Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 2005

Page 1 of 50


Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 2005 Edition, Cover

Page 6, 2005 Edition, Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collectionPage 7, 2005 Edition, Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection
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Page 10, 2005 Edition, Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collectionPage 11, 2005 Edition, Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection
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Page 14, 2005 Edition, Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collectionPage 15, 2005 Edition, Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection
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Page 8, 2005 Edition, Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collectionPage 9, 2005 Edition, Andrew L Foreman (DE 633) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection
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Text from Pages 1 - 50 of the 2005 volume:

AHVHEIT S002 BZ SRV LNHVNILHVCEICI MVN 1 '91 1 i A I , ' " wjgg 1-wiv '-gl .QQ -' E7 -4? ,S W at -r,.,:i""""'i V Lmie - , -.- U --'A--N ,N , S. ,I .-ann... M-'smj'f",,11f-,,,,'f"" I H """' "' V Aw '1 X- A ' ,wg"""" Y ' ' S , '.,L.'f" an-V ' ' The USS Foreman fphoto courtesy of the Alice Pratt Nioterb. if ,ff ,X - 'w - .4 . Q, ',"T""!""'f I .Lf . .--qu,-4,3-'Q, wi, ,1""""' " Lieutenant Richard Turner Pratt, Jr. aboard the USS Foreman Qphoto courtesy of Alice Pratt Moterj. Lieutenant Richard Turner Pratt, Jr. Qphoto courtesy of Alice Pratt Nlotery .,. The following is a transcribed version of the original Cruise Log for the USS Foreman from 1943 to 1945. The original text was not altered except in cases of punctuation and general misspellings. Place names were checked against spelling found on the internet through Every effort was made to keep original feeling and tone of the author. The author of the cruise log is anonymous. I f-.-L. -10. 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Q if V Vw, M 1--fM.T3t4'T?w:g4+.-5 vff5f'!s!v'fT,,..V,As5, -5. f qP..,,,,wgf.g P + " f :i1Xv"aL's'1fmv:- ':'ffrv"','f'5""51'5'5'1'g'3f"x"f"iS'-5' r-wer.: 'vf gm. . 1: V 'Tw-ef '4 ' f " ,W , ab ' 1 IW " ff- 1x41nAwfEf4i,.' :ff 3-Tf','i.V-f.,.qyVfi-GEi:fP.Yvr.L'4f1fi"'w .r,,,,-ff.-g,-51.'-feff'55'igW--116:-5g,' '71 N: 4Vm,h..gV4ggg?."in.,,"'p??f?' ',.u5.'?- V :V 4 .4fJf:p:Q.1f-,gzwr .Q ' ,+V ., -rf., ww if , - V ' wi-1. PREFACE This is the story of a ship. She was not a big ship. Nor was she a mighty ship. But she was a NAVY ship. And in that she found her heritage And she found her courage. And she found her task. With deep appreciation of what it took to make his sacrifice, the editor of this volume feels it altogether fitting that it be dedicated to Ensign Andrew Lee Foreman Ensign Andrew Lee Foreman was born in Berkeley, California on September 25, 1920, and was killed in action on December 1, 1942, in the Battle ofthe Solomon lslands. Ensign Foreman was awarded the Navy Cross posthumously with the following citation: "For extraordinary heroism as assistant to the Damage Control Officer aboard an American warship during action against enemy Japanese forces off Savo lsland on the night of November 30, 1942. When his ship was struck by a torpedo forward, Ensign Foreman, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, remained at Control Station to assist in the control of the damage until he finally succumbed to an asphyxiating gas which had been generated by the explosion. His courageous spirit of self-sacrifice, maintained above and beyond the call of duty, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country." ABOUT THE FOREIVIAN The keel of the Foreman was laid down at the San Francisco yard of Bethlehem Steel Corporation. She was constructed by the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, under the supervision of the Supervisor of Shipbuilding, USN, San Francisco, Captain C. O. Kell. He was assisted by Commander C. C. Carmine, USN, and Lieutenant H.H. Sanford, the Destroyer Escort Pre-commissioning Detail. During the construction, the Foreman was known to the building yard as Hull 5399. The ship was given under the command of Lieutenant Commander Charles A. Manston, USNR, and placed in commission at 1630 on the afternoon of 22 October 1943, by the order of the Secretary of Navy. AND NOVV... To the story Of Destroyer escort 633 For months, men were being gathered together from throughout the Naval establishment, from ships of the Fleets, from training centers, from shore stations, and some were fresh from civilian life, many wore hash marks and service ribbons, most were but recently graduated from "boot" camps, yet they were all forming what was soon to be the crew of the Destroyer Escort 633, and all were pointing to the day she was to be placed into commission. From widespread corners they were assembled at two places, Norfolk, Virginia, and Miami, Florida. A few veteran specialists formed a "nucleus" crew at the building yard at San Francisco. They were preparing, each and everyone, for their tasks aboard their new ship, when she would finally take her place in the already mighty and fast-growing Pacific Fleet of the United States Navy. As the days of October 1943 began, plans were quickened and the two bodies of men were moved to the great North barracks of the Mare Island Navy Yard in Vallejo, California, there to be hold in readiness togo aboard their fighting home. The morning of 22 October 1943 saw great activity on the dock where the sparkling new escort was smugly tied-up. Sea-bags came aboard. Stores and provisions, necessary to the operation of the ship in war waters, and to the health and comfort of her men, were hoisted to the decks by giant overhead cranks. The "black gang" was giving its machinery its last tune-up, the "radio gang" was breaking in it receivers and transmitters, the "deck gang" was swabbing, mopping, stowing, and "squaring-way" for sea. All hands were busy with many activities of commissioning day. And thru all the hustle and bustle, preparations were going fonivard for the commissioning ceremony, the proudest day in the life of any vessel. At last, on the afternoon of 22 October 1943, all hands were mustered on the fantail, and Hull 5399 became United States Ship Foreman, Destroyer Escort 633. At long last, all the months of construction, of planning, of manning came to their focus, and the warship Foreman was born to her task. After days of bay trials in the great San Francisco harbor, and loading of ammunition at the Mare Island yard, the Foreman made her first venture into the Pacific, and though the coastal waters of the western United States, plied her way to another great Navy anchorage, San Diego harbor. As had so many other proud navy ships, she rode her anchor and cut the waters of that harbor thru 5 weeks of shakedown and training. Following Admiral's inspection by the Commander, Operational Training Command, U.S. Pacific Fleet, she was declared ready for the duties of her class and type in the Naval battles of her Pacific waters, even then resounding to the glory of the U.S. Navy. Already the great battles of Coral Sea, Midway, Guadalcanal, and the Shangri-La carrier strike against Tokyo were history, and the move against the Jap enemy was increasing. It was the right time for the birth of still another fighting ship to add its strength to that fight. After a brief two-week post-shakedown availability, and final fitting-out, DE633, the Foreman, on 2 January 1944, was away to the wars, bound for Pearl Harbor and the then embroiled South Pacific war fronts. The Foreman's first realization of perils of the war came when on January 7, while enroute to the Hawaiian Islands, she made sight contact on a surfaced submarine. All hands manned their battle stations for the first time, and prepared to repel the suspected craft. The undenlvater craft proved to be of American identity. Already the ship's crew had discovered the lurking dangers, which could lie beneath apparently calm Pacific waters. At first sight of Diamond Head and Waikiki beach, all the dreams of South Pacific islands were renewed in the minds of the crew and, as the "youngsters" lined the rails, the veterans smiled indulgently, remembering their first sight of Hawaiian beaches. The Foreman moored to the DE dock at the great Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, and, if acute, many of its crew saw reminders of a certain bleak December 7th, For many days, the Foreman undenivent still more training and shakedown under the guidance of the Commander, Destroyers, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Operating with submarines, with heavy surface craft, and with ships her own size, the Foreman was becoming increasingly adept at her war tasks. On the lighter side, the crew enjoyed liberties in the city of Honolulu, swam at the beach of Waikiki, toured the world-famous Royal Hawaiian Hotel, now a submariners' rest and recreation center, and the equally-famous Aloha Tower. One or two even achieved a steak dinner at Pi Huy Chung's famous eating establishment in the islands. Their brief respite over, the ship and its crew were ordered on 20 January to make way for South Pacific waters and for Funa Futi, in the Ellice Islands. Enroute, she crossed the Equator, and all hands on 26 January 1944, were duly proclaimed "Shellbacks." On January 28, the Foreman anchored in her first South Pacific Harbor. Before she was to see American shores again, she was to anchor in many just like it. On February 3, the crew was given it first sight of the bloody shores of Guadalcanal. Here, the little ship was assigned its initial war task, and for dreary day upon day, it sailed back and forth before the bastions of the war-labored island, a barrier against enemy submarines. Shortly thereafter, the new arrival in the South Pacific was undenivay again, to the New Hebrides Islands, and at Espiritu Santo was assigned her first tender availability with the USS Dixie. The men went ashore for the first time in the South Seas at the 'Fleet Recreation Center on Aore Island, and made their acquaintance with the "Beer Chit", an item peculiar to the United States Navy in Pacific waters. They were to see these many times again. 22 February marked the opening of the Foreman's real mission in the Pacific war. On that day, she undertook her first solo escort task, a short trip to Guadalcanal. This convoy, as all other she escorted, was without loss of or damage to her escorted ship. The month of March for the most part was spent by the escort on the now famous "milk- run", between the various Solomon's area and New Hebrides harbors. lt was while on these escort runs that the Foreman, on March 6, received her first "Flash Red" alert, the real meaning of which she was to learn later. On the 25th of March, she was placed in her first invasion convoy, and proceeded to Emirau Island, in the St. Mathis group, where American forces occupied the tiny coral atoll. Departing Emirau, the Foreman completed minor tasks, and arrived at a new harbor, Purvis Bay in the Florida Islands. Crew members still talk of the night they watched motion pictures on the fantail, while at a distance of thee miles, gun duels raged between Japanese in the hills, and American forces on the beachheads of Bougainville. Already the crew of DE633 were used to action without yet firing a shot at the enemy. Still more harbors knew the cut of the Foreman's bow as she next visited the inlet island of Tulagi, and ended her April travels in what her crew describes as the "most beautiful South Seas island of them all," the green and verdant Russells. In lVlay 1944, the traversing little DE visited Nlanus Island in the Admiralties, Green Island in the Bismark Archipelago, the Treasury Islands in the north Solomon's group, and began a new phase of her operations with her arrival at Sudest, Buna Point, in rough New Guinea. General lVlacarthur's New Guinea campaign was just at its height, and, as a part of Admiral Kincaid's Seventh Fleet, the DE 633 was to emerge from the campaign a much more seasoned vessel. She made many escort trips along the northern New Guinea coast from Buna to Hollandia and anchored many times at Cape Cretin, in Humboldt Bay, and at Buna itself. On lVlay 20 she got underway from Hollandia, a part of an invasion force headed due west in-to what was then strongly held Japanese territory. The invasion force struck at Toem, near VVakde Island on the next day. Wakde was also attacked. During this period, air raids occurred near-by, but did not directly involve the Foreman. On lVlay 26 she returned to Langemak, and there sighted the first hospital ship she had seen in South Pacific waters. During July, the Foreman operated once more in the Solomons area, escorting to the Treasury Islands, to Emirau, to Hanover, to New Britain and New Ireland, to IVlanus, to Green Island, and on the 1st of September, found herself once more in Blanche Harbor, in the Treasuries. Short, uneventful trips to Choiseul Island, to the southeastern capes of New Guinea, and back to the area of Mono Island comprised her early September forays. She sank her first mine on 15 September. At Treasury Island, on the 16th of September, the Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Commander Charles A. Manston, USNR, was relieved of command, and Lieutenant Commander William J. Carey, Jr. USN assumed the duties of Commanding Officer. As if in celebration of the new command, the Foreman departed Treasury Islands on 24 September enroute via the Coral Seas, with her sister ship, the USS England, to Sydney, Australia, to the jubilation of all hands. Rest, recreation, and the very lightest of duties filled the ten days at the "Paris of the Pacific," and all hands enjoyed their first visit to a "real liberty port" since leaving Pearl Harbor nine months before. The war-weary crew was warmly welcomed by the Australians, and "King's Cross" the Circular Quay," "Luna Park" and Manly Beach" became almost as familiar to the men as the intricacies of their own ship. The Foreman remained at Berth 2 in Port Jackson until 10 October, when she departed Sydney with a tired but happy complement. Returning to the Treasury Islands, the Foreman received orders to report to Humboldt Bay, Hollandia, where she departed on October 26, 1944, enroute to Leyte Gulf, to take part in her third invasion and inthe liberation of the Philippine Islands. The Philippine Campaign Arriving at Leyte Gulf on the morning of October 30th, the Foreman was immediately to learn the rugged character of the campaign upon which she had embarked. For that very morning she went to General Quarters twice because of air alerts, and battle stations were manned three times in the afternoon. The Foreman's crew witnessed their first "Kamikaze" attack, then the newest weapon the Japanese enemy was employing its desperate struggle to retain its hold in the former American territory. Many if these suicide attempts were observed and AA fire was a common sight in Leyte Gulf. On the morning of October 31st, the ship again went to General Quarters, and her crew was at their Battle Stations at various times of the day and night, remaining from 3 minutes to 3 hours at each. The ship was ordered on escort duty to Hollandia on November 1, and proceeded with her convoy, but enroute was recalled to Kossol Passage, Palau Islands for replenishment and another escort mission for return to Leyte Gulf. Enroute Palau, a definite undenrvater contact was made, and an 8-hour tracking ensued in company with another escort. Several patterns of anti-submarine charges were loosed with no observed results. From Palau, the Foreman retuned to Leyte Gulf on November 7. On the morning of arrival, she sighted an enemy plan, but the friendly combat air patrol "tally-hoed," chased, and shot it down before it approached her group. Cn the afternoon of 12 November, the crew of the small destroyer observed suicide air attacks on one LST and a merchant vessel in the San Pedro harbor. The Foreman opened fire on an enemy plane, but a friendly P-38 shot the attacker down. On 14th of November, she observed 3 enemy planes shot down during an air raid. Early on the day of her departure from the Leyte Gulf Area fNovember 16015, she observed enemy strafing and bombingattacks on shore installations near-by. The Foreman has survived still another invasion, and proudly she points to her participation in the Philippine Liberation. During the period of 7 November to 16 November alone, she manned her battle stations for air raid alerts and for actual combat some 32 times. Her men were awakened at all hours, some slept with their clothes on, and the resounding "Clang, clang" of her general alarm could have been heard in her passage-ways many times during that second most strenuous period in her career. Her roughest campaign was yet before her. By this time, the crew was calling their ship, "The Fighting Foreman," and even now, they speak affectionately of her by this name. She departed for Manus, a worn ship with a weary crew. Replenishment and rest was well deserved. During the remainder of the year 1944, the little Navy ship "turned to" once again on missions of escort between Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea and Seadler Harbor at Manus in the Admiralty Islands. The ships she escorted brought supplies and much-needed equipment to the rapid-expanding New Guinea base. Christmas Day was spent at Manus. A festive holiday dinner was served, including traditional turkey and the fixings. All hands enjoyed a full day of rest by order of the Skipper, and opened packages received from home. Despite gay decorations in the crew's mess hall, and their attempts to feel happy, it was evident that many were the thoughts of "those Christmases at home." Few spoke of it, but all were thinking of the next Christmas, and wondering whether it, too, would be spent in Far Pacific waters. By the end of 1944, the Foreman and her crew were veterans of the Pacific war, participants in three invasions, accomplished .travelers of the South Pacific, experienced in the battle tactics if the enemy, had known war weariness, and witnesses of the inception of the new Japanese air techniques of "Kamikaze fDivine Windy Attacks." They were to see more of this technique as their efforts in the war continued. During 1944, major events had taken place aboard ship. Her commissioning Captain, her commissioning Executive Officer, and her original Engineering Officer had been replaced. So had the first ASW officer. Many new faces were to be seen among her crew, and a few of the old ones were missing. A new battle-witness was evident. This was to be an advantage in days to come. As the year 1945 opened, the Philippines clampaign was almost complete. The big ships were engaging the enemy in the last big naval battle of the war, and the last phase of the Pacific war was beginning. The outlook for action for the DE appeared not very bright as it continued its usual escort runs between Hollandia and Manus for the first weeks in January. However, the crew need have had no worries about inaction and boredom, as later events were to prove. A slight diversion was offered when on January 22nd, she -was ordered on escort to Eniwotok in the Marshall Islands, and enroute picked up another sound contact, which, after several hours, proved not to be a submarine. This was new duty, and the crew's interest was renewed. The Foreman returned to Manus, and immediately was returned to Majuro, also in the Marshalls, on another escort mission, which almost resulted in her return to the United States. Events negating this happyjuncture, she returned to Manus on February Gm. ' After a few days at anchor, the Foreman was again undenlvay. Her orders read Ulithi Atoll in the Caroline Islands, and the crew read between the lines and realized that this was the end to rear area duty for her. This time they back in the fight. On the 20th of February she returned to lVlanus for replenishment, joined again with her sister ship, the USS England, and together they sailed to Ulithi, saying goodbye to Manus Island forever. Their new base was just then assuming a tremendous role in the last step of the war- the strikes against the Jap homeland, and all about her, the Foreman saw bustling activity, and felt the thrill of knowing that she, too, was to play her part in the crushing of the Nip empire. On all sides, she saw the might of the U.S. Navy drawn together, and knew that big things were afoot. Here, at last, she was the "fighting Navy." From now on, the destinies of the Foreman were to be closely allied with those of the Fifth Fleet, the striking fleet of one of the leaders of the Naval war, Admiral Raymond A. Spruance. T Arriving on the 5th of lVlarch at the nerve center of future attacks on Japan, the Foreman knew she was through with merchant escorting and other "rear area" tasks. Now she was with the "heavies" and that meant action. This conception was not wrong, for after a few days, at Ulithi, and another brief period at Palau, and a one-day trip to Pelelieu, the Foreman was ordered to rush back to the Ulithi and there was ordered to join Task Force 54, composed of battleships, cruisers, destroyers, and one or two other destroyer escorts. The orders left no doubt. This was BIG! f The Okinawa Campaign Departing Ulithi Atoll on the 21st of Nlarch, and sortie-ing with the other ships of Task Force 54, the Foreman was at last on her mettle. For her Commanding Officer told the crew that her goal was Okinawa Jima in the Ryukyu Islands, a mere 325 miles south of the main Japanese islands. "This will either be a push-over, or the worst thing we've been through," Comdr Carey told his men. How prophetic his words were to be, not one member of his crew fully appreciated. On the 23'd of March, the Foreman fueled for the first time at sea from a battleship, more were to follow. The men thrilled at the gigantic war machine which they were guarding against underwater attack, and knew that with the many other similar battleships and cruisers in the group, that the Navy this time meant business. At dawn on the 25th of March, Task Force 54 arrived at Okinawa Jima and was surprised to encounter no enemy opposition. This was to come later. The entire day of the 25th passed uneventfully, and the Task Force retired from the immediate area of Okinawa at night. Still no enemy opposition appeared, and nothing of significance occurred. The crew was sure that this could not last. They were right. On the 26th of March, while attached to a fire support unit covering attacks on Tonachi Shima, the Foreman witnessed the first air raid she was to see at Okinawa. A fire was observed in the immediate vicinity, but no enemy planes approached her formation. The day did not pass quietly, however, for at 0746, after search planes from a cruiser near-by had sighted underwater targets, the DE was ordered to make attack. lt loosed depth charge patterns, and circled to make ramming attack on contact. As the distance closed between the target and the Foreman's bow, her crew braced themselves for the jarring shock of the collision. Tension ran high as the PA system sounded, "ZOO feet," "1OO feet," "50 feet," "2O feet." The ship trembled as she approached her flank speed. "Any second now," men were saying in low, hushed, worried tones. lvlingled regret and happy relief ran thru the crew when it was discovered that the "target" was nothing more than a huge Japanese blackfish. Still more action was observed in the afternoon of that second day at Okinawa when a sudden raid warning was received and anti-aircraft fire was observed from other formations close-by. But still no enemy aircraft approached the Foreman's group. The night passed without significant events. The Morning of March 27 On the morning of March 275 the Foreman went to General Quarters at dawn, alert to air raids. She was not disappointed, for at 0620, enemy bombers were sighted releasing their deadly missiles in the vicinity. At 0623, three enemy aircraft attacked the formation, and two directly attacked the Foreman, an identified Val tJap dive bomberl approached dead astern, and closed steadily, passing over the stern amid a thick wall of anti-aircraft fire from the Foreman's automatic guns, and 3" cannon. Accompanying vessels also were firing on this attacker, which passed within 15 feet of many of the Foreman's crew at their battle stations. The Val crashed close-aboard the starboard bow of the Foreman, carrying the forward life-line, and leaving heavy scratches on the hull. Meanwhile, an identified Tony tJap fighterl attacked an escorted cruiser, was shot down by anti-aircraft fire from the Foreman and the cruiser, and crashed 500 feet on the Foreman's beam. One casualty, a member of the ship's No. 1 repair party, and ammunition party was injured seriously as a result of the debris and shrapnel being thrown from the crashing Val. No more attacks occurred during the remainder of the 27th of March. On the 28th, at 1425, the Foreman rescued an American pilot from the sea, who had survived a plane crash close-by an escort cruiser. ln accordance with the custom in vogue among Navy ships, the Foreman received icecream for her crew from the cruiser. The 29th saw four enemy aircraft being brought down with the Foreman's formation, though none directly attacked her. The 30th was comparatively peaceful, with only one air raid alert being sounded. The 31st of March was marked by the approach into the formation of one enemy aircraft. Other ships opened fire, but the plane was outside the range of the Foreman's batteries. The remainder of the day passed uneventfully. By now, the foreman had come to know the real meaning of "Flash Red," the first of which she had experienced back in 1944. As she steamed back and forth those last five days of March, screening against enemy submarines, she knew she was doing her part in this campaign, for the heavy ships she was protecting were even then bombarding the Hagushi beaches in preparation for the landing on Love Day. The lnvasion of Ckinawa Easter Day- 1 April 1945- was marked as Love or Landing Day by American forces. At 0200 that morning the Foreman went to General Quarters and remained at Battle Stations until dawn. During this period, one unidentified plan crossed her bow, and at 0424 she opened fire at an unidentified plane close-by with no observed result. Enemy air raids increase and as the dawn twilight lighted up her surrounding sector, hundreds of assault craft could be seen preparing to make their landings on the Hagushi beachheads. At 0613, an enemy plane was splashed near-by. At 0615, the Foreman began patrolling5 to 7 thousand yards northeast of Keise Shima. At 0830, landing operations began, and hundreds of small boats streamed past the Foreman on their way into the beaches. Men waved as they went by, and the crew of the Foreman answered with well-wishing salutes, almost as if in tribute to these brave fighters, some ofwhom were about to go ashore in the first assault on the Jap homeland, and to give their lives in the battle. Amphibious rocket ships ran close-in shelling as they went, and aircraft strafed enemy resistance points on shore. All this could be seen from the decks of the DE, as she patrolled her sector in search of lurking Japanese submarines. Later that morning, reports were received that the landings had been successful, to stand-by now for heavy enemy air raids. The raids never materialized. At least not that day. The enemy was apparently momentarily stunned by the attack. They were to resume their vigorous attacks shortly. The Foreman retired again on the night of April 1, and remained off Kerma Retto, on alert for air raids. None occurred. Enemy aircraft frequented the area throughout April 2, and the Foreman went to General Quarters many times. The Events of April 3 Having been assigned an anti-submarine patrolling station around the entrances to the Transport Anchorage of Kerama Retto, on the "ping line," now known among Navy men as Bogey Highway." The Foreman took station and was proceeding on duty, when at 0100 on the morning of April 3'd, she received word of enemy air raids in the vicinity. At 0115, anti-aircraft fire was observed over the Kerama Retto area. At 0119, a single- engine aircraft was observed passing north 1 mile distant from the Foreman. As it passed to the starboard, it suddenly swerved and attacked the Foreman on her bow. She opened fire, and the aircraft passed over her, dropping a 500-pound bomb, and disappeared into the night. The bomb penetrated her mid-ships area, went through the No. 1 fire room, through No. 1 boiler, through her hull, and exploded 30 feet beneath the ship. The ship was violently jarred, men were thrown to the deck, compartments were filled with gear in scattered chaos. The No. 1 fire room flooded to the waterline, and the Foreman's engines were put out of commission causing total loss of light and power fonfvard. Repair parties immediately began to pump the fire rooms, and to rig emergency power, at 0134, light and power were restored, and the ship was able to proceed at 10 knots. At 0217, the ship was ordered to enter Kerama Retto Harbor, and finally arrived at 0415. The remainder of the day was spent undergoing emergency repairs. Two serious casualties and three minor ones were transferred for treatment. Desenling of praise for their conduct during the emergency were Raymond Anliker, water-tender on watch in No. 1 fire room, and Richard L. Jacobsen, in-charge Repair Party No. 3, both of whom displayed unusual calmness and who aided materially in the ship's early recovery from her chaos. Throughout the 3'd, 4th, 5th, and the GU' of April, air raids were more frequent, and battle stations became more familiar to the crew of "The Fighting Foreman" than their bunks. Emergency repairs were completed on the 6th of April, and as the little ship awaited her orders to return to the rear area for permanent repairs, air raids became "old stuff" to her crew. On the 7th, also, she fired on an enemy plane with no observed results. On the 8th, fighter planes of the enemy increased their raid intensity and word of suicide attempts were received with regularity. On the 9th of April, the dauntless DE received orders to return to Guam for assessment of damage, but while enroute was ordered on to Ulithi. She arrived at Ulithi on April 17th, and permanent repairs were begun. The remainder of the month of April was thus occupied, while the crew recuperated and caught up with its many hours of lost sleep. Permanent repairs were completed on the 14m of May and the Foreman remained for rest and recreation of her crew at Ulithi, awaiting orders. On the 29th of lVlay, the Foreman received her new orders. "Return to Okinawa" passed through the crew's grapevine. The Foreman was going back...back into the thick of it. All hands were alert, for this time they knew what they were facing. Now they were in another fleet, and under Admiral Halsey. The Third Fleet was now the fighting fleet. And there the Foreman was ready again to do her part in the biggest campaign of the war. Arriving at Okinawa on the 3'd of June, the war-wise little vessel was immediately at home when two air raid alerts were received that day. A new kind of menace also appeared, when warning was received on the nest day of an approaching typhoon. But it spent itself before approaching Okinawa. On the 5th of June, the Rough Rider received her orders to take patrol station off Okinawa. The Foreman on the "ping line" again. She remained on this duty until June 23'd, and during her assignment, received approximately 33 air raid warnings, each one fraught with the dangers of Kamikaze attack. On the 11th of June, a "bogey" was picked up at 10 miles, circling the Foreman's bow. lt closed to 5 miles, crossing to the starboard, when it was visual-ly sighted and identified as an enemy reconnaissance bomber "Sonia" It closed to 3 miles, passing down the Foreman's starboard beam, and as the accompanying destroyer opened fire, the enemy aircraft started a suicide dive on the Foreman. She opened fire, diverting the plane from its attack, and it crashed close aboard the stern of the destroyer in the AA Formation, the Foreman credited with an assist in its destruction. Raids continued daily. Men were sometimes caught in the showers unclothed when an alert sounded. Others were forced to leave food during meal hours to man their battle stations. All hands survived on about an average of 3 to 4 hours sleep a day. Many days were spent almost wholly at General Quarters. Rain and heavy seas further complicated the task of detecting and combating Kamikaze attacks. The Foreman's fifth action against direct enemy aircraft assaults occurred on the 22nd of June. At 0923, shortly after an uneventful General Quarters call, an enemy aircraft was picked up at a distance of 15 miles. The enemy was visually sighted as a new Japanese fighter, Zeke. As it closed to 5 miles, an accompanying destroyer opened fire. At 0931 the Foreman opened fire with full batteries, as the aircraft circled down the port side and attempted a stern-on suicide dive. As the enemy came in on a low-glide attack, Comdr. Carey maneuvered his ship to keep the plane on its beam, and both she and the accompanying destroyer laid down a heavy sheet of anti-aircraft fire. The Zeke was headed directly for the bridge superstructure and at a distance of about 100 yards, when anti-aircraft fire from the Foreman set it afire and it swerved up from about 75 foot altitude and crashed close ahead of the accompanying destroyer. The much-embattled littleescort returned to Kerama Retto Harbor for her regular maintenance overhaul shortly after. Raids as usual continued, but by now, routine aboard the staunch little fighter was little disturbed by the "hecklers." The crew was surprised when they did not come. The East China Sea Expedition The 29th of June saw the Foreman assigned new duty. No more ping line - once more she was to travel with the "heavies," this time on forays into the East China Sea, for air strikes against the China Coast, and to provide air cover for minesweeping operations in China Sea waters. Now She was in Task Force 32, still under the over-all command of Admiral Halsey's mighty Third Fleet. Reporting to her new duty on 3 July, the plucky little DE was diverted temporarily on an escort mission, accompanying a heavy cruiser to Leyte Gulf, and returning six days later with another heavy cruiser, which was joining the Naval force. On the 9t"' she rejoined her unit, and cruised with it in the East China Sea until the 11th, when she returned to Buckner Bay QNakagusuku VVanj, for replenishment and for mail for the fighting force. On the 13th she again rejoined her Task Group. On the 14th of July, the Foreman went to Battle Stations when an unidentified aircraft approached the formation at 5 miles distance. Aircraft Chased the "bogey" away. On the 15th, in heavy seas, she refueled once more from an escorted battleship, while 150 miles off Shanghai on the China Coast. The Task Group returned to Buckner Bay on the 17th to receive word of an approaching typhoon. It got underway immediately to ride out the storm, and to spend three rough, rolling days at sea. Re-entering Buckner Bay on the 21st, the Task Group was soon ordered out once again on China Sea operations, and when on the 23'd of July, enemy aircraft dared approach this strong supplementary unit of the Third Fleet, it was shot down at a distance of 13 miles by fighter planes from the group's carriers. For its entire operations, this group swept from one end of the China Sea to another, at time approaching close to Shanghai, and after an air raid alert on the 25th, during which enemy aircraft approached to 19 miles, was unmolested by the already demoralized and defeated Japanese air corps. Operations in the East China Sea continued from the 25th to the 31st of July, when the entire Task Group entered Buckner Bay for replenishment. The 1st, 2nd, 3'd of August found the Foreman once again underway with the big ships, in the East China Sea. On 4 August, combat air patrol planes from the carriers shot down another Jap aircraft, this time a Tabby, cargo and passenger plane. Again on the 5th, the carrier planes shot down a Frances, medium bomber, which had ventured to a distance of 14 miles from the formation. During the Gm of August, two air raids were picker-up, and then at 1125 in midmorning, a high-flying Jap bomber, later identified as a Dinah, flew directly over the Task Force at an altitude of 34,000 feet, but soon opened away from the formation without attacking. Ordered back to Buckner Bay, the group entered the harbor on the 7th, where it lay until the mf". On August 10th at 1207, the Foreman received a radio communication that the Japanese government had requested the neutral nation of Switzerland to relay the word that Japan was ready to accept the terms of the Potsdam Ultimatum, as laid down by the governments ofthe United States, China, and Great Britain. On the 12th of August, a sharp underwater explosion was felt aboard the Foreman, and it was learned later that a low flying plane had dropped a torpedo which had struck a battleship about 1500 yards on the Foreman's beam. Daily sorties thereafter were ordered-to avoid night attacks. 1 On the night of August 14, still another "Flash Red" alert was received and the Foreman went in to General Quarters, the last she was to assume under war conditions, for on the' 15th of August, she received a "cease offensive operations" order from the Commander-in- Chief, Pacific Ocean Area, and for all hands, it meant the war was over and a war was won. The war was over and the little ship was still afloat: she had suffered much, but the Destroyer Escort 633 had done herjobl INVASIONS IN WHICH THE FOREIVIAN HAS TAKEN-PART Toem, New Guinea 11st Wavey Wakde, New Guinea Q1S"Wave5 Emirau 12nd VVaveJ Ivlanus 44th Wavey Leyte 42nd Wavej Kerama Retto, Nansei Shoto 41st Waveb Okinawa Jima, Nansei Shoto C1StWaveJ PLACES, HARBORS, ISLANDS, AREAS, BAYS VISTIED BY FOREMAN Vallejo, California San Francisco, California San Diego, California Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii Funa-Futi, Ellice Islands Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Islands Purvis Bay, Florida Islands Emirau, St Mathias Islands Blanche harbor, Treasury Islands Tulagi Harbor, Treasury Islands Seadler Harbor, Manus, Admiralty Islands Renard Sound, Russell Islands Green Island, Bismark Archipelago Cape Sudest, Buna, Territory of Papua Tagula Island Louisade Archipelago, Territory of Popua Cape Endaiadore, Territory of Papua Oro Bay Cape Cretin, Territory of Papua Langemak Bay, Territory of Papua Humboldt Bay, Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea Berlin Harbor, Dutch New Guinea Toem Island Wakde Island New Hanover Island Shortland Islands Dredger Harbor New Britain Island, Bismark Archipelago Hamburg Bay, Emirau, St. Mathias Islands Baugainville Island Cape Alexander, Choiseul Island Cape Nehus, Choiseul Island Mono, Island, Treasury Islands Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands San Pedro Bay, Philippine Islands Kossol Passage, Palau Islands Pelelieu, Palau Islands Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands Ulithi Atoll, Caroline Islands Okinawa Jima, Nansei Shoto Kerama Retto, Nansei Snoto Tonachi Shima, Nansei Shoto Hagushi Anchorage, Okinawa Jima, Nansei Shoto Ie Shima, Nansei Shoto Nakagusuku Wan fBuckner Bayb, Okinawa Sakishima G-unto, Nansei Shoto MERCHANT VESSELS ESCORTED IN THE PACIFIC WATERS BY THE FOREMAN SS Kota Baru SS Fort Erie SS Ethan A. Hitchcock SS Thomas Concon SS Jack London SS John B. Ashe SS Richard B. Moore SS Heber M. Creel SS Alcoa Pennant SS Torrens SS Jepara SS Mormachawk SS Sheldon Clark SS Polau Laut SS John O. Cunivood Ss John Hart SS Lindenwald SS Epping Forest SS Gunston Hall SS Santa Ana SS Howell Laykes SS Montago SS Dean SS Beacher SS Billings SS Penfield SS Alcoa Pilgrim SS Santa Monica SS Day Star SS Steward SS Porta SS Lad SS Robert S. Bean SS Stephen G. Porter SS Arkansas Pass SS William Sublette SS Hanyang SS David Barry SS Kate Wiggin SS Pueblo SS Sea Pike SS Nan Van Nuys SS David Shanks SS Ed Lander SS Louis Dyohe SS Yernan SS Tarakan SS Charles Russel SS John Choutean SS James Lane SS Esso Pittsburg SS Adoniram Judson SS Gvid Butler SS David Hewes SS Las Vegas Victory SS Cuba Victory SS Cape Bon SS Meteor SHIPS OF THE FLEET WITH WHICH THE FOREIVIAN OPERATED IN PACIFIC WATERS -ISS Tacoma IPF-35 I ISS Widgeon CASR-15 -ISS Indianapolis lCA35J -SS Oakland ICL95i I-ISS Republic I- SS S-41 -SS Harmon IDF 6789 -SS Albireo CAKQOJ -SS Cassiopeia IAK7l -SS Collbaugh IDF 2175 GJ -ISS Osterhaus lDF164J -ISS Swallow CAlVl65y -ISS Enlang CDF635J -ISS Fullum CDF474y -ISS Guest IDD472J -SS PC623 -ISS PC1130 -SS Emery QDR22i -SS Martin IDF30J -SS Stoadfeld lDF295 -ISS LST 343 -ISS Wadsworth IDD516l -ISS Halford IDD480J -SS Duffy IDE 271 -SS Dixie IAD14J -SS LST 398 -ISS LST 125 -SS LCI 330 -ISS LCI 331 -ISS LCI 332 -ISS Anthony IDD515J ISS President Polk AP103 - I I -SS Mintaka lAK945 SS Hopkins lDIVIS13i -SS Dobin CAD3i -SS Ritter IDE636J -SS Bowers fDE637J -ISS Ogden IPF39i -SS LST 202 -SS PL 1123 -ISS LCI 444 -ISS LCI 446 -SS Whitehurst IDE634J SS s-34 SS Adharan tAK71j SS Edwards tDD6197 SS TyontAPH1y SS Pinkney tAPH2l SS Suamico CAD-495 SS Chepaohet tA078J SS MCG-owan tDD678J SS lVlahan QDL364l SS Russellt DD414J SS Dashiel tDD659J SS Conynghar tDD371J SS Cape Johnson tAP'l72l SS Hercules QAK-415 SS Killen tDD593j SS Whitney CAD-45 SS Canberra tCA70J SS Piedmont tAD17l SS Wright QAG-795 SS Ross tDD536J SS Coklawaha CAO84J SS General Robert L. Howze tAP1343 SS Reno CCLQGJ SS Kochab QAKSGJ SS Straus tDE408l SS Ozark QLSVZQ SS Woodworth tDD46OJ SS Lardner tDD487J SS Tennessee tBB43J SS Estes CACC12b SS Barton tDD722J SS West Virginia 033485 SS New Mexico tBB4OJ SS Newoombe tDD586J SS Kimberley tDD521y SS St. Mary's tAPA126l SS lnfvin tDD7947 SS Idaho 038425 lSS Biloxi QCLSOQ lSS New York tBB34l SS Callaghan tDD7927 SS Wesson tDE1847 SS Niles tDE183l SS Cassin Young tDD793l ss La1'feytDD7247 ss san Lake City tCA25D as 9 tl it -SS Atascosa QAOGGQ -SS Birmingham CCLGZD -SS Tagbush -SS Oceanus CARBZQ -SS Pritchett QDD5615 -SS Pitt CAPA223 -SS LC QFFD 998 -SS PC 1081 -SS PC 463 SS PCR 877 -SS Rebel fAM284y -SS Diploma CAN221J -SS Hamul CADZOJ -SS ARD 15 -SS Cascade QAD16l -SS Rowe QDD564J -SS Smalley DD5655 -SS Stoddard QDD566l -SS Centaurus CAKA177 -SS Trego CAKA78l -SS Arenac CAKA128l -SS Oneida QAKA121J -SS Elizabeth Stanton QAPGQJ -SS Richard W. Suessens CDE 3425 -SS Gendreau CDE 6395 -SS Eisele qDK34y -SS Carlson QDLQJ -SS Abercrombie fDE343b -SS Joseph Campbell CAPD 499 -SS Gilligan CDE508J -SS Sebec CAO87J -SS Tollberg ifADP103J -SS Stack qDD406l -SS Hambleton CDMSZOD -SS Fair fDE35l -SS Gherardi CDlVlS3Ol -SS Chicopee lAC347 SS Ellyson fDMS19J SS Whippet QlX129l SS Curtiss QAV-4' SS APDL 32 SS Boyd ifD544J SS Cowell qDD547J SS Alkes CAK11Ol SS Cuyama CAC-35 SS Nevada 0313365 sd sf if 9 an -SS San Francisco lCA385 -SS Wichita lCA45y JSS Chester CCA27l -SS St. Louis CL49J -SS Fanshaw Bay CCVE109l SS Cape Gloucester fCVE109J lSS Lunga Point CCVE94l SS Santee QCVEZQJ SS Walter C. Wann CDE412l SS Putnam QDD757l lSS Walke CDD7235 SS lVloate QDD693l SS Barton lDD722J SS Lowery lDD77Ol lSS Henley CDD553b SS Taylor QDD551J SS Bradford lDD545J lSS Brown QDD546l SS Makin Island lCVE93 SS Spangler QDE696J SS Niobrara CAO-725 SS Chotauk QIX-1885 SS Polaris CAF 117 SS Marathon QAPAZOOJ SS Alaska CCP-15 SS Guam QCP-25 ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY VESSLES WITH WHICH THE FOREIVIAN HAS OPERATED IN PACIFIC WATERS HMAS Warregy CCorvette7 HIVIAS Katoomba ICoNetteJ HIVIAS Kanimbla HMAS Nlanoora HMAS Vendetta HMAS Strahan DECORATIONS AND MEDALS REPRESENTED IN CREW OF THE FOREMAN American Defense Service Ribbon Asiatic-Pacific Area Bar American Area Bar Good Conduct Ribbon Philippine Liberation Ribbon Purple Heart Medal Fleet Commander Citations Lifesaving Medal Cfficers Who Have Served Aboard the FOREMAN Lt. Comdr. William J. Carey Jr. "Lt Comdr. Charles A Manston Lt. Robert B. Minturn Lt. John M. Reade "-t. Arthur Peterson Jr. it. Martin p. Nelson "-t. J. L. MacDonald "-t. David B. Grant it. Charles B. McCoy " t. Morrill r. Woodward Lt. Richard T. Pratt it. Cjgl Sinclair Korman "-t. fjgy Dickinson Y. Waldron "-t. ljgl Harold S. Smith Lt. fjgl Robert M. Dominy Lt. fjgj Edward L. Flood Lt. ljgj Francis J. McCue Lt. Qjgl Menlin B. Cohen Ensign George J. McFadden Ensign Clifton C. Jones Ensign Phillip L. Zebold Ensign Donald E. Warhurst Ensign Robert Cornell Ensign A. K. Leehouts "Original members of commissioning complement Personnel Who Have Server Aboard the Foreman Aker, Arthur "'Albertine, James "Alexander, Hume Fields 'Allen, Clare James Allred, Dallas Commodore "Anliker, Raymond Henry Balance, Franklin Lester "Banach, Edward Leo "Barfield, James Marion "Barmakian, Aram Napoleon Barreiro, Manuel Ramos "Bartola, Chester Bell, Royce Allen 'Benard, Basil Bennett, Virgil Earl Biagi, Richard Charles Bourgeois, Paul Clarence "Braadock, Charlie Thomas "Brandon, John Fred "Breeden, Ralph Donald Broadwater, Robert Jennings "Brooks, Wilson Culver Brown, Robert Oliver 'Brunssen, Louis Francis Brunst, Richard Frederick Burokas, Walter "Caparaso, Gennaro 'Cardin, James Warren Carner, Harvey Lee Carpenter, Orval Noel Carranza, Johnny Demetrio Carter, Roy L. "Carter, William LeRoy Casano, Joseph Ignatius Casas, Victor "Chacko, William Mike "Chambers, Claude Marshall "Chavis, Thomas Levi "Clark, Frederick Hoyle Chemnitzer, Robert Ervin "Cody, Charles Raymond Cook, Beverly Clayton "Covington, John Glennie "Darling, Lewis Lynn "Davis, Earl Douglas "Davis, Robert Mitchel Dempsey, Elbert "A" Diaz, Anaclito Donovan, Damian Jospeh Dorman, Jack Dunsky, George Jacob "Durden, John Lewis Ecklin, John Wellington Edmonds, Clovis Earl "Egrek, John Albert "Willis, Jospeh Adron Ervin, Deane Luther Fahr, Ivan Bernard 'Fish, Walter Gerard 'iFletcher, Larnzy "Gallagher, Fred Maurice Genaro, Norman Anthony "Giet, Carl Gustave "Godwin, Bernard Benjamin 'lGolden, Lee "O" "Goodman, Philip Gordon, Noel Omar "Gray, Edward Hobart "Greene, "M" "C" "Griffin, Luther Walter Haley, Norman Franklin Hancock, Ben E. Hand, John Calhoun Hanson, Earl Christopher Harcourt, Edward Sheppard Harding, Franklin F. Hastings, Charles Ralph Hawkins, Billy Lane 'k QE 'k if ir :E 'k "Heavner, George David "Henke, Edward "Hernandez, Paul Rohilio "Hickey, Earl Francis "Hinton, William Ralph "Hobbs, J. L. Holder, Sidney Russell Holler, Durant Cooper Holley William Stratford "Hollis, Fred C. "Holmberg, Douglas Velhelm "Homick, George "Hopkins, Jimmie L. Howland, William Paul 'Hradsky, Joseph H. 'Hritz, Michael Jospeh 'Huggins, Charles T. 'Hughes, Joseph "Hunt, Vernon Alben Hurley, Austin Ted "Ibaoh, George flsenberg, Veryl Lewis I -L-V if A- - I ! V- hh A- ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE USS FOREMAN From other sources bFrom the 'Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships,H C1969I Vol. 2, pp.428-429. FOREMAN Andrew Lee Foreman, born 25 September 1920 at Berkeley, Calif., was commissioned ensign in the Naval Reserve 13 May 1942. Serving as assistant to the Damage Control Officer in heavy cruiser NEW ORLEANS ICA-325 when his ship was torpedoed during the Battle of Tassafaronga 30 November 1942, Ensign Foreman remained at his station to help in saving his ship until asphyxiated by gas generated by the explosion. He was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross for his heroic self-sacrifice. DE-633 Displacement: 1,400 t. Length: 306' Beam: 37' Draft: 9'5H Speed: 24 k. Complement: 186 Armaments 3 3Np 3 21N torpedo tubes: 8 depth charge projectors, 2 depth charge tracks, 1 hedge hog Class: BUCKLEY FOREMAN IDE-6335 was launched 1 August 1943 by PQATIIQ PU? 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On 27 March, when her task force first came under air attack, she fired on a Japanese plane which crashed close aboard on her bow, inflicting no casualties. After the landings, FOREMAN was assigned to antisubmarine patrol off the entrance to the transport anchorage at Kerama Retto. Here, on 3 April, she suffered a direct hit when a lone enemy bomber attacked her. The bomb passed through her bottom to explode about 30 feet below. All power and light were lost, and one of her firerooms flooded to the waterline, but no men were killed. Within 30 minutes, damage was under control, and repairs had been made to allow her to make her way under her own power into Kerama Retto for emergency repairs. Fully repaired at Ulithi between l7 April l945 and 29 May, FOREMAN returned to patrol off Okinawa 3 June, 8 days later shooting down a kamikaze with the aid of a sister destroyer before it could crash her. On 29 June, she was assigned to escort duty with a force covering minesweeping operations in the East China Sea and flying air strikes on Chinese targets, serving with this task force until returning to Okinawa l6 August for brief overhaul. Escort duty from Buckner Bay followed until 26 September, when she sailed from Wakayama, Japan, with homeward bound servicemen. Arriving at San Diego l7 October, she disembarked her passengers and sailed on to the east coast. FOREMAN was decommissioned at Green Cove Springs, Fla., 28 June l946. FOREMAN received five battle stars for World War ll service. lStricken from the Navy Register on l April l965, FOREMAN was later sold. K. Jack Bauer and Stephen S. Roberts, uRegister of Ships of the U. S. Navy, l775-l99O,N p.23O.J Transcribed by Michael Hansen NavSource Destroyer E-sco-Lt L Frigate Photo Archiig- Index httpzllvvwvv.!archivesl06!633. htm NavSource Online: Destroyer Escort Photo Archive Cno photo availablel DE- 633 USS FOREIVIAN CLASS: Buckley TYPE: TE Qturbine-electric drive, 3" gunsl Displacement: 1,400 tons fstdl 1,740 tons ffullj Dimensions: 306' foal, 300' CWD x 36' 9" x 13' 6" Cmaxl Armament: 3 x 3"l50 Mk22 Q1x3D, 1 x 1.1"!75 Mk2 quad AA Q4x1l, 8 x 20mm lVlk 4 AA, 3 x 21" lVlk15 TT C3x1l, 1 Hedgehog Projector Nlk10 C144 roundsl, 8 Mk6 depth charge projectors, 2 Mk9 depth charge tracks Machinery: 2 "D" Express boilers, G.E. turbines with electric drive, 12000 shp, 2 screws 8 Speed: 24 knots Range: 4,940 nm CQ 12 knots Crew: 15! 198 Operational and Building Data Laid down by Bethlehem Steel, San Francisco CA on 9 March 1943 Launched 1 August 1943, Commissioned 22 October 1943 Decommissioned 28 June 1946, Stricken 1 April 1965 Fate: Sold and broken up in 1966

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