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THE INSISTENCE OF MAN TO HAVE SOMEONE OR SOME-
THING TO SUBSTANTIATE HIS TALES COULD WELL BE THE
REASON WHY THIS BOOK HAS BEEN ASSEMBLED. HOWEVER,
THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO BE A COMPLETE GRAPHIC RE-
VIEW OF EVENTS WHICH HAVE TRANSPIRED SINCE COMMIS-
SIONING, BUT RATHER MEMORY REMINDERS OF THE MORE
PLEASANT OCCURANCES ABOARD SHIP DURING THE FIRST
YEAR OF HER LIFE.
ITS PAGES CONTAIN ARTICLES AND PICTURES WHICH WILL
RECALL TO YOUR MIND THE LIGHTER SIDE OF SHIPBOARD 1
LIFE, YOUR SHIPMATES, AND THE PART YOUR SHIP PLAYED
IN DEFEATING A FANATICAL ENEMY.
IF WE REMIND YOU OF GENERAL QUARTERS, MAKING
SMOKE, WORKING PARTIES, LONG HOURS OF WAITING, THE
SQUEAL OF A BO'SUN PIPE, OR ANY OTHER DISAGREEABLE
ITEM .... PARDON US. IF WHILE YOU READ AN ARTICLE OR 1
LOOK AT A PICTURE, YOU SMILE AND A BRIGHT ,TWINKLE
FILLS YOUR EYES, BECAUSE YOU RECALL CLOSE ,FRIEND-
SHIPS AND STAUNCH BUDDIES, WE WILL FEEL THIS BOOK
HAS SERVED ITS PURPOSE.
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EDITOR G.C., HAWLEY
ASSISTANT EDITOR Ko REEVES
LITERARY EDITOR WQE. DOWNER
LAYOUT AND PRODUCTION M.Ao GREITZER
,ARTISTS A ' D.E., GALLOCK
PHOTOGRAPHER' W.C. MACY
ARTICLES COE. TAYLOR
DRA FTSMAN GQG. BRADBURN
f LITIHOGRAPHY GOD- LEWIS
S 1. TIPESCU A
- 1, GRIGORAS
. , NJ. CANGEMI
'BINDING' 1. ESELUNAS
'r A I G.A o
ELECTROMATIC TYPING B. C. WROBEL
' M.H. HEIKE
I DISTRIBUTION F.P.
CONTRIBUTORS! FQE. DONAHUE, D.E. DELONG, LB. SOPKO
' LE. WEBBER, P.A. VERDIN, R.E. MERRITT
CJ. RAFTER, G. A. THEISS, CJ. SMEIKAL
covER BY n.E.oALLocx
Acknowledgment is given for the use of all
Official U.SQ Navy
Photographs where used in this publication.,
USS Eldorado, CAGC-115
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W.F, ANDERSON, LT. COMDR., USNR W EGAN. LT. COMDR., USNR f..E. HUGHES, LT. COMDR., USNI?
NAVIGATOR ENGINEER SLNIOR MEDICAL OFFICER
W.K. CHILDS. LT. COMDR. USNR O.L. NYE. LT., USNR
COMMUNICATION OFFICER SUPPLY OFFICER
CHIEF OF STAFF
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In the presence of the families and friends of her new crew, the U. S. S. ELDORADO was placed
in commission at Bethlehem Steel Yard, 56th Street Pier, Brooklyn, New York. A large part of the ship's
complement were "green hands", still fresh from boot camp and navy trade schools: the others, old timers
who had seen duty on other navy vessels and who would form the experienced nucleus aboard this new one.
Most of these men had been assembled for a brief period of training at the Newport, R. I. Train-
ing Station. It was a short processing they received there, but they were already beginning to work to-
gether as a crew when they left Newport on August 23, 1944.
Two .days later, on August 25th, they arrived aboard the ELDORADO, and it was then that
Captain I. R. Wallace, reading the orders he had received from the Navy Department and greeting the offi-
cers and men who would serve under him, officially assumed command.
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' DECK HANDS
More than a thousand men, grouped
into fifteen divisions, are necessary for
the successful operation of a ship of
this type. To these divisions goes the
bulk of the credit for the efficiency with
which the Eldorado has discharged her
duties. The work of each division, '
though distinctly outlined and different
from that of the other divisions, is in
close harmony and relationship with
that of the others. This 5inter-depen-
dency'. makes it impossible to say that
one division is of more importance
than any other oo.. although the 'Black
Gang' fcomposed of 'AZ sE','B', and
'M' Divisions? make a strong bid for
first place. '
The men of the black gang work be-
low decks in the fierce temperatures
and bewilderingly complex mechanical
arrangements of the engine room .
That engine room, to a casual visitor,
seems like the bowels of an unusually
vast and intricate pinball machine, com-
plicated With bright lights and deafen-
ing noise. In it are most of the many
engines, motors, generators and pumps
maintained and operated by the black K
gang, though there is a large amount
of other gear scattered throughout the
ship that falls under their. supervision.,
The superiority of the black gang has
always been challenged by those divi-
sions that work topside.....the deck force,
comprised of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd di-
visions. The men of these divisions ,
known to the engineer department as
'deck apes', do the work and stand the
watches necessary above decks, from
the hu mble paint chipping to the respon-
sibility -bearing and dangerous jobs of
look-out and gun watches. A great
amount of skill and knowledge is
necessary to perform the duties re-
quired of these men. They must moor
and anchor the ship, assist the officer
of the deck in his watches, raise and -
lower boats, load and unload cargo, op-
erate the booms and Winches, and be
ready 'at all times to man the guns for
action against the enemy. So proficient
in airplane identification are these di-
visions aboard our ship that not once
during the invasions of Iwo Iima and
Okinawa did they open fire on a friend-
ly plane! l
"R" Division, composed of ship-
fitters and carpenters, are the crafts-
men of the ship. They handle all wood-
work and welding and are responsible
for the maintenance of the ship's boats.
Their emergency duties are as impor-
tant as any on theship .... that of damage
control. Fortunately, the ELDORADO
has sustained no damage of an emer-
gency nature, but through their routine
duties, HR" Division has proved its
ability to deal competently with any that
'C 7 Division, handling all commun-
ications, perhaps has a right to feel
slightly superior aboard this, a com-
munication vessel. This group of sig-
nalmen, radiomen, radio technicians,
and yeomen are responsible for the
maintenance and operation of all
equipment used in communications,
and almost all 'paper work' done
aboard ship. Although they man no
guns, they have slaughtered their
percentage of the enemy with type-
writers, signal flags and paper clips.
The efficiency with which they dis-
charge their duties is shown by their
records during the invasions of Iwo
Jima and Okinawa, during which
the Eldoradoss Communication
gang broke all existing records
for the handling of messages
for any ship at any time! More
than a thousand were handled
in a single day!
GD' Division is the Marine detach-
ment aboard .... a wing, so to speak,
of the 'C' Division. They are almost
all high-speed code men, many of
them are equally proficient as radio
and radio teletype materiel men, and
any one of them will admit that 'DP
Division has the best radiomen...and
the best of anything, for that matter,
on the ship, and possibly in the entire
Pacific Fleet. These men,,however
short they may be on modesty, are
long on ability, they are a group of
highly skilled communication person-
nel with a unique ability of making
good their boasts.
Radar, that 'miracle invention' of
this war that has done so much to win
it for us, is maintained and operated
by 'K' Division. The activities ofthis
division were kept mysteriously sec-
ret until only recently, until the end RADIO 1
of the war brought a release on some
aspects of it. Most of us, however,
after reading about it, are willing to
let matters stand as they weregv the
technical complications of radar are
sufficient to maintain its security.
Radar and 'K' Division proved their
value to us during the invasions by
their amazing ability to detect the
approaching enemy planes at great
distances, thereby giving us time to
prepare a suitable reception.
'N' Division is perhaps the most
versatile aboard, it is composed of
Quartermasters, Cartographers, Lith-
ographers, Printers, Buglers and Aer-
ologists. The Quartermasters primary t
duty is navigation and suffice to say
they have done a first class job of sail-
ing our ship some 23,000 miles without
mishap. The Cartographic Section,
which includes the Cartographers,
Lithographers and Printers, has print-
:ff ,W Sf A A P
QQ ! Q i
, COBBLER'S SHOP
SICK BAY -
ed over 300,000 charts and maps and
over 7,000,000 pieces of copy. This
Year Book was printed by the Carto-
graphic Section. The Photolab has
contributed its share to the success
of the operations, the lab has pro-
cessed over 15,000 negatives and de-
livered over 130,000 prints, including
stills, aerials and sonnie rolls, their
battle reconnaissance photos deliver-
ed by the Lab have saved many lives.
The Buglers have blown reveille over
400 times Cin which function they have
yet to achieve perfectionl. The Aer-
ologists release their balloons and
track them, then with the use of their
various gismos and gadgets plot wea-
ther charts and keep us posted on the
coming weather. 1
'S' Division, also multi-rated, bears
the main burden of maintaining the
crew's morale. It is the division re-
sponsible for feeding the crew, supply-
ing it with cigarettes...a vital factor in
morale building...handling the ship's
service, small stores, disbursing, tail-
oring, cobbling and laundering. Any
one of these branches of GS, Division,
caring for 1200 men, have a difficult
jobg the most difficult of all, probably,
is that of satisfying gastronomically
the needs of these 1200men, each of
whom uses, as a basis for his judge-
ment, the memory of food that 'mother
used to make'. SS' Division has done
Wellg if they have consumed an inord-
inate amount of aspirin, they have had
Our hospital facilities are adequate-
ly taken care of by 6Hy Divisiong the
men comprising that division are
well-trained, hard working and con-
siderate. A year of treating the El-
dorado's sick, with a seasoning of
wounded from the invasions, have
'made them calm and ,confident veter-
ans. They operate the equipment in
our dental office, pharmacy, steril-
izing room, dressing station, isola-
tion ward, ix-ray room and diet kit-
chen. They are not 'castor oil and
throat spray' specialists!
'Ly Division, the Eldorado's'b0at
crew, is one' of the smallest and
least known divisions of the ship.
During the invasions they were of-
ten called upon to 'make smoke'
during air -raids, and to make trips
to and from the beaches under enemy
fire. The competency of 'L' Division
gives it a proportional equality with
its bigger brothers.
These are the fifteen divisions that
have sailed the.Eldorado from New V
York to Manila, through two invasions,
through rough waters and high winds.
"B" AND "MW DIVISION
"C" DIVISION fSigna1menD
"cu D1v1s1oN cnadiomeny
"C" DIVISION cfreclmiciansy
'c" DIVISION QYeomenD
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SOFTBALL TEAM ' PEARL HARBOR'
VIRGIL SMITH 'VS' QUENTIN REAM
TRQIILLO 'VS' ROSS
RICHARDSON FIELD ' P.H.
L The forming of the crew which was
to sail the ELDORADO took place at the
Pre-Commissioning base at Newport, R.
I. As the men finished their processing
activities, and began settling into regu-
lar ELDORADO routine, it became evi-
dent that considerable athletic talent '
comprised the organization. Happy
hour revealed some of the more pro-
ficient athletes, and it didn't take long
to organize a top-notch soft ball team.
While still at Newport, boxing bouts l
were arranged between different pre- 5
commissioning ships and our boys gave
a good accoimt of themselves. Although
many of the crew took part in varied
sports activities, it was the softball
team which made an impressive name
for the ship. During our stateside ten-
ure the team played and defeated four-
teen different outfits, and were crowned
the champions of that base.
After being moved to Brooklyn and
aboard ship, the sports curriculum was 5
curtailed because of space, but the soft- ,
ball coaches Ens. Bostrom and Lt. Pm- 1
nell continued: to plan for days when
shore would beckon out in the Pacific I
area. Upon arriving in Pearl Harbor
games were sought for this sharp outfit,
and an additional five scalps were hung
beside the fourteen previous Ones. In
addition, each division organized a team
and a regular schedule was conducted on
the grounds near our berth. While at
Pearl Harbor, several boxing cards were
held between the ELDORADO and the .
AUBURN, and great pleasure was enjoyed
by all hands, as each contestant tried to
connect with every blow known to the
ring. In addition to these activities all
the men had ample opportunityto visit
Waikiki Beach and swim in the warm
waters there. Our stay in Hawaii was '
splendid for the athletically inclined, and
all of the fellows took advantage of the
facilities at their disposal, and prepare
themselves for a long bout with the ene- f
Guam produced the first defeat for X
the softball team, as the USS HUDSON 1
pinned back their ears. However a re-
cord of 21 wins and 1 loss wasn't any- l
thing to take lightly, but tougher oppo- ,
sition was to be encountered in the
Philippines. At the present writing
the team has amassed 28 wins against
five losses and a well done should be
given to the members of this invincible
aggregation. Brinn, Leoty, Ujobai,
'1H1rnbull, Mermilloid, Sopko, Merritt,
Wilson, Wirmer, Pessetto, Thornton,
Schretzman, Taylor, Silverstein,
Smeeth, Cavendar, Westerdahl, Mitsch,
Glenn, and Larkin are regular members,
but additional support was supplied by A
many more of the crew, and they too de-
serve a lot of credit. These boys had a
wealth of defensive strength, wonderful
pitching and more than adequate hitting
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M VJ SERVICES - l2,AUG.1Q
Chaplain C.W.V. Iunker
The Church Pemiant moves to the top of the halyard where
for an hour it will fly above the national colors as men and
officers pause to proclaim their supreme allegiance to their
Creator and Prince of Peace.
The bugle sounds 'Church Call', the boatswain pipes attenu-
tion and announces over the loudespeakersi 'Divine Service
is now being held. Knock off all card games. Keep silence
about the deck during services. The smoking lamp is out'.
Thus, Sunday after Sunday, in port or under way, men gathe-
ered on the boat or superstructure deck aft or, in bad weather,
below decks in the crew's messing compartment. Shortly be-
fore, the Church Rigging Party transformed the spot into a
very Churchly scene with the strikingly beautiful walnut altar
framed from behind by deep red and blue dossal curtains.
The organ or chimes helped set the background and the ser-2
vice began as the Chaplain vested and took his place. At
first it was Chaplain Harvey C. Porter who guided us through
pre-:commissioning detail and served as ship's chaplain.
Later as we prepared and moved out for Iwo Jima it was Chap:
lain Curt lunker who was to serve as our padre. From that
time on, each service was to end with the singing of the tra-I
ditional Navy hymn, 'Eternal Father Strong To Save', sung in
a new version to include those on land, sea and in the air ....
a Prayer Hymn for Our Amphibious Forces. Then, with the
'Blessing of God Almighty' the assembled worshippers depart
to their duties or pastimes. 5Divine services are over. The
smoking lamp is lighted' eeee traditional Navy phrase. The
Church pemiant comes down and the national ensign takes its
place at the top until the next service.
The visiting Roman Catholic Chaplains, from, our sister
ship, the Auburn, from the Hospital Ships off Iwo jima and at
Okinawa, Fr.. Paul Redmond, the famous Marine Raider Chap-
lain, all had a close bond with our ship and men. While at sea
there were always at least rosary or other devotional services
led by men of the ship's comapny. Notable was the Pontifical
Mass and service of Benediction on August 12th in Manila Bay.
The celebrant was the Apostolic Delegate, the most Reverend
Archbishop Piani. The superstructure deck was jammed with
men from all the ships in the harbor.
When the great Jewish holidays came, the men had special
services. The Passover Seder service was held in the Chief's
Mess and for Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur the men joined
with many others in services at Manilays Rizal Stadium.
Approaching Iwo Jima, our first real invasion, our regular
Communion service had even more meaning than ordinarily.
The sermon wasz 'Courage is Fear which has said its Pray-
erss. Present were Secretary of Navy Forrestal and several
Navy dignitaries from Washington. That night before the
forthcoming attack as we all waited at our battle stations, the
Chaplain came around and pressed into our hands a small blue
card which included the three hundred year old prayer, 6Lord,
I shall be verie busie this day: I may forget Thee, but doe
Thou not forget me ls It helped!
The only Sunday without a service was LeDay at Okinawa
but we had had our big Easter Communion service-the even-
ing before below decks. As the Commanding General of the
10th Army and his staff worshipped with us, even as they
had done at the good Friday services the day before, we off -
ered many an earnest prayer. All Associated Press papers
carried accounts of this service and the Mutual network
carried the Chap1ain's Easter Message from Okinawa. When
President Roosevelt died it was our Memorial Service Cwe
had been at Battle Stations until eight minutes beforel which
was broadcast around the world and rebroadcast to the Fleet.
The film The Fleet That Came To Stay' includes that service.
Later on VQE Day a portion of our Mothers' Day service was
broadcast by NBC.
While in Manila Bay a service of Confirmation was held the
Sunday next to july 4th when the Rt. Rev. Norman Binsted,
Episcopal Bishop of the Phillipines was aboard. And then:-M
long to be rememberede:-sthe Service of Thanks, 'Vision
after Victory', August 12th when it became apparent the laps
anese were ready to quit. And then at last, our Val Day Sera
ISTIIAS CAROL S
AUS CDIIES YD
M CAKE A
H THA T FEMININE roucy
- Twenty- six
V REFRESHMENTS FOR ALL
HAIL! THE KING
I -M-W , ,I A
00 'N I
JACKIE COOPER VISITING SICK BAY
.IASEN - U.S.0. UNIT 710
JASEN - U
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It was a wonderful 'morning in the
early part of 1945, and as the rising
sim pushed its way through billowy
cloud formations to beam down on the
beautiful Hawaiian Islands, the Eldor-
ado -was preparing to leave her berth
and head for the vast expanses of the
Western Pacific. All of her crew were
excited and the conversation was con-
fined to wild guesses as to her ultimate
Within a short time we found our-
selves leading a convoy of troop trans-
ports, and knew for a certainty that we
would soon become involved in opera-
tion against the enemy. Our troops
consisted of units of the Fourth and
Fifth Marine Divisions, which had dis-
tinguished themselves in previous en-
gagements with the Iaps. For several
days we headed west, and finally we
arrived at Saipan, where a few days
were spent in perfecting plans, logis-
tics and final preparations for the
early invasion of Iwo Jima.
The USS Eldorado was the latest
type of command ship, and for that
reason was destined to act as the
6'brain" of the entire operation. Our
ship of the hundreds thatengaged in the
operation was the one best suited for
the huge volumes of communication
traffic that must necessarily flow be- '
tween commanders and their various.,
units. With us since our departure i
from P. H. were Vice Admiral R. K.
Turner, U.S. Navy Commander of the
Amphibious Forces in the Pacific and
his staff, also Lt. Gen. H.M. Smith,
U.S.M.C., Commander of Expeditionary
'D' DAY, 'H' HOUR AT Iwo
MT. SURABACHI, 'HOT ROCKS'
Troops of the U.S. Marine Corps, and
his staff. At Saipan we were joined by
Secretary of the Navy, the Honorable
James V. Forrestal and his party,
which included Rear Admiral L. E.
Denfield, Assistant Chief of the Bureau
of Naval Persormel, and Rear Admiral
E.W. Mills, Assistant Chief of the Na-
val Bureau of Ships. ,
Iwo Jima, a small pin-point of an
island in the Volcanic chain, was to be
the first actual Japanese territory to
be invaded. For more than two months
this tiny island was subjected to mass
bombing raids by our Marianas based
bombers and by carrier planes. The
final pre-invasion softening-up pro-
cess was t1u'ee days of intense naval
bombardment by the giants of our com-
bined fleets. During the night of Febr-
uary 18th, which was the eve of D-Day,
large fires and gum flashes were vis-
ible for many miles and the thtmder of
the big guns sounded like a constant
rumbling of thunder as they kept up
their ceaseless pounding. .
February 19, at 0900, the Fifth
Marines went ashore on the left flank,
north of the volcanic Suribachi Yamag
the Fourth Marines on the right, facing
the southern airfield of Motoyama. The
Nips had been preparing for this for a
long time, and the landings were recei-
ved with withering machine gun fire and
a deadly barrage of accurate mortar
shelling. Great losses were suffered
in the initial encounter, but by night-
fall of D-Day a beach of 2 112 miles
had been established, extending from y
the East Boat Basin to the foot of Suri-
bachi and across the narrow isthmus
to the west coast. The following day
the troops, supported by air, artillery
gp . X V X
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THE FIRST FOOTHOLD '
and naval gtmfire, secured the air-strip
and made further advances across the
rugged terrain. Beaches were con-
stantly under heavy mortar fire, and
mechanized equipment was virtually
useless. The laps were well dug in and
the whole island was a maze of concrete
and steel dugouts and pillboxes. Flame
throwers were brought into play on
numerous occasions, and their impor-
tance cannot be over-estimated.
The next two days were devoted to
eliminating all resistance on the moune
tain, for it was from there that the ace
curate mortars and snipers were keep:-
our beaches in chaos and making
every landing trip one of great dan:
gers. The heroic efforts of the gallant
marines was eventually rewarded when
at 1038 on the morning of February 23rd,
our lookouts spotted the eventful
raising of old glory atop rugged Suriv '
bachil It was a fitting tribute to the
brave men who gave their lives to
make the picture of this happening, one
which will be forever remembered by
a grateful nation.
Considerable fighting was still in
progress on the island, and the Japanese
air force was still' harrassing our naval
units constantly. For many of us it was
the first time we had engaged the enemy,
and volumes could be written on personal
experiences. p Our greatest danger was
the nightly air -raids, but rough weather
kept them to a minimum.
Our troops continued to meet with
stiff resistance, but short gains were
steadily putting pressure on the fanatic
enemy. On March 7 the final drive
gained momentum, all divisions making
good progress. The Fifth fought down
if x,', 3 T
OLD GLORY ATOP MT. SURIBACHI,
ridges to the sea, and the Third Mar-
1Il6S, who entered the fight on February
23, had taken over the center line of at:-
tack and carved out a five -hundred yard
advance. OnMarch 8ththe enemy showed
Signs of cracking as the Fifth pushed
to the water's edge, while the Third and
Fourth began the slow job of -cleaning
out the caves of their lap occupants.
The end was in sight, and since our
ship had completed her part in this
eventful struggle we prepared to turn
over the amphibious command to an-
other vessel, and return to the rear
area. On March 9th, we departed from
Iwo Jima, leaving behind not only a bad-
ly beaten enemy and a piece of land
which will bear the visible marks of
United States armed might, but a mem-
orable imprint on the pages of history
which will always stand as a shrine to
ways of freedom and democracy.
fgmg to the tune ofMarine's Hymnj
By M.A. Grei tzer
We struck the foe a thunderous blow,
At Iwo lima Isleg
We drove them back with our attack,
In the U.S. Marine style.
Our heroess blood mixed with the mud,
On that hellish little strip 3
And each foxhole brought us closer to,
The finish of the Nip!
THE HARINES FOUGHT AND PAID FOR THIS BEACHHEAD
The ELDORADO, having 'completed
her first invasion operation success-
fully at Iwo Jima, turned the command
over to a sister ship and proceeded to
Leyte Gulf in the Philippines. From
March 9 to March 15, 1945 we engaged
in dress rehearsals for the forthcoming
amphibious operations against the Iap-
anese owned island of Okinawa and sur-
rounding territory. This operation,as
were the other successful operations
against the Nipponese, was under the
able command of Richmond Kelly
Turner, four star admiral in charge of
all Pacific amphibious operations.
This was to be the largest invasion yet
attempted, and everyone knew the dan-
gers involved in striking so close to the
homeland of the enemy. Our rehearsals
consisted of the proper deployment of
ships, naval gunfire to be delivered in
support of invading units, air support
coverage, complete demagnitude of lo-
gistic problems and correct timing of
every' element concerned. Finally the
time for departure arrived, and once
again the ELDORADO headed a large
convoy of troop laden transports and
cargo carrying ships. "Love"day, the
day chosen for attack, was to be Easter
Sunday, April' 1, 1945. '
Five days prior to the landing on
Okinawa, an expeditionary force of sev-
eral thousand men and a few hundred
combat ships, launched a surprise attack
on a group of rugged islands south of the
Okinawa mainland, known as Kerama
Retto. As usual the big guns of the
battleships and rocket-firing LSM's, pav-
ed the way for a rather easy seizure of
these vital pieces of land. Everything
TRANSPORT AREA ACTION N
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KAMIKAZE KID MEETS HONORABLE ANCESTORS
was then in readiness for the huge arma-
da of 1200 ships, of all varieties, to
move in and take the strategically im-
portant island of Okinawa.
Early on the morning of Easter
Sunday, the ELDORADO and her task
group heard the pleasant booming of
sixteen inch giants as they paved the
way for the first wave of the Tenth
Army Infantry and the elements of the
Sixth Marines to land successfully.
Love day schedule was met in every re-
spect. There was a slight surface haze
which reduced visibility to about 6000
yards in the early morning during the
final approach to the transport area, but
otherwise Weather and hydrographic
conditions were excellent. Enemy sui-
cide boats were 'active more or less
sporadically, but the conquest of Kerama
Retto reduced this instrument consider-
ably. Four hundred such fboats were
captured there and seventy-one more
were destroyed on Love Day at Okinawa.
Enemy submarines were not aggressive
although numerous sound contacts and
several visual sightings were made.
Our forces, after landing, proceeded
inland ata rapid pace and by 1230 of the
first day they had captured both Yontan
and Kadena airfields with only slight
losses to our men. Very little fire was
received by our ships and the landing of
material progressed at a terrific rate.
It had been a master stroke of invasion
genius, and the easy seizure of this large
beach-head stood us in good stead in the
If we were harboring the thought that the
enemy was going to succumb without
first putting up a terrific fight, it was
quickly dispelled,as it was during this
2 Tak' .
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. RETURNING TO THEIR HOMES
campaign that the laps introduced large
scale suicide tactics by their aircraft
against our surface units. There were
daily bombings, torpedo attacks and fan-
atical Kamikaze charges. The most
dangerous air attack occurred on April
6th when 22 of our ships were hit by
suicide planes alone. The total box
score of the memorable day shows that
they suffered 396 planes destroyed by
our combat air patrol, AA fire, and by
their own tactics.
The ELDORADO wasn't without her
own perils from these forces and her
guns were blazing almost nightly. Sev-
eral near misses were registered and
a few members of her gum crews were
severely wounded although no fatalities
resulted. Many conflicting stories will
be told, but the seriousness of suicide
attacks can never be exaggerated. The
name Okinawa will always represent
enormous losses for the Navy and the
brave men who combated the Kamikaze
'kids' should forever be held in rever-
ence. They did a wonderful job against
the worst type of opposition and emer-'
As the Army and Marine infantry- '
men moved further toward the capital
city of Naha, the enemy had stiffened and
were throwing everything they had into
a desperate struggle for survival. Again
the men were forced to dig them from
holes like rats, but this was something
they enjoyed doing and the Nips were
paying with their blood. On the 16th of
April, a landing on the island of Ie Shima
was effected despite enemy interference.
Two days later, the 18th of April, the
noted war correspondent, Ernie Pyle was
killed on the island by Jap sniper fire.
Many such small islands surroimd-
ing Okinawa were taken in much the same
manner, and each of them were to play
their part in the ultimate defeat of Iapan.
They were to be used as bases for our
deadly bombers and aggressive fighter
Fanatical aircraft suicide attacks
were a daily occurrence and the destroy-
ers assigned Radar picket duty suffered
greatly in both ships and personnel. Sev-
eral of our vessels wrote a glorious name
for themselves in the annals of American
Navy history. Among them, the U. S. S.
LAFFEY who suffered six suicide hits
yet remained afloat and reached the west
coast of the United States under her own
power. The U. S. S. HADLEY accounted
for 23 enemy planes by her AA fire alone.
To us, the men of the MIGHTY EL, it
meant 268 hours at battle stations with
562 designated air raids! And ---------
90 ho1.u's of "make smoke!"
The duties of our flagship were com-
pleted on the 17th of May when Admiral
T1u'ner handed his command over to
Admiral Hill and all hands of the U. S. S.
A N C ON . It was with great satisfaction
that we left Okinawa, for we had played
an important role in the conquest of
enemy held territory so very close to their
As we left the Ryukus little did we
think that the stubborn lap would soon
call it quits. The great day of rejoic-
ing found us anchored in historic Man-
ila BaY,and the welcome news gave us
all cause for sincere thanksgiving.
This was the end of the line for a great
ship and a gallant crew.
1 ' 5, , f , . s ff
af, 9 X ' ,M ,gr
O ,,.., . 1
THE STAR SPANGLED BANNER
THE BATTLE FOR IWO IIMA
By Guy Owensby
Doorstep to the House of Nippon
Garrison of ash and sand, ,
'Sulphur Islands some still call you ,
Others brand you 'No Man's Land'..
From the beachhead, onward, inward
Trudge our troops by inch--byyard,
Stumbling over those who faltered
Facing fire, dying hard.
Distant intermittent rumbles
Of the lap artillery,
Proved their strong retaliation,
Rain was their auxiliary.
Broken bodies maimed with shrapnel
One more mortar casts its spell, ,
Twisted wreckage--scattered debris
Constitutes this living Hell.
N ightfall marks the first dayss fighting
Overcast impairs the sight,
Danger lies in infiltration t
Star -shells penetrate the night.
Tracers from destroyers off-shore
Dot the sky like liquid fire,
Aircraft bomb the gun-positions
Shadows lurk, grotesque and dire.
Dwelling side -by -side with Satan
Sand-fleas ----- Rations 6K9 and 'C9,
Eyes that burn from sand and ash dust
Bones that ache incessantly.
From the depths of cratered shell-holes
Reeks the stench of those long dead, '
Friend or foe alike are coffined
Draped in khaki tinted red. '
Surabachi, King Volcano
Scarred and burnt beyond rebirth,
Stars and stripes now crown your summit
Lessening a nations girth.
Motoyama, valued air-strip
Home of enemy birds of war,
Shattered runways, littered rubble
Mark your planes that are no more.
'Bloody Iwog, cry of havoc, t
Hated for your endless strife,
Where man is but a tool to kill
The evils that have threatened life.,
Blood and bane now stain your beaches,
Coral cliffs now harbor death,
Cave and pillbox now are silent
Tomb of those who draw no breath.
Hear Ye, Emperor of Nippon!
We have now unlocked the door,
Men have died upon your threshold,
Iwo's ours, Forevermorelll! b
K By Guy Owensby
Those were dark, depressing hours
For the 'Mighty Ely , i
And for all other shipps who saw
That Okinawa he ll.
Twilight brought familiar fear
To those out on that sea,
For twilight meant the dusk alert
And dusk meant mystery.
What would come this dismal night?
I shuddered at the thought
win 'Kamikazi visitors'
Death to uslallot?
I thought no more and let it pass,
KNO raids tonighv, 1 Said,
N0 sooner did I say it when
I heard 'FLASH RED! FLASH RED!
The O-ineC was on the phones
When I had reached my post,
'Customers tonights, he joked
'Looks like we're the host.'
The radars turned in their reports,
'Three bogies, angels low--, A
C.A.P. Reports a contact
one 'Val' -'raiiyholl ,
Minutes passed, which seemed like hours,
Two svals' vectored in,
'I see them now !', port look-out cried
'And one is in a spin !'
'Aft 5-inch, confine your range!
Port 40ys fire at will? '
A puff of flakes-a blinding flash,
A wing aflame-ethe kill!
'C.I.C. to fire Qcontrol:-3, t
The phones then blurted forth '
'Raids two and three at one 2-fourefive
Closing to the north !'
The skipper ordered 'Smoke eMake smoke !
Boats three and four drew near,
The oily fog soon siftedthrough
The cordite atmosphere.
The Eldorado did not stir,
Protected there, she lay
Beneath her veil, her guns ceased fire
Lest flash give her away.
Silence stalked the entire ship A
Patience was the word,
Watching, wondering, 'Can they see us?9
Not a sound was heard.
Newsfrom other ships came in,
Casualties were high,
One destroyer took two zero's
Thank Goa, the 'Ei' got by!
'To THE TRoP1cs' 4
I haven't traveled far,
But Iyve seen a doggone lot
Of the beauty of the tropics
And that stupid sort of rot.
Oh! The mountains and the valleys
And the coconut trees so tall,
The gentle balmy breezes
And the pretty ports of call.
The shy enchanting natives,
With their quaint peculiar ways.
And the luscious, lissome maidens,
Oh, happy carefree days.
But, now I've had enough of it,
My language is quite plain,
As far as little me's concerned,
It's just a goddam pain.
For I hate the dirty natives,
I loathe the ports of call,
With the blasted, blazing sunshine
And the coconut trees so tall.
And there's the luscious maidens
You ought to see the cows,
With skins of brass, skirts of 'grass
A dirty bunch of frows.
The islands are not pretty
They're just another drudge,
And if you donyt believe me,
Come down and be the judge.
So if some stupid begger says,
'ltys such a pretty place'
just ignore the silly blighter,
Or kick him in the face.
Youyll be doing me a favor,
And please yourself as well,
If you take your blasted islands
And go right straight to hell.
' Author G 2-unknown
Death was a reality q
Of this there was no doubt,
Thos dazed and wearym-numb with fear
Our faith prevailed throughout.
Many nights were thus repeated,
Loss of sleep began to show
Some lost more than sleep--from shrapnel,
How many--we'll not know.
Those were dark depressing hours
- For the 'MightyfEl',
And may God grant we'll never see
More Okinawa hell. H
Inl INl REID
, ADM. HILL A
STAL, GEN. surrn v-nun I
Ann. rumvzax, SEC- FORRE A ma, Aw. fvfmrz Q'
SEC NAV IN PRESS CONFERENCE
NsTRu E T or SURRENDER
- e, actinq by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the
Japanese Government and the Japanese imperial General Headquarters,
hereby accept the provisions set forth in the declaration issued by the heads
of the Governments of the United States, Ghina and Great Britain on 26
July i9-45, at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Sovi'et
Socialist Pepublics, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the 'Allied
We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied
Powers of the Japanese imperial General Headquarters and of all
Japanese armed forces and all armed forces under Japanese control
wherever situated P E
We hereby command all Japanese forces wherever situated and
the Japanese people to cease hostilities forthwi'th, to preserve and save
from damage all ships, ai'rcraft, and military and civil property and to
comply with all requirements which may be imposed by the Supreme
Gommander for the Allied Powers or oy agencies of the Japanese
Government at his direction, ' '
We hereby command the Japanese imperial General Headquarters
to issue ot once orders to the Gommanders ot all Japanese forces
and all forces under Japanese control wherever situated to surrender
unconditionally themselves and all forces under their control.
We hereby command all civil, military and naval officials to
obey and enforce all proclamations, orders and directives deemed
by the Supreme Commander tor the' Allied Powers to be proper to
effectuate this surrender and issued by him or under his authority
and we di'rect all such officials to remai'n at their posts and to
continue to perform thei'r non-combatant duties unless specifically
relieved by him or under his authority, -, . g
We hereby undertake for the Emperor, the Japanese
Government and their successors to carry out the provi'si'ons of the
Potsdam' Declaration i'n good fai'th, and to issue whatever orders
and talre whatever action may be required by the Supreme Commander
for the Allied Powers or by any other designated representative of
the Allied Powers for the purpose of giving effect to that Declaration.
We hereby command the Japanese imperial Government and
the Japanese imperial General Headquarters at once to liberate all
alli'ed prisoners of war and civilian internees' now under Japanese
control and to provide for their protection, care, maintenance and
immediate transportati'on to places as directed,
The authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to
rule the state shall be subject to the Supreme Commander for the
Allied Powers who will take such steps as he deems proper to
effectuate these terms of surrender,
Signed are TQKYQ EBAY , JAPAN of 0904
o th E '
H 6 SECOND day are SEPTEMBER 1,945
A MAMORU SHl6'EMl7'5U
51' Command and in behalf of lhe Emperor of Japan
and lhe Japanese Governmenl,
E YOSHIJIRO UMEZO
By Command and in behalf of lhe Japanese
ffiwerial General Headauorlers.
Accepled gf TOKYO BAY ,JAPAN gf 0903
00 file SECOND day of SEPTEMBER 194.2
for lhe Uniled Slales, Republic of China, Unifed Kingdom and lhe,
Union of Soviel Socialisl Republics, and in lhe mleresls of the other
Uniled Alalions af war wilh Japan.
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers. A
C W lVlMl TZ '
United Slales Represenlafive
HSU YUNG ' CHANC
Republic of China Represenlalive
Unifed Kingdom Represenlalive
LIEUTENAN7' GENERAL K DEREVYANKO
Union of Soviel Socialisf Republics
7T A. BLAME Y
Gommonweallh of Auslralia Represenlalive
L. iuoonf coseim VE e
Cominion of -Canada Represenlalive
LE CL E RC
Provisional Governmenl of lhe French
C. E L. HELFRlCl-l
Kingdom of lhe Alelherlands Represenlafive
LEUNARD M lSlT7'
Donmmion of New Zealand Represenlalive
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A brief ceremony marked the occasion of
the ELDORADO's commissioning ..........
Captain Wallace accepted command of the
ship, the first watches were set, and offi-
cially the Navy took over from Bethlehem
Steel Corp. Actually the commissioning 4
made no noticeable difference in life a-
board the lmcompleted ship. Work contin-
ued at a furious pace, workers swarmed
over the hull with welding torches, pneu-
matic chisels, other scientific noise mak-
ers, ship's crew continued to work day
and night to ready the ship for sea. On ....
The ELDORADO was ready, and cast off
on her maiden voyage. For the majority
of men aboard, this was their first ship
and their first voyage, and they made the
usual contribution to Neptune as the ship
rode the rough water between New York
and Norfolk. 'These noveau-salts offered
fervent thanks when the ship dropped an-
chor in Norfolk on
Although they may have thought them-
selves dying of mal-de-mere. enroute,
these new-comers recuperated swiftly and
discovered for themselves why Norfolk is
the sailor's FAVORITE LIBERTY PORT!
It was with mingled feelings that the ship's
company readied the ship for another step
toward her ultimate destination. By Sep-
tember 14th the ship was standing out to
sea, when the reports of a great hurricane
sweeping the East Coast began to come' in.,
The ELDORADO wisely remained at the
mouth of the harbor, until the next day.
During that time she performed her first
service by picking up a weak "sos" signal
on her radio equipment and by relaying it,
she was directly responsible for the salva-
tion of a vessel in distress. The hurricane
abated sufficiently by
So that the ELDORADO was able to continue
her voyage. Smooth sailing from Norfolk
to the mouth of the Panama Canal, and on
September 21st the ELDORADO slipped
through the Canal and emerged in the Paci-
fic the next morning. No stop-overs in
Panama ..... time was too valuable to waste
and the ELDORADO was a vital ship, so it
was straight from Panama to San Diego,
where she arrived on
She stopped there long enough only to take
on ,stores and ammunition, and to drop the
weeping Marine Detachment, which, in-
stead of enjoying liberties inSan Francisco
and Sacramento, ,would undergo a "tough-
ening" process in San Diego. Sadly we
said good-bye to the Marines, and left San
Diego, to arrive next day.
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Nov. 22, 1944
Nov. 28, 1944
Jan. 27, 1945
Feb. 11, 1945
Feb. 12, 1945
Feb. 19, 1945
March 9, 1945
March 16, 1945
March 27, 1945
At Mare Island. There it was Bethlehem
Steel Yard all over again, with shipyard
workers crowding aboard and cutting vi-
ciously into the vessel. Apparently the en-
tire ship had to be torn apart and reassem-
bled on different lines, The job was mn-ac-
ulously completed in a few short weeks,
stores were brought aboard, ammunition,
all last minute bits of miscellaneous gear.
Our Marines were returned to us, tanned
and rugged, and still weeping. No liberty
for them, for we shoved off.
Our destination was one of those secrets
known to everyone .... Pearl Harbor. En-
route a plane crashed into the ocean near
the ship and we stopped long enough to pick
up the planes former occupants, who were
damp, but unhurt.
And the ELDORADO pulled into Pearl Har-
bor with the crew eagerly gazing over the
side for a first glimpse of the Hawaiian
Islands, Land of Paradise, hula girls, leisl
No leis ...... work! More last minute re-
pairs, gear brought aboard, stores .... and
the boys came back from liberty saying
much the same thing about Pearl Harbor as
they said about Norfolk. Almost a month
there, but on
We pulled out of Pearl Harbor, boundfor
the forward areas of the Pacific. We
stopped for two days at Eniwetok .... not
much to see on that atoll.. and hove to at
We took a long look at that island, taken
only a short time before from the Iapanese.
It began to dawn upon us that war was somen
thing besides liberties and chow lines. The
meaning of war became even clearer on
When we left Saipan for a short rehearsal,
off Tinian. A dress rehearsal, complete
with planes, bombs, ships, marines. It pro-
ceeded, apparently, quite satisfactorily, and
on February 16th we left Saipan in convoy,
and arrived at Iwo lima in time for the'
grand opening on
Our first contact with those little yellow
men we'd been hearing so much about! None
of us were scared ...... even on February 22,
when the japanese deluged us with 12 air-
raids that one night .... but our sensations
were rather peculiar! No one seemed to re-
gret it when we left Iwo Jima on
Two days later we arrived in Guam, and two
days after that, before we had a chance to
tell the Guamanians that we were heroes,
we left Guam. Leyte, of the Philippines, was
our objective this time, and we arrived on
We successfully invaded the fleet recreational ,Q
area, drank beer, traded with the natives land Rr'
many of us lost our shirtsl, and on
We left Leyte again in convoy, and on
April 1, 1945
May 185 1945 '
May 22, 1945 O
June 9, 1945
Iune 14, 1945
August 9, 1945
We arrived for the opening of "Okinawa", To
us, the battle-worn and bogie-wise veterans
of one invasion, it was all routine...the "Flash
Red, Control Green" that sounded night after
night, the smoke that filled our compartments,
the suicide bent Japanese airmen., It was more
intensified at Okinawag the raids came oftener,
and the laps dived more recklessly. There
was the night of Hirohito's birthday, celebrated
by the Jap airmen in an unprecedented mass
raid' on the Okinawa invasion fleet. On
We left Okinawa, and cheerfully! The Japanese
suicide plane that swept close ,by us shortly be-
fore we left and, missing us, plunged into the
New Mexico , did nothing to dampen that cheer-
fulness. We made Guam by -
Where we breathed deeply once again and re-
laxed. Stores, painting, ship's work .... every-
thing possible was done to make the ship per-
fectly conditioned. On
We left Guam, boxmd for the Philippines, and on
We dropped anchor in Manila Bay. Liberty
ashore ..... we gaped at the blasted city, ex-
plored the sights, sounds ---- and smellsg
aboard ship we were readying for the next
operation, when on
The first atomic bomb was dropped! From
then on smooth sailing! The ELDORADO
had accomplished her mission, and was an
honored survivor! G
Frisco, here we come!!
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t"" ' ' A 1--- " ' 'H--" 4?-.bfi tnfwfr-121,1133-Y:X':'i111'4f1.'f41112-.,4j'E'6e132PP -
An Annual, published' aboardlthl-:lU. SV. S. ELDORADO,
Care of Fleet Post Office, San Francisco, Cal., Captain M. J .
Tichenor, USN, Commanding. Navy Dept. Bulletin, Sec Nav
Ltr. 45-526 of 28, May, 1945, has been complied with in its
production. Published at no cost to the government, on gov,-
ermnent equipment. Photographs and news matter herein
have been approved by censorship, and issues, unless ,expres-
sly ordered otherwise, may be mailed by all personnel.
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