Eckerd College - Logos Yearbook (St Petersburg, FL)
- Class of 1986
Page 1 of 68
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 68 of the 1986 volume:
To The Eckerd CommuniTy,
The pasT year gave blrTh To a new Idea. The purpose lr ImplemenTing This idea was vasT in ITs
poTenTial. This new Idea became IMEAQI.
MEAC was To offer many Things To Eckerd in many dIfferenT ways. The newsmagazlne would
evenTually become a monThIy vehicle for high quallTy magazine journalism. HlThin ThaT conTexT, iT
would publish in-depTh reporTlng on issues ranging from ThaT of conTroversIal world news To envl-
ronmenTal concerns To campus pollTics. IT would also give anoTher opporTunlTy To publish sTudenT-
based fIcTion, arT and professional-quallTy color andE Sh phoTographs. IT would complimenT The
poTenTial of a weekly newspaper and courageously seek The TruTh professionally To Things The sTudenTs
wanTed To knom
BuT, IT would do so much more.
LMEAQ1 would be used as a Tool for The Admissions DeparTmenT To pull In prospecTIve sTudenTs
InTeresTed in a communicaTIons career. LMEAQI would Teach sTudenTs many Things abouT The vasTness of
magazine producTIon Including wrITlng, phoTography, graphic and IayouT design, acTual prinTing process
and much, much more. LMEAQI would Teach Things ThaT Eckerd could never offer. IT would Teach Things
ThaT mosT do noT learn unTll well InTo a communlcaTions careen
And for The school, LMEAQI would soon win design, phoTography, and maybe even wrlTing awards ThaT
have never been won here. In a shorT Time, IMEAQ would become The mosT poslTive program coming ouT
of The ECOS organIzaTlon, Touching far more sTudenTs Than any oTher program is Touching nom
BuT, as iT was born This year, so did IT die.
wiTh greaT remorse I reporT ThaT This Is The lasT Issue of MEAQ and Therefore all ThaT poTen-
Tlal ls IosT. I do noT foresee any oTher program now ThaT carries The same promises ThaT IMEAQI did
There are Two reasons why LMEAQI was buried afTer only Three Issues:
Iii In looking back aT The original proposal, even Today, I say iT was brilIIanT and There is noThing
ThaT I would change. However, There was one flaw, and ThaT is The firsT reason why IMEAQI is folding
ThaT one flaw In The proposal was me. I dreamed up The Idea, Therefore I feIT I could pul I iT off. I
had The necessary experience, and perhaps even The TaIenT, buT whaT I feIT mosT imporTanTly, The
desire To see IT happen. UnforTunaTeIy, I did noT realize aT The Time ThaT I sorely lacked The
discipline To make my dream a reaIITy. I had all This enThusiasm and all Those ideas, buT I sTilI has
so much To learn abouT drawing iT all TogeTher and channeling iT in one direcTIon. Remember, This was
one hell of a projecT ThaT no one else would have been foolish enough To aTTempT. So, as mosT are
calling IT, I failed To come Through wITh my promises and all I did was produce Three issues, none of
Them on Time. BuT, I also did someThlng ThaT Isn'T being noTiced. I TaughT a IoT of Things Tc
people, I broughT a loT of people InTo The medias, and lasTly, I made some people believe in whaT They
can do. So, I feel poorly for Hover promisIng,u buT I regreT noThing else
C29 There ls anoTher reason why LMEAQI ls no more. This reason is someThlng I would never have
expecTed from Eckerd, and now my vlew of Eckerd will never be The same. I could have gone on nexT
year and made my proposal for LMEAQI a reaIlTy because l've learned so much Through my misTakes, ThaT
I will never repeaT. I also would be willing To make The same sacrifices ThaT I did This year, muck
To The disapproval and dismay of my professors, because I really believed ThaT IMEAQI was worTh it
BuT, for some who are making The final decisions abouT The medias and The sTudenT budgeTs, dreams
aren'T worTh fIghTlng and Trylng for. I never ThoughT I would have said ThaT There are so many young
people who are so much more lnTeresTed In seeing a producT, in a maTerial sense, Than seeing a drean
come True. I never ThoughTI would have seen so many young people wiTh such shorT vision. BuT,
guess lT's True, and I flnd IT sad. whaT baffles me is ThaT There is no reason why we can'T Take This
opporTunITy while we have The chance Tc chase every crazy dream we can, no maTTer whaT The moneTary
loss will be. Never again wil I we see a Time, like now in col lege, when we won'T have To concerr
ourselves wiTh pea problems like how To pay bills, or sick children, or dying childrem
money doesn'T go To sTrong invesTmenTs in The fuTure. Our sTudenT money goes To one-day
programs enjoyed by The few for The momenT. We are supposed To feel free enough now, for
lasT Time, To Take glanT risks because we're sTIll learning. We don'T have To expecT To
wizards, or perfecT In any way. We should only expecT To be open To making The mIsTakes
learn how To grow a llTTIe closer To perfecTlom
Am I bITTer? UnforTunaTely yes. Never for one momenT dld I puT any Tlme InTo LMEAQI for my own
self-graTIfIcaTlon or fulfll ImenT. I only ever dld any of IT because I wanTed To reTurn back Tc
Eckerd a llTTle of whaT IT had given me. Now, l'm pracTical ly banned from working on nexT year's
newspaper because l'm an irresponsible rlsk. Gosh, l'm sorry. l'lI have To work on That
Hell, l'lI be honesT. I regreT noThing. I did good, noT perfecT, buT good work, and aT leasT I
I don'T wanT To end This leTTer compleTeIy sour for There are many who sTIIl share The same drear
I have, and The courage To have wanTed To see one more chance. To menTlon Them all would be foollsl
The Finance CommlTTee, and a very few are In LC. BuT, wiTh
sTaff made all Three Issues happen. So, In closing, wiTh
Dale McConkey, Andy Haines, Wayne Harwell, Chris Roby, Tod
Dawn SmlTh, Mellssa MacKinnon, Dan Cameron, Val Cerny, Sue
for They know who They are. Some are on
Them, my dear friends and my very special
love and good-bye, I Thank Cheryl Burke,
LlnafelT, Alan Rosenzwelg, Margie Mayer,
Johannes, Trish Cole and HeaTher Schwab and many Too many more.
Mary Zimnlk, EdlTor and Designer
Eckerd COIIGQGS COlTII'TlUI'1lfV NGWSI'T13Q3Zil'1E
5 Letters f Kappaites revolt
9 Campus Politics X a new Constitution?
14 Scientific Avvarenessf the endangered mangroves
W marine mammal strandings
,S World Issues f Terrorism and the media
O Apartheid and its history
,1 Bl3Cl4S in Higher EClUC3'liOD!f3rQ they lgging ground
Magi Yearbook Section
19 Men of Eckerd nes, they are beautiful
59 Senior Section ffand more! I l
Mary Zimnik, Editor
THE SCENARIO: Eckerd College, some AuTumn Ternu
A wealThy, male freshman arrives on campus and is
greeTed aT regisTraTion by upperclassmen, sTaff,
faculfy, and whaTever. He's made To feel very
welcome, very happy, desplTe The facT ThaT he's so
far away from home. He seTTles inTo his dorm room
and aTTends his flrsT col lege class. He's very ex-
ciTed. He likes his classmaTes and hls menTor. He
breezes Through his class. HBoy, ls This easy,n he
Thinks. There is a lcT of discussion. Usual ly one
can bul lshlT Through IT even if The reading isn'T
done. BuT, Then The professor asks The freshman To
wrlTe an essay on The class subjecT Thusfar. The
freshman Turns ln his paper and receives lT back The
nexT day -- F. He's glven The chance To Try again --
F. He geTs a D for his final grade in AuTumn Term
He was superior in class discussion
So, whaT's This guy's problem?
ls he lazy? ls he spoiled? ls he sTupid?
No, This guy has a special problem. BuT, no one
He barely makes lT Through his freshman and
sophomore years wiTh an equal share of D's and F's.
He's superior in discussion.
Then ln The second semesTer his junior year, The
ls cracked and one more F means you're ouT.
So, he's ouT.
This freshman, so happy, so welcome rode Through
almosT Three years of college. BuT, now hels gone --
soon To be forgoTTen by Eckerd
STill no one nofices his problem.
So, whaT is his problem?
This young man is dyslecTic. iDyslexia ls an
lnborn condifion ThaT limiTs abiliTy To process re-
ceived informaTion inTo language. More commonly a
dyslecTic is known To reverse leTTers and numbers and
even leave ouT whole phrases. A dyslecTic may under-
sTand someThing by ear, buT may noT be able To com-
prehend Through reading or copy The same Through
wriTing. Dyslexia isn'T rare. IT effecTs 10- 121
of The U.S. popul aTlon.J
This young man is dyslecTic and he jusT spenT
iexcuse me, hls parenTs jusT spenT, wlTh cash? almosT
Three years facing one failure afTer anoThen
Now hls parenTs are angry because he failed.
So, why did he ever Try college? WhaT could he
possibly have hoped To gain? Surely dyslexia ls
someThing ThaT handicaps someone To such an exTenT
ThaT They would never survive in college. AfTer all,
dyslexia ls noT curable.
AcTually, he's excepTlonally lnTelliqenT. BUT,
his lnTeIligence is Trapped inside hls mind as if iT
were bound in a cage. whaf is Trapping his mind is
someThing ouT of his conTrol. Now, all he's lefT
wiTh is an incredible frusTraTion and lnsecuriTy
abouT his own abiliTies.
So, There you have iT. The perfecT reason why
This young man should noT aTTend a college. Why, iT
will evenTually eiTher drive him ouT Through failure
or drive him crazy.
You see, college isn'T a place for anyone whose
noT normal. If you have a learning dlsablliTy, you
don'T belong in college.
There's no reason why Eckerd cannoT help The
many people wiTh learning dlsabiliTies ThaT walk
Through iTs doors, even lf lTs jusT direcTing To a
nearby dyslecTic insTiTuTe.
There's no excuse for a small lnsTlTuTion To
permiT such negligence. ThaT young male wenT Through
hell because hls mind was Trapped by his learning
dlsablliTy and all he could accomplish was failure
And now he can'T come back because The sysfem
makes no room for failures, deserving or noT. He's
been driven ouT of ThaT sysTem because he could noT
operaTe in IT under Nnormaln sTandards.
BuT, noT only was The sysTem desTlned To run
againsT him, his own lack of confidence ln hls
abiliTies and The consTanT frusTraTion he's under
would bury him and evenTually he would give up.
So, if a dyslecTic finds his way Tc a college he
has Two choices. Gne, he will evenTually fail ouT
or, Two, he will give up.
ls This To be permiTTed To conTinue when The
answer To The problem is so simple?
Here's a possible soluTion:
FirsT, screen freshmen and Transfers Coming im
A severe case of dyslexia cannoT be impossible To
deTecT if The sTudenT knows ThaT The college ls
Trying To help.
Second, educaTe The faculfy abouT how To deal
wiTh dyslecTics. Dyslexia, in any of iTs many forms
is noT curable. However, lnformaTion can be drilled
inTo memory. lf noThing else, The faculTy could be
made aware of how To deTecT The suspicion of dyslexia
Then aT leasT direcT The STUGSPT To an insTlTuTe in
The area iTampai ThaT is special ly equipped To deal
wlTh This disease.
There are many famous, brlghT, and amblTlous
gygleqfigg in our risTQry: AgeTha ChrisTie, Thomas
Edison, Woodrow Wilson, and many more.
Do we have The righT, as an insTiTuTlon of
learning To Throw away a mind sTarving To learn?
An lncrese ln The number of
cases of academlc dlshonesTy on
campus has come To The aTTenTlon
of The sTudenTs and professors.
There are several posslble
axplanaTlons for Thls problem, The
mosT llkely belng ThaT offenders
do noT feel ThaT academlc
dlshonesTy ls a serlous offense.
IT also appears ThaT some sTudenTs
who wlTness fellow sTudenTs
cheaTlng and 'geTTlng away ulTh
IT' feel Thay Too are enTlTled To
The easy grade.
ForTunaTely, Thls aTTlTude ls
noT shared by The campus
populaTlon aT large. BoTh sTudenTs
and faculTy are dlsTurbed by
academlc dlshonesTy.The argumenT
ThaT offenders are cheaTlng
Themselves ouT of a dlsTlncTlve
educaTlon does noT appear To deTer
The offenders. SomeThlng They
mlghT wanT To Thlnk abouT,
however, ls The prospecT of loslng
The respecT of Thelr peers and
professors. NoT only are sTudenTs
more wllllng To Turn ln Thelr
classmaTes for dlshonesTy, and
rlghTfully so, buT They are
becomlng lncreaslng 'Turned off'
by Thls Type of behavlor. Thls was
evldenT ln The wrlTlng of The
'Shared CommlTmenT'. For The
sTudenTs Involved ln deslgnlng
Thls honor code for The Eckerd
communlTy, academlc honesTy was
one of The Issues sTressed. These
sTudenTs felT ThaT The lmporTance
of honesTy ln The classroom could
noT be mlnlmlzed. Therefore, we
Too should be wllllng To ablde ln
order To malnTaln The feellng ThaT
Eckerd ls 'A Col lege of DlsTlnc-
Tlon' made up of sTudenTs of dls-
The Foreign and DomesTlc Teach-
ers OrganlzaTlon needs Teacher
appllcanTs ln all flelds from
KlndergarTen Through College To
flll over slx hundred Teachlng
vacancles boTh aT home and abroad
Slnce 1968, our organlzaTlon
has been flnding vacancles and
IocaTlng Teachers boTh ln forelgn
counTrles and ln al I flfTy sTaTes.
We possess hundreds of currenT
openlngs and have all The Informa-
Tlon as To scholarships, granTs,
The prlnclple problem wlTh
flrsT year Teachers ls HHEBE IQ
EJND IHE JQBSL
Slnce college newspapers are
always anxlous To flnd poslTlons
for Thelr graduaTlng Teachers
your paper may be lnTeresTed ln
your Teachers findlng employmenT
for The followlng year, and prlnT
our requesT for Teachers.
Our lnformaTlon is igeg and
comes aT an opporTune Tlme when
There are more Teachers Than
Should you wlsh addlTlonal ln-
formaTlon abouT our organlzaTlon,
you may wrlTe The NaTlonal Teach-
er's PIacemenT Agency, Unlversal
Teachers, Box 5231, PorTland,
We do noT promlse every grad-
uaTe ln The fleld of educaTlon a
deflnlTe poslTion, however, we do
promlse To provlde Them wlTh a
wlde range of hundreds of currenT
vacancy noTlces boTh aT home and
John P. McAndrew, PresldenT
Forelgn and DomesTic Teachers
To The EdlTor andfor sTaff of The
Esh isnaam Maniai.
There are a few Thlngs I would
llke To remark To you concerning
The recenT debuT of your newsleT-
Ter, of whlch you have apparenTly
made careful selecTlon as To who
lll Ill lll llllll?llll llllllllll
recelves IT. Because you have yeT
To make your IdenTlTles publlc,
Thls Is The besT way I see To
communIcaTe To you, for I have
Trled To conTacT you In oTher
I musT say ThaT seelng your
newsIeTTer aT flrsT IefT me wlfh
mlxed emoTlons. ITo The besT of
my knowledge, you have cIrculaTed
four Issues, aT The Tlme of Thls
pubIlcaTIon golng To prlnTJ I
can'T begln To Tell you how much I
apprecIaTe The emoTIon and
commITTmenT behlnd The hearT of en
'undergroundJ IT Takes guTe To
Try To do whaT you've done. A loT
of people wlll expend a loT of
wasTed energy complalnlng abouT
JusT anyThlng In llfe and yeT wlll
noT IITT a flnger To Try To make
change Even If IT's someThlng
radlcal, and on The ouTskIrTs of
T e maInsTream, s ch as n
'underground,' IT's ImpacT I
My only real complalnT le In
reference To your very fIrsT
edITlon of ish Scream Menini
had a IoT of problems wlTh The
vulgarITy and baslc negaTlvlTy
Involved wlThITs copy ATTacks
were made In dlrecTlons ThaT
shouldn'T have been made AfTer
readlng ThaT flrsT edITlon I was
preTTy much Turned off To anybody
who would wrITe such Thlngs yeT
noT have The guTs To aTTach a
byllne To IT
However upon readlng The Three
sues afTerwards, sa
InaTe d ffe ence n
auThor!auThors of The copy and saw
IT as a much more maTure and
usTlfIabIe publIcaTIon n
slnce IT dld reIfecT maTurITy and
responslbIITly,l felT IT beTTer
served The e o
'undergroundd Therefore able To
go JusTlfIably wlThouT any byllnes
I musT admIT ThaT If IT weren'T
for The Tremendously posITIve
response To my proposal for LMEAQI
lasT year, I myself would have
aTTempTed To consTrucT an
necesslTy of radlcal lITeraTure To
offseT and expose auThorITy when
IT geTs Too blg for The IITTle guy
To conTroI I sTrongly encourage
The conTInuence of a responslble,
and upward. ELK Ssneam Meniai
EdITor and Deslgner of LMEACI
EDITOR'S NOTE WlThln The conTexT
of some of The followlng leTTers
Is a llke reacTlon To The To The
fIrsT InsTal lmenT of The regular
Qgggigg faces column by Barbara
Ray. NoTe ThaT mosT of The leT-
Ters are by KappaITes Themselves,
and for ThaT reason, I'l very
pleased To publlsh whaT They eee
as The 'TruTh.' Thank-you all
very much for whaTever comaenTs
ThaT l've recelved In response To
ThaT column. My I please add,
however ThaT Barbara's column Is
InTended To be exacTly whaT IT Is
and I sTand behlnd her sTyle com-
pIeTely. She dlsplays The bold-
ness and brashness To honesTly
wrITe how she sees reaIlTy, no
maTTer how hard To Take.
February 13 1986
The flrsT Issue of IMPACT looks
very good Thanks for your
perseverance, and congraTulaTIons
The phoTography ls unlformly
good and capTures a greaT deal
ThaT Is lmporTanT and unlque abouT
Eckerd Ilfe The maJorlTy of The
arTIcles show excellenT crafTman-
shlp and cholce of subJecT maTTer,
parTIcuIarly Robln Dunn's arTlcle
on Coach Leonard and HeaTher
Hanson's and Brlan Mahoney's
arTlcIes on campus Ilfe
There are a few arTIcles, how
ever, whlch could have used a bIT
more edlTorIal crITlclsm The
flrsT of Those ls Barbara Ray's
arTlcle on Kappa l'm sure you've
recelved a greaT deal of flack on
Thls arTlcle and probably wlll
conTInue To do so for a myrlad of
reasons Here are mlne If meanT
as saTIre, The arTlcle falls com-
pIeTely, saTIre Is an enTlrely
porTlng, The arTlcle ls InaccuraTe
and redundanT, as STacey Bonner's
arTlcle on campus drlnklng covers
much The same ground SaTIre Is
exempllfled by 'TrenchanT wIT,
Irony or sarcasm' none of whlch
Ms Ray seems To have masTered
Her arTlcle sounds To me llke
blTTer vIndIcTIveness Toward a
complex where she dld noT enjoy
llvlng I dlsagree wITh The whole
concepT of brlnglng ouT The un
deslrable slde of Eckerd houslng,
rTlcularly ln such a hea
handed unamuslng way
The second arTlcle To whlch I
Took excepTlon was Lee McArThuHs
on Honduras The conTenT ls lnTer
h u a
Is ' I w a
def I r I The '
J . A d
de lab I f The
dlfferenT genre, If meanT as re-
I flrmly belleve I The '
'A,-,..,.....,.,,.,-,,,.g I ' -
esTlng and I apprecllaTe The need
of brlnglng slTuaTlons llke The
one In Honduras To The aTTenTlon
of Eckerd sTudenTs. Ms. McArThur's
prose sTyle, unforTunaTely, reads
more Ilke a Nancy Drew novel Than
ThaT of The 'Journallsm sTudenT'
she calls herselT.lTry re-readlng
The flrsT paragraph ln Thls llghT,
I'm sure you'lI see whaT I meanJ
SenTences such as Those beglnnlng
wlTh 'They are coplers In
ThaT.n', 'There do exlsT cerTaln
nelghborhoodsH.' and 'AlThough
many of The scenes I was able To
seen.' show easlly recTlflable
The lasT arTlcle I had problems
wlTh was yours on Andy. Hhlle l
apprecIaTe your efforTs To presenT
anoTher slde of The sTory, The
arTlcle Is baslcally an edlTorlal,
noT Journallsnn I, Too, sympaThlze
wlTh Andy To a greaT degree, buT
If Indeed he was a 'human sacrl-
Tlce' he puT himself In ThaT posl-
TIon.l suppose whlle I am aT ITI
wlll make a few nlT-plcklng sug-
gesTlons abouT word cholce ln Thls
arTlcle. When you menTlon Andy's
and KaTe's campalgns for E.C.O.SU
They were runnlng for PresldenT
and Flnance DIrecTor respecTlvely,
noT respecTfully. lPerhaps They
were respecTful In Thelr cam-
palgns, buT I don'T belleve ThaT
was The poInT you were maklngd
LaTer when you say 'Halnes ls now
lavlshlng lnu.' lavlshlng ls noT
a verb. Posslbly you meanT luxur-
laTlng In, glorylng In, wallowlng
ln, enjoylng or rellshlng.
I guess whaT Thls comes down To
ls an offer To edlT for you before
publlcaTIon raTher Than afTer
LMEAQI ls prlnTed. Please excuse
me If I sound rude or presumpT'
uous, I really care abouT The
quallTy of prInT medla on campus
I Thlnk IMEAQI ls a flne plece of
work and would llke To see IT
reach greaT helghTs of quallTy and
resposlblllTy. Thanks for your
paTlence In readlng Thls and leT
me know If I can assIsT you In any
Lorl Hauser WhlTeker
To The edITor of LMEAQI magazlne:
As a Kappa R.A. and a resldenT
of Kappa for Two years, I was a
bIT upseT, If noT hurT, by Barbara
Ray's arTlcle ln IMEAQI, IVolume
1, Issue ll'Complex faces, Vlc-
Tlm: Kappa Complex.' VIcTIm,
yes, was The approprlaTe subTlTle
for Thls arTlcle buT I Thlnk Kappa
Complex has been vlcTlmlzed one
Too many Tlmes and porTrayal of
The Kappa 'HasTeland' has been
qulTe blased and unfalr.
a unlque complex, buT unlque In
many ways ThaT for some reason The
auThor of Thls arTlcle falled To
menTIon. LeT me porTray some of
The ways In whlch Kappa Is so
unlque and why us 'KappalTes' are
proud of our complex.
-Kappa hosTs some of The
fInesT sTudenTs on Thls campus.
If one chose To compare overall
GPA's of all The complexes on
campus, l'm sure ThaT Kappa's
would be among The hlghesT for The
lasT several years. I know my own
dorm alone hosTs four sophomore
honor sTudenTs. Slmple pleasures,
-Kappa ls unlque because our
dorm damage ls subsTanTlally lower
Than ThaT of 'Inner clTy' dorms.
-Kappa ls unlque because In
IT llve lndlvlduals who feel free
To express Themselves In ways
whlch They feel comTorTable and
are open mlnded To The expresslons
of oThers. I'm noT saylng ThaT
oTher complexes To noT have Thls
lndIvlduallTy. IT ls JusT ThaT
Kappa's has been Taken advanTage
Your arTlcle on Kappa ls JusT
The Type of overly relnforced
sTereoType ThaT has acTualIy
scared people from comlng ouT here
Cl flnd ThaT ThoughT To be qulTe
humorous! and has InlTlaTed Kappa
as THE drug complex on campus
Personally, I belleve Kappa has
noT more drugs and perhaps less
Than any of The oTher complexes on
campus. I am noT saylng Kappa
does noT parTy. Yes, we deflnITe-
ly know how To parTy, buT I be-
lleve IT ls noT The desTrucTlve
Type of parTylng ThaT seems To
occur elsewhere. Kappa has an
exTremely frlendly aTmosphere and
we, as a Kappa famlly, are proud
of The facT ThaT we llve here. I
have greaT respecT for LMEAQI and
flnd IT To be a greaT conTrlbuTlon
for our communITy. I only wlsh
The same respecT could be glven In
reTurn To Kappa complex and our
sTereoType could overcame
LelghTon House RA
FlrsT off -- LMEAQI was
greaTl Plaln and slmple--greaT.
Now on To anoTher slmple polnT:
The mlnds and pleasures of Those
who reslde In The ever conTrover-
slal Kappa Complex. HhaT The
heck? lPlease noTlce The uTTer-
ance of AWE and DISGUST wlThouT
The expresslon 'Oh fuck!! As far
as Um concerned, Kappa has been
unfalrly 'vlcTlmlzed' and sTereo-
Typed for no valld reasom
Slnce 'AunTle Barb' was glven
The prlvlledge To 'vIcTImlze'
Kappa, I belleve IT ls also my
prlvl ledge To produce an aTTempT
aT defense, so here I go:
'Insane asylum?' 0fTen on
weekendsl Hhy noT? I happened To
personally noTIce a number of sane
and sober people around lasT nlghT
afTer I reTurned To The 'CounTry
Club' from The llbrary aT 11:00
PM. Yes, I know where The llbrary
Is--provlng my braln ls noT gpm:
plainly 'dead.' I also knew when
To leave The llbrary by readlng my
waTch. If you wlsh, I could name
a few more KappaITes who 'learned
To read a clock.'
I could conTlnue To be sar-
casTIc and nlT-plck The resT of
The arTlcle lTempTlnglJ, buT why
dlsclalm absurdlTIes wlTh absurdl-
Tles? Yes, IT was very absurd To
clalm ThaT resldenTs of Kappa have
'slmple pleasures, slmple mlndsl'
I would explaln The mlnds of Those
resldlng In Kappa as well-rounded,
lnTeresTIng and openg by no means
slmple. Sure we have our par-
Tlersl Doesn'T every complex?
Kappa also has whaT some people
would sTereoType as 'Jocks,'
'geeks,' 'welrdos,' 'goody Two-
shoes' and 'braIns.' Thls ls The
Psychology ofTen warns us of
The problems of sTereoTyplng. One
problem Is mlsjudglng people be-
cause They've been sTereoTyped. I
belleve Kappa has been mlsjudged
for Too long. Um noT denylng The
arTlcle was correcT wITh facTs-IT
JusT dldn'T glve enough of Them
for anyone To properly undersTand
Kappa. I know I could personallv
wrITe pages and pages Trylng To
describe or lnTerpreT KappaITes
and sTlll end up shorT.
LeT Kappa be known for lT's
parTles. Hasn'T everyone had a
good Tlme here aT leasT once?
BuT, please leT Kappa be known for
lT's dlversITy, noT sImpllcITy.
IndlvlduaIlTy ls The hearT of
Kappa. People are dIfferenT here
and we're proud To admlT ITI
Don'T crlTlclze us because we
ofTen dlsagree wITh 'normsf
Whoever sald 'norms' were correcT?
We cerTalnly dldn'T! I,b,Ls Is The
world of a True KappalTe
My IeTTer Is Two-fold. The
flrsT parT Is In pralse of LMEACI.
The magazlne ls done In a very
hlghly professlonal manner. IT has
The look and quaIlTy of TIME or
LIFE. LayouTs, wrITIng and ad-
verTIsemenTs are all done wITh a
very sensITIve eye and a Touch of
creaTIvITy. Also, The wrITlng, on
The whole, Is well done. I musT
also credlT IMEAQ wITh sTIrrlng
up conversaTIon on campus, aT a
Tlme when The only Talk abouT
prInTed medlum Is, ' When Is The
nexT Long John comlng ouT? ' My
pralse goes ouT To Mary and her
sTaff for comlng Through
BuT, as I sTaTed, my IeTTer Is
of Two folds. The second aspecT Is
To address The arTIcle on Complex
Issues-Kappa. Why? I Thlnk ThaT Is
The easIesT and mosT dIrecT ques-
Tlon To ask. Why? Why was Thls
arTIcle even consldered for publl-
caTIon? My InTenT Is To quesTIon
whaT purpose Thls arTlcIe could
I'm noT golng To geT on a soap
box and defend Kappa Complex, The
people who Ilve here or Those who
have frlends here, know whaT IT ls
Ilke. WhaT I wanT To wrITe agalnsT
Is a problem we have aT Eckerd and
mIghT always have - sTereoTypIng
Why musT we aTTempT To group and
classlfy human belngs? We aT
Eckerd are very proud of our Tra-
dITIon To leT Ilve and leT Ilve
CwhaT'sIMEAQI1S fIrsT edITorIal
reflecTed OHL Thls Is noT To say
we shouIdn'T speak ouT agalnsT
people who lnfrlnge on your
rlghTs, buT musT we consTanTIy
classlfy a whole group of people
because of a few peopIe's acTlons?
The arTIcle InlMEACIIs by far
noT The fIrsT To use sTereo-
Typlng. IT Is a very common Tool
for humor by many people. BuT, ls
IT The purpose of our sTudenT's
school pubIIcaTIon To encourage
Thls Type of behavlor, leT alone
use IT as one of ITs own means? I
would have hoped noT.
ScoTT House - 3 years
A Positive Point
About Breast Cancer.
New we can see it before
vou can feel it. When its no
bigger than the dot on this
. nd when its 909 cur-
able. With the best chance
of saving the breast.
The trick is catchin it
early. And thats exacgiv
what a niaininogrant can do.
A inainmogram is a sim-
le X-ray that s-sim lv the
best news vet tor cietecting
breast cancer. .-Xnd saving
If youre over 35. ask
your doctor about
Give yourself the
chance of a litetunef'
LC evaluates COl'lStltUtlOl13l revisio
Thom Altman, Political Writer
The Eckerd College Organlzatlon
of Students CECOSD, as we know it,
was formed back ln the school year
1980-Bl. ECOS was almost 520,000
ln debt. So, the Student Admini-
stration, at that time, felt it
was necessary to restructure the
budget by producing a new Consti-
tution ln order to reduce the
Their new Constitution also
ellmlnated two officers from the
Executive Council: the Director
of External Affalrs and the Human
Though thls Constltutlon served
its purpose ln reducing the defl-
clt, lately there have been com-
plaints concerning the wording of
many of the articles.
According to past-president
Andy Haines and current ECOS vlce-
presldent Cand president-elect for
next year's ECOS? Wayne Harwell,
the sections deallng with the role
of the Executive Council, the role
of the Dean of Students and the
veto power of the president are
Chris Roby, also a newly-
elected ECOS officer for next
year, agrees, and is worklng on a
newer, more comprehensive version
of our Constitution.
The major problem with the
current Constitution seems to be
the document ltself. The impre-
clse wording of many of the
articles and long lists of bylaws
make it dltflcult to interpret.
Though the re-wording of state-
ments ln the Constitution ls the
maln thrust of this group of
leaders, there are also changes ln
the structure of ECOS which will
be submitted to the Legislative
Councll for ratificatlom
The proposed changes Include:
t a change ln the date of
f specification of
the role of the Finance
t the addition of Election
and Media Commlttee Direct-
ors to the Executive Councll
t the appointing of someone
to maintain an
archives for future reference
t appointing the
Commlttee the rlght to decide
4 the separation of student
programming and student
government by removing the
Student Actlvltles Board from
the Executive Council
The change of electlon date has
met with little lf any opposltlom
Most agree that the extra tlme ln
office for newly elected offlclals
would be beneficial for the
organization. They could learn
the responsibilities of their
position earller ln the academic
The second proposal is more of
a clarlflcatlon than a change. ln
the past there has been some
question to whether the Finance
Director or the Finance Director-
elect has the responslbillty of
drawlng up the budget for the
This would make
the budget proposal a joint
effort, lf ratified
The proposed Election and Media
Committees Directors as Executive
Council members would delegate
responsiblity for running elec-
tlons and regulating campus media.
The current Constitution doesn't
provide for these needs, and there
has been some difficulty ln
deciding who ln ECOS, if anyone,
should head these actlvitles.
The new Constitution would
designate the ECOS vlce-president
as the keeper of the archives
This would ensure the safe-keeping
of club charters and other
documents of lmportance, which ln
the past have had a tendency to be
misplaced. At present, there ls
no record of the actlvltles and
decisions made by previous ECOS
The major change ln the
Constitution would be the removing
of the Student Activities Board
CSABD from the Executive Council.
This is met with strong opposi-
tlon by past-president Andy
Halnes revealed, "6OZ of the
money allocated for student actlv-
ltles goes to the SABN He
claims, Uthls money must be kept
ln student control.n
But Harwell, Roby and Campus
Actlvltles Director Barry McDowell
feel ECOS ls getting too Involved
ln student programming and ls
tal llng short of their pledge to
urepresent the interests of the
student body, promote campus
unity, and lobby on behalf of
student Interests on and off
Granted, the SAB ls a councll
under ECOS headed by the Dlrector
of Student Activities, but that ls
not the sole purpose of ECOS.
Roby points to the problem of the
late dlstrlbutlon of fall semester
flnal grades. NThat's the klnd of
thing ECOS should be concerned
Haines feels the reason SAB
duties have fallen on the
Executive Council in general is
because we have yet to have a
Nvery dedicatedu Director of
Student Activities. He has a lot
of faith in the system, and
insists it can work Wwith the
lf implemented, the change
would free ECOS of any obllgatlons
to the SAB. The Student Actlvl-
tles Board would be an independent
organization, thereby permlttlng
ECOS to attend to other responsi-
lt wlll be up to the Legisla-
tive Council to decide lf this
alteration ln the structure of our
student government ls Justlfled.
Students are urged to plck up a
copy of the current Constitution
at the ECOS office, and are ln-
vlted to make Inquiries and voice
opinions to ECOS members
Dan Cameron, Producti
g enrolImenT, There arlses The
lnevlTable houslng problem. Over Th
e pasT few years
erd s populaTlon has grown sTeadlly, causlng a
proporTlonal lncrease In The houslng shorTage on
More and more sTudenTs are searchlng for off-
campus houslng To combaT The dlfflculTles ThaT come
AlThough several aparTmenT complexes are locaTed
ln The nearby vlclnlTy, mosT sTudenTs remaln unaware
of The vasT posslblllTles which Ile before Them.
Careful plannlng can resulT ln a comforTable
aparTmenT mlnuTes from campus aT abouT The same cosT
as room and board aT Eckerd.
Resldlng off-cam '
pus lsn T dlfflculT.
y, an appllcaTlon for a lease musT be.
made, The cosT varylng per c
omplex. CredlT checks are
's guide to becoming a day student
Then made To Insure ThaT The appllcanT ls ln
relaTlvely good sTandlng.
NexT, The lease musT be slgned.
Lease Tlmes also vary, buT They usually run for 7
To 12 monThs. MosT places requlre The parenTs of a
full-Tlme sTudenT To co-slgn The lease unless The
sTudenT can prove Thelr self-supporTedness. A lease
ls a blndlng legal documenT uhlch should be Taken
very serlously. Any complex may choose To enforce The
lease To The leTTer, as ls Thelr rlghT. VlolaTlon of
The lease can resulT In evlcTlon. The above assumes,
of course, ThaT The appllcanT has chosen To be honesT
abouT Thelr slTuaTlon, l.e. belng a sTudenT.
ln general, The flrsT major moneTary obsTacles are
securlTy deposlTs. RenT deposlTs vary by complex and
Type of houslng, whlle The phone deposlT varles as To
The Type of servlce deslred lusually abouT 5100-150L
ForTunaTely lor unforTunaTeyJ, The elecTrlclTy
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9'9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
9394 9999999999 9
9 99 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 ' 9 9 99 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
3 9 3 3 3 3 9 3 3 3 3 3. 3 3 3 3 9 3 3 3 3 3 9 l 3 9 3 3 9 3 9 9 9 9 9.3
99 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 99 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9'
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9'
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9'9 9 9 9 9'
9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 99 99 9 9 9 9 99 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 'L
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 P 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 99 9
9 9 9 9 9 '9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9
9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9' 9 9 9'9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9
9 9 9 99 9 99 9 9 9 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 99 9 9- 9 9 9 9 99 '9 '9 "9 9 9
9 9 9 3 3, 3 3 3 9 3 9 3 3 9 9 9 39 9 9 9 9 - 9 9 9
deposlT remalns a sTeadfasT 5100.
RenT ls almosT always due on The flrsT of each
monTh. MosT complexes wlll pro-raTe The renT for The
monTh lf IT becomes necessary To move ln aT some Tlme
oTher Than The fIrsT.lSpeclflcs abouT several com-
plexes In The area are presenTed In The Table?
RoommaTes can be exTremely beneflclal To aparTmenT
llvlng as Thelr presence reduces houslng cosTs To
half The llsTed prlce. However, greaT care should be
Taken ln selecTlng a roommaTelsL
Besldes The obvlous need for The Two lor more!
people To geT along, There are cerTlan legal problems
whlch can arlse. For example, lf one person breaks
legally responslble To pay The
due or provlde an accepTabIe
anoTher roommaTe To Take Thelr
The lease, hefshe ls
balance of The renT
aITernaTlve lsuch as
placel. However, subleTTlng Isn'T always permlTTed by
The aparTmenT complex. Therefore, for boTh parTles'
proTecTlon, each person should slgn The lease.
One flnal area of dlfflculTy ls TransporTaTlon.
Ownlng a car may noT be necessary, buT IT ls
cerTaInly convenlenT. Blkes or nopeds can be need I
For The nexf couple of years, Trafflc easT of US-
19 on 54Th Avenue SouTh wlll be unpleasanT, To say
The leasT. Due To The consTrucTlon of I-275, mosT of
The Trafflc ls belng rerouTed In ThaT area. Thls
means ThaT all complexes menTIoned excepT for
Bermuda Bay and posslbly Coqulna Key wlll have some
dIfflculTy drlvlng To and from campus, especially
durlng rush hour. ExTra Travellng Tlme should be
aIloTTed To avold belng laTe
Llvlng off-campus can be qulTe enjoyable and even
refreshlng. IT Is noT for everyone, Though.
CerTaln responslblllTles, mlnor problems, and
major caTasTrophes have To be endured. lf you have
dlfflculTy changlng a llghT bulb or cleanlng The
baThroom, elTher hlre a mald or sTay on campusl
Belng a day sTudenT can prepare you for llfe-
afTer-college, If IT exlsTs. The beneflTs of prlvacy,
rosponsIblllTy, and Independence, far ouTwelgh The
1 , I -- .. -
:I e I I B' by I I I :n:.
. I -
I . i I L L X l I I l X l L I X
I ,, I .
I I 4 1
I I I I I I I I I I . I
W I IN l X II ' 4 Y I
w I X 2 l l I X 1 5 ' 1 f X X X I I Q I r L,
I 7 'Y
X I 1 I W 1'
I Y Y L I 1, I ' I
I e - e I s .--.,
, f ' I I I I 1 ' I Y
K Y , .
or Slmple Pleasures, Slmple Mlnds:
A TrlbuTe To The Eckerd MenTallTy
VICTIM: EPSILON CIlFlEX
Surprlse falThful readersl Your humble auThor has
chosen a more, umu.leT's JusT say dlfferenT complex
Thls Tlme around. Epsllon Complex, home of some of
The oddesT, buT mosT lovable and lnTeresTlng person-
ages ThaT you'lI ever encounTer. BuT now for a
llTTle more ln-depTh descrlpTlonu.
I've managed To wander from a co-ed Insane asylum
To a mosTly slngle-sex home for The menTally
unsTable. Loud, usually TasTeless muslc, phones ThaT
are consTanTly elTher rlnglng or busy, and even an
occaslonal obscene phone caller plague Epsllon. As
you may have guessed, There's never a quleT momenT.
'QuleT.' lnTeresTlng Term. Somehow, everyone
here seems To have forgoTTon lTs meanlng.
'OrganlzaTlon,' 'personal llfe,' 'free Tlme,'
'sTudy,' 'food,' and 'sleep' are some more of These
obscure Terms. NOT only have deflnlTlons been
forgoTTon, buT knowledge of Thelr spelllng has also
Taken leave of The Epsllon populaTlon. And wlThouT
Thls knowledge, Thelr meanlngs may never agaln be
dlscerned, as due To absence of Thls wlsdom, no one
ls able To locaTe These words ln The dlcTlonary ldoes
anyone remember whaT ThaT ls, l wonder?L
As l have sTaTed, There are qulTe a few unusual,
buT deflnlTely endearing characTers In residence
here. One such person absoluTely musT be menTloned
ln Thls caTegory, as even belng ln The same room can
be an advenTure. AnyThlng can Trlgger her, and Then
everyone had beTTer sTand back. Many Tlmes I have
been lnnocenTly sTudylng ln my room, when suddenly
The door ls Thrown open, and There she sTands. The
wlckedly gleeful grln ls enough To warn us as To whaT
happens nexT. From her small frame emlnaTes one word
- a word lmporTanT enough, and deflnlTely loud enough
Barbara Ray, Complex Columnist
To shake The wlndows: FOODI Yes, 'food,' ThaT
mysTerlous subsTance for whlch anyone who musT 'dlne'
on campus searches for wlTh fuTlle efforT.
The reason I menTlon Thls ls ThaT Epsllon ls
slTuaTed ln The Eckerd lnner-clTy, across from ThaT
lnfamous brlnger of sorrow--Saga. As a maTTer of
facT, The vlew from many rooms ls a spaclous,
sweeplng plcTure of The cafe ln all lTs glory. lThaT
ls, lf you can lgnore The scaTTered bodles, The many
vlcTlms of The prevlous meald The only serlous
dlsadvanTage To Thls ls ThaT These people no longer
experlence The Joy of surprlse upon readlng The dally
As I have stated, there are quite a
fe w unusual, but definately
endearing characters in residence
menu. You see, They've learned To guess The menu by
The way The vlcTlms walk lor crawl? back To Thelr
dorms To dle. 'Look--ThaT one's walklng slow and
dragglng hls lefT leg. MusT be lasagna agaln!
Can anyone Tell me why vlslTlng parenTs have such
a blzarre effecT upon The conTrol of normally qulTe
sane Epsllon resldenTs? IT seems ThaT The momenT any
parenTal flgure sTeps fooT lnslde The dorm, manners
go on a raTher exTended coffee break. One parenT had
The mlsforTune To vlslT for an enTlre ueekenm
'PollTe' and 'dlscreeT' were lnsTanTly added To The
Obscure lords IlsT. ProfanlTy, graphlc muslc and
speech, and JusT general rude behavior Took hold of
everyone. For example, a usually mannered and
lmperferable lndlvldual, upon locklng herself ouT of
her room, preceded To proclalm 'shlT, damn, fuckl'
The parenT, poor shocked soul ThaT she was, sTood
undeTecTed less Than Three feeT away.
lell, we have once agaln successfully concluded a
Journey lnTo The Treacherous wllds of Eckerd College
dorm llfe. CongraTulaTlons To you dear reader, and
many Thanks To The Epsllon resldenTs for puTTlng up
wlTh me as long as you dld.
Seeing The sTaTue, I am remlnded of all we sTand
for In youTh. The people of The fuTure. Our main
objecflve ls To simply do someThIng wlTh our lives
The benT wrlsT of This sTone man leTs me know ThaT
human emoTlon Is To be expecTed, The single curvaTure
In This sTraighT man of learning. And we are Imbred
wlTh The Idea ThaT To accomplish Is To achieve, ThaT
oplnlons and facTs all are of relevance. ThaT's llfe
for you. As naive babies, we believe our Teachers and
Then are suddenly Thrusf lnTo a slTuaTIon ThaT proves
Them wrong. Always saying ThaT col lege, exlsfence,
marriage, and youTh were imporTanT.l now know They
were and are wrong. Age-ThaT's whaT I have over Them
Years of life, real llfe l've lived and now The
relevance of whaT we refuse To believe has sunken lm
He helped. The one I always Talked myself ouT of
caring for. Why? He was a non-achlever, a non-
aThleTe, a non-conformlsT.I was jusT The opposlfe.
My mind Is beginning To sTruggIe back lnTo my pasT-my
Nwhaf are you palnTlng?' I ask The boy, noT
meaning To flIrT.
WAcTually IT's noThing, jusT feelings puT lnTo
lnslde I laugh. lf anyone, buT me had heard ThaT,
They would have walked away. AT IeasT This ls whaT I
ThoughT. Because he was dIfferenT, I was To be
commended for Talking To him. He was probably
laughing aT me. Because he was The one wise before
his Time, he was The kind ThaT would acTual ly have
The nerve To burn a drafT noTice, he was The one
everyone respecTed, even Though They dldn'T know IT
Then, I, I'm ashamed To say, was more concerned wlTh
geTTIng homecoming queen and whaT I was going To buy
To go wlTh my new boofs Than flndlng someThing good
In everyThing. Back To whaT he saidn.'Feellngs lnTo
painT,n huh? A I ITTle Too deep for me and I wasn'T
wary of saying so
I now laugh ouTsIde. He looks up, no, noT acTuaIly
looks-ThaT wouldn'T do hlm jusTice, he glanced up and
IT was Then I knew someThIng was beginning To click
Every girl has aT one Time or anoTher experienced IT
or has been The experience herself. SomeThing falls
lnTo place. His eyes of amber fllrfed wiTh me, daring
me To mafch wITs wlTh an inTeIlecT. Typical, I know,
buT I backed down. NoT only ThaT buT I backed ouT,
leaving him for a chocolaTe shake and a cheeseburgen
He saw me again once we sTarTed college.
recognized him rIghT off The baT, he being The
subconslous person always presenT In my dreams. He
dIdn'T recognize me, buT I can'T say I didn'T
undersfand. I had Taken To adobfing a new
personallfy. Iwas lnTo vegeTarlan pizzas, my dad's
cloThes, fish hook jewelry and spending all my exTra
Time raising money for The USave A Sealn fund. IT
wasn'T me and ThaT's why he diCn'T know me. We are
only capable of knowing ThaT which Is real. The resT
Is JusT a fraud and he was no person To puT up wlTh
frauds. We Talked In The campus HHardeesu. He gulped
down a salad wlTh poppy-seed dressing while aT The
same Tlme casually Telling me I was noT whaT I should
be. Those eyes always probed deeper Than I wanTed
Them To, always Taking The real me I hide and
fllnglng her lnTo a plT of lions-aT IeasT ThaT4s how
I felT. And he loved me. He never had To say IT and I
always knew IT. All of our sporadic UjusT friends'
daTes ouT To see The nBeaTlesN fllm fesTIvaI or whaT-
ever, jusf IeT me know and Idldn'Tcare.I couldNT
geT lnTo his need for TruTh, his need To know The
concepT of llfe, or his need To reform me. I was lnTo
my soaps, saving bubble-gum wrappers To gef a Mickey
Mouse waTch, and learning To play German music on my
This Is where I come To our Third run In.We losT
Touch afTer Those four years buT regained IT again
when I wenT on a splurge To learn classical gulTar aT
a free group lesson. Guess who was The Teacher? Him,
always hinL He had grown a longer beard, longer hair
and a Trimmer body, buT he sTIl I had Those eyes. He
had Told me ThaT when he was younger everyone used To
commenT on Them. If he could ever know how well I
undersTood why. BuT There he saT, his baTTered gulTar
sTrumming ouT an exTremely TalenTed Tune wlTh abouT
Twelve avid learners working quiTe hard To lmITaTe
iT. And I sTood There, waTchIng. Unaware and naive or
whaT I acTual Iy felT for hlnn I saT down. He smiled
and conTlnued. I smiled and Turned red
I fear I have led The reader To believe he saT
aimlessly around waITIng for me. QuITe The conTrary
He enjoyed The pleasures of women quiTe ofTen. He
never married buT sTIl I led a married life-To me. And
I loved IT, him Too.BuT sTIIl I was To be commended
for being his friend. He was sTil I so dlfferenT.
STIII, was I The fool? The Ironic Thing being ThaT he
always knew IT. He led a full llfe. Maybe noT ful I To
me buT full To his beliefs and I considered iT wrong
BUT who ls beTTer off, Those lgnoranT and happy, or
Those wise and unhappy? I now believe In The flrsf.
He amazed everyone ThaT meT him wiTh his fresh ideas
and greaT ouTIooL
I'm back aT The gulTar lessons and now They're
over. Have I learned? NoT gulTar. He Thanks everyone
and Thanks me, lingering so long I ask hinlTo spend
The resT of The day wlTh me. We grab a plcnlc lunch
and eaT In my favorlTe place, under The sTaTue. Never
in my life has an afTernoon been more profITabIe, noT
In money buT In wlsdonn We Talked, for hours under
This sTalue. NoT The klnd of Talking you do all
ThroughouT Ilfe, buT The kind of Talking ThaT only
comes when lylng in bed aT mldnlghT, or on a deserTed
beach, or under a sTaTue eaflng sfrawberries. We
found The meaning of life TogeTher, our relevance To
mankind, The way To God's Heaven, The reason life
ends and everyThIng else I felT There was no answer
To. The one Thing we dldn'T find Though, sadly
enough, was a way ThaT we-Two such dIfferenT people-
could make a llfe TogeThen
Now l will end This. There's no more I care To
puT lnTo The open. I wish I could make an Incredibly
symbolic ending for This To make The reader's Time
worThwhlle. Maybe I could Ile and say we found each
oTher and llved wlTh long hair, bare feeT and happy
babies forever, buT we dIdn'T. In facT I never saw
him again, aT IeasT noT yeT. So l'lI leave This
sTaTue of sfone and also leave you To wonder, If you
care, aT our faTe. I look lnTo The wafer surrounding
The sTaTue, and noTlce- no, I domf noTlce, I almosf
expecT To see a sTrawberry sTem sunk To The boTTom.
Symbolic? Who knows .... excepT maybe hlm.
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An ecosystem endangered . ..
vvill the mangroves survive?
Shana Smith, Science Writer
A developer gazed lnTo The
Florida sunseT, largely Ignoring
The sllhoueTTes of The sTubby
mangroves In fronT of him. His
ThoughTs were on TourIsTs and The
lmpacT ThaT This sITe would have
on new visiTors To Florida
He walked down To The clear,
warm waTer and smlled wlTh saTls-
facTIon as a school of sand TrouT
darTed away and fisherman In The
dIsTance played Their lines To
A few weeks laTer The developer
reTurned, and wlThln a few monTh's
Time The mangroves were cleared
and a resorT was buIIT.
The sunseTs conTlnued nIghT
afTer nIghT, buT The waTer Turned
muddy brown and The fish dlsap-
peared. The developer was In
desperaTion, for he had desTroyed
The supporT of The beauTy and life
which he had seen ThaT nighT. The
mangroves were gone.
when one mangrove dles, IT ls
decomposed by bacTerIa, fungi, and
Tlny animals such as nemaTodes
lworms and amphlpods which are
collecTively known as deTrlTo-
The parTicles of semldecomposed
mangrove are Then elTher consumed
by Tlsh or swepT ouT and fllTered
Through The seagrass beds ouTlylng
The mangrove ToresT, where furTher
decomposITlon Takes place. This
Is The naTural course of Thlngs.
The complex energy Transfer sysTem
of The mangroves and The sea-
grasses allows for abundanT life
However when hundreds of
mangrove Trees are uprooTed, The
sysTem becomes overwhelmed, and
The consequences can be dls-
Llke coral reefs, mangrove eccv
sysTems are fragile buT lmporTanT
ones, and Their lmporTance In
conserving The naTural beauTy of
Florlda's coasTllne musT be rea-
There are four species of man-
groves ln Florida. lnTeresTlngly,
none of The species are Taxonomi-
cally reIaTed To each oTher In any
way oTher Than ThaT They all have
adapTIons for livlng In a salTy
envIronmenT. Thus, mangrove Trees
have The ablllTy To llve where
oTher Trees cannoT.
The mosT Tamlliar mangrove ls
maggie, The red man-
grove. IT has large, red prop
rooTs and is cIosesT To The
waTer's edge. The prop rooTs are
ofTen encrusTed wlTh barnacles and
eaTen away by a small species of
plll bug known as Sphagggma Quad:
AT a sIIghTIy higher eIevaTlon
is n.llLd.a, The black
mangrove. IT Is Tound along The
souTh seawall of Eckerd College
and can be idenTIfied by rooTs
which sTIck up around each Tree
like dead fingers. The boTTom
slde of The leaf of The mangrove
Is sparkly and sllver wlTh salT
crysTals ThaT are excreTed so ThaT
The Tree can survive.
Higher up from The waTer and
noT as common is
Lacemgsa, The whlTe mangrove. AT
The highesT Tldal zone Is
The knarled, somewhaT
raTTy-looking buTTonwood from
which drlfTwood is formed.
Mangroves In general have no
ToleraTlon of cold, and Thus They
are found In Tropical locaTlons.
Cedar Key, Florida Is an area
ThaT can be considered a
NTransITIon zoneu beTween mangrove
ecosysTems and more Temperafe
Several years ago a freeze
kII led off The mangrove Trees In
The Cedar Keys. All ThaT was lefT
was Their skeleTal remains. The
ecological effecT was consider-
able, only now are seedlings be-
glnnlng To grow.
ST. Pefersburg, by conTrasT, ls
rich In mangroves, buT They are
now experiencing devasTaTIon by
oTher, arTIflclal causes
Mangroves do many Things To
make Florida beauTIful. AlThough
noT as sTaTely as The Florida
sable palm or as Tall as The
AusTrallan plne Tree, They are
almosT savagely Tropical and jusT
An aTTernoon canoe Trlp spenT
winding Through Indian Key, rIghT
near Eckerd College, Is like a
Trlp To The Amazon. The life ThaT
is supporTed by mangrove foresTs,
from perlwlnkle snails, fiddler
crabs, and Tree crabs To raccoons
and greaT blue herons, ls boTh
rlch and diverse wlThln The
Tangled rooTs and leaves
Of foremosT lmporTance To
humans is ThaT mangroves and The
surrounding seagrasses form a
habITaT upon which baby fish--The
ones ThaT Turn lnTo The blggesT
TrouT, redflsh, barracuda,
whiTIng, and so on--are dependenT.
FurThermore, mangroves keep The
waTer clear and proTecTed by
Trapping sedlmenTs and polluTanTs
In Their rooTs and building up
dense Islands and coasTllnes which
acT as buffers To sTorms.
Thus The developer who builT
ThaT resorT did more Than jusT
ruin a prime siTe. He desTroyed a
llfe source, depIeTed The game
flsh In The area, and scarred his
smal I parT of The coasT. Produc-
TIvITy, boTh In TourisT dollars
and In mangrove energy ouTpuT, was
depleTed as well.
UnforTunaTely, This Is noT an
uncommon problem In The unproTecT-
ed mangrove slTed in Florida. A
large percenTage of mangrove areas
are proTecTed by law or by The
NaTional Audubon SocIeTyp mosT of
These are wlThln The Everglades,
where IITe sysTems Thrive undis-
The governmenT has had a huge
lmpacT on mangrove conservaTlon,
buT because unproTecTed areas are
so vulnerable and because Their
desTrucTlon has such an exTreme
Toll on The envlronmenT, a problem
sTIl I remains.
The sunseTs wlll always be
beauTlful In Florida. So wlll The
land and The coasT, If d6velOpmenT
ls planned wlTh care.
Mangroves -- The skeleTon of
coasTaI FlorIda's appeal, provides
boundless life and beauTy. BuT as
iT is wlTh anyThing ThaT is alive,
a body whose skeleTon is wrenched
ouT fal ls aparT and dies.
Why do fTl3l'll1G m8l'TTl'Tl3lS Stl'3l'lCl tl"lEmS6lVGS?
Shana Smith, Science Writer
lT is common belief ThaT life
came from The sea, The evoluTion
of llfe on land is oTTen plcTureC
as a single evenT when Thousands
of advanced sea-animals crawled
ouT of The ocean To walk on land.
Of course, evoluTion works much
more slowly, and such a develop-
menT would Take mil lions of years.
Marine mammals have Taken The
process a sTep furTher in ThaT
Their ancesTors, once land ani-
mals, reTurned To The sea and
adapTed To a compleTely aquaTlc
lifesTyle. For This reason, lT's
a dramaTlc sighT To see a boTTle-
nosed dolphin lying in a piT of
sand aT low Tide or a mass of
pygmy sperm whales sTranded on The
BoTh of These cases are common
along The beaches of Florida, and
boTh single and mass sTrandings
have been reporTed in a wide
varieTy of species. As soon as an
animal has sTranded iTselT, if iT
is sTill alive, iT is vulnerable,
and can be helped or harmed by
There are Two basic Types of
marine mammal sTrandings ThaT are
reporTed: single sTrandings and
The boTTlenosed dolphin is by
far The mosT commonly reporTed in
cases of single sTrandings, wiTh
over a hundred sTrandings per year
being reporTed on The average.
The second mosT commonly re-
porTed single sTranded animal ls
The pygmy sperm whale. OTher
species reporTed include The sperm
whale, spoTTec dolphin, spinner
dolphin, killer whale, false kil-
ler whale, piloT whale, and, par-
Ticularly ln Florida, The wesT
Indian manaTee. lnshore species
are ofTen found washed up dead,
whereas The offshore species, such
as some of The larger whales, are
found mosT ofTen alive. The impli-
caTlon here is ThaT The lnshore
animals, accusTomec Tc Tidal va-
rlaTlon and nearby land masses,
die from some naTural cause, such
as disease or old age, and are
Then washed ashore.
ln The case of The larger more
offshore species, iT is likely
ThaT They may Travel inshore accl-
denTally, become disorienTed, and
Thus beach Themselves.
Animals such as The pygmy sperm
whale, which depend on Thiamlne-
rlch squid ln Their dieT, become
Thlamine-deficienT lf They remain
lnshore Too long. This resulTs in
cardiac problems and a TurTher
likelihood of sTranding.
Mass sTrandings are a more
dramaTlc and mysTerious Type of
sTranding. All of The animals
involved are offshore species,
almosT almosT always sTill alive,
and, no maTTer how oTTen They may
be seT free, They wil l consTanTly
There are several Theories ex-
plaining The mass sTranding pheno-
menon. To explain how deepwaTer
animals arose in The shal low wa-
Ters in The firsT place, lT is
believed ThaT swirling eddies,
gyraTlng off of The Loop CurrenT
in The Gulf of Mexico and The Gulf
STream in The ATlanTic Oceam
migraTe Through The deep shipping
channels, carrying The offshore
species wlTh Them. EvenTually,
The eddies break up very close To
shore, and aT once The animals
become disorienTed and musT choose
a direcTion in which To swim.The
leader of The whale pod will make
This choice, and The oThers in The
pod follow him. lf he makes The
wrong choice and swims Toward
land, The resulT is mass sTrand-
The fol low-The-leader concepT
ls The likely cause of mosT mass
sTrandings. If The leader is af-
TllcTed wlTh ear parasiTes, for
example, his sonar becomes dis-
rupTed and he ls likely To sTrand
himself ln shallow waTer slTua-
Tions. The oTher animals ln The
pod follow him
This explains why mosT mass-
sTranded animals are ln apparenT
good healTh, and iT could explain
why They conslsTenTIy resTrand
Themsel ves when seT free, in The
absence of Their dying leaden
Marine mammal sTrandings are
large crowd-gaTherers. People can
boTh help and harm a live anlmalg
lT ls lmporTanT To keep The animal
as free from harm as possible.
The firsT Thing ThaT should be
done when a llve marine mammal ls
discovered ls To Try To geT iT
back inTo deeper waTer. lf The
animal is Too large, keeps re-
sTranding lTself, or is dead, Then
elTher The NaTional Marine Fish-
eries Servlcei893-3841, ST.PeTe
offlcei, The Florida Marine PaTrol
4893-22217 or Dr. John Reynolds
fEckerd College: 866-11663 should
be conTacTed. Meanwhile, a live
animal should be kepT weT wlTh
lighT-colored Towels, To keep The
animal cool and To prevenT lT from
drying ouT in The sun. WaTer
should be kepT away from The blow-
hole, as This could resulT ln
Do noT Touch a dead animal--
humans are prone To The same
diseases as marine mammals, which
may be conTaglous.
Finally, IT ls lmporTanT To
keep poTenTlal harassers away from
The sTranded animal. The fine for
harassmenT as sTaTed by The Marine
Mammal ProTecTlon AcT of i972 is
TwenTy-Thousand dollars, and This
includes Taking away parTs of a
Marine mammals, alThough True
mammals, are far removed from The
land. They have adopTed a body
form, physiology, and social
sTrucTure ThaT ls based on surviv-
ing and Thriving in The marine
BUT every biological sysTem has
lTs compllcaTions, and when adap-
TaTlons go haywlre, sTrandings
By conTlnulng To do research on
The dlfferenT Types of sTrandings,
we may be able To give more aid To
dlsTressed animals and prevenT
maissanuz, feasting, chem -
tnl at hu they iahe in cummun? 9652 !!!
The knlghT clad ln meTal plaTe
armor eyed hls opponenT, a Tall,
nlmble man of abouT TwenTy. The
nlmble man sTruck wlTh hls raTTan
sword, buT The knlghT blocked and
wenT ln Tor a Tace ThrusT. The
knlghT was fasT buT The nlmble man
was fasTerg hls baTTered shleld
llTTed and blocked The sword wlTh
a loud clunk. The knlghT slowly
backed away, slzlng up hls oppon-
enT once agaln. The nlmble man
advanced and almed aT The knlghTs
leTT leg. The knlghT hopped To The
rlghT and swung aT The nlmble
man's head. The nlmble man llfTed
his head To parry. And so The
Does Thls sound llke someThlng
ouT of a hlsTory book or a fanTasy
novel? Well, lT's noT. VHs a real
Ilve slTuaTlon ln The SocleTy for
CreaTlve Anacronlsm CSCAL
WhaT ls The SocleTy for Crea-
Tive Anacronlsm? lNo, noT Anarch-
lsmlb Well, accordlng To Hebsigujs
Qglleg aie Dlcjlonary, socleTy
means 'companlonshlp or assocla-
Tlon wlTh one's Tellowsn, creaTlve
means 'havlng The power or quallTy
of creaTlngUg and anachronlsm ls
NanyThlng lncongruous ln polnT of
Tlme wlTh lT's surroundlngs.' So,
The SCA ls an assoclaTlon, or
club, which ls creaTlvely ouT of
place wlThln lTs surroundlngsn.
sorT of. AcTually, The SCA ls a
group of people who geT TogeTher
To have fun by recreaTlng The
mlddle ages for a weekend. Or, as
Junlor Krls Halenbeck Cor Lady
TrlsTe KaTherlne More! puTs IT,
NThe SCA ls an educaTlonal non-
proflT organlzaTlon for recreaTlng
The Mlddle Ages and Renalsance
Through cosTumlng, arTs and
crafTs, flghTlng, and Tunf
SCAers flrsT develop a
npersona'g an alTer ego. Thls
persona ls The person The SCAer
Then nbecomesn aT evenTs. The
persona can be anyone from Anne
Bolyn's flcTlTlous second cousln
ln Tudor England To a 14Th cenTury
lTallan peasanT To a 15Th cenTury
Japanese Samural To a flfTh
cenTury barbarlan. The only
requlremenT ls ThaT hefshe can noT
be an acTual hlsTorlcal flgure.
The reason Tor Thls ls so ThaT
There are noT TwenTy Robln Hoods,
ThlrTy ArThur Pendragons, or flfTy
Anne Bolyns runnlng around. Also,
Thls way members are compelled To
flnd a perlod name and do some
sTudylng lnTo ThaT era and creaTe
a unlque and lnnovaTlve personal
nlsTory for Thelr persona
The SCA renTs a park for evenTs
whlch lasT Tull weekends aT a
Tlme. Durlng These weekends, SCA
members puT on approprlaTe cos-
Tumes and Take on Thelr personas'
llTe sTyle. AT These evenTs There
ls usually some form of TournamenT
or TlghTlng conTesT, TeasTs,
occaslonal orlglnal poeTry con-
TesTs, bardlc clrcle, and oTher
MosT evenTs conTaln some form
of TournamenT or war ln whlch
flghTers iboTh male and female?
engage ln combaT wlTh Tull armor
CleaTher, pIaTe, chaln, or The
occaslonal plasTlcJ, meTal hel-
meTs, and raTTan swords. AT The
TournamenTs, The wlnner wlns a
Trophy or prlze or, Twlce a year,
may become klng, prlnce or whaT-
ever else The parTlclpanTs are
TlghTlng Tor. ln The wars, baTTIes
are ToughT, ln compleTe armor wlTh
raTTan swords, beTween Two sldes.
Once a year There ls a major
baTTle ln Pennsylvanla ln whlch
members from all over The counTry
joln and TlghT a major Wwarn. ln
boTh The TournamenTs and The wars,
sTrlcT rules are enforced To
ensure The sateTy of all The par-
The feasT ls a Tlme for Trlends
To slT TogeTher, converse, and
engage ln The consumpTlon of some-
whaT perlod food, such as cornlsh
hens. FeasTs usually lasT several
hours and are several courses
long. Many Tlmes There ls an over-
abundance of food and afTer The
tlrsT few courses The SCAer ls
Tull. Baslcally, The feasT ls a
Tlme for fun and Trlendshlp
The poeT or song wrlTer can
have a fleld day aT an SCA evenT
because There ls such a hlgh
prlorlTy glven To poeTry. There
are several conTesTs one can enTer
wlTh orlglnal poems. Usually The
plece musT be somewhaT perlod and
The poeT musT read IT aloud ln
fronT of The populace iThe group
of SCAersJ. The populace Then
judges The plece by maklng as much
nolse as possible, somewhaT llke
The TalenT conTesT aT The BuIlshlT
Bal leT. A major award a poeT can
wln ls The PoeT LaureTTe.
NoT only poeTs and flghTens can
parTlclpaTe ln These conTesTs, buT
There are conTesTs ThaT provlde
for bel ly dancers, slngers, jug-
glers, and even comedlans. These
are judged ln much The same way as
The poeTry conTesTs and musT also
be as perlod as possible.
Bardlc Circle ls anoTher baslc
elemenT ln an evenT ln whlch
SCAers are allowed To show Thelr
TalenTs.lT usually Takes place
laTe aT nlghT around a campflre. A
candle ls passed around The clrcle
glvlng The holder of The candle a
chance To Tell a Tale, slng a
song, or whaTever else he or she
may wanT To share wlTh The group
Some of The songs and sTorles are
Taken dlrecTly from The mlddle
ages while oThers are made up, and
sTill oThers are Wfllkn songs ln
whlch The wrlTer Takes a modern
song and changes lT To flT The
SCA, somewhaT llke Welrd Al.
The SCA ls an lnTernaTlonal
organlzaTlon whlch has lTs own
kingdoms and nobIllTy boTh of
whlch provlde mosTly aTmosphere
for members. NoblllTy ls changed
every slx monThs when a TournamenT
ls held To choose The new Klng or
Prlnce. It The leader does noT
reslgn, he ls nassasslnaTedn by
. . the SCA is an
organization for re-
creating the Middle
hls rep lacemenT or Wdlesn ln some
publlc and dramaTlc way. For exanr
ple, The lasT Prince of Trlmarls
came home from Wwar' and 'dled' ln
Eckerd College ls The home of
The household of Shadowsea, a
newly esTabllshed campus group
ThaT ls wlThln The boundrles and
under The governing of The Shlre
of Narval Dorado, whlch conslsTs
of souThern Plnel las CounTy. The
shlre ls Then under The newly
esTabllshed Klngdom of Trlmarls,
whlch ls mosT of Florlda.
The Household ls lTself an
offlclal Eckerd College club and
plans medieval revels lone nlghT
medieval parTyJ open To The enTlre
campus. The SCA on campus ls as of
now a small buT rapldlly growing
club whlch ls headed by lT's pres-
ldenT, Senlor ConsTance Herklng.
Terrorism and what you think may depend on what you reaa
Melissa MacKinnon, Head Staff Writer
Ah, buT one argues, The UnlTed
STaTes foughT for The rIghT To
govern ITself. BuT Is The reglme
In EL Sal vador, propped up by The
UnlTed STaTes, Truly self-
Flnally, one reads ThaT Wnow ls
The opporTunITy for The resTora-
Tlon of moral auThorlTy and
poIlTIcal forcefullnessJ' Thus
violence ls proposed for vlolence
as people are To llve Hordlnary'
and 'predIcTableW llves under The
UnlTed STaTes morally superior
If one does noT venTure much
pasT The supermarkeT newssTand and
likes InformaTIon presenTed on
glossy paper compleTe wITh cap-
TIvaTIng color phoTo and sensa-
TIonallsT headlines such as
'ShooTIng To KIIIN, Then Img and
Negsweek are avaliable
Newsweek In January of 1986 dld
an In depTh arTlcle on Terrorlsm.
Conclusions Included calllng
PalesTlnIans synonymous wlTh
For The, 'PalesTInIan cause,
The lack of a homeland and The
morlbund Iln a dylng sTaTeJ peace
process ThaT provides The moTlve
drlvlng These men To puT Them-
sel ves ouTsIde The pale of clvi-
I lzed conducTJ'
Civl llzed conducT, The reader
realizes ls whaTever The Americans
or lsrealls do.
The hlsTory of PaIesTlne, The
reason for The fIghTlng Is noT
lmporTanT enough To explain.
In 1947 The UnlTed NaTlons
parTloned PalesTIne To creaTe a
Jewish STaTe of Isreal whose
boundarles fell jusT shorT of The
nBiblIcalN PalesTlne. Isreal's
founding faThers promised The U.N
a sTaTe,Hln which al I cITIzens,
regardless of race or creed, will
enjoy equal rlghTs and all com-
munlTes wll I conTrol Thelr
When The Arabs dld noT accepT
This proposed plan war broke ouT
and Jordan gained conTrol of whaT
Americans llve In an era where
percepTIons ofTen are based on
whaT a 'freeu media Tells us
Media proposes To presenT The
BuT facTs are merely an
orderlng of reaIITy To fIT cerTaln
bellefs, as The naTure of facTs
depends on The quesTIons The ob-
server asks. How one defines
Terrorlsm These days depends on
one's maln source of lnformaTlom
IT ls easy To Turn on The Tele-
vlslon and see PresldenT Reagan
maklng lmpassloned speeches abouT
Amerlcan paTrIoTIsm versus InTer-
Terrorism can be a double sTan-
dard of The Reagan AdmlnIsTraTlon
who deflnes IT as violence for
quesTIon Is, whose polITlcal ends?
If IT Is democracy, IT Is no
longer Terrorism buT revoluTIom
One hears how lmporTanT IT Is To
send mllITary ald To Nicaragua as
The UnlTed STaTes wll I flghT
everywhere To make people free
lf one were To read The con-
5ervaTlve magazine, The New
Republic, one mlghT argue ThaT,n
ald To Nicaraguan rebels should be
dlrecTed only To Those who won'T
be TempTed by Terror.
Terrorlsm by UnlTed STaTes
backed governmenTs and armles ls
democracy Hpalnfully achieved!
Only democracy's pollTlcal ends
jusTlfles The means
ConTInuing on In The New Be:
public one reads ThaT These
TerrorIsT forces should noT Hmessn
wlTh The UnlTed STaTes or Those
already In power.
Assuming This, The Amerlcan
RevoluTIon should never have been
was To be The separaTe PaIesTlnIan
STaTe iThe WesT Bankh
Then In The slx-day war some
nlneTeen years IaTer Isreal seized
The WesT Bank claiming Jordan
never conTrolled IT legally.
All PalesTinlans were Issued
refugee cards and Isreal seT abouT
To InTegraTe PalesTIne InTo
BuT, according To a WashingTon
based wrITer specializing In The
Arab-lsreall conflicT, The
mlgraTlon of lsrealls lnTo Pales-
Tlne has been slow and PalesTInIan
naTIonaIIsm has noT declined
N.E.w.S.lal.G.e.ls deTal I s Amerlcan and
lsreall massacres of InnocenT
people yeT IT Is somehow less
horrlble perhaps because Americans
vlew Amerlcan's lives as somehow
more worThy or noble.
To really hop on The Terrorism
bandwagon one mighT read Clalre
Sfefl IHQS llle ler.co.n Nelmck or
Arnaud de Borchgrave and RoberT
Moss's Ing Qglhg,
BoTh propose ThaT Thel9G.B.Is
coordlnaTlng all Terror and sub-
verslon agaInsT The Free World by
placing agenTs in WesTern media To
a popular Idea wITh boTh Alexander
Halg, who found Claire STerIIngs
sTory more lnTeresTIng Then C.LA.
InformaTion, and George SchuITz.
Readers of The more Ilberal,
less aesTheTIcally pleasing maga-
zine, Ihe NQIBML would have read
ThaT Trials in ITaly have Turned
up The sTory of The so called
Terror neTwork To be a fraud drun-
med up by The C.hA. To TesT The
validlTy of a defecTor, Czecho-
slovakian officer Major General
Accordlng To The Najlgg Iand
supposedly IaTer The C.LA. who
explained To Haig why STerling's
arTicle was more lnTeresTIngi
Senja was earning a living in The
UnlTed STaTes selling miliTary
when The C.hA. began To sus-
pecT ThaT Senja was Tel ling more
Than he knew They invenTed The
documenT. Senja conflrmed The
documenT ThaT had NabsenT-mlnded-
lyn sllpped his mlnd and The
C.LA. began To ease hlm off The
IT was when Senja Traveled To
Europe and began Telling European
inTelligence officers ThaT The
C.l.A. had proof of a K.G.B. Ter-
ror neTwork ThaT The sTory spread
Those who read The also liberal
magazine Ihe wlll have
read ThaT The Reagan AdmInlsTra-
Tlon wanTs To believe all commun-
lsm ls dIrecTed by The SovleT
Union and a Terror neTwork does
exIsT under The K.G.B.
The purpose ls To creaTe an-
oTher Red Scare like In The 1920's
and 1950's in order To flush ouT
Those who don'T agree wITh The
admInisTraTion by labeling Them a
communIsT sympaThizer. This falls
under The cllche,Hlf you're noT
wlTh me you're againsT men
All medla should be looked aT
crITically and noT accepTed as
Finally There is a Term called
cognITive dissonance where by
people accepT and rejecT facTs
based on preconceived Ideas
So one who believes The UniTed
STaTes Is a InnaTely good and
wanTs The besT for all peoples
will more easily accepT one mes-
sage or read a cerTaln magazine.
While one who belives ThaT The
UnlTed STaTes InTeresT In oTher
counTrIes Is noT humanITarIan buT
self serving will Tend To accepT
anoTher message. There are varla-
Tlons on preconceived noTlons as
groups are noT polarized
BuT Is lmporTanT To reallze
ThaT even facTs are subjecT To
lnTerpreTaTions and should be
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' ' a
THE history of 3 cruel SVSTIEITT
Melissa MacKinnon, Head Staff Writer
The flghT agaInsT AparTheld has
become a popular movemenT as lTs
calls To dlvesT have been a ral-
lylng cry on college campuses
across The counTry. ln an aTTempT
To end SouTh Afrlca's whlTe mlnor-
lTy rule, ET calls To pull mone-
Tary invesTmenTs ouT of The
The TlghT agaln5T AparTheId ls
noT a new one nor is The demand
The pracTice of raclal segrega-
Tlon began as early as 1657 when
Trade beTween black Khol herdsmen
and whITe seTTlers was forbldden
ln SouTh Afrlcans Cape Colony.
Much like The UnlTed STaTes drove
off The lndlans, The DuTch seT-
Tlers came ln and drove off The
Then ln The 1850's SouTh Afrlca
became a BrlTlsh colony and when
iT finally galned independence
The whlTes seT up a raclal
ln 1910 The black Afrlcans
formed The Afrlcan NaTlonal
Congress CANCJ whose purpose was
To galn more rlghTs for blacks
Through peacetul meThods
Whlle The ANC sTruggIed To galn
rlgnTs for blacks The governmenT
segregaTed The land leavlng only
Ten percenT To blacks.
Then on March 21 in 1960, 69
blacks were shoT by SouTh Afrlcan
police during a peaceful demon-
Finally ln The 60's The ANC gave
up lTs non vlolenf meThods ThaT
were noT geTTihg The blacks any
more rlghTs and moved To violenf
proTesTs. They were Then exiled by
The acTivlTles dld noT go
unnoficed on US college
campuses. In 1966 several NaTion-
al College organizaTlons goT To-
geTher To declare March 14-21
Nafional STudenT Week Agalnsf
The program exposed SouTh
Africa's policy of whiTe supremacy
. . . in 1960, 69 blacks
were shot by South
African police during a
p e a c e f ul
and segregaTlon and demanded
change in The US policy ldlvesf-
menT, racial inTegraTlon of US
GovernmenT personnel serving ln
SouTh Africa, granTlng assylum To
poliTlcal refugeesh IT also
publicised films, debafes, and
fund raising for SouTh African
Defense and Aid Fund.
BuT, IT has been suggesfed, The
proTesT among American college
sTudenTs did noT grow and Take
hold aT ThaT Time because The
sTudenTs were Trying To end segre-
gaTion ln Their own counTry
Then, again, There was also The
VleTnam war and iTs relaTed pro-
TesTs occurring around The same
IT was in May of 1977 when
perhaps The firsT major anTl-
AparTheld demonsTraTIon In The US
Nearly 300 Sfanford Unlverslfy
sTudenTs sfaged a rally and sif-
ln To proTesT The UniverslTy's 125
million dollars ln sTock invesf-
menTs ln SouTh African firms.
Florlda colleges have also be-
come involved. ln November of
1985 The S1 limes ran
an arTlcle concernlng The anTi-
AparTheld movemenT aT The Unl-
verslTy of Florlda ln Gainsvll le.
According To Eckerd college's
CompTroller, Alan Bunch, as far as
he knows, Eckerd has no money
lnvesTed in firms ThaT do business
ln SouTh Africa, elTher direcfly
There ls currenTly a bill
pending ThaT would force Florlda
To divesT some 2 billion dollars
in holdings ln companies ThaT do
business in SouTh Africa. Ac-
cording To a January Issue of The
51 limes The bill has a
good chance of passing This yean
Those agalnsT dlvesTmenT say
ThaT The corporaflons provide jobs
and money To The blacks. However,
Pollflcal Science Professor Ken
Roberfs feels ThaT alThough The
money provides jobs, in The long
run iT sTll l ooes To supporT The
governmenT and Aparfheld.
And There are Those ThaT feel
ThaT change musT be made Through
The governmenT because a disman-
Tllng of The sysfem would cause a
poIiTlcal and social revoluTlon
and possibly resulT in a Marxlsf-
Type AdmlnisTraTion coming To
power in SouTh Africa
Since Sepfember of 1984,
violence because of The baTTle To
end AparTheid has claimed over 800
lives, mosT of Them black.
4,500,000 whiTe SouTh Africans
are The only ones allowed To vofe
in a counTry wiTh a ToTal popula-
Tion of 28,7000,000. BuT yeT
The UniTed STaTes' aTTiTude To-
wards The Aflcan Governmenf ls The
friendliesf lTs been in years.
According to Eckerd
College 's Comptroller,
Alan Bunch, as far as
he knows, Eckerd has
no money invested in
An arTicle ln USA Igggy DY
Franklin H. Williams discuses The
UniTed STaTes'HconsTrucTive en-
gagemenTH broughf in by The Reagan
While The United STaTes supporTs
change ln SouTh Africa and
applauds such changes as The inTe-
graTlng of some sporTs and removal
of some discriminafory signs,
Nobel Peace prize winner Bishop
Desmond TuTu accuses The govern-
menT of giving The appearance of
reform calling IT Usuperflclaln
Wil liams also wriTes abouT SouTh
Africa's NaTional ParTWs pursuif
since 1948 To elimlna's The racif'
problem by elimlnaTing Dibcki '
Tlrely from SouTh Africa s
giving Them Their own SELEVETQ
homeland. ThaT homeland is 13
percenT of The pooresT land g poor
in resources and poor agriculTural
Williams ends by saying ThaT
majorlfy rule will inevifably come
To SouTh Africa and The new lead-
ers wlll remember who helped ln
Their sTruggle for llberaTion and
who hindered iT. He seems To feel
ThaT The US ls now among The
RecenTly The SouTh African
GovernmenT exTended an lnviTaTlon
To fly TO board members of The
It was in May of 1977
when perhaps the first
demonstration in the
US took place.
American STudenT AssociaTion KASAD
To SouTh Africa and glve The group
a Tour Through The counTry. This
would be an efforT To show ThaT
The whiTe governmenT was doing lTs
besT To brlng abouT The end of
Eckerd College senior, Andy
Haines is a member of The board
and inTended on going.
Haines serves as Vice PresldenT
of STaTe and Nafional STudenT
AssociaTions for The American STu-
denT AssociaTion which represenTs
sTudenTs of all areas of higher
educafion and is concerned wifh
Haines felT ThaT The American
STudenT AssociaTion was chosen
possibly because lT is known as a
basically conservaTive group and
has Two Top working black of-
ficials, PresidenT Craig Kirby and
an execuflve dlrecfor.
SouTh African officials hoped a
posiTive experience on The Trip
would possibly make members go
back To The US and discourage
dlvesTmenT and campus proTesTs
BuT when The SouTh African of-
ficials discovered ThaT The ASA
PresidenT has been signed on as a
Top aide To Jesse Jackson's cam-
paign, The SouTh African Govern-
menT wiThdrew lTs inviTaTlom
Haines feels ThaT whaT was
imporTanT was The value SouTh
Africa placed on The proTesTs and
college sTudenTs who will be
' 'lf colleges keep squeezing black students, the y just set-
up a dependent, young, black generation . . . Kill the head
and the body will die. " -Lena Willfalk
Giovanna Welch, STudenT Member
Mary Zimnik, Editor
of The Florlda Board of RegenTs,
spoke To black sTudenTs aT a
recenT Florlda Black STudenT As-
soclaTlon CFBSAD conference. She
charged 'There ls sTlll dlscrlml-
naTlon. DlscrlmlnaTlon hasn'T
crawled lnTo a corner. STarvlng
children aren'T only ln Afrlca..
However, Thanks To SenaTors
Phlllp Gramm and Warren Rudman,
and Thanks To unfalr assessmenT
TesTs lllke The SATB, and flnally,
Thanks To shorT-slghTed vlslon ln
The eyes of our socieTy Today,
black people may noT geT ThaT
opporTunlTy To make a dlfference
Blacks are ln Trouble ln higher
educaTlon. Thelr numbers are
decllnlng and accordlng To
DlrecTor Louls Sul llvan of
Morehouse School of Medlclne, 'We
have losT The legacy of The'60s
and'7Os ln equal opporTunlTy and
ln equlTyJ'lI1ME, November 11,
The loss ls belng felT across
The counTry. Everywhere black
sTudenTs are loslng ground ln
educaTIon and Ioslng a grlp ln
Thls pasT year aT Eckerd Col-
lege only Two Amerlcan black sTu-
denTs ouT of 340 were admlTTed
lnTo The freshman class. ThaT's a
Dean of Admlsslons Dlck Hallin
doesn'T blame hls admlsslons sTaff
for The .51 freshman black
enrollmenT. NlT's noT an
lnsTlTuTlon ThaT's walked away
from lTs commlTTmenT or an
admlsslons sTaff ThaT doesn'T do
lTs job -- lT's a naTlon-wlde
However, he also added ThaT
uyou can never make The case ThaT
you've done all you can do.H
So, who or whaT is To blame
here aT Eckerdf
Hallin has a Three-parT Theory
as To The cause of The problem on
11 Top sTudenTs are losT ouT
To The more presTlgous ln-
23 Eckerd campus lacks The
blacks in numbers CsTudenTs,
sTaff, faculTy3 ThaT creaTes
a ncomforTableH campus ThaT
lnvlTes a prospecTlve black
sTudenT. Also, The ST.
PeTersburg area lacks The
black professionals To do
33 Money, l.e., Tlnanclal ald
This past year at
Eckerd College only
two black students out
of 340 were admitted
into the freshman
class. That's a stag-
The flrsT aspecT To hls Theory
represenTs a subsTanTlal problem
Accordlng To Hallln, 'Why would a
good, black sTudenT come To Thls
More lmporTanTly, how does This
adminlsTraTlon deflne a Ngood,
WThe goal is To Try and Improve
The academlc sTandards so more
whiTe and black sTudenTs wlll
apply,n accordlng To Hallln.
In This goal To Improve acade-
mlc admlsslons sTandards ls a
flve-year plan ln The making by
The College Plannlng Councll
CCPC7, chalred by PresldenT PeTer
ArmacosT.Thls flve-year plan ls
presenTly being designed Ton
among oTher reasons, To Improve
The col lege's academlc repuTaTlon.
One proposed parT of This plan
ls To Include an SAT requlremenT
cuT-off. Dean of Academlcs Lloyd
Chapin wanTs ThaT cuT-off To be a
score of BOO, accordlng To one CPC
So, lf This plan goes lnTo
eTfecT, wlThln flve years no
sTudenT wlll be admiTTed wlTh an
SAT score of under 800.
Therefore, augood, black sTu-
denTU ln The eyes of The
admlnlsTraTlon mlghT be one wlTh
accepTable SAT scores according To
These admlsslons sTandards
ThaT aTTlTude In The proposal
doesn'T leave much posslblllTy for
The fuTure of black sTudenTs aT
Eckerd Col lege. Perhaps one day
ThaT .55 black freshman enrol lmenT
mlghT be a number To shooT for.
AlThough There ls no documenTed
evldence To sclenTlflcally supporT
The fol lowlng, SAT scores may be
Accordlng To Hallln, lasT
year's average scores among
senlors speak for Themselves:
'The average SAT score for a 1985
senlor was 906. Of ThaT group Is
average NaTlve Amerlcan - 820
average Aslan Amerlcan - 922
average black American - 722
average Chlcano - 808
average PuerTo Rlcan - 778
average HhlTe Amerlcan - 939
In response To SAT's, Dean Mark
SmlTh sald, 'SAT's are vlewed by
blacks as a TesT for whlTes, by
whlTes. . . black sTudenTs
approach The TesT wlTh a defensive
attltude. Why then, should they
take the test serlously? I belleve
this very strongIy.n
How can an lnstltutlon base
admlsslon standards on a test that
reflects even the hlnt of ln-
equallty dlsplayed above In last
year's average scores? lf this ls
an unfalr test because of soclo-
economlc lnequallty, Eckerd Col-
lege would be dlscrlmlnatlng If lt
used an SAT cut-off score ln Its
Look around you. How many
students here are successful as
community members despite average
to low SAT scores? According to
Smlth, 'I don't so much worry
about the students wlth low SAT
scores and hlgh partlclpatlon, but
rather hlgh SAT scores and low
Afro-American Soclety President
and senlor Ernestlne Johnston
agrees, 'SAT's do not say what a
student can contrlbute. SAT's do
"SAT's are vieved by
black as a test for
whites, by whites. "
not prove your capabilities
Anyone can learn lf they have a
wlll to learn.N
But even with a strong Wwlll to
learnn and a shot at col lege ac-
ceptance, blacks yet have another
hurdle. That hurdle Just may tear
apart all the good done by the
Clvll Rights Movement.
NLast funded, flrst cut from
the hudget,' sald Welch at the
FBSA conference. That's part of
what Gramm-Rudman wlll do.
Actlon, Black Student Unions. 17-
bllllon cut from domestlc programs
-- welfare, soclal servlces --
poor peoplefblack people wlll be
hlt from all sldes.n
ls the Gramm-Rudman law
lntentlonally dlscrlmlnatory, or
ls lt Just an accldent? The
Supreme Court heard arguments In
late Aprll on the constitution-
allty of the law.
Untll any change ls made stu-
dents, malnly black students, wlll
'This wlll certainly accelerate
the trend of decllnlng black and
Hispanic partlclpatlon ln post-
secondary educatlon,H contends
Arnold Mltchem, director of the
National Councll of Educational
also, that blacks and Hlspanlcs
are already hit with the lowest
ls Gramm-Rudman law
discriminatory, or is it
just an accident?
As much as 80 to 90 percent of
the students ln black colleges
recelve some flnanclal ald,
We're already beglnnlng to feel
lt here at Eckerd as almost 751 of
our students, black and whlte
recelve flnanclal aid. As the
award letters came ln many stu-
dents saw federal ald belng cut at
exorbitant rates. That's only the
Reported by Welch, WGramm-Rud-
man Is designed to reduce the
budget deflclt to zero by 1991.
Two-bil llon dol lars wlll be cut
from financial ald in two years --
635-mllllon from the 1986 budget,
and that Includes Guaranteed
Student Loans KGSLL . . private
schools wil l increase tultlon by
71 per year. Programs with
llmlted enrollment will go.. .
black programs will be hlt the
hardest.. . there will be layoffs
and naturally, salary cuts for
So, as our Eckerd Administra-
tlon works on its own five-year
plan for academic excellence,
Gramm-Rudman wlll be almlng at
black students from the flnanclal
uSome say all those hard tlmes
are ln the past.. . Thlngs are
going to get worse, they haven't
been good,n Welch added.
"Some say all those
hard times are in the
past. . . things are go-
ing to get worse, they
haven't been good."
So, what are the posslbllltles
for blacks ln higher educatlon?
Where ls the future for any child
that's not whlte?
There are many probabllltles.
Most look bleak though.
The black individual ls faced
with probably the most dlsturblng
future ever seen before. They won
their Clvll Rights and got a taste
of equality. But, wlthout the
slightest warning, those same
rights so strongly fought for are
being ripped from beneath the
foundation of The black movement.
Welch remarked, nwhen Martln
Luther Klng's Era reaped lts
benefits and we had people move
into the area that they had never
been before, It was slgnlflcantf
However, Welch added that ln
order to stay ln that newly
discovered place, concessions had
to be made.
NOne way to stay In Integrated
society was to keep our mouths
shut. Mayors, Councilmen don't
want to hear -- we had 20 years of
Clvll rlghts, money for education,
money to squander -- so we kept
our mouths shut.
NMany of us aren't wil ling to
take a chance -- we don't want to
lose what we had -- but all those
programs that moved In our favor
"You can never make
the case that you've
done all you can."
' 'One way to stay in in-
gegrated society was
to keep our mouths
are movlng rlght out the door.H
As those opportunltles roll out
the door, the tlme for change
grows shorter. Wlthout educated
blacks, who wlll go back lnto the
black communltles and reach out to
the black youth to change their
'lf colleges keep squeezing
black students, they Just set-up a
dependent, young, black genera-
tlon and I hope lt doesn't come to
that,' contends Lena Wllfalk,
Director of Mlnorlty and Interna-
tlonal Student Affairs at Eckerd
She adds, WKII I the Head fthe
movementl and the Body wlll dle
dunnis' view I -
LasT sprlng I sTudled In London and Thls pasT
January I spenf my wlnTer Term ln AusTralla.
AusTralla follows England In many ways, Including
However, AusTralla has developed a few of Thelr
own sporTs, such as Rugby and Aussle Rules. In boTh
counTrles The main consensus of The publlc and Those
who parTlclpaTe ln sporTs ls ThaT American sporTs
aren'T near as physical Iy demanding as Theirs.
I had ofTen heard commenTs such as, 'your aThIeTes
don'T wanT To geT any bruises or scars because They
may have To appear on a T.V. commercial Tomorrow.'
American sporTs are very dlfferenf from many oTher
AusTraIlan aThIeTes are popular for Thelr sporTs,
noT The klnd of shoes They wear or whaT klnd of car
They can flT Thelr overslzed bodles lnTQ
The Two counTrles are playing almosT separaTe
games. U.S. sporTs have become exfremely commerclal.
OTher Than The co merclallsm, There are many oTher
differences. EqulpmenT ls deflnlTeIy a negaTIve
Issue wlTh The AusTraI Ians. AusTraI Ians only wear al
mlnlmal amounT of safeTy equlpmenT.
Are U.S. sporTs compeTlTors as Tough as Thelr
A U.S. fooTbaII fan would be surprlsed To see an
AusTraIlan fooTball maTch. AusTralla has Three Types
of foofballz rugby, soccer and Aussle rules. The
IaTTer Is The mosT comparable Type To U.S. fooTbaIl
excepT no safeTy equlpmenT ls worn. Nhlle U.S.
fooTball players proTecT Themselves To The fuIIesT
exTenT, Aussle rules players wear only a mlnlmal
amounT of safeTy equlpmenT. They feel lT's more
manly To play The game wIThouT all The pads and
helmeTs ThelLS. players use. AusTrallans feel The
sporTs They play separafe The men from The boys.
CrIckeT ls a popular sporT Throughouf The world,
however, The U.S. has noT yeT adopTed Thls sporT.
Crlckef Is comparable To baseball excepT The players
do noT wear gloves and The bafs are qulTe dlfferenT.
The baTs are approxlmafely flve To seven Inches In
wldTh and Two and a half feeT In lengTh. The plTcher
ls called a bowler and he bounces The ball Towards
The wlckef la Three fooT Type of TargeTI Trylng To
hlT IT. The baTTer has To hlT The ball and If The
bat I hlTs The wlckeT, The baTTer Is ouT. Once The
baTTer hlTs The ball, he does noT have To run. Only
when he feels he can make a successful run does he
move. The dIsTance he runs Is abouT equal To ThaT of
The dlsTance befween home and flrsTI AT The oTher
end of The run Is anoTher baTTer and wIckeT so Tre
runners musT change posITIons To score one run.
If The viewer Tries To compare IT To baseball, he
will have a hard Tlme undersTandIng The game. AI-
Though There are slmllarlTles, There are also many
Amerlca's besT known sporTs are noT so popular ln
oTher counTrles, buT wheTher or noT oTher counTrles
are more successful In dlvldlng boys from men In
Thelr professional sporTs ls up To The Indlvldual
Mary Zimnik, EDITOR and DESIGNER
Dan Cameron, PRODUCTION MANAGER to the EDITOR
Dawn Smith, MAGNEARBOOK EDITOR
Kitty Waclawski, ADVERTISING COORDINATORXPERSONNEL DIRECTOR
Melissa MacKinnon, HEAD STAFF WRITER
Valerie Cerny, FICTIONS EDITOR
Robin Dunn, SPORTS FEATURE EDITOR
Ricky Kephart, HEAD PHOTOGRAPHER
Karen Torrisi, DARKROOM PRODUCTION
Sue Johannes, OFFICE MANAGER
Heather Schwab, ASSISTANT OFFICE MANAGER
Trish Cole, COMPUTER OPERATORIASSISTANT to the EDITOR
Thom Allman Melissa Kub
Jenniler Black Mike Lee
Brian Creighton Barbara Ray
Howard Cullimore Shana Smith
Ron DePeter Brian Stella
Grace Gannaway Julio Veaz
Katie Gugg Edward Williams
Heather Hanson Tim Wilmont
David R. DiSalvo Eric Toledo
Mark Richardson Cheryl Toy
Curtis Arnold Darrell Ptalzgrat
Mark Davenport Carlton J. Pierce
Judy Gascoigne Cricket Rowe
Bruce Lee Steve Wilcox
Leah Bamtord Mary Alice Harley
Jen Bushey Polly Melton
Jackie Cerny Dawn Regan
Helen Cornwall Sherry Sharrard
Lauren Discipio Andre StanIeV
Lisa Fritz Kent Yunk
IMPACT is published by the Eckerd College Organization ol Students on a
monthly basis. Production is handled entirely by the stall. Contributions are
encouraged trom all students, stall, laculty, and administration. However, this
publication does reserve the right to edit any and all material submitted. 1'he
opinions expressed in any article are solely that ol its author and do not neces-
sarily rellect the opinions ot the IMPACT statt or the Eckerd College Community.
Any articles, letters, or inquiries about advertising may be sem to IMPACT, Eck-
erd College, Box N, Sl. Petersburg, Florida 33733, or to the Editor at Box 1147.
to throw on he potter s
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AGE: 19, Freshman
ORIGIN: New jersey I
MAIOR: Literature and education
FAVORITE GROUP: Flock of Seagulls
HOBBIES:,Baseball, Wrestling, Traveling,
Watching midgets eat pickles
GOALS: Grad School
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ORIGIN: New lersey
MAIOR: Business Management
FAVORITE GROUP: Run D.M.C.
FAVORITE FOOD: Lasagne
HOBBIES: Dirt biking, playing cards
GOALS: Grad School
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GE: 20, Senior
FAVORITE FOOD: Indonesian
FAVORITE GROUP: Supertramp
HOBBIES: Windsurfing, Swimming, Sailing
Tennis and Biking
GOALS: Grad School
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HOBIES: Gomg out to eat, soccer,
GOALS. Grad School
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AGE: 20, Freshman
FAVORITE FOOD: Lobster
HOBBIES: Windsurfing, scuba diving
water and snow skiing, fishing
GOALS: Grad School
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SCENE: lThe seTTlng ls a college graduaTlon. ln
cenTer sTage sTands a sTark, whlTe cyclorama.
ApproprlaTe greenery and flowers add color To The
sTage area. The CHORUS is prerecorded and ls heard
Through speakers in The rear of The audlTorlum. The
llghTlng conslsTs of a brlghT spoTlighT. A gray lens
cover and a dark gray lens cover are uTilized.D
PROLOGUE: Today, as The graduaTes cross The sTage To
recelve Thelr dlplomas, They wll I bogln Thelr Jour-
neysTo help mankInd Travel from darkness To IlghT.
Thelr fuTures,unknown To us, wlll become recorded
hlsTory a cenTury from now. Darkness,unknown Today,
wlll be revealed as The IlghT beglns To shlne. Today,
speakers from hlsTory are presenT To shlne Their
IlghT upon The graduaTes as They dld for The people
of Thelr Tlmes.
CHORUS: From darkness To IlghT ls where we wlsh To
PromeTheus, PromeTheus, PromeTheus...
Son of Zeus and broTher of ATlas,
Zeus has puT us In The dark.
You musT brlng us To IlghT.
Only wITh IlghT can we seep
Only wITh PromeTheus can we
PromeTheus, show us The way
Ilve In The IlghT.
from darkness To IlghT.
IAS PromeTheus enTers The cyclorama, The dark gray
lens on The spoTIIghT whlch shlnes on hlm Turns To
IlghT gray. Muslc Is heard In The background. IT ls
'TorTure' by The JacksonsJ
PROMETHEUS: I am a frlend To manklnd, for Zeus asked
me To creaTe humans. The mosT dlffIcuIT parT of The
Task was To provlde man wlTh The endowmenTs necessary
for hlm To survlve, To be superlor To all llvlng
creaTures. My fIrsT sTep was To allow man To walk
uprIghT, To make hlm an approprIaTely nobler form.
NexT, I wenT up To Heaven and IIT a Torch from The
hoT flamlng sun, Thus glvlng manklnd flre - Tlre wlTh
whlch To cook, To produce warmTh, and To provlde
IlghT. ILIghTIng changes To brlghT, clear gIowJ Ah,
l worked hard for manklnd, I musT admlT I should have
sTopped aT ThaT polnT, buT I wanTed more. I Trlcked
Zeus, of all gods, lnTo Taklng a plle of faTTy anlmal
parTs, composed prlmarlly of bones, so ThaT The gods
would geT The worsT parT of Those anlmals avallable
for sacrlflce. Yes, There ls a good lesson In Thls
Trlck, for when The gods chose The worThless parTs,
man was IefT wITh The edlble parTs. UnforTunaTeIy,
Zeus became angry. He chalned me To a rock In The
Caucasus. Every mornlng an eagle came To prey on my
llver. Thls happened To me day In and day ouT unTlI I
was freed by Hercules. Yes,IT was TorTure,buT The
paln I suffered was noThIng, for now I know ThaT you
and all manklnd have meaT and flre. Today, flre may
be consldered prImITlve, buT IT Is a source of
energy, a source of llghT.l, PromeTheus, gave Thls
as my gIfT To The world. Yes, IT was an early gradua-
Tlon glfT, buT I gave IT To you graduaTes noneThe-
IMusIc fades as PromeTheus leaves The cyclorama. The
spoTIIghT darkens as The gray lens cover Is replaced
by The dark gray lens coverJ
CHORUS: From darkness To IlghT Is where we wlsh To
We are In The darkness from a lack of peace.
We need guldanceg we need good news.
Jesus ChrIsT, son of God, show us The IlghT of The
world, open The gaTes To Heaveng open up our
To oThersg Teach us whaT IT Is To love.
Jesus, show us The IlghT.
You were cruclfled In The mldsT of darkness.
You dled for manklnd. You are The IlghT of The world.
Jesus ChrIsT, show us The way from darkness To
CAs Jesus enTers The cyclorama, The IIghTIng Is
changed To The IlghT gray lens cover. The muslc Is
nLeT There Be Peace on EarThJU
JESUS CHRIST: I was reared a NcarpenTer's sonyu
aIThough I an The Son of God. I came To brlng good
news. I came To brlng people back To God, To spread
hls word. I hoped people could find peace wIThln
Themselves and wITh oThers. Yes, I dld meeT opposl-
Tlon, buT any worThwhlIe cause In Ilfe wlll never
come easlly, and IT may even come wlTh deaTh. I had
a goal To reach, a goal I am sTII I worklng on Today.
Lucklly, I had Twelve close frlends who belleved In
me. TogeTher we worked. I was cruclfled and dled,
buT In Three days, I was resurrecTed as I had
promlsed. Fol Iowlng my resurrecTIon, I vIsITed my
frlends and oTher people and asked Them To spread my
Ngood news! They dld. They spread my word all over
The world so ThaT now There Is IlghT where darkness
exIsTed, hope where There was despalr. I ask you
Today To spread my good news, To shlne IlghT unTo
IThe muslc fades as Jesus exITs The cyclorama. The
dark gray lens cover replaces The IlghT grayJ
CHORUS: From darkness To IlghT Is where we wlsh To
Travel. Johann GuTenberg, show us The llghT.
Books are handwrITTen and scarce.
Books are The key To knowledge, buT They are cosTly.
Books are The key To learnlng, buT we are In The dark.
We search for IlghT, In The day and nighT.
We search for IlghT, a IlghT whlch only you can make
Johann GuTenberg, show us The way from darkness To
lAs Johann GuTenberg enTers, The dark gray lens cover
Is replaces by The IlghT gray. The muslc heard Is
'ABC' by The Jacksons.J
JOHANN GUTENBERG: UnIjusT an average man, no dlf-
ferenT from any of you graduaTes gaThered here Today
Any socIeTy has needs. My socIeTy had needs which I
was able To Improve Through The use of a llTTIe
InlTIaTIve. My sysTem was acTuaIly very Ioglcal. AT
The Tlme, books were prlnTed Through The use of
wooden blocks Indlvldual ly carved for each page, a
Tlme consumlng process. I declded ThaT I could carve
The leTTers of The aIphabeT Indlvldually. These
leTTers could Then be arranged To TIT any page, for
The leTTers would be lnTerchangeable. The more I
ThoughT abouT IT, The more I began To realize jusT
how reaIIsTIc my Idea was. IT dld work. IBrIghT
spoTlIghT focuses on GuTenberg.I Tlme necessary To
prInT books was greaTIy reducedg Thus more books
could be prInTed. WITh more books, The cosT became
lnexpenslve. Now, any average man, Ilke me, can
purchase a book. Amazlng whaT a IITTIe lnITlaTIve
CJohann GuTenberg exITs The cyclorama. The brlghTer
IlghT Is replaced by The IlghT gray cover, Then The
dark gray cover. The muslc fadesJ
CHORUS: From darkness To IlghT Is where we wlsh To
Travel. Wllllam Shakespeare, show us The Ilght
We are In darkness In need of a TheaTer.
Only you can wrITe The plays which wlll end The
Onlv vou can IeT The IlghT shlne.
Only you, WII llam Shakespeare, wlll be able To In-
fluence The wrlTers To come
Wll llam Shakespeare, show us The way from darkness To
IAs WII llam Shakespeare enTers The cyclorama, The
dark gray lens cover Is replaced by The IlghT gray
cover. The muslcal verslon of 'I WrITe The Songsn Is
played In The backgroundJ
HILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: Here I sTand nearly four cen-
Turies since I Ilved, slnce I wroTe plays. I never
dreamed I would ever Ilve so long. While I wroTe, I
almed To creaTe a response from The audlence wIThouT
compromlslng arT. TwenTy years of my llfe I fbrIghT
spoTIIghT is focused on speaker? spenT wrlTlng more
Than a mllllon years of poeTlc drama. Now here I am
aT a graduaTlon ceremony, and I find ouT jusT how
many auThors have modeled works afTer mine, how many
people have sTudIed my works. I never realized how
dark The world was nor how much llghT I was capable
of releasing To The world
I As Wllllam Shakespeare exlTs The cyclorama, The
muslc fades, and The llghT ls covered by a llghT gray
cover, Then a dark gray coverJ
CHORUS: From darkness To llghT ls where we wlsh To
Travel. We Ilve prImITlvelyg we Ilve In The need of
The llghT of lnvenTlons
Thomas Edison, llghT up our world.
Only you can invenT The lncandescenT llghT, The
moving plcTure camera, The phonograph, The elec-
Tric voTe recorder, The iron alkaline sTorage baTTery
Our world Is dark wIThouT you.
Thomas Edison show us The way from darkness To llghT.
IThe muslc from HYou LighT Up My Llfen fades In as
Thomas Edison enTers The cyclorama. The dark gray
lens cover ls replaced by The llghT gray lens coverJ
THOMAS EDISON: The graduaTes To whom I speak wlll
accomplish Today whaT l never dld. You see,I quIT
school afTer Three monThsg my Teacher said I had a
uscrambled mlndJ' IBrighT spoTllghT ls Turned on
speakerd This, however, dld noT sTop my educaTlom
for my moTher paTIenTIy TaughT me and answered my
numerous lnqulslTions. For I was, desplTe whaT my
school Teacher had ThoughT, an eager learner. I am
filled wlTh curlosiTy even Today, even afTer my life
on earTh ThaT ended a half a cenTury ago. Perhaps
This ls why I began TesTing everyThlng Through ex-
perlmenTaTion, alThough IT wasn'T unTIl I was slxTeen
ThaT I began To wonder jusT whaT my poTenTlal as an
Invenfor was. The world was so dark, so full of
quesTions and problems To be solved. Perhaps, like
my lncandescenT lighT,l wlshed To shlne llghT lnTo
CAs Thomas Edison exiTs The cyclorama, The muslc
fades and The llghT ls changed firsT To The IighT
gray lens cover and Then To The dark gray lens
CHORUS: From darkness To llghT is where we wish To
Madame Curle, llghT up our world.
RadiaTIon was unknown unTll you shined llghT upon us.
WiThouT you, we were In The dark.
We knew noT how To deTermlne a broken bone wlThln
We were ln The dark, for we knew noT of The energy
hldden In radIoacTlve elemenTs
This area of The world was so dark wiThouT you.
Madame Curie, show us The way from darkness To llghT.
IAS Madame Curie enTers The cyclorama, The dark gray
lens cover on The spoTIIghT is replaced by The
IighTer gray. The music is nShe Blinded Me wlTh
MADAME CURIE: I don'T know exacTly when The llghT
shone before my eyes. Perhaps The beginning was whlle
I sTudIed aT The Sorbonne, more specifically, while
I worked on my mysTerlous radlaTlon discovered by
Henrl Berguerel. IThe brighT IighT is focused on
Madame CurIeJ I was able To measure The sTrengTh of
The radlum emiTTed from uranlum.The resulTs led To
sTudles whlch were To revel Two new radioacTIve ele-
menTs. In my life, I recieved Two Nobel prizes, one
in physics for my uranium research and anoTher In
chemisTry. My chemisTry prize was perhaps due To
World War l. You see, during The war I dedlcaTed
myself To developing x-rays lnTo useful applIcaTions
UnforTunaTely, my work was believed To have caused my
leukemia and evenTualIy my deaTh. However, darkness
exlsTed, and I was born wITh The key To llghT. I
consider IT an honor To have dled for The cause of
manklnd, so ThaT darkness may be replaced by llghn
IAs Madame Curle exlTs The cyclorama The IighT gray
lens cover Is slipped over The brlghT.ThIs Is fol-
lowed by The dark gray lens cover. The muslc fadesd
CHORUS: From darkness To llghT Is where we wish To
Our world has changed from The days of PromeTheus,
buT darkness sTil I exIsTs.
The world of ImaglnaTlon and fanTasy, The world when
The chlld ls seen In every adulf remains In The
WalT Disney, WaIT Disney,
Hear our cry, only you can expand The world of car-
Toons and amusemenT parks
E ., . E .
5 eep ng Bealiy, and Snow Wh Te...
All are a producT of your llghT.
Mickey Mouse, Mlnnle Mouse, Donald Duck,
PluTo, Goofy, and Dumbo enTered our world.
WalT Disney, show us The way from darkness To llghT.
CAs WalT Dlney enTers The cyclorama, The dark gray
lens Is replaced by The IighT gray lens cover. In The
background The song NZippedy Do Da, Zlppedy Dayn is
HALT DISNEY: Here I sTand aT my fIrsT graduaTlon,
for I dropped ouT of hlgh school aT The age of seven-
Teen. All of my llfe I searched. I was In The mIdsT
of darkness. I worked as a commercial arTlsT In
Kansas ClTy and Then for an anImaTor. I Then pro-
ceeded To make a move To Hol lywood. My nexT produc-
Tlon company survived long enough for my carToon
series, Qswaid ihe Babbii, To bring me mlld success
True success came when I creaTed Mickey Mouse In
jjgambgai W I e. I Thlnk parT of Sieamboai H' le's
success was due To an experlmenT of mlne. You see,
This was The flrsT carToon ever To combine a carToon
characTer wiTh an acTor. This was also my flrsT
animaTed carToon wiTh sound. The IighT was beginning
To shine. I wanTed my carToons To be effecTIve In
enTerTaining The audience: Thus, I worked hard To
Improve The sound, color, and The phoTography, In
general, of moTion picTures as well as my carToons
Perhaps my biggesT dreanicame True when Disneyland
opened. ChiIdren's Toys were so much fun To play
wlTh, buT I always wondered whaT They would be like
If They were lifesize and we were The dolls. This Is
Disneyland. When my Ilfe ended here on earTh, I lefT
my dreams ln wrlTlng, in pIcTures. One dream was
almosT compIeTed before I died, my dreanlof Disney
World. LighT shone In on my llfe Through The llghT
ThaT came from oThers who laughed and escaped The
darkness lnTo The IighT of my enTerTalnment
IAs WalT Disney exlTs, The music fades and The llghT
is covered by The llghT gray IensJ
CHORUS: From darkness To llghT Is where we wlsh To
Travel.We have seen much darkness, we have journeyed
lnTo The llghtDarkness will come before IighT, buT
llghT will ouTshine all.Each person here can show us
EPILOGUE: Today, we have Traveled Through hlsTory,
Through The llves of people In hlsTory and, more
ImporTanTly, from darkness lnTo llghT. Today ls The
beginning for you graduaTes.Your fufures, unknown
To us, may shlne llghT onTo The world ln areas where
darkness has noT been known To exIsT, buT exlsfs none
The less. Darkness ls presenT, and IT Is
cal llng ouT To each one of you graduafes TonlghT.
IT ls calllng ouT for you To show us The way from
darkness To light
R . .
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A gf., 5
JOHN C. ACKERMAN
KK 1' -M...
JENNIFER ALI HOSEIN
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KELLEY BLEVINS 54
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TAMMY FLOYD, CHERYL RODGERS and MIKEY
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1 THOMAS KE!L
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ANITA MAYER ELISABETH MERCHER LYNDON MERTHIE
LYNN MORAN ELIZABETH MOSES
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DouGLAs oL1vER DIANA pE,FER
BETHANN O'CONNELL, JACKIE CERNY
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STEPHANIE PHASS, NATASCHA NAGEL, CAT TOWNSLEY
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RALPH RE mr-IE IMER
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SHERRY SHARRARD CHERYL SiLVERMAN KIRSTEN FRIIS SQRENSON SNELLENBURG
COLLEEN SULLIVAN g COLLEEN TAYLOR KEVIN TAYLOR
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STEVE TOWERS, LUKE CROGHAN
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JOAN COLLINS, BEAU WILLIAMS
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The followlng poems were wrITTen by Sherrl Rlvlnlus whose klnd
and genTle ways have Touched This campus and lTs people for four
years. These poems are filled wlTh love and opTImlsm for The
fuTure. For ThaT reason I feel very confIdenT ThaT Sherrl leaves
Eckerd To Teach The children of Tomorrow. Good luck and
congraTuIaTIons To Sherrl and all The resT of The seniors
Mary Zlmnlk, EdITor
,A If A
'I Touch The fuTure I Teach.W - ChrlsTa McAuliffe
'WhaT are you doIng?N
I bllnk and jump aT
The same Tlme I say,
cheese-sandwich grln covers your TaulTs,
wipes ouT everyThIng buT vIrTues.
Your words, no maTTer how rldlculous,
sound muslcal, The same rhyThm as my laugh.
The scene would make even Mr. Rogers sick.
'AbouT me?n you quesTIon.
I reply, 'OT course,'
And The devll dances
,U ,-he A
l've goT The dreadful,
commonly known as
Medical researchers have
glven up hope.
No maTTer where my mlnd
meanders, IT keeps meandering
back To you.
You preoccupy me.
. I suffer daily from
. My only wlsh
ls ThaT you
mlghT be slmllarly afflIcTed.
Do I make you nervous, dear?
I noTlce when we slT TogeTher
your hand shakes
ever so sllghTly
as you reach for your fork
and The IeTTuce
on ITs way To your mouTh
You smlle coolyp
so suave and snooTh.
If I hadn'T been looklng aT your hand
I mIghT have belleved
you are The macho man
you'd Ilke me To believe
Do I make you nervous, dear?
YB!-nur dsx- 47-L
Q" Your FuncTIon Key
Make me, O Lord, your compuTer
FIII me wITh Baslc programs
So men mlghT undersTand
And follow Thy paTh like Ianbs.
Make my words like an Apple ll C
Or an IBM or Commodore III.
Make me your Terminal and prlnTer
Brlnglng fonTs for men To see
Visions of The world now
And whaT discs mlghT be.
LeT me be a volce To conmunlcaTe
A vlslon of hope before lT's Too laTe.
LeT me show The people your love
and The soTTware Therein
Ways To change Thls world
And how we can begln.
' Lord, lwould never be so blessed
If you'd leT me speak, whlle you resT.
Seeking: an obJecT of lusTg To hold me
Tenderly and proTecTIvely.
Looking for someone who wlll gaze
aT my dIrTy feeT and see Cinderella.
Perhaps blond, maybe bruneTTe,
mIghT have black halr.
MousTache or beard o.k.
ShorT or Tall doesn'T maTTer.
Don'T have compleTe descrlpTIon
BUT musT be able To
Tickle, dandle, and
order a sTrawberry daqulrl wITh grace.
How To end off anoTher year aT
sml le, le-l"s hope. These six ELS RA's,have glven
of sml les all year round.
H Marcl Semel lGershwlnl, Curfl
iPraschl, Ellzabe'l'h Moses CGershwl
3:1 o ls +ha+ wl-th The sunglasses sl
' M'lll House RA, Beau Wil I lams,
Y-f , i 'ellown 'l'o Take Beau's place for The p
L ' Aff!!
.. '. 41H,s1aur.'l
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