Arneb (AKA 56) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1957

Page 7 of 76

 

Arneb (AKA 56) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1957 Edition, Page 7 of 76
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Arneb (AKA 56) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1957 Edition, Page 6
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Page 7 text:

DEDICATION . . Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, one of the world's foremost polar explorers, and technical advisor to Operation Deep Freeze, died on March ll , 1957 in Boston shortly after the completion of the second phase ofthe present expedition, which he called the fulfillment of his Iife's ambition. Born Oct. 25, 1888, in Winchester, West Virginia, he emerged from rural obscurity to become the most famous American explorer . His iourneys intothe Arctic and the Antarctic are unparalleled in the field of exploration, and he was the first to fly over the North and South poles. Atthe bottom of the world he mapped more than 2,000,000 square miles during his four expeditions in 1928, 1934, 1939, and 1947. And, in l934, he spent months alone in a shack 123 miles south of Little America , which he called his second home, and nearly died there when his companions ,had great difficulty reaching him through raging blizzards. Although he suffered severe physical stress during his long journeys he regarded the frozen wastes of the Antarctic with warm affection. 'After his exploratory flights he was said to have "eyes alight with the wonder he had seen - vast new mountain ranges curving off overthe horizen tortured glaciers . . . and the dismal white wasteland beyond the pole." A graduate of the Naval Academy, he was forced to retire from active duty soon after he was com- missioned because ofa leg iniury but his thirst for adventure could not be thwarted, and he soon returned to active duty with the Naval Air Corp, becoming one of the pioneers of Naval aviation. Serving in both world wars, at 41 he became the youngest Rear Admiral in United ,States Naval History, and received many decorations for his trips to the extremities of the earth. His dream was that someday the Antarctic would become the Big Deep Freezer of Mankind, a place that wouldbanish famine from the earth. He dreamed that the nations of the world might someday use this giant refrigerator, that when countries hada bumper crop they could put the surplus there for use in famine years. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery on March 14, 1957, a 13-gun salute burst near the gravesite. A sailer held aloft the two-star flag of a Rear Admiral. The chaplain read the committal of the dead. There were three sharp musketry valleys, followed by a bular's "taps" in the distance. And, perhaps, if those who "wintered over" on Deep Freeze ll were listening closely they could hear an echo of this buriel ceremony reverberate from the towering peak of Mount Erebus at Antarctica's McMurdo Sound. To Admiral Byrd's memory, from all the members of Deep Freeze on the Arneb who have viewed with awe some of the maiesty of his "giant refrigerator", we most humbly dedicate this boolcf. THE EDITORS

Page 6 text:

HTORS ic 5 5 in S-'L-A V A Z The USS ARNEB a veteran ot many polar operations including last year's first Operation Deep Freeze to the Antarctic began preparation for Operation Deep Freeze II in early autumn. ComPhrbLant's only I re resentative she was loaded with 5,000 tons of cargo for the expedition at Davisville, Rhode Island, anil when Task Force 43 and Mobile Construction Battalion One personnel were "aboard",the ship was almost ready. . . . Returning to' Norfolk she departed on November 2nd for Panama City transiting the 'Panama Canal. During the ship's short stay in Panama from Nov. 8 to Nov. ll, the officers and men enioyed liberty Cen- tral American style. I The Arneb next dipped her bow into the vast Pacific Ocean and headed towards Wellington, New Zealand, where she arrived I8 days later on Nov. 30. New Zealanders treated the Arneb crew with the friendlinessthat hasalways been known of them, and, while the ship stayed in scenic Wellington from the 30th of November tothe I0th of December,"aII hands" were exposed to this unspoiled way of life. Then ona rainy Decemberl0th' the Arneb set its course for the Antarctic where she was to spend three months contributing to the International Geophysical Year program. . The shipenteredthe 420-mile wide Ross Sea ice pack on December lath, and arrived off Cape Hallett in Northern Victorialand on December 19th. She then was diverted to McMurdo Sound, arriving on Dec- ember 24th under the shadow ofthe towering volcano of Mount Erebus. An estimated one-hundred and fifty thousand penguins greeted the Arneb and the United States Coast Guard icebreaker Northwind, which accompanied her, when Task Group 43.6 arrived at Cape Hallett on December 29th. Morethan9,000 penguinsandtheir offspring were removed from a T00-yard area on Dec- ember 30, 1956. Then on New Year's Eve the Arneb met what could be considered its stiffest test since the day she was commissioned in T943 when a severe continent storm trapped the ship between bay ice and a 200-mi le ice field. The incident markedthe firsttime news ofthe shipappearedin the front pages of many newspapers in the United States, exemplified by the Detroit Times headline, "Antarctic Death Trap . . . Ice Grinds TwoShips." Eventually breakingthe wrath ofthe crushing ice, the Arneb made her way to within 800 yards of Cape Hallett on Jan. 2 where temporary repairs were effected. The next six days were spent erecting Adare Station and transferring cargo to "Penguin Beach" in the first United States amphibious unloading opera- tion in Antarctic history. Le0vilf19C0Pe Hallett on Jcrwvry 9, she steamed to Mcfvlurdo Sound before leaving with the Glacier, the Navy s newest and most powerful icebreaker, and the Greenville Victory, for Knox Coast. On Jan. 3lsttheArneb, again slightly damaged from the heavy pack ice of Vincennes Bay, found herself OICIUFI4 Island, one ofthe Windmill ff K sical Year station. Again the Arneb's boats, Navy Seabees and ship's company personnel ioined hands to fight the F066 pigarnsttrme mbuildingthe station. For as February and March come to the Antarctic, its summer wanesf e air becomes colder and the ice which had broken up in mid-December begins to freeze once again- ? W'ljkeSSmhOn woserecled and the Arneb, Ilef bow facing north, left the Antarctic on Feb. l8th, and s eame to Australia, her Operation Deep Freeze duties completed for 1957-58, E . . Crew nttlcgnglfjlockatoo Isfland Shipyard in Sydney for I3 days for repairs on Feb. 28th, the liberty-starved pon Visited bQ'im30?EfipCT Sydney to the extent that the Australian metropolis was dubbed thebest liberty Th . bourneewigtlililericglhddrudtder repaired, we. left Sydney March l4th and spent two days enroute to Mel- 38 days of Seo panic UTI WOOIYITTPIC 5C"I"'l9 YGChts. From March 18th until April 28th the Arneb SPGYII' As April waded fhldgfq Sf-CTPPIHE For Three days' April wh fo Qlhr GI C-Cpelownf Union of South Africa. mem was unload J ml lar s ores of New Fngland's Rhode Island appeared and Deep Freeze equip.- D . 7 C'lCUmnGV'9Gi"'IQ the world. QVOUP, o nox Coast, to unload cargo for the newest International Geophy-



Page 8 text:

. , .. .,.. ., - .,,..f - . ,,,f,,N,, .. ...W-.---.---W-f l l NELS C. JOHNSON Captain, U. S. Navy Captain Nels C. Johnson, USN, commanding officer of the USS ARNEB, is Q veteran of 22 years in the United States Navy. Born in Auburn, New Hampshire, Captain Johnson is the son of Claus Johnson and Adolfina W. Johnson. S He entered the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1930, and upon graduation was commissioned to the grade of ensign on May 31, 1934. He was married to Dorothea Lindall of Bremerton, Washington, on June 16, 1936 in Seattle, Washington, and has one daughter, Veronica M.Johnson. Captain Johnson served as watch and division officer aboard the USS LEXINGTON CV-2 from 1934 to 1938. ln 1938 he became chief engineer and gunnery officer on the USS HERBERT DD-160, the ship being attached to Squadron 40T in the Mediterranean. He was chief engineer aboard the USS RINGGOLD DD-89, and the USS REID DD-369 from 1940 to 1942, and, in the latter ship, participated in World War 11 operations in the Pacific at Pearl Harbor, Midway and in the Aleutians. Captain Johnson was assigned his first command in 1943 when he became commanding officer of the USS MCCLANAHAN DD-615, which participated in Pacific operations, and the North African, North Atlantic and Mediterranean campaigns of World War 11. ln1944 he wasassignedtothe Surface Division, Anti-Submarine Develop- ment Detachment of the U. S. Atlantic Fleet. He served in this capacity until 1946 when he became commanding officer of the USS WITEK DD-848 ln 1947 he was assigned as Fleet Anti-Submarine Warfare Officer on the staff of the Commander in Chief, U. S. Atlantic Fleet. In 1950 he became plans officer th ff ' ' ' NATO. More recently he has been Commander of Destroyer Division 262 which was engaged in operations in Korea and the Formosa Straits. He served in thlsasslgnment until 1953 when he was transferred to the Office of the Chief of Elpvatl Operations in Washington, where he worked in the Strategic Plans rvrsion. on e sta of the North Atlantic Ocean Regional Planning Group of Before becoming commanding officer of the ARNEB this year, he spent a ear as a t d Y I d u ent at the National War College na ditlontothe normal campaign medals of World War 11 and the Korean War, he has been awarded the Legion of Merit with Combqf V,

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