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Page 8 text:
OUR FALLING WATER TABLE
SHORT time ago, a friend commented about my
being chosen as a class speaker. He asked, "What
are you going to talk about ?" "Our Falling Water
Table," I answered. He replied, "Why do you want to
discuss a thing like that? It doesn't concern usll' It is
this sort of indifference that is worse than the problem
More in the past few years than ever before, engineers
have been becoming aware that the water table, that is, the
depth to which one must drill to reach water, is increas-
ing by leaps and bounds. Farmers in the San Joaquin
valley have found it necesary to drill to as great a depth
as four thousand feet to secure a suflicient supply. The
famous King Ranch in Texas is finding it increasingly
diflicult to maintain an adequate water supply. The
drought in the fall of 1948 brought this fact home to
us. All over the surrounding- country, wells that had
never before given a bit of trouble were drying up,
springs were going dry, streams were being reduced to a
mere trickle, all this was so because we had thrown away,
burned, and torn down Mother Nature's ingenious con-
trivances that control water movement. We heedlessly
cut trees, literally "skinned the forests", we plowed
fields that should never have been brought into cultiva-
tion, we pumped water from deep wells faster than it
could possibly be returned to the earth.
Every year nature stores 50,000 acre-feet of water in
the earth, that is enough liquid to cover 50,000 acres
one foot deep. Unfortunately for them, farmers in the
Texas Panhandle withdrew 750,000 acre-feet of water
in one season. That's fifteen times as much as nature can
possibly put back. In the Elroy area of Arizonafs Pinal
Country, water is being pumped out eleven times as fast
as it can naturally be put back. In Maricopa County it is
being mined eighteen times faster, while Arizona's aver-
age is twice as rapid. Government geologists have found
that, in southern Arizona, the water table has dropped
55 feet in 6 years.
California is suffering the same fate. At Coalings, in
that state, drinking water must be hauled from sources
forty-five miles away. Why? Because the wells have been
made so deep to find water that they have struck brine,
thus destroying their use. Long Beach, California, resi-
dents aren't importing water yet, but the thought of
brine is giving them many a headache. Their wells are
now as much as seventy-five feet below sea-level. Al-
ready in possession of a two-mile beach-head, this salty
invader is advancing at the rate of several hundred feet
every year, townsfolk talk of constructing an under-
ground concrete wall to halt this dangerous advance.
BUT it isnlt only the West that is having this trouble.
The water table at Louisville, Kentucky has dropped
forty feet in ten years, at Indianapolis, it is down as
much as fifty feet, Baltimore pumping had to be reduced
at the beginning of the war because salt water had been
struck. Philadelphia's water is tasting more like Epsom
salts every year, Brooklyn's supply took on a rank, musty
taste as the wells went thirty-five feet below sea-level.
"Why ?" you ask. The reason is that, in this modern
world, industries must have enormous quantities of water
to maintain our present standard of production. European
nations use as little as one-fourth as much water as we
do, but compare the two standards of living! .
There is a great demand for water in our country. It
takes 65,000 gallons to produce a ton of steel-all is
used chiefly for cooling purposes. Seven to ten gallons
help to produce a gallon of gasoline. It takes fifteen gal-
lons of water to make a gallon of beer. Eight hundred
thousand gallons irrigate one acre of oranges. To grow
an acre of wheat, and in order to provide the required
water, it is necessary to flood the field to a depth of
fifteen inches. When we get around to making synthetic
fuel from coal or shale, it may take as much as 50,000,-
000 gallons for each industrial plant per day. Where is
all this water to come from? Much of it will have to be
taken from wells, for more than half of our daily sup-
ply-20 billion gallons-comes from under ground.
Enough water falls on the United States to cover the
country to a depth of thirty inches. Unfortunately, it
does not fall as evenly as that. There are areas in the
Pacific Northwest, near the Gulf of Mexico, and in the
Smoky Mountains, where as much as five feet of water
falls each year. In California there are two kinds of
weather-"perfect," which means all sunshine, and "un-
usualfi San Diego calls itself "heaven on earth" because
rain falls but nine days a year. Rain is rare in the South-
west from May through September. The fertile land
there is largely a reclaimed, semi-desert area that is culti-
vated by grace of water taken from underground and
from rivers. Things are coming to a pretty pass when a
farmer must "milk" the clouds by sowing them with
dry-ice pettets in order to obtain a sufficient water
LTHOUGH California and Arizona are running out of
water, neither state has thought it necessary to adopt
laws requiring as much as a permit for a man who wants
to dig a well. These two states are not the only ones.
Only eight have laws governing the use of underground
water. In the others, a man is free to punch a hole down
into the earth until he strikes water. If he drains off a
neighbor's supply in the process-well, that's too bad!
There's nothing any one can do about it.
Most of the eight states passed their laws because of
acute necessity. The Roswell Basin in New Mexico had
great wells that yielded 9,000,000 gallons daily. By
1925, many of these had stopped flowing. The artesian
water levels went down. As the water table sank, interest
fclilllillllfd on page IU
Page 7 text:
Friends, Alumni, Faculty, and Fellow Stu-
E are the sixty-first class to graduate from the ivy-
wclad Brattleboro High School. Four years ago the
class of forty-nine entered the halls of B. H. S. at a mo-
ment when the entire world was gripped by a state of
chaos and turmoil. We are now graduating at a time
when all indications point to better days, and show that
the world will regain its footing on the tread-mill of
time. We realize, however, that this desired change can-
not be accomplished if we do not use our resourceful-
ness and our youth.
We must be ready to combat obstacles with which we
are not familiar. We must meet the challenges that life
presents. This is one undertaking in which we cannot
fail and must not fail, for we are the backbone of a great
nation-the greatest nation.
Tune: 'Cruising Down the River"
E'VE sailed along these last four years,
wled by a single star,
And through a sea of laughs and tears,
Its light has shone afar,
Our ships are made of book and thought-
Wherever We may steer-
No matter what new ports are sought-
One star will guide us here.
IAILING down the river, or strolling neath the moon,
Our thoughts of you will steal back through
The years like some sweet tune,
The melody of mem'ries will haunt us night and noon,
And days to come will weave a symphony from our old
The friends we made will never fade,
Though far away we roam,
Proms and games, familiar names
Will draw our hearts back home,
Golden days can't tarnish , they're always bright and
So, B. H. S., we'll never really say goodbye to you.
-Nancy Alice Fitzgerald
UNE hundred years ago another group of '49ers set
out to taste the wine of adventure. Their road was
unknown, untried, and almost unconquerable. Yet, with
determination and courage they succeeded in pioneering
-in developing a great part of our land.
Whether we be gold-seekers or goal-seekers, we must
have the initiative, the determination, and the training
to persevere. We will do our best to succeed.
We wish to thank the faculty for their invaluable aid,
advice, and unending patience. We will try to fulfill our
obligations to the townspeople of Brattleboro. We will
strive to safeguard and to preserve our homes and our
It is my pleasure to welcome you to these commence-
ment exercises and to ask you to share the feeling of this
class of nineteen hundred forty-nine.
-Anton jofeph Cazmpanella
Tune: "Forever and Ever"
FOREVER and ever
Our hearts will be true,
Dear school, forever,
We'll cherish you,
Now that we are parting
From your ivied walls,
We'1l ne'er forget you,
Tho' a bright, new future calls.
Forever and ever
We'll gladly recall
Days here where ivy
Grows green and tall,
The lessons youive taught us
Our future will bless,
So now goodbye,
Good luck to Dear Old B. H. S.
wE'LL hold sweet memories
For every heart
Through each year,
So we'll say goodbye to our
Alma mater, now,
And forever we'll keep her spirit dear.
-joyfe Lee LaFl4m
Page 9 text:
MODERN VERMONT I-IANDICRAFTERS
ERMONT, with all its breath-taking scenery and vast
vopportunities for recreation, may seem to the out-
of-stater a very enticing piece of Paradise. However,
many of its inhabitants have discovered that it is impos-
sible to make a living solely on landscape. Today one
of Vermont's foremost headaches is the problem of
keeping its citizens-those ranging from twenty to forty-
five years of age-within its boundaries. The small in-
come from farms and industries has not been sufiicient
for many. Therefore, to earn an additional sum of
money, these people, with the encouragement of the
State Department at Montpelier, have turned to handi-
craft. Even a special commission entitled The Arts and
Crafts Service was organized in 1941 to work directly
with these craftsmen. The state legislature also set up
a revolving fund for those who might need supplies for
their work in arts and crafts.
One recipient of this worthwhile aid was a woman
who lived in a densely-wooded area near the Quebec
border. A mere loan of 356.19 enabled her to knit lovely,
fleece-lined mittens. She profited considerably upon their
sale in a smart New York shop where the Vermont
Commission placed her items.
Incidentally, she has encountered certain opposition in
her new occupation. While her conservative husband is
constantly exclaiming over what poor taste the New
Yorkers have in purchasing -knitted products fmeaning
her modernistic designsj, bears stubbornly persist in
raiding her sheep.
Being isolated far from a town or village in the
middle of winter is no discouraging note to any crafts-
man. Scheduled to give a demonstration of her expert
spinning one day, Mrs. Gertrude Wheelock awoke to
find a blizzard swirling about her mountain farmhouse.
Thanks to the vigorous efforts of her class-to-be, she
arrived in style by sled, bringing with her an ancient
The Martins of Plainfield, Vermont, owners of prize
Merino sheep, have supplied Mrs. Wheelock and other
craftsmen throughout the state with fleece for their
various work. As a result of the family's close association
with Goddard College, arts and crafts have become a pre-
dominant interest at the school.
ID ERHAPS one of the most memorable woodworkers of
Vermont was Charles A. Smith, who lived on the cor-
ner of Canal and Oak Grove in our own town of Brattle-
boro. He specialized in the unusual art of making wooden
clocks. Besides cutting the wheels and gears of birch
and maple, he also built the inlaid cases and the hand
letters for the faces. All of them operated by weights
rather than by springs. No lubricating oil was ever re-
quired to keep them running. Once they were properly
sanded and finished, they "tick-tocked" for life. His
most popular "No, 2 model", a wall clock, was 12" by
18" in size and retailed for about twenty-five dollars. In
1944 his output was more than fifty clocks.
Another individualist in this field is Arthur Sweetster,
a maker of split-ash baskets, a trade handed down from
his grandmother. Indians who lived near her home had
been her teachers. Her husband, Mr. Sweetster's Grand-
father, never appreciated his wife's skill. One day when
they went to market, she brought along her baskets. As
she strutted into the store with her articles, her husband
nonchalantly introduced her as "his squaw". Sweetster's
grandmother was so angry that she didn't make any
baskets for two years.
"Shave and a haircut" arenit Napoleon F. DeGuise's
entire list of talents. This barber in his spare hours
whittles numerous figures of pine. His particular favorite
is a country store scene complete with people, a cracker
barrel, a checkers game, and a pot-bellied stove. Each of
his figures is a caricature of a familiar face in his home
town. Consequently, if an elderly friend were to visit
him sometime, he would be likely to see a miniature
version of himself staring at him from the collection.
The artist's "models" have always regretted the fact that
he didn't whittle his own image during the war years.
He used to create a most extraordinary picture as he
"put-putted" through the main streets of Waterbury on
a bike to which a washing-machine motor was attached.
Consuming only one gallon per 240 miles, his bicycle
certainly conquered one war shortage.
ILLPOWER and perseverance have brought one man
wthe realization of his life's ambition. Even as a child,
G. S. Malcarne of Wallingford had the inborn desire to
build a forge of his own and to fashion self-designed
articles from metal. Although he moved to Connecticut
while very young and lived there many years, his hopes
still did not vanish. Immediately after the War, he re-
turned to Wallingford and proceeded to establish a busi-
ness which is now called "Green Mountain Forge, Incf'
At present, his work includes such innumerable fine
pieces as the varied candle holders that contain from
one to five candles. There are iron coffee tables and
collapsible tray stands with tops of slate or Vermont
marble. His work draws the interest of hardware stores
as well as gift shops, because Mr. Malcarne has a lengthy
line of colonial hinges in the H and HL styles, latches,
and shutter fasteners. Recently there has been a spon-
taneous demand for his newly-designed andirons, ire
screens, and other equipment for the fireplace. Receiving
now an endless supply of orders from all over the United
States and Canada, Malcarne finds it unnecessary to ad-
Also famous in the field of crafts for her beautiful
art of tying flies for fishing, Mrs. Hallie Galaise set off
for California for a vacation away from her occupation.
fC071fiI1llE?d on page 121
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