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The USS Foreman fphoto courtesy of the Alice Pratt Nioterb.
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Lieutenant Richard Turner Pratt, Jr. aboard the USS Foreman Qphoto courtesy of Alice
Lieutenant Richard Turner Pratt, Jr. Qphoto courtesy of Alice Pratt Nlotery
The following is a transcribed version of the original Cruise Log for the USS Foreman
from 1943 to 1945. The original text was not altered except in cases of punctuation and
general misspellings. Place names were checked against spelling found on the internet
through vvwvv.google.com. Every effort was made to keep original feeling and tone of
the author. The author of the cruise log is anonymous.
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This is the story of a ship.
She was not a big ship.
Nor was she a mighty ship.
But she was a NAVY ship.
And in that she found her heritage
And she found her courage.
And she found her task.
With deep appreciation of what it took to make his sacrifice, the editor of this volume
feels it altogether fitting that it be dedicated to
Ensign Andrew Lee Foreman
Ensign Andrew Lee Foreman was born in Berkeley, California on September 25, 1920,
and was killed in action on December 1, 1942, in the Battle ofthe Solomon lslands.
Ensign Foreman was awarded the Navy Cross posthumously with the following citation:
"For extraordinary heroism as assistant to the Damage Control Officer aboard an
American warship during action against enemy Japanese forces off Savo lsland on the
night of November 30, 1942. When his ship was struck by a torpedo forward, Ensign
Foreman, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, remained at Control Station
to assist in the control of the damage until he finally succumbed to an asphyxiating gas
which had been generated by the explosion. His courageous spirit of self-sacrifice,
maintained above and beyond the call of duty, was in keeping with the highest traditions
of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his
ABOUT THE FOREIVIAN
The keel of the Foreman was laid down at the San Francisco yard of Bethlehem Steel
She was constructed by the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, under the supervision of the
Supervisor of Shipbuilding, USN, San Francisco, Captain C. O. Kell. He was assisted
by Commander C. C. Carmine, USN, and Lieutenant H.H. Sanford, the Destroyer
Escort Pre-commissioning Detail.
During the construction, the Foreman was known to the building yard as Hull 5399.
The ship was given under the command of Lieutenant Commander Charles A. Manston,
USNR, and placed in commission at 1630 on the afternoon of 22 October 1943, by the
order of the Secretary of Navy.
To the story
For months, men were being gathered together from throughout the Naval
establishment, from ships of the Fleets, from training centers, from shore stations, and
some were fresh from civilian life, many wore hash marks and service ribbons, most
were but recently graduated from "boot" camps, yet they were all forming what was
soon to be the crew of the Destroyer Escort 633, and all were pointing to the day she
was to be placed into commission.
From widespread corners they were assembled at two places, Norfolk, Virginia, and
Miami, Florida. A few veteran specialists formed a "nucleus" crew at the building yard at
San Francisco. They were preparing, each and everyone, for their tasks aboard their
new ship, when she would finally take her place in the already mighty and fast-growing
Pacific Fleet of the United States Navy.
As the days of October 1943 began, plans were quickened and the two bodies of men
were moved to the great North barracks of the Mare Island Navy Yard in Vallejo,
California, there to be hold in readiness togo aboard their fighting home.
The morning of 22 October 1943 saw great activity on the dock where the sparkling new
escort was smugly tied-up. Sea-bags came aboard. Stores and provisions, necessary
to the operation of the ship in war waters, and to the health and comfort of her men,
were hoisted to the decks by giant overhead cranks. The "black gang" was giving its
machinery its last tune-up, the "radio gang" was breaking in it receivers and
transmitters, the "deck gang" was swabbing, mopping, stowing, and "squaring-way" for
sea. All hands were busy with many activities of commissioning day. And thru all the
hustle and bustle, preparations were going fonivard for the commissioning ceremony,
the proudest day in the life of any vessel.
At last, on the afternoon of 22 October 1943, all hands were mustered on the fantail,
and Hull 5399 became United States Ship Foreman, Destroyer Escort 633. At long last,
all the months of construction, of planning, of manning came to their focus, and the
warship Foreman was born to her task.
After days of bay trials in the great San Francisco harbor, and loading of ammunition at
the Mare Island yard, the Foreman made her first venture into the Pacific, and though
the coastal waters of the western United States, plied her way to another great Navy
anchorage, San Diego harbor. As had so many other proud navy ships, she rode her
anchor and cut the waters of that harbor thru 5 weeks of shakedown and training.
Following Admiral's inspection by the Commander, Operational Training Command,
U.S. Pacific Fleet, she was declared ready for the duties of her class and type in the
Naval battles of her Pacific waters, even then resounding to the glory of the U.S. Navy.
Already the great battles of Coral Sea, Midway, Guadalcanal, and the Shangri-La carrier
strike against Tokyo were history, and the move against the Jap enemy was increasing.
It was the right time for the birth of still another fighting ship to add its strength to that
After a brief two-week post-shakedown availability, and final fitting-out, DE633, the
Foreman, on 2 January 1944, was away to the wars, bound for Pearl Harbor and the
then embroiled South Pacific war fronts.
The Foreman's first realization of perils of the war came when on January 7, while
enroute to the Hawaiian Islands, she made sight contact on a surfaced submarine. All
hands manned their battle stations for the first time, and prepared to repel the
suspected craft. The undenlvater craft proved to be of American identity. Already the
ship's crew had discovered the lurking dangers, which could lie beneath apparently
calm Pacific waters.
At first sight of Diamond Head and Waikiki beach, all the dreams of South Pacific
islands were renewed in the minds of the crew and, as the "youngsters" lined the rails,
the veterans smiled indulgently, remembering their first sight of Hawaiian beaches.
The Foreman moored to the DE dock at the great Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, and, if
acute, many of its crew saw reminders of a certain bleak December 7th,
For many days, the Foreman undenivent still more training and shakedown under the
guidance of the Commander, Destroyers, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Operating with
submarines, with heavy surface craft, and with ships her own size, the Foreman was
becoming increasingly adept at her war tasks.
On the lighter side, the crew enjoyed liberties in the city of Honolulu, swam at the beach
of Waikiki, toured the world-famous Royal Hawaiian Hotel, now a submariners' rest and
recreation center, and the equally-famous Aloha Tower. One or two even achieved a
steak dinner at Pi Huy Chung's famous eating establishment in the islands.
Their brief respite over, the ship and its crew were ordered on 20 January to make way
for South Pacific waters and for Funa Futi, in the Ellice Islands.
Enroute, she crossed the Equator, and all hands on 26 January 1944, were duly
On January 28, the Foreman anchored in her first South Pacific Harbor. Before she
was to see American shores again, she was to anchor in many just like it.
On February 3, the crew was given it first sight of the bloody shores of Guadalcanal.
Here, the little ship was assigned its initial war task, and for dreary day upon day, it
sailed back and forth before the bastions of the war-labored island, a barrier against
Shortly thereafter, the new arrival in the South Pacific was undenivay again, to the New
Hebrides Islands, and at Espiritu Santo was assigned her first tender availability with the
USS Dixie. The men went ashore for the first time in the South Seas at the 'Fleet
Recreation Center on Aore Island, and made their acquaintance with the "Beer Chit", an
item peculiar to the United States Navy in Pacific waters. They were to see these many
22 February marked the opening of the Foreman's real mission in the Pacific war. On
that day, she undertook her first solo escort task, a short trip to Guadalcanal. This
convoy, as all other she escorted, was without loss of or damage to her escorted ship.
The month of March for the most part was spent by the escort on the now famous "milk-
run", between the various Solomon's area and New Hebrides harbors.
lt was while on these escort runs that the Foreman, on March 6, received her first "Flash
Red" alert, the real meaning of which she was to learn later.
On the 25th of March, she was placed in her first invasion convoy, and proceeded to
Emirau Island, in the St. Mathis group, where American forces occupied the tiny coral
Departing Emirau, the Foreman completed minor tasks, and arrived at a new harbor,
Purvis Bay in the Florida Islands.
Crew members still talk of the night they watched motion pictures on the fantail, while at
a distance of thee miles, gun duels raged between Japanese in the hills, and American
forces on the beachheads of Bougainville. Already the crew of DE633 were used to
action without yet firing a shot at the enemy.
Still more harbors knew the cut of the Foreman's bow as she next visited the inlet island
of Tulagi, and ended her April travels in what her crew describes as the "most beautiful
South Seas island of them all," the green and verdant Russells.
In lVlay 1944, the traversing little DE visited Nlanus Island in the Admiralties, Green
Island in the Bismark Archipelago, the Treasury Islands in the north Solomon's group,
and began a new phase of her operations with her arrival at Sudest, Buna Point, in
rough New Guinea.
General lVlacarthur's New Guinea campaign was just at its height, and, as a part of
Admiral Kincaid's Seventh Fleet, the DE 633 was to emerge from the campaign a much
more seasoned vessel.
She made many escort trips along the northern New Guinea coast from Buna to
Hollandia and anchored many times at Cape Cretin, in Humboldt Bay, and at Buna
On lVlay 20 she got underway from Hollandia, a part of an invasion force headed due
west in-to what was then strongly held Japanese territory. The invasion force struck at
Toem, near VVakde Island on the next day. Wakde was also attacked. During this
period, air raids occurred near-by, but did not directly involve the Foreman.
On lVlay 26 she returned to Langemak, and there sighted the first hospital ship she had
seen in South Pacific waters.
During July, the Foreman operated once more in the Solomons area, escorting to the
Treasury Islands, to Emirau, to Hanover, to New Britain and New Ireland, to IVlanus, to
Green Island, and on the 1st of September, found herself once more in Blanche Harbor,
in the Treasuries. Short, uneventful trips to Choiseul Island, to the southeastern capes
of New Guinea, and back to the area of Mono Island comprised her early September
forays. She sank her first mine on 15 September.
At Treasury Island, on the 16th of September, the Commanding Officer, Lieutenant
Commander Charles A. Manston, USNR, was relieved of command, and Lieutenant
Commander William J. Carey, Jr. USN assumed the duties of Commanding Officer.
As if in celebration of the new command, the Foreman departed Treasury Islands on 24
September enroute via the Coral Seas, with her sister ship, the USS England, to
Sydney, Australia, to the jubilation of all hands.
Rest, recreation, and the very lightest of duties filled the ten days at the "Paris of the
Pacific," and all hands enjoyed their first visit to a "real liberty port" since leaving Pearl
Harbor nine months before.
The war-weary crew was warmly welcomed by the Australians, and "King's Cross" the
Circular Quay," "Luna Park" and Manly Beach" became almost as familiar to the men as
the intricacies of their own ship.
The Foreman remained at Berth 2 in Port Jackson until 10 October, when she departed
Sydney with a tired but happy complement.
Returning to the Treasury Islands, the Foreman received orders to report to Humboldt
Bay, Hollandia, where she departed on October 26, 1944, enroute to Leyte Gulf, to take
part in her third invasion and inthe liberation of the Philippine Islands.
The Philippine Campaign
Arriving at Leyte Gulf on the morning of October 30th, the Foreman was immediately to
learn the rugged character of the campaign upon which she had embarked.
For that very morning she went to General Quarters twice because of air alerts, and
battle stations were manned three times in the afternoon. The Foreman's crew
witnessed their first "Kamikaze" attack, then the newest weapon the Japanese enemy
was employing its desperate struggle to retain its hold in the former American territory.
Many if these suicide attempts were observed and AA fire was a common sight in Leyte
Gulf. On the morning of October 31st, the ship again went to General Quarters, and her
crew was at their Battle Stations at various times of the day and night, remaining from 3
minutes to 3 hours at each.
The ship was ordered on escort duty to Hollandia on November 1, and proceeded with
her convoy, but enroute was recalled to Kossol Passage, Palau Islands for
replenishment and another escort mission for return to Leyte Gulf. Enroute Palau, a
definite undenrvater contact was made, and an 8-hour tracking ensued in company with
another escort. Several patterns of anti-submarine charges were loosed with no
From Palau, the Foreman retuned to Leyte Gulf on November 7. On the morning of
arrival, she sighted an enemy plan, but the friendly combat air patrol "tally-hoed,"
chased, and shot it down before it approached her group.
Cn the afternoon of 12 November, the crew of the small destroyer observed suicide air
attacks on one LST and a merchant vessel in the San Pedro harbor. The Foreman
opened fire on an enemy plane, but a friendly P-38 shot the attacker down.
On 14th of November, she observed 3 enemy planes shot down during an air raid.
Early on the day of her departure from the Leyte Gulf Area fNovember 16015, she
observed enemy strafing and bombingattacks on shore installations near-by.
The Foreman has survived still another invasion, and proudly she points to her
participation in the Philippine Liberation.
During the period of 7 November to 16 November alone, she manned her battle stations
for air raid alerts and for actual combat some 32 times. Her men were awakened at all
hours, some slept with their clothes on, and the resounding "Clang, clang" of her
general alarm could have been heard in her passage-ways many times during that
second most strenuous period in her career. Her roughest campaign was yet before
By this time, the crew was calling their ship, "The Fighting Foreman," and even now,
they speak affectionately of her by this name.
She departed for Manus, a worn ship with a weary crew. Replenishment and rest was
During the remainder of the year 1944, the little Navy ship "turned to" once again on
missions of escort between Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea and Seadler Harbor at Manus
in the Admiralty Islands. The ships she escorted brought supplies and much-needed
equipment to the rapid-expanding New Guinea base.
Christmas Day was spent at Manus. A festive holiday dinner was served, including
traditional turkey and the fixings. All hands enjoyed a full day of rest by order of the
Skipper, and opened packages received from home. Despite gay decorations in the
crew's mess hall, and their attempts to feel happy, it was evident that many were the
thoughts of "those Christmases at home." Few spoke of it, but all were thinking of the
next Christmas, and wondering whether it, too, would be spent in Far Pacific waters.
By the end of 1944, the Foreman and her crew were veterans of the Pacific war,
participants in three invasions, accomplished .travelers of the South Pacific, experienced
in the battle tactics if the enemy, had known war weariness, and witnesses of the
inception of the new Japanese air techniques of "Kamikaze fDivine Windy Attacks."
They were to see more of this technique as their efforts in the war continued.
During 1944, major events had taken place aboard ship. Her commissioning Captain,
her commissioning Executive Officer, and her original Engineering Officer had been
replaced. So had the first ASW officer. Many new faces were to be seen among her
crew, and a few of the old ones were missing. A new battle-witness was evident. This
was to be an advantage in days to come.
As the year 1945 opened, the Philippines clampaign was almost complete. The big
ships were engaging the enemy in the last big naval battle of the war, and the last
phase of the Pacific war was beginning.
The outlook for action for the DE appeared not very bright as it continued its usual
escort runs between Hollandia and Manus for the first weeks in January.
However, the crew need have had no worries about inaction and boredom, as later
events were to prove.
A slight diversion was offered when on January 22nd, she -was ordered on escort to
Eniwotok in the Marshall Islands, and enroute picked up another sound contact, which,
after several hours, proved not to be a submarine. This was new duty, and the crew's
interest was renewed. The Foreman returned to Manus, and immediately was returned
to Majuro, also in the Marshalls, on another escort mission, which almost resulted in her
return to the United States. Events negating this happyjuncture, she returned to Manus
on February Gm. '
After a few days at anchor, the Foreman was again undenlvay. Her orders read Ulithi
Atoll in the Caroline Islands, and the crew read between the lines and realized that this
was the end to rear area duty for her. This time they back in the fight.
On the 20th of February she returned to lVlanus for replenishment, joined again with her
sister ship, the USS England, and together they sailed to Ulithi, saying goodbye to
Manus Island forever.
Their new base was just then assuming a tremendous role in the last step of the war-
the strikes against the Jap homeland, and all about her, the Foreman saw bustling
activity, and felt the thrill of knowing that she, too, was to play her part in the crushing of
the Nip empire. On all sides, she saw the might of the U.S. Navy drawn together, and
knew that big things were afoot. Here, at last, she was the "fighting Navy."
From now on, the destinies of the Foreman were to be closely allied with those of the
Fifth Fleet, the striking fleet of one of the leaders of the Naval war, Admiral Raymond A.
Arriving on the 5th of lVlarch at the nerve center of future attacks on Japan, the Foreman
knew she was through with merchant escorting and other "rear area" tasks. Now she
was with the "heavies" and that meant action.
This conception was not wrong, for after a few days, at Ulithi, and another brief period at
Palau, and a one-day trip to Pelelieu, the Foreman was ordered to rush back to the
Ulithi and there was ordered to join Task Force 54, composed of battleships, cruisers,
destroyers, and one or two other destroyer escorts. The orders left no doubt. This was
The Okinawa Campaign
Departing Ulithi Atoll on the 21st of Nlarch, and sortie-ing with the other ships of Task
Force 54, the Foreman was at last on her mettle. For her Commanding Officer told the
crew that her goal was Okinawa Jima in the Ryukyu Islands, a mere 325 miles south of
the main Japanese islands.
"This will either be a push-over, or the worst thing we've been through," Comdr Carey
told his men.
How prophetic his words were to be, not one member of his crew fully appreciated.
On the 23'd of March, the Foreman fueled for the first time at sea from a battleship,
more were to follow. The men thrilled at the gigantic war machine which they were
guarding against underwater attack, and knew that with the many other similar
battleships and cruisers in the group, that the Navy this time meant business.
At dawn on the 25th of March, Task Force 54 arrived at Okinawa Jima and was
surprised to encounter no enemy opposition. This was to come later.
The entire day of the 25th passed uneventfully, and the Task Force retired from the
immediate area of Okinawa at night. Still no enemy opposition appeared, and nothing
of significance occurred. The crew was sure that this could not last. They were right.
On the 26th of March, while attached to a fire support unit covering attacks on Tonachi
Shima, the Foreman witnessed the first air raid she was to see at Okinawa. A fire was
observed in the immediate vicinity, but no enemy planes approached her formation.
The day did not pass quietly, however, for at 0746, after search planes from a cruiser
near-by had sighted underwater targets, the DE was ordered to make attack. lt loosed
depth charge patterns, and circled to make ramming attack on contact. As the distance
closed between the target and the Foreman's bow, her crew braced themselves for the
jarring shock of the collision. Tension ran high as the PA system sounded, "ZOO feet,"
"1OO feet," "50 feet," "2O feet." The ship trembled as she approached her flank speed.
"Any second now," men were saying in low, hushed, worried tones.
lvlingled regret and happy relief ran thru the crew when it was discovered that the
"target" was nothing more than a huge Japanese blackfish.
Still more action was observed in the afternoon of that second day at Okinawa when a
sudden raid warning was received and anti-aircraft fire was observed from other
formations close-by. But still no enemy aircraft approached the Foreman's group. The
night passed without significant events.
The Morning of March 27
On the morning of March 275 the Foreman went to General Quarters at dawn, alert to air
raids. She was not disappointed, for at 0620, enemy bombers were sighted releasing
their deadly missiles in the vicinity.
At 0623, three enemy aircraft attacked the formation, and two directly attacked the
Foreman, an identified Val tJap dive bomberl approached dead astern, and closed
steadily, passing over the stern amid a thick wall of anti-aircraft fire from the Foreman's
automatic guns, and 3" cannon. Accompanying vessels also were firing on this
attacker, which passed within 15 feet of many of the Foreman's crew at their battle
stations. The Val crashed close-aboard the starboard bow of the Foreman, carrying the
forward life-line, and leaving heavy scratches on the hull.
Meanwhile, an identified Tony tJap fighterl attacked an escorted cruiser, was shot down
by anti-aircraft fire from the Foreman and the cruiser, and crashed 500 feet on the
One casualty, a member of the ship's No. 1 repair party, and ammunition party was
injured seriously as a result of the debris and shrapnel being thrown from the crashing
No more attacks occurred during the remainder of the 27th of March.
On the 28th, at 1425, the Foreman rescued an American pilot from the sea, who had
survived a plane crash close-by an escort cruiser. ln accordance with the custom in
vogue among Navy ships, the Foreman received icecream for her crew from the
The 29th saw four enemy aircraft being brought down with the Foreman's formation,
though none directly attacked her.
The 30th was comparatively peaceful, with only one air raid alert being sounded. The
31st of March was marked by the approach into the formation of one enemy aircraft.
Other ships opened fire, but the plane was outside the range of the Foreman's batteries.
The remainder of the day passed uneventfully.
By now, the foreman had come to know the real meaning of "Flash Red," the first of
which she had experienced back in 1944.
As she steamed back and forth those last five days of March, screening against enemy
submarines, she knew she was doing her part in this campaign, for the heavy ships she
was protecting were even then bombarding the Hagushi beaches in preparation for the
landing on Love Day.
The lnvasion of Ckinawa
Easter Day- 1 April 1945- was marked as Love or Landing Day by American forces. At
0200 that morning the Foreman went to General Quarters and remained at Battle
Stations until dawn. During this period, one unidentified plan crossed her bow, and at
0424 she opened fire at an unidentified plane close-by with no observed result.
Enemy air raids increase and as the dawn twilight lighted up her surrounding sector,
hundreds of assault craft could be seen preparing to make their landings on the
Hagushi beachheads. At 0613, an enemy plane was splashed near-by. At 0615, the
Foreman began patrolling5 to 7 thousand yards northeast of Keise Shima. At 0830,
landing operations began, and hundreds of small boats streamed past the Foreman on
their way into the beaches. Men waved as they went by, and the crew of the Foreman
answered with well-wishing salutes, almost as if in tribute to these brave fighters, some
ofwhom were about to go ashore in the first assault on the Jap homeland, and to give
their lives in the battle.
Amphibious rocket ships ran close-in shelling as they went, and aircraft strafed enemy
resistance points on shore.
All this could be seen from the decks of the DE, as she patrolled her sector in search of
lurking Japanese submarines.
Later that morning, reports were received that the landings had been successful, to
stand-by now for heavy enemy air raids.
The raids never materialized. At least not that day. The enemy was apparently
momentarily stunned by the attack. They were to resume their vigorous attacks shortly.
The Foreman retired again on the night of April 1, and remained off Kerma Retto, on
alert for air raids. None occurred.
Enemy aircraft frequented the area throughout April 2, and the Foreman went to
General Quarters many times.
The Events of April 3
Having been assigned an anti-submarine patrolling station around the entrances to the
Transport Anchorage of Kerama Retto, on the "ping line," now known among Navy men
as Bogey Highway." The Foreman took station and was proceeding on duty, when at
0100 on the morning of April 3'd, she received word of enemy air raids in the vicinity. At
0115, anti-aircraft fire was observed over the Kerama Retto area. At 0119, a single-
engine aircraft was observed passing north 1 mile distant from the Foreman. As it
passed to the starboard, it suddenly swerved and attacked the Foreman on her bow.
She opened fire, and the aircraft passed over her, dropping a 500-pound bomb, and
disappeared into the night. The bomb penetrated her mid-ships area, went through the
No. 1 fire room, through No. 1 boiler, through her hull, and exploded 30 feet beneath the
The ship was violently jarred, men were thrown to the deck, compartments were filled
with gear in scattered chaos. The No. 1 fire room flooded to the waterline, and the
Foreman's engines were put out of commission causing total loss of light and power
Repair parties immediately began to pump the fire rooms, and to rig emergency power,
at 0134, light and power were restored, and the ship was able to proceed at 10 knots.
At 0217, the ship was ordered to enter Kerama Retto Harbor, and finally arrived at
0415. The remainder of the day was spent undergoing emergency repairs. Two
serious casualties and three minor ones were transferred for treatment.
Desenling of praise for their conduct during the emergency were Raymond Anliker,
water-tender on watch in No. 1 fire room, and Richard L. Jacobsen, in-charge Repair
Party No. 3, both of whom displayed unusual calmness and who aided materially in the
ship's early recovery from her chaos.
Throughout the 3'd, 4th, 5th, and the GU' of April, air raids were more frequent, and battle
stations became more familiar to the crew of "The Fighting Foreman" than their bunks.
Emergency repairs were completed on the 6th of April, and as the little ship awaited her
orders to return to the rear area for permanent repairs, air raids became "old stuff" to
her crew. On the 7th, also, she fired on an enemy plane with no observed results. On
the 8th, fighter planes of the enemy increased their raid intensity and word of suicide
attempts were received with regularity.
On the 9th of April, the dauntless DE received orders to return to Guam for assessment
of damage, but while enroute was ordered on to Ulithi. She arrived at Ulithi on April
17th, and permanent repairs were begun. The remainder of the month of April was thus
occupied, while the crew recuperated and caught up with its many hours of lost sleep.
Permanent repairs were completed on the 14m of May and the Foreman remained for
rest and recreation of her crew at Ulithi, awaiting orders.
On the 29th of lVlay, the Foreman received her new orders. "Return to Okinawa" passed
through the crew's grapevine. The Foreman was going back...back into the thick of it.
All hands were alert, for this time they knew what they were facing.
Now they were in another fleet, and under Admiral Halsey. The Third Fleet was now
the fighting fleet. And there the Foreman was ready again to do her part in the biggest
campaign of the war.
Arriving at Okinawa on the 3'd of June, the war-wise little vessel was immediately at
home when two air raid alerts were received that day.
A new kind of menace also appeared, when warning was received on the nest day of an
approaching typhoon. But it spent itself before approaching Okinawa.
On the 5th of June, the Rough Rider received her orders to take patrol station off
Okinawa. The Foreman on the "ping line" again. She remained on this duty until June
23'd, and during her assignment, received approximately 33 air raid warnings, each one
fraught with the dangers of Kamikaze attack.
On the 11th of June, a "bogey" was picked up at 10 miles, circling the Foreman's bow. lt
closed to 5 miles, crossing to the starboard, when it was visual-ly sighted and identified
as an enemy reconnaissance bomber "Sonia" It closed to 3 miles, passing down the
Foreman's starboard beam, and as the accompanying destroyer opened fire, the enemy
aircraft started a suicide dive on the Foreman. She opened fire, diverting the plane from
its attack, and it crashed close aboard the stern of the destroyer in the AA Formation,
the Foreman credited with an assist in its destruction.
Raids continued daily. Men were sometimes caught in the showers unclothed when an
alert sounded. Others were forced to leave food during meal hours to man their battle
stations. All hands survived on about an average of 3 to 4 hours sleep a day. Many
days were spent almost wholly at General Quarters. Rain and heavy seas further
complicated the task of detecting and combating Kamikaze attacks.
The Foreman's fifth action against direct enemy aircraft assaults occurred on the 22nd of
June. At 0923, shortly after an uneventful General Quarters call, an enemy aircraft was
picked up at a distance of 15 miles. The enemy was visually sighted as a new
Japanese fighter, Zeke. As it closed to 5 miles, an accompanying destroyer opened
fire. At 0931 the Foreman opened fire with full batteries, as the aircraft circled down the
port side and attempted a stern-on suicide dive. As the enemy came in on a low-glide
attack, Comdr. Carey maneuvered his ship to keep the plane on its beam, and both she
and the accompanying destroyer laid down a heavy sheet of anti-aircraft fire. The Zeke
was headed directly for the bridge superstructure and at a distance of about 100 yards,
when anti-aircraft fire from the Foreman set it afire and it swerved up from about 75 foot
altitude and crashed close ahead of the accompanying destroyer.
The much-embattled littleescort returned to Kerama Retto Harbor for her regular
maintenance overhaul shortly after. Raids as usual continued, but by now, routine
aboard the staunch little fighter was little disturbed by the "hecklers." The crew was
surprised when they did not come.
The East China Sea Expedition
The 29th of June saw the Foreman assigned new duty. No more ping line - once more
she was to travel with the "heavies," this time on forays into the East China Sea, for air
strikes against the China Coast, and to provide air cover for minesweeping operations in
China Sea waters.
Now She was in Task Force 32, still under the over-all command of Admiral Halsey's
mighty Third Fleet.
Reporting to her new duty on 3 July, the plucky little DE was diverted temporarily on an
escort mission, accompanying a heavy cruiser to Leyte Gulf, and returning six days later
with another heavy cruiser, which was joining the Naval force.
On the 9t"' she rejoined her unit, and cruised with it in the East China Sea until the 11th,
when she returned to Buckner Bay QNakagusuku VVanj, for replenishment and for mail
for the fighting force. On the 13th she again rejoined her Task Group. On the 14th of
July, the Foreman went to Battle Stations when an unidentified aircraft approached the
formation at 5 miles distance. Aircraft
Chased the "bogey" away. On the 15th, in heavy seas, she refueled once more from an
escorted battleship, while 150 miles off Shanghai on the China Coast.
The Task Group returned to Buckner Bay on the 17th to receive word of an approaching
typhoon. It got underway immediately to ride out the storm, and to spend three rough,
rolling days at sea.
Re-entering Buckner Bay on the 21st, the Task Group was soon ordered out once again
on China Sea operations, and when on the 23'd of July, enemy aircraft dared approach
this strong supplementary unit of the Third Fleet, it was shot down at a distance of 13
miles by fighter planes from the group's carriers. For its entire operations, this group
swept from one end of the China Sea to another, at time approaching close to
Shanghai, and after an air raid alert on the 25th, during which enemy aircraft
approached to 19 miles, was unmolested by the already demoralized and defeated
Japanese air corps. Operations in the East China Sea continued from the 25th to the
31st of July, when the entire Task Group entered Buckner Bay for replenishment.
The 1st, 2nd, 3'd of August found the Foreman once again underway with the big ships, in
the East China Sea. On 4 August, combat air patrol planes from the carriers shot down
another Jap aircraft, this time a Tabby, cargo and passenger plane. Again on the 5th,
the carrier planes shot down a Frances, medium bomber, which had ventured to a
distance of 14 miles from the formation.
During the Gm of August, two air raids were picker-up, and then at 1125 in midmorning,
a high-flying Jap bomber, later identified as a Dinah, flew directly over the Task Force at
an altitude of 34,000 feet, but soon opened away from the formation without attacking.
Ordered back to Buckner Bay, the group entered the harbor on the 7th, where it lay until
On August 10th at 1207, the Foreman received a radio communication that the
Japanese government had requested the neutral nation of Switzerland to relay the word
that Japan was ready to accept the terms of the Potsdam Ultimatum, as laid down by
the governments ofthe United States, China, and Great Britain.
On the 12th of August, a sharp underwater explosion was felt aboard the Foreman, and
it was learned later that a low flying plane had dropped a torpedo which had struck a
battleship about 1500 yards on the Foreman's beam.
Daily sorties thereafter were ordered-to avoid night attacks. 1
On the night of August 14, still another "Flash Red" alert was received and the Foreman
went in to General Quarters, the last she was to assume under war conditions, for on
the' 15th of August, she received a "cease offensive operations" order from the
Commander-in- Chief, Pacific Ocean Area, and for all hands, it meant the war was over
and a war was won.
The war was over and the little ship was still afloat: she had suffered much, but the
Destroyer Escort 633 had done herjobl
INVASIONS IN WHICH THE FOREIVIAN HAS TAKEN-PART
Toem, New Guinea 11st Wavey
Wakde, New Guinea Q1S"Wave5
Emirau 12nd VVaveJ
Ivlanus 44th Wavey
Leyte 42nd Wavej
Kerama Retto, Nansei Shoto 41st Waveb
Okinawa Jima, Nansei Shoto C1StWaveJ
PLACES, HARBORS, ISLANDS, AREAS, BAYS VISTIED BY FOREMAN
San Francisco, California
San Diego, California
Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii
Funa-Futi, Ellice Islands
Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Islands
Purvis Bay, Florida Islands
Emirau, St Mathias Islands
Blanche harbor, Treasury Islands
Tulagi Harbor, Treasury Islands
Seadler Harbor, Manus, Admiralty Islands
Renard Sound, Russell Islands
Green Island, Bismark Archipelago
Cape Sudest, Buna, Territory of Papua
Louisade Archipelago, Territory of Popua
Cape Endaiadore, Territory of Papua
Cape Cretin, Territory of Papua
Langemak Bay, Territory of Papua
Humboldt Bay, Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea
Berlin Harbor, Dutch New Guinea
New Hanover Island
New Britain Island, Bismark Archipelago
Hamburg Bay, Emirau, St. Mathias Islands
Cape Alexander, Choiseul Island
Cape Nehus, Choiseul Island
Mono, Island, Treasury Islands
Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales,
Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands
San Pedro Bay, Philippine Islands
Kossol Passage, Palau Islands
Pelelieu, Palau Islands
Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands
Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands
Ulithi Atoll, Caroline Islands
Okinawa Jima, Nansei Shoto
Kerama Retto, Nansei Snoto
Tonachi Shima, Nansei Shoto
Hagushi Anchorage, Okinawa Jima, Nansei Shoto
Ie Shima, Nansei Shoto
Nakagusuku Wan fBuckner Bayb, Okinawa
Sakishima G-unto, Nansei Shoto
MERCHANT VESSELS ESCORTED IN THE PACIFIC WATERS BY THE FOREMAN
SS Kota Baru
SS Fort Erie
SS Ethan A. Hitchcock
SS Thomas Concon
SS Jack London
SS John B. Ashe
SS Richard B. Moore
SS Heber M. Creel
SS Alcoa Pennant
SS Sheldon Clark
SS Polau Laut
SS John O. Cunivood
Ss John Hart
SS Epping Forest
SS Gunston Hall
SS Santa Ana
SS Howell Laykes
SS Alcoa Pilgrim
SS Santa Monica
SS Day Star
SS Robert S. Bean
SS Stephen G. Porter
SS Arkansas Pass
SS William Sublette
SS David Barry
SS Kate Wiggin
SS Sea Pike
SS Nan Van Nuys
SS David Shanks
SS Ed Lander
SS Louis Dyohe
SS Charles Russel
SS John Choutean
SS James Lane
SS Esso Pittsburg
SS Adoniram Judson
SS Gvid Butler
SS David Hewes
SS Las Vegas Victory
SS Cuba Victory
SS Cape Bon
SHIPS OF THE FLEET WITH WHICH THE FOREIVIAN OPERATED IN PACIFIC
-ISS Tacoma IPF-35
I ISS Widgeon CASR-15
-ISS Indianapolis lCA35J
-SS Oakland ICL95i
I- SS S-41
-SS Harmon IDF 6789
-SS Albireo CAKQOJ
-SS Cassiopeia IAK7l
-SS Collbaugh IDF 2175
-ISS Osterhaus lDF164J
-ISS Swallow CAlVl65y
-ISS Enlang CDF635J
-ISS Fullum CDF474y
-ISS Guest IDD472J
-SS Emery QDR22i
-SS Martin IDF30J
-SS Stoadfeld lDF295
-ISS LST 343
-ISS Wadsworth IDD516l
-ISS Halford IDD480J
-SS Duffy IDE 271
-SS Dixie IAD14J
-SS LST 398
-ISS LST 125
-SS LCI 330
-ISS LCI 331
-ISS LCI 332
-ISS Anthony IDD515J
ISS President Polk AP103
- I I
-SS Mintaka lAK945
SS Hopkins lDIVIS13i
-SS Dobin CAD3i
-SS Ritter IDE636J
-SS Bowers fDE637J
-ISS Ogden IPF39i
-SS LST 202
-SS PL 1123
-ISS LCI 444
-ISS LCI 446
-SS Whitehurst IDE634J
SS Adharan tAK71j
SS Edwards tDD6197
SS Pinkney tAPH2l
SS Suamico CAD-495
SS Chepaohet tA078J
SS MCG-owan tDD678J
SS lVlahan QDL364l
SS Russellt DD414J
SS Dashiel tDD659J
SS Conynghar tDD371J
SS Cape Johnson tAP'l72l
SS Hercules QAK-415
SS Killen tDD593j
SS Whitney CAD-45
SS Canberra tCA70J
SS Piedmont tAD17l
SS Wright QAG-795
SS Ross tDD536J
SS Coklawaha CAO84J
SS General Robert L. Howze tAP1343
SS Reno CCLQGJ
SS Kochab QAKSGJ
SS Straus tDE408l
SS Ozark QLSVZQ
SS Woodworth tDD46OJ
SS Lardner tDD487J
SS Tennessee tBB43J
SS Estes CACC12b
SS Barton tDD722J
SS West Virginia 033485
SS New Mexico tBB4OJ
SS Newoombe tDD586J
SS Kimberley tDD521y
SS St. Mary's tAPA126l
SS lnfvin tDD7947
SS Idaho 038425
lSS Biloxi QCLSOQ
lSS New York tBB34l
SS Callaghan tDD7927
SS Wesson tDE1847
SS Niles tDE183l
SS Cassin Young tDD793l
ss san Lake City tCA25D
-SS Atascosa QAOGGQ
-SS Birmingham CCLGZD
-SS Oceanus CARBZQ
-SS Pritchett QDD5615
-SS Pitt CAPA223
-SS LC QFFD 998
-SS PC 1081
-SS PC 463
SS PCR 877
-SS Rebel fAM284y
-SS Diploma CAN221J
-SS Hamul CADZOJ
-SS ARD 15
-SS Cascade QAD16l
-SS Rowe QDD564J
-SS Smalley DD5655
-SS Stoddard QDD566l
-SS Centaurus CAKA177
-SS Trego CAKA78l
-SS Arenac CAKA128l
-SS Oneida QAKA121J
-SS Elizabeth Stanton QAPGQJ
-SS Richard W. Suessens CDE 3425
-SS Gendreau CDE 6395
-SS Eisele qDK34y
-SS Carlson QDLQJ
-SS Abercrombie fDE343b
-SS Joseph Campbell CAPD 499
-SS Gilligan CDE508J
-SS Sebec CAO87J
-SS Tollberg ifADP103J
-SS Stack qDD406l
-SS Hambleton CDMSZOD
-SS Fair fDE35l
-SS Gherardi CDlVlS3Ol
-SS Chicopee lAC347
SS Ellyson fDMS19J
SS Whippet QlX129l
SS Curtiss QAV-4'
SS APDL 32
SS Boyd ifD544J
SS Cowell qDD547J
SS Alkes CAK11Ol
SS Cuyama CAC-35
SS Nevada 0313365
-SS San Francisco lCA385
-SS Wichita lCA45y
JSS Chester CCA27l
-SS St. Louis CL49J
-SS Fanshaw Bay CCVE109l
SS Cape Gloucester fCVE109J
lSS Lunga Point CCVE94l
SS Santee QCVEZQJ
SS Walter C. Wann CDE412l
SS Putnam QDD757l
lSS Walke CDD7235
SS lVloate QDD693l
SS Barton lDD722J
SS Lowery lDD77Ol
lSS Henley CDD553b
SS Taylor QDD551J
SS Bradford lDD545J
lSS Brown QDD546l
SS Makin Island lCVE93
SS Spangler QDE696J
SS Niobrara CAO-725
SS Chotauk QIX-1885
SS Polaris CAF 117
SS Marathon QAPAZOOJ
SS Alaska CCP-15
SS Guam QCP-25
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY VESSLES
WITH WHICH THE FOREIVIAN HAS OPERATED IN PACIFIC WATERS
HMAS Warregy CCorvette7
HIVIAS Katoomba ICoNetteJ
DECORATIONS AND MEDALS REPRESENTED IN CREW OF THE FOREMAN
American Defense Service Ribbon
Asiatic-Pacific Area Bar
American Area Bar
Good Conduct Ribbon
Philippine Liberation Ribbon
Purple Heart Medal
Fleet Commander Citations
Cfficers Who Have Served Aboard the FOREMAN
Lt. Comdr. William J. Carey Jr.
"Lt Comdr. Charles A Manston
Lt. Robert B. Minturn
Lt. John M. Reade
"-t. Arthur Peterson Jr.
it. Martin p. Nelson
"-t. J. L. MacDonald
"-t. David B. Grant
it. Charles B. McCoy
" t. Morrill r. Woodward
Lt. Richard T. Pratt
it. Cjgl Sinclair Korman
"-t. fjgy Dickinson Y. Waldron
"-t. ljgl Harold S. Smith
Lt. fjgl Robert M. Dominy
Lt. fjgj Edward L. Flood
Lt. ljgj Francis J. McCue
Lt. Qjgl Menlin B. Cohen
Ensign George J. McFadden
Ensign Clifton C. Jones
Ensign Phillip L. Zebold
Ensign Donald E. Warhurst
Ensign Robert Cornell
Ensign A. K. Leehouts
"Original members of commissioning complement
Personnel Who Have Server Aboard the Foreman
"Alexander, Hume Fields
'Allen, Clare James
Allred, Dallas Commodore
"Anliker, Raymond Henry
Balance, Franklin Lester
"Banach, Edward Leo
"Barfield, James Marion
"Barmakian, Aram Napoleon
Barreiro, Manuel Ramos
Bell, Royce Allen
Bennett, Virgil Earl
Biagi, Richard Charles
Bourgeois, Paul Clarence
"Braadock, Charlie Thomas
"Brandon, John Fred
"Breeden, Ralph Donald
Broadwater, Robert Jennings
"Brooks, Wilson Culver
Brown, Robert Oliver
'Brunssen, Louis Francis
Brunst, Richard Frederick
'Cardin, James Warren
Carner, Harvey Lee
Carpenter, Orval Noel
Carranza, Johnny Demetrio
Carter, Roy L.
"Carter, William LeRoy
Casano, Joseph Ignatius
"Chacko, William Mike
"Chambers, Claude Marshall
"Chavis, Thomas Levi
"Clark, Frederick Hoyle
Chemnitzer, Robert Ervin
"Cody, Charles Raymond
Cook, Beverly Clayton
"Covington, John Glennie
"Darling, Lewis Lynn
"Davis, Earl Douglas
"Davis, Robert Mitchel
Dempsey, Elbert "A"
Donovan, Damian Jospeh
Dunsky, George Jacob
"Durden, John Lewis
Ecklin, John Wellington
Edmonds, Clovis Earl
"Egrek, John Albert
"Willis, Jospeh Adron
Ervin, Deane Luther
Fahr, Ivan Bernard
'Fish, Walter Gerard
"Gallagher, Fred Maurice
Genaro, Norman Anthony
"Giet, Carl Gustave
"Godwin, Bernard Benjamin
'lGolden, Lee "O"
Gordon, Noel Omar
"Gray, Edward Hobart
"Greene, "M" "C"
"Griffin, Luther Walter
Haley, Norman Franklin
Hancock, Ben E.
Hand, John Calhoun
Hanson, Earl Christopher
Harcourt, Edward Sheppard
Harding, Franklin F.
Hastings, Charles Ralph
Hawkins, Billy Lane
"Heavner, George David
"Hernandez, Paul Rohilio
"Hickey, Earl Francis
"Hinton, William Ralph
"Hobbs, J. L.
Holder, Sidney Russell
Holler, Durant Cooper
Holley William Stratford
"Hollis, Fred C.
"Holmberg, Douglas Velhelm
"Hopkins, Jimmie L.
Howland, William Paul
'Hradsky, Joseph H.
'Hritz, Michael Jospeh
'Huggins, Charles T.
"Hunt, Vernon Alben
Hurley, Austin Ted
flsenberg, Veryl Lewis
I -L-V if A- - I ! V- hh A-
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE USS FOREMAN
From other sources
bFrom the 'Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships,H
C1969I Vol. 2, pp.428-429.
Andrew Lee Foreman, born 25 September 1920 at Berkeley,
Calif., was commissioned ensign in the Naval Reserve 13 May
1942. Serving as assistant to the Damage Control Officer in
heavy cruiser NEW ORLEANS ICA-325 when his ship was
torpedoed during the Battle of Tassafaronga 30 November
1942, Ensign Foreman remained at his station to help in
saving his ship until asphyxiated by gas generated by the
explosion. He was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross for
his heroic self-sacrifice.
Displacement: 1,400 t.
Speed: 24 k.
Armaments 3 3Np 3 21N torpedo tubes:
8 depth charge projectors,
2 depth charge tracks,
1 hedge hog
FOREMAN IDE-6335 was launched 1 August 1943 by
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off Okinawa 25 March. The next 5 days she spent with a fire
support unit bombarding the island in anticipation of the
landings on l April. On 27 March, when her task force first
came under air attack, she fired on a Japanese plane which
crashed close aboard on her bow, inflicting no casualties.
After the landings, FOREMAN was assigned to antisubmarine
patrol off the entrance to the transport anchorage at Kerama
Retto. Here, on 3 April, she suffered a direct hit when a
lone enemy bomber attacked her. The bomb passed through her
bottom to explode about 30 feet below. All power and light
were lost, and one of her firerooms flooded to the
waterline, but no men were killed. Within 30 minutes,
damage was under control, and repairs had been made to allow
her to make her way under her own power into Kerama Retto
for emergency repairs.
Fully repaired at Ulithi between l7 April l945 and 29
May, FOREMAN returned to patrol off Okinawa 3 June, 8 days
later shooting down a kamikaze with the aid of a sister
destroyer before it could crash her. On 29 June, she was
assigned to escort duty with a force covering minesweeping
operations in the East China Sea and flying air strikes on
Chinese targets, serving with this task force until
returning to Okinawa l6 August for brief overhaul. Escort
duty from Buckner Bay followed until 26 September, when she
sailed from Wakayama, Japan, with homeward bound servicemen.
Arriving at San Diego l7 October, she disembarked her
passengers and sailed on to the east coast. FOREMAN was
decommissioned at Green Cove Springs, Fla., 28 June l946.
FOREMAN received five battle stars for World War ll
lStricken from the Navy Register on l April l965,
FOREMAN was later sold.
K. Jack Bauer and Stephen S. Roberts, uRegister of Ships of
the U. S. Navy, l775-l99O,N p.23O.J
Transcribed by Michael Hansen
NavSource Destroyer E-sco-Lt L Frigate Photo
httpzllvvwvv. navsource.org!archivesl06!633. htm
NavSource Online: Destroyer Escort Photo Archive Cno photo availablel
DE- 633 USS FOREIVIAN
CLASS: Buckley TYPE: TE Qturbine-electric drive, 3" gunsl
Displacement: 1,400 tons fstdl 1,740 tons ffullj Dimensions: 306' foal, 300' CWD x 36'
9" x 13' 6" Cmaxl
Armament: 3 x 3"l50 Mk22 Q1x3D, 1 x 1.1"!75 Mk2 quad AA Q4x1l, 8 x 20mm lVlk 4 AA,
3 x 21" lVlk15 TT C3x1l,
1 Hedgehog Projector Nlk10 C144 roundsl, 8 Mk6 depth charge projectors, 2 Mk9 depth
Machinery: 2 "D" Express boilers, G.E. turbines with electric drive, 12000 shp, 2
Speed: 24 knots Range: 4,940 nm CQ 12 knots Crew: 15! 198
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Bethlehem Steel, San Francisco CA on 9 March 1943
Launched 1 August 1943, Commissioned 22 October 1943
Decommissioned 28 June 1946, Stricken 1 April 1965
Fate: Sold and broken up in 1966
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