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Page 7 text:
DEEP FREEZE AND THE ARNEB
If a man of this century were to examine the old
geographies that told the medieval student of the
size and substance of his world, he would see charts
far different from those of today. Most noticeable
would be the masses of the globe that the medieval
mapmaker edged in white and embellished with
images of creatures of legend, This was the dark
.side of the world, marked only "unexplored".
During the centuries that passed between the era
of these charts and ours, this white nameless portion
of the charts has grown smaller. Cities have risen
in lands unnamed and rails and highways cro.ss most
of the mapmakers "unexplored" land. It has been as
if a man in a large room has slowly raised a lamp,
illuminating the darkness around him to the very
Today man lifts his lamp to the darkness of space
itself. Only a few half-darkened corners remain in
our world. One of these, perhaps the last, is
Operation Deep Freeze then, is the Navy's annual
supply mission to this half explored region, The
Arneb carries valuable cargo to scientists involved
in the exploration and study of the silent continent.
She was first launched as a merchant ship in June
1943, but was converted to an amphibious force
attack cargo ship and turned over to the Navy in
April 1944. The name Arneb is derived from a
celestial constellation meaning "hare".
The Arneb entered the war with the assault
landing at Anguar Island in the Southern Palaus in
September 1944. She was awarded two Battle Stars
before the end of the war, After the signing of the
armistice, the Arneb was ordered to Philadelphia
On March 19, 1949 the Arneb was recommissioned
and fully equipped for cold weather operations with
the intention of becoming the late Rear Adm. Rich-
ard E. Byrd's flagship for an Antarctic expedition.
Instea-d, she entered the Korean conflict.
In late 1955 the ship took on cargoand personnel
for the first Operation Deep Freeze as flagship for
Rear Adm. George J. Dufek, assisting in the estab-
lishment of the U. S. scientific stations at Little
America and McMurdo Sound, Antarctica,
The Arneb returned to Antarctica in 1956 as flag-
ship for Operation Deep Freeze II and supplied ma-
terials to build the joint U. S. - New Zealand Re-
search Station at Cape Hallett and the U. S. Research
Station at Wilkes Land.
Again serving as flagship for A-dm. Dufek in 1957,
the Arneb resupplied the Antarctic research stations
and transported hundreds of scientists to the barren
continent to spend the International Geophysical
Year KIGYJ on the ice conducting studies in the in-
terest of science. This was followed by a cruise
around the world recording data for the National
Academy of Sciences and the U, S. IGY Committee.
On Operation Deep Freeze IV the Arneb aided in
the evacuation of all scientific personnel at Little
America when it closed.
In November 1959 she was again underway for the
"land down under", making two trips to the Antarc-
tic during Deep Freeze 60. The ship delivered over
4,000-tons of cargo to a total of 5 stations, assisted
in the final abandonment of Little America V on the
Ross Ice Shelf by back-loading several hundred tons
of valuable equipment and machinery, and trans-
ported over 200 military and civilian summer sup-
port and wintering-over men back to New Zealand.
She returned to the United States in April 1960.
During Deep Freeze 61, the Arneb's sixth consecu-
tive Antarctic deployment, she delivered the founda-
tion of a nuclear power plant which will replace oil
heated and lighted buildings at McMur-do Sound.
Prior to arrival in Norfolk, Va., the officers and
crew were commended for their outstanding con-
tribution during Deep Freeze 61 by Rear A-dm.
David M. Tyree, commander of the Antarctic task
Component parts, including radioactive material,
of the planned nuclear plant were delivered in Deep
Freeze 62, This was the first nuclear power device to
be installed on the continent. The 460-ton plant has
an output of 1,500 kilowatts and a life span of 20
Also delivered by the Arneb was an atomic gen-
erator to power the unmanned Little American V
Deep Freeze 62 was also unique in that the Arneb
made 3 supply trips to the ice, bolstering her reputa-
tion as the "Antarctic Express".
After completing her supply duties the Arneb
sailed the opposite route home, making Deep Freeze
62 a "round the world" cruise, Melbourne and Perth,
Australia, Capetown, Africa, Recife, Brazil, San
Juan, Puerto Rico and Mayport, Florida were visted
during the voyage back to Davisville, Rhode Island.
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Page 8 text:
After sailing out of the ice of Antarctica this year
I thought of the men who wouldn't leave until next
season, the men for whom we carried supplies this
year, the men who "winter over". Ours is a long
cruise, but the hardships and inconvenience.s these
men live under far outweigh those of the Arneb, or
And yet, each year Antarctica becomes a little
more comfortable. Picture the explorers who ex-
perienced man's first winter "on the ice", Today
Antarctica has air strips, well insulated shelters,
modern scientific equipment including a nuclear
power plant. Scott, Amundsen . . .started with noth-
ing compared with the supplies we carry in only one
of the Arneb's holds. What a thirst for discovery
Therefore, I ask that this book and all of our-effort
be dedicated to these discoverers of the early century
to the men we left behind this year, to every man
who has lived through the Antarctic winter, We
h . .
ave only a few pages in the half-written book of
E. G. RIFENBURGH
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