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Page 9 text:
■part One — Ol)e School A History of the Chicago Teachers College The Chicago Teachers College, as we know it to-da} ' , is a worths ' successor to the institution which was first organized to do the work that the college is doing now. As the Chicago Teachers College, our history covers a period of only a few years, but the organ- ization of which this school is an outgrowth takes us back to the early days of Chicago. Our history begins with the establishment of the Central High School in 1856, Chicago ' s first high school, when a department was given over to the training of teachers for the public schools. At first the course was academic, like that of the high schools, but later a School o f Practice was begun in the Scammon School building under the direction of Mrs. Ella Flagg Young, and the Normal School work then became more of a professional nature, such as it now is. The first instructor in the Normal Department was Mr. Ira Moore, and Mr. Edward C. Delano served as principal until 1S77. For the first few years no entrance examinations were required, but in 1870 special examinations were given to applicants for admission. In 1875 the examinations were discontinued, and this resulted in such a large attendance at the Normal School that in a few years the number of teachers far exceeded the number of positions and the work of the school was suspended for fifteen years. During these fifteen years, high school graduates who passed the teachers ' exam- inations and served a successful term of cadet work were given positions. In 1893, it was decided to give the inexperienced teachers additional training beside their cadet practice; and consequently the City Normal School was reopened, with Miss Theresa McGuire and Mrs. Agnes M. Hardinge, who is now dean of the College, as instructors. Three s ' ears later, in 1896, the Cook County Normal School property, our present location, was given to the Board of Education to maintain as a normal school for the benefit of Chicago and Cook County. In this way, we are successors also to the old Cook County Normal School, which had been organized in 1S67 at Blue Island and transferred to Englewood in 1869. The early history of the Cook County Normal School is of great interest, and forms a very important era in the growth and development of educational methods and the art of teaching. During the period of the principalship of Col. Parker, the school was the scene of many new enterprises and ideas which have since been adopted and have helped to make the school what it is to-day. Practice teaching under guidance of critic teachers and college supervisors had its beginning at this time. The practice school, in 1883, consisted of two rooms and one regular teacher. Each normal student was given an opportunity to teach successively for one month in all the grades.
Page 8 text:
COOK COUNTY NORMAL SCHOOL, 1903 m ife m r -• ' r B mkii ■ ' pl ' : " " vm ' i Iri " Sf? g - LT " " r ' iSi B CHICAGO TEACHERS COLLEGZ, 1912
Page 10 text:
The value of kindergarten training was appreciated, and was furthered by the efforts of the school. Manual training, too, had only a feeble beginning at this time, but was encouraged and enabled to gain the place it now holds in the schools. Strict adherence to the text-book was made a thing of the past, — field excursions for geographical investiga- tion and nature study became frequent. Oral work was recognized as the most important phase in the study of language and given a prominent part in the class work in all subjects. A faculty member of the school during Col. Parker ' s time has described it as a melting-pot of many new and wonderful undertakings to which time has given a permanent place in the school. In 1905, the old Cook County building was replaced by the one now occupied, and at present an additional new building is being contemplated. Cora Eckhoff. THE FACULTY ROOM
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