Arsenal Technical High School - Arsenal Cannon Yearbook (Indianapolis, IN)

 - Class of 1916

Page 4 of 52

 

Arsenal Technical High School - Arsenal Cannon Yearbook (Indianapolis, IN) online yearbook collection, 1916 Edition, Page 4
Page 4



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2 THE ARSENAL CANNON HJ HISTORY OI" THE ARSILNAL In 1861, when the Ifederal Government was unalbe to furnish the first Indiana troops with ammunition. Governor hlor- ton, on his own responsibility, established the Indiana Arsenal. He was most for- tunate in being able to place in charge Colonel Sturm, a reliable and capable man, who had studied the art of making ammunition, in Germany. Colonel Sturm furnished, to the National Government, samples of his manufacture which were highly approved. The work was begun on a small scale in the north half of the present State House grounds. The State furnished the material, and instructed Colonel Sturm and a detail of the Elev- enth Indiana Regiment to begin work. The bullets were moulded in a shop on the south side of Vliashington Street opposite the State Irlouse. By IS63 the work increased to such proportions that it was considered dangerous. so was moved to Colonel Sturmls ground, into shops facing Vermont Street, south of the Sturm residence, now on Sturm Avenue. The temporary store house or arsenal stood on the south side of Klich- igan Street facing the present Arsenal Building. As the war progressed, it demanded an increase in the working force of both men and women. Before the war ended, the Arsenal worked night and day, employing from live to seven hundred persons and producing three hundred thousand rounds of ammunition every twenty-four hours. Xlr. sl. xl. 13. Hatfield who was employed by the Government from Alarch 1862 to the closing of the Arsenal, tells of one shipment of 6,000,000 rounds of ammu- nition in cases of a thousand each which were shipped from the store house after .... .TECH..... F eight o'clock one night. This extensive manufacture made it possible for Indiana to supply not only its own regiments but also to assist the National Government in preventing serious disasters. Shortly after the establishment of the Indiana Arsenal, the Vlar Deaprtrnent learned that it could buy better ammuni- tion at a more reasonable price than it could from any private corporation. Vllhereupon the National Government and the State entered into an agreement by which the former agreed to pay for all ammunition issued, past and future, at mutually satisfactory prices. At this time the Klagazine on the south side of Xlichigan Street passed into the hands of the United States. Ammunition manu- factured in the shops belonged to the State till delivered to the Rlagazine. At the settlement between state and nation the former realized a clear proht of 2577,-157.32 from its Arsenal. For some time negotiations had been afoot to shift the entire responsibility of manufacture to the Federal Authority. After the fall of Vicksburg and Chattanooga, the Wlest ceased to be a necessary center for manu- facture of ammunition. There was no longer a need for the Indiana Arsenal. It was therefore closed April 1S, 1S6Jf. TI'IIi UNITED STATIQS ARSICNAL Long before the closure of the Indiana Arsenal, provisions had been made for a permanent National Arsenal at Indiana- polis. An act was passed and approved July 11, 1862 which provided for the erection of Government buildings for the deposit and repair of arms and muni- tions of war. For this purpose, the act authorized an appropriation of one hun- dred thousand dollars. A beautiful tract

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