Brattleboro Union High School - Colonel Yearbook (Brattleboro, VT)

 - Class of 1949

Page 9 of 58

 

Brattleboro Union High School - Colonel Yearbook (Brattleboro, VT) online yearbook collection, 1949 Edition, Page 9 of 58
Page 9 of 58



Brattleboro Union High School - Colonel Yearbook (Brattleboro, VT) online yearbook collection, 1949 Edition, Page 8
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Brattleboro Union High School - Colonel Yearbook (Brattleboro, VT) online yearbook collection, 1949 Edition, Page 10
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Page 9 text:

MODERN VERMONT I-IANDICRAFTERS ERMONT, with all its breath-taking scenery and vast vopportunities for recreation, may seem to the out- of-stater a very enticing piece of Paradise. However, many of its inhabitants have discovered that it is impos- sible to make a living solely on landscape. Today one of Vermont's foremost headaches is the problem of keeping its citizens-those ranging from twenty to forty- five years of age-within its boundaries. The small in- come from farms and industries has not been sufiicient for many. Therefore, to earn an additional sum of money, these people, with the encouragement of the State Department at Montpelier, have turned to handi- craft. Even a special commission entitled The Arts and Crafts Service was organized in 1941 to work directly with these craftsmen. The state legislature also set up a revolving fund for those who might need supplies for their work in arts and crafts. One recipient of this worthwhile aid was a woman who lived in a densely-wooded area near the Quebec border. A mere loan of 356.19 enabled her to knit lovely, fleece-lined mittens. She profited considerably upon their sale in a smart New York shop where the Vermont Commission placed her items. Incidentally, she has encountered certain opposition in her new occupation. While her conservative husband is constantly exclaiming over what poor taste the New Yorkers have in purchasing -knitted products fmeaning her modernistic designsj, bears stubbornly persist in raiding her sheep. Being isolated far from a town or village in the middle of winter is no discouraging note to any crafts- man. Scheduled to give a demonstration of her expert spinning one day, Mrs. Gertrude Wheelock awoke to find a blizzard swirling about her mountain farmhouse. Thanks to the vigorous efforts of her class-to-be, she arrived in style by sled, bringing with her an ancient spinning wheel. The Martins of Plainfield, Vermont, owners of prize Merino sheep, have supplied Mrs. Wheelock and other craftsmen throughout the state with fleece for their various work. As a result of the family's close association with Goddard College, arts and crafts have become a pre- dominant interest at the school. ID ERHAPS one of the most memorable woodworkers of Vermont was Charles A. Smith, who lived on the cor- ner of Canal and Oak Grove in our own town of Brattle- boro. He specialized in the unusual art of making wooden clocks. Besides cutting the wheels and gears of birch and maple, he also built the inlaid cases and the hand letters for the faces. All of them operated by weights rather than by springs. No lubricating oil was ever re- quired to keep them running. Once they were properly sanded and finished, they "tick-tocked" for life. His most popular "No, 2 model", a wall clock, was 12" by 18" in size and retailed for about twenty-five dollars. In 1944 his output was more than fifty clocks. Another individualist in this field is Arthur Sweetster, a maker of split-ash baskets, a trade handed down from his grandmother. Indians who lived near her home had been her teachers. Her husband, Mr. Sweetster's Grand- father, never appreciated his wife's skill. One day when they went to market, she brought along her baskets. As she strutted into the store with her articles, her husband nonchalantly introduced her as "his squaw". Sweetster's grandmother was so angry that she didn't make any baskets for two years. "Shave and a haircut" arenit Napoleon F. DeGuise's entire list of talents. This barber in his spare hours whittles numerous figures of pine. His particular favorite is a country store scene complete with people, a cracker barrel, a checkers game, and a pot-bellied stove. Each of his figures is a caricature of a familiar face in his home town. Consequently, if an elderly friend were to visit him sometime, he would be likely to see a miniature version of himself staring at him from the collection. The artist's "models" have always regretted the fact that he didn't whittle his own image during the war years. He used to create a most extraordinary picture as he "put-putted" through the main streets of Waterbury on a bike to which a washing-machine motor was attached. Consuming only one gallon per 240 miles, his bicycle certainly conquered one war shortage. ILLPOWER and perseverance have brought one man wthe realization of his life's ambition. Even as a child, G. S. Malcarne of Wallingford had the inborn desire to build a forge of his own and to fashion self-designed articles from metal. Although he moved to Connecticut while very young and lived there many years, his hopes still did not vanish. Immediately after the War, he re- turned to Wallingford and proceeded to establish a busi- ness which is now called "Green Mountain Forge, Incf' At present, his work includes such innumerable fine pieces as the varied candle holders that contain from one to five candles. There are iron coffee tables and collapsible tray stands with tops of slate or Vermont marble. His work draws the interest of hardware stores as well as gift shops, because Mr. Malcarne has a lengthy line of colonial hinges in the H and HL styles, latches, and shutter fasteners. Recently there has been a spon- taneous demand for his newly-designed andirons, ire screens, and other equipment for the fireplace. Receiving now an endless supply of orders from all over the United States and Canada, Malcarne finds it unnecessary to ad- vertise extensively. Also famous in the field of crafts for her beautiful art of tying flies for fishing, Mrs. Hallie Galaise set off for California for a vacation away from her occupation. fC071fiI1llE?d on page 121

Page 8 text:

OUR FALLING WATER TABLE SHORT time ago, a friend commented about my being chosen as a class speaker. He asked, "What are you going to talk about ?" "Our Falling Water Table," I answered. He replied, "Why do you want to discuss a thing like that? It doesn't concern usll' It is this sort of indifference that is worse than the problem itself. More in the past few years than ever before, engineers have been becoming aware that the water table, that is, the depth to which one must drill to reach water, is increas- ing by leaps and bounds. Farmers in the San Joaquin valley have found it necesary to drill to as great a depth as four thousand feet to secure a suflicient supply. The famous King Ranch in Texas is finding it increasingly diflicult to maintain an adequate water supply. The drought in the fall of 1948 brought this fact home to us. All over the surrounding- country, wells that had never before given a bit of trouble were drying up, springs were going dry, streams were being reduced to a mere trickle, all this was so because we had thrown away, burned, and torn down Mother Nature's ingenious con- trivances that control water movement. We heedlessly cut trees, literally "skinned the forests", we plowed fields that should never have been brought into cultiva- tion, we pumped water from deep wells faster than it could possibly be returned to the earth. Every year nature stores 50,000 acre-feet of water in the earth, that is enough liquid to cover 50,000 acres one foot deep. Unfortunately for them, farmers in the Texas Panhandle withdrew 750,000 acre-feet of water in one season. That's fifteen times as much as nature can possibly put back. In the Elroy area of Arizonafs Pinal Country, water is being pumped out eleven times as fast as it can naturally be put back. In Maricopa County it is being mined eighteen times faster, while Arizona's aver- age is twice as rapid. Government geologists have found that, in southern Arizona, the water table has dropped 55 feet in 6 years. California is suffering the same fate. At Coalings, in that state, drinking water must be hauled from sources forty-five miles away. Why? Because the wells have been made so deep to find water that they have struck brine, thus destroying their use. Long Beach, California, resi- dents aren't importing water yet, but the thought of brine is giving them many a headache. Their wells are now as much as seventy-five feet below sea-level. Al- ready in possession of a two-mile beach-head, this salty invader is advancing at the rate of several hundred feet every year, townsfolk talk of constructing an under- ground concrete wall to halt this dangerous advance. BUT it isnlt only the West that is having this trouble. The water table at Louisville, Kentucky has dropped forty feet in ten years, at Indianapolis, it is down as much as fifty feet, Baltimore pumping had to be reduced at the beginning of the war because salt water had been struck. Philadelphia's water is tasting more like Epsom salts every year, Brooklyn's supply took on a rank, musty taste as the wells went thirty-five feet below sea-level. "Why ?" you ask. The reason is that, in this modern world, industries must have enormous quantities of water to maintain our present standard of production. European nations use as little as one-fourth as much water as we do, but compare the two standards of living! . There is a great demand for water in our country. It takes 65,000 gallons to produce a ton of steel-all is used chiefly for cooling purposes. Seven to ten gallons help to produce a gallon of gasoline. It takes fifteen gal- lons of water to make a gallon of beer. Eight hundred thousand gallons irrigate one acre of oranges. To grow an acre of wheat, and in order to provide the required water, it is necessary to flood the field to a depth of fifteen inches. When we get around to making synthetic fuel from coal or shale, it may take as much as 50,000,- 000 gallons for each industrial plant per day. Where is all this water to come from? Much of it will have to be taken from wells, for more than half of our daily sup- ply-20 billion gallons-comes from under ground. Enough water falls on the United States to cover the country to a depth of thirty inches. Unfortunately, it does not fall as evenly as that. There are areas in the Pacific Northwest, near the Gulf of Mexico, and in the Smoky Mountains, where as much as five feet of water falls each year. In California there are two kinds of weather-"perfect," which means all sunshine, and "un- usualfi San Diego calls itself "heaven on earth" because rain falls but nine days a year. Rain is rare in the South- west from May through September. The fertile land there is largely a reclaimed, semi-desert area that is culti- vated by grace of water taken from underground and from rivers. Things are coming to a pretty pass when a farmer must "milk" the clouds by sowing them with dry-ice pettets in order to obtain a sufficient water supply! LTHOUGH California and Arizona are running out of water, neither state has thought it necessary to adopt laws requiring as much as a permit for a man who wants to dig a well. These two states are not the only ones. Only eight have laws governing the use of underground water. In the others, a man is free to punch a hole down into the earth until he strikes water. If he drains off a neighbor's supply in the process-well, that's too bad! There's nothing any one can do about it. Most of the eight states passed their laws because of acute necessity. The Roswell Basin in New Mexico had great wells that yielded 9,000,000 gallons daily. By 1925, many of these had stopped flowing. The artesian water levels went down. As the water table sank, interest fclilllillllfd on page IU



Page 10 text:

THE BROOKS LIBRARY N the spring of 1821-about 128 years ago-when I the first bank of Brattleboro, now the Vermont- Peoples National Bank, was being established, there was another group of men and women actively engaged in organizing the first Circulating Library. Brattleboro was then 97 years young-the first settle- ment was made in 1724-and it is interesting to note that Guilford, at that time, was slightly larger than our fair town. In those days, it was said that Brattleboro was organizing a bank and a library merely to show that rival town that it, too, could grow. The first library was originally housed in the sarne quarters as was the Brattleboro Bookstore, which loca- tion now would be between the places of Dunham Brothers and Houghton Sc Simonds on Main Street, des- ignated as Hall's old "long building." Afterwards it was located in the Fisk Block, now where Lunden Sc Adams is situated, and later in the newly-erected Hooker Block. The new establishment held itself out to the public as accommodating all those people who wished to avail themselves of a "cheap mode" of reading. It contained about 500 volumes to which additions of later publica- tions were to be made as they appeared in Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and other places. This very declara- tion proves that the worthy citizens of Brattleboro ac- cepted a reading establishment as a good proposition and were striving to make it up-to-date according to standards of large cities in our vicinity. The terms of this honorable institution were as follows: to sub- scribers, the fee for one year would be 33.50, six months, 31.87, three months, 31.00. To non-subscribers or persons taking books occasionally, six cents on the dollar was levied. To companies or classes, formed from a different town and composed of not less than five in- dividuals, the tax was 3512.75 per annum. This class also had the privilege of borrowing two volumes to a sub- scriber at one time. One week was allowed for the read- ing of small volumes, while a two-week interval was granted for the larger ones. Persons living at a distance were favored by being permitted to keep a volume of any size for two weeks. A special fine was imposed on overdue books at the rate of three cents per day, and persons damaging, obliterating, or losing any volumes were liable for the value thereof. IN 1842 a meeting was called for the purpose of tak- ing measures to organize the Circulating Library into a Public Library. This ambition was realized as G. C. Hall offered the free use of a room in which to keep the establishment, a regular librarian was selected, and shares of stock were issued. In addition to organizing a public institution, the amount of reading matter was in- creased to 2,000 volumes from the extra amount of capital. E. J. Carpenter, proprietor of a bookstore on Elliot Street, took over the control of the library in the year 1855, and it was under his direction until 1882. During thistime, and while it was located in the Blake Block, now the Vermont-Peoples National Bank Building on the corner of Main and Elliot Streets, the great fire of 1869 occurred and caused severe damage, resulting in a loss of one-half of the volumes. After this catastrophe, the library was moved to the Market Block on Elliot Street, where it remained until the Town took over its management. The library's most generous philanthropist during these trying years was the late A. H. Bull, whose gift of S122,000, known as the "Bull Donation," was largely re- sponsible for the usefulness and strength of this estab- lishment. There was a condition in his will, however, that provided that the citizens of Brattleboro should in- vest JBSOO at the time of his offering. Other provisions were made by him: the library was at all times to be kept insured, no books were to be purchased except those approved by the Clergymen of the Town or a committee appointed by them fin many cities a similar aim, with respect to comic books, is being fulfilled todayj, the library was not to be kept open at all on Sunday, at the expiration of twenty years from the date of his will, November 16, 1852, the Brattleboro Library Association was to spend at least twenty dollars annually for books to increase the reading matter, the books given by the Bull Donation were to bear a special label distinguishing them from the others, the library was to be kept open every day and evening except on Sunday. If the Brattleboro Library Association failed to comply with any of the aforesaid rules and regulations, then the obligations would become void. AT a town meeting held on March 7, 1882, the voters decided to establish and maintain a free public library in Brattleboro. The next month the Town took over the books and property of the old Brattleboro Li- brary Association, and, during the course of that sum- mer, the lower part of the town hall was fitted up for public library purposes and was accordingly opened on September 18, 1882. The sum of 351,000 was also ap- propriated by the Town for the foundation and main- tenance of the library during that year. A meeting of the Trustees was held on May 15, 1882, just before the opening day, in order to plan and arrange for the operation of the Brattleboro Free Public Library. The hours it was to be kept open were from 9-12 a.m.g 2-5 p.m., 7-9 in the evening three days a week, with the exception of Sundays, Fourth of july, New Years, Thanksgiving, Christmas, and Memorial Day. Mrs. An- nie E. Fulton was chosen the first librarian and her im- mediate duties were to catalogue the library by the deci- mal system and to prepare a manuscript catalogue of

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