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USS ARNEB AKA-56 OPERATION DEEP FREEZE TWO
AND 'ROUAND THE WORLD CRUISE 1956-T957
The world around us is continually revealing new mysteries which
await discovery by the worldis scientists. From the time the Antarctic S
continent first was discovered in l8-'10 through the present nuclear era,
V this "frozen wonderland" has been one mystery ,confronting the scien-
tists of the world. '
The United States Navy's Operation Deep Freeze is supporting our
scientists in their work at the Antarctic in coniunction with the Inter-
national Geophysical Year in l957-58. The IGY program is an effort
of 39 countries to uncover many scientific riddles by recording phe-
nomena such as weather, magnetism, gravity, anti-glow, and other
Discoveries by our scientists will lead to a better world and the
much soughtafter goal - progress for the World and our Nation. The
Arneb in six months from November, l956, tothe 30th of April travel-
led 3l,472 miles around the world in support of IGY. And inthese
pages that part will always be preserved.
' Qizczifz is-3:12 Zfif'r.ri:.":f'1'T ' -2: rr v ir 1 T fy 15. -7' 2 " T 1-" i-'
5 5 in
S-'L-A V A
The USS ARNEB a veteran ot many polar operations including last year's first Operation Deep Freeze
to the Antarctic began preparation for Operation Deep Freeze II in early autumn. ComPhrbLant's only
re resentative she was loaded with 5,000 tons of cargo for the expedition at Davisville, Rhode Island,
anil when Task Force 43 and Mobile Construction Battalion One personnel were "aboard",the ship was
almost ready. . . .
Returning to' Norfolk she departed on November 2nd for Panama City transiting the 'Panama Canal.
During the ship's short stay in Panama from Nov. 8 to Nov. ll, the officers and men enioyed liberty Cen-
tral American style. I
The Arneb next dipped her bow into the vast Pacific Ocean and headed towards Wellington, New
Zealand, where she arrived I8 days later on Nov. 30. New Zealanders treated the Arneb crew with the
friendlinessthat hasalways been known of them, and, while the ship stayed in scenic Wellington from the
30th of November tothe I0th of December,"aII hands" were exposed to this unspoiled way of life.
Then ona rainy Decemberl0th' the Arneb set its course for the Antarctic where she was to spend three
months contributing to the International Geophysical Year program. .
The shipenteredthe 420-mile wide Ross Sea ice pack on December lath, and arrived off Cape Hallett
in Northern Victorialand on December 19th. She then was diverted to McMurdo Sound, arriving on Dec-
ember 24th under the shadow ofthe towering volcano of Mount Erebus.
An estimated one-hundred and fifty thousand penguins greeted the Arneb and the United States Coast
Guard icebreaker Northwind, which accompanied her, when Task Group 43.6 arrived at Cape Hallett on
December 29th. Morethan9,000 penguinsandtheir offspring were removed from a T00-yard area on Dec-
ember 30, 1956.
Then on New Year's Eve the Arneb met what could be considered its stiffest test since the day she was
commissioned in T943 when a severe continent storm trapped the ship between bay ice and a 200-mi le ice field.
The incident markedthe firsttime news ofthe shipappearedin the front pages of many newspapers in the
United States, exemplified by the Detroit Times headline, "Antarctic Death Trap . . . Ice Grinds TwoShips."
Eventually breakingthe wrath ofthe crushing ice, the Arneb made her way to within 800 yards of Cape
Hallett on Jan. 2 where temporary repairs were effected. The next six days were spent erecting Adare
Station and transferring cargo to "Penguin Beach" in the first United States amphibious unloading opera-
tion in Antarctic history.
Le0vilf19C0Pe Hallett on Jcrwvry 9, she steamed to Mcfvlurdo Sound before leaving with the Glacier,
the Navy s newest and most powerful icebreaker, and the Greenville Victory, for Knox Coast. On Jan.
3lsttheArneb, again slightly damaged from the heavy pack ice of Vincennes Bay, found herself OICIUFI4
Island, one ofthe Windmill ff K
sical Year station.
Again the Arneb's boats, Navy Seabees and ship's company personnel ioined hands to fight the F066
pigarnsttrme mbuildingthe station. For as February and March come to the Antarctic, its summer wanesf
e air becomes colder and the ice which had broken up in mid-December begins to freeze once again-
? W'ljkeSSmhOn woserecled and the Arneb, Ilef bow facing north, left the Antarctic on Feb. l8th, and
s eame to Australia, her Operation Deep Freeze duties completed for 1957-58,
E . .
Crew nttlcgnglfjlockatoo Isfland Shipyard in Sydney for I3 days for repairs on Feb. 28th, the liberty-starved
pon Visited bQ'im30?EfipCT Sydney to the extent that the Australian metropolis was dubbed thebest liberty
bourneewigtlililericglhddrudtder repaired, we. left Sydney March l4th and spent two days enroute to Mel-
38 days of Seo panic UTI WOOIYITTPIC 5C"I"'l9 YGChts. From March 18th until April 28th the Arneb SPGYII'
As April waded fhldgfq Sf-CTPPIHE For Three days' April wh fo Qlhr GI C-Cpelownf Union of South Africa.
mem was unload J ml lar s ores of New Fngland's Rhode Island appeared and Deep Freeze equip.-
7 C'lCUmnGV'9Gi"'IQ the world.
QVOUP, o nox Coast, to unload cargo for the newest International Geophy-
DEDICATION . .
Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, one of the world's foremost polar explorers, and technical advisor to
Operation Deep Freeze, died on March ll , 1957 in Boston shortly after the completion of the second phase
ofthe present expedition, which he called the fulfillment of his Iife's ambition. Born Oct. 25, 1888, in
Winchester, West Virginia, he emerged from rural obscurity to become the most famous American explorer .
His iourneys intothe Arctic and the Antarctic are unparalleled in the field of exploration, and he was the
first to fly over the North and South poles.
Atthe bottom of the world he mapped more than 2,000,000 square miles during his four expeditions in
1928, 1934, 1939, and 1947. And, in l934, he spent months alone in a shack 123 miles south of Little
America , which he called his second home, and nearly died there when his companions ,had great difficulty
reaching him through raging blizzards. Although he suffered severe physical stress during his long journeys
he regarded the frozen wastes of the Antarctic with warm affection. 'After his exploratory flights he was
said to have "eyes alight with the wonder he had seen - vast new mountain ranges curving off overthe
horizen tortured glaciers . . . and the dismal white wasteland beyond the pole."
A graduate of the Naval Academy, he was forced to retire from active duty soon after he was com-
missioned because ofa leg iniury but his thirst for adventure could not be thwarted, and he soon returned
to active duty with the Naval Air Corp, becoming one of the pioneers of Naval aviation. Serving in
both world wars, at 41 he became the youngest Rear Admiral in United ,States Naval History, and received
many decorations for his trips to the extremities of the earth.
His dream was that someday the Antarctic would become the Big Deep Freezer of Mankind, a place
that wouldbanish famine from the earth. He dreamed that the nations of the world might someday use this
giant refrigerator, that when countries hada bumper crop they could put the surplus there for use in famine
Buried in Arlington National Cemetery on March 14, 1957, a 13-gun salute burst near the gravesite.
A sailer held aloft the two-star flag of a Rear Admiral. The chaplain read the committal of the dead.
There were three sharp musketry valleys, followed by a bular's "taps" in the distance. And, perhaps, if
those who "wintered over" on Deep Freeze ll were listening closely they could hear an echo of this buriel
ceremony reverberate from the towering peak of Mount Erebus at Antarctica's McMurdo Sound.
To Admiral Byrd's memory, from all the members of Deep Freeze on the Arneb who have viewed with
awe some of the maiesty of his "giant refrigerator", we most humbly dedicate this boolcf.
. , .. .,.. ., - .,,..f - . ,,,f,,N,, .. ...W-.---.---W-f
NELS C. JOHNSON
Captain, U. S. Navy
Captain Nels C. Johnson, USN, commanding officer of the USS ARNEB,
is Q veteran of 22 years in the United States Navy. Born in Auburn, New
Hampshire, Captain Johnson is the son of Claus Johnson and Adolfina W.
S He entered the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1930, and
upon graduation was commissioned to the grade of ensign on May 31, 1934.
He was married to Dorothea Lindall of Bremerton, Washington, on June 16,
1936 in Seattle, Washington, and has one daughter, Veronica M.Johnson.
Captain Johnson served as watch and division officer aboard the USS
LEXINGTON CV-2 from 1934 to 1938. ln 1938 he became chief engineer
and gunnery officer on the USS HERBERT DD-160, the ship being attached to
Squadron 40T in the Mediterranean.
He was chief engineer aboard the USS RINGGOLD DD-89, and the USS
REID DD-369 from 1940 to 1942, and, in the latter ship, participated in
World War 11 operations in the Pacific at Pearl Harbor, Midway and in the
Captain Johnson was assigned his first command in 1943 when he became
commanding officer of the USS MCCLANAHAN DD-615, which participated
in Pacific operations, and the North African, North Atlantic and Mediterranean
campaigns of World War 11.
ln1944 he wasassignedtothe Surface Division, Anti-Submarine Develop-
ment Detachment of the U. S. Atlantic Fleet. He served in this capacity
until 1946 when he became commanding officer of the USS WITEK DD-848 ln
1947 he was assigned as Fleet Anti-Submarine Warfare Officer on the staff of
the Commander in Chief, U. S. Atlantic Fleet. In 1950 he became plans
officer th ff ' ' '
More recently he has been Commander of Destroyer Division 262 which
was engaged in operations in Korea and the Formosa Straits. He served in
thlsasslgnment until 1953 when he was transferred to the Office of the Chief of
Elpvatl Operations in Washington, where he worked in the Strategic Plans
on e sta of the North Atlantic Ocean Regional Planning Group of
Before becoming commanding officer of the ARNEB this year, he spent a
ear as a t d
Y I d u ent at the National War College
na ditlontothe normal campaign medals of World War 11 and the Korean
War, he has been awarded the Legion of Merit with Combqf V,
' ' - A ' ' -A.: "S4's1-c1:-.:--?- -43527741-I+.....?:L:C.f.,f 1. , A - , N, , .- .. .Y V
' 'sr " f-' mv:-z:,4'1.'ff 4,e,L Y-2'g.C.s:-df.,-, H " -f' - LL -:Q, f g-.
FRED P. MCDANIEL
Commander, U. S . Navy
Fred P. McDaniel, Commander, USN, executive officer of the USS Arneb,
was bornin Buffalo, Missouri, on January 8, 1918, son of Clarence and Fran-
ces McDaniel. Attending Montana State University and California Polytechnic
' Institute, he was commissioned Ensign on November 20, 1940, and received
aspecial aviator designation the following month after completing the Naval
Aviation Cadet program at Pensacola.
Serving as an instrument instructor from 1940 to 1942 he eventually be-
came operations officer at a Hollywood, Florida base in 1942 for one year.
Further assignments included naval air stations and flight squadrons at San
Diego, California, Norman, Oklahoma, Corpus Christi, Texas, and the
He attended the General Line School at Newport, Rhode Island, from
1949 to 1950, and was attached to the Bureau of Aeronautics from1950 to P
1952. As Navigator of the USS ORISKANY QCVAD in 1952-1953 he navigated
the ship around Cape Horn, the first time it had been accomplished by a ship A '
A public information officer at Pensacola, Fla. , from 1953 to 1955, he
later attended various officers' short course schools, until, on May 6, 1956, 'S
when he became the executive officer of the Arneb. E
R PPPPPP OPERATIONS DECK NAVIGATION
T L.L. McCall, LCDR W. E. Wheeler, LCDR DJ, Krejcarek, LT.
SUPPLY MEDICAL I ENGINEERING
T. Hamilton, Jr., LT., R.E. Dellinger, LT. W.E, Scanlon, LT fjgj
5' xi W'
W or gg? ri?
Lt, ug, Arthur M, 0'Ha1-3, lst Lt. John T. Kulak, Ir.
EHS- Jeremy T- Garland, Ens. John R. Seesholrzf
Lt ij gl Larry K. Wilson, Lt ljgj Leo A. Higgins,
USNR 1 USN
Ens. Peter M. Klein, Ens. George E. Clark,
USN USN N
hm. Richard C. McA11isfer
, i f i
USN a WOfW3 DaV1d A. Elder, WQfW2 Norman B. Grant, WOKW1 Alfred cn, Qlggn,
TASK FORCE 43, UDT 21, MCB 1
OFFICERS AND CIVILIAN PASSENGERS
Captain Gerald Ketchum Captain William Calder Captain M.C. Hedbloom Commander Fred Dustin Lt,Cmd1-,Chat-1es Shirley
lt. Cmdr. Glenn Glezon Lt. Cmdr. Denzil Myers Lt. Cmdr. Joseph Fernald Lt. Ioseph Grier WOXWZ William Blevins i
Lt Qj gl Norman Olson Lt fj gli John Connelly Thomas Aggson Lt. Raymond Loomis Lt. juan Tur 'p
Lt lj gl Richard Griffith
Ens. William Grossan WOXWZ Offie Drennan
. -v-nyvrrygvvr-fvrvr-m-1. ff '
Deep Freeze Duty Begins
5 000 TONS OF CARGO
LOADED AT DAVISVILLE, R I
AWA'-I-ING S-I-OWAGE. U Propul- SWE LLlNG OUR LOAD. . .Knox Coast and Cape Hallett l
Sion Unit for pontoon barge on pier cargo piled high by stevedores.
TRAVE LING TRACTOR . . Destined
for cold climate tractor is alone
in the United States for the last
REPORTING ON BOARD... Part of
sled bed is raised from pier during
LOWERING DEEP FREEZE CARGO. . .Crated equipment A
being lowered into Arneb's holds. Q
INACURIOUS WAY.. . lt'srope yarn every
day before the bed hears reveille inthe
V A Q.
DAVISVILLE, Oct. 27. . . On a crystal clear Saturday morning, the
Arneb, fully loaded, left Davisville and arrived in Norfolk Naval Shipyard
Sunday where last minute repairs were made. Completed in two days, the
ship moved to the Naval Operating Base.
Farewellsto friends and relatives were telegraphed, telephoned, mailed
and made in person. Last minute Christmas packages were bought and final
liberties in the "States" were enioyed.
Backstagethe general warm up for the deep freeze sprinkled conversa-
tions with energetic enthusiasm. Then the houselights dimmed on the U.S.
Curtain Time... Nov. 2, 1956. ll a.m. Norfolk behind us, the
show got on the road and the Arneb spotlight shown bright on Operation Deep
Freeze ll .
GOING. . . ln tune with the times
musicians struck up "Anchors Aweigh"
GOING. . . Norfolk, Nov. 2. . . We lined
upto heartheCOMPHlBLANT band shake,
rattle and roll us on our w
GONE. . . Beginning swing into harbor leaving
the U. S. behind.
GOING... So long, see you in the Spring.
The Panama Canal
PANAMA PASSAGE. . . PGHGWICI- - -
Nov. 8. . .Slowly we enterthe mile-
long Gatun locks.
GATUN HOI.. Passing main office of lock,
CN YOUR MARK.. . Locked
. , 0 GET SET... All b
ln we re going upinthe world 85 feet above S60 l:0YTCl UP
via Fresh water pressure,
M ULE 'RAIN THROUGH ISTHMUS. . .47-ton mules guide
GET READY. . . Heavy gates open allow-
ing us to enter.
GO. . . Under our own steam Gul
Lake awaits to be crossed.
k Y R
fmxaiffll L, AEN
ffgjf 'E.8-5-..ufe:iXe.C9m, 251-.
PANAMA BY 'HE SEA. . . -ooking at the old section.
ofthe city across the bay. V '
FORWARD LOOK. . . University of Panama spread
out on plateau above city.
PANAMA 'PANARAMA'. . .Weed's eye view Of Cenfw
LEADER EXTRAORDINARY .. . . Simon E
Bolivar keeping vigil in front of Panama 1
schoo'. A s A '
YE cms EcRErs1..Keepang our dis-
tance from these rare, beautiful birds P
gracing the marble lobby ofthe Presi- Pi
HlERE'Si HOW T vvoRKs...'hfee nqfavfgl
musketeers get owdown on puzz ing pictur-5
CEN"RA AMERICAN WHITE
HOUSE OF LEARNING. . .Columns hold -
' ' ' ' SE .... Sea shells set in
up decorative educational Institution, HOL A
' marble pillars, starlight walls
Colegio de Saint Augustine.
. . . Las Balbedos tells graphic story of
historic building of the Panama Canal.
mark Presidential Palace .
continent presidents signed
can Congress in July, 1956.
WESTERN HEMISPHERE SOLIDARITY..
Simon Bolivar views table where Presl-
dent Eisenhower and other AmerlC0n
, A - J A
AIN EQUATORIAL MANNER A E' A EEEA A ' W'-SESAME
PUHYWOQS Become Shellbacks NOV.13
BOUNTIFLL BEAUTIES A
A A POLLYWCG DEMOLITIQN CHARGE
ROYAL BABE. . .KISSIN' SWEET 5
MISS AMERICA BEWARE
-- ---- -A 1
KING QNEPTUXIEQ FOR A DAY A
,,. .- ..,.., ..4
E AH HA, A CAVITY
DOWN FOR DUNKINO OH MY ACHING. ..
vM A POLLY QBLUBD SHELL CBLUBD BACK KW SO YOUNG TO BE BALD
1 "K 4. f'
HAT ARE YOU? JUNKED JGURNALIST
Wellington, ew Zealand
MELVILLE'S CORNER, HEART OF CITY
BASK NG N .AGOON SUN I
HERDING TIME RRRR O
HARBOR HEAVEN FROM MOUNT VICTORIA
PATHWAY OF BEAUTY.. .BOTANICALCGARDENS
BIRD'S EYE VIEW
HIGH IN MOUNTAINS NEAR WELLINGTON
SCENIC SUBURB, ISLAND BAY HIS WQRSHIP - THE MAYQR V-4
WW IIII LAST GLIMPSE - BEFORE THE ICE
NEW ZEALANDERS WISH US WELL
r ' , f gl. li will lvl i
ll N J l i ll ., I' ' l', - it ll l ll i Il 'ly'
wi ll l r
5 I, l Antarctic Entrance 'ly
V ' A , ,..,- 4.3 ,fy H.: ,S jjm-l
- . .. . ' , ,JW --an sxmwfffv ' "mf M, .
may Y i 'W' it ' A 5
Ross Ice Pack. . . Dec. l6. . .A white wilderness before us, the Arneb i
steamed acrossthe Antarctic Circle toward Cape Hallett inthe northern reaches . Q.
ofVictorialand. Seabees were destined to build Adare Station, ioint United i
States-New Zealand International Geophysical Year base.
n occasional ice berg floated by as if to greet us --- invaders ofthe
penguin premises on the frozen continent. The Arneb would unload cargo in
Mowbray Bay, Cape Hallett d h '
new United States base.
The Antarctic summertime beckoned and the ship proceeded, follow-
ingthe Coast Guard icebreaker Northwind's lead, into the 420-mile wide ice
ck wh' h
pa uc separated the sea from the southernmost domain in the world.
, an t en proceed to Knox Coast to establish a
A December 19. . . Within shouting dis-
'T5'37in'I-fff'l"71W 'WT' '1' """'f' fc" . :f f u s A 51- . .-
,,,,,.,arq,,:,- sw- fs '- . , .,-, f- 1 -Q r. - -. ' ' ' ""' ""-'
Decemberl7. . . Pack ice rippeda 30-inch
gash inthe hull of the ship early this afternoon
enroute to Cape Hallett, Antarctica.
Immediate action by the Arneb damage
control parties stemmed flooding in her forward
most cargo hold. The slash came at the water-
H line on the starboard side.
y Captain Nels C. Johnson, USN, command-
l ing officer, had heavy landing craft swung
over the port side to create a 10-degree list
thus exposing the starboard hull below the
. waterline. Within five hours repairs were made
and the ship got' underway again.
l UNBALANCED LIFE FoR REPAIRS
tance ofCape Hallett, the Arneb received
a radio dispatch rerouting the ship immed-
iately to McMurdo Sound to transfer one
D-8 tractor for use on the landing strip.
HELLO ANTARCTICAI . .Cape's towering peaks
, - 'Vii
it " r'-l
g f -- it
fear ,. ' ', J ' -X l
f l N
--H---.. 'V +
- - '
r 1 Q "9 1" or
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Aaour FACETI-lRouoH an Mcmuaoo MARKER. . .aequforf Island
4 Arneb Follows ln Northwind's Wake Smoking Peak - McMurdo's Mount Erebus
X V WL
McMurdo Sound... Dec. 24. . . After tying
up alongside the Greenville Victory with
the Glacier moored to the starboard side
ofthe Victory, work began on the unload-
ing of No. 3 hold to get at the huge D-8
which was to be transferred.
INTER-S HIP COMMUNICATION. . Signal bridge
Hugh D-8 tractor was lifted out Of 1
the hold after two days and trans-
ferred to the Greenville VictOfY
eventually destined for Little Amef'
ica for use in bui ldinga landing strip'
Iss,wsQa:1:wf1:2g.fJ.1:f,--1-Aff-,-f--V- I Af.. , I.
I I ' I I ' if'-f' UM- Al- ff-3---'-4,-f-- Q.-- -Q -C M- '--f:g.,.A
CAPTAIN PRESENTS TWO FAITHFUL
STEWARDS WITH CHRISTMAS GIFTS
CHURCH SERVICES ON THE ICE
zafifxx . .U .
Christmas Dinner At McMurdo Sound
HOT GOBB LER
MAKE MINE WHITE ME
i T ini
M 'u A QQXWTITW
CARVED FOR CONSUMPTION
SANTA CAME TOO. . . RED CROSS PACKAGES
TEMPTI NO CHOW
YULE SPIRIT IN THE WARDROOM MESS DECK ORNAMENTATION
'McMurdo Sound. . . Dec. 25. . . It was
truly a "White Christmas" for us at McMurdo I
Sound. 'Most ofthe afternoon was spent on I
the ice investigating the nearby land and
chasing a few unsuspecting penguins.
It wasaday spent in relaxation and in
worship of the birth of Jesus Christ thou-
sandsofmiles fromthe UnitedStates. Many 4'
minds drifted homeward while all hands
opened packages furnished by the Ameri- A I
can Red cross. A LARGE CHRISTMAS SEAL I
Like our friends, relatives and neigh- A I
bors on our home continent, we, at the
bottom of the world, made merry on Dec- I
e m b e r 25t h .
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rap-gL.r.......- I ,V 1 . ,Q
PORT PUSH STARBOARD STALEMATE
CAPE HALLETT, ANTARCTICA, New Years, 1957 - 'Lest we forget
- An unpredicted storm of near hurricane proportions howled out of the Ant-
xx arctic continent New Years eve and winds gusting up to 60 knots drifted tre-
mendous ice floes across Mowbray Bay trapping the Arneb between pack ice
and fast bay ice.
lcebergs towering 150 feet in the air and the size of two city blocks
u loomed out of snow squalls and marched steadily down upon the ship pushing
tremendous pressure ridges before them. The ship fought with full power to
,I Steel side plates of the ship were under continuous hammering and
large "l" beams bent and groaned. One large berg wanted to occupy the
same area of the world the Arneb was occupying.
Seams ruptured and cracks appeared in the hull --- and gallons of
sea water poured into the ship. Repair crews fought the Antarctic attack
working in 29-degree water for hours that seemed endless.
And the Captain remained onthe bridge, ever watchful, refusingto
"give up the ship" although at times the situation seemed helpless.
Trapped for 48 hours, "The Big Squeeze" ushered in a "Happy New
Year" for the Arneb without a "fond adieu" to the old.
ICEBERG PARADE OF . .Arneb, stranded, watches menacing review. A ,i.,,A s A
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"HULL" OFIA PROBLEM IN AGAIN - our AGAIN
ICE BREAK .... Frozen death grip recedes
"NORTHWlND" AID AS ICE LOOSENS
. . . . Flooding being controlled
Shudder To Shelter
Damage control parties and repair crews went
into action immediately when water poured into
the Arneb's holds endangering the cargo destined
for Cape Hallett and Knox Coast. The Underwater
Demolition Detachment ofTeam 'f2l went into the
holds to investigate the extent of the damage from
the pressure ice, and searched in 29-degree water
four to twelve feet deep for areas needing repairs.
Damage control central recorded the damage
as reports from the investigators came in. The
bridge was informed and soon the extent ofthe
damage to the ship was tabulated.
The s'hip's propeller had been damaged , 99
frames had been bent, the rudder twisted I8 de-
grees, several cracks were found in the hull, and
the former hole in the starboard hull seam below
the waterline had been reopened.
On the deck ten pumps, including three "high-
lined" from the Northwind nearby pulled water out
of the holds. The damage control parties were
workingaroundthe clock but the ship, still in herI
helpless condition in the pressure ice, lay vulner-
able to the treacherous icebergs passing by.
We were in serious trouble until early in the
morning of January Zwhena crack appeared in the
ice, and the Arneb, with the Northwind's help,
broke loose from Antarctica's stranglehold and
reachedthe shelter ofCape Hallett to bandage her
u. s. NAVAL nIsrAIcII -
::,1:-M-: ,. , 1: " ' OLASFSITXAIISN V-
FROM: ADMINO , I
Awww USS ARNEB FORCE 43
INFO OOIINANDER TASK GROUP 43.6 f COMMANDER TASK
CONGRATULATIONS ON BREAKING OUT X EVERY ONE HERE FOLL ES YOU
SITUATION WITH KEEN INTEREST MUCH SYMPATHY AND HIGH E GOOD WORK 'T
WILL BE ABLE EFFECT .REPAIRS SUCCESSFULLY X KEEP UP TH
vIA H NR 234 ff WRITTEN up Sv SKELLY
- NAVY-DPPO SUD ION
Q 3 3 2 Z
,Img ITIS WILSON I'If303z IF" ITEJANUARY 57 H I'II55f'Q532z:
'IIIIIIIISI IITI9IRITTBIMIIEIMIUIHIMINI II IFII I I II
U. S. NAVAL DISPATCII
5"'---H GEN 19'0Z"'1f: T F"' P ' "' ""' 'I TL' cLAssEEinoN ' PREEEDENCE
mo' CQMPHIBIRALANT .D-,.E PLAIN
ACTION: U55 ARNEB
cg 2 1 5
CONGRATLLATIONS ON SUCCESSFULL BREAKOUT X NORFOLK TELEVISION STATION
WILL CARRY GOOD NEws ON SIX OCLOCK BROADCAST FOR FAMILIES T0 GET GOOD
. NEWS TONIGHT
il ll Il
VIA H NR 247 f WRITTEN UP BY SKELLY
'MTE III? WILSON T' I-S2572 DAIEJANUARY 57 5555522
Nnvv-orvo sun lorV
I RI' I I I NI
1'ILI'3IfI5III'I9FTIIHEI1TII?I1IIuIwImI2FInILIInI I I I In
U. S. IIAVAl DISPATCII
sun GEN 1007
mm PLA I N DEFERRED
Awww USS ARHES
NW OTE 43fCINCLANTFLTfCOHPHIBLANTfCTG 43 6
YOUR SKILL AND SEAMANSHIP EVIDENPED IN FRFFIIC' YOUR SHIP AND
IIINIMIZING THE EFFECTS OF THE UNEXPECTED HIGH WINDS AND RESULTING
PACK ICE ARE HIGHLY COMIIENDABLE X THE EFFECTIVE MEASURES TAKFN
TO REPAIR THE DAMAGE AND TO READY YOUR SHIP FOR CONTINUED
OPERATIONS SHOWS A QUOTE OANDO UNOUOTE Sp,
RIT WHICH I9 FXTREIIPLY
1 CNO -I mmm- H I -I -
l 1 1 I I ,I 1
GRATIFYING X I PERSONALLY CONVEYAA QUOTE WARM REPEAT WARIII INEI-L
, DONE TO ALL HANDS UNQUOTE X ARLEIGH BURKE I
I 'TOR 'Ei T0 DAT I' ..- D .- , ,
f 1234516 .-- I5 Iasgg
I I I I I I7I8I9I1'TI11I12I13I14l1sI1eI11'I1a 19 zo 21 zz 3 za ' -
9932 1 JAN1957 5 82
NAVY DPPOSNDN Vg
Adare Station Jan. Z To Jan. 9
ROAD TO THE BEACH
. . . . UDT and TNT
blcsf the way
. . . Over and Out
HA LLETT FRO NTIER
DE LIVERING THE
...Unloading dismnng unif GOCDS ---- Davis'
ville fo Hallett shore
HOOK, LINE AND GRANITE CLIFF
The first United States amphibious un-
loading operation in the history of the
Antarctic continent could never have been
accomplished without the successful efforts
of the Arneb's hatch crews and coxswains
who, with the Seabees, were the key fig-
ures in the unloading operations.
Working in two, I2-hour shifts, around
the clock, cargo was transferred in a con-
stant flow from the Arneb's holds into the
huge landing craft and hence onto the
CARGO LIFT BIG HELP
IN THE HOLDS
When the unloading was finally com-
pleted, the ship's first and second divisions
had unloaded and moved to the base site
2,600 measured tons of cargo. '
ON DECK SHIFT BAKER
ll ,. NIJ,
INTO THE "MIKE" BOAT
tr l.x W..
,N A . X.
. ll '
" I ' " M, ' H'
I - 4 '
V rw., Y sy
,Nw .Y Yiwu,
LUMBERING ALONG. . . Housin9
maternal transported to bose Slie
- A . .. .- Q'-. nf-. 'Y W ' .ef - - - ' '-r'-TOT' 1-if ""' 4' " '
mAP2ln5JiE?fi'o,665 o f t f
found on the site selected for the
base. Twenty men removed 9,000
in Operation "Penguin-Lift."
Then SeaBees of Mobile Construc-
tion Battalion One went to work
'D ttt i f
ALL RIGHT WHO DID IT?
Local gentry pondering recent move
constructing the ll-building base.
A supply dump was graded and per
sonnelworked lntwo 12 hour shifts
under the continuous daylnght ofthe
ln eight days the station began to
take shape as the detachment of
SeaBees erectedthe red steel sided
huts on the ground where the pen
gums once nested
, , . Ancient volcanic ash gives Way
under D-4 POWGI'
TURN TO - SEABEE STYLE
FIRST AID - A LONG WAY STEEL BANDAGE Repqafmqn of
FROM HGME work on ice-smashed hull
WELDING WELL 'DONE
f CAPE HALLETT DEPARTURE
FINAL CHECK BEFORE
ICEBERG VEILS FRIGID ANTARCTIC WATERS
ADMIRAL DUFEK lRight of Captain Johnsonl LUNCHE5 ABQARD ARNEB
GLACIER PROV DES "
KNOX COAST, ANTARCTICA-
. . . January' 31, 1957 . . .. lts crew
instilled with renewed enthusiasm
from the first mail since early De-
cember, the Arneb today arrivedat
Clark Island, one of the Windmill
group, in Vincennes Bay.
Reaching the 90-mile wide ice
pack on Jan. 25, hundreds of ice-
bergsandthick bay ice blocked the
path-to the base site but eventually
the Glacier found the route.
Although damaged once again by
thick bay ice, the Arneb crew and
SeaBees began work on Wilkes Sta-
tion, the last of the IGY bases to
be started. Time was essential for
the Antarctic summer was waning
and each of the days that were to
follow would be a little colder and
a little darker.
+'-.rn-A., f--- --
OW FOR ARNEB
The mission completed at Cape
Hallett, the Arneb, under orders
from Task Force 43 Commander Rear
Admiral George Dufek, retraced
her steps to McMurdo Sound arriv-
ing at the mooring site on Jan. 12.
SeaBees and ship's company immedi-
ately began unloading the US NS
Greenville Victory, and Admiral
Dufek and his staff visited the Ar-
neb to examine the damages sustain-
ed in the New Year"s storm.
t soon was learned that the USS
G acier AGB-4 would accompany
the Arneb and the Greenville Vic-
tory to Knox Coast. And, on Jan.
15, the Arneb, refuelled with 216,
223 gallons of oil, left withthe Task
Force on the 2,000-mile iourney to
the expected heavy ice of Vin-
ARNEB SHIP'S COMPANY
SWINGS INTO ACTION
AT KNOX COAST
E I I II I
I 1 I I
-Y" I III. LII
BOOM OPERATOR I UN-0ADI NG CARGQ I
RECORDING LCM POSITION
BOATS RADIO-TE LEPHONED DIRECTIONS
LOADING OIL DRUMS
HEADING :mo CLARK covE
UN LOADING AT BEACHHEAD
BEACHMASTER - SHIFT BAKER
Working again aroundthe clock to
beat the waning Antarctic summer,
unloading crews first removed the
remaining cargo from the Arneb,
and then turned to the Greenville
Careful boat handling was a ne-
cessity as the water was quite shal-
low in Clark Cove that led to the
Clark Island Beachhead blasted out
of solid ice by the frogmen.
Cargo was loaded on the wagons
inthe "Mike" boats, and then at the
beachhead, the wagons were hauled
ashore by SeaBee construction men
in tractors to the supply dump.
f - .Y.:.-,.' .1.,f .Q
" f A"-':f1'.4:..
CLARK IS AND BILLBOARD
TRACTORS AT BEACHHEAD A VITAL WAGON
FIRST CRANE USED IN THE ANTARCTIC
1 '- if
SURVEYOR EYES LANDSCAPE'
WEATHER BUILDING EMBRYO
BUILDERS AT WORK
TEEL WALLS - PROTECTION AGAINST wuNTER'S FURY
COMM - 5
UN'CAT'O'X'S HOOK UP AGAINST wuNTER'S FURY
F 1 il
Mr if wp. , ,,, ,,
1, , f K
,,,, 4 1, .-,1 A-P- A A R A ,. I
5 ANTARCTIC HUSKIES
WI LKES STATION COMPLETED
A HOME IS WHERE YOU MAKECIT
UNDERWATER DEMOLITION TEAM TAKES
I COFFEE BREAK AFTER "COOL" INVESTI-
I OATION OF THE ARNEP, HULL PRIOR TO
I KNOX COAST DEPARTURE. TEAMS UN -
L DERWATER WORK PLAYED ESSENTIAL
I PART IN MAKING TEMPORARY REPAIRS
1 TO THE ARNEB'S DAMAGED HULL WHILE
I IN THE ANTARCTIC ICE.
Y 1- L.. ,jf
Wilkes Station Commissioned,
Knox Effort Ends February 16th
' 1'i""'qi"1' """',"'L1' Wu--E Ax-75-Vf'J15'.r" '.,fif',?i,1'3'f-'i.z'. A . , . , A
'Y' -- . - -..v, ,wmv 1 ',.,,,,,-,J
,4-L -- ,,YY ,
I Arneb Leaves Antarcti
I As Winter, Ice Moves I
BAY ICE MOVES IN WHERE HUMANS DIDN'T FINAL FAREWELL TO ICE
FEAR TO TREAD
CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS SENDS CONGRATUALTIONS
I ll. . NAVAL DISPATCII ' I I
I SND GEN 1007
' CLASSIFICATION PRECEDENCE
3 PWM own MW- MI p L A I N
I ACTION: G'I'F4q
. INFO: TF4fgjaTG4Q.Q!c I NC
I 2 7 1 5 ga 8 Z
I - CONGRATULATIONS AND WELL DONE TO YOU AND THE OFFICERS AND TEEN OF
I YOUR TASK FORCE FOR AN OUTSTANDING PERFORMANCE DURING OPERATION
I DEEP FREEZE TWO X THE OPERATION HAS BEEN A PERFECT EXAMPLE OF
I EFFECTIVE OOORDIIHATICN OF THE MILITARY SERVICES AI--ED CIVILIAN
I SGIEIITISTS x ARLEIGH BURKE
RECID VIA G NR 944
I , I
,- 1 A A A --E' - on cn.
I neLEAsE CWQNVA I 1058192 IIIIQUXRJS I QIJQTEFEB 1957 2.715082
il I'2III :I I 4'I 5I 6I 7 I a I9 I1o I 11 I12 IISIIII 16 I17 In I 19 I zo I 21 I 22 I 23 I'24I I I
T I I N,
' ' ' I NAVY-DPPO sun N9
1 I I l
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X x 91451 ff
ZMXMK ff fig fgwmf
Finalists in the ship's beard contest receive awards from
Ensign Seesholtz, one ofthe iudges. Beards, products
of 68 days at the bottom of the world, were removed-
shortly following our Antarctic departure.
C E IQWQ wf
fs, -,L :vig .
' -, ,'f"',Q A m y 1- '
'ig f t r
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xx 1- e
'x I , x
16,3 I Jf 1 A X X
NV. 4-11 Q X Pxx
'hcl ig W I
1- it :I "'f' 'li X '
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Icebergs Make Ideal 40mm
Viv' ' '
ARNEB ENTERS PORT JACKSON HARBOR "
5 ON SUN SHINY FEB 28TH MORNING
SYdl1.eY,.A.'ll.S'h.'H.lia --- FIRST CIVILIZATION IN 3 MONTHS
A THRILL FOR us ALL PASSING UNDER
. MASSIVE SYDNEY HARBOR BRIDGE
. .4 K Y Y 4 :Ar
gydneyfs Cockatoo Island Shipyard...
CAPTAIN ON SIGNAL BRIDGE
. . .. Keen eye on entering drydock
sAILoR's VIE'W OF ENTIRE Bow -I
OPEN- DOCK AWAITS ENTRY
ING UP . ..Repc1irs begin
slmoclows glorious Sf. Mory's Cqfhedrql
ARK VIEW . .. Archibald Memoriol Founfoin
SYDNEY'S DOWNTOWN AREA
RELAXATIONTAT ETHE TAT LER
IN BOTANIC BEAUTY
YUPl HE WAS A FINE BLOKE
cLocK or 1oo,ooo PLANTS
NATIVE KoALA BEARS ASLEEP KANGARO0 P055
The ship, equipped with a new
propeller after a 13-day drydock
period, left Sydney on March 13
for a two-day tri p to Melbourne
through heavy seas and bucking a
severe headwind in the South Paci-
fic Ocean off the southeast coast of
the island continent.
On March 15 the ship celebrated
the fifteenth anniversary of the
United States Atlantic Amphibious
Force of which the Arneb is a unit.
Steaming through Hobson's Bay,
the shiptied up at South Pier, Mel-
bourne on March 15, 1957 to load
two Olympic sailing yachts.
LEAVING cocKAToo. . .WITH New PRoPELLER
Three Day Melbourne
Visit Ends Arneh Stay
On Island Continent
T A , '
QUARTERS FOR ENTERING V CTORIAN PORT
ST. PATRICK'S DAY PARADE
' UNDERWAY FOR AFRICA. . .shaff Colors
RETJRN NG "SK PPER'S" SALUTE
E DIVISION AT INSPECTION .E
launt To South Africa
STERN MEN IN IMMACULATE WHITES
SHOES SPARKLE INSECQND on
VISION CAPTAIN ADDRESSES SCREW
Cape Town, South Africa
SOUTH AFRICAN MOUNTAIN
VIEW. . . Granite Rock gateway is
stopping point for Arneb sightsee-
ers on bus tour provided by the city
of Cape Town.
SLEEPY CAPETOWN ON SUN-
DAY MORNING. . .A South Afri-
can city street, its peaceful sob-
bath hush interrupted by mofor Moe
sounds and sidewalk footsteps, MM Al
EDJCATOR OF VlSION...CeciI
-ohn Rhodes is viewed by sailorS IW
infront of the University of Cc1.Pe"
town high ona hill above the city- ' In
QQ-,y-CoATED CAPE rovvN uNuvERslrY
QLACKDROPPED BY GRANITE CURTAIN..
lcfuregque university is home of studies
if South African students.
CecilllGH AND MIGHTY. . . Group of ship's
uiloflimera fans treated to magnificent lands-
japrglpe of South Africa's sea shore.
ANYONE FOR A SOUVENlR?. .South
African native displays intricately made
gifts to interested Arneb tourists.
" ' ' -'-f f' ,fy-4.23-""
....-f, 9 '
' if A , -- fN-,-.:-
W" Ai' V' ' '4 :ctw :f1'-Q-fl'-s.1,..f.:y ,ff
A BREATH-TAKING vnsw mom "TABLE TOP" MOUNTAIN
- Fon moss wHo BRAVED CABLE CAR -
,1 'J P
SLOWLYTHE LONG JOURNEY TO THE TOP UNSURPASSEDBEAUTY BEGINS TO UNVEIL
STARTS VIA THE CABLE CAR. AS HALFWAY MARK IS REACHED.
SCENIC SPLENDOR OF CAPE TOWN AND TABLE BAY
AS SEEN FROM THE TOP.
SOUTH AFRICANS SWARM TOWARDS GANGWAY
vTNlnATIVE CLQRIOSTY ON SLINNY SIGNA- BRIDGE.
DURING VISITING HOURS.
During the Arneb's three-day stay
in Cape Town the South African na-
tives were as interested in seeing the
shipas we were in seeing their coun-
tryside. Visitors each afternoon
boarded the Arneb and were given
guided tours while we boarded bus
and taxi to view their magnificent
April 9... Our foreign liberty over,
we left Cape Town's beautiful harbor and
set our course northwardthrough the Atlan-
tic. Having had a fine time in a beauti-
ful city for three days, we were ready to
spendthe next I8 preparing for our arrival
in the continental United States.
HOMEWARD BOUND. . . Leaving harbor's breakwater
H1.......,u-........-- D -.-. --
-gifs-Q 11, Y V ff
M Hours of Work "At Sea"
lt took a great deal of perseverance
and plenty of good old-Fashioned elbow
grease to keep the Arneb in top notch
operation For six months. From the engine
roomtothe signal bridge and from the fan-
tail tothe fo'c'sle each working day found
a beehive of activity.
Each of the men aboard are located in
a division according to the type of work
each has been qualified For. On this page
and on several of the following are rep-
resentative pictures of these various divi-
BUSY SHlP'S orrucr y
WINDING IN rAnLoR
MACH NE SHOP REPAIRS
V . 1 -ff I , , , , E- 'E ' v 4A , , II -, -- ,
Slff 4.6 Q 1 a wqgqs
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' ET -E E-Ek A A A A A-AL O A-f.f-- D --. . J--3 ,sfffgf? f'f -,.,.C , ,
It fine, .
RECORDING DATA IN SUPPLY OFFICE POST OFFICE Heh Whw
where s The mcul?
, I QJIET MOMENT IN LAUNDRY
NAVIGATOR READS SEXTANT
ENCHANTING MELODIES FROM PLOTTING CONTACT IN COMBAT
I RADIO THREE.
n i Y Y. , , ,-.A- -,. 171, -, 7,5 -5 17 E- 7 E-C .::,,----3 . 171- : -ffgfi tqif-I11"13?'?.3'lE I
LOG ROOM VIEW. . . Damage Control Headquarters.
Light Repair Near Barber Shop
CLEAN SIIVERWARE FRQM SCULLERY BREAD IN THE MAKING. . .SHIP'S BAKERY
CNECRINQ INSTRUMENTS IN "ET SI-IAC
K" CARPENTER SHoP ACTIVITIES
ENGINE ROOM GUAGE CHECK
RESET ING VA LVES
SURGERY IN SICK BAY
ELECTR ICIANS AT WORK
RAISING FLAG HOISTS ON
INTRICATE ADJUSTMENT TO N
BAR OMETER .
4 1 H: , Y - lf : ' 1: jg :A3g?.'-lL?""',
TELEPHONE TALKER ON FANTAIL
Tom Aoosow Qiicieisikkiac Ray scientist
Scientific data on the cosmic ray
-a wonder ofthe universe - that will
prove invaluable to the nation WGS
collected during the cruise. Tracking
the ray in the "lGY Shack" Wl1lCl'1
was equipped with a lead pile neut-
ron monitor, the ship followed GH
International Geophysical Year track
to and from the Antarctic continent.
The ray was stopped by the lead pile
and electronic computing devices
locatedto either side ofthe pile re-
corded the intensity ofthe ray.
, V .,,,l,, f ,. ,. we - as e Y , ,. , ,Y -Q A 41' wi,e.Zif'cg1wqs"-rim-A.-w.r1'vwin 4- W ,W ..,. an W. A, iW:,,.,,, , M 1-se
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Don Blankenship A
Thomas Blaunt A
William E. Butler
William L. Drake
taff-Task Force 43
. I I I
Iliiiizixie R Division
A ff' -f'-':.-fe2:'- 1:1-avi-f:e-f-esaaaq, . V N, i, 4 - , r .. ' ff ,
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A it is Y L Y - ' Y ..' ' ' " ' - 'f f"1Y-"f":5-I-
Third Division iifiiiifi
i William Torres
' Frank Berthe lot
I Samuel Gooch
I Edmond Zinkewicz
1 Samuel Miller
' econd Division
i Leonard Myers
H of 2::f.zffs '
Q, I -v-wuz-wrwexrvi-rug --rv ,V - ---
- f - M j,51.,:'.4. -J: .:.:.A -ia ::,.-L. ' gi A31 , :A
1 . y-...',-'Lair-T:'gt7 -'l 1 5: E 31,5 WILD-L15
Y:x':.f-f-- A-'Y V -
Richard Van Dyke
I fra we aging'
, '7'-71a-qw-5.7-:.'fv,. , -.-.g-.-rw
' fr Q -Y 4, f: ..--1.--r -fa.
za., -4 . ..:ll'-71' "
I Arthur Brovm
I Edward Bowers
I -ernard Grady
I ames Wall
I Jerry Shields
I Otho Relder
Eugene MCA lpin
,,..,L.t:, ,. - .
Gary Gre ger
J. S. Flinchpaugh
-- - ' f 4 5' ff
. ALL., -....,, ,. -,
B R. HAMLIN, PH1 ----- T, J, C
T Ana So :mo The Pages Of lHisiory..,
When we left Norfolk in Novemberfew of us knew What the r1eXfSiX months
would bring. None making the cruise for the first time could visualize the
intricacies and tropical beauty of the Panama Canal, the "unhealthy" atmos-
phere provided bythe "shellbacks" when we crossed the equator, nor the utter
solemnity ofthatSouth Pacific island known as New Zealand. Few knew the
breathtaking chill which accompanied the first sight of Antarctica's weird
yet uncomparable white mountain cliffs iagged with iCe Gnd SHOW- Nor COUld
we forget the stilling danger of the frozen continent's formidable force which
gave a resounding birth to our "Happy New Year" of T957.
There were the long hours of work involved in building Adare Station at
Cape Hallett and Wilkes Station on Knox Coast, and the feeling of accomp-
lishment when the work was done. There was the wonderful liberty in metro-
politan Sydney, and the most welcome pause in provincial Melbourne and
scenic-clouded Cape Town during the long iourney home. '
None wi.ll forget the many hours spent on watch, nor the nightly movies
which brought mixed emotions on a moonlit night above the deep oceans.
Then, there was our beloved homeland that 'captured us all as April waned
and the Arneb steamed into familiar Norfolk, completing a 3l,47O-mile,
176-day iourney around the world.
Memories are made of this --- and they will last a lifetime for most of us.
On a cold winter's night in future years we'll think back on Panama, New
Zealand, Antarctica, Australia, the Cape of Good Hope and the three maior
olpceans ofthe world --- and witha thoughtful pause be able to say, "We were
t ere". '
D. J. KREJCAREK, LT., usN
""""" ASST. EDITOR
R C. LUNDQUIST, JO3 R. 5,
PHOTOGRAPHIC CONTRIBUTORS '
vv. L. cREMElux, SA 'Ttt gg
- COVER DESIGN -
LT ligl R. R. GRIFFITH
HRECKENGOST, SM 3
Published by Tiffany Publishing Co.
Colley and Westover, Norfolk, Va.
OLLINS, PH1 ----- R. C. LUNDQUIST, Jos
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