Edison Institute High School - Yearbook (Dearborn, MI)

 - Class of 1934

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Edison Institute High School - Yearbook (Dearborn, MI) online yearbook collection, 1934 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 284 of the 1934 volume:

HERALD. Volume I. The Edison Institute; Its Scope and Purpose The Edison Institute Museum is built in the Colonial style of architecture and covers an area of about nine acres. Supplementary to it is Greenfield Village, occupying about 250 acres. Here the arts and handicrafts of the past are carried on in their original environment, thus unfolding the romantic history with which these pioneer industries were associated. The educative scope of the Institute has been inspired by the work of Thomas Alva Edison who pursued so many lines of research in his endeavor to benefit mankind, and by his patience and per- severance gave to the world so many valuable inventions. The problems of the past are care- fully studied and brought to light, and with the tools of the present, aided by new discoveries in the field of research, an endeavor is being made to overcome them and by so doing carry on the work which great thinkers such as Edison pursued so successfully. Inspiration of Youth One of the aims of the Edison Insti- tute is the inspiration of youth; to inspire young men to think for them- selves and do for themselves what others have done. Here are the monuments of the creative genius of the past, a vast book of industrial history and progress which they may read chapter by chapter and thus be filled by the enthusiasm and courage which carried their predecessors along so triumphantly. Those to whom the Edison Institute is open may be divided into three classes: the resident students, such as the young men engaged in research work and in the pursuit of various arts and crafts, and in this class also are the children attending the Greenfield Village schools who spend a portion of their time along the same lines. Then there are the guest students, such as those from the various universities, industrial concerns, and business houses, who come to assimi- late the work and creations of the past as a basis of reaching greater heights in the future. Finally there is the class which includes the Visiting student, the author, the artist, the architect, the engineer, the decorative designer, and the business man. All three classes alike must first learn the alphabet of discovery and achievement and read their history from age to age before deriving those educative advantages which will enable them to carry on With skill and intelligence the work of progress for which the Edison Institute Museum stands and toward which its eEorts are directed. EDISON INSTITUTE TOWER NOTICE! We, the children of the Edison Institute in Greenfield Village and associated schools present to you our little paper, the Herald. We have chosen this title because it was the name of the paper Thomas Alva Edison used to print and publish on the train between Detroit and Port Huron when a newsboy. Edisonis Herald was the first news paper in the world to be printed on a train in motion. The new issue of the Herald, of which this is the first number, will proclaim on every publication day the ac- tivities of our schoolseaca- demic, social, and recreational. Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, February 11, 1934. No. 1 A Day in the Schools at Greenfield Village tBy the Teachersi What do the boys and girls in the Greenfield Village Schools do? Come, spend a day with us and join in our work and play. Three large maroon-colored busses bring the hundred pupils to Smith's Creek Depot where the happy throng get out and go hurrying up to Chapel. Each day a boy or girl takes charge of the services leading the assembly in repeating Scripture and prayer. He announces special parts of the program such as a recitation, a solo, or a visiting speaker. v The boys and girls leave the Chapel to take their places in their own build- ings. Now begins the task of preparing the daily lessons. It is a busy time with the older pupils hurrying to finish their studies in order to assist the younger ones in their work. Suddenly Gog and Magog warn them that it is time for a glass of milk and then for a few minutes the Green teems With life as everyone rushes to get a coast down the hill before the bell calls tirecess is over.n How quickly the time iiies after this bit of fun! Very soon the happy group may be seen bobbing along their way to the waiting busses. After lunch and a bit of rest the children are back to resume their studies. Language books are carefully scanned to learn the many things which one must master. Again play intervenes! The many snow suits are a symphony of colors as these youthful Villagers rush back to the hill for another bit of hilarious fun. The final period of study finds the several groups taking imaginary trips to different parts of the world with the aid of their geography books. We hope you have enjoyed the day with us. The busses are waiting for the "last roundup." Come on! ACHIEVEMENT Lives of great men all remind us We can make our lives sublime, And, departing, leave behind us Footprints on the sands of time . . . Let us, then, be up and doing, With a heart for any fate; Still achieving, still pursuing, Learn to labor and to wait. eHenry Wadsworth Longfellow Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Handrpress Printing Shop, Greenfield l'iJage. Dearborn, Michigan. Hobby Snow, Editor lsabelle Gassett and Betty Hutcheson. Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities t'arol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions liobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations . DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag l Hd Stone Pennington, David Higgins, Ruth Randall 'Aigwn School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills Schoul, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrawski Brownville, Mernll Gray, Doris Harrington Academy School, JVIarjorie Wickwire, DewainBroaks t'omfort School, Helen Holdridge, Lois Anderson l'entennial School, Gertrude Druillard, Agnes M antgtmzery All matter submitted for publication in lime Herald; and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- nan. EDITORIALS Our Proclamation It gives us pleasure to present to our readers the first number of our school paper the Herald. What does the word "herald" mean? In former days a herald was an official who proclaimed peace and war, bore messages from a sovereign to a commander, superintended public ceremonies; an official whose duty it was, and still is, to grant, record and blazon arms, trace pedigrees and perform other functions of a similar nature. A herald is also a precursor; one who introduces something; one who proclaims something; one Who ushers in something. With so many significant meanings Herald became a favorite name for newspapers at a very early period, and it is the name which Thomas Alva Edison, the newsboy, chose for his little paper printed and published on the train which ran between Port Huron and Detroit. This clever little sheet received the commendation of the great English engineer Stephenson, and attracted the attention of no less a person than the editor of The Times, London, who pointed out that Edisonts Hrrald was the first newspaper in the world to be printed on a train in motion. Following Edisonis example, we now ask your support for this paper of ours. We ask every pupil attending the Green- field Village and district schools to take a personal pride in this paper, to gather news for it, to write for it, and to make it a real live medium of expression for the schools and their activities. NM The Owl of Willow Run Ever since the Willow Run School was opened an owl had lived in a nearby oak tree. He could sit at his door and look through the school windows at the children. He watched them playing in the yard. The children liked to have the owl as a neighbor. Recently he died. The children had a funeral for him. One of the big boys dug a grave and the other scholars made a pretty wreath to lay upon it. They sang a little song for him, and all were sad as they laid him to rest.-Ruth Reinhackel. Around the Village Green In former days the village green was the center of all village activities of a public nature. Here the village worthies would gather when the days work was done and discuss politics or exchange the latest gossip, here the young folks would play their games and engage in amuse- ments of various kinds. It was here also that the maypole was erected and the advent of summer was celebrated with mirth, music and dancing. Finally it was the place where the good wives came to fill their buckets and pitchers at the vill- age well. Therefore it was above all things a community center where news was exchanged and things were talked over. Consequently this spaceettAround the Village Greenti is reserved for the insertion of little news items of interest, particularly of Village interest, and we trust all pupils will keep this column in mind and contribute a line of type or two when they can. Scotch Settlgjent School A date to be remembered in the annals of Greenfield Village is that of Monday, September 16, 1929, when the Scotch Settlement School was opened. It formerly stood in the old Scotch Settlement, on Warren Avenue, between what is now Southfield Road and Green- field Road. It was here that Mr. Ford attended school as a boy, occupying a back corner seat. On the first day of school after the building was removed to its present site, Mr. Ford and his seat mate, Dr. E. A. Ruddiman, again sat in the 01d corner and inscribed their initials on the desk. The building is of red brick and the interior is fitted with the original equipment, so that the atmosphere is just the same as it used to be in those early days. On the opening day in Greenfield Village, Edsel Ford and his two sons, Henry Ford II and Benson Ford, as well as Mrs. Clara B. Ford, also occupied seats in the schoolroom. The school is taught by Miss Lucile Webster and there are 37 pupils. Social and Personal Mary Caroline Haigh, Town Hall School, has been out for some time with chicken-pox. Grades 6, 7, 8 and 9 of the Town Hall School have been enjoying themselves very much lately. They have been going through the museum. Mr. Cameron has been coming to chapel every Tuesday and Friday morn- ing to give talks on the differen ce between the world and the earth; also how the world progresses. His talks are centered on manis mind, love, and work. We enjoy Mr. Cameronis talks very much. mm A Birthday Party Darwin Creger, Brownville School, celebrated his sixth birthday on J anuary 0 Mrs. Creger received the permission of Mr. Driscoll to surprise Darwin at the school. At 2 oiclock, Mrs. Creger, and Maxine and Carol Creger arrived. They brought Elizabeth Escolme, a little girl about four years old. She and Darwin served the pupils a tinapkin lunch." The pupils sang "Happy Birth- day to You" for Darwin, and Wished him many more like this one. mm A Health Project At Willow Run School the boys and girls are interested in health. Last month the subject was teeth; this month it is weight. The pupils got scales and weighed themselves; then they fastened a yardstick to the wall and measured themselves. Then they found out from the doctors What each should weigh according to the measurements. The schoolroom was divided into three different groups-red, white, and blue according to weight. There Is a diagram on the wall to show the proper percentage. If one is normal or above weight, that means the white group; if not more than lOLZi below normal, blue; and more than 1070, red. It was found that 48tZ, of the scholars were white, 362; blue, and 1670 red. All are eager to get into the white group. The Scotch Settlement School, sometimes called the Red Brick School, as it appeared on the o ening day at Greenfie'd Village. In front are p the first day of school after the building rouped the roster of pupils who attended on had been removed to its present Site. HERALD Page Three 3 WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING t Congratulations It is with much pleasure that the editors and reporters present the. first budget of news from Greenfield Village and district schools. The response to our appeal for contributions has been very good, and once we get the Herald into running order, and one school sees what the other is doing, we feel.sure that it will be still better. A few items have had to be held over for this issue, owing to lack of space, but we hope to see them in the next. We congratulate the writers of the various items for the zeal and ability they have shown, and assure them that a note is being kept of their contributions, although their names may not in every case appear. We suggest that contributors clip out their news items as they appear in each Issue, and paste them into a little scrap book, so that at the end of the school year they may have a complete record of their journalistic work. mm Scotch Settlement Sickness has made Eileen Barth absent from school since Thanksgiving. She is in the Ford Hospital. All are hoping she will be back soon. At Manual Training recently some men from the museum moved in. There are three benches. They are going to make musical instruments, it is said. One of them is a violin maker. Soon the birds will all come back, Thepretty flowers too; And while we frolic on the farm The friendly cow goes "Moo!" --Jean M ills NM Town Hall The girls from grades 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 in the Village schools had sewing last year in the Clinton Inn. Grades 4, 5 and 6 made pincushions, and the higher grades made baby dresses for the welfare. This year these classes have been changed from the Clinton Inn to the Secretary House, which may be used also as the girls' club house. This year the girls are making aprons and dresses for themselves. Their teacher is Mrs. Chalmers. The' Village School I love to go to the village school, At recess to go out and play: - I'm sure the grown-ups don't have the fun That we have every day. We play with hoops and balls, We teeter-totter and swing; We play with sleds in winter, And croquet in the spring. eHelene Walker mm Willow Run There is a new girl at the Willow Run School. She belongs in the first grade. She is a dolly and her name is Mary Ann Willow. Santa Claus brought her a bed, a night gown and some roller skates. She is a good girl and keeps all the health rules. Willow Run has chosen its school colors. They are gold and white. Gold was chosen because it is so precious. Men will risk their lives for it. If you watch closely you Will see that Mother Nature uses yellow in every iiower. The buttercup was chosen for Willow Run School flower because it is yellow like gold. The old year has gone, And the new one is here- The world is changing Year after year. To keep up with the world I must do my part, To learn things that are good And gladden each heart. eLillian Poet At the chapel the other morning, the Reverend Vreeland gave a short talk on "Excuses? He stated that he liked to see boys and girls who did not have to give an excuse every day because they had not prepared lessons. Every childls attention was attracted to the speaker, and everyone seemed to take his remarks to heart. mm Old Stone Pennington The pupils of Pennington School were excused from their lessons at 12 o'clock one Friday to go for a hike. Most of them got back at 2:30 olclock, when they had to tell what they had seen. Some very interesting specimens of tree cul- ture, such as various kinds of leaves, cones, and so forth were brought in. Pupils of the Pennington School were asked by the Macon Community Club to give a program at a meeting held at Mrs. Walter Mordenis, January 16, at three p. 111. Numbers were given by Lois Downing, "The Childrenls Hour"; Colleen Thorn, "Bed in Summer"; Adeline Hammock, nThe Cupboard." A duet was sungetiStriving for Truth" by Thelma HOWBII and Joyce Penning- ton. Other selections were sung by a group of nine girls. mm Brownville Our teacher, Mr. Driscoll, organized a Rhythm Band for the first three grades. In this eager group of players are Wyona Gove, our little drum major; Alta Dermyer, orchestra bell player; Lyle Harper and Helen Reeves, triangles; Kathryn Beevers, N ed Harrington, Dar- win Creger and Bobby VBeevers, the sandblock players; Margretta Couell, Marcella Johnson, Joyce ,Miller and Loretta Milosh, the woodblock players. The organist, Doris Harrington, and Rhythm Band leader, Anna Beevers are seventh graders. They have played many pleasing selections for our morning chapel programs. One of the finest events of the season was their appearance on the Brownville Christmas program. They gave the songs "Baa Baa Black Sheep," HHickory Dickory Dock," and tiWhols Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf." These little beginners have taken great interest in practicing since they had the pleasure of using Walter Dis- neyls colored feature of itThe Three Little Pigs" at Mr. Ford's Exposition of Progress. Mr. Driscoll hopes to make these players fine musicians. The seventh grade have been study- ing circles since the holidays. Most of them can figure out the formulas A :n r and C:n d They havenlt got circles round their eyes yet. Spell-down In spelling, Brownville School has regular lessons each day except Friday. On Friday each class has a spelldown. There has been some close competition in these weekly battles for honors. In the high school group Roma Driscoll and Eva Johnson have held first place most of the time. Roma is leading in the race, while Eva is following closely. Both girls have had the second prize several times also. In the sixth and seventh grades Anna Beevers is leading, followed closely by Kathryn Anthes and Doris Harrington. In the fifth grade, composed of five boys, Bruce Anthes leads with J unior Beevers a close second. The first, second and third grades have been having some royal battles. It is uncertain as to which boy or girl will win. At present Wyona Gove leads in the third, Ned Harrington in the second, and Charles Johnson in the first. NM Centennial To the pupils of the Centennial School the New Year has begun success- fully. Returning from a two weeks vacation they found a new piano, equip- ment for making hot chocolate at noon, and a new cupboard for keeping dishes and supplies. There are also new benches around the dance noor. On a recent Thursday Mr. Lovett and Mr. J ohnson gave their first lesson on the new dance iioor, and future lessons are being eagerly looked forward to. Green Lane Academy There was plenty to talk about at Green Lane Academy after the holidays. Many things of interest happened. Some of the children spent Christmas with their grandparents. One boy rode a horse called Frank; others spent some of the time playing outside in the snow. Several boys made snow men, and Mar- jory helped take down the Christmas tree. Best of all we saw Santa Claus and are glad we were good girls and boys. The other day the children of Green Lane Academy were asking one another what they liked best about school. Lillie Jean Dewey and Martha Jane Kempf answered, "We like. to look at the slide pictures." Bertram Davies liked to paint on the easel. Bobby Moore preferred to play with the blocks. Robert Bachtal liked to paint in the color books. Colleen Davison thinks iiItls lots of fun playing outdoors," and Gloria Underwood likes to write her name. Some of the others answered that they liked to write on the board, look at books, pick out ABCis, play with the modeling clay, make a snow rabbit, listen to the victrola, and sing songs; while others liked to listen to stories, giving preference to "Little Jackie Rollaround't and "The Three Bears." A few days ago the children got into a discussion regarding summer and winter. Some said they liked the winter time the best, while others preferred the summer. Bobby Nelson said he liked winter time the best because he could make snow men and then throw snow- tContinued on page lourl Page Four HERALD Our Schools iConcluded from page threel balls at them. Some of the boys and girls like to make snow forts and slide down the hills with their sleds. The children all love to go to school, but, oh, the best part of the winter, as Billy Hayden and all the others agreed, is the time when Santa Claus comes! Jimmy Sisson and Anne Thompson like the summer time because it is warm and they can play out of doors. And all are delighted with picnics and tea parties, and find it lots of fun to swing and teeter and play With their wagons. Colleen Davidson likes to pick Ilowersr In the summer all love to go to the lakes and swing. Robert German says the reason he prefers summer to winter is because then he can dig for angleworms and go fishing. . MN Comfort The seventh and eighth grade spelling pupils have completed the sixth and seventh grade words. The sixth and seventh grades had geography tests. Opal Kerr Visited school on Thursday afternoon recently, and Dorothy Kenof came on a Friday afternoon. Leo Bachtal is ill in the Ford Hospital with mastoids on both ears. His fellow pupils have sent him letters. Maureen McLain has been ill with intestinal flu. The seventh grade reading class studied accounts 01 ancient schools. These spoke of syllable spelling. The five upper grades had a syllable spelling contest Friday morning. Lois Anderson stood up the longest. Clarabelle Kerr, Betty Holdridge, Joan Cadmus and Audrey Richard made posters recently. The school pump has now been repaired. The Parent-Teachers, Association for the Waring School, Centennial School, Green Lane Academy, and Comfort School, was held at Comfort schoolhouse the other evening. The business meeting was opened by the new president, Mrs. Elliot McLain. The program corsisted of community singing led by Ray Wil- liams, and selections by the Holloway Church orchestra. Motion pictures of the Worldis Fair, opening of the Ford schools, and some animals of Michigan were shown by Mr. Leon Rosacran of Tecumseh. At the close, refreshments of popcorn, candy and apples were served. MN Mills School When the pupils returned to school last fall all were glad to see that the building had been redecorated and that there was a new well. There were only seven pupils at the beginning of the school year, but in November there were six new ones. The scholars do not believe this is an unlucky number. So far this has been a very busy and pleasant year. This month spelling books have been made for a contest. This muddy weather keeps the house- keeper busy. One of the pupils is house- keeper each week and sees that the room is kept neat and clean. All look forward to Thursday, the day on which dancing lessons are held at Macon. The new school paper will doubtless be much enjoyed as it will tell what the other schools are doing. SPORTS, AND PASTIMES Basketball Foul Shooting Contest eBig Fivee McLeod 4-5-3-4-2 18 Snow 1-5a3v2-7 1 8 Gardner 1-3H7e2a3 1 6 Roth 2-4-6-1-3 1 6 Kresin 3-4-4-1-2 1 4 January 31, 1934 tSacred Heart vs. Greenfieldi Greenfield: Hz OOHOHOOCP total M cLeod F. Snow F. Smith G. Petrak G. Burns G. Roth F. Donaldson G. OOONHHHW H NlOOb-le-ODNN Sacred Heart: f total Muir F. OlBrien . F. Glennan G Hoehn G G G Cotter O'Brien, F. ooor-loom OOHHHHd QiOOHwNi-e MN The Pioneers Hike Saturday, January 2, was a very good day for a twelve-mile hike to Nan- kin Mills, write three of the Pioneers. There was thin ice over the river on which we crossed. We started from Mr. Robertsl house at nine oiclock in the morning, and followed the Rouge River till we found a good eating placwand ate. Then we started on. We ran out of water when we were a mile and a half from the mill, and stopped at a farmhouse where we got a drink and refilled the canteens. Nankin Mills was reached at three dclock. No one would have known that we had walked twelve miles. Some of us played hockey on the mill pond. At four dclock the bus came and took us home. mm Heralds of Spring In the next column is an item about the arrival of the first robin. It is in the form of a nature note of a kind which we wish to encourage. We therefore ask the scholars of the Village and District schools to keep their eyes and ears open for the arrival of these heralds of spring, the little birds. Tell us when and where they saw them, and mention if possible, to what species they belong. If they can- not be identified, then a description of the bird will be the next best thing. Be- sides our feathered friends, the arrival of other creatures of the woods and by- ways may be noted. Edison Junior Pioneers SOME OF THEIR ACTIVITIES tContributedl The Edison Junior Pioneers were organlzed June 23, 1933, With Albert 0. Roberts in charge and Howard Simp- son as assistant. The main purpose of the Pioneers is character-building, train- ing in useful arts, providing supervised outdoor activities of interest, and re- celvmg instruction in the proper use of leisure time. The Pioneers include boys under twelve, and avoid all semblance of militarism. One distinctive feature of the Edison Pioneers is that instead of awarding badges the boy receives various articles of woodmenis equipment. Last summer many of the boys were given pocket knives for regular attendance, for learn- ing to tie certain knots, and repeating a little pledge of law. Several earned a little hatchet by mastering the Morse code used in signal- ing, or a pocket compass by learning the sixteen directional points and for memor- izing Kiplingis 31f? This poem tells the boy just what he has to do tiifii he is to become a real man. During the warmer weather the Pioneers have regular weekly meetings at which they play games, take hikes, study knots, first aid, signaling, the use of the compass, and other accomplish- ments. One of the most memorable hikes of the Pioneers was on the Ford estate where they had a wiener roast at the Santa Claus Cabin and then visited the old Ford homestead. Once the Pioneers went in automobiles to Macon where they had a picnic lunch and afterwards went to see a wheat threshing. There is a camp site in the village, and tents and blankets sufficient for forty boys, so that there were several enjoyable overnight camping events last summer, the highlights of which were the songs and stories around the campfire after supper. During the winter activities are restricted to occasional hikes. Next spring it is planned to have a field-day program at which the parents and friends of the boys will be entertained with interesting contests in starting fires by friction or by flint and steel, as well as competitive games of various kinds. Here and There Nature Notes in Winter Isabelle Gassett writes: On going to the buses Friday, January 19, I was greatly surprised to see a robin sitting on a high branch of a tree on the corner of South Military and Monroe Blvd. I did not know whether it was a robin that had stayed with us all winter, or whether he had just arrived, but I had never noticed the bird before. mm Corduroy, now used as cloth by workers engaged in rough labor, was once worn by kings, whence it derived its name, corde du rm. G1VHEIH in Greenfield Village Schools, photographed Candlemas Day. They are a happy, healthy group of youngsters for whom ice and snow and biting blasts have no terrors. an; :1 952d Page Six HERALD SCOTCH SETTLEMENT SCHOOL on its opening day. THE TOWN HALL with its stately Ionic portico. 1 Where the Field of 1 Au" nu... unnuuuunnuruuuuum GREETINGS! Thank you, girls and boys, for givirig me space for a few words 1' in this, your first school journal. You all know that my hobby is gardening, and it is a happy worth-while hobby. Gardening, you know, was one of the first steps in civilization. In the beginning people just roamed about with their flocks of sheep and herds of cattle. Then garden- ing and vineyards came, and people stayed at home to tend the growing things and reap the crops. .nuunnuuuuuuuu nu RAWSONVILLE, the little school in the valley. u.uuuuuuuuuu CLINTON INN now the hostelry of youth. GREEN LANE ACADEMY and its wealth of trees. But I am interested in many more things than gardeninge girls and boys, for instance- their games; food, health, and J clothes, and everything that goes to build up their character. That is what the School of Life is doing for uSehelping us to build character. 1 MRS. HENRY FORD COMFORT SCHOOL with its quaint architecture. Another L Thank you, girls and boys, for this opportunity u. .uuuuuuuuuuu.u-uuuuuuuuu of sending you a message. If you were to ask me what the most important thiug in school life is, I would saye I uLearn how to study intelligently. Don,t let your unnuuiuuuu...........u.u.u.uuu CENTENNIAL SCHOOL on its opening day, September, 1932. "1.... nun... nun..." nu........nn.... H E R A L D Page Seven Youth is Cultivated uvvvuvudvvvvv ..............................nn......... ....... from Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ford I have been asked to write a few words for the first number of your new school paper. TOWN SCHOOL, MACON There 15 one rule in our school a pyeasam retreat. which is the basis of every other rule, and that is-help one another. Everybody help each other. It is simple, isnlt it? But when we do that we prevent a lot of things going wrong. One of the best life-lessons you can learn in this school is to help one another. In our school every boy and girl has something to do which makes the school better for every other boy and girl. WORK HARD. Work is easy when you do it with all your mind. To put it off, or only half do it, makes it twice as hard. PLAY FAIR. Let all your fun be free of what is mean or harsh. Say no word you will not like to think about when you grow up. Do no act that you would not like your schoolmates to remember about you in years to come. School day memories last a long time. STONE SCHOOL PENNINGTON With the children is Jerome Travis, their teacher. vIvIvIIIIIVVYVVIYIIIIvIvvlvlvlvl'lvvvav'IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIV yuvuvyy...."-vrvv WILLOW RUN whose very name suggests rural delights. Let all that we build into our memory of this school, be good and pleasant and useful. MILLS SCHOOL and its quaint. old-fashioned stoop. HENRY FORD Message B ROWNVILLE mind wander When trying in its setting of tall trees. to read an assignment or do a problem. Don't study with the radio going and don,t try to work where others are playing. Try to know your subject and if llII'YvyIIIIVVIIIIVYYVIYIIIIIIIIIVIYVIIIIIIvlvlvIvlvvivvvvl'IIIIIvIvllxlvle you get stuckeseek help." GEORGIA SCHOOLS -EDSEL B. FORD The two schoolsiabove and on left- are situated near Cherry Hill plantation, Ways Station, Georgia. Light and sunshine are characteristics of their Southern en- vironment. IIvavavivvvvervvvvuv vvv Page Eight HERALD The Wayside Inn Schools. MARYiS LITTLE LAMB The school system of the Wayside Inn group in South Sudbury, Massa- chusetts, consists of three schools. The one which undoubtedly has an especially strong attraction for visitors is the Redstone, or Mary Lamb School, which is widely known because of the famous poem concerning one of its pupils of iong ago, the first stanza of which fol- ows: Mary had a little lamb, Its fleece was white as snow, And everywhere that Mary went, The lamb was sure to go. The Mary of this world-famous poem was an actual personage, and the inci- dent of her pet lamb following her to school really happened. r Mary Elizabeth Sawyer was born March 22, 1806, and died December 11, 1889. When a little girl she attended the Redstone School of District No. 2, at Sterling, Massachusetts, and on the day When her pet lamb followed her to school, John Roulstone, a student pre- paring for the ministry, visited the school and so witnessed the scene which he later put in verse. The poem as it appears today, however, had three stanzas added to it and was iirst printed by Sarah J. Hale in her book of verse. It was the first stanza of this poem that Thomas Edison spoke into the first phonograph. The schoolhouse where the incident took place was purchased in 1926 by Mr. Ford and removed to the estate near the Wayside Inn at South Sudbury. The Redstone Schoolhouse has had a varied history. Built in 1798, it con- tinued in use as a school until 1856. Although known throughout the country- side as "the old Redstone Schoolhousefy it was really an ordinary wooden build- ing of the familiar country school type, painted red. Its name was taken from the fact that it stood on a rising called Redstone Hill. When its educational career ended in 1856, the building saw various uses until eventually it became part of the Baptist Church society,s barn and garage at Sterling. Here in 1926, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ford discovered it, brought it to Sudbury, and restored it to its original use. NM WAYSIDE INN BOYSi SCHOOL In the month of March, 1928, two Boston buses opened their doors and thirty boys looked for the first time on a school in which they were to be the first students. The main purpose of the school was the development of character and the preparation of boys for their future careers. When school opened in the fall of 1929 the Solomon Dutton House was secured as a dormitory and the number of boys increased to between forty and. fifty. The first graduating class, that of 1929, consisted of Bernard Mallory, Michael Gonet, William Pereen, Ru- dolph Saracusa and Joseph Kuriger. In June, 1930, Leon Gooch, David Sobel, Frank Calbert, William Graham and Hyman Selingman were graduated, and in the following year J oseph Oche- dowski, Louis Seligman, Michael Bolesky, Thomas Margellar, William Bridges, Charles Barkhouse, George Hill and Earl Stoddard. During the summer of 1933 there was developed a complete agricultural four-year course. The present staif consists of Mr. Young, headmaster; Mr. Rorstrum and Mr. Curtis teaching agriculture, with Mr. Thompson and Mr. Sefton carrying the academic subjects. NW SOUTHWEST SCHOOL About the year 1800 the town of Sudbury, Massachusetts, constructed a school just off the Boston Post Road west of the town to accommodate the children living in that vicinity. For one hundred years the original structure stood until finally it was moved three- quarters of a mile east and converted into a residence which sometime later was accidentally destroyed by fire. This school had existed under several names, Peakham School, Wayside Inn School, and Southwest School, any of which might easily have identified it. After the purchase of the property containing the school site, the old foun- dation was located by the position of four poplar trees and upon it was erected the present structure designed as nearly as possible the same as the original. The fall of 1930 saw the first pupils, comprising the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth grades in the new building. The twenty-three children who attended all came from the town of Sudbury, and two of them walked a mile and a half to school the first day, the others being carried in the station wagons. The first enrollment was as follows: Ivan Stone, Robert Spiller, Barbara Morton, J osephine Torrey, Lucretia Richardson, Jane Way, Doris Seymour, Barbara King, Eleanor Goulding, Vir- ginia Bowry, Yvette Harrington, Made" line Torrey, Esther Miller, Thomas Winship, John Merrill, J ohn Bunker, Ralph Stone, Parker Bartlett, Donald Bowry, Virginia Ellms, Ruth Stone, Eleanor Stone. Of this number John Merrill and J ohn Bunker were from the Wayside Inn Boys, School, and later four more joined them, namely, Francis J ohnson, William Roby, Albert Niedbala and Francis Quirk. The first graduates were Esther Miller and Madeline Torrey. When the school reopened in Septem- ber, 1931, after the summer vacation, Mrs. Jane Bennett became teacher, and still holds that position. The 1932 graduates were Ruth Stone, Virginia Ellms, Virginia Bowry, Yvette Harrington, Robert Spiller, J ohn Winshjp and Ralph Stone. June, 1933, brought diplomas to J ane Way, Elizabeth Kirkland and Earnest Little, all three of whom passed the Sudbury school examinations with high honors. mm . By means of head-phones and special mlcrophone, a scientist claims to have heard the sound made by worms gnaw- ing in apples. MN Dogsy teeth are used as money in many parts of New Guinea and through- out the South Sea Islands. mm In England they sell eggs by weight as well as by count. SOUTHWEST SCHOOL Lombardy poplars form a stately setting. MARY LAMB SCHOOL where a universally known classic was inspired. 2 WAYSIDE INN BOYSl SCHOOLS where character is built and practical training is given in good citizenship. HERALD Page Nine A Brief History of Our Schools LOCAL AND DISTRICT SCHOOLS In the month of May, 1932, the Edison Institute began an experiment among more than 200 children attending rural schools near Ford-owned farms in southern Michigan. Plots of ground near the schoolhouses were tilled and planted and turned over to the children to care for during the summer vacation and bring to harvest. Each tract was to be an experiment table whereon the child would watch the plants spring up in tiny shoots of green, unfold into blossom, and finally come to fruit. The value of destroying the weeds and cul- tivating the plants was one thing quickly learned. The need of keeping steadily on the job was another. Families of the children were given whatever produce was grown on their plots, so that each pupil was able to provide a supply of vegetables to supple- ment the home table. The schools are located in southern Michigan within a radius of 100 miles of Dearborn. Three are in Dearbornethe Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement, Town Hall and Clinton Inn schools. Three are in or near Macon-ePenning- ton, Town and Mills schools. The Brownville, Academy, Comfort and Centennial schools are near Tecumseh, and the Willow Run and Rawsonville schools are not far from Ypsilanti. WILLOW RUN In 1849 a school was erected on the banks of Willow Run Creek which became known as the Willow Run School. It was a small frame structure designed to accommodate twenty-eight pupils. The teacher was selected from among the "better educated" persons of the district. The books were furnished by the parents. Pencils and ink were homemade, and the pens were made from goose quills by the teacher. When after ten years the enrollment had grown from twenty-eight to forty- four, and the pupils were jammed in every corner and round the teachers desk, Charles Cady called a meeting of the board at which it was decided to build a larger school. At the end of the summer term of 1859, as the last child left, the building was hoisted upon skids and dragged by twenty-one yoke of oxen to the extreme bank of the creek. Work was ims mediately started on the present school; which was copied from the W. W. Har- wood School of Ypsilanti, built in 1830 and said to be the first itLittle Red School" in the district and perhaps in the state. In 1888 there came to this school Frank Cody tnow superintendent of Detroit schoolsy for his first assign- ment as a teacher. In June, 1926, upon the completion of a near-by consolidated school, the key was turned on the faithful old door lock and the Willow Run School was closed. In the fall of 1931, Mr. Ford caused building and grounds to be re- stored and on September 9, the old hand bell announced the resumption of classes. There was present a little band of old- timers and the old lot rang again with "echoes of laughter and shouts of joy from the sun-bonnet girl and the bare- footed boy,n whose ffgrandpappyti got his tischoolin, " at Willow Run. Frank Cody was present for the day and once more taught the school. NM RAWSONVI LLE About the year 1825, Amariah Raw- son came to the Huron River Valley and settled on a large tract of land, building a log house for himself and family on the south bank overlooking the stream. In time he constructed a frame house across the road and opened a store. As more settlers came into the valley, a thriving town sprang up which was called Michigan City. The town spread along both sides of the river and boasted of three blacksmith shops and two general stores. The old log school was replaced with a new brick building erected about 1860 by the same man, it is thought, who built the school at Willow Run. By that time the name of the town had been changed to Rawsonville. School has been kept continuously in this district except for two or three years When the number of children was so small that it was decided to let them all attend Willow Run. mm OLD STONE PENNINGTON The first pioneer settler between Tecumseh and Saline in the Raisin River Valley was John Pennirgton, a Quaker, who came in 1828 and built a log cabin along the banks of the Macon Creek. In time the spot became known as Penningtonis Corners and later as Macon. A log school provided a means of education in the early days, with winter and summer terms. In the old minute book of School District No. 1, Township of Macon, is a record of meetings as far back as 1841, and the name of John Pennington appears as director. In 1851 it was decided to build a new school, and Michael Hendershot was given the contract for a stone building to cost $450. The old school was sold for $31.50. One of those who attended and learned the three Ris here was Jerome Travis, the present teacher. The in- terior arrangement of the new school was unique, the pupils' desks facing the stove and the teacher's platform from three directions. The stone school was being used as a storage warehouse when Mr. Ford came upon it while putting in his acreage near Macon. He restored it to its original purpose. School was reopened on Sep- tember 28, 1931, at a reunion attended by nineteen of the thirty-one living mem- bers of the first classes, who sat in their old places and answered roll call. Four surviving children of the twelve born to John Pennington and his wife were there, as were nine grandchildren. Classes resumed work on October 12, with Jerome Travis behind the desk as teacher. After the assassination of Abra- ham Lincoln, Alfred Graham, a 16-year- old pupil, wrote a poem, "The Death of Abraham Lincoln," for one of the boys, Jerome Travis, a 12-year-old, to recite. The poem now hangs framed on the wall of the restored school. At one time the Baptist minister, J ohn Maynard, taught the village school and while so doing preached his regular Sunday sermon. It was he who gave the bell now in use in the old schoolhouse, to Miss Susan Langhan, who in turn gave it to Mr. Ford when he recon- structed the building. TOWN SCHOOL, MACON The Town School, Macon, was built because of the need for increased capac- ity and also because "the old stone school was cold in winter? Isaac Hen- dershot was the builder, and the grounds were landscaped with ever- greens from Israel Penningtonis nursery. Joseph Morgan was director of the school at the time of its construction in 1866. Silvanus Travis as moderator hired his son, Jerome Travis, to dig the holes for planting the trees which still stand on the grounds. Young Travis was also paid 62V; cents a cord for saw- ing wood for the school and in 1872 served as its teacher. The building was remodeled in 1931 through the co-operation of Mr. Ford. mm BROWNVI LLE The old Brownville schoolhouse, abandoned many years ago only to be restored by Henry Ford, was reopened on Monday, January 23, 1933. The school is operated as a tfone room schoolhouse,u with classes from the first to the twelfth. Mrs. Charles Snedecor, who has in her possession the old hell that once called the children of the Brownville school together, was present on the first day of school and had the honor of ring- ing the first bell. Pupils of the Ford school at Macon also attended and pre- sented a program at the morning session. The Brownville School was completely rehabilitated and to the observer today, presents the same appearance it did 40 years ago, with its oil lights, box stove and whitewood seats and desks. The building is of brick. mm CENTENNIAL A difference of opinion arose in the year 1871 over the proposed division of the original school district which was composed of pupils attending in the old brick building which then stood on the site on which the Centennial schoolhouse now stands. After the argument over location and districting, those living east of the old brick school pulled it down in 1876 and erected a new buildings on the site, which is named in honor of the year of its erection the "Centennial" School. Through the co- operation of Mr. Ford, the school was reopened for instruction in September, 1932. Mrs. Jennie Nyland Tallman, who taught the classes thirty-five years Concluded on page 10 Page Ten HERALD HISTORY OF SCHOOLS tConcluded from page 91 before, called the pupils to school on the reopening day, and at the ceremonies on the same occasion Charles Edward Pritchard, 7 years old, manipulated the halyards which raised the hag. MN GREEN LANE ACADEMY The small brick school which was erected by Elwood Comfort at the end of a lane bordered with evergreens, was given the appropriate name of Green Lane Academy, although the father of Boswell, the biographer of Dr. Samuel Johnson, would likely have had some- thing to say about this had he lived at the time. It will be recollected by students of the great lexicographer and master of English prose that Boswellls father, the laird of Auchenleck, exclaimed contemptuously: HHe lDr. J ohnsonl keepit a school and caled it an academy." However, Green Lane Academy has a history all its own. In its earlier days it provided accommodation for meetings of the Quakers, or more properly The Society of Friends. It became for a time a dwelling, and births, weddings, deaths and funerals have marked its progress through the years. It continued as a dwelling house until the spring of 1932, when it was sold by Albert Comfort to Mr. Ford. mm MILLS SCHOOL The Mills School was erected in 1860 close to the site of an earlier school built about 1836, and thought to have been the first frame school in Lenawee County. Gabriel Mills was one of the earliest settlers in the county, an able, farsighted pioneer who bought a site along Macon Creek for a saw mill about 1832, erected a dam from bank to bank, and cut logs into building material. The Mills home stood on a hill from which the mill and its pond could be seen, and it still stands today complete in almost every detail. Here the school teacher was boarded without charge. It is occupied today by Cassius Mills, a son, who is eighty-live years old and has seen with deep interest the restora- tion of the dam within walls of native stone, and the reconstruction of the mill by Mr. Ford. Gabriel Mills furnished the lumber and the hardware for the first school, the hardware being hand-forged. Among the interesting events that have taken place near the old school was a visit by the Mormons about 1836'on their way west from New York State. Their elders held services in the old Mills School. MN COMFORT SCHOOL During the days when country roads knew only the slow plodding of an ox team or the more sprightly pace of horses, when a ten-mile journey and re- turn was a two-day trip, Samuel Satterth- waite and Aaron Comfort came from the East and took up five hundred acres on the Raisin River near the present town of Tecumseh in Lenewee County. Elwood Comfort, son of Aaron, took up 180 acres of land for farming in 1854, and built a brick house on the top of a commanding hill. There on November 6, 1859, Albert A. Comfort, its present occupant, was born. By 1868 there were nine families in the vicinity. The necessity for increased school facilities was obvious. According, in 1869, a small brick school was erected by Elwood Comfort at the end of a lane bordered with evergreens, from which it took the name of HGreen Lane Acad- emy? The building was located on a bank; the upper iioor was divided into two rooms, one a bedroom for the hired man of the Comfort farm, whose living quarters were in the basement, and the other a schoolroom. The teacher boarded at the Comfort home and when not teach- ing assisted with the housework. In 1871 a discussion arose over the division of the original school district made up of the children attending an old brick schoolhouse on the present site of the Centennial School building. The dispute was settled the next year by the building of a new school on the Comfort farm out of the brick furnished by El- wood Comfort. It was later known as the Comfort School. Albert Comfort was made director till 1900 and served until 1932. Our Contributors The response of the pupils of the Edi- son Institute, Greenfield Village and dis- trict schools to our appeal for news has been most gratifying. Following is a list of the names of contributors, although the names of the editorial staff and the dis- trict school reporters will be found separately in the "flag" at the top of the editorial column, on page 2: Scotch Settlementelsabelle Gassett, Jean Mills, Jack McCloud, Billy Ford, John Perry, Helene Walker, Bobby Shackletonleeacher, Miss Webster. Town HalleBetty Hutchinson, Sue san Alderdyce.iTeacher, Miss Mason. Willow Run-Gene Barnes, Jack Suggitt, Lillian Poet, Helen Hoag, Grant Dicks, Phyllis La Fortte, Jack Hewitt, Ruth Reinhackel.eTeacher, Miss Mackinnon. Old Stone PenningtonaDavid A. Higgins, Ruth Randall.eTeacher, Jer- ome Travis. BrownvilleiMerrill Gray, Doris Har- rington, Neil J ones, Eva Johnson, Roma Driscoll, Kathryn Dermyer.-Teacher, Glenn Driscoll. CentennialeGertrude D r u i l 1 a r d, Agnes MontgomeryeTeacher, Elmer J . Chapman. Green Lane AcademyeMargaret Papp, Ceciele Netcher.eTeacher, Miss Dobie. Comfort-Ellen Holdridge, Lois An- derson.--Teacher, Miss Boltz. Mills Schoole-Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski.eTeacher, Miss Higgins. NW CO-OPERATION Co-operation is one of the greatest things on earth; it means helping one another. Co-operation is the way to accomplishment; the lack of it leads to failure. Whether at work or at play, co-operation is an excellent thing, and it appears at its best when the strong assist the weak and guide them over the rough places of life. I have been much gratified to see how upper grade boys and girls help the smaller ones with their school work, their dancing lessons and especially while en- gaged in out-door recreation, and similar sports and pastimes. The uniform courtesy of the seniors to their younger companions has been very edifying not only to me but to other observers. While our teachers in general en- deavor to impart adequate instruction to their pupils, their efforts would be useless-but for the co-operation of the pupils. in studying their lessons and in recelvmg and retaining such instruction. Pupils undoubtedly lighten their teach- er's task by giving such assistance, and I have to acknowledge that I have learned many things from them in this way. Another thing of which I am pleased and. proud. I have always found our pupils straightforward and truthful, and no dlfliculty has arisen at any time but what Icould be talked over and satis- factorily straightened out. This is co- operation. er. Lovett. MN HOME LIFE tBy Edgar A. Guesti The roof is stout against the rain, The walls shut out the cold, And through each little window pane The great world we behold. Outside the wintry snow comes down And bitter is the storm, But safely I come back from town To cosy rooms and warm. But there are other storms to fear And other frosts to dread. A bitterer cold may enter here If angry words be said. And though the walls be staunch and strong And though the doors be stout, Were hatred eler to come along They could not shut it out. The walls can keep away the snow, The roof shut out the rain, But love must keep the rooms aglow Or bolted doors are vain. For home is not of brick and stone, But happy hearts and minds And soon that place is overthrown Where hate a lodging finds. The strength of home is in the heart And not within its walls. When those who keep it draw apart The stoutest structure falls. So let the wind blow cold outside Against the window panes, We'll happily at home abide So long as love remains. ePrinted through the courtesy of the author. MN Resolutions From Willow Run The summers come and winters go, First the Howers, then the snow, Each season brings its gifts so good, We wouldn't change them if we could. First the task and then the joy Bringing gifts to girl and boy, So the days go liying by, Let's make them worth while you and I. -Grant Dicks I make new resolutions, but every single year They get a little cracked and badly bent I fear. But even if theylre broken, I have to make them as , Thatis better than to make none, is my experience in the past. ?Helen Hoag HER-ALD Page Eleven McGuffey Precepts and Maxims Trippin g Homeward O'er the Snow HNow for snow-ball," Harry cries, And to hit his sister tries; But the ball, so white and round, Misses her, and hits the ground. Sister Florence, full of fun, With her little hands makes one, And at brother Harry throws; Swift it flies, and hits his nose. "Have I hurt you, brother dear?" Asks his sister, running near; iiHurt me? no, indeedi" says he, "This is only sport for me? yFIRST READER. The Kitchen Clock 1. Listen to the kitchen clock! To itself it ever talks, From its place it never walks; iiTick-tocketick-tockz" Tell me what it says. 2. iTm a very patient clock, ever moved by hope or fear, Though Ilve stood for many a year; Tick-tocketick-tockz" That is what it says. 3. "I'm a very truthful clock: People say about the place, Truth is written on my face; Tick-tock-tick-tockt" That is What it says. -SECOND READER. THE CLOCK AND THE SUN-DIAL A FABLE 1. One gloomy day, the Clock on a steeple looking down on the Sun-dial 1n a garden near by, said, uHow stupid it is In you to stand there like a stock. 2. "You never tell the hour, till a bright sun looks forth from the sky, and gives you leave. I go merrily round, day and night; in summer and winter the same, without asking his leave. 3. iiI tell the people the time to rise, to come to dinner, and to go to church. 4. uHark! I am going to strike now: one, two, three, four. There it is for you. How silly you look. You can say nothing." 5. The sun, at that moment broke forth from behind a cloud, and showed, by the Sun-dial, that the Clock was half an hour behind the right time. 6. The boasting Clock now held his tongue, and the Dial only smiled at his folly. MORAL 7. Humble modesty is more often right, than a proud and boasting spirit. -THIRD READER. ADVANTAGES OF INDUSTRY Does God notice little children in school? He certainly does. And if you are not diligent in the improvement of your time, it is one of the surest evi- dences that your heart is not right with God. You are placed in this world to improve your time. In youth, you must be preparing for future usefulness. And if you do not improve the ad- vantages you enjoy, you sin against your Maker. With books, or work, or healthful play, Let your first years be past; That you may give, for every day, Some good account, at last. -FOURTH READER. Some Bits of Wit and Wisdom Around the Village Green SCOTCH SETTLEMENT SCHOOL E. Lucile WebstereTeacher tClasses 4 to 9i Eileen Barthm-The things I love are written here: My school, my iiowers and my books so dear. Florence BarbiereIlm expecting the same question to come up every night, just when I get settled to read: HHow about practising your music lesson?" Arthur CalvettieI am very thankful because I live in the village. Dorothy ChubbuckeNow comes arithmetic, and am I glad! For I think arithmetic is the best subject to be had. Patricia Chubbuck-Health is the first wealth. Jimmie Dates-Never spend your money before you have earned it. Wilbur DonaldsoneMy mind is ever dwelling on my terrible spelling. Donald DonovaneWhatever you do, do your best. Traverse Du ValleThings, not money, make wealth. Marjorie ElmereSometimes I like this and sometimes I like that, but I don't seem to mind it because I have to do it just the same. Billy FaustmaneLife-long happiness is the result of work. Billy Ford-Things of importance are not accomplished without work. J ames Gardnere A smile, a smile, in work or play: To Win or lose with a smile, Ild walk a mile most any day. Isabelle GassetteFollow your ambi- tion, but always let your heart guide you. Donald GilberteI believe what I see and not what you see. Ann Hood-Santa Claus is the spirit of Christmas and exists as certainly as love and generosity and devotion exist. Erna JenseneBeware of little ex- penses; a small leak will sink a great ship. Thomas MarshalleA child should always say whatls true and speak when he is spoken to. Billy McLeodaBe courageous; have faith; go forth. Jack McCloud-Eat to live, do not live to eat. Jean McMullineA child should always speak when he is spoken to. Billy MielkeeNever buy what you dont want, because it is cheap. Jean Mills-Wealth is not always money. Catherine Mae Millel';DO a good deed every day. David OrmondeI think you learn many things at school. Sally Owens-I like spelling matches best, but to me history is a pest. J ohn PerryeAlways be prepared for whatever may happen. Kenneth PetrakeNever trouble another for what you can do yourself. Freddie ProcknOWe-Your' greatest enemy is yourself. R" l Russell ReadereBe prepared, be truthful, and be pure. Evelyn Richal'dson-eNever spend your money before you have earned it. Albert RobertseWhat is worth doing atiall, is worth doing Well. Harry SchumanneTo care for all your needs, you must accomplish some good deeds. Barbara SheldrickeA good word, a cheer, a smile or two, is better than most things one could ever do. Vance Simonds-Seeing is believing. Bobby SnOWe Some things bore me like the deuce, I wish I had a good excuse, To get by them, boy, would I be glad! For I am like any other lad. Erwin SpencereNever put off until tomorrow what you can do today. Irene Steade Dancing, dancing twice a week, Although I never do get weak; I like it, so you see, And that is why I dance with glee. Elaine Wyman-Experience is the best teacher. TOWN HALL SCHOOL Ruby M. Mason-Teacher tClasses 4 to 9J Susan Alderdyce- Smile awhile And while you smile Another smiles, and soon Therels miles and miles of smiles, And lifel's worth while if you but smi e. Mary Lee AlderdyceeFour things, I think, make life worth while: To love, to hope, to help, to smile. Betty Atkinson-He who receives a good turn should never forget it; he who does one should never remember it Roy BarbieraThink before you speak. WilmaBarth-- In school I work, At home I play; I hope Illl be more studious every day. Margaret Berry-A merry heart doeth good like medicine. Carol Bryant-It is always morning somewhere. Katharine Bryant-Not .what we give but what we share; the gift Without the giver is bare. Junior BurnSvStars shine by day as well as by night, but shine more brightly at night. N elson Cosbey-If you lose some time today you cant make it up tomorrow. Charles Dates-Be not swift to take offense; anger is a foe to sense. J ohn C. DahlingereIf it is not right, do not do it; if it is not true, do not say it. Page twelve HERALD Wit and Wisdom tContinuedl Thurman DonovaneGive to the world the best you have, and the best Will come back to you. Mary C. HaighePoliteness costs nothing, but gains much. Earl HelwigeBeware of expense; a small leak will sink a great ship. Margaret Jean Hindman-In times of anger be silent; When calm speak. Betty HutchinsoneGood health and good sense are two of lifels greatest blessings. Gloria HutchinsoneA little too late is much too late. Billy KresineHe who feels the noblest, acts the best. Marjorie McCarrolleAll that you do, do with your might; things but half done are never done right. Laura NewkirkeWork comes before play. Marilyn OwenSeAll that you do, do well. Bob Piperelt ainlt a gift a feller gets, nor how its wrapped or tied; itis knowing folks think well of you that makes you glad inside. Dorothy Richardson- It isnlt the thing you do, dear, Its the thing you,ve left undone, That gives you a bit of heartache, At the setting of the sun. Mary Eleanor RitenowHA miss is as good as a mile. David RothHThe generous heart should scorn a pleasure that gives others pain. Marjorie ScotteNever put off until tomorrow what you can do today. Shirley Schmidt-A penny saved is a penny earned. Bobby ShackletoneIf one life shines the life next to it will catch the light. Bruce Simpson--If at first you don,t succeed, try, try again. Charlotte Simpson- If a task is once begun, Never leave it till its done; Be the labor great 01' small Do it well or not at all. Billy SmitheDare to do right; fear to do wrong. .Joyce Soderquist-The secret of being lovely is being unselfish. Margaret Lee VoorheSSeAll that glitters is not gold. Helene Walker-One example is worth a thousand arguments. - John Weeks-I think the pipe organ IS the finest instrument used, and always will be. Suzanne WessingereThe world is full of a number of things; I'm sure we all should be as happy as kings, CLINTON INN SCHOOL Bernadine CadareteTeacher tClasses 1 to 3i Carol Bennett-When your hands are clean you do not get your books d1rty. Harry BurnSeIt isnlt good to serve yourself first. Nancy CosbeyeeSinging is fun, and danging, too; I like them both, don't you. Henry HaigheIf you are not careful youill get hurt Frances HoedleMay I ask them if I can take their coat? Isabelle HoffmaneAlways wait until every one is through drinking milk, before you leave the table. Davis EnglisheWhenever I hurry I make mistakes. Margaret Ann EnglisheWhen I think well I do well. Katherine LepineeI like to go to school and learn to read and Write. Theresa Lepine-When you plan things they always work out better. Clifford Litogot-You should not be quarrelsome. nu ......... OPPORTUNITIES F WE are attentive to the needs of others, if we are eager to seize every oppor- tunity to serve, no matter how trivial it may be, then : we shall find that each mo- t ment of the day can be used : for the helping of others, : and therefore Filled with true and abiding happiness. The degree of our happiness is : determined by our ability 1 to forget ourselves and turn our attention outwards to the needs and happiness of others.eaL.S.C. v nnrnvnnnnn unnuunuuunu ALAAAIA unnnnnnnn. v yrv vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv Edward LitogoteBe thoughtful of new classmates. Mary McLeodeWe have the snow, sled and hill; Whatis the good if you are ill? Margery MielkeeClean hands and clean face and always brushed hair are better than all the fine clothes you can wear. Marjorie MillseIWe tried to do my very best and do just What I should; that wins my mothers smile. Barbara NewelleBooks much pleasure. Allen OrmondeEvery time I put oif my work, I am apt to forget it. Everett Petrakv-At school we do things different every day. That makes work like play. Dorothy Procknow-Happy hearts and happy .faces, happy play in grassy places. Virginia ProcknOWeIn books, or work, or healthful play let my first years be passed. J ohanna ReadereIt never helps one to miss school. Bobby Richardson-We drink milk every day, Which helps us work and play. Maxine Richards-I like to make cakes after school. Lois Soderquistel like to ride in the bus. Bill RuddimaneIlll teach you how to be a good sport. Milton C. Taylor-Some days I want to build things. Emily WaddelleI have some one to play with now, my nice baby sister. Ardis ZahnOWeI like to write letters to sick people to make them happy. give me What Museums Are For tC on tributedl Museums are among the oldest educational institutiors in the world. The word ttmuseum" means in Greek itTemple of the Muses? The Muses were goddesses of the liberal arts and were nine in number. According to Greek mythology they were daughters of Zeus and the Titaness Mnemosyne tMemoryl. Their names were Clio, Euterpe, Thalia, Melpomene, Terpsiche ore, Erato, Polyhymnia, Urania and Calliope. Calliope was the Muse of epic poetry. ' The museum is still recognized as a great factor in education, and schools and colleges in all countries are fully aware of this, striving to gather together articles of every description calculated to form object lessons in the various courses of instruction. Municipal mu- seums also owe their origin and growth to the spread of the desire for education. But, as one authority has pointed out, in their contents they are oftenltthe vic- tims of haphazard accumulations, being composed partly of local antiquities of all ages found in the neighborhood, and partly especially in Englandl of objects fortuitously collected by travelers and transferred to the local museum when they ceased to interest their owners." Ed ucational Value There is some truth in this state- ment, and the inference to be drawn from it is that some of the objects fortuitously collected by travelers and others and transferred to the local museum have no particular value educa- tionally or otherwise, being dumped in museums merely to get rid of them, and occupy valuable space that might be more profitably utilized. But no object is too mean or insignificant to have educational value. Even an old shoe may have its uses in the telling of a story or in the driving home of an object lesson. Did not J ohn Ruskin, one of the greatest of English writers and thinkers, write a volume entitled uThe Ethics of the Dust?" Be this as it may, there is no doubt that museums have acquired a recognized place in the national life. Teaching Human Progress The Edison Institute Museum at Dearborn, of which Greenfield Village is an inseparable part, is without parallel in any part of the world. One of its primary objects is to teach the history of American progress and American civilization and thus lead to further discoveries in the unlimited field of re search. It has, like some of our national and university museums-together with some that have been founded by scientific societieSebeen formed of set purpose and under scientiiic direction. This continent, and far beyond it, has been ransacked to secure objects for the museum that are worth while, and in this manner a vast collection has been secured that is comprehensive in its scope and significance, and of far-flung interest owing to the story it tells of human effort and human progress. Trees so small that a whole grove of them may be held in the hand are found at an altitude of 8,000 feet in Northwestern Canada. HERALD. Volume I. Published by the Children of the Edison Institute February 23, 1934. No. 2 The Village Chapel Where the Day Begins VERLOOKING Greenfield Village green is the Chapel of Martha-Mary, pointing its tapering the skies. It is a typical Colonial church, with a portico of chaste Corinthian de- sign, and the structure stands out gracefully against its background of tall trees. The mel- low-tinted bricks in the structure, and the front doors are from the girlhood home of Mrs. Henry Ford, and the first sod of green turf was turned by her when the building was begun. It is named after the mothers of Mr. and Mrs. Ford. The spire is a copy of one in Bradford, Massachu- setts, while the bell within the tower is said to have been cast by a son of Paul Re- vere, who was himself a skilled craftsman in metal. The Chapel is the keynote of the daily routine of the Village, and just as its structure dominatesthesurround- ings, so does the spirit of peace and concord which it typifies per- meate the whole at- mosphere. In summer the birds in the neigh- snow-white finger to all may continue to follow the same path of safety. There was a time when in schools throughout the land it was the custom to begin the days routine with the singing of a hymn, the reading of a Scrip- ture lesson, the repeat- boring trees unite their joyous songs with the voices of the children Ford" and the sweet tones of the organ. Appropriately the day starts here. Each day a boy or girl takes charge of the program, announcing special parts of it, such as a recitation, a solo, or a short address from a visiting speaker. Here the weary wayfarer can turn aside from the noise and turmoil of the busy world and find a tranquillity that is priceless. The very atmosphere of the interior of the Chapel has a soothing effect. It is here indeed that one feels that unseen inHuence which keeps the world from decay, just as the sunshine and the refreshing showers from heaven cause the grass to grow green and the corn to ripen in due season. Samuel Taylor Coleridge has said: He prayeth well'who loveth well Both man and bird and beast. And so it is in the school of life, the school and the church working together for the betterment of all. It is there- fore most fitting that the school day should begin at the chapel, that the tasks of the day should here receive their benediction, so that in after years Chapel of Martha-Mary, so called in memory of the mothers of Mr: and Mrs. Henry It is here that each day's activities in Greenfield Village begin. NOTICE! HE children of the Edison Institute in Greenfield Village and Associated schools present the second number of the Herald. They trust it will be well received. The editorial staff is anxious that matter intended for publication in the Herald should be sent in promptly and not held back until the last moment. Contributors should read the instructions on the circulars sent out to the various schools and real- ize that the deadline ap- pointed for sending in copy is intended for matter that could not be sent in earlier, and not f0: news that could have very well reached the Herald days before. ing of the Lordls Prayer. This was some- thing that remained with the children all their lives. It was something they could not lose or utterly for- get. They began the day well. To paraphrase Shakespeare, "All the worldts a school, and all mankind are but its pupils." Its Sup- i'eme Director has di- vided it into many classes, such as that of experience and that of arhievement. Ex- perience may include hard knocks, but it is through experience that attainment is reached. And so the chapel stands there among the trees, a symbol of all that is good, and a place of rest and in- spiration for everyone. Through the clear winter air a flight of doves hovers around the sacred edifice and then the birds settle on the pediment like mes- sengers from some far- away planet on afriendly embassy. Or like har- bingers of spring who wish to be the very first to bring the good news that the frozen pools Will soon again be sparkling crystal clear in the sunshine, that presently the sap will be rising to give new life to the trees and shrubs, and that the woodlands will ere long re-echo with the music of the song spar- row, the robin and the meadow lark. INSTRUCTION Like genial dew, like fertile showers, The words of wisdom fall, Awaken manls unconscious powers, Strength out of weakness call; Like merning beams they strike the mind, Its loveliness reveal; And softly then the evening wind, The wounded spirits heal. As dew and min, as light and air, From heaven instruction came; The waste of Nature to repair, Kindle a sacred flame! A ilame to purify the earth, Exalt her sons on high, And train them for the second birth, etheir birth beyond the sky. eJamzs M ontgomery. Page Two HERALD THE HERALD OHiciatorgan of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridavs at the OH Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassctt and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Rerreutians DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith. Hang Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, David Higgins, Ruth Randall Town School, Macon, Stanley Allan, Persis Halrh Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownvxlle, Merrill Gray, Don's Harrinrllon Academy School, Marjorie Wirlcwz'rc, Dewain Brooks Comfortchhool, Helen Holdridgc, Lois Anderson, Centennial School, Gertrude Drauillard, Agnes Illontgamery All matter submitted for bl' ' ' pu Icahon In the Herald, and all communications relating thereto. should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS Making Things It comes quite natural for boys to make things if they know what things to make and how best to make them. When a boy of a former generation wanted anything in the shape of a chicken coop, a dovecot, a rabbit hutch, or a bird house, he did not go to the nearest carpenter, he made it himself, and got a great kick out of doing so. For material he used old packing cases, or odds and ends of lumber picked up at the sawmill. As for tools, the use of a hammer and saw-and he needed little elseecame to him as if by instinct. The boys of today get as great a thrill out of making things, that is very many of them do, but there are far too many who regard it as a task and ttcanlt be bothered." They would rather play than work, forgetting that the making of useful articles is great fun once you get going. Constructive work can be recreational as well; the two can be combined in such a way that the body as well as the intellect benefits thereby. The boy of today has also far greater facilities for learning to make things and then making them than the boy of the older generation. Manual instruc- tion is included in the curriculum of almost every well-equipped school, and excellent tools as well as good material are placed at the boys disposal. Under a course of such training a boy can learn to make many useful things for the house- hold, such as bookracks, match-holders, baking boards, and wall brackets. He can become the iihandy man" about the house, and derive great satisfaction in doing something useful. To use oneis hands effectively is to use onels brains effectively. The wisest men of all ages took a delight in making things and profited thereby. A Day in School at Willow Run Eight-thirty in the morning, and here comes the bus around the corner. One who delights in silent children would be distressed to hear the whoop with which the crowd races for the door of the school, or the chatter with which coats are hung up, dinner buckets put away, and cold toes toasted by the stove. But the gay greetings quiet reassur- ingly into attention and reverence as some child takes charge of the opening program, which is in all ways their own. Old songs and old poems combine with the best of the neWewe love them all. . Then to work with a will, for the time goes on fast, and every Child has a pretty well defined plan of work he hopes to finish before recess. When a pupil works individually, progressing as fast as his own ability can take him, it's an exciting race he runs with himself. The knowledge of growing power isa keener joy with us than a good mark on a card. Recess means a drink of milk and a run in the cold air until cheeks are pink and eyes shine. But the sound of the bell starts a rush for the spelling books. Itls fun to go ahead as fast as you can, and if one child does a lesson 21 day, and another does a lesson a week, it doesnlt seem to matter when the spirit in the room is only sympathetic. Perhaps the best part of the day is noontime when the call comes to wash up for soup or cocoa. Big girls are busy with napkins and tablecloths, big boys passing cups. And if a tiny girl asks a much admired big girl to eat with her, you can be sure shels not refused. Noon play-time is always fun because its fashionable to be a good sport. But the noon hour is a busy time too, for there must be individual instruction on the musical instruments. Then the orchestra meets, and UShe'll be Coming Round the Mountain? to the accompani- ment of guitars, ukuleles, mandolins and a fiddle. Or the junior orchestra makes gay rhythms with sticks, bells, triangles and a tambourine. Its hard to leave the music, but we must get at our language work, for some day we hope to be able to speak and write well in the language we love best. And so the day ends. The desks are cleaned, the first grade dolly is put to bed, and thirty children shake hands and say good-night to the teacher. It's a jolly crowd waiting for the bus to come. We do love to laugh! eMargaret L. M ackimwn. Writing Contest An announcement to the boys and girls of the Village schools: Do you remember when on January 29 you wrote a specimen of your handwriting? Well, there will be three prizes given to the pupils making the most progress in penmanship between January 29 and June 4. On June 4 you will again write the same sentence as you did on J anuary 29, showing the progress you have made. The awarding of the prizes will be decided by qualified judges of penman- ship. You may be the one who will make the most progress; who knows? Social and Personal By Susan Alderdycei The Guides of Greenfield Village and Edison Institute gave a play in honor of Thomas Edisonls birthday. It was most interesting, and centered around the invention of the incandescent electric light. All appreciated the invitations received to see the entertainment. MN At the sewing class the girls of classes 7, 8, and 9 have been making dresses. Ann Hood finished her dress last week, making her first. Susan Alderdyce finished hers this week, making her second. Mm A few of the older children of the Village schools attended a dance given by Mr. Henry Ford on Friday, February 9, for the guides. They had a most en- joyable time. MN John Dahlinger has been sick for some time with a severe cold. NM On Friday morning, February 9, the pupils gave a program in memory of Thomas Edison. Mr. Cameron talked to the children about Edison and his talk was centered on the inventions and achievements of the great man. NW Other items on the program were some of Mr. Edisonis favorite songSe thaIilee," and ilBeautiful Isle of Some- where," sung by Margaret Voorhess, Isabelle Gassett, Ann Hood and Susan Alderdyce; lTll Take You Home Again, Kathleen," sung by Ann Hood and Susan Alderdyce. It was a very lovely pro- gram. PM W Nature Notes Isabelle Gassett writes: A few days ago I noticed in the paper a very sad story of a little bird who on a cold day wanted a drink very badly. He went to a drain pipe where ice-cold water was slowly running. The water froze to his beak, and he could not get away. The water continued to drop until at last he was completely covered with ice. MN Last fall the boys and girls in the ninth class brought to school a tomato worm. They studied it in the biology class and afterwards put it in a glass jar about a quarter filled With soil. For food, some tomato leaves were placed in the jar, then moistening the soil the worm was put in. About two days later the worm had disappeaied in the earth. Nearly two weeks later the soil was dug up. It was then found that the worm had made a hard brown case about him which is called a pupa case. During the winter months it will remain in this stage. If the specimen matures it will hatch into a Sphinx Moth. These moths are gray with yellow spots on their backs. The boys and girls are hoping that the specimen will eventually be- come a moth. eBob Piper. The University of Michigan herbar- ium has more than 220,000 kinds of plants. It took ninety-five years to collect them. Sixty-six degrees below zero is the lowest temperature ever recorded In the United States. HERALD Page Three WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING Greenfield Village 0n Valentines Day the children from the Town Hall and Brick Schools had a half hour oi enjoyment over at the chapel. Wilbur Donaldson was leader. He asked for volunteers to sing, give Violin solos, recitations, organ solos, or whatever was desired. There was a group of girls that sang. Others also helped to entertain, and after the volunteer program was over there was recess. The children then went over to the Town Hall School. The teachers had arranged a Valentine party. First Miss Mason read a HThank you" card, that had been sent by Eileen Barth. It was very lovely. After Miss Mason had read the card, John Weeks and some other boys passed out the valentines. Then a candy heart, which was wrapped in red tin foil, was given to each child. Some of the children ate theirs right away, but others didn,t. All the children had a good time and went cheerfully homer Every Friday Mr. Bacon comes to the Greenfield Village schools to teach art. From 1:15 to 1:45 in the afternoon he teaches in the Scotch Settlement School and from 1:45 to 2:15 he teaches in the Town Hall School. Mr. Bacon has been teaching the children one- point perspective, that is perspective drawing with one vanishing point. In perspective figures are drawn above and below the eye level line. An object is drawn showing how it would look when viewed from below this line, and then what the same object would look like when viewed from above. Some of the best drawings are put up around the room so that the children who donit understand may study them. There are not many who need this, however; because Mr. Bacon is teaching a very simple perspective to begin with, so that even the fourth graders can understand it. The children of Clinton Inn School enjoyed their trip through the Edison Museum on the twelfth of February. It has been their topic of conversation since that time. Saint Valentines Day found the dining room of the stately inn enlivened with laughter, resulting from the ex- change of valentines. The impromptu program was fol- lowed by the cutting of the Valentine cake. Mrs. Dr. Bennett had kindly provided the children with a cake ap- propriately decorated for the occasion. The children regret that two of their schoolmates are ill. They send Harry Burns and Ardis Zahnow their best wishes. Arrangements are being perfected to open a high school in Independence Hall, Edison Institute Museum. It is hoped that the school will be in running order at an early date. Preparations are being made for the annual Metropolitan and National Spell- ing Bee, sponsored by the Detroit News. The purpose of the competition is to discover the best elementary school speller in the Detioit metropolitan area including all of Wayne, Oakland and Macomb counties; and to stimulate interest in correct spelling. Classes five to eight will participate in the spelling bee in the Greenfield Village schools. Boys of the manual training depart- ment are planning to enter the Bird House Contest, sponsored by the Detroit News. They hope to show up well in this competition. Willow Run On Monday morning, Miss Mackin- non brought a suitcase. The children were anxious to see what was in it. There was some cloth for the girls to make aprons. The girls are cutting them out themselves and are having a lot of fun in doing it. June Suggitt writes: I think my brother is very brave. He had to go to the hospital because his back was crooked. They operated on his back and he had to stay in a cast for six months. He never got cross nor scolded. He was always jolly and patient. I bet I couldnit be half as good as he was. It is hoped that next month he can come back to school. I went to a dance on Saturday night with my mother and father. Gene was there too. When the big folks danced Gene came and made a bow to me. made a curtsy to him and we danced. When we were through the big folks said, ttWasnit it nice?" -Emma Spencer. MN Rawsonville The pupils of Rawsonville School are sorry that they didnt get their news in the first issue of the Herald. The C. W. A. had been working on the school for some weeks, but now that the boys and girls are back to school they hope to have news in every issue. The children on their way to and from Rawsonville School can see a small family of ducks 0n the river, and have decided that they are mother, father and baby. . On the sunny side of a hill four 01' five Jack-in-the-pulpits are peeping out of the ground. They are already about two inches high. Mr. Susterka, who is director of our school, made us a bulletin board, says Lois Corkins, who writes these notes. We hung pictures on it about the life of Washington, Lincoln and Edison. We had red, white and blue ribbon running from the big picture of each man to the little ones which told of events in their lives. A Bit of Wit and Wisdom ttAnybody can do what they are told to do, but to do the right thing at the right time puts them in a class by them- selves." NM Old Stone Pennington Mr. Travis, our teacher, went away Friday the 16th, when he accompanied some pupils to the hospital. Mrs. Travis is taking his place at the desk. The children hope that Mr. Travis will very soon be with them again, and will be feeling fine. NHappy birthday, dear teacher!" Thursday, February 15, there was a surprise party for Mr. and Mrs. Travis. It was a Valentine party also. Two beautiful cakes were given to Mr. and Mrs. Travis, with many beautiful valen- tines and cards. The valentines were distributed among the pupils, and later popcorn, candy and apples were given out, and one of the cakes was cut and a piece given to each person. Games were played and greatly enjoyed, and pictures were taken of the cakes and the pupils in the room. Mr. Travis stood by one cake, While Mrs. Travis stood by the other and had their pictures taken also. Mrs. Baron Pennington took the photos. MN Town School, Macon Macon Town Schom enjoyed a Valen- tine party Wednesday afternoon, Febru- ary 14. The pupils received many valentines from their schoolmates, and their teacher, Mrs. Pennington, treated them to valentine candies. There are several pupils of this school who play musical instruments. Band practice is held each Monday morning. The older members of the group join with the Tecumseh High School band on Tuesday at 4 otclock. Several pupils of this school have been ill. Donald Graft, or the third class, is now recovering from an operation for appendicitis. The three higher classes are preparing for the county spelling contests to be held this spring. N?w Mills School Our school was indeed pleased that we received our copies of the Herald. We all agree it is a very good way to honor the memory of Thomas Edison, and we are glad that we may have a part in its success. ' Recent visitors at the Mills School were Florence and Herman Flager. They attended this school last year. Mondayts language classes were de- voted to the study of our great president, Abraham Lincoln. Many of his humor- ous stories were told. For art class several attempted silhouettes of Lin- cold and pictures of the log cabin where he was born. Wednesday the 14th being Valen- tine,s Day, the Mills School pupils enjoyed a Valentine party. They had valentine games and stories. After refreshments, consisting of popcorn, candy, and apples, the valentine box was opened, and all were pleased with their pretty valentines. Our teacher attended the teachers, institute in Adrian on Friday, so there was not any school on that day. On Valentineis Day Again it is the season, A valentine to send; And this is just the reason I want her for a friend. eAmw Kasno. tConcluded on page 61 Page Four HERALD Two This week the nation celebrates the birthday of George Washington, without whom there would probably have been no American nation, and last week the anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, the man who saved the nation at one of the greatest crises in its history. The following brief essays on the lives of Washington and Lincoln were written by pupils of the Greenfield Village schools: Washingtonis Boyhood Washington was born at Bridges Creek, Westmoreland County, Virginia. His home was a plain wooden farmhouse, with four rooms on the ground fioor, an attic with a long sloping roof, and a great brick chimney. Three years after his birth his parents moved to Stafford County, where he spent his boyhood. As a boy George was very truthful, but the story of his hatchet and the cherry tree has absolutely no foundation. The facts about his boyhood are few. Soon after he moved to Stafford County George was placed under the charge of the parish sexton, who taught him the alphabet. , Soon after his father's death he was sent back to Bridges Creek to live with his half-brother Augustine, and to attend school. He received a fair common school education. George at the age of fourteen was a tall, muscular boy. He was an excellent horseman, and could outrun and outwalk any of his com- panions. After his fourteenth birthday he made an effort to get a place on a mer- chant ship, but failed. George went back to his studies, especially mathematics. He studied hard, and at the age of sixteen he was fitted to be a surveyor. In March, 1748, he crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains and worked his way up the valley of the Shenandoah River to survey the vast Fairfax estates. He did so well that soon he procured an appointment as public surveyor. At the age of nineteen he was ap- pointed major in the Virginia militia. This was the beginning of his career as a student in the art of war. School Days When Washington was a little boy his father gave him a pony and taught him how to ride. When his father mounted his big horse to ride out on the plantation to look after the men at work, George would get on his pony and ride With his father. His parents were very kind and taught him to be truthful, honest, and to finish any work that he had begun. He went to a school which was known as the "Old Field Schoolhouse." Mr. Hobbs was the teacher, therefore the boys called it "Hobbyis School.u When the children went out to play they had a grand time. George was usually chosen leader. This went on until Mr. Hobbs rang the bell for the boys to come in from their play and work on the hard reading, writing, and arithmetic. -A7m H 0011. Great Americans: Seeds That Grew George Washington had a favorite place through which he used to walk. Near this place his father took a stick and wrote Georgeis full name in the dirt and filled the letters with cabbage seeds so that when the cabbage plants grew vs K C - ' I, , - 112': y' , -' glyl w-44Ki , 1 - M , f j 5:; xzeeixxjrfff A a d they would spell his name. George himself knew nothing of his fatheris work. One day when the cabbage plants were at full growth George came walking down his favorite path when he saw his name traced by them. He stopped and stood as if stunned, but he did not stand long, for soon he bounded off to get his father to see the wonderful sight. Mr. Washington, pretending not to know anything about it, hurried off with George. When he saw the name he seemed very much surprised. iiFather Father? exclaimed George, "Do you see my name spelled out per- fectly in the dirt? Do you see, father? How did it get there?" HWhat is so strange about it, my son?" This was Mr. Washington's way of showing to George the wonders of Divine Providence, and George never forgot it. It was Georgeis father who had put the seeds in the ground, but it was God who had made them grow. -Dorothy Chubbuck. From His Copy Book . The following is from George Wash- ingtonis copybook and was copied by him when he was about ten years of age: These are the things, which once pos- sessed, Will make a life thatis truly blessed. A good estate on healthy soil, Not got by vice, nor yet by toil; Round a warm fire, a pleasant joke, With chimney ever free from smoke. A strength entire, a sparkling bowl, A quiet wife, a quiet soul, A mind, as well as body, whole. Prudent simplicity, constant friends, A diet which no art commends; A merry night without much drinking, A happy thought without much thin king. Each night by quiet sleep made short, A will to be but what thou art. Possessed of these, all else defy, And neither wish nor fear to die. WTnmscribed by Gwria H utchinson. Silver Shoe Buckles When George Washington grew up he married Martha Custis who was a widow with two children. Their names were John and Martha. When John Custis was six years old George Washing- The field kit of General Washington, used during the war of Indepnedence, now in the Edison Institute. HERALD Page Five ton ordered silver shoe and knee buckles from England as a present for him. He also ordered toys and books. When J ohn got his things Martha also got hers, consisting oi caps, ruHies, aprons, toys, and a large beautifully dressed doll. -Betly Atkinson. Part of a Diary During the year 1768 George Wash- ington went hunting. This is part of the diary which he wrote while on his hunt: Feb. SfFox hunting. Started but catchd nothg. Feb. GeFox hunting. catchd nothing. Feb. 9eStarted a fox, run him four hours, and then lost him. Feb. IZWFOX hunting, catchd two foxes. Feb. 13 Started but Catched two more foxes. eAlbert Roberts. Lincolnls Boyhood Lincoln first saw the light on Febru- ary 12, 1809, in a little log cabin in Kentucky. Abrahamis father was a carpenter, but he spent a good deal of his time wandering about the woods with his dog at his heels. His mother was left to do almost everything, but she did it with ready cheerfulness. Lincoln loved his mother and once said ilGod bless my mother; all that I am or ever hope to be, I owe to her." Lincolnls father was a very wandering type, and when the boy was seven the tamily moved to Indiana. In the autumn of 1818 a strange sick- ness came over the country killing men and cattle. Mrs. Lincoln was among the ones stricken. A week after she was taken ill Lincoln and his father built a rough pine coffin for the wife and mother who had loved them so well. - eIsabelle Gassett. Pioneer Experiences As a boy Lincoln began life in what was called a ticampfi It was a shelter about fourteen feet square, without a hoor, and was made of poles. When Abraham was four years old the family moved to another farm. For a year, winter and summer, the family lived in a . half-faced shed, entirely open on one side. In the meantime, Abraham and his father worked on a permanent dwelling, into which they all moved be- fore it was half completed. After this Thomas Lincoln stopped working, and for nearly two years made no attempt to finish the house. There were no doors, windows, or floor. For chairs there were three-legged stools. The beds were made of poles stuck between the logs in the corner of the cabin, the opposite end of the beds being supported by a crotched stick driven into the ground. eGloria Hutchinson. A Boyhood Prank At the age of eighteen Lincoln had grown quite tall. His height was six feet and four inches. His stepmother used to tell him not to mark up her ceiling because it had been whitewashed lately. One day this remark gave him an idea for a prank. So, when Mrs. Lincoln was gone, he told the children to muddy their shoes. Then he held the children upside down and let them walk on the snow-white ceiling. On returning, Mrs. Lincoln, seeing the itdecoration," didnt know whether to laugh or cry. But she saw the funny side first. She laughed and said it wanted another washing anyway. So Lincoln got some fresh lime and white- washed the ceiling again. eSally Owens. Loving and Kind Lincoln's mother died when he was young. There wasnit a minister able to come at first, but Lincoln sent a letter to a friend, and a minister came and uttered a prayer at the grave side. During the Black Hawk War Lincoln was a captain. One morning to the camp came an Indian. ttKill him, he is a spylll the soldiers cried. But Lincoln saved him from harm, and in his gratitude he warned the camp against another tribe. ?Thomas M arshall. Lincoln's Love of Reading One day Lincoln walked a long dis- tance to borrow a book from a farmer. This book was The Life of Washington. Lincoln read much of it while he was walkin g home. By that time it was dark. He sat on the floor by the fireplace and read the book until bedtime. Then he took it with him to the loft where he slept and continued to read it by the light of a tallow candle. In an hour the candle burned out and he put the book in a crevice between two logs so that he could resume reading it as soon as day- light came. In the middle of the night a storm came up, and the book was wet through and through. In the morning when Abraham awoke he saw what had hap- pened to the book. He dried the leaves of it as well as he could, and then read the remaining chapters. As soon as he Washington and Lincoln had eaten his breakfast he hurried to the owner of the book and told him about the damage to the volume and how it had happened. He then said: "I wish to pay you for the book. I have no money, but if you let me pay by work- ing I Will gladly do that." So it was agreed that Lincoln was to help the farmer three days .in the corn- field, and then young Abe was to be- come the owner of the book. One day a neighbor came riding along with his little boy, and passed young Lincoln sitting on the top of an old rail fence. The lad was reading so intently that he did not notice the ap- proach of the wagon. HMark what I say,u said the neighbor to his little son, "that boy Will become a smart man some day. If you live you will find that my words will come truefl -Ema J ensen. Lincoln' s Teacher The man who became the leader of the North was Abraham Lincoln. His father was Thomas Lincoln, who in 1806 married Nancy Hanks. Abraham was born on a credit farm three miles south of Hodgenville. Nancy Hanks was Lincolnis teacher until he was ten years old. Nancy taught him how to read and write a good hand. She also taught him to help other people and to love God. Everybody in the town said: tiHe gives everybody a lift." He chopped the widows' wood, and helped little birds up to their nest. One morning when Lincoln was in his tenth year Nancy told him that she had to go away never to come back. No one can ever give her too much praise for this wonderlul training of her son. eEarl Helwig. The Nation Mourns The news of Appomattox had scarcely gone around the country when it was known that President Lincoln had been assassinated by J ohn Wilkes Booth, who was an actor. This terrible deed occurred in Ford,s theater, Washington, on the night of April 14, 1865. It was thought at first that some or the Confederate soldiers might have had something to do with it, but it was later found that they were innocent. The tragedy happened while the president was attending the theater. The assassin entered his box, shot the president in the head, and then suddenly sprang to the stage below. In doing so he broke his leg. Somehow Booth managed to reach his horse, which was waiting outside, and galloped away. Had not Booth been injured he might have escaped. As it was he managed to hide himself for twelve days until he was trapped in a barn, and as he would not surrender he was shot. After Lineolnls death it was realized what a wonderful man he had been. The hearts of the people overflowed with bitterness to think that the life of such a one had been so unmercifully cut otf. Of Lincoln, Robert Ingersoll wrote: nLincoln was the grandest figure of the fiercest civil war. He is the gentlest memory of our world." eBarbaru J ane Sheldrick. tConcluded on page 6i Page Six HERALD Our Schools tConcluded from page 31 Brownville Those having been neither absent nor tardy for the past month are: Kathryn Anthes, Anna Beevers, Junior Beevers, Kathryn Beevers, Robert Bee- vers, Billy Chase, Gerald Driscoll, Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington, Robert Miller, Helen Reeves, Esther Slater and Martin Korth. Monday, February 19, Mr. Driscoll sent to the parents a written report of the work the pupils are doing. It showed marks, recommendations, and comments upon the pupils work. They were put on their honor not to open them. Mr. Driscoll seemed to know that not one of his reports would be opened. The pupils of Brownville enjoyed a Valentine party on February 14. Mr. Driscoll appointed a committee composed of Esther Slater, Roma Driscoll and Cora Johnson to arrange the program and menu. At noon there was a luncheon of cookies, candy, and cocoa. Later Mr. Driscoll called school and the fol- lowing program was presented: Song, by school; poem, Ned Harrington; duet, Wyona Gove and Alta Dermyer; short playlet, group of boys and girls; organ solo, Doris Harrington; song, by school. Then came the crowning event of all: The valentines were dis- tributed. Opportunity Opportunity knocks at your door, No matter what your station; Whether rich or whether poor, In this or any nation. Opportunity comes your way, Do the very best you can; To grasp it every day, And youill become an honored man. eArmenia J ohnson. MN Green Lane Academy Ann Thompson fell and broke her collar bone on Thursday, February 15. Her condition, however, is improving and it is hoped she will soon recuperate and return to school. The children of the academy made valentines for their mothers and valen- tine baskets for themselves; also they painted their own valentine box. Wednesday the 14th we had our Valentine party. During the playing of the games, the boys proved most skilful in their search for hearts, but the girls were superior in the capturing of the greater number of hearts tpaper, if you pleasel. However, each child received his quota of valentines and is looking forward to another Valentine party next year. An epidemic of colds has decreased the attendance record in this school. Dorlene Perry is ill of pneumonia; and another pupil, Mary Jane Prichard, had the misfortune of falling down the stairway of her home and cutting a large gash in her forehead. One Friday we were telling each other about our pets. Five year old Jerry Anthes started the conversation with, "I once had a cat named tBobbyJ iBobby' used to play with the ball, but one day he ran away and never came back. I have a dog, too. His name is iBigboyf iBigboyi can sit on his hind legs and shake hands." - Colleen Davison politely interrupted with, "I have a big White rabbit and I call him tSnowballK Often I give him lettuce, carrots and waterf, iiMy kittenls name is iKittyf " con- tinues Bobby German. "It plays with a ball, too, and it also plays with a little tin cat? iiMy pet is a dog and his name is iPrinceX i, says Gloria Underwood. "The dog is black and white; and sometimes iPrince, plays ball with me and turns somersaults." Bertram Davies tseveral months past four yearsl says, ttI like to go to Grand- mas and ride tCoalf" He patiently explained that, itWe call him tCoal, because he is black all over." Billy Hayden proudly says, uMy dog's name is tPatsy, and he can do several tricks." Other pupils said they would like chickens and horses for their pets. eCeciele N etcher. Comfort The boys and girls were certainly pleased with their copies of the first edition of the Herald, and hope that the future copies will be as interesting. The children had a Valentine party Wednesday afternoon. They played valentine games, and valentines were distributed to all of them from a valen- tine box. Popcorn, candy and apples were served at the close of the party. In the past two years Mr. Henry Ford has provided school gardens for the pupils of the Comfort School. These gardens were located near the school- house so that it was convenient for the children to work in them. They were of good size and yielded a large quantity of vegetables. The gardens were kept in good condition, so that they looked very beautiful from the road. People came from quite a distance to admire the beautiful, straight, green rows of vegetables, Gardening was a source of both pleasure and profit for the chil- dren. The vegetables were appreciated very much by all of the parents. The children are grateful to Mr. Ford for making it possible to have these gardens. Jack McConnell has been absent from school because oi gland trouble. Some 01 the children have also been absent because 0t colds. There will be physical examinations the latter part of this week. NM Centennial An initiation of new members, of which Ray Williams had charge, took place at a recent meeting of the Cen- tennial Dramatic Club. The business meeting was conducted by the president, Joe Glenn. Games and dancing, under the direction of Helen Anderson, were enjoyed. The Happy Circle P. T. A. held its annual meeting in Centennial school- house, Friday evening, February 9. A play, ttThe First Day of School," was presented by the parents under the direction of Mr. Chapman. The charac- ters were dressed in humorous costumes, the parts of the children being taken by grown-ups. Jello, cake, and colfee were served by the refreshment committee. The Centennial pupils presented a humorous sketch, uTying the Knot? at a recent meeting of the Birdsall grange. In the medical officers report on the physical examination of the children attending the Centennial School it is stated that itthe general nutritional state of this group was good evidence of a vigorous life on the farm, so striking in many of the individually well developed boys, and in this group there was es- pecially noticeable the absence of weak arches and poor postures." NM Great Americans tConcluded from page 51 Nelson the Horse During the war Washington rode many horses. One of these horses was Nelson; he was Washingtonis favorite horse. After the war, Washington took Nelson home with him and said the beautiful animal would never have to work again. During the summer N elson ran in the green pastures, and in the winter he spent his time in a beautiful stable at Mount Vernon. Whenever friends came to see Washington he told what a wonderful horse Nelson was. eWilma Barth. Surrender of Cornwallis With Washington and Lafayettets forces besieging him on land, and the French fleet on water, Cornwallis, leader of the British forces, was in a tight spot. After twenty-one days of withstand- ing the allied siege, Cornwallis sent a messenger to Washington requesting an armistice. Washington, unable to believe vic- tory was his at last, told Cornwallis the surrender had to be complete. After appealing for easier terms Cornwallis signed the articles on October 18, 1781. On October 19, at twelve noon, the allied forces under Washington and de Rochambeau were drawn up on opposite sides of the road. The British appeared at two oiclock. Cornwallis was not present, and in his stead General OlHara led the British out of Yorktown. General Lincoln, who had tendered his sword to Clinton at Charleston not so long before, received Cornwallis' sword. eBobby Snow. The Inauguration On March 4, 1789, it was decided that George Washington was to be inaugurated as president. There was no doubt about the choice of the first president because everyone wanted Washington. Owing to unexpected delay it was not until April 30 that he took the oath of office. A large building on Wall street, New York City, was prepared for the occasion. A few days later Washington decided to receive visitors every Tuesday after- noon, from three to four olclock. On such occasions he wore a black velvet suit with knee breeches. His hair was naturally red, but he had powdered it very white. He carried with him a hat and he wore a sword in a white leather scabbard. H1 rene Stead. HERALD Page Seven McGuffey Precepts and Maxims The Lame Dog Kindness to Animals One day a man went to take a walk in the town, and on his way home he saw a little dog which had hurt his leg. The poor dog was so lame he could not lift his foot off the ground without great pain. When this kind man saw there was no one to take pity on the poor dog, he took him in his arms, and brought him home, and bound up his leg. Then he fed him, and made a warm place, and kept him in his house for two days. He then sent the dog out of his house, to his old home; for, as it was not- his own dog, he had no right to keep him; but each day the dog came back for this kind man to dress his leg. And this he did till he was quite well. In a few weeks the dog came back once more, and with him came a dog that was lame. The dog that had been lame, and was now well, first gave the man a look, as much as to say: "You made my lame leg well, and now pray do the same for this poor dog that has come with me? Then the kind man took care of this dog also, and kept him in his house till his leg was quite well, and he could go home. GWN Winter Sports 0, come with me, and we will go, And try the winters cold, sir; It freezes now, and soon will snow, But we are tough and bold, sir. We have had merry games in spring, Of ball and other sports, sir; But winter, too, his share can bring Of old and cheerful sports, sir. So when our lessons all are done, 0 then, were on the ice, sir; And by the redly sinking sun, We are skating it so nice, sir. And when at evening, sitting round The crackling, cheerful blaze, sir, well tell our stories, sing our songs, And close the winter days, sir. GMN The Beaver The beaver is about two feet long, and one foot high. It is of a light brown color. It has fine fur, of Which hats are made. When summer comes many beavers unite, and build their houses. They have chambers to their houses. When a beaver has no one to help it, it can not do much. Sometimes two hundred beavers live together. The beaver has a tail as flat as a shingle. It uses its tail for a trowel. Did you ever see a mason use his trowel? The beavers can cut down large trees With their teeth. They make their houses of wood and of mortar made of mud. Beavers can live in the water, and out of the water. They build their houses by a river or by a pond. The Story of Valentines Day As told by Helene Walker in Martha-Mary Chapel The fourteenth of February is called St. Valentines Day. You have often heard of this day and of St. Valentine. St. Valentine was a good man who lived in Europe nearly two thousand years ago. He was a Christian teacher. At that time the Emperor of Rome was not a Christian. He hated them and had many of them put to death. These Christians who were put to death were called martyrs. St. Valentine was a martyr. It was many years after the death of St. Valentine before any day was called after him, but at last February 14 was chosen, and has been celebrated ever s1nce. In France, in England, and in the United States it has been celebrated for a long time. In France and England they used to play a game like this: the girls would write their names on a slip of paper and put it into a box; a boy would be blindfolded and take a slip of paper out of the box. The girl whose name was on the slip of paper would be his valentine for a whole year. In our country this day is celebrated by the exchange of letters, greetings, and various gifts. mm Sending a Valentine By Kate Kellogg I might begin, tithe roses are red," But that is not so very new, Or this, the boys all think is goode HIf you love me as I love you." But it seems to me a valentine Is nicer when you do not say The same old thing that everyone Keeps saying in the same old way. And I asked J ane the other night J ust what the grown-ups write about; She would not answer me at first, But laughed till I began to pout. That stopped her, for she saw I meant The question and she will not tease; Why dear, she said with shining eyes, A kiss, soft hair, just what they please. It cant be hard if that is all, So I111 begin by saying this: To my dear lady beautiful I send a valentine and kiss. A valentine because she has The loveliest hair and gentlest eyes; The kiss because I love her more Than anyone beneath the skies. Because she is the kindest, best, The sweetest lady ever known; And every year I'll say the same, The very same to her alone. There! Now its finished! Who will do? I've thought 01 one and then another; Who is there like it? Why, of course! 1111 send it right away to mother! tThis poem was recited in. Martha- IVIary Chapel on February 11, by Mar- garet J 6an H i'ndmam NM Sin has many tools, but a lie is a handle that tits them all. SPORTS Basketball Greenfield had two short scrimmage games Wednesday night, February 14, which amounted to quite a practice. In the first game there was quite a spectacular play on the part of Kenneth Petrak. Tommy Marshall passed to Roth, and Petrak intercepted the pass in mid-air and dribbled down to his own foul line where he was stopped. He passed to Smith who dropped the ball in the basket. Tommy Marshall is a new player who joined the school the other day. The results of the two games were as follows: F1 RST GAME ' f g. ft. total Petrak 3 2 2 Donaldson 1 0 3 Smith 1 1 14 Kresin 0 0 0 Reader 0 0 0 19 lg. f t. total McLeod 2 1 2 Snow 1 1 0 Gardner 0 0 2 Roth 1 3 0 Marshall 0 1 0 4 SE COND GAME f g. ft. total Snow 0 1 1 Kresin 1 0 0 Roth 2 0 2 Marshall 0 0 0 Smith 2 0 8 1 1 f g. ft. total Don aldson 0 1 3 McLeod 0 3 7 Dates 0 0 0 Reader 0 1 0 Gardner 1 0 0 10 NM Edison J unior Pioneers The Edison Junior Pioneers are planning to continue the exploration of the middle branch of the Rouge River, Saturday, February 24. They will meet at the bus at Southwestern School at 9 a. m. The bus will take them to the Rouge at Middle Belt Road. From there the hike will follow the crooked stream to Riverside Park in Plymouth, a distance of from eight to ten miles. Pioneers are requested to bring their lunch and dress in warm clothes. The bus will meet them at Plymouth. MN Be not simply good; be good for something. mm If wisdomis ways youid wisely seek, Five things observe with care; Of whom you speak, to whom you speak, And how, and when and where. Page Eight HERALD Tempest, Turmoil, and Other Things The following are original descriptions written for language work by the pupils of the Town Hall School, Greenfield Village THE HORSE FIGHT . It was a bright night. The moon, like a great silent ball of silver, seemed to hang from the sky. All around were tiny stars twinkling as though nothing would happen. But they were wrong. There was a wide clearing surrounded by a group of trees. As the moon shone down on it, it cast weird shadows a1 around. Suddenly, without any noise or warning, a huge wild horse stepped out from the trees into the clearing. When it got to the middle of the clearing it stopped short and looked around. It was a huge red stallion with a long, wavy, fiowing tail and mane. As he stood there the muscles glistened through the bright skin. He gave an impatient whistle, then waited. All of a sudden another horse trotted out of the bushes on the opposite side, and stopped a few feet from the stallion. He was a brown and white pinto, not quite as large as the stallion. They circled around each other for a few seconds, then the pinto gave a kick that missed the other by the fraction of an inch. That set the ball rolling. A Fierce Combat In a minute the fight was going full force. Heels iiew, teeth snapped, screams pierced the air, pieces of dirt fiew. Sweat appeared like soapsuds on their sides, legs and neck. They seemed all muscles as they plunged and reared. Sometimes they hit, sometimes they missed. The grass was torn to pieces, and in several places there were small pools of blood. The battle lasted for nearly half an hour, when at last the great red stallion emerged victorious. Great scratches patterned his sides. In several places he was minus a piece of flesh. His head drooped, he lolled his tongue, his muscles relaxed as he limped toward the trees. Once or twice a loud groan escaped him. When he reached the edge of the clearing he stopped, rose on his hind legs, a wonderful monster of beauty, strength, and courage, ten feet high as he thus stood. Then a loud, long, shrill scream pierced the airethe victory cry of the wild horse. For nearly an hour the pinto lay there; then, at last gathering strength enough to get up, he slowly limped out of the clearing, a sad, weary, beaten horse. But something in him seemed to say, iTll get him yet." eCarol Bryant. Know A FIGHT FOR LIFE There was a crack of thunder and a iiash of lightning as the storm broke. The tall splendid trees were whipped about in the wind. The tall grass blew from side to side as there was no definite direction in which the wind was blowing. Out in the storm a horse and rider were battling for their lives. The horse was a splendid pure black creature, and his nervous spirit made the fighting seem all the more frightful to him. As he plunged and reared his rider had hard work to stay on. The man was dressed in a red riding habit and they made a splotch of color against the dull gray of the sky and clouds. Then the storm stopped as quickly as it had begun, and all was still. The horse and rider had been saved. eJean Mills. Gtwm MY IDEAL HOME ' The home to which I am referring 15 on the outskirts of Ann Arbor. The landscape surrounding the home is exceptionally beautiful. The tall, out- spreading expanse of the oak trees which From Florida, Mr. Ford sends this message to the Herald. WHY DO WE LIVE tBy Henry Fordl With regard to Jackie McCloudis original ques- tion, "Why Do We LiveWi which he intended for "Bits of Wisdom and Wit" in the Herald, it is my belief that there is a great Central Intelligence directing our thoughts and actions. All the powerful things are what we cannot see such as gas, steam under p:essure, wind, light, electricity, and the soul of all life, the Christmas Spirit as so heali- tifully expressed by Ann at Christmas time, and even the smile so eagerly sought by children. As. a bright young man, your intelli- gence, in action now, is an invisible part of you. We all feel the power of the Invisible Force which causes us to move and think as it is present and directs us as we pass from. one body to another with our accumu- lated experience. The answer to the ques- tion uWhy do we live?" is eWe live for Experience. WWW dot the countryside with their magnifi- cent beauty is a lovely spectacle. The grass also is a lovely shade of deep green and appears very much as though it were velvet to the human eye. Also there is seen to the rear of the home a miniature pool in whose depths are seen beautiful and graceful goldnsh swimming through its cool and refresh- ing waters. The home is of the Spanish type of architecture, uith the outer walls a dark shade of brown, and the roof a lovely shade of green. The building is only one story high, and it is constructed of strong and durable brick. eZVIaa'garet Voorhess. MN THE INCANDESCENT LI GHT An electric lamp consists of a small hollow glass bulb which contains a tapered glass stem, with two wires going through it. The stem is about two inches long, and at the top of it the two wires stick out about one inch. At the top of these wires a very thin Wire is connected between them. This thin wire is made of tungsten, a metal that will not melt under great heat. In the glass bulb there is no air; if there were, the thin wire would melt. When the electric current is passed through the two wires and up to the thin tungsten wire it turns white hot and gives 0E a bright light. eBruce Simpson. "MN THE STORM A bolt of lightning pierced the dense atmosphere, the earth trembled in sympathy as if it were to cast every living being off its face. The trees bent their boughs to the earth and moaned suppli- Catingly for existence. Destruction was everywhere. Lightning again and again rent the air and illuminated the earth with a queer, fantastic light. Suddenly as it had begun the storm ceased as if weary of its frolic. a1 sabelle Gassett. mm THE HAPPY CI RCLE The Happy Circle P. T. A., composed of the members of the Centennial, Com- fort, and Waring Schools, and the Green Lane Academy, met for their February meeting at the Centennial School. One hundred and thirteen were present. Elmer J. Chapman, teacher of the Centennial School, had charge of the program, which opened with music and a one-aet play, "The First Day of School? All the characters were played by grown-ups, the costumes carrying one back many years. Musical numbers i'Tll Take You Back Again, Kathleen," by Gertrude Drouillard and Helen Ander- son, of the Centennial School, and HWhots Afraid of the Big, Bad Wolf?u by the primary classesewere oifered. Following a short business meeting, lunch was served by the refreshment committee. Music was furnished by the Baptist Church orchestra of Tecumseh. The March meeting will be held in the Waring School. Committees chosen were as follows: Program, Mrs. David Kempf, Mrs. Don Pritchard, and Mrs. Albert Kopke; refreshments, Roy Van Fleet, J. O. Eaton, and Mrs. Fairbanks. MN CENTENNIAL DRAMATIC CLUB Last fall our high school English class decided that we would enjoy a club. So each of the high school classes appointed a delegate, and these four delegates, with the help of Mr. Chapman, our teacher, drew up the by-laws and organized a club which was named the Centennial Dramatic Club. The aim of the club is to develop and make use of the acting ability of the members, and to put to better use their knowledge of English. There is a meet- ing held the first Thursday night of every month in the Centennial School basement, and after the business meet- ing games, singing, and dancing are enjoyed. As yet orly one play has been pre- pared-itTying the Knotllvwhich was presented to the Parent-Teachers Asso- ciation and to a near-by grange organiza- tion. The club also took an active part in the school Christmas Operetta, and now has a three-act play to begin work on. The officers of the club are: Presi- dent, Joseph Glenn; vice-president, Ray Williams, secretary and treasurer, Sophia Glenn. HERALD. Volume I. Published by the Children of the Edison Institute! March 9, 1934. No. 3 Looking at the Giants, Gog and Magog HE dictionary tells ps that a giant T is a person, or an animal, a plant, or anything of extraordlnary Size or power, and one of the earliest chapters of the Bible, in recording the early life of man, says that ttthere were giants in the earth in those days." Stories of giants have had a great attraction for young and old alike from the earliest times, and many towns in Eu- rope had their legend- ary giant heroes whom they have honored by the erection of statues and in other ways. The best known of these giants of the past are Gog and Magog. Brutus Fights Giants Long, long ago-so the story goeSethere came from eastern Eu- rope a. number of men called Trojans, led by one called Brutus, who landed in the island now called Britain. Brutus having got a footing in Britain was preparing to improve the same by tilling the land and building houses for the people to live in instead of caveSefor he seems to have been a real pioneer-when he was attacked by a whole army of giants who had grown up in that coun- try and who did not want any strangers to take up land there. These giants being very big, were also very strong. They carried huge clubs made of knotty oak, battle axes as big as snow shovels, and iron globes full of trees and earth and leaves. The giants came on again, not knowing of the trap that had been set for them, and as they rushed forward to attack Brutus and his men they went tumbling into the big ditch and could not get out again, chained up. Possibly owing to the giants being secured in this way, they made good and faithful guardians of the palace gate, and of the city, and when they died the good people of London had statues made of them which they had set up in the city hall. Some three hundred years ago, a big hre broke out in London and destroyed both the city hall and the statues of Gog and Magog. But the people were not to forget them, and new ones were carved and set up in the city hall when it was rebuilt. However, these new statues of Gog and Ma- gog, fine as they were, could not be seen by the people at large, and one day it occurred to a famous watch and clock maker, afterwards known as Sir J ohn Ben- nett, to set up effigies of Gog and Magog in the busy street called Cheapside. A Good Idea But John Bennett, as he was then, thought it would be a good idea to make the giants just- ify their existence, even as statues, by doing something useful, and so, by a mechanical arrangement he made them strike the hours, the half hours, the quarter hours and the three-quarter hours on melodious bells, accorde ing to the time shown on the dial of the clock above the door. And now these giants of old are doing the same thing at the same spikes, fastened to a long pole by a chain, jewelry shop in Green- field Village. Their Which they whirled around their heads in the most terrifying man- ner. The result was that Brutus and his men got the worst 01 it and were forced to retire. But Brutus had brains, something the giants had not, in spite of their big clubs and their big heads; so he thought out a plan to get the better of them. In the night time he dug a long, deep ditch, which he filled With sharp wooden stakes, covering them over with branches of Gog and Magog, with Father Time and the Angel, ready to strike the hour on the bells of the Bennett Clock. so that Brutus had an easy victory. Now the leader of the giants had two brothers, one named Gog and the other Magog. Brutus took them prisoners and led them to the place where London now stands. Here he built a palace, and caused Gog and Magog to be porters at the gate of it, and to make sure that they would not run away he had them sturdy arms never tire, they are faithful to their tasks at all seasons and in all weathers. Stran- gers love to watch them do their duty today just as they did it in those days of long, long ago when they guarded the palace gates of the ancient city. Gog and Magog, standing there under the quaint old tower of the jewelry shop, are symbols of the constancy of human effort, and the certainty of the flight of time. Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, David Higgins, Ruth Randall Town School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, Lilah Cregcr, Jennie Cibrowski Brownville, Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington Academy School, illurjorie Wickwire, Dewain Brooks Comfort School, Helen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes M ontgamery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director. Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS This Is Our High School Another step forward in the broad scheme of education for which the Edison Institute stands is the opening of the High School in the Independence Hall buildings of the Edison Institute Museum. A competent teacher has been engaged and the school has made a promising start. It is made up of the pupils of the 8th and 9th classes, drawn from the Greenfield Village schools. In its way this High School is unique, for it is planted in the midst of the things from which inspiration can be drawn and lasting lessons learned. In the Museum of the Institute, for all to read, mark, and inwardly digest, is displayed a complete history of the prog- ress of civilization, particularly of American progress and pioneering- transportation, agriculture, engineering, craftsmanship, the fine arts. The exhibits show what has been accom- plished in the past by workers in wood, in metal, in ceramics, in textiles, thus pointing the way to still higher and greater achievements. Books are fineethey are an essential part of any scheme of educationebut to examine and to analyze the things about which books are written is infi- nitely better, because it appeals more forcibly and directly to the intelligence. It should not be difficult for the pupils of the Edison Institute High School to realize the advantages of it all; to understand how highly privileged they are in being enabled to acquire first- hand knowledge in such an environment. For them the fountain of knowledge should flow smoothly and clearly, un- contaminated by the hood water or the sediment 0f undigested and meaningless details. Their course is no cut and dried one. It is elastic and expansive, not rigidly limited. For them it is open to explore new paths, not to follow worn-out tracks which end in blind alleys. For them it is the beginning, not the end of things. This is our High School. ....................... LAAIIIIIIIAAIIIAAAIIALAAL lllAlJAAAAAAl-AAIA IIAAAAAAAIAIAIIIAIAII IIAAAIAJAAAJLLLLLAIIAAAII ...... unluuuuuuunumu AlllllAlAAAAAlA .............. IAAAAIAJAAIAIIAAAII 73esz'de the Ever Caloosalmtcloee ttWe Miss Mr. Edison" Fort Myers, Florida. Dear Girls and Boys: Mr. Ford and I are here for a little rest. Our place consists of six acres of ground, a house and garage. It is all planted to grape- fruit, orange, lemon and coconut trees. The coconut trees are at the lower end of our lot, along the Caloosahatchee River that runs past the rear of our place. We grow other fruit, such as papaya, kumquats, and some that I do not know the name of. We have a screened summer house on the river where we rest and read. Mrs. Edison, who lives next door, we see nearly every day, but we miss Mr. Edison very much. He used to come over to see us often and always had a good story or something breezy to tell us. The sunshine is very bright, and we wear summer clothes. MRS. HENRY FORD. 3 Our Daily Wish Fort Myers, Florida. The photograph of the Chapel of Martha-Mary carried in the last issue of the Herald reminded me of the reverence due a church which all of us feel and carry through life, and which you girls and boys will find to increase as you grow older. Your daily wish should be a tirzcere prayer to strengthen your will to do what is right, as your instinct and conscience tell you. Let us remember that our character is engraved upon us and we should therefore try to be useful and helpful to others. In later years you will all look back with pleasant recollec- tions and memories of your boy- hood and girlhood friends with whom you are associated now. HENRY FORD. Ivvvrv . vvvvvvvrvvvvvvvv'I'lllvvvvv vl't'l'lvlvvvivlvvvvivvtvvvlv IVIVIYIII r1...vvw.....v.v.v.v.v.-. Social and Personal Eileen Barth, a pupil of the Scotch Settlement School, who has been very ill for many weeks, has just returned from the hospital and is now able to receive friends. All the pupils of the Greenfield Village schools are very glad that she is so well again, and hope that she may soon be with them once more and resume her studies. Gb$36hha Oranges from Florida, and nice, large, juicy oranges at that! The boys and girls of the Greenfield Village schools, as they each received a share of the fruit on Tuesday, thought it was fme of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ford to send them such a welcome gift from the sunny South. All appreciate this kind remembrance very much. Now All the girls in classes 7, 8, and 9 0f the Greenfield Village schools are busily engaged in working on their party dresses. All have procured their ma- terial, and the dresses are already cut out ready for sewing. G$06Vh Mrs. Richards, mother of Maxine Richards, died Saturday, February 24. The pupils of the Greenfield Village schools sent howers. They extend their sympathy to Maxine. --Jean M ills. VTDGV$ MY HOBBY I find it interesting to make model airplanes. I have made many of them. On each one I found some use for the jigsaw Mr. Ford gave me. I enjoy using it, and when one is using it I think it saves time. Donlt you think so? eAlbert Roberts. NM THE VILLAGE Little houses demurely set Row on tidy row; Little grass-plats closely cut How straight the hedges grow. The little houses, they are homes, The mothers make them so, They are the bulwark of our land, How fast the children grow! eEdna R. Butler. NM THE SONG OF THE CARDINAL The song of the cardinal was heard on Monday, March 5. This beautiful bird, with its scarlet plumage, was among some shrubbery not far from Greenfield Village, and its rich full notes were no doubt inspired by the mildness of the day and the promise of spring which came with the bright gleams of sunshine. F$DG$0 In the Mail Dear EditorePlease consider it your privilege to cut our school notes to meet your requirements for the Herald. Any changes Will be noted so that we may not make the same mistakes again. eGertrude Drouillard, Centennial School. tThanks, Gertrude. This is the true journalistic spirit; just what they do on the big dailies.-E. DJ HERALD Page Three WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement In doing their sewing lessons, most 01 the girls In the fourth class are using sewing machines. First they use the machines without thread, and then with thread. Next week I am going to start an apron. Three of the fifth class girls are working on their aprons now. Some of the girls sew on Saturdays. eElaine Wyman. Every Tuesday and Thursday the girls go to their sewing classes. The girls of the fifth and sixth classes go on Tuesday afternoons, and the seventh class girls on Thursday after lunch, and the eighth and ninth on Thursday after recess. Most of the girls in the higher classes are making dresses, and some are on the second and third dress. The sewing classes are in the Secretary House, and all enjoy them very much. The teacher is Mrs. Chalmers. -Sally Owens. Three narcissus bulbs were put in a pot of fine gravel stones on February 5, 1934. Just three weeks after the bulbs were planted they had three beautiful flowers. Their fragrant odor can be observed whenever one enters the door of the Scotch Settlement School. Jack McCIoud and Jean Mills have each brought a plant to school. Jean brought an ivy. As yet the name of Jackls plant is unknown. THE LITTLE BRICK SCHOOL Dear to my heart is the little brick school, Where Vii? gain so much knowledge by system and r e; At recess we slide and have heaps of fun, And the bus takes us home when our day's Work is done. eCathen'nc Mae Miller. Town Hall The seventh class has begun to study general science. The members have been studying how substances expand when heated and contract when cooled. Bruce Simpson, one of the seventh class pupils, brought apparatus to school and demonstrated that water expands when heated and that air does the same. Later, when the class studies distillation of water, he will demonstrate that also. The main reason for these experiments is to make clearer the facts as they are studied. -Jum'or Bums. March is here, March is here, The birds sing far and near; The flowers are coming, And soon you will see Some blossoms, some leaves, And perhaps a bee. The trees will be budding, The birds making nestSe I like the winter, But March is the best. eCharlottc Simpson. Ah, March. we know thou art Kind-hearted, spite of ugly looks and threats; And, out of sight, art nursing April's violets. -Selected by Gloria H utchinson. LINES ON LINCOLN Lincoln we will remember long, Brave and sturdy. tall and strong; Throughout his very busy life He served his country with his might, Rising from poor lad to President; So let us not the least relent, But work and work for all our land, And always keep ourselves in hand. Then when the work is finished by ourselves, Our names will not be thrown upon the shelves. "Lincoln, we cannot all a president be, But we can endeavor to be like thee." -Marjorie Scott. Clinton Inn The children are happy to have Mary McLeod back to school after her illness, and they hope that Marjorie Mills will soon return to school. MR. BUNNY Your name is Mr. Funny Bunny; You hop all around and make funny faces, You hop all around and g0 funny places. -Murguret Anne English. I have a little kitten, She's the cutest thing; She plays with a mitten; And makes a ring Playing with her tail. What a funny kitten, Playing with a mitten. w-Margery Mielke. SKIPPY Skippy is my little dog, He is very, very funny; And When he gets too far away, He looks just like a bunny. -Isabel Hoffman. THE FIR TREE I wish I was a fir tree, That lived in the woods; And all the birds that could, Would build their nests in me. --Edward Litogol. NW Willow Run Edith Hoag writes: The Willow Run School is very proud of the February health record. We think there are two reasons lor our success: Our cocoa is good and we drink lots of it, and we honestly try to follow the health rules. hen we were weighed last time we found that twenty-three pupils gained eighty pounds altogether. The first time we were weighed forty-six per cent were up to average weight: now there are seventy-six per cent. Donit you think we have reason to be proud? mm Rawsonville We were very proud when we came back Monday morning and found our schoolhouse looking so nice, thanks to Mr. Kidwell. While I was absent from school last week Mrs. Allen bought us a picture of "The Three Little Pigs." On the hillside near our school there is a spring. During the cold weather the water froze to the height of six feet It is a beautiful sight sparkling in the sunshine. Mr. Susferka, our school director, comes to our school every Wednesday and shows us things to do on rainy days. He has shown us various tricks. One time he showed us how to connect up a doorbell. We bought material and con- nected a bell outside. Now we have a gong which we use for recesses and noonsr Last week we talked about magnetic power. It was very interesting. Our county has a nRural School Song Festival," Which is held in May. There are nine songs to learn. Six of us are trying for it. We go to Ann Arbor once a month to practise. The following pupils of Rawsonville School were not tardy or absent during February: David Smith, Bobby Smith, Dorothea Gotts, Beulah Gotts, Irene Simons, Danny Crippen, Phyllis Crip- pen, Paul Jaroh, Nera Boyd and Lois Corkins. -Robert N elson. I saw a little blue jay sitting on a tree, I saw him and he saw me; I took some bread and threw to him, And he said please do that again. e-David Smith. Old Stone Pennington The pupils of Pennington School celebrated Washingtonis birthday by listening to Washington programs over the air. They also listened to the broad- cast of the funeral of King Albert of Belgium. At noon, cocoa was served to the children with their lunches. Later delicious candy was passed. Games were played and dancing engaged in until about three-thirty, when all went home. Ruth Randall writes: Mrs. Travis gave us a new idea in spelling. It is a good one too The lower classes learn ten words and spell them from memory. The higher classes memorize five im- portant facts each day and spell the important words in each fact. All classes must be able to pronounce the words correctly and give their proper meanings. Town School, Macon The first class at the Town School, Macon, is studying spelling. The children are progressing nicely. The teacher carefully pronounces the word for them. Then they pronounce it and spell it orally. All the children then write it on the blackboard. The second class has nearly completed the reader. The third class is using its tables in problems. The members of 1tc'he class are multiplying by two num- ers. The Town School band, together with some of the Tecumseh High School senior band who live in Macon, gave selections between acts at a play which was presented by the Tecumseh Grange in the Macon Church. The band is also rehearsing for the Lenawee County music festival to be given in Adrian in April. mm Mills School Our teacher has been reading to us each morning. The name of the book is flhe Scales of the Silver Fish. It is about a little prince and princess who hear many stories of the sea from a talking fish. The snow has all disappeared around the school. This means no more snow- men or snowball fights. Perhaps it is just as well, because Norman Pratt was absent from school Friday after- noon owing to an injured eye. Everyone is patiently waiting the report of our physical examinations in Macon. We are hoping they will find we are very healthy. tConcluded on page Gl page Four HEiRALD About Clocks and Watches Measuring the flight of time has been one of the concerns of mankind from the earliest ages. Men have kept a "watch" on time, as it were, and the term "watch" is aptly applied to the little timekeepers with which all are familiar. But clocks were invented before watches, although clocks in the modern sense first made their appearance in the middle ages. Before that time various Sir John Bennett's Jewelry Shop, where Gog and Magog warn everyone of the passing of time. devices weie used for computing time, and sundials are mentioned in the Old Testament. Calculating time by the passage of the sun seems to have been the most ancient method in use; later on the Greeks and the Romans used clocks Which measured the hours by the flow of water or the running of dry sand. Sand or hour glasses are still used as symbols of the passing of time. King Alfred the Great employed an ingenious method of checking the hours; he had wax candles marked in sections which when lighed took a fixed period to consume. From these early attempts have been developed modern clocks and watches of all kinds. In its construction a modern watch has a case for containing the mechanism, a mainspring and winding-up device, a balance wheel and hairspring, and an. escapement. The driving power of the mainspring is passed on to the train of wheels, and the function of a pendulum in a clock in regulating the speed of this train of wheels is taken up by the balance wheel, which is made to swing to and fro steadily by means of the checking in- fiuence of the hairspring attached to it. In the Sir John Bennett shop, of which we give a picture on this page, there are all sorts of clocks and watches, some of them very beautiful, and all of them full of interest as illustrating the skill and good taste of pioneer craftsmen who became masters of their art. The mechanism of the biggest clock of all, that of Which Gog and Magog so faith- fully strike the hours, is in itself a great study. In the clear air the message of the chimes is carried, marking the hours of work and play, of rest and activity, and this message is so sweet and musical that it is a pleasure to listen to it and obey its warning. A Chaptiwfleading Jean Mills sends us the following: On Monday morning, March 5, in the Chapel of Martha-Mary in Green- field Village, I read to the assembled school children an article from the Fort Myers, Florida, News-Press. The article was in the form of a review, headed uPick Ups," by Ronald Halgrim. Mr. Halgrim says that they have just read a copy of the first issue of our newspaper, the Herald He quotes from the notice on the front page of the Herald to explain the name of the paper. He sayseas we all knowethat all the different schools taken care of by Mr. Henry Ford, are very dear to the heart of their benefactor. Again, quoting from the Herald, the writer says: The Edison Museum is built in the Colonial style of architec- ture and covers about nine acres of land, and Greenfield Village occupies about 250 acres. The review goes on to say that the paper is simple and direct in its style and is above the standard of most papers. It also quotes from the greetings sent to the Herald by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ford. 1 was indeed pleased to be chosen to read this complimentary and encourage ing review. NM Wit, Wisdom and other Things A song will brighten any day and win a smile along the way. When we like our work, We like our play; And find the best Thatis in the day. eMarjorie Elmer, Scotch Settlement. mm A child should always say whatis true, and speak when he is spoken to, at least as far as he is able. eJecm llchullin, Scotch Settlement. Short Lessons 1n Journalism The following is the first of a series of short lessons in journalism, based on practical experience, which it is hoped will be found useful: When you go after a news item, make sure that you get all of it. Drill yourseli into searching for facts. Never GUESS. KNOW what you are writing about. e11 you turn in a news story KNOW that everything in that story is true. Be very particular in the correct spelling of proper names, especially the rames of persons Be sure of your sources of informa- tion. Never take anything for granted -1ind out for yourself. Accuracy should be your guide at all times. Writers should study their stories after they are printed, with the realiza- tion that any change made in them was made to better them. The essentials of writing for publica- tion are accuracy and simplicity. Thomas Carlyle says: uBe true, if you would be believed." And Long- fellow says: uIn character, in manners, in style and in all things the supreme excellence is simplicity." CNN The Month of March In the modern year March is the third month, but in the early Roman calendar it was the first. When Julius Caesar made his reforms in chronology he made March the third month. Though the month retained from that time the position Caesar had given it in the calendar year, many of the European countries continued for cen- turies to regard it as the first of the legal year. England, for instance, did not begin to reckon its legal year from January until after the middle of the eighteenth century. March has had no such variations in length as have some of the other months, its thirty-one days having re- mained from the iirst. eGloria Hutchinson. 113,? This group of pupils from the Scotch Settlement School are evidently enjoying the sports which winter provides. The "pond" near the school provides an ideal place for enjoying an interval of skating or sliding. HERALD Page Five F lowers F rom F ort Myers, F la. We have to thank the Fort Myers News-Press for a very comprehensive and complimentary review of the first issue of the Herald. We give the follow- ing extract: The Herald contains notes from the district schools, a his- tory of the schools which all have a pioneer background, editorials, sports, poems, pic- tures and McGuHey precepts and maxims. The editorial composition is above the stand- ard of most newspapers . . . there is a direct simplicity about the writing which has charm . . . The picture we gain from reading the students, paper is that children living in Green- field Village are living and learning in a simple, wholesome environment Where hands are taught to do useful things, with teachers above the average in discernment, and in surround- ings pregnant with early pioneer atmosphere. The children of the Edison Institute in Greenfield Village and associated schools, including the editorial staff and reporters, fully appreciate those kind words of encouragement. mm Telegraph Trip Everyone wishes to thank Mr. Gassett, our instructor in teiegraphy in the junior high classes of the Green- f1eld Village schools, for arranging our trip to the Western Union, on March 3. It was very interesting, and is some- thing we shall never forget. The pupils were shown how telegrams are sent and received. It was interesting to learn that in a few seconds messages could be sent to the most distant parts of the earth. Messages have to be sent With great speed and accuracy. Most of the girl workers wear roller skates, so that very little time is lost in carrying messages from one department to another. To study telegraphy 1s a fine oppor- tunity for the girls and boys of our junior high classes The trip to the Western Union helped us to see that. We wish to thank everyone Who made it possible for us. Those who took the trip were: Ann Hood, Sally Owens, Jean Mills, Florence Barbier, Irene Stead, Betty Hutchinson, Isabelle Gassett, Shirley Schmidt, Wilbur Donaldson, Kenneth Petrak, Bobby Shackleton, Bobby Heber, J. G. Rucker, Billy Kresin, David Roth and J ames Gardner. eJames Gardner. High Schrowio Principal The opening of the high school in the Independence Hall building of the Edison Institute took place on Monday, February 26, with a good attendance of students. Mr. Herman H. Grophear has been appointed principal. Mr. Grophear, whose home is in Azalia, Michigan, has had a distin- guished scholastic career. He graduated from Dundee High School and took his A. B. degree at Michigan State Normal College, and his A. M. at the University of Michigan. After graduation from college Mr. Grophear taught science at St. Clair High School for one year, and then came to Dearborn High School as a science teacher in 1928. In the spring of 1929 he became head of the department of science, and in 1931 he was appointed assistant principal of the school. Mr. Grophear resigned these positions to become principal of the Edison Institute High School. Mr. Grophear, after graduating from high school, spent two years teaching in a rural school before proceeding to college. NM The Moving of the White House One hundred and thirty-three years agoeFobruary 27,1801ewas the date of the moving of the United States capital to Washington. Thomas Jeifer- son was the first president to be inau- gurated in Washington, although the office and business of the Government had been moved from Philadelphia the year before. -Margaret J ecm Hindman. ' 2 This party of girls from the Scotch Settlement School have not tar to go to enjoy a bit of coasting Here they are taking turns in the exciting exercise of sliding down the hill close by the school. A happy group indeed. Washingtonis Mother Once Owned This This Queen Anne walnut highboy, now in the Edison Institute Museum, was owned by Mary Ball Washington, mother 01 George Washington. It is a form of chest of drawers which was given the name of "highboy" to dis- tinguish it from the ttlowboy," which was very much less in height. The highboy, a picture of which is herewith given, was purchased by Mrs. Washingtonis neighbors, the Whiteley In its early days this highboy may have contained things belonging to young George, put there by his mother. family, and was left by Mrs. Whiteley to her daughter Margaret, wife of Ed- ward Herndon of Fredricksburg, who in turn passed it to her son, the Reverend J acob W. Herndon. It then became the property of his daughter, Margaret Herndon Fife, who was the wife of Reverend James Fife of Edinburgh, Who purchased the property known as "Oaklawnii in Albemarle County, in 1846. Upon the death of his widow, it became the property of Robert, his son. The highboy was removed to his resi- dence where it remained 'until 1893, when it was loaned as an exhibit to the Worlds Fair, Chicago. The piece then became the property of Robert Herndon Fifeis heirs, who afterward disposed of it and it was acquired by Henry Ford. mm MRS. WASHINGTON'S COLT A little colt had Mrs. Washington Which she had loved for long; George was asked to ride this one When the colt wasn't strong. He dashed and reared with all his might, And tried to throw the rider off his back; But Georgeis hold was strong and tight, Because of bravery he had no lack. The one last plunge the colt did take, His head did strike the wall; But George did not intend to make This ride the last of all. e! rene Stead. Page Six Our Schools fConcluded from page 3 In art class last week we started to make scrapbooks of the articles in the H erald concerning our school. We made attractive covers for them and hope to have some interesting notes in them. Friday the spelling classes from the third class up had a contest. Anna Kasno stood up the longest and Lilah Creger was second. Norman Pratt writes about his mother throwing bread crumbs out to the hungry birds. This reminded some one of reading in the paper that grain had been bought for starving birds that couldn't get food because of heavy snow. March Winds March winds are here I do declare, They seem to blow me everywhere. eAnna Kasno. Food for Thought Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested. MN Green Lane Academy Margaret Papp writes: The children oi the Green Lane Academy School would like to send this little story to the Herald. It is a story that they told after studying several stereograph lantern slides. Out on the Farm One summer day Betty and Jack had a visitor. It was Fred from the city. Betty and J ack live on a farm and they each have a pony. When Fred came to visit them they played with the ponies. When they were through play- ing, Fred and Jack took the ponies to the barn and Betty went to the house. She took her dolly out into the yard, and she and Dolly had a tea party. After the boys came back, Betty called Fido and they all went fishing. Betty and Fido sat on the river bank and watched Fred and Jack fish. They had to be very quiet so that the fish would not be frightened. Fido was very good and he did not even fall into the water. They had lots of fun, but the best part wa's when they reached home and found a nice supper waiting for them. The little ones of the Green Lane Academy School have been quite en- grossed in their work as well as their play these last few days. Since there has been some snow the children have had lots of fun sliding down the hills with their sleds and have enjoyed themselves very much at play- ing uFox and Geesefl Besides their usual activities of draw- ing, playing with blocks, looking at books and pictures, etc., the little ones have begun the art of dramatization. So far they have dramatized the stories of "Little Red Hen and the Grain of Wheat," "The Three Bears," and "The Three Goats," and are quite enthusiastic over this new form of play. The children remembered Washing- tonis birthday, and a little girl remarked that "the reason Washington died was that his work was done." Billy Hayden was neither absent nor HERALD tardy during the month of February; and the following three were absent one day: Marjorie Wickwire, Jerry Anthes, and Colleen Davison. . Ann Thompson, who has been suffer- 1ng from a broken collar bone, has re- turned to school. It is a pretty and interesting picture to watch the little ones of this school during the lunch hour when a group of them take their turn at serving the others and then washing the dishes. Arrayed in their little aprons they look like the little folks in Kate Greenawayis palntmgs. Miss Dobie was ill for a few days recently, but is now fully recovered and back on duty. The editorial staff would be glad to receive pictures of school interest for reproduc- tion in the Herald. Nature study pictures would also be welcome if properly taken. Many of the boys and girls attending the Greenfield Vil- lage and other schools of the Edison Institute must have cameras and know how to use them. Press photography is an essential part of newspaper and magazine work. Boys and gir'ls, let us see what you can do. uWhat color do you make a jumping jack?" asked one little boy of another in a confidential whisper during the painting interlude. mm Comfort Leo Bachtal, who has been a patient in the Ford Hospital, has returned home. He had to go back once for an examina- tion. The pupils have been reviewing their books and have had their semester examinations. El Ray Finnegan and Lois Anderson have been neither absent nor tardy this semester. The boys and girls have been having programs in the morning. Each person from the fourth grade up put his name in a hat. The names were then drawn to see who would have the program first. The first grade reading class has com- pleted the chart and the primer and has started its first grade readers. Lois Anderson has the most Als of anyone in school. Roy Richard comes second and Ellen Holdridge is third. Because of the cold weather, the physical examinations at Comfort School were postponed. Some of the children have brought games to school to play with when the weather is cold or rainy. J ackstones and flinch seem to be the most popular. We were very much interested in a letter that Lois Anderson received from a girl in England, particularly in some parts of the letter that told about their schools. Lois Anderson is ahead in our spelling contest. Ellen Holdridge and Roy Richard are tied for second. NOW Centennial Lawrence Holdridge, who has been absent from school for a week with infection of his face, returned Monday mornlng. We received our first edition of the Herald Thursday. We all thought that it was very interesting, and we hope that every edition will be the same. Monday being the anniversary of the invention of the utalking machine" by Edison, Mr. Chapman gave a short talk on the history of the machine. This was a pleasing diversion from the regular routine. Our janitor has got a new cupboard to keep h1s working supplies in. Our School Our school is out in the country, It was rebuilt by Mr. Ford; We think it pretty nifty To have our minds well stored. We often play at baseball, Or else we dance indoors; We like to wax our shoes, And slide across the fioors. We sometimes go on picnics, And see all Greenfield round; Because we think its wonderful, That little piece of ground. We get here early in the morning, Stay till four dclock at night, And take orders from Mr. Chapman, Who thinks we do quite right. eLawrence Holdridge. MN The Bridge Builder fo Will Allen Dromgoolei The following poem was sent in by the pupils of Rawsonville School, who thought that it might interest the other readers of the Herald as much as it attracted them: An old man going a lone highway Came in the evening, cold and gray, To a chasm, vast and deep and wide, Through which was flowing a sudden tide. The old man crosses in the twilight dime The sudden stream had no fears for him; But he turned when safe on the other side, And builded a bridge to span the tide. inld man," said a fellow pilgrim near, "Youire wasting your strength by build- ing here; Yomg journey will end with the close of 33'; And you never again will pass this way. Youive crossed the chasm, deep and wide; Then why build a bridge in the even- tide?" The builder lifted his old gray head. HGood friend, in the path I have come? he said, "There followeth after me today A youth who soon must pass this way. This chasm which has meant naught to me, To the fair-haired youth may a pitfall be; He too must cross in the twilight dime Good friend, Iim building this bridge for him." HERALD Page Seven McGuffey Precepts and Maxims The Wolf tShowing that the truth is bestl A boy was once taking care of some sheep not far from a forest. Near by, was a village, and he was told to call for help, if there was any danger. One day, in order to have some fun, he cried out with all his might, "l'he wolf is coming! the wolf is cominglli The men came running with clubs and axes, to destroy the wolf. As they saw nothing, they went home again, and left John laughing in his sleeve. As he had had so much fun this time, John cried out again, the next day, tlThe wolf! the wolf!" The men came again, but not so many as before. They saw no trace of the wolf. So they shook their heads and went back. On the third day, the wolf came in earnest. John cried in dismay, ttHelp! help! the wolf! the wolf!" But not a single man came to help him. The wolf broke into the flock, and killed a great many sheep. Among them was a beautiful lamb, which was J ohnls and which he loved very much. The truth itself is not believed, From one who often has deceived. mm The Puritan Fathers One of the most prominent features which distinguished our forefathers, was their determined resistan ce to oppression. They seemed born and brought up, for the high and special purpose of showing to the world that the civil and religious rights of man, the rights of self-govern- ment, of conscience, and independent thought, are not merely things to be talked of, and woven into theories, but to be adopted with the whole strength and ardor of the mind, and felt in the profoundest recesses of the heart, and carried out into the general life, and made the foundation of practical useful- ness, and visible beauty, and true nobility. GMN The Snow Flake FROM MISS GOULD. "Now if I fall, will it be my lot To be cast in some low and cruel spot, To melt or sink unseen or forgot? And then will my course be ended?" T was thus a feathery Snow-hake sai , As down through the measureless it strayed, Or, as half by dalliance, half afraid, It seemed in mid air suspended. HO no," said the Earth, "thou shalt not lie, Neglected and lone, on my lap to die, Thou filie and delicate child of the s y: For thou wilt be safe in my keeping. But, then, I must give thee a lovelier orm; Thouilt not be a part of the wintry storm, But revive, when the sunbeams are yellow and warm, And the flowers from my bosom are peeplng. Things Museums Teach By a ramble through a museum, such as that of the Edison Institute, there is more to be learned in two or three hours than there is by the study of encyclopedias and scientific books in as many years. Here one may see how time was recorded even from the beginning of time, how light was sup- plied in the hours of darkness even from the first dawn of light. How men built shelters for their families and places in which to work when civilization began to make progress on the earth. How men gradually became conscious that comfort in their everyday surroundings was some- thing to be desired and attained. How men woke up to the fact that facilities in transportation were necessities if time were to be saved and progress to be made. How machines for transport and engines for locomotion were gradu- ally developed all through the ages, trom the war chariots of the ancient Egyptians to the latest streamlined motor vehicle of today. How this striving after greater perfection was a school of experience in which men learned to use their minds to the best advantage and use their hands more heedfully in the pursuit of their arts and crafts. How they found out the value of health and healing; how they attained great perfection in adding to the beauty of their environment by the application of the fine arts in decora- tive design, and how they cultivated the arts of music and poetry even from the earliest times. mm Pinafore to be Repeated It is understood that the musical show which was put on by the children 01 the Village schools last June will be repeated in the near future, possibly some time in April, when the Operetta, H. M. S. Pinafore, will again be pre- sented, as well as other features. This is being done at the request of those who enjoyed the performance so much last summer, and of others who did not then have the opportunity of seeing it. The leaders in the entertainment Will have to be thinking about it all, because re- hearsals will begin soon. WWW Wild Life in Winter Our friends the wild animals and birds faced a serious problem this winter especially during the recent heavy snow- storms. Food such as insects, berries, and herbs is plentiful until snow covers the ground; then the wild creatures must do a little scratching and pushing aside of the snow in order to get down to where food may be found. When a storm covers the ground to the extent of two feet a serious problem is en- countered and these birds and animals almost starve. They seek help from man and many times are fortunate enough to get help. They are always welcome here at our school. Last week squirrels were so numerous about the dormitory that it was almost impossible to count them. We tailed to see any of the skunks that make fre- quent visits during the evenings, but we smelled them. One of the boys lost a hen; a weasel evidently had become so hungry that he could not resist the temp- tation of breaking in and entering and walking away with his choice of the iiock. Of the birds the chicadee was the most popular. Pheasants and partridges made frequent visits to our back door where they made feasts of the bread crumbs and tidbits that were thrown out to them. We are doing all we can to become more friendly with the wild life about the estate. -Robert Cook, Wayside I 7m Boys' School. S P O R T 5 Basketball Greenfieldls Victory There was quite a game Saturday, March 3, in which Greenfield beat Dear- born J unior High. The game took place at the Edison gym. In the first quarter Dearborn High was in the lead, and at the end of the half Greenfield took the lead with the score 12 to 11. At the end of the contest Greenfield had a short practice game. The free-throwing contest is still in progress, and James Gardner is in the lead. The line-ups are as follows: GREENFIELD DEARBORN HIGH f g ft 11 fg it p McLeod 1 1 3 Dapprich 1 1 3 Burns 2 0 4 Marks 4 1 9 Petrak 0 1 1 Stacy 0 1 1 Smith 1 0 2 Wilson 0 0 0 Snow 0 0 0 J ohnson 0 0 O Donaldson 2 O 4 Haines 0 0 0 Gardner 0 0 0 -h Reader 0 0 0 13 Kresin 0 0 0 Roth 0 0 0 14 tI-Iaines went in for Johnson in the last periodJ fgefield goal; ftefree throw; p-pomts. NM Edison Junior Pioneers Pioneers Go Tobogganing tBy Bobby Shackletom The Edison Junior Pioneers on Saturday, February 24, met at South- western School to get the bus to go to Rouge Park. They left at nine in the morning, but before leaving, went to Greenfield Village to get their toboggans. When the pioneers arrived at the park they left the bus with much en- thusiasm in anticipation of an enjoyable time. Seven or eight of the boys took the small toboggans, and Mr. Roberts, who was in charge, and Mr. Simpson his assistant, with some of the other pioneers, took the bigger toboggans. Donald Donovan and Irwin Spencer went down the hill on their toboggans, and when they hit the bottom they went about four feet in the air and landed on hard ice. It was an exciting experience. The pioneers left Rouge Park at noon and hiked about three miles to get the bus. The boys who went on the trip were Donald and Thurman Donovan, James and Charles Dates, Irwin Spencer, Billy Ford, Bobby Shackleton, Albert Roberts, Jack McCloud, Billy Kresin and Donald Gilbert. The Italians have a seaplane that will go 440 miles an hour. eGrant Dicks. Page Eight HERALD Mr. On Thursday, March 1, there was a strange visitor on the village green, near the chestnut tree. It was an opossum. Miss Webster allowed him to be brought into the school room of the Scotch Settlement School. The boys were delighted, but the girls were not so pleased. The opossum is a queer little animal about twenty inches long, and has a body very much like a raccoon. He lives in trees. His home is usually down South, and little boys often catch him When he is a baby and bring him up for a pet. His famous trick is to Hplay ipossumfi This is when he rolls himself into a ball and pretends to be dead, and then quickly unrolls himself and slips away. iPossum Comes to School The opossum is a cousin of the kanga- roo, but he does not jump like the kangaroo. All of his four legs are of the same length, with five clawed toes for climbing. His gray and white fur is tipped all over with brown, and it is not easy to see him in a tree. His tail is long like a rats, but he can use it as a monkey uses his tail for climbing and swmging. This little animal is rather stupid and. is a night prowler, hunting for bemes, nuts, grain and vegetables. He also eats insects, young squirrels and birds eggs. We all enjoyed his visit very much and were sorry he did not stay longer. eBilly Faustman. The Wonderful Easter Rabbit Once there was a little rabbit. He was always wishing something. One day he said, iiI wish I was an Easter rabbit. I wish I could be one. But how will I?" he asked himself With a puzzled look, and he began to think. After a while he went out for a walk. Pretty soon he met Mrs. BlueJay and he asked: tiWill you tell me how to be an Easter rabbit'Pi . "I am sorry, Fluffy," she said, "I am too busy making my spring nest." After a While he met Mrs. Wren. "Will you tell me how to be an Easter rabbit?" he said again. tilt you do just as I say, you will? she said. "Go to the wishing pond and turn around three times and see what you see." So Fluffy said, iiThank you," and ran off. After a while he came to the pond. He turned round three times and saw a fairy. iiWhat is your wishiw the fairy asked. tiI Wish I was an Easter rabbit." iiYou shall be one." Then she gave him a little basket of Easter eggs and he went happily and merrily down the road. -Isabel H ofman. NM The Wind and the Sun One spring day dispute arose be- tween the wind and the sun as to which was the stronger. As they were quarrel- ing they saw a traveler walking along the road, with a great cloak thrown about his shoulders. iiNow we may make trial of our strength," declared the wind; iilet us both try with all our might, and the one who can compel the traveler to take off his coat shall be acknowledged the more powerfulf itAgreed," said the sun; "let the contest begin? The wind began by sending a furious blast that nearly snatched the coat away, but the shivering traveler clutched it the more tightly and drew it about him. The wind puffed and tugged, and even brought a storm of rain and hail to help him, but the more it stormed, the more closely did the traveler wrap his cloak around him. Finally the wind admitted that he could not get it away, and sank down, defeated. Then the sun took his turn. He drove away the clouds the wind had scattered, and shone with all his brightest .. .. .............. .....A. .............. LA NATUREiS TRUTH ATURE never deceives you: the rocks, the mountains, the streams, al- : ways speak the same lan- guage; a shower of snow may hide the verdant woods in spring, a thunderstorm may render the blue limpid streams foul and turbulent; but these effects are rare and transient; in a few hours, or at most in a few days, all the sources of beauty are . renovated. And nature af- I fords no continued trains of misfortunes and miseries, such as depend upon the constitution of humanity; no hopes forever blighted in the bud, no beings, full of life, beauty, and promise, taken from us in the prime : of youth.eSir H. Davy. : Iv! IvvvvrvaYVIvr IvrrvaIIIYVIYYYYvI .......................... ..v.vvvxvuv.." .A....A.x1........... llllll vyvuvvw .u'vv.'..:vvvvvvvvv .uuuv llV'vv'Y beams on the manls shoulders. Hotter and hotter it grew until the traveler was really uncomfortable. He unfastened his coat, and then, as the sun never stopped shining, he threw it back, and finally took it off and ran hastily into the shade. The sun had won by gentle- ness what the wind could not do. eSelected by Gloria Hutchinson. PKDGVO Ready for the Spelling Bee Today tFriday, March Si is the day when the class teams and the class champions in Greenfield Village schools, and in every other school in Wayne, Oakland and Macomb counties, are to be chosen in the first of this yeafs spell- ing bees, sponsored by the Detroit News. The class champions twinners 0f the 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th class beesi will receive the latest thin-paper, thumb- indexed edition of Websterls Collegiate Dictionary, with the name of each win- ner and a record of his history stamped in gold on the cover. A great amount of interest is being taken in this spelling contest, and the pupils of our schools taking part in it are going to do their best. To be a class champion is good, but to be a national or a state champion is still better. Some boy or girl in this competition will be chosen to go to Washington for the linal. In the Greenfield Village schools this year there is a contest for the 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th class pupils both in the Scotch Settlement School and in the Town Hall School. NM Memories lBy Belly H ulchinsonl For years we have gone to the Village school, And tried to live up to the Golden Rule; To chapel we go each day with a smile, And learn many things that are quite worth while. The interests we share in this school life of ours, Where happiness cannot be measured by hours; We all try our best our teachers to please, And all opportunities we eagerly seize. We wish that all children might share this great joy; It would gladden the heart of each girl and each boy To be able to coast and to sew and to dance, And see how the horses can step and can prance. But now we leave this for the Museum school, We will still live up to the Golden Rule; Our work is much harder, our teacher is neWe But we will see you in chapel, each one in his pew. MGM About Birds tBy Isabelle Gasscm For beauty and grace birds are not surpassed by other animals or by plants. One of the peculiarities of birds is their remarkable appetities. They digest food Within one or two hours, and they eat eight to twenty-five times a day. The temperature of a birdls blood may be over 106 degrees Fahrenheit. Its hight requires rapid respiration. A large amount of food is necessary for such rapid metabolism. Birds are remarkably adapted for finding and handling their foods. Their wings take them everywhere, and their bills are shaped for disposing of diii'erent loods. The eyes of birds may focus very rapidly. Some of our largest birds are scaven- gers. I include buzzards and even our national emblem, the eagle. Gulls follow ships for long distances to gather what waste may be dropped overboard. Few people realize the abundance of mice or the damage they inflict. Mice often eat the inner bark and cambium of trees, sometimes killing many fruit trees. The best mousetraps are hawks and owls. There are usually eight or ten kinds of hawks and owls in one region. Two or three of them feed upon chickens. Many men all over the country examine hawks' and owlsi stomachs, and they say that the Coopers and the sharp- skinned hawks are the only chicken thieves. Many a farmer seeing a hawk or an owl seizes his gun and rushes out and kills it. He thus endangers his crops by removing the enemies of the mice. If he would watch the bird to see if it went after his chickens, and it did so, he would be quite right to shoot it. HERALD. Volume I. Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, March 23, 1934. No. 4 Eighth and Ninth Classes Visit the iiRocket" git; N PLACE of the usual x history lesson, Monday, the eighth and ninth classes went into the Edison Institute Museum and visited the Rocket. The Rocket was the first really successful locomotive built. It was made by George and Robert Stephenson for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which was having a contest to see what type of , locomotion they would use on ,r..l the railroad they were just beginning to construct. The Rocket competed against three other makes of engines and was the only one that stood up under the tests. So the money and the contract went to the Stephenson brothers. In making the Rocket, one of the first things the Steph- ensons had to over- come was there not being enough heat in the fire. This was overcome by throwing waste steam into the chimney to create a draft. This made the fire burn brightly. The amount of heating surface was the next thing to overcome. More was needed to enable the engine to get up steam faster so that it could keep going at a fast rate of speed for a considerable time. In one of the locomotives, named the Lancaster Witch, that Mr. Stephen- son built for the Boston and Leigh Railway, he tried lengthening the boiler and using two flue tubes, but this engine weighed twelve tons and the limit for the contest was six tons. Mr. Stephenson saw that he would have to make his entry much smaller and lighter. It was M. Seguin, engineer of the Lyons and St. Etienne Railway, who first thought of having horizontal tubes through which the air passed in stream- lets. Henry Booth, secretary of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, without knowing what M. Seguin was doing, next devised his plan of a tubular boiler and brought it under Mr. Stephen- sonis attention. He at once accepted it. In the construction of the Rocket the tubular principle was more complete. Twenty-five copper tubes three inches in diameter extended from one end of the boiler to the other. The air passed through these to the chimney; and the tubes were surrounded by water, heating surface was increased. The main x g; 3 ti, By BOBBY SNOW difiiculty was in fitting the tubes in the boiler so as to prevent leakage. They were made by a coppersmith and were soldered to brass screws which were fastened to the boiler ends. When they were fitted the boiler was filled with water and pressure was applied, but water leaked out at every joint. Robert wrote home and told his father what was the trouble. His father wrote back and The Rocket as it appears in the Edison Institute Museum. told him to try boring holes in the boiler ends, fit smooth round copper tubes in them as tightly as possible, and solder up. This worked because the tubes expanded when heated and took up the extra room, and made the boiler water-tight. Since the days of the Rocket, the railroads have made many improve- ments. One of the engines used by the Santa Fe Railroad weighs 408 tons, compared to four and one-fourth for the Rocket. This locomotive has twenty wheels that give it forward motion. The Rocket had only two such wheels. One locomotive went around 120 miles per hour. The Rocket made 30 miles an hour. Lately the railroads have been losing business to the airplane, private car, trucks and busses, so they are introducing streamlined trains that will make 110 miles per hour. These trains will have to go about 90 miles an hour to keep up to the scheduled time. The company that built the original Rocket built this replica for the Edison Institute Museum. The Rocket is an object of considerable interest in the Museum, inasmuch as it illustrates ' a real advance in steam haulage. A number of engineers took up the problem and soon considerable progress was made. Locomotive Development There is little authentic information as to when actual locomotion by steam power first occurred. There were prom- ises and suggestions of steam-propelled carriages before the end of the 17th Century, notably those of Sir Isaac Newton in 1680, Cug- notis steam-driven road wagon in 1769 and Murdockis in 1784. The first success in heavy haulage, how- ever, was when Rich- ard Trevithick, a Cor- nish mine captain, had his first locomotive built in 1801. But it was not until the advent of the Stephen- sons, Rocket that a real approach to mod- ern progress was made. The early canal, quarry and coal mining engineers in the United States fa- vored the building of railroads as the result of their researches about the time that public opinion was being influenced in that direction in this country. About 1800 the American people began to realize the need of highway and other intercommunication as a means for developing the extensive unsettled dis- tricts of the country. The "Peter Cooperii the first locomotive built in the United States, was successfully operated on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad as early as August 28, 1830. A speed of from five to eighteen miles per hour was attained with a car and twenty-three persons, and the average tractive force developed represented about 1.43 horsepower, or more than three times as much as the Rocket developed. This improvement was due to the higher pressure steam used by the Peter Cooper. On January 4, 1831, the Baltimore and Ohio offered $4,000 for the best American engine of 3h tons, to pull fifteen tons on level track at a speed of fifteen miles an hour. Phineas Davis won the prize With the "York," a vertical engine with four 30-inch wheels. Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield VLlage, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Aldordyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith H oag Rawsonville, Lois Carkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, David H iggins, Ruth Randall Town School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrawski Brownville, Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington Academy School, M arjarie Wickwire, DewainBrooks Comfort School, Helen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Druillard, Agnes M ontgamery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS The High School We were informed one day of a change in schools; we were going to the Edison Institute Museum. Among the children there were many comments for and against. Some felt that they did not like to leave their friends in the Village; many were anxious to go; it was like a new adventure. After the first two or three days the comments had changed and were all of one opinion. Everybody was enjoying the new surroundings. We found our- selves in a beautiful building among things that were in use ages ago, and others leading up to the things that are used today. The boys and girls of the High School do not only read about things; they learn about them by actually seeing them. This is why it is a privilege to attend this school. this goes to show that one shouldnit be too hasty in forming an opinion until one has come in contact with the subject being dealt with. eBob Piper, Edison I nstitute M useum High School. NM The Golden Rule The Golden Rule is something to think about. Would the Golden Rule smooth out the worlds troubles? If we used others as we would like to be used, maybe it would help the world. To be able to use the Golden Rule we need something more, we need facts. We not only need facts, but we need imagination. Employers of workmen must try and understand them. Not only must the employer try and under- stand his people, but workmen ought to try to understand their employers' problems also. In school we are reading about iiThe Understanding Prince." He was a good man and wise, for he read many books. He studied very hard. But still he couldn,t get along with his people. One day his fairy godmother came and said, "You are a well-read man, but do you know your neighbors?" It would be nice today it we had fairy a and the Town Hall School. godmothers to tell us what we did not know, but I think it is better to know the Golden Rule ourselves, and to under- stand facts, and to have our own imagi- nation. e-Helen Wellbrook, Willow Run. mm Dancing ' Most people will agree that lessons 1n dancing will help one in later life. I am thinking particularly of the old-fashioned dancing taught to the students of the Greenfield Village schools. Through the co-operation of the instruc- tors and the childrenis willingness to try, a child can get a great deal out of dancing. Dancing will help the children to overcome an inferiority complex, and to banish self-consciousness. At social aifairs and activities one will feel at ease. It is a general remark that dancing of some sort should sooner or later be taken up, as the results usually please the one who participates in it. The children who are perhaps a bit more awkward than others are taught to be more graceful, and special attention is given to them. The children are taught not only dancing, but also the rules of etiquette in a ballroom. In later years, a child will be glad of his earlier training. Dancing will lend poise, grace, and charm to every one who takes it up with true seriousness in mind. It is hard for the person who cannot dance to join in with his companions. He is hindered by his lack of knowledge of dancing, because it is one of the most popular recreations. wBarbara Sheldrick, Edison Institute M useum H igh School. mm Antonio Stradivari Very many years ago there lived a man in Italy named Antonio Stradivari. He was a good Violin maker. He spent a very long time making each violin so as to get it perfect. He hoped to make violins for the best players in the world. When he did the work he did the best he could. He didnt know how good his violins were. His wish came true. Today we know that his violins are the best in the world. An English poet wrote the following verses about Stradivari: Co-operation With God When any master holds 'Twixt chin and hand a violin of mine, He will be glad that Stradivari lived, Made violins and made them of the best; For. while God gives them skill, I give them instruments to play upon. God choosing me to help Him, If my hand slackened I should rob God-- Since he is fullest goode Leaving a blank instead of violins. He could not make Antonio Stradivari's violins Without Antonio. ePauline Reinhackcl, W illow Run. owm Course in Telegraphy In connection with the course in telegraphy which is being given the children of the Junior High School of Greenfield Village, a telegraph system has been set up between the high school This tele- graph line is approximately one mile long and is run in an underground cable. The current for operating the instru- ments is supplied by storage batteries located in the Museum power house. A key and sounder located at each school permit signals in the Morse code to be sent or received at either point. This installation is for the purpose of giving the students practice in the actual ap- plication of what they have been study- mg. A new telegrapher is selected each week for each school so that all will have an equal opportunity to use their skill. Regular periods have been as- signed when the system may be used for practice. Messages of importance may be sent at any time during school hours. Practice messages are exchanged daily, and recently, during the Detroit News Spelling Bee, the name of the winner for the eighth class was flashed to the Museum long before this news would have been available otherwise. The procedure is the same as that used by commercial telegraph operators every- where. The telegraph as a means of communication was used by the great Edison for years, and this fact should be an inspiration for our telegraphy students. NW Social and Personal The boys and girls of the Village schools are working for the formation of a symphony orchestra. Eileen Barth has returned to school after a long absence through illness. The children of the Village schools have begun their rehearsals for the performance of the Operetta H. M. S. Pinafore. Mr. Taylor, director of the Operetta given last year, returned on Wednesday, March 14, to take charge of the musical instruction. Our Village Club We were told to expect a grand surprise, We looked at each other-oh, so wise! Could it be this, or could it be that, Could it mean iiWelcome" on some door mat? We could hardly wait, what could it be? Until some one said, NWill you come with meTt We were ushered down a beautiful lane, And waited outside for her to explain. nThis beautiful house you girls may use, Your sewing to do, and gather your news Of parties and dances, that you enjoy here, J ust for you girls'ieShe made that quite clear. We went inside and she showed us around, And to our surprise, a deep secret we found; Something that only we girls may share, But it has to do with a secret stair. We love our club, we will do great things; We will learn to cook and take some flings At keeping house in our club down the lane, And we hope to make it a beautiful game. eBetty Hutchinson, H igh School. , fffff h HERALD Page Three EE WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING F5??? Rid Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement Our New Choir Monday morning, March 12, after chapel, Mr. Atkinson chose some children from our group to form a choir. Kenneth Petrak and Billy McLeod placed chairs on the platform. Those selected were: Susan Alderdyce, Isabelle Gassett, Dor- othy Chubbuck, Marjorie McCarroll, Ann Hood, Margaret Voorhess, Barbara Sheldrick, Dorothy Richardson, Jean Mills, Carol Bryant, Marjorie Scott, Wilbur Donaldson, Kenneth Petrak, Billy McLeod, Junior Burns, Jimmy Dates, Bruce Simpson, James Gardner and Jack McCloud. This personnel is subject to change. mJean M ills. The spring birds sing a happy song, And gather round in joyous throng. They gather Worms and play, While singing all the day. gCutherinc Miller. The winter months have passed, Spring is here at last; Soon we will have the April showers, Then the beautiful May flowers. eElaine Wymun. My Pets At home we have two .cats. Their names are Minnie and Blllle. Every morning Billie comes upstairs and mother says to her, uRoll over, kltty Bill," and immediately she lies down. Mother says "One, two, three," and Billie rolls over and rolls back again. Then mother gets her something to eat. Minnie comes running up to get some, too. After Minnie gets her meat she comes into our bedroom and gets on our bed. She walks all around us, and if we dont wake up she pulls our hair and wakes us 11 . p -Patricia Chubbuck. mm Town Hall All the pupils were very excited about the spelling contests. All of us studied hard hoping we would win the dictionary which is given to the cham- pion speller of each class. We stood in the back of the room while the words were being pronounced to us. In the hfth class Charles Dates won with the word Htrunk." In the sixth class Margaret Jean Hindman spelled ttreceives." In the seventh class Mar- jorie McCarroll won with the word Hprobably," and in the eighth class Earl Helwig spelled "endeavor." eKatharine Bryant. In art we have just finished our lessons in perspective. Mr. Bacon is now teaching us to draw the interior of a building. Most of us are getting along nicely. Some of us drew the interior, arranging the room the way we thought we would like. HMary Eleanor Riteman. The children of the Town Hall School have been very happy to have Bobby Heber and David English join them in their work. Bobby, who is in the seventh class, came from the Edison School. David, who is in the fourth class, came from the Clinton Inn School. On Monday we were agreeably sur- prised to have J une Rummer come back to our school. She has been in St. Clair County this year. She was with us last year and did not return last autumn. We are very happy to have her back. eSuzanne W essinger. The fifth and sixth sewing classes on Tuesday afternoon are making dainty aprons of various colors. The girls who have finished their aprons are now making baby dresses of soft outing Hannel. Suzanne Wessinger is one of the first of the Tuesday afternoon class to start making a dress for herself. She also sews very neatly. -Margaret J mm H indman. The pupils of the Town Hall School were agreeably surprised on Tuesday morning, March 6, to find a telegraph set in the building, ready to use. They find it much fun to communicate with the high school pupils in the Edison Institute Museum. Marjorie McCarroll was telegrapher for the Town Hall School last week, and Bobby Shackleton for the Museum. Billy Kresin is now the telegrapher for the Town Hall, and Kenneth Petrak for the Museum. These telegraphers will be changed from time to time. -Helene W alker. In. winter the boys and girls spend their recess sliding and tobogganing down hill, and skating on the stretches of ice. N ow that the fine weather has come, we find that baseball is affording the most fun. eMary Lee Alderdyce. MN Clinton Inn The End of the Rainbow The sun was shining brightly through the rain, and a little elf man was coming along the woodland road. He had a bag in his hand. He met a frog. The frog said, "What is in that bag? The elf said, "I will not tell you? So the frog went away. At last noon came and the sun was high in the sky. The elf man was sleepy; so he sat down under a tree and went to sleep. Then night came. The elf woke up. He said, uAt last!" and ran. Soon he came to another tree. He dug a hole. He put gold in it from the bag. The rest he put in a half circle. And this is how the pot of gold came to be at the end of the rainbow. eMarjorie M ills. THE SUN The sun was shining very bright, It said, I Will give a lot of light; The moon was looking at the sun, For he thought the day was done. e-JVIargarel Anne English. PURPLE .PLUMS Purple plums that hang so high, I shall eat you by and by; When the farmer's boy comes back, I shall ask him for a sack. eBarbara Newell. About Two Squirrels I will write you a story about two squirrels: One day two squirrels were up in a tree fighting over an acorn. Mr. Blue Jay hopped on a branch and many acorns fell down on top of the squirrels. They ran home and never quarreled over an acorn any more. -Margery M iellce. PLAYING IN THE SUN When the sun is shining I like to play; I like to play With the hoops all day. -Allen Ormond. SPRING The Howers will soon be out, The trees will soon be green; Birds will soon be back. Squirrels will play among the trees, For what do you think has come'.7 -the spring! -Kalherine Lepine. TIME The time goes too fast; I like to go to school And read and write and draw, And when teacher says Itis time to go home, I say the time goes too fast. We ride home in a bus; When I get home I eat supper, And I play a little, And soon my mother says It is time to go to bed. -Edward Lilagot. J UDY Judy is a nice horse, She lives in a stable, And I like to ride her Whenever I am able. I like to ride her around the ring On my riding day; When Tom tells me to stop, Guess what I would say. -Isabel Hofman. Bill Ruddiman, while drawing the picture of an iron factory, asked if it took water to make iron. Thatts quite a question for a first-grade boy. mm Willow Run tLanguage Impsl Amos Spencer, class three, Willow Run School, writes: Do you know what imps are? Imps are naughty fairies that like to be bad. They laugh when they spoil nice things. When we are trying to make our talk nice there are some imps who try to spoil it. One imp is "Ainit," another one is iiI done it," or "I seen it." If I say iiI done it" I think I can hear one of those imps laugh. We have decided to chase them out of our school. We have a box with a hole in the top. Every time we let an imp in, we have to write our name on a piece of paper and drop it in. At the end of March we will open the box and see whose name is in the most times. Those who have the most pieces of paper will have to make up a program to entertain the rest of the children. We want shout or be rude when we hear mistakes, we will just say KtForfeit!" We wonit get cross it somebody says it to us. So then we will have a good time. Our Monthly Report In the beginning of this month we prepared our reports to take home. We wrote a report on each subject. Then the teacher put a note on the bottom of each report. When all our reports were finished we discovered we had made much progress in our work. Most of us found that in arithmetic we had iContinued on page 6i Page Four HERALD Oranges, CoconutsE and the Papaya In the last issue of the Herald Twe printed a letter from Mrs. Henry Ford in which that lady told of some of the lovely fruits that grow in Florida, including the orange, the coconut and the papaya. We were all much interested in reading of these fi'ults, and so some of us have written about them in school. ORANGES When we received our gift of oranges not long ago, I became interested to know how oranges grew, and found that the trees on which they grow are ever- green. They seldom grow higher than thirty feet, and are usually kept lower, so that it will be easier to pick the oranges. The branches hang low and have glossy dark green leaves. The flowers are single and some grow in small clusters. The color of the orange blossom is white, and it is very fragrant. Sometimes green fruit, ripe fruit and blossoms may be seen at the same time on the trees. Florida has chosen the orange blossom as its state flower. e-Glorz'a Hutchinson. COCONUTS The following interesting facts about coconuts are from pupils of the Scotch Settlement School: What Coconuts are Good For Coir, or coconut fiber, is obtained from the outer husks of the coconut, gathered while these are green. If the nuts are allowed to ripen the fiber be- comes brittle. It is used largely for making doormats and matting, and in Asia rope also is made from coir. The husks are split open by being forced against a pointed stick fixed in the ground, and they are softened by being soaked in water. The next process is to beat them with mallets and rub them between the hands until the fiber is freed from the tissue. It is then dried. In modern factories machinery is used. The coconut palm provided man with material for making margarine, candles, medicine, soap mats, and other things. The coconut, the fruit of the coco tree, is a hollow nut, or seed, of thick white meat covered by a hard shell, or husk, containing a milky Huid. Coconuts are good for rope, candy, milk, cups, fiber, meat, dolls, rafts, and mats. eBilly Ford. How Milk Gets in Coconuts The liquid that we call milk in the coconut Is not really milk, and is nothing at all like milk except in its appearance. It would be a puzzle if we found milk in a coconut, because milk is only formed by milk-glands of certain animals called mammals. If you fed a baby with coco- nut milk the baby would not live. Various plants contain fluid that looks like milk, but is not. The milk of a coconut is a Huid formed by the tissue or substance of the nut, and so this is how it gets there. eLowell Apesech. Most Important Product The fruit of the coco palm is the most important economic product of the tropics. The thick meat or the albumen of a seed is used for food, both ripe and unripe, and the milky huid in the fresh nut furnishes a refreshing drink. The fiber taken from the husk is used in many ways, and the dried meat is called copra and with coconut oil is extensively exported. eJimmie Dates. Used in Soap and Candles The coconut palm tree loves the sea air and grows best in a tropical region. Edison Junior Pioneersi Trip to Rouge Park ON THE BIG HILL TOBOGGAN SLIDE The Edison Junior Pioneers, with Mr. Reberts in charge. enjoy an outing in zero weather at Rouge Park. Tobogganing and skiing were great fun for these hardy youngsters. The trees are planted in rows and when the plants are large enough they are transplanted about 20 feet apart. The part of the United States where the coconut tree grows best is in the most southern part of Florida. It grows best where there is no irost. Its stem reaches the height of 60 to 100 feet and is about a foot in diameter. It has long leaves, from 10 to 20 feet ong. Much of the fruit is exported. About 70 per cent of the nut is oil, which' is used in making soap and candles. The dried leaves are used in manufacturing baskets, mats and fans. The wood in the lower part of the trunk is good for making cabinets; The coconut shell is used to make drinking cups and for ornaments when carved and polished. On one end of the nut there are three round black holes. When the seed grows the little plant grows out of the biggest one of these. It has often been said that a man could live on a coconut tree. He could make his clothes out of the fiber, and could make a house or cottage out of the wood. The meat of the coconut and the milk would furnish him with food. -Ann H ood. THE. PAPAYA The papaya is the fruit of the tropical American tree Carica papaya. The tree is of palm-like appearance, crowned With long-petioled palmately seven-lobed leaves and clusters of yellow flowers. The oblong, yellow fruit is very large and has a pulpy flesh and thick rind. It is eaten raw, boiled as a vegetable, pickled, or preserved. The seeds are anthelmintic. All parts of the plant abound in milky juice containing papain. -Bz'lly Faustman. MN Great Men tBy Edgar A. Guesw The great were once as you, They whom men magnify today Once groped and blundered on lifels way, Were fearful of themselves, and thought By magic was menls greatness wrought. Theg feared to try what they could 0; Yet fame hath crowned with her success The selfsame gifts that you possess. The'great were young as you, Dreaming the very dreams you hold, Longing yet fearing to be bold, Doubting what they themselves pos- sessed, The strength and skill for every test, Uncertain of the truth they knew, Not sure that they could stand to fate With all the courage of the great. Then came a day when they Their first bold venture made, Scorning to cry for aid, Took up the gauntlet life had thrown, Charged full front to the fray, But mastered their fear of self, and then, I learned that our great men were but men. ePrinted through the courtesy of the author. tSelected by Margaret Voorhessl NEW Flies are raised to order at a fly farm in Washington, D. C. Theyire fed to frogs and lizards. e-Phyllis LaFortte. HERALD: Page Five A Reminiscence of Christmas Charlotte Simpson, of the Town Hall School, Greenfield Village, shows her appreciation of a bounteous Christmas gift by using it to demonstrate her knowledge of domestic science, known to our grandmothers as good cooking. If a task is once begun, Never leave it till it's done; Be the labor great or small Do it well or not at all. mm Good Citizenship Theodore Roosevelt said: The man who counts is the man who is decent and who makes himself felt as a force for decency, for cleanliness, for civic right- eousness. He must have several quali- ties. First and foremost, of course, he must be honest, he must have the root of right thinking in him. That is not enough. In the next place he must have courage. The timid good man counts but little in the rough business of trying to do well the world,s work. And finally, in addition to being honest and brave he must have common sense. If he does not have it, no matter what other quali- ties he may have, he will find himself at the mercy of those Who, without possessing his desire to do right, know only too well how to make the wrong effective. NM My Garden As I look across the field where rny garden once stood, a discouraglng thought comes to me. I see only cold, hard ground with dirty brown spots of snow here and there. What if spring and summer should not come? But faith gives me hope and I shall wait until the springtime does come. With it comes sunshine and rain. Then the little green shoots which one can hardly tell from weeds thrust their heads out of the ground. Then they grow taller and stronger until they become fragrant smelling plants. So with the help of the rain, sunshine, and myself, I make my garden grow. eJack Hewitt, Willow Run. Happy Hollow Minstrels The Happy Hollow Minstrels of the Happy Circle Parent-Teacher Associa- tion, of which the Centennial School and the Green Lane Academy are members, presented their show to the public in Witherall Hall, Tecumseh, March 12, under the direction of Elmer Chapman, teacher of the Centennial School, and George Finnigan. Many sensed the necessity of being early, and by eight o'clock all of the 380 seats were taken. By 8:30, when the show began, standing room was no longer available and many had to be turned away at the door. Songs, jokes, and dances were en- thusiastically received by the audience, and most of the performers had to respond to encores. The costumes, con- sisting of dark blue suits, trimmed with orange lapels and culls, together with Spats to match and large green ties, combined with the background of French blue, made a very pretty stage setting. Many from other towns have re- quested that the show be repeated in their community. This will likely be complied with. mm Fine For Cooking There are many different kinds of coconuts and many products are made from them. There are, for example, coco- nut oil, shredded coconut for cooking, coconut butter, coconut milk, which is used as a drink, and the coconut is also used in the making of lard. It is also an important food in the tropics. Coconut shells are used for bowls and eups in the native villages, or for camping. Coconuts are grown in Florida, Porto Rico, Africa, and the tropical islands. The coconut also provides medicine which is at times very useful. eSally Owens, Scotch Settlement. Short Lessons 1n Journalism Broaden your vocabulary or knowl- edge of words by reading good books. A good dictionary is an excellent book to study in ones spare time. Poverty of language leads to monot- ony in writing, and monotony in writing is tiresome to the reader. Beware of using the wrong word. For example: Do not use "above, or "over" for "more than," iicouple" for "two," "donatell for itglvef, "fall" for iiautumnf iilast" for "latest," 3! n "less, for itfewer, partyli for "person." Beware of using superhuous words. Donlt say "invited" guest. It is under- stood that a guest is invited. Donlt say "Theyli both went. Omit they. Donlt say ilentirely" completed. Com- pleted means finished in entirety. Donlt write widow "woman," 'ttrue" facts, told" veteran. NW Gloria Hutchinson sends in the fol- lowing selection, author unknown: Be Kind Be kind, dear children, God will bless The heart that delights to relieve dis- tresse . The hand thatis ready to oifer aid To child or animal made afraid. Be kind. Be kind, dear 'children, the heart grows strong That shuns to be partner with any wrong; The noblest men that the earth has known Have lived not unto themselves alone. Be kind. Be kind, dear children, and you shall see Eyes look into yours so gratefully; Though lips speak not, there is language yet. And the heart of a brute will not forget. Be kind. Waiting for the Bus After a Perfect Day SKI-ING WAS AN EXCITING SPORT A! The names are: Back row-Irom left to righteJames Dates, Charles Dates, Albert Roberts, Billy Ford, Billy Kresin, Mr. Roberts, Bobby Shackleton, Donald Donovan. Front row- Erwin Spencer, Thurman Donovan, Jack McCloud. Donald Gilbert. Page Six HERALD Our Schools tContinued from page 3i achieved more than in anything else. We also found that in language and geography we needed to work harder; so we decided on a new plan. Usually we have arithmetic the first thing in the morning, but for March we voted to have language, and then geography after the first recess. Immediately after dinner we will have arithmetic. I think that in this way if we concentrate on language and geography more than arithmetic, at the end of the year our knowledge of all the subjects will be evenly divided. ePhyllz's La Fortte. Getting Ready for School Oh, my shoestring is broken! Now, where's my stocking? Oh, there goes a button! I think this is shocking. There's soap in my eyes, But no time for a fuss, 'Cause if I don't hurry Illl miss the bus. It's always "today" that I am late, And never ready to write on my slate; Always "tomorrow," PM be ready at eight, And ride to school with my dear friend Kate. -Edilh Hoag. A Spring Song Hie away, hie away On County Line Road, To Caterpillar Bay- My auto has a load. Far away, far away To far away land; Playing in the hay, And running in the sand. -Waller Reinhackel. Only the Boys Get Pins I have been helping the first class girls with their aprons. Last week we cut them out and started to baste in the hems. I am surprised to see the sewing the girls can do. They take their time and make the stitches small and neat. They have some pretty cloth which has bears, birds, chickens, and other things on it. Marie has little girls and boys on her apron. While she was sewing on it I overheard this conversation: tiOh Marie, you stuck pins in the childrenlii "I just stuck them in the boys," Marie replied. ttBut not in one single girl? wLillian Poet. MN Rawsonville During our interesting half hour with Mr. Susterka last week, about ropes, he told us how men tied them when they were mountain climbing. The knots are tied in a peculiar way, leaving three short spaces between each. The climber must cut one of the three, but he must also know which one to cut, as the wrong one would mean certain death, While the right one will allow him to slide to the bottom where he shakes his rope and it loosens from the top. This method is very helpful, and the rope itself is very expensive and Would be costly to replace. Mr. Susterka also showed us how to make rope stronger, by an experiment which he used to practise in his native country while tending geese. He also showed us how to braid and chain a rope. -Dorothea Gotts. Old Stone Pennington Some of the smaller children of Pennington School were telling about their pets the other day. Betty Nichols, a little one in the first class, said that she had a little black and white kitten. ttMy kitty had a fit once," she remarked. Little Colleen Thorne has a pet rooster and hen. Hilah Jean Pierce has a dog. It likes to chase her grandmotheris chickens. It wasnt very nice of him, was it? All wrote little stories about their pets. A frieze was made around the walls of our school room of the beautiful covers of the FORD NEWS. The covers were fastened on stiff sheets of paper and were beautifully arranged. Three of our pupils left us Friday. They have moved away from the com- munity. They will attend the Centen- nial School, south of Tecumseh. We shall miss them. eRuth Randall. NM Town School, Macon The following pupils were perfect in spelling the last week: Charles Fetter- man, Persis Hatch, Mary Lois Smith, Junior Bigelow and Jack Pennington. Our eighth class is doing considerable work on an arithmetic notebook. They are being given credit on these in the state tests this spring. A committee of three boys is re- arranging and renumbering our library books. Those needing repairs will be sent to Adrian, where the C. W. A. workers Will look after them. Donald Graif, who was absent six weeks because of an appendicitis opera- tion, is ill again. We miss him and hope he will soon be quite well. The Macon Methodist Brotherhood had a banquet in the church parlors recently. Professor H. Z. Wilbur, of Ypsilanti, gave the address of the evening. His subject was "The Egotism 0f the World? The clarinet section of our school band helped to furnish the music in the course of the evening. Mr. Albert Collins, more familiarly known as Uncle Albert, passed away Friday evening, March 16. He had spent his entire life in Macon, and was much loved and respected by the whole community, and a friend of the school children. Although 93 years of age he was very active until two weeks before his death. Some of our boys went hiking after school one afternoon last week, and reported seeing a red-winged blackbird. Many robins have been seen about here in the last two weeks. Junior Bigelow, Duane Heath and Joan Smith have been neither absent nor tardy since Christmas. Mills School The fourth class has been reading about. different kinds of birds. So far they :have discussed parrots, quails, canaries, bluebirds and the meadow lark. They found out something of their colors, their homes, their songs, where they lived, and how many eggs they laid. The pupils of this class are going to try and identify all the birds they see. In the fifth class language section they have been studying the poem Hlf," by Kipling. Last week we studied the Nether- lands. We learned many things about this country which lies below the sea level. For our art lesson we drew pic- tures of Dutch boys and girls, wind- mills, and Dutch villages. In the fourth class language section the pupils have been telling stories about famous paintings and artists. These included "Baby Stuart," by Van Dyke, ttMother and Child," by Madam Le- brun, HCherry Ripef, by Millais, and ttMiss Bowles," by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The children like this work very much. Donald Creger was absent three days last week because of illness. The fourth and fifth classes are making outlines in geography. When these are finished they will be put in a notebook. On Monday, for the art lesson, we made spelling books with an Easter bunny for the cover. We are going to make more pictures for Easter later in the week. New Brownville Naturally sweet of disposition the Brownville boys and girls like sweets. So they tapped three maple trees on the north side of the schoolhouse. The sap will be boiled in an iron kettle on the stove in the schoolroom, and hot biscuits served with the syrup. -Eva J ohnson. The rhythm band is learning two new pieces; they are, nShe'll be coming 'round the mountain," and "This little piggy went to market." The seventh class is studying graphs in arithmetic. Those not having been absent nor tardy for the past month are: Anna Beevers, J unior Beevers, Robert Beevers, Kathryn Beevers, Billy Chase, Margar- etta Covell, Gerald Driscoll, Merrill Gray, Armenia Johnson, Eva Johnson, Richard Johnson, Eleanor Jones, Joyce Miller, Robert Miller, Russell Miller, Loretta Milosh, Esther Slater, Martin Corth and'Francis Johnson. Helen Reeves has gone to the Henry Ford Hospital. Mr. Driscoll took some pictures of the children, but as they did not turn out very satisfactory, he will take some more. -Don's H arrington. St. Patricks Day The children of the Brownville School invited their parents to a St. Patricks program, Friday, March 16. They made out invitations and sealed them with shamrock leaves. A program tConcluded on page 'D HERALD Page Seven Our Schools tConcluded from page Gl consisting of a play, several songs, poems and rhythm band selections was pre- sented. Refreshments were served at the close. About 85 were in attendance. -Merrill Gray. the Skillful Dozen" The boys of Brownville School have organized a carpenter club named "The Skillful Dozen." Mr. Driscoll is helping them make some beach chairs. The president is Gerald Driscoll. The other members are: Merrill Gray, Neil J ones, Merlow Milosh, Everett Cilly, J ames Lister, Bruce Anthes, Junior Beevers, Russell Miller, Billy Chase, Robert Miller, Ned Harring- ton and Richard Johnson. The work bench is out in the garage. Each member is bringing some kind of tool to work with. -Merlow M ilosh. Green Lane Academy Monday, March 5, was quite a day at Green Lane Academy School. The children celebrated Bertram Daviesl birthday anniversary. Mrs. Davies brought jello and cookies which, with the childrenls usual midday repast, were much enjoyed. After luncheon the chil- dren sang the ttHappy Birthday" song. Even though our ltGreen Lane" isnlt very green now, we have a simply lovely place for birds. Last week several children caught a glimpse of a beautiful cardinal sitting on a fence near our school. We are anxious for spring to come so that we will be able to go out among the birds to watch them at their work and play. We have thought of asking for a bird house in hopes that by putting crumbs of food near it we may induce some bird family to make its home in it. eMargarel Papp. March 12 the pupils and teachers of the Green Lane Academy viSIted the fire station in Tecumseh. On March 16, Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Travis, of the Old Stone Pennington School in Macon, visited our school in the forenoon and later were our guests for luncheon. This week the girls and boys planted tulips. When in bloom, they will give them to their mothers for Easter. mm Comfort If we have our studies done and have had our classes by 11:45 olclock, we may go out of doors to play. The second class has started short division problems in arithmetic. Charles Austin and Douglas Fair- banks visited school Friday afternoon. Betty Holdridge, Margaret Cadmus, Frederick Kempf and Jack McConnell have been absent from school this week. The second and third reading classes are carrying on nature study. Lois Anderson still heads the spelling contest. Ellen Holdridge is second, while Roy Richard comes third. The sixth and seventh class hygiene pupils drew pictures of the eye showing the dilferent parts. Centennial Nearly all the students have finished the plates required for parallel and angular perspective drawing, and now a contest is being planned to see who can apply these principles best. A time limit will be set, but each student may enter as many drawings as he wishes. Drawings, however, must make use of perspective to win. It is hoped to in- terest other near-by schools in the contest. Prizes for the winning draw- ings have not been determined as yet. Gertrude Druillard and Helen Ander- son, and Mr. and Mrs. Chapman were guests of the Holloway P. T. A. Friday night, March 2. The girls sang lTll Take You Home Again, Kathleen" and ttThe Old Spinning Wheel" in the course of the program. Three new pupils have entered our school. They are Betty Nichols, class one; Alvin Nichols, class three; and Marvin Nichols, class eight. Robert Montgomery returned to the Henry Ford Hospital for further treat- ment. Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Travis, of the Pennington School, Macon, visited our school on the afternoon of Friday, March 16. We hope they will come again, and welll try to visit their school some day. Welve started our favorite game again abaseball. Two bats and a window have been the only casualties so far. The eleventh class boys are starting a course in mechanical drawing. Next year we are hoping that they will be able to assist Mr. Chapman with the junior class which will begin next Sep- tember. Spelling II and Spelling III have completed the books they have been using and are beginning a new one. NM Ways, Georgia Cherry Hill School Our school was indeed pleased that we received copies of the Herald. We are very glad that we may have a part in this most valuable magazine. We regret that we did not get our news in the second issue. The schoolhouse was in a dilapidated condition, but was remodeled by Mr. Henry Ford in 1930. He also furnished the schoolroom with its necessary fixtures. We cannot sufliciently express our gratitude to him for this great gift. The school is operated as a one-room school, with classes from the primer to the sixth. In 1930, we were visited by Mr. and Mrs. Ford and friends. They were entertained with a program by the pupils. After returning home Mr. Ford sent us a set of McGuffey's books for our library. We are very grateful to him for them. In 1931, Mr. and Mrs. Ford paid us a visit on returning from Florida. The pupils again entertained them. Mrs. Ford presented to the pupils two nice boxes of candy. They were indeed grateful to her; and she also sent a box containing valuable articles to the teacher. The visitors in January of this year included Mr. and Mrs. Bryant, and Mr. and Mrs. McCarroll, of Michigan; they were accompanied by Mr. J . Gregory, of Ways, and were entertained with a program. We had several beautiful pot flowers in the school, but the recent cold has killed all except our Boston fern. We are plannlng to get some more flowers soon. A meeting of the Health Club was held at the school, Monday, March 6, 1934, at four in the afternoon. Visitors were Mrs. Samuel P. Rotan, Mrs. Arthur Newlin, Mrs. Franklin Pepper and Mrs. Charles Platt, of New York; Mrs. Arthur Wetherhorn, Miss Zelda Wether- horn, Mrs. David Wetherhorn and Mrs. S. Clark, of Ways. A program was rendered by the pupils which was enjoyed by all. We are all as busy as bees. The pupils are studying hard for the exams, and the teacher is having them practise siongs, recitations, dialogues and other 1 ems. eEssie L. Burt, teacher. Pioneers G0 Hiking On Saturday, March 17, nineteen of the Edison Junior Pioneers went on a hike. We took the bus at Southwestern School at 9 olclock. It conveyed us about three miles on this side of N ankin Mills. Here a slight mishap occurred; Vance Simonds slipped and fell into a small pond. We made camp and hunt a fire, and soon Vancels wet clothes were thoroughly dried. We took this opportunity of sitting round the fire and eating our lunch. We then resumed our hike. We didnt get far when it started to rain. We stopped at a farm. The farmer was there and he called his horses. He asked an old horse, named Frank, which was thirty years old, to kiss him, and Frank did. The names of the boys who went on the hike were: Jimmie Dates, Charles Dates, Donald Donovan, Thurman Donovan, Billy Kresin, Donald Gilbert, Vance Simonds, Thomas Marshall, Billy Ford, David Roth, Harry Schuman, Earl Helwig, Jack McCloud, James Gardner, Edward Litogot, David 0r- mond, Billy Mielke, Albert Roberts. -Albert Roberts, Scotch Settlement. NOTI CE We again call attention to our request for camera pic- tures of school interest, and we invite all the schools send- ing in copy for the school pages to send us interesting photo- graphic snapshots as well. There are many suitable sub- jects. Just look around you! The pictures on pages 4 and 5 of the present issue are good examples of the kind we want. Page Eight HERA'LD Autobiog raphies F rom Brownville The Travels of Naomi I, lNaomi Kathryn Anthes, was born in the hospital at the corner of Raymond and Dekalb streets, Brooklyn, New York. My father was of German parents and my mother, Scotch-French. When I was four months old we moved to the small town of Cranford, 'New Jersey, so we could be near my grandfather who lived in Mountainside, a community of Germans. When I was nine months old we moved to Echo Lake, this being nearer to my grandfathers and my fatheris work was at the Echo Lake Country Club. We lived here until my brother Lawrence was born. The first real picture I can remember is our home on Engelwood Avenue on the outskirts of Willow Grove, a suburb of Philadelphia. My father had a better job here at the Old York Road Country Club. Our house was the nicest one we ever lived in. It was built of yellow field stone and had hedges on one side with trees, and on the other side a tiny meadow. Across the front and on one side it had a porch supported by white columns. The living room extended across the entire front, and the dining room had a large bay window. All around the wall was a shelf where mother used to set the old Stafi'ordshire dishes and lustre mugs. We had a large kitchen, a small pantry, and a sunny laundry. Upstairs in the front was my room and daddyis. My furniture was green and the curtains yellow. Behind daddyis room was mother's room and the sleeping porch, and on the other side was a bathroom, alnd farther back the nursery and linen c oset. When we slept in the sleeping porch We had a fine time. Grandad screened it in, and right at the corner post were the branches of a howering tulip tree. One time Sonny slid down the rain pipe, and I was frightened because it was so far to the ground. My brother Bruce was born just before Christmas. After some years we moved into Oak Lane, a subdivision of Philadelphia. We lived on Broad Street, and had a nice house with a fireplace in the living room and nursery. Squirrels as Pets We had a big yard and lots of trees, and we made pets of the squirrels. We also had a big barn which had been made into a garage. One time we found a mother dog and her puppies. She left them, and so we took them. We named them Penelope and Ulyses. I started to go to Oak Lane School when I was seven years old, and was put in the first class. That year, in August, Jerry was born, and in December we went by boat to Palm Beach, Florida, to spend the winter with my grandfather. We lived in Oak Lane, Philadelphia, for three years, and each winter we went South. I like to go on the boat. I was ' taking dancing lessons in toe and tap, and I danced on ttcaptainis night," which is the night before a ship gets into port. During our last trip mother became ill and had to return. We came to Michi- gan to our relatives, so mother might rest, and welve made it our home. -Naomi Kathryn Anthes. MN The Story of Doris I was born in 1921 at Manchester, Michigan. My parents lived on a farm in Manchester until I was two years old. Then we moved to a small garage house on Richmond Avenue, Lincoln Park, Michigan. I attended the Goodell School. From there we moved to a house on Sylvan Avenue, in Detroit. I went to the Lincoln School. My father was a machinist in the Rouge Plant of the Ford Motor Company. N ed, my brother, was born, and right ............................................. i No girl or boy should hesitate to ask any necessary question, if E it is done in a ladylike or gentle- manly manner. Please notice that I say unecessary" questions. Sometimes we already know what we ask, if only we think a moment about it. But, in the main, asking questions is a good path to knowledge. Ask your parents. Ask your teachers. Ask your paper, the Herald. Let Greenfield Village and all the people around here be your books. It is a pleas- ure to answer the earnest ques- tions of young people. The Old Scotch Settlement Schoolhouse which is now your school, was once my Sunday School, and I remember with gratitude the teachers who used to answer my questions and the questions of others. I am sure you will find everyone here ready to tell you : what they know, and in this way you will increase your stock of knowledge. nvnn uhuuuuuu III'I'VYIIIII'VIVI nn H .uuuuuuuu......u nvnnnrnvnnnnu HENRY FORD ......... .............. after that we moved to a house on Mary- land Avenue. In 1930 we came to Tecumseh, Michigan. I have attended the Tecum- seh School for the fourth, fifth, and sixth classes, and now I go to the Brownville School. Two years ago I was struck by a car. Now I am taking piano lessons, and I am 12 years old. HDoris Harrington. tWe shall be pleased to receive brief autobiographies from pupils of the other schools contributing to the Herald. The photo sent in by Naomi Anthes will appear in our next issueJ mm Selections Life is like quiltingwwe ought to keep the peace and throw away the scraps. Donit put up your umbrella until it rains. Its a poor business looking at the sun with a cloudy face. McGuffey Precepts and Maxims The Cats and the Monkey tA fable to teach us that it is better to bear slight wrong than to resort to aw. Two hungry cats, having stolen some cheese, could not agree how to divide it. So they called in a monkey to decide the case. iiLet me see,u says the monkey with an arch look, "this slice weighs more than the other." With that, he bit oii a large piece, in order, as he said, to make them balance. The other scale was now too heavy. This gave the upright judge a fine pre- text to take a second mouthful. itI-Ioldl hold!" cried the two cats; iigive each of us his share of the rest, and we will be content? itIf you are content," says the mon- key, ttjustice is not. The law, my friends, must have its course." So he nibbled first one piece, and then the other. The poor cats, seeing their cheese in a fair way to be all eaten up, most humbly begged the judge to give himself no further trouble. HNot so fast, I beseech you, my friends,u says the judge, nwe owe justice to ourselves as well as to you. What is left, is due to me in right of my office." So saying, he crammed the whole into his mouth, and very gravely dis- missed the court. NW The Bobolink The happiest bird of our spring, and one that rivals the European lark, is the boblincon, or bobolink, as he is commonly called. He arrives at that choice portion of our year, which, in this latitude, answers to the description of the month of May so often given by the poets. With us it begins about the middle of May, and lasts until nearly the middle of June. Earlier than this, winter is apt to return on its traces, and to blight the opening beauties of the year; and later than this, begin the parching, and panting, and dissolving heats of summer. But in this genial interval, Nature is in all her freshness and fragrance: tithe rains are over and gone, the flowers appear upon the earth, the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in the land." The trees are now in their fullest foliage and brightest verdure; the woods are gay with the clustered howers of the laurel; the air is perfumed with the sweet-brier and the wild rose; the meadows are enameled with clover blossoms; while the young apple, peach, and the plum begin to swell, and the cherry to glow among the green leaves, This is the chosen season of revelry of the bobolink. He comes amid the pomp and fragrance of the season; his life seems all sensibility and enjoyment, all song and sunshine. He is to be found in the soft bosoms of the freshest and sweetest meadows, and is most in song when the clover is in blossom. He perches 0n the topmost twig of a tree, or on some long, haunting weed, and as he rises and sinks with the breeze, pours forth a succession of rich, tinkling notes, crowding one upon another, like the out- pouring melody of the sky-lark, and possessing the same rapturous character. HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, April 6, 1934. No. 5 ii Visiting the Tintype Shop Q OME of the girls and by ROBERT PIPER. to take pictures on paper. boys of the Green- "Mt , field Village schools are interested in the study of photography. With this in mind they made a visit to the tin- type shop. This fitted in well with their eighth class history work be- cause they are now study- ing about the Civil War, and it was during that time that tintype photog- raphy was at its height. The tintype shop in the village is a reproduc- tion of the kind of studio in use during the early days of photography. The story goes that three days before the Edison golden jubilee celebra- tion some one remarked to Mr. Henry Ford that there ought to be an old- time tintype studio in the village, and immediately workmen were started making one. There was a grand rush to have it finished in time. Painters were already painting on one side before carpenters were through nailing on the other. But it was all completed and in working order ready to take pictures for the celebration. It is a wooden one-story building, with a skylight on one side. Inside there is a small room for developing, and one with a mirror and comb for Hprimping" before having oneis tintype taken. Mr. Tremear, who has charge of the little sh0p, was a tintype operator as far back as 1888. Mr. Tremear Explains He very gladly gave the history of photography as he knew it. He said the daguerreotype was one of the first successful methods of securing permanent images and was the only method used from 1840 to 1855. These were taken on a copper or steel plate covered with a thin coating of silver and polished to a high finish. Mr. Tremear says to obtain this high finish use a "bear skin? meaning, as he explained, the bare skin of the palm of the hand. After polishing, the silver plate is exposed to fumes of iodine and bromine. These plates are then placed in cameras and exposed for a considerably longer time than we now expose negatives. Part of the process was a sort of trade secret among the few operators. This secret has since been lost and Mr. Tremear is conducting Ten years later it was dis- covered that pictures could be taken on glass; th1s process was called ambrotype, but this and e the daguerreotype soon - , i went out of fashion. This only left paper pic- tures along with the tin- type. The tintype is the quickest way and is more or less a hurried-up job, as it takes only about ten or fifteen minutes to take and develop this kind of picture. The tintypist uses a wet plate instead of a dry one as used today. It was during Civil War times that the tin- type business flourished. The soldiers would have their pictures taken and send them home to their sweethearts and relatives; then the folks at home would send theirs back in return. Mr.Tremear has This humble building represents a period in photography which our forefathers knew and loved. Several prominent citizens of the present day have sat for their portraits here. experiments in the hope of rediscovering it. The developer is much the same as todayis, pyrogallic acid being one of the developers used. Mr. Tremear went on to say that about 1855 an Englishman found a way The presiding genius of the Tintype Studio, haries H. Tremear. some of this type of pic- ture taken at this time. They attract much inter- est from every visitor. . The art of the tintype photographer still flourishes in some parts of the world, partlcularly at seaside resorts where Vis1tors have their pictures taken "while you wait." For those With little time to spare who wish to carry away a portrait as a souvenir, the tintype un- doubtedly has its uses even in these advanced times. The Little Birdie There is a little story connected with the tintype shop about the iilittle birdie" that every photographer is supposed to have in his studio. There is a iibirdie'i in this studio, and this is how it came to be there. It seems that when Mr. Edison was visiting the village and came to the studio to have his picture taken some one remarked that he looked sort of cross. Mr. Henry Ford immediately asked if they had a ttbirdie." "No," said the photographer. So Mr. Ford sent for one, and when Mr. Edison saw it he began to smile and the photographer got a fine picture of him, and you can see this picture now in the tintype shop when you visit it. This is a very popular building to visitors who come to the village, and starting with Mr. Edison there is a long list of famous people who have stopped there and tried to nsmile at the birdie" iConcluded on page 8i Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield ViJaLze. Dearborn. Mivhizan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson. Assoriale Editors Susan Aldnrdyce. Serial Artivz'ties Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton. Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, David Higgins, Ruth Randall qun School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, Lilah Creger. Jennie Cibrawaki Brownville, Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington Academy School, Marjorie chkwire, DewainBrooks Comfort School, Helen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School. Gertrude Druillard, Agnes M ontgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS Our Gardens April is the month that makes us think of spring, the great outdoors and the joy of working hand in hand with nature, and later in cultivating the vegetables in our school gardens which have been so beneficial to all of us. School gardens have recently become an Important part of the study course, in both rural and city districts. A garden is of physical benefit, due to the healthful outdoor exercise. A garden teaches regard for the right of others, because a child who has cared for his garden from its seedtime under- stands what ownership means. It also teaches the child who keeps the home table supplied with fresh vegetables, how work changes itself into pennies which grow into dollars. A garden helps to form the good habit of thrift, when its surplus is sold and the boy or girl encouraged to put this money in the bank or to spend it Wisely. A good plan would be for the parents to pay their children for all the vegetables used for the table. This would be interesting to the children and would make them enthusiastic about their gardens. It would teach them that a garden is an education in economics. The gardens of the pupils of the Greenfield Village schools are located on a beautiful slope at the corner of Airport Drive and Southfield Road. Each child has an equal amount to work on. Just before school is out we are taken over and our gardens are assigned to us. In the center of each garden, there is a small Sign, painted in black and white, wluch gives the name, age, and grade of the child who is to work in that particu- lar garden. All the vegetables are usually planted by this time, and each row is tagged with a thin wooden marker. We usually have two rows of potatoes, two of tomatoes, a row of green peppers, eggplant, cabbage, radishes, onions, carrots, lettuce, peas, and parsnips. There is a supply of small rakes and hoes at the entrance to our gardens, and it really is great fun to cultivate the vegetables, and to keep a watchful eye for all the weeds which are bound to come up. About once a week, we take the hand cultivator and go over the whole garden. Our gardener is always ready to help us in any way he can. He tells us how each vegetable should be taken care of and does his share in making our gardens a success. In the fall, we can our surplus vege- tables, which are displayed at the Fall Festival given in the Engineering Labo- ratory building. The evening is enjoyed by all the parents, and usually dancing follows. eBetty Hutchinson, Edison Insm'iute High School. NW Persistence Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not; nothing is more common than unsuccess- ful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent. The slogan ttPress on" has solved and will solve the problem of the human raceeCalvin Coolidge. -Selected by Margaret Jean Hindman, Town Hall School. MN My Dogs Lady and Sandy At our house we have two bulldogs. Their names are Lady and Sandy. Sandy, who is a pup, is very playful, but Lady is much older and sleeps 3 great part DI the time. They both have boxes in the furnace room in the basement for their beds, and sleep side by side each night, which is a very cute sight to see. One evening mother heard Lady crying downstairs, Mother went down to see what was the trouble and found that Sandy had gotten in Ladyls box and refused to get out, which bothered Lady very much. The only satisfaction Lady got was a bark every time she came near him. Mother took Sandy out of the box, which disgusted him very much. Then Lady climbed in her box and all was well. eCaihe'rine IVIiller, Scotch Settlement. Short Lessons in Journalism The following are a few rules for preparing and sending in copy for pub- lication: In writing copy do not waste words, but be sure that you do not omit neces- sary facts. Be sure of your spelling. It is a good rule to have a dictionary beside you, and if you have the least doubt about the spelling of a word, look it up. Take particular care in spelling the names of persons. Carelessness in this respect often leads to trouble and gives offense to the person concerned. Aim at short, crisp sentences, ex- pressed in simple, direct language. f your article is written by hand, be sure that you write as plainly as possible, especially when you are writing the names of persons or places. If your article is typewritten, do not use single spacing between the lines, because it does not leave room for cor- rections. Use double spacing. WRITE ON ONE SIDE OF YOUR PAPER ONLY. If you write on both sides of your paper the printer is apt to miss what is on the back. Do not fold your manuscript un- necessarily. Keep it as flat as possible. Above all: DO NOT HOLD BACK YOUR COPY UNTIL THE LAST MINUTE; if you do so it is apt to be held over, or get stale, or to be left out altogether. Both the editorial and the printing departments of the H erald will appreciate your observance of the above rules. H.M.S. Pinafore The Gilbert and Sullivan Operetta, H. 1V1. S. Pinafore, will be presented by the children of the Edison Institute- Greenfield Village Schools in the Edison Institute Auditorium on Wednesday evening, April 18. Rehearsals have been going on for some weeks, and the presen- tation is being looked forward to by those who derived so much pleasure from the Operetta when given last year. Of the little red brick schoolhouse As it stands upon the Green, I am thinking ever fondly As a place I oft have been, Now the sound of childrenls voices Floating in upon my ears, Carols softly, murmurs sweetly, Eve: to the heart endears. uOn the cheerful Village Green," I "Hear the Children Gayly Shout," "Michigan, My Michigan," "Old Dog Tray," there is no doubte Those are happy Village children, Singing songs they love so dear, Now their happy voices lifted, Dare to do and not to fear. Plainer yet and still more plainly, Voices in the schoolroom sound, As the daily recitation Takes its place in speedy round. Ever helpful, ever thoughtful. Kindllness to young and old, These are old McGuEey .maxims, Truly worth their weight in gold. Memories In the Chapel where you worship . t id its sweet simplicity, . ' There the true New England spirit Brings you closer still to me. All can not be real inventors, God has planned our lives. that we Each our pattern must be weavmg A design worth while to see. We must all be up and doing. Never stop or lag behind. Always put the best foot forward To the task we have in mind. As I rouse me from my musings, Just fond dreams they seem to be, Yet, in memory I am carried Back to days you seemed so free. Thus, dear happy Village Children, As you strive to Will your goal, With the proper Greenfield spirit. Try to live the uGolden Rule." Greetings to All!-- ' -Aiiltlren' C. Mason. former teacher of Smtcl; I Settlement School. HERALD Page Three What We Get " F rom Rubber When we see rubber products such as automobile tires, few 01 us stop to think of the long tedious process which took place before the rubber reached this stage of perfection. Rubber is made from the juice of plants and trees. Some is made from the juice of the Hevea tree, which sometimes grows as high as one hundred feet and yields an average of forty pounds of rubber a season. This tree protects itself from insects by secreting a poisonous and sticky juice. When the insect tries to dig its way into the tree the juice comes out find the insect is stuck fast; doomed to 1e. The trees are tapped by cutting grooves in them and placing a container to catch the juice. These containers are supposed to be emptied every night. There are many dilferent methods of tapping trees. One method is called the iiherringbone tapf, which is one long slit with others branching from it. Caoutchouc The juice from the trees is called ttcaoutchouc" before it is refined. It resembles milk as it is white when the rubber rises to the surface. When the cups of caoutchouc are collected they are held on paddles over a fire of leaves and palm nuts, until the liquid evapor- ates. This performance is repeated until there is a large lump of rubber on the paddle. The rubber is rolled into balls and then it is called crude rubber. These balls are sliced and dried, then they must be purified. In olden times they would put it into sacks and beat it, but now it is boiled to a certain degree. Balls for Playing An interesting thing about rubber is its history. Many years ago, in fact over five centuries ago, Christopher Columbus discovered the natives play- ing with balls which they said were made from the juice of a tree. A peculiar thing about these balls was that when you threw them to the ground they would bound back. Another discovery that took place a little later than that of Columbus was to the credit of a man named Torquemada, who While traveling noticed that the Mexicans used this same substance for making their cloaks waterproof. Another person discovered that this juice would remove marks of a lead pencil. People thought that as long as it would rub out pencil marks iirubber" would be a suitable name for it. From that time on this substance has been called iirubberfi So many things have been manu- factured from rubber that one wonders what we Would do without it. "One also wonders what more will be made from it in the future. eLois Anderson, Comfort. NM AUTOBIOGRAPHY I was born November 17, 1921, in Ypsilanti, Michigan. I have lived on one farm all my life. I go to Rawson- ville School, which is about one-quarter of a mile from my home. I am in the seventh class and have had Mrs. Allen for my teacher for seven years. Cyril, my brother, is going to gradu- ate from Belleville High School this year, we hope. My father is ahighway commissioner for Ypsilanti Township. He has been highway commissioner for a long time. I have several pets-a dog, cat, calf, doves, and quails. My dog "Cubby," who is eleven years old, is the only one I have ever had. During my first three or four years he always met me at the top of the hill after school. -eLois Corkins, Rawsomville. NW KEEPING A DIARY IN COMFORT SCHOOL The fifth language class has been keeping a diary. Margaret Cadmus had some very interesting parts in hers. For example: Sunday, March 18e1 got up this morning, and what do you think? There was snow on the ground in big drifts. I was disappointed, for now, I thought, I couldnit go to church. But mother said we would go anyway. The Jubilee Singers from Adrian High School were there. They were all negroes. I enjoyed them very much. Wednesday, March 21-Spring has come, but it is cold outside, more like winter. I guess the birds wont be back for a while. Just another day and PH get my diphtheria shot. Pve had shots for asthma before, and I know how it feels. Wednesday, March ZSeItls thawing outdoors a little. I look out every few hours to see if the high drifts have melted away. After we had dinner yesterday, we played the game called "stillwaterfi We spend many happy hours in the schoolroom, and are sad when the last bell rings. We met a snowplow on the road last night, and just got out of the way in time. Robins, bluebirds, wrens, red-winged blackbirds, song sparrows, killdeer, and mourning doves have been seen this spring by different children. THE USES OF CARBON Carbon is an important element and is one of the most abundant in nature, for it is found everywhere and in com- bination with other elements. There are three kinds of carbon, of which the diamond is the rarest and purest. Next in line is graphite, which can stand a large amount of heat. It can be made into bowls used to heat or melt substances to a high degree. It is also used for many other purposes. The third kind of carbon is found in lampblack, coke, charcoal, and in hard and soft coal. Carbon combines with many other elements and is found in the air and in oils. The human body contains a large amount of carbon. Carbon furnishes us with heat, as in coal and wood when used as fuel; with gas, as used in the kitchen range, and with oil for the furnace. Edison made his incandescent lamp out of a filament of carbon. He also made his telephone transmitter out of lampblack. Carbon is also used to make brushes for generators and motors. Charcoal is used for filtering and purify- ing purposes. It is also used in lead pencils in the form of graphite, in print- ing ink in the form of lampblack, and in carbon paper. We could not live Without carbon. -James Gardner and Lowell Apesech, Scotch Settlement. On the Usefulness of Mathematics By Benjamin Franklim . Benjamin Franklin, printer, pub- lisher, philosopher, statesman, and in- ventor, was born January 17, 1706, and died April 17, 1790. The following selection from his treatise HOn the use- fulness of the mathematics" throws much light on the practical application of that anolent science: Mathematics originally signified any kind of discipline or learning, but now it is taken for that science which teaches or-contemplates whatever is capable of belng numbered or measured. That part of the mathematics which relates to numbers only is called arithmetic; and that which is concerned about measure 1n general, whether length, breadth, motion, force, etc., is called geometry. As to the usefulness of arithmetic, it is well known that no business, com- merce, trade, or employment whatso- ever, even from the merchant, etc., can be .managed or carried on without the ass1stance of numbers; for by these the trader computes the value of all sorts of goods that he dealeth in, does his busi- ness with ease and certainty, and informs himself how matters stand at any time With respect to men, money, or merchan- dise, to profit and loss, whether he goes forward or backward, grows richer or poorer. Neither is this science only useful to the merchant, but is reckoned the primum mobile tor first moverl of all mundane affairs in general, and is useful for all sorts and degrees of men, from the highest to the lowest. Geometry As to the usefulness of geometry, it is as certain that no curious art or mechanic work can either he invented, improved, or performed without its assisting principles. It is owing to this that astronomers are put into the Way of making their observations, coming at the knowledge of the extent of the heavens, the dura- tion of time, the motions, magnitudes, and distances of the heavenly bodies, their Situations, positions, risings, set- tlngs, aspects and eclipses; also the measure of seasons, of years, and of ages. It IS by the assistance of this science that geographers present to our view at once the magnitude and form of the whole earth, the vast extent of the seas, the divisions of empires, kingdoms, and provmces. It is by the help of geometry the ingenious mariner is instructed how to guide a ship through the vast ocean, from one part of the earth to another, the nearest and safest way and in the shortest time. By the help of this science the architects take their just measures for the structure of buildings, as private houses, churches, palaces, ships, forti- fications, etc. By its help engineers conduct all their works, take the situation and plan of towns, forts, and castles, measure their distance from one another, and carry their measures into places that are only accessible of the eye. Erom hence also is deduced that admirable art of drawing sun-dials on any plane howsoever situate, and for IConcluded on Page 8i Page Four HERALD E33 WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING F9??? Rid Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement During the storm on March 27, snow fell to a depth of about one foot. It was so deep that sleighs had to be sent for the school children instead of the busses. It was lots of fun to ride in the sleighs. There were many cars stuck in the snow. Along the streets the cars would slide all over. Some children who were walk- ing to school later got picked up. -Evelyn Richardson. On Friday, March 23, Mr. Bacon came to the Scotch Settlement School and the Town Hall School. With him he brought a picture of a robin over its nest. This was a surprise for us because we have been having two-point perspec- tive pictures. -Franklyn W eeks. Mr. Koch surprised us by coming to chapel to hear us sing Monday, March 26. We sang two songs for him in the morning. One was "Hats off, the fiag goes by," and the second was "Flow gertly, sweet Afton." Next day Mr. Koch agaln came, and we sang some of our Operetta songs for him. We also sang tiShall we gather at the river'Pl and "Let the lower lights be burning." We surely appreciate having him help us smg. -Erna J ensen. The fifth class spelling bee was won by Erwin Spencer. He won by spelling ttbelievefi The sixth class match was won by John Perry when he spelled iicommand." In the seventh class Ann Hood won, spelling "dilhculty." Billy McLeod was the victor in the eighth class contest by spelling iimelaneholy" correctly. e-Jack M cCloud. . On Tuesday, March 27, at 8 olclock 1n the morning, instead of busses coming for the children, there came sleighs. At first I thought it was a snowplow-and was I surprised to find it a Greenfield Village school sleigh! On our way to school we covered our heads up to keep warm. We all appreciated the sleigh r1 e. -Donald Donovan. The Spelling Bee The spelling bee which took place in the Scotch Settlement School on Wednesday, March 28, was very exciting near the end. There were three boys and two girls Who spelled every word which Miss Webster pronounced, until she gave the word "unanimously," when all who were standing went down except one boy who spelled it correctly. Thomas Marshall of the eighth class became first winner. Then the two boys and the two girls stood up again to see who was to take second place. They spelled a few words, then Miss Webster pro- nounced iiinability." James Gardner, John Perry, and Irene Stead, all went down on this word, but Barbara Shel- drick who was last to try, spelled it gorrectly. She was second in the spelling ee. Thomas Marshall will spell against the winners of the other schools. If Thomas Marshall cannot go to this contest we will send the one who took second place to spell against the winners. Erwin Spencer was the last fifth class pupil standing. James Gardner was the last of the seventh class, and Thomas Marshall the last of the eighth class. eJ. G. Rucker. Little canary swift of wing, Little goldfmch sing and sing. Anlarjarie Elmer. A man in words and not in deeds Is like a garden full of weeds. -Elaine Wyman. Easter Vacation It might be an old custom, Giving us a week's vacation, To have a lot of resting, But to me this is no sensation. For early to rise, And help with the dishes, And maybe bake pies, Meets not with my wishes. To school lid rather go, Opportunities are there; Our opera will be showing, Most beautiful and rare. Reading, writing, 'rithmetic, Are Very hard, of course, But if to study you do stick You'll get to ride a horse. -Elaine Wyman. Town Hall There was a spelling match on Wed- nesday, March 28. Marjorie McCarroll was the winner for the Town Hall School, with Carol Bryant runner-up. The last five standin g were Helene Walker, Mary Caroline Haigh, Margaret Jean Hind- man, Carol Bryant and Marjorie Mc- Carroll. HHelene Walker. Stories As Told by Our Class We, the fourth class of the Town Hall School, Greenfield Village, have enjoyed the stories ttAdvantages of IndustryH and "Consequences of Idle- ness" in our McGuifey Readers very much. After we had read them we talked about the two boys, and the reasons Why one was so happy and use- ful, and the other so useless and unhappy. Here are the stories retold in the words of two of our class: The Idle Boy When George Jones was twelve years old his father sent him to an academy, and gave him books to read and study. But George was idle. The preceptor often told him that if he didnit study he wouldnit succeed. But all George thought of was pleasure. When the preceptor called on him to recite he would stutter so much that the class could not help laughing. When recess came, all the boys came running out except George. The boys didn't choose him on their side when they played ball. When he was in school he would spend his time in catching hies, and sometimes would sleep. When the preceptoris back was turned he would throw a paper ball across the room. At last he went to college. He did poorly at the examination. But they thought he was so frightened that he could not answer better. Now came the hard times for George. He hadnit studied for so long that he couldnit keep up with the class. In the academy there were only two or three boys to laugh at him, but now there were students from all over the country. He sat every moment in his seat trembling, expecting to be called on to recite. The ohicers soon told him to go home to study. He came back in a few months, but did no better. Too late he had learned that he should have studied when he went to school. eCharlotte Simpson. The Happy Boy There was a boy who wanted to be a good student, whose name was Charles Bullard. He did not want to be idle. Charles worked hard in school, and when recess came he felt like playing. When recess was over he felt like studying. When his lessons were very hard he stayed in at recess, but he hardly ever did this. At recess he could play ball about the best among the boys, and everybody was glad to be on the side he played on. The teacher could not help liking him. When he entered college he answered all the questions they asked him. Charles f ound it easy to keep up with the class and had time for reading interest- ing books. When reciting he hardly ever made mistakes. He was respected by all his friends. When Charles graduated everybody knew he was a good scholar and respected him. He is still happy and has a happy home. ttWith books or work or healthful play Let your first years be passed, That you may give for every day Some good account at last." -1Margaret Berry. The Easter Rabbit Easter comes but once a year, When it comes it brings us cheer; Mr. Bunny Cottontail- At night he hits the Easter trail. On that night he hops along, With the big moon shining down, And the stars a-twinkling bright, Lead him with their tiny light. He visits houses big or small, Jumps through windows in the wall; If he fails he tries again, His ambition to attain. When Bunny's task is once begun, He never leaves it till it's done; Be the baskets large or small, He surely fills them for us all. -Wilma Barth. To Our School Friendship is the golden chain That firmly holds with might by links of laughter, Smiles and tears entwined in memory's golden years That reach afar to the long trail's end, And bends the heart of friend and friend. -Suzamze W essinger and J une Bummer. Spring When the birds come to sing, The little children swing, And roll their hoops all day; Then the boys kick balls around, And play with marbles on the ground. e-David English. Merry spring, will you bring Back the little birds to sing; I am sad, make me glad- Gentle, laughing, merry spring. eWilma Barth. HERALD Page F ive Clinton Inn On the twenty-third of March, the first, second and third class children enjoyed their first independent adventure in dramatic production. The familiar rhymes of Mother Goose were presented under the sug- gested title of IiThe Episodes of Mother Goose." The action was presented in silhouette form, and all the children took part. The performance was given as a surprise for the parents. The children believe that their Work Will help them when they take part in the spring opera that is to be given by the entire school. mm WILLOW RUN The following stories are selected from the language lesson at Willow Run School: Rainy Days On rainy days my brother and I play with my dolly. We play house and we pretend that she is sick. My brother is the doctor and Iim the nurse. When my dolly gets ttvery sick" we get our car out and take her to the Ford Hospital. 'They soon make her all right. -Emma Spencer. When it rains and we canit go out, we go in the closet and get the old trunk out. We iind some long dresses and some shawls and hats, and big, high- heeled shoes that would fit us twice. Then we take different rooms for our house. We go out for tea, too, and have lots of fun. eHelen H ewitt. As I was looking out of the window it reminded me of a rainy day last summer. It was raining when I went out to play. I was running through the water when my dad came out. He felt my shoes, and they were wet. I had to go upstairs to bed. I came down in an hour and asked my dad if I could play up in the barn. He let me go, and when I got to the barn I got a saddle and put it on the old cow. The cow didn't like it but I didnit care. I opened the door and got on the cow. She kicked me 01f but it didnit hurt. I got on again and the cow started to run out of doors. I let her go, but when she got outside she turned very quickly and knocked me off in the mud. Was I a sight? When I got in the house my dad saw meeOh! Oh! eRussell Aikens. Teakwood At Greenfield Village, in the Edison Institute Museum, they are making a iioor of teakwood. Teakwood is very hard. I was reading HUncle Ben's Letter" in the newspaper the other day. It was about teakwood. Uncle Ben was visiting India. Some big elephants were carrying logs. One elephant can do the work of forty natives. Many teak trees grow in India. They are the tallest trees in the forest. Some grow to be two hundred feet high. The leaves are used for purple dye. Teakwood is very strong and lasts for a long time. It is used in shipbuilding and in making fine furniture. The teakwood used in laying the floor of the museum came from Burma. eGene Barnes. Playing at Belleville Last week we played in Belleville. The Royal Neighbors of America had their annual supper and dance. When we first began to play we were quite nervous. We played three pieces. When we were in the middle of the pro- gram we weren't so nervous. Everybody liked the music. After we were through playing, we ate supper. We had beans, potato salad, bread and butter, cake and popcorn. After supper there was a dance. We were glad we had had lessons. We danced the square dances. Then came the last dance, "Home Sweet Home," which meant it was time to go. We had a very good time. eBilly Sparrow. Wednesday the first class children wrote letters to the Easter Bunny. They asked him to leave thirty-six eggs. Then they decorated two boxes and hid them under the woodpile, with the letters inside. Thursday morning they were very excited to find the bunny had left some eggs. At the last recess, when the children were outside, the first class had lots of fun hiding an egg in each childis desk. Of course we were all Iisurprised." MPhyllis La Fame. RAWSONVILLE We have seen several robins around the school this year. We are going to make some houses for them. We are also going to make some houses for the wrens. The other morning we saw a cardinal. Mr. Susterka has some birds that come around every night for their sup- per. There are two cardinals, but being jealous of each other they come at diEerent times to eat. The song spar- row, that also comes, hides in the bushes when Mr. Susterka goes to feed him. eLois Corkins. After the big snowstorm we made six or eight tunnels, which took us nearly two days. We hadnlt them finished very long before they began to disappear. Mrs. Allen has ordered maps from the Weather Bureau ohice for one month. From what we learned from them this morning, I think we shall enjoy them very much. But we are going to watch them day by day. -Robert N elson. During the big snowstorm we had an extra vacation of four days because Mrs. Allen could not reach school through the big drifts. The drifts were about four feet high in many places. We are planning to make it up on Saturdays if everybody is willing. We called it our surprise Vacation. During the storm I saw two crows across from our house. The crows had a small quail which they were going to have for their breakfast. But they were soon disappointed, because my father went out and scared them away. We took care of the quail and brought him in the house, but hnally he died. eLois Corkins.' OLD STONE PENNINGTON An interesting thing happened during the spell-down period at Pennington School recently. Pearl Clark, a fifth class pupil, asked if her class of four coulgi spell along with the ninth class pupils. The result was that Pearl walked off with the second medal. Thelma, a ninth class pupil, won the iirst medal. Each morning we go to chapel. Our chapel programs. are prepared by the puplls. One pupil has charge of getting the programs ready for the week. Each week a dlEerent pupil is chosen to take charge. Mr. Lovett sent us some new books for ourlschool library. We find them interestmg and we appreciate them very much. Also, we have a new history text- book. The title is Man's Great Adven- ture, by Edwin W. Pahlow. eRuth Randall. NM MILLS SCHOOL Easter Bunny I put my Easter basket out, I love the eggs, you know; The Easter rabbit jumps about, And puts them in a row. Little Robin Redbreast Little Robin Redbreast, Sitting on a tree; Singing and singing, Happy as can be. Little Robin Redbreast, Singing merrily; Do it once again, Do it just for me. mm BROWNVILLE iWise and Otherwisei Kathryn. Dermyer-Life is What you make 1t; donit do anything I wouldnt do. . Esther SlatereKeep your scandals llke good coffee: always without grounds. Frances J ohnsoneNever run after streets cars or lost opportunities, thereill be another along in a minute. 'Catherine ListereWise people change thelr mlnds; fools never do. Kathryn AntheseThat way. isnit my .Gladys ListereNature is the best artist. Doris HarringtoneLife is what you make it. So do what you think is really, truly right. MN GREEN LANE ACADEMY The following anecdotes relating to the little ones of Green Lane Academy have been contributed by Margaret Papp: ' One morning a little boy, after just having arrived from home, asked, "When are we going to have dinner?" A little boy, just after having eaten a hearty dinner, held up a piece of celery and said, "I have just a little more tContinued on Page 1m Page Six HERALD - - - Though Winter Lingers in the Wake of Spring - ., - WHAT THE STORM DID A Double Surprise The dawn of Tuesday morning, March 27, broke forth clear and bright, but very different from What one might expect. It had been snowing steadily through the night; so naturally the ground was covered with snow. It was the most snow that welve had since 1929, and in some places it was ten inches deep. Everything was covered. The children of the Greenfield Village schools were seen waiting anxiously at their bus stop. Finally they were notified that they would be picked up on sleighs. The pupils were all very excited, and fairly danced with joy. Soon the merry jingle of sleigh bells was heard, and many people looked in amusement at the children piling in the Vehicles. It was quite an unusual sight in this day and age to see sleighs gliding swiftly along the road. At last the children arrived at school to begin their days work. Near the end of the morning period the children were told that they would eat their lunch at the restaurant, which is in the labora- tory building. It seemed too good to be true, to have two nice surprises that day. The pupils were served a very health- ful. and delicious meal, which everyone enjoyed heartily. At the end of the meal, they could have their choice of an apple, a banana, or an orange. After the meal was over the children drove back to school in the sleighs. It might well be said, that tit was the end of a perfect day." -Barbara Sheldrick, Edison Institute High School. OUR SLEIGH RIDE Tuesday, March 27eWhen I awoke this morning there was a great deal of snow on the ground, and it was still snowing. The bus was ordinarily supposed to call for Katharine, my sister, and me at 8:05 but when 8:05 arrived, no bus. At 8:25, there was still no bus, but about 8:30 I saw a sleigh coming up the drive. It had come to take us to school, because the busses could not get through the snow. It was great fun. We had to ride all over the town looking for the children that rode in our bus, but they had all gone in other sleighs. All there were in our sleigh were Erwin Spencer, Katharine, and myself. We got to chapel about 9:05. Many of the children had not yet arrived. At about 11:25 a man came for all the children,s telephone numbers and addresses of the people who didnt have telephones. About five minutes later Mr. Dahlinger came in and said we were going to eat at the restaurant. At 12:00 the sleighs came, and we went to lunch. When we had removed our wraps, and sat down to the big U shaped table, the men came in and gave us each a bowl of soup. Each person SLEDS ARE PUT AWAY Girls of Greenfield Village Schools bid farewell to winter as they assemble their sleds for storage until the season of frost and snow and thrilling rides again arrives. had a big glass of milk. Dishes of fruit placed at regular intervals the entire length of the table added a bit of color to the happy scene. When we finished our soup, they brought us potatoes, beans, rutabagas, and frankfurters. For dessert we had ice cream and fruit. It was all very nice, and everyone enjoyed it. The sleighs were there to take us back to school. It was a happy time that we shall never forget. eCarol Bryant, Town Hall School. A PERFECT DAY 2Whoopie" was the word that was heard from all the children as they rode to school in sleds. On March 26, all the bobsleds and cutters were sent around GOODBYE WINTER 4b '8 Snow is melting, Brooks are running; Warm rain pelting, Spring is coming. Buds are springing, Sap is flowing; Birds are winging Sunlightts glowing. Waters sinking, Earth refreshing; Flowers drinking, Sun caressing. All nature waking, New life starting; Springtime breaking, New joy imparting. -Pbota and Verse by Wilbur Donaldson, Edison Institute High School. HERALD Page Seven Birds and F lowers Their FIRST BALL GAME THIS SEASON Encougaged by the sunshine and the advent of the robin, the boys of Greenfield Village Schools get going on a friendly game of baseball. It is their first venture into the field of summer sport for 1934. to pick up the children. The snow was deep and the sleds ran smoothly. There were nine or ten sleds full of happy chlldren singing and shouting on their way to school. The sleds took all the boysland girls to chapel where their morning services are held. .After chapel the boys and girls of the Edison Institute High School all jumped in the sleds for another ride. This ride took them to school. About 11:30 word was sent that We woilld eat at the restaurant. When we arrived at the restaurant we saw three long tables set for us. First of all we had tomato soup. Next we had potatoes, turnips, string beans and hot dogs. Our dessert was strawberry and chocolate ice cream. After lunch pictures were taken of us in the sleds. Pm sure everyone enjoyed this day and we want to thank all concerned for doing all these things for us. -Irene Stead, Edison I nslitule H igh School. NW N ature Notes The following notes on birds are from pupils of the Scotch Settlement School: The Mocking Bird The mocking bird is the great vocal- ist of America. Its colors are gray and white. It is found in gardens, pastures, and open woods. In its habits it is similar to the catbird, and like the cat- bird it is given to imitating the notes of the other birds. Its song is an indescrib- able medley, sometimes very sweet and pleasing, at others, harsh and unmusicai. The mocking birdis nest is usually built inimpenetrable thickets or hedges; or, agam, in more open situations in the garden, and is made of twigs and rootlets. The four or five eggs are bluish green with blotches of reddish brown. eAlben Roberts. Red-headed Woodpecker Thisvery handsome species of wood- pecker is common in the middle and central states. It is the ruffian of the family, very noisy and quarrelsome. One of its worst traits is the devouring of the eggs and young of other birds. They also eat insects and grubs and a great deal of fruit. When the birds are young they have a gray head streaked with black. The head and breast of the adults are red. Their nests are in trees in the woods, orchards, fence posts, and "Sailing, Sailing" Bruce and Kathryn Anthes, Brownville School, on the boat, during a trip to Palm Beach, Florida, in search of sunshine, which they seem to have found. An account of the travels 01' Naomi Kathryn appeared in our last issue. Brightness Bring - - - telegraph poles. In May they lay four to six glossy eggs. Their call is a loud whining uCharr, charr," besides numer- ous other calls and imitations. eJimm'ie Dates. Starling A starlingis plumage is metallic green and purple, heavily spotted, both above and below, with buff and white. The starling seems ever ready to pick a quarrel, and is master over the English sparrow. It is a very hardy bird. Its short tail and long Wings are good for identification. Starlings are guilck and active, but are becoming objectionable owing to their large numbers. -Jean M cM ullin. Whip-Poor-Will The whip-poor-wills and the night- hawks belong to the family of the "goat- suckers," a most unusual name for birds. In Europe the people believed that these birds lived by milking the goats, a super- stition that came no doubt from the sight of the birds hying close to the goats in the twilight to feed on the numerous insects surrounding them. The goat- suckers have small weak feet but strong, well-developed wings. Their mamiood consists of insects, and in the tWIhght most of their time is spent flying aboxit, sweeping up the insects from the air, but during the day they rest much 0f.the time. Though often heard, these birds are rarely seen except at tw111ght when they utter their peculiar rhythmic calls. The whip-poor-will is named Iafter its call note. The male can be distinguished from the female by a white breast band, that of the female being buiT colored. The Whip-poor-will does not make a nest, but lays two eggs on the ground or on other flat surfaces. Poor-Will In suitable places through the high semi-desert regions of the Southwest the poor-will is to be heard, though not frequently seen. The sudden cry of ttpoor-will, poor-will," is mournful enough, like a voice from the spirit world. It may be heard at dusk as the bird fiies about after a day of rest on the ground. The poorswill resembles the whip-poor-will in shape and color, but it is smaller. Nature has furnished it with an excellent camouflage, for its frosted gray plumage so harmonizes with its surroundings as almost to con- ceal the bird even when in plain sight. The female differs from the male only in having narrow buff tips to the outer tail feathers instead of the broad white ones that adorn the coat of the male. The poor-Will captures its prey of various insects by short flights, in much the same way as the whip-poor-will. Its two white-spotted eggs are usually laid on the bare ground without any attempt at nest building. eHarry Schumann. Butterflies and Moths The Cocoon The life of the butterfly and the moth is almost the same. They lay a great many eggs and from these hatch out tiny wormlike grubs, called caterpillars. tContinued on Page 8 Page Eight HERALD Visiting the Tintype Shop tConcluded from page D as Mr. Edison did. Among the list you will find such names as Jack Miner, the famous bird lover. Used at Bull Run There is a camera in the shop that is about eighty-five years old, which was used at the time of the Civil War; in fact it is said that this very camera was used at the Battle of Bull Run. We are told that the only official war pictures of that ,day are tintypes. Since the photograph negative had to be wet it meant that the photographer in order to get pictures had to act quickly, because these plates dried in from three to iive minutes. After we have learned all we can about old tintype photography, we will have a better understanding of the new. On the Usefulness of Mathematics iConcluded from page 3i any part of the world, to point out the exact time of the day, sunis declination, altitude, amplitude, azimuth, and other astronomical matters. By geometry the surveyor is directed how to draw a map of any country, to divide his lands, and to lay down and plot any piece of ground, and thereby dis- cover the area in acres, rods, and perches; the gauger is instructed how to find the capacities or solid contents of all kinds of vessels, in barrels, gallons, bushels, etc.; and the measurer is furnished with rules for finding the areas and contents of superficies and solids, and casting up all manner of workmanship. All these and many more useful arts too many to be enumerated here, wholly depend on the aforesaid scienceSevizq arithmetic and geometry. This science is descended from the infancy of the world, the inventors of which were the first propagators of humankind, as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and divers others. There has not been any science so much esteemed and honored as this of the mathematics, nor with so much industry and Vigilance become the care of great men. NM Nature Notes tConcluded from page 'D The caterpillar crawls about among the leaves of plants and feeds on thern. They do nothing but eat and fill them stomachs as full as they will hold. This food is stored up in the body in the form of fat, and is used to build up wings, legs, etc., when the caterpillar turns into a moth 0r butterfiy later on. When the caterpillar is ready to turn into a butterfly it spins itself a house of silk which is called a cocoon. It then sleeps for weeks until it finally changes into a butterfly or moth. When it first comes out it is still for hours in order to let its thin, moist wings spread out. Then it waves them backwards and forwards slowly, to dry them and finally flies away. The cocoon is usually found under leaves or in sheltered places, but is also found on branches of small trees and bushes. It is very interesting to gather a number of these cocoons and wait for them to hatch and see the beautiful colors on the butterfly. eBilly Faustman, Scotch Settlement. Red-Winged Blackbird Like its yellow-headed cousins, aunts and uncles, the red-winged blackbird dwells in marshy places. Its song, itquer-e-e-e-e," is as sure a sign of the presence of water as is the creaking of the frogs in the spring. It may be only a boggy marshland, or it may be a reedy lakeside, but water there will surely be. The male in spring or early summer is unmistakable with its brilliant red shoulders. In winter its feathers are tipped with brown, and the colors are less marked in the young. The feathers ' of the streaked female are grayish brown, with bits of red on the shoulders. Except when nesting, redwings live in hacks. The nest is built in alders or other bushes, and sometimes on the ground. Although the birds arrive at their nesting places in March, their pale blue eggs, spotted and blotched, are not laid until May. Eastern North America, from Florida to Canada, is the home of redwings during the nesting season. In the winter they; are found southward from Mary- an . eGloria H utchinson, Town H all School. The Good Bunny Easter was coming soon and every- body was getting ready for that happy day. But there was one little bunny who was not happy. Why? Well, I will tell you. He had been hopping along one day and to his surprise he saw a little girl crying. She was crying because she wasnit going to have a happy Easter. So, what should she do? One day, after the bunny had been thinking, he had a good idea. He thought, "I shall spend all my money for that little girl and make her happy." Yes, but what was he going to give her? This was the question before the bunny. ith, I have itfi he said. It was the night before Easter. The bunny was running toward the little girlis house, and in the morning when she awoke she was so surprised, and she wondered who had brought her such lovely gifts. eMargaret Berry, Town H all School. The Harmless Serpent The blue racer of Michigan is a harm- less snake. It is bluish on its stomach and a dark olive green on the back. It is somewhat like the Texas blue bull snake. The blue racer lives around rocks and trees. It can climb very well. It is the best of all Michigan snakes for a pet. It feeds largely on mice and rats, and is a true friend to farmers, but they donit realize this and kill the snakes. -Russell Reader, Scotch Settlement. NW Olives, which are usually thought of as a relish, are really of high food value. In fact, five green olives contain the same amount of nourishment as an egg. . e-Helen H ewztt. Creatures of the Wild Find a Sanctuary We are realizing more and more each day that our Wayside Inn estate is actually becoming a sanctuary for wild life. We see new animals and birds constantly. Among those beings of the animal world that make their habitat on the estate are the deer, the muskrat, the f ox, the raccoon, the skunk, the weasel, the mink, the marten, and the rabbit. The birds that we have seen are the hawk, the crow, the owl, the blue jay, the robin, the bluebird, the wren, the cardinal, the mocking bird, the magpie, the starling, the sparrow, the thrush, the nightingale, the oriole, the chicadee, the swallow and the woodpecker. We wel- come all and every species of birds and animals to our home. Wild life about an estate is a valuable asset. Nature is beautiful and unless we can restore to nature all that is essential and necessary then we do not do ourselves justice. The Busy Muskrat At present the muskrat is the little fellow that draws the most attention. These rodents when full grown are about four times as large as the ordinary brown rat. It has a blunt muzzle, a short and hardly noticeable neck, and a stout body. The tail is characteristic, about two- thirds as long as the head and body, compressed laterally, and tapering to a rather acute point; the thinly scattered hairs on the tail do not conceal the small but distinctly marked scales. The eyes are small, black, and beady. The ears are short, covered with hairs, and in winter almost wholly concealed in the fur. Except the beaver no inland fur- bearing animal leads a more aquatic life than the muskrat. The animal lives in a house composed of rushes, grasses, and roots and stems of other aquatic plants. The structure rests on the bot- tom of a shallow pond, and is built mainly of the kind of plants on which the animals feed. The houses are mostly for winter shelter and food and are seldom used as receptacles for the young. Occasionally when driven from other houses or when excluded from underground burrows by barriers of ice or frozen ground, more than one family may occupy a single house. When banks of streams or ponds are high enough for the purpose, musk- rats burrow into them. Entrances to the tunnels are almost always under water, and the approach to them is, if possible, by channels of sufficient depth to prevent ice from closing the passage. The tunnels extend upward into the bank above the level of the water. They often rise to Within a few inches of the surface of the ground and are frequently pro- tected above by roots, by trees and shrubs, or by thickly matted turf. These tunnels extend ten to fifty feet into the bank and terminate in a roomy chamber which sometimes contains a bulky nest composed of dried vegetation. Usually two tunnels lead from the nest to the water, and often a tunnel has two branches or outlets. Muskrats are known to breed from three to hve times a year and the litters average from six to eight young. At this rate of multipli- cation we should before many years have all the muskrats we want in our ponds. Cook, Wayside -Robert I an Boys School. HERALD Page Nine Our Schools tReceived Too Late for Classificationl MILLS SCHOOL Due to the heavy snow on Tuesday, March 27, Mills School had a forced vacation. Most of us have decided we would rather go to school because it was difficult to find anything to do. On Friday, March 30, We enjoyed a short program. We first discussed the reasons for observing Good Friday and Easter. Appropriate songs were sung by the children. The fifth and sixth classes gave a play, after which stories were told by several of the pupils and by our teacher. The main feature was a treat of candy Easter eggs. Anna Casna and Lilah Creger have entered the spelling contest, which is to be held at Britten, April 27. We wish ' them success. The fourth class in reading has com- pleted the book, and is now reading other books in the library. ' Monday afternoon, April 2, we had two visitors, Grace Creger and Rose Pennington. Rose, who attends the Stone School in Macon, is at home for spring vacation. MN WILLOW RUN The Gift of the Frost Along by the road A weed stands alone, A-winking at a silvery toad; The toad is singing in a dull, low tone, As the weed stands alone by the road. The toad is singing of his silvery look, As the weed looks ugly and sad; She mourns because of her brown dress, And wishes she had a gayer one. But one fine morning The weed sang to the toad, As he stood there to mourn; As he looked at her with Her dress of sparkling silver That the frost had given her. QJarlr Heurilti The Little Weed Out in the field All by herself, Was a little weed, Happy as an elf. Her dress was silver From the frost's own mine, And trimmed With diamonds, Oh, so Fine! She didn't envy the other flowers Their colors in the summer so gay, For she was more prettythy far, Though her dress only lasted a day. -Phyllz's Ln Forllts, MN Notes From Green Lane The sixth and seventh hygiene classes studied information about the brain. We looked up in the encyclopedia about it. We children think spring is nearly here, because the ground is thawing and it is getting warmer. Miss Boltz, our teacher, has been reading us a book called Kazan. She reads a few minutes every morning. BITS OF KNOWLEDGE FROM WILLOW RUN The passengers on the M auretam'a saw a big sea serpent 65 feet long, while passing through the Caribbean Sea. eEdith H oag. Dog tongs still may be seen hanging on their hooks in some old churches in rural England. Not so very long ago, when dogs accompanied their master to church, these long tongs were used to pick up and carry out those dogs that started a fight and interrupted the service. eBilly Sparrow. An Italian has made a tractor that will turn round in a yard and a half of space. It is for use around trees. -Walter Reinhackel. Cincinnati will transmit broadcasts from the worldls most powerful radio station. The vertical antenna stands eight hundred and thirty-one feet tall. eJack H ewitt. The name the Greeks used for amber was electron. It was from electron that electricity received its name. eFrank Reinhackel. The word i'rhinoceros" means ttnose horn." Historic Westminster Abbey has had a bath. The workmen used milk, because it not only cleans the stones but preserves them. HHelen Wellbrook. It is easy enough to be pleasant When life fiows along like a song, But the man worth while is the one who will smile When everything goes dead wrong. ltA blend of mirth and sadness, smiles and tears; A quaint knight errant of the pioneers; A homely hero born of star and sod; A peasant prince; a masterpiece of God." Let us have faith that right makes might; and in that faith let us to the end dare to do our duty as we under- stand it. eLincoln. A Farewell and a Welcome Winter with its snow and ice Is cold, of course, but oh! so nice To skate and coast way down a hill, And skiing, too, is such a thrill. Winter With its snow so white, We love the good old snowball fight, We love it so and have such fun We wish it only had begun. But now we feel the time is here To say good-by to Winter dear, And welcome spring, with sky so blue, When all the flowers come peeping through. Winter, good-by, youlve tarried long; Welll welcome spring with joyous song, For it brings loads of joy and cheere The happiest time of all the year. evBetty Hutchinson, Edison Institute High School. McGuffey Precepts and Maxims Value of Knowledge Knowledge is power. It is the philos- opher's stone, the true secret, that turns every thing it touches into gold. It is the scepter, that gives us our dominion over nature; the key, that unlocks the store-house of creation, and opens to us the treasures of the universe. The circumstances in which you are placed, as the members of a free and intelligent community, demand of you a careful improvement of the means of knowledge you enjoy. You live in an age of great mental excitement. The public mind is awake, and society in general is fast rising in the scale of im- provement. At the same time, the means of knowledge are most abundant. The road to honor, to usefulness, and happiness is open to all, and all who will, may enter upon it with the almost certain prospect of success. In this free community there are no privileged orders. Every man finds his level. If he has talents, he will be known and estimated, and rise in the respect and confidence of society. eMcGuffey Fifth Reader. Donlt Kill the Birds Donlt kill the birds! the little birds, That sing about your door, Soon as the j oyous spring has come, And chilling storms are oler. The little birds! how sweet they sing! 0, let them joyous live; And do not seek to take the life, Which you can never give. Don,t kill the birds! the pretty birds, That play among the trees; For earth would be a cheerless place, If it were not for these. The happy birds, the tuneful birds, How pleasant itis to see! No spot can be a cheerless place, Where,er their presence be. NM No Excellence Without Labor The education, moral and intellec- tual, of every individual, must be, chiefly, his own work. Rely upon it, that the ancients were right; both in morals and intellect, we give the final shape to our characters, and thus be- come, emphatically, the architects of our own fortune. How else could it happen, that young men, who have had precisely the same opportunities, should be continually presenting us with such different results, and rushing to such opposite destinies? Difference of talent will not solve it, because that difference is very often in favor of the disappointed candidate. You will see issuing from the walls of the same college, nay, sometimes from the bosom of the same family, two young men, of whom one will be admitted to be a genius of high order, the other scarcely above the point of mediocrity; yet you will see the genius sinking and perishing in poverty, obscurity, and wretchedness; while, on the other hand, you Will observe the mediocre plodding his slow but sure way up the hill of life, tContinued on page 12l Page Ten HERALD Our Schools tConcluded from page El room left for this little piece of celery." One day a story was being told to the children, and when the part was reached where "the donkey jumped up and kicked the robber," one of the little girls cried out with great satisfaction, HOh boy!" One little boy asked another, "What kind are the feathers on a wild Indian? Do they stand up or down?" Tuesday, March 20, was a big day at our school. Ann Thompson was six years old. Mrs. Thompson brought a large white cake and placed six pink candles upon it, and while Ann blew out the candles we each made a wish on her behalf. Mr. and Mrs. Thompson both stayed for luncheon. The pupils of the Green Lane Academy were vaccinated at the Tecum- seh High School for diphtheria on March 22. The children held their Easter party Thursday afternoon, March 29. They had previously made Easter baskets, and to help the Festival Rabbit and her six wee ones, which were present at our party, colored beautiful designs on eggs and placed them in their baskets along with their candy eggs. Each of the pupils of the academy presented his mother with an Easter fiower. HCeciele N etcher. mm COMFORT Most of us children are trying especi- ally hard in our penmanship, as we are planning to try to get a certificate from the Palmer Method Writing Company. In order to do this we have to send in a certain mimber of drills. If our pen- manship is accepted we may secure a certificate. Because of the heavy snowstorm we were unable to have school Tuesday, March 27. The sixth and seventh classes .in geography have studied Egypt, including the pyramids, Sphinx, and obelisks. The seventh and eighth classes are studying for the county spelling con- test, which is to be held April 27 at Tecumseh. NM CENTENNIAL The Centennial School Dramatic Club met Thursday evening, March 1, with twenty members present. Dorothy McConnel was initiated as a new mem- ber. Katherine Kemp is to be initiated at the next meeting. As the result of the election of officers Ray Williams will be the new president, Joe Glenn, Vice president, and Helen Anderson, secretary and treasurer. After the business meeting, games and dancing were enjoyed. Some of the high school pupils are to present a play at the next "P. T. A." meeting. The play is iiPeggy Makes Up Her Mind." Those in the cast are: Henry Weston, Ray Williams; Alicia, his wife, Helen Anderson; Peggy, their daughter, Gertrude Drouillard; Silas, Henryis brother, Lawrence Holdridge; Aunt Ann, Mrs. Westonis sister, Agnes Montgomery; Bert Barclay, the chauf- feur, J oe Glenn; J oyce, the maid, Sophia Glenn; Perkins, the butler, Harley Robinette. School closed Friday, March 30, for a week's vacation. We shall all be glad when the week is over. On account of spring vacation our Dramatic Club meeting will be post- poned a week. The art contest papers were judged Wednesday morning by Mr. Camburn, of Macon. The prize, a lovely autograph book, was awarded Helen Anderson by Mr. Chapman. Her drawing was a room interior. Monday morning, March 26, two new pupils entered Centennial School eRussel Junior Pilbeam, third class, and Nervin Pilbeam, second class. We now have twenty-nine pupils on our enrollment list. In the course of the year five pupils have moved away. Robert Montgomery, who has been a patient in the Henry Ford Hospital for some time, was operated on Tuesday, March 27, for sinus trouble. We hope that he will soon be able to return to school. On Tuesday morning, March 27, when Mr. Chapman called school, only six pupils were present. Because of the snowdrifts the rest were unable to be present. Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Chapman went to the Henry Ford Hospital to see Bob Montgomery on Friday. Minstrel Banquet Last Tuesday evening, March 27, the men of the Happy Hollow Minstrels with their wives and friends, gathered at the Centennial School for a banquet. Despite the heavy snowfall and blocked roads few were absent, The company assembled in the schoolroom at seven oiclock, and to the strains of a lively march passed to the banquet hall. The way was lead by George Kopka, inter- locutor of the show, and the end men and their wives. Sixty sat down at the tables, which were artistically decorated with sweet peas. After dinner, George Kopka, as toast- master, introduced the members of the show, and many excellent toasts were given. Later the floor was cleared and dancing was enjoyed to music furnished by Randallis Orchestra. !Agnes Montgomem , Gertrude Druillard. NEW WAYS, GEORGIA Dixie-Daniel tW. J. Hill, PrincipaD There were originally two districts here, each having a schoolhouse about the size of a freight car box. These were consolidated, the local people raising enough money to get Rosenwald aid. On August 29, 1931, the building was dedicated. Some of the white people who were helpers in securing this money were present. They included the follow- ing: Mr. J . F. Gregory, manager of the Ford Farms; Mr. and Mrs. Weather- spoon. Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Gill and family, Mr. W. E. Ludlow, Mr. Hugh Miner, Dr. Baper, Mrs. Clark,our clinic nurse; Mr. James Allen, Mr. Peter Glenn. We hold with pride and appreciation this four-teacher building. It is the only modern school building in this country for Negro youth. We have only two teachers this year, with a six months, term, but we hope to have three teachers another term, with eight months. We have one boy in our community that deserves to be mentioned in our first appearance in the Herald. His name is Benjamin Miller. He works during week-ends to earn his board and funds to pursue his studies. He doesn,t lose any time. If he is tardy or absent from a class he makes it up at noon. He has no one to depend on, and he is obedient, industrious, and kind. We are very grateful to have an opportunity to contribute to the H erald. We appreciate very much the eiTorts of those who have made it possible. -Rulh M ulino, assistant teacher. N N WAYSIDE INN SCHOOLS Boys School Homing Pigeons Two of the boys of the Wayside Inn Boys, School are raising homing pigeons. These birds are very useful for service wherever messages are to be sent to points where neither telephone nor telegraph service is available. The real value and worth of the homing pigeon was realized during our recent war when thousands of these birds were sent on dangerous flights to deliver important messages throughout the war zone. Some remarkable records were made by these birds during the war. One case of supreme endurance was noted on Octo- ber 21, 1918, in which a homing pigeon was released with an important message at Grande Pres at 2:35 p. m. during intense machine-gun and artillery firing. This bird delivered its message to the loft at Rampont, a distance of 24.84 miles, in 25 minutes. One leg had been shot off and its breast badly mutilated by a bullet but even under those condi- tions the bird delivered the message. I wonder how many of us realize how useful these birds really are. The pigeons raised by the boys here at the school are veritable homing pigeons. Although they have never been entered in contests they are eligible to enter racing events. It requires a great deal of time and patience to properly train these birds, but as a result of the time spent a great deal of enjoyment is derived in racing the birds. A great deal of interest is being taken by the boys in this hobby, and we expect sooner or later to hear of tithe racing homers of Wayside." eRobert Cook. The Goat Herd In one of the many barns of the Wayside Inn estate are housed the goats which during the warmer months of the year may be seen leisurely wandering about foraging on stubble, herbs, leaves and almost anything else that may be found. The herd is made up of one buck of part Angora ancestry, one wether of a cross between Cashmere and Angora, and six does, live of which are crosses between Angora and Cashmere, and HERALD Page Eleven one a Toggenburg cross. At present we have five kids none of which are more than a month old. The Toggenburg doe had twin kids while the others had but the single kid. Goats are native to the mountainous countries of Europe, namely Spain, Italy, and Switzerland. The goat can climb hilly slopes where cows could not, and for this reason goats in mountainous countries are more popular than cows. Some goats have been known to give as much as live quarts of milk per day. The milk has a strong, rather bitter taste and odor. It.is however easily digested, due to its forming a soft curd within the stomach. Cattle Judging Contest Nearly three-fourths of the boys have entered the Hoards Dairyman Dairy Cattle Judging Contest. A con- test of this type is educational, especially to those interested in cattle. In five consecutive issues the Dairyman pub- lished five different breeds of cattle. Each issue showed four animals marked A, B, C and D. Three views of each animal were given, namely, front, side and top. A blank containing forty blank spaces was provided for the names of the contestants. We are entered in the thigh school division," competing against high schools and agricultural schools such as ours. Since this is our first year in the contest we do not expect to win it by any means, but we do feel quite confident of placing well up in the first division. eWilfred Allen. It will not be long before our trusty tools will be digging into the earth and preparing the gardens for the variety of garden crops to be planted this year. Mr. Curtis has been working for a long time on the cropping of the whole estate and has just completed his work. Mr. Rostrum is kept busy outside his classes starting the young plants that will be transplanted as soon as the last frost is out of the ground. Many of the plants are so large that they have been removed to the hotbeds outside the green- house. The freshmen in connection with their class work take care of them under the guidance of Mr. Rostrum. In the boiler room of the greenhouse the Buckeye hatcher began to function recently when Mr. Rostrum put two or three dozen eggs into the machine to test their tihatchability." He plans every three or four days to take some of the eggs apart so that the sophomore class who study poultry can see the develop- ment going on day by day. Paige volun- teered some of the eggs and Noyes gianaged to make up the rest from his ens. Reading Good Books Mr. Curtis was present at our meal the other evening and after we had hnished he spoke to us about the ad- visability of reading uplifting literature instead of those cheap detective, West- ern, and other forms of magazines sold at any news hawks stand. He told us there was just as much thrill and excite- ment in good books written by world- renowned writers. However, he did not want us to get the impression that all our reading should be fiction but rather our spare time should be divided equally between some books from which we could gather information and learn something and books from which we can obtain some enjoyment. Making Bird Houses Mr. Blue has started all the boys who come to the wood yard from the different classes in the cheerful occupa- tion of constructing bird houses to house the feathered friends on the property. There are so many bird houses in as many diiTerent stages of completion as you can think of that it is hard to find a place to hang your hat and coat on the wall. The boys have to cover all the houses with birch bark or, rustic-style. with split branches with the bark still on them. It is not an unusual sight to see half a dozen fellows armed to the teeth setting out in the jungle on the pleasant quest for the coveted materials with which to surround their houses. The ponds have commenced to melt and the confining ice will soon be absent. There was nearly two feet of ice in some places, which is unusual for any pond I ever saw. It takes the sun a long time to melt all that ice. The goats at the Lamson barn have had an addition to their family. This time they are twins, and both are black like their mother. They seem to enjoy life immensely, and hop on the back of their mother for a ride around the en- closed pen. The freshman class was startled out of its usual languid pose when a skunk showed himself as he was ambling in the most direct route to his home. He stopped near the edge of the woods on a rock and some foolhardy boys dashed across the field to the resting place to get a good look at him. Their noses warned them of the close proximity of the animal before it was too late, so there were no casualties. The little animal knew he was boss so he took his time in proceeding into the woods. Friday marks the dawn of a very early day for the boys, as being out during the afternoon and evening they get very tired as their time is their own. I never saw many of them jumping out of bed with great alacrity this morning. There was dancing class as usual on March 16, which also happens to be Mrs. Spiceris birthday. Mrs. Gillette made her a birthday cake and allowed the boys in to see it and try to detect a blemish on its glossy frosting. The dances went off as usual except Mr. Haines taught us a new dance called the Polka M azurka. The seniors and juniors were taken to the Iiower show in Boston. Mr. Sefton took the school bus and the boys crowded into their places as fast as possible. They rolled away and were not heard from until supper was nearly over. They told a number of things about the show but one of great interest to most of us was a black rose on exhibition. The black rose had been created by some horticulturist and there were pots of them that were beauties. The sophomore class reported to Mr. Blue all afternoon on March 17, and he certainly kept them busy. Some of the boys had to tramp into the woods surrounding the shop and cut enough of the dead pine limbs to cover about fifty bird houses. Some of them are certainly odd looking. SOUTHWEST SCHOOL For its arithmetic lesson the eighth class did a lesson on stocks. At recess one day we made another toboggan slide and Allan Bowry went down whlle standing up. The eighth class has started the part of its geography about farming, and finds it very interesting. As it was very warm and springlike on the morning of Wednesday, March 14, we were much surprised to have it grow cold and begin to snow in the after- noon. After our reading lessons it was so dark that we couldnlt see to do hardly anything so our teacher gave us some sentences to diagram on the blackboard until time to go. Upon inquiry on March 15 Mrs. Bennett discovered that all but three of us have had the measles. The eighth class had a very interesting geography lesson about the great crop belts of the United States. -Many of the pupils forgot to bring current events to school on March 16,, but the ones who did, read them to us. after morning exercises. At recess jump-rope was going at full swing, but marbles have not started yet. At two oiclock we went to the Inn where the two dancing classes were combined, as there were so few children at the Red- stone School. A very spirited spelling match was held recently. Mary Bartlett in class seven and Carlton Ellms, Jr., in class six were chosen captains. One by one they had to sit down until there were only two left, Mary Bartlett and Eleanor Goulding. As both are excellent spellers it was some time before either missed, but finally Mary failed, leaving Eleanor. We received our edition of the Herald and the classes were much interested to know about so many of Mr. Fordls schools. Virginia Kirkland, Emma Batchelder and Lydia Bonazzoli are sick With the measles. eMary E. Curtis. A New Recreation Southwest School has a new form of recreation in the way of a long and speedy toboggan slide. Mr. Mc- Kechnie and some of the students from the Boys, School helped us build this snow shute. During recess and the lunch hour the pupils enjoy sliding down in the many toboggans lent to us by the other school. We have been fortunate in that no accidents as yet have hap- pened. Care is taken in order to avoid any mishaps. Of course, we welcome the spring weather, but on the other hand we donlt like to see our slide melt- ing away. During the music appreciation class held recently we enjoyed listening in to Walter Damroschis concert. Selec- tions from the great Hungarian composer Franz Liszt were heard, and a brief biography of his life was also given. One of the selections was very slow and dignified while another was quite the opposite. The latter, The Hungarian Rhapsody, was full of spirit and rhythm. eE'letmor Goulding. In the Practical Arts classes the girls are making scarfs of blue, green, tContinued on Page 12i Page Twelve HERALD Our Schools iConcluded from page 10 navy blue, and brown with Roman stripes of various colors. Barbara Mor- ton in the eighth class, Mary Bartlett in the seventh, J oyce Belcher in the sixth and Lydia Bonazzoli in the fifth have completed theirs. About fifteen minutes of every Fri- day morning is taken up with current events. Each pupil finds some topic of interest referring to the affairs of our country. The fifth class in the Southwest School has had perfect attendance during the month of February. Measles has prevented J oyce Belcher in the sixth class from attending school the past two weeks. NM MARY LAMB SCHOOL tRedstonel For opening exercises on Monday, March 12, we sang a few songs of spring and recited our pussy willow poem. We always say iiThe Lordis Prayer" and a psalm. Classes three, four, and one and two are now able to be combined in oral arithmetic drill. The new work for class four is having a three-figure divisor in long division; for class three it is carry- ing in short division with three figures in the dividend; for class two the new work is adding two-iigure numbers in rows of three with carrying; for class one it is subtraction facts. We are working on a Holland project. So far we have touched upon the physical characteristics of the country, use of windmills, and occupation. Forrseat work the children colored pictures of a large wooden shoe filled with tulips. The orchestra group played on March 13. The new piece this week was Schubertis Moment Musical. Buddy Way and Jack Hurd took turns on March 13 in conducting the arithmetic practice. A picture of two pussy willow branches was drawn on the board. Tiny kittens replaced the oval shaped pussy. This caught the childrenis fancy. They asked if they might draw some. There- fore, for drawing they got their wish. Most of the drawings were quite well done. Studying Norway The study of Norway has proved very fascinating to the fourth class pupils. They seem to find many more interesting facts about this country than any they have read thus far. It was almost another perfect spring day on Wednesday, March 14, but snow fell in the late afternoon. Jean Provan led the arithmetic practice this morning. Doing this helps to inspire more assurance, and to do away with fear of getting up to speak to people. The first class enjoys having number races at the board. The fourth class reading has shown much improvement. The rest of the school was asked to be the audience and 11sten to the story read by the pupils of the fourth classeit was a. sort of reward for trying so hard in reading. . Our room looks quite like Holland w1th all Its Dutch pictures and people. ' Russell Spring brought some pussy WlllOWS in on the morning of March 15. 'As part of the music lesson the children listened to various composi- tlons; then they told how the music made them feel, or what pictures it made in their minds. They like to do this. During reading lesson the first class was allowed to choose stories from the Primer which they used to read from. The regular reading for the first grade is from the First Reader, and phonics. vnvvnnnnn uuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu NEGLECT There is the same diiference between diligence and neglect that there is between a garden properly cultivated and the sluggard's field which fell . under Solomonis view, when 1 overgrown with nettles and i thorns. The one is clothed with beauty, the other is un- pleasant and disgusting to the sight. Negligence is the rust of the soul, that corrodes all her best resolutions. What nature made for use, for strength, for ornament, neg- lect: alone converts to trouble, weakness, and deformity. We need only sit still, and diseases will arise from the mere want of exercise. 1 e-Owen Feltham. g .nvnvnv ................................ .uuuilu For drawing, we have started to learn how to make simple drawings of animals. At dancing the children seemed to enjoy the waltz and the Virginia reel the most. Class four used the Herald for their reading today. eBarbara M . Brown. Jackie Hurd gave a dainty potted shamrock to everyone in the school. The children were very curious and wanted to know the story of the sham- rock. Many had never seen one before. Every morning some one tells of seeing another sign of spring. Only one has seen a robin; two have seen bluebirds. The pussy willow made us feel the happiest though; thereis a large vase filled with them in our room. The winter has been so long that even the children long to see more signs of warmer weather. The boys are playing a miniature game of hockey at recess time. A small pool of water, out under the pines, froze. They used a piece of wood for a puck, and old branches and sticks for the hockey sticks. Its quite exciting to watch them playing so seriously. McGuffey Precepts and Maxims iContinued from page 9i gaining steadfast footing at every step, and mounting, at length, to eminence and. dlstinction, an ornament to his famlly, a blessing to his country. Now, whose work is this? Manifestly their own. They are the architects of theu- respective fortunes. The best semmary of learning that can open its portals to you, can do no more than to afford you the opportunity of instruc- tion: but it must depend, at last, on yourselves, whether you will be in- structed or not, or to what point you Wlll push your instruction. There is no excellence without great labor. eMcGufey Fifth Reader. The Tricky Boy George Norton was very fond of playing tricks. He thought it was fine fun to tie a rope across a passage, and see some one fall over it, or to pin a little girlis apron to the chair, so that it would tear when she rose. He did not think or care about the danger of being hurt by the fall, or of the trouble of mending clothes that were torn. As his chief delight was to tease others, he was not liked by any one. At last, however, he met with a punish- ment which he richly deserved. One morning he met a little girl with a pitcher of milk. Being tired of carrying it in her hand, she asked him to put it on her head. iiWith all my heartf, said George. He thought it would be fine fun to throw it down, and make her believe that she had let it fall. HCome here. Stand very still, and When I have lifted the pitcher, be sure that you take hold of the handle,, iiThank you," said the little girl. itMy arm is ready to drop off. I have been a great way, and my little brothers and sisters can have no dinner till I get homefi "Very well," said George. "Now then, stand still." So saying, the mo- ment he had placed the pitcher on her head, he took care to let go, before she could take hold of it. As George wished, the pitcher fell .to the ground, and was broken in pieces, and the milk lost. The poor girl burst into tears; but George stood laughing, and asked her, why she did not take hold of the handle. But his laughing was very soon changed into screams. The milk had made the ground so soft, that, in turning to run away, Georgeis foot slipped, and he fell with his leg under him, and broke it. Nobody could be very sorry for him. He was confined to his bed for three months, and every one said, ttSo much the better. The lesson will do him good, andfhe will be out of the way of mis- chie ." HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, April 20, 1934. No. 6 Our Daily Bread, Yesterday and Today: The Oldest Industry in the World HE oldest industry in the world today is milling. This means the grinding of grain for food. When the first settlers came to this country it was a wilderness, and the first things they thought of were food and shelter. Water was the cheapest power at that time, and the Sltuatlon of Villages was chosen on J By ROBERT SHACKLETON came the quern,a flat, round stone that was turned round by hand so that the grain was crushed between it and another stone. Finally power was ap- plied and the size of the stones increased, thus making the capacity greater. A great deal of labor and skill were required to prepare these millstones for millers wanted more pounds of hour per bushel of wheat. It was found that by tihigh" grindlng a better product could be obtained. This fact was discovered by accxdent by a miller who was troubled by the water running low and reducing the .power. The stones were raised a triiie and the stock bolted and ground over again. This did not the banks of streams where the water could be used for turning mill wheels. Generallyasaw- mill was constructed first, and this was followed by a gristmill. In the year 1816 a family by the name of Loranger came to Mon- roe County, Michigan, and settled near the town of Monroe. In 1826 they obtained a land grant from the Government. This grant was for eighty acres and was signed by John Quincy Adams, The site was on the banks of the River Raisin, where a sawmill and gristmill were established. Today this mill is running in Greenfield Vil- age. Part of the original machinery is still in use, and during the years 1932 and 1933 over one break up the bran, and the fiour brought a higher price in New York. This method was first discovered in the North- west, and several mills installed purifiers so as to make a more uniform and pure product. This is how many great for- tunes were made in Min- neapolis, which soon be- came one of the greatest milling centers in the United States. Today, if one were to visit a modern mill With its vast amount of ma- chinery for handling the grain as it comes from the railroad cars, or from trucks, to the grain cleaning and washing de- partment, . and thence to the actual milling, he would hardly realize that the little buhrstone grist- mills were the beginning million pounds of flour and corn meal were manu- factured and sold. The mill was always run by water power until its removal to Greenfield Village, but now it derives its power from a Davis steam engine. This engine came from the Russ shoe factory in Salem, New Hampshire, where it was in use for forty years or more. The mill is at present equipped to manufacture various kinds of flour, and it has two units, one for wheat products and the other for corn. Long Before Christianity The method of grinding grain with stones dates back to several thousand years before Christ. Of course at that time the power was furnished by man. Later came the oxen, wind, water, and steam. The first known method was crushing the grain between two small stones, one slightly concave and the other just large enough to handle easily. Next Loranger Grist Mill, which still faithfully transforms grain into meal Hour for making bread and other food stuffs. grinding. Both the runner and the bed stone have to be properly faced and fur- rowed, so as to produce a good grade of flour. The furrows are about one and a half inches wide and a quarter of an inch deep, cut with a straight edge on one side and sloping to a feather edge on the other. There are about 36 of these furrows in a stone of three feet diameter, extending from the eye or center of the stone to the outer edge. These are all cut by hand with hardened steel picks shaped very much like a large cold chisel with a handle. It was a hard and tedious j ob to keep the millstones sharpened, and this had to be done very frequently, depending, of course, on the amount of grinding to be done. Grain was ground by stones until the year 1880, when steel rollers were in- troduced. People were beginning to demand a more refined product, and the of a great industry. The annual yield of wheat in the United States is about 800,000,- 000 bushels, and the average consumption per person is about five bushels per year. This leaves us about 200,000,000 which we have to export. Conditions Change With the coming of excellent trans- portation and failing water power, the small gristmills were gradually forced out of existence owing to the larger mills having the advantage of low freight and water rates, and by so many people buy- ing'their baked goods instead of doing their own baking. But in the past two or three years, due to the economic con- dltlon of the country, the small mills have again come into prominence by the exchange of hour for wheat, as it was in the earlier days. . The Loranger Mills are making flour 1n the same manner today as they did one hundred years ago. Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Officialprgan of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Assoelated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations . DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Rim, Lillian Poet, Edith H 0an Rawsonwlle, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, David Higgins, Ruth Randall Town School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills Sehool, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownvxlle, Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington Academy School, iMarjarie W ickwire, Jerry Anthes Comfort. School, Helen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drauillarri, Agnes Alonmomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS An Education We should all have an education so that we can make a living and learn to enJoy life and how to be healthy and happy- When we get an education we learn what people livmg before us have found to be good, angi we learn to avoid making the same mlstakes that they made. But we must do more than this. We must learn to think, so that we can change what they knew to fit our modern ways. We must also go still further and try to make the world a better and finer place to live in. There are many ways of getting an educatlon. We go to school and learn from our books and from our teachers. Our books tell us What people have found is the best way to do things. They give us rules to follow in life. Our teachers explain these things and teach us how to get along with each other, and to aV01d making others unhappy. We learn from our parents how to con- duct ourselves and to have confidence. Our frlends like us when we do good and are hurt when we do wrong. That 113211ng us to learn to be thoughtful and 1n . .In Greenfield Village we also have soclal tramlng and dancing classes, and learn to have confidence in ourselves. We learn to speak and sing in chapel, and not to be afraid. When our books do not make things clear to us, or when we cannot find what we want in our books, we can get it in the Edison Institute Museum and in the Village. We donit have to just read about covered wagons and spmning wheels and Edi- sonis first lamps, we can see them work and understand them. We should try to learn all we can. eAn'n Hood, Scotch Settlement School. Sewing iiDoes it really pay to sew now- adays?" One hears that question in these days when smart ready-made garments. are easily available. The answer is quite simple: Sometimes sewmg pays and sometimes it does not. For the beginner who has not yet acquired swiftness, manual dexterity and familiarity with the most important stitches, it is well to begin with simple articles. If one begins with complicated articles it is sure to lead to the loss of material, time, patience, and money. For the very young beginner hemming towels, making doll clothes, aprons, pretty pillow tops, simple quilt tops, or repairing rips or rents is preferable. A good pattern saves time and money, as it can be laid economically on the ma- terial, and can also be altered for indi- vidual requirements. We, the girls of the Greenfield schools, have a very wonderful oppor- tunity to learn the art of sewing as we have a well-above-the-average teacher. Also we have a wonderful place for our sewing class to meet. It is the dining hall of our clubhouse. The proper light is available and the room is very large with long tables which are necessary for group sewing. It is equipped with four sewing machines and one ironing board and iron. The satisfaction of having made a neat well-fitting dress is far above that of having a ready-made garment. eIsabelle Gassett, Edison Institute High School. NW A Visit to Lansing Recently we went to the City of Lansing, the capital of Michigan. There are many beautiful antiques in the big building. Many guns and cannons are shown there in large cases. Most of the swords I saw were long and slim, but there were some that looked very heavy. General Custeris uniform hangs in a glass case. We went up to the huge globe and looked down. The floor was all lighted up. -Chorles Dates, Town H all. Social and Personal By Susan Alde'rdyce, Edison Institute H igh Schooli April 13-John Dahlinger has just passed his 11th birthday. He enter- tained a few friends at his home. Junior Burns has just passed his 13th birthday. He entertained a few friends at the theater. Miss Mason, teacher of the Town Hall School, had her birthday on Fri- day the 13th. Marjorie McCarroll entertained Sun- day, April 8. The company included Barbara Sheldrick; Jean Mills, Carol Bryant, Bobby- Snow, Bob Bryant, Bill McLeod and Wilbur Donaldson. Joyce and Mary Jane J orae entered the Greenfield Village Schools April 9. We are glad to welcome them and hope they like us. Mr. Cameron gave a most interest- ing talk on Friday'the 13th, and told why the people thought it was unlucky. He told the children about the good things that had 13 and Friday the 13th connected with them. Thursday morning, April 12, the chapel program from the Martha-Mary Chapel, Greenfield Village, was broad- cast over the radio for the first time. Some of the children of the Green- field Village Schools will participate in a dancing contest April 25, in the evening. MN Sea beans of the tropics sometimes iioat thousands of miles, turning up on the beaches of northern Europe. 2.x 3 When You and I Were Young 3 we I wandered today to the hill, Maggie, To watch the scene below; The creek and the creaking old mill, Maggie, As we used to long ago. The green grove is gone from the hill, Maggie, Where first the daisies sprung; The creaking old Mill is still, Maggie, Since you and I were young. HERALD Page Three Eh WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING 33?? am Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement Telegraph Interest Every Tuesday when the seventh, eighth, and ninth classes go to the Edison Institute Museum for telegraphy almost every pupil rushes for the front seats to hear Mr. Gassett and see what he has to show them. Last Tuesday when we went to class Mr. Gassett had a very interesting experiment to show us. It was the process which takes place in ringing a doorbell. What made the experiment so interesting was that most of the boys and girls did not know what happened in ringing a doorbell. Now that all the school buildings in the Greenfield Village Schools are equipped with telegraphy sets we can send mes- sages hack and forth at recess. Every week each school has a diiferent operator to receive and send messages. Itls lots of fun to watch the little children get around the table at recess and watch the operator receive and send messages. We have been studying the Morse code, but in about three weeks we are going to study a radio code. eJ. G. Rucker, J r. Bird Houses About two or three weeks ago some of the boys started making bird houses. When finished some of them looked quite attractive. Some of us are still making them. We enjoy working on them a lot. eFra'nklyn Weeks. MN Town Hall Knitting Turns to Baseball During the bad weather before spring vacation, one could see many of the girls carrying balls of different colors of yarn and also knitting needles. At recess they knitted on scarves or pocketbooks. June Rummer is making a pair of bed- room slippers. After spring vacation most of the girls stopped knitting. Some of them are playing baseball. Before long the rest of them will be playing baseball too. eShirley Schmidt. Friday the Thirteenth Friday, April 13eToday is the thirteenth day of the month. On the previous Tuesday morning Mr. Cameron had suggested that he should talk on the subject of "Friday the Thirteenth" and some of the superstitions regarding it. Accordingly, to the chorus of ttOh's" and ttAhts" he knew most of us believed in the superstition. When Friday came he told us about some lucky things that have happened on such a date. For example, the Ford Motor Company was organized on Friday the thirteenth, the American flag had thirteen stripes, there were thirteen American Colonies, and many other good things have happened on Friday the thirteenth and in connection with the number thirteen. After Mr. Cameron had finished his talk the children felt differently about the bad luck which was supposed to be connected With the number thirteen. The fourth class know that Friday the thirteenth is not an unlucky day, be- cause they have five one hundred's in arithmetic. eMargarct J ean H indman and Katherine Bryant. SPRIN G Spring is full of nice fresh air, With grass and other things; And green trees that look so fair, And birds that love to sing. Spring makes you happy all the day, Its balmy breezes blowing; On the grass the children play, In the pastures cows are lowing. -Billy Kresin. UP IN THE SKY Up in the sky the stars shine so brightly, Up in the sky they are packed in so tightly; They're the prettiest things I have ever seen, And the prettiest things that have ever been. 0h stars! how do you come at night And give us such a lovely sight? The moon is probably your mother, Or, maybe, it could be your brother; And what are you made of, little stars, One of you Jupiter, one of you Mars? eCharlotte Simpson. THE BLUEBIRD I know the song the bluebird is singing Out in the apple tree where he is singing; Brave little fellow, the skies may be dreary, Nothing cares he While his heart is so cheery. -Wilma Barth. NM Clinton Inn The children of the Clinton Inn School were pleasantly surprised last Tuesday week to learn that they were to have their lunch served them at school. The lunch is served in the old dining room of the Inn. In this same dining room years ago gay parties took place; and the same gayety is reflected in the happy faces of the children that eat there today. . Billy Ruddiman has returned from a trip to Lifkin, Texas. He brought a souvenir for each of his classmates. Spring One morning when I was lying in bed I heard a bird. I got up and looked out the window. There was a robin up in the tree. He was saying, uSpring is here. Spring is here." That happened to be yesterday. Today it snowed. I hope that spring comes back soon again. eE'dward Litogot. LONG AGO Mother told me about it once, When I was sitting on her knee. I said, "Please tell me something, Please tell me a nice story About the long ago." Mother played with other girls Who wore large brown and yellow curls. She wore a very dainty hat And had a kitten who slept on a mat, Ever so long ago. Do you think by the time that I grow up And have a boy named Ear , I will tell him the story mother told me When I was a little girl, So long ago? eIsabel Hafman. OUR SCHOOL At our school we keep the rule, We play and work and dance. We eat our lunch at school. We are very polite as you can see If some day you watch us. We try to do things the right way And go home on the bus each day. TIME April is here. March is gone. May is coming soon. This week is here. That week is gone. Some week is coming soon. This year is here. That year is gone. Another year is coming soon. -Katherinc Lepine. MN WILLOW RUN Wild Ducks .After the big snow melted there was a little pond in a field near our school. Hupdreds of wild ducks have been resting on it. Last year buckwheat was planted there, and they Were looking for it. Monday afternoon for our recess we took a walk down the lane to the pond. As we got near the ducks a little flock flew up. As they got in the air a larger flock flew up. After a while they were all gone. Then we watched them fly. We liked to watch them because they flew so swiftly and grace- fully. eFrank Reinhackel. Getting Ready for Baseball We have started our baseball practice. We are getting ready for a real season. We have two new bats and a new ball. We also have a new team and some excellent batters. Some more practice will give us some good fielders. I would like to do the pitching myself. A few weeks ago a new boy, named Russel Akans, came to our school. He is in the seventh class. We like him because of his good baseball playing, but we like him anyhow. We would like to challenge some other Ford school. hGrant Dicks. From the Wee Ones The following items are from the first papers written by the first class at Willow Run School, and they are the first original stories these children ever Wrote: Lost-A little baby got lost. I found her. I took her home. eArli'ne Woods. . My Baby Sisterel have a ' baby Sister. I like her. Her name is Harriet. She is cute. -Evelyn Akans. A Nice BirdieaA birdie was on her nest. She laid some eggs. She had some little ones. ePaul Hilge. Bettyls PuppyeI went to Bettyls house. I saw her puppy eat. He was funny. He ate with his tongue. :Marie Horn. Birdies-The little birdies 'are flying over the sea. They will iiy home. I like them. -Betty Padget. A Bunny-I saw a bunny this after- noon. It went around a chicken coop tContinued on page 8h Page Four HERALD The Thing I Like Best to Do Some Hobbies Scotch Settlement 'The following articles have been Written by the pupils of the Scotch Settlement and Town Hall schools, Greenfield Village, to explain the things they like best to do, and the hobbies they like to follow: Horseback Riding In the summer I have a lot of fun horseback riding in the village. Some children like to ride the ponies, but I like to ride the horses. . Once Mr. Ford let the children of the Village Schools ride in the pony carriages. In the winter the children have to ride near the barn, but in the summer they rlde through the village. They have lots of fun doing it. eCatherine M iller. Hiking . The thing I like to do is hiking. I llke it because it gives one good exercise, and bigger muscles. I like to hike in the woods and gather natural objects. I enjoy nature. When one gets back from a hlke one has a big appetite. I think hiking is a very good hobby. -David Ormond. Reading I like to read books very much. The books I like to read best are Tom Sawyer, King Arthur, and Little Men. I especially like to read stories of daring. I like to read them because they are so thrilling and breath-taking. -T1'cwerse Du Vall. Nursing I think to be a nurse is as useful a work as there is for a girl. It does a nervous person good by soothing the nervesiand giving them more patience. To relieve a person in pain must be a pleasure to any good nurse. An excitable nurse soon excites her patients. Realiz- ing this she tries to cheer up his spirits, and keep his interest occupied so as to make him forget his illness. The nurse who can soothe pain and move about the room quietly is the nurse who is preferred. veJean M ills. Swimming The thing I like best to do is to swim. Swimming is also my favorite sport. I usually go to swim in the Straits of Mackinac in the summer. We rent a cottage in Bois Blane Island, and stay there for three or four weeks. The reason I enjoy swimming is because it is fun to be able to keep afloat in the water. It may also come useful in life-saving. Once while I was wading along the shore I accidentally stepped on a sharp rock and I tumbled into the deeper water. It was one of my first duckings. The water was not very deep, but my head went under, and when I came up I had quite a mouthful of water. This was one of my first lessons in swimming. -Sally Owens. In the Saddle I like to ride a horse. I think it is fun to bounce up and down in the saddle. I like the horse to go fast. Most of the horses are colored black, brown, or White. I should like to own a horse for riding. eElaine Wyman. In the Lake I like to go swimming in Lake Michigan. The water is very cold and numhs your feet, but after you have been in the water a while you donit mind it. I enjoy getting wet and then lying in the nice white sand along the beach. I get all covered with sand, and then jump back into the water. I like to duck my head into the water, and I like to float. MPam'cia Chubbuck. Water Slide In the summer when school is out our family goes to the lake for the day. We go in swimming. I like to go on a big slide that is in the water. My brother and sister go down the slide with me. At the end of the slide you splash in the water. After I have taken a lot of slides I go out into the deeper water and swim. When we all get tired we go home. eEvelyn Richardson. A Popular Thing A popular exercise is to go swimming and diving. It also keeps me physically fit to enjoy other sports such as football, tennis, and baseball. If you know how to swim you might be of assistance to some one who cannot. To know how to dive is also line, because of the aero- batic forms of doing so. People admire a good diver and swimmer such as J ohnny Wiesmuller and Buster Crabbe. gLowell Apesech. Skipping and Skating The thing I like best to do is jumping rope and roller skating. They both come in the spring and summer, so I shall have to wait until the weather is favor- able. eJean M CM ullin. The Gray Mare I like to ride horseback because it keeps you well and fit for anything. At the end of my vacation I could ride quite well, but since the horses have been laid aside for the Winter I miss them a lot. I hope soon they will come back. I had a horse I liked very much. Her name was Betty Lou. She was a little gray mare With dark spots. She had a gray saddle blanket and a big Western saddle. I hope very much the horses will come back soon. -Donald Donovan. NM Town Hall Charlie My pet hobby is horseback riding. I have enjoyed it ever since I was very small. I very much appreciate the privilege of riding in the village. My favorite horse is Charlie. I like to ride him best of all. The reason I like Charlie the best is because he is faster and has won many prizes as a very smooth walker. eHelene Walker. Making Airplanes Making airplanes is my favorite hobby. I make little scale models. Some planes are designed after models of famous planes, such as Balbols sea- planes, Richovenls Fokker D-7, and also his Albatross. I have made about ten planes in all, My brother makes flying scale models which I hope to be able to make some day. My favorite plane is the Polish Fighter. -Bobby Heber. Baseball Baseball is one of my favorite sports. Last year I played second base on the school team and hope to have the same position this year. A good baseball player has to have the ability to catch "liies" and iigrounders? as well as to hit. I do not bat very well, but I hope to improve. eJunior Burns. Model Making I have made five planes so far this year. One was a German war ace plane. Another was a pursuit ship. Still another was an amphibian. Then there was a Jimmy Allen plane and a Boeing pursuit. I have one home that is not finished. The Boeing pursuit was the one I best liked to make. eDavid English. My Headquarters My headquarters are small under- ground bunks which are dug in the sand across the street from my home. We were making fast the roof When along comes a sudden storm. But we went into the bunks and thought we were safe, but the storm was much worse than we had expected and the roof started caving in. We jumped out of our cave and ran home and were safe. wJohn Perry, Scotch Settlement. My Kitty One day last summer our maid opened the door and in walked a little gray and white kitty. We fed it and it now seems very happy. It has never left us and is a very playful fellow. One day I was knitting, and the kitty kept pulling at my yarn until I had to put him outside. A lot of mornings he "meows" when I am asleep, and makes me wake up. Then I have to go downstairs and let him in. He plays many other tricks on us. e-Katharine Bryant, Town H all School. MN The Lark Is Up tThese verses teach the value of time and the virtue of early riSIngJ The lark is up to meet the sun, The bee is on the wing; The ant its labor has begun, The woods with music ring. Shall birds, and bees, and ants, be wise, While I my moments waste? 0 let me with the morning rise, And to my duty haste. HERALD Page Five Violins and How They Are Made -tBy Isabelle Gassett, Edison Institute H igh Schooll The study of violins has been a fascinating thing ever since the present shape and use of the violin was estab- lished. Many violins have an interesting history through their having been owned and played upon by famous people, musicians, kings, and rulers and in fact renowned leaders in all walks of life. About seventy pieces of wood are used in making a Violin. The wood must be chosen, seasoned, and shaped With the greatest of care so that it will not warp. It is held together only by glue. Fruit Wood Violins were formerly constructed of fruit wood, such as pear, lime, apple, etc., but due to the experiments, wisdom and judgment of gifted makers in the early 17th Century other woods were put into use. For the top of the violin pine and silver fir are used because of their great elasticity. Maple is usually used for the back, sides, bridge and neck. The richness of tone depends upon the mathematical exactness with which the proportions are distributed, and the size and positions of curiously shaped sound holes. Horsehair is used for the bow, be- cause each hair has many bristles pointing away from the root. It is these minute bristles that give the bow its "bite," thus setting the violin strings in vibration. From 175 to 250 hairs are laid side by side, half pointing in one direction and half in the other. The violin has remained Virtually unchanged in shape or substance for three centuries, but the present violin, which took one hundred years to assume its form, remains today what it became in the days of the great Stradivari. Famous Instruments In Mr. Fordls collection there are some very old and famous violins, three of which I shall describe. One Stradi- varius violin of the year 1703 was owned and played by Sir William Curtis, Lord Mayor of London, in 1795. Another Italian instrument, a Guad- agnini tqua-da-neeneei, of the year 1775, was owned and played by Maude Powell, famous American lady violinist. It is trimmed and adjusted with rose- wood pegs, and tailpiece to match. The tailpiece is ornamented with a gold setting of a black full-length silhouette of her in playing poise. A Guarnerius violin dated 1741 was at one time owned and played by a famous French amateur artist, by the name of Doyen, brother of the famous French surgeon Doyen. He was con- sidered a virtuoso although he never performed publicly or for remuneration but only in the privacy of his home and for his guests. The violin is a large robust sample of the masters work, quite dark orange color, beautifully blended and shaded, and is in a fine state of preservation. It has a strong com- manding tone and, of course, Italian quality. It is very sweet in all registers. Italian makers were always superior workmen and their instruments and the so-called ttItalian tones" are still in favor. Due to climatic conditions Italian woods are superior for violin construc- tion, although American precision has produced as fine looking instruments and superior in construction. LAST OFNTTJE SNOW WHEN WINTER STILL LINGERED AT BROWNVILLEeThese boys and girls of Brownvillc School turned out to have their last frolic in the snow for the season. Their names are: Back row, left to righteEleanor Jones, Anna Beevers, Martin Karth, Gladys Dermyer, Kathryn Anthes, Armenia Johnson, Robert Miller. Front TOWwDal'Win Creger, Bobby Beevers, Lyle Harper, Ned Harrington, Joyce Miller, Helen Reeves and Marcella Johnson. MN Historic Facts From Mills School LANTERNS One of the most valuable lanterns in the United States is the Liberty Tree lantern, which is a relic of Colonial times and of the work of Paul Revere. Everyone who knows anything about Colonial history knows the story of Paul and the famous lanterns with which he used to warn the Colonists near Boston of the coming of the British. Ever since that time a lantern has been used as a warning sign that danger is near. CNN GERMS In April of 1882, one hundred and seven years after Paul Revere's famous ride, Dr. Robert Koch published a scientific essay telling the world that he had discovered the cause of tuberculo- sis and describing the experiments by which he had proved that tuberculosis is caused by a germ. MN School Gossip from Willow Run We want to congratulate Thomas Marshall of the Scotch Settlement School for his spelling. We hope he Will succeed in spelling against the other schools and be the winner. We are interested to think children like school so well as they do in Georgia. We wish for them to be able to have three teachers next year in place of two. We feel very sympathetic toward Ben- jamin Miller for working his own way through school. We send congratulations to Pearl Clark of the Old Stone Pen ' t School for her spelling. nmg on . I am very much interested in homing pigeons. We would like to have one of the boys at the Wayside Inn School wrlte a story telling j ust how they trained the pigeons. Last year we enjoyed the entertain- ment at Greenfield Village very much, and we are hoping it will be as great a success this year as last year. -Lillitm Poet MN AUTOBIOGRAPHIES FROM MILLS SCHOOL Out on the Farm I was born in Wyandotte, Michigan, December 29, 1921. My father owned . a grocery store. I went to the WoodruIT School one year. When I was five, my father traded the store for a 121-acre farm located three miles south of Tecum- seh. While living there I attended the Sutton School. One day, our first year there, my father was mowing hay and the knife shpped and went into his right hand. He went to a doctor in Holloway, then to the Ann Arbor hospital for about a month. His hand being no better, he went to the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. We lived on this farm for five years. Last fall Mr. Henry Ford bought our farm and we moved to another north- east of Tecumseh. I now go to the Mills ' School and like it very well. I have one mile to walk to school. I have two sisters and three brothers. all older than I. I am the only one of our family in school now. -A1ma Kasno. A Few Facts About My Life I was born in Macon on March 21, 1922. When I was five years old we moved to my grandfathers place. I went to the Town School in Macon for three years. Next we moved east of the Mills School on one oi the Henry Ford farms. My father works for Mr. Ford. I have two sisters and six brothers. One of mybrothers died several years ago, preceding my mother who died on July 22, of last year. I have gone to the Mills School for three years. I have one brother and one Slstei' who also go there. This year I am in the fifth class. My teacher is Miss Virginia Wiggins. My pet is a dog named Queen. He follows us to school every morning. eFreda Creger. My Little Dog ' I have a little dog. It is about three months old. It is white and brown, with a black nose and blue eyes. It has a brown ring around its neck, and it always plays. with me. When I call this doggie he wxll come right away. eFreddie Procknow, Scotch Settlement. Chemists have produced a concen- trated apple juice that can be mixed With water to make a drink tasting like fresh apple juice. GREENFIELD VILLAGE SEWING GIRLSe A group in front of Secretary House. Front row, left to right-Betty Hutchinson, Barbara Sheldrick, Irene Stead. Back IOWHSusan Alderdyce, Isabelle Gassett, Dorothy Chub- uck. t RAWSONVILLE SCHOOL-Included in this group from Rawsonville School are: Vera Boyd, Danny Crippen, Phyllis Crippen, Paul Jaroh, Beulah Gotts, Robert Nelson, Irene Simons, Louise Wright, David Smith, Paul Wright, Robert Smith, Kenan Jacobi, Lois Corkins and Dorathea Gotts. "STYLISH STITCHERS CLUB"-This group from Brownville School includes: Back row -left to right-Anna Beavers, Francis John- son, Kathryn Dermyer, Esther Slater, Eleanor Jones. Middle rOWtGladys Dermyer, Doris Harrington, Wyona Cove, Armenia Johnson. ront row-Adelene Hammock, Alta Dermyer, Margretta Covell, Kathryn Beevers and Mar- cella Johnson. "SKILLFUL DOZEN" CARPENTRY CLUB, BROWNVILLEeBack row, left to righte Neil Jones, Merrill Gray. Middle rOWeBilly Chase, Junior Beavers, Bruce Anthes, Robert Miller. Front row-Ned Harrington, Gerald Driscoll tpresd, Richard Johnson. g: THE SPELLING MEDALeBI-uce Anthea, in middle, won the spelling medal at Brownville. With him are Joyce Miller ton lefti and Kathryn Anthes. Town and Coun A PIONEER HOME OF A CENTURY AGO tStory and photo by J ames Gardnert The Gardner home was originally located in the old Scotch Settlement on Warren Avenue, near Southfield Road. Many years ago, probably over one hundred years, pioneers came to this section and took from the Government land to make their future homes. small settlement was made. It consisted of 'a church, a school, and a few homes. The Gardner house, now in Greenfield Village, is the same distance from the school as it was in earlier days. The house was built by my great- grandfather, Richard Gardner. Most of the materials used to make the house were taken from the land surrounding it. The original deed to the Gardner home was written on sheepskin and signed by John Quincy Adams, then President of the United States. It is still in possession of the Gardner family. The Gardner home, as it stands in Greenfield Village, the same distance from the Scotch Settlement School as it was in earlier days. This part of the country at one time was populated by Indians. Many Indian relics from time to time have been found by members of the family. The Scotch Settlement was thickly wooded at one time and had to be cleared before the land could be farmed. The timber consisted of walnut, oak, maple, ash, hickory, elm, etc. Only a few years ago the last of the old black walnut rail fences were removed. Through this section of land there howed a small stream called Rullo Creek. The children from the school used to run down at noon and fish in it. Wild game of all kinds was plentiful when the settlers first came, and the timber was useful in constructing their buildings. It is amazing, the changes that have taken place. At the present time these farms are in the City of Detroit. There are street car lines and paved streets, and all modern conveniences are in the houses and schools. What changes will the next fifty years bring? Mr. Fordis wonderful thought of preserving these landmarks is not only a tribute to the past, but a gift to the present and coming generations. HERALD Page Seven J acky My hobby is horses. I have ridden for nearly three years. My sister and I have for nearly three years kept scrap- books of horse pictures. We have nearly four large books iilled. I have had some experience in driving horses as well as riding, although I do not care so much for that. At the barn in the village there are seven or eight ponies and five horses. My favorite is a dear little brown and white pony which I have ridden for a long time. His name is Jacky. He is very intelligent. He is very fond of a little pony named Molly, and is very restless when they are separated. Last winter the horses and ponies were all taken away for a rest, which they well earned during the summer. We are told that they will be back as soon as the weather gets nicer. I hope so, because I miss both Jacky and the riding. eArticle and Sketch by Carol Bryant. MN SPRING IS HERE One day about two weeks ago the Rouge River overtiowed. The water formed a river below the Scotch Settle- ment School and the chapel. It was about forty-five feet wide and four feet deep. Thelbottom 0f the river had been dry for some time. The rising of the river brought joy to most of the boys of the Village, and some of the girls, too. Some of the children had permission to use the canoes from the Steinmetz Cottage. The children had a fine time. When we arrived at the school on Monday morning we heard a common sign of spring. It was a loud chorus of frogs croaking. It made us feel that spring had come. A few mornings later when we came back we did not hear that glad greeting, but instead we found everything quiet. There was a light cloak of snow on the ground. The surroundings of our school give us many hours of enjoyment. With the spring here, and warm days ahead, it will be hard to choose what will give the most enjoyment. -James Gardner, Scotch Settlement School. Are Gathered T ogether 'L ewes. SPRING PASTORALeCotswold sheep and their lambs in their fold at Cotswold Cottage. 3?? w. ROVER AND HIS CHUMS-Kenneth Petrak and John Weeks with Cotswold's faithful guardian. MAPLE SYRUP TIME AT BROWNVILLE- Ned Harrington and Richard Johnson watch the sap flowing. THE SPRING FLOODSeThe lone canoeist tBobby Shackletoni takes advantage of the flood water to visit the Suwanee steamer. paddle WHEN WINTER REIGNED-The proud owner of the sled i5 Ned Harrington, Brownville. Building a Nest tBy M argaret E. Sangsteri They'll come again to the apple tree, Robin and all the rest; When the orchard bran ches are fair to see In the snow of the blossoms drest; And the prettiest thing in the world Will be, The building of the nest. Weaving it well so round and trim, Hollowing it with care; Nothing too far away for him, Nothing for her too fair; Hanging it safe on the topmost limb, Their castle in the air. So come to the trees with all your train When the apple blossoms blow, Throughthe April shimmer of sun and ram Go fly to and fro. And to our hearts as we watch again Your fairy building grow. -Selecled by Gloria Hutchinson, Town H all School. Page Eight HERALD Our Schools lContinued from page 3i toward the school. He went hippity-hop very fast. I thought it was the Easter bunny. He had a fuzzy tail like a dust mop. eBobby Cook. MN RAWSONVILLE In the third class in geography we are learning about islands, peninsulas, isthmuses, capes, seas, bays, and straits. One day at noon Mrs. Allen took us toward Ypsilanti and we saw a bay, an island, and a peninsula. eIrcne Simon. The third class made kites and put them in the windows. They look very pretty from the outside. Dorathea Gotts brought to school an old phonograph, made by Mr. Edison about thirty years ago. -Robert N elson. Mrs. Crab Visits Our School One sunny noon the children at Rawsonville School were playing a game when one of the little girls screame "Look out! Youlll step on it, Davidlll I looked around, and there was a big crab about four and a half inches long. After I showed it to our teacher, Mrs. Allen, I took it home. -Dam'd Smith. The second and third classes read a story about itThe Red Rascal," and the next day we wrote sentences about him. We are learning to pick out the subject and verb of a sentence. iLouise Wright. Mrs. Allen brought her radio down to school for a week so that we could hear it. We enjoyed it very much. We hope she will leave it at school for at least another week. We often hear "Vic and Sadelt on the radio at 1:80. We enjoy them very much. We watch for grammatical mistakes. The seventh and eighth classes were having tests on Friday, April 13. We are writing on word study, reading, geography, and hygiene. The eighth class is writing on history, agriculture, arithmetic, and English. Their names are Dorathea Gotts, who is in the eighth class, and Paul Wright and Lois Corkins, Who are in the seventh class. Mrs. Robinson is going to give us our tests. I hope we all pass. We went to school on Saturday last week, and we think HThere's not much loss but little gain," because Saturday was the best day of all the week, with lots of sunshine. We had two of our class- mates to play baseball with. Their names are Margaret Owen and Aubrey McCartney, who go to Belleville High School. eLois Corkins. OLD STONE PENNINGTON At last we are back at school after our ten-day vacation. We are all very glad and happy to be together again. The week,s weather was rather cold, but we all survived and are now looking forward to the sunny days of spring. The older girls of our school are taking turns teaching the smaller ones. This gives actual training to those who expect to enter the field of teaching. It also gives us better education because we learn as we teach others. On Wednesday, April 11, Mr. Gassett, from Dearborn, gave us alesson in teleg- raphy. We have already learned several letters, and hope to learn many more next week. His talk preceding the lesson was very interesting, and was much enjoyed by everyone. We had a very pleasant hour. David Higgins has been busying himself with making a large map of the United States. This map is so large that he is able to paste upon each state a picture of the most important industry, together with examples of the most important products in that state. edMorma Quackenbush. Nine girls of the school were asked to give a short program at the Welfare Club. Monna Quackenbush took charge of the program. Inez Spence, Lucille and Genevieve Froelich, Ruth Randall, Thelma Howell and Monna sang three selections. Hilah Jean Pierce; J oyce Vealey and Jean Downing each recited a poem. We all heard the chapel exercises that were broadcast Thursday morning of last week from Greenfield Village. Mr. and Mrs. Travis invited us over to their house, as we have no radio here at school. The program was greatly en- joyed by everyone, and we hope to hear it regularly. aJean Downing. mm TOWN SCHOOL, MACON We returned to our tasks again after a week of vacation. Dorothy Hall has been absent a week because of chicken pox. We will all be glad when she is able to return. Through the courtesy of Mr. and Mrs. Clark, who sent their radio to our school last Thursday, we were able to hear the first broadcast of the Greenfield Village chapel program. The reception was very clear and we enjoyed it very much. We are most grateful to the Clarks. The sixth and seventh classes are making a hygiene notebook. It is very interesting because nearly all the para- graphs which they have written are illustrated by drawings or by pictures which they have found in magazines. Joe Hendershot, of the fifth class, writes: We have a dog whose name is Buddy. He likes to play and get all muddy; Then he jumps into the tub, And we give him a good clean scrub. MN MILLS SCHOOL Our school was pleased to have as a Visitor last Tuesday the editorial director of the Herald. We are hoping to have a sunshiny day very soon so we may take a picture to send to the Herald. A beginner came to our school on Tuesday. Her name is Lucille Pratt. iler Sister and two brothers go to school ere. The fourth class in hygiene has been makmg posters, illustrated with pictures from magazmes. Some of them include proper food, exercise, cleanliness and such subjects concerned with hygiene. Our school enjoyed very much the one warm day which made us think sprmg was really here. We began to play baseball and found it great fun. Now we are patiently waiting for the Weather man to make up his mind it is spring. Last year flowers were planted in our rock garden in back of the school. W1th the aid of the many April showers, they are beginning to come up. Edwin Pratt was absent Thursday because of an earache. We noticed in the paper that Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ford Were celebrating the forty-s1xth anniversary of their weddlngaand would like to take this opportunity of extending our congratus lations through the H erald. NEW BROWNVILLE On Friday, April 13, we all had lunch together at the Brownville school- house. We had hot biscuits and maple syrup. Two quarts of this syrup was from four trees we tapped on our play- ground. We boiled the sap on our own box stove in a little iron kettle. Mr. Driscoll brought two more gal- lons, but we couldnlt eat it all. Kathryn Anthes and Doris Harrington served the syrup, and Wyona Gove and Gladys Dermyer passed the biscuits. eWyona Gave. The Battle of Brownville The following paragraph is an illus- tration of a studentls thoughts during a recent spell-down: Summoned to the front by the quiet voice of Commander-in-chief Driscoll we march "double time" up the aisle to the ranks of spellers. There now, were all in line! Who will be the first casualty? Oh, goody! He started at the other end of the line! Missed his mark that time! Oh! there, that bullet marked "seize" went home. I wonder if that boy really was fatally hit, or did he "desertlt on purpose? Oh! Oh! There goes my buddy -Kate. The bullet labeled "grievous'l was her Waterloo. Only Roma and I left now. How can she be so calm? Ouch! That one shell-shocked me. Am I nervous! Oh, goodness! my turn again! He "got me!" I donlt know if "millionaire" has a Iinal "e'l or not. PM leave it off. Wrong! Okey, commander, Illl go down to defeat, but train harder than ever this next week, and yould better get a new book of bullets for the next battle. :Eva M . Johnson. A New Subject Last Wednesday week Mr. Gassett came to Brownville and started us in telegraphy. We have succeeded in HERALD Page Nine learning fourteen of the letters. They are as follows: E, I, S, H, P, C, R, O, Y, T, M, L, A, We are expecting a set of instruments to send telegraph messages to each other. We have also learnt the names of some of the parts of the apparatus. We are to have lessons in this subject every Thursday. We started with the 01d Greek signal fire, and will study as far as radios. -A1"menia J olmson. APRIL SHOWERS There are a lot of April showers. And quite a lot of flowers. When rain falls upon the ground It hardly makes a sound. When my little baby sister is out in the rain, She says, "Bluh, blub, blub," And says it feels just like she is in the tub, eMary M cLeod. ROVER Rover, my dog, is big and strong, And he likes lots of bones; His dinner takes him very long, When he eats he always groans. Rover, my dog, is not very fat, Though he gets lots to eat; He growls whenever he sees a cat, When he goes on the street. -Marcella J olmson. OUR SCHOOL We have a pleasant one-room school, And we try to do our best; We follow well the golden rule, Don't worry o'er the rest. I like school at the old north branch, I think it's very nice; It Is our education ranch, We heed all good advice. When years have passed and we are old We shall look back with pride; 11' of our school good things are told Around the countryside. -Glar1ys Dermyer. Monday, when the children came to school, they found a new sewing machine. Most of them have completed the gar- ment that they have been sewing on. What fun the "Stylish Stitchers" will have with the new sewing machine! eGladys Dermyer. Mr. Perry Satterthwaite and friends yisited our school Monday. They en- Joyed it very much, for the rhythm band played for them. Chief Tecumseh , Mr. Haden gave us a talk on Chief Tecumsehs great-great-grandson, who IS now living in Washington. Mr. Haden is well acquainted with the de- scendant of the famous Indian chief. He does not have a written record of his great-great-grandfatheris life, but he says that uan Indiants word is as good as a white mants written record." He told Mr. Haden that if Chief Tecumseh had not been killed at the age of forty-five, he would have built avast "Indian Empire" from the Missis- s1ppi River to the northern part of the Michigan peninsula. Mr. Haden would like to have the descendant of Chief Tecumseh and some of his Indians come to Tecumseh next year. One hundred years ago, 1835, the original Haden mill was built. It now belongs to Mr. Henry Ford. eDm-is Harrington. COMFORT Marion Matthews, Gail and Charles Austin, Russell Holdridge, and Helen Kempf were visitors during the past few weeks. We older pupils have been practising a play entitled "Two Days in Dr. Snob- noster's Office." We presented it at the P. T. A. Friday, April 13. The characters were: Dr. Snobnoster, Harry Richard; Thomas Thompson, Roy Richard; Mr. Booster, El Ray Finnigan; Mrs. Shiner, Lois Anderson; Mrs. Greenleaf, Ellen Holdridge; clerk, Katherine Kempf. Katherine Kempf brought our first pussy willows. The eighth class have been studying algebra. In spelling, Lois Anderson still leads. Ellen Holdridge follows, and Roy Rich- ards comes next. Jack McConnell and Clarabelle Kerr have been absent on account of sickness. CENTENNIAL Mr. Gassett, from Dearborn, gave us our first lesson in telegraphy Wednes- day afternoon, April 11. We hope that we shall be able to continue these lessons. Bob Montgomery came to school Wednesday, April 11, for the first time since he left school through sickness eight weeks ago. He had to return to the hospital on Thursday for a re-exami- nation. The high school classes have started studying a history book called Man's Great Adventure. They find it very interesting. The Dramatic Club met Wednesday evening, April 11, in the schoolhouse basement. Twenty members were pres- ent. After the business meeting, the initiation of a new member, Katherine Kempf, was conducted by Charles Austin. Following this, a program prepared by Joe Glenn was presented. It was as follows: Song by the assembly, 'tMusic in the Air"; songs by quartette, "Believe me if all those endearing young charms" and "Little Brown Church in the Vale,l; song by assembly, "Whispering Hope"; musical selections by Ray Williams, Ned Lanning, and Lawrence Holdridge; duet, "When you and I were young, Maggieii by Gertrude Drouillard and Charles Austin. Dancing and games were then enjoyed by all. e-Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes M ontgomery MN The Caged Bird This little poem was found by Vera Pennington, Mills School, who is in sympathy with our poor caged feathered friends: 0h, who would keep a bird confined, When cowslip bells are nodding in the wind, When every hedge as with good morrow rings And hear from wood to wood the black- bird sing? Oh, who would keep a little bird confined In his cold wiry prison? Let him fly- And hear him sing, "How sweet is liberty." Greenfield Village Schools on the Air On the morning of Thursday, April 12, the boys and girls of Greenfield Village Schools got into their buses iive minutes early. The reason for this was that they were going to broadcast their regular chapel program over Station WJR. As they entered the chapel there was a slight tenseness, for it was their first time on the air. - . After the children were 1n chapel it was very noticeable that something out of the ordinary was gping to haPpen. Soon the bell began to rlng. A minute later the sweet tones of the organ were heard playing NAve Maria." Wlth the bell ringing and the organ playing it all sounded very beautiful. The bell was rung by Katharine Bryant. The next thing we realized we were broadcasting. Catherine Mae Mlller was the iirst leader in this series of broad- casts. She did not show nervousness in any way. The children sang some popular songs to liven up the program. These included "The Old Spinnmg Wheel in the Parlor," "The Last Round-Up" and "Happy Days." The first two are favorites of Mr. Ford's. ' " Traverse DuVall recited "'Life's Test by Edgar Guest. His pleasmg delivery was commented on by listeners in. The girls of the choir then gave,the hymn uThe Lord is my Shepherd' 1n two-part singing. As the children came out of the chapel sharp winds were blowmg across the village green and patches of snow were lying here and there. . Mr. Ebling, among others, tooh'pic- tures of Mr. Ford with the chllfiren gathered in a semicircle around the mlcro- phone. While this wasltaking place Mr. Leo Fitzpatrick, preSIdent of WJR, explained to the group how the micro- phone worked. . In answer to my.question as to. the opinion of the radio audience, I received answers such as these: "When I heard the children broadcasting from the Greenfield Village chapel I was astounded at the calm attitude they helti toward- the performance and the .way innwhieh they handled the situationff I heard the program through, it brought back memories of youthful years when I attended church." . When asked how they felt, sorne oi the children said that they felt thrilled, others said things felt different, another; said "it was all too quiet to suit me.' A few said that they were calm and collected. CThe introduction to the above is written by Wilbur Donaldson, the description of program by .Barbara Sheldrick, the comments of children by Susan Alderdyce, the comments of listeners in by Margaret Voorhess, and it was edited by Bobby Snow, all of the Edison Institute High SchooU mm For every lower animal that scientists know that lived on earth in anc1ent times, there may have been a hundred that are not yet discovered. Spanish explorers and colonizers not only carried fruits of the New World back to Europe, but brought figs, olives, and other Old World plants to the New. Page Ten HERALD Pleasant Days by Wood and Stream By DONALD G. GILBERT N AUGUST, 1932, I fished the Nepisi- guit River in northern New Bruns- wick. With canoes and guides we went fifty miles up stream from Bathurst. Each day we poled our canoes from ten to twelve miles, staying in log cabins at night. No one was seen on the trip, but we did see deer and other game. The deer were red. In the autumn they are gray. When we stopped at noon the Scotch guides pre- pared our lunch. I helped cut wood at Indian Falls, cutting spruce logs with a bucksaw. In the wild woods we saw a few grouse or partridge, and ducks on the river. Once while the others were in the cabin, I saw a doe swim across the river below the falls. A doe is a female deer. They do not have horns like the bucks. At each portage we carried our canoes and packs on trails around rapids and falls. There were caribou antlers over the doors of the cabins. The last caribou seen in this part of New Bruns- wick were seen eight- een years ago. There were caribou near by in Maine. Also, on Isle Royale in Lake Superior, though they were not there when I was there in the summer of 1931. We got the biggest fish at the head- waters of the Nepisiguit River. These were brook trout, the same kind as we A GOOD CATCH Donald Gilbert should look pleasedw he caught all these brook trout alone. catch in the Au Sable River in north- eastern Michigan. We caught several 2 and 2h pound trout. I fished with a Heddon 5-ounce fly rod, using an arti- fic1a1 fly as a lure. I caught my largest trout on a Parma Belle. Some of our party caught brook trout weighing five pounds. Nepisiguit is the Mic Mac Indian name meaning trough waters." This river is not as large as the Yukon in Alaska, where we traveled in a steam- boat to Dawson in the Klondike gold- fields. We went up the Nepisiguit in four days and came down in ten hours. It was early in the morning on the day of the trip down- stream. My guide told me to be quiet as we drifted around the bends in the river. Once we saw a doe with her head under the water in a cove, or little bay, eatinglily pads. Our canoe shot close to her before she raised her head. She ran quickly out of the water and faded away in the brush. We saw a fat porcu- pine near a little river emptying into the river. We ate wild gooseberries and huckleberries at the noon stop. When we arrived at the first camp on the river Mr. Doucet, the cook, had fresh Venison ' and good berry pie waiting. He is one of the best cooks I know and makes thick pies with plenty of real juice in each one. PREPARING FOR LUNCH At noon we would stop at: the mouth of one of the numerous brooks along the Nepisiguit River, where we would build a fire and boil the tea pail. I was sorry when we came to the end of the trip down river for I was learning to handle a canoe alone with my guide tell- ing me how to do it. I hope sometime to visit this region again. mm Nature Notes On Easter morning I was pleasantly surprised by seeing a flock of robins in our yard. It was also visited by a number of bronzed grackles. I was certainly amused by the look of surprise of Fifi, my little pet canary, who was doing his best to get acquainted with these newcomers. -Isabelle Gassett, Edison Institute High School. The Kingfisher The kingfisher is seven inches long. Its upper parts are bluish gray. The tail feathers have numerous spots and broken bands. The breast is white with a band across it, and the sides are bluish gray, sometimes tinged with rufous. The nest is built at the end of two or three feet of tunnel, When five eggs twhite and quite smalD are laid. The kingfisher is content to have ill-smelling bones in its home. They are from the fish it uses as food. eVance Simonds, Scotch Settlement. Carp and Minnow The carp or minnow family is one of the largest families among the fishes. Most of the fish in this family are small or of moderate size. They are all alike in color and often puzzle scientists. There are about 225 species that live in North American waters. The true carp was brought to Western Europe and later was introduced into American ponds and lakes. They are not much used as food, for they have a sort of mudlike flavor. The carp lives largely on vegetation and worms and small fish, and other living things. eBilly Faustman, Scotch Settlement. The Bullfrog The bullfrog of Michigan lives in swamps and lakes. It is a dark green, with a large dot back of each eye. It comes out in April and May. In May the females lay their eggs. The eggs are black with a jellylike substance on the outside. In a few weeks they hatch and a tiny pollywog comes out of the black ball. Later it develops front legs and hind legs, and thus you have the bullfrog of Michigan. A bullfrog is an ideal pet for the house. Put him into a large tub and put mud and leaves on the bottom of the tub. Feed him crickets, fiies, mosquitoes, and worms. wRussell Reader, Scotch Settlement. A Queer Fish One day during vacation we went to the aquarium at Belle Isle. I saw a funny fish. He had a tail like an alligator. He could not swim fast. He was black. You could not see his eyes. His nose was round, and he had funny fins. -Thurman Donovan, Town Hall School. New An oyster egg is about one five- hundredth of an inch in diameter. NM Boys, School THE AMERICAN MINK The American mink, which ineiden- tally belongs to the weasel familyt IS famed for its fur. It is a long-bodied animal and usually attains a weight of three pounds when mature. Its legs are comparatively short, but this does not seem to be a handicap to the great activity of the animal. The back IS characteristically arched, not only when the creature is at rest but also when 1t is moving. These little animals are very brave and courageous and some- times attack and kill prey that is much larger than they themselves are. They often attack the muskrat. One would naturally think that the mink and the muskrat should be friendly since they resemble each other and have the same habits. This is not true, however; the mink makes use of every chance he has to kill a muskrat. Among some of the other food species that it attacks and eats are the rabbit, the mouse, the rat, the chipmunk, the squirrel, birds, water- fowl, and' other animals that frequent the vicinity of its habitat. There are many of these interesting little creatures living in the neighborhood of the Way- side Inn. Quite often we have the op- portunity of studying these little fellows at close range on our extensive estate. eWilfred Allen. SPRING ACTIVITIES As the warm weather is making its debut the indoor activities of the past season are on the decline and are being replaced by the more healthful forms of recreation made possible by the spring weather. Chess, checkers, dominoes, and bridge are seldom if ever played now. These activities have been replaced by track, throwing the baseball around, and playing that old game of 0duck on the rock." Swimming is still two months away but it has been rumored that some of the boys expect to try the water this month. Fishing, a sport that all red- blooded boys enjoy, will be in season beginning April 15. It is expected that many of our classmates will get up bright and early that day to try their luck at catching the biggest trout of the day. The pickerel, bass, and horn pout season has been delayed and will not be declared open until the latter part of next month. -R0bert Cook. BI RD HOUSES Mrs. Spicer has oifered several at- tractive prizes to those boys that build the best bird houses. A great deal of interest has been taken by the boys with the result that many fine specimens should be on exhibition before very long. The competition should be intensely keen from reports of the progress made by the prize seekers. This spring, more than ever before, will the need for bird houses be manifest. The reason behind this fact is that some two hundred thousand dead trees have been cut down by CCC and CWA projects. As the birds that ordinarily occupy these trees come back, they will find tenements at a premium unless houses are provided for them. Evidently Mrs. Spicer's HERALD Wayside Inn Schools - - - thoughts were along this line when she offered these prizes. MN Southwest School Baseball is the present means of recreation of the boys of the Southwest School. Every recess and noon hour is taken up with either practice catching or iiscrubf, The boys have developed quite a team and are getting to be very good players. They have a new bat which is light and easy to handle. They have been trying very hard to perfect their playing as they expect to play against the Boys School team. eEleanor Goulding. The eighth class took their exami- nations for high school on Tuesday, April 10. There were ten tests. We are looking forward to the results, be- cause the eighth class of last year had the highest score in the Sudbury schools. School closed Friday, April 13, for a weeks vacation to last from the thir- teenth to the twenty-third. eElecmor Goulding. MAN A MACHINIST FOR 10,000 YEARS Benjamin Franklin is credited with having originated the definition of man as a tool-making animal. But even the immortal Benjamin and all the 18th Century natural philosophers who were his peers might well have been astonished at the prehistoric extension which has been given to man's activities not merely at making tools but at making machinery for the making of tools. Professor Wolfgang La Baume, of the Danzig Museum of N atural History and Prehistory, after a careful study of pierced stone axes, hammers, hoes and other tools of the New Stone Age, has built of wood, sinew and other primitive materials a drill press that duplicates their technique quite exactly. The apparatus is crude but emcient. A Y-forked tree limb driven into the Page Eleven ground supports a stout wooden cross- beam weighted at its other end with a stone and free to move up and down between a pair of straight sticks that act as guides. In the middle of the cross- beam a shallow hole or socket acts as a bearin g for a smaller vertical stick, at the lower end of which is fitted a piece of bone or hardwood that serves as the drill itself. This vertical stick is free to twirl in its socket, and is set in mo- tion by a bowstring, after the manner of the itiire-drillii familiar to all Boy Scouts. The drill is armed with an angular bit of hint, which can eat its way through a piece of bone, wood, or other material with surprising ease, says Professor La Baume. For making holes in stone, 3 proce- dure surprisingly reminiscent of the most modern metallurgy is used. Mod- ern workers in very hard metals, that defy steel drills, can bore and cut them by using abrasives such as diamond dust, emery and carborundum, on the face pf a tool of softer material. So also dld the Neolithic machinists, when they wanted to make a hole in a flint ax head. They used a blunteended wooden drill, or the shaft of a deer leg-bone, to twrst and twirl on top of a little wet sand. Professor La Baume, using .th-IS method on his reconstructed Neolithlc drillpress, can bore clean holes through very hard stones in very short tlme and with surprisingly little wear on the bone or wooden tool. The solid wooden rod gives him a clear borehole, the hollow bone makes an annular cut and takes out a core. New Stone Age tools, dls- carded before completion because some- thing went amiss, show both types of boring. The Danzig archaeologist has also reconstructed a stone-cutting tool tem- ploying the same principle to slice straight grooves into hat pieces of hard rock, making "blanks" similar to those from which Neolithic men began shaping their polished stone implements. Apparently the skilled artificers of medieval Nuremberg, and the craftsmen of the mighty modern works of Essen, can point back to at least ten thousand years of ancestor-machinists. -Science News Letter. A SURE SIGN OF SPRING Boys and girls of Willow Run school enjoy a game of marbles in the bright sunshine. Page Twelve HERALD A VISIT TO KALAMAZOO During spring vacation my mother, brother and I drove to Kalamazoo to visit my grandmother. We left Dearborn on Tuesday morning at 8 oiclock. We arrived there at 11:30. Being hungry after the long drive, we ate heartily. While we were eating the rain was coming down steadily. It was so dark and gloomy most of the afternoon that I had to have a light to read by. The next morning my mother said that my brother and I could go to see Miss Reid, who teaches in the grade and high school at Otsego. When we arrived we went into the superintendent's office. One of his assistants showed us to Miss Reid's room. She was teaching the 6A and 7B when we went in. The classes were working on fractions. Miss Reid told us when she would be at leisure. The school building was quite large, and as we wandered around we noticed the different bulletin boards. They gave the Scouts and safety rules. We looked in the gym and auditorium. There was a loud ringing, and doors opened and the pupils came out as we walked back to Miss Reid,s room. We talked about Dearborn and her friends there. Miss Reid told that they were going to have a play soon. The bell rang again, and school was over. It was a very interesting visit. -Billy Kresin, Town H all School. mm FARMERS OF IOWA TO PROTECT GAME In Iowa the fish and game commission are going to have an open season on quail this fall, but the farmers are deter- mined that they are going to save the birds from destruction. "Hunters keep out" signs will be tacked up on borders of farms. Some advocates of hunting claim that the poorer classes of people will not be able to get free or ttcheap" meat. But the farmers have proved that am- munition is expensive when not half of the shots bring game, and that it 15 cheaper and easier to go to the butchers with the money that might have been spent for it and buy the meat-outright. Quails are useful and beautiful birds. Nobody has ever been able to find one fault in the quail. wDoris Harrington, Brownville School. mm LARGEST CAVE IN THE WORLD In Kentucky there is the largest cave in the world, which is the Mammoth Cave. When I entered it the ground sloped down fast and then grew more level. There were different passages, some high and narrow, others low and wide. We came to the Echo River, got into boats and went down with the current. They say there are blind fish in the river. When the river rises you can touch the top of the cave with your hand. We then got off the boat and went to the lowest level, which is called the Wooden Bowl Room. It was given thls name because there was a wooden bowl found there. . The cave was made by running water. Indians lived there long ago. We only went in for about five miles, but there are many more miles to the cave. We carried 011 lamps. -Albert Roberts, Scotch Settlement. NM MY SECOND AIRPLANE RIDE On Sunday, April 8, about three oiclock in the afternoon, Mother, Daddy, Ray and I started from home to visit some friends. We arrived about five dclock after a few stops on the way. J ust as we got seated for dinner, Colonel Roscoe Turner and Miss Bouyer walked in. The Colonel had some pictures of his pet lion, and they were passed around the table. But as he was particularly interested in airplanes everybody started talking about them. It happened that we were promised a ride in his plane that very night. We arrived at the City Airport about seven oiclock. The Colonel took his racing plane up first NEGLECT Diligence alone is a good patrimony; but neglect will wear the fairest fortune. One preserves and gathers; the other, like death, is the dis- solution of all. The industri- ous bee, by her sedulity in summer, lives on honey all the winter. But the drone is not only cast out from the hive, : but beaten and punished. ' eOwen Feltham. ................................................ for about a half an hour. The plane was a gold color and had a wing-spread of twenty-five feet. It looked like a tiny bug in the sky, and went 358 miles , an hour. The one we were going in was quite a bit bigger. When we got up as high as we intended we were going at the speed of 200 miles an hour. I had a funny sensation while taking off and landing. -Florem:e Barbier, Scotch Settlement. MN OLD AND NEW MEANS OF TRAVEL There have been a great many different ways of traveling since people have had any inclination in this way. At first a person had to "walk on foot," as it is expressed. The next was horse, camel, elephant, or yak back. Still later came the stagecoach. These stagecoaches were very crude, and to stop the jar caused by the bumps on the road they had large springs, but these only made the coach rock. Coming down a sharp descent the coach was apt to upset. Later came the steam engine, which at first was not much better than the stagecoach. But by gradual improve- ment the steam engine has been made a power of which all Americans can be proud. We also have the automobile, the luxurious passenger car of today, and then the airplane. This last, but surely not least, is gradually working itself into general transportation, and in time will probably be as popular as the automobile. v-Frcmces J ohnson, Brownvillc. McGuffey Precepts and Maxims NM The Young Birds One day Willy's mother told him that he might play among the trees. He soon came back, and ran to his mother with a bright smile. "0 mother," said he, itwhat do you think I have seen? I have seen a pretty bird build its nice little nest. I saw it fiy into a large tree with some moss in its bill. I stood to watch it. I saw it fly back and forth from the ground to the tree. It took something each time with which to build its nest." "Well, Willy," said his mother, "in a few days you may look at it again." In a few days, Willy went to see it again, and soon ran back. U0 mother," said he, "there are three eggs there, not bigger than a marble? iiIn one month? said his mother, iiyou may look at the nest again." Willy thought the month very long. At last, his mother said he might go. When he came back, he said, iiO mother, there are three little birds there. The old ones feed them all the time. But I did not touch them." His mother said, "I am glad you have seen them, and did not touch them. Next year the little birds will build their own nests, and have young ones." MN If ever I see, On bush or tree, Young birds in a pretty nest, I must not, in play, Steal the young birds away, To grieve their mothers breast. My mother, I know, Would sorrow so, Should I be stolen away; So Iill speak to the birds, In my softest words, Nor hurt them in my play. And when they can fly, In the bright blue sky, They will warble a song to me; And When I am sad, It will make me glad, To think they are happy and free. eSecond Reader. . NM Sheep and Lambs A sheep and her lamb. What a pretty sight! Do you not love a little lamb? Would you not like to have one for a pet? What, a lamb for a pet? Does a lamb make a nice pet? This lamb is only a few weeks old; but it can run, and skip, and play. The sheep, or dam, takes good care of it. See how close she lies to it. Does she not seem to love it? She does love it. She does not like to have it out of her sight. If she sees a dog coming near her lamb, she will run in front of it. Do you know why? Some dogs kill little lambs. They will kill sheep too. But sheep can keep the dogs off: the lambs cannot. Would you not feel sad to see a dog kill this little lamb? eFirst Reader. HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, May 4, 1934. No. 7 : Where Shepherds Watched Their Floats: N MAKING a visit to Greenfield Village one of the main points of interest is the Cotswold Cottage. It was built about 250 years ago among the Cotswold Hills of England where sheep-herding and farming prospered. The cottage was brought to the historical village by the way of train and boat and reconstructed to appear exactly as it Was in England. Cottages of this type were built in groups and were occupied by farmers and sheep herders. The cottage is con- structed entirely of limestone, Which is plentiful in the Cots- wold Hills. The lime- stone used on the roof is broken into slabs by laying the quarried stone on the ground and letting the rains and cold weather break it up into sections. The following spring the people remove these slabs from the ground to use for building. The walls of the cottage are about two feet in thickness and strong oak timbers sup- port the limestone roof that weighs 25 pounds to the square foot. The stone Window frames contain iron casement Windows made by the local blacksmith. The cottage con- sisted originally of two individual homes joined together. Each home contains one large room used for cooking, eating and living quarters. The upper story is divided into two large bed- rooms, one for each home. All the rooms are furnished throughout with furniture of the corresponding period brought over from England. All the ground tioors are made of stone and in the Winter they are covered with sand on which straw is spread to protect the occupants from the cold stone. The Fireplaces The two downstairs rooms and one of the upstairs bedrooms each have a fireplace. The larger of the two living quarters has one large fireplace with a bake-oven. The arch of the fireplace is supported by a very heavy oak beam about ten inches thick and twelve inches wide- COTSWOLD By DOROTHY CHUBBUCK This beam has to bear the weight of all the stonework above the arch, and is scorched and smoked through long years of use. At the side of the fireplace stands an old-fashioned waffle iron, pancake iron, and bellows used for starting the fire. Along one side of the room is a long narrow oak table with benches and foot stools. On the table are two iron candIe-holders and two wooden trenchers. On the oppo- COTTAGE IN ITS GORGEOUS SETTING OF OLD-WORLD GARDEN FLOWERS AND SHADY TREES. site side of the room stands a table called a hutch table that can be converted into a chair by tipping the top to make the chair back. Above this hangs an old oil painting of the interior of a Cotswold cottage. Opposite the fireplace is a Bible box upon a table with religious books on it dating back to the 16th Century. All the cooking utensils have legs on them so they can be set in the fire- place. Leather water pitchers and a sycamore wood funnel of that time also can be found here. The whole of these utensils and odds and ends of furniture, indicate the simplicity of the lives of these men and women of a by-gone age. The ground around the cottage is surrounded by picturesque limestone walls. These walls are built of stone brought from the old land, and many freight cars were required to bring them to Greenfield Village, Where they arrived about the same time as the cottage itself. They enclose Howar- gardens and climbing roses which are very beautiful in the summer. The- flowers and shrubs in the cottage garden are all of a type to harmonize With the surroundings, as they are the kind that used to be planted about the cottages in rural England. In the front gar- den the tulips are already coming up, and when these bloom and fade away, they will be followed by a variety of old-fashioned flowers of every color, some of which were brought from England. At the back of the cottage is located a vegetable garden. This garden is on a hillside very similar to the position of the original vegetable garden in England. The attend- ant is now planting onions which, he states, have been grown from one onion Which Mr. Ford procured from the cottage in England. Located to the east of the cottage is a lime- stone barn, the home of the sheep and little lambs. The sheep and little lambs ramble about the grounds as contended and happy as the sheep that wan- dered the Cotswold Hills back in England up to about the time of Queen Elizabeth. A most interesting and necessary character to complete this picture is Rover, a Newfoundland sheep dog, two years old, weighing about 130 pounds He guards his charges with the ability of his kind. After the sheep are fed Rover takes a pail and helps his master to bring water for them to drink. Roveris duties keep him very busy, but should you visit him he always has time for a wag of his tail and to offer his paw in a friendly shake. Vegetation on Roof Growing on the roof of the cottage and on the limestone walls is a plant commonly called then and chickens." This plant, With its mosslike leaves, gives a homelike and cozy appearance to the building. Page Two HERALD THE HERAL D Ofl-icmllorgan of the pupils of Greenlicld Village and Assocxated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations . DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS WIIIOW Run, Lillian Poet, Edith H oag Rawsonvnlle, Lqis Corkins, Robert N elson Old Stone Pennington, David Higgins, Ruth Randall qun School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Perez's Hatch Mills Sehool, Lilah Cregcr, Jennie Cibrowski Brownvxlle, M ern'll Gray, Doris H urringlon Academy School, M arjorie Wickwire, Jerry Anthea Comfort. School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drom'llard, Agnes M ontgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. E D I T O R I A L S Spending Money For the past three or four weeks Mr. Cameron has been talking about money. We have learned that there are three 'ways of using money. They are: spendlng, saving, and sharing. So far we have only taken up spending. Before you spend money you have to earn it. In spending it you should ask yourself, 'IDo I have to have it? Can I do without it?" If the money is given to you, you should spend it more freely. It is wiser to pay cash than to buy on credit, because if you buy on credit you usually buy more and you might not be able to afford it. It is also possible that the articles purchased might be taken away from you. When you pay cash you are sure of owning the article. Another point is that if you pay cash you are not likely tolbuy so much, or to pay such a high price. eIrene Stead, Edison Institute High School. Penmanship So many people have said to me, IiAre you still taking penmanship?" They seem to think it funny; but one will notice that they are not very good writers. I think we should take penmanship up because it makes our writing much neater, and it needs to be neater because it is sometimes rather hard to read some peopleIs writing. Another reason I think makes it necessary is because it teaches us to erase less. You have most likely heard some children say, "But I donit see why we have to take penman- ship." The pupils in the other schools who are in high school donit have to take it, but those children have forgotten most of the lovely movement they had When they were in grade school and have taken up a handwriting that is a lot different. Donlt you think that it is fine to have time to spend on becoming a good penman? These are my reasons for believing we should take up penmanship. -Suscm Alderdyce, Edison I nstitute High School. Metal Working in Greenfield Village tBy Robert Piper, Edison I nstitute High SchoolJ The ninth class boys of the Edison Institute Junior High School are having machine work under the direction of Mr. Dewar. In order to know how to use certain tools we took up this kind of work first. We had work in filing, scraping, and use of the micrometer. After thoroughly completing this, we started machine work. Budding F ranklins mm This Herald will look nice because I helped print it. I set part of the uFlag," which always appears at the begin- ning of the editorial page and tells who's who on the staff. I think it is as much fun to set type as to write stories for the Herald. I know almost all of the iicase" which holds the letters. When you spill the letters while setting any- thing it is called iipif' David and I made a lot of "pi," but managed to get through with our copy all right. I set this up myself. -Jack McCloud, Scotch Settlement School. 3 This week was my first experience as a printer. I worked on the Herald, setting heads and date lines. It is great fun learning the Tease" and how to use a "stickfi The printers use some queer names, such as iipicafi which is a measurement used in printing, and a tislug," which measures half a pica. I also found out what Iipi" is. I made some. A live stone is a place where printers put: type that is ready for the press, while a dead stone is for old matter ready to be ukilled," which means thrown away. I set this myself. eDavid Ormond, Scotch Settlement School. First, we learned the care of the machine and how to operate it. Our next lesson was in turning down a piece of metal to a certain micrometer size. We then learned how to center our work with a center drill. A center drill is somewhat diHerent from an ordinary drill; it is ground on a sixty-degree angle, so that when you drill your work with it your lathe center fits the hole made by a center drill. The lathe centers are ground on a sixty-degree angle also. The Center Drill The center drill is held by a chuck. This chuck has a tapered shank on it. This pushes into a taper in the tail stock of the lathe. The tail stock is movable on the bed of the lathe to suit diiferent lengths of work, and different kinds of tools, such as the cut-off tool, the tool for turning down a piece of metal, and the threading tool. Threading is the most complicated thing we have taken up so far. Next came something different, knurling. This means putting small corrugations on screws and bolts so they can be turned by hand. How to sharpen our tools was next in our study of machine work. During this study we made such things as bushings, nuts, and screws. The Milling Machine "1 Later we began work on the milling machine. We made hexagons and squares out of metal with a dividing head. A dividing head is a fixture used on the milling machine to insure equal spacing in such work as making the six sides of a hexagon nut equal, and numerous other jobs. We also made some keyways. We want to thank Mr. Ford for making this work possible, because we feel it will help us in years to come. MN Radio Sets Installed On April 18 a radio set was installed in the following schools: Willow Run, Rawsonville, Mills, Macon, Town, Pen- nington, Brownville, Comfort, Centen- nial and Green Lane. The primary rea- son for the installation was to enable the children of these schools to listen in to the weekly broadcast from Martha- Mary Chapel at Greenfield Village. In addition to this many educational pro- grams are available that may be of assistance to the teachers in their work. The present installation consists of a standard Ford automobile radio receiver and a storage battery. This selection was made because of the fact that many of the schools are not equipped with electricity. In the near future the receiver and battery will be installed in a neat cabinet which will add to its appearance. It is hoped that considerable enjoy- ment and instruction may be secured by the use of these radios. MN Happy J apan The one foreign country I would like to visit is Japan. I wouldllike to Visit this country because most of the pictures I have ever seen of it are very pretty and gay. I would like very much to visit Tokyo, the capital. They have many festivals in J apan, and the decorations are very beautiful -Helene W alker, Town H all School. Social ariaNPersonal Ann Hood passed her thirteenth birthday April 27. Susan Alderdyce had her thirteenth birthday on April 30. There was a dancing demonstration at Fordson High School on Thursday, May 3. The children of the Greenfield Village Schools participated. HERALD Page Three A Man Who Loved Plants tSiorg and Photo by James Gardner, Scotch Settlement SchoolJ The man who was most successful in changing and altering plants was Luther Burbank. He was born in Lan- caster, Massachusetts, on March 7, 1849. His father was a farmer who found time to read good books as well as work his land.' His mother had a love for all beauty. Luther was a frail child and spent Luther Burbankk office, a little building, measuring fourteen by twenty feet, where he studied plant life. most of his time in reading books. His devotion to plants started when he was very young. He appreciated a gift of fiowers more than the present of a toy. He went to a common school near his town and later to an academy. In high school he attended only in the winter, because he had to work in the summer to pay expenses. For several seasons he worked in a factory at Worcester, Massachusetts. His wages were fifty cents a day. He invented a machine that could do the work of at least six men. His employers increased his pay and his friends urged him to be an inventor. He found that the indoor work was hard on his health, so he returned to the land and took up market gardening and seed raising. A Discovery One day he found a seed-ball on one of his potatoes. There were twenty- three seeds. He carefully preserved and planted them. From the seeds grew twenty-three healthy plants. Each one was of a different kind. One of the plants was unusually strong. It had a large cluster of potatoes which were large and smooth. The potatoes were sold for seed. They were so good that the gardener who bought them called them the Burbank potatoes. It is said that sin ce that time millions of dollarsl worth of these potatoes have been raised in the United States. Mr. Burbank received one hundred and fifty dollars for his prize potato. In 1875, as the result of a partial sunstroke, Mr. Burbank was forced to seek a betterclimate. He left New England and moved to Santa Rosa, California, and carried on his work. Santa Rosa is a little village lying in a fruitful valley. It had a wonderful climate for his work, and the soil was rich and varied. Here he was surrounded by his world-famous gardens. He lived in a cottage covered by vines and blos- soms. Never Wasted Time His experimental grounds were at Sebastopol, near by. Some of his experi- ments covered a period of twenty-five years or even longer. He was a tireless worker and never wasted time. A large sign reminded curious visitors that they were allowed only five minutes in his gardens. Mr. Burbank's ways with plants were no secret. Most of the changes he made in plant life were either by selection or by crossing. He lived very simply and quietly among his plants and iiowers. In his old age he occupied himself in seeking to develop new seeds and fruits. This is one of his sayings: ttMy dream is that I may be able to change the whole world of plants to suit its needs and pleasures.,, A plan was formed in 1925 to transfer Luther Burbankls experimental farm at Sebastopol to the control of Stanford University. He died in 1926. The office of Luther Burbank is now in Greenfield Village. It is located at the rear of the Scotch Settlement School. The office building only measures four- teen feet by twenty feet. It was f ormerly situated on Mr. Burbankis experimental farm at Santa Rosa. It is planned to have a small garden at the back of it, where flowers and plants developed by him will be grown. NM THE SINKING OF THE TITANIC Twenty-two years agoeApril 15, 1912ea ship, heralded as unsinkable, and toasted as the greatest marine achievement in history, sank on her maiden voyage and carried to their deaths 1,513 men, women and children. The Titanic, masterpiece of ship- buildersl art, plowing at top speed through the ice-f'ields of the North Atlantic, rammed an iceberg off New- foundland. The submerged portion of the berg ripped through the bottom plates of the giant ship. But people on board pooh-poohed the idea that the Titanic could sink. Three hours later the gallant vessel sank from sight. The steamer Carpathia rescued quite a number of passengers from the Titanic, but could not save all. The Titanic was on her maiden voy- age from Southampton to New York. The sinking of this giant liner is one of the most spectacular in the story of the ea. eLowell Apesech, Scotch Settlement. NM Observers who have risen into the stratosphere in balloons describe the sky as being of a deep purple color. MAKING THEIR LIVING - One morning two business men arose, both thinking the same thing, although they were miles apart and did not know each other. What they thought was this: HAnother day is here and Iive got my living to make." One man went to work feeling he must hurry, and got right down to his business with just a quick ttGood morn- ing" to a few of his most intimate friends in the office building. He began to dictate letters, see visitors, and do his other work with hardly a glance out of the window at the hurrying crowds, or at the sun climbing higher and higher in the sky. Presently the office clock struck twelve. He quickly went out to a restau- rant to eat a hurried lunch, and then he went back to the omce and did the same kinds of things all over again. .That night as he was riding home his mam thought was, "Ilve made my gvmg today, thatis more than some have one." Meanwhile the other man went to his oHice with a smile and a cheery "Good morning" for all he met. Before settling down to work he went to the open window and drew in a long, deep breath. He said, "A good dose of oxygen is Just the thing to give one a good start at his work." Once in a while he would glance down at the long ribbon of road stretch- ing out across the city. Of course he had to dictate letters and do the same kinds of things as the first man, but he did them with more cheerfulness. As he was on his way home he thought, tTve been fortunate enough to earn my living today. I hope that others have been able to do the same." Both men did the same days work, but the last man did more. What he had earned had no name and he would not get paid for it. He did not realize it, but he had earned some of the best things in life as well. He had earned joy, and pride in his work, comradeship gitg his fellow creatures, and faith in o . ePhyllis La Fortte, Willow Run School. New NOTICE! News from the Wayside Inn Schools, and articles and snap- shots from Pennington School, received too late for insertion in this issue of the Herald will be printed in our next issue. It should be noted in this connection that the dead line for receiving copy at this office is the Monday before the Fri- day of publication. Page Four HERALD F??? that WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING FIE Stilt Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement Every ten weeks, when the Green- field Village pupils get their report cards, everyone for the last two or three days is rushing on to pass all the penmanship lessons they can. They are working especially hard to gain a higher mark than they had on the last report card. There are only twenty lessons to do. The boys of the sixth and seventh classes should be on lesson 15 to get a high mark. e17. G. Rucker, Jr. Geography Study When the fifth class girls and boys began studying geography they found out how people lived and worked, and they learned that cows gave milk, that sheep furnished wool for clothing, that hens provided eggs, and that the flesh of cattle, hogs, sheep, and poultry was used for food. They also found that the miner dug more coal than he needed to burn, and that the farmer raised more vegetables than he could eat. Also that bread was made from flour which was ground from wheat. Then we studied the forms of land and water. I found that we lived on a continent that had water surrounding it, and in a state that had water on three sides of it. eJecm M cM ullin. Our Tepee Donald Gilbert and I have made a tepee out of some old burlap bags and poles. We have had our poles twice stolen. We found the stealer later on and made him give them up. We sleep on the boughs of spruce trees that we found after Christmas. We have the tepee behind my house, and we sleep in it every summer. It is very great fun. eBilly M iellce. SPRING ONCE AGAIN Spring, spring, spring, spring! Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful spring! So gentle, so loving, so sweet so fair! Oh, who can be cross when there 5 love in the air! Be happy, be joyful, and join in our song, And help us send glad tidings along. Spring, spring, spring, spring! Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful spring! -Marjorz'c Elmer. A GRAND LADY A lady came to our house, A lady bold and grand; She had a great umbrella, And rings on either hand. She wore pretty coats, And gowns of satin too; She is the 'rrandest lady That's what I think, don 1: you? wCutlLeriiw Illiller. MISCHIEF, ANGER AND HOME Mischief is like a snowball, Sent rolling down a hill; With every turn it bigger grows, Bigger, bigger still. Anger is an awful thing, It never stops to reason; It boils right over all at once, No matter what the season. Home, no matter where it be, 01-, it be big or small, Is just the dearest place on earth, The dearest place of all. -Marjarie Elmer. MY MOTHER My mother to me is the best of all, She is so kind and sweet; She always seems to take my part When trouble brings defeat. eCalhcrinc JlIiller. FEAR Fear always helps our pursuer, Following us in the rear; It increases his desire for quarry- What a terrible thing is fear! Our pursuer always overtakes us. And then our fears are found out; Our fear always helps him, Or that therels no reason to doubt. '-Vl17LEI3 Simmids. The boys of the Greenfield Village Schools are playing baseball. Dall Hutchinson is our'coach. We practise every day at recess, and some stay after school to play. Also some come early to play at noon. eDavid Ormond. On Thursday, April 19, we played the Edison Institute boys. It was a thrilling game. We played seven in- nings. Junior Burns said we needed practice. The score was: Greenfield,3; Edison Institute, 26. But we are ready to challenge them again, as soon as we have had some practice. eDonald Donovan. MN Town Hall My Ideal Home I should like very much to live in a small white cottage when I grow up. I will try to odescribe the house and grounds fory On the left0 of the house is a porch in front of which there IS a small te1race that connects quite a large piece of land. On the right is another terrace. The ground at the back is quite large. At the end it is a rose garden with different- colored roses. Through the middle there runs a stream, with cement benches placed here and there along its sides. In the front yard, at the end of a stone and grass sidewalk, there is a trellis with climbing roses. Around the yard there is a little white picket fence through which very green grass can be seen. It is a five-roomed house with a small porch downstairs. The rooms are: dining room, living room, bathroom, kitchen, and hail. Upstairs there are three bedrooms, a porch, and a bath- room. I think it would be a delightful place in which to live. AKathav'ine Bryant. The Baby Kangaroo The baby kangaroo would remind us of a baby chick which had left its egg too early, if it were not for the pouch in which its mother carries it around. If it were not for this pocket the little kangaroo would soon die. Pouched animals are called marsupials, from the Latin word meaning a pouch. They all come from Australian regions except the opossums of Central and South America. eBetty Atkinson. MY GRANDMOTHER'S CLOCK My grandmother has a kitchen clock, That sits upon the shelf; It ticks and chimes away the time, As it mumbles to itself. It ticks the time with a muffled chime, As its pendulum swings to and fro, As we stand by its side we feel great pride That the old clock continues to go. My grandmother's clock is quite old, But still it tells the time, As it slowly ticks the minutes away With a soft and steady rhyme. -Wilma Barth. m m Clinton Inn Last Thursday the children of the Clinton Inn School celebrated two birthday parties Harry Burns and Marjorie Mills were eight years old on that day. At noonday luncheon there were two birthday cakes on the table The children extended best wishes to Harry and Marjorie. The Story of the Dancing Flowers Once upon a time there was a garden that lay behind a big house. Every night it was full of fairies. And every night the flowers came to life. One night the flowers all came to- gether and they picked out a flower that they liked best. They started to dance about her. They danced and danced all night. When morning came all the fairies went to the flowers to say good-bye. Then they all went back to fairyland. -Margaret Ann English. Spring Story It is spring and the birds are all out. The howers are all out too. And I am very happy. eFrcmces H 0ch. The Secret in the Attic Betty and Rose were twins. One day they did not have anything to do; so they began to think. All of a sudden Betty said, ttLetls play in the attic." So up they went. When they got there they saw a big window. Rose ran to it. thh look here," she cried. t'Here is a funny little box." They opened it and saw something wrapped in a paper. It felt very queer. They opened it and found a note that said, nLook the wall press all over until you find a little door? The twins ran to the door. Rose said, uI never was so anxious to open a door before." iTve been pressing all over but I canlt find a door," said Betty. HOh herels the door and its so big that I can get in itfi said Rose. The twins entered the door and then found that there were two other doors. HWhich one shall we go in? said Rose. tiThis one," said Betty. They went in the room and all of a sudden the floor began to sink. When the floor stopped they saw a small room and a little window in the end of it. Near the window there was a little box. They opened it and found a note that said: tiLook in the trunk at the end of the room." They ran to the trunk and opened it and found a lot of money. HERALD Page Five They found their way back to the attic. They spent their money wisely and lived happy ever after. eKatheri'ne Lepine. ROVER Rover is a big dog. Big, healthy and strong. He runs beside the water-Iront, With his master running along. eBarbara Nowell. WILLOW RUN Some Visitors In the last few days we have had some important visitors at the Willow Run School. The week before last we had three gentlemen from the University of Michigan. They were making a survey of Washtenaw County. They seemed very delighted with our school. We played and sang for them, and we talked about our sports and work. We also had a reading period. I think they enjoyed the visit. Dr. Turner from the Michigan State Normal College came the other day and introduced us to a gentleman from South Africa. He is studying educational systems in our country because he has charge of all the schools in Orange Free State. We enjoyed him because he was an Englishman and had a delightful accent. He asked us to go outside so that he could take our picture. Dr. Turner asked him if he would speak to us in the African language. It sounded very funny. This visitor is going to show our pictures to the South African children. I think that the Willow Run School is getting famous. -Helen H oag. Plowing In China This morning when I was coming to school I saw six or seven tractors in a field plowing. But if you went to China you would see only one cow and a wooden plow in a field to prepare the ground for growing rice. To grow rice the Chinese have to fiood their lands. The water has to be four inches deep for the rice to grow. When the rice is ripe they let the water 0119 the land. Then they hull the rice and thresh it. If the farmers have more rice than they can use they sell a few bushels. Sometimes they get more than thirty bushels of rice from one acre. -Frank Reinhackel. Some Reviews The following comments and compli- mentsi from some of the pupils of Willow Run School show that they read the Herald and follow the activities of other schools with keen interest. Here they are: Dear David Smith: I know what those crabs look like. Once I did the same thing, only I was in the water. When I came out, what do you suppose I had on my toe? It was a big crab about three inches long. He pinched me, and when I knocked him off he left a little cut on the point of my toe. hFrank Reinhackel. Dear Junior Burns: I read your story about baseball, in the Herald. I hope you will improve at batting, so it will be harder to beat you this year. I play first base on our team. I am working on catching. I think thatis important, because you use it in so many positions. I wish you good luck at batting. eJack Suggitt. Dear Carol Bryant: As I was looking through the Herald I came upon the beautiful sketch of the horse that you drew. I think you have a very interest- ing hobby. Do you plan on being an artist when you grow up? I think that you will make a good one if you are. Perhaps some day we will be seeing your sketches in an art magazine. aEdith Hoag. The next one is a book review. It is callede Silver Chief, Dog of the North I have just finished a book called Silver Chief, Dog of the North. It was written by Jack OlBrien. The dog was wonderful. His color was of a silvery gray, tilike the snow that falls at night.,' He was half wolf, and brave, wise and loyal. The story tells the life of the dog when he was little and When he grew up with his mother. His mother was shot by an Indian, and ever afterward the dog hated the sight of a rifle. Finally he was captured by a mounted police- man and trained. He had many exciting adventures with the policeman because he was after an outlaw who had broken the "mountiels" laweiiThey always get their man? One night when the policeman went outside to get a good fresh breath of air, a rifle shot rang out, and he felt a stinging pain in his leg. In a second the dog was off with a bound to the place where the sound came from. Then came another shot, which was quickly followed by a mans scream. From the bushes near by the policeman heard snarls and cries of pain. The dog had attacked the outlaw, who was finally captured and taken to headquarters, all through the courage and loyalty of "Silver Chief? The book tells a lot about life in the far north. It also gives interesting information about the habits of different animals and about the work of the mounted police. It is a Junior League book. -Jack H ewitl. RAWSONVILLE We were very pleased when we saw Mr. Ashbrook walk into the Rawson- ville schoolhouse with a radio for us. We enjoy listening to it every day. We have heard the Greenfield Village chapel services twice, which has been very interesting. We have also heard Mrs. Roosevelt when she was talking about her schools. Mrs. Allen, our teacher, planted some crocuses out in the yard. There were several blossomed. The colors are blue, purple, and yellow. We were going to plant some more iiowers last week, but it was too cold. David Smith has just left to get his tonsils removed, and we are all writing letters to him, and hope that he will have as much fun reading them as we do in writing them. We have two new pupils in school and they have lots of fun playing to- gether. Their names are "Peter" and "Pan." They play tag and have lots of fun watching us work. iiPeterli and iiPan" are the names of our two new goldfish. "Do a little each day at some cost to yourself." -Lois Corkins. Two Short Stories I am a green lunch pail. I carry a good lunch to school for a little girl. She is a good girl. I carry good cookies for Iher. At night her mother gives me a bat . I am a fork. A little girl bent me. She put too heavy a load on me and hurt my back. Sometimes she fights me with her teeth. Her mother washes me in the dish pan With the other forks. The little girls name is Mary. She is a naughty girl. eVera Boyd. We were given some money for school, so Mrs. Allen, our teacher, bought us a globe and book. The globe has a shiny finish, so that you can wash it with a damp cloth. It has a dial on it so that. you can tell What time it is in the other countries. The name of the book is Stories and Poems, by Kipling. I think we shall very much enjoy reading it. OLD STONE PENNINGTON One of our several Visitors last week was Mr. Armstrong, the county school commissioner. We seem to have a real friend in him and hope we may see him often. We received our telegraphy machine last week, and it is much enjoyed and appreciated by everyone. We also had our new radio installed. We think it is wonderful to have a radio in our little schoolroorn and not to have to go across the road to Mr. Travisl house to hear each broadcast. Henry S. Curtis and daughter, of Ann Arbor, visited our school and brought with them a photographer who took snapshots of the playground. Mr. Curtis is very much interested in the playgrounds of the nation. We hope he W111 visit us again. We have just received two new bats and two new balls, together with two small globes. These are much ap- preciated, as our old globe was too large to be convenient. Mr. Lovett visited our school for a short time Monday. We wish he would come more frequently. sMO'rma Quackenbush. J oyce Pennington, one of our seventh class pupils, is staying in Detroit now. She has been absent from school about three weeks. Her grandmother, whom she lives with in Macon, is receiving treatment at the Henry Ford Hospital. Our trips to the hospital are nearly completed. Everyone needing treate ment is being cared for. Only about eight have to go back again. tContinued on page 1m Page Six HERALD About Animals and Pets, - - - - A family party at the rear of Cotswold Cottage. An Experience in Glacier National Park Glacier National Park is in Montana. It is something like Yellowstone National Park. When I was there we stayed at the hotel, which is made of big cedar logs. It is an oblong building and is very large. I was sitting on the porch eating peanuts when along came a chipmunk. He sat up and begged for the nuts. I gave him one and then put one on my shoulder and kept very still. He came up to my shoulder and started to eat. Then his claws tickled me. I wiggled, and he ran down the hill and disappeared into his hole. This is only one of my adventures in Glacier National Park. tBy John Perry, Scotch Settlementl Hoot, Man! MITavish in a contemplative mood. At Burt Lake While my brother and I were at Burt Lake, we found a raft along the beach. We fioated the raft back to the camp. The next morning a great storm came up. The waves were coming up on the shore about a yard farther than usual. We took the raft out on the lake to explore, and docked it on an island not far from the shore. Between the island and the shore the caretaker had boats up on the beach. The boats were secured by chains at- tached to posts in the ground. We got in a boat and took a long pole and pushed our way across to the island. We found two shacks there. They had nothing in them. We went some distance farther and found .ai-species of big bird. There were about fivel'hundred of them. tBy Franklin W eeks, Scotch Seltlementl MN My Trip to Erie, Pennsylvania Last summer, on July 2, I went to my Uncle Glenls in Erie, Pennsylvania. He has a dog. His name is Pal, and what a pal he is! My cousin Bud was at camp when we were there and Pal was lonesome for him. We were going to the beach. It rained and was so cold that we could not go swimming; so we drove around the peninsula and around the city. After that we ate our picnic supper at my uncleis house. The next day we went to Cleveland, Ohio, to see another uncle of mine. We had a very nice time while away, but were glad to return home. tBy Harry Schumann, Scotch Settlementi mm Buddy 'One winter, about eight years ago, a tiny collie puppy came to our house. He didn,t seem to have a home, so we kept him. We called him "Buddy." He was brown and white and a little black in places. He did not like collars, and although we got him several, he always slipped them off and lost them. IBuddy was very gentle and never hit any one unless he was bothered very much. All the time we had him, I only heard of his biting two people. Although he is gentle with people, he is not always the best of friends with strange dogs. Some people that live near us have two dogs, one a big gray collie and the other a big yellow dog. They are both a bit larger than Buddy. They stayed around our house quite a bit, and Buddy didnit like it; so when he would see them he would start chasing them and barking, and they would run for home as fast as they could go. Some- times when they wouldn,t go they would have a hght, but Buddy always won. He had a habit of chasing cars. He was hit several times, but it didn't seem to break him of the habit. Once when he was chasing a tractor that was cutting the grass in a field near our house, he got his paw out very badly. Last January Buddy disappeared and we have never seen him since. I hope he comes back soon, for I miss him very much. tBy Carol- Bryant, Town Hall Schooll NM Faithful Rover Himself Rover is a willing helper. There he is, bucket in mouth, ready to carry water for his charges -the sheep and lambs at Rose Cottage. NEW Kitty in the Basement I have a little kitten. One day I could not find her. I hunted and hunted. At last I found her on a pipe in the basement. I took a chair and brought her down. I gave her some milk, then took her up in my lap. She was very happy, and purred and purred. tBy Elaine Wyman, Scotch Settlementl A Deadly Fish A fish found on the Great Barrier Reef of Australia is armed with spikes which contain a deadly poison capable of killing human beings. tBy J immie Dates, Scotch Settlementl HERALD Page Seven and Some Other Things A DAY AT GREEN LANE ACADEMY At the close of the day with the children of the Green Lane Academy. It is nine otclock and the little old-fashioned bell sends out its notes calling the children into the little red schoolhouse to start a days work. First comes the daily health inspec- tion at which time the children are examined for any signs of illness or disease. The next fifteen or twenty minutes are spent in singing, after which the children repeat the Lordts Prayer and the Twenty-third Psalm in unison. They now listen to stories or, on some days, they alternate and they dramatize the stories they have heard. The remainder of the time before the morning recess is spent in printing and learning the alphabet. After a very lively and much enjoyed recess, each child comes into the school- house for a glass of tomato juice and a few minutes rest. They then have their little orchestra practice, after vslrhlich they are taught words, with lantern s1 es. The noon hour has arrived, and the little tots go trooping downstairs for their lunches which have been prepared for them by one of the teachers. At one oiclock the notes of the little bell again ring forth, and the children; now divided into two groups, settle themselves for another rest. After the rest period a few minutes are spent in number work, and during the remaining time before dismissal the youngsters busy themselves by drawing pictures and coloring in their color books. Thus they come to the end of another day. AT HUBBARD LAKE My mother and I spent our summer vacation at Hubbard Lake, which is 225 miles from Dearborn. I love the north and the fishing, boating, and bathing. I like to fish for perch from my rowboat, as well as for pickerel and bullheads, but my daddy likes better to nsh the trout streams. The north is noted for its beautiful pines and spruce trees. -June Winifred Bummer. ;. a fr 4 g, ,4 I 7' I June Rummer enjoys fishing and boating at Hubbard Lake. Distilling Water tmeing and Article by Bruce Simpsom In their science course the members of the seventh class of the Town Hall School have been studying the distilla- tion of water. Bruce Simpson, one of the seventh class pupils, brought the ap- paratus for the carrying out of experi- ments and demonstrated one to the class. The apparatus was arranged as shown in the illustration. When heat is applied to iiask tat the water in it boils and turns to steam. cow WATS Diagram showing how the experiment is carried out. The steam is then forced out of the mouth of the flask and through a glass connecting tube, as is indicated by the little arrows. Then the steam goes through another tube surrounded by cold water. The cold water around the steam cools it and changes it to water. The purpose in distilling water is to purify it. Water always has certain impurities in it, and distilling it takes them out. mm An Unusual Experience On the afternoon of April 13 my sister and I came home to find that Betty, our elder sister, was sick with scarlet fever. That night my sister and I and my little brother had shots for the disease. Then my father and my sister and I took the car and left for Charlotte, Michigan, where my grandmother lives. , My father left the next day and stayed in Dearborn at a friendis house. Durin g the week we were in Charlotte we read interesting books, and since my grandmother lives in the old home where my mother lived, there were many interesting things for us to see. There were old-fashioned paper dolls and some tConcluded on page In Page Eight HERALD Wayside Inn Schools - - - swam Uzugsuje The boys of the Wayside Inn School, as they prepared to go to the recent flower show in Boston. Boys School Everyone is eager to play baseball well since each feels this year there is a better opportunity to "make the var- sityii than any previous year. Our "Grapefruit League" is an incentive to the younger, less experienced boys. There seems a belief around the school that all the great people have birthdays in March: Mrs. Spicer, Mr. Young, Mr. Seften, Henry Towle, Alfred Mortimer, Ralph Delagrieco, Joseph Benski, and Roland Gardner, all had birthdays this month. N o doubt another party will be held soon for those having birthdays in April. Last month there was one for those Whose birthdays came in J anuary or February. One morning recently when we awoke, instead of seeing the sun rise in the heavens we saw rain, and it was raining fairly hard. The boys at Calvin How could not walk over to Dutton Lodge without getting drenched; so Mr. Thompson took his car and went up to the Hager Garage to get a beach wagon to transport the boys to their breakfast. Our baseball equipment has arrived. The boys who were without fielder gloves were anxious to get them and a number of those who have obtained them have Keel:i breaking them in to suit their own an 5. Some of the boys that work on the farm are working in the woods in back of Calvin How felling large dead pine trees, which are to be used for Iirewood. According to the boys who have this job, itis a lot of fun. There was a trip to Marlboro for the Catholic boys to go to church at Easter. Seventeen boys out of a pos- sible twenty went, one having gone home while two others were working. Everyone went to church Easter Sunday and the services were beautiful. After dinner, as it had cleared up a little bit, some of the boys went out to play baseball. At five olclock our Easter service was held at the Wayside Inn with all the boys attending. It was a well planned program and everything went 0E well. The boys had their supper at six oiclock after the services. We had colored eggs for supper and they looked very pretty indeed. THE COMING OF SPRING With the coming of spring the freshman class have been working at the greenhouse transplanting tomato and celery plants. We all like this job very much. There is much more work to be qlone now as spring is already here, espec1ally on the farm. The farm crew have taken the mulch off the strawberries at the market garden. The salvage yard, the inn and the greenhouse are the busiest departments at present. The whole Freshman class have been working at the greenhouse getting the hotbeds ready for the plants. We have now a great many flats of tomato, celery, cabbage and lettuce plants in. Mr. Blue has been kept busy making flats for the greenhouse. The Freshman class are finishing their bird houses at the salvage yard and the other group have been working at the greenhouse getting the celery and lettuce ready for the hotbeds. All the boys are pleased to have Saturday afternoons 01f. Most of the farm crew worked with Mr. Duggan raking leaves at the Calvin How. There were also several boys assigned to the greenhouse and the salvage yard. These two departments are very busy during this part of the year. The buds are beginning to show and the grass is getting greener every minute of the day. The "Grapefruit Leagueii expanded its arms and legs when a game was played between Hahnls and Delagrieco's teams. It surely was played very suc- cessfully. The score was twelve to live in favor of Delagriecois team. Mr. Thompson was umpire for the game. mm Southwest School After morning exercises the eighth class pupils recently did another lesson on mortgages. One day at recess the boys were playing baseball as usual when a pretty red setter puppy came into their midst, wearing a leather harness with a chain which was tangled around his neck. After the dog had stayed with us a few minutes Mr. Hall came by and took the puppy home to feed it and keep it until he could find the owner. The fifth class recently had a very interesting geography lesson on New York while the eighth class studied about the United States forests. Miss Brown came over from the Redstone for the music lesson; some of the girls didnlt smg. The eighth class has started positive and negative numbers, that part of A few of the goats, including kids, at the Lamson farm. HERALD Page Nine arithmetic which last years class en- joyed so much. We were glad to hear that the owner of our dog had been found, and that he was a man in Fram- ingham. When the bell rings at fifteen minutes of eleven the children come in from recess, red-cheeked and rosy from swinging, and ready to do their geography lessons. After morning exercises on a recent Wednesday we had a music lesson before we did our arithmetic. Determined that she would get us so we would sing, our teacher began by taking a song that we all knew and having each row of pupils sing it separately. After that we sang it in duets so that when the whole school did it they really sang well. It was nearly ten otclock when we started our other lessons, but as Mrs. Bennett said, she felt that we had spent a very profit- able morning. After recess we all felt that we would like to do something diiferent for the rest of the morning; so Mary Bartlett and Carlton Ellms chose sides and we had a spelling bee. MARBLES AND BASEBALL At recess the other day the children had a pleasant time with marbles and baseball but no one had brought a jump rope; so the girls who were not skilled at marbles simply watched the others play. The eighth class made some very good graphs for its geography lesson showing the per cent of the forests which are left in the United States today. In the afternoon the girls asked to have their music lesson first; they had just taken out their books when Mr. McKechnie came in and said he would sing with us to help out our weak voices. He did help us quite a bit and we had a good lesson. After our music the eighth class had an English lesson on comparison of adjectives and did very well in it. On Good Friday afternoon our teacher let us do some puzzles which she had brought to schooI-pictures, to find all the things we could beginning with a certain letter. After we finished this, Mrs. Bennett read to us from The Comedy of Errors until three olclock. Emma Batchelder and Lydia Bon- azzoli both have had the measles. At two oiclock Miss Brown came over from the Redstone and we learned two new songs. The eighth class have been doing more lessons on positive and negative numbers and still like them as much as ever. The sixth class have had geog- raphy lessons on Asia while the eighth class have studied about lishing in the United States. At recess the girls have a pleasant time playing hopscotch and the boys baseball. The eighth class have been given an oral test on the fishing which they have been studying and the pupils did very well in it. eMary E. Curtis. NW Mary Lamb School tRedstonel Everyone was elated to have ClilTord Belcher and Ann Davenport back to school. Ann said she liked being sick because people brought her lovely gifts. Clilford, however, seemed glad to have said good-bye to the measles. Marbles, ball and bat, and jumping ropes were very much in evidence on the playground at recess time. The farmer-f-ishermen of N orway was a topic for study in the fourth class in geography. Arithmetic drills are being success- fully conducted by pupil leaders. The best penmanship papers were hung on the bulletin board. From the reading of Thornton Bur- gessl Bird Book the children were sur- prised and delighted to learn that nWinsome Bluebird" and nWelcome Robin" are cousins. Class four has j ust completed a study of the early Spanish explorers. Seth Parkerls broadcast a few weeks ago from St. Augustine was of great interest to the children, because of its connection "Although the clay was dark, a snap was taken for fear our tSnowmanl might take leave of us,' writes our Mary Lamb School correspondent. Dorothy Chubbuck, Edison Institute High School, and "Scottie" Myravish, at Green- field Village. with the period of history they were studying. There are many birds near our school now. They sing so loudly one would almost believe they were sitting on the window sills. We made Easter cards with a j onquil on the covers. Inside was printed ttHappy Easter." Classes three and four have been given a brief test in arithmetic facts to check on speed and accuracy. MANY VISITORS We have had many visitors. Among them were two seniors from the Leslie School in Cambridge who remained an hour and a half to observe tas a part of some special work for schoolt, and Mr. E. A. Filene from Boston. There were also two little boys who were veritable question boxes, but the questions were good! Mrs. Jackson taught sewing. Caro- line Way is making a fine sampler, and is using a small cross-stitch. The uPussy Cat" and "River" songs, also "Old Black JoeX, are favorites in music. The latter song seems to have quite an appeal. Attractive pictures of tulips have been made and'pasted on white back- grounds. Russell Spring was the leader in the phonic drillethe second class is having a review. Visitors from a New J ersey grammar school wished to write to some of the children in the Redstone School. tConcluded on page 1m Page Ten HERALD Our Schools tContinued from page 5i We hear the model lessons from Cleveland over the radio every morning at 9:30. They broadcast every school morning and a different subject every morning in the week. One is on music. Out of the last one of that kind we learned three kinds of chords in music. They are tonic, dominant, and sub- dominant. On Friday, April 13, we heard the Presidents speech that he gave to the members of his cabinet and others who gathered in Washington to welcome him. Previous to this time, as we all know, he had been having a ten-day vacation in Miami, Florida. The Presi- dent is a little bit ahead of us in getting a summer coat of tan. Our new music teacher, Mr. Koch, has given us two lessons. He comes in place of Mr. Atkinson. Last Tuesday week Mr. Koch gave us a song to learn. It is called "Grandfather's Clock," but is not like the one in our coronet book. The other day, when it was warm, we had our croquet set out. This is a new sport for us, and We had to take turns, as everyone wanted to play. It was too cold for such games last week. eJean Downing. GREEN LANE ACADEMY One nice sunshiny day last week the children of our school went for a walk down the lane and made several observa- tions. They heard many birds in the trees and saw them hitting about among the branches. They saw a few bird nests including that of a robin. During the childrens walk a rabbit, frightened by the sound of voices, scurried across their path. Mr. Ford sent a radio out to our school, and last Wednesday week it was set up. Already we have heard several broadcasts as well as the Martha- Mary Chapel program from Greenfield Village, broadcast by the pupils of the Greenfield Village Schools. We are very grateful to Mr. Ford for his interest in our work and pleasure. e-Margaret Papp. Last week Mr. Koch gave the girls and boys their first instruction in v01ce culture. The children made May baskets and presented them to their mothers. A vegetable garden has been planted for the benefit of the girls and boys. They are eagerly awaiting the results. Miss Palf was ill the week of April 9 with the measles. Gloria Underwood is entertaining the red measles. eCeciele N etche'r. MN COMFORT We were very much surprised to receive a radio on the seventeenth of April. We can now hear the chapel exercises from Greenfield Village, which we enjoy very much. We are very grateful for the radio. There was no school on Friday afternoon, April 27, because of the county spell-down, in which the seventh and eighth classes participated. Mr. Rynd has made it possible for those of us who live near the Centennial School to have our gardens there. . The most popular sport for the older children at school is bicycle riding. . Last fall we children caught cater- pillars and brought them to school. Now they are hatched out and have laid eggs. The sixth and seventh classes have linished their hygiene and geography books. We have been studying geog- raphy with the globe. The seventh class members have finished their reading and arithmetic books. The first class has completed four reading books this year and has started on the fifth. In spelling, Lois Anderson is first, Roy Richard is second, and Ellen Holdridge is third. eEllen H oldridge, Lois Anderson. Pocketbooks Here is one of the seventh class,s compositions that was written from a proverb: One day I found a pocketbook that had been lost, and the owner had offered a large reward for its return. I returned the pulse to the owner and received the reward. I planned to get my mother a dining room suite that she had been wishing for. I put the money into my own pocketbook and was very joyful, but, alas! my joy wasnt to last, for as I was going home to tell my mother the good news I hopped around so much that I lost my pocketbook. Although I hunted for it for several days I could not find it, and resolved that I would never again ttcount my chickens before they are hatched." eEllen H oldridge. Studying I wonder how many of us really study when we are told to. Some of us think that if we read our lesson once that we can answer any question asked about it. When we really study we should concentrate. We shouldnit race with our classmates to see who can read the fastest. I think if we would all study, really study, we would be re- warded in many ways. -Lois Anderson. Mm CENTENNIAL We were very glad to receive the radio, so as to be able to hear the Green- field Village Schools broadcast their chapel exercises. We did not receive it in time to hear the first broadcast, but we were able to enjoy the later ones. We hope that some day we also shall be able to broadcast. We have also received a telegraphy set, and have great fun tapping messages to one another. Nearly everyone knows all the letters of the code now, and all are eagerly looking forward to Mr. Gassettls weekly class. eHelen Anderson. . Mr. Koch now comes out to give us smglng lessons, and we find that we know very little of the elements that ' go to make up good singing. We are willing to learn, however, and take notes gromd Mr. Kochis illustrations on the oar . Mr. Lovett was out to our school Monday, April 23. The girls of the upper grades picked out materials for a simple apron, and are eagerly looking forward to trying out the new sewing machine and learning to sew neatly. We have not yet had a lesson in sewing. We hope to have our pictures in the H erald soon. If the weather is favorable we shall take some pictures next week. We have received two new globes for the lower classes to use in geography. We have also received two new indoor balls and bats. We hope that they will not cause any mishaps, such as breaking windows. eGertrude Drouillard, A gnes M onlgomery NM An earthquake which shook Syrian Antioch A. D. 115 is said to have caused the deaths of 250,000 people, In the Arctic, February is the coldest month. The palace of the Soviets to be built in Moscow will be the worlds tallest building, according to the plans. Government scientists have perfected a method for recovering milk albumen from sweet whey, so that it can be used in baby foods. An adult Sierra Nevada shrew with a full stomach weighs scarcely one ounce. NM Rover On a recent Saturday I visited Greenfield Village and had a ride in Rover,s cart. Rover is a big black Newfoundland dog with curly hair. His cart is a light red and his harness is brown. The cart has two red seats. Not more than two people can ride in 1W1? xx ioxxza Rover, in harneSSean impression by - Thurman Donovan. it at a time, although Rover is a strong dog. He is a nice dog, and always does what you tell him. I wish I had a dog like Rover; if I did I would always play with him. eWilma Barth, Town Hall School. HERALD Page Eleven SPORTS AND PASTIMES BASEBALL SEASON OPENS Edison Beats Greenfield 23-14 tBy Bobby Shackletonl On the night of April 25 the Green- field Village team opened their baseball season by playing Edison School. This game was in the J. H. S. League. The main difficulty of Greenfield's team was the fielding. Some of the main factors were Weeks' home run with two men on base. The pitching was all right. Weeks was going good until the fourth inning. Then runs started pouring in. McLeod replaced Weeks and pitched the rest of the game. Weeks went to short field. geyig then replaced Weeks in short e . The line-up and scores follow: AB 1 Burns, ss....... McLeod, sf- Donaldsou, 1b, Weeks, p-sf Smith, cf... Rucker, 1f. Petrak, 3b Snow, 2b... Shackleton, c Numwwwwwwmwm MOOHNHHHMHNNW ooowHHMNHNch l TOTALS 32 14 12 EDISON AB R 1 h Davis, rs-s 3 0 0 Kelly, 3b.. 4 3 1 Whitifield, 3 3 2 McCans, c.. i 4 2 0 Krynen, 2b... 4 2 3 Buck, lees... 4 2 2 Beems, p... 5 3 2 Hclmrich, 3 4 1 Sollinger, l 4 2 2 Pation, 0L..." ,. 3 2 3 TOTALS 37 23 16 NM SPRING ATHLETICS tSpecial by Billy M cLeodl The Greenfield Village baseball team has started its seasonls practice in antici- pation of some hard games later on. The boys have been practising down on the Green every night after school. Dall Hutchinson, who was Green- fieldls basketball coach, is now coaching the boys in baseball. From the looks of the practices, and the enthusiasm which the boys are displaying, Greenfield should have a successful season. The Practice A dayls practice proceeds something like this: Mr. Hutchinson tells the boys who play in the infield what positions he Wants them to take, and then he knocks the ball to any one of them, who in turn throws to first base. While this is going on. one of the bigger boys hits out flies to the boys who are trying for the outfield positions. We would continue this for about twenty minutes, and then have batting practice. Each boy has a turn at bat, being allowed to have about seven hits. After this is over we choose sides and have a practice game. Greenfield Beats Garrison On Monday night, April 23, Green- field engaged in a game with the Garrison School, in which she emerged Victor by the score of 15-4. Two later games with Edison were lost, but the boys played well considering the short time they have been practising. The Greenfield boys showed plenty of power at bat, which is their strong point. So far it has been the fielding that has worried the team. The Greenfield team has been entered in two different leagues, the Eighth Grade League and the Junior High League. When asked about the teamis chances for the year, Coach Hutchinson replied: "We should be able to win in the Eighth Grade League, but will meet much harder opposition in the other leaguefi Greenfield will play about two games each week. We wish the team success. EDISON JUNIOR PIONEERS Regular outdoor meetings of the Edison Junior Pioneers will be renewed this week. In order to handle the work properly, the boys are being divided into groups which will meet at different times. The sixth and seventh class boys will meet after school on Friday, May 4, at the camp. The meeting date for other classes will be announced later. In preparation for summer outings, the spring meetings will be devoted to instruction and tests in knot-tying, the use of the compass, first aid, safety rules, signaling, fire-building, discipline, etc. All the sixth and seventh class boys are invited to come next Friday. eA. O. Roberts. NM "JUST A MINUTE" Jane Armstrong, the little girl this story is about, was a very good girl, except for one bad habit. When anyone called her she would say "Just a minute!" One bright morning Jane was playing in her doll house. It was a very pretty doll house, with little curtains and all the furniture a real house would need. It had also a little stove that one could really cook on. Jane was in the middle of a lovely tea party with her dolls when her mother called her to pick some howers for a vase. As usual, Jane answered, "Just a minute!" Ten minutes passed and Jane did not come. Then her mother picked the iiowers herself. In a little while Betty Brown came along in a car with her parents. They wanted to take Jane to the lake with them. Janeis mother called her but got the same answer as before: "Just a minute!" The Browns said they would wait, but J aneis mother said she wanted Jane to learn to come when she was called. Betty cried a little, for she and Jane would have had a wonderful time, as there was a circus near the lake. J aneis mother cried a little too, for she knew what a good time Jane and Betty would have had. When Jane came in she cried a long time, and told her mother that in the future she would always come im- mediately when called. In the meantime Betty had asked her mother and daddy if they couldnlt go back for Jane, and so they did. As they drove away J anels mother said to herself, nJane has learned her lesson." -Mary Eleanor Ritenour, Town Hall School. AN UNUSUAL EXPERIENCE tConcluded from page 'D of the toys which had belonged to my aunts and uncles. Among these was a small box of tiny boats, a large box of assorted marbles, a doll clown, and many small carved animals. Grandmotheris Dresses We also had much fun dressing up in the old-fashioned dresses that my grandmother had kept. At the end of the week during which we were supposed to stay indoors, which fell on a Friday, we went to a show. It was very interesting and exciting. That night about 9:30 my father came for us, and we went home Saturday morning. When we arrived we could only talk to Betty through her window, and to mother over the fence. We brought Betty some little things to interest her that we had bought in Charlotte. We now went to stay with some friends that lived near by. When we went to Charlotte we had to take our kitten with us, and because our friends already had cats we had to keep the kitten in a garage when we returned, and bring him food every day. The paper dolls that we found in my grandmotherls house had belonged to one of my aunts, and because my aunt had no little girls, my grandmother let us take them home. Betty is recovering rapidly, as she had only a light attack of the fever, and we will be able to go home in two days. eSally Owens, Scotch Settlement. NM Scientific tests show that light from the red end of the spectrum darkens apple juice and has a good eEect on the flavor, whereas light from the blue end bleaches the juice and ruins the flavor. Czechoslovakia is experimenting with glass as a raw material in roadbuilding. Roman emperors at times stagedex- hibitions of their rare art possessmns in the Forum or the Colosseum. Sirup from J erusalem artichokes may become a commercial article of . diet. The following selection was sent in by Eileen Barth, Edison Institute High School: Each has his conscience, each his reason, will, and understanding for himself to search, to choose, reject, be- lieve, consider, act; and God proclaimed from heaven, and by an oath confirmed, that each should answer for him- self. ePollok. Page Twelve Wayside Inn Schools tConcluded from page 9i Caroline Way, Gloria Bonazzoli and Jean Geehan picked some red berries and white pine. They made a small bouquet of them, put them in water, and placed them on my desk for a surprise. It was a surprise, and a very pleasant one. The children chose their own topics for the oral compositions. Most of them were about Easter. It was so lovely and warm out-of- doors recently that we decided to go for a walk up through the woods during recess. The boys had fun playing Indian, hiding behind trees and pretend- mg to war upon the peaceful walkers. We made envelopes in drawing to be usei for the first and second class seat wor . Class three has started to make a book on health. The children are now reading uA Journey to Healthland." Class four took a review test on Norway. The papers were very good and showed the interest the children must have had in the study of that country. The second class wrote very fine stories about the brownies. They have been reading about the brownies in their books this week. All the best penmanship papers were hung on the bulletin board. Class four boys went to manual training in the afternoon. With help, the children planned a balanced meal and then cut out pictures If ioods and pasted them into their 00 s. We had a spelling match and class four won, making only one mistake. The third class misspelled two words. For drawing we recently made picture frames of yellow construction paper. iIiI'I these we pasted silhouettes of butter- ies. We have been to the inn for dancing, for the twelfth and last lesson this term. The children have done so well and have had such enjoyable lessons that they wish they could continue with it. eBarbara M . Brown. NM Short Lessons 1n Journalism Writing Editorials What is an editorial? An editorial is an IDEA, preferably constructive, put forward with the object of leading public opinion. This is why an editorial is in Europe called a LEADER, or leading article. Do not confuse an editorial with an ESSAY. An essay is a literary composi- tion dealing with its subject from a more or less limited or personal stand- point, whereas an editorial is an expres- sion of opinion, more or less argumenta- tive, by which the writer seeks to convert the reader to his way of thinking. Editorials may be divided into three H E R A L D classes: Argumentative, in which the subject is debated; informative, in which the subject is explained; and expository, in which the subject is laid open and displayed. In the construction or technique of an editorial, what is known as the "three unit" editorial is the most commonly used. The ttthree units" consist of, first, a brief statement of the IDEA being put forward; second, the development of that idea backed up by opinion for or against it; third, a brief summing up of the whole with its essence put into the concluding sentence. Dontt waste words, donlt repeat yourself, donlt break the rules of good taste. Make every word and sentence mean something. EDUCATION I consider a human soul without education like marble in the quarry, which shows none of its inherent beauties until the skill of the polisher fetches out the colors, makes the surface shine, and discovers every ornamental cloud, spot, and vein that runs through the body of it. Education, after the same manner, when it works upon a noble mind, draws out to view every latent virtue and perfection, which without such helps are never able to make their appearance. -Addison. THE SPELLING BEE The Detroit News recently sponsored the annual spelling bee through which the best speller was chosen to represent Michigan at the national contest at Washington. In the Edison Institute High School the boys and girls have a spelling match every Friday. There are medals given to the best speller and runner-up. Here is a list of the pupils who have so far won the silver medal: Irene Stead, four times. Bobby Snow, six times. Eileen Barth, once. Barbara Sheldrick, five times. Margaret Voorhess, twice. Thomas Marshall, twice. The following were the runners-up: Bobby Snow, four times. Margaret Voorhess, once. Earl Helwig, once. David Roth, once. Isabelle Gassett, once. Barbara Sheldrick, twice. Irene Stead, three times. Thomas Marshall, twice. Dorothy Richardson, four times. At the end of the year the person who wins the silver medal and the one who wins the award as runner-up the most times, become the permanent holders of the prizes. eDorothy Richardson, Edison Institute H igh School. mm Less than two pounds of radium are available for use in the world today. McGuffey Precepts and Maxims The Starling There was a man once, who kept a starling in his house. This starling was a very pretty bird, that had been taught to speak. When the man said, ttStarling, wherenare you?" it would say, "Here am. Little Frank, a boy who lived near, often went to see this man. He was very much pleased with the bird. He loved to hear it talk. One day, when Frank went to see it, the man was not at home. Frank saw the bird, and thought how easy it would be to take it. He thought, if he took it, no one would know it, and it would be his bird. So Frank took the starling, and put it into his pocket. He was just sneaking away, when the man came home. The man thought he would please Frank by making the bird talk. He did not look to see where it was, but thought it was in the room. So he said, in a loud voice, "Starling, where are you?" And the bird in Frankis pocket cried, as loud as it could, iiI-Iere I am." eSecond Reader. MN Kitty and Mousie Once there was a little Kitty, White as the snow; In a barn he used to frolic, Long time ago. In the barn, a little Mousie Ran to and fro; For she heard the little Kitty, Long time ago. Two black eyes had little Kitty, Black as a crow; And they spied the little Mousie Long time ago. Four soft paws had little Kitty, Paws soft as snow; And they caught the little Mousie, Long time ago. Nine pearl teeth had little Kitty, All in a row; And they bit the little Mousie, Long time ago. When the teeth bit little Mousie, Mousie cried out "Oh!" But she got away from Kitty, Long time ago. eSecond Reader. mm Grandpals Farm When I grow up Illl live on a farm because my grandpa does. I will tell you the reason why I like the farm best. The first thing in the summer I go- out to the barn and see old Ned, the horse my daddy rode to school when he was a boy. I hitch him up and get the cattle. In the latter part of the summer I like to go out to the field with my grandpa and shock up wheat and corn. But trying to milk is the most fun. Working for grandma doesnit seem anything like work, because we make a lot of big cookies and fix many bouquets of iiowers. And because of all these pleasures I would like to live on a farm. eMaz-y Jean J0me, Town Hall School. HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, May 18, 1934. No. Secretary House: An Old Colonial Mansion By ISABELLE GA SSETT Secretary House, in its setting of stately pine trees, green grass, and azure skies. prospect of meadow, woodland and stream. The view from the rear of the house is an enchanting S WE go down Duffield Road, Greenfield Village, in our old- fashioned carriage, we are greeted by a beautiful white Colonial house with its attractive green shutters and brick walk. We immediately feel the simplicity and charm of its architecture. The Secretary House was built in Exeter, New Hampshire, by Dr. Gid- dings about 1751. He was largely engaged in trading and shipbuilding, and had a store on the side of the street next the river. At some later date the house was acquired by James H. Batchelder and for twenty years after 1786 occupied by the Secretary of State of New Hamp- shire, J oseph Pearson. The hill on which it stood was known as Secretary Hill for that reason. Joseph Pearson was a son of Jethro Pearson, an army omcer, and was born in Exeter, New Hampshire. He was well educated and in 1786 received the appointment of Secretary of State. He was a fine penman and performed his duties s0 satisfactorily that he retained his office for twenty years. Mr. Ford wanted to obtain a mansion house which would illustrate the Colonial type of architecture; so he procured this building for the village in 1929. The furnishings 0f the Secretary House are from the William and Mary, Queen Anne and Georgian periods, with an occasional piece of Colonial type, such as ladder-back, comb-back Windsor, and thumb-back chairs. The wall paper is in keeping with the period in which the house was built. All the girls are very happy to know that it was selected by Mrs. Ford. A feature that attracts everyone is the secret stairway. It starts in a closet, but the source is ingeniously hidden. It leads upstairs or to the attic. As the hrst owner was a sea captain, he probably wanted to have some protec- tion for his family while he was gone, fearing the attack of hostile Indians. The lighting fixtures on the wall are cleverly arranged to look like the old-fashioned titoule" candleholders. The hand painting on the toule is very attractive and adds a delightful charm to the room. In the upstairs bedrooms there are three canopy beds. This style of bed was used by our forefathers because the rooms were quite airy, and the hangings over the frames made the bed more comfortable, keeping away the drafts. In the parlor downstairs there is a melodeon. A melodeon is a small reed organ with a bellows worked by treadles. In the same room there is a candle snuffer for trimming the wick, which, as its name suggests, was also used to ex- tinguish candles. The windowpanes in the house are very small as in the days when the house was built. In those days they could not make glass in the sizes that we do now; so all the panes were small. In the kitchen there is a very large fireplace with a large oven for baking. Another interesting feature is that one chimney head suffices for the flues of five fireplaces. The Secretary House is now used for a meeting place for the lifth t0 the ninth classes in sewing. The sewing room is a modern addition; its real proposed use is as a dining hall. The beautiful floor in the room came from logs that lay in the bottom of a lake in northern Michigan for many years. The girls are anticipating a very lovely time this summer in this house, Which is being projected for their club- house. It has been said that they are going to learn how to cook in the old fireplace on the old-fashioned stove and the modern electric stove. All the girls of the eighth and ninth classes are going to plant howers in the grounds surrounding the Secretary House. Page Two HERALD m1 THE HERAL D Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, Jean Downing, Zliomm Quackenbush. Town School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownville, Merrill Gray, Don's Harrington Academy School, M urjorie Wicsz're, Jerry Anthea Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes M ontgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald. and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS The Value of Reading If I were asked what my hobby was I should say, uReading." I get more enjoyment out of reading a good book than from anything else that I do. It occupies my time, I gain the use of new words, with their spelling and meaning, new ways of expressmg thoughts, a different outlook on life, and a knowledge of life as it is lived in other countries. The keen enjoyment which I derive from following an interesting character through marvelous experiences cannot be expressed in mere words. . Many people say that our recreation should be of such a nature that we get out in the fresh air. What is more satisfying than a good book read under the shade of a tree; and perhaps, if you are fortunate, by a bubbling brook? Of course, I have my favorite authors. Among them are some of the older poets -Longfellow and Bryant. Those of the more modern type of writer are: Grace Livingston Hill, Harold Bell Wright, and Joseph C. Lincoln. My favorite book, however, was written by Florence Barclay. .The story is a sweet, tender romance entltled The Rosary. . ' I think there is nothlng that Will be of more benefit to the youth of today than acquiring a keen sense of enjoy- ment in reading good books. -Eva M . Johnson, Brownville School. A Reverie I am sitting by an open window, a small English book in my hands, trying to gather material for a theme. My eyes rove to the green grass now growmg everywhere and dotted here and there with golden dandelion blossoms, but I see them not. Subconsciously I hear the birds warbling merrily in the near-by trees, but I know not whether the tones are those of robin or blackbird. Instead, I am seeing again the snow- covered hills with sleds gliding down their slopes. What fun it is to slide down the smooth white path! We hit a bump, the sled turns over, throwing its occupants on either side; but we dont mind the little bumps and are up in a second ready to try it again. Many times we drag the sled up the slippery hill after a long flying ride, rubbing our hands and our rosy cheeks. One last Ileeting slide and we hurry to the blazing fire of dead bran ches and last autumnis leaves the boys have been building. What a merry party and how nice the fire feels to our icy fingers. My eyes drop to my study book and I begin reading the lines; but they are only a mixture of words, for my mind is rehving the past. I make my eyes follow the printed page and try desper- ately to get my mind on my work but all in vain. I close my book and, laying It on the table, go to my choice seat under the large apple tree in the garden, where I can be alone with my thoughts and my dreams, my favorite pastime. eJean Downing, Old Stone Pennington School. MN The Worldts Greatest Eye The worldts greatest telescope is being constructed at Corning, New York. The pouring of twenty tons of molten glass into a gigantic mold took place there recently, and was witnessed by about four thousand scientists. The new telescope is expected to extend manls vision into space three times as far as the present lOO-inch instrument, and to unfold a universe twenty-five times greater than what is now known. The sun, the planets that revolve about the sun, and other star systems will be brought much nearer. The telescope is two hundred inches in diameter. It is expected that with the great mIrror and its attachments it will cost about six million dollars. The cooling, grinding and polishing will require great precision and care. There must be no flaw. Months must pass beforethe huge disc is cooled, a degree at a tlme, and more months before its surface is ground and polished to that precision which will make it valuable to selence. This gigantic instrument is to be installed at Mount Wilson Observatory. eLowell Apesech, Scotch Settlement. Social and Personal tBy Susan Alderdyce, Edison Instituie High SchoolJ Dorothy Richardson will celebrate her fifteenth birthday, May 12. The children of the Village Schools gave The Pinafore Musical Comedy Revue Tuesday afternoon, and Wednes- day and Friday evenings of last week. A few of the girls of the Village Schools attended a mother and daughter banquet Tuesday evening. On the program were a tap dance by Barbara Sheldrick and a solo sung by Susan Alderdyce. The children of the Town Hall, Scotch Settlement, Clinton Inn, and Edison Institute High School, in the village, are enjoying radios. Earl Helwig, of the Edison Institute High School, fell while riding his bike. Fortunately he was not seriously in- jured. We are all anxious to have Earl back with us. Dresses of Long Ago The Smithsonian Institution in Wash- ington, D. C., is to me the most interest- ing place in the Federal capital. In the institute are the party dresses which belonged to the wives of all the Presidents. I liked Mrs. Coolidgels dress best. It was a dark blue velvet made with a pretty jacket. Mrs. George Washingtonts dress was very old-fashioned, of course, with a lot of ruflies, and there was a big hat with pretty flowers on it. I liked these dresses so well because they were so very different from the dresses of today. I love to dress up in my grandma's old clothes and pretend that I look like some one of long ago. eMary J ean J orae, Town Hall School. THE SHEEP sum; The sheep that you see on our village green, Are the prettiest sheep I ever have seen; And were I an artist, a picture I'd paint Of fleecy innocence-and a roadway quaint. In 0f the village, the Rouge and lovely Fairlane, Of children in chapel, so free from blame; m Hearing the word that fairly seems To make this world a land of dreams. So I'll lay away my brush and play With innocent sheep and children gay; I am quite content to be as I am, And to do for others all that I can. I shall never forget this school life of mine, Or the things they do for uSeall so fine; Yet the prettiest sight I have ever seen Is the beautiful sheep on the village green. -Betty Hutchinson, Edison Institute High School. gEE-JEEEQ H E R A L D Page Three Village Schools Present H. M. S. Pinafore Revue By ROBERT PIPER and WILBUR DONALDSON After weeks of preparation the Edison iiWE SAIL THE OCEAN BLUE? Institute High School and the schools of Greenfield Village presented a musical revue which included the first act of H. M. S. Pinafore and other operatic selections. There were three acts. The first scene was on board H. M. S. Pinafore and this included the entire cast. The second was in the Toy Shop. This scene was especially noted for its color effect; the costumes worn by the cast were of beautiful hues and blended in well with the background. These costumes were designed so as to make the various characters resemble toys. The third and last act took place in a gypsy camp. The children were dressed in gypsy costumes. Three performances were given: a matinee on Tuesday afternoon, when the pupils of the schools of the Macon and Tecumseh districts were entertained, and performances on Wednesday and Friday nights, when there were capacity audiences. The principals of the hrst act were: Jack McCloud, as Sir Joseph Porter; Wilbur Donaldson, Captain Corcoran; Robert Shackleton, Ralph Rackstraw; William McLeod, Dick Deadeye; Ken- neth Petrak, the boatswain; midship- mite, J ohn Dahlinger; J osephine, Susan Alderdyce; Buttercup, Betty Hutchin- While the scenes were being changed the audience was entertained by a Club Primipals i" H' Mr 5' Pinafo'e Quadrille From left to righteRalph Rackstraw, Bobby Shackleton; Captain Corcoran, Wilbur ' . Donaldson; Josephine, Susan Alderdyce; Sir Joseph Porter, Jack McCloud. The Boat- The second aet: the scene In the toy swain, Kenneth Petrak; Dick Deadeye, Billy McLeod; Buttercup, Betty Hutchinson. shop, was opened by a march CtThe March of the Toys'U. A few of the Shackleton, Dorothy Chubbuck, Ken- colorful one. Among the leading charac- principals in other musical acts were as neth Petrak, Frances Hoedl, Barbara ters were: Wilbur Donaldson in "The follows: Susan Alderdyce, Ann Hood, Sheldrick, Bruce Simpson and Marjorie Gypsy Love Song," and Dorothy Chub- Isabel'le Gassett, Betty Hutchinson, Mills. buck, leader 0f the "Scarf Dance." Jlmmle Dates, Isabelle Hoffman, Mar- The concluding act of the Operetta Another striking feature was the garet Voorhess, Irene Stead, Robert selections was also a picturesque and gypsy wedding in Which Eileen Barth took the part of the gypsy queen, and HI'LL TAKE YOU HOME AGAIN, KATHLEEN" united Marilyn Owens as the bride and Bill Kresin as the groom. A popular feature was the "Bull Fight," starring Junior Burns as toreador. Every pupil had a part in the enter- tainment. From the applause one could tell that the audience was well pleased. MN WHAT PLANES CAN DO When we went to the Wayne County Airport we at once saw an airplane going up. Then we saw some men jumping out of the plane in parachutes. Then the planes on the ground started up their motors, after which they went up to the line to get started for their test. They took off from the field into the air. They went around three times and then landed. Another plane went up to show us some more. This plane had a red body and silver wings. It let out smoke in rings and in straight lines. The aviators showed how low they could fiy before making a parachute jump. aErwin Spencer, Scotch Settlement. CLIMBING A CLIFF Donald Gilbert and I have lots of fun climbing a cliif. The cliff is along the Rouge River. It is really a bank of clay. We have to carve our own steps up the slope. If we are on top and want to come down we either have to slide or climb. It is very amusing. In memory of Thomas Alva Edison: Sung by Susan Alderdyce and Ann Hood . . with Margaret Jean Hindman at the spinet. ' e-lely Mzelke, SCOiCh Settlement. Page Four HERALD F??? 5th WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING Egg? Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement Gathering Wild Flowers Some of the girls from the fourth and fifth classes went picking wild flowers. I picked a little flower that looked like a lily, but I found that its name was "trillium." The trillium season is a long one. It begins in April and ends in J une. They have purple, red, and some- times yellowish howers. The season ends in June with the last of the great trilliums, which flush pink instead of fading when old age comes upon them. We should never pick all the trilliums we find, because we should soon be without this beautiful wild flower in our woods. eJean M cM ullin. NM Town Hall Motheris Day Mothers Day is on the second Sunday in May. Although it is not a special holiday in other countries, it is kept here in the United States. If your mother is alive you wear a red carnation, but if she has died you wear a white carnation. . A mother is the dearest thing you ever have. If you didn,t have a mother your sorrows would seem greater sorrows and your happiness would seem less. eGloria H utchinson. i iChummyT I have a little dog, And he is very funny: And if you'd like to know, My doggie's name is Chummy. He's very glad to see me, Morning, noon or night, He runs about and plays himsell' Until hels all tired out. I donlt know what Ild do without my funny PUPPY; For whenever I am lonesome He hops and plays and jumps about Until we both are quite tired out. e-Wilma Barlh. Clinton Inn Insects One day not long ago Mary McLeod suggested we study insects. All of us agreed, so the next morning she brought a cocoon to school. She had found it in her backyard on a cherry tree. When it becomes warmer we will put it on the window sill so as to let it have more sun. . . . -Ma770118 M zlls. My Doll I have a doll. Her name is Patsy Anne. Patsy is a nice doll. She can stand up and sit down. She has four dresses, a coat, and a hat. To have a doll is lots of fun. -Margaret Anne English. What I Saw at the Window I got up one morning And went to the window, And guess what I did see. I saw a bluebird calling "Spring is here!" And he was sitting up in a tree. Another bird was sitting Up in a tree, And merrily singing "chicadee." The flowers were blooming that spring day, And so I got dressed, And went out to play. -Isahelle Hofman. NEW WILLOW RUN We have a Hobby Club at the Willow Run School. We have elected officers. There are eleven members in the club. Each one has a hobby. Some of the hobbies are wild flowers, trees, birds, going on hikes, radio stars, and many other things. One member of our club, who has a hobby of going on hikes, knows many nice places where we could go; so we decided to go on a bike for one meeting. Some Friday we shall go to some place selected by this member. We shall see many birds, wild flowers, an d trees. e-Helen W ellbroolc. The Snapping Turtle Friday when we went down to the lake we saw a big snapping turtle at the edge of the water. Russell got it out of the lake with a stick. You can tell the snapping turtle because it is larger than the other turtles, and if you hold a stick in front of it, it will snap at it. If the turtle gets hold of it you can lift it two or three feet off the ground. Each year the turtle loses a thin part of its shell; then it has a new one the rest of the year. During the cold winter months the turtle sometimes finds a muskrat hole near the water and goes in it and sleeps all winter. In the spring it comes out and finds a sandy place where it is sunny. There it lays its eggs so that the sun will hatch them. The snapping turtle lays about twenty-four eggs, each about the size of a walnut. The eggs and little turtles are in great danger, because snakes will eat the eggs up. Then again, a farmer may plow through them and destroy them. Fish and other animals like to eat the little turtles. If a turtle escapes its enemies when it is young, it may live to be thirty or forty years old. eJack Suggitt. Beautiful Colors Up on top of a snow-covered mountain, Down upon the yellow ground, A robin singing in a tree; Up again to the shining moon, And down to the silver fish in the Crystal blue water. There are the violets, blue in color, And the oak tree dressed in green; There is the smooth black and White cow, On the pasture dotted with gold: And the sun is shining on the farmer's plow. Around the fireplace We sit with little sister and Brother on grandfather's knee. The smoke is Heating up the Chimney high, Clear out in the dark blue sky, Until it's gone in the shining heaven, Where God is watching you and me. -Grant Dicks. Beautiful Things I think of all the beautiful things in this big world , All made by one, a greater one than I. Who made all things so beautifully? So many things I could not count: The birds, and howers, and hills and trees: All made by one, a greater one than I or you. Oh, how did this greater one make all these things? The colors so gay and bright And the green of trees. How in the spring does He make the trees in buds, And in the winter the snowfall at night? But who is this great one? The one greater than me is God. -Juck Hewitt. MN RAWSONVI LLE Willow Run and Rawsonville schools played baseball with Denton last week. Skipping rope is a favorite recreation with the girls of Clinton Inn School. In this picture are-left to right-- Isabelle Hoffman, Marjorie Mielke, Virginia Procknow, Mary McLeod. HERALD Page Five Denton won. The score was: Denton 10, Willow Run and Rawsonville 9. It was a very good game. eLois Corkins. We were glad to have Mr. Koch call and tell us the good news that he will be coming to our school every week. eDm-athea Goats. The other day our teacher brought a bouquet of daffodils which she set on top of our radio cabinet. Irene Simon brought a bouquet of cowslips. The fiowers are very attractive in the room. Every Wednesday morning we have a tiMemory Gemfi We enjoy learning them, and it means a lot to us. Here are some memory gems: iiCount thy day lost whose low descending sun views from thy hand no worthy action done." HA pound of pluck is worth a ton of luck." "There are no gains without pains? On the hill and in back of our school there are orchards of apples, cherries and peaches which are in blossom. We have finished the file that we have been working on. It has four drawers. Three of them are in use with health, geography, and busy work material. We painted and varnished it. It has come in very handy. We have learned how to file. e1 rem: Simon. As we go to school we can see five or 1iii: turtles sitting on a log in Edison La e. The third class have made some posters about citizens and good health. -Billy Smith. CNN OLD STONE PENNINGTON Many of the children have made several trips to the near-by woods, bring- ing back Mayhowers in abundance, adderis-tongues, violets, anemones, bloodroots, and other woodland flowers. Mr. Clark, manager of the Ford Farms before his long and severe illness, is at last on the road to recovery. It will certainly be a satisfaction to his many friends to see him again, and to know that he will be able to walk about and greet them one and all. We have a new pupil in the school. Her name is Marjorie McHenny. She is in the fifth class. Most of the pupils in our school made scrapbooks for the tubercular children at the Henry Ford Hospital. They were of every variety. We took them with us on our trip to Dearborn and left them at the museum, whence they will be delivered to the children. Mr. Travis is giving us extended lessons in philosophy. They are very interesting. Coach Wilson, of Tecumseh High School, was here to announce the coming field day, May 18, at Tecumseh. He extended to us a much appreciated invitation, and we hope we may all attend. We have established a choir of six girls for our chapel exercises. Thls includes the leader. J oyce Pennington has resumed school after an absence of three weeks. We are glad to have her with us again. eIVIomza Quackenbush. Seeing the Operetta About noon on Tuesday, April 8, two busses came from Dearborn to get our three schools near Macon, namely, Town, Mills, and Old Stone Pennington, to take us to see the operetta that the children of the Greenfield Village Schools were giving that day. The children of the Town and Mills schools met here at Old Stone Pennington all excited as well as we, and ready for the some forty mile trip. Busses also went to Tecumseh to get the Brown- ville and Centennial school children. We had a lovely ride as well as a nice day for the excursion. We arrived at the Edison Institute Auditorium about 1:20, and immediately took our seats. Mr. Koch, our music teacher, directed They have a Hobby Club at the Willow Run School. Here they are, eleven in number, all keen on studying wild Howers, trees, birds, or going on hikes, and many other activities. us in a few songs before the entertain- ment began. The Operetta was in three acts. It was enjoyed by everyone, and it certainly showed a lot of hard work. At the close we went back stage and had, as Mr. Lovett said, ita sandwich and a glass of milkll; only the sandwich proved to be two very large ones. About five oiclock we started for home, and arrived safely about six. eJean Downing. TOWN SCHOOL, MACON A tiny tot expressed our sentiments regarding our radio the other day when she clasped her little hands and looking up into Mrs. Penningtonis face said, tiDoesnit Mr. Ford do the nicest things for us!" There are twenty in our school who have no radio at home. We have every seat in our school- room filled now. Thelma and Forrest gettee Jomed us recently, making thirty- ve. In our county spelling elimination contest at Britten we had three among the ten best spellers. They were Mary Lois Smlth, Ralph Camburn, and Junior Bigelow, representing the sixth, seventh and eighth classes. On Friday these three went to Adrian, where Junior Bigelow won one of the prizes. Dorothy Hall, Mary Briggs, and Ralph Camburn from our school, to- gether with a number of others from Macon, played with the Tecumseh Band Saturday at the State Music Festival in Battle Creek. With our gardens nearly planted we hope that our pupils will take as much interest this year as they have shown in the past. Ronald Morden, of the sixth class, is our champion gardener, with more hours to his credit than any other of the Macon gardeners. mm MILLS Everyone was pleased to have the new radio installed in our school. We enJoy the programs from Greenfield Village very much. We want to join ?thi the other schools in thanking Mr. or . Last Friday our school went on a hike. We went to a woods about half a mile from the school. We picked May- fiowers, adderls-tongues, and violets. Although we were tired and warm when we returned to school, we had had a great deal of fun. Our gardens have been planted and a few green things are beginning to peep through. We are looking forward to working in them and also to eating the vegetables. F" The fourth language class has learned iiThe Windmill," by Longfellow, and the iiStar Spangled Banner? by Francis Scott Key. Our school had a wonderful time on Tuesday, when we were able to go to Dearborn. Every minute was fun, from the time we got into the busses until we returned to Macon, tired but happy. tContinued on page 10l Page Six Macon,s Telegraph A Brief History tBy J ean Downing, Old Stone Pennington SchooD About forty-five years ago a telegraph company was organized around Macon and Tecumseh. This organization was known as The Tecumseh and Macon Telegraph Company. A group of men met at the home of L. G. North, April 4, 1889, for that purpose. Three of the men present were asked to prepare a constitution and, if possible, have it ready by the next meeting, only four days distant. This was done, and so Maconis telegraph line was started. A set of instruments cost six dollars and forty-five cents installed. Each set had two battery cells. No charge was placed on the sending of messages. A share in the company was ten dollars, and the assessment one-tenth of the amount of stock held. The Morse code was used, and in 1890 there were fifty- five persons who knew the code and could operate the instruments. Any person knowing the code and using the line had to pay a fee of five dollars per annum. Among the families who had instru- ments in their homes were Mills, Hatch, Bradley, Scudder, Baron Pennington, Libburn Hatch, Harry Pennington, May- nard Hatch, and Sam Boyce. All of these people then lived near Macon, and only three of them have since died. In 1891 The Tecumseh and Macon Telegraph Company adopted the by- laws of the Commercial Telegraph Com- pany. From that time on there was a toll charge for messages, which was fifteen cents for ten or fewer words, and one and one-half cents for each additional word. The answer was free. At this time the line had a circuit of about fifteen miles, with thirty-two instruments in working order. Sixty- two persons along the line now used the telegraph with accuracy. The Tecumseh and Macon Tele- graph Company united with the Com- mercial Telegraph Company in 1895, and called the combination the Union Tele- graph Company. This organization had HERALD fourteen branches extending over forty miles by way of five towns and in two counties. Mrs. Martha Clarkson, an invalid, was the most eflicient reader and writer of the Morse code in this section at that time. She lived near Macon, and died here about a year ago. About 1900, the Bell Telephone Com- pany put up a branch ohice in Macon, and gradually the telegraph went out of existence. The last of the old line was taken down in 1920. mm SOME OLD IDEAS REVIVED tBy Bob Piper, Edison Institute High Schoolj In the early days of the Hebrews times were booming, cities flourishing, partly because of the way things were done. For instance, babies being born there had land waiting for them. They didnlt have to slave all their lives to own homes; they were given to them and could not be taken away by mort- gages. There were no debts and no taxes; the only tax was on production. Another example is that of the Italians. When Rome conquered them they were forced to give up their homes and farms because of the mortgages which the Romans held. Some stayed on as hired men, others drifted to the city. This in time led to the downfall and decay of Rome, for there haan: been any provision made to keep and feed these people. At about this time there appeared two men named Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus. These men who were finally killed, wished to help the poor by giving them back their land that had been taken away, but these two men were disposed of before having their chance. There is a little different experiment being carried out in our own country. We, like the Romans, drifted to the city and forgot the farms and the farmers. The family is not co-operating or work- ing together, but drifting apart more and more. Maybe we may become weakened just as the Romans. It is for this reason I think it a good idea to have a garden. The Clinton Inn boys enjoy a game of baseball. Left to righteBob Richardson, Edward Litogot, Henry Haigh, Harry Burns, Clifford Litogot. Becoming Acquainted With the Museum High School Students to Have Collec- tions of Their Own. The students of the Edison Institute High School, on April 19 and on each subsequent Thursday, have been privi- leged to spend a 45-minute period of study of antiques in the museum. The introductory course, conducted by a member of the staff of the Edison Insti- tute, Will extend until the last week of school in thesemester. The boys and girls have had the period styles of furniture described, and were made acquainted with the libraries and the various general collections in the museum. A visit was also paid to the tower clock in Independence Hall. The class was informed of the histori- cal significance of the museum edifice and learned that the purpose of Mr. Fordis extensive collection was primarily educational. As a result of the trip the boys and girls decided it would be a great help to them to have a small museum of their own. Each person had some special in- terest. Among the subjects selected by the girls were costumes, jewelry, minia- tures, furniture, china, and glass. The boys were interested in steam engines, watches, radio, stamps, coins, airplanes, and a variety of other things. Margaret Voorhess and Eileen Barth give the following account of the in- vestigations of the students: April 19 was a day the boys and girls of the Edison Institute High School eagerly looked forward to. A member of the staff of the Edison Institute had kindly consented to show the students a few of the distinguishing characteristics of the antique furniture. He conducted us into a room where stood a number of pieces, and called our attention to four types of chairs of the period affecting the early furniture styles of the United States. Some of the out- standing characteristics of the Chippen- dale, Sheraton, Hepplewhite, and Dun- can Phyfe styles were pointed out. A few days later the boys and girls were again taken through the building on a "curiosity hike." Among the many interesting things we learned were some in regard to the materials used in the construction of the museum, including the source of each material. For instance, the marble came from quarries in Georgia, the floor is made of soapstone from Vermont, and the brick is Harvard , water-struck, handmade, sun-dried, wood- burned brick. At the conclusion of the trip we were taken to the museum tower for a glimpse of the machinery which controls the large clock. We also went out on the balcony and saw the beautiful scenery which surrounds the City of Dearborn. MN DANDY Dandy is my favorite riding horse. I have ridden all the horses in the stables except Sherry, and I like them all, but best of all I like Dandy. He has shaken me up considerably many times, and I have wished myself safe on the ground. But I managed to stick on his back. I expect to get more thrills when we get the horses back this summer. Dandy has a brownish black coat. He weighs about 850 pounds. -Jean M ills, Scotch Settlement. HERALD Page Seven Greenfield Village -lts Educational Advantages iBy Betty Hutchinson, Edison Institute High SchoolJ I have attended Greenfield Village School since its beginning and I remem- ber my first day. My thoughts were only of the little brick school. I could hardly realize what the future held for me other than-just going to school. It was different somehow, walking across the village green and hearing the old- fashioned bell calling us to our studies. Later, when we started our chapel services, it gave us all something to think about, something deep and in- spiring. Now that I am older and attend the Edison Institute High School, I feel, with this wonderful privilege, I must do the very best I can because I am reminded of the wonderful things which these buildings represent. When I look at the Court House where Abraham Lincoln practised law many years ago, I feel how great he was and what he stood for. I also feel the importance of realizing the wonderful inventions that Thomas Edison accom- plished for mankind. I can hardly realize when I pass the Sir J ohn Bennett J ewelry Store that it was brought here from England as was the lovely Rose Cottage. The Secretary House, which is used for the girlis clubhouse, is where we are learning to sew and do many other useful things. The Tintype Studio and the old-fashioned Grocery Store are things that we would know little about, had we not gone to the village school. I think the Greenfield Village is a wonderful educational center both for children and grown-ups, and helps us considerably with our studies. MN THE DISCOVERER OF X RAYS The man who first found out about X rays was William Rontgen. If you have an aching tooth the dentist may take an X ray of it to see why it aches. The X ray has become so common that we are not very curious about it. We are still less curious about the man who discovered it. William Rontgen was a great scientist and he has helped doctors in their work very much. He was born in Germany in the year 1845, but he was educated at the University of Zurich. He received a doctoris degree at the age of twenty' two. At this university he was chiehy interested in chemistry. After graduating he taught at Wurz- burg and Strassburg universities. In 1879 he was made professor of physics at Wurzburg. At this university he made a great discovery. One day when he had been experimenting with a Crookes tube, he found that he had photographed a key which had been inclosed in a book. This discovery led him to many other useful experiments toward improving the X ray. Physicians and surgeons rank the X ray next in value to anaesthetics and antiseptics. -James Gardner, Scotch Settlement. mm A Cornell University professor, will soon sail for China to aid in research there to improve the diets of Chinese farm families. Time out for refreshments at Old Stone Pennington School. The school pump does its duty. STRAIGHT SHOTS A Fight With a Snake OUR BIRD FRIENDS In a field by our house there are two thorn trees. In these trees bluebirds and cardinals have their nests. One morning my father was going out on the porch when he saw two cardinals. They were eating crumbs that some one had dropped. We often see them taking a dip in the bird-bath. Daddy told me some things about the cardinal. Here is what he told me: The cardinal is not as large as the robin. All his feathers are red except the ones around the bill. His bill is also red. Sometimes the cardinals are called redbirds. A Wonderful Singer The cardinal is a wonderful singer. He seems to say iipretty girl, pretty girl." In the winter he seems to say, "Cheer up, cheer up." All people seem to like the cardinal. He seems to make them happy with his bright feathers and merry song. The female cardinal is much like the male, but most of her feathers are gray-brown. There are some red feathers on her tail and wings. Cardinals like to eat grain and seeds. They find the seeds on weeds and the grain in the fields. -Catherine Miller, Scotch Settlement. NM NOTICE We have received a number of beautifully taken snapshots from Comfort School. A selec- tion from these will be given in our next issue; also other pic- tures and articles which have been carried over from the pres- ent issue. Remember that the dead line for the receiving of copy is the Monday before the Friday of publication. For example, the next publication day is Fri- day, June 1, and the dead line for that issue will be Monday, May 28. tBy Frank Reinhackel, Willow Run SchoolJ One Saturday my brother and I each made a sling-shot and filled our pockets with stones. Then my mother said we could go over in the woods to pick some flowers for a bouquet. After we got the flowers we started to go home, but when we got to the fence I looked in the ditch and there I saw a snake. I yelled, "A snake!" and I grabbed a stone and with my sling- shot hit it in the back of the neck. That didnit kill it. So my brother laid down the flowers and we both shot until all the stones were gone except one. My brother had that one, and he shot and stunned it. Then we picked it up by the tail and hung it on the fence. We went on the road and got some more stones and killed it. When we got home my mother was glad to get the iiowers, and we told her all about our exciting experience. THE TOAD The toad lays her eggs in May. The eggs are long and stringy and little black dots can be seen in the jellylike substance. The toad eats insects and is a friend of man. After four or five days the tadpoles work their way out of the eggs. The head slowly gets larger. When about ten days old the tadpole has developed a small round mouth with which it searches for food. eRussell Reader, Scotch Settlement. mm NATIONAL YOUTH WEEK April 28 to May 5 was National Youth Week. In recognition of this event the Brownville pupils were divided into three groups. From each group an instructor was chosen. Each of them ' was to teach classes from his group from 1 till 2. This develops responsibility in the pupils and gives them pride in their own work. We thought this a fine way to celebrate the week. .-Roma M . Driscoll, Brownville. Page Eight HERALD Wayside Inn Schools - - - View of the bird houses made by students of the Wayside Inn Boys' School, as they ap- peared at the workshop when ready to be put forward in connection with a lecture on birds. The larger structure on the top shelf is a mail-box. Boys School The bird houses built by the boys were recently placed on exhibition and were thought to be extremely well made. A lecture on birds and their habits was given by Charles E. Floyd, treasurer of the Federated Bird Clubs of New England. After the lecture the prizes for the three best bird houses were awarded. When they were given it was explained that the winning houses were not those which were the best made, but the most natural looking. Robert Cook won first prize and Henry Towle second; the third was won by Norman Hunt, George Earle and Oliver Kuronen, who had identical houses. Mr. Rorstrom has the seeds for the boys' gardens and the boys who are assigned to him are busy packing them in envelopes for the various students. The seeds were purchased in bulk and The rhubarb hotbed that is in a corner of the cutting garden on the Wayside Inn estate. are divided according to the amount necessary for the standard-size garden. The spring clean-up is proceeding and the farm crews are engaged 1n rakmg leaves. All the houses on the estate W111 have their grounds cleaned up in the course of the next few weeks. The senior class was given a banquet at Dutton Lodge by Mrs. Edwards, the housemother, and it certainly was a banquet. Mrs. Spicer, Mr. and Mrs. Curtis, Mr. Young, and Mr. Sefton were also guests at the long table set up for the purpose. Mr. Curtis carved the turkey and did such a good job that there was nothing left but bones. After this marvelous dinner Mrs. Edwards took the whole party to a theater in' Framing- ham where they enjoyed the screen pic- ture. Whippoorwills Every night during the past week I have heard the plaintive cry of a whip- poorwill just outside my window. I became interested in the little creature and wished to find out more about him and his habits; so I consulted my friend the encyclopedia and found the material I was in search of. Although I have never seen a whippoorwill I feel as though I were well acquainted With them after having become interested in my nightly visitor. This bird is about the size of a robin and iiies by night, very silently, catching insects in the air. During the day he sleeps on the ground and is seldom detected since his plumage so nearly matches the ground. The cry of the whippoorwill is pleasing, at least it is to me, and I enjoy listening to him night after night. One night I counted 379 consecutive pleadings to "whip poor will? I'm glad my name is nMike" and not ilWillF s-"Mikeii Kuronen, ,36. My Chicks A few weeks ago I purchased twenty baby chicks that had been hatched by an incubator and introduced them to a foster mother, a sitting hen that had for weeks been sitting on china eggs. Both parties seemed to be satisfied with the deal and everything went along' very well until I tried to increase the size of her family about a week later. I added four chicks to her brood. She seemed to take the matter very lightly and I was satisfied. The next morning, how- ever, I found that she had killed one of her newly adopted children. That same day another was killed, and by morning of the following day she had killed the remainder of the adopted chicks. I learned my lesson, I had fooled the hen just once too often. They arenlt so stupid after all. -Ed Paige, ,36. Our Sheep On our estate we have a large farm in which we house our very fine fiock of Cheviot sheep. This breed of sheep is one of the most attractive. It orig- inated in Scotland in the famous Cheviot Hills. It belongs to the medium- wool type. Its wool is not of the very finest, as is the wool of the merino breed, and it is not of the coarse type as is that of the Lincoln breed. The Cheviot is hornless and is pure white in color. The ewes, or females, weigh on an average 150 pounds, while the rams will weigh as much as 225 pounds. As a grazer the Cheviot is unsurpassed; no breed of sheep is more essentially a grazer. Due to its origin in the Cheviot Hills this breed is unusually hardy. Our flock of about eighty sheep has been the center of interest this spring. During the past month the ewes have been lambing; most of them had a single lamb, but occasionally a ewe will have twins. Very rarely are triplets born. We have one set of twins and one set of triplets. At present we have about fifty lambs varying in age between a few days and five weeks. It is during the spring that the shep- The first lamb of the season with its mother, on the Wayside Inn estate. herd is kept unusually busy. A great deal of attention is required during the lambing season. Soon after the lambs are born the shearing is done. We sheared our flock the week before last and found some very fine fleeces. In about a month the Hock will be turned out to pasture and will remain there until the winter season approaches. sJolm M ilanskas, ,34. Fishing With the opening of the fishing season many of the boys brought forth their fishing tackle and wandered hither and yon to try their luck at catching the biggest fish of the season. The streams are very plentiful and several unusually large fish were caught. The most prominent fish in the local streams are pickerel and horn pout; some so-called HERALD Page Nine ttsuckers" have also been seen, and of course the ever popular bait fish, the minnow. Occasionally an unfortunate pickerel is carried over the falls by the mill and is dashed to death on the rocks below. Some of the boys wade in the streams and catch the fish bare-handed or with the aid of a stick, but this is called unsportsmanlike by our most noted fisherman, an individual who thinks more of his fishing rod than he does of his own life. I think I shall try to become as interested in the art of fishing. -Cl'i170rd 1W u'ise, i514. The Circus Last week Mrs. Spicer took the senior class to the circus that was being given at the Boston Garden. For most of us this was our first visit to the circus. It was very interesting and some of the feats performed seemed beyond possibil- ity. The high wire performers gave us the greatest thrills. The trapeze artists were all exceptionally clever. There were so many outstanding acts and performances that it would be an endless task to try to tell you all of them. I am very thankful that I had the opportunity to attend and I am sure that all the seniors will j oin me in expressing thanks to Mrs. Spicer. eWilliam Laskey, 31,. Wayside Inn Sports Baseball The Wayside Inn Boys, School base- ball team is showing more promise this year than ever before. Our first game, with Weston High, was a defeat; yet the team functioned more as a unit than it ever has. After all, the purpose of any team is not so much to win games as to develop true sportsmanship, although naturally we dislike to feel that any other team can be superior to ours. Theodore Roosevelt once said that it takes a better man to lose graciously than it does to win consecutively. Our second game was played with the faculty team, which we were only able to overpower in the closing innings. The team should more correctly have been called the alumni team since but one faculty member held a position. We will have several more games with that particular outfit because they are ever present and may be called together at a minuteis notice. eChester Solenski. The baseball equipment to be used this season has arrived. There are two dozen bats of all sizes to accommodate the "Babe Ruths" of our school, and also the little fellows. There are also some practice balls and some balls used only for the games. There are a new set of gloves and a first baseman's mitt. All the bats have been marked with a stamp so there will be no question of ownership if our bats get mixed with those of our opponents. Cleaning Up the Diamond The sophomores at the Calvin How House were utilized as gardeners to clean the baseball diamond. They raked the whole infield and cleared the base lines of weeds and graded them. At four o'clock in the afternoon they had finished; so Mr. Thompson, coach of the baseball team and housemaster of Calvin How, told the boys that they had Htaken their medicine" and done a good job. After a shower and clean clothes the boys did not feel any the worse for the afternoons toil. The baseball diamond had been burned over once, but there was still a lot of dead grass which hindered the growth of the new grass. The outfield was going to be burned over but it was thought better to cut the grass instead. A new home plate will have to be made at the salvage yard, as the old one was worn away, probably by so many of our boys getting home runs. MN Southwest School After the spring vacation we were all glad to return to school. For our English lesson all the classes wrote com- positions on their vacation. All were exceptionally good and as it was rather hard to decide which one was best, a vote was taken and it was found that Joyce Belcher in class six had received the most votes. Three young ladies from Miss Lesliels Kindergarten School in Boston were sent out to observe teaching in our schools. This was the first time they had ever been in this type of school. After staying for an hour they proceeded to the lower classes at the Redstone School. The eighth class received their marks from the standard examination tests for entering school, and again the Southwest led the town. There are sixteen in the Center School and five in our school. Mary Curtis had a score of 197, which was the highest. Instead of current events on a recent Friday morning, we were given the poem "God Give Us Men to Learn." All but two boys in the seventh class knew it perfectly. The eighth class is taking up quite a bit of algebra ir arithmetic, and is doing very W611. Mr. Benedict, the superin- tendent of the Sudbury schools, visited us and we learned that we are having about the same arithmetic as the Center School's eighth class. The sixth class is learning the different parts of speech in English and is doing remarkably well as it is unusual for the sixth class to have them so well learned and to get so far ahead. They can take a sentence and tell what part of speech each word is. The boys of our school had their much-looked-forward-to baseball game with the younger team of the Boys, School. The score was tied, eight to eight, and the boys noted with satisfac- tion that although they are smaller than the boys on the opposite team they played equally as well. -Eleanor Goulding. We are very happy to have Margaret Provan and J oyce Belcher, both of whom have been out because of measles, back with us again. NM Mary Lamb School tRedstonei One morning the children were shown a few of the rooms at the inn. When they returned to school they wished to write about it. Miss de Mille told the story and the children learned a great deal. Betty Betty is a lamp that was used in the olden days. It wasted oil. A new one was made called Phoebe. These two lamps are in the old inn kitchen. The Hourglass When we went to the inn we watched the hourglass. Miss de Mille told us all about it. It takes an .hour for the sand in the upper glass to sift into the lower glass. The Powder Horn There was a horn that the men kept powder in for their guns. It was so thin that you could see right through it. Then the men could tell how much powder there was in it. The following were written as com- positions by classes three and four: A Piece of Cake When I went to the dentist he gave me a piece of cake. It had white frosting and jam in the middle. It Was not a real cake; it was in a picture book! eGloria Bonazzoli. A Noise Yesterday when I was eating my breakfast I heard a squeakie noise. I turned around and saw a mouse sitting on the fioor eating the crumbs I had dropped. When our cat sits in a chair his tail hangs down. He gets angry because the kitty plays with it. This morning the kitty gave a run and jumped right over the cats back. eCaroline Way. Health rhymes written by third class pupils: Carrots You should eat carrots, Carrots make you strong; If you don't eat them, You,ll be doing wrong. Donit drink coffee, Donit drink tea; It is not good for you, Nor is it good for me. How are you today? I hope you are gay; If you play out-of-doors, You,ll be happy alway. There are hundreds of birds near the school. You can hear them singing all day long. A phoebe came right up to our window and flapped its wings against it. Had the window been open, the bird might have flown into our room. The first class is going to keep a book for spelling words. The list of words is being taken from the "Boston Course of Study." Class two has been reading about "Fairies and Elves"; so during our opening exercises poems on that subject were read. Rose Fylemanis works have a great appeal to the children. The boys and girls have been collect- ing pine cones from the school yard, and by mixing in red berry twigs and small boughs of pine, we have made pretty "bouquets" for the room. HERALD "Swinging 'neath the old apple tree." A corner of the playground athOlvil Stone Pennington c 00 . Our Schools Wantinued from page E We all agree that the pupils of Green- field schools have remarkable musical and dramatic talent. We want to show our appreciation by thanking Mr. Ford and. the others who made this trip poss1b1e and made it such a success. Next Friday, our school has been invited to Tecumseh to enjoy Field Day with the neighboring school. We all hope it will be possible for us to go. Our school will be out for the summer vacation on May 22. We are planning to have a picnic at the schoolhouse on that day. The fifth language class has answered letters which they received from the fifth class pupils in the Britton School. We hope they will write again. Fourth and fifth geography classes have been interested in finding informa- tion on life in Australia. After some reading we all agree that the United States isnlt such a bad place to live in after all. In art class on Friday we made cards for our mothers for Motheris Day. They were very pretty. The Cuckools Nest The European cuckoo is the mes- senger of spring. He is a poetls bird. The hen cuckoo lays very small eggs in comparison with the size of the bird. As she never builds a nest, she has no place to put them; so she takes them to the nest of another bird whose eggs resemble her own. If she cannot find a nest she lays her eggs on the ground. NW BROWNVILLE We acted out the story of the Hal- loweten play. The members of the second class did the acting. Ned was the pumpkin, Martin was the black cat, and Joyce was the woodcutter. Mar- gretta was the little boy and Helen was the1 little girl. They acted their parts we . eHelen Reeves. A Fable The hare laughed at the tortoise because he was so slow. They thought they would race to see which one was the fastest. The hare ran along, then he stopped to rest and fell asleep. The tortoise ran past him. When the hare woke up he began to run, but to his sur- prise, when he got there, there was the tortoise. "Always remember that slow and sure wins the race." eNed H arrington. One Friday afternoon we did not have school, because Mr. Driscoll took Doris Harrington, Anna Beevers, and Kathryn Anthes over to Adrian. The girls were very glad. They could hardly wait to go to Adrian. -Alta Dermyer. One afternoon we went on a flower hike. We got bloodroot and May- flowers. When we got a little farther Mr. Driscoll said, "Letls turn back toward school," and then we went home. eAdelene Hammock. The children have lots of fun at Brownville. The smaller girls jump rope, while the boys and larger girls practise baseball. Mr. and Mrs. Seitz watch them while they're playing. It brings back sweet memories of their school days and makes their hearts light. --Wyona Gave. My dog has white legs and his face is black and white. His name is Tippy Creger. I like my lessons in school. I like to play ball too. eDarwi'n Creger. Three girls from the Brownville School sewing club exhibit their first trial. Left to rightF-Doris Harrington, Kathryn Dermyer, and Gladys Dermyer. uWe made them ourselves." This group of little people, belonging to Brownville School, were Hsnapped" on the bank of the uold Mill Pond." Back row, left to righteJoyce Miller, Darwin Creger, Helen Reeves, Margretta Cove", and Martin Korth. Front row, left to right-Bobby Beavers, Lyle Harper and Charles Johnson. GREEN LANE ACADEMY Each of the pupils remembered his mother on Motheris Day with a dainty handkerchief folder. We are learning a new song, entitled 'iWhen the Crows Fly Over." eCeciele N etcher. Several days ago Miss Dobie found a turtle down by the old mill and she brought it to school. We learned it was a painted turtle. The children filled a basin with water and put the frightened little thing into it. Jimmie Sisson sug- gested that we name it "Tinkie," and as all the children were delighted with the name the turtle was christened then and there. e-Margaret Papp. NM COMFORT Joan Cadmus brought to school a large cocoon to show to the pupils. We hope it comes out before school closes. About 1,100 pupils of the seventh and eighth grades of Lenawee County were divided up into eight districts for preliminary spelling contests. The ten best pupils of each district went to Adrian March 4 for a final contest. In the preliminary contest in Tecumseh, where 150 pupils spelled', we had five entries. Lois Anderson received first place and Ellen Holdridge third place, both being in the seventh class at Com- fort School. Lois Anderson and Ellen Holdridge went to Adrian for the final contest, and Lois Anderson got eleventh place. There were eighteen prizes donated by Adrian merchants for the fifteen best spellers. On Tuesday, May 8, we went to Dearborn to see the Operetta. We en- joyed it very very much. The pupils of the first class are havin g an apple tree contest. When they have good reading lessons they put an apple on their tree. Audrey Richard is now ahead. Betty Holdridge, Ellen Holdridge, tConcluded on page 12l HERALD Page Eleven SPORTS AND PASTIMES GREENFIELD WINS ITS LEAGUE TILT 7-5 Kresin Stars at Third A rejuvenated Greenfield team scored its first victory in the Eighth Grade League by defeating Oxford School 7-5 on the Village Green Friday evening, May 4. With this victory Greenfield now has a .500 average in its league, having lost the opener to Edison. The Villagers are continuing along in a Junior High League, in which they are gathering a great deal of practical experience. McLeod, Greenfield pitcher, went the route and pitched out of many bad holes. His effectiveness in pinches was largely the deciding factor of the game. How- ever, in the fourth inning he met diffi- culty when Korte, Oxford pitcher, drove in three runs. The play of Kresin on third base in the last two games has been spectacu- lar in every respect. He has brought up the morale of the team and seems to have his position as a regular. Another infielder who was "uncovered" in the Oxford game is Reader, who iields very well and may be found around second base for the remainder of the season if his batting can be improved upon. Snow, regular second baseman, Will be kept in the line-up because of his power at bat. Petrak and Rucker have helped the fielding averages in playing perfect games in the 1ield, handling many difficult chances. From his position in short field, Petrak directs the team- calling out fiies, and placing the boys in the most advantageous positions. Smith and Donaldson, who bat .565 and .560 respectively, drove in most of the runs, each getting two hits. Shackle- ton and Apesech proved strong at bat by garnering two hits apiece for them- selves and sharing the batting honors of the day. BOX SCORE GREENFIELD-7 Petrak, sf .......... Kresin, 3b, McLeod, p Smith, CL... Donaldson, lb". Rucker, 1f...i... Shackleton, c Roth, 2b..s. Apesech, rf Reader, 135.. Burns, 53.... i Gardner, 2b ............................... , HHNWNWQCOWWHAQQQ HHONHNHNNHHHE QIHOOOOHoHHHHHW w y-I H U! OXFORDeS t? weammmwpwwww Kenney, c . Beems, 35 Rhodes, 1b. Sullivan, 3b Stier, 2b.. Dunn, rf,. Titus, 1f.. Korte, p.. Denyes, sin Myers, cf .................................... m ocer-HHHOOHFU N 01 PU ; 4 mm OHNNHOHOOHm OXFORD loll!1l3lololol!5 GREENFIELD l1111011l3hliu7 . Oxford Downs Greenfield J oe Werich Stars The Oxford ninth graders led by Joe Werich defeated the Villagers 12-4 Thursday night in the J . H. S. League on the winners, diamond. Tennant, Oxford left fielder, held the batting spotlight with Werich, each getting three hits. Greenfield batters collected nine hits, with Snow, McLeod and Donaldson getting two each. The game remained close throughout the first three innings, but Oxford edged away knocking McLeod from the box. Petrak pitched the last two innings with some very fine relief work. Rucker Defeats Burns 17-11 First Recess Game Decided Coming from behind with a 9-run rally, J. G. Ruckeris team downed the Burns group in the first of a series of organized recess games. The game continues through each recess period for a week, and then a winner is determined on Friday. The following Monday new captains are selected and diiierent teams oppose each other. This system eliminates the arguing session that usually precedes each recess period and saves about five minutes of their play time. The following line-ups are made up of boys from the Scotch Settlement and Town Hall schools: Ruclgere-Captain Bums-Captain Kresm Gardner Apesech Reader Donovan Simpson Ford Spencer Procknow Dahlinger Dates Gilbert McCloud, J. Perry JIM DALY BOWS TO VILLAGERS 9-3 Greenfield Avenges Early Season Set Bacl: On the first out-of-town trip, the Greenfield boys found revenge by defeat- in g the J im Daly School 9-3 at the latterls field Monday night. The game turned in the eighth inning when Upton was knocked out of the box by a six run rally. Captain Bill McLeod again proved his strong arm by going the whole game, and also shar- ing in the three slashing hits. Donaldson and Kresin also collected three hits, showing up equal to their captain. Around the first of the season Kresin was considered too small to play but con- tinued along with the team and found his big chance in the D. J. H. S. game. Coach Hutchinson believes that the A quiet interval at Willow Run. combination Burns at short and Kresin at third is better than anything they have opposed this year, though their hitting could be improved upon. This is the second consecutive game won by the local boys, and the third this season: BOX SCORE GREENFIELD 9 Petrak... A g HwHHHNwwHog Rucker.. Kresin.... Reader.. m E m :- pgwwwmmmmmw ED OHHNHONHHOw A A JIM DALY 3 Church ...................................... Tegge. . .. .. Albinger Hodson.. Reid i. Wane Holland. Holet. Donati i. N Upton ......................................... , H 0: AB L3 a JBNODQIANQEKACJIM W OOOCOHHCHOw NOOONONHNO M .q 9 RH ololololilohlehlplls 1l0loyolol2lololoH3l 9 William McLeod to Fill Baseball Captaincy Billy Ford to be Manager With a vote that was very close to being unanimous, Billy McLeod was elected captain of the Greenfield Village Baseball Team. William is in the eighth class in the Edison Institute High School under Mr. Grophear. It is felt by all that play under him that he is a natural leader and the most adapted for the position. The spirit shown by him during the game has impressed everyone. At the present time he is the first string pitcher of the team and is now batting .416. He is the iirst boy to captain a Greenfield Village team in organized competition. Billy Ford of the Scotch Settlement School was chosen manager of the team and will accompany them on their trips away from home. Statistics BATTING AVERAGES AB Hits Average 13 . 33 GREENFIELD J IM DALY Helwig. Gardner .................. Page Twelve HERALD Our Schools tConcluded from page 10l Joan Cadmus, and Frederick Kempf brought our first flowers to school. We now have a cabinet for our radio. It improves the appearance and also the sound of the radio. There was no school last Friday because of the eighth class examinations. Coach Wilson of the Tecumseh High School invited our school to a rural field day on May 18. The field day is especially for the seventh and eighth classes. The eleventh class of Tecumseh Will present their junior play, and we will get free passes to the Hudson- Tecumseh baseball game. The pupils of Comfort School have been having lots of fun hanging "May baskets" this month. e-Lois Anderson, Ellen Holdridge. NM CENTENNIAL The pupils from Centennial School have started going to the Henry Ford Hospital for treatment. We hope that they will all be back at school soon. Mr. Koch and Mr. Gassett came to school Thursday afternoon and gave us our lessons in singing and telegraphy. The May meeting of the Centennial Dramatic Club took place on May 3 in the school basement, with seventeen members present. Harriet Lewis and Phyllis Green were voted in as new members. Mrs. Chapman was appointed to initiate the new members at the next meeting, and Sophia Glenn to take charge of the program. After the business meeting the fol- lowing program conducted by Wava Richard was presented: assembly sing- ing; a vocal solo by Ray Williamse music by Ray Williams, Lawrence Holdridge and Ned Lanning; a song by Mrs. Chapman, Wava Richard, and Helen Anderson. They responded to an encore by singing ilSmiles." Dancing and games were then enjoyed. We all enjoyed listening to the broad- cast from Greenfield Village on Thursday morning. Tuesday, May 8, at 11:30 a. m. the truck arrived to take us to the Brown- ville School where we, along with the Brownville School children, were trans- ferred to the busses waiting for us. The trip to Dearborn was enjoyed by every- one, and all were looking forward to seeing the Operetta to be presented by the children of the schools of Greenfield Village. Many and varied were the comments concerning the performance a year ago. Arriving at Greenfield Village, we went directly to the auditorium and enjoyed the entertainment to the limit. Following this, sandwiches and milk were served to us, and then our trip home began. We think the people of Greenfield have a better opportunity to show what they can do than any group of students in the world. Congratulations to you, students of Greenfield Village. -Ger1rude Drom'llard, Agnes gomery. M oni- A Letter From Chesaning We have received the following letter with reference to the story about ftBuddyly which appeared in our last issue: Chesaning, Michigan, May 10. Dear Carol Bryant: My teacher gets the Herald and I read your story about Buddy. It is a nice story. I hope he comes back soon. My dog's name is Sport. I am, Leonard Joseph Gosper. Miss Isabel Murphy, Leonardis teacher, writes: Dear Carol: Leonard IS my pupil and he enjoyed your story of Buddy very much. He .is in the kindergarten. He would like to hear from you. CHEERFULNESS Be cheerful, no matter what reverse obstruct your pathway, or what plagues follow you in your trail to annoy you. Ask yourself what is to be gained by looking or feeling sad when troubles throng around you, or how your condition is to be alleviated by abandoning your- self to despondency. If you are a young man, nature de- signed you to Hbe of good cheer"; and should you find your road to fortune, fame, or respectability, or any other boon to which your young heart aspires, a little thorny, consider it all for the best, and that these impediments are only thrown in your way to induce greater efforts and more patient endurance on your part. -Sir Arthur Helps. MAGELLAN SAILS AROUND THE WORLD The following story was written by Wilbert Tighe for the fourth history class at the Mary Lamb School, of the Way- side Inn school group: . Ferdinand Magellan, an experienced sailor, went to the King of Portugal to get a ship, but it was refused him. He went to the King of Spain. He got a ship and went. The wind stopped blowing for four weeks; finally he reached Rio de Janeiro. The natives were friendly. Magellan was searching for a strait which would lead to the Pacific Ocean, the East Indies and China, which he found after many hardships. It is now called the Strait of Magellan. On reaching the Philippines Magellan began teaching the natives religion, and they killed him. His men continued to the Spice Islands. The sailors bought spices and bartered hatchets, knives, scissors and yellow cloth. Then they sailed around Africa and home to Spain. There were nineteen men left of the two hundred and eighty. Their trip proved that the world was round. MM No scientist has ever found a way of seeing through the clouds that always hide the planet Venus from the earth. Edison J unior Pioneers . We had a meeting for the first time the spring at our camp at Greenfield Village on Friday, May 4. We were pitching the main tent and had got it almost up when one of the poles came out of the hole in the plank that runs along the top of the tent. The boys had great fun making the pole stay in 1ts place. After we got the tent up we got some chairs and a table and put them in it. Then we had a meeting. We talked over the different achievements we could accomplish in earning the different articles such as hatchets, knives, compasses, first-aid kits, and haversacks. Before we went home we got some new books. eAlbert Roberts, ScotclfSettlement. DANCING AS A HOBBY The recreation from which I get the most enjoyment is dancing. This amusement does many things for one. Besides being enjoyable, it gives one confidence. It gives rhythm and a keener enjoyment of music. Another gain is the exercise. It gives movement and motion to almost every part and muscle of the body. Dancing gives exercise, confidence and amusement. What other recreation could give more? I sincerely think that the world would be a happier place if more people would forget worries for an hour or two each week and engage in the pleasant pastime of dancing. -Frances Johnson, Brou'nville School. NM AT THE AIR SHOW We went to the Wayne County Air- port on Sunday, May 6. On the way out we saw about iive hundred cars. In place of going in a jam of cars we went around a back way and got there just in time. First there were races. A pilot had to take off and go around a laid-out course. Then he had to land, walk around his ship once, and then take off. The third lap was the same as the first; but the second lap they had to take OE and land, walk around the ship, and eat a piece of pie. Next an army plane took off and dropped a couple of dummy parachute flares. One landed in the grand stand. Then another plane took off and wrote two words with smoke. Then some planes did some formation ilying, and a man did a parachute jump. He was up so high that when he jumped you could not see him at fifteen hundred feet, and he landed safely. When Colonel Roscoe Turner took 0E, at first he was only going two hundred miles an hour. His plane was short and stubby. We had a very enjoyable day. - eDonald Donovan, Scotch Settlement. NOW SPRINGTIME I love the cheerful springtime, With its flowers bright and gay; And the winds that softly chime In the happy month of May. -1Wargarel Berry, Town Hali School. MN Roads that are being built in the United States under the Public Works administration would add up in mileage to six transcontinental highways. HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, J une 1, 1934. Where William H. McGuifey Was Born Memorial to Author of Eclectic Readers By KENNETH PETRAK NE hundred and thirty-four years 0 ago, on September 23, 1800, a boy was born to Mr. and Mrs. Alexan- der McGuEey at their homestead in West Finley Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania. This section of country was heavily wooded and the McGuifeyis home was a log cabin. The child was named William Holmes McGuifey. Holmes completed, the younger children of Greenfield Village Schools will attend classes in it. The teacheris desk has been made of the walnut kitchen table from the McGuiTey birthplace. Another piece of original furniture that may be used here is an interesting old corner cupboard which once those days had to help clear land, build rail fences, work in the fields after the ground was plowed, and so on. There was not much time for play. Such games as baseball, football and basketball were unknown in the form in which they are played today, although there were many healthy recreations to take their place. The only schools on the frontier were such as held terms was his motheris maiden name, and her father, Henry Holmes, was a pioneer farmer. In the fall of 1802, when the baby was two years old, his parents moved across the state border to Trumbull County, Ohio. His father had served in the wars against the Indians and was chosen for his ability to travel fast, his knowledge of woodcraft, and his skill with a rifle, to lead the scouts of General "Mad" An- thony Wayne. For many years the log cabin birth- place of the future professor and compiler of school readers stood in its original location. Although the passing of time caused many changes to take place, the original logs of the structure remained on the old farm in Pennsylvania. A few months ago Mr. Ford vis1ted the birthplace of William Holmes McGuifey and arranged to have the old logs moved to Dearborn and the cabin reerected in Greenfield Village. Today this structure is the center of a group of buildings which form an appro- priate McGuffey memorial. The cabin interior is being furnished with McGuiTey furniture as it used to be. Other features include the fireplace, with its stone chimney, the outdoor steps leading to the attic window, and the old door. While visiting the old homestead in Washington County, Pennsylvania, Mr. Ford also obtained a large number of logs which had been used in a barn; these also have been brought to Green- field Village. They have been used to build a log school at the south end of the enclosure. When this building has been The log cabin birthplace of William Holmes McGufEey, re-erected in Greenfield was Village. Photo by Kenneth Petrak. occupied a prominent place in the McGuiTey home. A Remarkable Desk Mr. Ford has still another piece of furniture that is very interesting to us. It is in the form of a desk on which Professor McGuifey wrote. This desk was given by Alexander McGuffey, younger brother of Professor McGuifey, to his grandson, Albert H. Merrill. In presenting it he said that this was the desk on Which he and his brother, Dr. McGuffey, had written and revised the most of the readers. This desk, with its peculiar arrangement of pigeonhole compartments, was first in the home of Professor McGufEey at Oxford, Ohio, and then in Alexanderis office in Cincin- natl. The third building in the little group now re-erected in Greenfield Village was once used as a smoke house. William McGuffey,s boyhood em- braced a lot of hard work; for boys in in the winter months in small 10g buildings. Young McGuifey had a few terms in such a school. His first real edu- cation was obtained in a school six miles from his home called the i'Old Stone Acad- emy." How he came to go here is an in- teresting story. It V is said that his step- mother while working in the garden one day expressed a hope that her boy could get an education. A man who happened to be riding by on horse- back overheard her. ' He was the principal of the Old Stone Acad- emy, and arranged for young McGufEey to come to school and work for his board. By the time he eighteen years old McGujfey's teach- er believed he was ready for college. In the preceding months he had studied books at night by the light of tailow candles and the blaze of pine knots. There were no busses to convey him to school, and at regular times he Walked six miles to the academy, and after his lessons, back home. Soon after he started college he began to teach to get money to pay his expenses. His further career will form the subject of another article. MN Summer Come, come, come, The summer now is here. Come out among the iiowers, And make some pretty bowers. Come, come, come, The summer now is here. eSecond Reader. iPlease turn to page sixt W Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and'published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Vlllage, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations . DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith H can Rawsonville, Lois Carkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, Jean Downing, JVIomta Quackenbush. qun School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownville, Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington Academy School, M arjar-ie Wickwire, Jerry Anthes Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes 1W ontgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS Farm Your Farm We have received the following from Miss Greene, who formerly taught in the Town Hall School, and is now teaching in the public schools of Newton, Massa- chusetts: When Mr. Lovett asked me if I would make a contribution to your school paper the Herald, I began to wonder what I could write to you that would be of interest and inspiration. The season of the year gives me a thought; for it recalls a very vivid pic- ture of boys and girls, dressed in gardens ing costumes, crossing the Village green and wending their way down Duiiield Road and out the main highway until the school gardens are reached. Here each child takes his place in front of a plot of ground to learn Mother Nature's lessons by farming his own farm. Each person in the world has a iigift." Now gifts are like farms: cultivation comes before the harvest. We take that for granted, as to farms. We spend months and years in plowing, harrowing, grubbing, planting, weedingh enriching, spraying, iencing and beautlfying. . Only once a season, or possibly tw1ce, is there any harvest. All the rest of the time we work without thought of im- mediate results. Farms are great teachers of patience, too. - But it is not so easy to be patient In the development of our personal powers. We seek out get-wise-quick, get-clever- quick, get-rich-quick methods; We try all sorts of short cuts; we trust to luck eall to no profit. The results are seen today in our multitudes of half-educated students, partly trained artisans, weedy- minded thinkers and even indifferent housekeepers. Stir up your gift! In other words farm your farm! Your school paper, as well as each one of the activities you are now carrying on in your classroom, is giving you splendid opportunity to develop your gift, orias the Bible says eyour talent. eMarguerite W . Greene. Co-operation Co-operation! How much that word can mean. Mr. Webster defmes it as "the association, or collective action, of persons for their common benefit." What word can mean more? Co-operation is a trait that all of us should cultivate. It teaches us to be unselfish and to help others. It enables us to acquire the knack of getting along congenially with others. We should keep in mind the splendid example of co-operation which the people of the United States gave George Wash- lngton in establishing the new govern- ment after the Revolutionary War. We can see that if the people, as a whole, hadnit given him their encouragement, faith, and assistance the whole project would have been a failure. When boys and girls have learned to co-operate with parents, teachers, and fellow students they have acquired a trait of character that will prove in- valuable to them all their life. ha M. Johnson, Brownville School. Paying Attention What is more annoying than some one who wonit pay attention? Paying attention is important, for we may learn a great deal by listening to what some other person has to say. When one takes the time and trouble to talk on special subjects to us, lets make it easier for him by paying atten- tion. We may ask our teacher to explain something to us, and then perhaps we don,t listen. Our teacher suspects we havent been paying attention: so she calls on us in class to recite on this subject. When she does so we are unable to do this. Perhaps we have to stay in during recess, or take a report card home with an iiEii on it. At any rate, we gain nothing, and generally lose lots by our lack of attention. If we pay attention we will be set ahead just as much as we are set behind by not paying attention. eLois Anderson, Comfort School. NM Short Lessons in Journalism Gathering and Writing News One of the most important things to remember in the gathering and writing of news is to distinguish between what is news and what is not. To gather news is one thing, to write it is another. Some reporters are very good at gather- ing news but donit know how to write it; others are quite good at writing news but not so good at gathering it. Others again have what has been called "a nose for news," and know how to write it clearly and to the point, without waste of words. This is what has been called uthe journalistic instinct? But few have this faculty; it has to be cul- tivated. Now, what is news? News is any happening of human interest. The more people it interests the more Valuable it is as news. Very often the young reporter makes the mistake of thinking that a news item has to be something sensational in order to make it interest- ing. This is a great mistake, because very often it is things that are not in the least sensational which attract the greatest amount of attention. Things connected with our everyday lives, such as the winning of a prize, the blooming of a beautiful flower, or the home-coming of some one dear to us, mean more to us than all the front page iithrills" a newspaper ever printed. What interests the most of the readers . Social and Personal By Susan Alderdyce, Edison Institute High SchoolJ .Mr. Taylor invited ten of the older children of the Village Schools to attend a show and dan ce at the Masonic Temple in Detr01t on Friday evening, May 25. The children that attended the Scotch Settlement School the year it opened, recently received a picture of the group taken in front of the building at the opening. Marjorie McCarroll enjoyed a week- end in Chicago. Friday afternoon, May 12, the children of the Village Schools viewed an interesting moving picture. The pic- ture was iiThirty Years of Progress," showing the development of the Ford cars. Riding is once more being taught to the children of the Village Schools. Captain Armstrong is the ridingr instruc- tor this year. A team of pupils of the Willow Run School played a baseball game with a team from the Village Schools. After- ward they were conducted to the Secre- tary House where they were shown around the grounds by Mr. Lovett. Betty Hutchinson, Irene Stead, and Dorothy Chubbuck spent the day in Detroit on May 12. After lunch they attended a theater. The picture was iiStingaree." On the stage were Hal Le Roy and Ken Murray in person. The Girl Scouts in the Village joined with the Girl Scouts in the other troops in Dearborn in selling poppies. June Rummer will celebrate her eleventh birthday, June 9. of any publication the most of the time is usually considered the best news. To gather such news you do not have to go very far. It comes before you every day, but you must have the eyes to see it and the ears to hear it. In other words you must be alert, wide-awake, observant. mm Two pictures from Centennial School, one showing a general group of the pupils, and the other the members of the Centennial Sewing Class, will appear in the next issue of the Herald, J une 15. Five little maids from tComforti School. HERALD Page Three The Miracle - aooooooI-o$ 1 $oooooooof4 The following story was written by Miss Margaret Papp, who was a pupil of Old Stone Pennington School for two years, and is new teaching at Green Lane Academy: Davy lay on his little white bed and sighed as he looked out the window. He saw only the blue sky and the green tops of a few near-by trees. It seemed to him he had been lying here for years and years and years, but he knew it was only a few months since he had fallen from the swing and hurt his back. At first his back had hurt him terribly. He remembered how he had cried and begged mummy to take the pain away and make his back well again. But mummy had only kissed him and hugged him close and cried nearly as much as he did. He wondered a little why she had cried so when it was his back that hurt and not hers. But then, he thought, maybe it was because he was her little boy and she felt sorry for him. J aney, his sister, had cried, too, and several times when they thought he was asleep, he had caught daddy looking at him with very red eyes that had a funny look in them. But his back did not hurt any more; so he must be getting well and soon would be out playing in the little brook that tinkled down through the meadow or running races with Janey. A smile broke across his face as he thought of these things. Wouldnit that be just splendid, and he would ask mummy to play, too, and . . . . With his smile gone he wondered what made mummy so sad. Ever since the doctor had been here last she had been sad. When she was in the room with him she kept looking at him, and it seemed as if she were going to cry any minute; and once when he had asked her what the trouble was, she had just smiled at him sadly and said it was nothing and hurried out of the room. Then a little later daddy came into the room and sat down by Davyis bed. "Davy," he said, in a choky voice, "if God wanted you to do something for Him, youid . . . you'd . . . try to do it bravely, wouldnit you, Davy Boy? t . "Of course, daddyfi Davy had replied with a smile. "If for some reason God wanted you to lie on your back for a long long . . . time . . ." Then Davy looked at his father with a frightened look and he knew! He knew now What daddy meant! He knew now why his mummy was so sad! He knew now why the doctor had been so grave! Then with a pitiful little cry he hid his face in the covers and sobbed, "Oh, daddy, He wouldnit want me to do that, would He? God wouldnlt want that!" His daddy, with tears running down his own face, took him very gently in his arms and talked to him about many things. His voice was soft and gentle, and soon Davy smiled through his tears and whispered: tiMaybe if Pm real good and don't fret, maybe Helll make me better, wonit He, daddy?" "Yes, Davy. Now say your prayers and try to sleep." Davy said his prayers, and with a catch in his voice added: i'Dear God Iill try to . to do what you want me to do, but it . it will be so hard. Don't let mummy and daddy and J aney be so sad . . . Amen.u His daddy hugged him close and Davy, as he kissed him, felt that his face was wet, and he heard his daddy whisper in his ear, itDavy . . . Oh, Davylii A long time after that something strange happened. The next time the doctor came he did the same as he always did, but all of a sudden he stared at Davy. "Why . . . why, Davy! You moved your leg! Here, do that again." Davy, a little surprised at the doc- toris voice, looked at his legs, and sure enough he could move them. It was just a tiny bitibut they moved, and that was important. The doctor had called mummy and daddy, and with one look at the doctors face mummy gave a glad cry and ran and knelt by Davy's bed and showered Davy with kisses until he could hardly breathe. The doctor said it was a miracle. That night Davy asked his father, "Daddy, will I be able to walk again?" NYes, Davy, but you must be patient." tiDaddy," said Davy, after a pause, iiit wasnit a miracle, was it? It was just that God did not want me to lie on my back forever, wasnit it, daddyiw iiYes, Davy Boy," whispered daddy. WWW OUR GARDENS AT OLD STONE PENNINGTON tBy Harold Ernsti Each boy and girl in our school has a garden measuring 40 feet by 60 feet. There are several kinds of vegetables in the garden. The radishes are nearly large enough to eat. The peas are about three inches high, and several other vegetables are peeping out of the ground. The lettuce will be ready to use in a few days. The vegetables are in rows that run from one end of the school gardens to the other, with a path around each garden. The weeds are coming out of the ground, too. The gardens will soon need hoeing and cultivating. There is a board on each garden bearing the number of the garden and the age, name, and grade of the pupil to whom it belongs. This is the third year we have had school gardens. THE CINCINNATI RAILWAY TERMINAL Lhave visited many interesting build- ings, but the most interesting was the Cincinnati Railway Terminal. As you enter this building you find yourself in a huge dome finished in all different shades of yellow from a delicate tint to a bright gold. On the lower walls are pictures showing the evolution of in- dustry, from the time there were no vehicles or electricity to this period of artistic architecture and power-driven vehicles. As you walk in this dome you also notice that there are many small shops for the convenience of the people who are coming to or from the trains. We finished exploring the dome and walked straight ahead into a long cor- ridor about one hundred feet wide and two thousand long. On either side of the walls are large pictures of the industries of Cincinnati. All the pic- tures are very interesting. If you get into a certain position and the light falls correctly, you will notice that they seem to be made of very small pieces of tile. Well, they are made of leather which has been dipped in liquid glass. These pictures are three or four times life size, and there are about forty-five or fifty of them. -Margaret Jean Hindman, Town Hall School. BASEBALL AT BRO WNVILLE What the Girls Think Of course the boys would hit that indoor ball into the field or the lake. The girls are doing that, too, this year. We can learn to hit a ufly" ball or grounder. We girls hit balls between two fielders, and really it is hit so hard the fielders are having a wrestling match while the hitter is making a half dozen home runs. The boys throw their ball into the limbs of the trees instead of throwing to the girls. They probably think we good players are tree sitters, because they throw two or three yards above our heads and expect us to have a ladder ready to go up after the ball. We want the boys to remember they are playing with girls as well as boys, and we shall all be good players. -Roma. Driscoll. NM From Europe comes the announce- ment of a new textile fiber incorporating fiax and rayon. A group of pupils at Old Stone Pennington School. Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Travis at the right. st WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING gs Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement Riding All the children are excited because horseback riding has started again. Captain Armstrong, our new riding in- structor, is going to teach us many things about this subject. A paddock has been built in Which we are going to learn riding tricks. A layer of tanbark has been put in the paddock. The children are to wear riding boots. The horses have new and better stables. eJack M cCloud. Our Bunk Under some trees near the Scotch Settlement School, Patricia Chubbuck, Evelyn Richardson, and Jean McMullin have a bunk. They love to play in it. Sometimes they stay after school and play in it. gJean M 0M ullin. Mr. Fryer, our manual training teacher, has been sick for some time. The boys send him wishes for a quick recovery. eJames Gardner. During the second week in May, the seventh class in agriculture put kernels of corn between blotters soaked in hot milk. After a few days we hope to see sprouts on our corn. eSally Owens. The boys of the Edison Junior Pioneers are going to sleep at camp this summer. The boys are looking forward to having great fun. eAlbert Roberts. At the Dairy Farm On Thursday, May 17, some of the boys went to the dairy farm in buses. When we got there we went into a barn Which was originally owned by James Gardnerls grandfather. It stood on the Gardner farm near the Scotch Settle- ment School, Which was then on Warren Avenue. Then we went to another barn that was full of calves, and afterwards to a place where the milk is sterilized. When we were going back to the bus we saw some deer. Mr. Dahlinger told us not to go too near the deer because it would scare them. MDavid Ormond. While Evelyn Richardson was riding in the woods on Sunday, May 20, she saw an oriole,s nest. She has been studying about the oriole at school. On Thursday, May 17, we enjoyed a Visit from a former teacher of the village school. It was Mr. Nelson, who taught the year the school opened. Mr. Nelson stayed through our morning exercises. We think he enjoyed them very much. At recess he visited the Town Hall School. He is a good friend to many of us. -Sally Owens. The Greenfield Village Schools will be out for summer vacation June 15. eFranklyn Weeks. On Saturday, May 19, some of the children took their first riding lesson for this year. Captain Armstrong was there to teach them. This was a lot of fun to the children. -Florence Barbier. Fishing On May 11, when I came home from school, I found my dad waiting for me to take me Iishing on the Detroit River. I changed my clothes, and it did not take long to get to the place where the boat was. We started fishing about 4:30 and fished until 8 dclock. We caught sixty pickerel, a sheephead, and a llzard. A pickerel is a smaller species of the pike family. I had a lot of fun. -Billy Faustman. Sally Owens has sent us this dainty drawing of the trillium, or wake-robin, a flower which is now in bloom in our woodlands. Some of the species are tipped with purple, some with red, and occasionally with yellow. On May 21 Erna Jensen came back to school. She had had an appendicitis operation. She had been out of school four weeks. -Donald Donovan. Erna Jensen went to Elizabeth Park on Sunday, May 20, but was not allowed to play on the grounds on account of her operation. I have made a bird cemetery. We have ten birds in it. One day my dog climbed over the wall and dug around the birds, but could not get them be- cause we had put them in coffee cans. eJ 01m Perry. In the Martha-Mary Chapel recently Mr. Cameron gave us a talk on a persons character. He told us of a little poem Which we all thought was very excellent. The poem was: Sow an act, reap a habit; Sow a habit, reap a character; Sow a character, reap a destiny. Mr. Cameron talks to us every Tuesday and Friday. His talks are very interesting, and we all appreciate the way he explains the different subjects. -J. G. Rucker, J r. Billy Ford saw a beautiful oriole making its nest in a tree near his home. The reason he knew it was an oriole was that he had seen a picture of one hanging in his schoolroom. mm Town Hall Charlotte Simpson had a birthday, Friday, May 18. On Saturday she entertained a group of girls at her home. They all had a lovely time. On Friday night, May 18, Shirley Schmidt and Carol and Katharine Bry- ant entertained Helene Walker, Joyce Soderquist, and Florence Barbier at the Bryant playhouse. The hostesses cooked and served the dinner. Saturday, May 19, the children started horseback riding. Their instruc- tor is Captain Armstrong from Culver Military Academy. Last week the children now in school who attended Greenfield Village School the first year were each given a picture taken of them on the opening day. Recently Mr. Nelson visited our school. He taught the first year that the school opened. Margaret Jean Hindman and Gloria Hutchinson have returned to school after several days of illness. We are all glad to have them back. The children of the Town Hall School are enjoying the beauty of the lilac bush growing near the school building. eMaring Owens. NM Clinton Inn I think good English is a very good thing, for I donit like to hear some one say tithem there" or time and Nancy." There are many things I donit like to hear, and I am going to tell you a story: Once upon a time there was a little girl that did not use good English. She would say, "Me and Patsy went for a walk." Finally, the children would not play with her. One day when she came home from school she ran to her bedroom and lay down on the bed. All of a sudden a fairy stood in her room. The fairy said, "What is wrong with youiw "The girls will not play with me," the little girl said. Then the fairy said, itDear, after this use better English," and so the little girl did. After that all the girls played with her. She was very happy. e-Katherine Lepz'ne. HERALD Page Five WILLOW RUN A Baseball Game Last Friday week we had a baseball game with Denton. We played seven innings. The Denton boys were bigger than the Willow Run boys. We played a friendly game as long as they could stay. They had a coach that kept the score. Our janitor was umpire to call balls and strikes. At the end of the third inning the score was 7 to 2 in their favor. Then we woke up and began to really play. When the game ended the score was Willow Run 9 runs, Denton, 10 runs. We gave them a cheer and said good-bye. e-Walter Reinhackel, Good Neighbors Two ladies live next to the Willow Run School. There is a grove between their house and our school. It got pretty untidy with old papers, tin cans, and bottles. One afternoon some of us boys went over and cleaned it all up. One boy went to the door and told the ladies about it hrst. They were happy to have us do the work. We like to be good neighbors. eBobby Hoavg, Sewing Fun At Willow Run School we have been having an exciting time experimenting with our sewing machine. We learned to use the hemmer and also the ruflier. It is quite thrilling to just stitch, and see the hem come out all turned evenly and stitched. We have found an easy way to put on bias tape. All you have to do is put the bias tape through the bias attachment and hold it up to the cloth and sew. One of the girls brought one of her fatherls old nightshirts to school for practice work. We have the back all sewed up so that it looks like an accor- dion-pleated skirt. Helenls grandmother is going to celebrate her forty-third wedding anni- versary, and Helen is making her a rumed collar and :2qu set. I am going to a birthday party Saturday, and I have made my friend an apron like the ones we made in school. We are enjoying our sewing very much, and it is fun to wear things we have made ourselves. eLillian Poet, FAIRIES One day as I was walking Along a shady dell, I heard some fairies talking- But where I could not tell. I looked in many flowers, But no fairies could I see, I looked again just to be sure; Then I sat down under a tree. As I sat there listening I heard one fairy say, "She must have gone home by this time, Now we can go and play." They came tripping out in pairs, And danced around so fine, But oh! the pleasure wasn't theirs, For I think that it was mine. ePhyllis La Form, W illow Run School. NW RAWSONVILLE A Pleasant Surprise On May 22 Mrs. Allen drove into our yard with the rest of the pupils and asked me to go to Belleville with them. I asked my mother, but instead of going to Belleville we went to Susterkais picnic grounds and played ball. After that Mr. Susterka invited us into the hall. I found out later that it was a birthday party for Danny Crippen and me. When the table was ready a large basket of fruit and Howers took the center position, with a birthday cake on each side. Among the good things to eat were fried chicken, potato salad, pickles, and sandwiches. For dessert we had ice cream and cake. We had lemonade to drink. For birthday gifts I received an umbrella, scrapbook, candy, gum, bath- ing slippers, Mickey Mouse book, Mickey Mouse hair ribbon, anklets, handkerchief, and box of candy. Mr. Susterka played games with us, and at 8:30 we went home. -Irenc Simon. David Smith brought his turtle to school one morning. It is a very small turtle. It is exactly the size of a nickel. The turtle is so small that he cant climb on a stone the size of an egg. He is three years old. Mr. Wiard mounted a bat for us. We have him on a string hanging on the wall. We think he is a queer-Iooking animal. Louise and Paul Wright and Danny and Phyllis Crippen have moved from this district. They have located near Ypsilanti, and are riding back and forth to school with Mrs. Allen to finish the school year. Paul is in the seventh class this year. Louise moved with her family to a farm near Ypsilanti. -Lois Corkins. Mrs. Robinson gave us some tickets to go to the circus at Ann Arbor on Monday, May 28. We are not the only ones that like to play. There are our little calves in a lot near our school who seem to enjoy playing as much as we do. When it is cool they run and play and jump, but when it is hot they lie in the shade. We brought a lawn mower to school and cut the grass around the pitchers box on our own baseball diamond. It is a lot better. We have just finished our first music lesson with Mr. Koch. We enjoyed it very much, and hope he will come again. eRobert N elson. NM OLD STONE PENNINGTON Mr. Travis tells us that nattention is the stuff that memory is made of." We believe this statement to be true because if we do not pay attention when he is talking to us, it makes no imprint on our minds. Do you believe that ttone is the basis of all mathematical calculations?" Our teacher has told us that not infrequently throughout the past three years, and we have yet to find an example to which it does not apply. We have recently learned that Mr. Koch helps to construct the programs for the chapel exercises in Greenfield Village. We think they are very interest- ing and enjoy them ever so much. wonder who teaches the children to recite so lovely. We still have speIl-downs every'l'flri- day afternoon. Very close competition exists in the higher class. One would scarcely think that such a small amount of radium is availablefor use. It certainly must be nearly price- less. I was especially interested in the story entitled "Just a Minute," by Mary Eleanor Ritenour, printed in the May 4 issue of the Herald because I happen to have written a story giving it the same title, only mine was about a little boy. We have been making maps, and have at the present several hanging on the walls of our schoolroom. We hear such lovely things on our radio, and so plainly, too. We shopld like to thank Mr. Ford again for the gift. Among the recent visitors to our school were Dorothy Hall, Stanley Allen, George Lancaster, and Mr. Lovett. We have a large lilac bush in our school yard which has been blooming nicely. The flowers have a delightful scent but now are beginning to die. The wild iiowers are nearly gone, too. We like the lessons in journalism very much and hope that they will be continued. The picture of Susan Alderdyce, Ann Hood, and Margaret Jean Hindman printed in the eighth edition was very clear and realistic. I think our school paper is progressing rapidly. Monday, May 21, we had a short lesson in perspective drawing and sketch- ing. We had some quite pleasing results. Our most recent lesson from Mr. Koch was partly on syncopation. We are also learning a new song. We like his lessons and those of Mr. Gassett very much. On Friday, April 18, a truck was at our schoolhouse to take us to Tecumseh to attend a Field Day which was spon- sored by the grades of Tecumseh School. They had a fine program and we greatly enjoyed the sports after lunch, which took place in Elliotis Park in that vicinity. Mr. Lovett has given us the privilege of having our lessons outside. We are doing some of that now, and if it gets much warmer expect to do more. We heard the broadcast Thursday morning, May 24. Among the features that we especially liked was the violin solo by Isabelle Gassett. eJean Downing. NM BROWNVILLE We high school girls have completed business arithmetic and are now study- ing introductory algebra. We enjoy the xls and y's. eFrames J ohnson. The other day we played soft ball with two teams pickedlfrom our school. The captains were Neil J ones and Merlow Milosh. Neilts team won, the score tConcluded on page 8i Page Six HERALD 3 McGUF F EY PRECEPTS AND MAXIMS 3 The log schoolhouse at Greenfield Village, constructed from material brought from the McGuHey farm buildings, faithfully follows the plan-of the pioneer log schoolhouses. ePhoto by Kenneth Petrak. Man and the Inferior Animals The chief difference between man and the other animals consists in this, that the former has reason, whereas the latter have only instinct; but, in order to understand what we mean by the terms reason and instinct, it will be necessary to mention three things: The first distinction that appears between man and the inferior animals is the use of implements. When the savage provides himself with a hut, or a Wigwam, for shelter, or that he may store up his provisions, he does no more than is done by the rabbit, the beaver, the bee, and the birds of every species. But the man can not make progress in this work without tools; he must provide himself with an ax, even before he can cut down a tree for its timber; whereas these animals form their bur- rows, their cells, or their nests, with no other tools than those with Which nature has provided them. The second distinction is that man, in all his operations, makes mistakes; animals make none. Did you ever hear of such a thing as a bird sitting on a twig, lamenting over her half-iinished nest, and puzzling her little head to know how to complete it? Or did you ever see the cells of a bee-hive in clumsy, irregular shapes, or observe anything like a dis- cussion in the little community, as if there were a diiference of opinion among the architects? The third distinction is, that animals make no improvements; while the knowledge, and skill, and the success of man are perpetually on the increase. Animals, in all their operations, follow the first impulse of nature, or that in- stinct which God has implanted in them. But man, having been endowed with the faculty of thinking or reasoning about what he does, is enabled, by patience and industry, to correct the mistakes into which he at first falls, and to go on constantly improving. -Fifth Reader The Village Green On the cheerful village green, Scattered round with houses neat, All the boys and girls are seen, Playing there with busy feet. Now they frolic, hand in hand, Making many a merry chain; Then they form a happy band, Marching oter the level plain. Then ascends the merry ball; High it rises in the air, Or, against the cottage wall, Up and down, it bounces there. Or the hoop, with even pace, Runs before the cheerful crowd: J 0y is seen in every face, J 0y is heard in shoutings loud. For, among the rich and gay, Fine, and grand, and decked in laces, None appear more glad than they, With happier hearts, or happier faces. Then contented with my state, Let me envy not the great; Since true pleasure may be seen, On a cheerful Village green. -Third Reader. The Violet Down in a green and shady bed, A modest violet grew; Its stalk was bent, it hung its head, As if to hide from view. And yet it was a lovely flower, Its colors bright and fair; It might have graced a rosy bower Instead of hiding there. Yet there it was content to bloom, In modest tints arrayed, And there it spread its sweet perfume, Within the silent shade. Then let me to the valley go, This pretty flower to see; That I may also learn to grow In sweet humility. -Third Reader. Courage and Cowardice Robert and Henry were going home from school, when, on turning a corner, Robert cried out, iiA fight! a fight! let us go and seeW "No," said Henry; "let us go quietly home, and not meddle with them. We have nothing to do with the quarrel, and may get into mischief." ttYou are a coward, and afraid to go? said Robert, and off he ran. Henry went straight home, and in the after- noon went to school, as usual. But R obert ha dtold all the boys that Henry was a coward, and they laughed at him a great deal. Henry had learned, however, that true courage was shown most in bearing reproach, when not deserved, and that he ought to be afraid of nothing but doing wrong. A few days after, Robert was bathing with some school-mates, and got out of his depth. He struggled, and screamed for help, but all in vain. The boys who had called Henry a coward, got out of the water as fast as they could. They did not even try to help him. Robert was fast sinking, When Henry threw off his clothes, and sprang into the water. He reached Robert, just as he was sinking the last time. By great effort, and with much dan- ger to himself, he brought Robert to the shore, and thus saved his life. Robert and his school-mates were ashamed of having called Henry a coward. They owned that he had more courage than any of them. Never be afraid to do good, but always fear to do evil. eThird Reader. Rover In summer, at the close of day, When sunset shades had come, George with his Rover, went to find The cows, and drive them home. The pasture, where they daily went To breakfast and to dine, Was large and green, a sunny place; Its grass was sweet and fine. And through it ran a little brook, Where oft the cows would drink, And then lie down among the flowers, That grew upon the brink. They liked to lie beneath the trees, All shaded by the boughs, Wheneier the noontide heat came on: Sure, they were happy cows. And oft, at night, when Georgy came, Quite weary with his race, The cows would be among the oaks, In a far distant place. eThird Reader. The Old Horse No, children, he shall not be sold; Go, lead him home, and dry your tears; iTis true, he's blind, and lame, and old, But he has served us twenty years. Well has he served us; gentle, strong, And willing, through life's varied stage; And having toiled for us so long, We will protect him in his age. eFourth Reader. HERALD Page Seven A CYCLING QUARTETTE From left to right they are Billy McLeod, Ann Hood. Mary Lee Alderdyce, and Wilbur Donald- Son snapped near the Lincoln Courthouse, Greenfield Village. The Stephen F oster Home 0321 I sabelle Gassem It has been said that we shall have another building added to the already famous collection in Greenfield Village. This building was formerly the home of Stephen Collins Foster, the writer of what may be called the folk songs of America. From an early age he was interested in music. Chief among Fos- teris characteristics was his tenderness. The quality is reflected in all of his songs. Many mornings in chapel we sing some of Fosterts best-known songs, but after we have visited his early home, and have moved about in the atmosphere of his childhood, we shall feel more inspired as we sing or play his beautiful compositions. Fosteris home was in Pittsburgh, but its new location will be beside the Stein- metz Cottage in Greenfield Village. NM Riding Lessons Begin About a week ago the riding horses returned from their winter vacation All the boys and girls are getting their riding habits out. Every child is excited about having the opportunity to ride. One afternoon Mr. Lovett brought Captain Armstrong to chapel to talk to us about riding. Captain Armstrong is going to be our riding instructor. He told us what to wear when we ride, and a few things about horses. Many of the children were riding last week. There are about four classes every day. Each class lasts for about one-half hour. We are learning how to mount and dismount, how to ride in company, how to keep our distance and many other things. -Irene Stead, Edison Institute High School. A Friendly Call The attendant at Cotswold Cottage was stricken with appendicitis about two weeks ago and rushed to the Henry Ford Hospital. At the cottage is a dog named Rover that "Gust raised from a puppy. When Gus was taken to the hospital Rover was very sad. The attendant that is taking Gus's place gave Rover a bath and took him down to the hospital to see the sick man. Both Rover and Gus enjoyed seeing each other. eDorothy Chubbuck. O u r We e kl y Broadcast tBy J ames Gardner and J . G. Rucker, JrJ FEOn Thursday morning, May 24, the boys and girls of Greenfield Village had thelr weekly broadcast over station WJR, Detroit. People in all parts of the United States may hear and enjoy the broadcast from the beautiful chapel of Martha-Mary in Greenfield Village. Three weeks ago, on May 17, Mr. Ford heard the service from the home of Stephen Foster, the writer of many beautiful ballads and Southern melodies. The announcer on May 24 was Bobby Heber. The program started at 8:45 with the ringing of the chapel hell by Jean McMullin. Next came the doon- ogy, which the boys and girls sing every morning in chapel. The first hymn was ttBringing in the Sheaves." The Lord's Prayer followed this. Then came one of Mr. Edisonts favorite songs, itBeauti- fuI Isle of Somewhereii Next was the twenty-third psalm. Another hymn followed this. A violin solo was then played by Isabelle Gassett. iiOld Black Joe," one of Stephen Fosteris famous songs, followed. Jean Mills recited the poem "Daifodilsfi by William Words- worth. Margaret Voorhess then sang the beautiful song tiTrees," with music by Rasbach. The last hymn on the program was: tiWork for the Night Is Coming." The children then left the chapel and hurried to their schoolrooms. We have few visitors on broadcasting days. Mr. Fitzpatrick, who is in charge of the broadcast, is there almost every time. On May 24 his mother and wife were present. The children are very thankful to Mr. Ford for having the privilege of broadcasting from the chapel at Greenfield Village every Thursday morning at 8:45. GMN There is a thousand times more silver than gold In solution in the oceans of the World. SMILES FROM WILLOW RUN Here we have a group from Willow Run School, taken in front of the Martha-Mary Chapel on the day of the baseball game between Willow Run and Greenfield Village. Page Eight HERALD Our Schools tConcluded from page 5 being 20 to 12. We hope to enter a team at the Tecumseh Field Meet. eGerald Driscoll. What fun we do have at Brownville trying to spell each other down! Friday, April 27, Kathryn Anthes, Doris Har- rington, and Anna Beevers went to the district meeting at the Tecumseh Public School and all three earned the privilege of competing in the final event at Adrian on May 4. There were about 150 contestants there, and Doris and Anna finished in the last third. Kathryn won eighth place and received two pairs of silk hose for her effort. -A1ma Beavers. The third class, having finished their reading books, are now reading geog- raphy. They enjoy the discussions which follow their lessons. eEleanor J ones. The Brownville children have anx- iouslywatched for the bursting leaves of the maple trees. They are now out in all their beauty and the shade about the ball diamond is very welcome. It is amusing to see the ball players seeking the fringe of coolness after that home run or out they make. eMerrill Gray. At noon on Tuesday, May 8, buses came for us and took us to Greenfield Village. When we arrived we were ushered into Edison Institute Building with its soft carpets and brilliant lights. Soon the overture began and the curtain rose. Among the favorite numbers mentioned by our boys and girls were "Grandmais Minuet"; violin solo by Bruce Simpson; NWhen you and I were young, Maggie," sung by Susan Alder- dyce; itStay in your own back yard? rendered by Margaret Voorhess, and the gypsy camp scene. When the Operetta was over we awoke from our dream and were con- ducted to the museum, where refresh- ments were served. Our buses were then ready, and thus ended a perfect day. -Kathryn Anthes. When Billy Chase was asked what part of the Greenfield Village show he liked best he replied, iiThe bullfight, because it was so funny." eBruce Anihes. Saturday, May 5, Eva Johnson took our fifth class Story Hour Club on a hike. We went about a half mile and ate our dinner. Then we played ball and really did get warmed up. Eva found a cool spring where we all had a refreshing drink. Quite a number of birds and wild flowers were seen on our little hike. eJum'or Beavers; Centennial invited us to come over and play ball with them Wednesday afternoon of last week. The husky boys were too much for us. The score was 16 t0 2. The boys of the Carpenter Club made a bookcase for our school. They did a very neat job of it. -Gladys Dermyer. Friday, May 18, the Brownville School went to the Rural Field Meet at the Tecumseh High School. There was an interesting program, followed by a picnic at Elliotls Park. Then everyone went to the Athletic Park, where the contests were held. Winners from Brownville were: Everett Cilly, Neil J ones, Merrill Gray and Anna Beevers. Our school received an orange and black pennant for having the most winners. We are very proud to have won this. eDoris Harrington. We are preparing for the close of school. Mr. Driscoll is having our set of State Library books wrapped and boxed ready to be returned to Lansing. eArmem'a J ohnson. MN GREEN LANE ACADEMY One day recently Richard Hall brought a tiny little rabbit and three pheasant eggs to school. They were found out in a field that was just being plowed. Richard was riding on one of the tractors at the time and took the little bunny home with him. The children tried to think of a name for it and at last they decided on Peter Rabbit Easter Bunny. Ann Thompson brought her little kitty to school one day to show it to the other children. She said she called her kitten Patsy. Last Friday afternoon we had com- pany. They were three teachers from Tecumseh. -ZVIargaret Papp, Green Lane Academy. On May 24 Mrs. Wickwire enter- tained the children and teachers of the Green Lane Academy with a part in honor of the birthday anniversary of her daughter Marjorie. The girls and boys are enjoying the new teeters that were recently placed on the playground. Richard Hall has brought us some polliwogs. eCeciele N catcher. COMFORT To our great disappointment we were unable to attend the Field Day in Tecumseh, May 18. Because of a case of scarlet fever we were asked to stay home for ten days. There are now five cases among Comfort School children; they are Frederick Kempf, Margaret and Joan Cadmus, Roy Richard, and Clara- belle Kerr. Thursday, May 17, was the last day of our school for this year. We had our physical examinations on the same day. Doctor J ohnson said that we, in our turn, would be taken care of in the Henry Ford Hospital, for which we will be grateful. Lois Anderson was the only pupil in our school who was neither absent nor tardy during the year. To show our appreciation of the ' efforts of our teacher Miss Boltz for the past two years, the pupils presented her with a gift. Our spelling contest that we have Hand swings have a great attraction for these young athletes from Comfort School. been so interested in all year closed with Lois Anderson ahead, Ellen Holdridge second, and Roy Richard third. Miss Boltz presented each of them with a gift to reward them for their elforts. The eighth class graduation exercises were held Friday afternoon, May 25, in Adrian. It was for all the children of this class in the county. Dorothy McConnell and Harry Richards were the eighth class pupils from our school. The Parent-Teacher Association has been discontinued for the summer months. In September we are going to have a P. T. A. picnic in the Comfort School yard. eLois Anderson. CENTENNIAL Dorothy McConnell and Harry Richard, of the Comfort School, visited our school last week. Mr. Lovett visited school Tuesday afternoon, May 22. We wish he would come more frequently. The date for the second annual June Tide Prom of the Henry Ford Schools in the vicinity of Tecumseh has been set for June 8. This includes the pupils in classes above the sixth. Dancing and a general program will be enjoyed. Our school gardens have been planted and are now up. This means that the boys and girls will have to use their hoes soon. i The girls have their aprons almost finished. We hope to start on dresses soon. The Montgomery twins, Le .Roy and Robert, passed their hfteenth birthday recently. ' Some of the high school pupils are absent from school because of being quarantined for scarlet fever. Gertrude Drouillard and Sophia Glenn passed their seventeenth birthday recently. Gail Austin passed his six- teenth birthday. Mr. Gassett took our sender belonging to the telegraphy set into Dearborn to have it repaired, and we now have it back in excellent working order. HERALD Page Nine Boys School Many of the boys have been working on the tennis courts during the past two weeks. Weeds have grown over a large part of the courts. When these were destroyed two bags of salt were spread over the surface. The court was then raked and reraked several times until all the small holes and depressions had been filled. A load of finely crushed stone was spread over the entire court and then rolled in. In a few days we shall have the tapes set and the nets stretched. It is expected that many of the boys will play tennis this year. The several varieties of vegetables planted in the boys, gardens are growing rapidly. A great deal of interest is taken in this project. Some of the more ambitious boys have two gardens. The tomato plants have not been set in as yet owing to the recent mild frosts which have prevailed in the lowlands. Several broods of wild ducklings have been seen with their mothers swimming about the ponds of the estate. The sophomores during the spring term have been taking up a course in systematic botany. This course requires that the students collect and mount a certain number of wild flowers all of which they have to label. This work is interesting as well as instructive. Those boys actively engaged and interested in hobbies or projects have been un usually busy this spring. Derew- lankais pigeons have been multiplying quite rapidly. Thus far each pair has had at least one nesting of young birds. All the pairs will have at least one more hatching and a few will have as many as three sets of young. This youthful pigeon fancier has j oined a local homing pigeon club and expects to enter some of his young birds in the fall race meets. eE. H. S. ,, surroundings, Wayside Inn Schools - - - Southwest School The Southwest boys played a good game of baseball with the Wayside Inn Boys School second team. The game was well played and few errors made on either side. The Southwest held the Boys, School 5 to 1 until the last inning when Joe Fitch made a home run for the Boys School, making the final score 5-2. Mrs. Mills, of Dearborn, who is a guest at the Wayside Inn, visited our school and was much pleased with our particularly our play- ground. She told us about the Green- field Village School that her small daughter Marjorie attends, and we were delighted to know about the schools we read about in the Herald. This paper has a tendency to form a closer relationship between the schools. -Eletmor Goulding. GOD GIVE US MEN God give us men. The time demands Strong minds, great hearts, true faith and willing han ; Men whom the lust of oHice does not kill; Men whom the spoils of office cannot buy; Men who possess opinion and a will; Men who have honor, men who will not lie; Men who can stand before a demagogue And scorn his treacherous Hatteries without wink- mg; Tall men, sun crowned, who live above the fog In public duty and in private thinking! For while the rubble with their thumb-worn creeds, Their large professions, and their little deeds, Mingle in selfish strife, lo, Freedom weeps, Wrong rules the land, and waiting Justice sleeps! -J. Ill. Holland. MN Mary Lamb School tRedstonei Manual Training Wilbert Tighe and I are the only boys who have manual training from the Mary Lamb School. The class is held every Wednesday afternoon by Mr. Blue at the shop near Dutton Road. When you enter the room you see HAPPY DAYS ARE HERE A remarkably pleasing group of boys and girls attending Comfort School. two large benches and three smaller benches where much of our work is done. There is a large machine Which has two saws, and is used to smooth out boards. Two big cabinets stand near the wall. A stove is used to heat it. There are about twelve windows. The tools we use most of the time are the saws, hammers, Chisels, screw- drivers, planes, and sandpaper. Since Iive been here I've made a bookcase, table, plant stand, and am now learning to make joints. Joints are used in doors and windows and screens. We are to learn to make twenty-iive this year. eBuddy Way. HOW MARY LAMB PUPILS GATHER WILD FLOWERS South Sudbury, Massachusetts, May ll-The long snow blanket which covered New England has gone at last. In its wake, spring has stepped in and has brought along with it many beautiful wild fiowers. They seem to be every- where. The Mary Lamb pupils are ieveling in this new green world, spend- ing much of their time looking for new fiowers to bring to school. Jean Geehan has found the largest variety so far, numbering eighteen in all. Caroline Way is a close second with thirteen for a total. Among the flowers that Jean has found in the fields, woods and swamps are the rhodora, the yellow, white and wood violets, the charlock, the wild cinnamon and the ragwort. Caroline has Solomon seal, trailing arbutus, blueberry and strawberry blos- som, J ill-over-the-ground, and buttercup. Patty Kirkland was the first to find J ack-in-the-pulpit, the woodland clergy- man. Everyone is endeavoring to become acquainted with the flowers, and make them his friends. Chart and fiower book records are being kept by the children. The one who learns to know the largest number of howers will receive an illus- trated fiower book. More important, however, than just receiving a book as a reward is that feeling of intimacy and delight in knowing the delicate howers of the earth. 011 Tuesday, May 29, the children had a brief Memorial Day program. Everyone took part. The following poem by T. A. Daly was recited first of all: FLAG 0, MY LAND Up to the breeze of the morning I Hing you, Blending your folds with the dawn of the sky; There let the people behold you, and bring you Love and devotion that never shall die. Proudly, agaze at your glory, I stand, Flag oi my land! Flag 0' my land! Standard most glorious. Banner of beauty. Whither you beckon me there will I go, Only to you, after God, is my duty; Unto no other allegiance I owe. Heart of me, soul of me, yours to command, Flag oi my land! Flag 0' my land. Pine to palmetto and ocean to ocean, Though of strange nations we get our increase, Here are your worshipers one in devotion, Whether the bugles blow battle or peace; Take us and make us your patriot band, Flag 0' my land! Flag 0' my land! AN AEROPLAN E I like to see the aeroplanes, I like to see them glide, And I would like to see them fly So I could take a ride. When I'd see the houses They'd look just like a dot; Then I would be one of them, too, When Iid land in that spot. -Alfred Bonazzoli. HERALD Nature N otes - - - The following are by pupils of the Scotch Settlement School: The Violet Violets come in May, And do not go away Until the chilly fall Takes them one and all. Each violet flower has a well of nectar With lines pointing to it so that the insect may find it. They also have, down near their roots, iiowers which never open. These are self-pollenated and develop seed. eSally Owens. Another Adventure in Glacier Park One day we went up a mountain for about half a mile. While we were there we saw something that looked like a bear, but as it did not move I soon saw that it was a stump. On the way down on the narrow trail we had to pass some donkeys, but the trail was only two feet Wide. I backed up to the side of the mountain, but the rest of the party went to the outside of the trail. When they had passed us I started to come down, but I tripped and fell with my head over the cliff. Daddy pulled me up. I was very frightened, but when we were down from the mountain, I felt much better. We then went to the hotel and settled down for a nap. bJohn Perry. Bobolinks Bobolinks are to be found in rich grass meadows, from Which their sweet, wild music is often borne to us by the breeze. While his mate is feeding in the grass or attending to domestic affairs, Mr. Bobolink is usually to be found perched on the top of a tree, a weed stalk, or even a tall blade of grass, if no other spot of vantage is available, singing while he stands guard to see that no enemies approach. He is a good watchman, and it is not a dimcult matter to fiush his mate from the nest, for she leaves at his first warning. The bobolink makes its nest of grasses in a hollow in the ground, in meadows. It lays from four to six eggs of a white ground color heavily spotted, , clouded and blotched with brown. The bobolink's song is a wild, sweet, rippling repetition of his name, with many additional trills and notes. His alarm note is a harsh iichak" like that of a blackbird. -Jimmie Dates. Out at the Lake One Saturday afternoon I went out to Pleasant Lake. It is forty-three miles from Dearborn. When I got there the boy I always played with was absent; so I waited and played with iITippy," my little dog. After a while the boy came. We went down to the lake and played in the duck boat. On Sunday we played in the boats and fished. After that we went home. eDonald Gilbert. An Experience in the Woods I went to the Ford woods the other Sunday and took a pair of boots with me. When I got there I put the boots on and went in to a swamp and found some tadpoles. I caught a few frogs. There were very many interesting things. There were bugs, turtles, and crawfish. The thing that interested me most was the crawfish. The crawfish has two pincers and can swim either forward or backward. Some people call it a crab. eDavid Ormond. W0 SW The following are by pupils of the Town Hall School. Our Pet Squirrels In one of the trees around our house is a nest of squirrels. There seem to be two pairs of them. They are so tame that they come each day, stand close by and beg for nuts to eat. I have been feeding them all winter. My dad sent over two hundred pounds of hickory and pecan nuts from the southern part of Illinois while he was there last winter. My brother took a picture of my squirrel while he was eating from my hand. One day not long ago, one of the squirrels must have been quite thirsty for he hopped on the birds drinking stand and drank so much cold water that he got sick and ran up the tree and lay on his stomach and shook as though he had chills. He lay there for nearly half an hour. Then all of a sudden he ran down the tree and stood on his hind legs begging for more nuts. People stop and watch the squirrels as they pass by. I hope the little ani- mals stay with us a long time. eBobby Heber, Our Moth Last fall we had some tomato worms. When winter came we had one left. During the winter months it was in the pupa case which it had made. We looked at it many times to see what was happening, but we could see no change. At last, on Thursday, May 3, we saw two feelers waving around outside the pupa. We watched to see what would happen. Next day when we entered the school some one said: iiItis out?, and we all rushed up to see it. There was the moth, beating its wings against the jar where it had been kept. It was trying to 11y, but one of its wings had been broken in its attempts to escape. After recess we looked at it again. It was dead. eBilly Kresin. The Spring Beauty The spring beauty has a small tubular stern, slightly bent. It has two leaves which are long and narrow, much like blades of grass. The flowers, which are pink with deeper-colored veins, grow in a loose cluster. We look for the spring beauty in April and May. It is found in moist places or on the edge of a brook, or in the wet woods. It is often f ound growing near the yellow adderis-tongue. On a cloudy day the spring beauty closes up and does not open unless the sun comes out. The spring beauty is very plentiful. e-June Rummer. The Robin The robin is brown and red and yellow, It is about six inches long and two inches wide. It is a plump bird. It makes its nest of grass, mud and 'feathers. When the nest is made, four blue eggs are laid in it for hatching. The little birds fall out of the nest sometimes. In the winter the robins go south. -Ned Harrington, Browmn'lle School. GWN The Kentucky Derby tBy Carol Bryant, Town Hall SchooD Saturday, May 5, was a red-letter day in Louisville, Kentucky. The 60th Kentucky Derby, the most important horse race in the United States of America, was held on that day. At dawn the streets were crowded with people heading for Churchill Downs where the race is held. Then to add to the tumult a heavy downpour of rain drenched the city. By afternoon the weather had cleared up so that the race track was dry enough for the race. At last! the race was beginning. Thirteen horses were lined up, each in v. T C Vr'f-i'w R K' KWW'MI, ' Q 47$;leny k X 7' h 70' lka C 4 "AW I f k W i h '1 I J wk Kilt, i , e HX In the wide-open spaces. -Sketch by Carol Bryant. his own stall. Cavalcade, Mata Hari, and Time Clock being the favorites. The shout arose "theyire off!" Mata Hari was away in the lead. Then, Discovery, another favorite, started to gain on her; he was up to her, he had passed her. Cavalcade also passed her. He passed Discovery, thundering down the back stretch and across the finishing line. "Cavalcade wins." Discovery is second, Agrarian third, and Mata Hari fourth. Mrs. Dodge Sloane is the owner of Cavalcade, and the jockey was Mack Garner, who is a veteran of the race track. This was his first Victory after eleven tries. It was the first time Mrs. Sloane had ever entered a horse in the iiDerbyfi She was presented with $28,175 and a $5,000 trophy, and Caval- cade was given a huge wreath of roses to which he decidedly objected. Finally they were put on his neck, amid the loud cheers of the crowd. Cavalcadels time was 2 minutes 4 seconds for one and a quarter miles. HERALD Page Eleven SPORTS AND PASTIMES GREENFIELD WHIPS EDISON 14-9 Captain McLeod and Snow Hit Homers A sixth inning rally of seven runs gave Greenfield its first victory over Edison with a score of 14-9 on the Village green Tuesday evening to gain a .500 average in the Eighth Grade League. Kenneth Petrak started the game as pitcher for Greenfield and was relieved by McLeod after hurling exceptionally well for four innings. McLeod was held in reserve to make a strong finish. Bob Snow and Billy McLeod hit homers in the third and fourth innings to score a man ahead of them each time. Snow has hit safely seven out of the last eight times at bat for an average of .875 to bring his season average well up among the leaders. Buck, Edison shortstop, again led his team at bat with three hits. Beems started for Edison and was replaced by Davis, who was easily solved in the sixth inning for seven runs. Rucker, who has been playing a brilliant defensive game in left field, sprained his wrist and was lost to Green- field. Apesech filled in the regular's position and held it down well. Bobby Shackleton received a blow over the right eye in the latter part of the game: He will.take up the right field pos1t10n 1n commg games. BOX SCORE GREENFIELD 14 ' AB R Hits Petrak, p ................ . 5 1 0 Snow. rf .............. . 4 4 3 McLeod, sf teaptaini 4 2 3 Donaldson, 4 1 2 Smith, cf.. 4 1 2 Burns, ss. 4 3 2 Apesech, l i. 4 1 1 Shackleton, - 3 0 1 Kresin, 3b... 2 0 0 Gardner, 2b 2 1 1 Helwig, 2b ...................... 1 0 0 37 14 15 EDISON 9 AB R Hits Buck, 55 tcaptaini .......... 4 1 3 Mc ans, c..... 4 2 2 Kelly, 3b. 4 0 1 Davis, 5 4 0 2 Beams, .1 3 1 0 Sollinger, 4 2 3 Patton, cf 4 1 1 Helmrich, 1ft." 4 2 2 Whitfield, 1b., 4 0 2 Kryen, 2b............. 4 0 39 9 18 . R H EDISON 1 1 1 1 411 0!! 9l18! GREENFIELD , 1 0,3 2 1l7 11114415! WILLOW RUN DEFEATED BY GREENFIELD Downed by Villagers, 10-2 Willow Run visited Greenfield Village Wednesday and was turned back 10-2 by a team composed of boys from the Scotch Settlement and the Town Hall schools. Junior Burns, of the Town Hall School, started as pitcher and was relieved by Captain Gardner who led his team at bat with a home run and a triple. Akans, Willow Run captain and first baseman, had a good day at bat with a triple and a single to his credit. The Willow Run players were con- siderably smaller in stature but must be highly commended for the amount of ability shown. F. Reinhackel, Who played left field for the visitors, was the individual fielding star of the game. To complete their visit here at the village, Mr. Lovett showed the Willow Run group the Secretary House and told of other interesting points that have been added recently. Mr. Lovett and Mr. Grophear had the group's picture taken in front of the Martha-Mary Chapel. Having taken their defeat in a very sportsmanlike manner, Willow Run left for home after an enjoyable afternoon. However, they left their challenge for a return game on their home diamond. BOX SCORE GREENFIELD 10 Kresin, 3b Haber, c ................ Gardner, 1b tcaptamim. Burns, p ..... ...... Weeks, cf... Apesech, 1f, Reader, ss.. Procknow, Ford, 2b ..... McCloud, rf.. Litogot, 311.1. m OOHHHOHHNNN: m HHwprhpmwwg ocwoooommwmw 03 N H o H H WILLOW RUN 2 Akans, 1b tcaptaini ...... Wolf, 55 .................. .. F. Reinhackel, 11.. Dicks, p, Barnes, 5 Suggitt, Sparrow, 3b... W. Reinhackel, cf .. Hewitt, c ........................ '9 wwwwppewgw m OHHNHHNHN: U1 t2 OOOHHOOOOx w 0 H .1 R H 312l0i3l012i1i101l11 01 01 ol ol olzioi 2H11 GREENFIELD WILLOW RUN GARDNER AND APESECH WIN RECESS GAMES Donovan and Reader Lose For the past two weeks recess base- ball games have continued, and the teams captained by Gardner and Ape- sech found victory by scores of 31-20 and 18-12 respectively. . The game extends from one recess to the next until Friday, when the winner is determined. The following combinations opposed each other for the mages: Apesech, Captain-IS Rucker Kresin Simpson Weeks Ford Spencer Perry past weeks, scrim- Reader, Captain-lz Burns Gardner Donovan Procknow Dahlinger McCloud Dates Next weekis captains are to be Ford and Dahlinger, Whose teams will oppose each other, starting Monday. RUNS SCORED McLeod, Captain ........... Readerr . 19 18 17 16 16 15 13 12 7 6 5 4 2 0 BATTING AVERAGES Week Ending May 25 Name AB Hits Average McLeod, Captain .......... 52 22 .423 . 47 24 .510 53 13 .245 11 1 .091 14 8 .592 27 8 296 54 26 481 41 17 414 50 23 460 39 17 435 44 16 363 17 6 352 41 12 292 Reader ...... 21 3 14 mm CENTENNIAL BEATS BROWNVI LLE The baseball feud between Brown- ville and Centennial was resumed on May 23, with Centennial in the lead. the score was 16 to 2. BOX SCORE CENTENNIAL 16 BROWNVILLE 2 Runs Runs Montgomery Cilly, p.. Lanning, c. Milosh, Williams, 1 Gray, 1b Glenn, ssm. Beevers, 2b... Holdridge, rssr. Austin, 3101... Nichols, cf. Holdridge, Austin, 2b. Robinette, Dermyer, 3311. Lister, ss ............... Driscoll, lf 103131211111... J ohnson, rf Lister, rss.. Jones, cfm. Pbboo'o'obbiu Petrak at the bat-A characteristic group of baseball enthusiasts of Greenfield Village Schools with a sylvan background. Page Twelve HERALD DRAMA AT COMFORT SCHOOL After a long and exciting chase the fugitives have been captured, and swift justice awaits them. The Activities of the Girls, Club tBy Barbara Sheldrick, Edison Institute High SchooD The coming of summer will bring many joyous things. The girls of the upper classes in the Greenfield Village Schools will share in this happiness. Several mornings after chapel, the girls of the Edison Institute High School have gone down to see Mr. Smart about the gardens they are planning to have. There will be a flower and vegetable garden. The girls have made plans with Mr. Smart regarding the location and the crops. All the girls agree that it will be fine to have their own gardens next to the club. Mrs. Dahlinger is helping the girls ever so much in furnishing the house. Theroom which is now being used as a sewing room will be used as a club or assembly room, and perhaps for teas. During the summer the girls are planning to have house parties and other social functions. They are also planning on having parties to which they will invite groups of their friends. A system will be arranged in which certain girls will have certain duties, thus insuring that everything will be properly regulated. A piano will be put in, so that when the girls give teas or parties they will be able to have music. Other additions to the club will be a radio and a canary; and we are going to have a hammock and a swing for the yard. - A chaperon who will be with the girls Wlll assume control of the little home. We girls are about the luckiest in America, and Ilm sure we appreciate all thatis being done for us. MN THE SPIDER AND THE FLY tBy Bob Piper, Edison I nstitute High Schooli Because of the fact that there are some McGuifey buildings being erected in the Greenfield Village and that the front page is about these buildings, it seems quite appropriate that something be mentioned about the fables written in McGuiTeyis readers. One that has been a favorite of the children's is "The Spider and the Fly." In this and all others there is a certain point expressed. This story, as GOOD DEEDS Do good, and leave behind you a monument of virtue that the storm of time can never destroy. Write your name in kindness, love, and mercy, on the hearts of thousands you come in contact with year by year: you will never be for- gotten. No! Your name, your deeds, will be as legible on the hearts you leave behind you as the stars on the brow of even- ing. Good deeds will shine as the stars of heaven. -Dr. T. Chalmers. you probably know, is very interesting. The spider through flattering words induced the fly to enter her parlor as she called it, and, as the fable goes, the fly neier returned again. There are people today who have been the fly to some most convincing and flattering sales talk. Recently, Mr. Cameron has been speaking on the sub- ject of economics and how through clever- ness and flattery a person may sell the idea that people can get money without working for it. They, like the fly, lose everything in the end. This is only one example; continually people are offering attractive propositions. The poor person has to be careful or he Will be caught in the spiders web. MN A LOAD OF HAY tBy H enry Hawkins, Old Stone Penningtonl One bright day Mr. Jackson wanted to get in his hay. So he went down to his neighbor and said, iiWill you help me to get in my hay?" His neighbor said I am going to thrash today." So Mr. Jackson went home. When he got home, there was a Mr. Brown Who wanted help to thrash, and Mr. J ackson said that he was going to get in his hay. Mr. Brown said, iiAll right." W So Mr. Jackson got out his wagon and horses. Then he went down to the field. But the hay wouldnlt stay on the wagon. Then he got mad, and every time he put a forkful of hay on the wagon, he would put a stone on 1t. Then he got a load of hay, and started for the barn. But he only got halfway to the barn when the horses started .to run very fast. The hay started to shp. Mr. Jackson lost his balance and fell to the ground, and the hay went off with him. He was buried under the hay. He began to shout for help, but no one heard him. Finally he got out of the hay. When he found where he was, he saw Mr. Brown coming toward him. Mr. Brown said, liWhat's the matter with the hay? Mr. J ackson said, "The hay was too dry to put in the barn." Mr. Brown said, iiWhat do you mean, that the hay is too dry?" Mr. Jackson replied, iiBecause it falls off every time I put it on the wagon." Mr. Brown said, "Where are your horses?" Mr. Jackson answered, "They are up to the barn waiting for me and the hay." Mr. Brown remarked, "I see you have broken your wagon? Mr. Jackson said, "Why, that wagon isnlt broke; it is just badly bentfl Mr. Brown then said, "When are you going to thrash? Mr. Jackson replied, iiI am going to thrash tomor- row? Mr. Brown said, uYou will do well if you thrash next summer? Mr. Jackson asked, iiWhy will 11W Mr. Brown answered, tiBecause you didnt help us thrash." Then Mr. Jackson said, "You have no business of mine to attend." And Mr. Brown replied, "You will have to thrash by hand now? MN MARY LAMB ACTIVITIES A Playground The boys are playing ball. There goes a hit over the wall. Its a home run! The girls are playing tag. Ann is "it? There she goes after Patty. Patty is "it." She is running after Ann. There goes the belllethe end of recess. eJean Geehan. A Starry Night On a starry night four children were walking. They were lost. There were two big boys and two small boys. They were all very tired. The stars shone so brightly that they finally saw a house in the distance. At last they reached it. They enjoyed 2. 00d lee . g s p eCliford Belcher. Jack,s Birthday Party Everyone knew it was Jack Hurdis birthday May 23, and that he Was eleven years old. What everyone didn't know was that a surprise party was in store for Jack and the Mary Lamb pupils. Directly after lunch Mrs. Spicer and a few guests drove up to the school and brought with them ice cream and cakes. Yes, cakes. It was Patty Kirk- landls birthday, too; one cake was for her. Mrs. Morrell served. Everyone was so excited. Soon the cream and lovely frosted cakes disappeared, but the happy memory of the delightful surprise party will always remain. HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, June 15, 1934. No. 10 THE OLD AND THE NEW IN WEAVING As Shown at the Village Carding Mill N A bright May morning immedi- O ately after chapel the members of classes eight and nine went on a visit to the Carding Mill at Greenfield Village. They have been studying American history, and the Carding Mill was in use about the same period that they have been considering. They were also studying inventions and machines, and there are many By THOMAS MARSHALL The process the wool goes through is very interestingeand in those days it was even more so. The sheep are sheared in the spring, and the fleeces are washed in soap and water. They are then dried and sorted. After sorting, the fibers go to the picker, where the Wool is iiuifed up and extra dirt and burs are beaten out. Sometimes oil is added wheel that was used for wool was called the wool wheel, or the spindle type. About the 10th Century a wheel based on the same principle was used by the Hindus. It was improved in the 14th Century by the people of Northern Europe, who gave us the wool wheel as we know it today, which because of its larger size and greater speed is called the itgreat spinnlng wheel. , , interesting machines there. The mill was erected in Plymouth, Michigan, about a century ago. It was run by water power, the mill race being directly under the building. It was a quaint Colonial type of structure to which the farmers from the surrounding country- side brought their wool to be carded. This process could not be carried out during the winter, owing to static elec- tricity; so window frames were made in the mill during that season. Henry Ford, when a boy, went with his father to the mill at Plymouth to have wool carded. He ' i mic. liked to watch the ' rolls of wool drop from the carding ma- chine. The W001 was later spun on his To this quaint structure, which stood at Plymouth, Michigan, about a century ago, farmers of the surrounding district brought their wool to be carded. The mill race was directly under the building. The type of spin- ning done by these wheels is called the intermittent type. In the intermittent type of spinning, the rov- ing, or roll of wool, is held at an angle to the spindle, and every time the wheel turns the yarn slips off the spindle. Thus a turn is put in the roving, and the roving is stretched and twisted at the same time. After the yarn is spun, vegetable dyes are used to color it. The substances used ' to dye the yarn are asfollows: for yellow, onion skin; for brown, walnut and butternut; for black, walnut husks and oak galls; for blue, indigo; and for red, madder and cochineal. The dyed yarnsvare used for weavmg, some of which is done on the Colonial hand l; loom with four har- motheris spinning wheel. The Carding Mill was owned by John Gunsully, of Plymouth, and the machines in the mill were of the early type used about 1830. When Mr. Ford was building up Greenfield Village, the mill was given to him by Mr. Gunsully; but the original machinery that was in the building had been destroyed. All that was received, therefore, was the building itself. Mr. Ford replaced this original machinery with some of the same type. Carding mills were introduced about 1810, the hrst domestic manufacture of the carding machines beginning at that time. Before this the carding of the wool was done by hand cards, which were something like brushes with fine steel wires. The wool could be combed effectively in this way, although it was a very slow method. to the wool to help lubricate the fibers so that they will go through the carding machine properly. Some of the oils that may be used are olive oil, lard oil, and kerosene. Carding the Wool The picked wool now comes to the carding machine. It is put on the con- veyor table and passes over the various cylinders on the card. The action is the same as that of the hand cards; it combs the fibers and straightens them. As the wool drops from the carding machine it is in a loose, huffy roll about thirty-six inches long and half an inch in diameter. In the olden days, after the wool came from the carding, it was usually rolled up in a sheet and taken home for spin- ning. The common type of spinning nesses. This type of loom was used as far back as the 16th Cen- tury. The four harnesses enable the loom to weave the Colonial patterns of the early 18th Century. . . The other hand loom in the mill is the Jacquard loom, copied after one of about the year 1810. This loom enables the weaver to use many varied patterps. The perforated cards along the out51de of the loom govern the pattern. The mill also has a dobby power loom. It is a modern loom like the ones that are used today. The dobby power loom wove the red carpet that is used in the chapel. Located on one side of the mill is a hand-knitting machine that was made by the Barnson Company in 1871. There is also a modern knitting unit, or tPlease turn to page twoi Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce. Social Activities Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag Rawsouville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Quackenbmh. Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrvwski Brownville, Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington Old Stone Pennington, Jean Downing, Ddomza Town School. Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Academy School, Marjorie Wickwire, Jerry Anthes Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson School. GPrtru de M ontaomery Centennial Drom'llard, Agnes All matter submitted for publication in the Herald. and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS Our High School Last February the boys and girls of the eighth and ninth classes were asked if they would like to go to school in the Museum. The answer was ayes." About two weeks later they were told to get their books and go to the Museum. This was something new to them. Mr. Grophear was to be their teacher, and it was also a new experience to have a man teacher. After enjoying our new surroundings about a week, the work seemed to get a little harder. nearly every night. Books were taken home Both the eighth and the ninth classes are being introduced to algebra. boys and girls have to think hard order to get the right answers. The in It is interesting to know the different parts of a flower, which we are now learning. Our microscopes come In handy to look at the leaves and stems. School will soon be over and all the children will be going away for their summer vacation. EIrene Stead, Edison Institute High School. Horseback Riding Horseback riding is a very interesting and educational sport. . good sportsmanship and kmdness animals. It teaches one to The children of the Greenfield Village Schools are learning to ride in different ways. Our instructor Captain Arm- strong has told us we would soon learn to ride bareback and. stand on 21 horses back While he is movmg. Captain Armstrong has requested t that we have a riding habit, but if that is not possible we should at least have l j odhpers. We are given certain days to ride and there are several grades in one class, We ride around a track for about thirty or forty-five minutes. The children ride in English and Western saddles. l ponies and 51x horses. There are about mne The smaller children ride the ponies while the larger children ride the horses. The horses in the Village are very gentle but shy. After the lesson is over the children are always looking forward to the next riding day. a eEz'lee'n Barth, Edison Institute High School. Work a Pleasure When you are given an assignment, take it and think of the best way and the easiest way of accomplishing it. Do your work with a willing spirit. Make the job a pleasure and not a drudgery. If you handle your job the same as you would play a game it would be much pleasanter for you. While at your daily work whistle, sing, and be cheerful. Life is too short to be anything but merry and gay; therefore, do not regard work with resentment. Work with the idea of accomplishing something worth while. If you are happy about it you will make liie more cheerful for your- self. Keep smiling, both at work and at play. mHemy Towle 731,, Wayside Imz Boys, School. My Ambition During the past few months I have been profoundly interested in the science of poultry raising. I have been studying the subject and am greatly impressed by it. During this past year I have learned a great deal about the practical and theoretical phases of poultry raising. I would like some day to own a large poultry plant of about five thousand birds. I feel quite convinced that with a fair-sized project of this type and with orcharding as a side line a young man would be all set for life. Lam in hopes that my dream may come to be realized some day. W ebster ,34, Ian Boys School. eMarvin W ayside The Old and the New in Weaving tConeluded from page onel 1931 model, that has been greatly im- proved since 1900. Some of the articles made in the mill are linen towels, pillow tops, rugs, chenille bath rugs, runners, stockings, and coverlets of wool and mercerized cotton. Among the old household implements used in those days were clock reels, yarn reels, and niddy-noddies. These were for winding and measuring the yarn, and are still used today by the workers in the mill. Thus both the old and the new in weaving are represented in the building. The idea is to set up such a complete unit that it will give the students a textile education with which to go and earn their living. This structure and its contents really represent a century of progress. Another purpose of the mill is to impress upon Visitors the great advance- ment that has been made in the last century and a half in changing textile manufacture from a home craft into a highly developed factory industry of the first magnitude. MN AN ARTISTIC MAIL BOX Raymond Hahn and Ralph Dela- grieco, of Wayside Inn Boys, School, had the honor of having had their bird house sent to Washington, D. C., to be put on exhibition at the Womanls Farm and Garden Association Conven- tion. Upon being brought back it was placed in front of Mrs. Spicerls house, where it serves as a mail box. HRaymond Hahn ,34, Wayside Boys' School. I mt J30 Yesterday and To day 9933 Way? On September sixteenth, nineteen twenty- nine- I shall never forget that day- When thirty-two children all ready, on time, Were all so cheerful and gay. 50 happy were we, the children so nicee There were some that we did not know- There were Susan and Mary Lee Alderdyce, And, of course, there was Bobby Snow. We were all so happy the first day we met, As we played on the Village Green, A sight that I hope I shall never forget, And today it just seems like a dream. The first year, we attended the old brick school, To the Town Hall later we went; We tried to live up to the Golden Rule, And to give of our time, so well spent. The First three grades attend the Clinton Inn, Where they are served lovely lunches each noon; The McGufFey School, as neat as a pin, l am sure will be ready real soon. The Edison Institute, with surroundings so a ne, House the pupils in the eighth and ninth class; Mr. Grophear, our teacher, gives us all of his time, And we all hope and pray we will pass. ln chapel each morning. we go to and from, We sing the good songs old and new, We hear nice talks by Mr. Cameron, As we sit in the old-fashioned pew. Our Club House, so dear to the heart of us all, Is a club that few girls ever know; With the trees all around us so graceful and tall, Where the beautiful River Rouge Hows. The boys all excited this year with their games, Their baseball team all in line; 1 wish I could give you each one of their names- Bill McLeod is their captain this time. We have learned to dance and welve learned to ride, Which we never had done before, And we did our best, if youlll pardon our pride, When we put on our play "Pinafore." Mr. Lovett, we greet you, but words fail me here, You taught us the dances of yesteryear; With ease you have led us, and our thoughts are most clear Of our own Mrs. Lovett, with her sweet smile of cheer. New children have come to join our ranks One hundred and ten in all; We extend Mr. Ford our very deep thanks, And weill all meet again in the fall. HBetty Hutchinson, Edison Institute High chool. HERALD Page Three The Life and Work of Stephen Collins Foster tBy I sabelle Gassettl Stephen C. Foster was born July 4, 1826, in Pittsburgh. On that day there was quite a celebration, for it was the fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. White Cottage, Stephenls birthplace, was originally a beautiful spot. The pleasant home, high on a hill, looked out on the Village of Lawrenceville and the winding Allegheny below. Stephen was musical from the time he was little more than a baby. When he was about seven, he was taken to a music store in Pittsburgh where he immediately picked up a flageolet and in just a few minutes played HHail Columbiaf, although the instrument was entirely new to him. Not long after, he learned, unaided, to play beautifully on the flute and piano. The earliest letter that Stephen ever wrote, still in existence, showed that his thoughts centered largely on music. Stephen was next to the youngest of ten children. It is probable that he inherited his musical ability from his mother. It is shown that he was very susceptible to childish ailments. When quite young, Stephen attended a' school in Allegheny town, opposite Pittsburgh. The first time he was called upon to recite he started on the letters of the alphabet, but before he had gone very far "his patience gave out, and with a yell like that of a Comanche Indian, he bounded bareheaded into the road and never stopped running and yelling until he reached his home, half a mile away." Six years later he entered Athens Academy at Tioga Point. While there he composed the "Tioga Waltz? It was for the commencement of 1834 and the arrangement was for four flutes. He was then thirteen years of age. Although the melody was very pretty, Stephen did not think it worth keeping. In 1841 Stephen discontinued his educa- tion in college because of lack of funds and his dislike of school. Fosteris first printed contribution Was "Open Thy Lattice, Love." This was followed in 1848 by "Old Uncle Ned," and iiSusanna." These songs were composed and published while Stephen was in Cincinnati, Ohio. Foster soon gained a reputation as a composer of Negro minstrel songs. tThis is the first of a series of articles on uThe Life and Work of Stephen Collins Foster? The next article will appear in the next issue of the Herald.l TYPES OF RIDING - fo Barbara Sheldrick, Edison Institute High SchooH Troop in profile, showing how much at home in the saddle some of the riding pupils already are. I am going to tell you of the many types of horseback riding we are now being taught. Captain Armstrong, our instructor, is making our riding much more varied than it has been before. He is teaching us such movements as lying down across the horses back and getting up again, which is repeated several times. Another is pulling our knees up high on the saddle. The exercise that usually follows the latter is putting our feet back on the saddle as if we were kneeling on the horses back. All these are a means of limbering muscles and of obtaining balance, which is most essential in perfecting our riding. Our instructor has taught us a very unique way of mounting and dismount- 1ng, and we all like it very much. Future Plans In a monthis time if we are ready we shall give an exhibition of all we have learned and accomplished thus far. This is ever on our minds, as we have not done anything like it before. Some of the plans for our future in riding are Roman riding, in which the rider stands on two horses at once. Also we are planning to jump from one horse to the other. At present we are learning bareback riding and jumping on bareback horses. We are all'waiting for the chance to become first rate horsemen and horse- women. OUR RIDING LESSONS -Margie McCarroll, Town Hall School. The pupils of the seventh, eighth, and ninth classes compose one of the riding classes instructed by Captain Armstrong. Some of the things we have learned in the last week are to jump on a horse while the horse is trotting; to mount, which is done by taking your feet out of the stirrups and putting the right leg over the pommel of the saddle so that you are sitting sideways in the saddle. You gather your reins in your right hand and place it on the pommel of the saddle. You then place your left hand on the horses mane, turn so you are supporting yourself with your left arm, and then throw the right leg over the saddle into sitting position. We are also learning to stand on the Troop of Captain Armstrong's riding pupils lined up for inspection. The horses are not a bit camera-shy. horsels back. Carol Bryant, Irene Stead, and Wilbur Donaldson are the only ones who have tried it so far. .We are looking forward to other things that Captain Armstrong may teach us about horses. THE OLD SWIMMING HOLE When the boys of the telegraphy class were at Macon on June 2, they wanted to go swimming.. They asked all the service drivers that were there to take them swimming. Finally Mr. Shel- drick got kind-hearted and told us he would take us for a ride. While riding, some one suggested an old mill where boys and girls went swimming in that district. Mr. Shel- drick drove over there to see what the surroundings were like. On both sides of the creek stones were cemented to the bank. The boys asked Mr. Sheldrick and Mr. Walters if they could go in swimming. They told us we could, and immediately we dove in. The boys that went in were Wilbur Donaldson, Lowell Apesech, Jimmie Gardner, Bobby Heber, J. G. Rucker, and Kenneth Petrak. It might have been an old swimming hole, but we felt refreshed when we came out of the water. WLowell Apesech,Scotch Settlement School. Page Four HERALD 3 WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING y Greenfield Village Scotch Settlement On Friday, June 1, after school, the Edison Junior Pioneers went swimming at the Rouge Pools. They had a very nice time. -Albert Roberts. Every recess Donald Gilbert plays croquet with David Ormond. Both of them like to play croquet. I enjoy the H eravld very much. I have had my story in every issue except Number 5. -Donald Donovan. AT THE LAKE On Friday, June 1, I took Billy Ford out to our cottage. When we got out there we started to hunt for frogs. We caught one hundred and forty frogs and two turtles. We had the frog legs for our lunch. We came home Sunday night. We had a lot of fun. eBilly Faustman. Harry Schumann brought some polli- wogs to each school in the Village. We enjoy watching "Scotty" lead Rover around the Village. tiScottyIi thinks it is great sport to chase the sheep. eTraverse Du Vall. The sheep of the Village have been sheared after a long winter with heavy coats of wool. They look cool, but they still lie under the trees and bushes and pant. eJim Dates. James Gardner, of the Scotch Settle- ment School, has moved from Dearborn, Michigan, to Wayne, Michigan. -aJ. G. Rucker, Jr. On June 1 the children drew an iris for art study. Some of the childrenis drawings were hung up. wEvelyn Richardson. GARDENING On June 6 Miss Webster surprised us by telling us the radishes in our gardens were up and ready to be picked. The gardens Were also ready to have work done in them, because weeds grow faster than other plants or vegetables. eFlorence Barbier. The seventh class have finished their arithmetic book. The Village schools are waiting patiently to find out who is the winner of the penmanship contest. On J anuary 29 of this year we took our first test; on June 4 we took another. The last week of school the person who has im- proved the most since J anuary will win a prize. --Sally Owens. The stone wall which stood along the sides of Duffield Road has been taken down. In its place grass has been sown so as not to show where the wall was taken away. A few bushes were taken from In front of the Lincoln Courthouse so as not to hide the newly bullt McGuffey homestead. erm Hood. ROSES IN BLOOM On June 5 I came back from sewing, through the woods, and as I happened to look up I saw that the roses were out in bloom. They were pink and yellow, and smelled very sweet. My birthday was on Sunday, June 10, when I was eleven years old. MPatricia Chubbuck. We had a surprise the other day. We found out that some of the radishes in our gardens were ready to eat. eEma J ensen. We are getting ready for the last day of school. The children are studying poems, stories, and songs. eJean M cM ullin. THE LOST LAMBS The lambs are bleating all day long, And go together in happy throng; They follow their mothers far and wide, Till all their wants are satisfied. When they are lost they bleat and bleat In summer heat and winter sleet; A loving mother hears their cries And runs to where her baby lies. When lambs are losteno one at hand, They're just like babes in a far-oif land. And when they are all safe at home, They have no further wish to roam. NIAGARA FALLS Niagara Falls majestic reign, To try to conquer them is vain; Millions of gallons strive to gain The nearest way to the distant main. I went there not very long ago, To see the giant waters flow; One great leap and over they go To the boiling caldron below. v-Vance Simands. On June 6 I went to my garden and cleaned the weeds out of it. I then picked some radishes. eFTeddy Proclmow. On June 7 we had company come in to see us in the morning. They stayed about fifteen minutes. The children recited poems for them, and then they left. HBilly Ford. Every day we play croquet. Some- times we play two or three games at recess. It is very much fun. -Billy M ielke. In my garden the radishes are ready to pick. In many of the other gardens the radishes are ready, too. There are a lot of weeds to get out. e114 arjorie Elmer. WHEN WE GO TO SCHOOL In the morning when we go to the buses, we ride to school. Everyone goes to the Martha-Mary Chapel. We sing songs, recite poems, and play music. Then we go to school to study. We have our reading first, then we have recess. After recess we have arithmetic, and then we go home. eEr'win Spencer. Harry Schumann received a tiny turtle Tuesday afternoon of last week, from Chicago. On the turtles back it said "Century of Progress." NOTES tBy J ack M'cCloucD On June 6 I saw the Dearborn High School commencement exercises. Some of the brothers and sisters of the children of the Village schools were in the exer- 01585. On May 29, some of the children wel- comed Gus, Roveris master, back from the Henry Ford Hospital. Quite recently Betty Lou and one of the new horses broke loose during the evening. John Weeks and I caught Betty Lou, and the other horse was in the aisle and was not hard to catch. On Wednesday of last week Prince broke loose. Town Hall The seventh class has been studying the different kinds of grains in agricul- ture. Mr. Smart gave us some specimens of oats, bearded wheat, and barley, in the head. Billy Kresin got us some flax at the Carding Mill. At our school closing on June 15 we will sing the HBlue Danube" for the first time to the public. Other numbers on the program will be several group songs, solos, recitations, and group readings. WCarol Bryant. LAMBS AT SCHOOL Last Friday tJune 1i after school hours I went back to the schoolroom to get my tennis shoes. While I was putting them on I heard something come clattering into the room. Miss Mason was at her desk. She turned around just as I did, and we were amused to see two lambs come ambling in. It was still more fun to watch the mother sheep come in and take them out. HJunior Burns. HEALTH INSPECTION We have health inspection every morning after we get back from chapel. One person takes inspection for the whole week. There have been four people who have had a perfect record of inspection the whole year. These are Carol Bryant, Margaret Berry, Junior Burns, and Joyce Soderquist. eJoyce Soderquist. Roy Barbier, Laura Newkirk, Joyce Soderquist, and Billy Kresin, all pupils, of the Town Hall School, have been neither absent nor tardy during the past school year, from September 6, 1933, to date tJune 6, 1934i. Mary Jean Jorae entered the school this spring, and has not been absent since joining us. eBilly Kresin. The boys and girls of the Town Hall and Scotch Settlement schools are trying hard to pass their drills in pen- manship, for there is little time left before school is out, and of course they want to get good marks. eBobby Heber. HERALD Page Five OUR ART LESSONS The last two art lessons given by Mr. Bacon have been the drawing of flowers. For the first lesson we drew a vase of tulips; the second week the iris. We enjoyed these lessons very much. eSuzunne W essinger. The gardens opened Friday, June 1, and were the children glad! The stakes with our names on are in, so that we can work in the plots. eMary Jean J orae. In the sewing class of girls from classes 4, 5, and 6, they are making baby dresses of white Hannel for the welfare. These are being trimmed with blue or pink, whichever the girls prefer. Mrs. Chalmers is the teacher. WHelene W alker. On our dental honor roll we have fifteen names. We hope we will have them all on before June 15, when our school ends for summer vacation. MIVIary Lee Aldcrdyce. On a recent Sunday Marjorie McCar- roll, my family, and I went to a lake near Walled Lake. We went in swim- ming and ate our lunch. We played a lot of games, too. We came home at about 6 oiclock. -Katharine Bryant. The fourth, fifth, and sixth classes have discontinued geography and read- ing and have begun history. We all enjoy it. We were glad to have Mrs. Ritenour Visit the Town Hall. She also accom- panied the girls to their sewing lesson. The girls are glad to have Miss Mackinnon as their hostess in Secretary House. eMargaret J ean H indman. In penmanship we have twenty drills. Some of us are nearly finished. Helene Walker has completed them. Carol and Katharine Bryant and Mary Eleanor Ritenour are on the 19th lesson. To have an ttAl' the sixth and seventh classes are to have lessons up to 18, 19, or 20 done. The fourth and fifth classes are to have lessons up to 13, 14, or 15 for an HA." - eMary Eleanor Ritenour. Captain Armstrong is teaching us to ride bareback, and to stand on the horses back. eNelson Cosbey. MCTAVISH PAYS A VISIT One afternoon Mr. McTaVish, the little Scotty dog who lives in the Village, paid us a visit in the Town Hall School. He walked up one of the aisles and went to some of the childrenls desks. Hillar'ilyn Owens. Three or four weeks ago the boys of the Greenfield Village Schools began camps. We had a string-burning con- test. First of all we set up two small poles about nine or ten feet apart. Then about twelve boys built fires. Two boys went together. The first ones who are done are the winners. After this we all went home. Soon we will be sleeping out of doors. eRoy Barbier. On January 29 when we began our writing contest we had to write nThis is a specimen of my handwriting, J anu- ary 29, 1934f Then on June 4 we wrote the same thing, only changing the date. eGloria Hutchinson. The fifth class has been learning to divide by fractions. It is a very interest- ing subject, and very easy once you know how. I enjoy the privilege of riding. I hope to become a good rider. I have learned how to hold my hands, and to get 011' and on. I am now learning how to post. This is my first experience in riding. eBetty Atkinson. OUR GEOGRAPHY LESSON The last few days the fifth class has been studying about South America and its products. Chile is noted for mining, especially nitrates. Argentina is a temperate country, and noted for raising cattle and grains. Gold and diamonds are mined in Brazil. Brazil raises much coffee and rubber. eCharles Dates. NM Clinton Inn Billy Ruddiman and Everett Petrak are back at school after having had the whooping cough. SUMMER The roses are blooming. The tulips are gone, And Ilm quite happy- 'Tis summer- The birds are all coming back again, And I'm quite happy- 'Tis summer. eMargaret Anne English. Grief Cannot Drive Him Away MaerMcLeod, one of the pupils of Clinton Inn School sent us this drawing. Note Fido's wistful expression. THE CAT AND THE DOG One, two, three, One, two, three, I like the. cat and The rat likes me. One, two, three, One, two, three, I like the dog and The dog likes me. wCaral Bennett. WILLOW RUN I BECOME A HEROINE Last Sunday my kitten was standing beside a pail of clear cold water. My three-year-old brother came up to the cat and said, ltWant a bath?" He then picked it up and partly put it in the water, when I came and rescued it. I think baby brothers are just fine when theylre sleeping. eEdith Hoag. FISHING On a recent Saturday we went fishing. Just as soon as I put my hook in the water I had a bite. I jerked hard, and pulled up a little catfish no longer than your finger. I didnit want to throw him back, but I had to. The others had good luck and caught seven fish-I wasn't so fortunate; but I had a good time any- way. eGene Barnes. A STAMPEDE Two or three weeks ago when the Ford workmen took their young cattle to pasture the animals started to stam- pede. They went across the wheat in front of our house, and over by the woods. Then the men had to get around them and drive them back to the road. Though the cattle started across the wheat again, the men finally got them out to the road and into the pasture. eDa'niel Wolfe. THE SNAKE AND THE CROW: One day at school while we were eating dinner we saw a crow out in the yard. I watched him for a minute, and then I saw a big snake jump up at him. The crow and the snakeestarted to fight. As soon as we saw them fighting we ran into the yard to stop them; but we didnit have to, because the crow flew away; Then Russell took a short stick and tried to kill the snake, but the stick was too short, and he was afraid he would get bitten; so he took a garden hoe and killed it. The snake was a blue racer about three or four feet long. I hope we will not have any more snakes and crows at our dinner parties. eJack Suggitt. A USEFUL RHYME Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November; All the rest have thirty-one, Save February, which alone Hath twenty-eight, but one day more We add to it one year in four. eSent by Amos Spence. ALL FOR YOU AND ME God made all things beautiful, He made them all for you and me; There are so many grand things, I know not which I love best. I love the clear blue sky With its pretty golden ball, And the different birds and trees; He made them all for you and me. I love to sit beside the water, And hear its loud roar, and See the pretty shining shells; He made them all for you and me. I love to sit and think and think, Just what our world would be, if God had not made all things beautiful; He made them all for you and me. eLillian Poet. THE LITTLE DOG I like to see a little dog, And pat him on the head; So prettily he wags his tail Whenever he is fed. Some little dogs are very good, And very useful. too; And do you know that they will mind What they are bid to do? Then I will never beat my dog, And never give him pain; Poor fellow! I will give him food, And he will love me then. v-Gene Barnes UromIlIIcGufey'a Third ReaderJ "I iPlease turn to page eightl Page Six HERALD CENTENNIAL SCHOOL SEWING CLASS Members of the Centennial School Sewing Class. They are, left to righteHelen Anderson, Margaret Kemp, Gertrude Drouillard, Wava Richard, Sophia Glenn, Agnes Montgomery, Doris Drouillard, and Mrs. Chapman who is assisting them in the work. BOY MECHANICS BEGIN ON MODEL T One morning after chapel Mr. Ford surprised the boys of the ninth class by telling them he was going to give them each a Model T car which they were to overhaul and might then be able to keep. It was hard to get started at first, because some of the bolts were rusty and very hard to remove. The first task was to remove the battery, which was easy. The seats and floor boards came next. Something a little harder followed; that was to take off the radiator. After this the fenders had to be removed in order that the framework might be lifted from the chassis; that is, the body part from the mechanical part, or the motor. This is about as far as any one has progressed. This work is like play to the boys. Most of the children have gone after it whole-heartedly. They work on these cars every Tuesday and Thursday. During Vacation most of us hope to put in two or three days each week until our task is done. We all wish to take this opportunity of thanking Mr. Ford for these cars. eBob Piper, Edison I nstitute H igh School. MN AN IDEAL SPOT The scene as we look down from the hill is very pleasing to the eye. We see the deer with their fawns eating grass. Over beyond where the deer are we see the river in which the sunset is reflected with its rays of golden happiness. The trees back of the river sway majestically. Up the river there is a dam with water splashing into the stream below. On the other side of the stream there is a cottage painted white with green shutters and surrounded by a white fence covered With roses. It has a winding path which leads to the house. tPart of this description was taken from the landscape at Ann ArborJ -Earl H elwig, Edison I nstitute High School; NM FACTS CLEANED FROM SCIENCE TALKS Man has a threefold nature-body, mind, and spirit. The skin, if properly used, would last 900 years, the bones 4,000, the heart 300, the liver 400, the stomach 300, the lungs 1,500, and the kidneys 200. The body contains more than 10,000,- 000 nerves. Each square of skin contains 3,500 sweat tubes, each about one- fourth of an inch long. Those covering the whole body, if placed in a straight line, would reach about forty miles. Each little mound of our body con- tains an artery, a vein, and a nerve. The heart is shaped like a pear and points downward. The human heart is. about the size of ones own fist. This organ is divided into four parts. The two upper parts are called auricles, and the two lower parts ventricles. Daily the heart receives about seven tons of blood, and also discharges that quantity. MJezm Downing, Old Stone Pennington School. mm OUR FIRST CLUB MEETING On June 8 the Girls Club held their first meeting in the Secretary House. The purpose of the meeting was to elect officers. The following were chosen: Isabelle Gassett, president; Carol Bryant, vice president; Betty Hutchin- son, secretary. House CommitteeeBarbara Shel- drick, Marjorie McCarroll, Susan Alder- dyce, Irene Stead and Margaret Voor- hess. These officers were elected for six months. Following the election of oflicers came a lovely surprise. A picnic was made ready down the hill, in back of the Secretary House. There were hot dogs and rolls, scalloped potatoes, carrots, pickles, milk, gingerbread, and cookies. We were very happy to have as guests Mr. Henry Ford, Mr. Frank Campsall, Mr. B. B. Lovett, and Mrs. Ray Dahlinger. After the picnic everybody departed agreeing that it was a very good idea. to have a club like this. Miss Mackinnon is in charge, and makes a charming hostess. -Betty Hutchinson, Edison Institute H igh SchooleSecretary. The Bear of Oakland is a wooden whaler. It has been to the far north and the south polar seas. It is at the bottom of the earth now with Admiral Byrd and his expedition. tDescription anJ drawing by John Perry, Scotch Settlement Schoo . HERALD Page Seven A Visit to WJR Stations June 2 was the day chosen by the teachers on which the seventh, eighth, and ninth classes were to visit the WJ R radio station in the Fisher Building in Detroit and the transmitting station at Pontiac. A few minutes past 8:30, the ap- pointed time to depart, the expectant party was seen speeding towards Detroit in two buses. After three-quarters of an hour of dodging traffic the buses drew up in front of the Fisher Building and the children clambered out and entered the building under the leadership of their teachers. The boys and girls were guided into an elevator Which transported them up to the twenty-eighth Hoor. As they entered the studio where the activities of the artists take place the children were allowed to wander about and see for themselves just what instru- ments were used to conduct many of their favorite programs. A few minutes later Mr. Thomas, one of the officers, offered to show the children around. Mr. Thomas guided the boys and girls into the control room of the studio and explained how the phonograph records were played over the radio so smoothly, and just what happens when the Greenfield Village program is put on the air every Thursday. Mr. Thomas also gave the children the great privilege of entering a studio where Grace Berman, pianist, and Wayne Van Dyne were rendering a delightful program with their announcer Mr. Pratt. Mr. Thomas asked the children to sing HThe 01d Spinning Wheelfi After a number of interesting dis- coveries made by the children they found that their time was up and they would have to hurry along to Pontiac. In approximately twenty-five min- utes the children were transported to the outskirts of Pontiac to view the transmitting station. One of the men explained that the machinery used in the radio was of very high voltage and exceptionally dangerous. He also showed HOW DID WHAT DOES AN OX DO? What does an ox do when you say "Gee" to it? This question is being asked in the newspapers, and both country and city-bred people have been trying to find an answer. The matter has been under discussion by the boys of the Wayside lnn School, and some say that when you say uGee" to an ox it goes to the right. ltCould they speak, our Swiss oxen would know," says one of our Wayside Inn correspondents. The above picture is of a few of the herd of dairy cattle on the Wayside Inn estate. The dairy, situated on one of the highest points of the estate, attracts considerable interest. the boys and girls how a tube lights with no electric current, but just with the great energy of a persons body. When the children were ready to leave they found that there were many things about the fine mechanism of a radio which they had not known about. -Margaret Voorhess, Edison I nstitute High School. An Enjoyable Outing J . G. Rucker, J r., Scotch Settlement School, writes as follows: . On June 2 Mr. Gassett took the telegraphy class, composed of boys and girls from the seventh, eighth, and ninth classes, to visit Radio Station WJR, Detroit. This is the station that broad- casts our chapel exercises every Thursday morning. -The iirst thing we noticed when we were going up the elevator of the Fisher Building is that it didnlt have a thirteenth IT HAPPEN? In this picture from the Wayside Inn estate you will notice that the trunk of the tree enfolds the water pipe as though to protect it from wind and storm. The circumstances which brought this about would make an interesting story. floor. This brought us back to one of Mr. Cameron's talks on superstition, which was very interesting. First we went to the twenty-eighth floor and looked the broadcasting room over. Then we went to the room where they pick up stations from dilferent cities. After getting an idea of this, we listened to Wayne Vandyne, accom- panied by Grace Berman, sing over the radio. We were then asked to sing one of the songs we sing in chapel; so we selected "The Old Spinning Wheel? It is sure lots of fun to know that so many people can hear you so many miles away. We then left for Pontiac. -When we arrived there we saw different kinds of meters and other things, and enjoyed the experience. A Pleasant Surprise Now came the surprise. We left for Macon, where we found Mr. Ford and others were waiting for us. Tables were set and we had an excellent lunch. We couldnlt begin to name all the good things that we had, but we did have lots of wieners and ice cream. After we had eaten we played base- ball. The Greenfield Village baseball team played against the Ford service men, and Greenfield Village won. It was so hot that all the boys wanted to go swimming. We begged so hard that Mr. Sheldrick said we would have to go for a ride, but instead he took us to a pool that was close by. We enjoyed a swim for about fifteen minutes, and then we went back and joined the rest of the children. It was now time to start home. Before doing so, all of the girls and boys helped themselves to fruit to eat on the way back. We all had a good time, and we hope Mr. Gassett will plan another trip sometime soon. mm Cream in aluminum foil containers, holding enough for one cup of beverage, IS sold cheaply In Germany. Page Eight HERALD - - - Our Schools - - - tConcluded from page fivel RAWSONVI LLE The bird house Mr. Susterka made for us last winter for the wrens is rented now. The other day we saw a wren take a twig and go in, but she dropped it and flew back for more. .Mrs. Allen brought a clay head of "Jlggs" to school. It has grooves in it. In the grooves you sow a special kind of grass seed. In four or five days it starts to grow. The secret is to keep the head full of water. At our school it is-starting to grow, and it looks very comlcal. eRobert N elson. ON OUR WAY TO SCHOOL Out of the door with our lunch baskets in our hands and into the car. Kenan, who is five years old, shouts, ttLet me open the door? and then were on our way. Halfway to school we pass a large pond where we see lazy turtles sleeping on logs along the shore. After that we saw.a funny sight: It was a large crane, in fact the largest I have ever seen. It was about four feet high, and he was craning his neck to see if we were gomg to harm him. But soon we were at school and at work. NEST ROBBERS AND THEIR WORK The squirrels that inhabit the trees about our school are very hard workers. Last fall they gathered hundreds of walnuts which they very skilfully hid 1n trees and various places. When they eat the nut meat they simply carry the shells of the nuts out of their home, and dlscard them all about our school yard. But they are also mischievous. One morning we found they had destroyed a birdts nest by throwing the eggs out of it. -David Smith. The seventh and eighth classes are expectlng to take their final test some day this week. The third class is drawing airplanes and coloring them, and hanging them on the wall. NM OLD STONE PENNINGTON Mr. Gassett has been telling us about the units of electricity. We will only have one more lesson from him this school year, for which we are very sorry. We wish that there was some way by which the lessons might be continued throughout the summer months. Mr. Koch paid us his last visit of the school year Tuesday, June 5. We are sorry that we wontt be able to see him for some time, but he promises to come back next fall. A HAPPY GATHERING Wednesday afternoon, June 6, the Centennial, Brownville, and Old Stone Pennington schools had a party at the new Globe Mill at Tecumseh. We had several dances, the music being furnished from Dearborn, some group singing directed by Mr. Koch, and specials from the various schools. Miss Fern Hall, of Toledo, lyric soprano, gave us several very lovely selections. Refreshments were served. We had the pleasure of having Mr. Ford with us and hope that he also enjoyed it. The lower classes have been making posters. We sent to the Current Event Company for the material. There were five varieties in the group. The children enjoy the work. We are taking some events from his- tory and are dramatizing them for our last day of school program. Joyce Vealey, by tracing the word ttstupendous," found more than sixty synonyms. We find this work very practical, as each synonym has a little different shade of meaning, and each can be applied to a different instance or case. The heavy rainfall we had June 5 helped our gardens very much. The amount of rainfall was estimated at about one inch here. It certainly saved the crops. Monna Quackenbush is preparing our last day of school program, which we expect to give for our parents on the evening of June 15. eJean Downing. MN GREEN LANE ACADEMY FOUR TINY CHICKS Last Monday, June 4, the children of the Green Lane Academy School were taken to the Tecumseh Hatchery. They saw several kinds of chickens and most of them saw little turkeys for the first time. They had a very nice time, and when they were leaving, the "Hatch- ery Manlt gave them four tiny chicks- one black one and three white ones. The chickens were kept at the school and the children fed them with bread and crackers. Robert Bachtal wanted us to be sure to say that he gave the little chickens some water. Colleen Davison and Lilly Jean Dewey are back in school after a long period of sickness. eMargaret Papp. CHILDHOOD AMBITIONS A short time ago this writer asked the Green Lane Academy pupils tages from four to six yearsl their childhood ambition. These were their answers: Ann Thompson, Dorlene Perry, and Lillie Jean Dewey want to be teachers; Marjorie Wickwire, Colleen Davison, and Mary J ane Prichard, nurses; Doug- las Fairbanks and Robert De Groot, doctors. Gloria Underwood would like to be ta girl friendf, Justin Coover ua fire chief," Billy Hayden, a cowboy leading a parade. Bobby Moore, Jerry Anthes, Richard Hall, and Robert Bachtal preferred to be just "cowboys." Robert German Would like to be a "wrecker man," and Bobby Nelson an "airplane manf, Jimmy Sisson wanted to be an HIndian," and wee Bertram Davies preferred to be a ttgiant." OUT OF THE MOUTHS OF BABES One little boy insists the way one gets to heaven is by an airplane. One day one of our teachers was putting a record on the victrola. She said, nThe song is entitled I Want to Go Tomorrowf " One little boy piped up w1th, "Go where?" Another pupil was talking about the death of her grandfather. A little boy kept asking, ttDid he go to heaven?" To which she sarcastically replied, ttOf course, he went everywhere." eCeciele N etcher. ' MN CENTENNIAL Visitors on Tuesday of last week were Katherine and Auldene Drouillard; on Thursday, Ellen Holdridge, and Ruth and Marjorie Drouillard. The sewing class girls have their aprons finished. Next year we wish to make a dress. We are all studying hard for final examinations, which will be given dur- ing the last week of school. The Dramatic Club and school held its picnic at Walmpers Lake, Tuesday, June 12. Tuesday afternoon of last week Mr. Koch gave us a slight examination over what welve had in singing. We hope he doesnlt find too many mistakes. FIELD DAY Monday was field day at Centennial School. Everyone from the first to the twelfth classes was out working in the gardens. Some of the children are sulfering from sunburns and blisters on their hands. -Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes M omgomery. DRAMATIC CLUB The June meeting of the Centennial Dramatic Club Was held on May 31 at the schoolhouse, owing to the fact that exams were to be held the week of the meeting. The business meeting was called to order by the president, anda short program presented by Sophia Glenn was enjoyed in the basement; and then we enjoyed a Wiener roast on the playground. Twenty-three members were present, two new members were initiated, and one new member was voted into the club. Robert Montgomery is to initiate the new member at the next meeting, and Le Roy Montgomery is to have charge of the program. eHelen Anderson. A group of CEntennial students, taken on the steps of the school. 0n the extreme right is their teacher, Mr. Chapman. HERALD Page Nine Boysl School It is very dry and we hope no one will be careless and start a forest fire. Thousands of dollars are lost each year by such thoughtlessness. The juniors raked their gardens recently and after marking them, they planted peas. Robert Cleveland, a former student, called in to see us with Mr. Towne, his visitor. Mr. Young and he had quite a talk. Robert was a baseball pitcher when he was here. When the sluiceway to Calvin How pond was open the boys caught several large fish in the brooks. The willow trees overlooking Calvin How pond are coming along beautifully, and we hope they will keep doing so. The new edition of the FORD NEWS has arrived and the boys were eager to get it. The children's paper, the Herald, has also arrived and all our budding authors and reporters were very pleased to see their articles in print. Donald Robinson was confinecl to bed owing to an ankle injury he received on April 19. He is now up agaln. The shopping trip to Marlboro will be held on Thursday nights in placeof the customary Saturday night trlp. A mouse was seen in Miss Brown's coat after she had the coat cleaned. Walter Hamilton and William Laskey have received an invitation to the Fram- ingham Hospital to have their eyes examined by Dr. Salls. Walter can see out of one eye and maybe something can be done about the other eye, Which has not functioned well since he was a child. Marlboro held its annual 104th Infantry Anniversary Celebration. The boys that were not playing ball went to see the parade, which was held in honor of the first American Infantry to light in the World War. Andrew Healy pitched for the second team during the first seven innings and was relieved by James Bilotta in the first of the eighth. Sudbury won with a score of 8 to 7. There were very few errors on our team. There was a town trip for the seniors and other Catholics who wished to go to church. NNJ Southwest School After morning exercises recently Mrs. Bennett kept her promise and changed quite a few seats as we had been whispering too much. The sixth class pupils feel quite grown up because they have started interest; the seventh and eighth classes still do it sometimes. Just as the bell rang at 9 olclock one morning, three young ladies from Wayside Inn Schools - - - the Leslie Kindergarten School in Boston who had been looking for the Redstone School, came to ours by mistake. Never- theless, they stayed a little while to see us work and enjoyed it very much. In the afternoon two more teachers from the kindergarten visited us and stayed for an hour or more to hear us recite. We were all very glad to hear that our school has come out ahead of the Sudbury Center School in the graduation examinations again this year. After recess one day when the scales were brought in and our teacher weighed us, we were interested to find that all but one of the children who had been sick with the measles had neither gained nor lost. One morning while the eighth class was doing equations, the Sudbury super- intendent of schools, Mr. Benedict, came in and watched us work. The fifth class was pleased because he told them that in their decimals they are ahead of the other schools he has visited recently. eMary E. Curtis. A Quaint Tea Room One day a few weeks ago we planned to drive to a certain town to meet some friends who came from Hartford, Connec- ticut. As we were approaching our destination we saw a little house by the road with a sign by the door saying that it was a tea room. As we were half an hour early we entered the house and were ushered into a glassed-in porch over- looking a small pond. We were served at a small table by a waitress in a dainty yellow apron and cap with a white dress. I hope I can go again sometime as I enjoyed it very much. eJoyce Belcher. Mary Lamb School tRedstonel Everyone was glad to return to the Mary Lamb School after spring vacation. All the sick children are back and there will be no more measles for this year. Vacation experiences have been re- lated. Robert Hooper told about watch- ing an old house being torn down. He was given handmade nails which were over one hundred and seventy-five years old, used in the erection of the house. He brought some to school and showed them to the children after telling the story. In history very fine papers have been written on Magellan. Bert Tighels was the most concise and we have sent it in to the Herald. A discussion was lately held on wild flowers, how to pick them, what to pick and what not to pick. All the flower books are on the special table for reading and learning names of familiar New England flowers. A chart containing the name of each child will be put up. When the children bring in a wild flower, the name of that flower will be recorded beneath their names. The child who becomes acquainted with the largest number of wild ilowers will receive a prize. So far Caroline Way, Patty Kirkland, and Robert Hooper have their names on the iiower chart for bringing in bluets, horsetails, dandelions, andladies'-tobacco. Everyone has made flower notebooks. In these the children will record the names of the towers which they bring in each day. The date will also be put in. :Barbara M . Brown. The story Pinocchio is being read. The children seem to enjoy it and Want to know all about puppets. Just a few have heard about Tony Sarg. Jean Geehan and J ack Hurd brought in a beautiful rhodora. In a spelling match between classes one and two, the latter won. Class four had a better score than class three. Buddy Way and Alfred Bonazzoli were the scorers. e We have learned a new song, tlFairy Secrets? .The other song Which every one 11kes is "All Through the Night." Our history work was in the form of a rev1ew. Class four pupils wrote a summary of the life of DeSoto. Priscilla Kirkland wrote the best one. In music we have studied notes- nammg the quarter, half and whole notes. Third and fourth class pupils are required to read syllables. We practised four new songs, and enjoyed some of the more familiar ones. The third class has finished reading A Journey to Healthlzmd. Their note- books were passed in. Most of them were neat and carefully done. Gloria Bonazzoliis was the most original. The children made "Motherls Day" cards. Each one made an old-fashioned ttslate" board, such as was used in the old schools, out of brown and black paper. On it, written in chalk, was uYou Canlt Rub Out My Love For You, Mother." A cord and tassel was attached to the corner. These were used for presents to the mothers. The new reader being used by class three is The Green Gate by the Sea. It tells about the sea beach, tides, shells and sea life. The children are going to make one large book to be left in the school. In it will be their own work in connection with this new reader. Oral compositions were given on ttMotherls Day!, A few of the children told about gathering bouquets of wild flowers and giving them to their mothers on that day. We are learning Browningis poem ttThe Years at the Spring." Jean Geehan surprised the entire school by bringing in twenty-six different wild howers, among them many tistrangersli to the children in our school. She still heads the list for finding the largest variety of wild flowers. So far she has brought in fifty. She and the Way children were the first to find the pmk ladyls-slipper and the trillium. The boys have been bringing toy tPlease turn to page tenl Page Ten HERALD Social and Personal tBy Susan Alderdyce, Edison Institute High Schooli The boys and girls of the Village schools will entertain their parents June 15 with a program at the Edison Institute Auditorium. There will be songs, recitations, motion pictures, the presentation of penmanship medals, baseball letters, spelling medals, and other awards. The children of the Edison Institute High School will soon be at their exami- nations. , The seventh, eighth and ninth classes of the Village schools went on a tour for telegraphy Saturday, June 2. They went to Detroit and visited the WJR studios in the Fisher Building. They were invited to sing over the radio and they sang "The Old Spinning Wheel." From there they went to Pontiac to visit the WJR station. They left there to go to Macon, where a lovely lunch awaited them. Altogether they had a most enjoyable time. The boys and girls of the Village schools who wish to, may learn to play tennis this summer. Dall Hutchinson will teach them. Gloria Hutchinson celebrated her birthday June 3. She is now eleven. Irene Stead will celebrate her four- teenth birthday J une 25. Isabelle Gassett came to school iVIonday on crutches. She sprained her oot. J ohn Dahlinger was fortunate enough to go to Indianapolis this year to the races. MARY LAMB SCHOOL tConcluded from page ninei cars and trucks to school. They play With them down in the sand pile. Mr. Rostrum and the sophomore class of the Trade School visited us to inspect our collection of wild flowers. The boys had been out on a field walk earlier in the afternoon and had found many varieties. Their prize hower was the Hepatica, which is quite rare. eBarbam M . Brown. FLYING KITES Some boys are flying kites up on a high hill. It is a very windy day and the wind is blowing the big white clouds across the blue sky. The kites are tugging on the strings. All the boys are trying to make their kites go up high, and are racing to let out the most string. Its an exciting race. eBuddy Way.- A BROOK I see a brook running through a meadow. It makes music. A stick and a leaf are hoating down. The brook will run on many miles to the sea. There it will see big ships. A brook must be very happy. .. ell? zlberl Tighe. Greenfield Village Baseball of 1934 tBy Coach H utchinsonl The principal thought in mind this year was to obtain as many games as possible and to enter both the Eighth Grade League and the Dearborn Junior High School League. The boys needed the practical experience that is achieved only by a season of continuous competi- tion. We engaged in sixteen contests and found victories in nine of these. Our seven defeats, principally against J unior High School teams, were in reality as valuable as our victories. With the completion of each scrimmage our infield could be seen on the upgrade and our hitters were gradually finding their stride. While the fielding of the team can be greatly improved upon, their hitting has been the deciding factor in their success. Personally, I believe that the hitters on the team have developed farther than any the opposition have offered this year. ' Bobby Snow, Wilbur Donaldson, and Billy Smith are the heavy hitting offen- sive stars, batting close to a .500 average. Other consistent hitters of the outfit are Captain McLeod, Billy Kresin, Bobby Shackleton, Jimmy Gardner, and David Roth. The boys who stand out defen- sively in their positions are J . G. Rucker in left field, Billy Kresin and Junior Burns alternating between third and shegtstop, and Kenneth Petrak in short he . Worthy of mention is the feat turned in by Captain Billy McLeod against Oxford. He pitched a 110-bit, no-run game against the opponents, allowing only two men to reach first on walks. This was a fine exhibition and the team fielded brilliantly behind him to gain an 18-0 victory. Russell Reader, while only a fifth grader, held down a regular position at second base. He is small in stature but some day will undoubtedly develop into quite an athlete. Lowell Apesech, David Roth, Earl Helwig, and Jimmy Gardner deserve a lot of credit. They filled in for the regulars many times and continued along with the team in a sportsmanlike manner. They will receive the Greenfield Village emblem along with the others as their reward for service. I sincerely appre- ciate their attitude throughout the schedule. Manager Billy Ford has the apprecia- tion of those concerned for the efficient way he handled the job. All in all, I think a good deal was gained this season and feel that the boys have at least established confidence in themselves. We have accomplished our objective and I congratulate each emblem winner in the team on the splendid co- operation that we all shared through the season. OWN GOODBYE TO THE SCHOOL Now we say goodbye to the school, But still we all will keep the rule; Goodbye, our green on which we play, Where we used to have fun every day. Our school begins in next September, But still our school we will remember; I cannot wait until the fall, So now goodbye, goodbye to all. eCharlotte Simpson, Town Hall Sshool. JUNE-TIDE PARTY The Second AnnualJune- Tide Party of the Brownville, Centennial, and Pennington Schools was held at the U01d Millii on East Chicago Boulevard in Tecumseh on Wednesday afternoon, June 6. Mr. Ford and several of his staff were present to see the water turned on the big wheel which is to furnish power for the factory when it is com- pleted, and to enjoy the program presented by Gertrude Drouillard, of the Centennial School. The program was as follows: Assem- bly Singing led by Mr. Koch. itW'hen You and I Were Young, Maggie"; "Suwanee River"; "Drink to Me Only with Thine Eyes"; "Striving for Truth"; Trioe-tiDown by the Old Mill Stream"; Agnes Montgomery, Ray Williams and Charles Austin, Centennial School; Solo ettGrandfatheris Clock," Gerald Dris- coll, Brownville School; Dialoguee HBetsy and I are Out, and Betsy and I Make Upf' Monna Quackenbush and Ruth Randall, Pennington School; Solo ettLullaby," Mary Ruth Hall, Centen- nial School; Duet-Alta Dermyer and Wyona Gove, Brownville School; Songs -Miss Hall, of Toledo. Music was furnished by Mr. Fordls orchestra from Dearborn, and dancing including both new and old dances was interspersed throughout the program. Refreshments were served to approxi- mately 250 children and their guests. NW A LETTER FROM CHESANING And a Reply We have pleasure in printing the following letter in reply to the one from Leonard J oseph Gosper, Chesaning, Michigan, which appeared in the Herald of May 18: Town Hall School, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Mich., June 8, 1934. Dear Leonard Gosperr I am glad you liked my story about ttBuddy." As yet he has not returned. We would all like to hear about your dog tiSport." eCarol Bryant. NM STORIES OF ANIMALS tBy Town Hall School Pupilsi McTAVISH AND THE SHEEP Some of the lambs went in the Greenfield Village chapel the other day. Mr. McTavish, the little Scotty dog, also came in and ran around the rows of seats, chasing the baby sheep. After a while the mother sheep came in and called for them. eLaura Newkirk. THIS HEN STILL LAYS On my grandfather's farm there is a hen that is fourteen years old. It is brown and black. It still lays eggs, and last year it had chicks. It is lame and weak, and it walks stiff-legged. eDavid English. PRINCE One Wednesday afternoon wherr the children Were playing at recess, Prince, a black and white pony, got loose from the barn. A man tried to catch him, but he couldnlt. Prince ran around all the buildings. After a while the man caught him. The man was very glad that Prince was caught. vWilma Barth. HERALD Page Eleven SPORTS AND PASTIMES McLeod Pitches No-hit, No-run Game Downs Oxford 18-0 tBy Bobby Shackletom Behind a perfectly pitched game by their captain tMcLeodi, Greenfield de- feated Oxford at the Village Thursday night 18n0. In the first and second innings, men reached hrst on errors, and two bases on balls were issued by McLeod. Coach Hutchinson congratulated Captain McLeod for his pitching, for this same team trounced Greenfield 11-10 just recently. The defensive playing on the team had much to do with the pitcherls success. Donaldson played brilliantly in short held, as well as Apesech in center. The infield line-up had a slight change: Burns played at third and Kresin at shortstop, the reason being that Burns has a strong throwing arm. Billy Smith was replaced in center because of an injury on the hand which will keep him out the rest of the season. Bobby Snow was the slugger of the day with 4 out of 4, which brings his average up to .549. Kenneth Petrak came to life with safe hits the last nine out of fourteen times at bat. Roth also had a perfect day with 2 out of 2. The Herald wishes to congratulate the battery Petrak and McLeod on turning in the first no-hit, no-run game in Greenfield Village. BOX SCORE A B 3 OXFORDeO . Iiits Myers, pm. 1 Rhodes, 2b Dunn, 317.. Long, rs iiiiii . Pettingula, 11' Kennedy, cf. IONNNNOJWMOD COCOCOOOOOm CCCOOOOOOO N Jl O O GREENFIELDalR H 9-4 m. 1.. m Petrak, c ........ Burns, 3b.. McLeod, p Snow, 1h... Donaldson Rucker, 1f. Shackleton, rf,, Apesech, cf,.. Kresin, 53.. Reader, 2b Helwig, 2b Roth, rf.... NOOHNHwWQHWW OXFORD o 0 0'0 olo 0H ol 0, GREENFIELD , 1 5,1 0 2l9 illlslzal Wilbur Donaldson Elected; Baseball Captain for 35 At an athletic meeting held in the dining room of the Clinton Inn, Wilbur Donaldson, of the Edison Institute High School, was elected captain for 1935 to succeed Billy McLeod. This year Wilbur proved himself one of the most able hitters on the team by coming through with a .500 batting average, Wilbur,s hitting has surprised everyone and his fielding has greatly improved since the start of the season. He held down the first base position through the first part of the schedule and shared this position with Bobby Snow for the remainder of the season. In replacing Billy McLeod, he is succeeding one who has really "led" his team in the true sense of the word. We hope that McLeod will continue to show this same spirit and assist Donald- son through his past experience. We wish Wilbur the best of luck with his team next year and hope that he can take it through a year as successful as the one just completed. FINAL STANDINGS GREENFIELD VILLAGE BASEBALL TEA'M BATTING AVERAGES Name AB Hits Average McLeod, Captain .......... :38 23 .396 Snow,... 5-1 28 .518 PEtrak 62 17 .274 Helwlg 12. 1 .083 Gardne lo 8 533 Apesech.. 341 11 .333 Donaldson. 60 30 .500 Shackleton , 43 18 .418 Smith 52 25 .480 Kresi 46 20 .434 Burn 52 19 .365 Roth 19 8 .421 Rucker 48 18 .333 Reader ............................ 23 4 173 RUNS SC ORED Petrak .................. Snow ............ McLeod, Captain. 20 Donaldson" 19 Smith. 17 Shackle 17 Burns. 15 Kresinu Rucker..., Apesechm Gardner... Roth..., Helwig. Reader. OWUXQOOOuLa BASEBALL Wayside Inn On June 7 the Wayside Inn Boys, baseball team played the Ashland High team. The score of the game was 11 to 10 in favor of the Ashland team. Most of our games this season have been close ones; we either beat our opponents by one or two points or they beat us by as close a margin. We have a much better team than last year; there is more spirit shown and our clever coach Mr. Thompson has done a great deal toward improving our performance. We have one more game to play, that being with the Southboro High School team. e-Jolm Milan ,34, Wayside Inn Boys, School. Baseball Prize James Billota of the Wayside Inn Boys School, won the prize for the season for having attained the highest batting average. His score was .463 for eleven games. Following him came Chester Solenski with an average of .380; John Milanskas was third place winner with .342, and he was followed by Ralph Delagrieco with an average of .302. The prize consisted of a free trip and ticket to a big league game in Boston. Jim went in to see the Red Sox and Yankee game last Wednesday. It was interesting to hear him tell of the results of the game and of the beautiful plays that were executed. We wish to compli- ment the winner of the prize. 4Ralph Delagrieco 34, W ayside I 1m Boys School. TENNIS Summer Program The boys of the Greenfield Village Schools are very much pleased at the prospect of tennis during the summer months under the expert training of Coach Dall Hutchinson. The games will be played at the Elm Street courts and will follow a regular schedule. Coach Hutchinson has divided the boys into groups and they will probably meet about three times a week. The coach has had the names of the boys burned on small blocks of wood which are fastened to a larger board. The object is to get your name at the top of the list. The boy who has been at the head of the board the greatest number of times will probably receive a reward at the end of the year. Dall Hutchinson will be an able coach for the boys, being one of the best players Dearborn High School ever turned out. The boys are very enthusiastic over the program and will undoubtedly have a fine time and learn some valuable things. . eBilly M cLeod. My First Experience in Golf One night last week I played golf for the first time. I have never taken lessons. My score for six holes was 94. I enjoyed it very much. eJune Bummer, Town H all School. Junior Pioneers Thurman Donovan writes: One day the Pioneers went to the Rouge Pools. The boys that didnlt know how to swim stayed near the edge of the pool. We had a lot of fun. A Pleasant Surprise After school last Friday Uune D, the Edison Junior Pioneers went down to the camp for a regular meeting. When we got to the camp the leaders-Mr. Simpson and Mr. Roberts-told us that we. were going to the Rouge Pools for a sw1m. There were fifteen of us altogether, and we went to the pools in two cars. When we got there the leaders tried to teach the smaller ones to swim. We stayed in the water about an hour. I am sure everybody had a Very enjoyable time. eBruce Simpson, Town H all School. Good Sportsmanship I like it very much when people are good sports. Sometimes even grown-ups are not good sports, and its because when they were children they were not taught. ' We should be very thankful that we were taught to be good sports, because in our older life we will want to be good sports so that people will like us. -Isabel Hofmcm, Clinton I 1m School. Page Twelve HERALD Tommy Marshall Does Quite Well The following are the final reports on the spelling matches that have been held every Friday in the Edison Institute High School: FIRST MEDALS TIMES . Tommy Marshall .................. 7 . Bobby Snow .............. . Barbara Sheldrickw . Irene Stead ................ . Margaret Voorhessm . Eileen Barth...i.....i .................. SECOND MEDALS . Bobby Snow .............. . Dorothy Richardson . Irene Stead .................... . Eileen Barth ........... .. . Barbara Sheldrick.... Tommy Marshall ...... . Margaret Voorhess... Earl Helwig ................ . David Roth ...... . Isabelle Gassett ..... . Susan Alderdyce..,. . Betty Hutchinson .................. Thomas Marshall was the person from our school that was in the district cogtest. He stood up eleventh from the en . -Dorothy Richardson, Edison I nstitute H igh School. TRIP TO MACON A Very Happy Day awrmeH Hwecncn TIMES Hr-H-I HHHHHHNNCADWDJBbF On the afternoon of Saturday, June 2! the boys and girls of the seventh, eighth and ninth classes of the Green- field Village Schools went to Macon. The children arrived in Macon at 1:30 and found. that a delicious meal was spread invitingly before them under a large group of oak trees. Tired and hungry, the children enjoyed the meal immensely, and all ate heartily. The luncheon consisted of boiled potatoes, peas, carrots, celery, bacon, scrambled eggs, Wieners, milk, different varietles of bread, pie, ice cream, and large dishes of plums, cherries, apples, oranges, and bananas. At the conclusion of the luncheon the boys, men, and a few of the girls played an. interesting game of baseball. Mr. Wllson was the pitcher, and Mr. Walters was the catcher for the menis team; and Kenneth Petrak was the pitcher, and Bobby Heber was the catcher for the boys team. After about a half hour of hard play the boys were victorious. In the mean- time the girls were escorted by Mr. Ford to .the Old Stone Pennington School which was only a short distance away. This old building is now in constant use by the children living in the near-by distrlcts. It has been equipped with a radio and one of the old organs used in bygone days. At the finish of the baseball game varied flavors of ice-cold pop were served as an additional refreshment. A few of the boys and girls were taken for ahride, and some of the boys went for a swxm in an old mill stream. About a half hour later the children were in their buses ready to go home after a very happy and entertaining day. Iim sure each one of my classmates will join with me in expressing apprecia- tion to Mr. Ford for sponsoring such a lovely time. eDoroihy Richardson, Edison Institute High School. NM GETTING UP THE HILL On Memorial Day I came down to Greenfield Village to play in the Model Tis. Billy McLeod let me drive one of the cars. When John Weeks came we went down the hill by the scout camp. When we tried to get the cars up the hill we could not make it. John Weeks and Billy Smith went after a tractor to pull the cars up the hill. We succeeded in reaching the top at last. eJack M cCloud, Scotch Settlement School. NM THE FOSTER MOTHER Preston, Ill.e0n a farm near this city 2 Plymouth Rock hen sits patiently on a nest of pigeon eggs which she stole possession of after her own was destroyed. Although she finds it difficult to get in ENERGY It is idleness that creates impossibilities; and where men care not to do a thing, they shelter themselves under a persuasion that it cannot be done. The shortest and the surest way to prove a work possible, is strenuously to set about it; and no wonder if that proves it possible that for the most part makes it so. wSouth. and out of the high box she is very persistent. The farmer watches this process with a smile and wonders what tiBiddy" will do when her young family takes to the air to fly many miles. MSent in by Dorothy Chubbuck. NM SOME QUESTIONS Our Village was founded in honor of whom? . 1 The Stephen Foster birthplace has how many rooms? How many buildings in the McGquey group? Is our riding master from a cavalry troop? What V illage building was first used as a school? What is McGuffey's golden rule? The questions above are odd indeed; Quite different in rhyme youlll all be agreed. But just try to answer them if you can; It Will keep you quite busy, my little man. eMarjorie Scott, Edison Institute High School. McGuffey Precepts and Maxims How to Catch a Pony Willy went to untie his pony. When he came to the tree to which he had tied him, he found that Coco had got loose, and had gone prancing away. After hunting about for some time, he saw him at a distance, quietly feeding on the grass. Willy ran up to him. But just as he put out his hand to catch hold of the bridle, Coco turned suddenly round, kicked up his heels, and galloped away. Willy thought himself lucky not to have been within reach of his heels, when he kicked up. However, he was quite at a loss what to do. At last, it oceurred to him that when the pony was at grass in the meadow, and the groom wished to catch him, he had put a little corn into a sieve. This he held out to the pony, till he could put a halter over his neck. Willy, it is true, had neither sieve, corn, nor halter. "As for a halter, I do not want one; for Coco has his bridle 0n, and I can catch hold of tha ." So he gathered some grass, and put it into his hat. A man in the field asked him, what he was going to do with the grass. Willy said it was to catch the pony. "0, then," said the man, "you need not take so much trouble. If you hold out your hat empty, it will do just as well. ttThe pony cannot see that the hat is empty, till he comes close to it. Then you may catch him by the bridle." "But that would be cheating," said Willy. "I will not cheat even a horse. Besides, if I cheated him once, he would not come another timef, Willy then went up to the ponytand held out the hat. The pony came quietly up to him. Willy seized the bridle, and was soon cantering home on his back. eSecond Reader. Get Up! Get up, little sister; the morning is bright, The'birds are all singing to welcome the 1g t: The buds are all open; the dew's on the ower: If you shake but a branch, see, there falls quite a shower. By the side of their mothers, look, under the trees, How the young lambs are skipping about, as they please. And by those little rings on the Water, I know, The fishes are merrily swimming below. The bee, I dare say, has been long on the wing, To get honey from every Hower of the spring; For the bee never idles, but labors all da , And thinks, prudent insect, work better than play. Get up; for when all things are merry and glad, Good children should never be lazy and sad; For God gives us daylight, dear sister, that we . May rejoice like the lark, and work llke the bee. eThird Reader. HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, June 29, 1934. No. 11 Courthouse Where Lincoln Practised Law By DOROTHY RICHARDSON In this humble but strongly built structure of black walnut, Abraham Lincoln practised his profession as lawyer for many years. The original setting of the courthouse has been carefully preserved. TANDING in Greenfield Village, facing the village green, is the Lincoln Courthouse, which brings one back to the early part of the 19th Century. The Lincoln Courthouse, which stood in Logan County. Illinois, was built and ready for occupancy in the year 1840. The first fioor was used for offices, and the second Hoor was taken up by the ofiices of the court clerk. In this building Lincoln practised law con- tinuously from 1840 to 1848. It was also here that Judge Samuel H. Treat held court, and Peter Cartwright, the pioneer preacher, held revival services. Where Lincoln First Practised Lincoln had just been admitted to the bar, when he appeared as counsel in cases tried in this courthouse. It is the only one still in existence in which Lincoln appeared as attorney in his earlier cases. When the court was removed to another center it resulted in litigation in which Lincoln represented the county. As a matter of fact, Lincoln really was attorney for Logan County, Illinois, from 1840 until he became President. The county seat was removed to Mt. Pulaski in 1848, when the citizens built a new brick courthouse and laid out the grounds. The old building stood on its original site for many years, when it was bought by Mr. Ford, and put in shape on its removal to Greenfield Village where it now stands. This was in 1929. The original setting of the build- ing was retained as nearly as possible. The courthouse is a two-story frame structure of black walnut. It is original, even to the plaster on the walls. Be- cause of their durability, brass screws have been used in the flooring and throughout the building in place of ordinary nails. On the right hand side of the court room on the first Hoor is the judges bench, and at the opposite end is a fireplace which has a history of its own. On October 21, 1929, the golden jubilee of the invention of the incan- descent light by Edison was celebrated. On that occasion President Hoover was one of the honored guests. While visit- ing the Lincoln Courthouse Mr. Hoover set light to the logs which had been arranged on the hearth of this fireplace, and the fire has been kept burning constantly ever since, fresh logs being placed on it every day. In this building are a number of rails which were split by Lincoln in his youth. The furniture is also taken from the Lincoln homes. One of the most interesting pieces of furniture in the court room is the corner-cupboard designed and made by young Lincoln and his father to pay for a book which had been borrowed from a neighbor and accidentally spoiled. Other Interesting Relics There are other interesting relics of the great emancipator, among them the chair in which he sat while attending a theatrical performance in Washington on the night of his assassination. Externally the old courthouse is not much to look at, but it possesses an in- terest for all lovers of American history that cannot be surpassed. Page'f,Two HERALD THE HERALD Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hang Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, Jean Downing, M 0mm Quackenbush. Town School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jennie C'ibrawski Brownville, M errill Gray, Doris H arringtan Academy School, M arjorie Wickwire, Jerry Anthea Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson; Centennial School, Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes .Montgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gen. EDITORIALS Plant Feeding We can learn a valuable lesson in plant nourishment from our Ford gardens. They are situated in the same plot that was used last year-abut what a difference in the rate of growth! For instance, the parsnips failed of germina- tion last year and succeeded this season on the same plot. The reason is not more rainfall, but more available plant food. The soil was treated with barn- yard manure, commercial fertilizer, and lime. This seems an object lesson on intensive farming. Farmers too often work large areas, expending extra time and money and reaping skimpy harvests for their efforts. eG. L. Driscoll. Class Experiment Franklin Weeks, of the Scotch Settlement School, Greenfield Village, gave an experiment on J une 6. He used a test tube stand, muriatic acid, bicar- bonate of soda, blue litmus paper, and a test tube. He had the acid in the test tube. Then he put the blue litmus paper in the acid. It turned red. He made a solution out of the bicarbonate of soda. He then took the blue litmus which had turned red out of the acid and put it in the solution, and the litmus paper turned to blue again. NOTICE! A Committee of the children of the Edison Institute in Greenfield Village have pleas- ure in announcing that ar- rangements have been made for distributing the Herald during vacation. On each pub- lication day, AT 3 O'CLOCK IN THE AFTERNOON, the Heralds will be given out in the High School rooms, in the Museum. COME AND GET YOUR HERALD Last Day of School Program Large Crowd Greets Scholars of Greenfield Village Schools A large audience greeted the children of the Greenfield Village Schools at our last day of school exercises. The program consisted of a large variety of school songs and poems by pupils of the Scotch Settlement, Town Hall, and Clinton Inn schools, and of the Edison Institute High School. It opened with community singing led by Mr. Koch, our musical director. After this came the traditional tTll Take You Home Again, Kathleen," sung by Ann Hood and Susan Alder- dyce, accompanied by Jean Hindman at the spinet. Awards and medals were given out by Mr. Lovett, and a very fine message was delivered by Mr. Cameron, with some very good advice on how to spend oneis vacation in a pleasant and health- fulmanner. Instrumental numbers played by talented pupils of our school were greatly enjoyed by all. The singing of the "Blue Danube Waltz" song by the entire group of children deserves special mention. The children worked very hard and are to be congratulated on their achievement. Dialogues read by some of the boys were taken from the McGuffey Readers. The program ended with a medley of songs of which the last was the well- known ttSchool Days" by the entire group. --James Gardner, School. Scotch Settlement NON WAYSIDE INN SCHOOLS COMMENCEMENT WEEK Our Commencement Week exercises began on June 11. On that date the boys and the faculty motored to Hudson, New Hampshire, to visit Bensonts Wild Animal Farm. On Wednesday our class field day events were run off. At 7:15 p. m. Wednesday, the graduation ban- quet was held at the Dutton Lodge. Thursday, J une 14, was the day set aside for the graduation exercises. This event took place in the Calvin How gardens at 8:15 p. In. This evening the gradua- tion ball, to be held on the tennis courts, terminates the Commencement Week activities. eCliford M Misc ,34, Wayside I 7m Boys School. mm GRADUATION EXERCISES The graduation exercises of the Red- stone, Southwest, and Boys School were held in the Calvin How garden on Thursday evening, J une 14. The garden in all its splendor was the ideal setting for such a ceremony. At dusk the J apanese lanterns that were hung around the outer edge were lighted. This added greatly to the beauty and charm of the setting. Chairs were arranged on the walks between the hower beds for the visitors and friends of the graduates. Everything was in readiness for the occasion excepting the weather. Showers prevailed all afternoon and threatened to continue through the evening. The clouds broke and the sun shone just in time; so after all we were fortunate. The Redstone and Southwest schools were the first to hold their exercises. As a march was played the graduating classes of the two schools marched in through the archways at the farther end of the garden. With their teachers, Mrs. Spicer, and Mr. Flynn, the speaker, they seated themselves in the arbor located at the end of the garden. Attractive Program The exercises began with the singing of "America the Beautiful" by the classes of the two schools. Following the song, Eleanor Goulding read the Class History, which of course was un- usually interesting. Caroline Way, J oseph Bradley Way, Priscilla Kirkland, and Lawrence Tighe gave the Class Histories of their respective classes, namely, the first, second, third and fourth of the Redstone School. Walter Kuli- kowski, of the Southwest School, then gave a recitation. The pupils of the Red- stone School were very lovely singing the song "Amaryllis." Mary Curtis read the Class Prophecy and certainly used her imagination in prescribing the future courses that her classmates would take. Priscilla Kirkland was next on the program and gave a short recitation. The pupils of the Southwest School sang the song entitled "Gondoliera." The Class Gifts from the graduating class of the Southwest were given out by Vir- ginia Kirkland. Barbara Morton of the same school gave the Class Will. The ttCradle Song"was sung by the members of the Redstone School. Mr. Alan Flynn, principal of the Sudbury High School, gave the address. Mr. Flynn is a very fine speaker and we felt proud to have him give our address. Fol- lowing the address, Mrs. Spicer pre- sented the diplomas. The Class Song, which was the last on the program, was sung by the Southwest School children. The words to this song were written by Mary Curtis and Barbara Morton. As Miss Fisher played a march the pupils and graduates of the schools filed out. Boys' School In a setting of beautiful flowers in the garden of the Calvin How House on the evening of June 14 the exercises of the graduating class were held. The ceremony was very impressive and the speakers were of the finest type. The Reverend Brooks, of Malden, delivered the address and left many fine points for graduates to bear in mind as they go out into the world of adventure. The invocation and benediction were given by the Reverend Gesner, of Marlboro. Mr. Curtis, our director, made a fine speech on the aims and purposes of the school. Mrs. Spicer presented the diplo- mas and spoke to the audience for a few minutes. The audience, who were seated upon the chairs that were dis- tributed in the garden, were highly im- pressed by our fine exercises. mm In a little pool You could jump over, I saw reflected All of the sky. I wondered, how Should one rightly measure This lovely water. By the earth that holds it? By the heaven it holds? eAuthor Unknown. Page Three O u r S c h o o l s WILLOW RUN Spelling Bee Friday, June 5, we had our spelle down at the Willow Run School. Marie Horn won in the third class, and Daniel Wolfe won in the fourth and fifth classes. Helen Wellbrook was the winner in the sixth class, Walter Reinhackel in the seventh and eighth. Phyllis La Fortte won in the spelling class between herself and Lillian Poet; Phyllis won a dollar and Lillian a half dollar. We all tried hard to win a medal, but of course we couldnit all win. I am keeping mine for a remembrance of Mr. Ford and the Vlflillow Run School, and I am very proud 0 it. My Graduation Present The day after school was out I received my first graduation present. It was a good dose of poison ivy. Both of my arms were covered with it, but they are much better now. I certainly had a great deal of teasing about it, but had to take it and like it. Iive had ivy poisoning for the past seven years, and, believe me, I know how it feels! I can think of many other things I would like for graduation besides this, however. I sure hope that nobody else got poisoned. eLillian Poet. A Fishing Trip The other Saturday we went fishing Just as soon as I got my hook in I had a bite. The cork went under the water. I pulled hard, and had a carp two feet long. Wasn't I lucky? Everybody caught some. I caught four. My father caught three, my mother caught three, and my brother caught five little ones, but big enough to keep. eGene Barnes. MN RAWSONVILLE Wednesday morning when our teach- er came to school she had a visitor who was Bobby Court. He is a good boy while at school. He has visited our school since he was two years old. Kenan J acobi has left our school and gone to Detroit with his mother to stay. We do not expect him to come back to school. eDorathea Gotts. This is a Hnature picture" by JamesGardner, Scotch Settlement School. The original is in color, and would make a pretty design for tapestry or wall paper. iiNest With Bird," says Isabelle Gassett, Edison Institute High School, who snapped this charming woodland picture within the precincts of Greenfield Village. My Birthday Party On Tuesday, June 12, when I came home from school, I had to go back again with my mother and Bob. We were told that Mrs. Allen, the teacher, wanted to see us. When we got to school Mrs. Allen wasnit there. Mr. Young said that she had to take one of the children home and that she would be back soon. So we waited and after awhile she drove in the yard with all the children with her, and I said to my mother, "Mrs. Allen is bringing them all back." My mother just smiled, and when Mrs. Allen drove close to our car the children all shouted "Happy Birthday!" You can guess my surprise. After we had a game of ball we went in the school and partook of a delicious picnic supper. There were many nice things to eat, not counting the big cake with thirteen candles. I received some very nice gifts, and after we had played games and sung songs, we went home. eDave Smith. Mr. Ashbrook sent some men to dig out a stump which was in the way when we played baseball. We think it was very nice of them to do it, and our thanks are due to Mr. Ashbrook and the men. My Pet I have a pet; his name is Andy. He is a very funny bird. He is my pet crow. He feeds on sour milk with our little chickens. My brother Cyril caught two crows in our fields, and gave the other one to Margaret Owen. Margaret named her crow Amos. He follows her all around the yard and teases for some- thin g to eat. All the schools of Washtenaw County have been given an ttA-F, school card. There are twenty-five duties to do. If you have done them all for the year you will have an HA-I" school. If you do twenty of them you will be an iiA X" school. If you do fifteen of them you Will be an "A" school. We are an "Ali school as we have nineteen stars. If we had gotten one more we would have been an iiA Xt, school. -L0is Corki'ns. BROWNVI LLE The Live Wires Group at Brownville School started in February. We have been sending contributions to the Young Writers Club of the Detroit News. Doris Harrington, Gladys Dermyer, Anna Beevers, and Armenia Johnson have had things printed. Armenia J ohnson and Doris Harring- ton have won book prizes, and Kathryn Anthes has won a dollar. We have decided to continue our club through the summer. We meet every Tuesday at nine oiclock. Each member is allowed to bring a new member next week. eArmem'a J olmsan. The children of Brownville School took their baskets and went to Sand Lake for a picnic on June 13. We went swimming awhile before dinner. After dinner we had a ball game. After the ball game we again went swimming. We stayed until half past three dclock, and then started for home. What a big time we did have that day! eAnna Beevers. Opening the Mill Mr. Fordis schools opened the Old Mill at Tecumseh on Wednesday, June 6. We reached the mill at 1:30 oiclock in the afternoon. Mr. Ford turned on the old-fashioned water wheel. The Ford workmen were asked to take the afternoon off in order to attend the dance. Mr. Fordls dance orchestra was in attendance from Dearborn. It furnished accompaniments for the musical selec- tions of the four schools, as well as played for the dancing. We also enjoyed the group singing. We sang all of Mr. Fordis favorite songs tPlease turn to page sixl Monarch of all he surveys in Greenfield Vil- age. Rover seems to realize that he. is pos- ing for his portrait, with excellent results. PageFour HERALD 3 S E5 HAPPY IN THE PRESENT, SCOTCH SETTLEMENT SCHOOL T Left to right Traverse DuValL Harry Schuman, Vance Simonds, Lowell Apesech, Freddie Procknow, Erwin Spencer, John Perry, James Dates, Franklin Weeks, Sally Owens, James Gardner, E. Lucile Webster Reachen, Ann Hood, Donald Donovan, Patricia Chubbuck, Russell Reader, Billy Mielke, Albert Roberts, Donald Gilbert, David Ormond, Billy Ford, Billy Faustman, Jack McCloud, Catherine Mae Miller, Evelyn Richardson, Jean McMuHin, Erna Jensen, Marjorie Elmer, Elaine Wyman, Florence Barbier, Jean Mills. TOWN HALL SCHOOL .uu $$$$$va- 1'5..5l:7v . Left to righb-Betty Atkinson, Thurman Donovan, Marilyn Owens, John Dahlinger, Margaret Jean Hindman, Katharine Bryant, Gloria Hutchinson, Mary Eleanor Ritenour, Mary Caroline Haigh,EMary Jean Jorae, Helene Walker, Mary Lee Alderdyce, Suzanne Wessinger, Bruce Simpson, June Rummer, Junior Burns, Ruby M. Mason ReacherL Marjorie McCarroll. Joyce Soderquist, Carol Bryant, Bob Heber, Shirley Schmidt, Billy Kresin, Laura Newkirk, Charles Dates, Charlotte Simpson, Nelson Cosbey, Margaret Berry, Roy Barbier, Wilma Barth, David English. : HOPEFUL FOR THE FUTURE CLINTON HERALD INN SCHOOL Page F ive Left to right-Clifford Litogot, Emily Waddell, Bobby Richardson, Katherine Lepinc, Margaret Anne English, Isabel Hoffman, Edward Litogot, Ardis Zahnow, Marjorie Mills, Margery Mielke, Mary McLeod. Joyce Jorae, Henry Haigh, Barbara Newell, Maxine Richards, Lois Soderquist, Virginia Procknow, Bernadine Cadaret ReacheH, Dorothy Procknow, Allen Ormond, Harry Lee Burns, Nancy Cosbey, Everett Petrak, Theresa Lepine, Bill Ruddiman, Carol Bennett. EDISON INSTITUTE HIGH SCHOOL iii? 1 4:31! I iii? mi?! saws; ii ill I I imill'i Fi' O I: Mil I'l . III II!!! III' - .- .3-- n u - m IE! . aamili? i! Left to right-Bob Piper, Tommy Marshall, Kenneth Petrak, Marjorie Scott, Earl Helwig, Billy McLeod, Margaret Voorhess, Dorothy Chubbuck, Eileen Barth, Herman Weeks, David Roth, Wilbur Donaldson. Susan Alderdyce, H. Grophear Qarincipah, Babb y Snow, Billy Smith, Isabelle Gassett, John Bob Shackleton, Barbara Sheldrick, Irene Stead, Dorothy Richardson, Betty Hutchinson. Page Six HER'ALD A What Does Your Garden Grow? 3i GROWING THINGS IN GREENFIELD Our gardens at Greenfield Village were this year somewhat retarded owing to the unseasonable weather; but in spite of the lack of rain radishesy grew abun- dantly. In fact we have more than enough for ourselves, and were able to pass on to friends and relatives a gener- ous helping. Thanks to the recent rains, the school gardens in general are beginning to take on new life, and with a little nursing on our part we should have bumper crops this fall. Peas are in flower, and beans should be ready in a week or so. We are enjoy- ing the turnip tops, which make an ex- cellent green, equal to spinach. Toma- toes have taken hold and are doing well. Potatoes are peeping through, and if the weather continues favorable and we keep the fine sandy loam worked up, we ought to expect prize-winning potatoes. Some of the gardens have fine beets, while others have not done so well, but these no doubt will be replanted. Taken in all, we should be well satisfied with the results thus far. Working in the garden is good exer- cise, and dad says we ought to learn to enjoy it. However, herels wishing suc- cess to all the diiferent school gardens! -Betl,y Atkinson, Town Hall School. WON GARDENS AND CROPS OF THE WAYSIDE INN Up on walking through the gardens and fields of the Wayside Inn Farm on the fi1 et day of summer one is astounded at the early and rapid growth made by the crops. The observer is also pleased to find that the gardens are free from insect pests, diseases, and weeds. Con- stant care and management are factors that contribute to the remarkable appearance of the gardens The peas, which were planted on April 15, are ready to pick; in fact, several bushels have been picked 'during this past week. The plants are vigorous and are abundant in luxuriant foliage, a sure indication of health. These peas are planted in a sandy loam soil which was worked deeply and has been culti- vated frequently in order to maintain soil moisture and to destroy weeds. Our tomatoes, which were set out in the field on May 30, are of the Comet variety. These plants owing to their tropical origin do not withstand cold and therefore are started in cold frames, hot- beds, or greenhouses. A rather high temperature is necessary for best devel- opmente65 to 70 degrees at night and 80 during the day. Sudden drops in temperature are usually harmful since they hinder the growth and injure pro- ductivity. Our plants are already bearing fruit, the largest tomatoes being two inches in diameter. This is remark- able growth, and we feel proud that we have such large fruit at this season when most farmers are just beginning to notice their fruit. Our potatoes, planted on April 23, are now in full bloom, and it is a beauti- ful sight to see all the whitish purple blooms upon a background of deep rich green foliage. These potatoes are of the early variety, namely, Irish Cobblers. If the weather conditions are favorable we should have some of these for the market in a month or six weeks. We could go on indefinitely telling about our line crops, but space does not permit us to do so. Before closing I should like to add that we have a stand of rye in which it might be easy to get lost. The stalks tower way above the heads of our boys. We feel proud of our gardens and wish you could all come out to visit them. -Normcm Hunt. Located not very far from the Dutton Lodge is a fairly large piece of land the use of which is given over to the boys of the school. Nearly everyone has a garden. These are all standardized as to size, the dimensions being fifty feet by sixty feet. The boys have taken advantage of this opportunity and it is a real pleasure to see them all busily engaged in weeding and cultivating their plots of land. Aside from developing the personal side of each boy, it enables him to earn his own spending money. Besides the gardens, some boys have chickens. There are several very attrac- tive houses available at all times for those boys that might be interested in keeping a flock of a few birds. eWilliam Laskey ,34, Wayside Inn Boysl School. mm Junior Gardens The junior class was late in getting its gardens staited, as the younger classes have necessa1i1y1equired more individual attention. The junior ga1 dens are located behind the salvage yai d where the school gardens were located two years ago. The soil there is in good condition, and that point alone should help the juniors to catch up to the younger boys. Mr. Rorstrum has been busy supply- ing the right kind of seeds at the right time for the gardens. As there is a specified time when the various seeds should be planted, it is important that planting be on time according to the garden plan. Our Schools tConcluded from page threel from the yellow song book, under the direction of Mr. Koch. Two selections were given by the pupils of each school. There was also a soloist from Toledo, Ohio-Miss Hallewho sang USchubertls Serenade," "Coming Through the Rye," and two other selections. Refreshments were afterwards served. More than three hundred persons attended the event. The mill was draped in dark rose and white, with bouquets of roses and peonies at intervals. Each teachei and pupil put his heart into the work, with assurance of its beingr a success, which it was pronounced to be at the close. aRoma Driscoll. "Eva" writes: Nature stories of the observation of diiferent birds are in- teresting; and it seems peculiar that the city children should have seen so many birds, while we donit hear from the country boys and girls on these topics. "Pipe a song about a lamb!" So I piped with merry cheer. The above lines were written by William Blake, who lived from the year 1757 until 1827. Sally Owens, Scotch Settlement School, sent us a poem about lambs, which appeared in the last issue of the Herald. But she is an artist as well, and we now reproduce one of her drawings. SCHOOL PICNICS On Monday, June 11, the Wayside Inn Boys School went on a picnic to Benson s Wild Animal Farm in Hudson, New Hampshire. A lunch was taken and eaten at a stone's throw from lions, tigers, hyenas, elephants, baboons, py- thons, giraifes, deer, buifaloes, peacocks, and many other animals and birds from foreign lands. During the afternoon it was interesting to watch the trainers put their animals through their training routine. The most clever of the per- forming animals is probably the monkey; the goats and pigs, of the domesticated animals, surprised the audience by their clever acts. The day was an ideal one for such a trip and an enjoyable time was spent by everyone. On Tuesday the Southwest and Red- stone schools held their picnic at Whalon Park in Fitchburg. The children spent a very pleasant time In the park. Swing- ing and the playing of games seemed to be the favorite pastimes. A Poem Give me work to do, Give me health, Give me joy in simple things. Give me an eye for beauty, A tongue for truth, A heart that loves, A mind that reasons, A sympathy that understands. Give me neither malice nor enmity, But a true kindness And a noble common sense. At the close of each day Give me a book And a friend with whom I can be silent. S. M. Frazier, Wayside Inn Boys School. HERALD Page Seven Little Ones Entertain Bigger Ones at Green Lane Thursday, the fourteenth, and practi- cally the last day of our school year! We are to give a program for our parents this afternoon. My, what excitement! The time is drawing nearer and the people are already arriving. One-thirty at last and time to begin! Bobby Moore, our four-year-old umaster of ceremonies," ann ounces the first num- ber, which is an introduction by Colleen Davison and Robert German. This is followed with a song by the whole school. Bertram Davies, the tiniest boy in school, now steps confidently forth and recites: Ilve never seen a purple cow, Nor do I hope to see one, But this I111 say, anyhow, I'd rather see than be one. Another song by the school and then a dramatization 0f tiThe Three Bears" in which Robert Bachtal takes the part of the ttFather Bear," Gloria Under- wood of the ttMother Bear," Marjorie Wickwire of the UBaby Bear," and Doris Perry of "Goldilocks." The expectant audience next sees a number of boys representing Indians come filing in and taking their places. The tiIndians" proceed to inform you, with the familiar song, that ttOld John Brown Had a Little Indian." Marjorie Wickwire is seen next talking to her HSick Doll," after which a medley of songs is played by the nBand." Mary Jane Pritchard then recites several nursery rhymes, and now comes the dramatization of 1tThe Three Pigs." Ann Thompson is the ttMother Pig," Richard Hall the "First Pig," Bobby Nelson the HSecond Pig," and Robert DeGroot the ttThird Pig." Douglas Fairbanks is the man With the sticks, Billy Hayden the man with the straw, and Bobby German the man with the bricks. Jerry Anthes takes the part of the ttWolf" After their exciting ex- periences, the pigs, the men, and the wolf Join in singing ttWho s Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?" Lilly Jean Dewey now tells you of ttThe Birdie With a Yellow Bill." Next is seen a pretty little picture of several couples of boys and girls. Each little girl carries a doll and beside her stands a little boy with his arm around her. They sing their dolls to sleep with Brahm's beautiful "Cradle Song." Jimmy Sisson comes next with a little piece called "The Five Year Old." thespers," a little boys prayer, is given by Billy Hayden and Justin Coover. All the pupils now join in singing a medley of songs, after which Douglas Fairbanks gives his viewpoint on itBal- 100115." The boys and girls then express their feelings quite adequately by sing- ing the last song on the program, "Vaca- tion Time." At the close of our program the little tots serve their parents tand them- selvesl with ice cream and cookies and Mr. Perry Hayden takes several pictures of them. After a grand time of visiting and playing the children are taken home, tired but happy. -Margaret Papp, Green Lane Academy School. Tennis Season Opens at Greenfield Village Thirty Report to Hutchinson Greenfield Village students are now learning the game of tennis on the courts that face Michigan Avenue and Elm Street. The girls of the Village schools have Tuesdays and Thursdays to play and the boys are occupying the courts on SPORTS AND PASTIMES - - . These children may come and learn the game any time during the day. Many of them are taking to the courts for the first time; the majority are progressing rapidly 1n the fundamentals. The boys participating have the opportunity to swim in the Rouge Pools at times during the week. Com- bining tennis and swimming for the children is making their vacations complete. While at the pools, they will be permitted to enter only the 3-foot to 5-foot tank to insure safey for all. arranged called a Pyramid Tennis Tournament. The form is identical Wlth the layout you see below this article. The object of the course is to get your block on the top or as close as possible. These blocks of wood can be taken off and moved to different positions on the board. To reach the top you must challenge one whose name appears in the row above yours. If you defeat him then the blocks are changed and yours is placed in his for- mer position. However, you must take a challenge after every advance. Some of the boys have itotf-board" positions and must defeat some one in the bottom row before their names are placed on the board. They have been very en- thusiastic over the idea. Eighteen matches were played on the first day of tournament contesting. TENNIS RESULTS Wednesday, June 20 Court Name Opponent Result 1 Kresin vs. Reader 6-4 2 Dahlinger vs. Litogot 6-0 2 Burns vs. Apesech 6-4 1 Helwig vs. Roberts 6-3 2 Marshall vs. Roth 6-0 4 Ormond vs. Dahlinger 6-4 2 Kresin vs. Shackleton 6-3 1 McLeod vs. Roth 6-0 1 Apesech vs. McCloud 6-1 2 Helwig vs. Reader 6-1 4 Donovan vs. Ormond 6-0 1 McLeod vs. Marshall 9-7, 6-4 4 Dahlinger vs. Litogot 8-6 1 McLeod vs. Marshall 6-1, 6-2 1 Shackleton vs. Reader 6-4 1 Ormond vs. Ford 6-2 2 Shackleton vs. Petrak 6-2 4 Dahlinger vs. Roth 6-3 Friday, June 22 1 Reader vs. Roth 6-2 2 Kresin vs. Simpson 6-0 2 Litogot vs. Ormond void 1 Marshall vs. McLeod 1-6, 8-6. 6-1 3 Simpson vs. Roth 6-0 3 Kresin vs. Litogot 6-2 2 Helwig vs. Snow 6-4 2 Spencer vs. Reader 6-1 3 Roth vs. Ormond 6-1 2 Helwig vs. Litogot 6-4 3 Snow vs. Roth 6-1 3 Kresin vs. Snow 6-1 1 Spencer vs. McCloud 6-0 3 Spencer vs. Ormond 6-0 Winnersi Names in Bold Type TENNIS Girlsi Sessions Tuesdays and Thursdays Boysl Sessions Mondays, Wednesdays and Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. A tournament for the boys has been Fridays STANDINGS IN PYRAMID TENNIS TOURNAMENT Results Ending Friday, June 22, 1934 1W I APESECH II MARSHALL I READER I I McCLOUD I I ROTH I I BURNS KRESIN II ORMOND I I DAHLINGER I I SPENCER I ISHACKLETON I I FORD I I LITOGOT l I SNOW I DONALDSON I I DONOVAN HELWIG I I GARDNER l I RUCKER PETRAK I I Page Eight HERALD Edison Junior Pioneers Learn to Be Useful The Edison J unior Pioneers have been working on a series of seven tests which have been selected not only as a help and guide to the boys everyday life, but also to teach them useful things about outdoor life and camping. The requisites for the tests consist of : First test: a. Memorizing the Pioneer Oathe Page 31, handbook. b. Memorizing the Pioneer Law. This law consists of the twelve ideals or qualities which a true Pioneer tries his best to live up to; these are found on page 34 of the handbook. c. Learning to tie any nine of the knots described on pages 78 to 84. Second Test: Making fire by friction with bow and wood drill, as described on page 188 of handbook. With the proper kind of wood, fires have been made in a few seconds. Third Test: a. Learning the sixteen points of the compass as shown on page 172. b. Memorizing Kiplingls poem fiIf." Fourth Test: Learning the international Morse code tPage 216i, and being able to receive a simple message. Fifth Test: Knowing how to render first-aid for wounds, fainting, bruises, sprains, etc., and how to put on bandages; also how to restart breathing in a case of apparent drowning. This is all described on pages 116 to 130 in the handbook. Sixth Test: a. Making fire by flint and steel. This method tPage 19D is easier than that using a bow and wood drill. b. Building and lighting a fire with one match tPage 166i. c. Knowing the safety rules about fire. tPage 228i. Seventh Test: Giving rules of safety for home, work, schcgol, and street fPages 173 to 181 . As an added inducement, a reward is offered for each test passed. It is hoped that the tests will be Finished by July 1, so that the Pioneers can proceed with midsummer activities. As each test is passed by the Pioneer, a card is made out by one of the two leaders, and this card is held until enough are collected to purchase the rewards. MN OUR NEW VICTROLA AT THE CLUBHOUSE It seems as though the clubhouse had everything to make girls happy, but today when I went in I found one more thing, a Victrola, and some piles of records. I began to look at the records, and the more I looked at them the more excited I became. I started to play them right away. The only trouble was, I was impatient to hear them all, and I wanted to play them all at the same time. It was my afternoon to go riding but I just couldnit leave the music. There is a wide variety of records, including operatic selections, the ballads of Stephen Foster, symphonies, and records illus- trating different instruments. I played and played, and for once had enough music to satisfy my wants. -Suscm Alderdyce, Edison I nstz'tule High School. NEW MARY LEE VISITS THE CLUBHOUSE I went to the girls clubhouse in Greenfield Village with my big sister, and I took a little friend with me. The blg girls were making strawberry jam. When it was all done they let me skim It. What I skimmed off I put in a saucer and we called it lstrawberry fuzz." My little friend and I spread it on some cookies, and we thought it tasted awful good. eMary Lee Alderdycc, Town H all School. Two little maids who have been prominent in many Greenfield Village activitieSmMar- garet Voorhess and Isabelle Cassatt. A WORD OF THANKS I should like to take this opportunity of thanking the girls of Greenfield Village for honoring me as the first president of our club. I will try my best to be a good president and develop the qualities necessary. The Club wishes to extend an in- The Life and Work of Stephen Collins F oster Part II. By Isabelle Gassett. Stephen Fosterls leaning toward the music of the South was no doubt brought about by his attendance at negro camp meetlngs. This resulted in his folk songs llMy Old Kentucky Home," "Massals in the Cold, Cold Ground? ffOld Folks at Home," and others. lfOld Folks at Home," often called llSwanee River," may be classed as the greatest American folk song. It was composed October 1, 1851. Foster never saw the river he immortalized. His b-roth-er Morrison Foster told it first in hIS biography of Stephen that HStephen went to his brother in Pittsburgh and asked him about a welI-sounding name for a river that would fit into the first llne of his song. A map was brought out and they finally came upon a black line meanderlng through Florida; it was the Suwannee. Making a penciled note of the name but spelling it Swanee, Stephen hurried oif." 'On the cover of the first edition of this song was a picture of Fosterls parents. "Old Black Joe" was a negro who drove the doctor-father 0f Fosteris wife. At night Joe performed house- hold'duties. tiSome day,n Stephen said to hlm, iTm going to put you into a song." Joe died before the song was written. On June 20, 1850, Foster was married to Jane Denny McDowell, of Pittsburgh. Shortly after the marriage he received an invitation from his publishers to come to New York. The young couples married life lasted hardly a year. . Stephen Foster was receiving an income of $1500 yearly for his compo- sitions up until a few years previous to hIS death. It is sometimes a mystery how he received that amount when we find that he sold some of his songs for $13.75. But Foster never questioned the price he was offered, and unfortunately many publishers took advantage of his trusting nature. vitation to the older girls of other Ford schools. -Isabelle Gassett, Edison Institute High School. uOur Home" refers to the girls' club rooms in Secretary House, Greenfield Village. This is my village home. I can to preserve its loveliness. whom I work and play. OUR HOME tBy Margaret L. Mackinnonl I will think of it as mine, and do all I know that beauty depends upon cleanliness and order, and being blessed with health and strength, I will use them to the best of my ability in my household tasks. To plan and care for a house wisely is a challenge to my intelli- gence. I will meet it with an open mind to learn all I can about the various skills required in making a home. The loveliest part of our home is the spirit of friendship which makes our responsibilities and pleasures mutual. this above all else, and I will strive to maintain a feeling of obedience to my duties, joy for all good gifts, and affection toward those with So may we live together, and then pass on to the girls who follow us a heritage of happiness made double by sharing. I will cherish HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, July 13, 1934. No. 12 Clinton Inn, at Hostelry With a Histoyy HE Clinton Inn in its present setting is of great historical value and is considered one of the most beautiful and interesting buildings in Greenfield Village. It is of stanch construction, black walnut being largely used for timber. It is seventy-six feet in length with square White columns in front. Behind By BETTY HUTCHINSON Back of the sitting room and t0 the side of the kitchen is a very large dining hall, which is temporarily being used as a schoolroom for the hrst to the third grades. 0n the second hoor is a ballroom. It is so constructed that the iioor has a slight spring to it. For this reason dancers experienced a delightful sense became known as the Eagle Tavern. W. Hubbell Smith bought the tavern before the close of the Civil War and changed the name to the Union Hotel. He carried on business until a few years before his death in 1896. When his Wife died a few years later it was left to their daughter Miss Ella Smith, who loved every board and every inch of the ground. CLINTON INN This splendid example of an old American inn was erected over a century ago. west and north to obtain supplies at Clinton stores. 1t stood on the Detroit-Chicago route, known to the Indians as the "Great Sauk Trail." It was at one time a favorite resort of wagoners who came long journeys from the This hostelry was at first known as the Eagle Tavern, but before the close of the Civil Wax- the name was changed to Union Hotel. these on the ground iioor is a wide piazza, and on the second hoor, partly supported by the columns is a veranda. The two front doors each admit to halls. The Parlor 0n the extreme right is a parlor furnished with mahogany haircloth- covered furniture, rose patterned carpet, White gilded wallpaper, and fireplace with ornamental vases. The center room served as a sitting room and was very inviting to a visitor. On the left side is a taproom. Back of the parlor is the Colonial style kitchen. This is very picturesque with its open fireplace, and the dried apple, corn, trading box and kitchen utensils hanging from the beams and beside the fireplace. In one corner stands a single-hand grandfather's clock. of cheer as they glided over its smooth surface, and it seemed as if they never grew tired. To the left of the ballroom is a bedroom typical of a guest room of early inns. At the head of the stair- way is a hall leading to the students' rooms. There are nine of these but all quite small. The inn was built about 1832 by Calvin Parkhurst, an early settler of Clinton, Michigan. It was sold by him to J ames Park, and was run as the Parks Tavern until the later forties. It stood nearly midway on the Detroit-Chicago route, known to the Indians as the "Great Sauk Trail.u Wagoners came from as far west as White Pigeon, and from north of Jack- son to obtain supplies at Clinton stores. Every night rooms were filled. Soon it It was purchased from her by Mr. Ford for Greenfield Village. Several Changes Since the building was moved to Greenfield Village several changes have been made. The stairway ran in the opposite direction, and the bottom step was in the rear of the hall instead of near the front door. The present dining room has been lengthened by about thirty Ieet. This part of the building was but one story high with a shed roof. The kitchen was formerly two stories high. When the inn was first erected a door was placed in the taproom wall exactly where the bottle rack now hangs. The Clinton Inn as it stands today is of special interest to thousands of tourists who pass through its doors. Page Two HERALD THE HERALD OH'ioial organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant. Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith H oag Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, Jean Downing, Manna Quackmbush. Town School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownville, Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington Academy School, M arjorie Wickwire, Jerry Anthea Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drouillurd, Agnes Montgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS Egg Yolks Science in agriculture has advanced rapidly during the last two decades. The field of agriculture is a vast one and has many phases. The farmer of today is no longer of the general type but rather is a specialist in one particular field. In our study of poultry husbandry for instance the question of yolk color arises. Is there any means of controlling the color of the egg yolk? Through careful study and through experiments it has been discovered that this important factor may be controlled. In some sec- tions of the country the consumers prefer the dark yolk while in other sections the light yolk is the best seller. This yolk color is controlled through feeding practices. Excessive amounts of either linseed or cottonseed meal cause very dark yolks. Weeds of the mustard family when consumed by the hen when she is out in the yard or on the range also tend to produce dark yolks. The intensity of this color is due in large part to a pigment called xanthophyll. This pigment is present in corn, alfalfa leaf meal, and in dark green plants such as grass, alfalfa, the clovers, kale, rape, and green oats. If you have a backyard Hook and you are getting an undesirable color of egg yolks you may find your solution here. eA Senior, Wayside Inn Boys' Schools DO YOU KNOW ABOUT JIGGERS? Do you know what a iijigger" is? I hope not, for I didnit either until last week. I always used the word just like "gadgetiIto speak of something when I didnt know its name. It was so easy to say "that funny little jigger there." But it seems that jiggers arentt a bit funny; in fact they are extremely dis- agreeable. They are very tiny little insects that live in tall grass and watch their chance to annoy people. They get right under the skineyou can hardly see them-and then they itch and itch until you are frantic. If you get them the best thing to do is to apply cloths wrung out of hot water, as hot as you can bear it. They donlt like that. Iim not sure whether they crawl out again or not, for I have been fortunate enough to escape them personally. But jiggers iSeor are-ethe reason why the tall grass in the meadow below the girls, clubhouse has been cut and mowed. Now the meadow is lovely, and makes an ideal place for horseback riding or practising golf shots. We donit have to fear the little pests any longer. If anybody knows that there is a real tool called a "gadget" I hope he won't tell me, for its the only word I have left now that will fit everything. A PATH IN THE FIELDS Coming home one evening after the dew had fallen, my little brother and I took a short cut across the fields. The grass and clover were growing high on both sides of the narrow path, but by walking singly we could avoid some of the dampness. When we had walked some distance, on looking ahead I saw what seemed to be the end of the path. All beyond waved the tall grass, through which I knew we could not walk without wetting our feet. We stood for a moment uncertain what would be best to do. We were tired, and to turn back meant a long walk around. At last, we decided to go ahead. So on we walked nearer and nearer to the end. Just as we approached it, we saw to our surprise that the path took a sudden turn by which we found a still shorter route to our street beyond. eDorothy M cCollum, Old Stone Pennington. Mm Donit Crumble Donit grumble or look for flaws as you go through life; And even when you nnd them, It is wise and kind to be somewhat blind And look for the good behind them. ePearl Clark, Old Stone Pennington. Short Lessons 1n Journalism The MechanicalSide At one time most journalists or news- paper men graduated from the itback shop." They learned the mechanical end of newspaper making first through a long apprenticeship in setting type by hgnd. Benjamin Franklin was one of t ese. There are budding Benjamin Frank- lins today if their parents only knew it and they themselves realized it. But some parents may say, til dontt want my boy to be a printer, I want him to be an editor." But printing is one of the most ancient, one of the most artis- tic, and one of the most highly skilled of all the crafts. One may be a very good printer with- out being an editor, but one cant be a good editor without having a considerable knowledge of printing. For example, to a boy or girl who wishes to become an emcient editor, the practical knowledge of how different sizes and different dee signs of type should be used to the best advantage is indispensable. Without that knowledge one cannot successfully edit copy, write headlines, direct the make-up of pages, or work out new ideas in showing up good copy. The editor, as a matter of fact, acts as director of the printers who set up the news stories, and must be able to instruct them in the most attractive display of the same. In order to do this he must be in a position to tell them what kinds of type to use, and how it is to be arranged and made up in the page. Only one who understands both the printing and the editorial sides of news- paper production is qualified to become an editor or publisher. ttTo fit; nhimself for advancement in the newspaper field, the student or the beginner who is tlearn- ing the ropes' needs to know everything he can about the work." On the left as you enter the Lincoln Courthouse is this quaint old fireplace, with its CLEI'i- ously wrought fire irons complete. The fire of logs has been kept continuously byrnlng ever since President Hoover ignited it during the Edison golden jubilee celehratlon on October 21, 1929. On the right of the fireplace isa glimpse of the stair leading to the gecond Hoor. HERALD Page Three Our Schools WILLOW RUN A Nest in a Garden One day about the last week of school one of the boys of Willow Run School was hoeing in his garden. While working along he was startled by a noise in front of him. He dropped his hoe. After the scare had passed he looked down in front of him where the noise came from. As he first looked he saw nothing unusual, but as he stooped to pull a weed almost hidden by his turnips, his hand brushed the side of a tiny nest with one brown and white egg in it. Every day when he went to his garden he looked at the nest, and each day there was one more egg in it until there were four eggs. We are anxiously waiting to see if the eggs will all hatch. eDam'el Wolfe. A Visit to Greenfield Recently six of us girls from Willow Run went to Greenfield Village to stay overnight at the girls, clubhouse with Miss Mackinnon. As soon as we arrived she had us sit down and get cooled 01f, as it was much cooler in Secretary House than out of doors. After we were rested she showed us almost everything in the house. It was not long before it was time to start our evening dinner. We all made something for the dinner, and that made it more tasty than if one person had made it. After dinner was over and dishes were washed, we walked through the village. It was my first time through; so it was all new to me, and I certainly enjoyed it. The bus called for us at nine next morning, and took us to our gardens. I enjoyed my trip and am looking forward to going again. e-Lillicm Poet. SCHOOL TIME I've gone to school and finished the eighth, I've studied hard from morning itill night; I've tried my best to never be late; Ilve made up my mind to go to the ninth. Iill try my best to make a success, And when I am wrong I will confess; I'll do all I can to have some friends, And hope to have them when school ends. -Lillian Poet. THE R00 STER Down the road the rooster goes On his orange yellow toes; See him lift and toss his head As he takes a bit of bread. Hels as vain as he can be; That is very plain to see. eSelected by Ruth Reinhackel. THERE WAS A MAN There was a man in our town, He was a doctor wise Who wanted folks to keep quite well, And so he did advise Fresh air, good food, and lots of sleep, With merry times each day; And all the folks who followed him Were happy, well, and gay. -Ruth Reinhackel. HEALTH HABIT RIME Look left, look right, Keep all in sight. Look front, look rear, Look there, look here. Look all about, In short, look out. -Frank Reinhackel. MN RAWSONVI LLE For our last day of school Mrs. Allen had us all bring something to eat for a picnic. We went to school Thursday, and when the afternoon came we started on our journey. Mrs. Allen didnlt tell us where we were going. We went through Saline, Bridgewater, Manches- ter, Napoleon, and Jackson. It was about a fifty-mile ride one way. No one knew where we were until we got there. When we got there we ate our supper, and at night we saw the Jackson cascades, which were very beautiful. We walked up around them. They had flower boxes which were also beautiful. We enjoyed the trip greatly. Thanks to Mrs. Allen. A Pleasant Ending Our last night of school was at Sus- terka Lake dance hall. We met there with our parents. We danced, and our school had a short program which con- tained our school history and some songs. After that Mrs. Allen had us march several times to receive our passing slips, ice cream, and our gifts, which were very lovely. Mrs. Allen also received several lovely gifts. After- .. . 17.3, ,. t" . W A? n N??? ,0: 9'; $3! Here we have the orchestra of Willow Run School in a delightful setting of green meadow and budding tree, imparting an atmosphere which is truly Arcadian. wards we bade everyone a happy vaca- tion and good night. A Pet Pigeon I have added another pet to my collection: a pigeon. We have named him ttMajor," because when I bring him to the house to be fed, he marches back to the hencoop where he stays eand he looks like a little soldier. He is of a brown color. Several children of our school at- tended the Fourth of July celebration in Ypsilanti. -Lois Corkins. OLD STONE PENNINGTON Pennington School reporters are away for the summer and the other pupils are staying quietly at home, the girls helping their mothers and the boys working on the Ford Farms. Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Travis are enjoying the quiet and restfulness of their home. The freedom from llsched- ule" seems most enjoyable for a change. Monna Quackenbush, one of our reporters, is spending the summer with her relatives in Hudson and Morenci, and J ean Downing, the other, is spending her summer with her mother's people in Fowlerville. School Gardens Our school gardens are very beautiful, and we have had many goodies to eat from them thus far. This summer the entire garden is inclosed by a wide border of flowers. We have had four large beds of flowers planted on our school grounds just west of the building and a wide border separating the school yard from the field. Because of my daddyls condition, I wont be able to take a vacation trip during the hot months of the summer. I am spending my time helping mother with her work and working in my school garden, and I think it is time well spent. -Pearl Clark. BROWNVILLE Vacation Activities at Brownville J ames Lister will assist Billy Pirscher, of Adrian, for the next three weeks. His sister Gladys will assume his duties watching cows along the roadside during his vacation. Anna and Florence Beevers are assisting their aunt, Mrs. Opal Holmes, of Tecumseh, with her housework this summer. These sisters are very diligent anhc'llalways trying to do something worth w 1 e. Roma Driscoll has been at Dowagiac the past four weeks, assisting Mrs. Harold Treat in the care of her twins, Jean and Marilyn. Gerald is dividing his time between swimming at Sand Lake and the gravel pit at Tecumseh. W:- The Johnson children have been helping their mother to gather rasp- berries and blackberries for canning. tPlease turn to page sixl Page Four HERALD - - - - DAYS TO BE REMEMBERED ARE WILLOW RUN SCHOOL Left to right Betty Padget, Arline Woods, Gene Barnes, Billy Sparrow, Bobby Cook, Clifford Barnes, Amos Spencer, Miss Dobie Reacherh Bobby Hoag, Harold Blanck, Jack Suggitt, Jack Hewitt, Phyllis La Fortte, Helen Wellbrook, Walter Rein- hackel, Helen Hoag, Pauline Reinhackel, Grant Dicks, Lillian Poet, Russell Akans, Edith Hoag, Helen Hewitt, June Suggitt, Daniel Wolfe, Frank Reinhackel, Emma Spencer, Ruth Reinhackel, Marie Horn, Evelyn Akans. RAWSONVILLE SCHOOL Left to right-Phyllis Crippen, Robert Nelson, Danny Crippen, Robert Smith, Mrs. Allen ReacherL David Smith, Beulah Gotta, Dorathea Gotts, Paul Wright, Lois Corkins, Irene Simon, Paul Garoh, Vera Boyd, Kenan Jacobi. HERALD PageFive THOSE HAPPY DAYS AT SCHOOL - - - - - CENTENNIAL SCHOOL Left to right Joyce Pritchard, Mary Hall, Mervin Pilbeam, Russel Pilbeam, Elmer G. Chapman ReacherL Charles Pritch- ard, Marvin Nichol, Joe Glenn, Harley Robinette, Russel Holdridge, Ned Lanning, Ray Williams, Lawrence Holdridge, Robert Montgomery, Helen Anderson, Agnes Montgomery, Gertrude Drouillard, Sophia Glenn, Doris Drouillard, Harriet Ann Lewis, Phyllis Green, Bonnie Hall, Alvin Nichols, Douglas Hall, Betty Nichols. PENNINGTON SCHOOL Left to right Hilah Jean Pierce, Mrs. Travis Reacherh Lois Downing, Gertrude Howell, Jean Downing, Inez Spence, Monna Quacken ush, Ruth Randall, Dorothy McCollum, Harold Ernst, Genevieve Froelich, Herman Creger, Rose Pennington, David Higgins, Anna Pennington, Henry Hawkins, Lilah Kittle, Lucille Froelich, Joyce Vealey, Thelma Howell, Sumner McCollum, Joyce Pennington, Jerome Travis Reacherh Marjorie McHenny, Pearl Clark, Jean Vealey, Colleen Thorne. Page Six HERALD Our Schools tConcluded from page threei Esther Slater is working at the home of Mrs. Milash, who is employed by Hayden Milling Company. Merrill Gray is a fulI-fiedged farmer this summer and has a young Detroiter, Bob Whitehead, staying with him. Doris Harrington helps her mother, who works for the Hayden Milling Com- pany. Kathryn Anthes does housework at home and writes stories in her spare time. Bruce Anthes does gardening and entertains his little brothers, Rufus and Jackie. Neil Jones delivers the Toledo News Bee and follows Vic and Sade very closely too. Eleanor helps her mother about home. Solitude Step into our schoolroom in the morning and see how desolate it looks ethe seats empty, the radio gone, no shouts from the ball diamond, n0 buzz from the sewing machine, and no tap- tap from our telegraphy set. How glad We shall be when We can hear these sounds again! eArmem'a J ohnson. Our Campus Out in our school grounds we have many trees and shrubs. Last fall we had grapes, apples, and pears. Now we have cherries and currants. Early May gave us yellow roses and red and white peonies. At present petunias and red roses adorn our lawn. eKaLhryn Anthes. CNN GREEN LANE ACADEMY With summer come vacations, trips to lakes and just loads of fun. Jimmy Sisson and Bobby Nelson have gone to the lake several times since "Lady SummerU has made her appearance. Gloria Underwood went to see her daddy in Detroit a few days ago. She had lots of fun playing on the swings With the boys and girls there and before zheflcame back home she received a lovely 0 . Justin Coovefs little brother Derrel asked his mother one morning for a coddled egg. His mother told him she had no water ready and so she could not fix him one. to which Derrel replied, 1'Well, just give me a flat-tire egg, thenP Richard Hall had always been accustomed to calling and hearing his father called bdaddy." One day as Richard was helping his mother with the dishes, Mrs. Hall began to tell him of her father. Richard thought a mo- ment and then asked, HWho is my father and where is he?" While discussing the subject of being overweight, one person said she wished she weren,t so fat, at which a little five- year-old rose from his playing in the sand box and gravely replied, ttQuit eating white bread," and then resumed his playing. eMargaret Papp, Green Lane Academy School. CENTENNIAL During the last week of school Mr. Lovett brought out a photographer from Dearborn and took our pictures. We are waiting anxiously to see them and hope that they prove good. Mr. and Mrs. Chapman and Ray Williams attended the program given in Greenfield Village on June 15. , We are all breathing easier now that examinations are over and we have received our marks for the year telling the story of success or failure. Now that school is out the school gardens furnish an excuse to get back to school and see the other pupils, for every day finds some of them busy in their gardens. The school and the Centennial Dra- matic Club held a picnic at Wamplers Lake June 12. We went in a truck and after unloading our baskets and bathing suits proceeded to have a good time playing baseball, swimming, exploring Cedar Hill and playing games in general. About 4:30 in the afternoon we scrambled into the truck and went back to the school, where we enjoyed a few dances. before going home. Lawrence and Russel Holdridge had charge of the sports, and Agnes Mont- gomery and Harley Robinette had charge of refreshments. Phyllis Green and Harriet Lewis visited school on June 13. -Helen E. Anderson. Those Who have finished their physi- cal checkup at the Ford Hospital are Francis and Sophia Glenn, Lawrence and Russel Holdridge, Robert Mont- gomery, Helen Kempf, Charles Pritch- ard, Charlie Austin, and Bonnie, Douglas and Mary Hall. Mr. Mitchell and Mr. Redford delivered our Heralds for June 15. We are glad they are to be issued regularly all summer and we hope to have some- thing ready for each issue. Joe Glenn and Robert Montgomery are working With the Ford Farms during their vacation. School Notes Le Roy Montgomery recently re- turned home from the Henry Ford Hospital where he underwent an opera- tion on his right eye. School closed on Friday, June 15. A number of the pupils went to the hospital for tests. We had examinations Thursday and Friday. We hope that everybody passed their tests. The school gardens are coming fine. But the weeds keep growing as fast as we get them hoed out. Gertrude Drouillard is unable to use her left hand because of a sprain received when playing ball at the school picnic. She has it in a steel cast for a week or two. Wava Richard is now able to return to the hospital for treatment. She has been under quarantine for scarlet fever. Pennington School Closmg Exercwes The Boy Who Made 3. Cake For our closing event we entertained the parents of the pupils at the audi- torium of the town school. There were about one hundred guests. After the program, in Which every pupil in the school had some part, refreshments of angel food and sunshine cake with lemon- ade were served. The cake Was made by one of the boys in our school, Harold Ernst. This is quite unusual, but this splendid boy hopes sometime to be a famous Chef or steward. The Randall family, father, mother, and daughter Ruth, who has been a pupil here for three years, assisted by Edwin Howell, furnished the music for dancing during the remainder of the evening. The hall was beautifully decorated with roses, peonies, Canter- bury bells and other flowers. The program follows: Psalm 121 by the school. "Wel- come, Colleen Thom," written by Jean Downing. Vocal Dueteby Pearl Clark and Joyce Pennington. uOld Age'L-Anna Pennington. ttSigning the Declaration of Independence," drama- tized by Monna Quackenbush. ItPenn,s TreatytI-sdramatized by Genevieve Froelich and Rose Pennington. UAlpha- betical Mix Upiiearranged by Jean Downing. NGrandfatheris Clock," sung by a group of girls. HBetsy and I are Outf nHow Betsy and I Made Up" -Wi11 Carletonegiven by Ruth Ran- dall and Monna Quackenbush. Solo- Gertrude Howell. "Faithful unto Death"ePear1 Clark. "Health Exer- cise'teby Jean DowningHgiven by primary grades. Pantomime, 'tIn the AtticIi-by Thelma Howell and Jean Downingesung by Inez Spence, Gene- vieve Froelich, Ruth Randall, Monna Quackenbush. "Grandmothers Will" eLilah Kittle. "Driving Home the CowstteJoyce Vealey. SoloeInez Spence. IIAn Indignant Scholartie Lois Downing. tIA Mortifying Mistake" eMarjorie McHenny. ItKitty and the Mouse"eHilah Jean Pierce. "The Last Round-up"eschool. MN My First Fish When we were at the lake daddy and I went fishing. I dontt like to put worms on the hook, so daddy did that for me. I threw the line in and waited. Pretty soon I sawthe bobber go down; so I knew there was a fish on the hook. I pulled and he pulled too, and he got under the boat. Finally I got him in the boat, and he was a big bass. That night we had a fish fry, and my fish was eaten and enjoyed. I was very proud. eMary Eleanor Ritenour, Town Hall School. We were sorry that we could not attend the closing exercises at the Green- field Village Schools; it was hospital day for almost every pupil of Centennial. We hope to increase the number of pupils in the school next year. We had twenty-nine the past year. We have chosen school colors. They are blue and yellow. Our school flower is the lily of the valley. -Gemude Drouilla-rd, Agnes M ontgomery HERALD Page Seven Boys Make Progress With Their Model T,s The boys of the Greenfield Village Schools of the Edison Institute have made wonderful progress with their model Tis, says Bob Piper. The work- men have constructed a line for us on which the cars are set and can be moved whenever one wishes. The shop has been electrically wired, and an extension has been constructed allowing us plenty of room to work. In taking the cars apart, first we took the 01d bodies off and the motors out; then we scraped and wire-brushed the axles and frames. After this was done they were all clean and ready to repair, both front and rear axles. When all were repaired we had the experience of using the paintbrush on the frames and axles. A few of the motor blocks have been rebabbitted and the cylinders rebored and rehoned. There is quite a lot of work connected with this procedure. REJUVENATING THE MODEL T After having thoroughly cleaned the frame of the Model '1', this group is busily engaged in painting it. The crankshaft had to be fitted in its place. The valves had to be ground and reset. This work was hurried along SPORTS AND PASTIMES McLeod, Apesech and Marshall Lead Netters in Points Letters Awarded to Highest Ten After the first two weeks of play Billy McLeod leads the tennis players with 56 points and is closely followed by Lowell Apesecb with 50 and Thomas Marshall with 46. Both Apesech and Marshall have failed to pull McLeod down to the second row position. Tommy has continuously pushed the leader to deuce sets but has lost out by a small margin. Tennis letters similar to those awarded in baseball will be given to the ten highest ranking boys at the end of the tennis season. Ten points will be added to their score each time they have had perfect attendance through the week. Being present twice a week will add six points and once will bring three. Many of the boys in the upper three rows now have the ability to apply the stroke known as the "volley? or "smash." This improves their game considerably and makes that easy second serve a sure point for the possessor of this stroke. It will soon be possible to arrange a pyramid tournament among the girls. Dorothy Chubbuck and Dorothy Rich- ardson seem to be the outstanding girl players in this sport. Others are im- proving rapidly, learning to serve and play doubles as well as singles. Points Earned Toward at Tennis Letter tThis rating ended Friday, July 6, and the first attendance points were awarded this weekJ MCLEOD ........................ 56 Points APESECH ..... ..50 h MARSHALL ..46 " READER ............. 36 0 ROTH .................... 33 h J. MCCLOUDH ..31 0 KRESIN.... ..31 " SNOW .............. 26 ti RUCKER .............. 21 " DONALDSONU. ...... 19 " SPENCER .............. 16 " DONOVAN". ..... 14 " BURNS .............. 13 " ORMOND .............. 10 0 DAHLINGER. .. ..... 10 ii COSBEY ............... 6 " FORD ........................ 5 " W. MCCLOUD... ,,,,, 3 ti PETRAK ................... 3 ti GARDNER... u 3 0 HELWIG ......................... 3 0 Ten thi extra points will be awarded for each one who has perfect attendance throughout the week. a little by the use of machinery. The piston had to be fitted in place, not too tight and not too loose, about .003 or .004. Bill Smith is more advanced than any of us. He has both axles put together and painted; also his frame, motor, and transmission. He should be finished very soon. His interest in his Model T car has led him to sacrifice a trip to the lake with his father. We are also replacing old worn-out parts with new ones, but are using old parts that are not badly worn, and hope to be driving our cars soon; with many thanks to Mr. Ford. eBob Piper, Edison Institute High School. MN Social Activities tBy Dorothy Richardsom Margaret Voorhess is spending her vacation on Mackinac Island. Dorothy Chubbuck was stopping at the Drake Hotel in Chicago for a week, Visiting the Worldis Fair. Irene Stead has just returned from a cottage on Lake Erie. On Friday, June 29, Joyce Soder- quist, Carol Bryant, Susan Alderdyce, and Dorothy Richardson spent a lovely night at the girls, clubhouse in Green- field Village. NW The third and concluding article on the Life and Work of Stephen Collins Fosterfi by Isabelle Cassatt, will appear in our next issue. STANDINGS IN PYRAMID TENNIS TOURNAMENT Results Ending Friday, July 6, 1934 l McLEOD I I MARSHALL I APESECH I I READER l KRESIN I ROTH I I SNOW I RUCKER IDONALDSONI McCLOUD I I SPENCER I LITOGOT I DONOVAN I HELWIG I BURNS I I ORMOND IDAHLINGERI FORD I PETRAK I GARDNER I COSBEY I Page Eight H E RTA'L D The Edison Junior Pioneers had their field day program, to which everybody was invited, on Friday, June 29. It was held on the camping grounds in Greenfield Village. The fire-building contest was the first event. The idea was to build a fire with one match and burn a string about two feet from the ground. The first to burn the string won. The boys that were in the fire-building contest were John Perry, Bruce Simpson, Billy Kresin, Donald Gilbert, and Albert Roberts. John Perry was first to get his fire started and Albert Roberts was second. Bruce Simpson, Billy Kresin, and Donald Gilbert were disqualified because they didnit get their fire started with one match. Johnis fire was first to scorch the string but it didnit break. Albert pushed his fire over a little bit under the string and he won the contest. The knot-tying contest was next. Each boy that entered this contest was handed four ropes on which to tie the square knot, a bowiine, a slipknot and a timber hitch. The boy that tied all Albert Roberts, winner of the string- burning contest. four knots correctly won. David Roth was first and Thomas Marshall was second. Mr. Roberts then blew his whistle and all the Pioneers lined up according to height and repeated in unison the Pioneer Law. In the next event all the boys who passed the test of tying nine knots and reciting the Pioneer Oath and the Pioneer Law were awarded a pocketknife. Fire by friction was next. There were three teams. Each team made their own outfit. Donald Gilbert, Donald Donovan, and J. G. Rucker, Jr., were Edison Junior Pioneers Hold Their F ielcl Day fReported by J. G. Rucker, JrJ Pyramid building was one of the most entertaining features of the field day. the only team to get a spark; so they won. Then Mr. Roberts read a list of names of boys to receive their haversack for making fire by friction. Then came a compass illustration by Albert Roberts in which he told the sixteen points of the compass. After that a compass was awarded to those who had learned the sixteen points and memorized Kiplingis uIf." The next item was fire by fiint and steel, the boy who had a flaming fire first being the winner. John Perry won. A hike bag was presented to those who passed a test on safety rules about fires and made fire by Hint and steel. The boys that have won the haversack will receive a safety box for keeping matches dry, instead of a hike bag. In the succeeding event John Perry illustrated the head bandage, Billy Kresin the hand bandage, Albert Roberts the arm sling. James Dates demon- strated artificial respiration on David Ormond. A small first-aid kit was awarded to those who passed the test in first aid. A canteen was given to those Who passed the test on safety rules for home, work, school, and street. Then there was a signaling demon- stration. Billy Kresin was the receiver and Jack McCloud was the first sender. Then followed a tug-of-war, and the game of Buffaloes and Indians. The Buifaloes won. A wiener roast and a marshmallow roast followed. Everyone enjoyed the field day very much. When the visitors had left the boys went to their tents and made their beds. Tug-of-wareThe winning team, with, left, Mr. Roberts; right, Mr. Simpson. REXANA fo Carol Bryanti Rexana is my favorite horse. She is about-fifteen hands high tone hand 15 four InchesJ and is five years old. She is brown with a big white streak down her face, and two white feet. I ride her nearly every day. . She is very gentle with people but Wlll try to kick some of the horses. I taught her to eat sugar and now she begs for it all the time. She was a show horse before they brought her to the village and when you stop her she starts to pose. She puts her hind legs far back and her ears forward. She looks very pretty that way. MN WHAT THE STORM DID As Lawoke 0n the morning of June 28 I noticed that the sky was very black, and I could see that a storm was ap- proaching. Soon streaks of lightning began to appear flashing through the sky, and crashes of thunder were heard all around. The sky was as dark as night, and the wind blew very strong. A streak of lightning struck the chimney of Dorothy Chubbuck,s house, and nearly all the bricks were blown down. Lightning also struck my bed- room lamp and sent sparks iiying all over the room. The jewelry shop in Greenheld Village was affected by the lightning, and Gog and Magog were for the time being put out of order. The rain came down quite hard and lasted for several hours. It was a much- needed rainfall and did a lot of good all around. not forgetting the school gardens. -Dorothy Richardson, Edison Institute High School. MN Wayside Inn - - - Boys' School EARLY CROPS 0n the second day of July six pounds of ripe tomatoes were picked at the Wayside Inn Garden. This is unusually early for this part of the country. We have several varieties of tomatoes planted. These were started in flats in our greenhouse and after danger of frost had been eliminated were transplanted in the field. The potatoes which were planted near the Parmenter estate are nearly ready to dig. These are of the cobbler variety and are early maturing. The Vines are in excellent condition, free from blight and beetles. Our crop of peas this year was a large one. At present there are not very many left on the vines as they have all been picked. We have been serving peas at the inn for the past several weeks, much to the pleasure of the guests. SWIMMING TRIPS After a long hard days work on the farm it is a relief to go swimming. We enjoy the bathing at Savage's Pond 1n Marlboro and it is there that we usually go. Recently a small pier was erected upon which is a diving board. On Sun- days we either go to Lake Boone or Solomonis Pond. Most of the boys are good swimmers and it is hoped that be- fore the summer is over all will be able to swim. HERALD. Volume I . Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, July 27, 1934. No. 13 Where The Jolly Old Pedagogue Presided By JAMES GARDNER SCOTCH SETTLEMENT SCHOOL Scotch Settlement School, in its loyely setting of woodland and meadow. is still carrying on the wprk begun in the pipneer days of Michigan. Around this quiet brick building manyofond'memories. linger, and by the new generation of shildren receivmg then: schooling within its walls, many more happy memories will be carried away. The old uBrick School" links up the past with the present and teaches the lessons dear to them both. Scotch Settlement on Warren Avenue, Dearborn, between what are now Southfield Road and Green- field Road, a frame schoolhouse one story high was erected. In this build- ing, on the northeast corner of the Richard Gardner farm, many of the settlers received their school training. Among those who attended the old frame school was Mary Litogot, the mother of Mr. Henry Ford. At one end of the building was a large fireplace. At the other end were a hall and a door. The interior of the building was furnished with a small black walnut table having one drawer that no one but the teacher was allowed to open. There was one chair, which was occupied by the teacher except when visitors came, and that was quite often. For the first five years there was no blackboard in the schoolroom, and it was not until a year after one was received as a gift that an eraser was secured. Chalk in those days was precious and was often lacking. The building was used not only for school purposes but for church and Sunday school as well. a BOUT the year 1842, in the old This wooden building stood for 21 years, until, during the Civil War the frail structure was blown over in a storm, and a new brick one that was up to date for that day and age was built kitty- corner from the site of the first one. We can picture all the children from that section, including young Henry Ford, gathering at Mr. William Fordls house where the teacher boarded, and tramping together across the fields so as to save an extra milels walk. After wiping their feet on the mud scrapers on the porch, they entered the small hall which extended the width of the school. There they deposited skates, caps, and shawls, and hung up their coats. In the schoolroom the children took their places at the double desks. A stove stood in the front of the room and was fed from the woodpile which the boys kept filled. On dark days only kerosene lamps threw light on the McGuifey Readers and other books that were in use at that time. It took some time for Mr. Ford to gather enough information on the brick schoolhouse of the old Scotch Settle- ment to be able to re-erect it in its original form, as it now appears in Greenfield Village. Former students and teachers were appealed to, and they supplied their recollections of the place. In return they received a souvenir key. It is therefore an interesting relic of the earlier school days that has been preserved in Greenfield. In it Mr. Ford is sponsoring new methods of instructing the very young which are now in full progress. The fundamentals of a good education are taughtareading, writing, spelling, arithmetic and geography- besides music, which forms an important feature of the curriculum. When the Scotch Settlement School was opened in the Village on September 16, 1929, thirty-two pupils were enrolled in the four grades, Which were taught by one teacher. On this day Mr. Ford and his seat mate Dr. E. A. Ruddiman, again sat at their desk in the right-hand back corner of the room and carved their initials upon it. Educators show much interest in the methods being used in the old Scotch Settlement and other schools of the group, and it is hoped that many great names will grow from them just as they did from similar schools in the old days. Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the 01d Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn. Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant. Features and Speeial Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, Jean Downing, 1170mm Quackenbush. Town School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownville, M ernll Gray, Dons H arrmglon Academy School,Mar;ar1e W1ckw1're, Jerry Anthes Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes M antgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gen. EDITORIALS Don't Rob the Birds Nature study is an excellent thing when properly conducted. More can be learned from the observation of the habits of the little creatures of fur and feather in their native haunts than by the endless study of books on natural history. But this study of nature, direct from nature, in natures haunts, should not be carried on at the expense of the creatures of the woodlands them- selves. For example, it is quite un- necessary to rob a birdis nest in order to find out the kind of eggs the bird is layingetheir size, their color, or their number. This in the case of most birds can very well be done by observation and without in any way disturbing the nest or the bird. In this connection we would refer our readers to Lesson IV in McGuffey,s Second Reader, page 18. In this simple story it is shown how a little boy, wisely directed, learned all about how little birds build their nests. He witnessed their industry in preparing their tiny homes, and the care they bestowed in feeding their young ones and teaching them to fly. Parents and teachers would do Well to take note of the lesson this story in the McGuEey Reader teaches, so that birds nests may not be thoughtlessly robbed and cruelly destroyed. The loving care bestowed in the raising of 5 eeemz-featheiid songsteis should not be in vain. It ought to be a delight to both old and young to welcome and protect these tiny members of the wood- land choir, so thate When they can fiy, In the bright blue sky, They will warble a song to me; And when I am sad, It will make me glad, To think they are happy and free. C h in c h B u g s C a u s e D a m a g e 1311 Lois Anderson, Comfort Schooll A farm pest that is well known this year is the Chinch bug, which forms the principal topic of conversation when farmers meet. The Chinch bug in its early stages has a great deal of red color to it, but as it matures it turns black It is easily distinguished by a silve1 spot on its back Chinch bugs are very tiny; in fact, they are not more than one-sixteenth of an inch long when they do the most damage. They work first in the grain fields, especially wheat and barley, and when these are cut they go into oat and corn fields. As barley and wheat are nearly full grown before the bugs hatch out, they do little damage before these crops are harvested, but when they enter the corn and oat fields, they prove very destructive. The Federal Government furnishes Lenawee County with several thousands of gallons of tar, which are issued to the farmers to make barriers around the wheat and barley fields. Astthe tar is sticky the bugs are unable to cross it. Chinch bugs cannot be poisoned because they feed only on the j uice in the inside of the plant. These bugs develop wings and fly to their favorite haunts among such grasses and weeds as grow along fence rows and ditch banks, where they lay their eggs about the middle of July. The eggs hatch about one month later unless there happens to be abundant rainfall to destroy them. The second batch of chinch bugs injure the quality but not the quantity of'the corn. In the fall, their resorts should be burnt. Chinch bugs destroyed the sweet corn that was planted for the Comfort School gardens. Fortunately the bug does not care for garden vegetables. Short Lessons 1n Journalism Making Up the Pages In the last of these lessons the mechanical side of journalism was brieiiy dealt with, and it was shown that to be a competent editor or journalist of any kind, a knowledge of the technique of printing was essential. The iimaking upii of the pages of a newspaper or magazine is one of the most important operations on the mechanical side be- cause it is so intimately associated with the editorial side. The make-up of a newspaper or magazine is not left to chance but is planned by the editor in charge and is carried out under his direction. The average reader thinks of a publication in terms of paper an printeris ink; it does not occur to him that each page before going to press is entirely composed of METAL. But so it is. The matter after being set in type is arranged in the pages assigned to it, on a table called a itstonefi This make-up table is called a "stone, because at one time the top was in- variably made of that material. Now it is usually made of steel, though still called a "stone? just as the composing stick is still called a iistick" although it is made of metal, because at one time it was really made of wood. In the process of making up the type into pages on the iistone" it is inclosed and locked in a steel frame called a uchase" and tightened up with wedges or keys so as to become one solid mass all ready for going on the printing press. To make the spaces between the lines of type there are inserted little slips of metal called itleads" when they are thin and "slugsi, when they exceed a certain thickness. To make the spaces between the words, "quads" are used. These are little upright pieces of metal slightly less than "type-high." 1; - :1? The Sparrow and the Bee tFrom McGuffey Second Readeri $NWl Who taught the little bee to fly, Among the sweetest flowers, And lay the feast of honey by, To eat in winter hours? Who showed the little ant the way Her harrow hole to bore, And spend the pleasant summer day, In laying up her store? The sparrow builds her clever nest Of wool, and hay, and moss; 1 Who taught her how to weave it best, And lay the twigs across? 'Twas God who taught them all the way, And gave them all their skill; And teaches children when they pray, To do His holy will. eSelected by Gene Barnes, Willow Run School. -. H71 "wen gpwg-T Pr: we 11 "12,! HERALD Page Three Another stage in the rejuvenation of the medial T by boys of the Edison Institute High C00. O u r S c h o o l s RAWSONVILLE Pupils of Rawsonville School who havenit been absent or tardy through the year 1933-34 are Irene Simons, Lois Corkins, and Paul Garoh, We are thankful for having a bus come to take us Tuesday and Friday of each week to our school gardens. Our gardens are growing just finely in spite of the dry weather. My mother has a picture taken by C. H. Tremear over forty years ago at Willis, Michigan. The photographers name is just below the picture. I have learned how to ride my brotheris bicycle, which is great fun. Unto those who talk and talk, this proverb should appeal: The steam that blows the whistle will never turn the wheel. n-Lois Corkins. NM OLD STONE PENNINGTON Our school building is being painted inside and out, and the beautiful walnut desks and woodwork shine like lovely pieces of furniture. Our girls are beginning to can beans and beets from the school gardens, and every morning one can see the garden dotted with spots of various colors which prove to be the dresses of the girls working in the cool morning at hoeing, pulling weeds, or thinning out onions, beets, carrots and other vegetables. The big water tank which belongs to the Ford Farms drives in frequently and gives the many flowering plants in the garden and the school yard a much needed drink. On July 28 there will be a school reunion of the Macon district. People come from long distances to meet old schoolmates. Mr. Travis not only began his education in the Old Stone Pennington and later attended the Macon School, but still later taught in the Macon School for a time. Mr. Travis and his father planted the trees on the school grounds many years ago while the son was a pupil and the father director of the school. GREEN LANE ACADEMY June twenty-sixth was indeed a happy day for Colleen Davison. She's a big girl now, for she was six years old on that day. At her birthday party she had twelve little guests. Colleen was taken to the hospital July 6, where she had her tonsils and adenoids out. There was another birthday party in Tecumseh a few days ago. This was for Bobby Moore who was four years old J uly 11. There were six little people at Bobbyis party. They were Jimmie Sisson, Doris Perry, Billie Hayden, Bertram Davies, Robert Nelson, and Anne Thompson. Bobby has been staying at Sand Lake for several weeks. One day he went fishing with his mother and daddy and caught a fish all by himself. It was the first he had ever caught, and he was very proud of it. His grandmother fried the fish and Bobby had it for his breakfast. Marjorie Wickwire has been staying at the lake, too. She is learning to swim and already can take several strokes. Jerry Anthes says that Colleen Davison is wearing bare feet now. The creek at Jerryis place has gone dry, and he has lots of fun turning the stones over and hunting for little crabs. A few days ago he planted a weeping willow tree. Jerry has a mother guinea pig which has three little guinea pigs: two white ones and one gray one. w-Margaret Papp, Green Lane Academy. Billy Hayden is attending summer school at the West Branch School in Tecumseh. Billy Hayden Visits World's Fair Thursday, July 6, Billy Hayden together with his father, Perry Hayden, and sister, Mary J ane, drove to Chicago to attend the Worlds Fair. Billy was more than thrilled by the Ford exposition there, and enjoyed a ride in the rumble seat of a new Ford V-8, one of a heet that carried guests of the Ford exposition through the grounds. Billy also visited the Ford industri- alized barn and saw them convert soy beans into various products. The hot weather seems to have come to make us a long visit, but sometimes our youngsters fool the :weather man" by going to the lakes or turning on the water hose for a nice cool shower. Doris Perry is one little girl who went to the lakes to cool off, and she certainly had a fine time. When Doris is at home she plays with and takes care of the little babies in the neighborhood. Anne Thompson spent a week at her grandmother's away down in In diana. It was a long way off, but shes back now, and a few days ago she helped her daddy water their horse. What do you think five-year-old Gloria Underwood is going to do this summer? She is going to take piano lessons, and my! but she's glad. Lilly Jean Dewey is another little girl who has splashed about in the lakes. At home Lilly Jean helps her mother by taking care of her little baby sister, drying dishes and keeping things picked up around the house. -Margaret Papp, Green Lane Academy. ABOUT LIGHTNING Did you know that lightning streaks across the sky, recent scientific com- putations show, at a velocity ranging from 14,900 to 68,400 miles a second, its average speed being 28,500 miles per second? eEdith Hoag, Willow Run School. mm A LITTLE SISTER PARTY Last Friday afternoon, the girls had a party at the clubhouse in Green- field Village. We called it a little-sister party, and each girl brought her little Gleam turn to page sixl Camping ground of the Edison Junior Pioneers in Greenfield Village. An ideal spot for life in a open. Page Four H'E R A L D w? CHILDREN FLOURISH AMID GREEN C;OMFORT SCHOOL Left to right Seaman Packard, Clarabelle Kerr, Gwendolyn Boltz Geachen, Dorothy Austin. Mary Jane Cordray, Frederick Kempf, El Ray Finnegan, Katherine Kempf, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson, Dorothy McConnell. Roy Rich- ard, Betty Holdridge, Margrett Cadmus, Joan Cadmus, Audrey Richard, Maureen McLain. TOWN SCHOOL, MACON Beth Handershot, Rose Mary Frolick, Ronald Left to right William Henderahot, Duane Heath, Joan Smith, Mary Morden, Donald Graf, Robert Osborne, Joe Hendershot, Eugene Frolick, Jack Pennington, John Hendershot, Ralph Camburn, Persia Hatch, Stanley Allen, Charles Fetterman, Dorothy Hall, Mary Briggs, Lois Wintersteen, Donald Frolick, Clayton Bigelow, Jr., Louise Wintersteen, Mary Lois Smith, Mignon Hatch, Ruth Henderahot, Jane Osborne, Jack Swick, Melva Heath, Mrs. Pennington heacherL Robert Camburn, Max Camburn, Jeannette Morden. HERALD PageFive TREES AND BRIGHT SUNSHINE Yuk GREEN LANE ACADEMY Au no'wmu .mqu V! Left to right-Bertram Davies, Justin Coover, Jimmie Sisson, Douglas Fairbanks, Billy Hayden, Doris Perry, Margaret Papp ueacherh Bobby Nelson, Lilly Jean Dewey, Bobby Moore, Marjorie Wickwire, Robert German, Mary Jane Pritch- ard, Ceciele Netcher Reached, Robert DeGroot, Anne Thompson, Robert Bactal, Colleen Davison, Richard Hall, Gloria Underwood, Jerry Anthes. 093ch BROWNVILLE SCHOOL Left to right Joyce Miller, Ned Harrington, Billy Wagner, Adeline Hammock, Kathryn Beevers, Richard Johnson, Martin Korth, Alta Dermyer, Margretta Covell, Bruce Anthes, Junior Beevers, Wyona Cove, Armenia Johnson, Ruth Vest, Anna Beavers, Doris Harrington, Gladys Dermyer, Gerald Driscoll, MerXow Milosh, Gladys Lister, Everett Cilley, Neil Jones, Merrill Gray, Esther Slater, Kathryn Anthes, Ruth Driscoll, Kathrvn Dermyer. Hazel Maynard, Frances Johnson, Eva Johnson, James Lister, Robert Miller, Jimmie Feight, Russell Miller, Carl Vest, Mr. Driscoll Oceachexd, Helen Reeves, Marcella Johnson, Halcyon Meade, Lyle Harper, Bobby Beevers, Darwin Creger. Page Six HERALD The Life and Work of Stephen Collins F oster Part III tBy I sabelle Gassettl Among the recollections of Foster in his last years are those of Mrs. Duer, published as an article in The Etude of September, 1916. Mrs. Duer had heard that Foster was living in New York but had never known anything else about his life; yet his songs had created a feeling of reverence in her. One day as she was speaking with some clerks in a store, the door opened and a poorly dressed, very dejected looking man came in and leaned against the counter near the door. Mrs. Duer noticed that he looked ill and weak. No one spoke to the man but a clerk laughed and said, "Steve looks down Stephen CollinsEFoster, 1826-1864-whose songs will never die. and out? Then all the clerks laughed and the poor man saw them laughing at him. Mrs. Duer said to herself, "Who can Steve be?" It seemed to her that her heart stood still as she asked, itWho is that man?" "Stephen Foster," the clerk replied; the is only a vagabond, donit go near "Yes, I will go near him, that man needs a friend," was her reply. The Etude article continues: I was terribly shocked; forcing back the tears, I waited for that lump in the throat which prevents speech, to clear away. I walked over to him, put out my hand and asked, "Is this Mr. Foster?" He took my hand and replied, "Yes, the wreck of Stephen Collins Foster." ttOh, no," I answered, "not a wreck, but whatever you call yourself, I feel it an honor to take by the hand the author of Old Folks at Home, I am glad to know you." As I spoke, the tears came to his eyes, and he said, "Pardon my tears, young lady; you have spoken the first kind words I have heard in a long time, God bless you." Music publishing was at a very low ebb and his lack of business sense aggravated his forlornness. His last work, uBeautiful Dreamer," was published in 1864. It is a shock to our sense of justice when we hear of his pitiful death. This man, who had cherished the love of home, parents, and loving friends so much as to put them into many of his songs, died homeless and friendless except for one person, who fully real- ized his genius. Rising from his bed one midnight, Foster was groping his way through his dismal basement when he fell against a water pitcher, infiicting a wound which, together with his enfeebled condition, brought on the end. Tears come to the eyes as one reads of his only friend in New York inquiring for him at the hos- pital, and being told to go downstairs and pick out his body. Only after Stephen Foster's death, when we can no longer treat him as a genius, we realize how great he was. He is now called the "composer of the folk songs of America." tThis is the last of a series of articles on the life and work of Stephen Collins FosterJ Madame Marie Curie A Wonderful Woman and Great Scientist On Thursday, July 19, at 4 p. m., a program was given in Martha-Mary Chapel in the form of a memorial service for Madame Marie Curie, the most wonderful woman scientist of our times and the co-discoverer of radium. It was presented by the girls of the Edison Institute High School Club. The program was as follows: Prelude -ttIn a Monastery Gardent'eMr. Tank. Psalm XXIII. Remarks by the presi- dentelsabelle Gassett. HymnettBring- ing in the Sheaves? Madame Curie as a ScientisteIrene Stead. Radium.- Susan Alderdyce. Violin Solo-ttThe Swanl ,mIsabelle Gassett. M adame Curie as a Woman-Dorothy Chubbuck. Vocal SOIOettBeautiful Isle of Some- where"-Margaret Voorhess. Reading -iiThe Thinker'ieBetty Hutchinson. HymneltWork for the Night Is Com- ing." The Choir-A Benediction. Post- ludeeitChoralei'-Mr. Tank. The talks on Madame Curie showed what a wonderful scientist she was, and that her success, moreover, did not prevent her from being a wonderful mother at the same time. Everyone was impressed with the story of how she became a martyr to her own dis- covery. Parents and friends of the girls were present. e1 sabelle Gassett, Edison Institute High School. Another Tribute The girls of the Edison Institute High School held a memorial service in the yMartha-Mary Chapel in honor of Madame Curie. She was a very famous scientist who discovered radium. The girls told stories about her life and about radium. Our president played a violin solo, and Margaret Voorhess sang. We thought we should honor Madame Curie because she has done so much to help the world. Radium is used in hospitals and has saved many thousands of lives. eFlorence Barbier, Scotch Settlement School. Some Parents of Green Lane The pictures given below, together With some others of the children which will appear in a later issue, were taken at Green Lane Academy on June 14, by Perry M. Hayden, father of Billy Hayden, who was one of the students at Green Lane in its hrst year. Billyis great-grandfather, Elwood Comfort, built Green Lane Academy about seventy years ago, and Billyts grandfather, the late Albert Comfort, attended school there about sixty-Iive years ago. THREE OF THE FATHERS Here are shown three of the fathers of Green Lane. They are, from left to right, the Reverend Bertram L. Davies, pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Tecumseh and father of Bertram Davies, Jr.; in the center Mr. Earl Vv'ickwire, publisher of the Tecumseh Herald and father of Marjorie Wickwire; next to him Mr. John R. Thompson, manager of the United Savings Bank and father of Anne Thompson. This picture was taken after the exercises at Green Lane Academy the last day of school, June 14. FOUR OF THE MOTHERS In this picture are four mothers'of Green Lane pupils, also taken June 14. From left to right they are: Mrs. John Thomp- son and Anne; Mrs. Perry Hayden and Billy; Mrs. Earl Wickwire and Marjorie; Mrs. Bertram Davies and Bertram. Aren't they a happy pair of little girls? And just see the war feathers on the two fierce young Indians! LITTLE SISTER PARTY tConcluded from page threei sister or a little friend for the afternoon. We played games and then each little girl chose a package of crepe paper for a dress. The big girls made the dresses in all different styles and the little girls looked cunning in them. We took pictures for our album. Then we ate fancy sandwiches and pretty cakes and, of course, good ice cream. eShirley Schmidt, Town Hall School. HERALD Page Seven I WINNING THE MACON DERBY By Ruth Randall, Old Stone Pennington School Five thousand dollars for the winner of the Macon Derby horse race! I'm sitting on a fence that is across from our home, looking at a nickel in my hand. A man riding a horse just went by. My thoughts seem to follow the horse. Fm astride of a big, rangy, power- fully built horse. It is a dazzling white. It has long legs and a slender body that is just meant for racing. The grandstand is crowded with people cheering the riders as they line up ready to be off at the crack of the pistol. The number is thirteen. It is said to be an unlucky number, but unlucky number or not, I've got to win. Just think what I could do with five thousand dollars. The rope in front of the horses grows taut. There goes the shot. The rope drops. Theyire off! I hold my horse in, letting her save her strength for the last few miles. I'm trailing in SPORTS AND PASTIMES Marshall Heads Pyramid Board Downs McLeod 6-4 Tommy Marshall, having defeated Billy McLeod in a very close set, is to go on top of the pyramid. McLeod moves to the second row beside Lowell Apesech. This was Billyis first defeat of the tennis season and Tommy is holding the top position for the first time. Bob Snow made another important advance by defeating Kresin, who dropped to the fourth row. An addition was made at the tennis , courts When a judgeis stand was built. A new bulletin board was also added for the girls. Twenty-nine boys have taken up tennis and eighteen girls have reported. NM GIRLS TO EARN TENNIS i LETTERS Eight to be Awarded Athletic awards will be given to the girls at the end of the vacation period. The letters will be similar to the GV given the boys in baseball, only a tennis racquet will be inscribed upon it instead of a baseball. A system has been arranged in Which ten points will be given to those present twice a weekefive points for once a week. Other points will be given according to the position held on the pyramid board at the end of each week. This pyramid board resembles the arrangement used by the boys at the bottom of this page. Totals and results of matches will be printed in each issue eBilly M cLeod. V of the H erald. Boys, Points Earned Toward Letters Rating Ended Friday, July 20 WILLIAM McLEOD THOS. MARSHALL. LOWELL APESECH RUSSELL READER ROBERT SNOW... DAVID ROTH ...... WILLIAM KRESI JACK McCLOUD.. J G. RUCKER, JR. DONALD DONOVAN. JOHN DAHLINGER... KENNETH PETRAK ,121 Points 107 " i 99 " A '79 U .. 71 It 69 II 68 H Erwin Spencer .................. George Burns... Edwari Litogot... David Ormond Nelson Cosbey. Wilbur Donald Vance Simonds Henry Haigh..., William Ford Earl Helwigu W. McCloud John Perry ........ mm Girlsi Points Earned toward Letters tGVl Elaine Wyman,,.. 30 Points ' 25 " 25 " ., 20 " 20 It 20 " 20 It 15 ii 15 It 15 " Susan Alderdyce.. Mary Jean Joraei Evelyn Richardso Barbara Sheldrickw Marjorie McCarroll Sally Owens ......... Marilyn Owens.,., Gloria Hutchinson. Mary Lee Alderdyc Dorothy Riehardso Carol Bryant ............ i Dorothy Chubbuck Shirley Schmidt." Irene Stead .......... Katharine Bryantw IHighest eight at end of tennis season will receive the GV emblemJ If you are present twice a week you receive 10 additional points. the rear of the rest. Well, its time I was getting some- where. I loosen the pressure from the reins and my horse, HBetsy," surges ahead. Past this one, past that one, she goes, until she is up to the leading horse, Number 1'7. They are running neck and neck. Number 17 is ahead of me. She is stay- ing ahead. Itve got to win. I lean far on Batsyls neck. IiCome on, Batsyfi I cry, "just give a little more. An extra apple for you tonight!" As if understanding what I say, she dashes forward. Welre up with Number 17 again. were ahead of her. Welre coming into the home stretch. Iim a little ahead. Oh, boy, I win by a nose. The judges are coming toward me. I reach out my hand. Why, I seem to be falling, falling. Ah, the fence! The ground comes up to meet me with a jolt. I pick myself up. I had lost my lonely nickel and got a big scratch on my face into the bargain. These silly day dreams! NM YE WATCHMAN The watchman of long ago with lantern and staff complete, from a drawing by James Gardner. STANDINGS IN PYRAMID TENNIS TOURNAMENT Results Ending Friday, July 20, 1934 I MARSHALL I I McLEOD I APESECH I I READER I SNOW I ROTH I I KRESIN I DONOVAN I PETRAK I RUCKER I I GILBERT I McCLOUD IDAHLINGERI LITOGOT I BURNS I I ORMOND I HELWIG I SIMONDS I RWEEKS I HAIGH I COSBEY I Page'Eight H E' R'A'L D Wayside Inn Schools Boys' School This Yearis Outing The picnic this year was held at Bensonls Wild Animal Farm in Hudson, New Hampshire. The animals were almost too numerous to mention. We saw a little elephant which is the youngest ever to have been captured. He was on his way to the Chicago Zoo. Peacocks and other beautifully plumed birds attracted much attention, and several of the boys were fortunate in getting some beautiful feathers they found near the cages. A large pond, said to contain twelve thousand gold fish, bore beautiful ducks, geese, and other water fowl on its surface. The monkey cage fascinated many as Paige and Mortimer gave vivid interpretations of the monkeys actions. A11 in all, we had the time of our lives! Thursday, June 14, was the first time in the last four years that it has not rained during our tree planting exercises or some part of that morning. After the seniors had marched out to the circle where the tree was to be planted, Clifford Muise gave the presen- tation speech for the class, and Robert Wallace accepted the tree for the school. William Laskey gave a short account of the Judge Shute spade, after which each senior added some dirt to the hole where the tree was. Boysi Gardens The boys gardens, which are of the Ford Plan, are very interesting to the Visitor. Every boy has a garden the dimensions of which are forty feet by sixty feet. In this area are planted such vegetables as tomatoes, turnips, carrots, beets, onions, radishes, cabbages, etc. During his spare time the boy weeds and cultivates his garden. He is confronted with many problems in raising his crops. He has to contend not only with weeds but also with insects that may mean the ruination of his garden. During the dry weather the gardens, unless they are cultivated frequently, are likely to suifer from lack of moisture. Frequent culti- vation conserves the soil moisture. Our motto is "Water your garden with a hoef' The Pond at Calvin How The pond in front of Calvin How always looks so pretty when the willow comes out. There are several such trees on the edge of the pond and with their rehections in the blue sky-colored water, the sight is magnificent. The edge of the pond springs into life, the surface invites the boys boats, and the depths encourage the fishers to come nearer. Amid it all we know there can be nothing more lovely than nature itself. From across the pond comes the call of a duck; then the honk of a pheasant may respond from behind Calvin How, and the splash and swish of a kingfisher is noticeable over in the cove. Mr. Youngls Appreciation One morning in assembly Mr. Young, headmaster of Wayside Inn Schools, expressed his appreciation to those boys who have behaved and co-operated with him throughout the school year. He ex- plained in a pleasant manner that if there were boys who were not happy in the school they should decide now whether they wanted to leave, and if they wished to remain, whether they would try harder to become more interested in the school. He also thanked all the squad leaders and the head waiter for the excel- lent work they have performed during the past school year. Farm Mechanics The senior boys of the Wayside Inn Schools have had their periods in farm mechanics. Mr. Blue has charge of this department. Four boys worked in the shop and the other four worked in the Dutton Lodge attic finishing the work on the closet which is to be used for storing away winter cloth- THE GREENFIELD GRAYS A close-up of Pat and Mike in an alert mood-the inseparable pair of dapple grays in Greenfield Village. Pat and Mike are usually on the water wagon, laying the Greenfield Village dust and refreshing the atmosphere, if not themselves. ing. In the meantime the freshman class was working in its gardens weeding, cultivating, and transplanting plants. Mr. Rorstrum was in charge of this class. Calvin How Gardens The Calvin How garden, which has always been a beauty spot about the school, is coming along very well under the care of Mrs. Thompson, whose love for flowers is well expressed in their arrangement and the care she takes in correcting some of the gardens irregu- larities. The garden has never before had such care. The only unfortunate thing is that the beautiful hedge has failed to come back to life. Camping Out On Saturday, July 14, twenty-three boys from the Wayside Inn Boysi School, and two instructors, left by bus for a spot up on Lake Sunapee called Georges Mills. A truck loaded with camping equipment and provisions fol- lowed.. Upon arrival the tents were immediately set up. Of the 9 by 9 size, these are lined up on the side of a hill overlooking the lake. Soon after the tents had been erected the boys werewbusy setting up cots and making theirtgubunks. This work was followed by the unpacking of suitcases and ar- ranging of equipment within the tent. A volunteer crew then helped to dig an improvised refrigerator and a fireplace. The few pieces of lumber which were taken along on the truck were used to build a table and benches. These serve us at mealtimes. Everyone is enjoying himself up here in the hills of New Hampshire. The most popular pastime is canoeing followed by swimming. Eating and sleeping also seem to be very popular. On the first Wednesday we motored tip to the Base Station of Mount Wash- ington. Everyone was eager to climb the mountain. It was a very warm day and unusually hot at the base. But as we ascended it became cooler. At the summit we felt cold, and upon finding a thermometer were surprised to see that the temperature was only 38 degrees. Everyone felt tired, but the trip was a worth-while one and will not be soon forgotten. We are all looking forward to more good times during this trip. eRobert Cook. MN Mary Lamb School tRedstonei Picnic day for the Redstone and Southwest schools found everyone much excited and very glad to have this occasion come at last. With lunch boxes and fruit and tonic bottles tucked under the bus seats, and with Mr. McKechnie at the Hhelm," we left Sudbury for Whalom Park, Fitchburg. Mrs. Geehan and Miss Brown rode in the bus with the children. Many mothers came by private car. Everyone sang and talked and laughed the entire way to the park. We arrived there about eleven olclock. After lunch, the amusement placeSe with hobby horses, airplanes and other such contrivancesewere the chief objects in the childrens minds. Since luckily these didnit open until one oiclock, all lunches could be fully digested before- hand. The hobbies and the little steamer ride were great attractions. At half-past three we started for home, a happy played-out group of youngsters for whom it looked as if a nights sleep would be most appropriate. NM PROKOPOVICH THE FISHERMAN Prokopovich has become quite a fisherman since he caught the biggest trout that had been captured by anyone in the school. The attempt to land the prize in good anglerls style cost Tony a new pole, but there was the satisfaction of getting a HWhopper" all the same. Hunt had to assist even after the monster was grounded, because the line broke, allowing the flip-flopping to take the fish almost back into the water again. Tony does not like the way the majority of boys fish. It is his contention that the art is lost when the boys capture the fish after the overflow on the dam has been opened. The large fish are thereby swept out of the pond into the small pools in the mill brook where they have no chance of escape. Thus, Tony looks down on those who use this un- sportsmanlike method of nshing. He likes the more rugged game of heating or playing the fish in open water. HERALD. Volume I. Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, August 10, 1934. No. 14 Caleb Taftis Smithy, Which Longfellow Often Visited By MARGARET LEE VOORHESS HE Caleb Taft blacksmith shop now in the Edison Institute Mu- seum contains the original equip- ment which in former days belonged to the Taft blacksmith shop at Uxbridge, Massachusetts. The original shop, for many years the only blacksmith shop in the vicinity Where oxen were shod, was erected in Uxbridge in the year 1787 by Japhet Taft, poem of "The Village Blacksmith," and after Longfellow had written the poem Mr. Taft presented him with a small anvil made out of a piece cut from the old forge Which was, in fact, a small duplicate of the large one. It is said that Caleb Taft the First was a man of studious and retiring habits and lived alone. He was a great For them an old world blacksmith shop of this New England type has the same fascination as it had in the past. "echildren coming home from school Look in at the open door; They love to see the flaming forge, And hear the bellows roar, And catch the burning sparks that fly Like chaff from a threshing-floor." More than this, the entire outfit is who in his day was known the country round for his skill as a craftsman. He is said to have be- longed to the same branch of the Taft family as that from which former Presi- dent William How- ard Taft was de- scended. The blacksmith shop was obtained by Mr. Ford and moved to Dearborn in 1926. It contains many pieces of in- teresting equipment including the old ox sling for shoeing oxen, then in com- mon use on the farm and for transporta- tion purposes, the forge bellows, the pounding stone, hammers, tongs, pli- ers, and other tools. The poet Long- fellow in passing through the Chest- This view of part of the interior of the Caleb Taft blacksmith shop gives a good idea of the variety of tools and equipment used in the pursuit of the ancient craft. Besides the forge itself the objects shown in the picture include anvil, tongs, cooling tub, pounding stone, pliers, pincers, and other implements. an object lesson on the painstaking and patient skill of the craftsmen of early American times; and to learn the uses of the various imple- ments and tools Which lie around just where they can be most handily made use of by the brawny smith and his help- ers, is in itself an education in old- time methods. In the mindts eye one can readily recon- struct those scenes of long ago which were part of the daily routine. The ox sling in the Caleb Taft black- smith shop in the museum is said to be the second oldest in the United States and was one of those actually used for holding the oxen in position while the nut Hill section of the part of the state in which this smithy was situated, used to stop and watch Caleb Taft, a descendant of the original owner, at work. He would talk with Mr. Taft for hours at a time, and was deeply impressed by the folklore and traditions of the place which he was able to unfold. After his fatherTs death Caleb Taft the Second continued work at the old smithy until a few years ago when he became so feeble that he could no longer carry on. Mr. Taft died only a few years ago at a ripe old age, and with him there died another link with America,s greatest poet. Longfellow,s personal contact with Caleb Taft no doubt helped to suggest some of the sentiments so finely expressed in the reader, had a good memory, and could freely quote Shakespeare and other classical writers. He himself was given to rhyming on any subject that came to his mind, and his literary tastes were inherited by his son. When Denman Thompson produced the play ttThe Old Homesteadtt in New York Mr. Taft went there to shoe the oxen that Were used in the production. He was always very proud of having done this. The fixtures in the reconstructed old shop are of much interest to the people of today, particularly to the school children, who seldom have the opportunity of seeing such equipment in actual use and in its original setting. shoes were being ap- plied. The bellows is made of wood and leather and is used for forcing a blast of air for blowing the forge lire into a glowing heat. It was then that myriads of sparks arose and formed a spectacle delightful to see. In the blacksmithts shops of today this equipment has been replaced by the modern blower, which while more effective is less picturesque, not to say less poetic. The children of the Greenfield Village Schools have here a wonderful oppor- tunity to study at first hand the imple- ments and environment that have helped to inspire poets; for both Longfellow tPlease turn to page twat THE HERALD Official organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand- press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Artiuitirs Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hang Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, Jean Dawning, Manna Quackenbush. Town School, Macon, Stanley Allan, Persis Hutch Mills School, Lilah Creger, Jcmzic Cibrowslci Browuville, Me1rill Gray, Doris Harrington AcademySchool, Marjorie Wick-wirc. Jerry Anthes Comfort School, Ellen Holdridye, Lnis Anderson Centennial School. Gertrude Dronillurd, Agnes Montymnery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan EDITORIALS The Shining Hour We wonder how many of us realize that there is a "shining hourll for every- one, with all its joy, all its brightness, all its opportunity. It is often when things seem the darkest that the shining hour is close at hand. This is the case even in nature. Take, for example, that thunderstorm which we had recently. The sky suddenly became overcast and as black as night, the lightning flashed, the thunder rolled, and the rain came down in torrents. But when the storm had passed away a glorious rainbow ap- peared in the sky, its lovely tints glow- ing against the dark background of passing clouds. And then the sun shone, although it was near its time of setting, and the birds came forth from the sheltering leaves of the trees and bushes and sang their evening hymns joyously and thankfully. It was for them the shining hour, and they at once took advantage of it to tell the world that it was so. And then, every green thing that grew, refreshed by the generous showers, joyfully adorned itself with diamonds and rubies and pearls which sparkled and glittered in the sunlight in colors that rivaled the rainbow itself. As it is with the birds and trees so it should be with human beings, with young people especially. For this is vacation time, and vacation time pre- sents opportunities for the improve- ment of mind and body that are not available in the schoolroom or study. Each one has his shining hour for joy and appreciation. As the bee gathers honey so also can the inquiring mind store up a stock of knowledge and accomplishment during vacation time that may prove very valuable in the future. Our Trip to Secretary House The Secret Stairway On Tuesday, July 24, four of our girlseHelen Anderson, Gertrude and Doris Drouillard, and myself-met at the Centennial School to go to Green- field Village where we were to spend the night at Secretary House. We arrived about three oiclock very warm and tired after our ride. What a dilierence to step into the cool interior of Secretary House. We rested until supper time, when we all helped, or tried to help, Miss Mackinnon. After a refreshing meal we walked about the Village and saw many things of interest. It was suggested we return to Secre- tary House. Here we all got into paja- mas and sat on the stair steps in front of a ventilator. We listened to the radio and talked for a while; then we all hunted for the secret stairway. We found the door but none of us could open it, We enjoyed ourselves very much. We also enjoyed the ride home in the morning much more than we did going down in the afternoon. We think the girls of the Greenfield Village Schools of the Edison Institute are most fortunate to have such a lovely place for their own. -Agnes Montgomery, Centennial School. Mmou-oo MACON GIRLS HAVE PLEASANT EXCURSION Even though we have to stay home nearly all this summer vacation, it is not at all monotonous. We were very happy indeed when we heard we were to go to the girls clubhouse in Greenfield Village. On Tuesday, July 17, at about two oiclock in the afternoon, a driver from Macon took four of the older girls from Pennington School, to Secretary House in Greenfield Village. There we met a very nice lady, Miss Mackinnon. Shortly after we arrived we explored the clubhouse grounds and admired the tower beds. Later we sat in the lawn swing and watched Rover and the sheep. Before the evening meal we picked some raspberries for dinner and then took a long walk in the woods back of the clubhouse. After dinner Miss Mackinnon showed us through the village. We stopped at the Martha-Mary Chapel and listened to the music of the pipe-organ and we sat on a bench and watched Gog and Magog strike eight olclock. Some of the other interesting things we saw were "Mr. McTavish," the Lincoln Courthouse, Cotswold Cottage, the Luther Burbank office, Mr. Edisonls fatherls home, the cobbler shop, the blacksmith shop, McGuffey's home, Clinton Inn, and the post office. When we returned to Secretary House, we took a bath and went to bed. Next morning about eight dclock we ate breakfast and washed the dishes. After that we visited the jewelry shop and watched Gog and Magog strike nine olelock. On our way from there we stopped at the tintype studio, where the old gentleman took our pictures. We then returned to Secretary House and later a carriage took us back to the studio to get our pictures. Not long after ten olclock a car came and took us to our homes. We should like to thank Miss Mackinnon, again, for a very lovely time; and Mr. Ford for making all these things possible. eElizabeth Kovach, Genevieve Froelich, Lucille Froelich, Joyce Vealey, Old Stone Pennington School. 0-109 0000 NATURE STUDY IN GREEN- FIELD VILLAGE One bright morning in July as Miss Mackinnon and I were walking and admiring our beautiful garden at Secre- tary House, the gardener called us over to Rose Cottage to show us how Mother Nature takes care of her baby rabbits. We hurried over very delighted as it was our first sight of such a thing. The gardener was excited at his dis- covery and he had reason to be. The rabbitsl nests were in the garden at Rose Cottage. The mothers certainly chose a beautiful spot, overhung by campanula bells. It was interesting to find that the nests were made of the mother's own hair which she had pulled from her breast. This keeps the babies comfortable and warm. There were two nests and each had three tiny babies that could not yet open their eyes. "Every night," said the gardener, "the mother comes to feed them." The gardener is careful to cover the little nests so that Rover may not find them. -Isabelle Gassett, Edison I nstitute High School. 00000000 CHILDREN AWAIT THEM EAGERLY The teacher of one of our country schools writes: We received the latest issues of the Herald today, and dis- tributed them at once. The children await them eagerly and are keeping their numbers on file, fastened together by rings. What a splendid remembrance of their school days these volumes will be to them in future years! All con- cerned are to be congratulated on the success they are making with this little periodical. The grown people in this community are as much interested in reading the H erald as the children. Number 12 is very attractive with the pictures of the four schools. Caleb Taftls Smithy tConcluded from page onel and Sir Walter Scott have made the open-hearted, brawny smith the subject of their masterpieces in prose and poetry, for his was a handicraft which com- manded respect and was, and still is, one of the oldest, most useful and most essential in the world. Workers in iron and steel were the successors of a more primitive age, and marked a new era in the progress of man. HERALD Page Three Our Schools WILLOW RUN Willow Run Has Treasure Hunt The last day of school at Willow Run we had our treasure hunt. There were clues hidden all around the school- house and the gardens. Our neighbors were kind enough to let us put some of the clues in their yards also. Two of the older girls decided where the clues would be and what to have for the treasure. The day we were to have the hunt we put all the boys, names in a hat and the girls drew them out. Then they went by pairs. The treasure was a big sack of candy kisses. Jack Hewitt and June Suggitt found the treasure. There were a bag of marbles, some jacks, and a ball for the couple who found the treasure first. The first grade had a hunt also. Marie Horn found the treasure, which was a book about animals. A very good time was enjoyed by all and we hope to have another treasure hunt next year. ePhyllis La Forlte. Working Together One time when we went to work in our school gardens our janitor gave us a special job. It was pulling the pea vines and radishes out of the extra gardens. It was fun doing it because each person helped and it did not take long. When persons are working to- gether and helping as we did last week, it is called itco-operationii; so let's co-operate in everything we can. eWalter Reinhackel. The l7-Year Locust A few days ago I noticed a large bug on our back porch. I did not know what kind it was, and did not like the looks of it; so I simply killed it. I described it to my parents, but they did not know what it was. It was a bug as big as a good sized walnut, and was real dark in color. My father was telling a friend of ours about it, and he said it must have been a 17-year locust. This locust burrows under the ground and lays its egg, which hatches seventeen years after- wards. I regret that I didn't keep the bug and look at it more carefully, because a gerson does not see a 17-year locust every ay. -Lillian Poet. The Orioleis Nest One day mother and I heard a great scolding noise in a maple tree near the porch. We went to see what was the matter and found an oriole in her nest. She was trying to scare some other birds away. The father bird sat on the eggs part of the time to let the mother look for food. After the young birds were hatched it did not take them long to learn to fly. Now all we have left is the birds nest, but we hope they will come back to it next year. HBobby Cook. A Wise Owl UGood evening, silent Mister Owl, You seem to be so wise a fowl, Perhaps you'll tell my friend and me Why it is that you can see In the wood to find your way, As well at night as in the day." Then said the owl, to our surprise, tTm wise enough to have good eyes? eSelected by Frank Reinhackel. 00000004 RAWSONVILLE My cousin Helen Corkins visited us for a few days. She has just returned from California and has told us many interesting things about the West. Robert Nelson and his parents are moving into Ypsilanti. The Ford co-operative farmers have cleared a small place for a park near our schoolhouse. Mr. Rust has built some rustic seats, a rustic bridge, and a brick stove. They are private, but some of the neighbors are given permission to use them; so we have had several picnics there. -Lois Corkins. mooouoeo BROWNVILLE Our roster for the coming year has been completed and will number forty- one. Algebra will be added to the course of study as well as a new text in history. Friday, July 27, seven of our pupils were included in a bus load taken to the Ford Hospital. They were: James Lister, Junior Beevers, Marcella John- son, Doris Harrington, Alta Dermyer, Kathryn Beevers, and Martin Korth. wig? g :3 This pow-wow of Indian braves recently took place at Green Lane Academy. The mothers in the background do not seem to be the least bit alarmed. There will be two trips weekly until all have received attention. Our school lawn is making a valiant struggle to live, and with the two recent showers, and constantsprinkling, we see many patches of green. Our attendant, Mr. Gove, feels justly proud of his two large petunia beds, one heart- shaped, the other a slender rectangle. Charles J ohnson had the misfortune to get a fish hook in his finger while fishing at the Standish Pond. Dr. Hammel removed it and Charles went back to his task. -Mr. Driscoll. Our Wednesday Night Shows Every Wednesday night hundreds of people have attended the free street shgws given by the merchants of Tecum- se . Magicians, acrobats, and dancers are among the attractions we see there. In order to stimulate buying, the stores are left open until 10:30. These shows have been olfered to the public for the last twenty summers. eKathryn Anthes. oooooooo GREEN LANE ACADEMY Mary J ane Pritchard has been having a nice time Visiting her relatives this summer. She has been to see her aunt and now she is staying at her grand- motheris. Several days ago, as Mary Jane was watching her mother make lemonade, she said that at school last year the children had some lemon. Her mother, knowing what she meant, asked, "Lemon what?" Mary Jane replied, tiLemoneoh, lemonegg. I cant say it." Justin Coover and Richard Hall have been staying at the hospital where they are being fixed has good as new." ! Robert tBactal is keeping busy by taking care of his five tiny kittens. Since we had a little rain, Robert has been able to work 3n his garden again. Douglas Fairbanks saw a cowboy show a few days ago and when he came home he was so enthusiastic about it he immediately set forth to build a grandstand; and now he swings ropes and gives shows for his parents. Douglas has three pets to keep him company: Crissy, his cat, Wiggie Waggie, his dog, and Billy Sunday, his pony. Bertram Davies has just returned from Chicago where he has been staying with his grandmother. While at Chicago he went with his father and mother to the World,s Fair. Among other things, he saw the Ford Exposition. Bertram said he "saw some funny cars there but after awhile they saw the real cars." While on the train another train passed them and the car in which they were at the time was filled with smoke. Bertram, who is a ministers son, stood up and asked, liMother, is this Holy Smoke?" eMargaret Papp, Green Lane Academy. prGQGdQ COMFORT A short distance down the road from my home is a swampy hollow where many birds harbor. The gold- CPlease turn to page sixi Page Four HERALD H; WA YSIDE INN SCHOOLS, , - REDSTONE MARY LAMB SCHOOL Front row, left to right-Jean Geehan, Patricia Kirkland, Robert Hooper, Ann Davenport, Alfred Bonazzoli, Joan Bachelder, Robert Curtis. Second row-Gloria Bonazzoli, Clifford Belcher, Jean Provan, Roland Eaton, Russell bpring, Jack Hurd. Back row, graduates-Bradley Way, Priscilla Kirkland, Caroline Way uwin sister of Bradleyh and Wilbert Tig e. BOYS' SCHOOL From row-Jay Keen, Anthony Prokopovich, Frank Chapley, Edwin Paige, Joseph Eanxhi, William Fizxilr, Waha- Kulikowski, Anthony Talacko, Donald Robinson. Second rOWEWilfred Allen, Robert Cook, Chester Solenski, Robert Johnson, Carl Hayes, Norman Hunt, Donald Weymouth, Harold Glynn, John Meader. TE ird row Robert Nelson, Wallace Welsh, Andrew Healey, Albert Niedbala, Stanley Derewlanka, George MacCormack, Waino Hakala, Alfred Mortimer, Eugene O'Connor. Fourth row'7Walter Hamilton, Oliver Kuronen, Joseph McDonald, Philip Noyes, Joseph Fitch, Robert Wallace, William Quinn, Roland Gardner. Rear row, senior graduatesiW'iHiam Laskey, Ralph Delaa grieco, Henry Towle, Anthony Angelica, Raymond Hahn, Clifford Muise, John Milanskas, Marvin Webster. HERALD ,, Pagerive Front row, left to right AIvin Bradshaw. Elaine Tulis, Elizabeth Little, Marilyn Field, Lydia Bonazzoli, Allan Bowry. Secongri row-Mary Bartlett, Emma Bachelder, Joyce Belcher, Margaret Provan. Third row Carlton Ellms, David Bentley, Charle's Buzzell. Back row, graduates-Mary Curtis, Virginia Kirkland, Barbara Morton, Eleanor Goulding, Walter Kulikowski. BOYS SCHOOL GRADUATES Left to rngltinHiaxn Laskey, Ralph Delaurieco, Raymond Hahn. Marvin Webster, Henry Towle, John Milanskas, Clifford Muise, Anthony Angelico. Page Six HERALD Our Schools tConcluded from page threel finch, bobolink, brown thrush, cardinal, quail, pheasant and many another bird may be found there. It is very interest- ing to watch this spot in the spring of the year when most of the birds are still there. Some of the pheasants come over to our grain fields and feast on what grain they can reach. . Dorothy McConnell has been spend- ing the past week in Fairfield. Margrett Cadmus is being treated for asthma in the Henry Ford Hospital. She has been going on Fridays for several weeks and has spent the last week there. We were very pleased with our pictures in the last Herald. eElle'n Holdridge, Lois Anderson. onooumo CENTENNIAL Mr. and Mrs. Chapman have re- turned from spending a few days at Port Huron, and at Lake Glen in northern Michigan. Our school gardens were to be inspected Friday. We hope they will all prove to be satisfactory. The Rasin threshing company, a co-operative organization in this com- munity, met Monday night in the base- ment of the Centennial Schoolhouse to reorganize and to develop future plans. Gertrude and Doris Drouillard will spend a week in Dearborn. Le Roy Montgomery will return to the Henry Ford Hospital July 10 for a second operation. eGertrude Drom'llard, Agnes M omgomcry DRAMATIC CLUB MEETS tBy Wave Richardl The Centennial Dramatic Club meet- ing was held at the home of Opal Kerr on August 2, with fifteen members present. The business meeting was called to order by the president Ray Williams. The minutes of the last meeting were read by the secretary Helen Anderson. No corrections were made. New officers were then elected. Gale Austin was elected president, Agnes Montgpmery vice president, and Wava Richard secretary. After the business meeting a pro- gram was enjoyed. This consisted of a piano selection by Helen Anderson, singing by a group of girls, music by a one-man band consisting of mouth organ, guitar and trap drum. The following games were then played: musical, blind manis buff, spin the bottle, and the state wedding. At 10:45 otclock we enjoyed a very nice lunch served by Mrs. Kerr. After more music we departed for the evening a happy but tired group. The next meeting will be held at Phyllis Greenls home. The club had a party at Opal Kerrts home on August 2. Another group of girls of Centennial School visited Secretary House in Dear- born on Tuesday, July 31, and had a good time. Charlie Austin is the champion hsherman of Centennial School. He caught nine bass while fishing the other day at the mill pond. Everyone was glad it rained Thurs- day, J uly 26. It surely made our gardens look much better. The peas have all been pulled and beans replanted in their place. eGertrude Drouillard, Agnes M ontgomery vooomwo VACATIONING AT LAKE ST. HELEN We have just returned from a four- day vacation at Lake St. Helen. We caught lots of fish, and went swimming many times, and also took strolls through the woods and imagined Mary Jean and Joyce enjoying a sun bath after their daily swim. ourselves living many, many years ago, when people had to blaze their trails. We even saw a deer. What we liked most of all was an artesian well in the back yard of our log cabin. It flowed continuously, and the water was always ice-cold. Our grandpa surprised us by putting a watermelon in it. We never ate one so cold before. eMary Jean and Joyce J0me. Wayside Inn - - Boys, School Camping Trip Was Much Enjoyed We look back upon our camping trip with much happiness. The two weeks vacation at Lake Sunapee was one that Will not be forgotten. We enjoyed ourselves every minute, and furthermore we came back to our school feeling like new boys. The change and rest did us a world of good. Every one of us that attended camp gained in weight, some only a few pounds, but a large number as much as elght pounds during the two weeks. The minimum gain was two pounds and the maximum eight and one-half. We gained not only in weight but also in color. We all acquired a tan, the degree of color varying from a light shade to a chocolate brown. Most of the colors seem to be of the brown shade. A camping trip of this kind is beneficial in that it rests body and mind and makes for greater echiency and contentment. Important Events Some of the more important events of our camping trip are as follows: We climbed Mt. Washington, the high- est mountain in New England. We saw the Great Stone Face and the Old Man of the Mountain. We went through the State and National Forest of New Hampshire. We drove through Sullivan County to inspect the farming areas. This county is the best farming section of New Hampshire and is noted as a dairy region. Some of us went on hikes; probably the most picturesque was the hike to the Royal Arch in Springfield, New Hampshire. Of the events that took place near our camp the baseball games stand out. We played two games with some campers that were located near our site. The first was a victory for our side, the score being 22 to 8. We were not so fortunate during the second game, owing to the fact that in the meantime the campers had secured the services of an old-time minor league pitcher. The score of this game was 14 to 11. We all enjoyed the several canoe trips to the various beaches on the shores of the lake. A treasure hunt provided a great deal of fun. Fishing was a popular pastime with some of the boys. The most common fish found in this lake is the bass. Some salmon are to be found but we did not try our luck on them because of inadequate equip- ment. Swimming of course was the most popular form of recreation. At sunrise we were all enjoying the cold water. This gave us ravenous appetites. Our motto was ttearly to bed and early to risen We are now back to our regular routine and feel full of the Hhop to it" spirit. Our camping trip was a tre- mendous success. -Wilfred Allen 737. eeuq-oeo EVENING Come to the sunset tree, The day is past and gone; The woodmants ax lies free, And the reaperls work is done; The twilight star to heaven, And the summer dew to flowers, And the rest to us is given, By the soft evening hours. Sweet is the hour of rest, Pleasant the woods' low sigh, And the gleaming of the west, And the turf whereon we lie, When the burden and the heat Of the laborerls task is oTer, And kindly voices greet The tired one at the door. eMcGufeyis Fourth Reader. HERALD Page Seven - Model T Gets New Llease of Life - By Bobby Shackleton, Edison Institute High School. HE Edison Institute High School boysi assembly plant in Greenfield Village is the source of much activity these days. Four Model T cars have been built from the ground up, and are now to be seen, spick and span, with turned into play. We all really enjoy the work and are proud of our Model Tis. oooooooo Congratulations and Thanks We boys who are fortunate to .be old enough to enjoy this privilege Wlsh Here we have one of the youthful mechanics busily painting the frame of his Model T, a job which requires particular sate. Note the Model T in the back- groun . their proud owners at the wheel; who, by the way, have two hoursl practice- driving, after which they return to the miniature factory to help the others. Starting with the frame, each boy does his part in removing every spot of grease and dirt, and then in painting the cars; so that everyone really has a share in each car that is built. A11 worn parts are discarded and new ones used. Tires and fenders are new, while the bodies are newly painted and up- holstered. . The nice part of the plan 1s that each of us gains the experience necessary to the care of. a car. Expert mechanics are our instructors, and work has been to take this opportunity of thanking you, Mr. Ford, for your many kind- nesses. We heartily congratulate you on the recent anniversary of your birthday. We trust you and Mrs. Ford are having a restful time on your vacation, and hope to welcome you back safe and well in Dearborn soon. George A. Burns Robert Bryant John Weeks Robert Piper Kenneth Pelrak Wilbur Donaldson Billy Smith Robert Shackleton SPORTS AND PASTIMES Reader Defeats Marshall to Head Pyramid Wins 9-7 Last Wednesday Russell Reader, a sixth grader, defeated Thomas Mar- shall, a ninth grader of the Edison Institute. It was a close match going to a 9-7 score. Russell played a very steady and accurate game. Tommy Marshall is leading the list with 167 points towards earning the GV emblem. Reader is second with 149 points. We have three new players Who are coming to our school next year. They are Frank Campsall, Robert Walker, and William Rucker. Campsall and Walker are both tangy and tall and will undoubtedly develop fast. A match has been arranged with the Henry Ford School. Seven boys will compete in three singles matches and two doubles matches. j BOYSl SWIMMING AT Henry Ford School Pool Meet at the Tennis Courts every Wednesday and Friday at 11:30 a.m. BRING TOWEL i Probable lineup': SINGLES No. leThos. Marshall. W No. 2eRusselI Reader. No. 3wKenneth Petrak. DOUBLES No. leF. Campsall, David Roth. No. 2-Donald Donovan, Ed- ward Litogot. Swimming has been arranged for the boys of the Greenfield Village School at the Henry Ford School every Wed- nesday and Friday at 11:30 a. m. Those wishing to attend these sessions will report to Dell Hutchinson at the tennis courts. There is no charge and only a towel will be necessary. -J. G. Rucker, Jr. Girls' Tennis Points Ending August 3, 1934 MARY ELEANOR RITENOUR '70 Points ELAINE WYMAN 65 lt SALLY OWENS ..... 65 " BETTY HUTCHINSONN DOROTHY RICHARDSON.. IRENE STEAD .................... EVELYN RICHARDSON.. 55 " 50 " 45 " .. 45 .. MARILYN OWENS ................ 40 't Mary Jean Joraei. 35 " Susan Alderdyce... 30 " Shirley Schmidt .. 20 ti Barbara Sheldric Gloria Hutchinson Marjorie McCarro Mary Lee Alderdyce... 20 u 20 a 15 " 10 " 5 .. 5 5 u 5 5 Carol Bryant ......... Katharine Bryant Dorothy Chubbuck. Jean McMullin. Helene Walkeru u u Boysl Tennis Points Ending August 3, 1934 MARSHALL.,.. ............... 167 Points .. 1 tt W. McCloud.. Perry ........... W. Rucker ............. Page Eight HERALD Prophecy From Pennington School tBy Manna Quackenbush, Old Stone Pennington Schooll My! my! just ten years today since I left Macon to go into training at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. One can scarcely realize the changes that can take place in that length of time. When I came here today I was escorted through the much improved village by Mayor Russell McCollum. I should have greatly enjoyed that ride if he had been more interesting in his speech, but all he could talk about was the way he used to bat the balls when they went over to the Pennington House. Well, after the ride, although I was nearly exhausted, I visited our old stone schoolhouse. It always was beautiful, but now it seemed even more so with its flagstone walk neatly em- bedded in peat moss, with moss roses and petunias covering the large stone wall that surrounded the schoolhouse and reached nearly to the Pennington House. The interior was beautiful, too, especially with Elizabeth Kouach as the superintendent and Gertrude Howell, Lois Downing, and Dorothy McCollum as teachers. Keeping Store Near the school was a large two-story brick building that seemed to be very well patronized. Looking closer, I observed a sign on which were the words uSumner McCollum, Merchant." I certainly was surprised at that. Across the street from his place was a ten cent store with Hiiah Jean Pierce as manager. Beside this store was a somewhat smaller building with pretty pictures and chinaware within. . Stepping nearer I percelved tiny Colleen Tho'rne behind the counter painting the dishes. This was a beauti- ful yet surprising picture. She told me she had received a letter that day from Marjorie McHenny, a successful ballet dancer, but not McHenny any longer, as she had married the director of the company for which she danced. Of course, I went to see the Clark family, and found Pearl installed as her father's secretary. Pennington House On Visiting the Pennington House I was much pleased to find Harold Ernst dressed in White bakeris cap and coat, superintending the cooking oi a soy bean luncheon which was belng prepared for Mr. Ford and his execu- tives. I noticed David Higgins among those present. As I toured to Tecumseh to see a lawyer, I was surprised to see, instead of Wood and Williams, the Pennington sisters, Rose and Anna. While in Tecumseh I attended a session of the Grand Opera, and who should appear but Inez Spence and Joyce Pennington in a famous duet. After their recital they informed me that Genevieve Froelich and Lilah Kittle were modellng for a big firm in Toledo. I was also pleased to find Lucille Froehch happily married and doing what she liked best -housework. While I was in the city I saw several advertisements inviting people to attend a lecture at the Methodist Episcopal Church. I decided to go, and whom do you suppose I found there? No one but Herman Creger. So he was the minister I had heard everyone talking about! Oh, I almost forgot! While at the opera I heard many of Jean Downingis poems, and some of them had been composed into songs. Very beautiful, too. Henry Hawkins has at last invented a way to carry people to and from school. Itis something like a small car, and it is run by 9697; air and AUX water. Very cheap to own one of these, you see. We shall have to have Henry explain that. The best I can say is I wish he could have invented this thing just ten years ago, so that it could have been of use to all of us. And, say, while in Chicago last week visiting the Ford Exposition, I saw J oyce Three of Edison Junior Pioneers who won prizes at the recent Field Day demonstration in Greenfield Village. A triumphant trio. Vealeyis name blazoned in huge electric lights in front of a theater. On entering I found her taking part in a performance, and I still have the "creeps" when I recall the ghastly ghost stories she recited. Elephants and Everyth ing Perhaps you have become tired long before this, but I must tell you about Thelma Howell. She has joined the Ringling Brothers circus and is their star comedienne. She rides on elephants and everything. I think I have finished now; so I must go, for I have just received a telegram from my old pal Ruth Randall informing me that we have both passed the final examination for nurses at the Henry Ford Hospital. But first, on behalf of the pupils of P. H. S. I wish to express thanks to our teachers Mr. and Mrs. Travis for the excellent instruction which has made all this possible. Goodbye to Macon and Pennington High School! u-oo u-r-o Nothing can supply the place of books. They are cheering or soothing companions in solitude, illness, affliction. The wealth of continents would not compensate for the good they impart. Let every man, if possible, gather some good books under his roof. -W. E. Channing. Out-ofuTown Girls Visit High School Club House -The girls of the Edison Institute ngh School Club in Greenfield Village are very happy to think that out-of- town girls enjoyed the clubhouse too. The glrls came in the middle of the afternoon, which gave them a chance to get acquainted with the house before supper. They enjoyed our nice piano, victrola, radio and typewriter. Then came a very nice suppera and dishes; and after supper a ramble through the Village. They saw how peaceful it was with the shadows softly falling over the lovely grounds. They didn't hear the noise of the carriages nor the voices of the visitors, but instead thoroughly enjoyed the quiet- ness and stillness. When the girls went back to the house they saw that they were going to sleep in four-poster beds. Soon they were fast ssleep and woke up with the sun beaming in all the windows. After dressing, downstairs they went to help with the breakfast. After breakfast another walk. They could see that the village was just waking up. A little later they had their pictures taken at the tintype studio. There were five groups that came, including one group from Willow Run, three from Pennington, and one from Centennial. The group from Willow Run included Helen Hoag, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag, Phyllis La Fortte, Helen Wellbrook and Pauline Reinhackel. There were three groups from Penning- ton. The first group included Inez Spence, Ruth Randall, Genevieve Froe- lich, Rose Pennington, and Anna Pen- nington. In the second group the guests were Lilah Kittle, Joyce Vealey, Thelma Howell, and Lucille Froelich. In the third group there were Margaret Papp, who teaches at Green Lane Academy, and her friend. The group from Gen- tennial included Helen Anderson, Agnes Montgomery, Gertrude Drouillard and Doris Drouillard. We have enjoyed very much the letters and interesting stories these girls have written us and are glad they had a nice time. eBetty H utchinson, Secretary. N-x-c-oooo PATIENCE PEARSON Last week I took my wee sister Mary up to Secretary House, Greenheld Village, and Miss Mackinnon invited us upstairs. I told her about the pretty doll that lived there. She was much surprised and told us to go down and see if it was still in the sewing cabinet, and sure enough it was there. She was quite prim and lovely in her blue and white dress and pretty auburn curls. Miss Mackinnon decided that the doll should have a litting name; so we thought IIPatience Pearson" would be nice. Joseph Pearson was Secretary of State for New Hampshire and lived in this beautiful house many years ago, and this is how it became known as Secretary House. We were allowed to take Patience out for a swing. Now when I go out for riding lessons wee Mary says, iiBetty, don,t go for riding lessons; let's go up and see Patience Pearson today." eBetiy Atkinson, Town Hall School. HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, August 24, 1934 No. 15 xi; What We Saw at the Worldis Fair 9E The Wonders of a Century of Progress N TUESDAY, August 7, at 3:30 0 olclock in the afternoon, I was one of seventeen of the boys of the Edison Institute, belonging to the Greenfield Village Schools, who left for Chicago to see the World's Fair. We arrived at Chicago at 10 olclock the same evening and went to the University of Chicago dormitories, where we were ac- commodated for the By BOYS OF THE EDISON INSTITUT E was only about fifteen minutes. We were met at the station by service cars and taken to the mensl residence halls in the Chicago University. All the boys had rooms to themselves except two, and they were brothers. We were soon unpacked and it didnit take long for us to get into bed. Wednesday morning we all were up a wire wheel. We also saw a globe which showed the natural products which go in the Ford car. We also saw itthe human Ford" which surprised us all. We then in- spected the "torture island" or platform where the engineers devise tests which would wreck an ordinary car. The General Electric was quite interesting. In this building was the radio night. Wednesday morn- ing we went to the Ford Building and saw many interesting exhibits, including a demonstration of how safety glass is made. The operators take two pieces of plate glass and put some cellulose tacetatei be- tween them, this sub- stance being translu- cent. Then they put this "glass sandwich," as it is called, in a press which brings it together and heats it. When the "sand- wich" is taken out of the press it is completely transpar- ent. Other exhibits which we enjoyed very much were: Hall of Science, Electrical Building, House of Magic, where we saw light made audible and sound made visi- ble. We also went to see the things of a The Ford Building from the air. beam exhibit show- ing how they could direct radio beams to a certain spot. We also saw a robot which would stand up, smoke, talk and such things as that. There was also a Diesel engine which was made of glass so you could see how it worked. There were also many de- vices to see sound and hear light. The Hall of Science was interest- ing, but much of it was too hard for us to understand. What I liked best was the side view of how they drilled oil wells. The Travel and Transport Building was very interesting. The safety glass de- monstration was the type that makes you feel as though you were protected by a wall when behind the glass. The Sinclair exhi- Century," which is a pageant depicting the development of transportation in the last hundred years. I am sure all of the boys are very thankful to Mr. Ford for the great interest he takes in us, and for this wonderful trip to the Worlds Fair. eBruc-e Simpson. We started from Detroit on the uTwilight Limited? one of the best. After we got out of town we occupied ourselves reading, playing games or sitting on the observation platform. When the time came to eat, Mr. Roberts divided us into two groups so that there would be less confusion. After dinner the evening passed swiftly until it was ten olclock. From that time on it seemed like hours until we finally stopped, although in reality it early and were outside playing ball before the service cars came for us. The exhibits I enjoyed the most were, first, the Ford exhibit followed by the General Electric, the Hall of Science, the travel and transport, the Sinclair exhibit, the aquarium and the planet- arium. The Ford exhibit was the only exhibit in which it was easy to see every- thing. As you enter the main entrance, on your right you see three Ford cars. Upon looking closer you find that they are the twenty millionth Ford, the fifteen millionth Ford, and the one millionth Ford V-8, the most modern. Directly in front of you at the main entrance is the twenty-foot revolving relief map. As we wandered around we saw three Ford cars hanging from bit was the type that makes you feel as though you lived in prehistoric times with all the dinosaurs around, such as the Tyrannosaurus Rex or the Tri- ceratops, a creature which was very fearsome. There were others such as the Stegosaurus, the Brontosaurus or the Protoceratops the forerunner of the Horned Face. The Aquarium was just full of fish such as the perch and the barracuda. Many of the boys were near the snakes most of the time. . The planetarium showed us many things about the planets and stars that we never thought of before. My only objection was that it was too cold in there. The magical demonstration was very interesting. The demonstrator played tPlease turn to page twoi Page Two HERALD THE HERALD OlEcial organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoaa Rawsonville, Lois Cork-L'ns, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington. Jean Downing, Manna. Quackenbush. Tan School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mill: School, Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownville, M errill Gray, Doris Harrington Academy School, M arjorie Wickwire, Jerry Anthes Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drauillard. Agnes M ontyamery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS Looking Forward Before another number of the H erald has been issued the schools will have reopened and another school year will have begun. That the past school year has been a pleasant and a mo gressive one we must all admit. Educa- tion, both of mind and of body, has been well taken care of in accordance with the old Latin saying which when translated means "a healthy mind in a healthy body." This, after all, is what education means, for to overload the mind at the expense of the body, or to build up the body at the expense of the mind is not a wise thing. The two must work together, and so they must be cultivated together, each in its proper way. There used to be a little jingle in the old schoolbooks which said: "Work while you work and play while you play; that is the way to be happy and gay," and we feel sure that every one of the school children will admit the truth of this little rhyme. While we look backward to the past year with all its happy memories we look forward with renewed hope and renewed confidence to the coming year. Everything that can make the coming scholastic year one of the most successful in the history of our schools is being done, everything that can make our path of knowledge smooth and profitable has been carefully thought out; but this cannot bring results without the hearty cauoperation of the children themselves. Opportunity waits upon those who are ready to recognize it and give it a welcome, and so, whether at work 01- play, in the schoolroom or in the hours of recreation, let us all do our best in all that we take in hand, so that the year 1934-35 will be for us all a year of achievement and work well and faith- fully done. - - - World,s Fair - - - lContlnued from page onet music by directing a beam of light on a receiver. .There were many more elabor- ate machines for seeing sound and hear- ing light than there were in the General Electric exhibit. Saturday morning about eleven otclock we entered the worldts greatest stockyards. We found a guide who showed us through the buildings. We saw hogs, sheep and cattle being killed. We followed the animals right through the Whole process of putting meat on our markets. We also saw them making oleomargarine. This trip took us over two hours and the boys were all glad to get out of there and return to the dormitories to clean up for the trip back to Dearborn. eRobert D. W alker. Mr. V-8 Ford You should have met him. I was introduced to him in the Ford Building at the Worldls Fair where I was enjoy- ing myself as Mr. Fordts guest. A group of the boys were taken into a theater in the Ford Building and there Mr. V-8 Ford stood, all dressed up in his gold- colored Sunday clothes. Beside him stood a man who introduced us and helped us get acquainted. At a word from this gentleman Mr. V-8 came to life, and rolled across the stage to his side. The gentleman patted V-8, who sighed happily, and then the gentleman tickled him and V-8 giggled. By this time we were sure that a man was hiding within V-8 and making the sounds, but the man in charge put an end to these wild ideas by opening V-Sls doors and jumping on the floor to show us that there was no one inside. V-8 didn,t like that for he kept yelling "Ouch!" as though he was being hurt. The man next suggested that V-S have someone come up on the stage and look in his rumble seat, so V-8 asked if the two good looking girls in the front row would come up and look. They came up and looked in, but there was no one there, nor was there anyone under the hood. One of the girls leaned against a fender and V-8 gave a sigh of joy. He asked the girls where they were from and learned that they were from St. Louis. Then he started to flirt. He asked one of the girls to put her head on the radiator and when she did he kissed her, at least it sounded like a kiss, and then he blushed. His head- lights turned a bright red and he looked very embarrassed. V-8 was asked what he would do if there were a young couple making love at the side of the road without any lights on and a motorcycle cop came along. V-8 said: "I would do this," and he turned on his parking lights. Suddenly without being told he turned his lights off, and when asked why he did so he said that the cop had gone past. A few seconds later he turned the lights back on, explaining the cop had turned around and was coming back. The man in charge selected a boy from our group and asked V-8 how he combed his hair. V-8 immediately answered that he didnt, and he was right; and did we laugh? V-8 is smart, handsome, and full of fun. We liked him, and I am sure you will too if you get to know him. I can truthfully say that the Ford Building was the best of them all. eBobby H eber. We enjoyed our ride on the train. Our greatest thrill on the journey was when we saw the lights of the Fair. New Contributors Q'tnn-nhfg Woeoooeeef5 Britton, Michigan, August 18, 1934. Dear Editor: Recently while I was at the Henry Ford Hospital I visited the convalescent school there, and the teacher, Miss Fleming, asked me to write to you suggesting that they be 1nv1ted to send school notes to the H erald. They always receive the Herald and would like very much to be allowed to send in itemseYours sincerely, -Agnes M ontgomery. We shall be delighted to have them. -E'dit0r. We stopped at the menis dormitory of the Univers1ty of Chicago. Wednes- day was our. first day at the Fair. We went on a s1ght-seeing trip through the grounds, and then our real thrill came wheh .we were taken through the Ford Exhlblt. We especially enjoyed seeing the Ford Industrialized Barn. In the Rotnnda We saw all the old time carrlages, as well as the old time cars. We saw the tt999" car. At the time this car was. made, the manufacturers of automobiles were making racing cars to establish their fame. After Mr. Ford inade the "999W Barney Oldfield drove 1t to tame by breaking speed records. The highest speed was when he drove it ninety-one miles an hour. We enjoyed the exhibit of the branches of the Ford Motor Company. We liked to watch the freighters on the lake and it was exciting to see the cars rim along the road and to watch the Slgn pop up which read, ttWatch the Fords go by? After this, we saw the twenty-foot globe. Around the globe there are twenty-four big searchlights which throw their rays one mile in height, which makes a wonderful sight at night. We took a ride over the nine different kinds of roads. -VV.e went through the Firestone Bnildlng, Hall of Science, Belgium Village, Merry England, Colonial Village and the Black Forest. Saturday morning, we went through the Chicago Stock Yards and left that afternoon for home. -Jum'or Burns. The trip was very interesting and exceptionally comfortable. On arrival at Chicago We were met by Ford courtesy cars and were taken to the Chicago University dormitory where we were given rooms. In the morning we had breakfast in the cafe- teria and went immediately to the fair grounds. There we took the sight-seeing bus. After our trip we went to the Ford Building. This exhibit was very in- teresting and explained the workings of the Ford car. We visited many other buildings such as the Hall of Science, and the G. E. Building where we heard light and saw sound. One evening we went to the pageant "Wings of a Century." We wentinto a few of the villages and saw the various folk dances. We also saw Shakespearels, "Taming of the Shrew" in the Old English Village. On the morning of the day we were to return home we visited the stock tConcluded on page seven HERALD Page Three ilm What Our Schools Are Doing th RAWSONVI LLE Our teacher, Mrs. Allen, has gone on a vacation of about a week. Mrs. Allen went to North Lake. Kenan Jacobi, who lives in Detroit, visited his school friends at Rawsonville School, and went to the gardens with us last week. A Pet Pi geon Mrs. Allen has a pet pigeon which I gave to her. It is of a brownish color and is a very interesting pet to have. A Big Watermelon My father picked a watermelon which weighed nineteen pounds. We have raised several other large water- melons this year. eLois Corkins. MN GREEN LANE ACADENY Some of the children out here are most anxious for school to begin. Jerry Anthes is going to the Brownville School next term and will be in the first class. J erry says that his brother J ack crawls on the hoor and he has to watch him, especially when he tJerryi wants to go fishing. Jerry once remarked: iiMother says sometimes a lot of children are a worry. I do know I have too many brothers. My big one borrows my fishline and the little one catches the fishhook in his lip and has to go to lGrandpa Doc1 to get it out." Colleen Davison is having a fine time going to the summer play school in Tecumseh. She has just iinlshed making a pretty flower vase out of a bottle which she covered with colored paper. Marjorie Wickwire is quite a brave little girl. A few days ago she was taken to a dentist to have two of her front teeth pulled. Without a whimper Marjorie walked right up to the dentistls chair, sat in it, and told the dentist which teeth to take out. Marjorie is glad they are out but the trouble now is that she just cant eat corn off the cob. Bobby Moore has been spending two weeks at his Grandpa and Grandma Dillonls at Devilis Lake. Bobby Nelson has come back from a trip up in the northern part of Michi- gan and he certainly had a fine time there. He saw all kinds of wild animals, such as deer and bears. Bobby watched some big ships go through the Soo canal at Sault St Marie. One day Bobby went fishing with his daddy and caught two fish. The little one he threw back into the water and the other he gave to his dog. On their way home from the north they stopped at the Indian village in Wisconsin and Bobby bought a pair of moccasins. Anne Thompson has been spending most of her time at home. The other day Anne had her cat in her lap and was listening to it purr. All at once she exclaimed, itMy! How loud this cat snores!" eMargaret Papp, Green Lane Academy. mm THE KINGBIRD Denial Wolfe Willow Run School CENTENNIAL The seats have all been removed from the schoolhouse and the workmen are washing the ceiling and the walls. Everything will look as good as new when school starts. Many vegetables are being gathered f1om our school gardens We think they are doing fine considering the dry weather we have had. Le Roy Montgomery returned home Friday from the Henry Ford Hospital. Mr. and Mrs. Chapman along with Mr. and Mrs. T. McConnell have gone on a fishing trip We wish them a lot of success and hope tlthe big ones" dont all get away. The girls from Centennial Schoo Would like to thank Miss Mackinnon for the lovely time they had during their visit to Secretary House, and thank Mr. Ford for making all this possible. -Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes M ontgomery OUR FIRST JELLY iBy Sally Owens and Marjorie Scottl Friday we made apple jelly at our club house in Greenfield Village. This is how we did it; First we picked out good solid apples, not too ripe, and washed them. Then we cut off the stem and blossom ends and cut them in quarters. Then we added water, almost to the top, and cooked them until they were nice and soft. We mashed them and put them through a coarse strainer. Then we strained that through a double thick- ness of cheese-cloth so at last we had nice clear juice. This was boiled twenty minutes. One of us then measured the juice in a cup and the other added three quarters of a cup of sugar for each cup of juice. And then we boiled this for five minutes. The most fun was putting it into the glasses, which were very hot. We had eighteen glasses, and after we put on a little carowax we set them in the sun to jell. Next winter the jelly will taste good on our bread and butter when we get hungry at bed tlme. Social Item Marjorie McCarroll left Thursday August 2 to spend the month of August in Maine. Another stage in the rejuvenation of the Model T. Kenneth Petrak, of the Edison Institute High School, gives the mechanical end of his car a final look over. Page Four H E RI'A L D Our 730315 and Girls in qtz'on --- This net player is David Roth. who with Donald Donovan, won the deciding point in the Henry Ford School tennis meet. The leader in GV points 10: the boys is Tommy Marshall who has consistently headed the pyramid board. He is shown here serving hard. Village Tennis Team Defeats Frank Campsall reaching high to volley hard. Frank won his match against Henry Ford SCh001 3'2 9; Henry Ford School, 6-3. Nelson Cosbey is pictured in the background as his . , . doubles partner. After the usual sw1mm1ng sessmn on Wednesday, the Village tennis team turned in a victory over the Henry Ford School netters With a 3-2 score at the lettersy courts. The contest remained as close as possible and it was not until the final doubles match was played that the winner was decided. The score was 2-2 as Roth and Donovan took to the courts to oppose Biggers and Hintze of Ford School. This was the deciding match of the meet and Roth and Dono- van defeated their opponents 7-5 to give Greenfield the meet. The Henry Ford School Number 1 man, E. Kotts, downed Tommy Mar- shall, Greenfield Number 1, to gain a point for his team. Russell Reader of the Village played his usual steady game against a much larger opponent to take him 6-4. Kenneth Petrak started as Number 3 singles player for the Village and had a pain in his side in the early part of the game. Frank Campsall substituted for Petrak and turned in another victory for Greenheld Village by downing his opponent with a fine net game 6-3. At this point in the match the Village netters were leading 2-1. Kenneth Petrak and Lowell Apesech opposed the Numbers 1 and 2 men of the oppo- sition and fell to a score of 6-3. Score: Henry Ford Schoolez, Greenfield Vil- The hnal doubles match David Ormond is doing his skate in this doubles match while his partuerf Bill Rucker,Lis attentively watching the result of the stroke. This pictures the lage-2. popular comer of the courts. HERALD page Five --- 0n the School Carol Bryant at the finish of her favorite forehand swing. between Donovan-Roth and Biggers- Hintze decided the meet. Their set ended 7-5 in favor of the Villagers and won the match for Greenfield 3-2. Final results: SIN GLES : E. Kotts 6H. F. 5SJ defeated T. Marshall tG.V .SJ 7-5. R. Reader EC: V. SJ defeated H Paul tH.F.S.16 F. Campsall 1G. V. SJ defeated P. Alsman 1H. F. SJ 6-3 DOUBLES: Alsman and Kotts 1H. F. SJ de- feated Apesech and Petrak 1G. V. SJ 6-3. Roth and Donovan 1G. V. SJ de- feated Biggers and Hintze 1H. F. SJ 7-5. Final score: GREENFIELD-Ey, HENRY FORD SCHOOL-Z. NM GIRLST TENNIS TEAM DOWNS OPPONENTS Chubbuck and Richardson Win Singles The two Dorothys of the Greenfield Village Tennis Team won their matches against the Henry Ford School playels on Thursday to give the Village a victory with a 2-1 score. The girls were worried on their way to the opponents, courts because it was their first taste of outside com- petition in any line of sports. They all Tmm's Courts Betty Hutchinson is shown here com- p leting a lorehand drive. played an excellent game and gained considerable experience. Dorothy Chubbuck played Number 1 for the Village and Dorothy Richard- son Number 2. The doubles team of Irene Stead and Betty Hutchinson 1051: to the opposition 6-3. The opposing players of Henry Ford School are anxious for revenge and hope to have another match in the fall. SIN GLES: N0. 1 Dorothy Chubbuck 1G. V. SJ defeated Violet Plecha Hi. F. SJ 6- 1. No. 2 Dorothy Richa1dson 1G. V.S SJ defeated G Paluch 1H. F. SJ 6-1. DOUBLES: No. 1 Biggers and Trudeau defeated Stead and Hutchinson 6-3. score-GREENFIELDW HENRY FORD SCHOOL-l. This is Florence Barbier, a newcomer, Final serving with good form in an attempt ' to bewilder the opposition .ewv-Ve'wk V W Mary Eleanor Rilcnour cutting a shot frmn the base line. She has been leading the girls in points towards the CV athletic awards. PageSix 'HE'RALD A MERRY GROUP AT MILLS SCHO-OL Left to right-Margaret Pratt, Norman Pratt, Lilah Creger, Freda Creger, Anna Casno, Vera Pennington, Virginia . Wiggins tteachert, Edwin Pratt, Lucille Pratt. SPINNING A COCOON SILKWORMS FEEDING oot-oooM-Il Raising Silkworms g oouow-n By THOMAS MARSHALL ooooooMIh tEdison I nstitute High SchooD Hankst Hill Silk Mill, built in 1810, was brought to Greenfield Village from Mansfield, Connecticut, which was the greatest silk center of America at that time. It was originally run by Water power, and was the flrst power silk mill in the United States. In 1810 the cocoons used in the mill were raised in this vicinity. It was decided to raise silkworms in Greenfield Village and follow through the process in much the same manner as was done in the early days. Plans have also been made for making speci- men boxes to be sold to Visitors Which will at the same time show them the life cycle of the silkworm. The basement of the carding mill was prepared for the raising of the silkworms. It was thoroughly cleaned, whitewashed, and disinfected. Large racks Were put up holding trays for the worms and also the mulberry leaves, V . . A section of thousands of silkworms feed- complete acocoon, but each contains WhICh they feed upop- ing on mulberry leaves. They have to be one thousand yards of silk thread. The food was obtamed from several fed six times a day when first. hatched. It takes the silkworm three days to tPlease turn to next paget HERALD Page Seven Raising Silkworms tConcluded from previous paget white mulberry trees located on Mr. Fordts property. The white mulberry is of the same type as was used in 1810. The experiment itself was made with the Grecian type of silkworm. The eggs were kept in cold storage until the end of May, at which time they were hatched. When first hatched the worms are nearly one-eighth of an inch long, and are fed six times a day during the first stage and four times thereafter. The silkworm grows so rapidly that within a few days the original skin has been stretched to its limit and must now be cast off to reveal a new skin underneath. This process, known as molting, is repeated four times during the caterpillar stage. It divides the life of the worm into five stages. At the end of the fifth stage the worm is almost four inches long and is ready to spin its cocoon. Some brush or a bunch of twigs is prepared in which the silkworms spin their cocoons. First they spin a number of strands from twig to twig to support the cocoon. The cocoon itself is then started, and it takes three days to complete it. Each cocoon contains about one thousand yards of a con- tinuous strand of silk. After thirty days the moth softens the end of the cocoon and forces its way out. In a short time the moth dries and the wings expand. The male and female are then mated for four to six hours. Afterward they are separated and the female placed on a piece of cloth where she lays between six and eight hundred eggs. The eggs remain at ordinary room temperature for about ten days, and then are placed in cold storage until the next year. This completes the life cycle of the silkworm. NM Worldis F air tConcluded from page twot yards. Here we saw the slaughtering and dressing of cattle. We also saw the Live Power Show with its cage of fierce beasts. We left for the train, arriving at the station about 4:15, and reached home at 10 otclock. -Bob Piper. While I was at the fair I spent most of my time in the Ford Building. I saw them pour molten steel. I also saw the largest globe oi the world and a lot of old-time cars. I was also in the Firestone Building and saw them make tires. I visited the Planetorium and heard a lecture. I also saw the Aquarium, Art Institute, and Field Museum. I went to the Federal and State Buildings and saw many interesting things. The first day we went sight-seeing on a Worldts Fair bus. eFrtmklyn Weeks. One of the exhibits at the Fair was ttThe Wings of a CenturyP First it showed Daniel Boone and some settlers being fired upon by Indians. Then came the city of New York and Fultonis steamboat. Then it showed some old style trains and newer trains. Then the Wright Brothers' glider and the first airplane to Hy from coast to coast. -Donald Gilbert. Venonwwwrg About one-half mile south of the Old Stone Pennington School lies the farm house of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Hatch. Mr. Hatch died a few years ago, and the farm is now owned by "A Thing of Beauty is a joy Foreve-W a -Joooooooaoooaoaoooeaooooooooaoaoo The Story of a Garden ooooooouooowooooooooowoomowR ovooooooeoog and the couple had celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary before Mr. Hatch died. This beautiful garden-built by the hands of a dear little old lady who has Mrs. Hatch in her wonderful rock garden. Mr. Ford; but Mrs. Hatch still lives there with her son. The picture shows Mrs. Hatch, who will be 90 years old next February 22, and a part of her flower and rock garden. She has rebuilt this garden, which is over 150 feet long, in the last three summers, gathering thousands of rocks, large and small, from all over the farm, and some from greater distances. This wonderful old lady has done all the work alone, laying out the walks and bed in perfect symmetry. The gravel for the walks she carried in pails. Her son Lilburn often offered to help her, but she prided herself on doing it alone. Mrs. Hatch showed me many odd stones, queer shapes and colorings, petrified woods, and coral-like forma- tions. To the remark that this seemed such an immense amount of work for such an elderly lady, Mrs. Hatch replied, HWell, I have worked hard all my life, and I don't think hard work ever hurt me; besides, it keeps me from getting lonesome since Mr. Hatch has gone. Back of the house is a terrace with a retaining wall of stone which Mrs. Hatch built 45 years ago, using no cement or mortar. It is still in very good condition. She has many other stone-bordered hower-beds around the yard. She has built all of them herself, and is justly proud of them. Because of the extreme drought this summer her son has helped her carry many pails of water to keep her flowers alive. Mrs. Hatch"'was married in11866, many friends in Macon-with the neat, well-kept farmhouse and large shade trees in the background, made such a pretty scene that I could not resist taking a snapshot of it to send to our paper. It is a garden to dream of. -Joyce Vealey, Old Stone Pennington School. Page Eight HERALD Girls Enjoy a Night at the Clubhouse tBy Carol Bryantl Thursday night, August 2, the girls who stayed at the "cluW in Secretary House had a very good time. Those who stayed were Shirley Schmidt, Sally Owens, Marge Scott, and Carol Bryant. When we were making supper it was raining very hard, but it cleared before we ate. We had tomato salad, toasted sandwiches, olives and celery, milk applesauce, and cake, for supper. It was very good, and we all had second helpings. Miss Mackinnon told us lots of funny things that she had said or done, it made us all laugh. After we had washed the dishes we sang a few songs. Then we all sat down for a quiet evening. Miss Mackinnon and I were looking at books of dogs, Marge was sorting the HLittle Colonial Books," Sally was typ- ing, and Shirley was playing the ukelele. Finally Marge got up and went to the door; then she called us to come and look. We all ran to the door, there was a beautiful double rainbow in the sky. The inside one was very clear, but the outside one was quite faint. Then we looked over at the Cotswold Cottage. It was a pretty pink, so we ran around the house. The sun was just going down behind the trees. It was bright orange. It was very beautiful. As it went lower and lower the whole sky got very bright, then pink then finally a deep deep blue. We all got ready for bed, then we listened to "Show Boat" on the radio. At nine Miss Mackinnon read us a story out of Good Housekeeping. That made us all sleepy, and when she finished we all dropped off to sleep at once. NEW THE TRAITOR The offering looked so tempting, In gown of yellow hue, My eye could not resist it, Nor could the eye of you. A dainty harvest apple The offering was, ltis sure, It looked so fresh and pretty I thought it was as pure. I sank my teeth in deeply; I gave a cry of pain; That apple was so sour That I'll never smile again. eHelen E. Anderson, Centennial School. N N A good deed is never lost: he who sows courtesy reaps friendship, and he who plants kindness gathers love: pleasure bestowed upon a grateful mind was never sterile but generally gratitude begets reward. eBaS'il. THE CHOICE Charles, and George, and Albert lived in a pleasant village in Ohio. Charles was ten years old, George nine, and Albert seven. "What will you be, when you become a man?" said George to Charles. "I," said George, "will be a black- smith. I will have a nice shop, and an anvil, and hammers, and a great pair of bellows. I will kindle up the fire, and blow away, and make the sparks fly so prettily. "I will make axes, and hoes, and shovels, and horseshoes, and a great many others thingsi' Charles said, "I will be a carpenter, and build houses, and make doors and windows, and things of that kind. I will have planes, and Chisels, and saws. ttl like to work in wood, and make beautiful, clean, long shavings, almost as fine as ribbons. My shop will not look so black and smoky as yours, brother George." Little Albert said he would like to be a farmer. "I will rise early on the spring mornings," said he, "and go out to hear the birds sing, and to see the grass grow, and look so bright and green. ttWhen I have fed the cows, and horses, and sheep, and eaten my break- fast, I Will go out to plow, 0r reap, or mow, in the bright sunshine. eMcGufeyls Third Reader. ALL ABOARDleEDISON INSTITUTE BOYS, WORLD,S FAIR BOUND Bllly Smith, J. G. Rucker. Bobby Back row, left to rightHBob Piper, Franklyn Weeks. Willys McCloud, Bruce Simpson, John Weeks, Jack Earwnker, Snow, Bob Bryant, Bob Walker. Front row, left to right-Jack McCloud, Billy Kresin, Bobby Heber, Albert Roberts, Donald Gilbert and Junior Burns. HERALD. Volume I. Published by the Children of the Edison Institute, September 7, 1934. No. 16 What Interested Me Most at the Big Fair More Marvels of Progress Described WANT to thank Mr. Ford for giving me the privilege of going to the Worlds Fair and seeing everything I did, and Mr. Simpson and Mr. Ellis for the nice way they treated us. Some of the things I enjoyed and was interested in was the way they get the sap from the trees and then turn it into rubber; also the making of mohair for the inside of the cars. By BOYS OF THE EDISON Leaving the soy bean exhibit we entered the main building. We were standing in the Century Room. There we saw Mr. Fordts iirst workshop and his first car. The car is in excellent condition and is able to run under its own power. Another feature of this room is a machine shop of a hundred years ago. There are also four of INSTITUTE cars suspended from the rim of one wheel. It showed how strong a wire wheel can be welded together into one solid whole. Among the other interesting exhibits I saw were the exploded chassis, the making of safety glass, and tithe human FordJ, I am sure the Ford exhibit gave the boys 2. general idea of what progress has been made in transporta- What interested me most was the mak- ing of spiral gears. First they put a round piece of Wood on a machine that looked OFF T 0 THE WONDERLAND OF INVENTION SHOWI- tion in the last cen- tury. Another fine exhi- bit at the Fair was in the Firestone Build- ing. Here we saw like a lathe. A pencil above the wood then startedmovingaround very slowly toward one end, all the time leaving a mark around the wood. This set the cut- ting machine for the size wanted. The rest of the boys and myself also enjoyed our stay at the University of Chicago. aFrcmk Campsall. Many Thrills There were many thrills from the be- ginning of the trip to the end. It was a happy group of boys who arrived in Chi- cago after an enJoy- able five and one-half hour trip on the "Twilight Limited." Goodbye Dearborn! the "Twilight Limited," A joyful group on the observation platform of as it left Dearborn en route for Chicago. men making rubber tires. At one side of this building is a group of fountains called the "Singing Fountains." They make different colors with different tones of music. We saw three for- eign villages: English, Belgian, and Black Forest. In the Electrical Building we saw the House of Magic. It was an interesting demonstration of light and sound. We also saw many uses for the electric eye. One afternoon we visited the Live Power Show and the Wings of a Century. Other buildings we visited were Hall of Science, Agricultural, Federal and States, We then went to the University of Chicago dormitory where we were to make our home for the next few days. I'm sure no other place could have been more inviting to us. We were all awake early the next morning, and on our way for a swim in the fine pool at the university. After breakfast we started for the Fair in service cars. One morning we went on the elevated railway. First we visited the Ford Building. It was raining, and we spent all of the day there. The first exhibit we saw on the Ford grounds was the soy bean display. This exhibit is to show how much of the materials used in a car can be grown by the farmers. The building contains machinery used to extract the soy bean oil. Soy beans can be used as a food and for making plastic parts as well. Thomas Edisonls early electric genera- tors which furnish the light of this room. We then entered the Rotunda. It is also called ttThe Drama of Transporta- tion," illustrated from the reproduction of King Tutankhamen,s chariot to the automobile. In the center of the Rotunda is a huge globe which turns very slowly, showing the extent of the Ford organiza- tion. It is 20 feet in diameter. We were then taken to the largest part of the building where we saw in front of us a hemisphere showing the materials used in a Ford V-8. Mounted on the top of this is a Ford car out in half showing where all the materials are used and that out of the earth come the materials for the modern automobiles. Another fascinating exhibit was three Travel and Transport, Hall of Religion, Aquarium, and Planetarium. We also saw the Sky Ride, University of Chicago Campus, and the Lagoon Theater. This trip to the Worlds Fair was enjoyed and appreciated by all of us. I wish to thank Mr. Ford for making it possible for us to go. eJames R. Gardner. Though the first day we visited the World's Fair was wet and rainy, it was a very enjoyable one. We visited the Ford Building in which we saw a century of progress in automobiles. As we entered beneath the large dome of the Ford Building we saw a large globe 0f the world revolving on its axis. This globe shows the extent of the Ford industries all over the world. tPleaso turn to page twol Page Two HERALD THE HERALDJ omdal organ of the pupils of Greenfield Village and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at the Old Hand-press Printing Shop, Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Snow, Editor Isabelle Gassett and Betty Hutchinson, Associate Editors Susan Alderdyce, Social Activitias Carol Bryant, Features and Special Contributions Bobby Shackleton, Sports and Recreations DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag Rawsonville, Lois Corkins, Robert N elson Old Stone Pennington. Jean Dawning, Manna Quackenbush. Tam School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persia Hatch Mills School. Lilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownville, M61 rill Gray, Doris Harrington AcademySchool,Marjoria Wickwire, Jerry Amhes Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gertrude Drouillard. Agnes Montgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS Autumn Reflections "The time has come, the walrus said, to talk of many things, of shoes and ships and sealing wax, and cabbages and kings.', Like the walrus in itAlice in Wonderland," we do feel that the time has come to talk and think of a good many things. The schools have opened, and that is something to talk about to begin with; and those who have returned to school after their long summer vacation must have any number of things to talk about and tell us about. Well, the Herald is open to receive their reflections on the places they have visited, the things they have seen, and the people they have met. What a wonderful thing it is to use onels observa- tion on occasions like these, and to express the result in writing. Impressions may pass quickly, but when they are recorded in writing, or set forth in print, they become more lasting and are there to see for all who are interested, for all time. Just like the trees, now beginning to shed their leaves. The leaves may wither and fall, but the trees remain to bring forth fresh buds, and leaves and fruit. in their due season. . I wonder how many of us study the trees. How many of us have made friends with them and have become acquainted with their life history and can call them by their proper names? The same with the birds. Do we know the birds? Can we tell their names? Do we know the difference between a robin and a cardinal, a finch and a warbler, a bluebird and a blue jay? Do we use our eyes and our ears? If we do not we have missed a lot. And these little birds will soon be gone for another season. Look at the gardens just nOWethe salvia, the zinnias, the petunias, the phloxes, and the cockscombs, just to mention a few. In their beds they form a wealth and variety of color that is glorious and inspiring. We have a ttWonderland" right at our doors if we only care to open our eyes to see it. Land of Canals and Windmills Here are Ann Hoodis impressions of Holland, which she recently visited: Holland is a low, level country with dikes all along the sea to keep the water from hooding it. You can see many windmills on the wharves and along the canals. They pump the water and also are used to grind the grain. They are very large and can be seen from long distances. Some of the windmills are not working because they have been replaced by gasoline and electric motors. . There are many large canals and some of them have locks. In the fields are much smaller ones. The soil is very .black and the grass very green. We see thousands of black and white cows feeding on the grass. The people use the milk to make cheese. On the farms the houses are divided into three sections: a living room, the stables where they keep the cows in winter, and a place for making cheese. Above this main iioor is an attic where they keep the hay for the cattle. The beds are in little closets in the living room. If there is a very small A charming prospect of Secretary House in its summer dress. ePhoto Isabelle Gassett child they put a cradle in the closet also. The walls of the homes are decorated with fancy plates with Dutch pictures on them. The people on the Isle of Marken dress in the same costumes as they did years ago, and they all wear wooden shoes. On many of the doorsteps are wooden shoes. The Dutch never go in without leaving them outside. The people are very clean and they try to keep out as much dirt as they can. The boys and girls dress the same until they are five years old and wear their hair the same. They have little skirts and clean white aprons. They wear hats which have five different pieces. Their hair is in long curls, and they have bangs. After the boys are five their hair is cut. The only way to tell a boy and girl apart before this is by a rosette on the back of the boys hat, or the front of the girlis blouse may have flowers on it. Holland is a beautiful country and is really a land of canals and windmills. eAnn Hood, Edison I nstitute H igh School NM As gardening has been the inclina- tion of kings and the choice of philos- ophers, so it has been the common favorite of public and private men; a pleasure of the greatest, and the care of the meanest. eSir William Temple. Wonders of the Fair 3 ?IWNMN tContinued from page onel oowu-moR Each little yellow building on the globe represents a Ford plant. Around the globe is a drama of transportation starting from the old chariot and ox cart and following through to the development of the modern automobile. Among some of the old cars shown was the famous 999 which Barney Oldfield drove at a record speed of 91 miles per hour. Mr. Ford perfected a radiator for this car which enabled Barney Oldfield to establish this record. There was also shown the twenty millionth Ford and the millionth Ford V-8. . As we passed from the large dome 1nto the main part of the building we saw a Ford V-8 cut in half showing all the materials used in the car. We then continued along and saw many exhibits and demonstrations including the making of safety glass, the Briggs Body Com- pany demonstration, the rubber mill, the exploded chassis, and many other exhibits. We also saw three Ford cars suspended from the spokes of a wheel of a Ford V-8, proving the strength of the spokes. 0n the balcony we saw a miniature of Greenfield Village, the 15,000 parts of a Ford V-8, and some trade school boys from Dearborn showing the activi- ties in the Ford Trade School. We also saw soy beans growing and the Ford barn showing the things made from the soy bean. This completed our tour of the Ford Building; but we saw many other interesting things and enjoyed our trip to the Worldis Fair very much. Momma oa-Muwonw eTho-mas M arshall. The Transparent Man An exhibit which was very interesting was the Transparent Man in the Hall of Science. It is a statue of a man with his arms outspread, made completely of glass. The Transparent Man was sent here from Germany. It is placed on a block of wood and below it are plates of glass with the names of organs of the body which are lighted up by an electric bulb under each one. First of all, an electric bulb is auto- matically switched on in the skull, followed instantly by another one giving the name of the organ in one of the plates. The man in charge of this exhibit explained to us that the brain does our thinking and then helps us to act. While the light goes off in the skull and plate, another light goes on in the throat, followed instantly by' a light giving the names larynx and esophagus on another plate below. The larynx is known in common terms as the ttwindpipef which conducts the oxygen from the outside to the lungs, and carbon dioxide is given off by the blood in the lungs which passes through the larynx to the outside when breathing, and is assimilated by the green leaves of trees. The esophagus is the pipe required to bring solid food and liquid to the stomach. Another light goes on back of the heart followed by another one under the plate of glass that gives the name of the organ. The heart pumps the puri- t Please turn to page four l HERALD Page Three lee What Our Schools Are Doingf ell RAWSONVILLE School began Tuesday, August 4. Although we have had a short vacation, we enjoy getting back again. We have only eight pupils to begin school with. We again have Mrs. Allen for our teacher this year. My mother and father had their Silver Wedding Anniversary Friday, August 24. Two surprise parties were given to them, one from their relations and one from their neighbors and friends. -Lois Corkins. mm OLD STONE PENNINGTON Joyce Vealey, with the rest of the Vealey family, has been camping at the lake. Genevieve and Lucille Froelich are the happy possessors of a baby brother, who arrived on July 30, Mr. Ford,s birthday. Inez Spence also has a new nephew. Mrs. Raymond Layman, of Chicago, has been spending a week with Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Travis. Mrs. Travis had not seen Mrs. Layman since the latter was five years of age. With Mr. Travis they visited Greenfield Village on Tues- day of last week. Mr and Mrs. Travis spent four days at the Century of Progress exposi- tion, and were accompanied by their sorfi, Mr. Jerome Travis, Jr., and his w1e. GREEN LANE ACADEMY The children came back from their vacations quite anxious for school to start. Jimmy Sisson tripped and broke his leg several days ago, but Jimmy was very brave and now hels getting along just fine. Betty Hutchinson as Ht'he Fair Eques- triennef -Phato by Isabelle Gassett A few days ago Justin and Derrell Coover saw a cow milked for the first time. Justin told his mother after- wards: nMr. Fosdick let me squeeze the cow, too," and Derrell, remembering the foam 0f the milk in the pail asked, tiMother, have cows got soap in them?" I think the next time well have more items for Ktour" paper. The children are always thrilled when they receive their copies of the Herald in their own names, and are keeping them on file. .eMargaret Papp mm COMFORT After a three-month vacation, Comfort School will reopen Monday, September 3, with Mrs. Pansy Murdock as teacher. Mrs. W. B. Weatherman, who was formerly Miss Gwendolyn Boltz, who has been our teacher for the past two years, has been living in Adrian since her recent marriage. Dorothy McConnell, Harry Richard, Katherine and Frederick Kempf and Lois Anderson, who attended Comfort School last year, are expecting to attend Centennial School this year. eLois Anderson. MN ISABELLElS SURPRISE PARTY Tuesday, August 28, is a date that Isabelle Gassett W111 not soon forget, as it was her fourteenth birthday, and a surprise party was planned for her at our Club House. A few girls, including Isabelle Gassett, went shopping some time before her birthday. We were looking for candles for Suzanne Wessinger's birthday cake and Isabelle suggested blue candles, but when she saw they only had dark blue candles, very gloomy looking, she said she would never like a birthday cake with such ugly candles. Miss Mackinnon laughingly told Isabelle that she was going to make her a blue cake with blue candles. This worried Isabelle up to the day of her birthday. Upon her arrival, Isabelle was met at the door by Ann Hood and Susan Alderdyce. She was surprised to see the girls. To take up time, the girls took Isabelle for a walk through the village. While they were gone, the rest of the girls arrived, and when Isabelle came in she was surprised to see so many girls at the club. Just before dinner, her father, mother and sister arrived, and Isabelle was much pleased, as she felt badly leaving her famlly on her birthday. A lovely dinner was served. When it was time to serve the birthday cake, Isabelle was bewildered to see a tiny cup cake with four dark blue candles. Around the cake was a green wreath. When Isabelle saw this, she thought it was darling, but we girls knew that she was disappointed, and we kept telling her how beautiful we thought her cake was. Then came her big,r sur- prise. Two girls brought in two large birthday cakes. She was so glad that the girls were not serious about the blue birthday cake After dinner was over , they brought in the presents Later, games were played and prizes awarded. The guests included: Mr. and Mrs. Gassett and daughter, Patsy; Mrs. Ray Dahlinger, Ann Hood, Susan Alderdyce, Shirley Schmidt, J oyce Soderquist, Doro- thy Chubbuck, Betty Hutchinson, Bar- bara Sheldrick, Dorothy Richardson, Marjorie Scott, Irene Stead and Sally Owens. HBelty Hutchinson, Edison Institute High School. mm MY SUMMER VACATION: My summer vacation has been the best holiday I can remember, because it has been full of fun and excitement. Of course my trip to the Worldls Fair was by far the best. I like to play tennis and quite a lot of my time has been spent in the courts. The coach took a group of boys swim- ming every Wednesday and Friday. All good things must end sqgnetime. By the time this appears in the Herald we will be back at school stud ng; ahd the cool weather and fall spdrts will begin eDavid Ormond, Scotch Settlement School. 0n the eve of going to press with this issue of the Herald, we received a budget of contri- butions from the children of the Henry Ford Hospital Con- valescent School, together with a very charming picture of the school garden. Both will duly appear in our issue of Septem- ber 21, and we shall be pleased to have such contributions regularly. We may remind all contri- butors to the Herald that the deadline for receiving copy is the Monday before the Friday of publication. "We set them in the sun to jell." Sally Owens and Marjorie Scott make apple jelly at the girls' club rooms, Secretary House. Page Four Boys 0f Edison Institute - - - Where the first Ford car was made. Wonders of the Fair iContinued from page two i fied blood that comes from the lungs into the arteries to the diHerent parts of the body, While the veins bring back the unpurified blood to the lungs and then to the heart. The operation of the lights going on in back of the organs and out repeats itself throughout the entire demonstration. The stomach digests the food and is the principal digestive organ of the body. The kidney is one of the two oblong fiattened organs which separates the urine from the blood and filters all poisons. The lungs are used to purify the blood and are mainly for breathing. The pancreas is a large fieshy gland situated under and behind the stomach, secreting a fluid that helps in the process of digestion. The liver secrets some of the fluid used in the digestion process of the stomach. The little intestine assimilates the food for the upkeep of the body. The large intestine disposes of the left-over matter. This Transparent Man shows how the human body works. i --Lowell Apesech. An interested group around the exploded V-S chassis What the Ford V-8 Is Made of At the Fair there was a Ford V-8 cut in half and mounted on a large metal globe. This section was very interesting. In the center of this globe there were exhibits showing how iron sillimanite, copper, zinc, asbestos, and aluminum are produced; how glass is made, and how soy beans, mohair, wool, cork, rubber and cotton are raised. All these things come directly from the earth except mohair and wool. Out of these things a Ford V-8 is made. On this globe there is an arrow point- ing to iron and at the other end there is another arrow pointing to the block which is made from this iron. In a Ford iron is used for the cylinder block and many other parts. Sillimanite is used for the spark plugs. Mohair is used to cover the seats and doors. Out of copper the gas line and the coils for the generator are made. Gaskets are made from cork and asbestos. From rubber the tires and the insulation of wires are made. Zinc is found combined with other minerals as a fibrous rock and is used Explaining the dividing head: the instrument that makes it possible to get accurate spac- ing of gear-teeth and other parts. in making the brake lining, and some gaskets. Glass is made of silica sand and used for Ford safety glass. Ford pistons are made of aluminum which is a very light metal. Soy beans are raised on the Ford farms for mak- ing paint and for making the steer- ing wheel of the V-S, and also are used for food and other purposes. Cotton, like soy beans, and cork, is a vegetable material, and is used for padding the seats and for other cloth material that goes into the Ford car. eBuddy A pesech. On August 14, seventeen boys met at the Engineering Laboratory at Dear- born and a bus took us to the train in Detroit. We got on the train at 4:15. We stopped in Dearborn to have our pictures taken on the observation plat- form. We had a very nice dinner on the train, and arrived at Chicago at ten that night. The next day we went to the Ford Exposition and spent most of the day there. The thing that interested me the most was the exploded chassis. It was a V-8 motor with half the motor Page Five - - - Look Aannd Learn HERALD at Chicago exploded and all the parts suspended. We went in the Live Power Show, and saw Allen King and his lions. We also went to the Belgian Village and the Black Forest. We went tobogganing there, and had a hne dinner. The third day we went down the Avenue of Flags. One morning we went to the aquarium and from there to the Skyride Tower and saw Lake Michigan and a fine view of the Fair buildings. In clear weather you can see four states. Every morning we went swimming. I want to thank Mr. Ford for the nice time I had. I appreciate it very much. I will never forget the fun we had. I also want to thank Mr. Simpson and Mr. Ellis for what they did. eDonald Donovan. A thing that interested me was the Wings of a Century. In it was Daniel Boone fighting with Indians. Next there was the horse-drawn carriage. Then the train came into use, and finally the bicycle and motor car. eDam'd Ormond. Inspecting a working model of a loco- motive. Watches by Waltham are used by railroad engineers, and Waltham speedometers are used for Ford V-S's My trip to Chicago was so interesting that it is hard to pick out any one exhibit as being the best. The three places that I found to be especially interesting to me were the Ford Exhibit, the Firestone Exhibit and the Diamond Mine. One of the many things I enjoyed seeing in the Ford Exhibit was the Globe of the World, showing the different places that represent the Ford Indus- tries. The Firestone Exhibit showed all about rubber from the time it was taken from the trees until it was finished in the form of tires for automobiles. I had always thought of the diamond as a pretty stone, but I did not realize the methods used to get it from the earth until we visited the Diamond Mine. ?Billy Fauslman. The Making of the Wheel The machines making the wheels were of the most interest to me. There were three great machines to make the Wheels. First a man would take a rim of a wheel and place it on this first machine. Then he placed a group of eight spokes in and welded them in A group of joyous pilgrims passing over the highways of the world. place. Then he took another group and laid them in across the other ones and welded them; then placed a hub and welded the loose spoke ends on the hub. He then took a set of eight longer spokes and welded them on both ends, and after this he placed another group of eight spokes of equal length and placed them crosswise and welded them on the hub and rim. Thus we saw the making of the Ford car wheel. There are thirty-two spokes in the wheel when finished. -Ly1m Smith. The Wonderful Soy Bean During my trip to the World's Fair at Chicago I saw many interesting things, but none compared With the soy bean exhibit at the Ford exposition. At the exhibit gardens one may see row upon row of soy beans growing, and the barn where the processing of parts for the Ford car is shown. In the process of making parts, the soy bean is crushed between rollers, and washed in benzol, and the oil is carried away. The meal is put in molds under a high-steam pressure. When taken out of the molds, the parts are hard, and ready to use. When I was at the exhibit the men were making distributor caps. I noticed also that gear shift balls, steering wheels, paint, and insula- tion material, as well as food for people lPlease turn to page Sim Looking at the V-8 engineethe thing that makes the Ford cars go. Page Six HERALD What Interested Me Most at the Big Fair t Continued from page five l and live stock can also be made from the beans. I understand the growing of soy beans tends to enrich the soil for grow- 1ng other crops because nitrogen is generated in the soil. The barn and Its equipment seems to have been built with the idea of showing the farmer how he can help in manufacturing as well as growing things. This seems to be a good idea because it gives him profitable work the year round.' Outside of the building there are courtesy cars took us to the University of Chicago residence halls for men, where we were accommodated for the night. The next morning we were up about 6:30 and went for a dip in the pool at the university. During our stay of four days at Chicago we saw many interesting exhib- its, and if I were to tell of everything I would get writersi cramp and that would be very disastrous with school starting so soon. Some of the exhibits in the Ford and heard light. We visited a replica of a Kimberley diamond mine and saw the worldis largest diamond. The dia- mond was about the size of a marble. I want to thank Mr. Ford for making it possible for us to see the Century of Progress. -Earl H elwig. I was very delighted when I received the letter saying that I was one of the boys from the Edison Institute who would be going to the Fair. Riding on the train for the first time was a thrill for me. Dinner on the train was fun, too. BRIEF INTERLUDE: IN FRONT OF THE FORD BUILDING Here we have an unconventional line-up of the second group of Edison Institute boys from Dearboxn as they paused for a short time in their sight-seeing at the World's Fair to get their pictures taken. Their names are: Back row, left to righteMr. Simpson, Frank Campsall Jr., Norman Petrak, David Roth, Earl Helwig, W. J. Ellis of Ford Ex- position. Middle row-Kenneth Petrak, James Dates. Charles Voorhess Jr,. John Donovan. Front row-James Gardner, Lowell Apesech. Lynn Smith, Buddy Apesech, Billy Ford, David Ormond. Billy Faustman. Perry, Thomas tMarshall, Donald tractors, and other farm machinery. Next to the building is a boiler that makes the steam for the operation of the equipment in the barn. Mr. Ford has been experimenting with soy beans for several years. eCharles Voorhess. The train coach we traveled to Chicago in was the itEmma Abbot." It was my first train ride. What a thrill! As the train gathered speed we left Dearborn far behind. The train on which we were traveling was an exceptionally fast one, and we ate one meal on the train and it was very good. M! We arrived in Chicago about ten, and were met by Mr. Ellis. Ford Building were: Ford Trade School, half car and diagram, hanging cars, safety glass, exploded chassis, and the talking car. The one I thought most interesting was the half car and diagram. Under the Ford car was a globe which turned around slowly. The globe had partitions cut into it showing the different materials used in a Ford car and how most of them were obtained from the ground. There were: Iron ore, silli- manite, mohair, copper ore, cork, rubber, zinc ore, asbestos, glass, bauxite, soy beans, and cotton. Some of the other places we visited were the House of Magic, the Black Forest, and the Old English Village. Inithe House of Magic we saw sound Wings of a Century There were so many interesting things to see at the Fair, especially in the Ford Building, the Hall of Science, The Wings of a Century and other buildings. I cannot tell you about them all, so I will write about Wings of a Century. This was a great pageant showing the progress in transportation through the ages. First came Daniel Boone and some of the early settlers, followed by the Indians who attacked the whites. Then came the horseback riders, covered wagons, and ox carts. These ox carts were yery heavy, with solid wooden wheels. The stage coach, drawn by tPlease turn to page eight t HERALD Page Seven Koooooema Sports and Pastimes amoaaocooR Tennis Season Ends As Summer Draws to a Close Twenty to Receive GVtS Tommy Marshall and Dorothy Rich- ardson led in points at the completion of the tennis season at Greenheld Village. Tommy finished with 283 points, leading Russell Reader, a sixth grader, who collected 254. Dorothy Richardson gathered 175 points and was closely followed by Betty Hutchinson Who garnered 170. Fifty-six students of the Village Schools reported to Dall Hutchinson this summer at the school courts. Many of these students could not gather points consistently because of vacation periods spent away from Dearborn. Therefore, some very good players finished far down the list in points earned. Many of the boys were com- pleting their Model TS and Were unable to attend tennis sessions. Those who are now eligible to wear the GV emblem givenas an athletic award are: Thomas Marshall, Russell Reader, Lowell Apesech, J . G. Rucker, Wil- liam McLeod, David Roth, Donald Donovan, William Kresin, Robert Snow, Kenneth Petrak, J aek McCloud, Frank Campsall, Dorothy Richardson, Betty Hutchinson, Mary Eleanor Ritenour, Irene Stead, Elaine Wyman, Evelyn Richardson. Dorothy Chubbuck, and Mary Jean Jorae. Another tennis meet with the Henry Ford School has been arranged for this fallls athletic program. MGM Greenfield to Enter ttTouch" Football League For Junior High Schools The junior high schools of West Dearborn have agreed to organize a football league that will include Dear- born Junior High School, Oxford, Gar- rison, Lindbergh, Edison, and Greenfield Village. The game will be similar to regular football With the exception that tackling and blocking Will be eliminated. The danger of injury is taken away and the game will remain colorful and interesting. A Simple Story Simply Told tBy a former pupil of the Old Stone Pennington SchooD James Freeman was very much disgusted with life. What had it brought him, anyway? A lot of fair-weather friends that didnit care a rap for him except When they needed money. It had taken him twenty years to get what he had, and he had had to work hard for it besides. Although now he could have nearly anything money could buy he was lonely and dissatisfied. One day, as the year was drawing to a close, he walked out into the chilly autumn air. He was so preoccupied with his thoughts that he almost ran into a small boy selling fiowers. "Wonit you buy a posy, mister? he asked timidly. Freeman bought what iiowers the little boy had, but before he could ask any questions the lad, with a hurried 'iThanks," had darted down the street and was out of sight. Freeman could hardly sleep that night. A thin, pinched, little face haunted him. Who was this child, and why didn't his parents take better care ofihim? It was several hours later before he fell into a fitful slumber. When he awoke he determined to hunt up the little fellow and find out something about him. All day Freeman was on the watch, but the hours passed without even a glimpse of the one he sought. This went on for days. "What difference does it make, anyway?" Freeman argued. tiThere are hundreds of others like him in the city. Why should I. lose sleep over a youngster whom I have seen only once in my life?" But, nevertheless, he could not help worrying, and it soon began to show on him. One day when Freeman had nearly given up hope, he went out for a walk, and there in front of a shop he came upon the boy staring at a beautiful display in the window. The poor little fellow was even thinner and paler than when he had first seen him. "Hello there, young man! What are you looking at?" The boy whirled around and stared. Then slowly his face lighted up. "Arnit you the man who bought my last bunch of howers about a week ago?" he asked. Was it only a week? It seemed to James Freeman more like a year. But he answered: til surely am. But where have you been all this time?" ttOh, I have been kinda sick. Couldn't get out of bed until this morning. I kept fallini over if I tried." HYou ought to be in bed right now. But tell me: Where do you live? Why does your mother let you out when youire sickiw iiAw, I ainit got no mother. Guess I never had one. An, I live at Jackis flophouse." Freeman paused before he found further words. NHow would you like to come and stay with me a While?" The boy stared. "Do you mean to say that you want me to go home with you? Aw, you,re kiddin. I ainit no good." And Freeman found it hard to con- vince the boy that he really meant it. iiBy the way, we havenit introduced ourselves to each other yet. Iim James Freeman. What's your name?" HBobby." iiBObby what?" nJust Bobby, I guess." The weeks that followed passed quickly for James. How in the world could he have ever thought life was dull? He could hardly leave Bobby even for a moment. And how the child had improved. He was a different boy. One day J ames came home from work earlier than usual, feeling weak and ill. He went to bed, and next morning when Bobby awoke the boy sensed something wrong. James had not yet risen, and it was past the time for him to go to his office. Bobby knocked at his door but received no answer. He opened the door and softly called " addy James," but on receiving no answer he became alarmed. The boy moved toward the bed and looked at the hushed face of his bene- factor. And then he remembered that Daddy James had once said that if anything should ever happen to him Bobby should go to the lady next door and ask her to call a doctor. So away he rushed on his errand. The doctor came in a few minutes, but when he came out of the patients room after a considerable time he looked very grave. He went to the telephone and asked someone to send a trained nurse. She came immediately. The next day the patient was no better, and Bobby said a prayer James had taught him. In his grief he flung his arms around the sick man, who lay quite still, so still that the little fellow grew frightened. With a cry of despair he laid his tiny hand on the sick manis brow. He turned to the doctor, Who a moment before had entered the room. iiOh, doctor, Daddy James is"- ttGetting better. His fever is gone. Heill pull through now. Your Daddy is going to get well, Bobby." Bobby looked at the doctor and then at his friend. Why, then, it was only because the fever had gone that he had seemed sceso different! And he had thoughte Daddy James opened his eyes and looked at Bobby, who was so exhausted from lack of sleep, and so overcome by the good news, that the nurse almost carried him from the room, and soon he was sleeping soundly. Never again did J ames Freeman have lclause to complain of what life had giveh 1m. NM Haste Thee, School-Boy Haste thee, school-boy, haste away, Far too long has been thy stay; Often you have tardy been, Many a lesson youive not seen; Haste thee, school-boy, haste away, Far too long has been thy stay. Haste thee, school-boy, haste away, Join no more the idleris play; Quickly speed your steps to school, And there mind the teachers rule; Haste thee, school-boy, haste away, Join no more the idleris play. Haste thee, school-boy, haste away, Learn thy lessons well today; Love the truth, and shun the wrong, Then no day will seem too long, Haste thee, school-boy, haste away, Learn thy lessons well today. Haste thee, school-boy, haste away, While thy youth is bright and gay, Seek the place with knowledge blest, It will guide to endless rest, Haste thee, school-boy, haste away, While thy youth is bright and gay. -McGufey's Third Reader. Page Eight HERALD Worldls Fair tConcluded from page sixi horses, and the man-powered canal boat were next seen. A mail buggy running on rails was attacked by bandits and was saved by a rescue party. The first sail boat and steam boat appeared in the distance, while the first train came staggering through. Then came the old-fashioned bicycles and tandems. Following this were boats and trains of the various ages, leading up to the present day, with modern busses and cars and even an airplane. eBilly Ford. The trip to the Worlds Fair was one of the nicest things that ever happened to me. We are very thankful to Mr. Ford. Most of the train ride we spent on the observation platform, and that was lots of fun. Staying at the university and going swimming every morning was fun too. Next to the Ford Building I liked The Wings of a Century, because it showed how transportation from earliest times came up to modern boats, air- planes, trains and automobiles. Along with this, came historical figures like Daniel Boone and others, which made it seem true to life. elf 0an Perry. Shines to the Sky As this was my very hrst trip on a train, I know I shall never forget it, even though I was too excited to know what places we were passing through. At ten olclock we arrived at Chicago, and Were taken to the University of Chicago dormitory. At seven a. m., we started out with a swim, and had breakfast at eight olclock. Then we were driven to the Worldis Fair. We clambered out of the cars, anxious to see what was before us. We entered the Ford Building, first seeing a mammoth globe 0f the world, 20 feet in diameter, which shows every con- nection of the Ford Motor Company. On entering the Century Room we saw the shop in which the first Ford car was made, and also the first car, scarcely believing this car could have grown into the present all-service tspeed, pleasure, truck, delivery and busl cars we now use. On going farther into the building we saw a car out in half lengthwise, which shows a person what all makes up a car. The exploded chassis was the most interesting thing I saw at the Fair, because it showed where the parts belonged and how they are used. There are 15,000 parts to a car. Certainly it was a great undertaking to demonstrate where each part be- longed, and how. Another point of interest was the wire-spoked wheel Which supported three cars and Which could hold fourteen cars. As we passed on to where they make safety glass I was very much interested to realize how safe safety glass can be. Even if battered and smashed, not a splinter flies. Anyone seeing all these demonstra- tions of safety can ride in his car with the utmost feeling of comfort. . At night the most beautiful lighting springs up from the dome of the Ford Building, which shines every color of the rainbow, but instead of coming from the sky it shines to the sky. As I was asked to write on the most interesting part of the Fair, and although we went for four days to villages of all the world, other buildings of industry, electricity, science, travel and many others, my essay closes here with the Ford exhibit. 7Da'vid Roth. McGuffey Maxims Ltu-c-u-c-t-c-lg. $?c-om-M-c-eR The Birds Set Free A man was walking one day through the streets of a city. He saw a boy with a number of small birds for sale, in a cage. He looked with sadness upon the little prisoners, flying about the cage, peeping through the wires, and trying to get out. He stood, for some time, looking at the birds. At last, he said to the boy, "How much do you ask for your birds?" ttFifty cents apiece, sir? said the boy. "I do not mean how much apiece," said the man, "but how much for all of them. I want to buy them all." The boy began to count, and found they came to five dollars. "There is your money," said the man. The boy took it, well pleased with his morningis trade. No sooner was the bargain settled, than the man opened the cage door, and let all the birds fly away. The boy, in great surprise, cried, ttWhat did you do that for, sir? You have lost all your birdsf, uI will tell you why I did it," said the man. 01 was shut up for three years in a French prison, as a prisoner of war, and I am resolved never to see anything in prison which I can make ree." The Thunderstorm Deep, fiery clouds der-spread the sky, Dead stillness reigns in air; There is not elen a breeze on high, The gossamer to bear. The woods are hushed, the waters rest, The lake 'is dark and still, Reflecting on its shadowy breast, Each form of rock and hill. The lime-leaf waves not in the grove, Nor rose-tree in the bower; The birds have ceased their songs of love, Awed by the threatlning hour. lTis noon; yet natures calm profound Seems as at midnight deep; But hark! what peal of awful sound Breaks on creationis sleep? The thunder bursts! its rolling might Seems the firm hills to shake; And, in terrific splendor bright, The gathering lightnings break. Yet fear not, shrink not, thou, my child! Though by the bolts descent, Were the tall cliffs in ruins piled, And the Wide forests rent. Doth not thy God behold thee still, With all-surveying eye? Doth not his power all nature till, Around, beneath, on high? Know, hadst thou eagle-pinions, free To track the realms of air, Thou couldst not reach a spot, where He Would not be with thee there! In the wide cityls peopled towers, On the vast oceanis plains, ,Mid the deep woodlandls lonliest bowers, Alike the Almighty reigns! eFourth Reader. CNN Remember, that he is indeed the wisest and happiest man who, by con- stant attention to thought, discovers the greatest opportunity of doing good, and with ardent and animated resolu- tion breaks through every opposition that he may improve these opportuni- ties. HDoddridge. GLEEFUL GROUP AT GREEN LANE This picture was taken at the school closing, but now it has opened again the little ones are as happy as ever. HERALD. Volume I Published by the Children of the Edison Institute September 21, 1934. No. 17 One; of Our Girls Speaks of 9715? Clubhouse; LA 73641113; Spot in Gwenjield Village; HERE are clubhouses which are formal and not at all beautiful, in either their design or their set- ting, but our clubhouse is a quaint Colonial house with an old-fashioned garden gorgeous with many-colored flowers. This charming spot is the gather- ing place for the girls of the Greenfield Village Schools. In it we have enjoyed many,many good times and are looking forward to many more. We are learning domestic activities that make girls ac- complished women, and we all appreci- By SUSAN ALDERDYCE Edison Institute High School rabbits among the 'hower beds or trying to itbluif" his dignified neighbor Rover. Everyone likes to sleep in the south bedroom. As soon as we awaken we sit up in bed and look from the window at the lovely View of the garden and Rose Cottage: Do you wonder that it starts the day right for us? we not only love our garden, but Our Summer Camp in Virginia Mountains By JEAN MILLS Edison Institute High School LAST June after school was over I . started a summer vacation that was different from any I had had before. Just to go to a camp for the first time would have given me a thrill, but ate the advantages that we have and the trouble that is taken in our in- struction. We all like to sing, especially as accompanied by our little green piano with its sweet and mellow tone, and before long we hope to have a club orchestra to while away the winter evenings and to entertain our friends at all times. We are learn- ing to sew, and we think itls fun to wear things we have made our- selves. There will be at least one machine that we shall know how to run, and that is a sewing machine. When the fire is crackling in the wide open fireplace and the sparks are iiying up the chim- The garden and Rose Cottage as seen from the windows of the Girls' Club, Secretary House. the thing that made it seem most interesting was that we had to drive six hundred miles to the moun- tains of Virginia where the camp is located. We started out at five olclock in the morning of a day when the oHi- cial temperature in Detroit went up to one hundred and three. I believed that report when I read it because by noon and all afternoon in Ken- tucky it seemed hot enough to be one hundred and twenty. At Cin- cinnati we ate lunch in an air- cooled restaurant, and it was so cold I almost shivered, but when we came 0 u t t h e h e a t seemed worse than ever. All through ney and the flicker- ing shadows fall softly round the room, its a wonderful time and place for toasting marsh- mallows or wienies, for reading, talking e-in fact, itis a wonderful place for any- thing. Even studying isnit so bad when everyone is doing it at the same time. The beautiful desk in our clubhouse should inspire one to write well, and one can dream of those who in former days also found inspiration as the words flowed from their pen. Little girls have fun here, too; but now that school has started, Mary will miss the dolly "Patience Pearson" Which she has so loved to take in her arms, and the little Scottie dog iiMr. Mac- Tavish." Scottie is our pet at the club- house, and we all love his funny little ways, whether he is pretending to hunt also want to know something about it. In time we hope to know the names of all the fiowers, and just how they grow and when they grow; for flowers are the most beautiful thing on earth. The arbor is a good place for reading or study; but Scottie, however much fun he may give us or however amusing he may be, is not very helpful when it comes to studying. No doubt this is because his line of thought runs in a different direction from ours. Now, can anyone doubt my word when I say that we girls Who live here are the luckiest and happiest girls in the country? Here in the quiet seclusion of Secretary House, in an atmosphere that is quaint and beautiful, we can for- get things that do not matter and gain a knowledge of those really worth while. Kentucky and Tennessee in the hill country we saw hundreds of log cabins and log barns that looked as if they were ready to fall down. The roofs were mostly made of ushakes," something like what the McGuffey buildings have, only, of course, not in good condition. I have never before seen so many people just sitting around and doing nothing else, as I saw in the Tennessee hills. They must have been waiting for a miracle to happen, I think. When we got tired of looking at these people and farms we started going up and down the highest and steepest hills I have ever seen, and the road made more twists and turns than you can imagine. Every few feet was a "Curvell or ilTurn" sign. Then after a dozen tPlease turn to next pagel Page Two HERALD THE HERALD Official organ of the students of Greenfield and Associated Schools of the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at Greenfield, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Piper, Editor Isabelle Gassett, Associate Editor Barbara Sheldrick, Social Activities Carol Bryant, Feature Editor Frank Campsall, Sports Editor Charles Voorhess, Associate Sports Editor Ann Hood, Kenneth Petrak, Reporters Scotch Settlement, John Blanchard, Reporter, Margaret Jean Hindman, Assistant Reporter Town Hall, Katharine Bryant, Reporter, John Perry, Assistant Reporter Clinton Inn, Lois Soderquist, Reporter, Clifford Litogot, Assistant Reporter DISTRICT SCHOOL REPORTERS Willow Run, Lillian Poet, Edith Hoag Rawsonville, Lois Corkius, Robert Nelson Old Stone Pennington, Jean Downing, Manna Quackenbush Town School, Macon, Stanley Allen, Persis Hatch Mills School, L-ilah Creger, Jennie Cibrowski Brownville, .Merrill Gray, Doris Harrington Green Lane Academy, Marion Pennington, Robert Bachtal. Comfort School, Ellen Holdridge, Lois Anderson Centennial School, Gerlrude Drouillard, Agnes Montgomery All matter submitted for publication: in the Herald, and all communications relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director, Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gun. EDITORIALS "We the School Children" We the school children should be taught at school, as most of us are, the things which we are most benefited by, such as being given a part in the social events of the school and sharing in responsibilitieSefor example, making a newcomer feel at home there. mi We also should be trained to be good leaders and not always just fol- lowers. We should be taught the im- portance of being good sports, and of not always acting contrary to others' ideas. We should be taught to feel at home among people and to carry on an interesting conversation with them. Of course, we should all be taught to use correct English and not to blunder in our speaking. We should be encouraged to become interested in sports, and to actually engage in them. We should, of course, play fair and obey rules in the games. No other teaching is so important as being taught to respect, honor, and obey the United States Constitution and the flag. Another point is to respect teachers, parents, and all elders. They help us when were in trouble, and we owe them our fullest respect. We should also be taught that in the game of life there are disappoint- ments, sorrows, and other difficulties, but that a "quitter never wins, and a winner never quits." So it goes, and we the school children thank all those who teach us these, and many other things. e-Charles Voorhess, Edison Institute H igh School. Friendliness All through your life friendliness is one of the most important things. When right and wrong are in question and you are in doubt, a true friend is needed. Many times when you were small, help was kindly given you. Even when you are older, you always have a friend though you may think the world is against you. At times when things look dark, cheer up: the storm will soon be over, and the sky will brighten. Then things will look different and you will see the world anew. You will realize that through the darkness your friend was for you. And so if you have a friend, he a friend. --Thomas M arshall, Edison I nscitute High School. NM My First Day at School became very upset, wondering just what it would be like, after being in the same place for five years. At last the day came. I got ready and started on my way. Reaching the grounds I felt rather strange, and every- one looked so different. The first class was delightful, although the room, the books, and the children did seem strange. In a short time I felt more at home and began to enjoy everything. Now that a few days have passed, I can say I never enjoyed anything so much as the Scotch Settlement School. eMercedes Theisen, Scotch Settlement ooooooooL'l; Hearing I was to change schools, I School. 1;; 6 Our Summer Camp 1n V1rg1n1a Mountains g G 7'woowwmcwoaowoewoaaaooooovooo Cohcluded from previous page oooommo9ooowooooaevnoooooowoocw like that a sign would say ttWinding Road? It was too funny! My first view of camp was rather disappointing, because what they called a lake was no larger than the Village One day we all went to ttWhite Top," a mountain about fifty miles from camp, and camped out in the woods all night. This was one of many ttovernight hikes." Altogether camp was better Our camp among the hills furnished lots of healthy excitement, and sorhe fine exercise in horseback riding. green, but it was a good place to learn to swim. Besides swimming, we had riding, tennis, riflery, canoeing and basketball. It was interesting to listen to the different ways the girls talked. They came all the way from Texas, Penn- sylvania and Ohio and all the states between. As it happened, I was the only girl from Michigan. than I had ever dreamed it would be. On the trip home we came past the uTrail of the Lonesome Pine" in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, where the hills are so steep and high that they seemed to be piled on top of each other. I was happy to have such a fine summer but it seemed mighty good to come back home. Mist upon the Mountains of Virginia. A characteristic view. HERALD Page Three WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING Greenfield SCOTCH SETTLEMENT Back to School When Mr. Ford started the Scotch Settlement School there were only a few buildings in Greenfield Village. They were making the museum, and there were a few other buildings. Now there are all kinds, such as the black- smith, the wood shop, and other build- ings. The boys and girls can now ride horses. The older boys worked on Model T cars. I am glad to come back to school again. eJ 01m Blanchard. Playing House When I go to Pattyls home we always play house. We live either in the base- ment or in the garage. We have long dresses. Pattyts name is always Barbara De Laun and mine is Lillian Harvey. Pattyls dress is a long black, yellow, and white one; my outfit is tan lace with pink rose pattern and black satin shoes. I think we have a grand time. eEma J ensen. The children of the village schools are enjoying reviewing some of their old songs for the McGulTey memorial program. -Donald Donovan. Every day after school some of the boys play football. Dall Hutchinson is our coach. They are fixing the green so that it will be better for playing ball. At recess the boys of the Brick School and the Town Hall play football. -David Ormond. What I Saw Hclimbed up high in the trees To see the land of woods and bees. There were people high and low, All were saying so, so, so. Wednesday, September 12, Mr. Lov- ett gave out the tennis letters which the boys and girls won. Eight girls and ten boys received letters. We were all very happy to get them. -Elaine Wyman. My Thrilling Bicycle Ride About one year ago I had a thrilling bicycle ride. I was riding along about fifteen miles an hour when a large stick lodged in the spokes. Three spokes broke, and over the handlebars I went. When I went to school I looked like a hamburger. -Lynn Smith. Our Bunny We have a little bunny. He is brown and has white tips on his ears. He hops all about in the field next to our house and sits beside our lawn bench. gMargarct Anne English. It has been arranged that the boys and girls having brothers or sisters going to the Clinton Inn School shall have their lunch given to them every school day. eBill J . Rucker. Riding to School The boys and girls ride their bikes to school every day. One day I rode home in the rain. It is lots of fun. eBilly IVIielke. Horseback Riding On September 11 I went riding. Captain Armstrong let me ride Nina. She behaved very nicely. We rode for quite a while. The children made the horses trot and walk. It was a lot of fun. The children had to lie on the horses, backs. Then we had to raise our knees. We did some other things, too. After that we rode the horses to the barn. Then the buses came and took us home. On September 2, the persons who had brothers and sisters at the Clinton Inn School were to eat there. It is a lot of fun to serve and to eat. eEvelyn Richardson. One day Mercedes Theisen brought Miss Webster some very pretty rose buds. They were red, pink, and yellow. The roses were in full bloom when we came to school next morning. They were beautiful for us to have in our room. -Patricia Chubbuck. Au Sable River When I was up at the Au Sable River with the Boy Scouts, we went swimming and fishing every day. One day while we were up the river about one mile we saw four deer. They had just emerged from the woods. One of the boys got a picture of them. That night at supper we were all excited. -James Lockerby. At the Lake This summer my family and I went to our cottage at the lake. We always have good times there. We go in swim- ming, and lots of the time we are out in our boat. Our cottage is on Lake Erie near Point Pelee. We like it there very much. Although it was very hot in town this summer, it wasn't hot there. I had a most pleasant summer. -Helene Walker. MN TOWN HALL My Cart This summer I built a cart out of an old orange crate. I had much trouble with the wheels, which insisted upon wiggling. I finally fixed them. Then my pal came over and broke a wheel; so I had to get a new one. I finally got one that would fit. But the wheels all scrape; so I will have to find a way to fix them. -Jolm Perry. My First Canoe Ride While I was out at Round Lake a girl friend of mine had a canoe. She said, "Would you like to go for a canoe rideiw We started and went out just a little way. I sat near the edge, and the canoe tipped over. Betty and I tipped the canoe back. I then swam and got Betty's paddle before we went home. I shall never forget those weeds while I was swimming. The next day we went out in the canoe and went around the lake without any accidents. -Mary J ecm J area. My First Pet My first pet was and still is a little Eskimo dog named HTippy." He carries old sticks, bones from the dog next door, and all sorts of things into the back yard. He loves to play and he sleeps almost all day. qDonald Gilbert. Pet Chickens Last year my mother had promised me that I could have two bantam chicks. When we went to the Michigan State Fair I bought them, a rooster and a hen that had won first prize there. I kept them till it got too cold. Then I took them to my grandpa to keep for the rest of the winter. The hen started laying eggs. My grandpa saved the eggs until he had enough for a setting. I now have fifteen chicks. They are all light brown. I am going to bring them home Saturday. eBilly Faustman. Howl Named My Dog When I got my dog he was always following me around; so I named him NPal.U We took him to northern Michigan, where he liked to run around in the woods. I took him fishing with me. He fell into the water and scared all the iish away. -Albert Roberts. What I Do After School After school some boys come over to my house and we play kick-goal. We have to play in the road because the field near by IS full of sand burs. The goals are about thirty-live yards apart. Any number of players can take part. We usually have about six, three on each side. The boys use my football, which is all out of shape, but can still be kicked. -Bu.ddy Apesech. Welcome Newcomers We have a number of new pupils in our school this year: Joe Rucker in the fourth class; Frederic Laskowske and Helen J ane Faustman in the fifth; Buddy Apesech and Ross Backus in the seventh. From the Brick School came Billy Faustman, Donald Gilbert, Albert Roberts, and John Perry. Clinton Inn sent us Edward Litogot, Allen Ormond, Marjorie Mills, Margery Mielke, Mary McLeod, and Barbara NeweIl. We welcome the newcomers and are glad to have them with us. -Belty Atkinson. The Bulletin Board We have a bulletin board in our school. The boys have put up airplanes, boats, and people. The girls have put up flowers and other things. eDonald Gilbert. tPlease turn to next pagel Page Four HERALD Our Schools iContinued from previous pagei The seventh class girls in the Town Hall School all have special duties this year. Katharine Bryant is the secretary, Mary Jean Jorae is the librarian, and Mary Eleanor Ritenour has charge of Miss Masonis desk. e114 ary J ean J orae. . The children in our schools that have Sisters or brothers in the Clinton Inn School are invited to eat lunches with them at noon. There are two who go from our room: Betty Atkinson and Nelson Cosbey. -Mary Lee Alderdyce. The Town Hall School has been painted and we think it looks very nice. We have a new furnace with a special ventilation system. e111 arilyn Owens. The Tennis Winners Some of the children that played tennis were awarded GV letters. Only two children got them in the Town Hall School. They were both girls. Their names are Mary Eleanor Ritenour, 150 pomts, and Mary Jean Jorae, 90 points. The letters were a "G" and a HV" with a tennis racket on them. eCharles Dales. Mary Caroline Haigh has been ab- sent since September 6. She has ton- sillitis. eGloria H utchinson. .This year in penmanship we are domg our twenty drills over again. We are trying to bring our quality up to our class level. We have two children who have passed the first drill. They are Katharine Bryant and Billy Faust- man. e-June Bummer. The Football Field One day in chapel Mr. Lovett an- nounced that we were going to have a football field. They started it September 13. It is on the village green. The lines are marked with lime. HJohn Perry. The seventh class has new language books and pads to use this year. HBilly Faustman. The Children in the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh classes have their riding lessons on Tuesday and Friday after school. eKatharine Bryant. mm CLINTON INN Vacations Summer vacation journeys are always conversational topics in the fall. The first few days of school in the Clinton Inn found the first, second, and third classes describing and explaining to each other their various experiences during summer trips. Of course, one of the paramount topics of discussion was the fair and the Ford building. Emily Waddell feels that the fair has been the greatest thing in her life. Everett Petrak attended the fair but he still believes that Brother Ken- nethls car represents a century of prog- ress and transportation. Bob Richardson said that the fair was almost as much fun as playing baseball. Many other children who attended the fair are still waiting the opportunity to tell their experiences. Carol Bennett, Ardis Zahnow, and Theresa Lepine spent part of the sum- mer at the lake. Next to riding horses iridthe village they 'would choose a boat r1 e. Cottoni Study A week ago Bill Ruddiman brought a cotton blossom'to school. He secured it this summer while on a trip in the southern part of 'our country. The children were much interested in the specimen. Many were surprised to learn that cotton originated in this form. The children suggested that it would be interesting to trace the various steps that lead up to cotton cloth. Some of the children remembered having seen a cotton gin in the Edison Institute. Now the first, second, and third classes are eagerly anticipating a trip through the museum to see the old cotton refining machines of the past. My First Week in School The morning school started my sister and I were up earlier than usual and I said, nI's so happy, Betty." For you see this was to be my first day in day-school. I have been going to Sunday school for two years. All summer I have been asking how many more days before I can go to school. Now mother is left all alone and Rogue, our dog, misses me, too. One day this week our teacher Mrs. Cadaret was going to tell us a story at the other end of the room. So she said to me, iiMary, do you mind seeing if all the chairs are in place?" Funny, mine was the only one that was sticked out. I told my mother about this and shelaughed. I like to go to school. eMary Atkinson. MN BROWNVI LLE Our Watermelon Supper One day we bought four water- melons and had a watermelon supper. A group of children from the Old Stone Pennington School in Macon who now attend the Brownville School. Back row, left to right, are Stanley Miller, the mouth organ player, Lila Miller, the friend to the little tots, Robert Miller, the boy with a big smile. Front row- Adeline Hammock the little "Sunshine Gm," Russell MiIler, the hard hitter in playing ball, Joyce Miller. the tiny tot of Brownville School. eKathryn Dermyer. My, how nice it was to sink your teeth in the fruit! We ate and ate, and for once we had enough watermelon. Luckily no one was sick that night. We didnit eat all four. eKafhryn Anthes. A Rattlesnake One day as we were picking rasp- berries I heard a sound like something rustling in the grass. I heard a quack from a ducksl nest and the old duck flew into the air. I could still hear that strange rustling; so I stood on a stump. There before me was a rattlesnake almost four feet long. I ran and told the others. When we returned the snake was gone. eRicha-rd Johnson. Going Swimming One day a boy and I went to another boyis house, from there to go swimming. We jumped on the straw a little while. Then we went swimming. We stayed inlthe water until we got cold. Then we came out and went to the house. We jumped on the straw again and then went home. iJu'm'or Beevers. Mr. Driscoll, our teacher, has offered awards at the end of the school year for the best hand at penmanship. He says the prizes are going to be worth while. eNeil Jones. The Brownville School has organized an indoor ball team. The captain is Frank Marsh. The players are: Frank Marsh, Stanley Miller, Merrill Gray, Esther Slater, Lawrence Welch, Jimmie Feight, Frances Johnson, Kate Der- myer, James Lister, and Neil Jones. We have been practising for a week. We expect to play the Newburg School and the Centennial School this year. -Fra11k Marsh. My Trip All the children have had to go to the hospital. The first time we went we had an examination. Three or four children had their eyes tested. Miss Gray gives us shots. the children are still going. eBilly Chase. Those who won the spell-down this Some of week are: Spelling 4 and SqMarcella Johnson first, and Marjorie Korth second. Spelling 6-Richard Johnson first, and Bruce Anthes second. Spelling 7 and SeDoris Harrington first, and Kathryn Anthes second. High SchooleRuth Driscoll first, and Merrill Gray second. eLiIa Miller. Mr. Driscoll has a rowboat tied to our dock down on the pond. Often at noon hour he takes us, four at a time, for a boat ride. We have about three apple trees in our yard. The apples are very good to eat. Mr. Koch and Mr. Zahnow ' came Tuesday of last week to give us 9. Singing lesson. We had our first chapel exercise last Monday. Mrs. Clarence Cole and the Reverend Mr. Green were visitors. Frances Johnson, Armenia Johnson, Page Five This picture is of the High School pupils of Brownville. Left to right-Merrill Gray, Kath- ryn Dermyer, Lila Miller, Armenia Johnson, Gladys Lister, Frances Johnson, and Esther Slater. SeatedeRuth Driscoll and Stanley Miller. Esther Slater, Jimmie Feight, Bobby Williamson, Ned Harrington, Katharine Dermyer, Gladys Dermyer, Gladys Lis- ter, James Lister, Neil Jones, Eleanor J ones, and Junior Beavers, went to the Henry Ford Hospital on Friday of last week. eDori's H arrington. MN WILLOW RUN HFor the Bible it does teach us, And its word we must believe: Blessed is the man that giveth More than he that doth receive." -Selected by Amos Spencer. Our Hut Two of us boys in the fourth class are making a hut in the field near the school. We have put four sticks in the ground in a square. We put sticks on top. Then we put some grass and weeds over the sticks. We are going to put sides on it. When we get it finished we are going to call it "Indiansi Winter Hut? eGene Barnes. New Members At the Willow Run School we have eight new pupils. Bobby Akans, Ann May Riggs, Joe Hewitt, Edsil Smith, and Charles Thorn are in the hrst class. Jack Akans is in the second class, and Melba Smith is in the fifth. Altogether we have thirty-four pupils. eHeltm I'Vellbroolu. My Summer Vacation This summer I spent ten days at my aunts up north. She lives just a little way from a lake. She and my Encle and I went in swimming every a y. One day the three of us went to an Indian village, and we also went through a large forest. The next day we went to Sault Sainte Marie and saw the boats go through the looks. I had a very interesting time and should like to go again. eHelen Wellbrook. Target Practice My father and I were shooting at a target this summer. My father shot first and missed. Then I shot, and I hit the bottle. My father said that I shot pretty well. I thought I was everything all that afternoon. --Billy Sparrow. Watching Turtles The best time I had this summer was when I was watching turtles. One stuck his head out of the water and at first I thought it was a stick. I scared it and it turned so that I could see its shell. It was about the size of the bottom of a tub. While I was watching it I also saw three little turtles. -Dam'el Wolfe. Our Guest The other day we had a guest. Mr. Parker brought his sister to visit us. Her name is Leona. We enjoyed her company very much. We all wish Mr. Parker would bring her again. -Edith H oag. Visiting the Capitol This summer I visited the capitol of Michigan. Several of us young folks climbed up the stairs higher than the dome. As I looked out of a window I saw for miles around. I never realized before how beautiful Nature can paint a picture. The different colored build- ings and the green foliage of the trees form a thrilling sight. eEdith Hoag. At the Home-Coming Last week we went to the Home- Coming in Belleville. I had fifteen cents to spend. I spent five cents for a ring and five for an ice cream cone. After I had spent the money I saw a pony to ride on. The pony ride was ten cents; so I was out of luck. eHelen Hewitt. Sand Burs A few weeks ago some boys came to the school and pulled up all the sand burs and put them into piles. Then a man brought a wheelbarrow, and two other boys and I hauled them away. Now there arent half as many sand burs here. The sand burs are far enough away so they cant get back into the ball diamond. -Franlc Reinhackel. LOur Sunday School Picnic Two weeks ago our Sunday school class decided we would have a wienie roast at the lake. Two of the boys volunteered to have a fire ready by the time the rest of the class got there. When the day came for the roast we all met at our teachers house. From there we hiked out to where the boys were. After we finished eating, it was nearly dark; so we sat around the camp fire and sang songs. By the time we were ready to go home we all agreed we had had a lovely time and should like to go again. -Phyllis La Fortte. A Snake Scare Thursday, September 13, we had a great deal of excitement. While we were getting ready to eat our dinner, one of the girls came running in and said, tIThere's a big snake out in the yard." We all got up and rushed out of the door. It was a blue racer about four feet long. It tried to get away by crawling under the porch, but the school janitor, Mr. Kidwell, was there and jumped on it and kicked it away from the porch. It crawled away into a hole in an oak tree in front of the school. As blue racers do no harm, we let it get away alive. -eWalter Reinhackel. "A task worth doing is worth doing well? -Emma Spencer. NM RAWSONVILLE Our First Day of School Mrs. Allen gave us all a surprise the first day of school. Right after lunch we went to Ann Arbor to get our books and then came back to Ypsilanti. There she took us to a picture show. The name of it was HTreasure Island." It was very interesting, and we all enjoyed it very much. Mrs. Allen is now reading the book. Our Third Day of School We had a bigger surprise the third day of school. Mrs. Allen got us early in the morning and took us to the State Fair in Detroit. We visited the boys' and girls exhibit, the Artist Building, the Ford Exposition, the Electrical Building, and many other interesting places. We had a very, very fine day, thanks to Mrs. Allen. tPlease turn to page eightt Page Six HERALD sage Inside; Glimpses of Girlst Club; - - - ONE MACHINE WE KNOW HOW TO RUN V . To wear things they have made themselves is one of the delights of those who learn ta sew. A NIGHT AT THE CLUB On September 11 Miss Webster, Susan Alderdyce, Marjorie McCarroll and I stayed all night at the girls club- house. The first thing we did was to take a long walk. On the road we met Miss Webster on her way to the club and told her we would be right back. Susan suggested we walk to the service depart- ment and secure a car in order to get some marshmallows to roast that even- ing. When we arrived at the service department Marjorie and I told Susan she would have to ask for the marsh- mallows because it was her idea. As she didnlt want to, we went back with- out them. Miss Webster was waiting for us. She thought it was time to start the dinner. Our menu was carrots, peas, beets, steak, bread, butter, milk, and, for dessert, pineapple and cookies. When the dishes were done it was seven dclock. From seven otclock to eight we did our home work. At the end of the hour Susan and Marjorie wanted to make some fudge. As they were preparing the fudge some one knocked on the Window. Both were frightened. Then they heard the night watchman tell them to close the upstair windows because it was raining. Susan said she would close them while Marjorie hnished the fudge. After finding she couldn,t close the windows, Susan called Miss Webster and told her. Miss Webster went upstairs and found Susan pushing the Window up instead of pulling it down. As soon as the windows were all down they went downstairs. In a few minutes the fudge was poured into a buttered pan and put to cool. After it was cool we ate some of it. Marjorie and Susan are good fudge makers. At nine olclock we went up- stalrs to bed. At 6:20 the next morning I got up and went into Marjorie and Susan's room and rang the alarm clock in their ears. It woke them up Very quickly. At seven otclock breakfast was started. At 7:45 Susan and Marjorie began the dishes while Miss Webster and I made the beds. When the clock struck 8:15 we were headed for chapel. A busy day of school had begun. MIrene Stead, Edison Institute High School. mm IMPRESSIONS OF THE WORLDS FAIR m One day in August daddy came home and said we were going to the Worldts Fair. We were all packed and ready to go the next day. We started about three dclock. That night we stayed at a hotel in Gary, Indiana. We arrived in Chicago-about eleven the next morning and went to the Drake Hotel. About an hour later we started for the Fair. First we went to the Ford bu11ding where we ate lunch. After lunch we went to a lot of buildings. About 4 otclock daddy, Betty and I got separated from mother, Frances and Carol. We walked to the Sky Ride and ate dinner. We looked around for a while, and then went back to the Ford building on a bus. That night we saw the Wings of a Century. It was very interesting. The lights at the fair are very pretty at A LITTLE NURSE AND HER GUARD Little Mary and uPatience Pearson" have a cozy hour together, while "Mr. McTavish" takes care they are not disturbed. HERALD Page Seven and Some; Vacation Impressions Wiftaofiw The arbor is a good place to read or study. night. We stayed for two more days and had a very good time. About a week later we went on a boat trip to Duluth. We had a good time there, too. -Katharine Bryant, Town Hall School. mm WHAT IMPRESSED ME August 24, a grand day in my life, starting for the Century of Progress! I must mention a few things that im- pressed me most. The first thing I saw after walking a short distance into the fair grounds and crossing a small con- crete bridge was familiar to me. It was the old soy bean barn from Ford and Greenfield roads that we used to pass so often on our way to Detroit. Now it is full of soy bean machinery. The Ford exhibit was of great in- terest to me. I was thrilled with the ice skating in the Black Forest; also with Wings of a Century and the Lagoon Theater diving girls. The fireworks were very beautiful. I want to thank Mr. Ford for giving me the privilege of going to the Worlds Fair. eJune Rummer, Town Hall School. mm MY TRIP TO WISCONSIN One morning this summer I got up very early, for I was going to Muskegon, where we were to take a boat to Mil- waukee. We drove all morning, then had lunch, and got there about one thirty. The boat was to start at two thirty; so we had to wait. The water was very rough. After a while when I was out on deck, another boat passed us. As it went by both boats signaled. We arrived about ten dclock. My uncle drove the car off the boat. It was about an hour's drive to grandmals. When we got there I found two of my cousins from Montana and my aunt. We went right to bed. One of my cousins is a boy about four years old; the other is a girl who was six while we were there. We stayed about two weeks and came home on a night boat. -Kalherinc Lepine, Scotch Settlement School. MN I GO TO NAVIN FIELD On Saturday afternoon, September 8, my dad took my brother Bobby and me to see the double header baseball game between Philadelphia and Detroit at Navin Field. I was surprised to see a crowd of 25,000 persons. An interest- ing thing to me before the games started was the ringing of a bell, which meant it was time for the visiting team to come in from their batting practice and let the home team tDetroiti take the held until it was time to start the game. Each team won one game. After the close of the last game I walked across the playing field and saw the players dugout. By this time some of the players were coming out. Noticing a new V-8 sport roadster with the initials C. G. on it, I thought it was Charlie Gehringerts car; so I asked him if he would autograph my H. M. S. Pinafore Program, which he did. I thanked him. He then drove away. eEveZyn Richardson, Scotch Settlement School. NW AT STRAWBERRY LAKE Last summer my cousins, my sister, and I went to Strawberry Lake for the Students fund it restful and inspiring tog work at this wonderful desk. a week-end. We couldntt go swimming because a few years ago my cousin J erry cut his foot. Jerry couldnlt catch any fish because his fishing tackle was only made out of a stick, a piece of string, and a bent pin for a hook. I told him that no fish would bite unless he had real iishing tackle, a sinker, and a bait; so he stopped. After a while we went out for a boat ride. Then we had dinner and went to bed. The next day was Labor Day, and Tommy went fishing With daddy and mother in a boat. He said that daddy let him row. Jerry and I had an ice cream cone to make up for his fishing trip. We had a very pleasant time. -Isabelle Hofmann, Scotch Settlement School. READING IN THE FIRELIGHT '5 There is an old Scotch song which says: tiBlithe is the blink of my ain fireside." What more cheerful or more peaceful scene could there be than this? Page Eight Our Schools tContinucd irom page l'iveJ we have nine pupils in our school, including two new ones. These are: Donald Basso, who is in the sixth class, and Ben Lohman in the fifth. We are having gravel drawn in and spread on our school drive. eLois Corkins. NM OLD STONE PENNINGTON Our school started Tuesday, Septem- ber 4, with the enrollment of thirty-two pupils, eleven of whom are new. We now have twenty-four girls and eight boys. More are expected soon. Mr. Gassett and Mr. Thomas in- stalled our radio Friday, September 7. We are glad to have it again. We are very happy to know that Pearl Clarkls father is at last beginning to walk after having to lie on his back for a period of ten months. One of our last years pupils, Joyce Pennington, has enrolled in the Green- field Village Schools. We wish you luck, Joyce. Ever since school began our school- room has been decorated with beautiful garden flowers tastefully arranged by our janitor, Mr. Lewis, who brings most of them from his home. Many of the dahlias measure more than seven inches in diameter. J ean Downing is using her spare time making dainty little pillows. They are so pretty we are all interested in them and are planning on making several under the supervision of Mrs. Travis who helps us in the selection of our pieces. Our large telegraphy machine is being replaced by a much smaller one. We are glad of this as we have very little space. -Mr. Loyett was here recently and said we would soon have a sewing machine; therefore we hope to have no idle moments during the ensuing year. Among our recent Visitors were five ladies from Toledo; one of them, Miss Alice Nauts, is a teacher in Franklin School, another, Miss Charlotte Ber- wick, a teacher of English in Libby High School. Tuesday, September 11, we had our first music lesson, taught by Mr. Koch and Mr. Zahnow. We are pleased to think these lessons Will continue all the year. August 21 Mr. and Mrs. Travis visited Secretary House and were pleas- antly entertained by Miss Susan Alder- dyce in the absence of Mrs. Mackinnon. While at Dearborn Inn, Mrs. Travis had an interesting conversation 'with Mrs. Jean Piccard, the wife of the great stratosphere explorer. Our gardens with the help of the rains are maturing nicely and will soon be ready to clear away. -Mmma Quackenbush. Children from tl'ie Centennial School visiting the Henry Ford Hospital Convalescent School Childrens' Garden during one of their weekly trips to the hospital. The following verse was selected from the McGufiey Second Reader by Jean Downing: itThe wise will let their anger cool, At least, before itis night; But in the bosom of a fool, It burns till morning light." MN CENTENNIAL Dramatic Club Meeting The September meeting of the Cen- tennial Dramatic Club was held Septem- ber 6 at the home of Phyllis Green, with twenty-one members present. The business meeting was conducted by the vice president, Agnes Montgom- ery. As our secretary-treasurer is no longer elegible to hold office, we elected a new one. Harriet Lewis received this honor. Since there are several new members of the school to be initiated at the club meeting in October it was voted to have them present a short play. Dorothy McConnell and Harry Richard will have charge of their initiation. Doris Drouil- lard and Lois Anderson have charge of the games, and Gertrude Drouillard will have the program. The following program was presented at the September meeting: Songe America the Beautiful, by all. Solo by Ray Williams. Poem by Mr. Chapman. Song "Whispering Hope" by Agnes Montgomery, Gertrude Drouillard, Helen Anderson, Ray Williams and Lawrence Holdridge. Song "Centennial Will Shine" by all. Elwyn Green, Ruth Drouillard and Ted Vincze were initiated by Margaret Kempf and her committee. We then played games, and a delight- ful lunch was served by Mrs. Green, whom we sincerely thank. e-Helen Anderson. We were all glad When school started September 4. There were forty-three pupils present. We were also glad to welcome the fourteen new pupils, and we feel sure they will appreciate and like our school as much as we do. The girls are serving not only hot cocoa, but also one other warm dish each day. They expect to start sewing soon. The boys are very busy at noon and recess practising ball. They hope to have a better team this year. We are all very glad to think that both Mr. Gassett and Mr. Koch will come to our school the same as they did last year. The high school classes have three new subjects this year; they are literature, civics, and philoso hy. eAgnes M ontgomery, Gertrude rouillard The spelling classes have started their yearly struggle in the contests for the honor medals in that subject. Since we have a number of new students en- rolled, those who were usually high last. year are making extra elfort to hold their own. The first spell-down held Septem- ber 7 resulted as follows: Spelling I Classes 4, 5, 64hrst, Francis Glenn; second, Douglas Hall. Spelling II. Classes 7, 8, 9-hrst, Dorothy McCon- nell, a newcomer in our school; second, Bonnie Hall. Spelling III, Classes 10, 11, 12a first, Helen Anderson; second, J 0e Glenn. The second contest September 14 also kept the previous winners guessing. Spelling I, first, Francis Glenn; second, Mary Hall. Spelling II, first, Dorothy McConnell; second, Lois Anderson, another newcomer in our school. Spelling III, first, Ray Williams; second, Gail Austin. A graphic representation is being prepared to show the relative standing of those in the various classes who have won in contests. Lawrence Holdridge brought his new guitar to school one day last week Although he has had it only a short time we enjoyed listening to him play. We understand that Ned Lanning has a new banjo. He is fortunate in that his father plays this instrument well and can help him get started. It seems the favorite tune among the boys is ' iiOh Bury Me Out on the Lone Prairie-e-efi We hope they donlt bury their instruments there. One of the events of our first day of school which caused much enthusiasm was the election of a baseball captain for the school year. Mr. Chapman dis- cussed briehy the purposes 9f a captain and called on all those interested in playing to give their best co-operation to the one elected in order that a team playing as a single unit might be developed. In the balloting that fol- lowed Joe Glenn was elected. The HERALD Page Nine game played Thursday in Ridgeway gives evidence that Joe has the full support of the entire school. COMFORT At the beginning of the school year the pupils organized a club which is to be known as the Good Citizenship and Safety Club of the Comfort School. The following officers were chosen: 7 Captain, Roy Richards; lieutenant, El Ray Finnegan; secretary and treas- urer, Ellen Holdridge; patrolseMar- garet Cadmus, Dorothy Austin, Clara- belle Kerr, Leo Bachtal, and Seaman Packard. It was voted at the first meeting to have two-cent monthly dues, and to keep the history of the club, both in writing and in snapshots. These are to be put in a memory book for the library. The pupils voted to have the work for September "A More Attractive Sclioolroom? The schoolroom has been attractively decorated in black and orange crepe paper. Vases for out howers have been painted Chinese red. We have four potted plants in the windows. We also have a new picture on the wall represent- ing Jesus when He was about fourteen years old. The school is enjoying the radio Mr. Ford sent them, and wishes to express appreciation for the gift. Ellen Holdridge is making a folder of illustrations and pictures of pioneer history in the United States. Margaret Cadmus, El Ray Finnegan, and Leo Bachtal are completing a proj- ect on Indian life in the sixth history class. The pupils of the second and third classes receive stars for all excellent lessons in reading. Clarabelle Kerr has a perfect record. The following pupils are going to Ford Hospital each .Friday for medical care: Margaret Cadmus, Leo and Ray- mond Bachtal. The school has a treasure chest in which a collection of the best school work is being kept. It is to be used next fall for an exhibit at the Lenawee County Fair. The third class language section, Joan Cadmus, Mary Jane Cordray, Clarabelle Kerr, and Seaman Packard, have learned three poems since school began. At present they are writing short stories on pets. CNN GREEN LANE ACADEMY Greetings Greetings everyone from Jean Di- mond, Marian Pennington, Beulah Cam- burn, Jean Swick, Margaret Reeves, Wanda Kopka, Nina Mae Marsh, Anne Thompson, Gloria Underwood, Bertram Davies, Douglas Fairbanks, Jimmy Sis- son, Raymond Potts, Bobby Moore, Derrill Coover, Bobby Nelson, Stanley Dermyer, William Glenn, Ned Lewis, Robert Bachtal, Richard Hall, and the teachers from the Green Lane Academy. Five of the girls and boys of the academy were unable to be at school the week of enrollment and classification. Anne Thompson had a sprained ankle; Gloria Underwood and Bertram Davies were in the hospital for the removal of tonsils; Richard Hall had ear trouble; and Jimmy Sisson a broken leg. eCeuiele Netcher. N 0V0 Later News From Brownville The high school class enjoy their new Algebra books very much. It is different because they work with xis, yls and zls instead of numbers. The hall team of our school has been selected, with Frank Marsh as captain. Two of our girls are getting used to glasses. They are Armenia J ohnson and Gladys Lister. Quite a few pupils were absent from school Friday, because they had to go to the hospital. We have had but one visitor so far this term. He is Adeline Hammock's brother. Here we are! Back to school and everyone busy. How good it seems! Therels Mr. Driscoll smiling and happy to get back among the children; and ghe children are glad to get back with im. We have quite a number of new scholars. Those in the higher grades are: Lila and Stanley Miller, Ruth Driscoll and Frank Marsh. Everyone had a very happy vaca- tion; you can tell by looking at their beaming faces. And each is glad to be back at school. -Frcmces J ohnson. All of the children went to the Henry Ford Hospital for examination during our vacation. Armenia J ohnson and Gladys Lister got their glasses the last time we went. There are a few to go yet. We all seemed very glad to get back to school and Mr. Driscoll was very glad to see us all. There are a few new children this year. eEleanor J ones. Ned Harrington and Martin Korth are going to study in the Essenfials of Geography. Colleen Davidson, Duane Brooks, Jerry Anthes, Ruth Driscoll, and Lau- rence Welch are some of our new pupils this year. eCladys Dermycr. There's no need to say how the children all scampered into the school- room the first morning, all so eager to see j ust where they were to sit, and who their seat mates were to be. Many wanted to look through the different books they were to have; others were waiting for an assignment, ready to go to work, It was most interesting to me as I am in the ninth class but beginning in Brownville School for the first time. I know I am going to enjoy it here very much, and am very glad of the oppor- tunity of being admitted. When I first walked into the school- room I noticed how neat the children looked and how Mr. Driscoll just beamed with pride. The nice little group were all ready for work. I hope we shall all look as neat and eager to work every morning as we did this first Three cheers for Brownville eL-ila Miller. morning. School! NM CONVALESCENT SCHOOL tHenry Ford Hospitall Our Garden We have a very nice garden at the Henry Ford Hospital Convalescent School. We go to the garden every morning if it doesnlt rain, and pick all kinds of vegetables. We have tomatoes, cucumbers, green peppers, eggplants, carrots, beets, corn, flowers, and many other things. We enjoy working in our garden. August 28 we picked a bushel of tomatoes in less than an hour. An eggplant from the garden was sent to the State Fair to be put on exhibition. eJoseph'ine Leoni. I, the Pumpkin Poems are always nice, but this one about a pumpkin is my pride. Ilm a pumpkin about twenty inches round, But you will find out later than Pm lying on the ground; And this cozy bed is the best live ever found. I hope that the farmer will not take me to town, Because I never want to leave this home of mine near the ground. eJohn D. M cCants. The Basket The children of Henry Ford Hospital Convalescent School picked a half bushel of fresh vegetables for Mr. Henry Ford. The basket was a combination of beets, carrots, turnips, cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, green peppers, pumpkins, eggplants, and a bouquet of flowers. We all hope that he enjoyed them. eJosephiine Leom' and Sophia Bar'ida. Society Miss Fleming left Henry Ford Con- valescent School Saturday, August 25, to be married the following Saturday. Our new teacher is Miss Daniel. Marion Hill, one of our sehoolmates, is leaving Henry Ford Hospital Con- valescent School to go to Northville. eSophia Barida. Wayside Inn Schools BOYSl SCHOOL School Days Here Again September 10 marked the reopening of the Wayside Inn Boys, School. It seemed strange not to be working all day out in the fields. It also felt strange to spend a half day in the classroom and to study and read in textbooks. A11 in all, we were very glad to be back in the classroom, where we know we shall learn a great deal. We have all started with a Hbang" and a "hop to it" spirit. Gardens The boys gardens have been for the most part very successful this year. At this time the boys are busy harvesting iPlease turn to page twelveJ Page Ten HERALD Students Visit Dr. Piccard and Inspect Gondola On Friday, September 14, the pupils of the Edison Institute High School made a visit to the airport at Dearborn to see the gondola that Dr. Piccard will use when he goes into the stratosphere to study the cosmic ray. The gondola is a large round ball about ten feet in diameter. It is made of aluminum and magnesium alloy one-eighth of an inch thick and weighs about two hundred pounds without any instruments. When the balloon is inflated it will contain 600,000 cubic feet of hydrogen. Its height will be equal to about fifteen stories. Before leaving the ground it Will be one-tenth filled with gas. The higher the balloon ascends the more the gas will expand, and when it reaches its full height, about eleven or twelve miles in the air, the bag will be a complete sphere. Mrs. Piccard told us about the mascot they will take. It is a turtle. Owing to the lack of room they could not take any thing larger. We are very grateful to Dr. and Mrs. Piccard for showing us the gondola. We obtained a great deal of knowledge from our trip and think ourselves for- tunate students to have been able to see this scientific device. We wish to thank Mr. Ford for the opportunity. All say "Bon Voyage" and good luck to the Piccards. -Wilbur Donaldson, Edison Institute High School. NM... What Boys Do at Recess At recess the boys from the Brick and Town Hall Schools usually play soccer football. The two captains for football and soccer teams are Russell Reader and Donald Donovan. The game the boys play is ruck touch. We don't play tackle. The higher class have a touch team also. The boys of the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh classes are having a team, and we are planning to have a game every Friday. The boys practice touch football every night. ' eBuddy Apesech, Town Hall School. mm STUDENTS ELECT STAFF The students of the Edison Institute High School held a meeting on Monday, September 17, to elect a new staff for the H erald. Those who were chosen are: Editor, Bobby Piper; associate editor, Isabelle Gassett; social activities, Bar- bara Sheldrick; feature editor, Carol Bryant; sports editor, Frank Campsall; associate sports editor, Charles Voorhess; reporters, Ann Hood, Kenneth Petrak. Margaret Voorhess proved a Very emcient chairman and Betty Hutchinson carried out the duties of a secretary in a capable manner. Strict parliamentary rules were enforced by the chairman. NM MY VACATION On Friday, July 13, accompanied by my father, mother, and auntie, I left Tecumseh in a V-8 for a pleasure trip to Berrien County. Our first stop was at Clinton for refreshments, after which we proceeded tPlcase turn to page elevem KEEPING COOL IN CHICAGO This is not a company of African explorers, although those "hats" might lead one to think 30. Tropical helmets are sometimes necessary in Chicago. During the week of August 7, Chicago had tropical weather, and the boys from the Edison Institute, Dearborn, lost no time in equipping themseives with these head-protectors before they continued their tour in the gardens of the Century of Progress Exposition, by which the Ford building is environed. The names of the boys in the group are: Top row, left to right-Mr. Roberts, Robert Bryant, John Weeks, Robert Walker, Billy Smith, Bobby Snow, Mr. Ellis. Second row-Junior Burns, Jack Earwaker, J. G. Rucker, Willis McCloud, Bruce Simpson. Bottom rOWhBilly Kresin, Jack McCloud, Bob Piper, Donald Gilbert, Albert Roberts, Bobby Haber, Franklyn Weeks. Sports and Pas times Football Season Opens at Greenfield Twenty-eight at First Turnout Football candidates were quite numerous on the village green Monday night as twenty-eight boys of the Green- field Village Schools turned out for the first practice session in touch football. Large eight-inch letters will be awarded to those boys making the team who are in the ninth class or above. The reserves Will receive the four-inch emblem. Coach Hutchinson has been develop- ing an accurate passing attack, with Captain Campsall, Junior Burns, and Bill McLeod doing most of the tossing, and Bob Walker most of the receiving. Shackleton and Snow are sharing the center duties. The village green has been marked off for the first time and goal posts will soon be standing. These Will be erected only for practice and will be taken down during the day. FRANK CAMPSALL ELECTED FOOTBALL CAPTAIN Earl Helwig to be Manager While Frank is a newcomer to the Village schools, the boys realize his athletic value and have chosen him to captain the school football eleven. He formerly attended Sacred Heart School in Dearborn and was quite successful in the line of sports. The village boys remember him well in their basketball game against Sacred Heart. Frank did most of the scoring in that game and our boys had a hard time building a defense against him. Campsall is a fast runner and has proved very elusive in scrimmages so far this season. Earl Helwig, of the Edison Institute High School, was chosen manager of the team. GV AWARDS The following students of the Edison Institute have earned their GV athletic awards in tennis: BOYS Thomas Marshall ....... Russell Reader..i ..... 283 Points ,254 ii J .V Rucker 171 " William McLe 70 " David Roth ..... .157 " Donald Donovan... William Kresin... Robert Shown. Kenneth Petra Jack McCloud Frank Campsa GIRLS Dorothy Richardson. Betty Hutchinson......, Mary Eleanor Ritenour Irene Stead ................. Elaine Wyman,.. Evelyn Richardson ..175 Points Mary Jean Jorae...m.... EDISON JUNIOR PIONEERS The Edison Junior Pioneers will start this week or next. We are going to learn to make things out of leather. eAlbert Roberts. MY VACATION tConcludcd from page tenl west, out through the Irish Hills, Somer- set, Goldwater, and many other towns. We enjoyed the ride, almost forgetting the sultry heat of the day as we watched with interest the many new scenes and faces. About two dclock we reached Stur- gis, where we again stopped. After a visit at the ice cream parlor and a few minutes rest we continued our journey on through Elkhart and South Bend, Indiana; then back to Niles, Michigan, Benton Harbor, and St. Joseph, follow- ing old Lake Michigan along until we reached Stevensville, about 6:30, where a wonderful dinner awaited us. After dinner we were much rested and again ready to sight-see. This time it was to be the House of David at Benton Harbor. It sure was a beautiful place, with lovely flowers, shrubs, rock gardens, colored lights, and all that goes to make things beautiful. The orchestra of several pieces played out in the open air theater where we were entertained for two hours. I was also delighted at being able to ride on their train. We started at the little depot and Were taken over the entire grounds. The next morning I received my biggest thrill, a dip in Lake Michigan. The lake was beautiful-so blue, clear, and pure looking. On Sunday we turned homeward, driving along an entirely new route. Our last stop was at Jackson, where we visited Fairyland. And then home! Now that vacation is over I feel thankful for the wonderful times I have had. I was more than ready to start back to school and work hard for another year at Brownville. eWyona Gave, Brownville School. NW SOME PLACES VISITED AT THE FAIR The building I liked best at the Worldls Fair was the Ford building. One of the interesting sights was a Ford wheel bolted to the ceiling with three Fords hanging from the spokes. It could hold fourteen of them. There was a Ford engine there. All the parts were made of glass except the moving ones so that you could see it running. The talking Ford was very interesting. Where We Went The first day we were there we went to the Ford building and then to the general exhibits, where we saw a dia- mond mine. Then to the Hall of Science for lunch. After lunch we went to the Midway, and then to supper. Next we saw the German Village, and then returned to the dormitory at the Uni- versity of Chicago. We got up at seven the next morning and went to the college swimming pool. After breakfast we visited the Field Museum where we saw many modern and historical animals. We then went to the Planitarium where we saw how the stars move from day to day. We also went to the Agricultural Building. After lunch we could visit either the Enchanted Island or the Hall of Science. After supper we saw the Belgian and English villages, and then returned to the dormitory. The next morning we went to the stockyards and to the Colonial Village, HERALD and on going back to the dormitory we went through the college. We then packed our suit cases and got the four-thirty train for 'Detroit, arriving at ten p. m. -Albert Roberts, Scotch Settlement School. A RIDE ON A FREIGHTER Last summer my grandma, mother, brother and I went for a trip on a freighter to Duluth. My brother and I went up to the pilot house every day. .Once on the way when I was in the pilot house the captain asked if I wanted to blow the whistle and I said, "Yes? I pulled the rope that was attached to the smokestack. When we got to Duluth we took pictures of the men unloading coal and loading iron ore. It was the best trip I have ever had. eRoss Backus, Town Hall School. NW MY UNCLES FARM During our summer vacation we went to my unclels farm. Uncle Amos lives out in Minnesota. He has a colt four months old. His house is about five hundred feet from a lake, and he has two rowboats. Jimmie and I each get in a different boat and have a race. After dinner we help to milk. One day daddy and another man and Jim and I drowned out a gopher and killed him. eCharles Dates, Town H all School. NW A TWELFTH BIRTHDAY Thursday, August 23, a birthday party was held at the girls clubhouse in Greenfield Village. The girls arrived about 5:15. Some of the presents were a lovely birthday cake, a tea towel, and two silhouettes. After supper Mary J ean J orae, Mary Lee Alderdyce, Helene Walker, and Suzanne Wessinger took a walk around the village. Then we came back and spent the night at the clubhouse. eSuzanne Wessz'nger, Scotch Settlement School. NM TRIP TO THE ZOO One day I went to the Detroit Zoo with some friends. We got there about five oiclock. We were looking at the tigers when one of the zoo keepers said there was one that was known to have cubs in captivity. We also saw the mouse deer that former Mayor Murphy presented. -Javmes Lockerby, Scotch Settlement School. mm MY TRIP UP NORTH One day last month I went up north with my grandma and grandpa, and my aunt and Helene. We saw rocks bigger than houses and longer than blocks. We stayed at Sheboygan all night. Then we went on and had our breakfast. We stayed away a week and when we came back we stopped at Niagara Falls because Helene had never seen the Falls. We had a very nice time up north. eJean M cMullin, Scotch Settlement School. Page Eleven WHAT WE DID IN THE WOODS One day Charles and I went into the woods. We followed the river along until we saw some one camping by a big tree. We went past, trying not to notice them. When we were nearly past Charles stumbled over a rock, but the man did not look at us. Then we went on down the river until we thought we had better turn back. We went through the middle of the woods to get home. -Erwin Spencer, Scotch Settlement School. THE COTTON PLANT The cotton plant is a perennial shrub of several varieties, and is cul- tivated all over the world within the limits of 30 degrees north and south of the equator. It has alternate stalks and lobed leaves, large yellow flowers, and a three- or five-celled capsule which bursts open when ripe. Cotton must be gathered eight days after it has matured or the luster will become tarnished. It is picked with the fingers and spread out to dry. Then the seeds are removed and the cotton is cleaned, after which it is baled and ready ' for delivery to the manufacturies. Cotton has been cultivated in India from time immemorial. It was known in Egypt before the Christian era, but was at that time probably imported from India. Cotton growing is the oldest industry known to man, and the cloth was at first an article of the greatest luxury. e-Elaz'ne W yman, Scotch Settlement School. NM ROVER One day, about two weeks ago, Rover was missing. Gus Munchow tRoverls masterl got a bad case of hay fever while looking for Rover in the woods and swamps. A watchmanis children saw Rover in somebodyis house and told the watchman. The watch- man told Gus, and he went to the house where Rover was kept and got him. eJack M cCloud, Scotch Settlement School. NM THE MINK The mink is cousin to the weasel. He is much larger than the weasel, but is of the same general shape, being very long and slender. His coat is a dark brown, darkest on his back. His chm is white and his tail is round and covered with long hair which is almost black. His face is like the weasells. His legs are quite short, and as he sits on a rock eating a fish he looks very contented. -Catherine Miller, Scotch Settlement School. MN ItTHANKSii My fourteenth birthday will cer- tainly always be one of my most prized memorles. It was just one surprise after another. I wish to thank Miss Mackinnon, Mrs. Dahlinger, and every girl of the club who gave me such an enjoyable time. -Isabelle Gassett, Edison Institute High School. Page Twelve HERALD Our Schools CConcluded from page uinel their crops. The eggplants did re- markably well. Many of the boys had double gardens, thereby making a little more money for themselves. About ten of the boys kept very accurate accounts of everything they planted, the time spent in their gardens, the expenses incurred and the receipts derived from their plots of land. It was amazing in some instances the amount of money that could actually be made from so small an area of land. In every case the boy that spent the most time and took the greatest pride in his garden was the one to reap the highest profits. Gardens such as these are very beneficial to the boy. They teach him to till the soil, to sow seeds, and to reap a harvest. They also give him an opportunity to keep accounts and to learn the various types of soil suitable for the various crops. Next year it is hoped we shall have a little more rain than we had this year. Fall Fairs With the approach of the autumn season we are reminded of the many agricultural fairs that are so popular at the harvest season. Last year several of the boys attended and exhibited vegetables, chickens, pigeons, and ducks. A vegetable-judging team comprised of three boys competed against several prominent local school teams and were successful in coming home with the high honors. This year a team is scheduled to take part in a judging contest to be held at Acton Fair. Racing Homing Pigeons Last week Stanley sent his homing pigeons to Albany, New York, where the Eastern Races were held. On the day of the race it rained so hard that the birds had to wait for clearing weather. The day of the race was a very clear one and Stanleyls pigeons were favored with a tail wind. His pigeons finished fourth in his club. This is a record to be proud of, considering that this is his first attempt at racing birds. Next week he will send his pigeons to Rochester, New York, for another eastern race. We wish our young fancier all kinds of luck. NM SOUTHWEST SCHOOL The Southwest School opened on Wednesday, September 5, with fifteen pupils. We have a new fifth claSSePriscilla Kirkland, Buddy Way, and Bert Tighe coming from the Mary Lamb School, and John Batchelder from the Center School in Sudbury. Every recess the boys play football except when it rains, and then we play basket ball in the shed. The baskets were made in manual training class Our first two weeks have been spent in reviewing. e-Camlton Ellms, Jr. MN REDSTONE tMary Lambi The news gatherer has prepared a birdls-eye view of the Mary Lamb School pupilsl summer vacation. Clifford Belcher spent his summer at home, helping on his fathers farm. Joan Batchelder went to Cape Cod. At Provincetown she saw the United States Heat and went on several of the destroyers. Alfred and Gloria Bonazzoli went to Nantasket Beach. Robert Curtis visited a farm in Maine. Ann Davenport went to Salisbury Beach. Roland Eaton, on Cape Cod, saw the Constitution and a Swedish cadet ship. Jean Geehan was in Falmouth. JeanIs grandmother came over from England to visit. Robert Hooper Visited Camden, New Jersey, and Connecticut. Jack Hurd was in Plymouth. Jack also saw some of the navy boats in Boston Harbor and the old frigate Constitution. Patricia Kirkland took a trip to Maine and Vermont and had fun camp- ing out. Jean Provan spent time at White Horse Beach in Plymouth and at Wey- mouth. Russell Spring spent a month at the William Lawrence Camp in New Hamp shire. He then went to Manomet on Cape Cod. There are many interesting points which we show our Visitors. One that attracts them more than anything else seems to be the little piece of wool from Mary's lamb. Skeptical folk soon lay their doubts aside when they hear the authentic story of Mary Sawyer and how the piece of wool is in existence. When Mrs. Tyler tMarys marriage namel lived in Somerville, Massachu- setts, she was asked to contribute to the Old South Church fund when that church was being restored. She had two pairs of socks knit from the ileece of her lamb. She raveled out, out up, and tied little wool fibers together. She pasted each bow on a cardboard with her autograph. These cards were sold and as a result about one hundred dollars was realized. This, everyone says, is about one of the best proofs that there was a Mary who had a lamb. eJean P'rovan. THE TWO BEAR CUBS A few years ago while we were traveling around Michigan, we were passing through a very small city. We went by a rooming house and in the large back yard there was a small zoo. After we had looked at all the animals we decided that the two small bear cubs were the best. The man told us that the bears liked Hershey bars and pop. Daddy gave my sister and me each enough money to buy two bottles of pop and two bars of candy. When the bears ate these things they stood on their hind legs. We didnlt take off the cap on the bottle, but they didnt stop for that. They bit and pawed until it finally came off. They also allowed us to take them out of their cages and play with them. We all thought this was a rare opportunity. Many children would have enjoyed it as much as we did. HMargaret Jean Hindman, Scotch Settle- menl School. The World Stops at Greenfield Village This summer much of my time has been spent enjoying the many activities afforded us children of the village schools etennis, horseback riding, and the nice clubhouse fixed especially for our con- venlence. In my many visits, I couldn,t help noticing the many different automobile licenses on the cars parked around the museum. I have seen cars from almost every state in the union and many from Canada. The visitors, register at Clinton Inn shows many people from across the sea. All stop here to get a glimpse of this Early American Village. They marvel at the simple beauty of these quaint old buildings, such as the Lincoln Court House, Clinton Inn, and the fine old schoolhouses we have learned to love. I am very proud to attend the Town Hall School and thus be connected with this historical village which all the world comes to see. -lllary J ecm J orae, Town Hall School. NWO THE DESERTED SAWMILL 0311 Ruth Randall, Pennington SchooD Oh! What a night! The moon was hazy, clouds hung on the horizon, and stars would appear and vanish. The misty moonbeams cast shadows around me. I saw every weird creature I had ever heard of. I seemed to feel my hair rise from my head. But wait, look! What is this coming over towards me? I tried to scream but my vocal organs wouldnlt function. I tried to run, but my feet seemed glued to the floor. Finally, after what seemed hours but was just a few seconds, I was able to move. And how I moved! Because of so much blackness I was unable to see where to go. I ran into all four walls before I found a door. Looking behind me, I saw Very near a groping hand. No matter how fast I ran I could gain n0 headway, for right behind me came that hand. Suddenly I caught my toe on a loose board and down I went not knowing my fate. But 10! it was only a dream, and I had tumbled out of bed. mm THE CATCH One morning this summer while at the lake I decided to go fishing. I borrowed some worms from my father. Then I sat down in the back of the boat and tried to keep still. Suddenly the bobber went down and I pulled up the line. I had a snapping turtle on my hook. I took it off and it bit me. I dropped it and it ran away. My finger had to be bandaged. eMary Eleanor Ritenour, Town Hall School. MN AT ROUND LAKE Traverse, Virginia, Mary Jean and I spent a week together at a cottage at Round Lake. We went swimming every morning before breakfast and many times throughout the day. I learned how to row a boat alone. A friend of ours let us ride in his canoe, but I think I like the boat best. w-Joyce J orae, Scotch Settlement School. HERALD. Volume I. Published by the Children of the Edison Institute October 5, 1934. No. 18 Where Edisonis Genius Struck Fire By ROBERT BRYANT and ROBERT PIPER Edison Institute High School tion, which has been in Greenfield Village for six years, is a small one-story red brick build- ing. The interior of the building is divided into two parts. One part is the station masteris home, and the rest con- sists of baggage room, telegraph office, and ticket oifice. Smithis Creek Sta- tion was used on the Grand Trunk Railroad from the year 1858 until Mr. Ford brought it to Greenfield Village in 1928. Smiths Creek is lo- cated between Port Hu- ron and Mt. Clemens, SMITHiS Creek Sta- a telegraph office which had been moved to the front of the building so that the telegraph operator could see the trains coming and going. Mr. Ford had the sta- tion removed brick by brick to Greenfield Vil- lage where it was re- erected. The telegraph office was restored to the position it occupied when the station was built. The train used to lie over at Mt. Clemens for about thirty minutes and durin this time Edison wou d sell papers on the platform. One day while he was selling papers on the platform, he happened to see the and was named for a small creek which runs through the town about 800 feet southwest of the station. The station was built by Findly MacDonald and his brother in the year 1858. This is the place where Thomas A. Edison was ejected from the train for accidentally starting a fire in the bag- gage car At the age of fifteen Edison was a ttnews butcher" tone who sells newspapersi on a train which ran be- tween Port Huron and Detroit. The conductor had allowed him to set up a small printing press in the baggage car. Here he printed a newspaper called the Herald. It was during the Civil War that Edison was a news agent, and he learned that papers sold much faster after a large battle had been fought. He used to go to the Detroit Free Press office and one of the men allowed him to read the advance proofs. One day he read about the battle of Shiloh being fought and he ran to the telegraph ofhce and had the operator who was a friend of his send a message along the line asking the stations to post a bulletin saying a large battle had been fought and the story would come on the train. He then went to the Free Press offices and asked for one thousand papers and he promised to pay for them the next day. When they refused him he forced his way to the editors office and asked the editor. The editor was a kind man and he let the young boy have the papers; so with the help of two other boys he carried the papers to the train. When the train reached the first station the platform was crowded and the papers were finally sold out at increased rates. A little later he set up a laboratory in the baggage car because he didn't Smith's Creek Station, where one of Thomas Alva Edisonis early experiments caused his ejection from the train. wish to wait until he reached home to start experiments. In his spare time when he was not selling papers and fruit Edison went there to work. One day he was working with some phosphorous, which ignites at body temperature. This set the contents of the car on fire, although it did no serious damage. At the next station, Smithts Creek, Edison was put off the train and his equipment with him. It was believed for some time by biographers that Edison was put off the train at Mt. Clemens, Michigan, which is several miles south of Smithis Creek. One day many years later while conversing with Mr. Ford, Mr. Edison said that he was put off at Smithis Creek instead of Mt. Clemens. Not long afterward Mr. Ford drove to Smithis Creek. Here he found the station in its original state, except for Western Union Telegraph Office Smith's Creek. station agentis three year old son playing on the railroad tracks and a freight car was rolling toward him. Edison dropped his papers, ran across the tracks, and jerked the boy to safety just in time. The station agent saw him and wanted to reward him for saving his sons life. Edison said that he wanted him to teach him telegraphy as a reward. In a short time Mr. Edison became a very efficient operator and he made himself a set of telegraph instruments. In the station is a table used by Mr. Edison in his early days when he was a telegraph operator at Frazer, Michigan. The telegraph instrument in the station is a replica of the type used at the time Edison was an operator. This instrument is now wired up with Western Union, through which it is possible to send messages from the station to any part of the world. . The Edison Institute used this instrument to send Mr. Edison birthday greetings at his winter home in Fort Myers, Florida. At the Golden Jubilee of the in- candescent light in October, 1929, Mr. Edison got on the train and rode to the Smiths Creek Station at Greenfield Village with President Hoover, Mr. Ford, and other well-known people. On the way Mr. Edison sold Iruit and went to the baggage car where he printed some Heralds and gave them to the people. Mr. Edisonis example has been an inspiration to students of every class to persevere in the work they have under- taken. In a future issue of the Herald we hope to tell something about the wonders of Menlo Park, and describe some of Edison's great inventions. Page Two HERALD THE HERALD E Ohicial organ of the students of Greenfield and Assoriated Schools of. the Edison Institute. Printed and published fortnightly on Fridays at Greenfield, Dearborn, Michigan. Bobby Piper, Editor Isabelle Gassett, Associate Editor Barbara Sheldrick. Social Activities Carol Bryant, Feature Editor Frank Cam psall. Sports Editor Charles Voorhess, Associate Sports Editor Ann Hood, 3 G Rucker, Reporters. Kenneth Petrak, Photographer, with Assistants Scotch Settlement, John Blanchard, Reporter, Margaret Jean Hindman, Assistant Reporter Town Hall, Katharine Bryant, Reporter, J ohn Perry, Assistant Reporter Clinton Inn, Lois Soderquist, Reporter, Clifford thogot, Assistant Reporter DISTRICT SC HOOL RE PO RTE RS Willow Run, Russell Alums, Phyllis La Fortle Rawsonville, Lois Corkins. David Smith Old Stone Pennington. Jean Downing, .Monna. Quackenbush Town School, Macon, Ralph Camburn, 111mg Lois . mi! L Mills School, Anna Kama, Illargarel Creger Brownville School, Merril Gray, Don's Harrington Green Lane Academy, Marion Pennington, Robert Bachml. Comfort School. Ellen Holdridge, Illargrclt Cudmus Centennial School, Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes Montgomery All matter submitted for publication in the Herald. and all communicaliwns relating thereto, should be addressed to the Editorial Director. Edison Institute, Dearborn, Michi- gan. EDITORIALS A Noble Example On September 23 the girls and boys of the Greenfield Village Schools of the Edison Institute met at the Martha- Mary Chapel to commemorate the birthday of William Holmes McGulfey. As I sat in the group honoring this man, I began to ponder. I wondered just how it would feel to Mr. McGuffey if he could really see how these people observed his birthday; how it would feel to him to hear the poems he had written recited again and his books read, and to see the children honoring him as a great author. The books that he wrote nearly a hundred years ago are being used today. His home has been rebuilt here in Greenfield Village and it looks exactly the same as in his childhood days. Donlt you think that he would feel as though he had done his work here on earth as well as any man? Although he was a modest man, I am sure he would feel some pride in his achievements, pride in having written something worth while and something that is in existence today and Will be for years to come. These thoughts also made me con- sider the qualities of Dr. McGuEey that made him truly great. I analyzed myself to see if I possessed any of them. His modesty, perseverance, honesty, diligence, and intelligence are but a few of the characteristics needed to make a serviceable man. These I will try to acquire so that in years to come I may look back and with satisfaction claim with Dr. McGuHey that I had "left the world a little bit better for once having been in it." -Bob Piper. Edison I nstitute H igh School. rt... Creative Reading Reading is not just running over words trying to pronounce them cor- rectly, nor is it just trying to form a thought from the pages. It is a form of experience. It en- larges our sympathies, broadens the range of our interests, and fills the mind with pictures. To have this experience it is necessary "to see; to feel; and to know." It is necessary to see: By this I mean that the eyes and the mind must be alert and intelligent. They must see not only the things that are in the books but also the things that are to happen or-k should have happened. It is necessary to feel: When read- ing, one should be able to feel the same as the characters in the story. It is necessary to know: We must determine what the writer is saying as well as surrender ourselves to the pic- tures or the emotions that his writing calls forth. A good principle, therefore, in learning the art of iicreative reading, is the development of power to determine the writerls thoughts. :3 If you observe these simple rules, reading will help you to develop the powers of judgment, of discrimination, and of taste, in ways that are appliable 1930 nliany things in life besides the use of 00 s. -Joe Glenn, Centennial School. NM McGUFFEY MEMORIAL EXERCISES tBy Bobby McLeod and Bobby STLO'LLO For some time the children of the Greenfield Village Schools of the Edison Institute and thevEdison Institute High School had been practising songs for the McGuRey Memorial and Dedication Exercises. The program was mainly drawn from McGquey's Readers. At noon on Sunday, September 23, the buses called for the children at the same time as they do on school days, and took us immediately to the Martha- Mary Chapel. Our share of the exercises was to be broadcast from there. The program was announced by J ohn Eccles, of WJR, speaking from the McGuiIey birthplace now re-erected in Greenfield Village. The first part of the program came from the site of Dr. McGuffeyls birth- place near West Alexander, Pennsylva- nia. The invocation was given by Dr. Morris E. Wilson, pastor of the Presby- terian Church, of Dayton, Ohio. Then our part came. We sang songs that were poems taken from the McGuiTey Readers and set to music. We heard the remainder of the broadcast over a radio in the chapel. It included messages from the professors representing the colleges and universities in which Dr. McGuiTey used to teach, the dedication of the memorial by Mr. Andrew H. Hepburn, great-grandson of Dr. McGquey, and an address by Mr. William J. Cameron, of Dearborn. Pictures of the children were taken as they left the chapel. NM STAFF; MEETING The staff of the Herald met after school in a high school room Wednesday, September 26. The duties of the staff were pointed out and the possible feature articles for the coming year were listed. Kenneth Petrak was appointed to take care of unusual and interesting plctures. He is to have considerable assrstance. We gave some thought to a nDo you know?" column. A suitable name is to be chosen. Bob Piper was in charge of the meeting and Isabelle Gassett acted as secretary. -Isarbelle Gassett, Edison Institute High School. MN THE BROWNVILLE BOULDER In the year 1824 a group of white people coming from Monroe on the La Plaisance Bay road came to the village of Clinton. After discharging the guide, they renewed their journey toward what is now called Brownville. The leader was General Jacob Brown. In his group there were fifteen men, four women, and eleven children. When they came to a spot just north of the mill pond they camped. It was a beautiful spot, which had been a small Indian settlement only a short time before. The white settlers used the Indian wigwams and finally decided to build a cabin and settle there. The cabin was the first house in Brownville. Today all that remains is a boulder which states that in 1824 General Jacob Brown erected the first house in Brown- ville on this site. eRuth Driscoll, Brownville High School NM Dredging In Greenfield Village there is a boat called the Suwannee. There is water around it which they are dredging for floating the boat. -Jack M cCloud, Scotch Seitlemenf School. CNN PLEASE NOTE From Pennington School we have received an interesting series of articles on ilHow to do things." This is. now in type and will appear in our next issue. Willow Run and Comfort budgets arrived too late for insertion in this number. They will appear in our next. May we repeat that copy must reach us not later than the M onday before the Friday of publication. HERALD Page Three WHAT OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING Greenfield SCOTCH SETTLEMENT We missed Margaret Jean Hindman during the week of September 24 while she was ill at home. Harry Schuman has been in the Henry Ford Hospital. The men are making a new brick walk in front of our Scotch Settlement School. -Helene Walker. 0n Sonny Boy One Saturday I came over to the Village to go riding. When I arrived Captain Armstrong put me on Sonny Boy, the best pony in the stable. I had a very pleasant ride. -Ly1m Smith. The Piccard Scrapbook This week we are starting a scrap- book. In it we are putting things about the Piccards. A lot of children have brought pictures showing Mrs. Piccard, Mr. Piccard, and Doctor Swann. It's a very interesting hobby. eDonald Donovan. Buying Flowers When the children of the Scotch Settlement School had brought in enough money for me to purchase some flowers, I went to the flower shop and bought roses. I sent them to Harry Schuman, who was sick in the Henry Ford Hospital. MBilly Ford. Flowers in Chapel Every morning in chapel we have a fine basket of flowers. They arrange them very beautifully. For the W. H. McGuHey program they were even more beautiful. I do wish you could see them. -Jeam McMullin. The Riding Lesson Saturday, September 22, I went riding very early. I waited about fifteen minutes. When my turn came to ride I got on Molly and went around the ring. Soon we stopped and did the tricks. All the children ran and jumped on Molly and Prince while the ponies were going. We were to get completely onto them. Some of the children got on them and some did not. sThe first time I tried I missed, but the second time I succeeded. Then we all went home because the riding was over. HElaine Wyman. Penmanship In penmanship some of the girls and boys have completed several lessons. Joyce Jorae, Traverse Du Vall, Freddie Procknow, Jean McMullin, and Evelyn Richardson have passed one lesson. Donald Donovan has passed two lessons and Helene Walker has passed three lessons. QEvelyn Richardson. Polly the Parrot One day going to riding class, I passed Polly in her cage on the wood behind the Clinton Inn. She is a pretty creature. She has red, yellow, green, and orange feathers. "Ema J ensen. New Brick Walk They are making a brick sidewalk from the Clinton Inn to the Chapel and from the Chapel to the Scotch Settle- ment School in Greenfield Village. When it is finished the football field which is on the green will be ready for the boys. V eDavid Ormond. McGuffey Program On September 23, the children from the Greenfield Village Schools had a McGuEey program. They sang many 'songs and broadcast over WJR. Mr. Ford and some others talked to us from Pennsylvania. It was all very nice. eEvelyn Richardson. William Holmes McGuffey was born September 23, 1800, near West Alex- ander, Washington County, Pennsyl- vania. He died in 1873. The house that he was born in was built of logs. The new McGuffey School is of the same type as the one he attended, and the house he was born in now stands in Greenfield Village. eBill J . Rucker. The Merry-Go-Round September 24, as we were coming back to school, we saw the merry-go- round and it was working. It was going round and round and everyone said, ttOh look! the merry-go-round is going? eJeavn M cM ullin. When our bus passed the merry-go- round Monday afternoon the men had it working. It is an old-fashioned one. It will be great fun to ride on it. eBilly M ielke. New Heating Plant There is a new floor in the brick school. Under this new Hoor is a new basement which holds a heating plant for the school. The children of the brick school enjoy having the new heating plant. eTraverse Du Vall. The Librarian J ohn Blanchard is the librarian at the Brick School. John has an index file in which he keeps on cards the names of all the books. He can tell when some one has a book because there is a card in the back of the book. They write their name on the card and give it to John. When a child returns a book J ohn draws a line through the name on the card and puts the card back in the book; then the book is put on the shelf. eA udrianne Whamm. Our Radio We enjoy very much having our radlo back from last year. We are thankful to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ford for the use of the radio. -Va1we Simonds. The Pond Along the east side of the Scotch Settlement School they are making a pond for the children in the Village who wish to skate at recess. They are dig- ging the pond a little deeper. Near by is a hill down which the children may slide on their sleds. eeFreddie Procknow. TOWN HALL Sunday, September 23, was Dr. McGuEeyis birthday. There was a two-hour program. The first part of it came from Pennsylvania. The children in the Village schools had fifteen minutes of the program, which was followed by speakers in Pennsylvania. eJohn Perry. Tooling Leather At the Edison Junior Pioneer meet- ings some of the boys have been tooling leather. The first thing we made was a coin purse. We got some leather and a pattern, and then cut the leather out. Next we put holes along the edge. We then got some leather strips and sewed the purse together. Next time we are going to make moccasins. eAlbert Roberts. The Gondola On September 17, the Brick and Town Hall schools went to see Mr. and Mrs. Piccard and their gondola. We could not see the balloon, but saw the inside of the gondola. Then Doctor Swann talked to us. We had a good time that morning. On our return to school we talked about what we had seen. :Thurman Donovan. Most of our bulletin board is filled with pictures. The boys are interested in airplanes. The girls have mostly magazine covers mounted on pretty colored paper. eMarilyn Owens. Activities The girls of the seventh class have started their sewing and are enjoying it very much. Miss Mackinnon is going to teach us When she comes back from her vacation. This year we have our singing classes 1n our own room. Mr. Koch comes twice each week, on Monday and Wednesday. Mary Eleanor Ritenour will be out of school a few days as she had her tonsils removed. eMary Lee Alderdyce. Something New We had something very rare in our room on Wednesday, September 26. Some one brought in lilac blossoms from iPlease turn to next pagel Page Four HERALD Our Schools lContinued from previous pagel Spelling Match the bushes at the back of our building. We were greatly surprised to see the lilacs so late in the season. eJune Bummer. . John Dahlinger, who had been ill Since Monday, September 17, came back to school Monday, September 24. eGloria H utchinson. McGuEey Books We are reading out of the McGuffey books. We like them very much. eJoe Rucker. Last Friday the Town Hall School had a spelling match. We chose sides. Katharine Bryant and Ross Backus were captains. We started with first class words and finished with sixth class words. David English, fifth class, who was on Katharinds side, won by spelling the word ilreceivefi Betty Atkinson, who was also on Katharine's side, was second to the last down. It was much fun. eKatharine Bryant. Riding . I do not know what I would do Without riding now. I can scarcely wait for Tuesday and Friday to come. I think all of the horses are very nice. e-Mary J ean J orae. The fourth class of the Town Hall School are having fun in arithmetic. They are learning the multiplication tables. They have learned the twols, threeis, and four's. -Edward Litogot. Our Radio Thursday of last week when the boys and girls from the Edison Institute High School went to see the Detroit Tigers play the New York Yankees, we thought it would be nice to spend the last five minutes listening to the game over the radio. Miss Mason turned it on, and in a few seconds found that the battery was dead. We were all dis- appointed that we couldn't hear the game, but were glad to get out three minutes early. eRoss Backus. Our Cat and the Squirrels Our cat has great fun with the squirrels on the trees near our house. It jumps on the wood pile and almost falls off trying to get the squirrels. We feed the squirrels every winter. eMargery M ielke. The fourth class has been learning to write letters. Last week we wrote to people telling them about our part in the McGuii'ey program. e-Allen Ormond. Indians and Pioneers I have a book at home by James Fenimore Cooper. It has six stories about Indians and pioneers. There is a man named Nathanael, and also his comrade Deerslayer, whose riiie is called "Killdeer? There is an Indian named "The Running Deerf, -Dav'id English. Dental Honor Roll We have our yearly Dental Honor Roll. We havenit any names on it as yet, but expect to have soon. We hope that at the end of the year we will have a 100 per cent roll. Last year the Brick School got more than we did. But this year we hope to have as many as they. eLaura W. Newkirk. J udy Judy is a cute brown pony with black legs and mane. She used to be our riding pony at school, but one day she got sick and had to be taken away. We all missed her. A few days ago they brought her back. Now she is going to draw a little carriage. We are glad to have her back. -Charl0tte Simpson. Judy, a black and brown pony, was brought back to the Village recently. About two years ago Judy took sick and had to be sent away. But now that she is better she is back here to do a little for the children. Before she was taken away all the little children liked to ride her, as she is a kind and faithful pony. Judy cannot be ridden now, but the children Will have much fun driving her in the pony cart. eWilma Barth. The Woods In back of our house is a big, big, woods, And it has, oh! thousands of trees. As I roam through the woods I sit down to rest, And listen to the tune of the breeze. You can hear the birdies singing, As they swing on the high tree top, They will whistle and sing the Iivelong day, And you think that they never will stop. And now that the sun is sinking, I rise and start for home; And I think of the things I have done this day, As through the woods I roam. e-Wilma Barth. A House I wish I had a little house, Some place where I could stay; And when the days were hot and dreary, I'd make lemonade for people weary. I wish I had a little house, With three rooms-kitchen, bed, and dining, So when the days were cold and rainy, I'd make fudge and wouldn't start a-pining. If I did have a little house, The kitchen utensils I'd polish with care, The dining room I'd sweep with my brand new broom, And in the bedroom I'd make the bed, So when I had visitors to entertain, They'd be so delighted they'd come again. -Mary C. Haigh. Interesting Library We have a great many interesting books in our school library. This summer all the books were put in the big bookcase in the Town Hall School. This fall we have diVided them. The Brick School has the ones we had last year and we have the ones it had. -Betty Atkinson. NM CLINTON INN The other day the children were trying to think of some words that had a Id" sound. Some of them were iido," itdew," and "doorf, Joanna Reader gave the word tidough." We could not quite understand what she meant be- cause Henry Mac Guffey had already given the word dough and explained that it meant a mixture to be baked into a cake. Joanna then explained that men often used the word dough when they meant money. The children from the Clinton Inn feel that they are assisted in actually understanding the refining processes of cotton and wool by trips to the museum and carding mill. My Back Yard The leaves on the sassafrass trees in my back yard have turned to red and yellow and are falling on the grass, making a soft carpet. When I get home from school I like to pretend I am fishing by lifting the leaves out of the pool with a long stick. -Maa:i'ne Richards. My First Train Ride My first train ride was on a new fast train going to the Century of Progress at Chicago. We left Detroit late in the afternoon and arrived at Chicago at ten oiclock that night. If we had gone on one of the old-fashioned trains now in the museum it would have taken a couple of days and maybe more. Every- thing seems to go much faster these days. I enjoy going fast. eLois Soderquist. NM BROWNVILLE What I think Brownville School Needs W It would be better to have steps built on the hill leading down to the pond. In the summer the children go down the hill to take boat rides and misfortune is apt to come to them be- cause of the steepness of the hill. In the winter it is slippery and although it would be a great deal of fun to slide down the hill, it might cause an accident. For the safety of the children, the dock should be repaired. The ice broke it last winter. w-D0ris H arrington. Good News Thursday, September 27, Mr. Koch and Mr. Hutchinson came to our school. We were very much thrilled to learn that our boys were going to have a gym class every week. We girls certainly wish them lots of luck in everything they undertake. -Esther Slater. The Kite I had a kite and every night I flew my kite after school. One night after school I went to see the boy next door. He wanted to play with the kite, and I did too. We did, and we both went home and told our mothers. They gave us some money to buy another one. v-Adalene Hamack. OLD STONE PENNINGTON Ruth Howell, one of our f our youngest scholars, on being asked how she liked school the first day, replied, tTm gonna quit tonight, ,cause I think Iive learned enough." Ruth Randall, Elizabeth Kovach, and Monna Quackenbush made a beau- HERALD Page Five CENTENNIAL SCHOOL ON OPENING DAY This is a picture of the Centennial School pupils as they appeared on September 4, the opening day of the present scholastic year. tiful wreath of asters and live-for-evers for Rose and Anna Penningtonls grand- mother, who was buried recently. We did not have school Friday, September 21, because of the pupils going to the Lenawee County Fair held at Adrian. Beautiful Tapestry We recently received a beautiful tapestry upon which are drawn and colored the different stages and proc- esses in the exploitation of the soy bean. It is interesting as well as educa- tional and was made by Mrs. Clark, a former newspaper repmter of Toledo, Who now lives in Oroville, California. ' We were happy to get our hrst of a series of world letters. This letter was from Hawaii and told about the customs of that territory. Our next will be fromeJapan. We also have a beautiful 1Igortfolio in Which these lettexs are to be ept. Little Jane Clark, sister of Pearl, came to school Monday preparatory to beginning at Green Lane Academy. The next day her mother asked her to get ready for school and she said, lth, mother! Canlt I ever have a day off?" Several classes have been held out- of-doors this fall under the supervision of the older girls. The Departing Flowers We are sorry to say that the beautiiul flowers in and around our school yard that all of Macon and vicinity have enjeiyed the past summer are beginning to ie. We have received our new sewing machine and table, and work on a num- ber of things W111 begin soon. Our children, especially the boys, were much interested in the Edison Institute boysy stories of their trip to the Worlds Fair. A Mishap While playing ball Wednesday, Sep- tember 26, Ruth Randall fell and broke the epiphysis bone in her left foot. Ruth is recovering satisfactorily in the Henry Ford Hospital. All will be glad when she is back with us again. Thursday Mr. Koch came and in- troduced us to our physical training instructor, Mr. Hutchinson. We are happy to have this course and are wondering what more pleasant surprises are in store for us. Distinguished Visitors Among our recent visitors were Professor and Mrs. Shuart, of Battle Creek. Professor Shuart has been in school sixty-three years either teaching or attending. He gave a very interesting talk and said he used to teach from the McGuffey Readers. He is very much interested in the Ford schools. eMmma Quackenbush. TOWN SCHOOL, MACON Our school has thirty pupils enrolled. We have fourteen girls and sixteen boys. There are only two beginners this year. Ralph Camburn and Jack Penning- ton have had perfect spelling lessons the first month of school. Everyone is interested in the garden display at the mill in Tecumseh on Saturday. There are sixteen boys and girls from Macon attending Tecumseh High School this year. Thirteen are former pupils of Mrs. Pennington and graduates of the eighth class in our school. Vacation Experiences Some of the pupils have very in- tPlease turn to page eightl JUST ARRIVED FOR A NIGHT AT SECRETARY HOUSE W Left to right: Florence Barbier, Dorothy Richardson, Miss Webster, Joyce Soderquist. Eileen Barth. HERALD Studying Science at Close Range HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS INSPECT GONDOLA An interesting day in the lives of Edison Institute students was when they were given an opportunity of having a good look at the gondola in which Doctor and Mrs. Piccard are to ascend into the stratosphere to study cosmic rays and other phenomena of the upper air. On the top of the gondola is Doctor Piccard himself. Airport and in the distance we have a prospect of Greenfield Village. This picture was taken at the Ford Edison Institute Sees Big League Baseball Game On the morning of September 18, Mr. Lovett came to the class rooms of the Edison Institute High School and announced to the pupils that they would go to see New York play Detroit at Navin Field September 20. This an- nouncement was received with much algplause. Thursday, just after lunch, t e students gathered in the school to receive their tickets for the game. They were transported to the baseball grounds by two school buses. They flled very nicely to their seats, which were located beside home plate on the first base side. Before the game, pictures were taken of the students with "Babe" Ruth, HMickey" Cochrane and "Charley" Gehringer. The game was started in an indirect way. UCharley" had flowers sent from Fowlerville. The starting pitcher, Fred Marberry, pitched unsatisfactorily and walked trom the hill tthe pitching box is literally on a small mound, or him in disgust. This game was very exciting in a peculiar way. One perfect double out was made and then a much disputed one was executed. In dull moments the seats became PRESENTING A DELIGHTFUL PANORAMA OF A PORTION OF GREENFIELD VILLAGE, Here we have a delightful panoramic view of Greenfield Village, with the pupils of the Edison Institute Schools drawn up in the foreground. Among Park group. the Town Hall School Gn the center of the picturei, Sir John BennetEs jewelry shop, the country store, and Clinton Inn School, the the exercises in which they have just attended, HERALD Page Seven W4 Enjoying 4 Recreational Interlude +$ EDISON INSTITUTE HIGH HAS BIG DAY AT NAVIN FIELD The students of the Edison Institute High School had a big day at Navin Field on September 18 when they proceeded thither to witness the game between the Detroit Tigers and the New York Yankees. In the center of the front row in this group are three stars of the baseball world: Mickey Cochrane, manager of the Tigers. Charley Gehringer, also of the Tigers, and Babe Ruth, of the Yankees. The group also includes members of the Edison Institute teaching staff. hard, but during plays were forgotten amid much hoarse vocalizing. The game is reputed to have been the most peculiar in all the seasonls history. The pupils were enjoying it vastly when it dramatically ended! They went out on the field and thence to the busses. For some of the students it was the first professional baseball game they had ever seen. They will never forget it. e-Willys M cCloug, fodgson I nstitute H igh c o . GOINGNWSHING One morning my dad and I thought we would go fishing. We put the things in the boat and went out. We had caught a few fish and were just about ready to return, but I thought I would again cast. I had made a few casts, when all at once I felt a big jerk. At first I thought it was a weed, but a fish flopped out of the water. I reeled it in and we put in the landing net. It measured twenty-five inches long. eJoe Bennett, Scotch Settlement School FORMING A FITTING BACKGROUND FOR THE PUPILS OF THE EDISON INSTITUTE SCHOOLS. the buildings in this picturesque setting, from left to right, we see the Scotch Settlement School, the Lincoln Court House, a portion of the Menlo children of which will soon be transferred to the McGuffey School. The students are lined up on the Village Green. facing the Martha-Mary Chapel previous to proceeding to their scholastic duties for the day. Page Eight HERALD Our Schools tContinued from page hvei teresting vacation experiences. Mignon Hatch often tells about the sights she saw.up northLin Michigan. Our teacher has recently been to see the famous Dr. Locke in Canada. The journey led past the Thousand Islands, and she has told us of some of the interesting places she visited. She spoke of the wondrous beauty of the Adirondacks at this season of the year. mm MILLS SCHOOL Here we are back again with news for the Herald. We all enjoyed our copies which we received during the summer vacation and hope those to come will be as interesting. sThis year our number has increased to twenty-fourefourteen girls and ten boys, which is eleven more than last year. New desks had to be put in our room for some of the new pupils. There are six beginners, who furnish much entertainment for the rest of us. Our radio has been installed again. We are pleased to have it back, as we get great enjoyment from it. New Reporters Wednesday, September 26, we were surprised and delighted to have a visitor in the person of Mr. Mitchell. We notified him of the change we have made in our reporters for the Herald. They are now Anna Kasno and Margaret Creger. We think our reporters last year, Lilah Creger and Jennie Cibrow- ski, did their work very well. Vera Pennington was absent last week because of the death of her grand- mother. mm CENTENNIAL Sewing classes have been started again, with Mrs. Chapman as our teacher. The girls that sewed last year are making dresses, and the beginners are making aprons. There are thirteen in the class this year. The eleventh and twelfth class boys have started mechanical drawing. Preparations are being made to lay a sandstone walk around the school- house. Lois Anderson and Dorothy McCon- nell entered the spelling contest at the Lenawee County Fair. The schoolhouse was open Sunday afternoon, September 23, from one olclock on so that the children who did not have radios in their homes might listen to the Greenfield Schools broad- cast. We have some new library books in school. We find them very interest- mg. School closed Friday, September 21, so that the children could attend the Lenawee County Fair if they wished. -Gertrude Drouillard, Agnes M ontgomery GREEN LANE ACADEMY "Spotty Peg" Pays a Visit The girls and boys of Green Lane Academy recently had an unusual Visitor. It was a painted turtle named HSpotty Peg? This little creature was an amusing entertainer to the children as he crawled about the room and tried to scale the desks. Having demonstrated his reptilian habits, "Spotty Peg" was graduated from the kindergarten. Douglas Fairbanks, Birthday Friday, September 14, the pupils anticipated a delightful event. A beautifully decorated birthday cake was the precursor of Douglas Fairbanks' birthday. The cake, furnished by Mrs. Fairbanks, plainly showed that Douglas was five years old. School was closed September 21 in order that the girls and boys could attend the Lenawee County Fair in Adrian. eCeciele N etcher. mm CONVALESCENT SCHOOL tHenry Ford Hospitali Classmates We have four new pupils. Their names are J ack Ennis, Donald Cornelius, Alfreda and Shirley Linemeyer. One of the schools oldest pupils, Stanley Ostrowski, left to attend the Oakman School for the Crippled. Our youngest pupil, Charles Henry, went home. The Mouse One day while we were picking soy beans, one of the boys saw a mouse run across the garden. Since then we have seen it quite often. We think its home is in the corn shock. -Josephine Leom'. Leaf Books Thursday, September 20, the children of Henry Ford Hospital Convalescent School went out to gather leaves on the lawn to make a leaf book. We picked the leaves from the different kinds of trees we have here. We enjoyed picking leaves and hope to pick some more when they change color. MYSELF There was a little boy Who threw a little plum, W