Arsenal Technical High School - Arsenal Cannon Yearbook (Indianapolis, IN)

 - Class of 1934

Page 1 of 42

 

Arsenal Technical High School - Arsenal Cannon Yearbook (Indianapolis, IN) online yearbook collection, 1934 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 42 of the 1934 volume:

Q THE AR CANN I V N i I 1 I ig, X ll I: 0 l ,l'QcHN1E s, ? ' + .f' W1'rQv-f-fm Q V oy X ' f.'.'o y Y WE: zili m iaox Sli 53 1---' li if Q Q f 4 xmf05EALSf50 1 Q XUQLU H33-igpf' n E. 13115 " Ov 1 v L "'lf5lfll vi V JANUARY 1 9 3 111 VOL. FQRTY-TWO ISSUE SIXTEEN OH' tId l Id d Entered as Second Class Matter D ember 6, 1921 t the Post we the Act of March 3, . " ' ' even Y- ve cens 1879 Sb t t S t fm t t F t p O dll t b 1 DEW. . . H165 61 III l 2 THE ARSENAL CANNON THE ARSENAL TECHNICAL SCHOOLS Replete with Opportunities for Youth of Today Ye who believe in Youth that strives and learns and is hopeful, Ye who believe in the joys of the life that is lived to its fullest, List to the noble tradition still followed by students at Tech, List to the story of Technical, school of the happy. HE STORY of Tech is the story of a man with a vision-a man who from an inauspicious beginning, hampered by lack of proper equip- ment for the one hundred eighty-three pupils and eight teachers who reported in the fall of 1912, developed a great high school. lt is also the story of a man who, with the same ideals and vision, has con- tinued in the' development of this great school since 1930. After the confusion and strangeness of the first few weeks wore off, the pupils and teachers developed a feeling of camaraderie and good-fellowship foreign to the ordinary, modern high school. The proud mem- ories those old buildings held, the verdant growth of trees and flowerson the campus, the whole-hearted industry of the school are characteristic of Tech now even as they were during that first year. From the very first, Tech was destined for a great future. The school quarters spread from the Arsenal to the Electrical Building and then to other buildings on the grounds. The East and West Residences be- came the homes of industrious students. Long since, the East Residence has been razed, but in the West Residence, boys and girls still climb the circular stairs. The Arsenal is now, as it was when Technical be- gan, the nucleus of the school. In its remodeled in- terior are the general offices, the large library, assem- bly room, class rooms, and the book store. Munitions of war, a perpetual motion machine, wholesome and nutritious food-with equal patience the Artillery Building has housed all these, typical of the changes the grounds have undergone. In 1870, the martial tread of soldiers shook the wooden steps of the Barracks, now language and art students dash up those same steps to class. A barn is hardly the place in which to study Latin, but in tl1e old brick barn Latin-pupils now go to class. As Tech 'continued to enlarge, more room was needed. First came the Annex for class rooms, then the Main Building with the nurse's office, science and domestic science laboratories, and class rooms. The New Shops house the heating, lighting, and power plant for the entire school, the vocational shops, and the chemistry and physics laboratories. There are Old and New Portables. One of the most recent additions, the Auditorium- Gymnasium, has a large stage which affords would-be actors, orators, and musicians an opportunity to dis- play their talents. In the shadow of the Arsenal, a grove of trees, one for each of the two hundred forty-two Tech students who served in the World War, four of whom made the supreme sacrifice, was planted on Armistice Day, 1919. "Liberty Grove" will always keep fresh the memory of those who served their country. Back of the school buildings, the rest of Techls seventy-six acres stretch out in wooded land. A winding footpath leads to the athletic field. On one side, permanent bleachers with a seating capacity of five thousand overlook the one-fourth mile cinder track and the grassy football field. On the other, Poguels Run winds past with pastoral serenity. The Powder Magazine, a small brick building half hidden in the cool greenness of trees and bushes, holds military supplies for the R. OQT. C. By crossing on the rustic bridge, one reaches the tennis courts on the westiside of 'Pogue's Run. A short distance from the- tennis courts one may visit Tech's five-acne Nature Preserve, with its wild flower garden, where hundreds of flowers bloom, he may inspect the largeagricultural gardens at the north of the campus, or helmay Wander at will among the stately trees that everywhere shelter the grounds. Reminiscences of Technical as it used to be spring up naturally as one roams over the wide campus, but always there is evidence that the Arsenal Technical Schools are now a thriving institution for thousands of energetic boys and girls. ln 1912, the school quarters were the second floor of the Arsenal, lacking all the conveniences of a mod- ern high school, now they include twelve well- equipped buildings. That handful of beginning pupils has grown to 5,901, thirty-two times as many as in 1912 , and Techls present faculty numbers two .hundred forty-seven. During -the first 'four years the principal divided his time between Technical and Manual Training High School, today, besides its principal, the school has four vice-principals. The first three roll rooms have expanded to one hundred thirty-nine. But even as Tech has advanced in size, so has it enlarged its scope of opportunity. Instead of work in ten departments, it now offers training in sixteen departments, all broadened and enriched by extra- curricular activities. The Story of Tech 3 THE ARSENAL CANNON The English Department 4 The Stratford Literary Club Y ,f7'X . . g i. 1' gp 1.1 1 Demagorians SX? L. Y,1Yu:EngHsh,deparUnent Q- K QW- it Q Q, i N-,Q has one hundred ninety-two classes with an en- rollment of five thousand live hundred eighty-one pupils. Required work in the tirst six semesters trains pupils to improve their speech, to write with a rea- sonable degree oif accuracy, to understand some of the great literary classics, to become acquainted with present-day literature in both book and magazine form, and to learn to like using the library. Besides the required English courses, several ad- vanced elective subjects are offered in this depart- ment. English YllC is a course particularly adapted for those who plan to attend college and who need intensive drill in the mechanics of writing and in composition. English VIIB affords training in Eng- lish and composition for those preparing for business careers. For pupils with creative ability English VHIC offers opportunity to develop their talents and to practice niany kinds of writing. A study of early English literature comprises the course ot English VUE, and YlllE carries on the reading of English literature to the present time. English 'YlllA deals with American literature, while pupils of VlllL learn to read and enjoy the works of living American authors. A course in journalism, a prerequisite for the rllkwfildl Caiziminv stait, gives pupils instruction in journalistic writing and enlarges their knowledge and appreciation ot modern newspapers. The expression classes, composed mainly of pupils who wish instruc- tion in interpretive reading and in dramatic activi- ties, afford valuable training in voice, pantomime, and dramatics. Expression pupils often assist at pro- grams in the Auditorium. THE ARSENAL CANNON ki The Grammar Practice course should really be called 'CService Englishv, for pupils in these classes serve their English teachers and fellow-pupils by grading hurdles, the departmental tests, and by act- ing as assistants in English classes. In Social English pupils receive a social and cul- tural background for their future life by learning the methods and work of various institutions of the city and state, and by learning to appreciate iine arts. The Public Speaking classes, I and Il, teach pupils to express themselves logically, clearly, and effectively upon many topics, to develop their per- sonalities, and to acquire poise before audiences. Those pupils who are interested in the argumentative phase of speech take Public Speaking IIS, in this course are found Tech's debaters. The Demagorian Society is an extra-curricular organization composed of high-scholarship pupils who present programs' in churches and other institutions in the city. Advertising acquaints the pupils with the under- lying principles of advertising and gives them oppor- tunities to apply these principles to advertising cam- paigns. These serve to awaken student interest in various projects of the school. To supplement these courses and to increase in- terest in literature, the Stratford Literary Club pre- sents to pupils in English VI and advanced classes varied and entertaining programs. The Printing English course includes composi- tion, grammar, spelling, the history of the alphabet, the story ot' paper making, work of the scribes, the development of printing, and an acquaintance with such topics as History of Ornament, Wood Blocks, Inks, and Illustrators. Advanced Printing English makes it possible for printers to pass the English tests for apprentices. Tech at first had no paper of its own, the Man- ual Booster furnished news of "Baby Tech." Begin- The Tech Library ning with December, 1912, the Tech town crier read a hand-written paper, "Hear Yen, to the assembled pupils in Room 4 of the Arsenal, now Room 7. The irst printed paper appeared in 1914, and as a result of a contest, the paper was named t'The Arsenal Cannon", a title reminiscent of the days when Tech- nical was an arsenal. CKULIIOIL agents who sell sub- scriptions are appointed by roll room sponsors. Techis first library consisted of a set of ency- clopedias and a few gift books. Then, in 1914, a room in the Arsenal was set aside for book shelves, and the present librarian took charge. The library grew with the growth of the school, in 1920, it was given larger quarters. When the Arsenal was remod- eled in 1932, the library again traveled, settling in half the second iioor ot the Arsenal. Under the supervision of the librarian and her assistant is a group of girls who gain valuable ex- perience by taking a course in library practice. They also assist pupils to select books, check books, straighten shelves, catalogue new copies, and mend worn copies. They receive high school credit for their services. Advertising the Class Play N The English Department 5 THE ARSENAL CANNON . A Social Studies Department 6 THE A ARSENAL - CANNON i 1 1 A Class in World History II The Social Studies department is composed of ninety-six classes. Included in this department are: Social Studies I, Civics IIG and IIB, School Problems, Economic Geography, In- dustrial History, World History, European History, American History, American Government, and Gov- ernment Problems. To meet the requirements for graduation from Tech, a pupil must elect one year of American History and one year of any other of the social studies. Social Studies I, a freshman subject, emphasizes group life. Pupils are taught the necessity of being able to live and to work with others. This course aids the newcomers to fit into their new environment and to accept new rules and regulations as being necessary to the happiness and success of the majority of the group. It helps to prepare them later to take their places in their respective communities. Civics IIG, an occupational course, helps girls to decide the kind of work in which they wish to en- gage When they leave school. Frequently these groups are instructed by speakers from the Altrusa Club, who discuss the various occupations open to Women. The Civics IIB course for boys is in the nature of a vocational guidance course. The classes take trips over the school to learn about the kinds of Work offered in the various departments. In this Way the pupils are better able to plan intelligently their high school courses and to elect those subjects in which they are most interested. In Economic Geography the pupils become ac- quainted With the vast natural resources of their own country. They also study the indust1'ies of this country and of foreign countries. Considerable time is devoted to the trade relations of the World and to the various trade routes. This is a course that makes a Wide appeal to boys and girls who are going out into the business World from high school. Industrial History discusses the industrial devel- opment of the United States from colonial days to the present time. The study of history, for the most part, centers upon people in their relationships with one another and with the rest of the World. The courses are en- riched by supplementary reading and Works of his- torical fiction pertaining to the various periods of his- tory, a great many biographies being read. Many interesting and attractive displays are made by this department in the cases in the south end of the third iioor of the Main Building. The material exhibited consists of maps, historical car- toons, charts, graphs, book reports, notebooks, and departmental test scores selected from the various classes of the department. The test scores encourage pupils to enter into good-natured competition with one another. In several of the classes, history is brought down to date through frequent interesting discussions of current events. A pamphlet called "Uncle Sam's Diaryi' is issued weekly to pupils in American His- tory IIA, an accelerated class. The pamphlet ac- quaints them with the business before Congress, and discusses other political events of interest. The Social Studies department enters various contests. Last spring an essay, entitled SHOW Has the Paris Pact Affected the Sino-Japanese Dispute ?" written by a pupil, was adjudged the best essay sent in from all the high schools in Indiana. Pupils who are preparing to study law find a history major particularly helpful, as do others who desire a broad cultural background. All the Social Studies courses are a valuable training for citizenship. An Accelerated Geometry I Class The Mathematics department has grown in size from six to ninety-four classes. The present head of the department was the first and only teacher who taught mathematics during the fall semester of 1912. Beginning the spring semester of 1913, two more classes were added to the first six. As the school grew, more advanced courses were included in the curriculum until all the courses avail- able in high school mathematics and also a few col-- lege courses are now open to pupils. The courses now included are General Math I and ll, Algebra l and ll, Plane Geometry I and ll, Advanced Alge- bra, Solid Geometry, College Algebra, Trigonometry I and II, and sometimes, depending upon the de- mands of the students, Analytic Geometry and Cal- culus. Many interesting projects have been introduced into this department. In 1923 the Trigonometry Il surveying class measured and laid out Tcch's pres- ent football gridiron 5 and, last year, the parking area. In 1923 the first class contests in algebra were held, their purpose being to encourage the beginner in mathematics. These proved so satisfactory that each semester since that time Tech has continued thc contests. At the State Convention of 1930 the meth- od of conducting these contests was presented and discussed. It met withsilch hearty approval that the following year a state-wide contest in algebra was held. This contest project has now been enlarged to include geometry. It is pleasing to think that the idea that originated here at Tech is now being used and endorsed by other high schools in the state. This department has another unique project in the experiment of having large classes averaging one hundred or more to the class. The principal feature of this experiment is classroom technique which de- cides the success or failure of the class. It is worthy of note that these classes have exerted a great amount of influence on education in general. They have led many educators to believe that a class may safely en- roll more than thirty pupils without their work suffer- ing from this procedure. Another item is the Related Work. For twelve years in connection with shop 'courses vocational math has been taught. This, in the last two years, was revised and is now known as Related Work. Mathematics has not been taken out of the shop courses, but the applied part is taught in the new class. Commercial Arithmetic was taken over by the Mathematics department and carried on as such for about eight or ten years. When the Junior High School was organized, this course was disbanded, and in its place was put Junior Business Practice, in which the essential parts of arithmetic are given. This department has always made provisions for the classes to meet the needs of the pupils. All methods of differentiation have been used in the past, the department is still experimenting along this line. One of the principal features of caring for pupils is the lesson-sheet room, which offers one year of arith- metic and one of algebra. The pupil who has diiii- culgf in algebra may be assigned toddlesson sheets in arithmetic, it is possible for him to learn one year of math for graduation requirement. Likewise, if a pupil is absent, here he may make up the back work. At the senior commencement in June, the Math- ematics Scholarship Medals are given to the two sen- iors who have made the best record in mathematics throughout their four years of high school. The Math Department 7 THE ARSENAL CANNON ' V The Fine Arts Department 8 THE ARSENAL CANNON L V Advanced Drawing-Figure Composition The Fine Arts department, started twenty-one years ago, has grown up with Tech. It has about six hundred pupils, each in one of the drawing, stage-craft, make-up, costume design- ing, jewelry, modeling, theatrical costuming, or etch- ing and lithography classes. The various freehand drawing and advanced drawing courses have been all-time members. The stage-craft classes, started at a later date, did not reach their present form until the building of the Auditorium. Members of these classes learn the use of stage properties and take care of lighting and sound eifects for all dramatic presentations. The Make-Up and Theatrical Costume staffs, extra-curricular activities, made their advent three years ago. The Make-Up staff is taught the use and art of make-up. The Theatrical Costume staff is taught to design suitable costumes for the casts of the dramatic presentations. Students in jewelry classes are ably taught the principles of that vocation by actually making the articles used in that business. In modeling, pupils learn to model human iigures from clay and other modeling materials. The most recent addition to this group is the course in Etching and Lithography, started in 1932 when lithographic and etching presses were obtained. if - lf Mig Q gli 2. EW. ' 4 Egi",lp?F,5" EE: " i ff1 'a Ag! ,- I F ff ,N- X fd .lv---' X fn, -4 f f 7 't - f T Lyifgf, 4 A Printin an Etchin A Problem in Make-u j 'ff 4357 f y' '5 'g I g g P wr VT T f -- EE, ' 'tx ilk TE Ml S ji ENE? i 1, .1 ry 7, gan" 4- I T ff' - I ,WW Sig 4 lisa -L af. f - at, ff' X P 5' W' 'gilt liiifsas :J . X A , 1 x xx Er w in' l li-Ali The Graphic Arts department consists of three groups: the print shop, Com- mercial Art and Printing Design classes. In October, 1915, arrangements between the In- dianapolis Sehool Board and the United Typothetae and Franklin Clubs of the American School of Print- ing enabled Tech to install a thorough and practical printing course without cost to the pupils. Today, listed in the Graphic Arts department, it is a voca- tional eourse. The first-year classes learn the funda- mentals of printing, While the advanced pupils set up and print the Arsenal Cannon, the senior di- plomas, and other printed matter used by the school. Printing offers several opportunities for advance- ment to almost every type of person. Many of the pupils who have received their vocational ccrtiiicate oi' printing have been able to secure very profitable positions in the printing World. In the six classes in Commercial Art the pupils are prepared for commercial advertising and art. Another branch of this course is the Commercial Art Layout class which instructs the pupils in the princi- ples ot layout design, This class does the layout work for the Oamw-11, semester magazine. In Printing Design, a vocational course, the boys are trained to plan type panels and type designs, magazine covers, and advertisements. Cannon Artists and Printers , gg , e 2 I itil QE '55 ' -'O 1 ,as ' IA I r tl lllll I l , KT -i -af! 2 . ,H 45' xi -In the Print Shop 7 Q , , 4 My E 1 ,5 s. , f 1 W ' Y time-T5 P 4' -f , I-i W f ,l .f 5 YQQVEJ E W X ff Q X 53 Z The GraphicArts Department 9 THE ARSENAL CANNON 1 The Biological Sciences 10 THE ARSENAL CANNON The Science department, Z0010gY like Tech, began in a modest way. lts first class was one in botany, organized during the spring term of 1911. It recited in the old East Residence, now no longer on the campus. Now, in both the Main Building and in the New Shop Building the Science department has large laboratories for study and lecture rooms where it is possible to have demonstrations and ilius- trated talks. This department includes two sections: the physical and the biological sciences. The first zoology class was taught in the fall ot 1921. This science gives pupils a better idea of both animal and insect lite. They learn something of the technique of dissection and acquire a knowledge of the functions of the organs. This course is of great value to pupils who plan to specialize in medicine. Enrolled in the fourteen classes are four hundred twenty pupils. Five hundred three pupils are enrolled in the seventeen classes in the Botany department. Pu- pils study about the structure and functions of the different kinds of plants and learn to ree- ognize thein when seen in their natural environ- ment. ltlverything is done in a very systematic way. By means ot selt-made seed geriuiuators, pupils watch seeds grow from day to day. They make notebooks in which they have mounted their col- lections of leaves. ln display cabinets in the north C01'l'lLlOl', Nature Study Club Bvlany they have exhibits: nature al- manacs, leaf-books, diagrams of cell structure, various types of algae, cross sections of leaves, diagrams ol' seed struc- ture and ot seed germination, colored drawings of fruits and vegetables, and diagrams ot fertilization. In the spring ot 1919, the Nature Study Club was formed. its membership is open to all pupils interested in nature whether or not they take botany. Here kindred souls who "in the love ot Nature hold communion with her visible forms" enjoy interesting programs or take long hikes. Tech is most fortunate iu having on her campus an outdoor biology laboratory as well as a shrine for those who love Nature in all her forms-the Nature Preserve. Here Tech boys and girls learn to know at first hand the wealth of beauty provided by the native flowers off their state. This preserve consists of five acres. In this area the Botany department is trying to restore and preserve a large number of the species which constituted the original flora of the Indiana forest. Many of these species are now To date, transplantings have been quite rare. made f r o in seventeen counties in indiana and from seven other states. The "gardenv has over two hundred species. Chemistry was not introduced until the first semester of 1921 when three classes were organ- ized to meet in the West Residence. These classes lacked both iaboratories and complete equipment. The next semester, the New Physics Shop Building was completed, and the chemistry classes were well provided for. This department now offers two full years of chemistry with the last year being an advanced course. The present nine classes in chemistry enroll two hundred sixty-four pupils. The classes in Chemistry I and H study general elementary chemistry. Classes in Chemistry lll and IV learn about quali- tative and quantitative analysis. These courses are especially helpful to pupils planning to become phar- macists, physicians, or chemical engineers. Physics, first offered in September, 1914, is a science which explains the Why and how of many things, such as the moving picture, radio, automo- bile, telephone, locomotives, electric motors, pianos, pressure cookers, microscopes, and the X-ray. When time permits, such interesting experiments are dem- onstrated as the magic carpet, Tesla coil, perpetual saw, air suspended ball, and looking through iron. This subject is in- tensely interesting for any one who is curious to know why things work as they do. It is part of the preparation for those who expect to become me- chanics, electricians, or engineers of any kind, since it explains the prin- ciples involved in these various fields of work. The regular course is one year in length, but this may be followed with one additional year. Three hundred thirty-six Physiography Chemistry pupils are enrolled in thirteen classes. Physiography, an earth sci- ence, treats of the origin and development of conti- nents, ocean basins, mountains, plains, hills, valleys, waterfalls, and caves. It presents a study of the rocks and minerals of the earth and how and when they were formed. lt explains the phases of the moon eclipses, tides, and changes of seasons. Through an explanation of temperature changes, winds, and rain- fall, it gives 1'easons for climatic conditions and changes of weather forecasting. A knowledge of physiography adds greatly to oneis appreciation of the great outdoors. It is indis- pensable to the civil or mining engineer as well as to the geologist and the astronomer. In October, 1921, physiography was changed to a double-period laboratory science which has the same ranking as the other laboratory sciences. At present, there are two hundred seventeen pupils enrolled in seven classes. Among the first sci- ences offered Was a voca- tional science which did not meet the require- ments for high school graduation and college entrance. Because of its practical applications, physics met the needs of this vocational science and also satis lied the high school science require- ment. It, therefore, was substituted for the voca- tional science and was first offered in Septem- ber, 1911, with a part- time teacher in charge. The Physical Sciences 11 THE ARSENAL CANNON The Latin Department 12 Latin Club Six hundred eighty-three pupils compose thirty classes of the Latin department. During the first four semesters the pupils build the foundations of their knowledge of the Latin language. Grammar, vocabulary, and translations form the basis of their work. They become acquainted with many of the old Roman myths and legends, learn some of the ancient Roman customs and institutions, and be- come familiar with the history of Rome. Fourth- semester Latin pupils translate Julius Caesar's com- mentaries on the Gallic wars. Two classes are open to pupils who have taken Latin IV. One, Latin V and VI, translates the ora- tions and letters of Marcus Tullius Cicero, consul of Rome and called by his fellow-citizens 'Tater Patriaev, the father of his country, because he eX- posed a rival candidate for the consulship who plotted to overthrow the government. The other class, Latin VII and VIII, reads Vergil's immortal epic poem, the 'fAeneid'7, in Latin. This tale of the wanderings of the Trojan hero, Aeneas, is full of adventure and daring, wherein Aeneas sails over the Mediterranean sea, encountering many perils, and finally founding Rome. THE ARSENAL T CANNON German Club Many pupils in the Latin department are mem- bers of the Latin Club, which is organized to promote sociability among the pupils and to enrich their back- ground for the study of Latin. New members are initiated in solemn Latin ritual, and, clad in togas, receive the club colors, purple and gold. The club often presents plays in Latin, plays Latin games, and learns of Roman customs. Club oiiices are Patterned after the ancient Roman government: two consuls for presidents, a scriptor for secretary, aediles for mein- bers of the program committee, and a custos for sergeant-at-arms. The Modern Language department is composed of the French, Spanish, and German language classes, with their extra-curricular activities--their clubs. Enrolled in the nine French classes are two hun- dred iifty-nine pupils. The purpose of the French courses is to present to the pupils in simple form the essentials of French grammar, to give them a reading and a speaking vocabulary, and to teach them how to read, write, and speak the language. It also acquaints the pupils with a knowledge of French customs, history, institutions, and literature. French Club The French classes are enriched by the outside activity, Le Cercle Francais, which meets every two weeks in the Student Center. Interesting talks on subjects pertaining to France are given, and French musical numbers are enjoyed. Twice a year the club presents a short play in French. Techis Spanish pupils now meet in twenty-four classes, ranging from Spanish I to Spanish YIII. The work in the first four semesters covers the func- tional grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary ot the language, while the work in Spanish V to VIII, teaches the pupils to read and to speak Spanish ilu- ently, and to know something ot the country itself. They also become well acquainted with the his- tory and customs of Spanish-speaking countries in South Zlllil Cengal America, ,since in the tuturc closer connections with these countries is believed to be the aim ot the lfnited States. The main extra-curricular activity of this de- partment is the Spanish Club which has a member- ship ot about forty pupils. This group meets every Thursdaxv afternoon. Especially interesting pro- grams are presented, featuring talks on Spain or on some Spanish-speaking country. Songs are sung in - 1- 1. Spanish, Spanish music is played, Spanish holidays are discussed, an-d occasionally the members are en- tertained by Spanish dances. The German department has an enrollment of one hundred forty pupils. In the first two semesters of German pupils are taught the fundamentals of the language: how to read German script, how to Write it, how to pronounce and to spell German words, and how to write grammatically correct. They also learn much of the customs and history of Germany in their work, and pay especial attention to the present political situation in Germany. The last two semesters pupils are afforded the oppo1'tunity to apply what they have learned by translating such books of the German writers as Hillern's uI'I06l181' Als Die Iiircliew, Wildenhruclfs 'fDas Edle Blutv, Schiller's "lVilhelm Tellv, and Stornfs Nlmmenseef' Pupils in the German classes atlech correspond with the pupils enrolled in English classes in Ger- many, and many interesting letters have been ex- changed. The German Club, Der Deutsche Yerein, is oi'- ganized to acquaint its members with the romance of German history and the customs of the people to show them something of the beauty of the musical compositions of Goethe and Schiller. Modern Language spanish Club Department .v-5. 13 THE ARSENAL CANNON avfd P The Commercial Department 14 THE. ' ARSEN AL CANNON L In Bookkeeping I the pupils learn the funda- mentals of bookkeeping, and hon' to keep a very sini- ple set of books. In Bookkeeping II the pupils learn to handle a more complicated set ol books, also, the ivlx-vs and wherefores of partnerships. In Bookkeep- ing III they study corporations, in Bookkeeping IV, cost estimating, introducing thc voucher system of bookkeeping. By the time the pupil has completed the courses in all four semesters, hc should be equipped to go out as a bookkecper for almost any business. In Salcsmanship I the pupil studies the prin- ciples of salesmanship and selling at retail. During the second semester he studies outside selling or two phases of more advanced selling, specialty selling and selling at wholesale. Business Organization, a two-semester course, is a study in applied economics. It covers some of the fundamental economic principles of business. A study is made of different forms of businesses, such as partnerships, single proprietorships, and corpora- tions , the conditions that cause changes in business 5 stocks and bonds, laws of contracts, insurance, and some of the different banking systems. An Office Practice Class In a Bookkeeping Class The Commercial department was formed in 1914. During its entire first year only seventy-five pupils were enrolled. New it has three thousand live hundred iifty-one pupils, with classes in stenography, typing, bookkeeping, oiiice practice, filing, machine calculating, business prac- tice, salesmanship, and business organization. In Oflice Practice classes, the pupils receive ac- tual office training, and come to knovv and to be known by the various department heads. In Office Practice II the pupil is really a part ot a small, com- pact otlice-an office carrying on the work of a small city-Tech. Stenography IIVS, a special group, is made up of pupils who have made a high record in Stcnography III. Every year the department holds a contest in stenography and typewriting. The tivo best pupils from each class are chosen to enter. A letter is dic- tated, the pupils .making the most nearly correct transcriptions being the winners. The pupils in typ- ing copy from printed material for a specified length of time, the length determined by the grade olf typing. The ones having the highest per cent of speed and accuracy are the winners. As early as 1902 the question of a trade school was agitated in Indianapolis. As a result, on March 27, 1903, the The Arsenal Grounds were purchased from the govern- . ment for S15l,0O0. This amount was raised by popu- VOC3,t10Ha,l lar subscription. The proposed trade school opened in September, 1903, and offered courses in pharmacy, decorative painting, lithography, electric Wiring, and, later, applied sciences. This undertaking did not prove to be a financial success. The school was, therefore, gradually discontinued from 1909 to 1912, and the applied sciences were removed to Winona Lake. Thus the Winona Institute established the types of schools for practical education now carried on in the Vocational department, which is aided and in part supported by the state and Federal funds in accordance with the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917. Shops The vocational schools now include some of the largest and most fully equipped shops in the state. Here 1,680 pupils receive the practical training of their choosing. The courses include four-period vo- cational and two-period pre-vocational classes, one- period classes in related subjects, and one period in mechanical drawing. All vocational pupils are Woodworking Shop In the Foundry required to take mechanical drawing. Then there are two two-period pre-vocational courses in building crafts and metal crafts. The vocational division is subdivided into five departments: Building Crafts, Metal Crafts, Auto Shop, Electrical Shop, and Mechanical Drawing. The Building Crafts department includes six different shops: carpentry, cement, plumbing, wood and metal finishing, cabinet-making shops, and the mill room. Enrolled in this department are four hundred eighty-six pupils. The carpentry shop trains pupils in the funda- mental processes of constructing wood frame build- ings. Practical experience is provided through the erection of a small-sized house in their shop room. Other projects are dog kennels and full-sized play houses. In the cement shop the pupils are taught how to mix cement for the desired strengths. Here they make bird baths, flower stands, and stepping stones. 1 Examples of their handiwork on the campus are side- walks, cement fountains, and stepping stones. In the plumbing shop the pupil follows the i plumbing trade in as practical a way as possible. The 15 'THE ARSENAL CANNON P 4 'The 'Voeadonal Shops 16 THE ARSENAL CANNON first courses present the ,llllllllilllllllljfill details ol' plumbing and gradually advance to the proper layout ol' plumhing in the modern house. The wood and metal finishing shop leac-hes the pupils to mix and apply paint on new wood and metal. Pupils are also taught to retinish old furni- ture Hllfl to use the paint spray. The inill room pupils turnish the other shops ol' the department with lumber cut to specified measure- ments. This involves accurate knowledge on the part ol' the Workers of hon' to manage the up-to-date mill room machinery. Many line specimens ot cahinets and furniture are made in the c-ahinet shop. Much ol' the otiice fur- niture, such as hook-cases, eahinets, counters, and desks which are now in use i11 Tech came from this department. The more advanced pupils i11 this course make many custom-built cabinets. The Metal Trades department is composed ol' the pattern making shop, l3Olllllll'.V, machine, sheet metal, and Forge shops. The pattern shop constructs patterns for differ- ent articles, such as anvils, gears, machine parts, and many other useful things. Auto Shop p Pattern Making Shop The pupils in the foundry carry out the plans of the finished patterns. They set the molds, melt tl1e iron, and pour tl1e melted i1'on into the molds, tl111s making the article desired. These are mostly raw castings. l'upils in tl1e machine shop take tl1e raw castings made hy the foundry and shape, mill, drill, and other- wise finish them. Projects of this shop are the mak- ing of small tools, machine repairs, and general maintenance. lll tl1e sheet metal shop classes are taught the tuiulaniental processes of soldering and making use- ful articles from tin, galvanized iron, and other metals. Such things as ti11 cups, cake cutters, tin boxes, extensions for chimneys, and the like are made. The torge shop teaches pupils the art of heating metals to tl1e proper temperature for shaping, weld- ing, and heat treating into any form desired. The products are chains, c-hisels, screw drivers, ice picks, tire sets, and other practical articles. The two-year vocational course ill automobile construction and repair olters an opportunity to those pupils preparing theniselres for the automobile -. .. . three branches are again subdivided so that in reality there are six distinct channels leading to six kinds of work in industry. There are tln'ee series of courses. The first of these consists of five-period vocational work and con- stitutes the abackbonei' of the department. The sec- ond consists of groups of unit courses, integral parts of which are used in evening classes and in a few individual cases in day school. The third series con- sists of two-period pre-vocational and pre-engineering courses in electricity. In general the Work is administered in six-Week divisions. This is done by equipping rooms for a given kind of work and rotating classes through these rooms. Example: A second-semester pupil spends his time in a basic course which includes six weeks of elementary testing and measurements, six Weeks of foundation circuits, and six Weeks on rudimental operations and practical applications. In succeed- ing semesters rotation occurs in the same manner, but through such divisions as light and power wiring, motor control, machine testing, transformers, alter- nating current machinery, and others. The advanced courses include foremanship, junior electrical engi- neering, radio service, and public address work. 1 Electrical Appliance Service The Arsenal and the Quadrangle mechanicjs trade to do practical mechanical processes that aim to develop ability in the use of the correct tools and practices of the trade. The first three semesters are primarily for the purpose of learning construction, fundamental op- erating principles, names of parts, materials used, methods of servicing various units, clearances, and tolerances used in the many parts of the various units and the different types of each unit. The fourth semester is used to do actual repair work on cars and to learn to diagnose troubles in all the various units. , After completion of the two-year vocational ' course, the pupil may elect advanced Shop Practice , A and continue his experience in garage service. If the pupil's aims are toward aviation, after completion of the ttvo-year course, he may elect ad- vanced Shop Practice in Ground Mechanics. This does not train for flying. lt is primarily a repair man's course in construction and repair of the air- plane, its engine, and accessories. The organization of the Electrical department is adjusted to give opportunities for study and experi- ence in the major branches of the electrical field, namely: construction, service, and engineering. These 1... .... . .. .. .1 .1- The Vocational hops 17 THE ARSENAL CANNON The Agriculture Course 18 THE ARSENAL CANNON 1 1 r sells from the market house, located at the gardens, in the spring and on through the summer and fall all the products they raise to neighborhood customers and teachers. At the end of the season the vegetables are sold to the school lunch rooni at cost. The market house with a salesrooni and a prep- aration room was built in the spring olf 1926 as a project of the vocational carpentry shops. All nia- terials were 'furnished by the Agriculture clepartnient. Vocational ceinentry, painting, and architectural drawing helped in their relative positions. The Agriculture Club meets every Friday morn- ing in the classroom. Planning their program, the boys take charge of the business of the club. To give the boys more impressions of general farm conditions is the aim ot the organization. r All farni topics a1'e discussed, and trips are taken to places of interest: creameries, stock yards, packing plants, and model and ordinary farms. Practice in speaking before the other menibers trains the boys to present their ideas before farm meetings which they will later attend. 'i Agriculture Club and Gardens To instruct pupils in the rotation of crops, the value of fertilizers, the activities of bacteria, and the properties of the soil is the purpose of the course in agriculture. Classes meet in ltoom 71 in the basement of the Barn. Studying -dairy Work, horticulture, hog and poultry raising, the pupils learn how to solve general farni problems. Hot beds adjacent to the classroom are sown with the best seeds obtainable. Then the plants are set in cold frames in the school gardens. Asters, zinnias, and inarigolds were planted for the first time this year, while live tulip beds have been set out. Seedling trees are being planted back of the gardensg needy shrubs about the campus are being sprayed. Gardens were the first means of production in the early days of the class in 1913. Each boy taking the course had his own plot to'care for and study. After the World War it was taught as agriculture and the gardens were used by all for practical pur- poses and experiments. As the crops are put out in seasonal succession, they ripen at different times. 'l'herefore, the class Class in Cooking ' v Q, An opportunity for every girl to learn the practical arts of foods and clothing is offered in the Home Economies de- partment, which began in September, 1912, with sixty-one pupils enrolled in three sewing classes. The first Foods class was founded in September, 1914, and was for girls only, but in September, 1930, a class for boys was begun. With this beginning the department progressed rapidly until at the present time there are eleven hundred thirty-five pupils in forty-six classes. Courses offered in this department are: a gen- eral course in Home Economics for junior high school girls, courses in Clothing, I to IV, Foods I and II, Home Economics IS-meals and table service, and Social Practice. Advanced technical courses are offered in Dress- making I an-d II, Millinery I and II, and Foods III and IV fBake Shopj. Boys may take Foods I, II, III, and IV. However, many pupils do not wish to major in Home Economics, but merely desire to take only one yearts work. To these pupils certain courses in foods and clothing are offered. Home Economics Club Class in Sewing One of the most interesting divisions of this de- partment is the Foods classes for boys. They not only learn to cook delicious food, but they also study etiquette, table manners, and other phases of being a courteous, refined young man. A comparatively new class, begun in September, 1932, is Social Itractice, offered to freshman girls. A two-semester course, it is the study of good taste in dress, manners, and conduct. Vocational Sewing and Millinery classes hold spring exhibits, displaying dresses, toys, pillows, scarfs, hats, gloves, lamp shades, fashioned by the pupils, and renovation problems. Last spring marked the eighth exhibit of this kind. A new feature of the Yocationa-ls Sewing exhibit was the display of suits made by the girls for needy youngsters. The Needlework Guild supplied the money with which the material for the suits was pur- chased, and the girls bought materials and made the suits. Thus, the Home Economics department teaches, aids the needy, prepares pupils for business, and makes better men and women of its members. 1 - - .-.- Home Economics Department 19 THE ARSENAL CANNON l. The E 1 - 4 V it S buildings. After spending much time and effort, one of the boys in Architectural Drafting developed the finecampus maps offered for sale in the financial office. q Drafting As most mechanical and architectural advance- ment in the world today is made first on paper in the Department I'orn1 of a drawing, and because most products olf any D shop. are made 01' repaired from a drawing or blue- print, the universal language of drafting is essential to a technical education. For this reason, mechanical drawing is required as an allied subject with most shop work. Several boys from Tech who entered the drafting field have attained unusual success and have monu- ments to their efforts in the form of buildings. The supreme reward for labor in drafting is that from only a blank sheet of paper and an idea, led by a little knowledge and technique, grows a real and substantial monument to that idea in the form of a Architectural Drafting beautiful house, office building, or machine. v J-W , ,ir PRQQRIESS r iii. if --- . Aaeiaiaasm - ,,. ll! e Il g ll 2 . if it sgsngiigi F, -.,. f 1,-ana llll lil e lpigi ig ll EEE? ' ll lllli ,H-fp ' E l1lIEll:L,t,aisff' ' -- . - 4 em, . sam. f t't"'r-v-mzhiii? :- .T f The Drafting department has twelve rooms and complete equipment to accommodate two hundred fifty pupils every period. Instruction in this department covers practically every phase of drafting, from simple mechanical drawing and blue-print reading to the designing of homes and machinery. The Machine Drafting and the Architectural Drafting courses were organized ten years ago. The latter was evolved from a two-period course called Building Arts. Both courses were converted into four-period classes to conform to Federal require- ments for reimbursement. Offered during the pupil's senior year, they have proved an advantage to the career of many drafting students. Special courses are adapted to the various shop works chosen by the pupils. The advanced classes in Architectural Drafting and Machine Drafting, besides their study of house and machine design, have de- 20 signed many improvements about the campus and Machine Drafting THE ARSENAL CANNON L 1 i The state law requiring two credits in physical education went into effect at Tech, Septem- ber, 1932. Several courses are offered in which health is taught. In the hygiene and home nursing classes, pupils are taught the proper treatment for the sick. The pupils in the home econom- ics and dressmakiug classes are instructed as to the cor- rect selection ol' l'oods and clothing. Physiology e mb o d i e s the science of correct living, which implies a knowledge of the hygienic care as well ' ' sg Q0 7 i -L ?gfL'.- j' X ww-M, f . V f is pp 232 gl S f 1 F5 M!00l0lIllI0 X sk a' , if . as the physiological functions of the body. Emphasis is placed upon the correct selection of foods, the proper amount to eat, and the ways of exercising and of creating a feeling of health consciousness which is so vital to man's well-being. The girls' physical training classes offer an all- round athletic program to those enrolled. Games of volley ball, indoor baseball, basketball, and other sports are regularly conducted. In the spring and fall hundreds of girls compete in the tennis tour- nament. A physical efliciency test which includes run- ning, jumping, tumbling, dancing, an-d all kinds of acrobatics is given to the girls. Corrective exercises, which are performed weekly in one class, are of spe- cial healthful benefit. For distinguished work in girls, athletics, monograms and A. T. S. buttons are awarded. Annually the classes have a Play Day when Girls in Physical Education the girls compete in basketball throws, hop-step-jump, soccer kick, relays, high jumping, broad jumping, and fifty-yard dashes. Ribbons are given as awards to the three highest in each event. Every day for forty minutes eight hundred one boys meet in the boys, physical education classes to develop their speed, agility, accuracy, strength, and endurance. They practice the broad jump, the high jump, and the fifty-yard dash. Indoor sports consist of volley ball, soccer, bas- ketball, chinning-the-bar, high jumping, and baskets- per-minute. Outdoor sports consist of baseball, track, tennis, and field events, performed on the practice recreation field. Special recognition should be given to the First Aid department which is supervised by a trained nurse who is registered by the Indiana State Board, and who has had Public Health experience. Four rooms make up this division: the dental clinic, a rest room with cots for girls, a rest room with cots for boys, and the oflice. The work of the First Aid department includes treatment for cuts, burns, bruises, sprains, observa- tion of skin eruptions and sore throats. The student assistants are selected from the Nursing I classes on the basis of scholarship, person- ality, attendance, and interest shown in the nursing profession. A medical inspector is sent to the school on Tues- days and Fridays by the City Board of Health. He advises, but does not prescribe. He refers the pupil to the family doctor or clinic for necessary treatment. Football returned to the city schools after a thirteen-year absence, the fall of 1920. Tech was just as enthusiastic then as it is novv, and it showed T i Physical Education Department 21 THE ARSENAL CANNON l P 1 Physical N Education Department 7 f aaa .1 1 f 3 1 llluit in ll, tltl 'lllll' wwrfonu 2 v my ' 9 W, Q 52 wf Z C F N DOOLE I 09, The 1933 Football Squad FFOHI left P0 right, the PIRYGYS 0 ff1'0Ht FOWD ness are two ot the qualities taught on the football Edward Meredith, Wilbur Bohne, F man Danner, . I 1 r V b . I E 91 ' Y 1, I Carl Nickerson, George Murphy, Bob Warner, John liclc tiat any usimss man ronsic eis necessary .oi Rabold, Jack Woerner, Byrl Hamilton, John Tearney, suooegg, Myron Brown, Louis Parnell, Csecond rowj Coach John 7 , , Mueller, Assistant Coach Houston Meyer, Kenneth The season s scores for this year s football team Gasaway, Jack Reidy, Tramer Schreiner Don Staley, , , . fir, -9 W, , , f-. rw , p 4 Joe Edwards, Andy Pagach, Philip Reisler, Theodore mem' lull, SU xumlstlel 7' ledligl' Morton of Sirk, Athletic Director Fred Gorman, fthird rowj lllclmlondf 03 Tech, 6, MUDCIC, 133 19011, 13, Man' arles Golden, George Conley, Elmer Bland Herman . . fi . . rp 1 24 I7 If Decker, Tom Snyder, Bruce James, Bozidar Stoshitch. ual, 0' lech' 197 Cfathedral' 14, ec 1, ' wang Ort, G, Tech, 6, Washington, 7, and Tech, 13, Short- W- ridge, 0. sw? The season's scores for the reserve team were: Tech, 6, Manual, 0, Tech, O, Cathedral, 195 Tech, 0, its ardor by winning the city series for 1920. This Sho,-tl-jtlgo, 65 and Toon, 6, Sgutlipgrt, 14, fllklll 1l.lCCll C'l'OWflS C'llCCl'Cfl tll0ll' f00tl3?lll Sqllad. to 21 The fl-Qghnlan football spores XVQTC: Tgeh, Q, VOTE' 5110003513111 Season- Manual, 7, Tech, 7, Cathedral, 0, Tech, 6, Short- Football is one of the few sports that helps to ridge, 13, Tech, 0, Washington, 13. develop every part of the body. Passing and tack- Golf is a new sport at Tec-h. ln 1930, it was ling emphasize the importance of thc shoulder and first recognized as a major sport. In the spring, the arm muscles, while running and kicking stress leg season is initiated by an open school tournament held movements. Blocking also brings many of the at one ot the municipal courses. Any boy is eligible muscles into play. to enter this tournament without cost, and the out- Football is also one ot the best of present-day Standing players are chosen for the team. mental trainers. On the gridiron the game may be The golf teams play a schedule ot twelve games won or lost by the good or had judgment ot a player. with other high schools of the state. The season l+lach player must know his correct position for each is closed late in the spring by the state tournament, play, and he must be ready to take care of any nn- which, last year, Tech won. The team also won the usual or unexpected situation. Alertness and ability North Central Conference Golf tournament with a to diagnose the opponentls points of power and weak- four-man-team total of 655. 6 ff' ilk' ,mo f , ff? ':21"1 ite- Jl at 5 'Leg L - tj, 51 . . ,.,. gee, silk 1 f..... --ggi ,oou , N . N Q ,. ' ' 'U . 7' ft A. V 1, "i-, "i' EL- 5 J A fm .lt U e f- , , 2 X y X ' ".'f 2, 111 if 1- ' , . ,:.. , :F lor .sa - 'ia - f ,. .,, . o ..2g.-."t Q ' -,L wmmn some THE ARSENAL CANNON Ln 1' KN as RN Q xy QXN .lx X . . N Y X m :y XT :ge 2 fi ..ir f U l-E CD l-4 P-J C v-. rn 9-7 r. rf W O '1 -v- rr C7 535 -r Ui f-e- Q Q5 9 52' UQ 5 ,.. D ,... 5 UQ 'TQ CJ 2 7 lag' at Tech. This year the team completed a very suc- cessful season. . Each spring Tech is host to racquet wielders competing in the North Central ,Tennis Conference which brings together the best of the younger players in the state. Last spring Tech won the singles and the doubles in the conference. Very interesting matches are held with the other schools of the city, and rivalry runs high. The team also plays matches with teams out of the city. A letter is awarded to any boy wl1o has been on the team three years. The eight tennis courts, which are available to any pupil interested in the game, are kept in perfect playing condition during the tennis season. Basketball has played an important role in the sports activities of Tech. Every year nearly five hun- dred boys report for basketball practice. Out of this number, one hundred are chosen to fill the positions on the freshman, reserve, and varsity teams. Basketball provides excellent exercise and train- ing. It develops the pupils both mentally and phys- ically, training the mind and muscles to coordinate. Tech is a member of the North Central Indiana Basketball Conference which is an association olf the strongest teams in the middle and northern por- Boys in Physical Education tions of the state. The schedule for the team is made up with these ten teams and with the other strong teams from over the state. One of the primary interests in any sport is to further bodily development, this Tech's track team tries to have for its first aim. An interesting chart, bearing the name of each track man and marked off in spaces for all forms of track, such as long and short distance running, vault- ing, and shot-putting, has been devised. In these spaces the coach inserts the times or distances a boy has made and a certain number of points in propor- tion to the excellence of his attempt. Although this system is in use throughout the athlete's career, it is stressed mostly in his freshman and sophomore years where he runs the whole series of events before re- peating any one event. A boy at Tech stays out for track because he enjoys the members of the team and because he likes to run. In keeping with this same spirit, no one is ever cut from the track team, and everyone has an equal opportunity to run. Because of this system, Tech's track team always stands high among other track teams in the state. Tech's track team this year had a most successful season. The season's scores were: Tech, 15, Man- ual, -LO3 Tech, 15, Warren Central, 40, and Tech, '51, Washington, 34. 'if AQ H751 1, W .Ap JV' ,-f"f'0 ,M i lr fi tri 4 FQG'-'?,I'6? rpjfwgdflxiia I if. W V iw. 'B get KTSJRM it 1. 2 fjfj Qi "ex N5 F Tiana xv ,,,f. ""'L1,,,q CIA J, X up VJ, V M-Jfjuft 4- Y ' 7' lf ,U ' Gap. X. fi e fi at get , -f Xl f' 1 f , A 'Q' , A vi Y Y VVX-A fhiffl' I ..-.: ' 47 4 'Y V ., -,f,.-f-""- Q V ,7 f X Z Q, 14 t " Physical Education Department 23 THE ARSENAL CANNON . J. Military Training 24 THE ARSENAL CANNON Non- Commissioned Officers Unit Instructor: Sergeant Chester A. Pruett. Senior Ofiicers: Cadet Colonel William Feeman and Cadet Lieutenant Colonel George M. Messmerg Cadet Majors William Kendrick and William Hume, battalion commanders, Cadet Captain Robert Hick- man, personal adjutant to the Cadet Captain, and Cadet First Lieutenants Wallace Buenting and Lewis Douglas, adjutants for battalion commanders. Tech's R. 0. T. C. . was instituted in September, 1919, the training at that time being compulsory tor all boys. The unit consisted of about two thousand cadets, with seven instructors in charge. lin 1921, the subject was made elective, and the enrollment was about sixteen hundred. lt was then that a Captain was put in command, and four ot the instructors were relieved. It was also in that year that the first Annual Inspection was held. Tech won the red star for the honor unit in the Fifth Corps Area, a precedent that has not yet been broken. Each year for twelve consecutive years, a red star has been attached to the streamer of victory. In 1930, the present instructor, who was as- signed to the Tech unit in 1920, was placed in com- plete charge of the unit with another non-commis- sioned ofheer assistingg in 1939. the latter retired, leaving only one instructor at the school. Commissioned Officers 1 1 i 7 D The unit has participated in many interesting events. lt took part in the parade in 1923, given in honor of the last t'ommanding Officer ot the A. E. F., Major-General Ryan. in 1927, over four hundred fifty boys were in charge of traffic and acci- dent prevention on the East Side, which had been swept by a tornado. ln 1932, the unit formed a guard ot honor for its Commander-in-Chief, ex- President Herbert Hoover. The R. O. T. C. unit of this semester has con- sisted ot tive hundred eighty-one boys, with thirty-six commissioned and one hundred thirty non-comn1is- sioned officers. ltitle practice is held on the fourth Hoor of the Main Building, where the Tech Rifle Range is lo- cated. The uniforms and supplies for all the city units are issued from the Magazine which is located near the football field. A former Colonel oi the Army is in charge. In the course of this semester the unit has taken part in the following events: lt has furnished guides for the Freshman, Mid-Course, and Senior Open Houses, and for all football games played at the Tech field, it has provided most ot the ushers for the Auditorium exercises and other school activities. The senior otlicers ot the unit attended a ban- quet given for them bv the Reserve Officers' Asso- ciation. Armistice Day, the ex-service members of the faculty presented the school with a. new silk flag. This may be used by the unit for parade and cere- mony purposes. The school board presented a new Hag which was received with military ceremony on Armistice Day. This Hag is to be raised each day on the Tech tlagpole by designated lt. O. T. C. boys. The unit received its twelfth red star for win- ning the Spring Inspection of 1933. At the beginning ot the semester the O. D. shirt and breeehes were replaced by white shirts and long trousers. - -. . ...... .... X Tech has its own organization olf Gamp Fire Girls and Girl Re- serves that meet once a week on the campus. The Camp Fire group, a new organization at Tech, was formed only a year ago. In its meetings, the girls do handicraft work and study nature, trying not only to improve themselves, but to help other girls to be happy and helpful. The Girl Reserves, organized for Tech pupils in 15123, has two groups: freshman and upperclassman. The members strive for three ideals-the physical, the mental, and the spiritual. It was for just such group meetings and school activities as these that the school needed a Student Center. The school likewise needed adequate offices for the Dean of Girls. These needs were met in December, 1932. The rooms which are used as ofiices for the Dean of Girls-tlie large room as a reception room and the small one as a private office-are at the disposal of all groups of the school at all times. The Dean of Girls has meetings each semester with different class groups of girls. Special groups are called in for round-table discussions. The usher staff hold its meetings here. The sponsor room system includes one lmndred thirty-two underclass, one post-graduate, and six senior rooms. Each room is supervised by a member of the faculty to whom the pupils report every day for a period of twenty minutes. Here the roll is taken, the school bulletin is read, and absences, tar- dies, transfers, and other details are taken care of. The pupil stays in the same sponsor room for three years. On receiving the minimum numloer of twenty- four credits, including requirements, the pupil is ad- mitted to one of the six senior sponsor rooms. Here the same procedure is taken except for the fact that the six rooms organize as the senior class, each room elects officers, and the combined thirty otlicers form what is known as the Senior Council. The seniors have two plays a year, a Glass Day, class party, and special assemblies. Included in the commencement activities are the Sunday vesper serv- ice and the two graduation exercises when special Girls The book store is a large, fully equipped room in the basement of the Arsenal, with three distribu- tion windows. A faculty member is in charge. There are the two pupil lunch rooms where live lunch counters operate during the three lunch peri- ods, serving thousands every day. Here is offered at an unusually reasonable price every kind of nour- ishing food necessary for the development of young minds and bodies. The faculty has its own lunch room where the same prices prevail. The well organized student tratlic system which takes care of the traffic in the buildings and on the campus, the evening program each June when voca- tional certificates arc awarded, Honor Night, held in June, when all honors won throughout the year in classroom, extra-curricular activities, and sports are recognized, and senior scholarships to various col- leges are awarded, the general, the attendance, and the tinancial oflices, Auditorium assemblies, and numerous other activities and groups are all a part of the life of Tech. Every year Tech parents are introduced to the school at a series of Open Houses: freshman, mid- course, and senior, at which time the pupils acquaint their parents with their activities, friends, and teachers. Here Campfire and TTICPC medals and scholarship awards are given. Student Center 25 THE ARSENAL CANNON The Music Department , in , 7- 26 ,A 'ev MN .XJ XJ, , ,fl fy! 7 TL.. Double String Quartette Madrigal Singers Back in 1912, music made its debut at Tech with a chorus of twenty members. These young people assembled for practice in "Splinter lilallv, more connuonly known to Tech pupils today as the third floor of the Arsenal. Two years later, the present head of the Music dc- partment caine to Tec-h to take charge of this work. 'Under her enthusiatie guidance the Music depart- ment has grown to include approximately Httecn hun- dred pupils in forty classes. Tech does not confine itself to the usual ele- mentary courses in music. lt was the first high school in Indianapolis to add Harmon y on a credit basis to its curriculum. In 1915, Music Appreciation was included in the course. This subject makes it possi- ble for one to enjoy the real beauty of music in its various forms, even though he is not an accomplished musician. Out of Music Appreciation grew the- pop- ular and instructive Music Memory Contest, intro- duced into the three high schools by the director of music in the city schools. . Another valuable addition to this department has been its outside music. This provides a Way for pupils to obtain credit for private lessons outside of school. Meetings are scheduled at intervals and re- ports concerning their progress are turned in by the pupils. The Music department likewise abounds in a wealth of activities, such as the various orchestras, bands, Double String Quartctte, Girls, Crlee C'lub, Boys' Glee Club, Tech Choir, Girls, and Boys, Con- cert Clubs, Madrigal Singers, and a Mixed Chorus. At present Techls Music department has four orchestras, ranging from the Beginners' Orchestra to the Concert Orchestra, with the Junior and the Boys' Glee Club 4 THE ARSENAL CANNON 4 Senior Orchestras supplementing. The reason for four organizations is to make it possible better to distribute the players in order of their abilities to play and to build up the playing quality of those in the lower orchestras. The pupils in these groups have the Concert Orchestra as a goal toward which to strive. Owing to the large number of pupils wish- ing to join the Junior and the Senior Orchestras, the Beginners' Orchestra and the Concert Orchestra were organized in 1930. The Beginners', Junior, Senior, and Concert Orchestras offer a half-credit per semester. The Concert Orchestra always furnishes the music for the senior plays and for the Tech com- mencement exercises. Another phase ot the instruction in music is the training afforded pupils in Techis four bands, named in order of their ranking: Concert, Senior, Junior, and Beginnersf Tech's first band was organized in 1915. In large part, it Was made up of boys who were members of the News Newsboys' Band. The Concert and the Senior Bands are called the Military Band, its members wearing military uni- forms which are issued to them each year. The Con- cert Band is composed of forty-nine capable musi- cians, Senior Band has an enrolhnent of forty-eight pupils, Junior Band, sixty players, an-d Beginners' Band, thirty players. The Concert Band usually furnishes the entry music at Techts auditoriums. The hope of some day becoming a member of the Concert Band causes every pupil to work his hardest in the other bands. No football game would be considered complete if it were not for the large one-hundred-piece Mili- tary Band, which is recruited from the Concert and Senior Bands. This band marches before the games and during the halves, under the direction of a ca- The Music Department Boys' Concert Club . y p Q -r Girls' Concert Club Girls' Glee Club .THE X, ARSENAL CANNON - 27 I V t it X A In The C Music Department Concert Band puble clrlllll-lllzljor. The rousing Teeh song is plzlyecl lar school perioil to this work. This 1l111S1CHl grollp by the hand wllenerer any points are gzlinell by Teell. often pleases the 3SS0HllblKY in A11Lll'lIOl'lll111 by singing '.l.l.l'lG b3I1Ll 2llSU at llll? close of Iflll g'HH16S. Qyiginal Sgngg tg Sonja Occasion. Thls Wm' 3 German BM has been Orgamzed' The Boys' Glee fillllll was organizecl in 1915, lil MUS fmflll HN PWCC ballfl lids Uulelmluefl dllfelenl 1929 the Boys' Concert Club, eonlposecl of il group Olgalffiatlollsl Ol the Sdlfifil Ellllfmglnlillt Tillliilll' 1 of select voices, was liO1'1IlCC-l, and ill 1932, the Mad- ie lll' 140116 't K' l llrn 3 e: C610'lJEi 911- - . . D ll H el 1 U, lil N P lu 1'l,,Q!2ll cllllb, eoniposecl oli three hoys Zlllll three girls, tertainnient llll' lecll pllplls. 'll11S group IS fre- V , , . . V . , . ' . , I , A was Fl2ll'JECll. ll11S Clllll Sl11gS old TU11gllSll songs XVll1Cl1 quently 1llX'IlLUll to appear oll 1'Jl'0gl'2U11S alt il0Wl1-t0XVl'1 . . . ,' , zlre ezlllefl nlzlclrlg'zils, Plllll which COllStll'lllGLl a source organizations, wllere they have 'representecl the school . , . ,, . . of clellght for tlle ,lU11g'llSll people. llle group always ill 21 inost clellghtful nlzlnner. . . . , . . ,, V,. , 1, e, slts at Sl tahle wllen It slugs, as do the l',llgllSl1 singers. lhe Girls' Cllee Club has Grown froni sollle eleven ' U I 1901 tl 'l' l Cl ' ll 'lt tl V' nieinloers to ill large class ol UIIC l1ll11Ql1'i-Xl severity-nve. H 'O' P It ' H I lou WB ll I Ll 0 le 0100 These pupils, wllen first 01'gE1lllZCil, niet in the girls' llcpmtmcnt' gylnnasilllll fll'lZCI'SCl100l. O'l't01l'llIQ girls were ollligecl FWF Ylvlllllsfs, two V10ll-Nts: 211111 two Gelllsfs to can-5' lmlfc,-HS, -for it beczunc lim-k before tlwy Com- COIIIIJUSC the Double Sll'lllg Quartette Wlllvll provides pletecl their lJI'2ll'llCil11g. Xow lhe girls flevote ll regll- l!11l01'lllllllllCllt lor ellllls :incl societies alll over the city. Senior Band l 1 l 1 l I l I i l g ON Concert Orchestra Vocational Music is a course only for students interested in making music their life-Work. The classes are usually composed of seniors, but under- classmen are permitted to include it in their studies. Members are required to Work off their college en- trance requirements before taking the subject, as it necessitates the spending of four periods daily. Sight- reading, ear-training, harmony, and music apprecia- tion are required, but a student may choose any subject in which he is specializing. Included in this list are band, orchestra, voice, choral Work, directing, and accompanying. At the end of two years of suc- cessful Work, the pupil is given a Vocational Music certificate to signify the satisfaction of Work com- pleted. Sight-reading is a study of musical intervals in both major and minor modes and all rhythmic pat- terns and meters. In advanced work, it is the study- ing and singing of parts without thc aid of any in- strument. Ear-training is the study of melodies through hearing them in various meters and rhythms. Harmony is to music what grammar is to Eng- lish. No pupil who is seriously studying music can afford to exclude this from his course of study. It takes up key formation, chord formation, melody Writing, and accompanying. Appreciation is a two-year course. The first year is spent in the studying of grand operas everyone should know, and the second year deals With sym- phony orchestras and the literature that they play. The voice classes are non-credit classes. Voice building, breathing, voealization, and song interpre- tation are taught. Senior Orchestra The Music Department 29 THE ARSENAL CANNON J 'T The Arsenal Cannon 30 The Cannon Staff January Magazine Stall' Writing Stall' Magazine Editor-in-Chief ...,... ,.,,.,........... G ertrude Walsh Staff I Staff II Layout Editor ...................................., ............. D 61112011 Littell Editor-in-Chief ..........,. lane Bosart George Messmer Art Editor ..,,..................................... ,......,.......,..........., R ay Poole Associate Editor .......,, L orril Harper Alma Bernhardt ASSiStaIlt Layout Editor ...,..............,...,. Alfred Henderson School Editor ...,........... Mary J. McGaughey Marjorie Hargon Assistant Art Editor .,...,,.,..... ...............,, I rvin DuChemin Copy Editor .................. Martha L. Cook Jean McLeay Layout Advisor ....r.....r.....,...,.,., ..r.......... M iss Frieda Lillis Page s Editor ,.........,.... Martha Hudgins Margaret Oldham R. O. T. C ..................,... G ustav Klippel Gustav Klippel Business Sports Editor ............... Warren Confer VVarren Confer I . Assistant Sports Business Manager, ........... ...,..,,..,,,. W alter Sinclair Editor ......................... .George Worley George Worley Circulation Manager ........ ...,........., D aniel Gleich Exchange Editor ........ Alice Hart Bernice Jones Publicity Manager ,,,,,,,,4,,,,,A,,,4,,,,.,,, ,,,,,,A,,,,,,,, R Obert Mikels Assignment VVritel'...Mildred Brown Grace Noblitt Printing Manager .,..,..............,..,.........,......,.........,.... James Wade Typists ....,...,...,......,..,..,..........,.,...........,,.....,..........,,.....,.. Jane Howard, Miriam Vollmer, Dorothy Thompson Reporters-Staff I-Mary Mae Endsley, Bernard . Flaherty, Maralyn Julian, Margaret Kendall, Advlsory Board Alice staufenbell, F 1 0 r dia M 0 nic al, Alice Organization and Policies ...........................................,.,.,...... Kautsky, Miss Mabel Goddard, head of English depart- ment . Directing Sponsor ................,,...... Miss Ella Sengenberger Reportersfstaff. H-'Ruthl Plerpont' Norval Jas- Business ................................... ....,...,.......... W erner Monninger P913 A1106 Helne, Beatflfle Rlsk, Leola KZWIOIG Printing ,.....,......,................ .....,.........,.....,. G eorge R. Barrett Helen Karch, Myla Udell, John St. Helens. The Cannon Agents THE ARSENAL CANNON Cast of characters for 66Daddy Long-Legsn: Ruth Cradick, William Hebert, Ruth Funk, Jay Fix, Alma Bernhardt, Ruth Brown, Katherine Kerrick, Jean Gorton, Winifred Hickman, William Gray, Walter Duane Jones, Bob Kent, Francis Hawkins, Jean Booth. Mary E. Daniel, Carl Cotterman, Margaret Heagy, Martha Hudgins, Dolores Ferrer, Marjorie Hargon, Dorit Graybill, Katherine Auch, Raymond Hardy, Lillian Hart, and Bernard Flaherty. Director: Miss Clara Ryan. "Daddy Long-Legsf' by Jean Webster, was pre- sented December eighth in the Tech Auditorium by the A-K division of the senior class. Musical selec- tions from well-known operas were played by a Tech ensemble at the opening of the program. The first play given by a graduating class was in 1915, when "Mi-dsuinmer Night's Dreamji by Shakespeare, was presented. Grounds east of the Arsenal served as a stage, and as the cast called for more characters than there were seniors, the remain- ing roles were taken by undergraduates. The Murat, Keithis, and the Masonic Temple have had Tech seniors before their footlights. Hilarious comedy, an elusive oriental mystery, a fast-moving railway drama, beautifully costumed pageants, and light romances have all seen their day as Tech productions. Today Tech boasts of a large auditorium of great seating capacity and highly cfhcient stage equipment. The stage is one of the largest and best equipped of its kind. The extensive lighting equipment for the entire auditorium is operated from one switchboard and every type of lighting effect can be obtained. lilvery possible device necessary in stagecraft activities is either at hand or can be contrived there. Thirty- five members are in the Stagecraft class, their duties ranging from designing and constructing settings and properties to shifting scenery and operating the play of lights. In the production of a senior play, many de- partments combine that the finished performance may be a success. One of the major problems in- volved is that of costuming, capably handled by a Scene I "Daddy Long- Legs" group maintained for that pur- pose. The Uostuming depart- ment makes a careful study of each play or pageant to be pre- sented by a Tech group in or- der that the costumes will be authentic for the period repre- sented. Not only does the group design the special char- acter costumes, but it also fashions them, members of the Home Economics de- partment assisting. Hand in hand with the intricacies of costuming Miss Ryan come that of make-up. Even as costuming is studied so as to iit the type of characters, so must make-up be studied. The Make-Up staff studies the characters weeks in advance and practices types of make-up pre- vious to final duties on the night of the performance. Advertising is done by placing posters and in- teresting projects pertaining to the play on the campus, issuing daily bulletins to roll rooms, by hold- ing an assembly, and in various other ways. To ad- vertising classes belong much of the credit for se- curing the large audiences present at the senior plays. They advertise each production in such an enthu- siastic and convincing manner that it is a settled question that everyone wishes to attend. Newspaper publicity is handled by the publicity writing group. Tickets and programs for the plays are designed in a Printing Design class and printed in the school print shop. The sale of tickets is handled by the six senior class treasurers with a faculty member in charge. Tech has a state-wide reputation for the eXcel- lcnce of its Music department, and the senior play takes full advantage of the fact. The musical selec- tions rendered introductory to the play rival the pei'- formance itself. All in all Tech has a complete stage company. The smallest detail is capably handled with seven departments cooperating in making a production a success. Il Ill-I I -u -inn in The Senior Play 31 THE ARSENAL CANNON The Editor Speaks 32 THE ARSENAL CANNON Although Teehis size, its scope of opportunity, and its methods of teaching have changed, certain things at Tech remain the same. The iiag is still raised at sunrise and lowered at sunset just as it was in the old days when the grounds were used as a United States Arsenal. The old Arsenal clock still ticks away the hours. The trees still wave in beauty above the green grass, and birds sing from the tree- tops. Wild iiowers still bloom on the campus. And the wonderful spirit of Tech-that spirit of loyalty, industry, cooperation, good fellowship, and joy in work-abides forever. 6GThe true purpose of education is to cherish and unfold the seed of immor- tality already sown within us: to develop, to their fullest eX- tent, the capacities of every kind with which the God who made us has endowed usf' Gertrude Walsh -M. J ameson. Magazine Editor Today more than ever before we realize the great importance of an education: to develop the minds and broaden the views and ideals of the future leaders and builders of America. Today we are onlookers preparing for the future. Tomorrow we must strug- gle to insure to our country that immortality which was set up by our forefathers. In order that we may preserve those institutions so heroically set forth, we, the youth of America, must possess perceptive tools with which to carry on. These instruments are our minds. They must be trained and educated to be used to their best ad- vantage. Whether our task is one of a capable leader or that of an ordinary laborer, each is in itself of equal importance. As we cannot do without an ingenious leader-we cannot do without the man who holds the seemingly least important job. An education trains every boy and every girl to make the most of his or her own capacities, it devel- ops those innermost feelings which turn out to be the foundations of worthy labor and ideals. Tech provides an opportunity for every member to develop to the utmost the particular aptitude with which he has been endowed. lt offers courses wherein each student may put to work his individual urgings. Thus Tech trains its pupils to use their special facul- ties for personal betterment and for that of the com- munity. Its carefully planned system of training prepares youths for the time when they must do their part in shouldering the responsibilities of their country. Every year its sends out over a thousand eager boys and girls, trained and prepared to take up their duties as men and women in the business World or as students in institutions of higher learning. We realize our extensive opportunity in receiv- ing an education from such a school as Tech 5 we know that every lesson learned is for our own further progress and for the future welfare of our country. Since he alone is destitute who possesses no knowledge, we must take advantage of our opportu- nity to invest a capital for the future. GERTRUDE WALS'H. The Story of Tech was written by the pupils in Mrs. Eva Lycan's English VIIc class and by members of the Arsenal Carmen staff. The authors are the following: English VIIC- Dorcas Altiere, Lewis Bose, Joe Bruck, Warren Gon- fer, Mary Mae Endsley, George Gille, Luther Goebel, Jane Howard, James Kittie, Bobert Kuerst, Robert Lamme, Bobert Lane, Edward Lechner, Richard Lutz, Harrison Martin, Jean Meek, Beecher Megin- nis, Marjorie Metz, Kenneth Midkeff, Richard Nation, Margaret Boulton, Byron Reed, Charles Rennard, Loretta Rosenbaum, Rhea Stephens, and Velma Tal- bert. Cannon staff-Mildred Brown, Martha L. Gook, Gustav Klippel, Mary Jane McGaughey, George Messiner, Grace Noblitt, and Buth Pierpont. Pub- licity Writing-Betty Hancock. Alfred Henderson Irwin Du Chemin Denton Littell Ray Poole Layout and Art Editors Kampolan The sergeant in charge of the post exchange loungcd against the doorpost in the sunlight of the tropical afternoon. Down the pathway from the di- rection of the barracks and the village, he watched the figure of Pedro come hobbling toward him. As the cripple ascended the steps to the exchange, the sergeant said, '4Hello, Pedro Kampolan. How are you this afternoon Pt, '4Muy bien, graciasj' Pedro replied, preceding Juan into the store. HI would like a carton of cigar- ettes. How much is it P" "One pesetof' Juan tossed the package onto the counter. "One of the men in here this morning said that the dog market at Baguio isn't doing so well. It seems that only a few of the Igorrotes want dogs nowf' Pedro laid a dirty coin on the counter. UI know, I suppose it is the heat. It is very hot in Manila now. I was down last week to attend the wedding of my sister's oldest son. Farewell, I must return to the village." Juan watched Pedro 'cKampolan" go slowly down the steps and hobble up the path. He was not surprised at the brevity of Pedro's speech, for Pedro was growing odd, everybody knew. He was not think- ing of that at all. He was thinking of Pedrois nick- name. He had been called "Kampolan,' for so long now that it seemed as if almost everyone had for- gotten his real name. But the government knew his real name, because every month Pedro received the envelope which contained his retired pay. He had been retired while still a young man because of the wound which had disabled him for life. Juan was thinking, too, of how Pedro had been wounded. He had often heard the story, in detail, from Pedro himself. It had been a few years after the acquisition of the Philippine Islands. The Moros were restless down there on Mindanao, and more Filipino soldiers had been sent down to keep peace. Pedro had been sent to one of the posts situated quite a way into the jungle. 'It so happened that the signal for fire, in that post, was one 'shot of a gun , and, for attack, two shots. The patrols were heavy and the soldiers took every precaution against a surprise attack. Of rtheiitimuwndr nativeisiordiersi and twenty-five white officers, not one was a coward. On the night of the commanding ofiicer's party, all the officers and the five or six white families were gay. Nothing had been heard from the Moros lately, but the usual precautions were being taken. Some of the soldiers who were not on duty wandered up to where they could listen to the music that drifted into the beauty of the tropical night. It was after taps had been sounded and about ten-thirty that one of the sentinels gave the fire alarm. The party stopped instantly, and the women hurried home to look after the children. If there was a fire near, the servants would leave their charges to go to it. Some of the soldiers and an officer hastened for the buckets in order to get to the fire to check the condagration before it spread to the other thatched buildings of the post. The rest of the men distributed and hid themselves about the post, for it was a well-known fact that the Moros often set fire to one en-d of the village or post they were going to attack, and then attacked at the other end after every- one had deserted it. Soon the soldiers heard the dreaded cries of the savages. The fire-fighters continued their work while the rest of the men waited tensely before they opened fire until the enemy should burst from the cover of the jungle. The women hastily pushed trunks around the beds and hid the frightened children and servant- girls in the shelter they had made, and then crawled under it themselves. At last the attackers came into the open of the clearing around the post. At the first volley from the guns of the defenders most of the leading line fell. The savages withdrew into the jungle, but the rain of kampolans and kreisses continued. Firearms were of very little use against the foe that hid in the darkness of the trees and underbrush, so the com- mandant sent out the order to cease firing. A short time after the first onslaught, the Moros made a second attempt. Again they were felled, and retired to the jungle. But Colonel Brown, the com- mandant, clearly understood that the attacking force of the savages was larger than the post could resist for more than a few hours. Therefore he called for volunteers to go through the enemy to the nearest post, eight miles away, for help. In spite of the fact that it meant almost certain death to anyone who dared to venture outside the clearing, a large number of men volunteered. Among the ten that the com- mandant chose from the courageous group that had crept over to present themselves was Pedro. The men received their instructions to travel by different ways so that all could not be captured at once. The men crawled through the tall grass to their various starting points: as aaea t txt txtattttaxamtattxtxt Since Pedro's route to the next post was one of the most difficult, it would take him longer to reach his destination, if he lived, than the others, if they lived. However, luck seemed to be with him that night, he thought, for he reached the protection of the trees without having one of those murderous kreisses come sailing at his head. But that did not mean that he would reach help in time, or ever reach Literature 33 THE ARSENAL CANNON Literature 34 it at all, for the hardest part of his journey was di- rectly before him, the part of his path where he would be sure to meet the Moros. Once he saw a warrior come creeping toward him. He snatched his dagger from his belt, and, because he was quicker than the other, plunged it into the savage's heart. Another time Pedro came upon a group of lVIoros hiding in the underbrush. By some unusual piece of luck he crept around them without breaking a twig or rustling the leaves more than did the soft night wind. Finally Pedro was more than halfway to his destination. For some time he had not paid much attention to the fact that he might meet a Moro even though he had left the sounds of fighting far behind him. Suddenly, at a turn of the path, he was sur- prised into an abrupt halt by the sight of a man blocking his way. Pedro was astonished and some- what alarmed at a savage's being on his path at the moment. He had thought that every Moro within miles would be at the scene of the fight. The savage hurled his kampolan at the same moment that Pedro threw his dagger. The dagger found its mark in the breast of the savage, but because of its weight, the kampolan struck Pedro's knee. He fell to the ground Dreams Dreams are endless pathways, silver blue, Leading to enchantment that is always new, Leading to romance and the magic land of far away Calling me from the commonplace things of every day. Brown skinned natives, trains of caravans, Toiling slowly, silently, ofer burning desert sands, Blue hills in the distance, palm trees in the light- How they hasten eagerly when these come in sight! Ancient temples gleaming white And beautiful in the tropic night 5 Quaint buildings, winding crooked streets, Lovely silks, rare perfumes, Oriental sweets. I iioat in a tiny fairy boat Down a path of gold to the moon Where a golden castle stands alone To all but me, unseen, unknown. But an end soon comes to dreams, as I know, And back I come down my path of dreams To my cozy chair and the fire's warm glow Where the lamplight softly beams. MARY PRATER, English Ivg. and crawled painfully to the dead body to retrieve his dagger. He lay back despairingly on the ground, ready to give up. He could never reach the post in time, now, even if his knee didnlt prevent his traveling. He thought of his family, his young sister and younger brother, and wondered what would become of them if he died. His thoughts turned gradually to the families in the post he had left and to the horrible fate that would be theirs if no help arrived. Thinking of them and of his comrades, he determined that no matter what the cost to himself he would try his best to reach the post which was now only a few miles away. If he didn't continue and if the other men who had started out didn't survive, then it would be his fault if the people he had left were massacred. Gritting his teeth, he started out again, but instead of his former brisk trot, his mode of progress was a painful crawl. The thorns and twigs of the path tore hungrily at his arms and legs, as every once in a while the low branch of a tree or bush slapped him a stinging blow across the faceq But still he crawled on. After what seemed hours to him, he finally caught a glimpse of the fires of the post that was to provide help for the one he had left. No suffering could now cloud his determination to reach the edge of the clearing, but the question was, Could he make it? The last few miles of the trail had worn him down until he was very faint. Each time he moved his hands to draw himself forward a foot more, an almost unbearable pain shot through his mutilated knee. At last he was close enough to call to the sen- tinel nearest him. A very few seconds later he had given the name of his post, his own name, his mes- sage from the commandant, and had fainted from exhaustion and loss of blood. It was the surprise attack from the rear that de- feated the Moros. Many of the savages and soldiers had been killed, but the post was free from the menace of massacre for the time being. The women and children gladly crept from their uncomfortable positions and stretched their cramped limbs. The post rejoiced over its rescue, grieved for the dead soldiers, and gave first aid to the wounded. In the other post Pedro lay ill for several weeks with a fever resulting from his wound. Then he was moved to a hospital in Manila. Because he was maimed for life, he retired from the service in the Filipino Scouts, but his retired pay insured his com- fort for the rest of his life and a dowry for his sister. Juan sighed for the days when there was some excitement in a scout's life and turned to wait upon a customer who had just entered the post exchange. RUTH RAMEE. English VIIC. THE ARSENAL CANNON Total Eclipse The sky had drawn its two black velvet curtains together, so that neither stars nor moon could per- form before their audience, the world. Winds drew violin bows over the taut limbs of trees in the slow chorus of an overture. As they played the final chords, the curtains parted, and a faint gleam of light illumined the stage as the first actor appeared. "Hist! ls she here yet ?" "No, not yet. Come on out, there's no one here." Another faint star appeared from the wings. 'Cl don't think she'll come out tonightf' Even as he spoke a spotlight played on the back of the stage, and a heavy sigh accompanied the ap- pearance of the Moon as she slowly, majestically rose. "Ahh-humm. What are you children doing here P" as she spied the two stars. "Have you had your twelve hours' sleep ?7' 'fYes'm,v they chorused, "but we got up early tonight? f'You look a little pale," grumbled the Moon, who was not in the best of spirits. "Better go wash your faces." Wisely the small stars said nothing of the Moon's own paleness as they rinsed their faces in the cold mist of a cloud, but they were aware of the circles under her eyes. "She's always following that Sun," muttered one to the other. "Wish she'd pay a little attention to us, for a change." "Sh! Here comes the North Star," warned the second as that individual glided onto the stage. "Good evening, my dearf' He spoke to his wife nervously, with evident surprise at the Moon's early appearance. "N ice weather we're having, isn't it ?', "H'm, yes," grumbled she and sat down heavily on a cloud. A clatter from the right heralded the approach of the Milky Way, a school of youngster stars, jostling each other as they frolicked across the sky. Making their bow to the Moon, they passed on, leaving her in a somewhat softened mood. f'Those children are beginning to learn some manners," she remarked affectionately as she brushed some star-dust off her dress. Encouraged by this, the two small stars sidled up to the Moon and, safely ensconced on her lap, they amused themsefverby twinkling furiously at each other. More stars began to creep from their nursery and run about on the stage playing their favorite game of tag, hiding in convenient clouds, or hopping up and down on one foot. The Moon was engaged in a pensive survey of the earth. "It's warm tonight, down therej' she mused. "The Sun was shining hot todayf' "It's infernally hot up here," the North Star complained, "and that Sunis heat didn7t do you any good today. Must you always follow him, my dear? lt's hard on your health, and he's perfectly able to take care of himself." KNO, he isn,t,'7 said the Moon erossly. Too many times before had she heard that argument. The two stars stirred restlessly in her lap, so she plumped them down on a cloud with a short, 'fThere, go run and play with the others," as they scampered off. "Really, my dear, I wish you would listen to me." The North Star looked anxiously at his wife. But she ignored him. For the rest of the night there was no mention of the Sun, but as that august personage began to rise and the stars fled from the sky, the Moon patiently waited on a cloud. When the Sun espied her, he bade her a rather impatient 4'Good morning." A large, aggressive per- son of florid complexion, he was beginning to tire of the pressure of his mother's apron strings. "Good morning, Sonj' the Moon said pleasantly, then exclaimed in the distressed tone universally used by mothers, 'fDid you put on your rubbers and mufHer? You know those clouds are damp V' Sulkily the Sun showed her that he was cor- rectly attired. The morning passed slowly while the Sun amused himself among the clouds, chafing at his motheris constant admonitions. Finally his patience was at an end. Dashing behind the Moon he shone full upon her back, which, as every child of the Moon knows, is the worst of sins and almost certain death to her. She gasped weakly-on earth her shadow cast a strange darkness 5 human beings everywhere shud- dered and became afraid at the strange phenomenon. Fainter and fainter the Moonfs rays grew until the full significance of his act burst upon the impetu- ous Sun, and he turned from her back. For many days the Moon was confined to her bed, but at last she again appeared in the heavens. Never after that did she follow her sonis course. The pale ghost of the Moon that you now see in the day- time is only her shadow as she paces up and down behind the sky, waiting for the Sun, ever repentant of his rash deed, to go to bed. eff MARY MAE ENDShElQErig'lish Vue. Two Cups of Tea A steaming cauldron With potent witch-like charms to me, To him a tasty sip Of Oriental tea. LEVVIS BosE, English Vue. Literature 35 THE ARSENAL .CANNON F Literature 36 THE ARSENAL CANNON L. Retrospection Up the great stone steps came a man gazing, as he walked, at the massive portico of the library. His eyes wandered the length of the building beholding the granite pillars, the carved cornices, and the grand entrance-way. As he neared the great doors, he saw, mounted on one of the pillars, a large bronze tablet with the names of Shakespeare, Tennyson, Poe, Dickens, Hugo, Stevenson, and many others engraved on the surface. These names carried a meaning to him. They were a staunch and everlasting symbol of all those great authors who have gone on before. They passed from sight as he entered the vesti- bule. The peaceful silence closed around him and seemed to uplift him. He felt as if these men were gazing down on him from the heights. The many shelves, the myriads of books, the echoing halls, and the subdued voices in the distance, all filled him with a strange desire and exultation. He seated himself in an obscure corner over- looking a large room, the better to see the people as they passed to and fro. They came and went, all seeking either enjoyment, solitude, learning, or in- formation. He wondered what the world would do without books. What would life be? What could fill one's imagination without books? What could explain the meaning of things? What could bring down the history of the ages but books? Books were the world. In a retrospective mood, scenes of his childhood drifted into his thoughts. He was in a class room, an English III class it was. Book reports were due that day, and every child was writing busily. An elderly teacher was observing the pupils thoughtfully from her desk. This was where he had first learned the value of books. The picture faded, and he was in the school auditorium. Thousands of children were there, but all was quiet. A man was giving a talk on books. Two lines of that man's words had been etched in his memory: "Books are the medium with which we converse to gain knowledge, and knowledge is the chief attain- ment of life." ' That statement had been his guidepost th1'ough- out his life. He mused. His straying glance fell on a young man engrossed in a book. He wondered if books were playing as large a part in that man's life as they had in his own. A faint monotonous tick-tock beat its way into his thoughts. He raised his eyes to the clock and was astounded. The time had flown, and there was work to be done. WILLIAM VVISHART, English nr. - Sing, Sing Music, the age-old expression of feeling, is as popular now as it was at the time Rome was founded. From religion to entertainment it claims the atten- tion of the world which used it in its various ways. Music, with its control over all the emotions and its power of suggestion, is a joy to many children, and so it was with me. Rainy days, evenings, and all odd moments I was perched on the piano bench with or without my companion in melody-land, Mother, who played the accompaniment and was the medium through which I received these pleasures. That piano bench became the well-known magic carpet which transported us to any locality that my childish fancy chose. The keys of the piano required much the same touch as Aladdin's lamp and often produced much the same effect. These means of carrying me into the land of magic have increased my knowledge and caused me to acquire a wide range of experience. Why, I have sat in the same corner, stuck my thumb in the same pie, and drawn forth the other half of the same plum that Jack Horner did. I have hunted for Bo Peep's lost sheep and shouted for them when she became hoarse. Many mornings I have been bothered on my way to school by Mary's lamb following me. Those moments were the happy ones when I could allow my imagination to run free without being bothered by grown-up thoughts of common sense and ideas of how silly it was to have Jack and Jill fall down a hill. Ideas along with age change every day, and now I sing about "Forty-Second Streetl' and take such advice as f'Learn to Croonf' Well, I'll sing these songs, and I do try to croon. How- ever, try as I will, I'll never get the same pleasure out of these songs as I did singing in melody-land along with old Mother Goose. ROBERT MORGAN, English vue. We wish to thank the following teachers and pupils for their assistance in producing this magazine: The commercial layout class of Miss Frieda Lillis for assisting the layout editors 5 Wanda Juniper for designing the cover, Marian Hawkins for drawing the frontispiece, and the pupils of Mrs. Roberta W. Stewart and Mr. Frederick Policy for their art work 3 Mr. Herbert Traub, who took most of the pictures, Mrs. Eva Lycan and the students in her fourth hour English VIIC class who, with staff members, wrote the Story of Tech 5 the judges of the literary contest 3 and the print shop instructors and students for print- ing the cover. On Weight One thing in my life that I have always shied away from and detested is scales. You know, the kind upon which you stand while it registers the num- ber of pounds of avoirdupois you are carrying around with you. Ever since I was a child and we went to the base- ment of the school once a month to be weighed, I have hated scales. We stepped on the scales while the teacher shouted out the pounds and three-quarters to a student who was carefully marking them down. Oh, how I envied the skinny little girls who were pounds and pounds underweight and had to take milk at recess. But I was rosy-checked and overweight. One rule I have learned to follow since I have grown older is never to step on scales. Someone sweetly says, 4'How much do you weigh now, Phyllis ?" I answer just as sweetly, '4Oh, my, I haven't the slightest idea! I havenjt been weighed for agesf, Then the persistent person goes on to say, "You know I weigh only one hundred three pounds now. I wonder how much you do weigh." I sigh heavily and reply, "I'm pretty tall, you know," hoping desperately that the subject will be dropped. "Let's get weighed sometimef' the tormenter suggests. f'Yes, let's do, sometime," I answer. From that time on that person is my bitterest enemy. Then there .is the person who nonchalantly re- marks, "I believe you are getting a little bit heavier 5 arentt you, Phyllis ?', And I miserably answer, HI don't know. I guess I amf' I have always liked to go to the circus and look at the fat lady and then look in the mirror. You have no idea the satisfaction it gives me. Then there are the times when the thought strikes me that perhaps I should go on a diet. In the middle of a history lesson I begin to plan what I shall eat. I decide to eat grapefruit and dry toast every morning for breakfast. QI hate grapefruit and dry toast.j For lunch I shall eat fruit salad and a lettuce sandwich on rye bread. And so on and so forth. With determination in my heart and a picture ofa sTim'cand'd'as'l1in g 'figure i'n'1iry"ini'nd,ccIc go home to so dinner. The aroma of a cooking meal greets my nostrils. I remember my resolution and stay in the living room to read the story in the paper. I feel my resistance gradually weakening 3 nevertheless, I am really going on a diet this time. So when, at last, I am called into the dining room, I look hungrily at the table: a white mound of mashed potatoes, golden brown gravy, sizzling hot steak. My mouth waters. Still my determination is not all gone. Mother tells me she has one of my favorite desserts, peach cobbler with whipped cream. I begin to feel a little malice toward Mother for pre- paring such a meal for the first day of my diet. Of course she doesntt know I'm on a diet, and I wouldn,t tell her for the world. Ijve been razzed too much for that. Oh, well, Itll start on my diet in the morn- ing. It would be better to begin then anyway-a new day, my new diet. So I eat heartily, for it is the last meal before starvation. Needless to say I never go on my diet. Well, I guess I am doomed for life. But "Hope springs eternal in the human breastv, and I still have a mental picture of my distant future self, a slender, willowy figure. PHYLLIS BERTRAM, English vue. Up from the Ranks While the other members of the class talk about their English ancestors, I want to tell a few things about my dad. I am proud of my dad for he has come Mup from the ranksf' l He was born in 1892 near Seymour, Indiana, and lived there until he was past the age of eight years. His family then moved to Louisville, Ken- tucky, where his father was injured fatally in an acci- dent on the Ohio Biver bridge. He was educated in grade school till he was forced to quit and go to work to take care of the family. In 1905 they came to this city to live. He was employed by the Indianapolis Bleaching Company and worked with that firm for live years. He also worked at Kingan and Company for four years. In 1915 he went to college, Hnishing part of his high school work first. He was especially interested in the Christian Ministry and studied six years in Butler University. After fifteen years of the life of a pastor he has earned a place of honor in the community and is new minister of Centenary Chris- tian Church in this city. I did not write this just to be writing but to show how a man can rise from the life of a poor man to earn a place of honor in the community. A noted speaker once said of General Grant in a public ad- Literature dress, f'There are threethmgs. thatege tccmakeeemrnn , the life of a great citizen: that which his ancestry gives him, that which his opportunity affords him, and that which his will develops? My dad's ancestors did not give him much more than a desire to succeed in life. He has very largely made his own opportunities. By the power of his will, he has been successful and has come "up from the ranksf' RICHARD GWYN, English ua. 37 THE ARSENAL CANNON P vw eo ,..,. -1. F y qA,A,,.,,, .. y,y.I i i - ,,,..... i i 0 '- We t 4 ., L. i . as " 'i f fl Ar-- h n o o u a a 3 i Day Dreams QE ., ' Q . .i s .e. s. Tall, gray castles loom in the slcyg H 1 , Bluebirds trill as they pass ine by,' I ' Q J ewel-lilfe flowers nod in the sun b- -1' While dainty fairies dance and run. k ',!- f'.. Then somehow the castles fade IE'-" Jlnd the flapping bird is a window shade, The gay young fairies have ceased to roain, And I arn again in any little home. MARTHA PRITCHARD, English IVg. A Study ill COIOI' Cool greens-green of the deep shadowed wood. To a Painted Love Soft blue-blue of the evening at dusk. Jlisty lavender-lavender of the wooded flowers. 01,, lady gf my po,-pf,-gif, fgll me ,ww Light yellow-yellow of the sunbeams small. If at your feet which once trod ornate halls Suddenly a brilliant spotlight shines upon the dancers Md dfmwd the mlll'u'el at COSHIV balls Transforming each pale silhouette into dancing Each gentlenza-nly courtier made his bow? f-lamps, Did yan, my lady of the lim? 41901 Shining green-green of the grass in the snnlights When dressed impressively in rose brocade Brmmnt blue-Mlm of me aww Skips M15 iulndqomf fnfn S eau awning pmmma p Vivid verniillion-vermillion of the geraniuin bright. ,ind gossip in a voice discreetly low? H C Bright yellow of the dazzling sun. Which, I aslc, is the more beautiful- For surely you did not, as yon today, The brilliant, vivid, dancing flame, lll0'7'l'UU7' stand 'ill lllllbd 0,7'b7lStlC p0S0-- 07' thle COQZJ 5-qflhgugflg Of' 00101-ff llalf parted lips for words you never say And in your painted hand a painted rose. JEAN MEEK' Enghsh Vue' I know that once yon saw as now I see- Oh, lady of my portrait, speale to ine. DOROTHY M. HOFF, English VIIIC. 38 THE ARSENAL CANNGN Uwiavf-f-ff .S ' If O, U x V up o i asm' 1 f X l f X , 'Qi if rg.-fir? S 1 . W f i - f Humor Z 4 25? ..--. - . ,, " f 4 . ? 1 t ,4 l f , ' 1 E ,J f ' fy 0 r j Z X Z . ,,+A- ' -- Z' Q ff 4'1"-1 IQAKHQX R ' 1? .V.VA, I it H tx A awdflwin IW? "'A H ' A A it ' ' C K ? When a certain teacher explained to his physi- 1z.,v,..+ TiL1...u..,., as well YM ology class that there are one hundred calories in a A51 F"5W ' M2 I , lead of 7I.6litlll'f', he wondered why they laughed. on MQMY X Q Mo. 1 5 U2 fo' D" A 5 Freshies, definitions: 6 ,Q Ak Courtesy is speaking kind to your teacher. gp' I-f 45. A vocation is an occupation undertaking a light 7 i Q--N X C29 work. 4 Ms x, f QD E He was very, very bright and gay t xy, I 9?3 Until he learned ttwas report card day. I I IJ ,Q r1PLuMnu1-as J AQ x -S l- And she called it a typographical error! The lacy Qlazyj dogs jumped over the fence. A professional alibi-er who had been quite frequently late in a first hour chemistry class gave the following reason when reproved for his latest tardiness. "I was working in the basement and the coal pile fell on me." Visitors at the Open House were inspect- Teacher: Please use the word capsizc in a sentence. Stude: I wear a cap size iive. Avery Hamblen should make a great execu- tive because of his power to make even inani- mate objects obey him. An example of his strange ability was given in his English class. He had no more than uttered the title of Tenny- son's 4'Break, Break, Breakj' preparatory to giving his memory work, when a seat near him obeyed. ing the equipment in the Aviation Shop, among which was a consolidated primary train- ing plane, lent to the shop by the govern- ment. As one visitor looked at an inspection plate opening which is merely an opening de- signed to afford easy access to control cables where they pass over pulleys in the wing, she asked, 'fAre those openings 'air-pockets'?7' It was during the Open House, American Education Week. Before a Zoology exhibit, showing collections of insects, stood a mother with her little son. Eyeing the countless rows of neatly mounted specimens the child ex- claimed, "Gee, Mom, 1 didn't know there was half that many bugs in the whole alphabet before!" -1 1 if ! An W A4 ' re:-: g,..x3 QV A PRINT sHoP epijx A g, ,, H H W U - ---- - - f ' ws 4, ' " p Talk about disorder, with dirt and grime and noise, r Q' Tl1Ol'C,S no place like a print shop where all such 'N things are joys. Q A gi' lf- la of-l i The printers like the ink smell, they grin and sweat I . A I DOCKET and try Q n . as A giiifgiiifi. To act it they didn't care when some one makes a pi. 96 4' ' N I! . l if g l. - z - i t - JT-if 1 n.-..r THE ARSENAL CANNON


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