Aberdeen Proving Ground - Yearbook (Aberdeen, MD)

 - Class of 1943

Page 62 of 72


Aberdeen Proving Ground - Yearbook (Aberdeen, MD) online yearbook collection, 1943 Edition, Page 62
Page 62

Text from page 62:

Search for Classmates, Friends, and Family in one
of the Largest Collections of Online Yearbooks!

Your membership with E-Yearbook.com provides these benefits:
  • Instant Access to Millions of Yearbook Pictures Online
  • Full Access to High-Resolution, Full-Color Images
  • Search, Browse, Read, and Print Yearbook Pages
  • Access College, High School, and Military Yearbooks
  • Support the Schools in our Program by Subscribing

was noT applied To gun manufacTure in This counfry unTil abouT 1885. AfTer ThaT Time our guns were of The sTeel breech-loading Type, and Today many of our seacoasf weapons are Those ThaT were developed during The nexT I0-year period. Smokeless powder and high explosives came inTo our service during This same Time, as well as The disappearing Type oT seacoasT carriage. While small guanTiTies of Three diTTerenT Types of breech- loading rifle were manufacfured during The Civil War, The firsT breech-loading Springfield rifle was The model of 1866. This ea.:-J-iii I f - gr D ffwia ee!!! 6 .I-if -T : l ZQQK iii? ,z T lil TT' l weapon was laTer improved and The caliber reduced from .50 To .4-5. IT was officially adopfed as sTandard Tor The Army in l873. IT is inTeresTing To noTe ThaT black powder remained as The sTandard propellenT for our small-arms bulleTs unTil I892, when The caliber .30 Krag-Jorgesen was adopfed as sfandard. This was a bolT-acTion rifle, using smokeless-powder carTridges Ted from a magazine holding five rounds. The nexT developmenT in our own small-arms weapon was The I903 Springfield, an adapfafion of The German Mauser, which is generally conceded To be The TinesT TargeT rifle ever developed To This day. As laTe as IS96 our sfandard field or mobile arTillery was a 3.2-inch weapon employing separafe-loading arnmunifion and mounTed on a carriage ThaT recoiled some l5 To 20 feef afTer each round was fired. ln l897 The French broughT ouT Their Tamous 75-mm. gun, buT guarded The consTrucTion of iTs recoil mechanism so well ThaT iT remained a secreT unfil The World War. We developed and sTandardized The Three-inch field gun, model of l902, wiTh a spring recoil mechanism, and builT 600 of These prior To The World War. During This period we also developed guns and howiTzers of 3, 3.8, 4.7, and 6-inch caliber, and a series of These weapons was sTandardized. Very few weapons oTher Than The 3 and 4.7-inch were manufacTured, as World War condi- Tions required The procuremenT of weapons in France. Now ThaT we have reviewed The develapmenf of arfillery and small shoulder weapons, we will discuss The developmenT of a more recenT weapon which fiTs in somewhere befween The Two-The machine gun, While many aTTempTs were made To develop a rapid-fire gun, The firsT pracTicable machine gun was broughT ouT by Dr, GaTling of Chicago in l862. This weapon employed a number of barrels, usually Ten, which revolved around a cenfral axis in The form of a cylinder. Various devices were used To feed The carTridges inTo The barrels as They roTaTed inTo posiTion. While The TirsT guns had a raTe oT fire oT from 200 To 300 shoTs per minuTe, laTer models were improved To aTTain a speed of abouT 600 shoTs per minuTe. This gun was used To a limiTed exTenT during The Civil War. ln T884 Sir Hiram Maxim, an American engineer, produced The firsT Truly auTomaTic machine gun. lT employed a single barrel and uTilized The force of recoil To obTain confinuous and auTomaTic funcTioning as long as The Trigger was held down. A fabric belf holding The ammuniTion was Ted Through The breech by an auTomaTic mechanism. The soundness of The principles of operaTion of This weapon sTimulaTed The developmenT of ofhef Types. IT also revoluTionized combaT Tacfics for machine guns. ln i889 Mr. John M. Browning, anoTher American, broughf ouT The Calf machine gun, which uTilized a small porTion of The ex- pending powder gas To acTuaTe The bolT mechanism. This was followed by The l-loTchkiss, employing The same sysTem of gas operaTion, During The firsT World War The mosT successful machine guns were The BriTish and German Maxims, The BriTish Vickers, The French l-lofchkiss, The AusTrian Schwarzlose, The Brifish-American Lewis, and The Browning machine gun. These guns and Those belonging To posfwar developmenT are sufficienfly well known To The reader To make descripTion of Their mefhods of operaTion unnecessary. lT is of inTeresT To noTe ThaT The principle of machine-gun operaTion has, in recenT years been applied To larger-caliber weapons, and Today small cannon employing auTo- maTic loading mechanisms have been developed for defense againsT aircrafT and armored vehicles. Since The readers of This book should be familiar wiTh The posT- war developmenT of small arms, machine guns, and arTillery weapons, we shall now Turn To a discussion of The mechanizaTion which has Taken place as a resulT of The developmenT of The in- Ternal combusTion engine and iTs adapTaTion To implemenTs of war. When we speak of mechanizaTion Today, The average person, Thinking only of The modern Tank, presumes This To be a recenTIy developed feafure of warfare. As a maTTer of facT, The idea of having a vehicle from which one may sTrike in combaT and yeT be proTecTed from The blows of The enemy daTes back many cenTuries. Minus, King of Assyria in 2059 B.C., is crediTed by some au- ThoriTies wiTh The invenfion of The charioT. Many Types were developed by The ancienfs. The crew was someTimes comprised of Three men who wore helmefs and body armor. One was a driver, one a bowman or spearman, and The Third a shield-bearer. The hulls were usually proTecTed by several layers of rawhide or bronze plaTes and someTimes equipped wiTh scyThe-like blades. These led To a developmenT of war cars which furnished proTecTion Tor The horses. IT is recorded ThaT The Chinese emperor Sun-Tse in The TwelfTh cenfury B.C. used four-wheeled carTs armored wiTh Ieafher. ln Europe The baffle cars were developed and improved To The exTenT ThaT in i472 an aTTempT was made To use wind-wheels as mofive power. Armed sailing vessels on wheels were builT for The Prince of Orange. In i482 Leonardo da Vinci, ThaT greaT masTer of all Trades, builT armored vehicles abouT which he wrofe, "I am building secure and covered charioTs which are invulnerable, and when They advance wiTh Their guns inTo The midsT of The Toe, even The largesT enemy masses musT reTreaT, and behind These charioTs The inTanTry can follow in safeTy and wiThouT opposiTion." Many differenT Types were experimenTed wiTh, and, abouT The Time WaTT produced a sTeam engine in I769, a Frenchman named CugnoT produced an arTillery TracTor ufilizing The sTeam engine for iTs moTive power. Volfaire Tried for more Than a decade To inTeresT The French or Russians in an armored war carT powered by horses. The Boydle sTeam engine used in The Crimean War ll854-l856l employed The firsT TooTed wheel, which had been invenTed in England in I770. The caTerpillar Track was invenTed in l8Ol by iiE?EQ f , - '. , 1 - 1 -' '- iixkzifi - 1' tie! K T - K fora- S--is VL xl- gfgiz- ,I . f I ' g':T7h ' ' 1' TL Thomas German. Since ThaT Time, a wide varieTy of designs have been experimenTed wiTh, and many diTferenT Types of maTerial have been used. During The Civil War a sTeam-driven gun car- riage was builT in Balfimore for The ConfederaTe Army by Ross Winans. lT was TesTed by The Federal Army aTTer iTs capfure and pronounced impracTical.

1985 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1970 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1972 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1965 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1983 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1983 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals
1981 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1976 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1976 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1976 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1981 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1983 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals
Are you trying to find old school friends, old classmates, fellow servicemen or shipmates? Do you want to see past girlfriends or boyfriends? Relive homecoming, prom, graduation, and other moments on campus captured in yearbook pictures. Revisit your fraternity or sorority and see familiar places. See members of old school clubs and relive old times. Start your search today! Looking for old family members and relatives? Do you want to find pictures of parents or grandparents when they were in school? Want to find out what hairstyle was popular in the 1920s? E-Yearbook.com has a wealth of genealogy information spanning over a century for many schools with full text search. Use our online Genealogy Resource to uncover history quickly! Are you planning a reunion and need help? E-Yearbook.com can help you with scanning and providing access to yearbook images for promotional materials and activities. We can provide you with an electronic version of your yearbook that can assist you with reunion planning. E-Yearbook.com will also publish the yearbook images online for people to share and enjoy.
Join now to enjoy these benefits and more with your membership:
  • Instant Access to Millions of Yearbook Pictures Online
  • Full Access to High-Resolution, Full-Color Images
  • Search, Browse, Read, and Print Yearbook Pages
  • Access University, College and High School Yearbooks
  • View Military Yearbooks and Naval Cruise Books
  • Support the Schools in our Program by Subscribing
Sign Up Today!

E-Yearbook.com - Find and search online yearbooks today!