America (CV 66) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1991

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America (CV 66) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1991 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 520 of the 1991 volume:

UNITED STATED SH DesSp Shield D " 1990-199 ■ " J jRaa BEHBEHAN NORTHWEST ' ' 4 v; i Sfc- . GACH SARAN HREGAN RftASf f» AIR B y AD DIBDJE ro ' ' lieia .WDB OIRI JHIRAZ W160 -SARVESTAN AAIQARAA SANNAH SOUTH ' I " AS jUiSHAB A rock ifrofo - ' - ; .FAS A ' ' ViA JAHROM i ' y ' SOUTHEil WUNAVSIFAH . WAyviGH .85 POSITION APPHOxmAjT ' ' ' ' fARlOAM ' 104 ' ER44 W;! NAJIB ' - W ' ABU All ALSER, 3(Rie , ASAiyVEH , ai l KHI Ul " 7% f ' NG ABOUl AZIZ NS Sr Z VORTV(c:a ' ' ' nura ' AlW MIOSI M GAM AV BANofj VANISIAND X Ti . OIR »BURr »YEH BAHRAIN K.SH .SCANoV ,. (y ORSAR JNTl l HUNAVV ifOj 1 hawiyah! Kml] ■ ' l " eOlJNDARlES IN THI? | : - 4- A Va NAJ0 2 NAJO I lUGFAH ' Z, 6u [ABU 01- T " Ai hAmra X AWu Dhi A ' ■-ir ■S__NDB__ BUHASA STATION ToTT NhJbel dhanaY O J n OBF 56, ■ ' .NDB. ASAB A NH 4 ; 1634 I 11810 -lUu- ox OARBAND. s VORTACnDBj KEftMAr I -1 I I. 688 Nehbandarr i 1 HAMUf " dai ' tAcheh " ■ I I ' I ' ' I I I 1 " i10256 ' " UdSU 1261: ' SABZEVARAN 2r " ! 0 -i i ORTAC ZAHEDAN -|- Zahed J 22 70 15 J fK jo dtf, f 1 ■ I- . s — — y_ — WARNING T shall obtain cle ance aite t 1 5 MIN pjlor to enterlnt - KISJAN AIRSPACE. VASWT T Kh i-.y- ' r. O i ' ORTAC-NDB t 64 pAR ABBASS] — f n — — 1 m 1331 iNtitt AN iDB BANDAR LENGJEHJ JESHAM SOUTH i 078 .OOR15 : ' -, 446 NOB IRANSHAHR U ' K UNDE» CONSTRU ION° A f ' ' ABU 1USA ISLAND OMANTS ' , . , iJ VOR DMENDB I ME-NOB I ; " " " ' ' ' ' ' A - HRasalkhaimah] ' u V 0 DME -U_ " r , I -i fSHARJAHl JTi ; ' ' « ; rock- B l l DAUDI tr-iSHjNAS .VOR _vort4I I , PBRss AL OHAFR i IRANSHAHR ; 6 39 M , HAZM OORI4 j • - ' y MUSC T IrAwiifc i vriR n ir MHD JApAR 1 .VOR DME, NDB. jiwaMi : i 1 -A - Bl t E 12 THE CARRIER EXPERIENCE " It gave me moments of fear and loneliness, kinship and challenge, joy and victory. It was a part of me then and it is a part of me now. I am certain it will be with me ' til the end of my days. " -Anonymous Ta hie of Con ten ts Part I: The Command ... 4 Part II: Ship and Air wing Overview 17 Part III: The Road to Desert Storm w - ' " 9 . ' ' c| ::3 U - u. - ' " ' ' l te. -i l x V Bk JI B 1- ' ' 36 Fort Lauderdale 38 SRA-90 46 CVW-1 C of C 54 REFTRA 58 Adv Phase FLTX 66 St. Thomas 74 The Holidays 82 Departure 88 Desert Shield 92 Suez Canal 106 Part IV: Desert Storm 114 Red Sea 116 CV-66 C of C 140 Beer Day 144 Persian Gulf 146 BDA 165 Part V: Cease Fire 170 Hurghada, Egypt 180 Return Red Sea 198 Suez Canal 216 Homeward Bound .... 222 Homecoming 228 Part VI: America ' s Team Ship ' s Company 238 EOD 384 MARDET 388 CCDG-2 394 CVW-1 40 0 Part VII: New York City 478 Parade 500 237 ..2 ! Memorial Credits .... 506 508 1 1 Rear Admiral Douglas J. Katz Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Group Two Rear Admiral Douglas J. Katz is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Leroy H. Katz of Bluefield, West Virginia. He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy and was commissioned on 9 June 1965. He holds a Master of Science Degree in Management from the Naval Post- graduate School, Monterey, California and is a grad- uate of the Command and Staff Course, Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. Rear Admiral Katz ' s sea assignments have included USS PERRY (DD 844) as Gunnery Assistant, First Lieutenant and ASW Officer; USS JOHN PAUL JONES (DDG 32) as ASW Officer, and after atten- dance at Destroyer School, as the ship ' s Weapons Of- ficer; USS MAHAN (DDG 42) as Executive Officer; and Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Group TWO as Surface Operations Officer. He served as Command- ing Officer, USS DEYO (DD 989) from 1983 to 1985 receiving two Unit Commendations and his squa- dron ' s Battle Efficiency " E " . From 1987 to 1989 he served as Commanding Officer, USS NEW JER- SEY (BB 62) where during deployment to the West- ern Pacific, the ship participated in Pre-Olympics presence operations off the coast of Korea and repre- sented the United States at the Australian Bicenten- nial Naval Salute. Ashore he has served as Shipboard Advisor with the Fleet Command Advisory Unit in Vietnam, as a Weapons System Engineering Instructor and Profes- sional Education Committee Chairman at the U.S. Naval Academy, as the Program Planning and Bud- geting Officer for the Surface Combat Systems Divi- sion (OP-35) in the Office of the Chief of Naval Op- erations, as the Director of Professional Develop- ment at the U.S. Naval Academy, and prior to repor- ting as Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Group TWO, was the Director, Surface Warfare Division (OP-32) in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. Personal decorations include the Legion of Merit (three awards), Bronze Star with Combat " V " , the Meritorious Service Medal (three awards), the Navy Commendation Medal (two awards), the Navy Achievement Medal, the Vietnam Staff Service Med- al First Class, and numerous unit commendations and citations. He was selected for promotion to Rear Admiral (Lower Half) by the Fiscal Year 1990 Flag Selection Board. Rear Admiral Katz is married and has two children. His wife, Sharon, is also from Bluefield, West Virgin- ia. Their son, Robert, is an Ensign in the U.S. Navy and their daughter, Erica, is a senior at Virginia Tech. Raised in Nashville, Tennessee, Captain Mazach attended Vanderbilt University under the NROTC Program. He gradu- ated in June 1966 and was commissioned as an Ensign, United States Navy. He immediately entered flight training at NAS Pensacola and was designated a Naval Aviator in October 1967 at NAS Chase Field, Texas. In June 1968, Captain Mazach became one of the original members of VA-87 af- ter replacement pilot training in the A- 7B Corsair at VA-174. While attached to the Golden Warriors, he completed one Vietnam deployment aboard USS TI- CONDEROGA (CVA-14) and a por tion of a Mediterranean deployment aboard USS ROOSEVELT (CVA-42). Captain Mazach then received orders to the Bureau of Naval Personnel in De- cember 1970, where he served as a detail- er in the Aviation Assignment Section. In July 1973, he reported to VA-105 after completing replacement pilot training in the A-7E at VA-174. While attached to the Gunslingers, he completed two de- ployments to the Mediterranean aboard USS SARATOGA (CV-60), serving as Operations Officer and Maintenance Of- ficer. His next assignment was to the Air Com- mand and Staff College, Maxwell Air Force Base, in June 1976. Upon gradua- tion in June 1977, Captain Mazach once again reported to VA-174 for A-7E re- placement pilot training and then to the VA-15 Valions as Executive Officer in December 1977. He assumed command of VA-15 on 19 April 1979. In June 1980, Captain Mazach was again ordered to Washington, D.C., as the Head, Aviation Lieutenant Commander and Junior Officer Assignment Section, Naval Military Personnel Command, where he served until February 1982. In July 1982, Captain Mazach assumed duties as Commander, Carrier Air Wing Three, where he served until April 1984. Captain Mazach was then assigned to COMNAVAIRLANT as the Air Wing Training Officer, until January 1986 when he departed for the Senior Officer Ship Material Readiness Course and training prior to assuming command of USS SEATTLE (AOE-3) in June 1986. Captain John J. Mazach Commanding Officer 14 October 1989 - 8 February 1991 Prior to assuming command of USS AMERICA (CV-66), Captain Mazach was assigned as Chief of Staff, Cruiser- Destroyer Group Eight. Captain Mazach ' s decorations include the Legion of Merit, Distinguished Fly- ing Cross, Meritorious Service Medal with two gold stars. Air Medal, Navy Commendation Medal with Combat " V " and various other unit citations and cam- paign ribbons. He is married to the form- er Pat Waggoner of Nashville, Tennes- see. They have two daughters, Leigh and Meg. Captain Mazach was selected to the rank of Rear Admiral (lower half) in 1990, pri- or to leaving USS AMERICA. His next duty assignment will be as Deputy Direc- tor J-3, USEUCOM, Stuttgart, Ger- many. Captain Kent W. Ewing is a native of Dayton, Ohio. A 1961 graduate of Georgia Military Academy, he attended the Uni- versity of California at Los Angeles, graduating in 1965. He holds a Master ' s degree in management from the University of Southern California and is also a graduate of the JFK School of Government at Harvard University. Captain Ewing was designated a naval aviator in 1966 and reported for duty with Training Squadron 3 as a basic flight instructor. After a tour of duty at Naval Air Station Alameda, California. He was assigned to A-4F training at Attack Squadron 125 in Lemoore, California. In August 1969, he re- ported to Attack Squadron 164. He made two combat deploy- ments aboard USS HANCOCK (CVA 19) and flew more than 200 missions in Southeast Asia. From 1971 to 1973, he was assigned as Laser Systems and Threat Missile Project Officer at the Naval Missile Center, Point Mugu, California, where he was recognized as the Navy League Junior Officer of the Year. Following completion of Test Pilot School in May 1974, he served with Flight Test and Strike Aircraft Directorate at Naval Air Test Center Pa- tuxent River, Maryland. Among his projects were the YT- 34C, TA-4F and YA-7E. He test flew the TAV-8A Harrier carrier certification and INSURV trials, making the first night shipboard launch and recovery aboard USS FRANK- LIN D. ROOSEVELT (CV 42) in June 1976. In October 1976, he joined Attack Squadron 86, deploying aboard USS NIMITZ (CVN 68). In July 1979, he reported as Executive Officer and later assumed command of Attack Squadron 66 aboard USS DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER (CVN 69). His squadron completed the historic nine-month Indian Ocean deployment during the Iranian hostage crisis, on-line for 156 days. In May 1982, he reported to the staff of U.S. SIXTH Fleet in Gaeta, Italy as Strike Warfare Officer and temporary assignment as Special Assistant to the Commander in Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe in Naples. He then commanded Carrier Air Wing 17 aboard USS SARATOGA (CV 60) from March 1984 to August 1985, followed by assignment as Tacti- cal Air Analyst in the Office of the Secretary of the Navy. He commanded USS SYLVANIA (AFS 2) from October 1987 until May 1989. Prior to assuming command of USS AMER- ICA (CV 66) in February 1991, he served as Assistant Chief of Staff for Readiness on the staff of Commander Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet. Captain Ewing ' s awards include the Legion of Merit, three Meritorious Service Medals, 15 Air Medals, four Navy Com- mendation Medals, the Joint Service Commendation Medal and numerous unit and foreign campaign awards. He has flown more than 6,000 flight hours during his career, with more than 1,150 carrier landings. Captain Ewing is married to the former Ann Graves of Col- ton, California. They have two children, Alexis and Taylor. ' pwl Captain Kent W. Ewing Commanding Officer 8 February 1991-- Present a» 1 Zink«a«i " s r III 1 iH ' ititf : Captain Michael L. Bowman Commander, Carrier Air Wing One Captain Michael L. Bowman, a native of St Joseph, Mia- souri, graduated from Kanaaa State University where he received a Bachelor of Arts Degree. He was commiasioned via the Aviation Officer Candidate Program in 1965 and received his wings Febniary 1967. His initial tour of duty was a " Plank Owner " with VA- 97. He embarked with the Warhawks on USS CON- STELLATION (CV (4) for two combat deployments, completing over 200 missions into Vietnam in the A-7A aircraft His first shore assignment was with VA-126 as an Instructor Pilot and Weapons ECM Officer. Captain Bowman then reported to VA-146. He completed two cruises with the Blue Diamonds onboard USS CON- STELLATION (CV 63), serving in the Administrative, Maintenance and Operations Officer billets. Following an assignment with the Bureau of Naval Personnel as Aviation Career Development Officer, he reported as Carrier Air Wing FOURTEEN Operations Officer de- ploying on USS ENTERPRISE (CVN 65) and USS CORAL SEA (CV 43). Remaining with the Carrier Air Wing FOURTEEN team, he served as Executive Officer and Commanding Officer of VA-97. After a second tour with Naval Military Personnel (Command as Air C mbat Units Placement Branch Head, Captain Bowman as- simied command of Carrier Air Wing FIVE forward de- ployed to the Western Pacific onboard USS MIDWAY (CV 41). His next assignment was Principal Deputy to the Secretary of the Navy for Senate Liaison. Captain Bowman ' s most recent assignment was (Commander, Car- rier Air Wing THIRTEEN. Captain Bowman is authorized to wear the Legion of Merit, Meritorious Service Medal with three gold start, two individual and twenty strike fight Air Medals, tlw Navy (Commendation Medal and various campaign ami unit ribbons. Captain Bowman is married to the former SaUy Porter of San Francisco, California. They have two children - Ashley, an Ensign stationed in Norfolk; and Geoffrey, a freshman at Virginia Tech. 10 f3 11 Commander Robin Y. Weber Executive Officer 19 April 1989 - 9 January 1991 Commander Robin Y. Weber was born in Corpus Christi, Texas, on 24 May 1947. In May 1969, he graduated from the University of Virginia with a Bachelor of Science Degree in commerce. He was commissioned as an Ensign through the Regular Navy Reserve Officer Training Corps Program on 1 July 1969, and reported to Pensacola, Florida, for flight training. Commander Weber received his naval aviator wings in Kingsville, Texas, in April 1971. Upon completion of replacement pilot train- ing in Reconnaissance Attack Squadron Three Commander Weber began operation- ally flying the RA-5C Vigilante with Recon- naissance Attack Squadron Nine, where he deployed to the Mediterranean aboard USS FORRESTAL (CV-59) and USS INDE- PENDENCE (CV-62). His next tour was with Training Air Wing Two in Kingsville, Texas, where he served as instructor pilot and training air wing LSO. During this time he also earned a Master of Arts Degree in business from Webster College. In January 1978, Commander Weber report- ed to Attack Squadron Forty-Two where he transitioned to the A-6 Intruder. He subse- quently reported to Attack Squadron Eighty-Five aboard USS FORRESTAL. After two Mediterranean deployments, he was assigned to Attack Squadron Forty-Two as an instructor pilot. In July 1982, Com- mander Weber joined Medium Attack Wing One as the Readiness Officer. In February 1983, he reported to Carrier Air Wing Three as the Operations Officer deploying to the North Atlantic and Mediterranean aboard USS JOHN F. KENNEDY (CV-67) until May 1984. After a brief period of A-6 refresher training with Attack Squadron Forty-Two, Com- mander Weber reported to Attack Squadron Fifty-Five as Executive Officer in August 1984. He assumed command in May 1985, and the squadron later deploved to the Med- iterranean aboard USS CORAL SEA (CV- 43) from October 1985 until May 1986. Following his tour in Attack Squadron Fifty- Five, he commanded Attack Squadron For- ty-Two, the fleet readiness training squad- ron at NAS Oceana, Virginia, until July 1987. Prior to reporting to USS AMERICA, Com- mander Weber served on the staff of COM- NAVAIRLANT as the Medium Attack Readiness Officer. Commander Weber has accrued over 5000 flight hours and 850 carrier arrested landings in tactical Navy aircraft. He is married to the former Lani Jean Arnold of Ventura, California. They have two daughters, Riley Ann and Robin. Commander Weber was advanced to Captain in 1990, prior to taking command of USS WHITE PLAINS (AFS-4). 12 Commander James A. Bolcar Executive Officer 9 January 1991 - Present Commander James Andrew Bolcar was born on 2 January 1949, and raised in Vandergrift, Pennsylvania. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in June, 1971, and began commissioned service on USS WORDEN (DLG-18) as First Division Offi- cer in July 1971. Commander Bolcar began fight training in March 1972, and was desig- nated a Naval Aviator in October 1973. After completing his initial aviation assign- ment as a flight instructor in Training Squadron TWENTY-ONE in June 1975, Commander Bolcar joined Fleet Composite Squadron SEVEN in July 1975. He began A- 6 transition training with Attack Squadron FORTY-TWO in September 1976, and re- ported to Attack Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE for his first fleet tour of duty in April 1977. In December 1979, he reported to Attack Squadron FORTY-TWO for duty as an in- structor pilot. Returning to Attack Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE in April 1982, he served as Safety Officer and Operations Officer until October 1984, when he joined the staff of Commander Medium Attack Wing ONE as Readiness Officer. Commander Bolcar was selected for aviation command in 1985 and reported to Attack Squadron THIRTY-FIVE as Executive Offi- cer in October 1986. He assumed command of the " Black Panthers " in April 1988, and served as commanding officer until Septem- ber 1989. His fleet squadron tours were high- lighted by multiple deployments to the Med- iterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. Commander Bolcar ' s post-command assign- ment was with Commander, SECOND Fleet where he served as Air and Strike Operations Officer from October 1989 until July 1990. He was selected for assignment as an aircraft carrier executive officer in the spring of 1990 and reported to USS AMERICA (CV-66) in November 1990. Commander Bolcar ' s personal awards in- clude the Meritorious Service Medal, the Joint Service Commendation Medal, two Navy Commendation Medals and the Navy Achievement Medal. Commander Bolcar is married to the former Sandra Elizabeth Dyke. They reside in Vir- ginia Beach with their daughters Christine and Kathleen. 13 t i A •V PNCM (SW) Johnnie Bristow Command Master Chief Master Chief Johnnie Brifltow attended Taylor High School, in Taylor, Michigan, before he entered the Army. He Berved three years in the Army Airborne. During that time, he waa primarily assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina; and as an early enterprise he and a friend founded a sport parachuting club. In April 1963, Master Chief Bristow enlisted in the Navy, and since that time he has served on seven ships. His shore duty assignments have included recruiting duty in Columbia, South Carolina, staff duty with the Chief of Naval Operations and at the Bureau of Naval Personnel, staff duty with the Chief of Naval Education and Training in Pensacola, Florida, and staff duty at the Personnel Support Activity, Charleston, South Car- olina. Master Chief Bristow ' s recent assignments were as plankowner with the recommissioning crew of USS IOWA (BB-61) and the commissioning crew of USS THOMAS a GATES (CG-Sl). He has attended George Washington University, the University of South Carolina, New Hampshire College, and Embry Riddle Aeronautical University. While assigned to duty in the South Carolina area. Master Chief Bristow earned an FAA certification as a commercial pilot and as a single- and multi-engine and instrument flight instructor. He has taught flying at Navy flying clubs in Pensacola, Florida, and Norfolk, Virginia, and at Charleston Air Force Base, in South Carolina. Master Chief Bristow is also a certified scuba diver. Master Chief Bristow wears the Meritorious Service Medal, Navy Commendation Medal (3rd award). Navy Achievement Medal (3rd award), and the (3ombat Ac- tion Ribbon. Master Chief Bristow is married to Faye (Taylor) Bristow of Graham, North Carolina. They have a son, John Jr., age twenty-seven, and two daugh- ters, Theresa, age twenty-eight, and Patti, age ten. The Bristows currently reside in Virginia Beach, Virginia. 14 15 16 UNITED STATES SHIP AMERICA L . AMERICA ' S Seal The design of the coat-of-arms of the aircraft car- rier USS AMERICA (CV-66) has its origin in heraldry. The theme is based on the Revolution- ary War and the honors intended for the Captain of the first USS AMERICA, the father of the U.S. Navy, John Paul Jones. The upper portion of the coat-of-arms consists of a crest with an American flag of the Revolu- tionary War, flying above the most glorious event of Jones ' naval career, the battle of BON HOMME RICHARD, which he commanded, with HMS SERAPIS, He defeated SERAPIS in a desperate fight and, as his own ship was mor- tally wounded, Jones raised the Amerian flag over SERAPIS and sailed her into the Dutch harbor of Texal. Below this is a shield supported by two stags, adapted from the stags which appear on the coat- of-arms of John Paul Jones. These sea stags wear medallions around their necks representing the many honors accorded to Jones by France and the United States. The shield supported by the two stags bear two pheons, or arrowheads, symbolic of the force or power in heraldic design. The lower third of the shield features a coiled rattlesnake, which was a popular symbol of many Revolutionary War flags. The shield of white alludes to the ships sent to America ' s aid under the Bourbon flag of France. At the base of the coat-of-arms is AMERICA ' S motto: " Don ' t Tread On Me " . These words were common on battle standards during the Revolu- tionary War as the colonies fought for their free- dom and are today characteristic of the spirit and traditions of this great nation. AMERICA ' S Mission Traditionally, it has been the Navy ' s mission to control the seas. Without this control, U.S. forces abroad would soon wither for lack of support, and industry at home would decline, even halt, for lack of raw materials that must be delivered via the sea routes of the world. The coming of the nuclear age has not changed this concept. In fact, it has been broadened to in- clude maintaining control of the air over the seas. This is the mission of aircraft carriers like AMERICA, ships that embody two key advan- tages of our Navy: mobility and versatility. AMERICA is, in effect, a completely equipped air base. However, instead of b eing a stationary point on the map, a point that can be singled out by ballistic missiles, AMERICA can range the oceans of the world, changing her position hun- dreds of miles in a single day. AMERICA and her sister carriers of the fleet al- low the U.S. to quickly assemble great concentra- tions of firepower and to deploy it rapidly and skillfully, exerting continuous pressure on the enemy. Unlike bases overseas, these carriers are not dependent on the political temperament of any foreign government. Versatile as well as mobile. AMERICA can be used alternately or simultaneously against sub- marines and their bases, surface ships and their yards, aircraft and their fields, and for the sup- port of amphibious land and air operations. In " brush fire " conflicts, AMERICA can move quickly to apply the exact amount of offensive firepower required by the situation. In the event of total war, AMERICA represents a mobile, hard to find base from which retaliatory strikes can be launched against enemy targets. Most importantly, the recognized offensive and defensive capabilities of AMERICA give sup- port to our foreign policy and strength to the Free World, a powerful deterrent to conflict and a force for peace around the world. HISTORY USS AMERICA (CV-66) The keel of the aircraft carrier AMER- ICA was laid on January 9, 1961, as Hull 561 in Shipway 10 at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Com- pany, Newport News, Virginia. Follow- ing three years of construction, the ship was launched on February 1, 1964, and was commissioned in ceremonies at the Norfolk Naval Station on January 23, 1965. AMERICA made her first deployment in 1966 to the Mediterranean Sea. AMERICA made three deployments to Southeast Asia, the first in 1968. She was one of four aircraft carriers on " Yankee Station " when the Vietnam Peace Agreement went into effect in January 1973. In January 1974, AMERICA began her fourth deployment to the Mediterra- nean. She returned to Norfolk on August 3, 1974, prior to participating in the NATO exercise " Northern Merger " in September of that year. The carrier embarked on her fifth Medi- terranean deployment on April 15, 1976. AMERICA returned from this deploy- ment on October 25, 1976. After a three-month maintenance peri- od, AMERICA deployed as part of a seven-ship task force to South America. During this period AMERICA conduct- ed exercises with units of the Brazilian Navy. Shortly thereafter, AMERICA started on its sixth Mediterranean de- ployment. On March 13, 1979, AMERICA em- barked on her tenth major deployment. Returning to Norfolk on September 22, 1979, AMERICA conducted initial car- rier qualifications for the F A-18 prior to a one-year overhaul and maintena nce period at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. During the upkeep period, AMERICA was fitted with the NATO Sea Sparrow missile system and the Phalanx close-in weapons system. AMERICA made her first deployment to the Indian Ocean in 1981. During this period, AMERICA became the first car- rier since 1967 to transit the Suez Canal. In 1982, AMERICA participated in " Northern Wedding ' 82 " as well as oper- ating for a short period in the Mediterra- nean in support of U.S. forces in Leba- non. The carrier returned to Norfolk in November 1982 to prepare for deploy- ment to the Indian Ocean and Mediter- ranean. She departed Norfolk on De- cember 8, 1982, for a 176-day deploy- ment to the Indian Ocean and the Medi- terranean. On April 24, 1984, AMERICA left her homeport once again, participating in exercise " Ocean Venture " before transi- ting the Atlantic Ocean on the way to the Mediterranean. On November 14, 1984, AMERICA ar- rived in Norfolk, Virginia, and celebrat- ed her 20th anniversary of commissioned service in January 1985. The carrier then entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard for a four-month maintenance period. On May 13, 1985, AMERICA left the ship- yard for sea trials, refresher training, and carrier qualifications. On August 24, 1985, AMERICA left her homeport to participate in the NATO exercise " Ocean Safari ' 85 " . During the exercise, AMERICA operated in the North Atlantic, Norwegian Sea, and in Vestjford, Norway, in the process be- coming the first U.S. aircraft carrier to operate inside a Norwegian fjord. After a port visit to Portsmouth, England, AMERICA returned to Norfolk on Oc- tober 9, 1985. On March 10, 1986, after preparing for deployment in only two weeks instead of the usual month, AMERICA departed on her fifteenth deployment. After ar- rival in the Mediterranean, AMERICA participated in tri-carrier operations with the USS CORAL SEA and USS SARATOGA near the so-called " Line of Death " in the Gulf of Sidra. On March 24, Libyan missile batteries fired on air- craft from VF-102, one of AMERICA ' S embarked F ' -N fighter squadrons. In de- fense, aircraft from VA-34, AMERI- CA ' S A-6 attack squadron, sank a Liby- an La Comhaltantec as,s patrol boat. Af- ter several other scattered clashes, Liby- an offensives declined, and AMERICA departed " Mad Dog Station " , as the Lib- yan operating area came to be known. On April 15, 1986, after Libyan-spon- sored terrorism claimed the lives of sev- eral Americans overseas, AMERICA joined with the USS CORAL SEA bat- tle group and the U.S. Air Force for a re- taliatory strike against Libya. After suc- cessful strikes against targets in Ben- ghazi and Tripoli, all of AMERICA ' S aircraft returned safely, having met some of the stiffest surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft barrages since the Viet- nam War. AMERICA returned to Nor- folk from this deployment on September 10, 1986. After a short carrier qualification period in October 1986, AMERICA returned to Norfolk and entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard on November 20, 1986, for an extended Complex Overhaul. AMER- ICA left the shipyard on February 15, 1988, for sea trials and work-ups in prep- aration for the next round of intensive operations. In April, after completing a shakedown cruise, AMERICA participated in FLEET WEEK ' 88. Sailors and ships were sent to New York City to promote the image of the Navy in preparation for the USS IOWA battle group ' s move to Staten Island in 1989. In February 1989, AMERICA departed for exercises in the Caribbean and the North Atlantic. AMERICA again oper- ated in the Vestfjord before making a port visit to Le Havre, France, and re- turning to Norfolk on April 3, 1989. Upon her return, AMERICA immedi- ately began preparing for a 183-day de- ployment to the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean. AMERICA completed the large-scale NATO exercise " Display Determination " involving the armed forces of Belgium, West Germany, Italy, Portugal, Turkey, Great Britain, France, and Spain. AMERICA returned to Nor- folk from this deployment on November 10, 1989, and celebrated her 25th anni- versary of commissioned service in Janu- ary 1990. i 20 HISTORY Carrier Air Wing One Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) has been in commission longer than any other Navy Air Wing. Since commissioning on June 4, 1934, CVW-1 has served aboard 19 different carriers, made 39 deploy- ments, and had a majority of the East Coast squadrons as members of the Navy ' s " First and Foremost. " CVW-1 was originally " The Ranger Air Group " and served aboard USS RANGER (CV-4) during the early days of carrier aviation. CVW-1 also operated aboard the three other carriers in com- mission at that time: USS LANGLEY (CV-1), USS LEXINGTON (CV-2), and USS SARATOGA (CV-3). During World War II, Air Wing One par- ticipated in the North African campaign and operated in all parts of the Atlantic. In 1943, the Air Wing was redesignated CVG-4 and transferred to the Pacific Fleet. Serving aboard ESSEX and BUNKER HILL, the Air Wing saw ac- tion against Japan from the Philippines to Tokyo, earning two Presidential Unit Citations in addition to having nurtured many naval aviation heroes. After the war, CVG-4 was reformed in California, reassigned to the East Coast, and redesignated CVG-1. Between 1946 and 1957, CVG-1 served aboard nine dif- ferent carriers. During the 1956-57 Suez crisis, the Air Wing was aboard the first supercarrier, USS FORRESTAL, which operated in the Western Atlantic, and then completed a deployment in support of Allied forces in the Mediter- ranean. The Air Wing made five Mediterranean deployments aboard USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT between 1959-65. In 1962, the Air Wing was. temporarily as- signed to USS ENTERPRISE for her shakedown cruise and fleet review for President John F. Kennedy. The Air Wing made a WESTPAC deployment aboard USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSE- VELT and conducted combat opera- tions off the coast of Vietnam between June 1966 and February 1967. In 1967, CVW-1 was assigned to USS JOHN F. KENNEDY (CV-67). They made eight deployments to the Mediter- ranean, including operations during the 1970 Jordanian crisis and the 1973 Arab Israeli War. Since 1971, the Air Wing staff has been homeported at NAS Oceana, Virginia. Deployed to the Medi- terranean in 1975, aboard USS JOHN F. KENNEDY, the Air Wing brought to those waters the Navy ' s newest tactical aircraft, the F-14A Tomcat air-superior- ity fighter and the S-3A Viking anti-sub- marine warfare aircraft. In late 1977, CVW-1 participated in the operational trials of USS DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER (CVN-69). The CVW-1 USS JOHN F. KEN- NEDY deployment of 1980-81 was a hallmark of aviation safety. After eight months of intensive operations, the Wing returned home with all aircraft, without a serious injury, and with a rec- ord sortie completion rate. In August 1982, CVW-1 deployed with USS AMERICA for a 2 ' 2 month North Atlantic operation. During this period, the Air Wing participated in the NATO exercise " Northern Wedding ' 82 " as well as a short period of time in the Mediter- ranean in support of U.S. forces in Leba- non. On December 8, 1982, CVW-1 deployed with AMERICA for a 176-day Mediter- ranean Indian Ocean deployment. They returned on June 2, 1983. On October 26, 1983, CVW-1 participated with AMER- ICA in a successful " No Notice " exer- cise, deploying the entire Air Wing aboard AMERICA within an eight-day period. CVW-1 ' s 37th deployment to the Medi- terranean Indian Ocean began in April 1984 with participation in exercise " Ocean Venture " in the Gulf of Mexico. While deployed in the Med, CVW-1 par- ticipated in exercise " Display Determi- nation " with Italian, French, Turkish, Belgian, and U.S. Air Force units. The CVW-1 AMERICA team returned home in November of 1984. In 1985, CVW-1 deployed with AMER- ICA for the NATO exercise " Ocean Sa- fari " , journeying through the North Atlantic to Vestfjord, Norway. CVW-1 deployed to the Mediterranean Sea with AMERICA in March 1986, car- rying out successful combat air strikes again Libyan forces in March and April of that year. The CVW-1 AMERICA team returned home on September 10, 1986. In January and February of 1987, CVW- 1 completed the first major Air Wing op- erations aboard the Navy ' s newest nuclear-powered aircraft carrier at the time, USS THEODORE ROOSE- VELT (CVN-71). In February and March 1989, CVW-1 de- ployed with AMERICA for operations in the North Atlantic to Vestfjord, Nor- way. On May 10, 1989, CVW-1 deployed with AMERICA for a 183-day Indian Ocean Mediterranean cruise. They returned on November 10, 1989. 21 X, - USS AMERICA (CV 66) OPERATION DESERT STORM CHRONOLOGY -1991- 09 January: AMERICA transits the Straits of Gibraltar and arrives in the Mediterranean Sea. 15 January: AMERICA arrives at Port Said, Egypt, and tran- sits through the Suez Canal to the Red Sea. The United Nations deadline for Iraqi forces to leave Kuwait expires. 17 January: Operation Desert Shield becomes Desert Storm as U.S. - led coalition forces take to the skies to bomb strategic military targets in Iraq such as airfields, communications, com- mand control, chemical, nuclear, and biological warfare fa- cilities. AMERICA provides Combat Air Patrol (CAP) cover- age for the carriers in the Red Sea. 19 January: AMERICA launches its first air strike of the war against an ammunition depot north of Baghdad. 20 January: AMERICA ' S first night strike is aimed at Iraq ' s ability to fuel its military machine with an early morning attack against an oil production facility. 26 January: AMERICA flies the first of four bridge strikes. All attacks, flown between 26 January and 24 February, are ai- med at destroying bridges that Saddam Hussein could use to reinforce his troops in occupied Kuwait. 31 January: The focus of the air war changes as AMERICA flies into the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations with strikes against Iraqi military forces in occupied Kuwait. 01 February: VAW-123 coordinates aircraft on the first of 11 Scud missile patrols flown from 1 February to 7 February. On 3 February, AMERICA confirms the destruction of two Scud- related vehicles. 05 February: CVW-1 pilots embark on the first of nine strikes aimed at fixed-positions of Saddam Hussein ' s elite Republican Guard. 08 February: Captain Kent W. Ewing assumes command from I I f 22 Rear Admiral (select) John J. Mazach in an informal ceremony conducted on the flight deck. AMERICA transits through the Straits of Bab el Mandeb to the Gulf of Aden en route to the Arabian Gulf and the other side of the war. 10 February: AMERICA has a " Beer Day " during a Steel Beach Picnic, allowing crew members two beers each after 45 consecutive days at sea. 14 February: AMERICA transits the narrow Straits of Hor- muz and arrives in the Arabian Gulf. 15 February: AMERICA becomes the first and only carrier to operate on both sides of the war when it joins three other U.S. aircraft carriers in the Arabian Gulf carrier box. 16 February: AMERICA spots and destroys an Iraqi floating mine inside the aircraft carrier ' s operational area. This would be the first of a total of four mines discovered while operating in the Arabian Gulf. 20 February: AMERICA is host to the combat press pool. VS- 32 destroys an armed Iraqi patrol boat, thus becoming the first S-3 squadron to successfully engage, bomb, and destroy a hos- tile surface vessel. 23 February: Aircraft from the AMERICA destroy a Sil- kworm (anti-ship) missile battery after Iraq unsuccessfully fired a missile at the USS MISSOURI (BB 63). 24 February: The ground assault into Iraq and Kuwait begins as AMERICA provides close air support for coalition troops. During all of CVW-l ' s strikes into the Kuwaiti Theater of Op- erations, AMERICA destroyed approximately 387 armored vehicles and tanks. 28 February: Coalition forces cease hostile offensive action af- ter successfully liberating Kuwait and destroying Iraq ' s ability to wage war. Iraq submits a letter to the United Nations accept- ing all 12 U.N. resolutions concerning Iraq ' s invasion and occu- pation of Kuwait. The end to hostilities was called by President Bush only 42 days after the war began, and exactly two months after AMERICA departed Norfolk, Virginia. 04 March: AMERICA departs the Arabian Gulf and returns to the Red Sea after conducting 3,008 combat sorties during the war. 09 March: AMERICA arrives on-station in the Red Sea. 16 March: AMERICA arrives in the Red Sea port of Hur- ghada, Egypt, and makes the first port call of the deployment after 78 consecutive days at sea. 03 April: Homeward bound, AMERICA transits the Suez Ca- nal to the Mediterranean Sea. 11 April: The United Nations declares the official end to the Gulf War. 23 CARRIER AIRWING ONE i % HC I AMERICA AIRCRAFT Length - 62 ' Height - 16 ' Span -64.1 ' Speed - Mach 2+ F-14A TOMCAT The F-14A Tomcat is a two seat, twin-engine all weather aircraft capable of flying twice the speed of sound. Its mis- sion is to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft in order to establish and maintain local air superiority. The Tom- cat can carry long-range Phoenix missiles in addition to Sparrow and Sidewinder missiles, and can engage multi- ple targets simultaneously. Fighter squadrons VF-33 and VF-102, based at NAS Oceana, Virginia, fly the F-14 from AMERICA. 24 ' MS Length - 56 ' Height - 15.2 ' Span - 40.7 ' Speed - Mach 1.8 M. F A-18C HORNET ..• The F A-18C is a high- performance, all-weather, multi-mission tactical aircraft. It is a single-seat, twin-engine jet which can under- take fighter, attack and reconnaissance missions. Its targets may be enemy ground installations, aircraft, or naval units. Strike fighter squadrons VFA-82 and VFA-86, based at NAS Cecil Field, Florida, fly the F A-18C from AMER ICA. A-6E INTRUDER The A-6E Intruder is a two-man, subsonic, low-level medium attack bomber with the capability to deliver bombs on target with pinpoint accuracy deep into hostile territo- ry. Its mission is the destruction, in all weather conditions day or night, of moving or fixed land targets. The A-6E is flown from AMERICA by Attack Squadron VA-85, based at NAS Oceana, Virginia. The squad- ron also flies the KA-6D model of the In- truder, which is the tanker version used for in-flight refueling. Length - 54 ' 7 Height - 16 ' 3 " Span - 53 ' Speed - 502 Kts EA-6B PROWLER Length - 59 ' Height - 16 ' 3 " Span - 53 ' Speed - 516 Kts The EA-6B Prowler is a four-seat, all-weather aircraft with the primary mis- sion of providing electronic warfare support to the fleet by detecting and jamming enemy radar signals. Modern anti-air defense systems, whether they use missile, gunfire or fighter interceptors, rely heavily on radar for tracking and guidance. By denying the enemy the use of his radars, the Prowler can effectively screen friendly strike aircraft and neutralize enemy weapon systems. Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron VAQ-137, based at NAS Whidbey Island, Washington, flies the EA-6B from AMERICA. k ft i) I Length- 72 ' 7 " Height - 16 ' 10 " Span - 62 ' Speed - 144 Kts SH-3H SEA KING The SH-3H Sea King is a gas turbine powered helicopter used primarily for anti- submarine warfare. It also provides search and rescue and logistics support to the carrier battle group as required. Capable of staying airborne for more than five hours, the Sea King is equipped with sonar, magnetic anomaly detection, sono- buoys, and multi-channel relay equipment. Helicopter Squadron HS-11. based at NAS Jacksonville, Florida, flies the Sea King from AMERICA. 26 f! Length - 57 ' 7 " Height - 18 ' 4 " Span -80 ' 7 " Speed - 270 Kts E-2C HAWKEYE The E-2C Hawkeye is a twin-engine turbo-prop aircraft designed to provide fleet units with early warning and detection of approaching enemy forces. It is an airborne combat information center which extends task force defense per- imeters. The Hawkeye provides strike and traffic control, area radar surveil- lance, search and rescue guidance, navigational assistance and communications relay. Carrier Early Warning Squadron VAW-123, based at NAS Norfolk, Vir- ginia, flies the E-2C from AMERICA. S-3A VIKING The S-3A Viking is the first completely computerized, carrier- based, anti-submarine jet aircraft. It has the all-weather capabil- ity to search for, localize and destroy enemy submarines. It is designed to carry an array of ordnance, including homing torpe- does, mines, depth charges, rockets and missiles. Equipped with the latest ASW sensors, it is capable of searching large areas of ocean and detecting modern nuclear submarines. The Viking is flown from AMERICA by Air Anti-Submarine Warfare Squad- ron VS-32, based at NAS Cecil Field, Florida. Length- 49 ' 6 " Height- 15 ' 7 " Span - 69 ' Speed - 400+ Kts 27 Carrier Flight Operations Aircraft operations from the flight deck of an Aircraft Carrier are performed with such preci- sion and coordination between hundreds of peo- ple that they have been compared to a well- orchestrated ballet. Landing on a flight deck en- tails bringing the aircraft in at an exact predeter- mined speed, altitude, and angle, bringing it from 150 miles per hour to a stop in a distance of 350 feet. A catapult-assisted launch sends a 44,000 pound aircraft from to 180 miles per hour in a distance of 260 feet. What can appear to an ob- server to be total chaos, is actually hundreds of men, identified by various colored shirts accord- ing to their job, rapidly moving, servicing, and arming aircraft to permit launches and recoveries at a rate of up to one every thirty seconds. r-l v. - ' fQM W4 r 5« r i5B» r ..j f 29 AMERICA Facts Horsepower 200,000 + Speed 30+ Knots Length 1047.5 Feet Extreme Breadth of FHght Deck 252 Feet Depth at Centerline 97.3 Feet Area of Flight Deck 4.57 Acres Displacement at Load Draft 80,000 Tons Number of Crew (Including Air Wing) 5,300 Meals Served Aboard Daily 18,000 Number of Anchors 2 Weight of Anchors 30 Tons Each Weight of Each Anchor Chain Link 391 Pounds Number of Propellers (all Five-Blade) 4 Height of Propellers 22 Feet Each Weight of Propellers 69,300 Pounds Each Number of Deck Elevators 4 Size of Plane Elevators 3,880 Square Feet Number of Catapults 4 Daily Capacity of Distilling Plants 280,000 Gallons i I Ship contains: Bakery Barber Shop Butcher Shop Carpenter Shop Chapel Dental Office Dry Cleaning Plant Fire Station Galleys (6) Garbage Disposal Plant Hospital TV Lounges Weather Bureau Laundry Library Operating Room Paint Shop Pharmacy Photographic Laboratory Post Office Printing Plant Radio and TV Repair Shop Sheet Metal and Pipe Shop Tailor Shop r Highest Point of Ship 194.3 Feet Height of 08 Level 94 Feet Height of 09 Level 102 Feet Height of 010 Level 110 Feet Height of Oil Level 118 Feet Height of Hanger Deck 27 Feet Height of Flight Deck 64 Feet Navigation Bridge to Bow 624 Feet USS AMERICA SILVER ANNIVERSARY 23 January 1990 UNITED STATES AIRCRAFT CARRIER AMERICA Built by: Keel Laid Launched Sponsor Commissioned CVA-66 Newport News Shipbuilding Dry Dock Co. Newport News, Virginia 9 January 1961 1 February 1964 Mrs. David L. McDon«Jd 23 January 1965 U.S. Naval Shipyard Portsmouth, Virginia iL AMERICAS in Naval History T USS AMERICA is the first warship of this name to be commissioned into service with the United States Navy. Her name was selected by the late President John F. Kennedy. AMERICA was contracted for by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Vir- ginia, on 26 November 1960, and her keel was laid on 9 January 1961. She was launched and christened by her sponsor, Mrs. David L. McDonald, wife of the Chief of Naval Operations, on 1 February 1964. USS AMERICA was commissioned at the U.S. Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia, on 23 January 1966. The first ship to bear the name ABfERICA was i 74-gun ship-of-the- line laid down in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in May 1777. However, the launching of the greatest warship planned for the young Revolutionary navy was delayed by a lack of funds and skilled shipbuilders until Novem- ber 1782. During the late stages of her construc- tion, the Continental Congress as- signed the Revolutionary War ' s great- est naval hero, John Paul Jones, as the Prospective Commanding Officer. This man, later accepted as the father of the United States Navy, fitted her out but was to be denied his command. In September 1782, just a few short months before her scheduled launch- ing, the Congress presented AMER- ICA to France as replacement for MAGNIFIQUE which had been lost by grounding in Boston Harbor. The ship that was to have sailed the oceans of the world as the United States Ship AMERICA sailed instead for France and service in the French Navy in June 1783, retaining her original name. Other ships since the Revolutionary War have also shared the inspiring name of AMERICA. Although none of these were classed as warships, they aU served with honor and dignity in their respective fields. One of these, a schooner yacht, was built in 1861 for Conmiodore John C. Stevens of the New York Yacht Club. In 1862, this 111-foot yacht earned an enviable reputation in world yachting circles when she defeated 13 crack British yachts in a race around the isle of Wight and became the first winner of yachting ' s still-coveted America ' s Cup. During the Civil War, the Con- federacy obtained the speedy yacht and pressed her into service as a block- ade runner. She was later scuttled, re- taken by Federal forces and refitted at Port Royal, South Carolina. This AMERICA then served the Union as a blockader and Hnished the Civil War as a training ship at the U.S. Naval Academy. She was purchased by a civilian in 1873 and presented to the Navy Depart- ment in 1921 as a relic. The yacht was stationed at the Naval Academy and remained there until scrapped in 1946. A twin-screw steamship, SS AMEBI- KA, was built in Ireland in 1905 for the Hamburg-American Line. She was taken into the U.S. Navy as a troop transport in 1917 and renamed AMERICA. By 1921, this ship was back in service as a passenger liner with the United States Lines, operat- ing in the North Atlantic. The 660- foot ship was seriously damaged when she caught fire during a modernization pe- i m SI » g ■■Hi 1 E i i i k Av • yUttk- B 1 I 1 1 H H n g t ■ 1 1 1 riod but was reconditioned and laid up from 1931 to 1940. She was pulled out of retirement in 1940 and put into ser- vice as an Army troop transport. The most recent AMERICA was the 723-foot United States Line passenger liner SS AMERICA, built at Newport News Shipyard in 1940. She made her maiden voyage to the Caribbean as a civilian liner but was later converted into a troop transport and renamed WEST POINT. After World War II, she returned to Newport News where she was refitted for service as a passen- ger liner with the United States Lines. The ship was sold to foreign shipping interests in November 1964 and her name was changed to AUSTRALIS. SS AMERICA spent her final days under the American flag at a pier alongside her successor, USS AMER- ICA, at Newport, News. Scenes from AMERICA ' S past I 34 S 35 ®I|p Inab to - 1990 - I January 23 Silver Anniversary of AMERICA ' S Commissioning April 18 SRA-90, Norfolk Naval Shipyard August 2 Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait 2 AMERICA Departs Norfolk Naval Shipyard September 5 Carrier Air Wing One Change of Command 18-28 REFTRA October 10 Advanced Phase 36 t ttt f ' torm I November 3 - 7 St. Thomas, USVI, port visit 7 FLTX 2-90 December 15 Children ' s Christmas Party 20 Command Christmas Party 28 Departure Desert Shield Deployment - 1991 - January 4 Battle Group Formation Air Wing Flyover 9 Strait of Gibraltar transit to Med 15 Suez Canal transit to Red Sea 16 AMERICA arrives on station in Red Sea 17 Desert Storm begins February 8 AMERICA Change of Command 10 Beer Day, Gulf of Aden 14 Strait of Hormuz transit to Persian Gulf 24 Ground War begins 28 Cease Fire March 4 AMERICA departs Persian Gulf 6 Steel Beach Picnic, Arabian Sea 8 Bab-al-Mandab transit to Red Sea 16-22 Hurghada, Egypt, port visit April 3 Suez Canal transit to Med 4 End free mail 8 Strait of Gibraltar transit to Atlantic 11 UN official end to Gulf War 17 Air Wing fly-off 18 Homecoming 37 i M .w-fm 16-19 March 1990 • « ■ ■ 1? — Fort Lauderdale, with more than 85 miles of navigable canals and waterways, is known as the " Venice of America. " AMERICA ' S crew enjoyed the many attrac- tions in the area, including Port Everglades, sight- seeing cruises, Ocean World, off-shore SCUBA diving, and six miles of ocean beaches, as much as the friendly people of Fort Lauderdale enjoyed seeing the aircraft carrier moored pierside near cruiseliners. AMERICA hosted many dignitaries from the Fort Lauderdale area. Among her honored guests were Mr. Joel Alesi, Port Director; Mr. Scott Cowans, Broward County Commissioner; Mr. Nick Navarro, Broward County Sheriff; and Mr. Whitey Ford, former New York Yankee. As AMERICA steamed into port with her guests, the Confederate Air Force performed an air- show featuring vintage World War II aircraft. AMERICA also participated in Fort Lauderdale ' s Saint Patrick ' s Day Parade. The Commanding Officer, Captain J.J. Mazach, and the Executive Officer, Com- mander R.Y. Weber, were honored guests in the pa- rade, which included a color guard and marching unit from the ship. AMERICA ' S crew attended several par- ties given in their honor by the Broward County and Port Everglades councils of the Navy League. " Pi 40 41 42 ! -J hilff- I d tl 43 ■-%. . • 44 r 45 SRA-90 Upon returning from Fort Lauder- dale, AMERICA prepared for an ex- tensive Selected Restricted Avail- ability (SRA) at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. On 18 April 1990, AMER- ICA entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard for SRA-90 and remained there until 2 August 1990, the day Iraq invaded Kuwait. With the situ- ation changing daily in the Middle East, AMERICA ' S schedule was ac- celerated so she could deploy five months early and augment the buildup of coalition forces. AMERICA accomplished an exten- sive SRA-90 package. Every depart- ment on the ship was involved in making SRA-90 a success. Some of the major departmental jobs includ- ed: extensive test bench modifica- tion for the F A-18, replacing over 250,000 square feet of Non-Skid on the Flight Deck and Hangar Bay, re- habilitating 360 fathoms of anchor chain and two anchors, a complete island rehabilitation, extensive reha- bilitation and installation of a new Chelant Chemical Treatment Sys- tem for all 8 boilers, major rehabili- tation of all weapons elevators, com- plete rehabilitation of the aft galley, and pulling and replacing fifteen miles, constituting two tons, of cable, just to name a few. Over 250,000 man hours were expended to accomplish the SRA-90 work package. ni L 47 50 li " 52 CVW-1 Change of Command On 5 September 1990, Captain M.L. Bowman, United States Navy, became the 38th Com- mander of Carrier Air Wing One when he re- lieved Captain R.R. Wittenburg, United States Navy, in a ceremony held on the flight deck aboard USS AMERICA (CV-66). Admiral Edney and Rear Admiral Lewis were among the many distinguished guests who attended the ceremony. Although CVW-1 is homeported at NAS Oceana, Virginia, they chose their home-away-from-home as an appropriate set- ting for the change of command ceremony. 54 55 } - . VS MV I : Uiii, ■ ' ' ' ■. } ' ' M ciMfeHI ttr ' lJl imHV 1 m PYm h -f Fjsfresher Training (REFTRA) is an in- ;3iasive two-week training period that oests the crew ' s operational readiness. ?ire-Party training, simulated " threat - ' i iroblems precisicm anchoriog yader ' 7ay replenishment evaluations, ;v-aj quarters drills filLaach day. i : rilla nEGSXiSSS. ilS fESIC A c rep sir) ' - ajia oi: Ail Wing undergoes refresher trainiug of C uibei- 6, 1990, C W-1 ' f -i J l» ' jPV ' -«»a « i .-j ' T. , - , 5 YAiVj|k ft y j J jg f 1 ■fl 9B ■ K - " V I K ' SSr K CJ m ] l ISHaaM i J Ji H Ey tAjs is a drill. " 60 61 63 fli r m - V ' UAh H «-Q|0iOp.i V 0000 li f f 4 1 ,2 a Jl r i fK up ml-- 1 m ' " J 1 ' ' if fef iH Br iiiU ft; 1 jLy I Px y 64 1 65 Advanced Phase FLTX 2-91 ,.»_.J»rWir n? Eleven days after successfully complet- ing REFTRA, AMERICA CVW-1 con- ducted a coordinated Advanced Phase with COMCARGRUFOUR, RADM Mixson, Advanced Phase was intended to get the ship and airwing team fully in- tegrated and working together, and in- volved a variety of graded exercises and battle scenarios. Once Advanced Phase had been completed, AMERICA made its St. Thomas port visit. During the ship ' s stay in St. Thomas COMCRU- DESGRUTWO, RADM Katz, relieved COMCARGRUFOUR, the training flag. Fleet Exercise 2-91 followed immediate- ly after the port visit. In addition to rounding out the battle group with other surface platforms, the THEODORE ROOSEVELT CVW-8 battle group joined the exercise for cooperative and adversarial training. The exercise tested the threat warning capability of the bat- tle groups in all warfare areas including pilot carrier qualifications, air-to-air and air-to-ground missile firings, simulated strikes, and battle group defense. AMERICA CVW-I began its transit to Norfolk upon completion of the exercise. During the transit, the engineering de- partment successfully completed an Op- erational Propulsion Plant Examination (OPPE), the last major step in certifying the readiness of the ship for deployment, and participation in Operation Desert Shield. The ship and air wing arrived in Norfolk, just one day before Thanks- giving. 68 69 70 i 71 Underway Replenishment •p 1 .. . Jl t KjJL » • ..1 ' : w ■• . kJS St. Thomas was AMERICA ' S first port visit outside the continental United States since her last deployment. The is- land of St. Thomas covers twenty-seven square miles, with a central range of hills offering panoramic views of the ocean and surrounding islands. The highest point in this range is Crown Mountain, rising to a height of 1556 feet above sea level. AMERICA anchored outside the harbor of Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas ' only city and capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands. While in port, AMERICA host- ed a Sunday brunch for the local Navy League on November 4. That night the Navy League reciprocated with a recep- tion for many of the ship ' s officers. St. Thomas has an excellent climate, at- tractive beaches, and beautiful scenery which attracts visitors from all over the world. AMERICA ' S visit was a great success. Sailing, snorkeling, SCUBA div- ing, and St. John ' s National Park tours were available to the crew. Bus transpor- tation was provided to Magen ' s Bay for the crew to enjoy a four-day beach party. Food and beverages were supplied while crew members enjoyed the beaches and water sports. r;- ,, I J 76 A 77 78 il V k 79 80 j ' 1 ' 4 ' s 51; K 81 Thanksgiving 1 V i 1 FW H H t ' TS Bl Ih ■ 1 ' ' - B 3 ■fe y ' s 1 5 H v ■ H 82 - 4- 83 Christinas I .3 I 84 85 86 11 OV-10 On Load I 87 88 28 December 1990 89 A V€ ' D SAIU TOHELLi, |J.x ZACH !« 90 J 91 1 br Desert Shield n After completing Fleet Exercise 2-91, AMERICA prepared for deployment. Preparation for Overseas Movement (POM) was conducted from 22 Novem- ber - 27 December. During this busy POM period, the crew meinaged to find time for leave, a Christmas party for the crew ' s children, and a Christmas party for the crew at the Omni Hotel in Nor- folk. On 28 December 1990, AMERICA CVW-1 departed Norfolk, Virginia, shortly after the THEODORE ROO- SEVELT CVW-8 as part of the coali- tion military forces in Operation Desert Shield. The event marked the first time two carrier battle groups deployed the same day from the same homeport. During their Atlantic transit, the AMERICA CVW-I and THEO- DORE R00SEVELT CVW8 battle groups practiced offensive and defensive tactics under the direction of COMSE- CONDFLT. Carrying a Marine Corps squadron of OV-10 reconnaissance air- craft en route Desert Shield, The AMERICA and THEODORE ROO- SEVELT became a part of carrier avia- tion history when they launched the OV- 10 Broncos as the carriers approached the Straits of Gibraltar. Testing and training continued as both battle groups transited the Mediterranean Sea. The fi- nal preparations for war before the AMERICA CVW-1 team entered the Red Sea included participation in " Na- tional Week 1-91, " a multi-national ex- ercise with the French, Spsmish, Italian, and Egyptian navies. " National Week 1- 91 " involved a variety of air and naval engagement scenarios designed to bol- ster readiness and coordination among the coalition forces. iUt ' j i Look out, Saddam ih % ■} - - - Tl 94 AMERICA ' s coming!!! i;: . .i- j , — I 97 OV-10 Broncos 98 Chili Bar Strait of Gibraltar 1- CV 100 i 101 Helo over Egypt Nile River Delta 14 January 1991 ,4 1 I 103 104 105 Suez Canal Transit 15 January 1991 J Ditch 108 109 n 4 ) no I Mi Ill ' y- j I 113 " i -: :L- ' " ■ ' - ._ mm -- ' --■ " -.-;r --a a C: , ■, -. jAr-K ?- ' ;.-., 115 MSea. T[h}@ IE®(oJ © tithtliel % iCAPlt On 15 January 1991, AMERICA CVW- I transited through the Suez Canal to the Red Sea. This date was also the United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. AMERICA- CVW-1 assumed the Red Sea force de- fense commitment after a short turnover with the battle group commander aboard the JOHN F. KENNEDY. On 17 Janu- ary 1991, Opeation Desert Shield be- CEune Operation Desert Storm when U.S. and coalition forces began the bombard- ment of Iraq and Kuwait. AMERICA CVW-1 provided combat air patrol (CAP) for the SARATOGA and KEN- NEDY as they attacked Iraq. On 19 Jan- " V I ' TTt- uary 1991, the AMERICA CVW-1 team had its first opportunity to launch air strikes into Iraq. An ammunition de- pot north of Baghdad was the target of these first strikes. AMERICA CVW-1 conducted its first night strike on 20 Jan- uary, against an Iraqi oil production fa- cility. The AMERICA, SARATOGA, and KENNEDY continued offensive and defensive operations in rotation for twenty consecutive days. During these intense operations, AMERICA ' S Intelli- gence Center worked closely with the flag and airwing teams to provide recon- naissance photographs, detailed infor- mation on air, naval, electronic threats, Tlf, bomb damage assessments, and teirget- ing information. The Strike Planni ng Center, within the Intelligence Center, provided briefing, debriefings, target se- lection and thousands of intelligence and combat action reports. AMERICA CVW-I continued its strikes against strategic targets in Iraq until ordered to the Persian Gulf. During the transit, the crew was able to enjoy a few hours of fun with a " Steel Beach " picnic and " Beer Day, " after a full forty- five non-stop days at sea. X i Hi f ' j ■g ■ 5 -— ' T ■ ■-J ' . 121 «i«« 4 f 1 4; i 122 123 . • yyy B?P I 126 ■ •-jtir- ' fyi : " 1 1 H B _ ' Z 128 %•• r ' V i t. { 1® ' Sr« ' ivi ' ::. ' ' { ' . ' 1 131 Desert Storm The War Zone Karo-Kum Deter I ' - ' ' JIV 1 ' ' i - - »i , ' ' ' • ' fir ' ' --x Oman " •K I • a I Khali I Msu l 4 ' 132 i H ' NSr " o . ' - s: ' flying ritory Bombs Away! 134 1 302 Ls 135 137 iLALu-k f grC y J 1 H.1; • ' i 9ib_ -. OMMK — -- - m i . - arL m% Wfr ' ' 9fm 1 ' -ti 138 139 _. I USS AMERICA Change of Command While steaming in the Red Sea in support of Operation Desert Storm, a change of command ceremony was held aboard USS AMERICA (CV-66). On 8 February 1991. at 1000 hours. Captain Kent W. Ewing became the twen- tieth Commanding Officer of USS AMERICA when he assumed command from Captain John J. Mazach. It was an informal ceremony held adjacent to the ship ' s island, in the midst of a war, and was missing the usual pomp expected at such an event. But its importance was not lessened since AMERICA was making history. After the arrival of the official party and the inspection of the honor guard. Rear Admiral D. J. Katz, Command- er, Cruiser-Destroyer Group Two, presented Captain Mazach the Legion of Merit Medal. Captain Mazach ad- dressed the crew for the last time before reading his or- ders, issued by the Commander, Naval Military Person- nel Command. Captain K. W. Ewing then read his orders, relieving Captain Mazach as the Commanding Officer. Captain Ewing addressed the crew briefly and took AMERICA to the Arabian Gulf and into history. i t BEER DAY 10 February 1991 144 J 145 1 14 February - 4 May 1991 141 k On station in the Gulf On 14 February 1991, the AMERICA CVW-1 team passed through the Straits of Hormuz to arrive in Arabian Gulf and soon became the only aircraft carrier to operate on both sides of the Arabian Peninsula during the war. As AMER- ICA CVW-1 joined the Arabian Gulf battle force, which already included the MIDWAY, RANGER, and ROO- SEVELT, preparations were underway for the ground assault in Iraq and Ku- wait. The ship ' s role in supporting com- bat operations changed from strategic strikes to close air support for the coali- tion ground forces. AMERICA CVW-1 continued its tactical reconnaissance role, providing important data to the U.S. Marine Corps amphibious units for their assault planning. On 24 February 1991, the ground assault was initiated against Iraqi forces. AMERICA CVW-1 provided close air support for coalition troops during this assault. During these operations in the Kuwaiti theater CVW-1 aircraft de- stroyed over 365 armored vehicles and tanks. The ground war quickly came to a close only four days after its start, when Iraq submitted a letter to the United Na- tions accepting all 12 United Nations re- solutions regarding the Iraqi invasion and subsequent occupation of Kuwait. President Bush called an end to the hos- tilities on 28 February 1991, forty-two days after the war had begun and exactly two months after AMERICA CVW-1 departed Norfolk, Virginia. The ship and airwing continued to support fleet air de- fense in the Arabian Gulf until relieved on 4 March, 1991, when AMERICA de- parted the Gulf en route to the Red Sea. During Operation Desert Storm, AMERICA CVW-1 steamed over 12,900 nautical miles to support coali- tion forces, flew 3,008 combat sorties and dropped over 2,000 tons of ordnance, without sustaining any combat losses. 148 149 I Intruder Alert! 151 .r HK K P y B l H kI H H 152 i ii 153 rs f .. : ' ' " " BS " ijr i « v v Mlw. 155 efenri i j „ i., A C .,cX " === S » K And,™. i M,J5S rteli 1 w fziantepT Vlraftjenir- Lt ' V y VTranjehir— RBByc 77 Qibu -35 Mil [if eii.lxarfl ' I :•■■ LEBANON (Sidon) ] NORTHERN J ashSh JaiS ' ' " CYPRUS . cvf-wrta yffyy ' h ' W ' ' W Lbkh i-n ■ T .SaiahTyati i ' ' v ' l ' ' • - " ' ' a — - «qiT ur4 Ayra) CfctlHinnfM fUf Zabta I W r W nnpofi)1arabuli AlBatrOr ea Jubdy: SEA fn) iT (Acre) AkkoJ (Hai He idria) ATHajrilhih Rjs " " ' ■ Tsirlv 786 fsq ' S. ' »; " 5;-«MS • 786 »- ' De cto bomidvy fa fgnment appax mftk VTT •- ■ . ' AiJ,. " ' ■f .3« ■ lff ' ' « " .C ' ° " ' V ' . a v I h-l I J JiAIBir ytfoibry. eiOOfiya 7 hckW AlBad- (JAynunah Geiruiio: Al. ' " SohagVWt , I El ManshiSjtj ' " ElBal nT ' Nag ' Ha lurSafiga BaM tsgal Umm ROs t mm UriJmiM[ SAayU I50S ' ' wi.H ' idiCnnJ Yanbu ' al l ar4jP " ' ' %nliyl - •Balling " -— -; V N.;-_. Jj •btuntZtbirjid rrfHiBcin BlrAbuSafiW ( ? IMS I . rShalatein MaitOr ElDakk AbuSiabcA : " % ' l ana Sha ' ab ;Syi i indi 1 11 4- .7 lvOs 6nbad-e ..idShah ' ' , jeeo So an» ' » ) EBarj " " ' land ■V Postscript ToH Kavir-f (NamfK When AMERICA began her cycle in January 1990, no one .yvv-- would have predicted that within the year she would steam X " " " ' I rt: ' off to war. She had just returned from a deployment and her IJ Ki " plate was full " with the prospect of a normal repair and Ferdows; work-up cycle. The exuberance of a visit to Fort Lauderdale yth« " was a fitting reward for the overworked and tired crew, al- ready anticipating a yard period which, under the best of cir- t-«TorC cumstances. is trying and exhausting, though necessary. Joffhiy ;olpayeS» ( Similarly, when she left the shipyard in August 1990, the ru- " l T kKhunsar V ™ ' " ' ° " begun. Yet, no one was quite sure what that l ljis,.. C -i Mun Kb. K would mean for AMERICA. Certainly, no one knew that she " i ' i lL would be put through her paces in such a short period of time i v ' ! Nav BaV and steam off to who-knew-what in the Middle East, a full y U atfa) 3d five months ahead of schedule. , - __, V I? s ■rshahrKord Within forty-eight hours of her arrival in the Red Sea, barely va, Dow o _ settled in, AMERICA launched her might against Iraq as fa a(lid° lah ' % 5, .? ' ■ ' ■ Jora,.. , AzZublt Rumalla g Sif....... OnA.,f 11990. R ,y 8 UWAI rag inradcd ind A occupied KiTffiit. °Juhaym SamSh.. " Al WaqbaJy biyah NOWTUZl Hiya, Afkuwayt(Kuwait) l y AbmadT flan t ' y JEsIandlarRi .. polin " • ' ' Operation Desert Shield became Operation Desert Storm. As ■ " f the instrument of her might, CVW-1 carried out its missions . flawlessly, without a single combat loss. The quiet courage ' andskillof the aviators of CVW-1, who risked their lives dai- SThbrnw ' ' ! ' • inspired us all JlT« V " From both sides of the Arabian Peninsula, AMERICA and " ' ' T_ . iM CVW-1 continued their onslaught for forty-two days, with a ohBihSSi " " finesse that we who were there will long remember ' M« «DowGonba " ' admire. And remember with pride, since we were all part ,Ra»»r % n " ash Borazp [»dar Ml ' 4- Baft 3,a rOyeh . Darab Jirof IT- 1 I9«0 1 4a k Jam lU ' Rubay ' m Qaryat al ' Uly» •AynWabrah " . QV ' t Ash Shumlul ' NayBand H ' 6 1. ' ' :=? " " . " J lroreWoon •a u I ?»■ ■ ■» kRj ' j»IMn ' l« ' " K Inn I XP Jal da V LjVbuSalah.t j . Juyom Aliabadi Sa ' adatajjl HaJT ' i ibid .Dowlatabad Kahr 3380 .Sharnilf [IJ • BasV andar-e livin dar eWaqam Bit da ■« , of " ™ ' (JiwirU oAl irmoio f«-i!sea:ar ishShtVi ' AR ll »..••■ I , dOaw ahlDol Wakrah 0? Db SaldSty £ «» ;. —ZirMh jf " Tunlih- I AWMuJil » ' ' ' bartt Umm Shall " " .. fMusanda r an adnab iHarmally rah ;tf V ro ' Kis IZakum Mubatraa 1 Dhabi M way4 )v tl«labin-f — - ! bt)ah. JQuwayTyalv .JIfir h . (Htuta)AI l;;lillah kHAIwah ' Al Huwahl N..- 1 6 " Y f SahkhntaiBudSi 3 " •fllJ j ciliiJ AU ay " ' KyaphourJil il|i» ' UNITED B EM4RATES Midinat Ziyid 1 T " ■ Aaab I ; gal ah MQabll Wudt plcrOFCApifc •lb " ! LIWA Shahfl Ijartarah a r N mil J ■ Ia lhJ 158 159 1 Bahrain ' ' ' I_ nij 160 1 as- - .V ' Jl = J ' •ri - t k. " ,t " ' ' " Si 1 J- i Fj 1 i 1 .. !• ■ W M , r- P» 161 162 -m. :. .« " . t ' u ' 4 163 Q 164 t Bomb Damage Assessment Jijii •• -K C ' i : " ■ ! ' - ' W. " - ' " lJ " .ij I f. - P . M • ►■• k-- » K v 1 n C -Sfi. AMERICA launched over 3000 combat sorties during Operation Desert Storm. Many of the missions were to deHver a variety of ordnance to select targets in Kuwait and Iraq. Effective weapon em- ployment is dependent upon some means of recording the mission and, hopefully, confirm target destruction and learn of other targets available for future missions. Air Wing One A-6 ' s and F A-18 ' s were able to provide valuable video footage using their Forward Look- ing Infrared Radar (FLIR) sensors to document target destruction. Also, F-14 Tactical Aerial Reconnaissance Pods (TARPS) camera systems produced over seven miles of film, showing the results of the massive firepower that Uni ted States and Allied Forces brought to bear against key Iraqi facilities. Filming and documenting warfighting effectiveness was not without its frus- trating limitations. With more than 500 oil wells burning in south Kuwait, smoke reached miles into the sky, obscuring the ground and preventing some aerial re- connaissance missions from filming Iraqi activity and allied bombing accuracy. Despite its limitations, bomb damage as- sessment continues to be a useful way to evaluate battle effectiveness. 165 » « A. w ' h I 166 167 High way to Hell . ' « " ■ • 3c ' " - ' l . 9 ■ ' f»t ' i - ' - " ' » ' «• y ' J - y. -, J ■jjrf V ,% • k " ' ' . ' ■ «• 4 - 169 sm ease nre 28 February 1991 liSfT -% ' T %:i .- mi 172 173 f " " 174 -4 175 j0t 176 I ■ m " " rrf i . w kkk 111 Steel Beach Picnic 6 March 1991 ■ •■-• ' W,h ' - 4 = 1 Jsrurghada, C gupt np The AMERICA CVW-1 team arrived in the Egyptian port of Hurghada after 78 con- secutive days at sea. Hurghada is located 250 miles south of the Suez Canal on the Red Sea. AMERICA ' S visit was well-earned and pro- vided an opportunity for the crew to phone home and relax after the fast pace of eve nts during Desert Storm. One of Egypt ' s most popular seaside resorts, Hurghada offers sandy beaches, friendly people, and a sea teeming with colorful aquatic life around the many coral reefs. Those who wanted to see ancient Egyptian ruins were offered a day long bus tour to the city of Luxor and the surrounding area. Lux- or, located on the west bank of the Nile River, 420 miles south of Cairo, is one the most his- torically significant and dramatic areas in Egypt. The AMERICA tour groups visited a variety of historic sites, including the Val- ley of the Kings. The Valley has 62 known tombs which once contained the treasures that the pharoahs would need in the afterlife. In each tomb, elaborately decorated corri- dors lead through a series of chambers to the burial vault. In the Valley of the Queens, the royal wives were buried, as was the nine year old son of Ramses III. In the surrounding sandy foothills are hundreds of private tombs housing the remains of scribes and dignitaries of the court. In and around Luxor there are many striking examples of Egyptian architecture. The long and narrow Luxor Temple, on the east side of the Nile River, took over i)ne thousand years (1414 B.C. to 323 B.C.) to build. The temple of Hatshepsut is set back in a natural amphitheater of high cliffs. Queen Hatshep- sut also erected two great obelisks which can be seen within the temple at Karnak. Kar- 10 --. ■ . s -v- M J ♦ 1 A «: nak, known in ancient limes as 1 hebes, cov- ers more than sixty acres and contains 20 smaller temples and shrines. Inside the tem- ple wails is the Great Hypostyle Hall. The hall consists of 137 huge columns that cover an area of 6,000 square meters. It contains the largest single chamber of any temple in the world. The main entrance is guarded by the colossi of Ramses II. Each evening the Luxor tour concluded with a spectacular sound and light show at the Karnak Temple. The show dramatized the history of Upper Egvpt, which was ruled by the pharaohs from 3 " l00 B.C. until 332 B.C!, when Egypt was conquered by Alexander the Great. On 21 March, AMERICA and her crew were visited in Hurghada by Admiral Edney, Commander, Atlantic Command. The Admi- ral addressed the crew in a taped television interview the following day. He praised the crew for what they had accomplished during Desert Storm and discussed what the future could hold for AMERICA and her battle group. m 181 182 p TT r Mmsa tn 183 184 1 I ' " ' • ' 185 WE WRITE YOUR NAME IN HIEROGLYPHIC 186 1 f 187 1 rn L m . " " " " " " " iilliiiiiiimi llllllllllll rr i2 i hi m 188 ,—-4. ' a vf%!i ft .M! 189 190 rd. ' .. Biftk - T0ME5 OF MEKtWr-TAH i..- J5 iy J ;S fj. €v .e-. . :r» ■•iY- - ---- ::i - • 191 r 192 193 I ' mwm 194 i 195 " I m t E AN RED " dive centre 196 197 I k Return to the Red Sea The AMERICA CVW-1 team returned to the Red Sea on 9 March and assumed command of the Battle Force Yankee. This allowed the KENNEDY and SAR- ATOGA to depart the Red Sea and re- turn to the United States. While in the Red Sea, AMERICA CVW-1 intelli- gence provided support to the maritime interdiction force units operating in the area. During her stay in the Red Sea, AMER- ICA visited the Egyptian port of Hur- ghada for five days of rest and relaxation. After her relief by the THEODORE ROOSEVELT (CVN-71), AMERICA left the Red Sea on 3 April 1991 for a quick transit home to Norfolk, Virginia. 199 Wet - 1 Low Level I ■iill I 200 il Saudi Arabia 201 •ft E iw ' " V j l TTSy B H JT " »» . . ' ■ I ' Z ' - -- f u 202 JH K F v " ' if ' •t ' ■j : - - t: ' :.. .,. 203 204 — 1 205 206 M m Kj mr ■ J ?-IH-| Wr 11 -i7 . . • " =« •e MlHL 3 WLMMj - J ikfl ' P KJnfl .t,,V 11 E m-j mix .«;;J -1 V L m K " gfil] ?1 • H w V_4 li !•« rrn; 207 . - .. ... j:v;y a»o»; ' r i j.T.» ' .— - ' 7 — - . - j J 208 209 ' 210 211 rfat tii iTf M f ii iMMifjL r iiii , .» ,»:ji i .. i «i «• ■! pnvw jn - 1 • s •V. ■ T SFr- ■ -fllh 1 212 213 j lafe w ' gi I 214 .A •:;l I 215 Suez Canal Transit 3 April 1991 216 I .? ' I — 218 ik J Pillars of Peace — 1 219 1 220 I 1. V -i J— e B SSS . AU?B w iS l f sf amM i gI I ' SB H E9 IKi3 V l l hiiMH ' ' 4 HHH H 221 Homeward Bound 222 vz — ■• ' ■■ w 223 225 ' ni 226 227 - 228 I! t Oil®Kn]©©@inn]BDT] 18 April 1991 W " ' - s -4 229 _ l 230 USS AMERICA CV-66 Green Sheet Thursday, April 18, 1991 EVTiff TIME TBA 1801 0400 1802 0430 1803 0500-1130 1804 0730 1805 0745 1806 0800 1807 0800 1808 0815 1809 0845 1810 1030 1811 1115 1812 1147 1813 1230 EVENT DUTY SECTION FOUR LIBERTY CALL (WELCOME HOME) FLIGHT QUARTERS FOR HELO OPERATIONS FOD WALKDOWN HELO FLIGHT OPERATIONS-VOD (NTU NGU) FOD WALKDOWN (HANGAR BAY) MUSTER AMARDS CEREMONY (HANGAR BAY I) SET THE SPECIAL SEA ANCHOR DETAIL SECNAV ARRIVES (VH-3) AWARDS CEREMONY-HANGAR BAY W SECNAV SECNAV DEPARTS (VH-3) SHIFT INTO UNIFORM OF THE DAY MAN THE RAILS FLAG FORMATION ERB-3 (ELIZABETH RIVER BUOY 3) PIERSIDE (11 NORTH) 231 232 233 234 235 M « ' I. 236 AMERICA ' S Team 237 Ship ' s Company 239 ' ■ " »- Administration I The Administrative Department consists of nine divisions working in support of the command. The Command Career Counselor is the primary advisor for the career in- formation program management. The Command Master Chief is the enUsted advisor to the command on the formulation and implementa- tion of policies pertaining to mo- rale, welfare, job satisfaction, disci- pline, utilization, and training of all enlisted personnel. The Personnel Office is responsible for enlisted personnel placement and for the administration and custody of en- listed personnel records. The Post Office organizes and supervises the postal functions for the command. The Public Affairs Office keeps the Commanding Officer and Execu- tive Officer informed about public affairs trends, policies, and contin- gencies, including directives on se- curity and release of information for publication. The Captain ' s Of- fice is responsible for the adminis- tration and accountabihty of ship ' s correspondence and directives, for administration and custody of offi- cer personnel records, the mainte- nance of reports, and direct sup- port for the Commanding Officer. The Special Services Office devel- ops and administers an active and varied program of recreational ac- tivities, interdivisional athletics, off-duty activities, and diversions for ship ' s personnel. The Print Shop provides high volume repro- duction services for the command and oversees and forms control program. The Executive Admin Office screens correspondence and directives for the Executive Officer and exercises budgetary control for the Admin Department. LCDR Eugene J. Dronette, Jr. Admin Officer i 240 242 AIMD Aircraft Intermediate Mainte- nance Department (AIMD) is USS AMERICA ' S aircraft maintenance facility. With Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) embarked, it is the fourth largest department on board. AIMD is composed of five divisions which employ eight officers, twen- ty-two chief petty officers, and 420 highly skilled enlisted technicians in over 75 maintenance areas. Over 200 of AIMD ' s well-trained and ex- perienced technicians are provided by the host Naval Air Stations un- der the innovative and successful SEAOPDET program. The depart- ment contributes directly to the mission readiness of C V W- 1 by tes- ting, calibrating, and repairing over 33,000 different components from the eight types of aircraft em- barked on board USS AMERICA. AMERICA ' S AIMD is especially fortunate to be the first in the fleet to support the newest version of the Hornet Strike Fighter, the F A- 18C. In addition, AIMD supports CDR Randy G. Weakley AIMD Officer the updated S-3 " B " model, the F- 14A Tomcat, A-6E and KA-6D In- truders, the E-2C Hawkeye, the EA-6B Prowler, and the SH-3H Sea King helicopter. AIMD consists of five divisions: IM-1 handles departmental ad- ministration, quality assurance analysis, and ail production efforts for over 30 workcenters. IM-2 performs non-avionics aviation maintenance functions. IM-3 is the largest division in AIMD, and is re- sponsible for the repair and main- tenance of aircraft avionics compo- nents. IM-4 maintains the Combat Air Start System (CASS), mobile and stationary support equipment, and aviation ordnance support equipment. IM-5 is responsible for calibration, movement, and ac- countability of all specialized tools and support equipment. The skills and strengths of AIMD support CVW-1 to help " Keep America Strong. " 246 I 247 IM-2 248 jt 1i E. Br i if vA 1 c y M K im iki ' ■■ 1 H ff W i m 1 m i 251 -« 1 253 --■ W I 255 iri t yj. ' T m I ' . =81 w i V Hi f •1 HEm i L m 1 ■ H vl l M 1 IB i HI 1 1 ■ W B M 1 Bp B« ■JM 1 m • • :i: i !:l . IM-4 ' " ' o m I 260 i IM-5 . 261 Air CDR Joseph B. Connelly Air Boss M F Air V-l Division: On 4.6 acres of abrasive steel flat- top, the flight deck crew choreographs what has been called, " the greatest show on earth " : a bal- let of fifty or so high-performance aircraft. Day after day, cycle after cycle, combat mission after combat mission, from start-up to shut-down, the pilots of these aircraft entrust their lives to the yellow- and blue-shirted directors and handlers, who, in blistering heat or driving rain, navigate airplanes anywhere on the flight deck, despite unbelievably close quarters. Truly a sight to behold, as the carrier turns into the wind to launch a thirty-plane combat sortie to Iraq, each catapult is loaded with a jet, and a train of jets are neatly arranged in the wings to follow. Handling high-performance aircraft is an exciting and dangerous challenge. The pro- fessionalism of the flight deck crew allows them to turn each aircraft on the same small patch of non-skid, time after time. Their ingenuity con- tinues the inexorable parade of planes on time, even when the air plan is turned inside out. When things really go wrong, there are the red- shirts of " Crash " waiting on the sidelines, ready to charge out into the face of a raging inferno when an aircraft crashes or burns. They rescue pilots and sometimes the aircraft itself, and the crash crew quickly clears the landing area of vir- tually any catastrophe and makes a ready deck. V-2 Division: The catapult and arresting gear division maintains and operates some of the most unusual heavy equipment in the world. The " Cat Crew " , " Gear Dogs " , " Lens " , and " PLAT " are the men who " throw aircraft off the pointed end and catch them on the blunt end. " That is what an aircraft is all about. The equip- ment that these operators, technicians and air- craft handlers oversee, will accelerate a 70,000- pound aircraft from zero to over 120 miles per hour in just 289 feet, and reverse the kinetic pro- cess, absorbing over 50-million foot-pounds of energy when the aircraft returns in what has been described as a controlled crash. When the spotters align an aircraft on the catapult, a well- rehearsed catapult team takes over. The deafen- ing roar of an F-14 in afterburner eliminates all communication but the language of flight deck hand signals. The teams functioned perfectly during Operation Desert Storm. Three-thou- sand aircraft were launched, heavily laden with ordnance, and they all returned empty, their mission complete. Not one plane was lost. V-3 Division: The hanger bay of the USS AMERICA, three stories high and nearly 700 feet long, is primarily used for major aircraft maintenance and storage. The hangar is also a primary staging area for food, supplies, and weapons before they can be stored. Manned by eighty men, the Hangar Deck Division is respon- sible for the safe movement of aircraft within the hangar and to and from the flight deck via one of four 150,000-pound capacity aircraft elevators. V-3 is also responsible for aircraft firefighting within the hangar bay, operation of the six-inch thick divisional doors that divide the bay in two, and general cleanliness and ma- terial condition of the hangar and associated di- vision spaces. During Operation Desert Storm, the hangar bay crewmen were responsible for moving over 2,800 aircraft without an accident. V-3 also provided cleared areas and personnel to assist in the storage of food, supplies and weapons during nineteen replenishraents-at- sea. V-4 Division: The " Grapes " of V-4 insure that all aircraft have the fuel to fly. They operate equipment from two JP-5 pump rooms on the seventh deck to sixteen refueling stations on the flight deck. Aviation jet fuel taken on during re- plenishments-at-sea is stored in over sixty JP- 5 tanks. The fuel is purified and pump ed through a maze of pipes before the fuel arrives at one of the flight deck refueling stations. Re- fueling stations on the flight deck are manned by seven crews who are experts in getting fuel to idling jet aircraft during launch and recovery operations. During Operation Desert Storm, the Grapes delivered over eight-million gallons of the highest quality JP-5 to the planes of Carrier Air Wing One and visiting aircraft. V-X Division: The Boss, the Mini-Boss, the Handler, and a silent administrative and opera- tional support group comprise V-X Division. The Air Boss and Mini-Boss are pilot and co- pilot at the consoles in Primary Flight Control, six stories above the flight deck. The booming voices of these men direct each event on the flight deck and in the air space around the carri- er. Assisting the Air Boss is a crew of unseen pro- fessionals who interface with the carrier ' s air- traffic control center in coordinating launches and recoveries. The Boss sums up the Air Department ' s job in inches and seconds: " They do it because it can be done, with only inches and seconds between life and death, success and failure. " 264 - ,1, 270 271 • -■ 4 " ;• ' • , Ui 4 ' ' kV fjttsmtkSMsamun f r ! f ' i y imsbtSiMSBsasM l 1 1 ►ft " • " ■ju-fi _M - ri 1 . K- Cj 1 fl Religious Ministrie V ft hZUI ,ft n, f r7Zy r ..,:-A:i CAPT Bernie L. Calaway Chaplain Religious Ministries The Religious Ministries Department (RELMIN) is one of the unique organizations onboard USS AMERICA. Its primary mission is to provide worship and faith growth experiences for all hands, offered daily by both chaplains and lay readers. Each day is another opportunity to enhance and promote the emotional, spiritual, and practical development of our crew. There ' s more, however. Much more. RELMIN is the American Red Cross (AMCROSS) and Navy and Marine Corps Relief (NMCREL) liaison on the ship. Each day, chaplains and ROs share the tragedies and triumphs that are generated by contact with AMCROSS and NMCREL. Perhaps no other group im- pacts more personally on all people in every department and squadron. Pastoral counseling is more an art than a science, a task well-suited for the RELMIN staff. The subject may be marriage enrichment or marital repair, substance abuse, suicide prevention, financial awareness, or any number of vital topics. RELMIN is there and working because " talking helps " . RELMIN maintains the ship ' s library, conducts pre-and post-deployment briefings, assists the ombuds- men, organizes the annual children ' s Christmas party, and sponsors most of the civic action efforts. These quality of life initiatives are key elements in the Religious Ministries mission. RELMIN is proud to be a vital and wide-ranging part of the USS AMERICA team. Its goal and desire is to be of service to their shipmates. I Communications 282 The Communications Department, or " Comm " , keeps USS AMERICA in touch with the rest of the world. FaciUties control personnel are technical radiomen that specialize in the art of communications. Tech controllers are responsible for the operation and patching of various communications media, including satellite and local command; selection of transmitters, receivers, terminal equipment, and use of cryptographic equipment; monitoring quality control of circuits to ensure reliable communications through familiarity with all possible combinations of antennas, transmitters, receivers, frequencies, and terminal equipment; directing circuit and system performance tests; and ensuring corrective ac- tion is taken in the event of circuit outages. In addition, tech controllers provide the means to echo the voice of command via its circuitry in support of the Commanding Officer, embarked staff, and the Air Wing. This important function enables reliable communications with aircraft, surface ships, submarines, and Allied forces. In the message center, personnel perform the administrative and operative functions of command communications. Using a variety of record message traffic processing, from manual systems to highly-automated, state-of-the- art systems, message center personnel provide continuity of command from the Commander-in-Chief to the deck plates. Message center operators use routing guides and their knowledge of command requirements to quickly de- liver hard-copy messages to over sixteen embarked commanders. Following strict security procedures, operators process over two-thousand messages a day. from flash to routine, and from top-secret to unclassified, ensuring strict accountability for every step of the procedure. The message center assures rapid and reliable continuity of command in port and at sea, twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. Finally, the men of CS Division, also known as the " Signal Gang " , may be found high atop the ship ' s island. They send and receive tactical communica- tions when AMERICA is in company with other ships using flaghoist. sema- phore, and flashing-light. In addition, the Signal Gang assists the Officer- of-the-Deck in spotting and identifying surface contacts, close-in aircraft, mines, and chemical agents. LCDR David H. Beebe Communications Officer 283 —KJ- Deck ,V I - l T t »Ti V 288 Deck Department is the shining star of USS AMERICA. In 1990, they were named the " Best Deck Department of the Atlantic Carrier Fleet " , winning the coveted Deck " D " Award. Winning the award took hard work and de- termination, sound professional knowledge, and the best Boatswain ' s Mates in the Navy. Deck is comprised of three divisions. First Division is re- sponsible for the ship ' s anchors and anchoring evolu- tions. In addition, they maintain the Foc ' sle and man re- fueling and cargo stations during replenishment opera- tions. Second Division maintains the ship ' s complement of small boats. They also man refueling rigs during re- plenishment operations. Third Division, assisted by First and Second Divisions, is responsible for painting the sides of the ship. Together they insure the sides are in " ship shape and Bristol fashion. " They also man cargo and refueling stations during replenishments-at-sea and manage the supply logistics necessary to run the depart- ment. From the First Lieutenant to the deck seamen, Deck ' s job is a team effort all the way! LCDR David W. Bruce First Lieutenant 289 f $ If IHe ■i H 7v C K 11 ' 1 En H ij ni Dental The Dental Department, consisting of five Den- tal Officers and twelve Technicians, is charged with delivering high-quality dental care to ship ' s company, embarked airwing, and flag staff, rep- resenting over 5,000 patients. Services offered range from the simplest required annual exami- nation to some of the more complex surgical pro- cedures. A fully-equipped prosthetic laboratory provides added services in the fabrication, pro- cessing, and delivery of full and partial dentures, porcelain and precious metal crowns, and a vari- ety of other prosthetic devices. In addition, dur- ing contingency situations, such as general quar- ters and mass casualties, the Dental Departme nt is charged with augmenting the Medical Depart- ment, fulfilling paramedical assignments. CDR Joseph A. Gloria Dental Officer Engineering The Engineering Department is the heart and blood of AMERICA. From the anchor windlass in the bow to the after-steermg machinery rooms in the stern, and from the fire pumps and massive boilers deep below the waterline to the steam driven whistles high above the flight deck Engineering is responsible for every aspect of the ship ' s smooth operation. Without the men of Engineering there would be no steam to power the catapults and AMERICA would sit dead in the water. Engineering Administration, or EX Division, is the smallest division in Engineering. It is responsible for administrative functions within the department and also maintains the engineering technical library. Auxiliaries Division, or A Division, is responsible for the maintenance of the ship ' s hydraulics, galley equipment, and air-conditioning and refrigeration units. E Division is responsible for every aspect of the ship ' s electrical sup- ply and distribution. This includes ship ' s lighting systems, implemen- ting the ship ' s electrical safety program, repair and maintenance ot ship ' s ventilation systems and electric motors, maintenance of the ship ' s service turbo generators and main electrical switchboards, and the installation, maintenance and repair of the ship ' s internal com- munications and alarm systems, just to name a few. The Fire Department is responsible for the initial rapid response to fire on board AMERICA. The men of this division are experts in the dangerous job of combatting fires at sea. They are also responsible for the maintenance of all fire stations, firefighting equipment, and ballistic doors and hatches on board AMERICA. Main Propulsion Division, or MP, is responsible for operating and maintaining the eight massi ve main propulsion boilers. These boilers drive the ship ' s giant propellers, generating the 200,000-plus horse power needed to move the ship through the water. In addition MP provides the low-pressure steam needed to heat water for bathing, cook food, and wash laundry. MP also runs the ship ' s distilling plants which provide fresh water for drinking, showering and other potable water uses. Finally the men of Repair Division serve as the ship ' s welders, ma- chinists, brazers, metalsmiths, plumbers, firefighters, damage control instructors, carpenters, engravers, and locksmiths. CDR John T. Manvel Chief Engineer 300 301 —u. I -- . 4 « ■■• " •-••-•-II- 1 I H AH j L H 311 313 314 m, tu V Tfr Ai W-— - ■ J :iii • :l ■ . »w .-!■■ ■- r m t f . ' ) - If . » ' k. f ' ; • • V V . . Legal CRIMINAL LAW , LIBRARY The Legal Department consists of a highly trained staff whose primary mission is to provide legal counsel to the com- mand. The attorneys advise the Commanding Officer on legal matters such as military justice, rules of engagement, foreign claims, contracting, and personnel law. In addition, they lend their skill and experience to the men of AMERICA in the form of legal assistance in such matters as family law, con- tracts, indebtedness, immigration and naturalization, powers of attorney, landlord disputes, bankruptcy, and estate plan- ning. In foreign ports. Legal provides information to the crew concerning local laws and customs and works closely with lo- cal law enforcement officials to protect AMERICA ' S sailors. The enlisted staff are invaluable in the operation of the Legal Department. They are adept at the difficult job of coordinat- ing the many tasks inherent in the daily operation of the de- partment. They are a sailor ' s first contact when seeking legal assistance, and their experience often enables them to pro- vide on-the-spot answers. When they are faced with a ques- tion beyond their scope and expertise, they will guide the in- dividual to those best able to assist. Unique members of the command, AMERICA ' S Legal De- partment is dedicated to helping fellow shipmates and keep- ing AMERICA strong. LCDR Christopher Morin Legal Officer Baile iTi!iJ %»thbi a.TH IVa« ' :-y ■-. " V ; ■■•• 316 CRIMINAL LAW u . ■ - Vest ' s , IJIARY ' ISTICE , i: ' ORlER HijHk 1 ' . B , ' -m. -m) ' -,«- - ,. - . IPBi! " " " Hi r ' 1 13 ■ iiiiliai. ' : H ■a .- n ' : ? - ' - ' H « ' i -w« ' «« ' ;m ; . H flt- VI ■ .._ " " ■ r. ed States vDurt of ■- ' ■ ry Appeals r) r. viev Bailey ■=j ■■» v - ' BLACK ' S LAW DICTIONARY With Pronunciations iittitfM SIXTH EDITION Rothblatt LEGAL 1 ' .- ' Hf ' ] S M r . ' WoH ' ' J H hhbbh lii H T " ' • T-! k - ir i r H n ■ 1 j ' ite . TB V. .A-.3 f kiiiife MAA BRIG 1 ti H| _ vIB |__ jj y u y faji " ' ' - Id R t v lJ r ■ ' ' ■ . mM HUHI III I MMD LCDR Michael G. O ' Neil MMD Officer LINKING IT ALL TOGETHER MAINTENANCE SUPPORT CENTER CV-65 The Ship ' s Maintenance Man- agement Department was estab- lished in June 1986 to provide coordination of all ship ' s indus- trial and technical assistance. SMM coordinates and manages all depot level, intermediate lev- el, and ship ' s force level mainte- nance throughout the ship ' s overhaul cycle. SMM provides the planning for and management of all indus- trial ship repairs and moderniza- tion programs, in addition to managing the ship ' s preventive maintenance programs. SMM also acts as the INSURV coordi- nator, SRA and COH coordina- tor, and manages all matters re- lating to SLEP. 320 321 322 i frr ' n „v Ji l ittJEH ? p ' " SM J ' - ' B H I Hi 1 li l k. 323 . y - ffi I I ffjif-r- ' H §: CAPT J.R. Rogers Medical Officer Medical The Medical Department aboard the aircraft carrier USS AMERICA has the staff and state of the art equipment to accommodate a small city with a popula- tion of 5000. AMERICA ' S Medical Department con- sists of a Senior Medical Officer, Medical Administra- tion Officer, General Surgeon, Anesthesiologist, Gener- al Medical Officer, Physician ' s Assistant, Registered Nurse two Flight Surgeons with the embarked airwing, and 37 Hospital Corpsmen. Services available include: Military Sick Call, Emergency Room Treatment, Ma- jor and Minor Surgery, Physical Examinations, Phar- macy, Laboratory, X-Ray, Physical Therapy, Inpatient Hospital Care, Preventive Medicine, and Medical Equipment Repair. As always, the Medical Depart- ment is standing by to assist AMERICA in her mission by keeping as many hands, at as many guns, for as long as possible. 1 ' I fL " j MISSION OF AMERICA When AMERICA cut loose from the pier. All thought she ' d be gone for a year. It ' s a day to remember. The twenty-eighth of December, And war with Iraq was near. AMERICA crossed the Atlantic Ocean, And no one could feel her motion. Just her mission at hand. In a far away land, And the Captain and Crew ' s devotion. Once through the ditch and on station, USS AMERICA was here for the duration. She launched her strikes. With her Airwing ' s might. Determined for Kuwait ' s liberation. When AMERICA ' S success was renowned. She was suddenly Persian Gulf bound. She was challenged at times. Even blew up a mine. But she supported the troops on the ground. Her message was deeply seeded, Iraq was swiftly defeated. So not a year would she stay. But in April got underway. For home, her mission completed. by LT Michael J. Yarema, MSC, USN 329 The Navigation Department is manned by approxi- mately fourteen enlisted personnel and two officers. The Navigator, CDR Russ Tate, relieved CAPT Jim Toone just after AMERICA got underway for her history making deployment to the Red Sea and Ara- bian Gulf in December 1990. The primary responsibility of the Navigation De- partment is the safe and timely movement of AMERICA. The traditional skills associated with taking a ship to sea, namely the art and science of navigation, are those of the Quartermaster (QM). The Quartermaster ' s duties include ordering, main- taining, and correcting all charts and publications required for sailing the world ' s waterways. Quarter- masters also compute tides, currents, sunrise, sun- set, moonrise, and moonset for the area of the world in which AMERICA is sailing. Although the art of navigation has seen many tech- nological advances which assist the seaman in de- termining his position on the seas, AMERICA ' S Quartermasters maintain their proficiency in the traditional art of celestial navigation. They are as comfortable using a sextant to fix AMERICA ' S posi- tion as they are using electronic systems. Special ev- olutions, such as transiting restricted waters, an- choring, mooring, and replenishment at sea, are par- ticularly demanding and require the involvement and undivided attention of every man in the depart- ment. During these evolutions, a few select Quarter- masters, designated as Master Helmsmen, expertly steer AMERICA under some of the most demand- ing and intense underway steaming conditions imag- inable. These individuals and the entire team of AMERICA ' S Quartermasters are the finest in the fleet. During Operation Desert Storm, the professionalism and dedication of AMERICA ' S Quartermasters en- abled her to sail over 30,000 miles, conduct over 40 combat underway replenishments, and transit some of the most challenging and dangerous restricted waters in the world, including the Suez Canal, the Straits of Gibraltar, Hormuz and Bab El Mandeb, and the mine-infested waters of the Arabian Gulf. 330 mJ " S? . ' i ' . » I V.J a ,.:v ' s Navigation -v«. iJ The Operations Department is AMERICA ! war- fighters. Its 13 divisions are responsible for the op- eration and maintenance of AMERICA " ! offensive and defensive capabilities. Combat Direction Center: CDC, or " Combat " , forms the nerve center for war-fighting aboard AMERICA. Fully manned twenty-four hours a day, the men who work here maintain a watchful eye for any threat to the battle group from the air, surface, or subsurface. Combat is composed of three divisions. OX Division mans the Anti-Sub- marine (ASW) Module. They are the experts in de- tecting and defending against submarines. OW Di- vision mans the Electronic Warfare (EVV) and the Display and Decision Modules. They use sophisti- cated equipment to detect and identify any attack- er and defend the ship. 01 Division mans the Sur- face, Anti-Surface Warfare, Detection and Track- ing, Air Warfare and the Display and Decision Mo- dules. The Surface Module (ASUW) tracks all surface contacts in the vicinity of AMERICA and defends the ship against surface attack. Detection and Tracking serves as the early warning center. Air Warfare (AAW) controls the fighter assets as- signed to the battle group. Display and Decision, " The Pit " , is where all the information from each module is displayed and tactical decision are made. fmk I ! I ' Mil ' -5!! f Nil I i ' t 334 CAPT Albert E. Bennett Operations Officer . bt Electronics Maintenance Office: EMO is responsi- ble for the maintenance and repair of all installed electronics and combat system related equipment. EMO is comprised of four maintenance divisions: OEC, OED, OEM, and OER. They encompass all ship ' s installed electronics equipment relating to radio communications, including portable radios, all radars, including ACLS ILS, navigational aids, entertainment and secure television, data systems, word processors, photocopiers, typewriters, and electrical electronic test equipment. Carrier Air Traffic Control Center: CATCC forms the hub from which daily flight operations are di- rected. The air operations section serves as the co- ordinating center between the aircraft. Combat, Primary (Control Tower), Flight Deck Control, and the Bridge. They are responsible for maintain- ing updated information on the individual flights, controlling airborne tankers, and executing the daily air plan, including any necessary changes. The Carrier Controlled Approach (CCA) section provides radar air traffic control services to aircraft within 50 nautical miles of the ship at night or in poor weather. CCA also provides precision ap- proach control via the Automatic Carrier Landing System (ACLS). Strike Operations: Strike Ops is the planning and scheduling center for the ship. They are responsi- ble for designing a turnaround training plan that will hone the AMERICA C VW- 1 team to a razor ' s edge. They conduct exercises while on deployment and plan operations in support of national tasking, such as Operation Desert Storm. Their mission is to combine available aircraft, weapons, and ship- borne assets into a cohesive package and publish it as the air plan and " Green Sheet. " Photographic Lab: Photo provides operational, in- telligence, reconnaissance (including TARPS), and administrative photographic and imaging support to the ship. Air Wing, and battle group. The full- service lab has both black-and-white and color ca- pability and can deliver time-critical finished prod- ucts to the user in minutes. They also provide vid- eotaping for both operational and administrative requirements. Meteorology: " Metro " provides detailed meteoro- logical, oceanographic, and related services neces- sary for the operation of the ship, embarked Air Wing, and battle group. Areas of expertise include collecting, compiling, forecasting, and disseminat- ing meteorological, oceanographic, refractive, and acoustic data. SESS: Better known as " Spook Central " , SESS is the home of the cryptologic techniciems. They would love to say what they do for a living, but they cannot. Their motto attests to this: " I Could Tell You, But Then I ' d Have To KiU You. " Operations Admin: Ops Admin is responsible for all the incoming and outgoing correspondence in the Operations Department. They handle all the paperwork as well as many of the welfare and recre- ation projects for the department. CVIC: CVIC is AMERICA ' S intelligence center. It is divided into seven distinct workcenters, each with it ' s own area of responsibility. SUPPLOT is AMERICA ' S long-range indications and warning information cell, producing daily intelligence brief- ings. MSI provides photographic interpretations and reports. Operations Admin: Ops Admin is re- sponsible for all the incoming and outgoing corre- spondence in the Operations Department. They handle all the paperwork as well as many of the wel- fare and recreation projects for the department. The Drafting Shop provides artistic and graphic il- lustrations used for certain intelligence and non- intelligence tasking. Storage and Retrieval is re- sponsible for managing AMERICA ' S intelligence databases. CVIC Admin provides administrative and security functions and is the storage facility for the intelligence publications library. 335 338 OED k 341 343 «L_. OP A I I i 344 ' ■r ow i 1 346 SI P- -J V ' ' |[ mi 349 CDR Michael D. Thomas Safety Officer Safety The Safety Department consists of ten personnel. The Department Head, CDR Mike D. Thomas, is currently serving as the Safety Officer. The enlisted personnel are of all different rates. ATCS Daniel C. Clark is the Avia- tion Electronics Technician serving as Division Officer. BMl John F. Lewandowski is the Deck Safety Represen- tative. MMl Victor L. Barter is the Safety Department ' s Machinist Mate serving as the Hull Safety Representa- tive. ABHl John W. Snead is an Aviation Boatswain ' s Mate serving as the Aviation Safety Representative. AOl Luis E. Avila is currently serving as the Aviation Ord- nance Safety Representative. BTl William T. Andreasen is the Auxiliary Systems Main Propulsion Representa- tive. ET2 Alfred E. Harmon, II, is the Electrical Elec- tronics Safety Representative. The Administrative Assis- tant, YN3 Richard E. Isley, Jr., serves as the Safety De- partment ' s Yeoman. 350 It I 351 AT ABH BM BT n 352 i 1 AO ET 1 ETV — ' MM X YN 353 Supply The USS AMERICA Supply Department is comprised ' of over 675 men who were at the center of keeping the USS AMERICA CVW-1 team operational during Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Starting with the acceler- ated work-up period, through the homecoming, the men of Supply worked long, arduous hours to provide the material and logistical support needed to sustain not only the AMERICA CVW-1 team, but the entire AMERICA bat- tle group as well. The pre-overseas movement period in December 1990 was a true test of the Supply Department ' s capabilities. The en- tire department put out extraordinary effort to load and store over 3000 pallets of food, general and aviation repair parts, and ship ' s store merchandise in less than twenty working days. During combat operations. Supply was able to support the additional requirements placed upon it without changing its operating procedures. The men of Supply provided the backbone that supported the combat operations of the AMERICA CVW-1 team, from feeding the crew 22 Vi hours each day to supporting a 100 per cent increase in flight operations. The wartime deployment proved that AMERICA ' S Sup- ply Department trains the way they fight, ready to support AMERICA, whatever her mission. .i ' ' ' vooo -r u » ,5 p . CDR Ronald P. Reed Supply Officer 354 ii-- ' W IL if - t. . .ktj 356 S2M JttMK. 357 361 S4 362 364 i u H c 366 r 1 367 368 I Training LCDR David D. Hales Training Officer The Training Department is one of the smallest depart- ments onboard USS AMER- ICA, but its mission is great. Training is responsible for maintaining educational readiness and advancement requirements for the entire crew in the following areas: Professional Military Train- ing, Quota Acquisition and Control, Travel Budgeting, Midshipman Reserve Train- ing, Military Cash Awards Program, Program for Afloat College Education, Defense Department Test Center, Command Personnel Indoc- trination, Drug £ind Alcohol Program, Counseling and As- sistance Center, Command Training Team Indoctrina- tion, Officer Programs Coor- dinator, Navy Campus Coor- dinator, and Command Classroom Coordinator. These programs and services are administered through the Training Department Ad- ministrative Office and its divisions: Counseling and As- sistance Center (CAAC), Drug and Alcohol Program Advisor (DAPA), Education- al Services Office (ESO), and Indoctrination Training Di- vision (I-Division). f 370 w I i L 1 371 Weapons T T T - . ■ M s:. - ' 0. L M CDR John A. Dever Weapons Officer Weapons The Weapons Department con- Bists of six divisions, G-1 through G-5. and W. Together they are responsible for the maintenance, assembly, pro- curement, handling, stowage, accountability, and issue of all ordnance, including bombs, missiles, and small arms ammu- nition. In addition, the depart- ment mnint-ainn the physical Se- curity and integrity of the weapons magazines. The men of Weapons work together to prepare and deliver bombs and missiles to the flight deck and their respective aircraft. During Operation Desert Storm, the department pre- pared and delivered 1,943 tons of high-explosive ordnance to Carrier Air Wing One. Without their support AMERICA ' S highly successful bombing cam- paign would not have been pos- sible. 1 i 376 Iiuij tkiuj leiert It pre- Utitt wto ' itkiut ICA ' i !Iip» B ii jdfl ■■ H|Btf % H B L 1 J 377 1 380 . -J.. W lp-==— = - ' _, ] f«9 Is? 1 1 X ' nT Ny " . ' i 381 ■r « ' i ' • ' e ! " : •T3PFB. . . : 00 --• w H k itU ■ ■ k1 J vo, . H EJEI - EOD !l I ' ■ CW02 Theodore R. Dingle Officer in Charge Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit TWO De- tachment TWELVE, led by Officer in Charge CW02 Theodore R. Dingle, is composed of the following EOD technicians: LCPO BMC DV James D. Royalty LPO GMGl DV Michael A. Perdun 0S2 DV Michael D. Green BM2 DV Edward J. Griffiths The detachment moved aboard USS AMERICA lit- erally overnight, immediately following the invasion of Kuwait. Throughout intensive workups, ad- vanced phase training, and participation in Desert Shield and Desert Storm, the detachment primarily assisted Weapons and Air Departments, standing watches during live ordnance flight operations, weapons onloads and participating in accident and incident drills. The EOD team also conducted under- water hull surveys, photographic studies and in- stalled intake patches for Engineering, cleared jam- med CIWS mounts for Operations Department, and served as rescue swimmers during man-overboard drills for Deck Department. Det TWELVE provided the ship with a highly mo- bile, rapidly deployable EOD response team through intensive training and close cooperation with HS-11. The team efficiently disposed of a drifting Iraqi mine in the Carrier Operating Area within one day of arriv- ing in the Persian Gulf. It also remotely deployed its rubber boat from an SH-3 helicopter to attach a marker on a suspected navigational hazard. Finally, the team stood by to render diving assistance to any ship in the task force or to provide swimmer safety and diving services during helicopter salvage opera- tions. i 384 •a i 4 . •.r ' .v j ' j -t-: Mm m -u. i in i f ' -TK f MARDET Capt Don M. Thanars, USMC Commanding Officer The anchor in their emblem serves as a reminder that a Marine is first and foremost a maritime warrior who fights on, and from, the sea. For over 215 years, that mission has changed little. Since their birth in 1775, Marines have served as an integral part of the Naval Service, carrying on their proud heri- tage with honor, courage and dignity. Their unique mission on board USS AMERICA includes such diverse tasks as protecting special weapons, acting as stretcher bearers during a medical emergency, orderly duty to the Com- manding Officer and embarked flag of- ficers, and serving in AMERICA ' S Col- or Guard. Because of their unique mission, the of- ficers and men of AMERICA ' S Marine Detachment are carefully selected. Af- ter completing rigorous training and undergoing extensive security investi- gations, Marines are ready for sea duty. USS AMERICA ' S Marine Detach- ment remains " always faithful " and ready to serve wherever and whenever called upon, in the proud tradition of the Corps. 388 389 f 1 - !l.4pfc - « ' If i ' W -I »2« w ' ■it o M« ' m- i W r 9A in IM i Ji •: » BBT 1 ' ■ li " l Bl P BH il K lul 1 g«H ■r ' " " l vx iioa i. L iryi.;l It. .-rJfc •- .•- • " J-. COMCRUDESGRUTWO Commander, Cruiaer-Destroyer Group Two, is homeport«d in Charleston, South Carolina. Under the Conunander, Na- val Surface Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, COMCRUDES- GRUTWO is responsible for the training, readiness, and condition of two guided-missile cruisers, twenty-seven de- stroyers and frigates, and one destroyer tener. Subordinate to COMCRUDESGRUTWO are the conunanders of De- stroyer Squadrons Four, Six, Twenty, and Thirty-Six. COMCRUDESGRUTWO is also assigned as a seagoing task group commander under the Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Conmiander, Second Fleet In addi- tion, COMCRUDESGRUTWO acts as a task group com- mander under Commander, Striking Fleet Atlantic tot op- eration and training as NATO Commander. When de- ployed to the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean, COM- CRUDESGRUTWO serves as a battle group commander under Commander, Sixth Fleet and Commander, Seventh Fleet, respectively. 4 ■J 394 » % Ir - • - .-m . 8 400 J Carrier Air Wing One K 1 401 cvw- CDR David P. Polatty Deputy Air Wing Commander Carrier Air Wing One Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) has been in commission longer than any other Navy Air Wing. Since commis- sioning on 4 June 1934, CVW-1 has served aboard nineteen different carriers, mad e 37 major deployments and has had a majority of the East Coast squadrons as members of the Navy ' s " First and Foremost " . A combat seasoned Air Wing, CVW-1 participated in nearly every major world conflict since World War II. These include the 1956-57 Suez Crisis, 1970 Jordanian Crisis, 1973 Arab-Israeli War, 1983 Grena- da Conflict, and the most recent 1990-91 Operation Desert Shield Storm. On 28 December 1990, under the command of Captain Michael L. Bowman, Air Wing Commander, and Commander David P. Polatty, Deputy Air Wing Commander, CVW-1 deployed with USS AMER- ICA (CV 66) as part of the coalition buildup in support of Operation Desert Shield. On 15 January 1991, after its transit across the Atlantic Ocean and Medi- terranean Sea, CVW-1 began opera- tions in the Red Sea in support of Operation Desert Shield. On 17 Jan- uary 1991, CVW-1 began Combat Air Patrol (CAP) coverage for the carriers KENNEDY and SARA- TOGA in support of Operation Des- ert Storm. On 19 January 1991, CVW-1 launched its first air strike of the war in the Gulf against an am- munition depot north of Baghdad. Strikes against Iraqi strategic tar- gets continued until late January. On 31 January 1991, as the focus of the war shifted from Iraqi strategic targets to Iraqi military positions, CVW-1 aircrews flew strikes in ex- cess of 650 nautical miles to reach targets in occupied Kuwait. On 15 February 1991, CVW-1 en- tered the Arabieui Gulf and became the only Carrier Air Wing to fight in both theaters. CVW-1 continued op- erations in support of Operation Desert Storm until the cease-fire on 28 February 1991. During the 42 days of Operation Desert Storm, CVW-1 flew 3,008 combat sorties and dropped over 2,000 tons of ordnance on Iraqi tfir- gets with no aircraft or personnel losses due to combat. 4 402 I_ 403 A 1V 4 • ' ifii t U6 O- (M)K Larry H. Schmidt " Stick " ( ' ommandiiiK Officer CDR Anthony R. Reade " Eagle " Executive Officer _ K - ' ' ' . ' flRHPi H m: k ' ; i T l ■ m::3 ' - " : ' M ■ ■l. ' " • - ' 4 l HhB ' ' " ' r ' - ' . iSH 1 ■■L .. V«ii ' ; ' V- ' , m 1 H ' ' ' " ; ' ■: ' ' 4 1 wv c " . - IHI H ■pIPiM ' TTsEkiTkI K i ' ' -y 1 BiiKdtv.i ' " ■ ' ' - ' ' ' Ka ' A ' • ■1?? ' - ' ' j H H ; ' ' ' c HKi ' Vri ' ' ; " ; ' H -.v B ' ' ; K Km ' ' H ,Q ' ' W E; f . W.- K ' " ! , Bk- ' ' B ' ■ ■F -. ' WV.VV M ' I ' ' B| 1 Nim l HEi Ej ' .■!• . VF-33 Starfighters Fighter Squadron Thirty-Three ' s mission is to provide air superiority for power projec- tion and maritime air defense for fleet forces in support of national policy. Flying the F-14A Tomcat, the Starfighters are well-sui- ted to this task. During Operation Desert Storm, the Starfighters provided protection for USS AMERICA (CV-66) and its battle group during operations in the Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. During Operation Desert Storm, the Starfighters of VF-33 flew 337 combat sorties, accumulating over 1100 com- bat hours. The " Fighting Thirty-Three " was an integral part of the war effort, from pro- tecting " high value units " to sweeps deep into Iraqi territory. The officers and men of VF-33 continue to stand ready to answer the nation ' s call, as they did in the liberation of Kuwait, making true their motto: Anytime, Anywhere, We ' ll Be There! 408 ■HL B l g 409 KHr ' k 7 [ I 412 413 VF-102 Diamondbacks The VF-102 Diamondbacks were established on July 1, 1955, in Jacksonville, Florida. The Diamondbacks have flown nu- merous aircraft, including the F-2H Banshee, the F-4D Sky- ray, and the F-4B Phantom, before transitioning to the F-14 Tomcat in 1981. The F-14 fills the battle group ' s air superiori- ty role, its AWG-9 radar Phoenix missile combination pro- viding a multi-target track multi-target launch capability. The F-14 also carries Sparrow and Sidewinder missiles and a 20mm Vulcan cannon. The squadron ' s other mission is photo reconnaissance using the Tactical Air Reconnaissance Pod System (TARPS). In the Fall, despite a greatly accelerated work-up schedule while preparing to support the Air Wing during Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm, VF-102 won the Grand Slam Award. The Award is presented to the Atlantic Fleet VF VFA squadron with the highest successful air-to-air missile and air-to-air gun-firing exercises. This marks the second time in five years the Diamondbacks have captured this honor. During Operation Desert Storm, Diamondback aircrew sup- ported strikes into Iraq and Kuwait by protecting strike groups from Iraqi MiGs. In addition, the squadron performed over 40 percent of the tactical photo reconnaissance missions in the Arabian Gulf. The Diamondbacks flew 503 combat missions for over 1430 hours during the war. In February 1991, the squadron flew 716 flight hours, setting a new record. By the end of the cruise, the squadron had flown 705 sorties and logged over 1850 hours of accident free flying. Through- out the cruise the Diamondback Tomcat team once again lived up to the motto: " Anytime, Baby! " V W24 I Hii 418 r . I 419 - 1 1ftL_J ▼ lOB m t « ' rf " « 1 f L P VFA-82 Marauders The Marauders of Strike Fighter Squad- ron Eighty-Two provide the USS AMERICA and Carrier Air Wing One with the best multi-role aircraft in the world. The F A-18C Hornet, a single- seat, multi-role aircraft, maintains the highest level of combat readiness in the fleet. The officers and troops of VFA-82 made America proud in their execution of Operation Desert Storm. Preparations for the cruise began in June 1990, when the Marauders underwent the advanced air-to-ground readiness program. August found the Marauders in Key West, Florida, along with VF-33 and VAQ-137. for a joint SFARP sylla- bus aimed at bringing the Air Wing to- gether in the air combat training envi- ronment. Wtih the world situation changing in the Middle East, CVW-1 de- ployed to Fallon, Nevada, for an Air Wing strike detachment in September 1990. October and November found the men of VFA-82 and CVW-1 aboard USS AMERICA for advanced phase during a shortened turnaround cycle. After a brief port call in St. Thomas followed by one week of Fleetex, VFA-82 returned to NAS Cecil Field for the one month POM period. The combat cruise began 28 December 1990, with the USS AMERICA steam- ing from Norfolk, Virginia. As AMER- ICA and CVW-1 pressed to the Suez Ca- nal in time to meet the United Nations 15 January deadline, the Marauders took part in war at sea exercises with the French Navy during the Mediterranean transit. Immediately after entering the Red Sea, the Marauders were airborne logging their first combat sorties of the war, flying in the fleet defense role. On 19 January 1991, VFA-82 led the Air Wing on its first strike into the " un- friendly skies " of Iraq. This and the fol- lowing raids were characterized by dead- ly accurate, cool-handed bombing of heavily defended targets deep inside en- emy territory. After three weeks of suc- cessful strikes from the Red Sea, the AMERICA CVW-1 team became the only battle group to see action from both sides of the Arabian Peninsula. Upon arriving in the Arabian Gulf, Ma- rauder Hornets were streaking in and out of the Kuwaiti Theater of Operation. The VFA-82 aviators and ground sup- port troops amassed a staggering total of 1.2 million pounds of ordnance delivered onto a multitude of Iraqi targets with amazing skill and accuracy. In addition, the VFA-82 pilots obtained a better than 3.4 average and won the highly-coveted CVW-1 Tailhook Award. WSrf 1 imiiiiiiUBium ' JA ' . ' . ' . V .iv iux % " ■.- . l-i " : ' . i " S!MjH9 B. ii_K iti3? ' k N ■gnpi ■ T ' n KVrir H H IH H P ILA EUlL B i - ' ' ' ' I ' 7 7 A 1! . ri2 53 S ' l r,r, fiii 5; ;7 KHfigB? mt- v.-Av l liiif» mil ■)ii 59 BO Bl VFA 1! (I A ne» VI :i_v VFA-8E -••. - ;¥ ' A , ' .•: " o i |l , ' .,. , m CDR Matthew G. Moffitt Commanding Officer CDR Zachary P. May Executive Officer VFA-86 Sidewinders Strike Fighter Squadron Eight Six ' s participation in Oper- ation Desert Shield and Desert Storm can be described as both historic in nature and victorious in outcome. After a highly accelerated five-month turnaround training cycle, the Sidewinders and Carrier Air Wing One deployed with USS AMERICA (CV-66) for Operation Desert Shield. The Sidewinders arrived on station just prior to the United Nations 15 January 1991 deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Shortly thereafter, the AMER- ICA CVW-1 team began flying their first combat strikes into enemy territory. Sidewinder pilots flew day and night sorties into western Iraq, knocking out enemy air-defense systems and air force assets. After 33 days of continuous bombing, AMERICA moved to the Arabian Gulf to join Task Force Zulu. The Sidewind- ers continued to attack Iraqi tanks and troops from the Gulf in support of the Allied ground offensive. In addition to their performance in the air, the Sidewinders captured the prestigious CVW-1 Golden Wrench Award for outstanding maintenance practices, and they won the coveted Bombing Derby while maintaining a 97 percent sortie completion rate. After forty-two days of combat, the battle-tested Side- winders had flown over 420 sorties and 1570 combat hours, delivered over 1.2 million pounds of ordnance on Iraqi forces, and all without a single combat loss! 432 L 434 » ■ » «• ; ) Ti i .. r 4 i ffPi Commariaihg Officer Executive Officer VA-85 Black Falcons The Buckeyes of Attack Squadron Eighty-Five have been an integral part of the USS AMERICA CVW- 1 team since January 1988. Flying eighteen A-6 Intruder aircraft, VA- 85 serves as AMERICA ' S all-weath- er medium-attack squadron. The fourteen A-6E TRAM (Target Rec- ognition Attack Multisensor) bom- bers can carry up to 8 ' 2 tons of ord- nance and are equipped with inte- grated advanced Forward Looking Infrared Radar (FLIR) and laser designation and ranging devices, along with the Intruder ' s multi- mode radar. These advanced systems allow the pilot and bombar- dier navigator to detect, classify, and attack a variety of targets with pinpoint accuracy, day or night, in any weather, using a wide variety of weapons. The Intruder ' s arsenal in- cludes iron bombs, weighing up to 2000 pounds, rockets, laser-guided bombs, and Harpoon anti-ship mis- siles. The Buckeyes showed the strength and endurance of their A-6E In- truders by leading CVW-1 into Op- eration Desert Storm. During the war, the Buckeyes flew 600 combat sorties, accumulating over 1700 com- bat hours, delivering over 850 tons of ordnance on enemy positions deep inside Iraq. The combat-proven Buckeyes were an inspiration to the CV-66 CVW-1 team as they flew their ageless Intruders into combat. In addition to their bombers, VA- 85 ' s aircraft complement includes four KA-6D aerial refueling aircraft. During Operation Desert Storm, the KA-6Ds refueled CVW-1 aircraft en route to strikes on the enemy, acting as a " hose multiplier " with Allied KC-135 and KC-10 tankers. The KA-6DS added flexibility to VA-85 ' s muscle, making them an integral part of the CV-66 CVW-1 team. However, all of these capabilities are fruitless without the diligent work of the men of VA-85 who " keep the birds flying. " Through their untiring efforts, the maintenance personnel kept VA-85 ' s aircraft flying night and day during the war, enabling the Buckeyes to reach deep into Iraq and " touch " the enemy. And, of course, the Aviation Ordnance crews en- sured that the ordnance was loaded and ready before the air crews deliv- ered it " on target, on time. " The Buckeyes of VA-85 are proud to have been the spearhead of the at- tack for CVW-1 during Operation Desert Storm. As always, they stand ready to lead CVW-l ' s offensive punch to the enemy, anytime, any- where in the world. 440 442 li " J I ' .r ' " -- - " E 1 k L 7 aff H yj! ( r f II ' 7 p i 444 445 I . CDR Richard E. Stevens, Jr. Commanding Officer CUR Kenneth (1. Krech Kxecvitive Officer I I I VAQ-137 Rooks Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron One-Three- Seven is the only West Coast squadron attached to Car- rier Airwing One and has been a part of the CV-66 CVW-1 team since 1987. Homeported in the North- west ' s Puget Sound on NAS Whidbey Island, Washing- ton, The Rooks have been providing the fleet with state-of-the-art Electronic Warfare, flying the EA-6B, since their commissioning in 1973. The EA-6B Elec- tronic Countermeasures Systems degrade the capabili- ty of hostile air defense networks, while the High- Speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) it carries tar- gets specific enemy radars for destruction. The squad- ron has five EA-6B, ICAP II aircraft assigned. The Rooks are commanded by CDR R.E. Stevens with his executive officer CDR K.G. Krech. During the 1991 cruise to the Red Sea and North Ara- bian Gulf, the squadron flew nearly 1000 total hours with one-third of those at night. During Operation Des- ert Storm, the Rooks flew 600 combat hours, success- fully firing 30 High-Speed, Anti-Radiation (HARM) missiles. : 448 449 I ' ?:- - % A ii -if. i „ !? •••■V ' «« -BSD - ' .:im j .% .1 ' 1 ' GS3 :- .j ' - t : ' - ' ■ ' y Bra EM 1 p HHIBL • ' J! J! s CDR Michael L. Maurer Commanding Officer CDR Michael J. Winslow Executive Officer VAW-123 Screwtops The Carrier Airborne Early War- ning Squadron Screwtops of VAW- 123, flying the E-2C Hawkeye, pro- vide the U88 AMERICA Battle Group with Airborne ESarly War- ning (AEW), command, control, and communications, and battle management Using its powerful radar and sophisticated sensors, the E-2C extends the detection ranges for hostile units far beyond shipboard ranges, enabling the Battle Group Commander to make the correct decisions. During Oper- ation Deaert Storm, the Screwtops provided many services to the Bat- tle Group, such as fleet AEW, pro- tecting the ships and men from at- tack in both Uie Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf. In addition, Screwtopa played a critical role in the management, control, and pro- tection of air strikes into Iraq. The success of these missions is a trib- ute to the highly-trained and skilled aircrews. However, the planes would not have been able to launch fix m AM- ERICA ' S deck were it not for the many skilled professionals who make up the squadron. The Avion- ics Division handled the many elec- trical and electronic systems, while the Airframes Division maintained the mechanical systems necessary to keep the 62,000 pound E-2C safely airborne. The " Rats " of the Line Division prepared the aircraft for flight and launch, while the Quality Assurance Division certi- fied that all work met the highest standards possible. Material Con- trol provided the parts and sup- plies required by the squadnm, and Maintenance Control orchestntad all requirements in order to allow the Screwtops to meet aaaigned tas- king. The Administrati Hi Dq art- ment provided for the needs the personnel in the squadron, from the always-welcome mail to clean- ing squadron spaces. The Screwtops ran smoothly because ol the dedication of every member of the team, from the Commanding OfHcer to the youngest airman. VAW-123 has 36 officers and 136 enlisted men. Through the com- bined efforts of them all, the Screwtops will continue as the fin- est AEW squadron in the world America stays strcMig because the Screwtops keep watch. I 456 J. frSS yVRt! ' , " l H 1 ' E 8 Oh 457 J4. l-n f i»«U « 1 a ® ' iv «! ?T ««7A r li r.r 1 n il j r - 2:] ' {: . A. y FMCOV I I ' AW W M ![ Commander Mark D. Kikta Commanding Officer Commander Mathew W. Tuohy Executive Officer Us -32 463 C»l tvji-w VS-32 Maulers Throughout the Gulf War, The Maulers, through tireless drive, ded- ication, hard work, and commitment to excellence, met every challenge and earned the respect of all who worked with them. Many milestones and unique achievements were at- tained. Desert Storm became a prov- ing ground for the S-3B, and The Mauler s set the pace. With a limited number of aircraft on board, The Maulers successfully ac- complished every mission with which they were tasked. Ordnance delivery on target, exceptional sur- face protection, and unsurpassed electronic support measures mis- sions were just a few of the highlights of the 1990-91 " Crisis Cruise. " Along with providing over 500 thousand pounds of fuel to the airwing during Desert Storm, The Maulers also be- came the first S-.3B squadron to suc- cessfully locate, engage, and destroy a hostile surface vessel during an armed surface reconnaissance flight on 20 February 1991. Not all of The Maulers were bomb- ing Iraqi gunboats or locating hostile targets. A select group of flight crew and maintainers were protecting the coalition forces from possible threats in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Eight officers and twenty-four enlisted men flew VS-32 Vikings from Souda Bay, Crete, during the deployment. Primitive living condi- tions, harsh weather, and the ever- present terrorist threat did not keep these hard-charging men from plac- ing the Med under the vigilant " Mauler Eye. " Operating from the Red Sea, Ara- bian Gulf, and Souda Bay, the world famous Maulers were tasked with a myriad of responsibilities which in- cluded surveillance support of carri- er strike assets, surface threat detec- tion and interdiction, aerial refuel- ing, and logistic support of the carri- er airwing. During the entire four months, VS-32 constantly exper- imented with new and innovative ideas to further enhance the combat role of the S-3B. In addition, The Maulers continued to sustain an exceptionally high state of readiness despite the long, hard hours. All the men, in particu- lar those who braved the daily life and death environment of flight deck operations, upheld the highest standards of the Navy i n our nation ' s defense. Each and every man, whether ashore or afloat, carried out the duties for which they were train- ed with meticulous attention to de- tail, precision, and pride. Operation Desert Storm - for The Maulers it was a memorable experi- ence. The memories of a victorious job well done will forever be a part of all of us. " The Big Blue Mauler Team " - Still on the cutting edge of naval aviation. 465 J RV K MM 467 -.«f CDR James A. Bowlin " Jim " Commanding Officer k- at HS-11 Dragonslayers HS-ll uses the Sikorsky SH-3H " Sea King " helicopter to perform a variety of missions. The twin engine " Sea King " was the first helicopter designated primarily to transition from forward flight to a hover forty feet above the water where a dipping sonar is lowered to locate and track submar- ines. The SH-3H can also tow Magnetic Anomaly Detection (MAD) equipment in flight and relay and process acoustical data from sonobuoys to the aircraft carrier. When submarines are detected and classified, the helicopter is capable of at- tacking them with torpedoes. In addition to the ASW mission, the squadron performs many utility and Search and Rescue (SAR) missions in support of the carrier battle group. The helicopter and its crew of two pilots and two aircrevvmen operate on a variety of landing platforms, from the customary aircraft carrier flight deck to small decks of destroyers and frigates. Another important factor is the helicopter ' s capability to hover over any ship for personnel and logistic transfers and to receive fuel from spe- cially configured surface combatants. This Helicopter In- Flight-Refueling (HIP ' R) capability greatly extends the range and endurance of the SH-3H for ASW or SAR Missions. Operation Desert Storm provided additional missions for the Dragonslayers. New missions included mine countermea- sures and coordinated efforts with SEAL units for rapid troop deployment aboard enemy platforms. Also incorporated into daily flying were the use of Night Vision Goggles and the Glo- bal Positioning and Downed Aviator Locating Systems. HS- 11 was also the recipient of the Golden Wrench Award for having the best Maintenance Department in the Airwing, with an incredible 100 percent mission completion rate in over 1700 combat hours. 472 I UJISJ M 1 4 111! iff 9ii ffi. it u " " H ' f MMhklci lf? . a ' j||6 KlX «1 f L " ff ; . ▼ ' New York City 6-11 June 1991 :l:iiii-l 1 USS AMERICA took a bite out of the Big Apple during " Operation Homecom- ing " and Fleet Week ' 91. New York City played host to many activities and events for the veteran aircraft carrier ' s crew and many other returning Desert Storm he- roes. Called " the mother of all parades " by New York City Mayor David Dinkins, lower Manhatten ' s " Canyon of Heroes " on Broadway between Battery Park and the World Trade Center hosted the larg- est parade since troops marched there af- ter World War II. Many AMERICA sailors basked in the attention of the lo- cals as tons of confetti swirled down from the skyscrapers around them. It was the biggest hit on Broadway in some time. Many sailors took advantage of the free tickets to see the New York Yankees play the Texas Rangers at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx. Others attended one of the many free parties held on board the In- trepid Sea, Air and Space Museum; or took advar-tage of the many sightseeing opportunities around town. But the main attraction that made the New York City port visit such a success was the New Yorkers themselves and the gener- ous welcome they gave the AMERICA crew. From honking car horns to picking up the tab for sailors wherever they went, the locals did all they could to show their appreciation for AMERICA ' S hard work during Operation Desert Storm. It was a fitting tribute and a thrilling conclu- sion to a very significant chapter in the ship ' s long history. SiKIIIP.. ■ m- ' , isy ■ -«. === — WL- fi.. 1 ■■ ■■ " " " mtt ' a " " r mmMvf.i ' t- " i— J-- — B- 481 ■ 1 .1 V ' ' •|| Mm - ' m ir : - 482 If 1 483 L .. 484 I I 486 I ' 487 f 488 i k» r ' -MjO. r l ! 1 . -■■ ' ■ " -V ni-. - 2v . .■ ■- -- r : -.Jtf ■--■i.- - - ■ r.J.. i- :,,.A-,ij; --_ . --aa JeaateMP -V- is- -. --f-r.. fc 490 „f«.n J ' (jfltllH ' " ITl 111 1 ' - « l il Htf " L 492 493 Pier 88 Manhatten 494 495 IL Good Morning . . . 496 AMERICA! V 497 H 498 ¥ 499 500 ♦- % 501 ;i 503 ;f ' ' . : i-,- l: ' . : - ■ p- ' " ■ ' : ' 8E ' . " A -v 4 t.K r. " w ' ii .3 . I 505 emona LT David A. Warne EM2 David Kerr ABHAA Charlie J. Sanke ABHAA Christopher H. WiUiams AA Daymond J. Hatton llN Mark Bradley : r I i Credits Cruise Book Officer LCDR Joseph C. Benedetto Business Manager LT David S. Angrisani Staff Managing Editor ENS Gary R. Rice Production Assistants PH2 Todd P. Cichonowicz PH3 Brian L. Mortimer Photography USS AMERICA Photo Lab Aerial Photography LCDR Kenneth Neubauer LT Scott Horadan ENS Gary R. Rice PH2 Todd P. Cichonowicz PH3 Brian L. Mortimer Art PH3 Terry A. Mitchell Special Thanks to: LCDR Mark A. Yonchak ENS David S. Omer HM2 Mark E. Fuller PH3 Terry L. Horn PH3 Terry R. Maloney PHAN Jason L. West PHAN Lewis J. Martin 508 ! I WALSWORTH ' i7 ' i7 ' i7 PUBLISHING COMPANY I ' - " - Marceline, Mo. U.S.A. CRUISE BOOK OFFICE Janaf OHice SIdg . Suite 201 Norfolk, VA 23502 HHaU i DC tu 8 C; ha Y trti TO i I. •Oi I Kheir SHUKHAYR 48 SO ' Am RSs el-Kenis3 " -s. •J vV ' r ' 4 V I : - V I ' bObal Island %, Shadwan Island 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 L 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' ■ L

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