Arneb (AKA 56) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1963

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Arneb (AKA 56) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1963 Edition, Page 7 of 106
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Arneb (AKA 56) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1963 Edition, Page 6
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Page 7 text:

DEEP FREEZE AND THE ARNEB If a man of this century were to examine the old geographies that told the medieval student of the size and substance of his world, he would see charts far different from those of today. Most noticeable would be the masses of the globe that the medieval mapmaker edged in white and embellished with images of creatures of legend, This was the dark .side of the world, marked only "unexplored". During the centuries that passed between the era of these charts and ours, this white nameless portion of the charts has grown smaller. Cities have risen in lands unnamed and rails and highways most of the mapmakers "unexplored" land. It has been as if a man in a large room has slowly raised a lamp, illuminating the darkness around him to the very corners. Today man lifts his lamp to the darkness of space itself. Only a few half-darkened corners remain in our world. One of these, perhaps the last, is Antarctica. Operation Deep Freeze then, is the Navy's annual supply mission to this half explored region, The Arneb carries valuable cargo to scientists involved in the exploration and study of the silent continent. She was first launched as a merchant ship in June 1943, but was converted to an amphibious force attack cargo ship and turned over to the Navy in April 1944. The name Arneb is derived from a celestial constellation meaning "hare". The Arneb entered the war with the assault landing at Anguar Island in the Southern Palaus in September 1944. She was awarded two Battle Stars before the end of the war, After the signing of the armistice, the Arneb was ordered to Philadelphia and decommissioned. On March 19, 1949 the Arneb was recommissioned and fully equipped for cold weather operations with the intention of becoming the late Rear Adm. Rich- ard E. Byrd's flagship for an Antarctic expedition. Instea-d, she entered the Korean conflict. In late 1955 the ship took on cargoand personnel for the first Operation Deep Freeze as flagship for Rear Adm. George J. Dufek, assisting in the estab- lishment of the U. S. scientific stations at Little America and McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, The Arneb returned to Antarctica in 1956 as flag- ship for Operation Deep Freeze II and supplied ma- terials to build the joint U. S. - New Zealand Re- search Station at Cape Hallett and the U. S. Research Station at Wilkes Land. Again serving as flagship for A-dm. Dufek in 1957, the Arneb resupplied the Antarctic research stations and transported hundreds of scientists to the barren continent to spend the International Geophysical Year KIGYJ on the ice conducting studies in the in- terest of science. This was followed by a cruise around the world recording data for the National Academy of Sciences and the U, S. IGY Committee. On Operation Deep Freeze IV the Arneb aided in the evacuation of all scientific personnel at Little America when it closed. In November 1959 she was again underway for the "land down under", making two trips to the Antarc- tic during Deep Freeze 60. The ship delivered over 4,000-tons of cargo to a total of 5 stations, assisted in the final abandonment of Little America V on the Ross Ice Shelf by back-loading several hundred tons of valuable equipment and machinery, and trans- ported over 200 military and civilian summer sup- port and wintering-over men back to New Zealand. She returned to the United States in April 1960. During Deep Freeze 61, the Arneb's sixth consecu- tive Antarctic deployment, she delivered the founda- tion of a nuclear power plant which will replace oil heated and lighted buildings at McMur-do Sound. Prior to arrival in Norfolk, Va., the officers and crew were commended for their outstanding con- tribution during Deep Freeze 61 by Rear A-dm. David M. Tyree, commander of the Antarctic task force. Component parts, including radioactive material, of the planned nuclear plant were delivered in Deep Freeze 62, This was the first nuclear power device to be installed on the continent. The 460-ton plant has an output of 1,500 kilowatts and a life span of 20 years. Also delivered by the Arneb was an atomic gen- erator to power the unmanned Little American V weather station. Deep Freeze 62 was also unique in that the Arneb made 3 supply trips to the ice, bolstering her reputa- tion as the "Antarctic Express". After completing her supply duties the Arneb sailed the opposite route home, making Deep Freeze 62 a "round the world" cruise, Melbourne and Perth, Australia, Capetown, Africa, Recife, Brazil, San Juan, Puerto Rico and Mayport, Florida were visted during the voyage back to Davisville, Rhode Island.

Page 6 text:

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Page 8 text:

I 5 After sailing out of the ice of Antarctica this year I thought of the men who wouldn't leave until next season, the men for whom we carried supplies this year, the men who "winter over". Ours is a long cruise, but the hardships and inconvenience.s these men live under far outweigh those of the Arneb, or any ship. And yet, each year Antarctica becomes a little more comfortable. Picture the explorers who ex- perienced man's first winter "on the ice", Today Antarctica has air strips, well insulated shelters, modern scientific equipment including a nuclear power plant. Scott, Amundsen . . .started with noth- ing compared with the supplies we carry in only one of the Arneb's holds. What a thirst for discovery and exploration! Therefore, I ask that this book and all of our-effort be dedicated to these discoverers of the early century to the men we left behind this year, to every man who has lived through the Antarctic winter, We h . . ave only a few pages in the half-written book of Antarctica. E. G. RIFENBURGH

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