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Page 6 text:
5 5 in
S-'L-A V A
The USS ARNEB a veteran ot many polar operations including last year's first Operation Deep Freeze
to the Antarctic began preparation for Operation Deep Freeze II in early autumn. ComPhrbLant's only
re resentative she was loaded with 5,000 tons of cargo for the expedition at Davisville, Rhode Island,
anil when Task Force 43 and Mobile Construction Battalion One personnel were "aboard",the ship was
almost ready. . . .
Returning to' Norfolk she departed on November 2nd for Panama City transiting the 'Panama Canal.
During the ship's short stay in Panama from Nov. 8 to Nov. ll, the officers and men enioyed liberty Cen-
tral American style. I
The Arneb next dipped her bow into the vast Pacific Ocean and headed towards Wellington, New
Zealand, where she arrived I8 days later on Nov. 30. New Zealanders treated the Arneb crew with the
friendlinessthat hasalways been known of them, and, while the ship stayed in scenic Wellington from the
30th of November tothe I0th of December,"aII hands" were exposed to this unspoiled way of life.
Then ona rainy Decemberl0th' the Arneb set its course for the Antarctic where she was to spend three
months contributing to the International Geophysical Year program. .
The shipenteredthe 420-mile wide Ross Sea ice pack on December lath, and arrived off Cape Hallett
in Northern Victorialand on December 19th. She then was diverted to McMurdo Sound, arriving on Dec-
ember 24th under the shadow ofthe towering volcano of Mount Erebus.
An estimated one-hundred and fifty thousand penguins greeted the Arneb and the United States Coast
Guard icebreaker Northwind, which accompanied her, when Task Group 43.6 arrived at Cape Hallett on
December 29th. Morethan9,000 penguinsandtheir offspring were removed from a T00-yard area on Dec-
ember 30, 1956.
Then on New Year's Eve the Arneb met what could be considered its stiffest test since the day she was
commissioned in T943 when a severe continent storm trapped the ship between bay ice and a 200-mi le ice field.
The incident markedthe firsttime news ofthe shipappearedin the front pages of many newspapers in the
United States, exemplified by the Detroit Times headline, "Antarctic Death Trap . . . Ice Grinds TwoShips."
Eventually breakingthe wrath ofthe crushing ice, the Arneb made her way to within 800 yards of Cape
Hallett on Jan. 2 where temporary repairs were effected. The next six days were spent erecting Adare
Station and transferring cargo to "Penguin Beach" in the first United States amphibious unloading opera-
tion in Antarctic history.
Le0vilf19C0Pe Hallett on Jcrwvry 9, she steamed to Mcfvlurdo Sound before leaving with the Glacier,
the Navy s newest and most powerful icebreaker, and the Greenville Victory, for Knox Coast. On Jan.
3lsttheArneb, again slightly damaged from the heavy pack ice of Vincennes Bay, found herself OICIUFI4
Island, one ofthe Windmill ff K
sical Year station.
Again the Arneb's boats, Navy Seabees and ship's company personnel ioined hands to fight the F066
pigarnsttrme mbuildingthe station. For as February and March come to the Antarctic, its summer wanesf
e air becomes colder and the ice which had broken up in mid-December begins to freeze once again-
? W'ljkeSSmhOn woserecled and the Arneb, Ilef bow facing north, left the Antarctic on Feb. l8th, and
s eame to Australia, her Operation Deep Freeze duties completed for 1957-58,
E . .
Crew nttlcgnglfjlockatoo Isfland Shipyard in Sydney for I3 days for repairs on Feb. 28th, the liberty-starved
pon Visited bQ'im30?EfipCT Sydney to the extent that the Australian metropolis was dubbed thebest liberty
bourneewigtlililericglhddrudtder repaired, we. left Sydney March l4th and spent two days enroute to Mel-
38 days of Seo panic UTI WOOIYITTPIC 5C"I"'l9 YGChts. From March 18th until April 28th the Arneb SPGYII'
As April waded fhldgfq Sf-CTPPIHE For Three days' April wh fo Qlhr GI C-Cpelownf Union of South Africa.
mem was unload J ml lar s ores of New Fngland's Rhode Island appeared and Deep Freeze equip.-
7 C'lCUmnGV'9Gi"'IQ the world.
QVOUP, o nox Coast, to unload cargo for the newest International Geophy-
Page 5 text:
USS ARNEB AKA-56 OPERATION DEEP FREEZE TWO
AND 'ROUAND THE WORLD CRUISE 1956-T957
The world around us is continually revealing new mysteries which
await discovery by the worldis scientists. From the time the Antarctic S
continent first was discovered in l8-'10 through the present nuclear era,
V this "frozen wonderland" has been one mystery ,confronting the scien-
tists of the world. '
The United States Navy's Operation Deep Freeze is supporting our
scientists in their work at the Antarctic in coniunction with the Inter-
national Geophysical Year in l957-58. The IGY program is an effort
of 39 countries to uncover many scientific riddles by recording phe-
nomena such as weather, magnetism, gravity, anti-glow, and other
Discoveries by our scientists will lead to a better world and the
much soughtafter goal - progress for the World and our Nation. The
Arneb in six months from November, l956, tothe 30th of April travel-
led 3l,472 miles around the world in support of IGY. And inthese
pages that part will always be preserved.
' Qizczifz is-3:12 Zfif'r.ri:.":f'1'T ' -2: rr v ir 1 T fy 15. -7' 2 " T 1-" i-'
Page 7 text:
DEDICATION . .
Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, one of the world's foremost polar explorers, and technical advisor to
Operation Deep Freeze, died on March ll , 1957 in Boston shortly after the completion of the second phase
ofthe present expedition, which he called the fulfillment of his Iife's ambition. Born Oct. 25, 1888, in
Winchester, West Virginia, he emerged from rural obscurity to become the most famous American explorer .
His iourneys intothe Arctic and the Antarctic are unparalleled in the field of exploration, and he was the
first to fly over the North and South poles.
Atthe bottom of the world he mapped more than 2,000,000 square miles during his four expeditions in
1928, 1934, 1939, and 1947. And, in l934, he spent months alone in a shack 123 miles south of Little
America , which he called his second home, and nearly died there when his companions ,had great difficulty
reaching him through raging blizzards. Although he suffered severe physical stress during his long journeys
he regarded the frozen wastes of the Antarctic with warm affection. 'After his exploratory flights he was
said to have "eyes alight with the wonder he had seen - vast new mountain ranges curving off overthe
horizen tortured glaciers . . . and the dismal white wasteland beyond the pole."
A graduate of the Naval Academy, he was forced to retire from active duty soon after he was com-
missioned because ofa leg iniury but his thirst for adventure could not be thwarted, and he soon returned
to active duty with the Naval Air Corp, becoming one of the pioneers of Naval aviation. Serving in
both world wars, at 41 he became the youngest Rear Admiral in United ,States Naval History, and received
many decorations for his trips to the extremities of the earth.
His dream was that someday the Antarctic would become the Big Deep Freezer of Mankind, a place
that wouldbanish famine from the earth. He dreamed that the nations of the world might someday use this
giant refrigerator, that when countries hada bumper crop they could put the surplus there for use in famine
Buried in Arlington National Cemetery on March 14, 1957, a 13-gun salute burst near the gravesite.
A sailer held aloft the two-star flag of a Rear Admiral. The chaplain read the committal of the dead.
There were three sharp musketry valleys, followed by a bular's "taps" in the distance. And, perhaps, if
those who "wintered over" on Deep Freeze ll were listening closely they could hear an echo of this buriel
ceremony reverberate from the towering peak of Mount Erebus at Antarctica's McMurdo Sound.
To Admiral Byrd's memory, from all the members of Deep Freeze on the Arneb who have viewed with
awe some of the maiesty of his "giant refrigerator", we most humbly dedicate this boolcf.
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