America (CV 66) - Naval Cruise Book - Class of 1991 Page 1 of 520
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THE CARRIER EXPERIENCE
“It gave me moments of fear and loneliness, kinship and challenge, joy and victory. It was a part of me then and it is a part of me now. I am certain it will he with me 'til the end of my days.”
AnonymousTable of Contents
Part I: The Command ... 4 Part II: Ship and
Airwing Overview.. 17
Part III: The Road to Desert Storm
Fort Lauderdale.. 38
CVW-1 C of C..... 54
Adv Phase FLTX... 66
St. Thomas.......... 74
The Holidays....... 82
Desert Shield...... 92
Suez Canal......... 106Part IV: Desert Storm
Part V: Cease Fire
Hurghada, Egypt. 180
Return Red Sea.. 198
Suez Canal...... 216
Homeward Bound .... 222
Part VI: America’s
Ship’s Company.. 238
CVW-1 .............. 400
New York City... 478
Red Sea.......... 116
CV-66 C of C..... 140
Beer Day......... 144
Persian Gulf..... 146
Credits......508Rear Admiral Douglas J. Katz
Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Group Two
Rear Admiral Douglas J. Katz is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Leroy H. Katz of Bluefield. West Virginia. He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy and was commissioned on 9 June 1965. He holds a Master of Science Degree in Management from the Naval Postgraduate School. Monterey. California and is a graduate of the Command and Staff Course. Naval War College. Newport, Rhode Island.
Rear Admiral Katz’s sea assignments have included USS PERRY (DD 844) as Gunnery Assistant, First Lieutenant and ASW Officer; USS JOHN PAUL JONES (DDG 32) as ASW Officer, and after attendance at Destroyer School, as the ship’s Weapons Officer; USS MAHAN (DDG 42) as Executive Officer; and Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Group TWO as Surface Operations Officer. He served as Commanding Officer. USS DEYO (DD 989) from 1983 to 1985 receiving two Unit Commendations and his squadron’s Hattie Efficiency E”. From 1987 to 1989 he served as Commanding Officer. USS NEW JERSEY (BB 62) where during deployment to the Western Pacific, the ship participated in Pre-Olympics presence operations off the coast of Korea and represented the United States at the Australian Bicentennial Naval Salute.
Ashore he has served as Shipboard Advisor with the Fleet Command Advisory Unit in Vietnam, as a Weapons System Engineering Instructor and Professional Education Committee Chairman at the U.S.
Naval Academy, as the Program Planning and Budgeting Officer for the Surface Combat Systems Division (OP-35) in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. as the Director of Professional Development at the U.S. Naval Academy, and prior to reporting as Commander. Cruiser-Destroyer Group TWO. was the Director, Surface Warfare Division (OP-32) in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations.
Personal decorations include the Legion of Merit (three awards). Bronze Star with Combat "V”, the Meritorious Service Medal (three awards), the Navy Commendation Medal (two awards), the Navy Achievement Medal, the Vietnam Staff Service Medal First Class, and numerous unit commendations and citations. He was selected for promotion to Rear Admiral (Lower Half) by the Fiscal Year 1990 Flag Selection Board.
Rear Admiral Katz is married and has two children. His wife. Sharon, is also from Bluefield, West Virginia. Their son. Robert, is an Ensign in the U.S. Navy and their daughter, Erica, is a senior at Virginia Tech.
4Raised in Nashville, Tennessee. Captain Ma ach attended Vanderbilt University under the NROTC Program. He graduated in June 1966 and was commissioned as an Ensign, United States Navy. He immediately entered flight training at NAS Pensacola and was designated a Naval Aviator in October 1967 at NAS Chase Field, Texas.
In June 1968, Captain Mazach became one of the original members of VA-87 after replacement pilot training in the A
7B Corsair at VA-174. While attached to the Golden Warriors, he completed one Vietnam deployment aboard USS TI-CONDEROGA (CVA-14) and a portion of a Mediterranean deployment
aboard USS ROOSEVELT (CVA-42).
Captain Mazach then received orders to the Bureau of Naval Personnel in December 1970, where he served as a detail-er in the Aviation Assignment Section.
In July 1973, he reported to VA-105 after completing replacement pilot training in the A-7E at VA-174. While attached to
the Gunslingers, he completed two deployments to the Mediterranean aboard USS SARATOGA (CV-60), serving as Operations Officer and Maintenance Officer.
His next assignment was to the Air Command and Staff College. Maxwell Air
Force Base, in June 1976. Upon graduation in June 1977, Captain Mazach once again reported to VA-174 for A-7E replacement pilot training and then to the VA-15 Valions as Executive Officer in December 1977. He assumed command of VA-15 on 19 April 1979.
In June 1980, Captain Mazach was again ordered to Washington, D.C., as the Head, Aviation Lieutenant Commander and Junior Officer Assignment Section, Naval Military Personnel Command, where he served until February 1982.
In July 1982, Captain Mazach assumed duties as Commander, Carrier Air Wing Three, where he served until April 1984.
Captain Mazach was then assigned to COMNAVAIRLANT as the Air Wing Training Officer, until January 1986 when he departed for the Senior Officer Ship Material Readiness Course and training prior to assuming command of USS SEATTLE (AOE-3) in June 1986.
Captain John J. Mazach
14 October 1989 - 8 February 1991Prior to assuming command of USS AMERICA (CV-66), Captain Mazach was assigned as Chief of Staff, Cruiser-Destroyer Group Eight.
Captain Mazach’s decorations include the Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Meritorious Service Medal with two gold stars. Air Medal, Navy Commendation Medal with Combat “V" and various other unit citations and campaign ribbons. He is married to the former Pat Waggoner of Nashville, Tennessee. They have two daughters. Leigh and Meg.
Captain Mazach was selected to the rank of Rear Admiral (lower half) in 1990, prior to leaving USS AMERICA. His next duty assignment will be as Deputy Director J-3, USEUCOM. Stuttgart, Germany.Captain Kent W. Ewing is a native of Dayton, Ohio. A 1961 graduate of Georgia Military Academy, he attended the University of California at Los Angeles, graduating in 1965. He holds a Master's degree in management from the University of Southern California and is also a graduate of the JFK School of Government at Harvard University.
Captain Ewing was designated a naval aviator in 1966 and reported for duty with Training Squadron 3 as a basic flight instructor. After a tour of duty at Naval Air Station Alameda, California. He was assigned to A-4F training at Attack Squadron 125 in Lemoore, California. In August 1969, he reported to Attack Squadron 164. He made two combat deployments aboard USS HANCOCK (CVA 19) and flew more than 200 missions in Southeast Asia.
From 1971 to 1973, he was assigned as Laser Systems and Threat Missile Project Officer at the Naval Missile Center, Point Mugu, California, where he was recognized as the Navy League Junior Officer of the Year. Following completion of Test Pilot School in May 1974, he served with Flight Test
and Strike Aircraft Directorate at Naval Air Test Center Patuxent River, Maryland. Among his projects were the YT-34C, TA-4F and YA-7E. He test flew the TAV-8A Harrier carrier certification and INSURV trials, making the first night shipboard launch and recovery aboard USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (CV 42) in June 1976. In October 1976, he joined Attack Squadron 86. deploying aboard USS NIMITZ (CVN 68). In July 1979, he reported as Executive Officer and later assumed command of Attack Squadron 66 aboard USS DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER (CVN 69). His squadron completed the historic nine-month Indian Ocean deployment during the Iranian hostage crisis, on-line for 156 days. In May 1982, he reported to the staff of U.S. SIXTH Fleet in Gaeta, Italy as Strike Warfare Officer and temporary assignment as Special Assistant to the Commander in Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe in Naples. He then commanded Carrier Air Wing 17 aboard USS SARATOGA (CV 60) from March 1984 to August 1985, followed by assignment as Tactical Air Analyst in the Office of the Secretary of the Navy. He commanded USS SYLVANIA (AFS 2) from October 1987 until May 1989. Prior to assuming command of USS AMERICA (CV 66) in February 1991, he served as Assistant Chief of Staff for Readiness on the staff of Commander Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet.
Captain Kent W. Ewing
8 February 1901.- Present
Captain Ewing's awards include the Legion of Merit, three Meritorious Service Medals, 15 Air Medals, four Navy Commendation Medals, the Joint Service Commendation Medal and numerous unit and foreign campaign awards. He has flown more than 6,000 flight hours during his career, with more than 1,150 carrier landings.
Captain Ewing is married to the former Ann Graves of Colton, California. They have two children, Alexis and Taylor.
Captain Michael L. Bowman
Commander, Carrier Air Wing One
Captain Michael L. Bowman, a native of St. Joseph, Missouri, graduated from Kansas State University where he received a Bachelor of Arts Degree. He was commissioned via the Aviation Officer Candidate Program in 1966 and received his wings February 1967.
His initial tour of duty was a "Plank Owner” with VA-97. He embarked with the Warhawks on U88 CONSTELLATION (CV 64) for two combat deployments, completing over 200 missions into Vietnam in the A-7A aircraft His first shore assignment was with VA-125 as an Instructor Pilot and Weapons ECM Officer. Captain Bowman then reported to VA-146. He completed two cruises with the Blue Diamonds onboard U88 CONSTELLATION (CV 63), serving in the Administrative, Maintenance and Operations Officer billets. Following an assignment with the Bureau of Naval Personnel as Aviation Career Development Officer, he reported as Carrier Air Wing FOURTEEN Operations Officer deploying on USS ENTERPRISE (CVN 65) and USS CORAL SEA (CV 43). Remaining with the Carrier Air
Wing FOURTEEN team, he served as Executive Officer and Commanding Officer of VA-97. After a second tour with Naval Military Personnel Command as Air Combat Units Placement Branch Head, Captain Bowman assumed command of Carrier Air Wing FIVE forward deployed to the Western Pacific onboard U88 MIDWAY (CV 41). His next assignment was Principal Deputy to the Secretary of the Navy for Senate Liaison. Captain Bowman’s moat recent assignment was Commander, Carrier Air Wing THIRTEEN.
Captain Bowman is authorised to wear the Legion of Merit, Meritorious Service Medal with three gold stars, two individual and twenty strike fight Air Medals, the Navy Commendation Medal and various campaign mA unit ribbons.
Captain Bowman is married to the former Sally Porter of San Francisco, California. They have two children • Ashley, an Ensign stationed in Norfolk; and Geoffrey, a freshman at Virginia Tech.
1011Commander Robin Y. Weber
19 April 1989 - 9 January 1991
Commander Robin Y. Weber was born in Corpus Christi, Texas, on 24 May 1947. In May 1969. he graduated from the University of Virginia with a Bachelor of Science Degree in commerce. He was commissioned as an Ensign through the Regular Navy Reserve Officer Training Corps Program on 1 July 1969. and reported to Pensacola. Florida, for flight training. Commander Weber received his naval aviator wings in Kingsville. Texas, in April 1971.
Upon completion of replacement pilot training in Reconnaissance Attack Squadron
Three Commander Weber began operationally flying the RA-5C Vigilante with Reconnaissance Attack Squadron Nine, where he deployed to the Mediterranean aboard USS FORRESTAL (CV-59) and USS INDEPENDENCE (CV-62). His next tour was with Training Air Wing Two in Kingsville, Texas, where he served as instructor pilot and training air wing LSO. During this time he also earned a Master of Arts Degree in business from Webster College.
In January 1978, Commander Weber reported to Attack Squadron Forty-Two where he transitioned to the A-6 Intruder. He subsequently reported to Attack Squadron Eighty-Five aboard USS FORRESTAL. After two Mediterranean deployments, he was assigned to Attack Squadron Forty-Two as an instructor pilot. In July 1982, Commander Weber joined Medium Attack Wing One as the Readiness Officer. In February
1983. he reported to Carrier Air Wing Three as the Operations Officer deploying to the North Atlantic and Mediterranean aboard USS JOHN F. KENNEDY (CV-67) until May 1984.
After a brief period of A-6 refresher training with Attack Squadron Forty-Two, Commander Weber reported to Attack Squadron Fifty-Five as Executive Officer in August
1984. He assumed command in May 1985, and the squadron later deployed to the Mediterranean aboard USS CORAL SEA (CV-43) from October 1985 until May 1986.
Following his tour in Attack Squadron Fifty-Five. he commanded Attack Squadron Forty-Two. the fleet readiness training squadron at NAS Oceana. Virginia, until July 1987.
Prior to reporting to USS AM ERICA, Commander Weber served on the staff of COM-NAVAIRLANT as the Medium Attack Readiness Officer.
Commander Weber has accrued over 5000 flight hours and 850 carrier arrested landings in tactical Navy aircraft.
He is married to the former I-ani Jean Arnold of Ventura, California. They have two daughters. Riley Ann and Robin.
Commander Weber was advanced to Captain in 1990, prior to taking command of USS WHITE PLAINS (AFS-4).
12Commander James A. Bolcar
9 January 1991 - Present
Commander James Andrew Bolcar was born on 2 January 1949. and raised in Vandergrift, Pennsylvania. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in June. 1971, and began commissioned service on USS WORDEN (DLG-18) as First Division Officer in July 1971. Commander Bolcar began fight training in March 1972, and was designated a Naval Aviator in October 1973.
After completing his initial aviation assignment as a flight instructor in Training Squadron TWENTY-ONE in June 1975, Commander Bolcar joined Fleet Composite Squadron SEVEN in July 1975. He began A-6 transition training with Attack Squadron FORTY-TWO in September 1976. and reported to Attack Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE for his first fleet tour of duty in April 1977. In December 1979, he reported to Attack Squadron FORTY-TWO for duty as an instructor pilot. Returning to Attack Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE in April 1982. he served as Safety Officer and Operations Officer until October 1984, when he joined the staff of Commander Medium Attack Wing ONE as Readiness Officer.
Commander Bolcar was selected for aviation command in 1985 and reported to Attack Sq uad ron 'I' HIRTY - FIV E as Kxecu t i ve Of fi -cer in October 1986. He assumed command of the "Black Panthers" in April 1988. and served as commanding officer until September 1989. His fleet squadron tours were highlighted by multiple deployments to the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Commander Bolcar's post-command assignment was with Commander. SECOND Fleet where he served as Air and Strike Operations Officer from October 1989 until July 1990. He was selected for assignment as an aircraft carrier executive officer in the spring of 1990 and reported to USS AMERICA (CV-66) in November 1990.
Commander Bolcar’s personal awards include the Meritorious Service Medal, the Joint Service Commendation Medal, two
Navy Commendation Medals and the Navy Achievement Medal.
Commander Bolcar is married to the former Sandra Elizabeth Dyke. They reside in Virginia Beach with their daughters Christine and Kathleen.
13PNCM (SW) Johnnie Bristow
Command Master Chief
Master Chief Johnnie Bristow attended Taylor High School, in Taylor, Michigan, before he entered the Army. He served three years in the Army Airborne. During that time, he was primarily assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina; and as an early enterprise he and a friend founded a sport parachuting club.
In April 1963, Master Chief Bristow enlisted in the Navy, and since that time he has served on seven shipe. His shore duty assignments have included recruiting duty in Columbia, South Carolina, staff duty with the Chief of Naval Operations and at the Bureau of Naval Personnel, staff duty with the Chief of Naval Education and Training in Pensacola, Florida, and staff duty at the Personnel Support Activity, Charleston, South Carolina Master Chief Bristow’s recent assignments were as plank owner with the recommissioning crew of U8S IOWA (BB-61) and the commissioning crew of U8S THOMAS GATES (CG-81).
He has attended George Washington University, the
University of South Carolina New Hampshire College, and Embry Riddle Aeronautical University.
While assigned to duty in the South Carolina area Master Chief Bristow earned an FAA certification as a commercial pilot and as a single- and multi-engine and instrument flight instructor. He has taught flying at Navy flying clubs in Pensacola Florida, and Norfolk, Virginia and at Charleston Air Force Base, in South Carolina. Master Chief Bristow is also a certified scuba diver.
Master Chief Bristow wears the Meritorious Service Medal, Navy Commendation Medal (3rd award). Navy Achievement Medal (3rd award), and the Combat Action Ribbon. Master Chief Bristow is married to Faye (Taylor) Bristow of Graham, North Carolina. They have a son, John Jr., age twenty-seven, and two daughters, Theresa, age twenty-eight, and Patti, age ten. The Bristows currently reside in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
14- - I
UNITED STATES SHIP
The design of the coat-of-arms of the aircraft carrier USS AMERICA (CV-66) has its origin in heraldry. The theme is based on the Revolutionary War and the honors intended for the Captain of the first USS AMERICA, the father of the U.S. Navy, John Paul Jones.
The upper portion of the coat-of-arms consists of a crest with an American flag of the Revolutionary War, flying above the most glorious event of Jones’ naval career, the battle of BON HOMME RICHARD, which he commanded, with HMS SERAPIS. He defeated SERAPIS in a desperate fight and. as his own ship was mortally wounded, Jones raised the Amerian flag over SERAPIS and sailed her into the Dutch harbor of Texal.
Below this is a shield supported by two stags, adapted from the stags which appear on the coat-of-arms of John Paul Jones. These sea stags wear medallions around their necks representing the many honors accorded to Jones by France and the United States.
The shield supported by the two stags bear two pheons. or arrowheads, symbolic of the force or power in heraldic design. The lower third of the shield features a coiled rattlesnake, which was a popular symbol of many Revolutionary War flags. The shield of white alludes to the ships sent to America’s aid under the Bourbon flag of France.
At the base of the coat-of-arms is AMERICA’S motto: “Don't Tread On Me”. These words were common on battle standards during the Revolutionary War as the colonies fought for their freedom and are today characteristic of the spirit and traditions of this great nation.
Traditionally, it has been the Navy's mission to control the seas. Without this control. U.S. forces abroad would soon wither for lack of support, and industry at home would decline, even halt, for lack of raw materials that must be delivered via the sea routes of the world.
The coming of the nuclear age has not changed this concept. In fact, it has been broadened to include maintaining control of the air over the seas. This is the mission of aircraft carriers like AMERICA, ships that embody two key advantages of our Navy: mobility and versatility.
AMERICA is, in effect, a completely equipped air base. However, instead of being a stationary point on the map. a point that can be singled out by ballistic missiles. AMERICA can range the oceans of the world, changing her position hundreds of miles in a single day.
AMERICA and her sister carriers of the fleet allow the U.S. to quickly assemble great concentrations of firepower and to deploy it rapidly and
skillfully, exerting continuous pressure on the enemy. Unlike bases overseas, these carriers are not dependent on the political temperament of any foreign government.
Versatile as well as mobile. AMERICA can be used alternately or simultaneously against submarines and their bases, surface ships and their yards, aircraft and their fields, and for the support of amphibious land and air operations.
In "brush fire" conflicts. AMERICA can move quickly to apply the exact amount of offensive firepower required by the situation. In the event of total war. AMERICA represents a mobile, hard to find base from which retaliatory strikes can be launched against enemy targets.
Most importantly, the recognized offensive and defensive capabilities of AMERICA give support to our foreign policy and strength to the Free World, a powerful deterrent to conflict and a force for peace around the world.-----HISTORY------
USS AMERICA (CV-66)
The keel of the aircraft carrier AMERICA was laid on January 9,1961. as Hull 561 in Shipway »10 at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company. Newport News, Virginia. Following three years of construction, the ship was launched on February 1. 1964. and was commissioned in ceremonies at the Norfolk Naval Station on January 23. 1965.
AMERICA made her first deployment in 1966 to the Mediterranean Sea. AMERICA made three deployments to Southeast Asia, the first in 1968. She was one of four aircraft carriers on “Yankee Station” when the Vietnam Peace Agreement went into effect in January 1973.
In January 1974, AMERICA began her fourth deployment to the Mediterranean. She returned to Norfolk on August 3, 1974, prior to participating in the NATO exercise "Northern Merger" in September of that year.
The carrier embarked on her fifth Mediterranean deployment on April 15,1976. AMERICA returned from this deployment on October 25, 1976.
After a three-month maintenance period. AMERICA deployed as part of a seven-ship task force to South America. During this period AMERICA conducted exercises with units of the Brazilian Navy. Shortly thereafter, AMERICA started on its sixth Mediterranean deployment.
On March 13, 1979. AMERICA embarked on her tenth major deployment. Returning to Norfolk on September 22. 1979, AMERICA conducted initial carrier qualifications for the F A-18 prior to a one-year overhaul and maintenance period at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. During the upkeep period. AMERICA was fitted with the NATO Sea Sparrow missile system and the Phalanx close-in weapons system.
AMERICA made her first deployment to the Indian Ocean in 1981. During this period, AMERICA became the first carrier since 1967 to transit the Suez Canal.
In 1982, AMERICA participated in “Northern Wedding ’82” as well as operating for a short period in the Mediterranean in support of U.S. forces in I eba-non. The carrier returned to Norfolk in November 1982 to prepare for deployment to the Indian Ocean and Mediterranean. She departed Norfolk on December 8, 1982, for a 176-day deployment to the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean.
On April 24. 1984, AMERICA left her homeport once again, participating in exercise "Ocean Venture” before transiting the Atlantic Ocean on the way to the Mediterranean.
On November 14, 1984, AMERICA arrived in Norfolk, Virginia, and celebrated her 20th anniversary of commissioned service in January 1985. The carrier then entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard for a four-month maintenance period. On May 13. 1985. AMERICA left the shipyard for sea trials, refresher training, and carrier qualifications.
On August 24,1985, AMERICA left her homeport to participate in the NATO exercise "Ocean Safari ’85". During the exercise. AMERICA operated in the North Atlantic, Norwegian Sea. and in Vestjford. Norway, in the process becoming the first U.S. aircraft carrier to operate inside a Norwegian fjord. After a port visit to Portsmouth. England. AMERICA returned to Norfolk on October 9. 1985.
On March 10, 1986, after preparing for deployment in only two weeks instead of the usual month. AMERICA departed on her fifteenth deployment. After arrival in the Mediterranean. AMERICA participated in tri-carrier operations with the USS CORAL SEA and USS SARATOGA near the so-called "Line of Death" in the Gulf of Sidra. On March 24. Libyan missile batteries fired on aircraft from VF-102, one of AMERICA’S embarked F-14 fighter squadrons. In defense, aircraft from VA-34, AMERICA’S A-6 attack squadron, sank a Libyan La Combattanteclass patrol boat. After several other scattered clashes. Libyan offensives declined, and AMERICA
departed “Mad Dog Station", as the Libyan operating area came to be known.
On April 15, 1986, after Libyan-sponsored terrorism claimed the lives of several Americans overseas, AMERICA joined with the USS CORAL SEA battle group and the U.S. Air Force for a retaliatory strike against Libya. After successful strikes against targets in Benghazi and Tripoli, all of AMERICA’S aircraft returned safely, having met some of the stiffest surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft barrages since the Vietnam War. AMERICA returned to Norfolk from this deployment on September 10. 1986.
After a short carrier qualification period in October 1986. AMERICA returned to Norfolk and entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard on November 20, 1986, for an extended Complex Overhaul. AMERICA left the shipyard on February 15, 1988, for sea trials and work-ups in preparation for the next round of intensive operations.
In April, after completing a shakedown cruise, AMERICA participated in FLEET WEEK ’88. Sailors and ships were sent to New York City to promote the image of the Navy in preparation for the USS IOWA battle group’s move to Staten Island in 1989.
In February 1989. AMERICA departed for exercises in the Caribbean and the North Atlantic. AMERICA again operated in the Vestfjord before making a port visit to Le Havre. France, and returning to Norfolk on April 3. 1989.
Upon her return. AMERICA immediately began preparing for a 183-day deployment to the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean. AMERICA completed the large-scale NATO exercise "Display Determination’’ involving the armed forces of Belgium. West Germany, Italy, Portugal. Turkey, Great Britain, France, and Spain. AMERICA returned to Norfolk from this deployment on November 10. 1989. and celebrated her 25th anniversary of commissioned service in January 1990.
Carrier Air Wing One
Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) has been in commission longer than any other Navy Air Wing. Since commissioning on June 4, 1934, CVW-1 has served aboard 19 different carriers, made 39 deployments, and had a majority of the East Coast squadrons as members of the Navy’s “First and Foremost.”
CVW-1 was originally “The Ranger Air Group” and served aboard USS RANGER (CV-4) during the early days of carrier aviation. CVW-1 also operated aboard the three other carriers in commission at that time: USS LANGLEY (CV-1), USS LEXINGTON (CV-2), and USS SARATOGA (CV-3).
During World War II, Air Wing One participated in the North African campaign and operated in all parts of the Atlantic. In 1943, the Air Wing was redesignated CVG-4 and transferred to the Pacific Fleet. Serving aboard ESSEX and BUNKER HILL, the Air Wing saw action against Japan from the Philippines to Tokyo, earning two Presidential Unit Citations in addition to having nurtured many naval aviation heroes.
After the war, CVG-4 was reformed in California, reassigned to the East Coast, and redesignated CVG-1. Between 1946 and 1957, CVG-1 served aboard nine different carriers. During the 1956-57 Suer crisis, the Air Wing was aboard the first supercarrier, USS FORRESTAL, which operated in the Western Atlantic, and then completed a deployment in support of Allied forces in the Mediterranean.
The Air Wing made five Mediterranean deployments aboard USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT between 1959-65. In 1962, the Air Wing was temporarily assigned to USS ENTERPRISE for her shakedown cruise and fleet review for President John F. Kennedy. The Air Wing made a WESTPAC deployment aboard USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT and conducted combat operations off the coast of Vietnam between June 1966 and February 1967.
In 1967, CVW-1 was assigned to USS JOHN F. KENNEDY (CV-67). They made eight deployments to the Mediterranean, including operations during the 1970 Jordanian crisis and the 1973 Arab Israeli War. Since 1971, the Air Wing staff has been homeported at NAS Oceana, Virginia. Deployed to the Mediterranean in 1975, aboard USS JOHN F. KENNEDY’, the Air Wing brought to those waters the Navy’s newest tactical aircraft, the F-14A Tomcat air-superiority fighter and the S-3A Viking anti-sub-marine warfare aircraft.
In late 1977, CVW-1 participated in the operational trials of USS DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER (CVN-69).
The CVW-l USS JOHN F. KENNEDY’ deployment of 1980-81 was a hallmark of aviation safety. After eight months of intensive operations, the Wing returned home with all aircraft, without a serious injury, and with a record sortie completion rate.
In August 1982, CVW-1 deployed with USS AMERICA for a 21 .• month North Atlantic operation. During this period, the Air Wing participated in the NATO exercise "Northern Wedding ’82" as well as a short period of time in the Mediterranean in support of U.S. forces in Lebanon.
On December 8. 1982, CVW-1 deployed with AMERICA for a 176-day Mediter-ranean Indian Ocean deployment. They returned on June 2,1983. On October 26. 1983, CVW-1 participated with AMERICA in a successful "No Notice’’ exercise. deploying the entire Air Wing aboard AMERICA within an eight-day period.
CVW-l’s 37th deployment to the Medi-terranean Indian Ocean began in April 1984 with participation in exercise "Ocean Venture" in the Gulf of Mexico. While deployed in the Med. CVW-1 participated in exercise "Display Determination” with Italian, French. Turkish. Belgian, and U.S. Air Force units. The CVW-1 AMERICA team returned
home in November of 1984.
In 1985. CVW-1 deployed with AMERICA for the NATO exercise “Ocean Safari’’, journeying through the North Atlantic to Vestfjord. Norway.
CVW-1 deployed to the Mediterranean Sea with AM ERICA in March 1986, carrying out successful combat air strikes again Libyan forces in March and April of that year. The CVW-l AMERICA team returned home on September 10. 1986.
In January and February of 1987, CVW-1 completed the first major Air Wing operations aboard the Navy's newest nuclear-powered aircraft carrier at the time. USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT (CVN-71).
In February and March 1989, CVW-1 deployed with AMERICA for operations in the North Atlantic to Vestfjord, Norway.
On May 10. 1989. CVW-1 deployed with AMERICA for a 183-day Indian Ocean Mediterranean cruise. They returned on November 10, 1989.
21USS AMERICA (CV 66)
OPERATION DESERT STORM
09 January: AMERICA transits the Straits of Gibraltar and arrives in the Mediterranean Sea.
15 January: AMERICA arrives at Port Said, Egypt, and transits through the Suez Canal to the Red Sea. The United Nations deadline for Iraqi forces to leave Kuwait expires.
17 January: Operation Desert Shield becomes Desert Storm as U.S. - led coalition forces take to the skies to bomb strategic military targets in Iraq such as airfields, communications, command control, chemical, nuclear, and biological warfare facilities. AMERICA provides Combat Air Patrol (CAP) coverage for the carriers in the Red Sea.
19 January: AMERICA launches its first air strike of the war against an ammunition depot north of Baghdad.
20 January: AMERICA’S first night strike is aimed at Iraq's ability to fuel its military machine with an early morning attack
against an oil production facility.
26 January: AMERICA flies the first of four bridge strikes. All attacks, flown between 26 January and 24 February, are aimed at destroying bridges that Saddam Hussein could use to reinforce his troops in occupied Kuwait.
31 January: The focus of the air war changes as AMERICA flies into the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations with strikes against Iraqi military forces in occupied Kuwait.
01 February: VAW-123 coordinates aircraft on the first of 11 Scud missile patrols flown from 1 February to 7 February. On 3 February, AMERICA confirms the destruction of two Scud-related vehicles.
03 February: CVVV-1 pilots embark on the first of nine strikes aimed at fixed-positions of Saddam Hussein's elite Republican Guard.
08 February: Captain Kent W. Ewing assumes command from
1Hoar Admiral (select) John J. Mazach in an informal ceremony conducted on the flight deck. AMERICA transits through the Straits of Bab el Mandeb to the Gulf of Aden en route to the Arabian Gulf and the other side of the war.
10 February: AMERICA has a "Beer Day” during a Steel Beach Picnic, allowing crew members two beers each after 45 consecutive days at sea.
14 February: AMERICA transits the narrow Straits of Hormuz and arrives in the Arabian Gulf.
15 February: AMERICA becomes the first and only carrier to operate on both sides of the war when it joins three other U.S. aircraft carriers in the Arabian Gulf carrier box.
16 February: AMERICA spots and destroys an Iraqi floating mine inside the aircraft carriers operational area. This would be the first of a total of four mines discovered while operating in the Arabian Gulf.
20 February: AMERICA is host to the combat press pool. VS-32 destroys an armed Iraqi patrol boat, thus becoming the first S-3 squadron to successfully engage, bomb, and destroy a hostile surface vessel.
23 February: Aircraft from the AMERICA destroy a Silkworm (anti-ship) missile battery after Iraq unsuccessfully fired a missile at the USS MISSOURI (BB 63).
During all of CVW-l's strikes into the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations. AMERICA destroyed approximately 387 armored vehicles and tanks.
28 February: Coalition forces cease hostile offensive action after successfully liberating Kuwait and destroying Iraq’s ability to wage war. Iraq submits a letter to the United Nations accept -ing all 12 U.N. resolutions concerning Iraq's invasion and occupation of Kuwait. The end to hostilities was called by President Bush only 42 days after the war began, and exactly two months after AMERICA departed Norfolk. Virginia.
04 March: AMERICA departs the Arabian Gulf and returns to the Red Sea after conducting 3,008 combat sorties during the war.
09 March: AMERICA arri -es on-station in the Red Sea.
16 March: AMERICA arrives in the Red Sea port of Mur ghada, Egypt, and makes the first port call of the deployment after 78 consecutive days at sea.
03 April: Homeward bound. AMERICA transits the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean Sea.
11 April: The United Nations declares the official end to the Gulf War.
24 February: The ground assault into Iraq and Kuwait begins as AMERICA provides close air support for coalition troops.
Length - 62' Height - 16'
Span - 64.1' Speed - Mach 2+
The F-14A Tomcat is a two seat, twin-engine all weather aircraft capable of flying twice the speed of sound. Its mission is to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft in order to establish and maintain local air superiority. The Tomcat can carry long-range Phoenix missiles in addition to Sparrow and Sidewinder missiles, and can engage multiple targets simultaneously. Fighter squadrons VF-33 and VF-102, based at NAS Oceana, Virginia, flv the F-14 from AMERICA.
Length - 56'
Height - 15.2'
Span - 40.7'
Speed - Mach 1.8
The F A-18C is a high-performance, all-weather, multi-mission tactical aircraft. It is a single-seat, twin-engine jet which can undertake fighter, attack and reconnaissance missions.
Its targets may be enemy ground installations, aircraft, or naval units. Strike fighter squadrons VFA-82 and VFA-86, based at NAS Cecil Field, Florida, fly the F A-18C from AMERICA.
The A-6E Intruder is a two-man, subsonic, low-level medium attack bomber with the capability to deliver bombs on target with pinpoint accuracy deep into hostile territory. Its mission is the destruction, in all weather conditions day or night, of moving or fixed land targets. The A-6E is flown from AMERICA by Attack Squadron VA-85, based at NAS Oceana, Virginia. The squadron also flies the KA-6D model of the Intruder, which is the tanker version used for in-flight refueling.
Length - 54'7 Height - 16'3 " Span - 53' Speed - 502 Kts
Length ■ 59' Height 16'3 " Span - 53' Speed - 516 Kts
The EA-6B Prowler is a four-seat, all-weather aircraft with the primary mission of providing electronic warfare support to the fleet by detecting and jamming enemy radar signals. Modern anti-air defense systems, whether they use missile, gunfire or fighter interceptors, rely heavily on radar for tracking and guidance. By denying the enemy the use of his radars, the Prowler can effectively screen friendly strike aircraft and neutralize enemy weapon systems. Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron VAQ-137, based at NAS Whidbey Island, Washington, flies the EA-6B from AMERICA.
SH-3H SEA KING
The SH-3H Sea King is a gas turbine powered helicopter used primarily for antisubmarine warfare. It also provides search and rescue and logistics support to the carrier battle group as required. Capable of staying airborne for more than five hours, the Sea King is equipped with sonar, magnetic anomaly detection, sono-buoys, and multi-channel relay equipment. Helicopter Squadron HS-11, based at NAS Jacksonville. Florida, flies the Sea King from AMERICA.
Length- 72'7" Height - 16' 10" Span - 62 Speed - 144 Kts
26Length - 57' 7" Height - 18' 4" Span - 80'7" Speed - 270 Kts
The E-2C Hawkeye is a twin-engine turbo-prop aircraft designed to provide fleet units with early warning and detection of approaching enemy forces. It is an airborne combat information center which extends task force defense perimeters. The Hawkeye provides strike and traffic control, area radar surveillance, search and rescue guidance, navigational assistance and communications relay. Carrier Early Warning Squadron VAW-123, based at NAS Norfolk, Virginia, flies the E-2C from AMERICA.
The S-3A Viking is the first completely computerized, carrier-based, anti-submarine jet aircraft. It has the all-weather capability to search for, localize and destroy enemy submarines. It is designed to carry an array of ordnance, including homing torpedoes. mines, depth charges, rockets and missiles. Equipped with the latest ASW sensors, it is capable of searching large areas of ocean and detecting modern nuclear submarines. The Viking is flown from AMERICA by Air Anti-Submarine Warfare Squadron VS-32, based at NAS Cecil Field. Florida.
Aircraft operations from the flight deck of an Aircraft Carrier are performed with such precision and coordination between hundreds of people that they have been compared to a well-orchestrated ballet. Landing on a flight deck entails bringing the aircraft in at an exact predetermined speed, altitude, and angle, bringing it from 150 miles per hour to a stop in a distance of 350 feet. A catapult-assisted launch sends a 44,000 pound aircraft from 0 to 180 miles per hour in a distance of 260 feet. What can appear to an observer to be total chaos, is actually hundreds of men. identified by various colored shirts according to their job, rapidly moving, servicing, and arming aircraft to permit launches and recoveries at a rate of up to one every thirty seconds.AMERICA Facts SS
Horsepower.................................................................. 200,000 +
Speed....................................................................... 30+ Knots
Length...................................................................... 1047.5 Feet
Extreme Breadth of Flight Deck................................................ 252 Feet
Depth at Centerline......................................................... 97.3 Feet
Area of Flight Deck.........................................................4.57 Acres
Displacement at Load Draft................................................. 80,000 Tons
Number of Crew (Including Air Wing)............................................ 5,300
Meals Served Aboard Daily....................................................... 18,000
Number of Anchors.....................................................................2
Weight of Anchors........................................................ 30 Tons Each
Weight of Each Anchor Chain Link............................................ 391 Pounds
Number of Propellers (all Five-Blade)................................................ 4
Height of Propellers.....................................................22 Feet Each
Weight of Propellers............................................... 69,300 Pounds Each
Number of Deck Elevators........................................................... 4
Size of Plane Elevators............................................. 3,880 Square Feet
Number of Catapults.................................................................. 4
Daily Capacity of Distilling Plants.................................... 280,000 GallonsShip contains:
Bakery Barber Shop Butcher Shop Carpenter Shop Chapel Dental Office Dry Cleaning Plant Fire Station Galleys (6)
Garbage Disposal Plant
Operating Hoorn Paint Shop Pharmacy
Radio and TV Repair Shop
Sheet Metal and Pipe Shop
Highest Point of Ship 194.3 Feet
Height of 08 Level 94 Feet
Height of 09 Level 102 Feet
Height of 010 Level 110 Feet
Height of Oil Level 118 Feet
Height of Hanger Deck 27 Feet
Height of Flight Deck 64 Feet
Navigation Bridge to Bow 624 FeetUSS AMERICA
23 January 1990
UNITED STATES AIRCRAFT CARRIER
Built by: Newport News Shipbuilding Dry Dock Co. Newport News, Virginia
Keel Laid: 9 January 1961
Launched: 1 February 1964
Sponsor: Mrs. David L. McDonald
Commissioned: 23 January 1965 U.S. Naval Shipyard Portamouth, Virginia'
AMERICAS in Naval History
U8S AMERICA is the Tint warship of this name to be commieaioned into service with the United States Navy. Her name was selected by the late President John F. Kennedy.
AMERICA was contracted for by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia, on 26 November 1960, and ber keel was laid on 9 January 1961. She was launched and christened by ber sponsor, Mrs. David L. McDonald, safe of the Chief of Naval Operations, on 1 February 1964. U88 AMERICA was commissioned at the U.S. Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia, bn 23 January 1966.
The first ship to bear the name AMERICA was 174-gun ship-of-the-line laid down in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in May 1777. However, the launching of the greatest warship planned for the young Revolutionary navy was delayed by a lack of funds and skilled shipbuilders until November 1782.
During the late stages of her construction, the Continental Congress as-
signed the Revolutionary War’s greatest naval hero, John Paul Jones, as the Prospective Commanding Officer. This man, later accepted as the father of the United States Navy, fitted her out but was to be denied his command. In September 1782, just a few short months before her scheduled launching, the Congress presented AMERICA to France as replacement for MAGNIFIQUE which had been lost by grounding in Boston Harbor. The ship that was to have sailed the oceans of the world as the United States Ship AMERICA sailed instead for France and service in the French Navy in June 1783, retaining her original name.
Other ships since the Revolutionary War have also shared the inspiring name of AMERICA. Although none of these were classed as warships, they all served with honor and dignity in their respective fields.
One of these, a schooner yacht, was built in 1861 for Commodore John C. Stevens of the New York Yacht Club. In 1862, this 111-foot yacht earned an enviable reputation in world yachting circles when she defeated 13 crack
British yachts in a race around the isle of Wight and became the first winner of yachting’s still-coveted America’s Cup. During the Civil War, the Confederacy obtained the speedy yacht and pressed her into service as a blockade runner. She was later scuttled, retaken by Federal forces and refitted at Port Royal, South Carolina. This AMERICA then served the Union as a blockader and finished the Civil War as a training ship at the U.S. Naval Academy.
She was purchased by a civilian in 1873 and presented to the Navy Department in 1921 as a relic. The yacht was stationed at the Naval Academy and remained there until scrapped in 1945.
A twin-screw steamship, SS AMERI-KA, was built in Ireland in 1905 for the Hamburg-American Line. She was taken into the U.S. Navy as a troop transport in 1917 and renamed AMERICA. By 1921, this ship was back in service as a passenger liner with the United States Lines, operating in the North Atlantic. The 660-foot ship was seriously damaged when she caught fire during a modernization pe-riod but was reconditioned and laid up from 1931 to 1940. She was pulled out of retirement in 1940 and put into service as an Army troop transport.
The most recent AMERICA was the 723-foot United States Line passenger liner SS AMERICA, built at Newport News Shipyard in 1940. She made her maiden voyage to the Caribbean as a civilian liner but was later converted into a troop transport and renamed WEST POINT. After World War II. she returned to Newport News where she was refitted for service as a passenger liner with the United States Lines. The ship was sold to foreign shipping interests in November 1964 and her name was changed to AUSTRALIS. SS AMERICA spent her final days under the American flag at a pier alongside her successor. USS AMERICA. at Newport. News.
Scenes from AMERICA’s past
34(Ffjp iKoah Id
23 Silver Anniversary of AMERICA’S Commissioning 16-19 Fort Lauderdale port visit
18 SRA-90, Norfolk Naval Shipyard 2 Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait
2 AMERICA Departs Norfolk Naval Shipyard
5 Carrier Air Wing One Change of Command 10 Advanced Phase
: 6tbfiprt Storm
3 - 7 St. Thomas, USVI, port visit 7 FLTX 2-90 15 Childrens Christmas Party 20 Command Christmas Party 28 Departure Desert Shield Deployment
- 1991 -
4 Hattie Group Formation Air Wing Flyover 9 Strait of Gibraltar transit to Med 15 Suez Canal transit to Red Sea 16 AMERICA arrives on station in Red Sea 17 Desert Storm begins 8 AMERICA Change of Command 10 Beer Day, Gulf of Aden 14 Strait of Hormuz transit to Persian Gulf 24 Ground War begins 28 Cease Fire
4 AMERICA departs Persian Gulf 6 Steel Beach Picnic, Arabian Sea 8 Bab-al-Mandab transit to Red Sea 16-22 Hurghada, Egypt, port visit 3 Suez Canal transit to Med 4 End free mail 8 Strait of Gibraltar transit to Atlantic 11 UN official end to Gulf War 17 Air Wing fly-off 18 Homecoming
37Fort Lauderdale, with more than 85 miles of navigable canals and waterways, is known as the “Venice of America.” AMKKICA’s crew enjoyed the many attractions in the area, including Port Everglades, sightseeing cruises. Ocean World, off-shore SCUBA diving, and six miles of ocean beaches, as much as the friendly people of Fort Lauderdale enjoyed seeing the aircraft carrier moored pierside near cruiseliners.
AMERICA hosted many dignitaries from the Fort Lauderdale area. Among her honored guests were Mr. Joel Alesi, Port Director; Mr. Scott Cowans, Broward County Commissioner; Mr. Nick Navarro. Broward County Sheriff; and Mr. YVhitey Ford, former New
York Yankee. As AMERICA steamed into port with her guests, the Confederate Air Force performed an air-show featuring vintage World War II aircraft.
AMERICA also participated in Fort Lauderdale's Saint Patrick's Day Parade. The Commanding Officer, Captain J.J. Mazach. and the Executive Officer, Commander R.Y. Weber, were honored guests in the parade, which included a color guard and marching unit from the ship. AM ERICA’S crew attended several parties given in their honor by the Broward County and Port Everglades councils of the Navy League.
Upon returning from Fort Lauderdale, A M K RI C A prepared for an ex• tensive Selected Restricted Availability (SRA) at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. On 18 April 1990. AMERICA entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard for SRA-90 and remained there until 2 August 1990, the day Iraq invaded Kuwait. With the situation changing daily in the Middle East. AMERICA’S schedule was accelerated so she could deploy five months early and augment the
buildup of coalition forces.
AMERICA accomplished an extensive SRA-90 package. Every department on the ship was involved in making SRA-90 a success. Some of the major departmental jobs included: extensive test bench modification for the F A-18, replacing over 250,000 square feet of Non-Skid on the Flight Deck and Hangar Bay, rehabilitating 360 fathoms of anchor chain and two anchors, a complete
island rehabilitation, extensive rehabilitation and installation of a new Chelant Chemical Treatment System for all 8 boilers, major rehabilitation of all weapons elevators, complete rehabilitation of the aft galley, and pulling and replacing fifteen miles, constitut ing two tons, of cable, just to name a few. Over 250,000 man hours were expended to accomplish the SRA-90 work package.50CVW-1 Change of Command
On 5 September 1990, Captain M.L. Bowman, United States Navy, became the 38th Commander of Carrier Air Wing One when he relieved Captain R.R. Wittenburg, United States Navy, in a ceremony held on the flight deck aboard USS AMERICA (CV-66). Admiral Edney and Rear Admiral Lewis were among the many distinguished guests who attended the ceremony. Although CVW-1 is homeported at NAS Oceana, Virginia, they chose their home-away-from-home as an appropriate setting for the change of command ceremony.
Refresher Training (REFTRA) is an in- In addition to the ship’s REFTRA, the tensive two-week training period that Air Wing undergoes refresher training of teat the crew’s operational readiness. its own. On September 6,1990, CVW-1 Fire-Party training, simulated threat deployed to NAS Fallon, Nevada, for re-. . .-problems, precision anchoriag ynder— fresher.framing of the Air Wing'p strike way replenishment evaluations, and gen warfare chills. Air Wing framing in day
eral quarters drills fill each day. As the and night strikes, close a drilkim«XMS, AMERICAN repair lock- strike rescue procedures, and live weap -
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“This is a drill, this is a drill. ”6165tttl
Eleven days after successfully completing REFTRA, AMERICA CVW-I con-1 ducted a coordinated Advanced Phase I with COMCARGRUFOUR. RADM Mixson, Advanced Phase was intended to get the ship and airwing team fully in- | I tegrated and working together, and involved a variety of graded exercises and battle scenarios. Once Advanced Phase i had been completed, AMERICA made , its St. Thomas port visit. During the I ship’s stay in St. Thomas COMCRI | DESGRUTWO, RADM Katz, relieved COMCARGRUFOUR, the training flag.
I fleet Exercise 2-5t] followed immediately after the port visit. In addition to
rounding out the battle group with other
rface platforms, the THEODORE
ROOSEVELT CVW-8 battle group joined the exercise for cooperative and adversarial training. The exercise tested the threat warning capability of the battle groups in all warfare areas including pilot carrier qualifications, air-to-air and air-to-ground missile firings, simulated strikes, and battle group defense. AMERICA CVW-I began its transit to Norfolk upon completion of the exercise. During the transit, the engineering department successfully completed an Operational Propulsion Plant Examination (OPPE), the last major step in certifying the readiness of the ship for deployment, and participation in Operation Desert Shield. The ship and air wing arrived in Norfolk, just one day before Thanksgiving.686970I
71ReplenishmentSt. Thomas was AMERICA’ first port visit outside the continental United States since her last deployment. The island of St. Thomas covers twenty-seven square miles, with a central range of hills offering panoramic views of the ocean and surrounding islands. The highest point in this range is Crown Mountain, rising to a height of 1556 feet above sea level. AMERICA anchored outside the harbor of Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas' only city and capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands. While in port, AMERICA hosted a Sunday brunch for the local Navy League on November 4. That night the
Navy League reciprocated with a reception for many of the ship’s officers.
St. Thomas has an excellent climate, attractive beaches, and beautiful scenery which attracts visitors from all over the world. AMERICA’S visit was a great success. Sailing, snorkeling, SCUBA diving, and St. John’s National Park tours were available to the crew. Bus transportation was provided to Magen’s Bay for the crew to enjoy a four-day beach party. Food and beverages were supplied while crew members enjoyed the beaches and water sports.7778zs
8828 December 199091Desert Shield
After completing Fleet Exercise 2-91, AMERICA prepared for deployment. Preparation for Overseas Movement (POM) was conducted from 22 November - 27 December. During this busy POM period, the crew managed to find time for leave, a Christmas party for the crew’s children, and a Christmas party for the crew at the Omni Hotel in Norfolk.
On 28 December 1990, AMERICA CVW-1 departed Norfolk, Virginia, shortly after the THEODORE ROO-SEVELT CVW-8 as part of the coalition military forces in Operation Desert Shield. The event marked the first time two carrier battle groups deployed the same day from the same homeport. During their Atlantic transit, the AMERICA CVW-1 and THEODORE ROOSEVELT CVW8 battle
groups practiced offensive and defensive tactics under the direction of COMSE-CONDFLT. Carrying a Marine Corps squadron of OV-10 reconnaissance aircraft en route Desert Shield, The AMERICA and THEODORE ROOSEVELT became a part of carrier aviation history when they launched the OV-10 Broncos as the carriers approached the Straits of Gibraltar. Testing and training continued as both battle groups transited the Mediterranean Sea. The final preparations for war before the AMERICA CVW-1 team entered the Red Sea included participation in “National Week 1-91,” a multi-national exercise with the French, Spanish, Italian, and Egyptian navies. “National Week 1-91" involved a variety of air and naval engagement scenarios designed to bolster readiness and coordination among the coalition forces.Look out, Saddam| AMERICA’s coming!!!
iTlX,Helo over Egypt
Nile River Delta
14 January 1991104108110
Ill113115On 15 January 1991, AMERICA CVW-1 transited through the Suez Canal to the Red Sea. This date was also the United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. AMERICA-CVW-1 assumed the Red Sea force defense commitment after a short turnover with the battle group commander aboard the JOHN F. KENNEDY. On 17 January 1991, Opeation Desert Shield became Operation Desert Storm when U.S. and coalition forces began the bombardment of Iraq and Kuwait. AMERICA CVW-1 provided combat air patrol (CAP) for the SARATOGA and KEN-NEDY as they attacked Iraq. On 19 Jan-
uary 1991. the AMERICA CVW-1 team had its first opportunity to launch air strikes into Iraq. An ammunition depot north of Baghdad was the target of these first strikes. AMERICA CVW-1 conducted its first night strike on 20 January. against an Iraqi oil production facility. The AMERICA, SARATOGA, and KENNEDY continued offensive and defensive operations in rotation for twenty consecutive days. During these intense operations. AMERICA’S Intelligence Center worked closely with the flag and airwing teams to provide reconnaissance photographs, detailed information on air. naval, electronic threats.
bomb damage assessments, and targeting information. The Strike Planning Center, within the Intelligence Center, provided briefing, debriefings, target selection and t housands of intelligence and combat action reports.
AMERICA CVW-1 continued its strikes against strategic targets in Iraq until ordered to the Persian Gulf. During the transit, the crew was able to enjoy a few hours of fun with a “Steel Beach” picnic and “Beer Day,” after a full forty-five non-stop days at sea.128
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137138139USS AMERICA Change of Command
While steaming in the Red Sea in support of Operation Desert Storm, a change of command ceremony was held aboard USS AMERICA (CV-66). On 8 February 1991. at 1000 hours. Captain Kent VV. Ewing became the twentieth Commanding Officer of USS AMERICA when he assumed command from Captain John J. Mazach. It was an informal ceremony held adjacent to the ship’s island, in the midst of a war. and was missing the usual pomp expected at such an event. But its importance was not lessened since AMERICA was making history.
After the arrival of the official party and the inspection of the honor guard. Rear Admiral 1). J. Katz, Commander. Cruiser-Destroyer Group Two, presented Captain Mazach the Legion of Merit Medal. Captain Mazach addressed the crew for the last time before reading his orders. issued by the Commander. Naval Military Personnel Command. Captain K. W. Ewing then read his orders, relieving Captain Mazach as the Commanding Officer. Captain Ewing addressed the crew briefly and took AMERICA to the Arabian Gulf and into history.BEER DAY
10 February 1991
144145On station in the Gulf
On 14 February 1991, the AMERICA CY'W’-l team passed through the Straits of Hormuz to arrive in Arabian Gulf and soon became the only aircraft carrier to operate on both sides of the Arabian Peninsula during the war. As AMER-ICA CVW-1 joined the Arabian Gulf battle force, which already included the MIDWAY, RANGER, and ROO-SEVELT, preparations were underway for the ground assault in Iraq and Kuwait. The ship's role in supporting combat operations changed from strategic strikes to close air support for the coalition ground forces. AMERICA CVW-1 continued its tactical reconnaissance role, providing important data to the U.S. Marine Corps amphibious units for
their assault planning.
On 24 February 1991, the ground assault was initiated against Iraqi forces. AMERICA CVW-1 provided close air support for coalition troops during this assault. During these operations in the Kuwaiti theater CVW-1 aircraft destroyed over 365 armored vehicles and tanks. The ground war quickly came to a close only four days after its start, when Iraq submitted a letter to the United Nations accepting all 12 United Nations resolutions regarding the Iraqi invasion and subsequent occupation of Kuwait.
President Hush called an end to the hostilities on 28 February 1991, forty-two
days after the war had begun and exactly two months after AMERICA CVW-1 departed Norfolk, Virginia. The ship and airwing continued to support fleet air defense in the Arabian Gulf until relieved on 4 March, 1991. when AMERICA departed the Gulf en route to the Red Sea.
During Operation Desert Storm. AMERICA CVW-1 steamed over 12,900 nautical miles to support coalition forces, flew 3,008 combat sorties and dropped over 2,000 tons of ordnance, without sustaining any combat losses.
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JY't'Ul K ! tcad anticipating a yard period which, under the best of cir- “ t nkhalUt Py cumstancea. is trying and exhausting, though necessary.
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mors of war had begun. Yet. no one was quite sure what that y.ii.Mi.... i.. would mean for AMERICA. Certainly, no one knew that she
tv would be put through her paces in such a short period of time •V, and steam off to wrho-knew-what ;n tin- Middle East, a full five month ahead of schedule.
i ithin forty-eight hours of her arrival in the Red Sea. Ixarely v settled in. AMERICA launched her might against Iraq as
Operation Desert Shield became Operation Desert Storm A f the instrument of her might. CVW-1 carried out it mission '
flawlessly, without a single combat lows. The quiet courage
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,t ly. inspired us all.
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v CVW-l continued their onslaught for forty two days, with a flair and finesse that we who WW than will long rememb«-r Oo«C«» Aa ;in l admire And remember with pride, since we were all part ——
Ab'Bahrain16-1Bomb Damage Assessment
AMERICA launched over 3000 combat sorties during Operation Desert Storm. Many of the missions were to deliver a variety of ordnance to select targets in Kuwait and Iraq. Effective weapon employment is dependent upon some means of recording the mission and. hopefully, confirm target destruction and learn of other targets available for future missions. Air Wing One A-6’s and F A-18’s were able to provide valuable video footage using their Forward Looking Infrared Radar (FLIR) sensors to document target destruction. Also. F-14 Tactical Aerial Reconnaissance Rods (TARPS) camera systems produced over
seven miles of film, showing the results of the massive firepower that United States and Allied Forces brought to bear against key Iraqi facilities.
Filming and documenting warfighting effectiveness was not without its frustrating limitations. With more than 500 oil wells burning in south Kuwait, smoke reached miles into the sky, obscuring the ground and preventing some aerial reconnaissance missions from filming Iraqi activity and allied bombing accuracy. Despite its limitations, bomb damage assessment continues to be a useful way to evaluate battle effectiveness.
165High way to Hell
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The AMERICA CVW-1 team arrived in the Egyptian port of Hurghada after 78 consecutive days at sea. Hurghada is located 250 miles south of the Suez Canal on the Red Sea. AMERICA’S visit was well-earned and provided an opportunity for the crew to phone home and relax after the fast pace of events during Desert Storm. One of Egypt’s most popular seaside resorts. Hurghada offers sandy beaches, friendly people, and a sea teeming with colorful aquatic life around the many coral reefs.
Those who wanted to see ancient Egyptian ruins were offered a day long bus tour to the city of Luxor and the surrounding area. Luxor, located on the west bank of the Nile River, 420 miles south of Cairo, is one the most historically significant and dramatic areas in Egypt. The AMERICA tour groups visited a variety of historic sites, including the Val-ley of the Kings. The Valley has 62 known tombs which once contained the treasures that the pharoahs would need in the afterlife. In each tomb, elaborately decorated corridors lead through a series of chambers to the burial vault. In the Valley of the Queens, the royal wives were buried, as was the nine year old son of Ramses ill. In the surrounding sandy foothills are hundreds of private tombs housing the remains of scribes and dignitaries of the court.
In and around Luxor there are many striking examples of Egyptian architecture. The long and narrow Luxor Temple, on the east side of the Nile River, took over one thousand years (1414 B.C. to 323 H.C.) to build. The temple of Hatshepsut is set back in a natural amphitheater of high cliffs. Queen Hatshepsut also erected two great obelisks which can be seen within the temple at Karnak. Kar-
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nak, known in ancient times as Thebes, covers more than sixty acres and contains 20 smaller temples and shrines. Inside the temple walls is the Great Hypostyle Hall. The
an area of 6,000 square meters. It contains the largest single chamber of any temple in the world. The main entrance is guarded by the colossi of Ramses II.
Each evening the Luxor tour concluded with a spectacular sound and light show at the Karnak Temple. The show dramatized the history of Upper Egypt, which was ruled by the pharaohs from 3100 B.C. until 332 B.C., when Egypt was conquered by Alexander t he Great.
On 21 March. AMERICA and her crew were visited in Hurghada by Admiral Edney, Commander, Atlantic Command. The ral addressed the crew in a taped television interview the following day. He praised the crew for what they had accomplished during Desert Storm and discussed what the future could hold for AMERICA and her battle group.
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The AMERICA CVW-1 team returned to the Red Sea on 9 March and assumed command of the Battle Force Yankee. This allowed the KENNEDY and SARATOGA to depart the Red Sea and return to the United States. While in the Red Sea, AMERICA CVW-1 intelligence provided support to the maritime interdiction force units operating in the area.
During her stay in the Red Sea. AMERICA visited the Egyptian port of Hur-ghada for five days of rest and relaxation. After her relief by the THEODORE ROOSEVELT (CVN-71), AMERICA left the Red Sea on 3 April 1991 for a quick transit home to Norfolk. Virginia.Wet - 1 Low Level
200i Saudi Arabia
215Suez Canal Transit
3 April 1991
216217218Pillars of Peace
Hey, Saddam ...
18 April 1991
USS AMERICA CV-66 Green Sheet Thursday, April 18, 1991
DUTY SECTION FOUR
LIBERTY CALL (WELCOME HOME)
FLIGHT QUARTERS FOR HELO OPERATIONS FOD WALKDOWN
HELO FLIGHT OPERATIONS-VOD (NTU NGU) FOD WALKDOWN (HANGAR BAY) MUSTER AWARDS CEREMONY (HANGAR BAY 1) SET THE SPECIAL SEA ANCHOR DETAIL
SECNAV ARRIVES (VH-3)
AWARDS CEREMONY-HANGAR BAY W SECNAV
SECNAV DEPARTS .. (VH-3)
SHIFT INTO UNIFORM OF THE DAY MAN THE RAILS FLAG FORMATION ERB-3 (ELIZABETH RIVER BUOY 3)
PIERSIDE (11 NORTH)
LCDR Eugene J. Dronette, Jr. Admin Officer
The Administrative Department consists of nine divisions working in support of the command. The Command Career Counselor is the primary advisor for the career information program management. The Command Master Chief is the enlisted advisor to the command on the formulation and implementation of policies pertaining to morale. welfare, job satisfaction, discipline, utilization, and training of all enlisted personnel. The Personnel Office is responsible for enlisted personnel placement and for the administration and custody of enlisted personnel records. The Post Office organizes and supervises the postal functions for the command. The Public Affairs Office keeps the Commanding Officer and Executive Officer informed about public affairs trends, policies, and contingencies, including directives on se-
curity and release of information for publication. The Captain’s Office is responsible for the administration and accountability of ship’s correspondence and directives, for administration and custody of officer personnel records, the maintenance of reports, and direct support for the Commanding Officer. The Special Services Office develops and administers an active and varied program of recreational activities, interdivisional athletics, off-duty activities, and diversions for ship’s personnel. The Print Shop provides high volume reproduction services for the command and oversees and forms control program. The Executive Admin Office screens correspondence and directives for the Executive Officer and exercises budgetary control for the Admin Department.CDR Randy (1. Weakley AIMD Officer
Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Department (AIMD) is USS AMERICA’S aircraft maintenance facility. With Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) embarked, it is the fourth largest department on board. AIMD is composed of five divisions which employ eight officers, twenty-two chief petty officers, and 420 highly skilled enlisted technicians in over 75 maintenance areas. Over 200 of AIMD’s well-trained and experienced technicians are provided by the host Naval Air Stations under the innovative and successful SEAOPDET program. The department contributes directly to the mission readiness of CYW-1 bytesting, calibrat ing, and repairing over 33,000 different components from the eight types of aircraft embarked on board CSS AMERICA.
AMERICA’S AIMD is especially fortunate to be the first in the fleet to support the newest version of the Hornet Strike Fighter, the F A-18C. In addition. AIMD supports
the updated S-3 "B" model, the F-14A Tomcat, A-6E and KA-6D Intruders. the E-2C Hawkeye, the EA-6B Prowler, and the SH-3H Sea King helicopter.
AIMD consists of five divisions: IM-1 handles departmental administration. quality assurance analysis, and all production efforts for over 30 workcenters. IM-2 performs non-avionics aviation maintenance functions. IM-3 is the largest division in AIMD. and is responsible for the repair and maintenance of aircraft avionics components. IM-4 maintains the Combat Air Start System (CASS), mobile and stationary support equipment, and aviation ordnance support equipment. IM-5 is responsible for calibration, movement, and accountability of all specialized tools and support equipment.
The skills and strengths of AIMD support CVW-1 to help "Keep America Strong."
261CDR Joseph B. Connelly Air Boss
V-l Division: On -l.fi acres of abrasive steel flattop. the flight deck crew choreographs what has been called, "the greatest show on earth": a ballet of fifty or so high-performance aircraft. Day after day. cycle after cycle, combat mission after combat mission, from start-up to shut-down, the pilot of these aircraft entrust their lives to the yellow- and blue-ahirted directors and handlers, who. in blistering heat or driving rain, navigate airplanes anywhere on the flight deck, despite unbelievably close quarters. Truly a sight to behold, as the carrier turns into the wind to launch a thirty-plane combat sortie to Iraq, each catapult is loaded with a jet. and a train of jets are neatly arranged in the wings to follow. Handling high-performance aircraft is an exciting and dangerous challenge. The professionalism of the flight deck crew allows them to turn each aircraft on the same small patch of non-skid, time after time. Their ingenuity continues the inexorable parade of planes on time, even when the air plan is turned inside out. When things really go wrong, there are the red-shirts of “Crash" waiting on the sidelines, ready to charge out into the face of a raging inferno when an aircraft crashes or burns. They rescue pilot and sometimes the aircraft it elf. and the crash crew quickly clears the landing area of virtually any catastrophe and makes a ready deck.
V-2 Division: The catapult and arresting gear division maintains and operates some of the most unusual heavy equipment in the world. The “Cat Crew". “Gear Dogs". “Lens", and "PLAT' are the men who "throw aircraft off the pointed end and catch them on the blunt end." That is what an aircraft is all about. The equip-
ment that these operators, technicians and aircraft handlers oversee, will accelerate a 70.000-pound aircraft from zero to over 120 miles per hour in just 289 feet, and reverse the kinetic process. absorbing over 50-million foot-pounds of energy when the aircraft returns in what has been described as a controlled crash. When the spotters align an aircraft on the catapult, a well-rehearsed catapult team takes over. The deafening roar of an F-l-4 in afterburner eliminates all communication but the language of (light deck hand signals. The teams functioned perfectly during Operation Desert Storm. Three-thousand aircraft were launched, heavily laden with ordnance, and they all returned empty, their mission complete. Not one plane was lost.
V-3 Division: The hanger bay of the USS AMERICA, three stories high and nearly 700 feet long, is primarily used for major aircraft maintenance and storage. The hangar is also a primary staging area for food, supplies, and weapons before they can be stored. Manned by eighty men. the Hangar Deck Division is responsible for the safe movement of aircraft within the hangar and to and from the flight deck via one of four 150,000-pound capacity aircraft elevators. V-3 is also responsible for aircraft firefighting within the hangar bay, operation of the six-inch thick divisional doors that divide the bay in two. and general cleanliness and material condition of the hangar and associated division spaces. During Operation Desert Storm, the hangar bay crewmen were responsible for moving over 2,800 aircraft without an accident. V-3 also provided cleared areas and personnel to assist in the storage of food, supplies and
weapons during nineteen replenishments-at-
V-4 Division: The "Grapes" of V-4 insure that all aircraft have the fuel to fiv. They operate equipment from two JP-5 pump rooms on the seventh deck to sixteen refueling stations on the flight deck. Aviation jet fuel taken on during re-plenishmenta-at-sea is stored in over sixty JP-5 tank . The fuel is purified and pumped through a maze of pipe before the fuel arrives at one of the flight deck refueling stations. Refueling stations on the (light deck are manned by seven crews who are expert in getting fuel to idling jet aircraft during launch and recovery operations. During Operation Desert Storm, the Grapes delivered over eight-million gallons of the highest quality JP-5 to the planes of Carrier Air Wing One and visiting aircraft.
V-X Division: The Boss, the Mini-Boss, the Handler, and a silent administrative and operational support group comprise V-X Division. The Air Boss and Mini-Boss are pilot and copilot at the consoles in Primary Flight Control, six stories above the flight deck. The booming voice of these men direct each event on the flight deck and in the air space around the carrier. Assisting the Air Boss is a crew of unseen professionals who interface with the carrier's air-traffic control center in coordinating launches and recoveries.
The Bos sums up the Air Department's job in inches and seconds: “They do it because it can be done, with only inches and seconds between life and death, success and failure."267270CAPT Bernie L. Calaway ChaplainReligious Ministries
The Religious Ministries Department (RELMIN) is one of the unique organizations onboard USS AMERICA. Its primary mission is to provide worship and faith growth experiences for all hands, offered daily by both chaplains and lay readers. Each day is another opportunity to enhance and promote the emotional, spiritual, and practical development of our crew.
There’s more, however. Much more. RELMIN is the American Red Cross (AMCROSS) and Navy and Marine Corps Relief (NMCREL) liaison on the ship. Each day, chaplains and ROs share the tragedies and triumphs that are generated by contact with AMCROSS and NMCREL. Perhaps no other group impacts more personally on all people in every department and squadron.
Pastoral counseling is more an art than a science, a task well-suited for the RELMIN staff. The subject may be marriage enrichment or marital repair, substance abuse, suicide prevention, financial awareness, or any number of vital topics. RELMIN is there and working because "talking helps".
RELMIN maintains the ship’s library, conducts pre-and post-deployment briefings, assists the ombudsmen. organizes the annual children’s Christmas party, and sponsors most of the civic action efforts. These quality of life initiatives are key elements in the Religious Ministries mission.
RELMIN is proud to be a vital and wide-ranging part of the USS AMERICA team. Its goal and desire is to be of service to their shipmates.282
CommunicationsThe Communications Department, or "Comm", keep USS AMERICA in touch with the rest of the world.
Facilities control personnel are technical radiomen that specialize in the art of communications. Tech controllers are responsible for the operation and patching of various communications media, including satellite and local command; selection of transmitters, receivers, terminal equipment, and use of cryptographic equipment; monitoring quality control of circuits to ensure reliable communications through familiarity with all possible combinations of antennas, transmitters, receivers, frequencies, and terminal equipment: directing circuit and system performance tests; and ensuring corrective action is taken in the event of circuit outages.
In addition, tech controllers provide the means to echo the voice of command via its circuitry in support of the Commanding Officer, embarked staff, and the Air Wing. This important function enables reliable communications with aircraft, surface ships, submarines, and Allied forces.
In the message center, personnel perform the administrative and operative functions of commnnd communications. Using a variety of record message traffic processing, from manual systems to highly-automated, state-of-the-art systems, message center personnel provide continuity of command from the Commander-in-Chief to the deck plates. Message center operators use routing guides and their knowledge of command requirements toquicklv deliver hard-copy messages to over sixteen embarked commanders. Following strict security procedures, operators process over two-thousand messages a day. from flash to routine, and from top-secret to unclassified, ensuring strict accountability for every step of the procedure.
The message center assures rapid and reliable continuity of command in port and at sea. twenty-four hours a day. seven days a week. 365 days a year.
Finally, the men of OS Division, also known as the "Signal Gang", may be found high atop the ship’s island. They send and receive tactical communications when AM ERIC A is in company with other ships using flaghoist. semaphore. and flashing-light. In addition, the Signal Gang assists the Officer-of-the-Deck in spotting and identifying surface contacts, close-in aircraft, mines, and chemical agents.
LCDR David H. Beebe Communications Officer287
-J._________________Deck Department is the shining starofUSS AMERICA. In 1990. they were named the “Best Deck Department of the Atlantic Carrier Fleet", winning the coveted Deck “D” Award. Winning the award took hard work and determination. sound professional knowledge, and the best Boatswain's Mates in the Navy.
Deck is comprised of three divisions. First Division is responsible for the ship’s anchors and anchoring evolutions. In addition, they maintain the Foc’sle and man refueling and cargo stations during replenishment operations. Second Division maintains the ship’s complement of small boats. They also man refueling rigs during replenishment operations. Third Division, assisted by First and Second Divisions, is responsible for painting the sides of the ship. Together they insure the sides are in “ship shape and Bristol fashion." They also man cargo and refueling stations during replenishments-at-sea and manage the supply logistics necessary to run the department.
From the First Lieutenant to the deck seamen. Deck’s job is a team effort all the wav!
LCDR David W. Bruce First LieutenantV:Dental
CDR Joseph A. Gloria Dental Officer
The Dental Department, consisting of five Dental Officers and twelve Technicians, is charged with delivering high-quality dental care to ship’s company, embarked airwing, and flag staff, representing over 5,000 patients. Services offered range from the simplest required annual examination to some of the more complex surgical procedures. A fully-equipped prosthetic laboratory provides added services in the fabrication, processing. and delivery of full and part ial dentures, porcelain and precious metal crowns, and a variety of other prosthetic devices. In addition, during contingency situations, such as general quarters and mass casualties, the Dental Department is charged with augmenting the iMedical Department, fulfilling paramedical assignments.If ?Engineering
The Engineering Department is the heart and blood of AMERICA. From the anchor windlass in the bow to the after-steering machinery rooms in the stern, and from the fire pumps and massive boilers deep below the waterline to the steam driven whistles high above the flight deck. Engineering is responsible for every aspect of the ship's smooth operation. Without the men of Engineering there would be no steam to power the catapults and AMERICA would sit dead in the water.
Engineering Administration, or EX Division, is the smallest division in Engineering. It is responsible for administrative functions within the department and also maintains the engineering technical library.
Auxiliaries Division, or A Division, is responsible for the maintenance of the ship's hydraulics, galley equipment, and air-conditioning and refrigeration units.
E Division is responsible for every aspect of the ship’s electrical supply and distribution. This includes ship's lighting systems, implementing the ship's electrical safety program, repair and maintenance of ship's ventilation systems and electric motors, maintenance of the ship's service turbo generators and main electrical switchboards, and the installation, maintenance and repair of the ship's internal communications and alarm systems, just to name a few.
The Fire Department is responsible for the initial rapid response to fire on board AMERICA. The men of this division are experts in the dangerous job of combatting fires at sea. They are also responsible for the maintenance of all fire stations, firefighting equipment, and ballistic doors and hatches on board AMERICA.
Main Propulsion Division, or MP. is responsible for operating and maintaining the eight massive main propulsion boilers. These boilers drive the ship’s giant propellers, generating the 200,000-plus horsepower needed to move the ship through the water. In addition. MP provides the low-pressure steam needed to heat water for bathing, cook food, nnd wash laundry. MP also runs the ship’s distilling plants which provide fresh water for drinking, showering and other potable water uses.
Finally, the men of Repair Division serve as the ship’s welders, machinists. brazers, metalsmiths, plumbers, firefighters, damage control instructors, carpenters, engravers, and locksmiths.
CDR John T. Manvel Chief Engineer
The Legal Department consists of a highly trained staff whose primary mission is to provide legal counsel to the command. The attorneys advise the Commanding Officer on legal matters such as military justice, rules of engagement, foreign claims, contracting, and personnel law. In addition, they lend their skill and experience to the men of AMERICA in the form of legal assistance in such matters as family law, contracts, indebtedness, immigration and naturalization, powers of attorney, landlord disputes, bankruptcy, and estate planning. In foreign ports, Legal provides information to the crew concerning local laws and customs and works closely with local law enforcement officials to protect AMERICA’S sailors.
The enlisted staff are invaluable in the operation of the Legal Department. They are adept at the difficult job of coordinating the many tasks inherent in the daily operation of the department. They are a sailor’s first contact when seeking legal assistance, and their experience often enables them to provide on-the-spot answers. When they are faced with a question beyond their scope and expertise, they will guide the individual to those best able to assist.
Unique members of the command. AMERICA’S Legal Department is dedicated to helping fellow shipmates and keeping AMERICA strong.
CR MINAL LAW LIBRARY
LCDR Christopher Morin Legal Officer vv
LCDR Michael G. O’Neil MMD Officer
The Ship’s Maintenance Management Department was established in June 1986 to provide coordination of all ship’s industrial and technical assistance. SMM coordinates and manages all depot level, intermediate level. and ship’s force level maintenance throughout the ship’s overhaul cycle.
SMM provides the planning for and management of all industrial ship repairs and modernization programs, in addition to managing the ship’s preventive maintenance programs. SMM also acts as the INSURV coordinator. SRA and COH coordinator. and manages all matters relating to SLEP.I
3 -d a ;
1“CAFF J.R. Rogers Medical OfficerMedical
The Medical Department aboard the aircraft carrier USS AMERICA has the staff and state of the art equipment to accommodate a small city with a population of 5000. AMERICA'S Medical Department consists of a Senior Medical Officer. Medical Administration Officer, General Surgeon. Anesthesiologist. General Medical Officer, Physician’s Assistant, Registered Nurse two Flight Surgeons with the embarked airwing, and 37 Hospital Corpsmen. Services available include: Military Sick Call, Emergency Room Treatment. Major and Minor Surgery, Physical Examinations, Pharmacy, Laboratory, X-Ray, Physical Therapy, Inpatient Hospital Care, Preventive Medicine, and Medical Equipment Repair. As always, the Medical Department is standing by to assist AMERICA in her mission by keeping as many hands, at as many guns, for as long as possible.327
Pm328AMERICA crossed the Atlantic Ocean. And no one could feel her motion.
Just her mission at hand.
In a far away land.
And the Captain and Crew's devotion.
Once through the ditch and on station, USS AMERICA was here for the duration. She launched her strikes.
With her Airwing's might.
Determined for Kuwait's liberation.
When AMERICA' success was renowned. She was suddenly Persian Gulf bound.
She was challenged at times.
Even blew up a mine.
But she supported the troops on the ground.
Her message was deeply seeded. Iraq was swiftly defeated.
So not a year would she stay.
But in April got underway.
For home, her mission completed.
by LT Michael J. Yaroma. MSC. USN
329The Navigation Department is manned by approximately fourteen enlisted personnel and two officers. The Navigator, CDR Russ Tate, relieved CAPT Jim Toone just after AMERICA got underway for her history making deployment to the Red Sea and Arabian Gulf in December 1990.
The primary responsibility of the Navigation Department is the safe and timely movement of AMERICA. The traditional skills associated with taking a ship to sea, namely the art and science of navigation, are those of the Quartermaster (QM). The Quartermaster’s duties include ordering, maintaining, and correcting all charts and publications required for sailing the world’s waterways. Quartermasters also compute tides, currents, sunrise, sunset, moonrise, and moonset for the area of the world in which AMERICA is sailing.
Although the art of navigation has seen many technological advances which assist the seaman in determining his position on the seas, AMERICA’S Quartermasters maintain their proficiency in the
traditional art of celestial navigation. They are as comfortable using a sextant to fix AMERICA’S position as they are using electronic systems. Special evolutions. such as transiting restricted waters, anchoring, mooring, and replenishment at sea. are particularly demanding and require the involvement and undivided attention of every man in the department. During these evolutions, a few select Quartermasters, designated as Master Helmsmen, expertly steer AMERICA under some of the most demanding and intense underway steaming conditions imaginable. These individuals and the entire team of AMERICA’S Quartermasters are the finest in the fleet.
During Operation Desert Storm, the professionalism and dedication of AMERICA’S Quartermasters enabled her to sail over 30,000 miles, conduct over 40 combat underway replenishments, and transit some of the most challenging and dangerous restricted waters in the world, including the Suez Canal, the Straits of Gibraltar. Hormuz and Bab El Mandeb, and the mine-infested waters of the Arabian Gulf.
330ft % •«. •«■ . + ■ 332Operations
The Operation Department i AMERICA’ warfighter . It 13 division are responsible for the operation and maintenance of AM ERICA’ offensive and defensive capabilities.
Combat Direction Center: CDC. or ’’Combat’’, form the nerve center for war-fighting aboard AMERICA. Fully manned twenty-four hour a day. the men who work here maintain a watchful eye for any threat to the battle group from the air. surface, or subsurface. Combat is composed of three divisions. OX Division mans the Anti-Submarine (ASW) Module. They are the experts in detecting and defending against submarines. OW Division man the Electronic Warfare (EW) and the Display and Decision Modules. They use sophisticated equipment to detect and identify any attacker and defend the ship. 01 Division mans the Surface. Anti-Surface Warfare. Detection and Tracking. Air Warfare and the Display and Decision Module . The Surface Module (ASUW) tracks all surface contacts in the vicinity of AMERICA and defend the ship against surface attack. Detection and Tracking serve as the early warning center. Air Warfare (AAW) controls the fighter asset assigned to the battle group. Display and Decision. "The Pit”, is where all the information from each module is displayed and tactical decision are made.
CAPT Albert E. Bennett Operations Officerble for designing a turnaround training plan that will hone the AMERICA CVW-I team to a razor' edge. They conduct exercise while on deployment and plan operations in support of national tasking. »uch as Operation Desert Storm. Their mission is to combine available aircraft, weapons, and ship-borne asset into a cohesive package and publish it as the air plan and "Green Sheet."
Photographic Lab: Photo provides operational, intelligence, reconnaissance (including TARPS), and administrative photographic and imaging support to the ship. Air Wing, and battle group. The full-service lab has both black-and-white and color capability and can deliver time-critical finished prod -ucta to the user in minutes. They also provide videotaping for both operational and administrative requirements.
Meteorology: "Metro'' provide detailed meteorological. oceanographic, and related services necessary for the operation of the ship, embarked Air Wing, and battle gToup. Areas of expertise include collecting, compiling, forecasting, and disseminating meteorological, oceanographic, refractive, and acoustic data.
SESS: Better known as “Spook Central", SESS is the home of the cryptologic technicians. They would love to say what they do for a living, but they
cannot. Their motto attest to this: “I Could Tell You. But Then I'd Have To Kill You."
Operations Admin: Ops Admin is responsible for all the incoming and outgoing correspondence in the Operations Department. They handle all the paperwork as well as many of the welfare and recreation projects for the department.
CVIC: CVIC is AMERICA'S intelligence center. It is divided into seven distinct workcenters. each with it's own area of responsibility. SUPPLOT is AMERICA’S long-range indications and warning information cell, producing daily intelligence briefings. MSI provide photographic interpretations and reports. Operations Admin: Ops Admin is responsible for all the incoming und outgoing correspondence in the Operations Department. They handle all the paperwork as well a many of the welfare and recreation projects for the department.
The Drafting Shop provide artistic and graphic illustrations used for certain intelligence and non-intelligence tasking. Storage and Retrieval is responsible for managing AMERICA' intelligence dstabases. CVIC Admin provide administrative and security function and is the storage facility for the intelligence publications library.
Electronics Maintenance Office: EMO is reeponsi ble for the maintenance and repair of all insulted electronics and combat system related equipment. EMO is comprised of four maintenance divisions. OEC, OED, OEM. and OER. They encompass all ship's insUlled electronics equipment relating to radio communications, including porUble radios, all radars, including ACLS 1LS. navigational aids, entertainment and secure television. daU systems, word processors, photocopiers, typewriters, and electrical electronic test equipment.
Carrier Air Traffic Control Center CATCC form the hub from which daily flight operations are directed. The air operation section serves a the coordinating center between the aircraft. Combat. Primary (Control Tower). Flight Deck Control, and the Bridge. They are responsible for mainuin-ing updated information on the individual flights, controlling airborne Unkers. and executing the daily air plan, including any necessary changes. The Carrier Controlled Approach (CCA) section provide rsdar air traffic control service to aircraft within 60 nautical mile of the ship at night or in poor weather. CCA also provide precision approach control via the Automatic Carrier Landing System (ACLS).
Strike Operations: Strike Op is the planning and scheduling center for the ship. They are reaponsi-
341CDR Michael D. Thomas Safety Officer
The Safety Department consists of ten personnel. The Department Head, CDR Mike D. Thomas, is currently serving as the Safety Officer. The enlisted personnel are of all different rates. ATCS Daniel C. Clark is the Aviation Electronics Technician serving as Division Officer. BMl .John F. Lewandowski is the Deck Safety Representative. MMl Victor L. Barter is the Safety Department’s Machinist Mate serving as the Hull Safety Representative. ABH1 John W. Snead is an Aviation Boatswain’s Mate serving as the Aviation Safety Representative. AOl Luis K. Avila is currently serving as the Aviation Ordnance Safety Representative. BTl William T. Andreasen is the Auxiliary Systems Main Propulsion Representative. ET2 Alfred E. Harmon. II. is the Electrical Elec-tronics Safety Representative. The Administrative Assistant. YN3 Richard E. Isley, Jr., serves as the Safety Department’s Yeoman.
r.Y HB SAFETY
The USS AMERICA Supply Department is comprised'of over 675 men who were at the center of keeping the USS AMERICA CVW-1 team operational during Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Starting with the accelerated work-up period, through the homecoming, the men of Supply worked long, arduous hours to provide the material and logistical support needed to sustain not only the AMERICA CVW-1 team, but the entire AMERICA battle group as well.
The pre-overseas movement period in December 1990 was a true test of the Supply Departments capabilities. The entire department put out extraordinary effort to load and store over 3000 pallets of food, general and aviation repair parts, and ship’s store merchandise in less than twenty working days.
During combat operations, Supply was able to support the additional requirements placed upon it without changing its operating procedures. The men of Supply provided the backbone that supported the combat operations of the AMERICA CVW-1 team, from feeding the crew 2212 hours each day to supporting a 100 per cent increase in flight operations.
The wartime deployment proved that AMERICA’S Supply Department trains the way they fight, ready to support AMERICA, whatever her mission.
CDR Ronald P. Reed Supply Officer.'Vt r 3563578$eI362363364367t=rTraining
LCDR David D. Hales Training Officer
The Training Department is one of the smallest departments onboard USS AMERICA, but its mission is great. Training is responsible for maintaining educational readiness and advancement requirements for the entire crew in the following areas: Professional Military Training, Quota Acquisition and Control, Travel Budgeting, Midshipman Reserve Training, Military Cash Awards Program, Program for Afloat College Education, Defense Department Test Center, Command Personnel Indoctrination, Drug and Alcohol
Program. Counseling and Assistance Center, Command Training Team Indoctrination. Officer Programs Coordinator, Navy Campus Coor-dinator, and Command Classroom Coordinator.
These programs and services are administered through the Training Department Administrative Office and its divisions: Counseling and Assistance Center (CAAC), Drug and Alcohol Program Advisor (DAPA), Educational Services Office (ESO), and Indoctrination Training Division (I-Division).
CDH John A. Dever Weapons Officer
The Weapons Department consists of six divisions, G-l through G-5, and W. Together they are responsible for the maintenance, assembly, procurement, handling, stowage, accountability, and issue of all ordnance, including bombs, missiles, and omall arms ammunition. In addition, the department maintains the physical security and integrity of the weapons magazines. The men of Weapons work together to
prepare and deliver bombe and missiles to the flight deck and their respective aircraft
During Operation Desert Storm, the department prepared and delivered 1,943 tons of high-explosive ordnance to Carrier Air Wing One. Without their support AMERICA'S highly successful bombing campaign would not have been possible.
CW02 Theodore R. Dingle Officer in Charge
Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit TWO Detachment TWELVE, led by Officer in Charge CW02 Theodore R. Dingle, is composed of the following EOD technicians:
LCFO BMC DV James D. Royalty
LPO GMG1 DV Michael A. Perdun
OS2 DV Michael D. Green BM2 DV Edward J. Griffiths
The detachment moved aboard USS AMERICA literally overnight, immediately following the invasion of Kuwait. Throughout intensive work-ups, advanced phnse training, and participation in Desert Shield and Desert Storm, the detachment primarily assisted Weapons and Air Departments, standing watches during live ordnance flight operations, weapons onloads and participating in accident and incident drills. The EOD team also conducted under-
water hull surveys, photographic studies and installed intake patches for Engineering, cleared jammed CIWS mounts for Operations Department, and served as rescue swimmers during man-overboard drills for Deck Department.
Del TWELVE provided the ship with a highly mobile. rapidly deployable EOD response team through intensive training and close cooperation with HS-11. The team efficiently disposed of a drifting Iraqi mine in the Carrier Operating Area within one day of arriving in the Persian Gulf. It also remotely deployed its rubber boat from an SH-3 helicopter to attach a marker on a suspected navigational hazard. Finally, the team stood by to render diving assistance to any ship in the task force or to provide swimmer safety and diving services during helicopter salvage operations.•• '—7
Capt Don M. Thanars. USMC Commanding Officer
The anchor in their emblem serves as a reminder that a Marine is first and foremost a maritime warrior who fights on, and from, the sea. For over 215 years, that mission has changed little. Since their birth in 1775, Marines have served as an integral part of the Naval Service, carrying on their proud heritage with honor, courage and dignity.
Their unique mission on board USS AMERICA includes such diverse tasks as protecting special weapons, acting as stretcher bearers during a medical emergency, orderly duty to the Com-
manding Officer and embarked flag officers, and serving in AMERICA’S Color Guard.
Because of their unique mission, the officers and men of AMERICA’S Marine Detachment are carefully selected. After completing rigorous training and undergoing extensive security investigations, Marines are ready for sea duty. USS AMERICA’S Marine Detachment remains “always faithful" and ready to serve wherever and whenever called upon, in the proud tradition of the Corps.
Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Group Two, is homeported in Charleeton, South Carolina. Under the Commander, Naval Surface Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, COMCRUDESGRUTWO is responsible for the training, readiness, and condition of two guided-missile cruisers, twenty-seven destroyers and frigates, and one destroyer tener. Subordinate to COMCRUDESGRUTWO are the commanders of Destroyer Squadrons Four, Six, Twenty, and Thirty-Six. COMCRUDESGRUTWO is also assigned as a seagoing task group commander under the Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Commander, Second Fleet In addition, COMCRUDESGRUTWO acts as a task group commander under Commander, Striking Fleet Atlantic for operation and training as NATO Commander. When deployed to the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean, COMCRUDESGRUTWO serves as a battle group commander under Commander, Sixth Fleet and Commander, Seventh Fleet, respectively.
Carrier Air Wing OneCVW-
CDR David P. Polatty Deputy Air Wing Commander
Carrier Air Wing One
Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) has been in commission longer than any other Navy Air Wing. Since commissioning on 4 June 1934, CVW-1 has served aboard nineteen different carriers, made 37 major deployments and has had a majority of the East Coast squadrons as members of the Navy’s "First and Foremost”.
A combat seasoned Air Wing, CVW-1 participated in nearly every major world conflict since World War II. These include the 1956-57 Suez Crisis, 1970 Jordanian Crisis, 1973 Arab-Israeli War, 1983 Grenada Conflict, and the most recent 1990-91 Operation Desert Shield Storm.
On 28 December 1990, under the command of Captain Michael L. Bowman, Air Wing Commander,
and Commander David P. Polatty, Deputy Air Wing Commander, CVW-1 deployed with USS AMERICA (CV 66) as part of the coalition buildup in support of Operation Desert Shield.
On 15 January 1991, after its transit across the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, CVW-1 began operations in the Red Sea in support of Operation Desert Shield. On 17 January 1991, CVW-1 began Combat Air Patrol (CAP) coverage for the carriers KENNEDY and SARATOGA in support of Operation Desert Storm. On 19 January 1991, CVW-1 launched its first air strike of the war in the Gulf against an ammunition depot north of Baghdad. Strikes against Iraqi strategic targets continued until late January.
On 31 January 1991, as the focus of the war shifted from Iraqi strategic targets to Iraqi military positions, CVW-1 aircrews flew strikes in excess of 650 nautical miles to reach targets in occupied Kuwait.
On 15 February 1991, CVW-1 entered the Arabian Gulf and became the only Carrier Air Wing to fight in both theaters. CVW-1 continued operations in support of Operation Desert Storm until the cease-fire on 28 February 1991.
During the 42 days of Operation Desert Storm, CVW-1 flew 3,008 combat sorties and dropped over 2,000 tons of ordnance on Iraqi targets with no aircraft or personnel losses due to combat.
Fighter Squadron Thirty-Three’s mission is to provide air superiority for power projection and maritime air defense for fleet forces in support of national policy. Flying the F-14A Tomcat, the Starfighters are well-suited to this task. During Operation Desert Storm, the Starfighters provided protection for USS AMERICA (CV-66) and its battle group during operations in the Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. During Operation Desert Storm, the Starfighters of VF-33 flew 337 combat sorties, accumulating over 1100 combat hours. The "Fighting Thirty-Three” was an integral part of the war effort, from protecting “high value units" to sweeps deep into Iraqi territory.
The officers and men of VF-33 continue to stand ready to answer the nation’s call, as they did in the liberation of Kuwait, making true their motto: Anytime, Anywhere, We'll Be There!409VF-102 Diamondbacks
The VF-102 Diamondbacks were established on July 1,1955, in Jacksonville, Florida. The Diamondbacks have flown numerous aircraft, including the F-2H Banshee, the F-4D Sky-ray, and the F-4B Phantom, before transitioning to the F-14 Tomcat in 1981. The F-14 fills the battle group’s air superiority role, its AWG-9 radar Phoenix missile combination providing a multi-target track multi-target launch capability. The F-14 also carries Sparrow and Sidewinder missiles and a 20mm Vulcan cannon. The squadron’s other mission is photo reconnaissance using the Tactical Air Reconnaissance Pod System (TARPS).
In the Fall, despite a greatly accelerated work-up schedule while preparing to support the Air Wing during Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm. VF-102 won the Grand Slam Award. The Award is presented to the Atlantic Fleet VF VFA squadron with the highest successful air-to-air missile and air-to-air gun-firing exercises. This marks the second time in five years the Diamondbacks have captured this honor.
During Operation Desert Storm. Diamondback aircrew supported strikes into Iraq and Kuwait by protecting strike groups from Iraqi MiGs. In addition, the squadron performed over 40 percent of the tactical photo reconnaissance missions in the Arabian Gulf. The Diamondbacks flew 503 combat missions for over 1430 hours during the war. In February 1991, the squadron flew 716 flight hours, setting a new record. By the end of the cruise, the squadron had flown 705 sorties and logged over 1850 hours of accident free flying. Throughout the cruise the Diamondback Tomcat team once again lived up to the motto: ‘‘Anytime, Baby!”419
The Marauders of Strike Fighter Squadron Eighty-Two provide the USS AMERICA and Carrier Air Wing One with the best multi-role aircraft in the world. The F A-18C Hornet, a single-seat, multi-role aircraft, maintains the highest level of combat readiness in the fleet. The officers and troops of VFA-82 made America proud in their execution of Operation Desert Storm.
Preparations for the cruise began in June 1990, when the Marauders underwent the advanced air-to-ground readiness program. August found the Marauders in Key West. Florida, along with VF-33 and VAQ-137, for a joint SFARP syllabus aimed at bringing the Air Wing together in the air combat training environment. Wtih the world situation changing in the Middle East, CVW-1 deployed to Fallon. Nevada, for an Air Wing strike detachment in September 1990.
October and November found the men of VFA-82 and CVW-1 aboard USS AMERICA for advanced phase during a shortened turnaround cycle. After a brief port call in St. Thomas followed by one week of Fleetex, VFA-82 returned to NAS Cecil Field for the one month POM period.
The combat cruise began 28 December 1990, with the USS AMERICA steam-
ing from Norfolk, Virginia. As AMERICA and CVW-1 pressed to the Suez Canal in time to meet the United Nations 15 January deadline, the Marauders took part in war at sea exercises with the French Navy during the Mediterranean transit. Immediately after entering the Red Sea. the Marauders were airborne logging their first combat sorties of the war. flying in the fleet defense role.
On 19 January 1991, VFA-82 led the Air Wing on its first strike into the "unfriendly skies” of Iraq. This and the following raids were characterized by deadly accurate, cool-handed bombing of heavily defended targets deep inside enemy territory. After three weeks of successful strikes from the Red Sea. the AMERICA CVW-1 team became the only battle group to see action from both sides of the Arabian Peninsula.
Upon arriving in the Arabian Gulf, Marauder Hornets were st reaking in and out of the Kuwaiti Theater of Operation. The VFA-82 aviators and ground support troops amassed a staggering total of 1.2 million pounds of ordnance delivered onto a multitude of Iraqi targets with amazing skill and accuracy. In addition, the VFA-82 pilots obtained a better than 3.4 average and won the highly-coveted CVW-1 Tailhook Award.T9VFA-86
Strike Fighter Squadron Eight Six's participation in Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm can be described as both historic in nature and victorious in outcome. After a highly accelerated five-month turnaround training cycle, the Sidewinders and Carrier Air Wing One deployed with USS AMERICA (CV-66) for Operation Desert Shield. The Sidewinders arrived on station just prior to the United Nations 15 January 1991 deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Shortly thereafter, the AMER-ICA CVW-1 team began flying their first combat strikes into enemy territory. Sidewinder pilots flew day and night sorties into western Iraq, knocking out enemy air-defense systems and air force assets.
After 33 days of continuous bombing. AMERICA moved to the Arabian Gulf to join Task Force Zulu. The Sidewinders continued to attack Iraqi tanks and troops from the Gulf in support of the Allied ground offensive.
In addition to their performance in the air. the Sidewinders captured the prestigious CVW-1 Golden Wrench Award for outstanding maintenance practices, and they won the coveted Bombing Derby while maintaining a 97 percent sortie completion rate.
After forty-two days of combat, the battle-tested Sidewinders had flown over 420 sorties and 1570 combat hours, delivered over 1.2 million pounds of ordnance on Iraqi forces, and all without a single combat loss!434
VA-85 Black Falcons
The Buckeyes of Attack Squadron Eighty-Five have been an integral part of the USS AMERICA CVW-1 team since January 1988. Flying eighteen A-6 Intruder aircraft, VA-85 serves as AMERICA’S all-weather medium-attack squadron. The fourteen A-6E TRAM (Target Recognition Attack Multisensor) bombers can carry up to 812 tons of ordnance and are equipped with integrated advanced Forward Looking Infrared Radar (FLIR) and laser designation and ranging devices, along with the Intruder’s multi-mode radar. These advanced systems allow the pilot and bom bar-dier navigator to detect, classify, and attack a variety of targets with pinpoint accuracy, day or night, in any weather, using a wide variety of weapons. The Intruder’s arsenal includes iron bombs, weighing up to 2000 pounds, rockets, laser-guided bombs, and Harpoon anti-ship missiles.
The Buckeyes showed the strength and endurance of their A-6E In-
truders by leading CVW-1 into Operation Desert Storm. During the war. the Buckeyes flew 600 combat sorties, accumulating over 1700 combat hours, delivering over 850 tons of ordnance on enemy positions deep inside Iraq. The combat-proven Buckeyes were an inspiration to the CV-66 CVW-1 team as they flew their ageless Intruders into combat.
In addition to their bombers. VA-85's aircraft complement includes four KA-6I) aerial refueling aircraft. During Operation Desert Storm, the KA-6Ds refueled CVW-1 aircraft en route to strikes on the enemy, acting as a “hose multiplier” with Allied KC-135 and KC-10 tankers. The KA-6I)s added flexibility to VA-85’s muscle, making them an integral part of the CV-66 CVW-1 team.
However, all of these capabilities are fruitless without the diligent work of the men of VA-85 who "keep the birds flying." Through their untiring efforts, the maintenance personnel kept VA-85’s aircraft flying night
and day during the war, enabling the Buckeyes to reach deep into Iraq and “touch" the enemy. And. of course, the Aviation Ordnance crews ensured that the ordnance was loaded and ready before the air crews delivered it "on target, on time."
The Buckeyes of VA-85 are proud to have been the spearhead of the attack for CVW-1 during Operation Desert Storm. As always, they stand ready to lead CVW-l's offensive punch to the enemy, anytime, anywhere in the world.
CDR Richard E. Stevens, -Jr. Commanding Officer
CDR Kenneth G. Krech Executive OfficerVAQ-137 Rooks
Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron One Three-Seven is the only West Coast squadron attached to Carrier Airwing One and has been a part of the CV-66 CYW-I team since 1987. Homeported in the Northwest’s Puget Sound on NAS Whidbey Island. Washing ton. The Rooks have been providing the fleet with state-of-the-art Electronic Warfare, flying the EA-6B, since their commissioning in 1973. The EA-6B Electronic Countermeasures Systems degrade the capability of hostile air defense networks, while the High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) it carries targets specific enemy radars for destruction. The squadron has five EA-6B, ICAP II aircraft assigned. The Rooks are commanded by CDR R.K. Stevens with his executive officer CDR K.G. Krech.
During the 1991 cruise to the Red Sea and North Arabian Gulf, the squadron flew nearly 1000 total hours with one-third of those at night. During Operation Desert Storm, the Rooks flew 600 combat hours, successfully firing 30 High-Speed. Anti-Radiation (HARM) missiles.448149456
The Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron Screwtope of VAW-123, flying the E-2C Hawkeye, provide the U88 AMERICA BatUe Group with Airborne Early Warning (AEW), command, control, and communications, and battle management Using its powerful radar and sophisticated sensors, the E-2C extends the detection range® for hostile units far beyond shipboard ranges, enabling the Battle Group Commander to make the correct decisions. During Operation Desert Storm, the Screwtope provided many services to the Battle Group, such as fleet AEW, protecting the ships and men from attack in both the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf. In addition, Screwtops played a critical role in the management, control, and pro-
tection of air strikes into Iraq. The success of these missions is a tribute to the highly-trained and skilled aircrews.
However, the planes would not have been able to launch from AMERICA'S deck were it not for the many skilled professionals who make up the squadron. The Avionics Division handled the many electrical and electronic systems, while the Airframes Division maintained the mechanical systems necessary to keep the 52,000 pound E-2C safely airborne. The “Rats" of the Line Division prepared the aircraft for flight and launch, while the Quality Assurance Division certified that all work met the highest standards possible. Material Control provided the parts and sup-
plies required by the squadron, and Maintenance Control orchestrated all requirements in order to allow the Screwtope to meet assigned tasking. The Administration Department provided for the needs of the personnel in the squadron, from the always-welcome mail to dean-ing squadron spaces. The Screwtope ran smoothly because of the dedication of every member of the team, from the Commanding Officer to the youngest airman.
VAW-123 has 36 officers and 136 enlisted men. Through the combined efforts of them all, the Screwtops will continue as the finest AEW squadron in the world. America stays strong because the Screwtope keep watch.VS-32 Maulers
Throughout the Gulf War, The Maulers, through tireless drive, dedication. hard work, and commitment to excellence, met every challenge and earned the respect of all who worked with them. Many milestones and unique achievements were attained. Desert Storm became a proving ground for the S-3B, and The Maulers set the pace.
With a limited number of aircraft on board, The Maulers successfully accomplished every mission with which they were tasked. Ordnance delivery on target, exceptional surface protection, and unsurpassed electronic support measures missions were just a few of the highlights of the 1990-91 "Crisis Cruise.” Along with providing over 500 thousand pounds of fuel to the airwing during Desert Storm. The Maulers also became the first S-3B squadron to successfully locate, engage, and destroy a hostile surface vessel during an armed surface reconnaissance flight
on 20 February 1991.
Not all of The Maulers were bombing Iraqi gunboats or locating hostile targets. A select group of flight crew and maintainers were protecting the coalition forces from possible threats in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Kight officers and twenty-four enlisted men flew VS-32 Vikings from Souda Bay, Crete, during the deployment. Primitive living conditions, harsh weather, and the everpresent terrorist threat did not keep these hard-charging men from placing the Med under the vigilant "Mauler Eye.”
Operating from the Red Sea. Arabian Gulf, and Souda Bay. the world famous Maulers were tasked with a myriad of responsibilities which included surveillance support of carrier strike assets, surface threat detection and interdiction, aerial refueling. and logistic support of the carrier airwing. During the entire four
months, VS-32 constantly experimented with new and innovative ideas to further enhance the combat role of the S-3B.
In addition. The Maulers continued to sustain an exceptionally high state of readiness despite the long, hard hours. All the men. in particular those who braved the daily life and death environment of flight deck operations, upheld the highest standards of the Navy in our nation's defense. Each and every man, whether ashore or afloat, carried out the duties for which they were trained with meticulous attention to detail. precision, and pride.
Operation Desert Storm - for The Maulers it was a memorable experience. The memories of a victorious job well done will forever be a part of all of us.
“The Big Blue Mauler Team” - Still on the cutting edge of naval aviation.
HS-ll uses the Sikorsky SH-3H “Sea King" helicopter to perform a variety of missions. The twin engine "Sea King" was the first helicopter designated primarily to transition from forward flight to a hover forty feet above the water where a dipping sonar is lowered to locate and track submarines. The SH-3H can also tow Magnetic Anomaly Detection (MAD) equipment in flight and relay and process acoustical data from sonobuoys to the aircraft carrier. When submarines are detected and classified, the helicopter is capable of attacking them with torpedoes.
In addition to the ASW mission, the squadron performs many utility and Search and Rescue (SAR) missions in support of the carrier battle group. The helicopter and its crew of two pilots and two aircrewmen operate on a variety of landing platforms, from the customary aircraft carrier flight deck to small decks of destroyers and frigates. Another important factor is the helicopter's capability to hover over any ship for personnel and logistic transfers and to receive fuel from specially configured surface combatants. This Helicopter In-Flight-Refueling (HIFR) capability greatly extends the range and endurance of the SH-3H for ASW or SAR Missions.
Operation Desert Storm provided additional missions for the Dragonslayers. New missions included mine countermeasures and coordinated efforts with SEAL units for rapid troop deployment aboard enemy platforms. Also incorporated into daily flying were the use of Night Vision Goggles and the Global Positioning and Downed Aviator Locating Systems. HS-11 was also the recipient of the Golden Wrench Award for having the best Maintenance Department in the Airwing, with an incredible 100 percent mission completion rate in over 1700 combat hours.
New York City
6 - 11 June 1991I
USS AMERICA took a bite out of the Big Apple during “Operation Homecorr. ing” and Fleet Week '91. New York City played host to many activities and events for the veteran aircraft carrier's crew and many other returning Desert Storm heroes.
Called “the mother of all parades" by New York City Mayor David Dinkins, lower Manhatten's "Canyon of Heroes" on Broadway between Battery Park and the W’orld Trade Center hosted the largest parade since troops marched there after World War II. Many AMERICA sailors basked in the attention of the locals as tons of confetti swirled down from the skyscrapers around them. It was the biggest hit on Broadway in some time.
Many sailors took advantage of the free
ticket-1 • see the New York Yankees play The Texas Rangers at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx. Others attended one of the many free parties held on board the Intrepid Sea, Air and Space Museum; or took advantage of the many sightseeing opportunities around town. But the main attraction that made the New York City port visit such a success was the New Yorkers themselves and the generous welcome they gave the AMERICA crew. From honking car horns to picking up the tab for sailors wherever they went, the locals did all they could to show their appreciation for AMERICA’ hard work during Operation Desert Storm. It was a fitting tribute and a thrilling conclusion to a very significant chapter in the ship's long history.481mm
493Pier 88 Manhatten
• • •
LT David A. Warne EM2 David Kerr ABHAA Charlie J. Sankey ABHAA Christopher H. Williams AA Daymond J. Hatton AN Mark BradleyCredits
Cruise Book Officer
LCDR Joseph C. Benedetto
LT David S. Angrisani
ENS Gary R. Rice
PH2 Todd P. Cichonowicz PH3 Brian L. Mortimer
USS AMERICA Photo Lab
LCDR Kenneth Neubauer LT Scott Horadan ENS Gary R. Rice PH2 Todd P. Cichonowicz PH3 Brian L. Mortimer
PH3 Terry A. Mitchell
Special Thanks to:
LCDR Mark A. Yonchak ENS David S. Omer HM2 Mark E. Fuller PH3 Terry L. Horn PH3 Terry R. Maloney PHAN Jason L. West PHAN Lewis J. Martin
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Suggestions in the America (CV 66) - Naval Cruise Book collection:
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