in the air to an angle of ninety
degrees. Harry Scheirer was driving the car, whether as owner or chauffeur I did not know.
He looked prosperous and happy, however.
In the domestic building, Florence Calkins and Alta Tobey were demonstrating the use
of chafing dishes andpercolators, whatever they are. Anyway they told me they were useful
and I was so glad to see these girls engaged in something worth while. They used to be so
One of the most sensible things I saw or heard was the little lecture Donald Beardsley
was giving on the "Pitfalls of Puppy Love." Don was able to talk extremely well on the
subject on account of his broad experience along that line.
Of course I remembered just as well as could be how generous Ruth Riley used to be
with her money, so I wasn't the least bit surprised when I saw her taking Madeline Pratt, Ger-
trude Daggett, and Edith Howell for a ferris wheel ride, and they were all letting her do it too.
It was rather hard on Madeline though for she lost one of her puffs and a great gust of wind
took it over into the very middle of a crowd who were eating frankforts, fried and served by
Elmer Hoffman. Elmer always had a good appetite but I never knew he could cook.
Louise Mathews, Bill Brownlow, and Nellie Magee had charge of the taffy stand. They
always were good at handing out taffy, so I wasn't surprised to find them still in the business.
I c'ertainly did get dreadfully thirsty, but I told Peter we had better steer clear of the
lemonade stand because I didn't want to meet any of my friends there, so we bought peach
ice cream instead. Marie Kraft and Nellie Noonan were selling it.
Fred Nilson was running a booth which seemed unusually popular. Men were throw-
ing soft rubber balls at a round hole in a curtain, and through that hole I saw Han? Iszard's
face bob in and out. I don't think the boys made much money on that deal though, or Harry
moved so slowly that Fritz was kept busy handing out cigars. It's a good thing the balls were
soft or Harry's face would have been in dreadful shape.
I wasn't at all surprised to learn that a musical farce, under the management of Edward
Rundell, was being held on the fair grounds. Henry Williman was starring, and Hazel Ellis
had the leading soprano role. Thanks to their high school training under Mr. McKnight,
they had won name and fame for themselves. QI didn't hear them sing, I only know what
people said about their music.J Rowena Coolbaugh had the soubrette's part and Eleanor
Hackett, Alma Hade, Helen Burns, Violet Pearch, Geraldine Quinlan, Ralph Underwood, Fred
Roberts, Robert Hedges and Bert Clark were singing in the chorus. I was extremely disap-
pointed not to see this little play, but it was getting late, and there were still many things to do
I was rather anxious to see Stub Drake and Gladys Crandall again, so the minute I had
time I steered straight for the stables and kennels and there I found them, as I knewl should,
etting "puppy dogs." I also found Aimee Peters and Winifred Prechtl around there too.
They were interested in buying ponies however, not dogs. They said they had gotten along
without them as long as it was possible.
At tive o'c1ock the air ship was supposed to sail. A big crowd stood around watching
the huge gas bag fill. Then I saw Mary Jenkins, Hazel Rutan, Warren Leary, and Harry
Blauvelt take their places in the basket. Slowly the great ship left the ground and I shook
with fear for its inmates. But there was little cause for my anxiety I found for the machinery
worked perfectly. Things had progressed since the days when I lived in the city.
As Peter and I drove home that night, I thought over all the old schoolmatesl had
seen during the day. There were some, to be sure, whom I had missed, but their number
was comparatively few. The day had seemed like a great class reunion after ten years sep-
aration, and none of us were changed so very much after all.
RUTH STOWELL. '
WILL AND TESTAMENT.
BE IT KNOWN TO ALL PERSONS that, we, the class of 1909 of the Elmira Free Acade-
my, of the town of Elmira, Chemung County, New York State, U. S. A., being of sound mind
but of weakened constitution, having completed a course of heart-breaking monstrosities, do
hereby make this our first, last and only will and testament, wherein we exhibit the wisdom
and understanding, however small, acquired from the aforementioned course.
FIRST, we bequeath to the underclassmen,
a. The fiery class spirit, kindled by the class of '09 and hope it will never burn low.
b. The library for the use of people with crushes.
c. The pleasure of listening to the long absent lists read daily. -
d. The electric bells, sincerely hoping that you will obey their numerous summons
as promptly and orderly as we have.
SECOND, We leave to the upper chapel-men the clock on condition that they do not
make April fools of themselves by holding its hands too long.
THIRD, We bequeath to the wayward Sophs,
a. Some of our dignity in order that they may gratify the long-preached-for wishes
of Mr. Davis regarding good manners.
b. To the incoming Sophs we give the privilege of listening to the echoes from upper
chapel during rhetoricals.
FOURTH, We bequeath to the class of 1910 the seats in back of chapel and we trust
that they will not take advantage of this privilege by annoying their guardian-angels, the
Also to the aforesaid class of 1910 we leave the platform of horrors on which they may
tremblingly display their dramatic ability.
And we leave also to the embryo Seniors, the faculty, as millers in this mill of wisdom
where we expect the grinding to be as successful next year as it has been this.
FIFTH, To all the girls of E. F. A. we will the mice in the waste-baskets and labora-
tories and we likewise bequeath to them Miss Watrous as a protection against descending the
We bequeath also the lunch room under the protection of Miss Kellogg, providing that
they either eat or sweep up their crumbs.
SIXTH, To the boys we leave the pleasures of the office, one of which is the occupying
of the uneasy seat.
b. The looking-glass in the boys' hall to the sprassers.
c. To the fussers we bequeath Amberg's and his full stock of Merry Widow Kisses.
SEVENTH, To the class of 1920 and those following, we leave the annex, which we
trust will be ready for use by that time.
EIGHTH, We leave to the Faculty our sincere gratitude for the perseverance they
have used in getting us over the many bumpers in the road to intellect.
b. To Miss Daggett one of the back seats of upper chapel on the boys' side in order
that she may converse with the fiedglings.
c. To Mr. Parker, we leave the stubs of our now useless pencils and sincerely trust
that he will make good use of them by keeping orderly chapels.
d. To Mr. Parker, Mr. Palmiter and Miss Hill we leave the office windows as a place
from which they may lure on the late students.
NINTH, We leave the dear old school to the mercy and protection of those that are
about to follow in our footsteps.
TENTH, We bequeath everything overlooked in our hasty inventory to the board of
education to be sold at public auction, the proceeds thereof to be used in purchasing baby food
for the Freshies. If by chance there should be any money left we wish it to be applied to the
newannex on condition that the aforesaid be completed by the year one thousand nine hun-
dred and twenty.
LASTLY, We do hereby constitute and appoint Miss M. Louise Godfrey, our patron saint,
sole executrix of this our class will and testament.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we the class of 1909, the testators, set our hand and seal,
this twenty-second day of June, in the year of our Lord, one thousand nine hundred and nine.
Mr. F. R. Parker Miss M. Louise Godfrey
Wm. J. Brownlow Helen Burns
Donald Beardsley Madeline Pratt
Warren Leary Ruth Stowell
Prof. W. H. Davis Miss M. Louise Godfrey
Frank Pulford Miss Susan Rose
Hazel Ellis Florence Calkins
SENIOR CLASS RECEPTION
On Friday evening February 26th, a very successful dance and reception was given
to the Faculty and students of the Academy by the Senior Class. This was the first thing of its
kind ever given in connection with the school and the factthat so many students andinstructors
attended shows a remarkable change in the school spirit.
The day before this entertainment various rumors were flying about the school, carried
perhaps by the pigeons lodged in the roof, to the effect that the Juniors were going to kidnap
the Senior officers. Thanks to the faithful pigeons, these plans were thwarted and the officers
were on the scene clad in their best regalia with hearty hand-shakes for the bewildered juniors.
During the evening three selections were rendered by the Hampton Institute Male
Quartette, and the accompanying picture was taken by Mr. McFarlin. The dancingcontinued
until one o'clock when everyone went home well satisfied that E. F. A. is the best school on
Committee-Brownlow, Clark, Hedges, Drake, Howell, Aldridge.
GERTRUDE JONES, Sec'y.
L P. YOUNG, Pres.
D SMITH, Treas.
THE JUNIOR CLASS
At the close of school, Friday March thirteenth, Mr. Parker announced that there would
be a meeting of the junior Class in upper chapel. Every junior responded with a rush and
more than one hundred presented themselves to be enrolled as members of the class of 1910.
After Mr. Parker had cleared the study hall of inquisitive Seniors and curious P. G's., the meet-
ing was begun. Officers were elected quickly and considerable business was transacted, not-
ably, the advisability of giving a junior dance and the formation of a junior base ball team.
Enthusiasm ran high and class spirit filled the air. Other important meetings were held later
and a class picture was taken.
A great desire to "do something" seemed to be the prevailing feeling and this with the
many other demonstrations of class spirit argues well for the success of the class next year.
Truly, seldom has there been such great promise for a fine senior class as is shown in the class
List of Members
N. L. Bonnaud
A. E. Gaiser
Wray B. Hoffman
Roselie H. Lucas
John H. Garlinger
Mary L. Ketchum
William Lambert Kleitz
Bessie Ma ee
M. G. McPherson
Ruth T. Pickering
J. Sherwood Smith
Florence E. Tashjian
Ray L. Tucker
Margaret Ten Broeck
Roswell P. Young
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NO. 2 FRESHIVIEN.
The Freshmen class entered school last fall with the total enrollment of 206 counting
the Freshmen of last year who were unable to tear themselves away. The Demerit System was
introduced mainly on their account but was dropped, at their departure in january, which
leaves the total enrollment at the present time 160 counting a few of last year's hangers-on.
We're sorry the much talked of annex wasn't built, but we've managed to make the best
of it, even though separated from the main school. The Seniors have helped us to be patient,
by condencending to come over and entertain us with some of their profound knowledge.
We have managed well with our lessons under the instruction of Miss Hibbard, Miss
Wixon, Miss Moss, Miss Englebreck, Miss Wheeler and Mrs. Dairs. Miss Birchard, the English
teacher, and Miss Wheeler, the Latin teacher, both leftg Miss Birchard to teach at the main
school and Miss Wheeler for her home. Their places have been filled by Mrs. Davis and Miss
We gave a reception in February at the Odd Fellow's I-Iall. There was a large attend-
ence and it turned out a decided success. All expenses were cleared with a balance of five dollars
which was voted to the Freshmen Base Ball Team. This team under the management of
Bob Abbott and Captain Ruger, has shown its appreciation by getting into form and defeating
nearly all comers especially their old time rival, the No. 3 team.
Marshall 'D. Brownlow of No. 8 grammer school was elected Vindex Editor for No. 2
Freshmen. Miss Ruth Neagle also of No. 8 school was a very close second.
A number of our Freshmen were chosen for the E. F. A. Ministrels.
A large picture of the Freshmen Class was taken by the Seniors April 22, at the north
end of the building. The success of our picture is due to the fact that we're dismissed during
school hours, thus having all present.
No. 3 Fr0S11n10n
HISTORY OF Til.-Q CLASS OF 1908.
HISTORY OF THE CLASS OF 1908.
The class of 1908, of the Elmira Free Academy, was organized early in the year and the
following officers were chosen:
Pres. Alexander H. Neagle Vice-Pres. Rosamond E. Hall
Sec'y. Jennie F. Henry Treas. Benjamin M. Snyder
The "Half-back" given by the class at Rorick's Glen was a decided success. Seymour
Ball and Florence Cornish carried the leading parts.
The class was composed of 86 members, as follows:
Dorothy M. Baldwin
Samuel Seymour Ball
Edward B. Billings, Jr.
Edgar Thomas Bowen
Earl A. Brown
Joseph S. Carter
Leslie Douglass Clute
Martin L. Conroy
Walter J. Corwin
Harry F. Davenport
Louis D. Freudenheim
Elizabeth A. Garvey
Anna Marie Goetz
Rosamond E. Hall
Arthur F. Hedges
Mildred E. Hickey
W. Kenneth Howe
Mary R. Howell
Florence E. King
May E. Kleitz
Mildred E. Lewis
E. Louis Lowman
Celia K. Lucy
Mary D. Mann
Frances E. Meddaugh
Alexander H. Neagle
Winifred T. Nicholson
Clarence A. Pike
Ruth D. Putman
James Edwin Riley
John Bally Roach
Myrtle C. Rose
Lafayette H. Rosenbloom
Mary G. Seafuse
Frome F. Smith
udora S. Sornberger
Mary H. Wade
Helen E. Wheat
Grace E. Williams
Edna M. Bowen
Alice M. Connelly
Florence J. Cornish
Rose A. Cosgrove
Marie K. Eiffert
Cameron Burn Fink
Lucy M. Hall
Jennie F. Henry
Rena N. Hilton
Jessie E. Howell
Elsie H. Kleitz
William G. Koush
Florence E. Loughhead
Anna L. Lucy
Robert P. McDowell
Laura P. McNaney
Helen E. Manning
William H. Miller
W. Irving Myers
Maud K. Nichols
Florence F. Pollak
Philip Noyes Riedinger
Mattie H. Rising
Gertrude R. Roessle
Mildred L. Roseman
Florence M. Sage 1
James A. Smith 'N
Benjamin M. Snyder
Gifford S. Thorne
Frank R. Wiegand
The 48th Annual Commencement Exercises were held in the Lyceum on June 25th
The Honor Orations were given by the following students:
First Honor, Valedictory
Second Honor, Salutatory
Third Honor, Oration
Fourth Honor, Oration
Fifth Honor, Oration
Sixth Honor, Oration
Seventh Honor, Oration
Eighth Honor, Oration
Ninth Honor, Oration
Helen E. Manning
Mildred L. Roseman
Frances E. Meddaugh
Leslie D. Clute
May E. Kleitz
Dorothy M. Baldwin
Helen E. Wheat
Florence E. Loughhead
The Elmira College Scholarship was won by Helen E. Manning.
1111155 uf UNH
The first issue of the Vindex appeared in December 1899, at the suggestion of Prof.
Emmons who also suggested the name. Since that time it has been issued every month of
the school year with but few exceptions. The Vindex is a monthly paper published by the
students in the interests of the school, and has always had a good list of subscribers from the
student body. Besides the regular board, it has been customary to have some teacher as an
Editor in Chief. .... , ..,............ Donald Beardsley, '09.
Ass't Editor in Chief ...,.. .... R oswell Young, '10.
Exchange Editor.. . .
Social Editor ...., . .
No. 2 Freshmen ..... .
No. 3 Freshmen .......
Advisory ........ ....
Art Editor... . .
Business Mgr ...,..., . . , .......,... . . , .
Advertising Mgr.., . ,
Circulation Mgr ...... .
Maurice Levy, '10.
Mildred Ellis, '11,
Marshall Brownlow, '12.
Daniel Fuhrman, '12.
Miss M. F. Fennell.
William Brownlow, '09.
Donald Crawford, '09.
Sambert Kleitz, '10.
William Mandeville, '11
lppcl' F11 11:11
E.. F. A. MINSTRELS.
When the Athletic Association closed its football season last fall, it found itself very
deep in debt. To remove this incumberance and place the association again on a firm footing,
it was decided to give a minstrel show. Once before, in 1907, the association had resorted to
this as a means of raising money, with very gratifying results. The show was given in the
Federation Hall, on the evenings of April 22 and 23, 1909. So great was the success that
a third performance was given for those who were unable to secure seats at the two previous
The success of the minstrels was due in a large sense to the efiicient leadership of Charles
X. 0'Brien and Miss Mary Cromer.
The uniform appearance of the circle together with the catchy songs of the end men and
sextette were striking features.
The minstrels accomplished its purpose in that enough money was made to place the
association on a firm financial footing.
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l903 FOOTBALL TEAM.
The 1903 football season may well go down in E. F. A's. history as one of the mosr
unfortunate years in athletics, for nearly every possible calamity known to football came upon
this team. Even during practice injuries of all kinds were received by members of the team.
To begin with, only four experienced players were available with which to start the season's
work and new material was at a premium. This material developed rapidly however and the
first game was a defeat for the Blue and White. The second resulted in a score of 18 to 0 in
favor of Elmira. The third game was played against double odds, first the cold, rainy weather
and muddy gridiron, and second the greater size and weight of the opponents, but in the face
of all this our boys held the visitors down for a 'tno score" game. The last game was a return
game with the same team on the opponents grounds. This time still greater odds had to be
contended with, and unfair officials and lack of clean playing of the opposing team must be
added to the list of disadvantages of our boys. This was the final game of the season on ac-
count ofthe death of William Connelly who died from injuries received in the first game. Thus
closed a most unfortunate season for E. F. A. on the football field.
l904 FOOTBALL TEAM
In spite of the discouraging outlook of the previous year in the athletic line this year's
season opened with a "bang" It seemed as if this team were destined to make up for past
records for it certainly did. The schedule called for games with the strongest representative
teams of the State and out of the seven games played, Elmira was victorious in all but one,
and then only by one point, caused by failure to kick the goal. All this only tends to show
that Elmira does not turn out a team that is inferior to any other in the State, indeed, the high
quality of playing shown by the defenders of the Blue and White demands at least one position
on the lnter-scholastic Team each year. Following, the excellent results of this season's
work are given:
E. F. A. 30. ..., . .,..,..... Starkey 0
E. F. A. 6 ...... .... W illiamsport 0
E. F. A. 49 ...... .... A thens 0
E. F. A. 17 ...... .... I thaca H. S. 5
E. F. A. 17. ..... ,... C ook 6
E. F. A. 5 ...... .... W illiamsport 6
E. F. A. 17 ...... . . .Binghamton H. S. O
I908 FOOTBALL TEAM
Board of Managers of Athletic Association.
President ..,..,......... . , .
Treasurer.... . . . . .
Secretary ....... . .,.. .
Football Manager ........
Hockey Manager ......
Baseball Manager.... , .
Football Captain. ...... ..... , . . .
Baseball Captain. ..........,. .
Faculty Advisory Member ......
Football Coach .....,,........
Baseball Coach. ...... ...,..,... .
Jerome F. Smith,
P. Noyes Reidinger, Edward W. Layton
Leslie D. Clute
Warren D. Leary
Howard La France,Donald S. Crawford
William F. McLaughlin
John J. Diviney
Albert L. Connelly
Francis R. Parker Cresignedl
Myles S. Whitney
Myles S. Whitney.
Another spell of "hard luck" visited the 1908 team. A good share of this team was
composed of new men and had to be drilled into the game. In the very first game one man
was disabled for the rest of the season. In the fourth game several others were severely in-
jured. This tended to greatly weaken the team but the following scores certainly shows a
remarkable record for such a disorganized team.
Corning N. H. S .......... 0
Sayre.. ................. . 0
Rochester W. H. S... .... . .11
George Junior Republic.. . . 5
Ithaca H. S ....... .......... 5
Williamsport ..... .......... 0
Binghamton ...... . . .
Cook.... .... 0
I 904 BASEBALL TEAM.
The season of a perfect score! Every game a victory! What a remarkable record!
What more could be expected of any team? This is the banner team of E. F. A. and their
record does not necessarily mean that they played on easy schedule for they did not, in fact
it was one of the hardest in years. It was due chiefly to the excellent coaching the fine
team material received and the personal effort of each member of the team. While books
might be written on the superiority of this team over every other team in the State it is sufficient
to say that they were. The following is the schedule of the 1904 season:
Cook Academy Elmira
Masten Park Elmira
Cook Academy Elmira
Ithaca High Elmira
I907 BASEBALL TEAM.
When this years baseball season came around we mourned the loss of the "whirlwind"
team of the preceeding year, but soon found after the team had been organized that a very
capable body of men represented the Blue and White this season also. A team is never ap-
preciated until they do something in the line of victories and we must admit that we had 10
appreciate these boys. Most every game was a victory, but those few that were not a victory
in score, were decidedly in favor of E. F. A. in other points of the game. We only regret that
there were not more home games than there are indicated by the following schedule :
St. john's Military Sch.
Girls Basket Bull Team ISHN
GIRLS' ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION.
In 1905 there was organized a Girl's Athletic Association for the purpose of promoting
what was already, in fact, an intense interest in all kinds of athletic activity. During the next
two years the association was in every way successful. Winning' games of basket-ball were
played with neighboring high-schools and with home teams, while in the Fall and Spring
Saturdays brought out the members for hare and hound chases or for cross-country walks.
The games, candy sales and two minstrel shows provided the running expenses and built the
fine tennis court at the north side of the Academy building. '
During the past Winter the basket-ball team has played with marvelous success, and
has shown itself to be composed of unusally accurate and speedy players. This Spring the
tennis and basket-ball courts are being used with great enthusiasm.
When we consider the general lack of provisions for girls' athletics and consequently
the limitations under which they work, we realize the great credit due them for the success
which they have won and the advancement they have made,
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FRATERNITY FOUNDED, 1869
CHAPTER FOUNDED, 1890
Alpha Schenectady, Epsilon Elmira
Beta Rochester, Zeta-Brooklyn,
Yamma Binghamton, Eta-Jamestown,
Delta Ithaca, Theta Syracuse
Frank F. Abbott,
Rappleye F. Baker,
Joseph W. Buck,
Myrle A. Bush,
john T. Calkins,
Charles S. Dale,
Robert N. Dixon,
Floyd W. Edmunds,
Leonard C. Gridley,
Mary B. Hoffman,
C. Howard La France
McLeod Le Valley
Jerome F. Smith,
Fee B- Steele:
Kappa Chapter, 1898.
Alpha--Detroit, Mich. Beta-Denver, Col.
Gamma-Ithaca, N. Y. Delta-Saginaw, Mich.
Epsilon-Minn'l 's, Minn. Zeta-Fitchburg, Mass.
Eta-Williamsport, Pa. Theta-Bay City, Mich.
Lota-Duluth, Minn. Kappa-Elmira, N. Y.
Lambda-Dayton, 0. Mu-Washinqfgn, D. C.
Nu-Binghamton, N. Y. Omicran-Co ubus, O.
Pi-St. Paul, Minn. Rho-Philadelphia, Pa.
Sigma-Hartford, Conn. Tau-Port Deposit, Ind
Upsilon-Middletown, Conn. Phi-Pendleton. Ore.
Frank W. Ald 'dge,
Donald P. Bea sley,
' Arthur D. Bro s,
Leslie D. Clute,
Arthur W. Espey,
Stephen R. Griswold,
W. Campbell Hyde,
Harry Y. Iszard,
W. Lambert Kleitz,
Robert P. McDowell,
Robert I. Parmenter,
Frank D. Pulford,
Douglas D. Riley,
Walter D. Sanborne,
Charles D. Sheive,
J. Sherwood Smith,
ohn -H. Walzer,
oswell P. Young,
I, . 4
' Ben chapter.
Florence Aldrich, , Roeamond ' Hall,
Katherine Beecher, Ethel -Harding,
ulln Brooks, Gertrude Jones,
Louise Burt, Grace Leonard,
Florence Calkins, Bessie lqee,
Ruth Calkins, Eleanor lagee,
Ruth Confunston, Louise Hathesn,
lildted E , ennle I r,
Constance Flood, uanita ills,
Ann her' Hills
num nm, Blanch mia
nm-y Georgia, :mme smirk.
- Kiss Louise K. Gamble,
Miss Edith L. Hill,
Kiss Eu nia Harvin,
Miss H. isabelle Wlxon
Names ot Chapters-Alpha, flthaoag Beta, fElmira,j
Beta Chapter founded, September, 1902,
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Organized Nov. 1869.
Changed to a secret society Dec.
Frank E. Drake,
Frederick J. Drake,
Warren D. eary,
Louis E. McCanna,
William F. McLaughlin,
E. Larue Monroe,
Daniel S. Sullivan,
Earle E. Sullivan,
KELVIN SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY
Mr. W. J. Brownlow,
Mr. Burt Clark,
Mr. W. Cowan,
Miss E. Duhl,
Miss J. Estey,
Mr. . edges,
Mr. W. Eones,
Mr. M. owman,
Miss F. Losie,
Mr. F. Nilson,
Miss . Ellston,
Miss F. Lovell,
Mr. R. Cisco,
Miss A. Dalglish,
Miss F. Drake,
Miss L. Gosper,
Mr. E. Hoffman,
Mr. R. Hedges,
Miss V. Kistler,
Miss D. Lowman,
Mr. M. McPherson,
Miss C. Smith,
Mr. R. Tucker,
Miss E. Utley,
Mr. M. S. Whitnev.
Rev. C. H. McKnight,
Mrs. L. Herrick
THE K. S. S.
One night after school during the month of November 1897, two students wandered into
the science Room, known then as "The Sanctum," as was their wont for a good night chat
with Miss Herrick. The topic of conversation was clubs and high school societies and they
urged the formation of an organization for those students who were especially interested in the
scientific course in the Academy, just to get together once in two weeks to read and talk over
scientific subjects. It was finally decided to form such a society and we three organized into a
committee to draw up a constitution, select a name and plan the work for the year. Six other
students were asked to join us that year. We held our meetings in what is now known as the
Zoology Room, then the club room of the Academy, and we had a splendid year, both in the
amount of work done, the friendships developed and the interest created in scientific reading.
Besides our own meetings we attended the meetings of the "Academy of Science" held in the
College under the direction of Dr. Ford.
The year was terminated by a social banquet with Miss Herrick. It was an evening
never to be forgotten.
The second year the membership was increased, the work done was of a broader kind,
and we had the pleasure of having such men as Prof. Call address us on special topics. This
proved an inspiration to every one.
In the year 1900 we gave attention to the founderies, filter plants, electrical plants and
shops of our city. The greatest courtesy was extended to us every where and what happy,
pfofitable times we did have. It was not all work, there was a great deal which seemed like
Since that time the Kelvin Scientific Society has grown with the E. F. A., and become
strongly individualized with it. We are not a boys' society, nor a girls' society, but an Academy
society of boys and girls.
We were sorry when the time came that we had to have our meetings outside of the
building, it seemed as if we were too firmly rooted to change and we needed the apparatus to
work with 5 we needed the stereoptican, we needed the building, but all societies had to go.
It was then we began to hold our meetings at the homes of the members, and have since con-
tinued to do so. It has meant more written articles for our programs, more social times
after the meetings, but we have detected no loss of interest or strength.
I-Iow I would like to call the roll of the last twelve years, and hear once more the voices
of the past! How I would like to tell you of the work each one is doing in the world! We are
proud of our record and have reason to be so. The glimpses of this world's beauty and truth
seen through the eyes of our society help us to be true to its teachings, and where memory
takes us back to E. F. A. our thoughts linger longest with dear old K. S. S.
Mrs. L. HERRICK CHAPMAN.
S SForthwith are fac-similes of the letters written by Lord Kelvin and Thomas A. Edison
to K. . .
Mrs. Chapman, formerly Miss Herrick, attended a banquet to Lord Kelvin, when he
visited this country, in May 1902, at Cornell.
Mrs. L. Herrick Cnapiluii.
K qrms page paid for by K. S. 5.3
IS, EATON PLACE,
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On Friday evening and Saturday afternoon and evening, May 14th and 15th, the senior
class of Elmira Free Academy presented "The Elopement of Ellen" before capacity houses at
the Rorick's Glen theater. The piece was made a musical comedy by the judicious introduction
of four big singing and dancing specialties. As the academy Students have always maintained
a high standard, the audience expected good work, but was surprised by the superior merit of
the presentation,and the smoothness with which the play was enacted. There was not a hitch
in the entire production, every member of the cast knew his or her lines perfectly, and all inter-
preted their roles admirably. Miss Helen Burns, as "Molly," the wife of Richard Ford, was
excellent. Throughout the play she maintained a dignity of bearing and an attitude of interest
in lovers and matchmaking which was most becoming in a young matron. William J. Brown-
low, who played opposite Miss Burns, as the devoted young husband, handled a difficult role
with the ease and naturalness of manner which would do credit to a professional. The role,
in the hands of a less gifted impersonator, would have lost its salient qualities. Archie B.
Suter, as "Bob," Molly's brother, displayed true histrionic ability, which called forth the highest
commendation from the audience. Stephen R. Griswold, who also had a leading part, left
nothing to be desired in his presentation of a role which demanded not only the learning of
many lines, but the depiction of the various and constantly changing moods of a young man
deeply involved in love affairs. The audience was in heartiest sympathy with the perplexed
Max, who was "engaged" to "Dorothy," Miss Alta Tobey, who acted the part of "Dorothy,"
was charming, and many in the audience could not blame those who fell in love with the fasci-
nating little lady. Her stage presence was delightful, and whenever she appeared she was
piquant and vivacious. In the lovers' quarrel scene she was most captivating. One of the best
assigned parts in the play was that of Miss Ruth Stowell, who had the leading role of "June
Haverhill, Wellesley, '06." She was ever at perfect ease in her impersonation, and did some
real acting which was far above the standard usually reached by amateurs. She was thorough-
ly in sympathy with the character which she portrayed, and she delivered her lines with true
artistic feeling. Harry Y. Iszard exhibited talent as a comedian which was far superior to that
of all amateurs who have previously appeared in academy theatricals and was unquestionably
equal to that of many professionals. his protrayal of the nervous rector, with his notes on the
art of conversation, and his well learned speech, "I just came across the garden, hoping
that I might be of service," created a constant scream. In the garden scene, when
he searched for his lost note, he convulsed the audience. The three young women
and the gentlemen of the cast received handsome bouquets, and William J. Brownlow,
manager of the company, was presented with two immense bouquets. One of roses from
the class and the Patron Saint the other from K. S. S. Too much cannot be said in
praise of Mr. Brownlow's work as actor, as manager, and as soloist in the specialty
"Girls, Girls, Girls." His voice was a delight to his audience, and he was recalled
again and again. To Mr. Brownlow's management is due much credit for the success
of the production. The specialities were a leading feature of the play, and the soloists
exhibited real ability, both as singers and dancers. In the double octette, "Take a
Little Ride With Me," the eight girls were costumed as dairy maids and the "fellows" as
chauffeurs. The song hit, "Peeping Thru the Knot-Hole in Papa's Wooden Leg," was ex-
cellently given by twenty-four girls in Sis Hopkins costumes, with their hair braided in stiff
"pig tails." Miss Rowena Coolbaugh carried off honors as the soloist. Her dancing was
simply great," and had in it all the "business" of a professional. The double sextette, Ala-
bama Sam," was one of the best musical numbers of the evening. Miss Ruth Dowling, in a
dainty costume of lavender, distinguished herself by her graceful dancing and her sweet sing-
ing, which had the flavor of the broad southern dialect. Miss Dowling's work called forth
most favorable comment from critics who were present. She was assisted by a chorus of six
girls in "Phoebe Snow" costume, and six fellows dressed as dudes. The six girls in pretty,
light gowns who, with William J. Brownlow, gave the specialty, "Girls, Girls, Girls," were very
charming and did some graceful dancing. After being recalled many times, Mr. Brownlow
appeared, followed by all the "Girls" of the choruses, and the ensemble of dairy maids, Sis
I-lopkinses, Phoebe Snows and summer girls produced a most effective picture. The play was
staged under the personal direction of Mrs. Fred C. Cameron, assisted by Miss Inez Hunt.
Krug's orchestra furnished the music. The patronesses were: Mrs. Andrew Hull, Mrs.
Francis R. Parker, Mrs. Samuel E. Eastman, Mrs. Harry Merchant Beardsley, Mrs. William
T. Henry, Mrs. J. B. Coykendall. William J. Brownlow, the efficient manager, was assisted by
the following: Misses Madeline Pratt, Gladys Crandall, Eleanor Magee, Messrs. Donald
Beardsley, Frank Abbott, Frank Drake and Harry Y. Iszard. Matt Lockwood was stage
manager, Miss Marie Fey had charge of the music, Edwin Rundell, property, and Archie B.
Suter, advertising. The cast of characters was as follows:
Richard Ford Ca devoted young husbandj . ..........,., William J. Brownlow
Molly tHis Wifeb. ..,.......................... .,....... H elen Burns
Robert Shepard CMolly's brotherj .......... ....... A rchie B. Suter
Max Ten Eych ia chum of Robert'sJ ..... .. . Stephen R. Griswold
Dorothy Marck tengaged to Max-a guest of Mrs. Fordj ........ Alta Tobey
june Haverhill tWellesley, '06-who is doing some special investigation for
economics during the summerj ............,......... Ruth Stowell
john Hume CRectot. of St. Agnes'J ...................... Harry Y. Iszard
Time-Summer of 1908.
Place-Pleasant Hill, suburb of New York city.
Act l.-Morning, room at Mrs. Ford's home at 8 A. M.
Act Il.-'Corner of Mrs. Ford's garden at 5 A. M. the next day.
Act III.-Same corner in the evening of the same day. i -
The specialties were as follows :- V , .
"Take a Little Ride With Me". . Q . . .Misses Carter, Leonard, Tiffany, Noon-
an, McCarthy, Dalglish, Georgia and Peters. 'S
"Peeping Thru the Knot-Hole in Papa's Wooden Leg". ....... Misses Bonnaud,
Bowman, Briggs, A. and M. Curtis, Dowling, Tenbrook, Frank, Georgia, Good-
rich, Gulick, ackett, Hade, Howard, Lync , Prechtl, Carrie Smith, ittentield,
Sullivan, Taylor, Tobias, Goodrich, Hart, Kain. A
Soloist ..............................,............... Rowena Coolbaugh
"Alabama Sam" ........,. Misses Cushing, Hall, Prechtl, Sullivan, Harring-
ton, Rileyg Messrs. Steele, Pulford, Dixon, Tucker, Drake, Young.
Soloist ......................... N .... , ..................... R uth Dowling
"Girls, Girls, Girls" .......... Misses Eleanor F. Magee, Gertrude Cushing, Edith
Howell, Inez Roseman, Ruth Riley, Gertrude Jones.
Soloist ...,............,.......... A ................... Wm. J. Brownlow
At the conclusion of the play a number of Academy pictures were thrown upon a screen
E. F. A. MINSTRELS.
The boys of the Elmira Free Academy Athletic Association delighted a large audience
at the Wo1nen's Federation Building Friday Evening, April 30th, with a minstrel show, first
produced more than a week before. These active young men proved to be quite as talented on
the stage as they are on the athletic field. The performance was continued until after 11
o'clock owing to the numerous responses to encores demanded by the audience. There was
action every minute and despite the fact that some of the humor was a trifle aged, still it was
presented with originality that caused it to provoke laughter.
The opening chorus of more than 30 young male voices was musical and had plenty
of volume. All of the soloists sang well and were accorded encores.
The bright star of the Academy minstrel show, however, is Arthur Garvev the gpeedy
second baseman of the Academy baseball team. His opening solo, "I Didn't Asif, He idn't
Say, So I Don't Know" was one of the features of the production. Garvey has talent. He
dances as well as many high class professionals and his ability to get out all the possibilities
of a scug is marked. His comedy work as an end man was above that of the others and the
audience never tired of hearing him.
His partner "Money" Monroe and also 'tjoe Rice and "Jigger" Baltz did very well as
end men. Their songs were good and in the dancing they worked well with Calkins and Baker.
Marie Cahi1l's "Arab Love Song" was beautifully rendered by William Brownlow, the
resident of the senior class. This young man possesses a sweet voice and his rendition of the
geautiful song was superb.
Henry Williman scored a big hit with his ballad "Rose of the World." Mr. Williman
has good stage presence and his singing was greatly enjoyed.
"Danny" Sullivan's sweet tenor voice was enjoyed in an Irish love song, written by
Charles X. 0'Brien of this city, entitled "Sweet Little Irish Girl."
The feature of the second part was the female impersonation by "Jimmie" Walsh as
"The Gibson Coon." Mr. Walsh's "make-up" was excelent and his dancing was of a high
order. He possesses a good voice and sang "The Gibson Coon" in a manner that pleased.
This act was concluded by a "Merry Widow Waltz" by Arthur Garvey and Jimmie Walsh and
it did not compare unfavorably, as a burlesque, with t e dance of the same number seen at the
Lyceum the preceding evening. Both boys dance well and their work was of high class.
In the second part, the work of the double sextette, comtposed of six clever girls and
six handsome young men, made a pretty picture and was enjoye .
The closing chorus brought the voices of the entire company into the singing of one of
the E. F. A. football songs and the E. F. A. Alma Mater.
The audience was composed largely of former E. F. A. students who enjoyed the work
of the boys beyond description. The production was supgorted bil excellent orchestra and
piano accompaniment under the direction of Charles X. 0 rien. r. 0'Brien is to be con-
gratulated for his excellent work in directing the minstrels.-Star-Gazette.
The E. F. A. orchestra, under Prof. Davis' direction, opened the exercises with a
selection. Then Miss Florence Hildreth sang a solo, "May Time" thy Olie Speaks,J very effect-
ively, and returned for an encore.
William J. Brownlow, president of the Senior class, then gave his address, comparing
the planting of trees with the planting of good examples and deeds by the seniors for the benefit
of the coming graduates.
At the close of this speech Walter Roosa was attended with his usual success in the
rendition of Mendelssohn's "Andante" on the violin. Miss Inez Roseman gave James Rus-
sell Lowell's "The Singing Leaves," which was made very entertaining by her pleasant delivery.
Miss Fennell, one of the faculty, then entertained by singing Dolore's composition of Ten-
nyson's "Brook," returning for an encore.
Former Principal Herbert M. Lovell was introduced and spoke to the students on the
history of the Academy, his stay with the institution and what he did for it. He then closed
his speech with a short talk on Arbor Day and its good results, concluding with a lesson for the
students, comparing their growing education with the growing trees. "The good develop-
ment of minds as well as trees takes lots of time and energy, and it is as bad to destroy a tree, the
work of ages, as to refuse young people the right of free education, or the chance to grow and
Following Mr. Lovell's address the whole school joined in the E. F. A. Alma Mater as a
recessional and marched out on the lawn for the out-door exercises. A special platform had
been erected and everything was in readiness for the tree planting, when Mr. Frank Abbott
gave the following oration for the anniversary tree which this year's class planted, being the
fiftieth class that E. F. A. has graduated. U
Arbor Day Oration
"Arbor Day! Tree Day! Day upon which man and nature seem to shake hands and
rejoice together. Since it was inaugurated, in 1874, by J. S. Morton of Nebraska, it has become
more and more popular until now it is observed in nearly every state in the Union, designated
by the legislature of each of these states, as a day for the voluntary planting of trees.
This day is undoubtedly best kept by those attending our schools, by appropriate exercises
and the planting of trees or shrubs. In this way, between fifteen and twenty thousand trees
and shrubs are planted every year in New York State alone by the schools.
Thus, as it has been the custom in OUR school for many years, we have decided to ob-
serve this day, by planting a tree.
Our tree is very suitable for the observance of Arbor Day. Its name, Arbor Vitae or
tree of life is both appropriate for the tree and significant of the day, as can easily be seen. It
is appropriate for the tree because of its perpetual verdure, a continual evidence of life, and
significant of the day, for, during what time of the year is life more evident than in the spring,
and especially on Arbor Day, which seems to be the climax, when all plant life is bursting into
bloom, the birds are singing merrily and every one seems to feel new energy and life.
But, why do they plant trees on Arbor Day? lt is true that nothing can beautify a school
building more than to be set off by beautiful grounds and nothing can beautify the grounds
more than trees and shrubbery. We are also planting it as a memento of the happy and ben-
eficial days spent here, and, as a reminder to the lower classmen of the excellent example set
for them by our class.
The general public plant trees for their beauty, as an inducement to the birds, for their
shade from the sun and protection from the wind.
But, in the business world Arbor Day has a far broader use. It is a day for the renewing
of the forests, which have been so unscrupulously destroyed that even now lumber is very
scarce and becoming very expensive. Shade trees, however, have many other uses besides
their beauty, protection from wind and sun, and value as lumber. They protect small and
tender fruit trees, they are a protection against floods, as they obstruct the water from flowing
off too rapidly, and thus at the same time, we find them as a protection against drought in the
summer, for, when the water is thus obstructed it sinks into the ground and is preserved for
future need. Where there are trees the extremes of temperature are not so great. Com-
mercially they furnish us with fuel, wood pulp for newspaper, cork, bark for tanning, fruits,
nuts, resin, turpentine, oils, medicines and various other products.
Thus, we see that Arbor Day has its place among the holidays, and is, in fact, one :of
the most needful among them, being of common benefit to us all.
Therefore let us now resolve always to observe Arbor Day, as we have done to-day, by
planting a tree, and let our tree be a reminder of this resolution. Also let the name, 'tree of
life.' be appropriate to us, not because we are so green, but because we are full of lite, awake
to our opportunities, and accomplishing something in this great world of ours."
After the tree oration the Senior president set the tree in the ground and the other
seniors shoveled the dirt in with the new spade which the class had purchased for the school,
to be used for this purpose. Prof. Davis, the botany teacher, saw to it that the tree was well
planted so as to flourish in years to come.
After the tree planting, Mr. Kilkelly gave the spade oration, censuring previous classes
for using a shovel for this purpose and calling it a spade. After several witty remarks and
roasts on the juniors the new spade was presented to the junior president, Roswell Young, who
made a very catchy acceptance speech, and with several humorous poems and side remarks
strove to get even with Kilkelly by slinging fun at the seniors.
.T .W ..
V. ,gf ?eFIf?m""', .if
-fflfl' 1 4?-All 555
Class Day was held at the Federation Building Tuesday Evening, june 22, 1909, at 7:30.
Three hundred special invited guests besides the Seniors and Faculty were present.
The following interesting and inspiring program was given :-
OVERTURE ...,...,..,..,.,...........,.........,..........,..,...,.... Orchestra
PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS ..... . . ..,.., .,... W rn. jackson Brownlow
CLASS HISTORY ,......... ........ J ulia V. Brooks
CLASS PROPHECY ...,.. ...... R uth Stowell
VOCAL SOLO ......,................ ,... F lorence Hildreth
CLASS POEM .,,....,...,......,..,..,.............,....,...,...... Madeline Pratt
PRESENTATION OF CLASS GIFTS ...,.,,..............,..,....... Archie B. Suter
PRESENTATION OF GIFTS TO E. F. A. Bound Volumes of Vindex ...... Frederick Nilson
PICTURE. ......,,..,..........,.........,.. ..,....... J ames J. Kilkelly
ACCEPTANCE FOR SCHOOL ....................,....,.....,.. Prin. F. R. Parker
VOCAL SOLO ................,,.,.. ........, J ohn j. Conroy
CLASS WILL AND TESTAMENT ......,....,.... .... W inifred A. Prechtl
ALMA MATER ,,....,,.........,..,......,..... .. .............. Students
Seniors and Faculty served.
After the Exercises in the auditorium, the Seniors and Faculty with Mr. Palmiter and
the Officers of the Almuni Association, together with Mr. Collins, Pres. of the Board of Educa-
tion and Geo. M. McKnight, were served with an elaborate banquet consisting of the following
Menu and Toasts :A
Chicken Croquetts Tomato Saucei
Sherbert Brown and Gold Cake
THE GOLDEN CLASS, '09 .....,.........,.................. Miss M. Louise Godfrey
QPatron Saint of Class of 1909.5
E. F. A. ATHLETICS .....,.................,,,,,,,,,,...........,. Warren Leary
THE ACADEMY ...,....., . .... Principal Francis R. Parker
THE FOOTLIGHTS ....... ,,......... S tephen R. Griswold
AULD LANG SYNE .....................,.,..................,... Ruth E. Riley
THE SEMI CENTENNIAL ...,..,..,.,.......,....,... An Officer of the Alumni Ass'n
Toast Master: Wm. Jackson Brownlow
Chorus-"To Thee, 0 Country." ....................,..................
. . . . .Rev. Arthur Dougall
Second Honor-Salutatory, "The Centennial Anniversary of the Birth
of Great Men."
Inez Cecelia Roseman
Sixth Honor-"Should Our Navy Be More Rapidly Increased?"
Elmer J. Hodman a
Third Honor-"Human Progress."
Helen Loretta Roper
Chorus-"The Bees." ...........................
Seventh Honor-"Child Labor Evils."
Ida Sarah Baker
. . . . .Charles Coote
Eighth Honor-"The Establishment of the Federal Government."
Donald Pettit Beardsley
Fourth Honor-"Past, Present and Future."
julia Vaile Brooks
Chorus-Cay "Fays and Elves." "Martha.". ..
fbi "The Call to Arms." ........ L ........
Ninth Honor-"Nothing is Made in Vain."
Fifth Honor-"Some Results of Charity."
First Honor-Valedictory, "The Growth of Caste in the
Gertrude Emorette Daggett
Music .............................. ' ..........,... ....
Presentation of D. A. R. Prizes.
Awarding of Diplomas.
Elmira College Scholarship,
Gertrude Emorette Daggett.
. . .Flotow
. . . .Veazie
J 'fl' WT
a at rt
. Eichber g
Ol-I, BALIVIY JUNE.
"Balmy june, the month of roses,
Month of maiden's dreams and muses,
Month when swain and damsel wed
And graduates get their swelled head.
They write an essay or a story,
Start their jump to fame and glory.
Stub their toe upon a bubble,
Quit the race, can't buck the trouble.
By the time December's blast
Is o'er, and stormy Winter's past
Ten thousand presidents to be
Have jobs in a small grocery.
Ten thousand judges, maybe more,
Are working in some dry goods store,
And others with their pa's influence
Get jobs a-selling life insurance.
Essayists who razed the Alps
In barber shops shampoo our scalps.
Others, who restored the mountains
juggle slop at soda fountains.
And some wise lobster in the class
Who got kicked out and didn't pass,
A geezer they thought dumb and funny
Will own a bank and lend 'em money."
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Correspondence Invited NEW YORK CITY
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PRINTERS and ENGRAVERS
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90th Year September 23rd, 1909
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Reminder S i
'N qi A senior can not always be a senior. After a senior, what
then? Business. Profession. Qccu ation. The reat world of ac-
. P V s , ,
tivity before him. 1 ' ' '-"K
Be able to acce t the o ortunit when it knocks at our door.
P PP Y Y
A senior can do this b s ecializin , and that s ecializin should be
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qi The Great Business World to-da is seeking the oun man
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THE BOARD OF EDITORS OF THE
SENIOR CLASS BOOK OF THE
ITHACA HIGH SCHOOL,
Editor in Chief, Ward Tompkins.
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Gentlemen--A-Have had many compli-
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TH E CORNELL COUNTRYMAX.
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THE SIBLEY -IOURNAL OF ENGI-
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Telegram Printing Co., Elmira. N. Y.
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W lu y
Do You Prefer Amberg's
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Monotyped it is made the good old fash-
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l the Same Stand.
Don't Eat Candy in School '
But When You do Eat Candy be Sure it's
BOOTH 'S C HCDCCLATES
You can find Them at all the best Dealers in Town. 40, 60 and 80 cents per lb.
BOO'1'H'S ESTHER CHOCOLATES are. the best to take with you
when making a call. ' '
CARPET W IHE MHIN SIREH BUUK SHIRE
Sanitary Cleaning of Carpets, Rugs
and Draperies BO
Work Guaranteed NEWS
Office and Works
310 Stare Sr., Elmira, N. Y. l F. F. Plummer, l I6 Main St,
Dr. Sherman Voorhees
EYE, EAR, NOSE
AND TH ROAT
ELMIRA, N. Y.
41 4 North Main Street
Manufacturers and Retailers of
Fine Hats, all the Latest and Nob-
biest Styles in either Soft or Stiff Hats.
Wesave you 25 per cent. on each hat .
you buy from us, '
314 E. WATER snuznr
,".yy,,.- , .1 J. .
New York Hat Store.
107 College Avenue
Corning's lce Cream
The Quality Kind
L. A- CORNING
ICE CREAM CO.
415 West Second Street
----4- ,M ' " , 'f 'lib
The Better Klncl of Punt: Vg
in Job, Book
'Catalog Work A '
Cl-IEMUNG PRINTING Co
160-62 Exchange Place. Elmxn, N 'Y
-.v - -vw -f 11- 4,
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